Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8679 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (120 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)
    - DENTISTRY (294 journals)
    - ENDOCRINOLOGY (151 journals)
    - FORENSIC SCIENCES (42 journals)
    - HEMATOLOGY (157 journals)
    - HYPNOSIS (4 journals)
    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (177 journals)
    - MEDICAL GENETICS (58 journals)
    - MEDICAL SCIENCES (2410 journals)
    - NURSES AND NURSING (369 journals)
    - OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (207 journals)
    - ONCOLOGY (386 journals)
    - OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (83 journals)
    - PATHOLOGY (100 journals)
    - PEDIATRICS (275 journals)
    - PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY (833 journals)
    - RESPIRATORY DISEASES (105 journals)
    - RHEUMATOLOGY (79 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (81 journals)
    - SURGERY (406 journals)

DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY (163 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 163 of 163 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Dermato-Venereologica     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Skin & Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of AIDS Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AIDS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AIDS Patient Care and STDs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aktuelle Dermatologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Allergo Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Clinical Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Dermatopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anaplastology     Open Access  
Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives de Pédiatrie     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives de sciences sociales des religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux - Pratique     Hybrid Journal  
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Medical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin / Periodical of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access  
Biomedical Dermatology     Open Access  
BMC Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
British Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical and Experimental Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Skin Cancer     Full-text available via subscription  
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinics in Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contact Dermatitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cosmetics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Current Dermatology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Fungal Infection Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current HIV Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current HIV/AIDS Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Sexual Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Der Hautarzt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dermatitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dermato-Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dermatología Venezolana     Open Access  
Dermatologic Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Dermatologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Dermatologic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Dermatologic Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dermatologica Sinica     Open Access  
Dermatological Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Dermatology and Cosmetic     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Dermatology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dermatology Online Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dermatology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dermatopathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Journal of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Cosmetologia Medica e Medicina degli Inestetismi Cutanei     Full-text available via subscription  
EMC - Dermatología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Experimental Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Expert Review of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Forum Dermatologicum     Hybrid Journal  
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Güncel Dermatoloji Dergisi     Open Access  
HautinForm     Full-text available via subscription  
hautnah     Hybrid Journal  
hautnah dermatologie     Hybrid Journal  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
HIV Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HIV Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Dermatology Online Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Archives of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Dermatology and Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of STD & AIDS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Women's Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International STD Research & Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAAD Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAIDS : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
JAMA Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
JMIR Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Clinical and Investigative Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Cutaneous Immunology and Allergy     Open Access  
Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dermatological Research     Open Access  
Journal of Dermatological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dermatological Science Supplement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dermatological Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of General-Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Investigative Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Sexual Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Skin and Stem Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Skin Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Egyptian Women’s Dermatologic Society     Partially Free  
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of the International AIDS Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Karger Kompass Dermatologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Karger Kompass Pneumologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Medical and Surgical Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nepal Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neurobehavioral HIV Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
OA Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open AIDS Journal     Open Access  
Open Dermatology Journal     Open Access  
Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pigment International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psoriasis : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Internacional de Ciencias Podológicas     Open Access  
SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scars, Burns & Healing     Open Access  
Serbian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexually Transmitted Infections     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Skin Appendage Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Skin Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sri Lanka Journal of Sexual Health and HIV Medicine     Open Access  
Studies in Gender and Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Surgical & Cosmetic Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
The Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The Rose Sheet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Vestnik dermatologii i venerologii     Open Access  
Veterinary Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Archives of Medicine
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1755-7682
Published by International Medical Society Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Unusual Venous Drainage Of The Common Facial Vein. A Morphologycal Study

    • Authors: Humberto Ferreira Arquez, Sergio Iván Granados- Torres
      Abstract: Background: Anatomical knowledge of the facial vasculature is crucial not only for anatomists but also for oral and maxillofacial surgery, plastic surgeon, otorhinolaryngologists. Access pathways, pedicled and free flap transfer, and explantation and transplantation of total faces are based on the proper assessment and use of the facial veins and arteries. The anatomical variations reported in the present study confirms the need for preoperative vascular imaging for sure good venous outflow for the free flap survival. Aims: The aim of the present study was to describe a rare anatomical variation of the common facial vein which not been previously described. Methods and Findings: Head and neck region were carefully dissected as per standard dissection procedure, studied serially during the years 2013-2017 in 15 males and 2 females, i.e. 34 sides, embalmed adults cadavers with different age group, in the laboratory of Morphology of the University of Pamplona. In 33 sides (97 %) of the cases the anterior facial vein (FV) terminated into the internal jugular vein via the common facial vein (CFV) as per standard anatomic description. The right common facial vein in one side (3%) was found to drain into the contralateral internal thoracic vein and contralateral pericardiophrenic vein. Remarkable communications with the external jugular vein, the internal jugular vein, the anterior jugular vein, and left brachiocephalic vein. The length of the right common facial vein from the level of its formation till its termination in the contralateral pericardiophrenic and internal thoracic vein was about 22.75 cm. The venous drainage pattern on the left side of the face was found to be normal.  Conclusion: The existence of this anatomical variation among others supposes a double edge sword in the medical practice with its own opportunities and risks, especially in the surgical treatment; therefore, we need to study with more strictness these possibilities with the aim of facilitate this practices, and improve the life quality of our patients.
      PubDate: 2018-06-03
      DOI: 10.3823/2570
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • The Indirect cost of illness in Africa

