Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8690 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (220 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (121 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)
    - CHIROPRACTIC, HOMEOPATHY, OSTEOPATHY (21 journals)
    - COMMUNICABLE DISEASES, EPIDEMIOLOGY (236 journals)
    - DENTISTRY (294 journals)
    - DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY (163 journals)
    - EMERGENCY AND INTENSIVE CRITICAL CARE (124 journals)
    - ENDOCRINOLOGY (151 journals)
    - FORENSIC SCIENCES (42 journals)
    - GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY (189 journals)
    - GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS (138 journals)
    - HEMATOLOGY (158 journals)
    - HYPNOSIS (4 journals)
    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (178 journals)
    - LABORATORY AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE (99 journals)
    - MEDICAL GENETICS (58 journals)
    - MEDICAL SCIENCES (2415 journals)
    - NURSES AND NURSING (370 journals)
    - OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (207 journals)
    - ONCOLOGY (386 journals)
    - OPHTHALMOLOGY AND OPTOMETRY (141 journals)
    - ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (170 journals)
    - OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (83 journals)
    - PATHOLOGY (100 journals)
    - PEDIATRICS (275 journals)
    - PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION (158 journals)
    - PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY (833 journals)
    - RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE (192 journals)
    - RESPIRATORY DISEASES (105 journals)
    - RHEUMATOLOGY (79 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (81 journals)
    - SURGERY (406 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (155 journals)

SPORTS MEDICINE (81 journals)

Showing 1 - 81 of 81 Journals sorted alphabetically
American Journal of Sports Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 223)
American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
B&G Bewegungstherapie und Gesundheitssport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedical Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
British Journal of Sports Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Sport Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Clinics in Sports Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Current Sports Medicine Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
European Journal of Sport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research : Sportwissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Athletic Therapy & Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86)
International Journal of Sports Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Aging and Physical Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Athletic Enhancement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Education, Health and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology     Open Access  
Journal of Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of ISAKOS     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Physical Education Health and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery Open     Open Access  
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Sport & Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Sport Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Sports Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Knie Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Motor Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
OA Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Physical Therapy in Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Physician and Sportsmedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Research in Sports Medicine: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte     Open Access  
Revista del Pie y Tobillo     Open Access  
Saudi Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science In Sports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Science & Motricité     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Science & Sports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Science and Medicine in Football     Hybrid Journal  
South African Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Spor Hekimliği Dergisi / Turkish Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access  
Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi / Ondokuz Mayıs University Journal of Sports and Performance Researches     Open Access  
Sport Sciences for Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sport, Education and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Sport, Ethics and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Sport- und Präventivmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sportphysio     Hybrid Journal  
Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sports Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Sports Medicine - Open     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Sports Medicine and Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sports Medicine International Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Sportverletzung · Sportschaden     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sri Lankan Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine     Open Access  
Translational Sports Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.95
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 13  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 2157-3905 - ISSN (Online) 2157-3913
Published by APA Homepage  [90 journals]
  • Understanding parent stressors and coping experiences in elite sports
           contexts.
    • Abstract: The purpose of this study was twofold. First, to identify the stressors parents encounter when supporting their children performing within elite sports contexts. Second, to understand how parents cope with the stressors they encounter. A two-stage design was used. First, 1,299 parents (fathers = 529, mothers = 761, stepfathers = 8, legal guardian = 1, and parent dyads = 187) of adolescent athletes completed an open-ended survey to identify stressors associated with their child’s sports involvement. Next, 16 parents of adolescent athletes participated in semi-structured interviews. Data from both stages were analyzed using hierarchical content analysis. Stage 1 results indicated that parents encountered a variety of organizational, developmental, competitive, and parental personal stressors, including time, financial, logistical, health, and education concerns. Stage 2 results highlighted that parents use numerous coping approaches to manage their experiences, including detaching from sport (e.g., sharing parental responsibilities and child’s ability to cope), information seeking (e.g., information seeking in their current environment and drawing on past experiences), managing emotional reactions (e.g., emotional release strategies), avoidance (e.g., parent or child ignoring the situation), taking control (e.g., changing their own behaviors or others making changes), and parents providing support to their child (e.g., social support and being present). Overall, findings point to the importance of ensuring that interventions with parents, as well as the practices of sports organizations, need to expand account for a broader range of parental stressors and suggested coping strategies. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Sep 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Navigating early specialization sport: Parent and athlete goal-directed
           processes.
