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DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY (163 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 163 of 163 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Dermato-Venereologica     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Skin & Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of AIDS Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AIDS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AIDS Patient Care and STDs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aktuelle Dermatologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Allergo Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Clinical Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Dermatopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anaplastology     Open Access  
Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives de Pédiatrie     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives de sciences sociales des religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux - Pratique     Hybrid Journal  
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Medical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin / Periodical of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access  
Biomedical Dermatology     Open Access  
BMC Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
British Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical and Experimental Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Skin Cancer     Full-text available via subscription  
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinics in Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contact Dermatitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cosmetics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Current Dermatology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Fungal Infection Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current HIV Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current HIV/AIDS Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Sexual Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Der Hautarzt     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dermatitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dermato-Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dermatología Venezolana     Open Access  
Dermatologic Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Dermatologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Dermatologic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Dermatologic Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dermatologica Sinica     Open Access  
Dermatological Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Dermatology and Cosmetic     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Dermatology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dermatology Online Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dermatology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dermatopathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Journal of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EMC - Cosmetologia Medica e Medicina degli Inestetismi Cutanei     Full-text available via subscription  
EMC - Dermatología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Experimental Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Expert Review of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Forum Dermatologicum     Hybrid Journal  
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Güncel Dermatoloji Dergisi     Open Access  
HautinForm     Full-text available via subscription  
hautnah     Hybrid Journal  
hautnah dermatologie     Hybrid Journal  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
HIV Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HIV Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Dermatology Online Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Archives of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Dermatology and Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of STD & AIDS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Women's Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International STD Research & Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAAD Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAIDS : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
JAMA Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
JMIR Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Clinical and Investigative Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Cutaneous Immunology and Allergy     Open Access  
Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dermatological Research     Open Access  
Journal of Dermatological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dermatological Science Supplement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dermatological Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of General-Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Investigative Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Sexual Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Skin and Stem Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Skin Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Egyptian Women’s Dermatologic Society     Partially Free  
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of the International AIDS Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Karger Kompass Dermatologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Karger Kompass Pneumologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Medical and Surgical Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nepal Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neurobehavioral HIV Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
OA Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open AIDS Journal     Open Access  
Open Dermatology Journal     Open Access  
Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pigment International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psoriasis : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Internacional de Ciencias Podológicas     Open Access  
SAHARA : Journal of Social Aspects of HIV / AIDS Research Alliance     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scars, Burns & Healing     Open Access  
Serbian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexually Transmitted Infections     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Skin Appendage Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Skin Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sri Lanka Journal of Sexual Health and HIV Medicine     Open Access  
Studies in Gender and Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Surgical & Cosmetic Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
The Journal of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The Rose Sheet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Vestnik dermatologii i venerologii     Open Access  
Veterinary Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.697
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 7  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1660-5527 - ISSN (Online) 1660-5535
Published by Karger Homepage  [120 journals]
  • State of the Art in Stratum Corneum Research. Part II: Hypothetical
           Stratum Corneum Lipid Matrix Models
    • Abstract: This review is the second part of a series which presents the state of the art in stratum corneum (SC) lipid matrix (LM) research in depth. In this part, the various hypothetical models which were developed to describe the structure and function of the SC LM as the skin’s barrier will be discussed. New as well as a cumulative assortment of older results which change the view on the different models are considered to conclude how well the different models are holding up today. As a final conclusion, a model, factoring in as much of the known data as possible, is concluded, unifying the varying different models into one which can be developed further, as new results are found in the future. So far, the model is described with a single crystalline or gel-like phase with a certain amount of nanocrystallites of concentrated ceramides (CERs) and free fatty acids and more fluid nanodomains caused by a fluidizing effect of the cholesterol. These domains are dynamically resolved and reformed and do not impair the barrier function. The chain conformation is not completely clear yet; however, an equilibrium of fully extended and hairpin-folded CERs with ratios depending on the properties of each individual CER species is proposed as most likely. An overlapping middle layer as described for the tri-layer model in part I of this series would be present for both conformations. The macroscopic broad-narrow-broad layering, observed in electron micrographs, is explained by an external templating by the lipid envelope, and an internal templating by short and long lipid chains each preferentially show a homophilic association, forming thicker and thinner bilayers, respectively. The degree of influence of the very long ω-hydroxy-CERs is discussed as well.
      Skin Pharmacol Physiol
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Jul 2020 12:00:56 +020
  • Epidermal Regeneration Induced by Comfrey Extract: A Study by Light and
           Electron Microscopy
    • Abstract: Introduction: An accelerated healing of superficial wounds was demonstrated in clinical trials with a topical comfrey preparation (Symphytum × uplandicum Nyman). The effect has previously not been examined in skin models. Methods: An established in vitro model of epidermal cells with the typical strata was used for the observation of effects of applied substances on skin regeneration. Damage corresponding to a typical abrasion was created on day 1 by punching an opening into the epidermal fine structure down to the stratum basale. Samples were either untreated (controls) or exposed to comfrey cream on days 2, 3, 5, and 6. Tissue samples were taken for light and electron microscopy on days 1, 4, and 7. Results and Conclusions: Application of comfrey cream led to a quicker regeneration of skin cells and to an earlier differentiation of the cells towards a normal fine structure with a visible distinction of epidermal strata, keratin, and corneocyte formation within 4–7 days. The study covered the early days of skin regeneration and confirms the benefits observed in published clinical trials and non-interventional studies in patients with abrasions.
