Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8669 journals)
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DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY (164 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 164 of 164 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Dermato-Venereologica     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Skin & Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of AIDS Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AIDS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AIDS Patient Care and STDs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aktuelle Dermatologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Allergo Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Clinical Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Dermatopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anaplastology     Open Access  
Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives de Pédiatrie     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives de sciences sociales des religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux - Pratique     Hybrid Journal  
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Medical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin / Periodical of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access  
Biomedical Dermatology     Open Access  
BMC Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
British Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical and Experimental Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Skin Cancer     Full-text available via subscription  
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinics in Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contact Dermatitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cosmetics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Current Dermatology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Fungal Infection Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current HIV Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current HIV/AIDS Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Sexual Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Der Hautarzt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dermatitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dermato-Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dermatología Venezolana     Open Access  
Dermatologic Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Dermatologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Dermatologic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Dermatologic Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dermatologica Sinica     Open Access  
Dermatological Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Dermatology and Cosmetic     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Dermatology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dermatology Online Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dermatology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dermatology Times     Free  
Dermatopathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Journal of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Cosmetologia Medica e Medicina degli Inestetismi Cutanei     Full-text available via subscription  
EMC - Dermatología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Experimental Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Expert Review of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Forum Dermatologicum     Hybrid Journal  
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Güncel Dermatoloji Dergisi     Open Access  
HautinForm     Full-text available via subscription  
hautnah     Hybrid Journal  
hautnah dermatologie     Hybrid Journal  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
HIV Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HIV Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Dermatology Online Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Archives of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Dermatology and Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of STD & AIDS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Women's Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International STD Research & Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAAD Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAIDS : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
JAMA Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
JMIR Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Clinical and Investigative Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Cutaneous Immunology and Allergy     Open Access  
Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dermatological Research     Open Access  
Journal of Dermatological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dermatological Science Supplement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dermatological Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of General-Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Investigative Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Sexual Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Skin and Stem Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Skin Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Egyptian Women’s Dermatologic Society     Partially Free  
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of the International AIDS Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Karger Kompass Dermatologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Karger Kompass Pneumologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Medical and Surgical Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nepal Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neurobehavioral HIV Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
OA Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open AIDS Journal     Open Access  
Open Dermatology Journal     Open Access  
Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pigment International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psoriasis : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Internacional de Ciencias Podológicas     Open Access  
SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scars, Burns & Healing     Open Access  
Serbian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexually Transmitted Infections     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Skin Appendage Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Skin Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sri Lanka Journal of Sexual Health and HIV Medicine     Open Access  
Studies in Gender and Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Surgical & Cosmetic Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
The Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The Rose Sheet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Vestnik dermatologii i venerologii     Open Access  
Veterinary Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.314
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 9  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1435-702X - ISSN (Online) 0721-832X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • The absence of fundus abnormalities in Stargardt disease
    • Abstract: Purpose To raise awareness of Stargardt disease (STGD1) patients without fundus abnormalities. Methods Medical records were evaluated for age at onset, initial symptoms and diagnosis, reason for delay of diagnosis, age at STGD1 diagnosis, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), ophthalmoscopy, fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), fluorescein angiography (FA), spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), full-field electroretinography (ffERG), color vision test, and the presence of ABCA4 variants. Results In 11.1% of our STGD1 cohort of 280 patients, no fundus abnormalities were observed at first ophthalmic consultation. The median age at onset was 8 years (range, 1–18). There was a median delay in diagnosis of 3 years (range, 0–19) in 27 out of 31 patients, which resulted in a median age at diagnosis of 12 years (range, 7–26). Patients were misdiagnosed with amblyopia, myopia, optic disk pathology, mental health problems, tension headache, neuritis bulbaris, and uveitis. Subtle abnormalities, such as lipofuscin accumulation, were seen on FAF at an earlier disease stage than in ophthalmoscopy. On SD-OCT, this included a thickened external limiting membrane. Color vision tests showed red-green insufficiency in 79% of patients. Reduced ERG amplitudes were only present in 26% (N = 8) and a dark choroid sign in 65% of the patients. Visual acuity considerably fluctuated in the first 5 years after onset. The majority of the patients (65%) carried a least one variant with a severe effect on ABCA4 function. Conclusions Childhood-onset STGD1 patients were diagnosed with a delay of median 3 years. The presence of accurate competence, equipment, and the possibility for genetic screening is required; therefore, we recommend to refer children with visual complaints without initial fundus abnormalities to a specialized ophthalmologic center. In particular, to diagnose patients at an early stage of disease is of increased importance with the advent of new therapeutic possibilities.
