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DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY (164 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 164 of 164 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Dermato-Venereologica     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Skin & Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
African Journal of AIDS Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AIDS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AIDS Patient Care and STDs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aktuelle Dermatologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Allergo Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Clinical Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Dermatopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anaplastology     Open Access  
Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives de Pédiatrie     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives de sciences sociales des religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux - Pratique     Hybrid Journal  
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Medical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin / Periodical of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access  
Biomedical Dermatology     Open Access  
BMC Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
British Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical and Experimental Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Skin Cancer     Full-text available via subscription  
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinics in Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Contact Dermatitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cosmetics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Current Dermatology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Fungal Infection Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current HIV Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current HIV/AIDS Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Sexual Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Der Hautarzt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dermatitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dermato-Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dermatología Venezolana     Open Access  
Dermatologic Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Dermatologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Dermatologic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Dermatologic Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dermatologica Sinica     Open Access  
Dermatological Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Dermatology and Cosmetic     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Dermatology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dermatology Online Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dermatology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dermatology Times     Free  
Dermatopathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Journal of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Cosmetologia Medica e Medicina degli Inestetismi Cutanei     Full-text available via subscription  
EMC - Dermatología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Experimental Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Expert Review of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Forum Dermatologicum     Hybrid Journal  
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Güncel Dermatoloji Dergisi     Open Access  
HautinForm     Full-text available via subscription  
hautnah     Hybrid Journal  
hautnah dermatologie     Hybrid Journal  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
HIV Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HIV Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Dermatology Online Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Archives of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Dermatology and Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of STD & AIDS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Women's Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International STD Research & Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAAD Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAIDS : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
JAMA Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
JMIR Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Clinical and Investigative Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Cutaneous Immunology and Allergy     Open Access  
Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dermatological Research     Open Access  
Journal of Dermatological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dermatological Science Supplement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dermatological Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of General-Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Investigative Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Sexual Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Skin and Stem Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Skin Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Egyptian Women’s Dermatologic Society     Partially Free  
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of the International AIDS Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Karger Kompass Dermatologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Karger Kompass Pneumologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Medical and Surgical Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nepal Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neurobehavioral HIV Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
OA Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open AIDS Journal     Open Access  
Open Dermatology Journal     Open Access  
Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pigment International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psoriasis : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Internacional de Ciencias Podológicas     Open Access  
SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scars, Burns & Healing     Open Access  
Serbian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sexually Transmitted Infections     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Skin Appendage Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Skin Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sri Lanka Journal of Sexual Health and HIV Medicine     Open Access  
Studies in Gender and Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Surgical & Cosmetic Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
The Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
The Rose Sheet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Vestnik dermatologii i venerologii     Open Access  
Veterinary Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.542
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 26  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1175-0561 - ISSN (Online) 1179-1888
Published by Adis Homepage  [21 journals]
  • Long-Term Outcomes in BRAF -Mutated Melanoma Treated with Combined
           Targeted Therapy or Immune Checkpoint Blockade: Are We Approaching a True
    • Abstract: Abstract Approximately 50% of all melanomas harbor an activating BRAF mutation. In patients suffering from an advanced melanoma with such a somatic alteration, combined targeted therapy with a BRAF and MEK inhibitor can be applied to significantly increase the survival probability. Nevertheless, resistance mechanisms, as well as negative predictive biomarkers (elevated lactate dehydrogenase levels, high number of metastatic organ disease sites, brain metastasis), remain a major problem in treating melanoma patients. Recently, a landmark overall survival (OS) rate of 34% after 5 years of combined targeted therapy in treatment-naïve patients was reported. On the other hand, patients harboring a BRAF mutation and receiving first-line immune checkpoint blockade with ipilimumab plus nivolumab showed a 5-year OS rate of 60%. As indicated by these data, long-term survival can be reached in melanoma patients but it remains unclear if this is equivalent to reaching a true cure for metastatic melanoma. In this review, we summarize the recent results for combined targeted therapy and immunotherapy in advanced melanoma harboring an activating BRAF mutation and discuss the impact of baseline characteristics on long-term outcome.