    • Authors: Joses Muthuri Kirigia, Germano Mwiga Mwabu
      Abstract: Background: The current study estimated (a) the indirect costs associated with non-fatal disability and premature death across a wide range of diseases and health conditions in Africa in 2015 and (b) the potential savings that could be accrued if countries were to meet the 3 health targets of the substainable development goal (SDG) compared to the costs under the status quo. Methods: This study used the lost output or human capital approach to quantify the gross domestic product (GDP) losses associated with the disability-adjusted-life-years (DALYs) lost due to all causes by age group as well as by country economic classification (Group 1: 10 high/upper-middle income countries; Group 2: 17 lower-middle income countries; and Group 3: 27 low income countries). Results: The expected indirect cost of the 704,765,879 DALYs lost in Africa in 2015 was Int$ 2,983,187,560,197. Of this amount, 25.17%, 57.84% and 16.99% were incurred by the economies of the countries comprising Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3, respectively. Of the total continental indirect cost, 36.9%, 10.5%, 13.7%, 17.0%, 7.6%, 6.8% and 7.5% were associated with people aged 0-4, 5-14, 15-29, 30-49, 50-59, 60-69 and 70 years or older, respectively. Most of the total indirect cost (56.61%) was attributable to maternal conditions, AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), malaria, neglected tropicald diseases (NTDs), non-communicable diseases and traffic injuries. Approximately half (47%) of this cost could be avoided (or saved) every year if the 3 (health) targets of the SDG were fully met. Conclusion: The study estimated the total indirect cost of illness due to all causes by age group and country economic classification. The annual indirect cost is substantial. The findings contained in this paper suggest that health system strengthening should focus on both rich and poor countries, people of all ages and specific disease categories.  
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.3823/2568
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Effect of Different Photoiniciers of Experimental Adhesive Systems on
           Adhesive Interface Union Resistance

    • Authors: Tiago Norões Gomes, Jefferson David Melo de Matos, John Eversong Lucena de Vasconcelos, Karina Andrea Novaes Olivieri, William Cunha Brandt, Milton Edson Miranda
      Abstract: Aim: The objective of this study was to investigate the performance of experimental resinous adhesives containing different combinations of photoinitiators systems through the bending test. Material and Methods: Resinous adhesive formulations were prepared with monomer mixtures consisting of 50% by mass of bisphenol dimethacrylate glycidyl (BisGMA) and 50% by mass of triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA). The photoinitiators were used, camphorquinone (CQ) and bis-alkyl phosphinic oxide (BAPO). The co-initiators were diphenyliodonium hexafluorophosphate (DFI) and the amine (dimethylamino methylmethacrylate - DMAEMA) in the 1:1 proportion by mass. The photopolymerizable initiator systems were dissolved in the organic matrix at 0.5% by mass concentrations, creating eight groups (G1- CQ, G2- CQ/amine, G3- CQ/DFI, G4- CQ/amine/DFI, G5- BAPO, G6- BAPO/amine, G7- BAPO/DFI, G8- BAPO/amine/DFI). Samples with 7.0 mm in length, 2.0 mm wide and 1.0 mm height were prepared (n=12). The curing light used was VALO – Ultradent and the curing time was 20 s. The samples were subjected to evaluation of bending test at three points at a speed of 1 mm/min to evaluate the flexural resistance (FR). Results: The results were submitted to analysis of variance with one criterion (p < 0,001) and multiple comparisons were performed using Tukey test. Systems with the photoinitiator BAPO showed higher or equivalent bending values that demonstrated by the conventional system containing CQ/amine. Systems with the DFI had higher flexural values in relation to those demonstrated by systems without the DFI to CQ. Conclusion: The use of systems with alternative photoinitiators and co-initiators allows to obtain superior properties to the conventional system, making these promising systems to act both in isolation as associated with conventional systems.
      PubDate: 2018-05-12
      DOI: 10.3823/2567
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Assessment of patients with psoriasis undergoing treatment with narrowband
           UVB phototherapy in the State University of Pará, Brazil

    • Authors: Michelle Fonseca Goiabeira, Débora Bacellar Cruz Nunes, Adriana Kamilly Leitão Pitman Machado, Samira Oliveira Silveira, Érica Baptista Pinto, Yandra Sherring Einecke, Juliana Bacellar Cruz Nunes, Mariana Bacellar Cruz Nunes, Miguel Saraty de Oliveira, Walter Refkalefsky Loureiro, Gabriela Athayde Amin, Maria Amélia Lopes dos Santos, Alena Margareth Darwich Mendes, Francisca Regina Oliveira Carneiro
      Abstract: Introduction: Moderate and severe forms of psoriasis require phototherapy and/or systemic medications. The UVB band, with wavelength between 311 and 312nm, is called narrowband UVB (NB-UVB) and it has proven to be more beneficial for the psoriasis treatment. Goals: to characterize the group of patients with psoriasis treated with NB-UVB phototherapy, according to the clinical form, sex, phototype, and clinical evolution. Methods: All patients with psoriasis who underwent NB-UVB phototherapy between August 2016 and April 2017 were included in this study. Data on the patients were collected retrospectively. Results: During the study, 19 patients were treated with NB-UVB phototherapy, being 09 women (47%) and 10 men (53%), ages ranging from 22 to 81years. The most prevalent phototypes were III (42%) and IV (37%). Only 04 patients (21%) had guttate psoriasis and 15 (79%) had psoriasis vulgaris with variable severity. The total number of phototherapy sections, during the period evaluated, varied from 7 to 51, with an average of 25 sessions. It was observed that, 09 patients (47%) had a response beginning with up to two months of treatment. The minimum number of sections to start improvement varied from 8 to 28, with an average of 16 sessions. Conclusions: The use of NB-UVB phototherapy proved to be a safe and effective treatment, and should be considered a good therapeutic option for psoriasis.
      PubDate: 2018-03-29
      DOI: 10.3823/2566
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Comparison of Dosage Requirement of Erythropoietin Stimulating Agent (ESA)
           in Maintenance of Hemoglobin Concentration in patients undergoing twice
           weekly versus thrice weekly Hemodialysis in Pakistani Population

