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DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY (164 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 164 of 164 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Dermato-Venereologica     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Skin & Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of AIDS Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AIDS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AIDS Patient Care and STDs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aktuelle Dermatologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Allergo Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Clinical Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Dermatopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anaplastology     Open Access  
Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives de Pédiatrie     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives de sciences sociales des religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux - Pratique     Hybrid Journal  
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Medical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin / Periodical of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access  
Biomedical Dermatology     Open Access  
BMC Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
British Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical and Experimental Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Skin Cancer     Full-text available via subscription  
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinics in Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contact Dermatitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cosmetics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Current Dermatology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Fungal Infection Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current HIV Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current HIV/AIDS Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Sexual Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Der Hautarzt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dermatitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dermato-Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dermatología Venezolana     Open Access  
Dermatologic Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Dermatologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Dermatologic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Dermatologic Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dermatologica Sinica     Open Access  
Dermatological Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Dermatology and Cosmetic     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Dermatology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dermatology Online Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dermatology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dermatology Times     Free  
Dermatopathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Journal of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Cosmetologia Medica e Medicina degli Inestetismi Cutanei     Full-text available via subscription  
EMC - Dermatología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Experimental Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Expert Review of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Forum Dermatologicum     Hybrid Journal  
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Güncel Dermatoloji Dergisi     Open Access  
HautinForm     Full-text available via subscription  
hautnah     Hybrid Journal  
hautnah dermatologie     Hybrid Journal  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
HIV Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HIV Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Dermatology Online Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Archives of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Dermatology and Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of STD & AIDS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Women's Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International STD Research & Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAAD Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAIDS : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
JAMA Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
JMIR Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Clinical and Investigative Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Cutaneous Immunology and Allergy     Open Access  
Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dermatological Research     Open Access  
Journal of Dermatological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dermatological Science Supplement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dermatological Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of General-Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Investigative Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Sexual Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Skin and Stem Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Skin Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Egyptian Women’s Dermatologic Society     Partially Free  
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of the International AIDS Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Karger Kompass Dermatologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Karger Kompass Pneumologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Medical and Surgical Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nepal Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neurobehavioral HIV Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
OA Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open AIDS Journal     Open Access  
Open Dermatology Journal     Open Access  
Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pigment International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psoriasis : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Internacional de Ciencias Podológicas     Open Access  
SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scars, Burns & Healing     Open Access  
Serbian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sexually Transmitted Infections     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Skin Appendage Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Skin Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sri Lanka Journal of Sexual Health and HIV Medicine     Open Access  