      PubDate: 2020-03-02
  • Optimizing Isotretinoin Treatment of Acne: Update on Current
           Recommendations for Monitoring, Dosing, Safety, Adverse Effects,
           Compliance, and Outcomes
    • Abstract: Abstract Acne vulgaris is the most common skin disease treated by dermatologists. It can be severe and result in permanent scars. Isotretinoin is the most effective treatment for acne and has the potential for long-term clearance. Prescribing and monitoring protocols can vary widely among prescribers. Recent studies, reports, and consensus statements help shed light on optimizing the use of isotretinoin for acne. A recent literature review is summarized in this article to help the practitioner optimize isotretinoin use for acne. The article outlines the advantages and disadvantages of standard, high-dose, and low-dose isotretinoin regimens; discusses the current status of controversies surrounding isotretinoin (including depression/suicide, pregnancy, and inflammatory bowel disease); reviews monitoring recommendations and treatment for hypertriglyceridemia and elevated transaminase levels; and discusses common adverse effects seen with isotretinoin, along with their treatment and prevention.
      PubDate: 2020-02-27
  • Dermatomyositis: An Update on Diagnosis and Treatment
    • Abstract: Abstract Dermatomyositis is a rare inflammatory disease with characteristic cutaneous findings and varying amounts of systemic involvement. Patients may present with skin disease alone, have concomitant muscle disease, or have extracutaneous manifestations such as pulmonary disease or an associated malignancy. Given such diverse presentations, dermatomyositis is both a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. However, a prompt diagnosis is of utmost importance to institute adequate therapy and screen patients for an associated malignancy. Dermatologists should play a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of patients with dermatomyositis as cutaneous disease tends to be chronic, negatively impact quality of life, and be more recalcitrant to therapy. In this review, we discuss diagnosis, with a focus on myositis-specific antibodies and their associated phenotypes. We also review therapies available for this often refractory skin disease.
      PubDate: 2020-02-24
  • Baseline Characteristics from UNITE: An Observational, International,
           Multicentre Registry to Evaluate Hidradenitis Suppurativa (Acne Inversa)
           in Clinical Practice
    • Abstract: Background Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), also known as acne inversa, is a recurring, painful, chronic, and sometimes disfiguring inflammatory skin disease. Objectives Our objective was to report the baseline clinical characteristics, natural history, and associated outcomes of patients with HS from the ongoing, prospective, non-interventional UNITE registry that is collecting data regarding the natural history and associated outcomes of HS. Methods Patients with inflammatory HS lesions were enrolled, including adolescents (aged 12 to < 18 years) and adults (aged ≥ 18 years). None had participated in previous or current originator-adalimumab studies/registries. Patients received treatment consistent with site-specific, routine clinical practice. HS disease status was assessed by HS lesions and disease flare; treatment and outcomes data were collected at enrolment and every 6 months for ≤ 4 years. Results Enrolment (N = 594; 89.1% adults; 10.9% adolescents) occurred from 29 October 2013 to 29 December 2015 at 73 sites in 12 countries. At baseline, the majority were female (69.7%) and White (81.2%), had moderate-to-severe disease (Hurley stage II or III; 93.3%), and had undergone prior procedures/surgery for HS (68.7%). In total, 61.6% of adults and 49.2% of adolescents were obese; 40.2% of patients reported current tobacco use. Scarring due to lesions occurred in 91.2% of patients. The prevalence of comorbidities of interest was as follows: depression (13.3%), other psychiatric disorders (9.6%), inflammatory bowel disease (2.7%), diabetes (9.1%), and polycystic ovary syndrome (5.2%). Conclusions In this population from the UNITE HS registry, obesity and smoking were common, and disease burden was high, manifesting as multiple lesions, scarring, surgical history, and considerable comorbidities.