    • Authors: Osama Kunwer Naveed, Marium Zafar, Sumbal Nasir Mahmood, Kunwer Naveed Mukhtar
      Abstract: Anemia is one of the major complications of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and also increases morbidity and mortality. Anemia in patients with CKD can be due to two major reasons; iron deficiency or erythropoietin insufficiency. Erythropoietin Stimulating Agent (ESAs) administration is the mainstay in treating anemia if the patient is iron sufficient. However, higher doses of ESAs have been associated with increased cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events. We conducted this study to see how much erythropoietin is required in our setting in iron sufficient patients to maintain hemoglobin(Hb)  level and the effect of dialysis frequency on ESA doses.  Methods and Findings: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Nephrology at Ziauddin University Hospital. Patients’ charts were reviewed for Hb levels and doses of ESA to maintain Hb between 10-12 mg/dl. Patients were excluded if they had iron deficiency, malignancy, were on immunosuppressive agents, had renal transplant, and with Hb >12 mg/dl or <10 mg/dl and their ferritin levels, transferrin saturation, hemoglobin concentration, frequency of hemodialysis and ESA dosage were monitored. We also compared these variables between patients undergoing hemodialysis thrice weekly with those undergoing hemodialysis twice a week. A total of 105 patients were analyzed. 24 were excluded as they did not match the inclusion criteria. 81 patients were included in the study. 36 (44.4%) were males and 45 (55.6%) were females. Mean age of the patient was 56.47 ± 11.72 years. The average dose of ESA was 106.91 ± 61.47 for patients undergoing hemodialysis thrice weekly and 183.94 ± 116.71 for patients undergoing hemodialysis twice a week. Significant difference was found to exist between dosage of patients undergoing thrice weekly dialysis versus twice weekly dialysis(p=<0.001).  Our study has limitations. First our study only looked at Hb levels, iron stores and dosages of ESA, while other factors like Parathyroid Hormone(PTH) levels and Vitamin B12 were not considered that may have a role in anemia of chronic renal disease. In addition, it was a study limited to one center only and a multicenter trial should be taken to validate the results. We have reported one aspect of dialysis vintage i.e.  high ESA dosage requirement Conclusion: We found that patients undergoing hemodialysis three times a week require recommended dosage of ESA; however those undergoing hemodialysis less than three times a week require higher dosage of ESA to maintain Hb level. Here we report significant effect of hemodialysis on ESA dosage to maintain same level of Hb. 
      PubDate: 2018-03-25
      DOI: 10.3823/2565
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Body and health perception for obesity in young adults

    • Authors: Raquel Sampaio Florêncio, Ana Caroline Andrade Oliveira, Jênifa Cavalcante dos Santos Santiago, Danilo Cunha Ribeiro, Ítalo Lennon Sales de Almeida, Vera Lúcia Mendes de Paula Pessoa, Thereza Maria Magalhães Moreira
      Abstract: Background: To identify the body and health perception and its relationship with obesity in a group of young adults. Methods: This is an analytical study performed on 1,073 young adults from Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, through a questionnaire whose data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and logistic regression. The Ethics Committee approved the study under opinion nº 263.271/ 2013. Results: Results showed that women with obesity tended to perceive their condition more and evidenced greater body dissatisfaction than men. In addition, they were associated with obesity, self-perception of overweight and body satisfaction. Conclusion: Young people with obesity perceive their condition and are dissatisfied with it.  
      PubDate: 2018-03-24
      DOI: 10.3823/2556
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Haemorrhage of gross domestic product from disability-adjusted-life-years
           among 15-59 year olds in Kenya

    • Authors: Joses Muthuri Kirigia, Germano Mwiga Mwabu
      Abstract: Background: This article estimates non-health gross domestic product (GDP) losses associated with Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALY) lost among 15-59 year olds (most productive age bracket) in Kenya in 2015. Methods: This study employs the lost output or human capital approach (HCA) to convert the DALYs lost from all causes into their monetary equivalents. The magnitude economic haemorrhage from each disease was obtained by multiplying the per capita non-health GDP in International Dollars by the total number of DALYs lost in a specific age group (15-29 years, 30-49 years, 50-59 years). Per capita non-health GDP equals per capita GDP minus total health expenditure in 2015. Data on DALYs and per capita total health expenditure were obtained from the World Health Organization and per capita GDP data was from IMF databases. Results: Kenya lost 9,405,184 DALYs among 15-59 years olds in 2015. That DALY loss caused a haemorrhage in GDP of Int$ 29,788,392,419. Approximately 48.6% of the GDP haemorrhage resulted from communicable diseases and nutritional conditions, 37.4% from non-communicable diseases, and 14.0% from injuries. Conclusion: There is need to augment domestic and external investments into national health systems and other systems that meet basic needs (education, food, water, sanitation, shelter) to reduce disease burden. Key words: Non-health GDP, economic haemorrhage, disability-adjusted life year (DALY)
      PubDate: 2018-03-24
      DOI: 10.3823/2561
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Primary health care in leprosy, assessed by users and professionals

    • Authors: Nayla Andrade Barboza, Viriato Campleo, Anselmo Alves Lustosa, Bruno Santos Sampaio, Gabriela Meireles Linhares de Araújo
      Abstract: Objective: Evaluate the performance of primary health care in control of leprosy in Teresina, Brazil from the perspective of users and professionals. Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive study involved 25 healthcare users with leprosy and 34 professionals (physicians and nurses) working in 13 municipal health units within the urban area of Teresina. The data were collected from January to June, 2017, using the Instrument for Assessing the Performance of Primary Care in Leprosy Control Actions, a document based on the Primary Care Assessment Tool/PCATool Brasil which measures the presence and extension of essential and derived attributes from primary health care. Results: The mean scores obtained for the essential, derived and global attributes, through the perception of the users, were lower than 6.6, indicating that the primary health services in Teresina are not sufficiently oriented to carry out leprosy control actions, mainly in terms of access, integrality of services provided, family orientation and community orientation. The professionals showed a contrasting view, with averages exceeding 6.6 for all attributes and scores. The difference in perception between the groups was significant for all attributes except for coordination (Mann-Whitney U test, p = 0.479).
      The overall evaluation of quality was not influenced by the user’s clinical or socioeconomic variables, but  rather by the organization/provision of services. Conclusions: The municipal health units within the urban area of Teresina must be strongly guided by primary health care attributes in order to reach higher levels of user satisfaction.  
      PubDate: 2018-03-24
      DOI: 10.3823/2563
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Perception Towards the Use of Smartphone Application (Apps) to Enhance
           Medication Adherence Among Saudi Pediatrics