Studies in Gender and Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Surgical & Cosmetic Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
The Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The Rose Sheet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Vestnik dermatologii i venerologii     Open Access  
Veterinary Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.542
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 26  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1175-0561 - ISSN (Online) 1179-1888
Published by Adis Homepage  [21 journals]
  • Dermatological Toxicities of Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors
    • Abstract: Abstract The development of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors represents a major breakthrough in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and other B cell malignancies. The first-generation inhibitor ibrutinib works by covalent irreversible binding to BTK, a non-receptor tyrosine kinase of the TEC (transient erythroblastopenia of childhood) family that plays a critical role in the B-cell receptor signaling pathway. It also induces an ‘off-target’ inhibition of a range of other kinases including (but not limited to) epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), SRC, and other kinases of the TEC family (interleukin-2-inducible T-cell kinase [ITK], Tec, BMX). Dermatological toxicities are among the most common toxicities of ibrutinib, but remain of mild to moderate intensity in most cases and are readily manageable. Their incidence is highest during the first year of treatment and declines over time. In addition, it has been postulated that ibrutinib-related dermatologic adverse events are mediated by the direct binding to both BTK and other ‘off-target’ kinases. Bruising, ecchymoses, and petechiae represent the most characteristic dermatologic adverse events. Nail and hair changes are also common, as skin infections (opportunistic infections including herpes simplex and herpes zoster virus reactivations, and Staphylococcus aureus superinfection), folliculitis, and other types of rashes. Panniculitis, aphthous-like ulcerations with stomatitis, neutrophilic dermatosis, peripheral edema, and skin cracking can also occur. Next-generation BTK inhibitors, acalabrutinib and zanubrutinib, have been designed to optimize BTK inhibition and minimize off-target inhibition of alternative kinases (Tec, ITK, EGFR, SRC-family kinases). These drugs have been recently FDA-approved for relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma. Although the overall incidence of their toxicities is expected to be more limited, acalubrutinib and zanubrutinib are associated with a range of dermatologic toxic effects that appear to be similar to those previously described with ibrutinib, including bruising and ecchymoses, panniculitis, human herpesvirus infections, cellulitis, and skin rash. In particular, both drugs induce skin bleeding events in more than 30% of patients treated. However, the available dermatological data are still rather limited and will have to be consolidated prospectively. This review article analyses the wide spectrum of dermatological toxicities that can be encountered with first- and second-generation BTK inhibitors. Finally, recommendations for appropriate treatment as well as a synthesis algorithm for management are also proposed.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Emerging Therapeutic Options for Chronic Pruritus
    • Abstract: Abstract Chronic pruritus, defined as an unpleasant sensation resulting in a need to scratch that lasts more than 6 weeks, is a prevalent and bothersome symptom associated with both cutaneous and systemic conditions. Due to complex pathogenesis and profuse contributing factors, chronic pruritus therapy remains challenging. Regardless of the well-established antipruritic properties of classic pharmacotherapy (topical therapy, phototherapy and systemic therapy), these methods often provide insufficient relief for affected individuals. Owing to the growing interest in the field of pruritic research, further experimental and clinical data have emerged, continuously supporting the possibility of instigating novel therapeutic measures. This review covers the most relevant current modalities remaining under investigation that possess promising perspectives of approval in the near future, especially opioidergic drugs (mu-opioid antagonists and kappa-opioid agonists), neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists, biologic drugs, Janus kinase inhibitors, ileal bile acid transporter inhibitors, aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists and histamine H4 receptor antagonists.
      PubDate: 2020-06-30
       
  • Progress to Date in Advancing Stratified Medicine in Psoriasis
    • Abstract: Abstract Stratified medicine is the tailoring of treatment to the individual characteristics of each patient. This is a challenging task in the context of psoriasis, a complex disease with a variety of phenotypic presentations and a comorbidity burden that extends beyond cutaneous manifestations. In recent years, considerable progress has been made in understanding the immunology of psoriasis, and this has informed the development of increasingly precise and efficacious therapies. However, not all patients respond to biologic therapy, and access is limited to patients with moderate to severe disease. However, subpopulations of patients are emerging with distinct patterns of response to therapy, largely determined by clinical and pharmacogenomic factors. Despite progress to date, the natural history of psoriasis remains poorly understood. It is likely that disease onset, progression, development of comorbidities and response to therapy are due to a combination of genetic, inflammatory and environmental factors. We envision that a greater understanding of the natural history of psoriasis will be a key factor in progressing a stratified medicine approach to patient care, as will earlier intervention in the course of the disease.
      PubDate: 2020-06-30
       
  • Bedside Diagnostics for Infections: A Guide for Dermatologists
    • Abstract: Abstract In dermatology, there are many bedside diagnostic tests that may aid in more rapid diagnosis and early initiation of appropriate therapy. When performed correctly, these bedside diagnostic tests can provide both sensitive and specific results. We discuss bedside diagnostic tests, such as the Tzanck smear, potassium hydroxide (KOH) preparation, and mineral oil preparation, with a specific focus on their use in diagnosing infectious dermatoses.