      PubDate: 2020-02-19
  • Safety and Effectiveness of Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Biosimilar
           Agents in the Treatment of Psoriasis
    • Abstract: Abstract Biologic drugs have revolutionized the treatment of psoriasis and other chronic inflammatory diseases. In recent years, many tumor necrosis factor-alpha ‘biosimilar’ agents have been developed. These biosimilars are similar in structure and function to their originator molecules, although they are not identical. Given that the safety and efficacy of the original biologic have already been proven, biosimilars are only required to show bioequivalence, or non-inferiority, to the reference biologic to be approved. Based on extrapolation of these non-inferiority data, biosimilars may be subsequently approved for all indications of the originator biologic, even without being directly studied in these various conditions. These biosimilar agents have been purported as a method to reduce the costs of biologic therapies, thereby increasing the accessibility of these medications and subsequently improving the treatment of psoriasis worldwide. The US Food and Drug Administration and/or the European Medicines Agency have approved biosimilars of adalimumab (Amjevita/Amgevita/Solymbic, Cyltezo, Imraldi/Hadlima, Hyrimoz/Hefiya/Halimatoz, Idacio, Hulio, Abrilada), etanercept (Erelzi, Benepali/Eticovo), and infliximab (Inflectra/Remsima, Renflexis/Flixabi, Ixifi/Zessly) for the treatment of psoriasis, and others are under review. There are many phase III data supporting the bioequivalence of these anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha biosimilar agents in treating psoriasis and rheumatologic disease, which are discussed here. In general, these biosimilar agents have been shown to have equivalent efficacy, tolerability, and immunogenicity profiles compared to their originators in patients with rheumatologic disease, although studies in patients with psoriasis are fairly limited. Additional switching studies and post-marketing safety analyses are needed to assess the interchangeability of biosimilar agents with their reference products.
      PubDate: 2020-02-11
  • When is it OK to Stop Anti-Programmed Death 1 Receptor (PD-1) Therapy in
           Metastatic Melanoma'
    • Abstract: Abstract Systemic therapy for metastatic melanoma has been revolutionized over the past decade with the development of highly effective immune checkpoint inhibition, specifically anti-Programmed Death 1 receptor (PD-1) therapy. However, even though one-third of patients will have durable response to single-agent or combination therapy, the optimal duration of therapy is unknown. Identifying the optimal duration of therapy is important, as exposure to anti-PD-1 therapy increases the risk of developing immune-mediated toxicities that can have significant morbidity and are, at times, fatal. It has long been understood that patients with complete responses to high-dose interleukin-2 and ipilimumab typically maintain their responses after a brief treatment course; thus, it is important to better understand the data to help understand the optimal management of melanoma patients treated with anti-PD-1 therapy. The clinical data with anti-PD-1-based therapy and published data on the duration of therapy suggest that patients may not require a full 2 years of anti-PD-1 therapy and that the risk of toxicity may be mitigated by further understanding the mechanisms and kinetics of response to therapy. Although novel markers to help guide therapeutic decision making are under investigation, there is an ongoing need to improve our tools to monitor response to therapy and disease activity.
      PubDate: 2020-02-05
  • Palmoplantar Pustulosis: Recent Advances in Etiopathogenesis and Emerging
    • Abstract: Abstract Palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is a chronic, recurrent skin disease belonging to the spectrum of psoriasis. It is characterized by an eruption of sterile pustules on the palms and soles. Recent studies in PPP have focused on genetic differences between pustular phenotypes and the role of the innate immunological system and the microbiome in the etiopathogenesis of the disease. Mutations in IL36RN (a major predisposing factor for generalized pustular psoriasis) were found in selected patients with PPP and were associated with earlier disease onset. Studies have shown that the interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-36 pathways might be involved in the pathogenesis of PPP. A microbiome has been demonstrated in the vesicopustules of PPP, and an abundance of Staphylococcus appears to be increased by smoking. Improved understanding of the underlying etiopathogenesis of PPP has led to advances in treatment options, and targeted therapies for PPP have been evaluated or are under evaluation against more than 12 molecules in ongoing clinical trials. These targets include CXCR2 (IL-8 receptor type B), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor, IL-1 receptor, IL-8, IL-12, IL-23, IL-17A, IL-17 receptor, IL-36 receptor, phosphodiesterase-4, and tumor necrosis factor-α.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Twenty Clinically Pertinent Factors/Observations for Percutaneous
           Absorption in Humans