    • Authors: Renad Alsalamah, Ray Alsuhaibani, Nadia maysarah
      Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study was to measure the importance of smartphone applications (Apps) in medication adherence in children to help parents and caregivers in giving medication to children to maintain a good health and quality of life, and to improve current clinical practices in adherence to medications among Saudi pediatrics. Methodology: Cross sectional survey to Saudi Arabia population was conducted from March to April 2017(n=405). Data were collected, tabulated and analyzed using Survey Monkey. We present design requirements for building medication reminders that support the routine aspect of medication-taking by linking children’s concerns, (such as games) on taking medications at time. Results: Of the 405 survey participants, the majority of participants 72.5% were not aware by applications of smart device that make easier to take medicines regularly. Eighty percent of participants preferred a mobile app to help their children take the medicine easily and regularly, and 39.8% of them thought that the child will interact with this game, the majority of them 88.6% don’t have any obstacle hinders the use of these updated applications. Fifty percent of them will encourage young patients, to use such applications (App) to help them in their medication adherence. Conclusion: Nonadherence to medication is still represents a fundamental health care challenge. The presence of an application makes it easier for parents to give medication to their sick children. Most children love playing games, there is a high probability of their attachment to this application (App) and it will promote children’s medication adherence. Key words: Patient adherence, Pediatric, Smartphone, Applications, Apps.
      PubDate: 2018-03-23
      DOI: 10.3823/2560
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Maternal hemodynamic responses to two different types of moderate physical
           exercise during pregnancy: a randomized clinical trial

    • Authors: Jousilene de Sales Tavares, Adriana Melo, Bruno Maciel, Amanda Vasconcelos, Joao Guilherme Alves, Melania Amorim
      Abstract: Background/Aim:  Maternal hemodynamic responses (heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure) were compared during two types of moderate-intensity physical exercise. Methods:  A randomized clinical trial compared 120 pregnant women performing physical exercise on a treadmill (n=64) or stationary bicycle (n=56).  In 44 of these women (n=23 treadmill; n=21 bicycle), blood pressure was monitored for 24 hours following exercise.  Repeated-measures analysis compared maternal heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure before, during and in the 24 hours following exercise in both groups.  Results:  Maternal heart rate increased significantly (p<0.001) with both types of exercise (from 84 at rest to 112 bpm on the treadmill and from 87 at rest to 107 bpm on the bicycle), without exceeding the limit of 140 bpm.  Systolic pressure increased from 110 at rest to 118 mmHg on the bicycle (p=0.06) and from 112 at rest to 120 mmHg on the treadmill (p=0.02).  Systolic pressure dropped steadily following exercise, reaching its lowest level (104 mmHg) after 14 hours, increasing thereafter and returning to pre-exercise levels by the 19th hour.  Diastolic pressure increased during exercise irrespective of the type of exercise (p=0.27), from 70 at rest to 75 mmHg on the bicycle (p=0.39) and from 70 at rest to 76 mmHg on the treadmill (p=0.18), with the lowest level (59 mmHg) being at the 13th hour. Conclusions:  A slight increase in blood pressure levels was found during exercise; however, this was not clinically significant and was followed by a substantial hypotensive effect that lasted around 19 hours. Register: Clinical Trials NCT01383889.
      PubDate: 2018-03-14
      DOI: 10.3823/2559
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Maternal-fetal acute responses to two moderate-intensity exercise types: a
           randomized clinical trial

    • Authors: Jousilene de Sales Tavares, Adriana Suely Oliveira Melo, Suzana Farias Leite, Alexandre Sergio Silva, João Guilherme Alves, Vivianne Oliveira Barros, André Ramos, Melania Ramos Amorim
      Abstract: Objective:  This study aims to compare maternal and fetal responses during two physical exercise types. Design:  A randomized clinical trial compared 120 pregnant women, gestational age of 35-37 weeks, 56 exercising on a stationary bicycle (Group A) and 64 on a treadmill (Group B). Methods: Participants were monitored for three 20-minute phases: resting, exercise and recovery.  Fetal heart rate (FHR) and maternal heart rate (MHR) were monitored.  Glucose and lactate levels were evaluated at rest and during exercise. Results:  After the beginning of exercise, maximum lactate (L) levels were reached at 20 minutes and never exceeded 4 mmol/l.  FHR decreased by 22 bpm during exercise in relation to resting values, irrespective of the exercise type (p<0.001).  Comparing the exercise types, the incidence of bradycardia after 10’ was 23.2% in Group A and 35.9% in Group B (p>0.05), increasing at 20’ to 32% and 40.6%, respectively, (p>0.05).  The FHR decrease during exercise was accompanied by a simultaneous increase in its variability (p<0.001), nevertheless a rapid return to resting values was observed shortly after exercise end.  Glucose decreased in both groups irrespective of the exercise type (85 mg/dl at rest; 79 mg/dl during exercise and 81 mg/dl during recovery; p<0.001). There were no hypoglycemia cases. Conclusions: FHR variability increase and the rapid return to resting values after exercise suggests that the FHR fall and the presence of bradycardia during exercise is the fetal physiologic response to blood flow redistribution, with maintenance of fetal well-being. Key-words: Exercise; fetal heart rate; glucose; maternal heart rate; pregnancy Clinical Trial Registration:,, NCT01383889.
      PubDate: 2018-03-14
      DOI: 10.3823/2558
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Community Intervention In Elderly Population: A Fall Prevention Project