      PubDate: 2019-03-22
  • Sickle cell retinopathy. A focused review
    • Abstract: Purpose To provide a focused review of sickle cell retinopathy in the light of recent advances in the pathogenesis, multimodal retinal imaging, management of the condition, and migration trends, which may lead to increased prevalence of the condition in the Western world. Methods Non-systematic focused literature review. Results Sickle retinopathy results from aggregation of abnormal hemoglobin in the red blood cells in the retinal microcirculation, leading to reduced deformability of the red blood cells, stagnant blood flow in the retinal precapillary arterioles, thrombosis, and ischemia. This may be precipitated by hypoxia, acidosis, and hyperosmolarity. Sickle retinopathy may result in sight threatening complications, such as paracentral middle maculopathy or sequelae of proliferative retinopathy, such as vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment. New imaging modalities, such as wide-field imaging and optical coherence tomography angiography, have revealed the microstructural features of sickle retinopathy, enabling earlier diagnosis. The vascular growth factor ANGPTL-4 has recently been identified as a potential mediator of progression to proliferative retinopathy and may represent a possible therapeutic target. Laser therapy should be considered for proliferative retinopathy in order to prevent visual loss; however, the evidence is not very strong. With recent development of wide-field imaging, targeted laser to ischemic retina may prove to be beneficial. Exact control of intraoperative intraocular pressure, including valved trocar vitrectomy systems, may improve the outcomes of vitreoretinal surgery for complications, such as vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment. Stem cell transplantation and gene therapy are potentially curative treatments, which may prevent retinopathy. Conclusions There is lack of evidence regarding the optimal management of sickle retinopathy. Further study is needed to determine if recent progress in the understanding of the pathophysiology and diagnosis of sickle retinopathy may translate into improved management and outcome.
      PubDate: 2019-03-20
  • Aggressive Posterior Retinopathy of Prematurity Treated with Intravitreal
           Bevacizumab: Late Period Fluorescein Angiographic Findings
    • Abstract: Objective To evaluate vascularization end limit of the peripheral retina and describe vascular development patterns of patients at the late period with aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (APROP) who were treated with a single intravitreal injection of bevacizumab. Methods All patients were examined with RetCam III and fluorescein angiography (FA) within 90–100 gestational week. The vascularization end limit according to the zones and vascular structural abnormalities were noted. Results A total of 116 eyes of 58 patients were included. The mean gestational age and birth weight were 28.31 ± 2.5 (23–33) weeks and 1156.29 ± 386.38 (360–2300) g, respectively. The mean age at the time of FA was 95.09 ± 3.8 (90–100) weeks. According to the vascular termini, four eyes (3.4%) were in zone II posterior, 30 eyes (25.8%) were in zone II anterior, 22 eyes (18.9%) were in zone III with a distance of > 2 disc diameter (DD) from ora serrata, and 60 eyes (51.7%) were in zone III with a distance of < 2 DD from temporal ora serrata. Abnormal vascular findings were detected in 86.2% of patients (100/116 eyes) including circumferential vessels (43.1%), abnormal vascular branching (25.9%), closely packed vascular shunts (6.8%), and vascular leakage (10.3%). Conclusion FA gives us quantitative data for treatment decision at late period of APROP patients treated with bevacizumab. Fluorescein leakage and persistent avascular areas still detected at FA at 90–100 gestational weeks increase the risk for late complications. FA can detect the abnormalities that can not be detected via indirect ophthalmoscope and be useful for follow-up and further treatments of APROP.