      PubDate: 2020-06-19
       
  • Dupilumab Provides Favorable Safety and Sustained Efficacy for up to 3
           Years in an Open-Label Study of Adults with Moderate-to-Severe Atopic
           Dermatitis
    • Abstract: Background Management of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) commonly requires long-term treatment. Objective The aim of this study was to report the safety and efficacy of dupilumab treatment for up to 3 years in adults with moderate-to-severe AD. Methods This ongoing, multicenter, open-label extension study (LIBERTY AD OLE; NCT01949311) assessed dupilumab treatment in adults previously enrolled in dupilumab trials. Patients received dupilumab 300 mg weekly up to 148 weeks. The primary outcome was safety. Results Of 2677 patients enrolled and treated, 347 reached week 148. Mean self-reported drug compliance was 98.2%. Safety data were consistent with previously reported trials (270.1 adverse events [AEs]/100 patient-years; 6.9 serious AEs/100 patient-years) and the known dupilumab safety profile. Common AEs (≥ 5% of patients) included nasopharyngitis, AD, upper respiratory tract infection, conjunctivitis, headache, oral herpes, and injection-site reactions. AD signs and symptoms showed sustained improvements during treatment with mean (standard deviation, mean percentage change from parent study baseline) Eczema Area and Severity Index 1.4 (3.2, − 95.4%) and weekly Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale 2.2 (1.8, − 65.4%) at week 148. Limitations No control arm; fewer patients at later time points; regimen different from the approved 300 mg every 2 weeks dose. Conclusion These safety and efficacy results support dupilumab as a continuous long-term treatment for adults with moderate-to-severe AD. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01949311. Video abstract Dupilumab provides favorable safety and sustained efficacy for up to 3 years in an open-label study of adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (MP4  139831 kb)
      PubDate: 2020-06-17
       
  • Primary Cutaneous Coccidioidomycosis: An Update
    • Abstract: Abstract Coccidioidomycosis is an endemic mycosis of the southern United States, Northern Mexico, and South America. Primary cutaneous coccidioidomycosis, despite being a very rare clinical presentation, has shown an increasing incidence. An extensive literature search for cutaneous coccidioidomycosis cases was performed using the OLDMEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane, LILACS and Google Scholar databases for studies published from January 1927 through December 21, 2019. Forty-two observational studies were included totaling 82 cases of primary cutaneous coccidioidomycosis. Narrative reviews, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses were also included. Additionally, an original case was included. Patients with primary cutaneous coccidioidomycosis share the same geographical and epidemiological characteristics as those with pulmonary or disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Most of the imported cases came from endemic areas. A large portion of cases had prior local skin trauma. Tissue culture is still the leading diagnostic method; nevertheless, molecular techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are currently relevant to differentiate between species. First-line treatment consists of azoles; however, it has an excellent prognosis even without treatment. Primary cutaneous coccidioidomycosis should be considered a differential diagnosis of unusual infections or neoformations in any part of the body in resident populations of endemic areas or in patients with a previous history of travel to these areas.
      PubDate: 2020-06-15
       
  • New and Emerging Targeted Therapies for Vascular Malformations
    • Abstract: Abstract Vascular malformations are inborn errors of vascular morphogenesis and consist of localized networks of abnormal blood and/or lymphatic vessels with weak endothelial cell proliferation. They have historically been managed by surgery and sclerotherapy. Extensive insight into the genetic origin and molecular mechanism of development has been accumulated over the last 20 years. Since the discovery of the first somatic mutations in a vascular anomaly 10 years ago, it is now recognized that they are perhaps all caused by inherited or somatic mutations in genes that hyperactivate two major intracellular signaling pathways: the RAS/MAPK/ERK and/or the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PIK3)/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. Several targeted molecular inhibitors of these pathways have been developed, mostly for the treatment of cancers that harbor mutations in the same pathways. The mTOR inhibitor sirolimus is the most studied compound for the treatment of venous, lymphatic, and complex malformations. Disease responses of vascular malformations to sirolimus have now been reported in several studies in terms of clinical changes, quality of life, functional and radiological outcomes, and safety. Other targeted treatment strategies, such as the PIK3CA inhibitor alpelisib for PIK3CA-mutated vascular malformations, are also emerging. Repurposing of cancer drugs has become a major focus in this rapidly evolving field.