    • Authors: Vera Lúcia Moreira Massa Coimbra, Ermelinda Maria Bernardo Gonçalves Marques, Cristina Alexandra Lopes Requeijo, Renata Jabour Saraiva
      Abstract: Objective: This article seeks to present a pilot project of community intervention that aims to prevent the occurrence of falls in the elderly in a community setting. Method: It is a prospective study in the temporal relationship, based on Health Planning, it was developed for 9 weeks in a Community Care Unit in the Northern Region of Portugal. Data collection and interventions were performed in the home of 6 of the 12 elderly being followed up at home by the nursing team. Elderly institutionalized and totally dependent were excluded. For the collection of data, an evaluation protocol was filled out using the Morse scale, validated for the Portuguese population, to assess the risk of falls.   Results: Of the elderly who underwent nursing interventions, 50% presented a high risk of falls. Epidemiological indicators show that the incidence rate of falls was 0% and the prevalence rate of falls, in the last year was, 37.5%.  Conclusion: The data collected was used for the production of epidemiological indicators, structure, process, and results. It is suggested to continue the project for one year, covering a larger sample and subsequent evaluation, and the creation of indicators for informal care providers.
      PubDate: 2018-03-14
      DOI: 10.3823/2562
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Retinal Never Fiber Layer Thickness In Chronic Renal Failure: Analysis By
           Optical Coherence Tomography

    • Authors: Diego Nery Benevides Gadelha, Neylane Coelho Gadelha, Orlando Vieira, Silvio De Biase Campos, Carlos Brandt
      Abstract: Purpose: To analyze the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFL) in CKD patients by means of optical coherence tomography, ascertaining mean overall RNFL and mean RNFL in the nasal, temporal, superior, and inferior quadrants and comparing these measurements to those obtained from a control group. Methods: This was a prospective, analytical, cross-sectional case-control study. The study sample comprised 22 eyes from 11 patients and 33 eyes from 17 patients in the case and control groups respectively. RNFLT was measured with a model 3000 OCT unit (Stratus OCT-3™, Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc., Dublin, CA). The fast RNFL protocol was used, which consists of three consecutive 3.4-mm-diameter circular scans centered on the optic nerve. Measured parameters included overall mean RNFL and mean RNFL at the temporal (316–45°), superior (46–135°), nasal (136–225°), and inferior (226–315°) quadrants.
      The Mann-Whitney U was employed to assess possible between-group differences in mean overall RNFL and RNFL at the superior, temporal, nasal, and inferior quadrants. The null hypothesis was rejected when p-values were smaller than the set significance level of <0.05. Results: Mean RNFL overall and at the superior, nasal, and inferior quadrants was greater in the control group, and that no significant between-group differences were detected in RNFL at the temporal quadrant. Conclusion: Mean retinal nerve fiber thickness was significantly lower in the group of patients with CRF than in the control group. Ischemia resulting from uremia may explain the overestimation of cases of glaucomatous optic neuropathy.   Keywords: Chronic Kidney Failure, Uremia, Optical Coherence Tomography, Retina  
      PubDate: 2018-03-06
      DOI: 10.3823/2557
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • The Effect of Deep Oscillation Therapy in Fibrocystic Breast Disease. A
           Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

    • Authors: Solangel Hernandez, Marilyn de Jesús Socas Fernández, Yinet Iturralde, Addiel Suáres Fernández
      Abstract: Introduction: Fibrocystic breast disease is the most widespread disorder in women during their phase of sexual maturity. Deep oscillation (DO) therapy has been used on patients who have undergone an operation for breast cancer as a special form of manual lymphatic drainage. Method: Experimental, prospective case-control studies were conducted in 401 women diagnosed with fibrocystic breast disease. The sample was selected at random and was divided into three groups, a study group and two control groups. Results: Pain was reduced in the three therapies applied. This was statistically significant in the study group. The sonography study presented a predominance of its fibrous form. Upon completion of the treatment a resolution of the fibrosis was observed in the study group. The women were using their bra in an incorrect manner. Conclusions: Pain was reduced in the three therapies applied. In the study group this reduction was statistically significant. It is possible to verify the magnitude of the resonant vibration in the connective tissue from surface to deep layers by viewing the effect of the deep oscillations through the use of diagnostic ultrasound. The most frequent sonographic finding was fibrosis. Deep oscillation therapy produces a tissue-relaxing, moderate vasoconstriction effect, favours local oedema reabsorption and fibrosis reduction. A factor that may affect breast pain is incorrect bra use. The majority of women studied were using their bra incorrectly.
      PubDate: 2018-02-27
      DOI: 10.3823/2555
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Differential distribution patterns in cerebellar irrigation. A study with
           autopsy material

    • Authors: Hernando Yesid Estupiñan, Fabian Alejandro Gomez, Luis Ernesto Ballesteros
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of this investigation was characterize morphologically the cerebellar artery and its branches in a specimen of autopsy material. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study evaluated the anatomical characteristics of the cerebellar arteries and their branches in 93 brain stem and cerebellum blocks obtained from fresh cadavers. The specimens were perfused bilaterally channeling the proximal segments of the internal carotid and vertebral arteries with a semi-synthetic resin (Palatal GP40L 85%; styrene 15%) impregnated with mineral red dye. We evaluated the distribution patterns of the cerebellar artery and its branches. Results: The calibers of the superior cerebellar artery (SCA), anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) and posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) were 1.46 ± 0.2 mm, 1.02 ± 0.35 mm and 1.45 ± 0.37 mm, respectively. Agenesis of the SCA was observed in six specimens (3.2%), AICA in 30 (16.1%), and PICA in 14 (7.5%) specimens. Usual irrigation was observed in 44 (47.3%) cerebellar blocks, whereas 49 (52.7%) specimens showed irrigation variants, 23 (46.9%) of which appeared bilaterally. The dominant distribution of the cerebellar arteries corresponded to SCA in 9 (12.5%) cases, AICA in 46 (63.9%) and PICA in 7 (9.7%) specimens; shared dominance was found in 10 (13.9%) specimens. Conclusion: The high variability of the cerebellar arteries observed in the present study is consistent with previous reports. The diverse anatomic expressions of the cerebellar arteries were typified in relation to their dominance and territories irrigated, useful for the diagnosis and clinical-surgical management of the cerebellum blood supply.
      PubDate: 2018-02-16
      DOI: 10.3823/2554
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Medical Ethics Code: an Analysis from Ethical-Disciplinary Cases Against
           Medical Professionals within the Specialty of Psychiatry