      PubDate: 2019-03-20
  • Relationship between choroidal structure and duration of diabetes
    • Abstract: Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the choroidal structure of diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy (DR) and duration of diabetes. Methods This study is a retrospective observational study in diabetic patients without DR. Eyes with diabetes mellitus (DM) (n = 105) were divided into two groups based on the duration: long duration group (over 10 years, n = 31) and short duration group (less than 10 years, n = 74). One hundred seventeen eyes of non-diabetic patients were used as control group. All patients underwent enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography, and the choroidal structure was analyzed using a binarization method. Results There was no significant difference in areas of total choroid and lumina/stroma or central choroidal thickness (CCT) between control and DM groups. In contrast, lumina/total choroidal (L/C) ratio was significantly lower in diabetic eyes than in control eyes (P = 0.02). Although there was no significant difference in the areas or CCT between short and long duration groups, L/C ratio was significantly lower in the long duration group than in the short duration group (P = 0.03). Conclusions The current study suggests that choroidal vasculature is involved in the diabetic eyes and that the choroidal structure has changed with duration of diabetes. Our study points out that L/C ratio is a new potential biomarker in monitoring choroidal vascular disorders in diabetic eyes without DR.
      PubDate: 2019-03-18
  • Idiopathic retinal vasculitis, aneurysms and neuroretinitis (IRVAN): case
           series of three patients with multimodal imaging
    • Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this study was to report the clinical presentation, disease progression, treatment and complications of IRVAN. Method Case series Patients Six eyes from three patients were included. Results All eyes were treated with pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP). One eye received Ozurdex (dexamethasome implant) for persistent macular exudates and oedema. One eye received Avastin injections for retinal neovascularization. Oral steroids were given to all patients at some point during the disease process. One patient had additional immunosuppression with mycophenolate mofetil. Despite aggressive PRP, the visual outcomes varied widely. One patient maintained 6/6 vision bilaterally at 84 months follow-up. The second patient had progressive visual loss secondary to macular exudates and oedema, from 6/9 right eye, 6/6 left eye to 6/18 right eye, 6/60 left eye within 12 months despite Ozurdex injection. The third patient’s vision at presentation was 6/5 right eye, and 6/4 left eye. Despite further interventions including Avastin and mycophenolate mofetil, he continued to have progressive neovascularization and recurrent vitreous haemorrhage. At 72 months, his vision had deteriorated to 6/60 right eye, 6/18 left eye. Conclusion The progression of IRVAN can vary greatly, in spite of aggressive treatment with PRP, oral and intravitreal steroids, immunosuppressant medication and anti-VEGF agents. The variation in disease progression occurs both within the same individual as well as between individuals. An individualised approach to therapy is advocated.
      PubDate: 2019-03-15
  • Ophthalmology Review: A Case-Study Approach by Kuldev Singh et al. (2018)
           330pp., 223 illustrations, paperback/softback, ISBN: 9781626231764, Thieme
           Publishers, New York/Stuttgart
    • PubDate: 2019-03-13
  • Long-term surgical outcomes of patients with consecutive exotropia
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the long-term surgical outcome of patients with consecutive exotropia. Methods Patients who underwent surgery for the treatment of consecutive exotropia between January 2008 and July 2016 with a minimum follow-up period of 2 years were retrospectively reviewed. Surgical outcomes were classified based on postoperative angle of deviation at 2 years as follows: success (esodeviation ≤ 5 prism diopters [PD] to exodeviation ≤ 10 PD), and recurrence [exodeviation > 10 PD]). Postoperative angles of deviation at 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years and at the final follow-up were investigated. Results A total of 37 patients (28 in the success group and 9 in the recurrence group) were included. Surgical success rate at 2 years was 75.7%, and reoperation rate was 10.8% during a mean follow-up period of 42.4 ± 18.3 months after consecutive exotropia surgery. After surgery, exodrift occurred mostly during 1-month follow-up in both groups, and those with no exodrift within 1 month presented a higher surgical success. Thereafter, patients in the success group showed a more stable course during follow-up than those in the recurrence group. Stereopsis was an important factor associated with surgical outcome. Conclusions Exodrift occurs mostly within 1 month after surgery for consecutive exotropia. Targeting initial overcorrection and establishing esodeviation at postoperative month 1 is important to achieve successful results.