    • Abstract: Abstract At least 20 clinically relevant factors affect percutaneous absorption of drugs and chemicals: relevant physico-chemical properties, vehicle/formulation, drug exposure conditions (dose, duration, surface area, exposure frequency), skin appendages (hair follicles, glands) as sub-anatomical pathways, skin application sites (regional variation in penetration), population variability (premature, infants, and aged), skin surface conditions (hydration, temperature, pH), skin health and integrity (trauma, skin diseases), substantivity and binding to different skin components, systemic distribution and systemic toxicity, stratum corneum exfoliation, washing-off and washing-in, rubbing/massaging, transfer to others (human to human and hard surface to human), volatility, metabolic biotransformation/cutaneous metabolism, photochemical transformation and photosensitivity, excretion pharmacokinetics, lateral spread, and chemical method of determining percutaneous absorption.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Herpes Zoster Presentation, Management, and Prevention: A Modern
           Case-Based Review
    • Abstract: Abstract Herpes zoster (HZ) is a common cutaneous entity with protean clinical presentations, management options, complication rates, and prevention strategies, all of which are rife with dogma. During an inpatient consultation for HZ, have you ever been approached by a frantic staff or family member, worried that a pregnant, elderly, or infant contact will be ‘infected’ if they get too close' Have your patients ever asked you about their risk of having HZ twice, or claimed that they have frequent ‘recurrences’' In what timeline should antiviral therapy be employed' Is there evidence for prednisone or gabapentin in acute HZ treatment' Who should be vaccinated against HZ and what are the benefits and risks' In case-based form, these and other complex but common scenarios will be examined using clinical and viral mechanistic clues, along with updated treatment and prevention guidelines, to provide a modern HZ case management compendium, comprehensive of the diverse age and health populations now presenting with this condition.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • The Safe Management of Acne Vulgaris in Lupus Erythematosus: A Systematic
           Review with Evidence-Based Treatment Recommendations
    • Abstract: Background To date, there have been no studies that have specifically investigated which medications can and cannot be safely used to treat acne vulgaris in patients who have lupus erythematosus (LE). These patients require a highly individualized treatment approach, as the use of certain acne medications may exacerbate LE symptomology, such as photosensitivity and hypercoagulability. Objective In this systematic review, we examine safety outcomes associated with commonly prescribed oral acne medications, specifically in the context of LE. Methods A literature search, conducted on PubMed/MEDLINE, revealed 146 studies, of which 13 met the criteria. We assigned a level of evidence to each study and sought to determine evidence-based recommendations for each class of drug; each recommendation was then assigned a corresponding grade. Results There were very few high-quality studies available on this topic. Although we determined recommendations based on the existing literature, the grading was occasionally unfavorable due to the low-quality nature of the evidence supporting the recommendation. However, our recommendation against the use of combined oral contraceptive pills and in favor of spironolactone for the treatment of acne, in the setting of LE, received a satisfactory grading (grade A). Conclusion While no definitive recommendations for the treatment of acne in LE can be made based on the existing quality and quantity of studies available, this article aims to provide a comprehensive overview and analysis of oral acne medication safety in patients with LE, while emphasizing the immense need for higher quality studies and distinct acne treatment guidelines for this vulnerable patient population.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Characterization and Analysis of the Skin Microbiota in Rosacea: A
           Case–Control Study
    • Abstract: Background The efficacy of antibiotics in rosacea treatment suggests a role for microorganisms in its pathophysiology. Growing concern over the adverse effects of antibiotic use presents a need for targeted antimicrobial treatment in rosacea. Objective We performed a case–control study to investigate the skin microbiota in patients with rosacea compared to controls matched by age, sex, and race. Methods Nineteen participants with rosacea, erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, or both, were matched to 19 rosacea-free controls. DNA was extracted from skin swabs of the nose and bilateral cheeks of participants. Sequencing of the V3V4 region of the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene was performed using Illumina MiSeq and analyzed using QIIME/MetaStats 2.0 software. Results Compared with controls, skin microbiota in erythematotelangiectatic rosacea was depleted in Roseomonas mucosa (p = 0.004). Papulopustular rosacea was enriched in Campylobacter ureolyticus (p = 0.001), Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii (p = 0.008), and the oral flora Prevotella intermedia (p = 0.001). The highest relative abundance of C. kroppenstedtii was observed in patients with both erythematotelangiectatic and papulopustular rosacea (19.2%), followed by papulopustular (5.06%) and erythematotelangiectatic (1.21%) rosacea. C. kroppenstedtii was also associated with more extensive disease, with the highest relative abundance in rosacea affecting both the cheeks and nose (2.82%), followed by rosacea sparing the nose (1.93%), and controls (0.19%). Conclusions The skin microbiota in individuals with rosacea displays changes from that of healthy skin, suggesting that further studies examining a potential role for the skin microbiota in the pathophysiology of rosacea may be warranted.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Atopic Dermatitis and Celiac Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study of 116,816