      PubDate: 2020-06-15
       
  • Dermatologic Laser Side Effects and Complications: Prevention and
           Management
    • Abstract: Abstract The evolution of modern laser and light-based systems has mirrored the demand for clinically effective treatments and the need for safer technologies with reduced postoperative recovery, side effects, and complications. With each new generation of lasers, more selective tissue destruction can be achieved with reduced unwanted sequelae. Patient selection and preparation, operator technique, and expeditious recognition and management of post-treatment side effects are paramount in avoiding complications and patient dissatisfaction. An overview of important variables to consider for dermatologic laser treatments are presented in order to provide a framework to reduce the severity and duration of possible post-treatment side effects and complications.
      PubDate: 2020-06-11
       
  • Efficacy of Nonprescription Moisturizers for Atopic Dermatitis: An Updated
           Review of Clinical Evidence
    • Abstract: Abstract Twice-daily moisturization is recommended by international guidelines as the bedrock of the management of atopic dermatitis (AD). Moisturizers should be selected based on proven clinical effectiveness in improving the skin barrier and improving the symptoms of AD. We searched the PubMed database for clinical trials assessing daily moisturization for the treatment of AD published between 2006 and 2019. Studies had to assess the efficacy of commercially available moisturizers using objective measures of corneometry, transepidermal water loss, or incidence of flare as endpoints, and treatments had to be currently available to patients. Clinical studies showed that moisturization (typically twice daily) significantly improved the skin barrier in adults and children with AD. Longer-term flare studies showed that daily moisturization reduced the incidence of flares and extended the time between flares. Proactive moisturization of infants at high risk of developing AD may reduce its manifestation. Therapeutic moisturizers for AD are specifically formulated with ingredients that target symptoms of AD, such as itch, inflammation, or compromised skin barrier. The US FDA requires that any moisturizer available in the USA and claiming to treat AD must contain colloidal oatmeal. Healthcare providers can maximize compliance and outcomes by educating patients on the benefits of liberally applying a therapeutic moisturizer twice daily to support the skin barrier and help reduce the incidence of flares. Specific recommendations should be for clinically tested moisturizers evaluated using objective, validated skin assessments.
      PubDate: 2020-06-10
       
  • When is it OK to Stop Anti-Programmed Death 1 Receptor (PD-1) Therapy in
           Metastatic Melanoma'
    • Abstract: Abstract Systemic therapy for metastatic melanoma has been revolutionized over the past decade with the development of highly effective immune checkpoint inhibition, specifically anti-Programmed Death 1 receptor (PD-1) therapy. However, even though one-third of patients will have durable response to single-agent or combination therapy, the optimal duration of therapy is unknown. Identifying the optimal duration of therapy is important, as exposure to anti-PD-1 therapy increases the risk of developing immune-mediated toxicities that can have significant morbidity and are, at times, fatal. It has long been understood that patients with complete responses to high-dose interleukin-2 and ipilimumab typically maintain their responses after a brief treatment course; thus, it is important to better understand the data to help understand the optimal management of melanoma patients treated with anti-PD-1 therapy. The clinical data with anti-PD-1-based therapy and published data on the duration of therapy suggest that patients may not require a full 2 years of anti-PD-1 therapy and that the risk of toxicity may be mitigated by further understanding the mechanisms and kinetics of response to therapy. Although novel markers to help guide therapeutic decision making are under investigation, there is an ongoing need to improve our tools to monitor response to therapy and disease activity.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Sensitive Skin Syndrome: An Update