      PubDate: 2019-03-13
  • Risk factors for failure of vitrectomy cell block technique in cytological
           diagnosis of vitreoretinal lymphoma
    • Abstract: Purpose To determine the factors that may affect the accuracy of vitrectomy cell block technique in detecting atypical lymphoid cells in patients with vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL). Methods We retrospectively reviewed 43 eyes in 39 patients who underwent vitrectomy for definitive histological diagnosis of VRL with vitrectomy cell block technique and/or smear preparation at Kyushu University Hospital from January 2001 to March 2016. The association of detection of atypical lymphoid cells using vitrectomy cell block technique with the following factors was assessed using logistic regression analysis: age at diagnosis, sex, presence or absence of concurrent cataract surgery with vitrectomy, clinical grading of vitreous haze, presence or absence of subretinal tumor infiltration, interval between initial symptoms and vitrectomy, and presence or absence of systemic corticosteroid therapy before vitrectomy. Results Atypical lymphoid cells were more significantly detected using vitrectomy cell block technique compared to that using smear preparation (p = 0.018). After adjusting for age and sex, concurrent cataract surgery (odds ratio [OR], 10.41; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.42–76.41) and subretinal tumor infiltration (OR, 5.06; 95% CI, 1.06–24.32) were significantly associated with failure of histological analysis with vitrectomy cell blocks. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, similar results were obtained, although subretinal tumor infiltration was only marginally associated with the detective capability of the technique. Conclusion Vitrectomy cell block technique significantly improved the definitive diagnosis of VRL. Concurrent cataract surgery with vitrectomy and subretinal tumor infiltration were risk factors for failure in vitrectomy cell blocks.
      PubDate: 2019-03-13
  • Clinical characteristics of pachydrusen in central serous
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the clinical characteristics of pachydrusen in central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and investigate the relationship between choroidal circulation and pachydrusen. Methods In a retrospective case series of 302 eyes of 151 patients with treatment-naïve CSC, we assessed the incidence of pachydrusen and their features on indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Results Pachydrusen were observed in 82 of the 302 eyes (27.2%). The patients with pachydrusen were significantly older than those without pachydrusen. In 36 of the 82 eyes with pachydrusen, the choriocapillaris perfusion phase of ICGA was recorded. Pachydrusen were localized within the geographic filling delay of the choriocapillaris in 26 of the 36 eyes (72.2%). In the late phase of ICGA, pachydrusen corresponded to punctate hyperfluorescent spots in 69 of the 82 eyes (84.1%) and localized within sites of choroidal vascular hyperpermeability in 45 eyes (54.9%). En face OCT revealed pachydrusen to be localized over the dilated outer choroidal vessels in 70 of the 82 eyes (85.4%). B-mode OCT showed pachydrusen under the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in 72 of the 82 eyes (87.8%). There was no significant difference in central choroidal thickness between eyes with and without pachydrusen. Conclusions Pachydrusen in patients with CSC were frequently localized within the choriocapillaris filling delay and over the dilated outer choroidal vessels. Moreover, they were frequently observed under the RPE and corresponded to punctate hyperfluorescent spots on ICGA. These findings suggest that inner choroidal circulation impairment due to dilatation of outer choroidal vessels might induce pachydrusen.