    • Abstract: The purpose of this study was to describe the relational processes that exist between parents and athletes when engaged in an early specialization sport. Using an instrumental case study design, 5 parent–athlete (Mathlete age = 11.40 years) dyads in Canadian competitive figure skating represented cases for individual and collective analysis. Contextual action theory and the action-project method were used to identify and describe the naturally occurring projects (i.e., joint actions over time) of parents and athletes as they engaged in the transition together. Data were collected longitudinally over a total of 10 months and included video-recorded parent–athlete conversations, video feedback-supported recall of thoughts and feelings, and 6 months of biweekly self-report data collected through telephone interviews. Data analysis occurred simultaneously over the course of the study using transcripts, a coding system, and a form of member reflection. Final cross-case analyses highlighted pertinent themes across cases. Parent–athlete dyads’ joint projects were grouped based on three common themes: negotiating school, sport, and extracurricular commitments; progressing toward skating goals; and maintaining a developmental focus, including tailoring involvement in skating to accommodate growth and development and prioritizing well-roundedness and personal development. The joint projects were embedded in the broader parent–child relationship project. This study presents a goal-directed and relational perspective on the transition to specialized training in Canadian competitive figure skating. Together, parents and athletes not only focused on negotiating the various commitments, demands on time, and expectations for progress in figure skating, they also accommodated and fostered nonsport development. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Sep 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • You do (not') have to go to the gym: Effects of negations in exercise
           messages.
    • Abstract: Exercise messages may include statements such as “you do not have to go to the gym,” with the intent to convey the idea that there are many places and ways to be active. However, there is a body of research indicating that statements that include negations (i.e., the word “not”) may have the opposite effect to that intended because the words “exercise” and “gym” are strongly associated but processing a negation requires additional cognitive effort. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of negating exercise-related statements on automatic associations, approach tendencies, and reported reflective attitudes in exerciser and nonexerciser schematics. Participants were randomly assigned to conditions with positive (e.g., fun), neutral (e.g., challenge), or negative (e.g., painful) affectively valenced exercise descriptors. They completed a task during which they indicated whether a statement was an affirmation or a negation, followed by measures of automatic associations, approach tendency, and reflective attitudes. Results showed that participants in the negative condition were faster to negate than affirm statements and had higher reported exercise-related reflective attitudes than participants in the neutral or positive conditions. Whereas it is unlikely that physical activity promoters would say that exercise is not fun or not healthy (descriptors from the positive condition), the neutrally valenced statements (which contained statements such as “one does not need to go to the gym”) resulted in similar reported reflective attitudes as those in the positive condition. Physical activity promoters may reconsider using statements that include negations. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Aug 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Dual processes to explain longitudinal gains in physical education
           students’ prosocial and antisocial behavior: Need satisfaction from
           autonomy support and need frustration from interpersonal control.
    • Abstract: We used the dual-process model within the self-determination theory explanatory framework to explain how physical education (PE) teachers’ motivating styles and students’ psychological needs explain longitudinal changes in the prosocial and antisocial behavior PE students direct at their classmates. Using a longitudinal research design, 1,006 middle and high school students (55% female) from 32 different secondary school classrooms completed the same questionnaire at the beginning, middle, and end of a semester. Multilevel structural equation modeling analyses showed that early-semester perceived autonomy support predicted a midsemester increase in need satisfaction, which predicted a late-semester increase in prosocial behavior, and also that early-semester perceived teacher control predicted a midsemester increase in need frustration, which predicted a late-semester increase in antisocial behavior (i.e., dual-process effects). In addition, students’ early-semester high prosocial behavior and low antisocial behavior both predicted a midsemester increase in perceived teacher-provided autonomy support (i.e., reciprocal effects). Overall, these findings highlight the important longitudinal interdependencies among perceived PE teacher autonomy support, need satisfaction, and prosocial behavior as well as the important longitudinal interdependencies among perceived PE teacher control, need frustration, and antisocial behavior. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Aug 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Do exercisers maximize their pleasure by default' Using prompts to
           enhance the affective experience of exercise.