    • Abstract: Abstract Sensitive skin syndrome is a widely reported complaint but a diagnostic challenge because of its subjective symptoms and lack of clearly visible manifestations. Epidemiological studies have shown the prevalence of sensitive skin to be as high as 60–70% among women and 50–60% among men. Patients with this syndrome usually have unpleasant sensations when exposed to physical, thermal, or chemical stimuli that normally cause no provocation on healthy skin. Recent studies and newly accepted position papers have provided a more in-depth understanding and consensus of its underlying pathophysiology, associations, diagnosis, and treatment. Since no clinical studies have been conducted about specific treatment protocols, patients with this condition should be provided with personalized skin management. Given this updated knowledge, our review offers an approach to sensitive skin syndrome, with differential diagnoses, and interventions targeting its pathophysiology.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Non-Classic Signs of Sézary Syndrome: A Review
    • Abstract: Abstract The majority of patients with Sézary syndrome (SS) present with classic symptoms of erythroderma, lymphadenopathy, and pruritus. However, there have been numerous reports of patients with SS who have non-classic signs. In this review, we report the less common clinical presentations of SS and discuss their relevant treatments. Our search included all literature on SS since 2008, the year the World Health Organization (WHO) incorporated the diagnostic criteria for SS into the WHO Classification of Tumours of Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues. We reviewed 896 articles and identified 505 patients with non-classic presentations of SS. Of these 505 patients, the most common non-classic signs of SS were keratoderma, onychodystrophy, alopecia, leonine facies, and ectropion. Given the aggressive and highly symptomatic nature of SS, it is imperative that clinicians recognize the less common signs of the disease to prevent delays in diagnosis and treatment. To our knowledge, this is the first review of the clinical variations of SS with a focus on non-classic signs and symptoms.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Ixekizumab Effectiveness and Safety in the Treatment of Moderate-to-Severe
           Plaque Psoriasis: A Multicenter, Retrospective Observational Study
    • Abstract: Background Ixekizumab (anti-IL-17A) is a biological agent used for the treatment of moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Real-life data on the effectiveness and safety of ixekizumab are currently scarce. Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ixekizumab in a cohort of psoriatic and psoriatic arthritis patients. Methods We conducted a retrospective study involving 201 patients affected by moderate-to-severe psoriasis and treated with ixekizumab at seven Italian University centers. Data analysis focused on 110 patients who started ixekizumab at baseline and completed at least 24 weeks of treatment. Results Significant reduction of mean (± standard deviation) baseline Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) score (14.3 ± 5.8) was detected at 4 weeks of ixekizumab therapy (4.9 ± 4.2, p < 0.001), with a further significant improvement at weeks 12 and 24 (1.9 ± 2.9 and 0.9 ± 1.6, respectively) (p < 0.001). Our analysis showed 90%, 72%, and 57% of patients achieving PASI 75, 90, and 100 responses (75%, 90%, and 100% reduction in PASI score), respectively, after 24 weeks’ therapy. For patients with arthritis (28%), a significant reduction in the mean (± standard deviation) baseline Disease Activity Score (DAS)-28 score (4.6 ± 5.1) was detected at week 4 (2.5 ± 3.9, p < 0.01), with a further significant improvement at weeks 12 and 24 (2.1 ± 1.2 and 1.4 ± 0.9, respectively) (p < 0.001). The bio-naïve group showed significantly higher PASI 90 and 100 response rates at week 12 than the bio-exposed one (p < 0.05). This trend in terms of PASI 100 response was also maintained at week 24 (p < 0.05). Furthermore, PASI 90 responses were significantly higher in anti-interleukin (IL)-17A-naïve patients at week 24 than in anti-IL-17A-experienced ones (p < 0.05). The dropout rate for adverse events (AEs) was as low as 2% (2/110), while AEs that did not cause treatment interruption were observed in 6% (7/110). Patients withdrawing from the study were defined as non-responders according to the non-responder imputation method. The retrospective design of the study does not allow missing data to be retrieved or homogeneous patient selection. Conclusions The present study illustrates ixekizumab in real-world clinical practice, confirming its usefulness and safety in the management of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Dermatomyositis: An Update on Diagnosis and Treatment