      Skin Pharmacol Physiol
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Jul 2020 10:40:32 +020
  • A Novel Autologous Topical Serum Based on Plasma Rich in Growth Factors
           Technology Counteracts Ultraviolet Light-Derived Photo-Oxidative Stress
    • Abstract: Introduction: Skin as the major barrier between the internal and external environments protects our body from external injuries. Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation is majorly responsible for photoaging and is closely associated with oxidative stress, inflammation, and DNA damage. The progression in the field of biological therapies has led to the emergence of new autologous therapies based on growth factors. An autologous topical serum (ATS) based on the plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) technology has also been developed with regenerative properties. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate this new topical formulation in protecting skin against UVB-induced photodamage using dermal fibroblast cultures and 3D skin models. Methods: ATS was assessed over the main mechanisms underlying photodamage including oxidative stress, cell viability, DNA damage, cell death, and biosynthetic activity. Three different irradiation protocols were tested. Results: ATS application showed to significantly reduce free radical production and cell death caused by ultraviolet radiation. It also increased cell viability and promoted the proliferative activity and fibronectin biosynthesis of dermal fibroblasts. DNA double-strand cleavage that occurs after photo-oxidative stress was reduced. Photoexposed 3D explants showed higher levels of metabolic activity and collagen synthesis. Histomorphometric analysis also revealed a reduction in UV-derived edema, hyperkeratosis, and apoptosis and an increase in collagen and cell bioactivity. Conclusion: This preliminary study suggests that this novel ATS might counteract the harmful effects of UV radiation.
      Skin Pharmacol Physiol
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 15:40:12 +020
  • Caffeine and Its Pharmacological Benefits in the Management of
           Androgenetic Alopecia: A Review
    • Abstract: Caffeine, particularly after ingestion, is well known to exert various pharmacological effects. A growing body of evidence implicates the ingestion of caffeine with beneficial effects on several diseases. The easy penetration of caffeine across the skin barrier and into human skin makes caffeine an ideal compound for topical application. Hair loss is known to negatively affect the quality of life and predispose to depression and anxiety. Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common type of hair loss in both men and women. To date, only few approved drug-based treatments for AGA exist, and these are inevitably associated with side effects. Therefore, the development of topical treatments based on well-tolerated natural ingredients such as caffeine to alleviate hair loss may provide a much-needed alternative to drug-based approaches.
      Skin Pharmacol Physiol
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Jun 2020 11:59:31 +020
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Blockade Induces Dermal Endothelial
           Cell Apoptosis in a Clinically Relevant Skin Organ Culture Model
    • Abstract: Background/Aims: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a key mediator of angiogenesis, plays a key role in physiological processes and is a major contributor to several diseases including cancer and psoriasis. Anti-VEGF therapies are widely used as cancer and ophthalmological treatments. There is some evidence that VEGF blockade may have utility in the management of psoriasis, although their potential has been largely unexplored. We hypothesized that a human skin organ culture could provide a stable ex vivo model in which the cutaneous microvascular network could be studied and experimentally manipulated. Methods: Punch biopsies (3 mm) of skin, donated by healthy individuals (39–72 years old, n = 5), were incubated with monoclonal antibody (mAb) to human VEGF (bevacizumab) at doses based on data from animal and clinical studies. After 3-day culture, cell death and proliferation as well as vascular endothelial cell changes were assessed using quantitative immunohistomorphometry. Results: Anti-VEGF mAb at 0.8 mg/mL induced a significant increase in cleaved caspase-3 expression in CD31+ cells (p #x3c; 0.05). None of the doses tested increased TUNEL or decreased Ki-67 expression in the basal layer of the epidermis, confirming the model’s viability. In addition, the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay showed no increase in LDH activity in treated samples compared to untreated control. The highest anti-VEGF mAb dose (0.8 mg/mL) induced an increase in TUNEL expression in the upper epidermis, which did not correlate with caspase-3 immunoreactivity. Further investigation revealed that anti-VEGF mAb did not change the expression of markers of terminal differentiation such as keratin 10, filaggrin, and involucrin, suggesting that VEGF depletion does not affect keratinocyte terminal differentiation. In contrast to the control group, levels of VEGF protein were undetectable in the culture supernatant of samples treated with 0.8 mg/mL of anti-VEGF mAb, suggesting sufficient dose. Conclusion: Our pilot study provides the first evidence that anti-VEGF therapy promotes endothelial cell apoptosis in human skin ex vivo. Our pragmatic human skin organ culture assay offers a valuable tool for future preclinical endothelial cell and translational microvascular network/anti-angiogenesis research in human skin.