    • Abstract: Researchers and practitioners are increasingly recognizing the importance of maximizing pleasure during exercise to promote exercise behavior. Self-selected intensity exercise can increase pleasure during exercise, but it is not yet known whether participants maximize pleasure during self-selected intensity exercise by default. We hypothesized that prompting participants to maximize pleasure and enjoyment would result in more positive affective valence during (Hypothesis 1) and after (Hypothesis 2) exercise, greater remembered pleasure following exercise (Hypothesis 3), and greater enjoyment of exercise (Hypothesis 4). In this within-subjects experiment, 39 inactive adults completed 2 10-min stationary cycling sessions at a self-selected intensity. During the experimental condition, participants were reminded (five times during the 10-min session) to maximize pleasure and enjoyment and that they could change the intensity if they wanted. Affective valence, heart rate, and ratings of perceived exertion were measured every 2 min during exercise. Affective valence, enjoyment, and remembered pleasure were measured after each exercise session. The control condition was identical, except no reminders were provided. Each hypothesis was supported (p < .05). Prompting participants to maximize their pleasure and enjoyment resulted in increased pleasure as the exercise session progressed. After receiving prompts, participants also reported more positive postexercise affective valence and rated the session as more pleasant and enjoyable. These results suggest that participants do not maximize pleasure and enjoyment by default (i.e., in the absence of reminders to do so). Researchers can build on these results to determine the mechanisms and whether prompting exercisers to maximize pleasure and enjoyment can promote exercise behavior. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 19 Aug 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • The antecedents and outcomes of informal roles in interdependent sport
           teams.
    • Abstract: Informal roles (e.g., team comedians, informal leaders, and distracters) can emerge in sport teams and influence overall team functioning. Thus, more research is warranted to investigate the factors/processes involved in the emergence and influence of these types of roles in sport. The current study examined the link between athletes’ personality characteristics and their informal role occupancy assessed via teammate nominations and whether teammates’ informal role occupancies predicted athletes’ perceptions of group cohesion, satisfaction, and intentions to return. Data were collected from 286 athletes from 16 teams over three time points. The results indicated that extraversion positively predicted the occupancy of team comedian, verbal leader, social convener, cancer, and distracter roles. Conscientiousness negatively predicted distracter role occupancy, and neuroticism (positively) and agreeableness (negatively) predicted cancer role occupancy. Bivariate correlations indicated that debilitative roles (team cancers, distracters, and malingerers) generally had negative associations with valued outcome perceptions. Multiple regressions indicated that the presence of comedians and enforcers positively predicted task cohesion, whereas distracters negatively influenced athlete satisfaction. The presence of verbal leaders had an inverse-U-type relationship with athlete satisfaction, indicating that a few informal verbal leaders may benefit—but too many may harm—the group. The current findings supporting the link between athlete personality and informal role occupancy align with organizational psychology scholars’ emphasis on the importance of role-occupant-related factors in role emergence within groups. The findings pertaining to the outcomes support the proposition that the presence of informal roles can influence athletes’ experiences and overall team functioning. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Jul 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Relationship between coaching climates and student-athletes’ symptoms of
           burnout in school and sports.
    • Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to investigate (a) what kind of coaching climates experienced by student-athletes can be found in sports high schools in Finland and (b) how these coaching climates are related to student-athletes’ symptoms of burnout in sports and in school. A total of 414 student-athletes, aged 17–18 years, from 7 sports high schools participated in this study. In addition to background information, the participants completed questionnaires concerning the perceived coaching climate and symptoms of burnout in both school and sports environments. By using latent profile analysis, 4 groups of experienced coaching climates were identified: extremely disempowering, disempowering, empowering, and intermediate. Student-athletes in the extremely disempowering and disempowering coaching climate groups reported higher levels of sport burnout than student-athletes in the other 2 groups. Moreover, they reported higher levels of school burnout than student-athletes in the empowering group. Overall, these findings offer timely insights into the ways high school coaches may play a role in student-athletes’ burnout not only within but also across the domains of sports and school. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Jul 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Application of analogy learning in softball batting: Comparing novice and
           intermediate players.