    • Authors: Giselle Crosara Gracindo, Leda Virgínia Moreno
      Abstract: Objective: To identify the nature of infractions committed by doctors working within the field of psychiatry, between 2010 and 2016, from the scope of appeals within ethical-disciplinary cases judged at the Plenary Tribunal of the Federal Medical Council, based on the medical ethics code, and to list some elements that make it possible to outline the professional profile of those involved. Method: This was a document-based investigation in the form of a retrospective and descriptive study. Data were gathered using the Federal Medical Council (CFM) database and from consultation of judgments issued by the Plenary Body of the Medical Ethics Tribunal (TSEM), of the CFM. The investigation used a sample consisting of 206 appeals and 19 referrals, totaling 224 appeals by doctors who underwent trials. We took into account cases judged between April 13, 2010 and August 3, 2016. Three databases were used in the investigation: cases (224); doctors facing charges (191) and cases/penalties (146). Based on the records of the 191 doctors charged, the ethical-disciplinary cases of seven doctors working in psychiatry were analyzed specifically for the present study, whether or not they had a specialist title. Characterization of infractions committed encompassed references to the articles of the medical ethics code most frequently infringed in the field of psychiatry, along with a survey of the motives for these infractions and some characteristics relating to these professionals’ profile. Results: Among the findings from this investigation, infractions of the articles of the medical ethics code can be highlighted, such as article 30 “[...] Use of the profession to corrupt customs and to commit or favor crime [...]” and article 40 “[...] Taking advantage of situations arising from the doctor-patient relationship to obtain physical, emotional, financial or any other advantage [...]”. The professional profile of those involved in these cases was also shown: the average age was 49.8 years, and all of these professionals were male. The mean length of time since graduation among the psychiatrists with appeals to the plenary body of the TSEM was 31.28 years at the time of judgment. The punishment handed down most frequently was to strike these professionals off the register, reaching the percentage of 42.9%. Among the five professionals with specialist titles, four complemented their studies with specializations, after the episode that originated the ethics charges.  Conclusion: The data gathered showed that the professionals were punished for irregularities in the sphere of ethics, including issues going beyond technical and/or scientific competence. This makes it possible to highlight that punishments proportional to the seriousness of the infraction act were applied, along with the importance of bioethics in medical training and the need for specialization, from the results of the judgments on ethical-professional cases before the plenary body of the TSEM.  
      PubDate: 2018-02-16
      DOI: 10.3823/2552
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Control Actions on Leprosy in Primary Health Care in a Brazilian Capital:
           Profile of Professionals and Users

    • Authors: Anselmo Alves Lustosa, Nayla Andrade Barboza, Yago Gabriel Da silva Barbosa, Caique Veloso, Francisco da chagas Ribeiro Magalhães Neto
      Abstract: Objective: analyze  profile of users of primary health care services affected by leprosy, as well as the medical professionals and nurses responsible for the follow - up of these patients.   Methods: This is a field study that surveyed the socioeconomic and clinical profile of 26 patients affected by leprosy, attended at the municipal health units of the urban area of ​​Teresina-PI, as well as the professional profile and clinical practices of 15 physicians and 19 nurses responsible for the follow-up of these patients. Results: It was observed a profile of people affected by leprosy, characterized by: individuals aged 50 years or more; predominantly male; with low schooling and income. The clinical characteristics reveal a high prevalence of multibacillary cases of leprosy and with a significant diagnosis of some degree of physical disability. Regarding the profile of the professionals and their clinical behaviors, it was verified that the majority had post-graduation and a long time of experience in primary health care and leprosy control actions, however, it has been shown that they do not always put into practice all actions necessary for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Conclusions: The profile of patients with leprosy treated at the municipal health units in the urban area of Teresina was similar to that found in other Brazilian territories, thus evidencing the need to implement public social support policies and more effective diagnostic and therapeutic follow-up practices by reduce the high rates of endemicity of the disease.
      PubDate: 2018-02-16
      DOI: 10.3823/2553
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Symptomatic Bochdalek Hernia in Adult: a Case Report

    • Authors: Luis Eduardo Almeida de Souza, Karlla Lorena dos Santos Anjos, Danielle Oliveira Sousa, Gabriel de Jesus da Fonseca Loureiro, Deborah Marques Centeno, Yana Cardoso de Lima, Rodrigo da Silva Cordeiro, Felipe Teixeira Lisboa, João Paulo da Silva Machado, Karen Giovana Leal Matos, Mauro Carvalho Vieira
      Abstract: Background: The congenital malformation of the posterolateral portion of the diaphragm is called the Bochdalek hernia, and was first described in 1948 by anatomy professor Bochdalek. The diagnosis in adults is extremely rare, being in the majority, an occasional finding in a chest x-ray. Case: The authors report a Bochdalek Hernia case in an adult pacient, with complaints of dyspnea and epigastralgia refractory to pharmacological treatment. The diagnosis was confirmed after a chest CT scan. Conclusion: Bochdalek hernias are extremely rare in adults, commonly diagnosed in childhood. The importance of recognition of its diagnosis is crucial, so it should be always among differential diagnoses in radiology, due to the range of complications that may affect the patients.
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3823/2550
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Atelectasis as a Complication of Tuberculosis: a Case Report

    • Authors: Luis Eduardo Almeida de Souza, Karlla Lorena dos Santos Anjos, Danielle Oliveira de Sousa, Gabriel de Jesus da Fonseca Loureiro, Yana Cardoso de Lima, Jean Carlos Alves de Lima Souza, Rodrigo da Silva Cordeiro, Felipe Teixeira Lisboa, Karen Giovana Leal Matos, Humberto Lobato Mcphee, José Antonio Cordero da Silva
      Abstract: Background: Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by a bacillus called Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Koch's Bacillus (BK). It is associated with various long-term lung complications, including: lung scarring (fibrosis), bronchiectasis, Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis, and more rarely, atelectasis. There is however very limited data in literature on the full spectrum of these complications, and relies mostly on case reports and small case series. Case: The authors report a case of atelectasis in a patient with previous diagnosis of Tuberculosis. Normal laboratory tests and imaging test presenting right lung atelectasis. Went under respiratory therapy, presented improve and is under clinical control. Conclusion: There is a huge importance of knowing the various methods to diagnose this disease and treat it well. Thus, it enables an improvement in the patient and a reduction in the spread of bacteria.
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.3823/2551
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Disease Free Survival of Well Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: 20 years
           Experience at a tertiary care center in Lebanon