      Skin Pharmacol Physiol
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Jun 2020 10:38:02 +020
  • The Effects of Fabric Containing Chamaecyparis obtusa Essential Oil on
           Atopic Dermatitis-Like Lesions: A Functional Clothing Possibility
    • Abstract: Background: Essential oil derived from Chamaecyparis obtusa (EOCO) has been used as an alternative treatment for allergy-related diseases due to its immune-modulating characteristics. Clothing has the longest and most intense contact with human skin, and functional fabrics with intrinsic properties have been increasingly implemented in medical applications. Specially designed fabrics may support atopic dermatitis (AD) treatment. In this study, the effects of fabric containing EOCO on AD were investigated using an NC/Nga mouse model. Methods: The fabric was applied for 6 h per day for 14 days. The therapeutic effects were evaluated according to measurements of skin lesion severity (modified SCORAD score), transepidermal water loss (TEWL), serum IgE and inflammatory cytokine levels, lesion thickness measured after hematoxylin and eosin staining, and immunohistochemical and Western blot analysis for skin epidermal differentiation protein. Results: The EOCO group exhibited significantly reduced modified SCORAD score, TEWL, and serum IgE levels. Among the inflammatory cytokines analyzed, only the mean values of regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted were observed to be decreased compared with other control groups. The histological analysis of the skin also revealed that the EOCO group expressed reduced epidermal hyperplasia and recovered filaggrin, involucrin, and loricrin expression. Conclusions: It was confirmed that fabric containing EOCO has anti-atopic and anti-inflammatory properties. The study data show that fabric containing EOCO can be implemented as an alternative functional clothing for people suffering from AD.
      Skin Pharmacol Physiol
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Jun 2020 11:17:23 +020
  • Hydrogen Sulfide Promotes Cell Proliferation and Melanin Synthesis in
           Primary Human Epidermal Melanocytes
    • Abstract: Background/Aim: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been found to act as a physiological intercellular messenger to regulate cell survival. In this study, we evaluated whether H2S could promote cell proliferation and melanin synthesis in human epidermal melanocytes (HEMs). Methods: Primary HEMs were cocultured with sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS, the most widely used H2S donor) or endogenously overexpressed with cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) gene, which is the most predominant H2S-producing enzyme. Then, cell viability, intracellular melanin content, tyrosinase (TYR) activity, and expression of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), TYR, together with TYR-related protein 1 (TRP-1) in both transcript and protein levels, were detected. Results: We first confirmed that NaHS (10–100 μm) increased cell viability, intracellular melanin content, and TYR activity in a dose-dependent manner. Then, we found that endogenous H2S production also promoted cell proliferation, intracellular melanin content, and TYR activity. In addition, we observed the mRNA and protein expression of MITF, TYR, and TRP-1 was significantly up-regulated after NaHS treatment and CSE gene transfection. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that H2S promotes cell proliferation and melanin synthesis in HEMs, which indicates pharmacologic regulation of H2S may be potential treatment for skin disorders caused by loss of melanocytes or dysfunction of melanogenesis.
      Skin Pharmacol Physiol 2020;33:1–8
      PubDate: Tue, 02 Jun 2020 07:56:50 +020
  • A Clinical Anti-Ageing Comparative Study of 0.3 and 0.5% Retinol Serums: A
           Clinically Controlled Trial
    • Abstract: Background: Retinol influences the process of keratinization of the epidermis, which improves stratum corneum structure and reduces transepidermal water loss. It also significantly enhances mature skin by brightening hyperpigmentation and reducing the signs of photoageing. Cosmeceuticals are intended to both provide aesthetic effects for the skin and allow dermatological treatment. The aim of the study was to assess the rejuvenating effect of retinol serum on facial skin at concentrations of 0.3 and 0.5%, as well as any improvements in skin brightening and elasticity. Materials and Methods: Thirty-seven volunteers were included in the study, after confirming tolerance. The novel formula was applied once daily to the face for a period of 12 weeks: one retinol concentration on the left side and the other on the right. The initial study with liquid crystal formula (study vehicle) was carried out for 8 weeks on 28 volunteers. Treatment efficiency was evaluated at baseline, and 56 and 84 days following treatment using the multi probe adapter and Fotomedicus imaging system. PRIMOS was used to measure skin surface roughness. The visual analogue scale method enabled the results to be determined by 3 independent specialists. Results: Skin hyperpigmentation, unevenness, and wrinkles gradually decreased over the course of treatment, both on the left and right parts of the face. Adverse events were predominantly mild or moderate skin irritation. More frequent and more intense symptoms were observed on the left side (0.5%). Conclusion: Retinol in liquid crystal formulation is safe and provides significant clinical benefits associated with unification of skin colour, overall skin tone, skin elasticity, and moisture. Regular use of retinol typically results in brightening of the skin and reduced signs of ageing. The objective findings confirmed the effectiveness of the procedures.