    • Abstract: This field-based study developed and implemented analogy instructions for softball batting, and examined batting performance outcomes. A focus-group discussion involving a coach and a number of team captains of a collegiate-level softball team identified the typical instructions used for batting (i.e., explicit) and developed an analogy instruction that combined these rules in 1 biomechanical metaphor (i.e., swing your bat like you are breaking a tree in front of you with an axe). A total of 40 collegiate-level club players (20 novices and 20 intermediates) were assigned to either an analogy learning or an explicit learning group and took part in 6 training sessions. Batting performance was assessed using a standardized criteria-based rating scale in single-task pretest and posttest, and a dual-task test after training. The findings show that the novice, but not the intermediate players, displayed significant improvements in batting performance after training. Novices who received the analogy instruction displayed stable batting performance in the dual-task test, but novices who received explicit instructions, and intermediate players who received the analogy instruction, displayed batting performance decrements. The findings suggest that the benefits of analogy instructions are evident only in novices; learners’ previous experiences must, therefore, be carefully considered when developing coaching programs. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Jul 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Social identity moderates the effects of team-referent attributions on
           collective efficacy but not emotions.
    • Abstract: Team-referent attributions are associated with collective efficacy and emotions (Allen, Jones, & Sheffield, 2009a). However, the contextual factors in which these attributions are formulated have been largely ignored. Therefore, the current research was designed to examine whether social identity could moderate the way individuals think about their team-referent attributions. Across two studies (cross-sectional and longitudinal), the moderating role that social identity has on these relationships was examined. In Study 1, athletes (N = 227) on sport teams (K = 30) completed questionnaires assessing social identity, attributions for their team’s most recent performance (team-referent attributions), collective efficacy and emotions. Multilevel linear models revealed that social identity moderated the relationships between team-referent attributions and collective efficacy after team defeat. In Study 2, an American football team (N = 43) completed measures of collective efficacy before each game and social identity and attributions after each game. Multilevel linear models revealed that after a team victory, social identity moderated the relationships between postgame team-referent attributions and subsequent pregame collective efficacy. Results also indicated that the relationship between controllability and collective efficacy varied at different levels of social identity across the entire season. The results of these studies extend attribution theory by demonstrating that the relationships between team-referent attributions and collective efficacy might be moderated by social identity. Future studies may look to implement interventions aimed at maximizing collective efficacy through attribution-retraining strategies while also encouraging the development of social identity. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jul 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Does mental toughness predict physical endurance' A replication and
           extension of Crust and Clough (2005).
    • Abstract: The purpose of this study was to replicate Crust and Clough’s (2005) investigation of the relationship between mental toughness and physical endurance. Crust and Clough suggested that mental toughness (and the subordinate 4Cs subdimensions of mental toughness) correlated positively with the time that participants could hold a weight with their arm extended in front of their body. Numerous researchers have used Crust and Clough’s findings to support the contention that mental toughness is positively associated with physical endurance and pain tolerance, despite Crust and Clough measuring weight hold duration and not pain. However, their results have not been replicated. To rectify this problem, I invited 100 participants to complete the Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48 and complete the same weight hold exercise from Crust and Clough. Data were analyzed using the same methods described in the original 2005 study. Two 1-sided tests and Bayesian correlations were also run to quantify the evidence for the presence and absence of relationships between mental toughness (and the 4Cs) and total weight hold time. The results did not support Crust and Clough’s (2005) findings. Two 1-sided tests results supported the absence of an effect that is worthwhile to examine, and the Bayes factors revealed strong evidence for the null hypothesis relative to the 1-sided alternative hypothesis that the population correlation for mental toughness and hold time is higher than 0. The findings are inconsistent with the belief that 4Cs model of mental toughness is positively associated with physical endurance when completing an isometric weight hold. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Jun 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Effect of changes of outcome expectations on physical activity
           self-efficacy ratings: A test of hypothetical incentives among mothers of
           young children.
    • Abstract: Previous research suggests that traditional self-efficacy measures may be flawed because they also measure motivation via outcome expectations. One way of manipulating outcome expectations is through the introduction of an incentive for doing a behavior. No study has examined whether self-efficacy ratings for physical activity (PA) can be influenced by an incentive. The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether PA self-efficacy ratings can be affected by an incentive. Mothers with at least 1 child under 5 years of age (N = 152) completed an online survey. Participants indicated current PA level, affective and instrumental attitudes, and self-efficacy for general regular moderate and vigorous intensity PA and two specific PA behaviors with high difficulty (jumping over a 2-m fence, bench pressing 200 pounds) before and after considering a hypothetical financial incentive. Dependent t tests showed self-efficacy ratings for general PA and both specific behaviors were much higher postincentive, with PA ratings increasing to a greater degree. Steiger’s z tests demonstrated that PA self-efficacy without an incentive was also more highly correlated with affective attitude and vigorous PA than was self-efficacy with an incentive. This study demonstrates that traditional self-efficacy measures are far too sensitive to outcome expectations and are therefore not valid assessments of capability. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 20 Jun 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • The impact of sleep on mental toughness: Evidence from observational and
           N-of-1 manipulation studies in athletes.
    • Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore the direction and magnitude of the relationship between sleep and mental toughness and examine the effect of time in bed extension and restriction on mental toughness. Study 1 was an observational study examining the relationship between sleep quality and duration (hours) and mental toughness in 181 participants. Winsorized correlations revealed both longer sleep duration (ρω = .176 [.033, .316], p = .016) and higher quality (ρω = .412 [.270, .541], p ≤ .001) were associated with increased mental toughness. Follow-up regression analyses revealed sleep quality (b = 0.177, [0.117, 0,238], p ≤ .001), but not sleep duration (b = 0.450, [−0.3254, 1.22], p = .256), predicted mental toughness score. In Study 2, we utilized a longitudinal N-of-1 influenced methodology with 6 participants to further examine whether manipulated time in bed (i.e., sleep duration) influenced mental toughness. Participants recorded sleep quality, duration, and mental toughness over 5 weekdays during 2 separate 2-week periods of baseline (normal sleeping pattern) followed by manipulated time in bed (counterbalanced 9 hr or 5 hr). Visual analyses (including determination of nonoverlapping data points between baseline and intervention weeks) revealed reduced time in bed negatively impacted the mental toughness of 4 of the participants. Social validation interviews were conducted to further explore participants’ perceptions of the sleep manipulation. A cumulative effect of reduced sleep on mental toughness was noted by specific individuals. In addition, participants identified potential buoys of mental toughness in the absence of sleep. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 13 Jun 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Psychological predictors of perceived stress and recovery in sport.
    • Abstract: The purpose of the current study was to identify psychological predictors (i.e., exercise intensity tolerance, pain catastrophizing, perceived susceptibility to sport injury, and chronic psychological stress) of perceived acute stress and recovery responses. Athletes (N = 493, Mage = 20.04 years, SD = 2.15 years) completed a battery of online psychological questionnaires. Structural equation modeling results indicated that exercise intensity tolerance, pain catastrophizing, perceived susceptibility to sport injury, and chronic psychological stress had a direct positive effect on perceived stress. In addition, exercise intensity tolerance had a direct positive effect on perceived recovery, whereas pain catastrophizing, perceived susceptibility to sport injury, and chronic psychological stress had a direct negative effect on perceived recovery. Age, gender, and sport type were the only demographic variables considered for indirect effects on perceived stress and recovery. Gender was the only significant variable. The current data provide evidence for practitioners’ consideration of monitoring individual-specific psychological predictors of perceived stress and recovery. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Jun 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Stress, physical activity, and resilience resources: Tests of direct and
           moderation effects in young adults.
    • Abstract: Stress is an important consideration for understanding why individuals take part in limited or no physical activity (PA). The effects of stress on PA do not hold for everyone, so examinations of possible moderators that protect individuals from the harmful effects of stress are required. Aligned with a resilience framework, individual resources (e.g., hope and self-efficacy) may buffer the maladaptive effects of stress, such that people who have access to these resources in greater quantity may be more “resilient” to the deleterious effects of stress on PA. This study was designed to test this expectation. In total, 140 Australian undergraduate students (70.7% female, Mage = 21.68 ± 4.88) completed a multisection survey and provided a sample for hair cortisol concentration analysis using immunoassays. Main effects demonstrated primarily small and nonsignificant associations between perceived stress and hair cortisol concentration with different intensities of PA. Similar findings were observed between individual-level resilience resources and PA intensities, with the exception of hope (i.e., positive association with vigorous PA and negative association with sitting), self-efficacy (i.e., positive association with vigorous PA), and resilience (i.e., positive association with walking). Although certain individual-level resilience resources were perceived as beneficial for PA and sedentary time, the moderating role of resilience resources was not supported by the findings. The direct and moderating effects between stress, PA, and resilience resources require further testing using longitudinal designs in which stressful periods occur naturally (e.g., exams for students) or are experimentally manipulated. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 19 Nov 2018 05:00:00 GMT
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 18.207.106.142
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-