    • Abstract: Background Both atopic dermatitis and celiac disease are often accompanied by other immune-mediated disorders. Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential association between atopic dermatitis and celiac disease in a broad community-based population. Methods A cross-sectional observational design was used. Demographic and clinical data were collected for patients enrolled in a large health management organization who were diagnosed with atopic dermatitis by a dermatologist in 2002–17. The presence of celiac disease/celiac disease-related morbidities was recorded for the whole group, for adults (age > 18 years), and for adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis. Findings were compared with a matched control group without atopic dermatitis. Results The study group included 116,816 patients of whom 45,157 were adults; 1909 adult patients had moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis. Compared to the respective control subjects, the prevalence rate of celiac disease in the whole group was 0.6% vs. 0.4%; in the adults, 0.6% vs. 0.3%; and in the adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis, 0.8% vs. 0.3% (p < 0.001 for all). On multivariate analysis, atopic dermatitis was associated with a significantly higher prevalence of celiac disease (odds ratio = 1.609, 95% confidence interval 1.42–1.82, p < 0.001) in the entire study population and each subgroup. Conclusions We observed a significant association between atopic dermatitis and celiac disease. This association emphasizes the need for timely screening of gastrointestinal morbidities in individuals with atopic dermatitis to prevent long-term complications.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Female Androgenetic Alopecia: An Update on Diagnosis and Management
    • Abstract: Abstract Female androgenetic alopecia (FAGA) is a common cause of non-scarring alopecia in women. The onset may be at any age following puberty and the frequency increases with age. Clinically, it shows a diffuse hair thinning over the central scalp, while the frontal hairline is usually retained. FAGA can have a significant psychological impact, leading to anxiety and depression. For this reason, early diagnosis is very important to stop the progression of the disease. The sex hormonal milieu is the main pathogenetic mechanism studied in FAGA. The role of androgens is not clearly defined and only one-third of women with FAGA show abnormal androgen levels. Endocrinological diseases with hyperandrogenism associated with FAGA comprise polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), hyperprolactinemia, adrenal hyperplasia and, rarely, ovarian and adrenal tumours. Usually the diagnosis of FAGA is made clinically. A complete clinical examination and a blood examination can reveal other signs of hyperandrogenism. Trichoscopy shows the typical hair miniaturization. A scalp biopsy can be useful when the clinical evaluation does not provide a definitive diagnosis or when cicatricial alopecias with hair loss in the distribution of FAGA or alopecia areata are suspected. FAGA is a slowly progressive disease. The goal of therapy is to stop the progression and to induce a cosmetically acceptable hair regrowth. The most important drugs are topical minoxidil and oral anti-androgens. The purpose of this review is to provide an update on FAGA and to create a guideline on diagnosis and management of this frequent hair disease, not always easily recognizable from cicatricial alopecias with a similar distribution.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Artificial Intelligence in Dermatology—Where We Are and the Way to
           the Future: A Review
    • Abstract: Abstract Although artificial intelligence has been available for some time, it has garnered significant interest recently and has been popularized by major companies with its applications in image identification, speech recognition and problem solving. Artificial intelligence is now being increasingly studied for its potential uses in medicine. A sound understanding of the concepts of this emerging field is essential for the dermatologist as dermatology has abundant medical data and images that can be used to train artificial intelligence for patient care. There are already a number of artificial intelligence studies focusing on skin disorders such as skin cancer, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and onychomycosis. This article aims to present a basic introduction to the concepts of artificial intelligence as well as present an overview of the current research into artificial intelligence in dermatology, examining both its current applications and its future potential.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Effects of Zinc Supplementation on Inflammatory Skin Diseases: A