      Skin Pharmacol Physiol
      PubDate: Tue, 19 May 2020 13:31:51 +020
  • Altered Epidermal Permeability Barrier Function in the Uninvolved Skin
           Supports a Role of Epidermal Dysfunction in the Pathogenesis of
           Occupational Hand Eczema
    • Abstract: Although a compromised epidermal permeability barrier can contribute to the development of contact dermatitis, whether subjects with hand eczema display abnormalities in baseline epidermal permeability barrier function in their uninvolved skin remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess epidermal permeability barrier function in subjects with and without hand eczema in clothing manufacturers. Upon approval by the institutional review board, volunteers were recruited from clothing manufacturers in Guangzhou City, China. An 11-item questionnaire was used to collect general data from the volunteers. The diagnoses of self-proclaimed hand eczema were further confirmed by a dermatologist. Epidermal biophysical properties, including transepidermal water loss (TEWL) rates, stratum corneum hydration and skin surface pH were measured on the flexural surface of the left forearm in all volunteers. Epidermal biophysical properties were compared among cohorts of subjects with active hand eczema, a prior history of hand eczema and without any history of hand eczema. A total of 650 questionnaires were collected from 462 females and 188 males, with a mean age of 36.7 ± 0.46 years (range 16–69 years; 95% CI 35.8–37.59). Thirty-five subjects (5.4%) currently had hand eczema, while 28 subjects (4.3%) reported a prior history of hand eczema that was inactive currently. The prevalence of hand eczema did not differ significantly between genders. Neither a prior personal nor a family history of allergies was associated with the prevalence of hand eczema, but certain occupations and frequent contact with disinfectants were independently associated with the prevalence of hand eczema. In the overall cohort, males displayed higher TEWL rates and stratum corneum hydration levels than did females. Both skin surface pH and TEWL rates differed significantly among normal controls and subjects with active hand eczema or a prior history of hand eczema (p #x3c; 0.05). In conclusion, the uninvolved skin site of subjects with hand eczema exhibits abnormalities in epidermal perme­ability barrier, supporting a pathogenic role of epidermal dysfunction in hand eczema. Whether subjects with hand eczema in other occupations also display altered epidermal function on uninvolved skin remains to be explored.
      Skin Pharmacol Physiol
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Mar 2020 10:00:13 +020
  • Solvent-Containing Closure Material Can Be Used to Prevent Follicular
           Penetration of Caffeine and Fluorescein Sodium Salt on Porcine Ear Skin
    • Abstract: Aim: The skin represents a drug delivery portal. The establishment of a skin model capable of distinguishing between the follicular and intercellular penetration pathways remains a challenge. The study described herein was aimed at showing the influence of two nail varnishes as closure material and four application techniques to spread the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) on a successful follicular closure without inducing penetration-enhancing effects. Materials and Methods: For all experiments, ex vivo porcine ear skin was used. In study design A, a standard and a solvent-free nail varnish were compared. It was tested whether the different application techniques (spreading with pipette, careful finger massage, 5-Hz finger massage, 5-Hz automatic massage) potentially destroy an intact follicular closure. Laser scanning microscopy imaging was used to measure if the model drug (fluorescein sodium salt) penetrated into the hair follicles. Study design B investigated how the penetration is affected when applying standard nail varnish containing solvents to skin. It was tested if the varnish blocks the API (caffeine) on completely covered areas and if adjacent areas show increased penetration. Furthermore, lateral diffusion of the API was investigated. After 20 h, the skin layers were separated by tape stripping and heat separation. The tissue samples were homogenized. Caffeine was quantified by chromatography. Results: In study design A, the standard nail varnish showed a secure follicular closure, while the solvent-free nail varnish was not able to prevent follicular penetration. Moreover, rapid application techniques were found to destroy an intact follicular closure. Only the two most gentle application techniques kept the follicular closing intact. In study design B, no caffeine was detected in both skin areas that were completely covered. Since no significant difference in caffeine penetration between the two uncovered groups was found, any influence of the applied closure material on adjacent areas was excluded. Conclusion: This study clearly demonstrates that a standard nail varnish in combination with a gentle application technique of the API provides a secure follicular closure. The presented study only investigated the closure for the substances caffeine and fluorescein sodium salt. The results might not be transferable to all kinds of APIs.
      Skin Pharmacol Physiol
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Feb 2020 16:05:41 +010
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