      PubDate: 2019-03-09
  • Dermatologic tacrolimus ointment on the eyelids for steroid-refractory
           vernal keratoconjunctivitis
    • Abstract: Purpose The study aims to evaluate the therapeutic effects of dermatologic tacrolimus ointment on eyelids to treat refractory vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). Method This institutional study examined the effects of steroid treatment for 10 patients diagnosed with severe VKC refractory to steroid treatment. Patients received 0.1% dermatologic topical tacrolimus treatment on their eyelids once or twice daily for concomitant atopic dermatitis. The therapeutic outcomes were evaluated according to change in severity of clinical findings recorded with serial external ocular photography and change in requirement for steroid treatment. Results Clinical signs and symptoms improved substantially after tacrolimus treatment. Significant reduction in size of papillae, decrease of discharge, improvement in hyperemia, and shield ulcer healing with re-epithelization were observed in all patients. Six out of 10 (60%) patients did not receive steroid treatment. Long-term maintenance of tacrolimus was required to prevent episodic exacerbation. Patients’ only treatment-related complaints were of mild burning sensations during medication application to eyelids, and this sensation disappeared a few days after treatment. Conclusions Application of 0.1% dermatologic tacrolimus ointment to eyelids is effective and safe in the treatment of refractory VKC in patients with concomitant atopic dermatitis. This treatment may serve as a substitute for or decrease the requirement of steroid treatment.
      PubDate: 2019-03-09
  • Rho kinase inhibitors—a review on the physiology and clinical use in
    • Abstract: Abstract The Rho kinase (ROCK) signaling pathway is involved in several cellular events that include cell proliferation and cytoskeleton modulation leading to cell adhesion. The ROCK pathway in the human eye has been hypothesized to play important roles in corneal endothelial cell physiology and pathologic states. In addition, ROCK signaling has been identified as an important regulator of trabecular meshwork (TM) outflow, which is altered in glaucomatous eyes. These roles in corneal and glaucomatous disease states have led to the growing interest in the development of drugs selectively targeting this pathway (ROCK inhibitors). The authors provide a review of the literature on the pathobiology of the ROCK signaling in corneal endothelial disease, glaucoma, and vitreoretinal disease, as well as the clinical usefulness of ROCK inhibitors in Ophthalmology.
      PubDate: 2019-03-07
  • Correction to: Visual impairment and blindness in institutionalized
           elderly in Germany
    • Abstract: The original version of this article inadvertently contained a mistake.
      Authors incorrectly listed in PDF version while correctly presented in the html version.
      PubDate: 2019-03-06
  • Correction to: Heredity and in vivo confocal microscopy of punctiform and
           polychromatic pre-Descemet dystrophy
    • Abstract: In the original publication, presentation of the following author names are incorrect in the HTML version.
      PubDate: 2019-03-04
  • Evaluation of adenovirus amplified detection of immunochromatographic test
           using tears including conjunctival exudate in patients with adenoviral
    • Abstract: Background We evaluated a novel silver amplification immunochromatography test for rapid detection of adenovirus (AdV) antigen equipped with an automated reader system using tears including conjunctival exudate in patients with adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis. Methods Two kinds of immunochromatographic (IC) kits, a conventional IC kit for conjunctival scrapings (control kit) and an IC kit using tears including conjunctival exudate collected by pressing a filter paper strip on the conjunctiva (test kit), were tested on 90 patients who attended Migita Eye Clinic with suspected adenoviral conjunctivitis. The results of the test kits were automatically obtained by a specific reader, which was based on silver amplification immunochromatography system, in 15 min. The detection of AdV was confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method, and typing was performed by direct sequencing. Comparative dilution assay was carried out with the two kits, using AdV type 3 and type 54 strains. Results The sensitivity of the control kit and test kit was 89.8% and 98.3%, respectively. The specificity of both kits was 100%. A significant difference in the sensitivities of the two IC kits against PCR positivity was observed (P < 0.01). A significant correlation was found between AdV DNA copy numbers on a logarithmic scale obtained with the two tests (P < 0.01). The sensitivity of the test kit was 32–64-fold higher than that of the control kit without silver amplification for both AdV types. Conclusions These results suggest that this novel amplified AdV detection kit using tears including conjunctival exudate is useful, because it decreases patients’ discomfort from specimen collection and its sensitivity is significantly higher than that of the conventional IC kit.