           Systematic Review of the Clinical Evidence
    • Abstract: Background Zinc has been used in patients with acne vulgaris for its anti-inflammatory effects; however, it is unclear if zinc supplementation is also beneficial in other inflammatory skin conditions. Objective The objective of this article was to determine the effect of zinc supplementation on inflammatory dermatologic conditions. Data sources We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Ovid with no time limit up to 29 May, 2019. Trials examining supplementation with zinc in the treatment of inflammatory dermatological conditions (acne vulgaris, atopic dermatitis, diaper dermatitis, hidradenitis suppurativa, psoriasis, and rosacea) in children and adults were selected. Results Of 229 articles, 22 met inclusion criteria. Supplementation with zinc was found to be beneficial in ten of 14 studies evaluating its effects on acne vulgaris, one of two studies on atopic dermatitis, one of one study on diaper dermatitis, and three of three studies evaluating its effects on hidradenitis suppurativa. However, the one article found on psoriasis and the one article found on rosacea showed no significant benefit of zinc treatment on disease outcome. Conclusions and implications Some preliminary evidence supports the use of zinc in the treatment of acne vulgaris and hidradenitis suppurativa; however, more research is needed with similar methodologies and larger sample sizes in these diseases. Further, zinc may be of some benefit in the treatment plan for atopic dermatitis and diaper dermatitis; however, additional studies should be conducted to further evaluate these potentially positive associations. To date, no evidence is available to suggest that zinc may be of benefit in rosacea and psoriasis; however, limited data are available evaluating the use of zinc in these conditions.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Hailey–Hailey Disease: An Update Review with a Focus on Treatment
    • Abstract: Abstract Hailey–Hailey disease is a rare blistering dermatosis first described in 1939 by the brothers Howard and Hugh Hailey. Its incidence is estimated at 1/50,000. The inheritance is autosomal dominant with complete penetrance, but a variable expressivity in affected family members. Clinically, Hailey–Hailey disease presents between the third and fourth decade as flaccid vesicles and blisters on erythematous skin, giving rise to erosions, fissures, and vegetations. Maceration and superinfections are frequent. The lesions are typically distributed symmetrically within intertriginous regions such as the retroauricular folds, lateral aspects of the neck, axillae, umbilicus, inguinal, and perianal regions. The disease is characterized by a chronic relapsing course with spontaneous remissions and multiple recurrences. Severe disease can be very frustrating and have a major psychological and social impact. Given the dearth of evidence-based guidelines and large clinical trials, the assessment of the efficacy and safety of treatments is difficult. Treatments include topical and systemic agents, and procedural therapy such as lasers and surgery. This review provides a systematic search of the literature with a focus on classical and emerging treatment options for Hailey–Hailey disease.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Treatment of Medicare Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Psoriasis who
           Cannot Afford Biologics or Apremilast
    • Abstract: Abstract Elderly patients are a group with a high frequency of psoriasis. Their disease burden has negative impacts on their quality of life. While there is a clear need to treat these patients, there are challenges in doing so. This work seeks to define the challenges that exist in treating elderly Medicare patients, as well as to provide treatment suggestions for providers to follow if they encounter one or more of these challenges. Providers face the following challenges when creating treatment plants for elderly patients with psoriasis: difficulty in obtaining drug coverage through Medicare, increased medical comorbidities, and polypharmacy. Providers aim for regimens that are affordable, safe, and efficacious, but it is not always clear how to achieve this combination, especially in elderly Medicare patients. This work is relevant in that it aims to explain the logistical roadblocks posed by Medicare coverage and provide solutions for commonly encountered issues in the treatment of a disabling and common disease in a high-risk population. Specifically, alternative treatment options to biologics and small-molecule inhibitors are discussed and include topical therapies, phototherapy, methotrexate, acitretin, and cyclosporine and for psoriatic arthritis include corticosteroids and leflunomide. The specific risks and benefits of these therapies in the elderly population are provided, allowing providers to make patient-specific decisions about optimal regimens.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Biomarkers Predictive of Survival and Response to Immune Checkpoint
           Inhibitors in Melanoma