    • Abstract: Abstract Dermatomyositis is a rare inflammatory disease with characteristic cutaneous findings and varying amounts of systemic involvement. Patients may present with skin disease alone, have concomitant muscle disease, or have extracutaneous manifestations such as pulmonary disease or an associated malignancy. Given such diverse presentations, dermatomyositis is both a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. However, a prompt diagnosis is of utmost importance to institute adequate therapy and screen patients for an associated malignancy. Dermatologists should play a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of patients with dermatomyositis as cutaneous disease tends to be chronic, negatively impact quality of life, and be more recalcitrant to therapy. In this review, we discuss diagnosis, with a focus on myositis-specific antibodies and their associated phenotypes. We also review therapies available for this often refractory skin disease.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Fixed Drug Eruptions: An Update, Emphasizing the Potentially Lethal
           Generalized Bullous Fixed Drug Eruption
    • Abstract: Abstract A fixed drug eruption (FDE) is a relatively common reaction associated with more than 100 medications. It is defined as a same-site recurrence with exposure to a particular medication. The primary approach and treatment for all types of FDEs are to identify and remove the causative agent, often accomplished by a thorough history of medication and other chemical exposures, and possibly prior episodes. The most common category of FDE, localized FDE, whether bullous or non-bullous, is self-limited. Although one can confirm the causative agent using oral challenge testing, it is not recommended due to the risk of severe exacerbation or possible generalization; patch testing is now preferred. Bullous FDE may resemble erythema multiforme. Treatment of localized FDE includes medication removal, patient counseling, and symptomatic relief. Failure to remove the causative agent in localized FDE can lead to recurrence, which is associated with increased inflammation, hyperpigmentation, and risk of a potentially lethal generalized bullous FDE (GBFDE), which may resemble Stevens–Johnson syndrome (SJS) or toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). Distinguishing GBFDE from SJS and TEN is salient and will be stressed: GBFDE has more rapid onset in 1–24 h rather than in weeks, less or no mucosal involvement, less or no systemic involvement, and a tendency for a more favorable prognosis; however, recent experience suggests it may be just as life-threatening. This review will provide a comprehensive update and approach to diagnosis and management.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Malignancy Rates in Brodalumab Clinical Studies for Psoriasis
    • Abstract: Background Brodalumab is a fully human anti–interleukin-17 receptor A monoclonal antibody efficacious for the treatment of adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Objective This study summarizes malignancy rates in psoriasis clinical studies of brodalumab. Methods Data were pooled from one phase II study and three large, multicenter, phase III randomized studies of brodalumab for the treatment of psoriasis, including two studies with randomization to brodalumab, ustekinumab, or placebo. Data from the 52-week (brodalumab and ustekinumab) and long-term (brodalumab) pools were summarized as exposure-adjusted or follow-up time-adjusted event rates per 100 patient-years (PY). Results Exposure-adjusted event rates per 100 PY at 52 weeks were lower with brodalumab (n = 4019; 3446 total PY of exposure) than with ustekinumab (n = 613; 495 total PY of exposure), including adjudicated malignancies (0.9 vs 2.6) and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-adjudicated malignancies (0.3 vs 0.4). The exposure-adjusted event rate of adjudicated malignancies in the brodalumab group remained stable in the long-term analysis (0.9 [82 events]). Conclusions Rates of malignancy among brodalumab-treated patients with psoriasis were generally low. Trial registry ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00975637; NCT01101100; NCT01708590 (AMAGINE-1); NCT01708603 (AMAGINE-2); NCT01708629 (AMAGINE-3).