      PubDate: 2019-03-02
  • Intra-operative ASOCT determined changes in angle recess in plateau iris
           syndrome post phaco alone and post phaco-endocycloplasty
    • PubDate: 2019-03-01
  • Requirement of age-dependent normalization of spectral-domain optical
           coherent tomography parameters in non-human primates for translational
    • PubDate: 2019-03-01
  • Depressive symptoms, resilience, and personality traits in dry eye disease
    • Abstract: Purpose Dry eye disease (DED) is a multifactorial disease of the ocular surface that leads to symptoms of discomfort and reduces quality of life. Several studies have shown an association with depression. We investigated the prevalence of depressive symptoms and their severity in DED patients and examined whether depressive symptoms correlate with signs, symptoms, or subtypes of DED or with psychological factors (resilience, premorbid personality, and subjective well-being). Methods This cross-sectional study (n = 64, mean age 56.72, 70% women) was conducted at the Dry Eye Clinic of the Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Düsseldorf. Psychological assessment included the Beck Depression Inventory, revised version (BDI-II); World Health Organization Well-Being Index (WHO-5); 13-item Resilience Scale (RS-13); and Munich Personality Test (MPT). DED parameters were assessed by the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), Schirmer test (ST), tear film break-up time (TBUT), and corneal fluorescein staining (CFS). As the reference for the BDI-II depression score, we used standard values from a German sample of healthy individuals (n = 582, 66% women). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the effects of various parameters on depressive symptoms. Associations between variables were examined by Pearson or Spearman correlation tests. Results Among all participants, 61% had depressive symptoms (25% minimal, 14% mild, 17% moderate, and 5% severe). The mean BDI-II score (11.95, ± 8.46) was significantly higher than in the healthy reference group (p < .0001). It was not correlated with the severity of signs or symptoms of DED or with its subtypes, but it was significantly negatively correlated with resilience (p < .0001) and subjective well-being (p < .0001). Depressive symptoms were negatively correlated with the premorbid personality trait extraversion (p = .036) and frustration tolerance (p < .0001) and positively correlated with premorbid neuroticism (p = .001), isolation tendencies (p = .014), and esoteric tendencies (p = .001). Conclusions Depressive symptoms of all degrees of severity are common in DED patients, but they are not associated with the severity of signs or symptoms of DED. Subjective well-being, resilience, and premorbid personality do not correlate with the signs or symptoms of DED, but they do correlate with depressive symptoms.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
  • Effects of posterior scleral reinforcement in pathological myopia: a
           3-year follow-up study
    • Abstract: Purpose To assess the effects of posterior sclera reinforcement (PSR) in refractive outcomes, choroidal thickness (CT), and retinal thickness (RT) during a 3-year follow-up in eyes with pathological myopia. Methods Thirty-eight eyes of 26 adults with pathological myopia who underwent PSR (the PSR group) and 30 eyes of 18 adults with matched age and myopia who did not receive PSR treatment (the control group) were followed up with measurements of axial length (AL), spherical equivalent (SE), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), CT, and RT at baseline, 1 and 3 months, and 1, 2, and 3 years postoperatively. Data were analyzed by repeated measures analysis of variance and independent-samples t test. Results In the PSR group, AL, SE, BCVA, and CT were tending to be relatively stable and no statistically significant changes were found during the follow-up (all P > 0.05). In contrast, in the control group, compared with the measurements taken at baseline, AL, SE, BCVA, and CT altered gradually from 1 month onward to 3 years postoperatively. At 2-year and 3-year follow-ups, significant differences in AL, SE, BCVA, and CT were noted between the PSR group and the control group (all P < 0.05). RTs of the center subfield and the inner ring were equal to the baseline in the control group; however, RTs of the center subfield at 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years postoperatively significantly slightly reduced compared with those at the baseline in the PSR group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions The effects of PSR in restraining eyeball elongation, stabilizing vision, and strengthening the structure of posterior pole are more prominent 2 years or more postoperatively compared with the natural progression of pathological myopia.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
  • Incidence and timing of recurrence of optic neuritis