    • Abstract: Abstract Immunotherapy has revolutionized the treatment of melanoma. Targeting of the immune checkpoints cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 and programmed cell death protein 1 has led to improved survival in a subset of patients. Unfortunately, the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors is associated with significant side effects and many patients do not respond to treatment. Thus, there is an urgent need both for prognostic biomarkers to estimate risk and for predictive biomarkers to determine which patients are likely to respond to therapy. In this review, prognostic and predictive biomarkers that are an active area of research are outlined. Of note, certain transcriptomic signatures are already used in the clinic, albeit not routinely, to prognosticate patients. In the predictive setting, programmed cell death protein ligand 1 expression has been shown to correlate with benefit but is not precise enough to be used as an exclusionary biomarker. Future investigation will need to focus on biomarkers that are easily reproducible, cost effective, and accurate. The use of readily available clinical material, such as serum or hematoxylin and eosin-stained images, may offer one such path forward.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Rituximab: A Review in Pemphigus Vulgaris
    • Abstract: Abstract Rituximab (MabThera®, Rituxan®), a chimeric murine/human anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody administered by intravenous infusion, is indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe pemphigus vulgaris (PV), in combination with a tapering course of corticosteroids. Approval in the EU and USA was based on data for the subset of patients with newly-diagnosed, previously untreated PV participating in the randomized, controlled RITUX 3 study; rituximab plus short-course prednisone resulted in a > 3-fold higher rate of complete remission off prednisone therapy and a > 2-fold decrease in the rate of moderate/severe relapse compared with standard-dose prednisone in this patient subpopulation. In addition, rituximab plus short-term prednisone was steroid-sparing and resulted in fewer patients experiencing grade 3 or 4 corticosteroid-related adverse events compared with standard-dose prednisone. The adverse event profile of rituximab in patients with PV was consistent with that observed for the drug in other approved autoimmune disorders; no new safety concerns were identified. Notwithstanding there is some uncertainty over the optimum dosing schedule to achieve and maintain disease control, rituximab is a highly effective and generally well tolerated, steroid-sparing treatment for moderate to severe PV.
      PubDate: 2019-12-14
  • Clinically Meaningful Responses to Dupilumab in Adolescents with
           Uncontrolled Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis: Post-hoc Analyses from
           a Randomized Clinical Trial
    • Abstract: Background Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory condition with substantial burden and limited treatment options for adolescents with moderate-to-severe disease. Significantly more patients treated with dupilumab vs. placebo achieved Investigator’s Global Assessment 0/1 at week 16. Objective The objective of this study was to assess the impact of dupilumab treatment vs. placebo on the achievement of clinically meaningful improvements in atopic dermatitis signs, symptoms and quality of life. Methods R668-AD-1526 LIBERTY AD ADOL was a randomized, double-blinded, parallel-group, phase III clinical trial. Two hundred and fifty-one adolescents with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis received dupilumab 300 mg every 4 weeks (q4w; n = 84), dupilumab 200 or 300 mg every 2 weeks (q2w; n = 82), or placebo (n = 85). A post-hoc subgroup analysis was performed on 214 patients with Investigator’s Global Assessment > 1 at week 16. Measures of atopic dermatitis signs, symptoms, and quality of life were assessed. Clinically meaningful improvement in one or more of three domains of signs, symptoms, and quality of life was defined as an improvement of ≥ 50% in Eczema Area and Severity Index, ≥ 3 points in Peak Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale, or ≥ 6 points in the Children’s Dermatology Life Quality Index from baseline. Results Of patients receiving dupilumab q2w, 80.5% [66/82] experienced clinically meaningful improvements in atopic dermatitis signs, symptoms, or quality of life at week 16 (vs. placebo, 20/85 [23.5%], difference 57.0% [95% confidence interval 44.5–69.4]; q4w vs. placebo, 53/84 [63.1%], difference 39.6% [95% confidence interval 25.9–53.3]; both p < 0.0001). Results were similar in adolescents with Investigator’s Global Assessment > 1 at week 16 (q2w, 46/62 [74.2%] vs. placebo, 18/83 [21.7%], difference 52.5% [95% confidence interval 38.5–66.6]; q4w, 38/69 [55.1%] vs. placebo, difference 33.4% [95% confidence interval 18.7–48.1]; both p < 0.0001). Conclusions Dupilumab provided clinically meaningful improvements in signs, symptoms, and quality of life in adolescents with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis among patients with Investigator’s Global Assessment > 1 at week 16. Treatment responses should be interpreted in the context of such clinically relevant patient-reported outcome measures. Trial Registration; NCT03054428. Video abstract Adolescents with atopic dermatitis: does dupilumab improve their signs, symptoms, and quality of life' (MP4  212916 kb)
      PubDate: 2019-12-10
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