    • Authors: Rita Hajj Boutros, Asma Arabi, Mahmoud Shoucair, Jaber Abbas, Ibrahim Salti
      Abstract: Background: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy. Although relatively common, to date, there is no study about its prognosis in Lebanon. The objectives of this study were to determine the disease free survival, the recurrence rate and possible predictors of recurrence, as well as the rate of post thyroidectomy complications among patients with differentiated thyroid cancer who received treatment at the American University of Beirut Medical Center. Methods and Findings: retrospective observational study of 480 cases of differentiated thyroid cancer who underwent thyroidectomy between January 1995 and June 2014. The mean age was 42±14 years. 74.4% were females. The mean tumor size was 1.9 cm±1.4. Papillary type was predominant (91%). Males had more extra-glandular extension than females (24.8% versus 10.9% respectively, p=0.001), more lymph node involvement (69.7% versus 52.9% respectively, p=0.017) and more vascular invasion (28.1% versus 14.9%, p=0.007). Around 70% of patients had at least one follow up visit after the surgery; among those, the median follow up duration was 4 years (1month-19years). At last follow-up visit, 78.7% were disease free, 14.9% had residual disease and only 6.3% had recurrent disease. By multivariate analysis, age greater than 45 years was the only independent predictor of persistence or recurrence (p=0.03) whereas both age below 45 years and lack of vascular invasion were significant predictors of disease free survival (p=0.001 and p=0.019 respectively). Conclusion: Differentiated thyroid cancer has an overall good prognosis in this cohort of Lebanese patients. Young age and lack of vascular invasion are the most important predictors of disease free survival.   Key words: Differentiated thyroid cancer: disease free survival, prognostic factors, recurrence
      PubDate: 2018-01-27
      DOI: 10.3823/2545
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Atopic Eczema Simulating Mammary Paget’s Disease in an Adult: Case

    • Authors: Debora Bacellar Cruz Nunes, Adriana Kamilly Leitão Pitman Machado, Michelle Fonseca Goiabeira, Samira Oliveira Silveira, Yandra Sherring Einecke, Alena Margareth Darwich Mendes, Maria Amélia Lopes dos Santos, Miguel Saraty de Oliveira, Walter Refkalefsky Loureiro, Leonidas Braga Dias Junior, Juliana Bacellar Cruz Nunes, Mariana Bacellar Cruz Nunes, Francisca Regina Oliveira Carneiro
      Abstract: An atopic breast eczema is usually bilateral, with intense pruritus and good response to corticosteroids. The differential diagnosis with mammary Paget’s disease is fundamental, mainly in unilateral clinical manifestations, since it is frequently associated to adjacent breast tumors. The aim of the present report was to present a clinical condition of an atopic breast eczema through an exuberant and unilateral clinical presentation, emphasizing the need of the differential diagnosis for malignant diseases at this location.
      PubDate: 2018-01-16
      DOI: 10.3823/2546
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Unusual Combination Of Vascular Variations In The Retroperitoneal Region.
           A Morphological Study

    • Authors: Humberto Ferreira Arquez
      Abstract: Background: Blood supply of kidney and gonads is characterized by the presence of variations, which are usually silent and unnoticed until they are found by retroperitoneal surgery, radiologic examination or necropsy. Multiple renal vessels are no longer relative contraindication for laparoscopic donor nephrectomy, however of their presence may help avoid possible complication on a patient with these variations. The purpose of this morphological study was to analyze the frequency of supernumerary renal and testicular vessels and describe an unusual combination of vascular variations in the retroperitoneal region. Methods and Findings: A total of 18 cadavers with different age group and 10 visceral blocks were used for the study in the Morphology Laboratory of the University of Pamplona. Multiple anatomical variations bilateral of testicular vessels and renal were found during routine dissection in a 65-year-old male cadaver. The variations found were: bilateral presence of three renal arteries and three renal veins. The three left renal arteries are divided and gave rise to seven branches: the left main renal artery originates two branches; the upper branch originates four branches and the lower branch originates one branch. Retro-aortic left renal vein. Three left testicular artery and double right testicular artery all originating from accessory renal arteries. Conclusions:  Awareness of renal and testicular vessels anomalies is essential for decreasing the rate of accidental injuries in surgical procedures in the retroperitoneal region as well as aid in diagnosis of diseases associated with vascular variation in the posterior abdomen. An understanding of the morphology of renal and testicular vessels is necessary in uroradiology, Doppler imaging and computed tomography studies.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10
      DOI: 10.3823/2548
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Facial Vein Variation: A Cadaveric Study

    • Authors: Humberto Ferreira Arquez
      Abstract: Background: The veins of the head and neck have a complex developmental pattern which predisposes them to variations in formation and drainage. Superficial veins of the head and neck are utilized for central venous cannulation, oral reconstruction and parenteral nutrition in debilitated patients. Clinical and sonological examinations of these veins may provide clues toward underlying cardiac pathology. Aims: The aim of the present study was to describe anatomical variation and determined the position of the facial vein in relation to neighboring structures. Methods and Findings: Head and neck region were carefully dissected as per standard dissection procedure, studied serially during the years 2013-2017 in 16 males and 2 females, i.e. 36 sides, embalmed adults cadavers with different age group, in the laboratory of Morphology of the University of Pamplona. In 34 sides (94.5 %) of the cases the facial vein (FV) terminated into the internal jugular vein via the common facial vein (CFV) as per standard anatomic description. The facial vein on two sides (5.5 %) was found to drain into the external jugular vein with different degree of angulations and variable distance from the angle of the mandible. On the right side, the facial vein was draining into external jugular vein (EJV), 63.6 mm below the angle of the mandible. On the left side, the facial vein was draining into EJV, 42.4 mm below the angle of the mandible. The length of the neck was 137.8 mm.  The mean distance of the superior and inferior labial veins, deep facial vein, and angular vein from the inferior orbital margin was 41.89 ± 3.01, 52.31 ± 3.72, 26.85 ± 3.55 and 6.25 ± 0.65 mm, respectively. Conclusion: A sound knowledge on variation of the course and termination of facial vein is very useful for oral and maxillofacial surgeons, plastic surgeons, otorrhinologists and radiologists, is essentially important in the clinical examination and surgical procedures of the head and neck region.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10
      DOI: 10.3823/2547
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Osteochondroma. An Osteological Study