    • Abstract: Purpose To describe the incidence and timing of recurrence in patients with optic neuritis (ON). Methods Medical documents of adult patients with ON were retrospectively reviewed. The incidence and timing of recurrence of an ON episode were analyzed. Results One hundred eleven patients with ON were included in this study. Their mean follow-up duration was 4.1 ± 3.1 years. Seven relapses occurred after intravenous methylprednisolone treatment. The estimated cumulative incidence of recurrence in either eye was 26% at 1 year, 33% at 3 years, 37% at 5 years, and 50% at 10 years after the first episode of ON. If there was no recurrence until 6 months after the first episode of ON, the next 5-year recurrence-free survival probability was 67%. If there was no recurrence until 1 year, the next 5-year survival probability was 72%. If there was no recurrence until 2 years, the next 5-year survival probability was 81%. Relapse within 1 month and the presence of neuromyelitis optica-immunoglobulin G were factors that increased the recurrence rate over time. Conclusions We evaluated the incidence and timing of the recurrence in patients with ON after the first episode. Lower probability of recurrence was observed in patients with longer recurrence-free follow-up period. However, monitoring for recurrence is needed even in patients with a single episode of ON due to the increasing tendency of the estimated cumulative incidence of recurrence over many years.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
  • An experimental and clinical study on the initial experiences of Brazilian
           vitreoretinal surgeons with heads-up surgery
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the initial experiences of several vitreoretinal surgeons in Brazil, both experienced and beginners, with a three-dimensional (3D) system, and to report the advantages and disadvantages of this technology. We also report surgical manipulations performed using the heads-up method in porcine eyes. For full-thickness idiopathic macular holes (MHs), we analyzed the times required for pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and internal limiting membrane (ILM) rhexis by using traditional microscopy and 3D system, and to evaluate anatomical surgical results. Methods During experimental vitreoretinal surgery on porcine eyes, two retinal surgeons applied the heads-up method. In clinical surgery, 14 retinal surgeons performed almost all types of vitreoretinal surgeries in association with facectomy, Ahmed glaucoma valve implant, or minimally invasive glaucoma surgery using an iStent®. The Ngenuity® 3D Visualization System was digitally integrated with intraoperative optical coherence tomography, the Verion™ Image-Guided System, and an endoscope (with a modified GoPro® camera). To compare the 3D system with traditional microscopy, ergonomics, educational value, image sharpness, depth perception, field of view, advantages and disadvantages, and technical feasibility were assessed using a questionnaire. One year later, the 14 surgeons answered the same questionnaire again, in order to assess whether they became more comfortable or not with 3D. For treating MHs, four surgeons (surgeon 1, fellows 1, 2, 3) performed the total of 40 surgeries. Each one performed 10 surgeries (5 with traditional microscopy and 5 with 3D visualization). The completion time for PPV and ILM rhexis were determined by using both methods. Results In porcine eyes, disabling the color channels allowed better visualization of the ILM, either with Brilliant Blue G (BBG), indocyanine green chorioangiography (ICG), or açai dye; transillumination through the sclera was also better without a color channel, but visualization of the peripheral vitreous was better with a blue channel. Regarding clinical experience, the questionnaire responses showed that the respondents generally favored the heads-up method compared with traditional microscopy (p < 0.05); however, despite a slightly higher average score, the 3D system was not statistically significantly preferred in terms of technical feasibility (p = 0.1814). Answering again the same questionnaire 1 year later, the 14 surgeons felt more comfortable with 3D (p < 0.05). The type of surgery benefitting most from the 3D system was peeling of the ILM or epiretinal membrane (p < 0.001), and that receiving the least benefit was anterior segment surgery (p < 0.001). In addition, surgeons did not report benefits of color channels, preferring to disable it (p < 0.001). Comparisons between the average time for full PPV and ILM rhexis by using the two methods were non-significant, neither in each individual case of 3D surgery for each surgeon. Surgeon 1 had always been faster than his fellows. Thirty-six (90%) full-thickness MHs were successfully closed with one surgery. Conclusions The 3D system was preferred to traditional microscopy. The 3D system was especially helpful for certain specific types of surgeries and served as an educational tool, having reduced illumination and allowing precise focusing. Concerning MH surgery, heads-up method was similar to traditional microscopy regarding length of time and anatomical surgical results. As a digital platform, it will be amenable to constant upgrades and may ultimately become the new standard for ophthalmic surgery.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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