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Conjunctival Melanoma: Current Treatments and Future Options
    • Abstract: Abstract Conjunctival melanoma is a rare tumor of the conjunctival epithelium with a heterogenous clinical presentation and a propensity for regional and distant metastatic spread. Guidelines for the treatment of local conjunctival melanoma are well-established, but there are no standard efficacious therapies for metastatic disease. Given that conjunctival melanoma is genetically similar to cutaneous melanoma and mucosal melanomas, targeted therapies effective in the treatment of these diseases, such as BRAF inhibitors and KIT inhibitors, may be effective in the treatment of patients with metastatic conjunctival melanoma. Other targeted small-molecule drugs in the drug development pipeline for the treatment of more prevalent melanomas could also be applicable to conjunctival melanoma. Furthermore, systemic immunotherapy treatments that are now a mainstay in the treatment of cutaneous melanoma, such as programmed cell death-1 and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 inhibitors, could also stand to benefit patients with metastatic conjunctival melanoma. Limited case reports provide clues about the effectiveness of both targeted small-molecule inhibitors and immunotherapy in patients with advanced local and metastatic conjunctival melanoma and give credence to the argument that conjunctival melanoma patients should be included in major trials studying new therapies in both cutaneous and mucosal melanomas where applicable.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Optimizing Isotretinoin Treatment of Acne: Update on Current
           Recommendations for Monitoring, Dosing, Safety, Adverse Effects,
           Compliance, and Outcomes
    • Abstract: Abstract Acne vulgaris is the most common skin disease treated by dermatologists. It can be severe and result in permanent scars. Isotretinoin is the most effective treatment for acne and has the potential for long-term clearance. Prescribing and monitoring protocols can vary widely among prescribers. Recent studies, reports, and consensus statements help shed light on optimizing the use of isotretinoin for acne. A recent literature review is summarized in this article to help the practitioner optimize isotretinoin use for acne. The article outlines the advantages and disadvantages of standard, high-dose, and low-dose isotretinoin regimens; discusses the current status of controversies surrounding isotretinoin (including depression/suicide, pregnancy, and inflammatory bowel disease); reviews monitoring recommendations and treatment for hypertriglyceridemia and elevated transaminase levels; and discusses common adverse effects seen with isotretinoin, along with their treatment and prevention.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Topical Minocycline Foam 4%: A Review in Acne Vulgaris
    • Abstract: Abstract Topical minocycline foam 4% (Amzeeq™) is approved in the USA for the treatment of inflammatory lesions of non-nodular, moderate to severe acne vulgaris (acne) in patients aged ≥ 9 years. It was developed to minimize systemic minocycline absorption and toxicity, and its high lipid content allows efficient drug movement through sebum and into affected sites. The favorable in vitro resistance profile of oral minocycline seen in Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes) isolates was maintained with topical minocycline foam 4%. In 12-week, phase III clinical trials, once-daily topical minocycline foam 4% significantly improved both inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions relative to foam vehicle in patients aged ≥ 9 years with moderate to severe acne and was reported by most patients to be satisfactory or highly satisfactory to use. Extension trial data indicated that topical minocycline foam 4% continued to be effective for up to 52 weeks’ therapy. Topical minocycline foam 4% was generally well tolerated in these patients, with most adverse events (AEs) and all serious AEs considered to be unrelated to treatment. Cutaneous AEs were uncommon, and findings from a dermal safety study showed that topical minocycline foam 4% did not have any effects related to phototoxicity, photoallergy, skin sensitization and skin irritation. Topical minocycline foam 4% is thus a useful addition to available treatment options for the management of inflammatory lesions of non-nodular, moderate to severe acne in adult and pediatric patients aged ≥ 9 years.
      PubDate: 2020-05-28
       
  • Managing Cutaneous Immune-Mediated Diseases During the COVID-19
           Pandemic
    • Abstract: Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a clinical syndrome caused by a novel coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 has spread rapidly worldwide and has been shown to have a wide spectrum of severity. COVID-19 has become a public health emergency of relevant international concern, and it was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization on 11 March, 2020. SARS-CoV-2 infection in severe cases involves the host response as an important contributor to the disease process and tissue damage, mainly due to dysregulated and excessive innate immune responses. The primary immune response leads to viral clearance in the majority of cases. However, in a subgroup of patients, the secondary immune response may be exaggerated, leading to inflammatory-induced lung injury and other complications including pneumonitis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, respiratory failure, shock, organ failure, and potentially death. Several cutaneous immune-mediated diseases, including psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, and hidradenitis suppurativa, are therapeutically managed with biologic and non-biologic immunosuppressive and immunomodulatory drugs. The outbreak of COVID-19 affects the management of these chronic conditions, not only for those who are already receiving treatment but also for those who are about to start a new treatment to control their disease. In this article, the management of cutaneous immune-mediated diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic is discussed.
      PubDate: 2020-04-10
       
 
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