    • Authors: Humberto Ferreira Arquez
      Abstract: Background: Osteochondroma is the most common tumor of bone, accounting for approximately one third of benign lesions in the skeleton is a broad (sessile) or narrow (pedunculated) skeletal protrusion comprised of marrow and cortical bone. Although it is benign, its biological behavior still has a malignant potential. Chondrosarcoma arising in osteochondroma has been recognized for many years. Osteochondromas might occur on any bone preformed in cartilage, they were especially seen on the long bones of the extremities, predominantly around the knee. In fact, the lower limb seemed to be at a higher risk of the tumor than the upper limb on the top two locations: distal part of the femur and proximal part of the tibia, however, the proximal humerus ranked the third place for solitary osteochondroma while the proximal fibula for multiples osteochondromas. Methods and Findings: A total of 20 skeletons and 18 cadavers of both sex, 16 males and 2 females, with different age groups were used, this study was carried out by routine dissection classes for undergraduate medical student´s in the Morphology Laboratory of the University of Pamplona during the years 2013-2016. In only one sample was found the presence of osteochondroma. The measurement of the osseous mass was of 7 x 3.5 x 1.5 cm, attached to the posterolateral aspect of the middle third of the femur. Conclusions: Osteochondroma is generally asymptomatic or discovered accidentally, but it can cause different symptoms depending on site of occurrence local swelling, bony deformities, fracture, bursa formation, arthritis and impingement on adjacent tendons, vascular or neurologic compromise, and dislocation The importance of correct treatment and follow-up of large osteochondromas to avoid complications such as further damage to neighboring neurovascular structures, and potential malignant degeneration. The present study describe a rare location from an osteochondroma in the femur diaphysis.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10
      DOI: 10.3823/2549
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Dohi's Reticulated Acropigmentation: a Case Report

    • Authors: Adriana Kamilly Leitão Pitman Machado, Danielle Oliveira Sousa, Miguel Saraty de Oliveira, Débora Bacellar Cruz Nunes, Michelle Fonseca Goiabeira, Beattriz Vaz Pereira Casagrande, Walter Refkalefsky Loureiro, Samira Oliveira Silveira, Carolina Ribeiro Mainardi, Francisca Regina Oliveira Carneiro
      Abstract: Background: Dohi's Reticulated Acropigmentation is a rare autosomal dominant genodermatosis with high penetrance, characterized by small, irregular, hypo and hyperpigmented macules on the dorsal surface of the distal extremities. Case: The authors report a case of Dohi’s Reticulated Acropigmentation in a 61 years old female patient. The patient complained of spots on hands, feet and posteriorly face involvement since she was 7 years old. Conclusion: Dohi's Reticulated Acropigmentation is a rare clinical condition, which usually appear in childhood and commonly interrupt their onset before adolescence. The diagnosis is based on clinical data, physical examination and histopathological findings. The treatment is unsatisfactory and still no therapy is proposed.
      PubDate: 2018-01-06
      DOI: 10.3823/2544
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Transverse myelitis associated with Zika virus infection: a Case Report

    • Authors: Beattriz Vaz Pereira Casagrande, Danielle Oliveira de Sousa, Adriana Kamilly Leitão Pitman Machado, Carolina Ribeiro Mainardi, Carolina Barros Kahwage
      Abstract: Title: Transverse myelitis associated with Zika virus infection: a Case Report.: The zika virus belongs to the family flaviviridae, and is transmitted by the arthropod Aedes aegypt. Its major importance is related to the several debilitating neurological manifestations associated with it, such as transverse myelitis. Case: The authors report a case of transverse myelitis in a patient with a previous diagnosis of Zika virus infection. After the image exams and serology, the diagnosis was confirmed and treatment with prednisone was performed with an unsatisfactory clinical outcome. Conclusion: Brazil is the country of greatest concern worldwide due to the thousands of Zika cases with associated neurological complications, causing sequels and physical disabilities. However, cases worldwide have increased substantially.
      PubDate: 2018-01-02
      DOI: 10.3823/2543
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
  • Effectiveness in the performance of organ transplants in the State of
           Paraná, Brazil

    • Authors: Iria Barbara de Oliveira, Carla Moretti de Souza, Maria José Quina Galdino, Paloma S. Cavalcante Pissinati, Larissa Gutierrez de Carvalho Silva, Marli Terezinha Oliveira Vannuchi, Maria do Carmo Fernandez Lourenço Haddad
      Abstract: Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of organ transplants in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted with data from 2,036 solid organ transplants performed in the state between 2011 and 2015. Three indicators were calculated, per capita transplants, meeting the demands of the population and the demand for transplants, which demonstrated the effectiveness and the disparities in the process. The association between the variables was verified by Pearson's Chi-Square test and Fisher's exact test. Results: Most transplants were performed in philanthropic hospitals, male, funded by public funding, and there was an annual increase in the number of transplants per capita and in the productivity of kidney, liver and heart transplantation teams. Although renal transplantation is the most performed in absolute numbers, it served a maximum of 2.2% of its demand. Conclusion: It is necessary to devise strategies to meet the demand for organ transplants, above all, to consolidate the process of donating organs in the state under study.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.3823/2542
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

Your IP address:
Home (Search)
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-