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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 6073 journals)
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DENTISTRY (181 journals)                  1 2     

Acta Odontológica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Odontologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Actualités Odonto-Stomatologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Angle Orthodontist     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access  
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Dental Research & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Open Access  
Brazilian Dental Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Dental Science     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
British Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin du Groupement International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene     Full-text available via subscription  
Caries Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
City Dental College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Clínica e Pesquisa em Odontologia - UNITAU     Open Access  
Clinical Advances in Periodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Oral Implants Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Oral Investigations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Critical Reviews in Oral Biology Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Oral Health Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Dental Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Dental Cadmos     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Dental Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dental Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics     Open Access  
Dental Protection Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dental Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Dental Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Dentistry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Der Freie Zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
der junge zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
Die Quintessenz     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Disease-a-Month     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Droit et Médecine Bucco-Dentaire     Full-text available via subscription  
ENDO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Endodontic Topics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Endodontie     Full-text available via subscription  
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Dentistry and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Esthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of General Dentistry     Open Access  
European Journal of Oral Implantology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Oral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Evidence-Based Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Faculty Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Implant Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Implantologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
International Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Computerized Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dental Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Odontostomatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Oral Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Prosthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Stomatological Research     Open Access  
International Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ISRN Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Japanese Dental Science Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Adhesive Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Oral Science     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Periodontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Craniomandibular Function     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dental Hygiene     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Dental Medicine     Open Access  

        1 2     

Journal Cover Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [5 followers]  Follow    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
     ISSN (Print) 1532-3382
     Published by Elsevier Homepage  [2563 journals]
  • Sponsorship Page
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice, Volume 14, Supplement




      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Table of Contents
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice, Volume 14, Supplement




      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Information for Readers
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice, Volume 14, Supplement




      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Statement of Purpose/Levels of Evidence
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice, Volume 14, Supplement




      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Declarative Title: Daily smoking may independently predict caries
           development in adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Takashi Hanioka , Miki Ojima , Keiko Tanaka
      Article Title And Bibliographic Information Daily smoking and 4-year caries increment in Finnish adults.Bernabé E, Delgado-Angulo EK, Vehkalahti MM, Aromaa A, Suominen AL.Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2014. REVIEWER NAME and CONTACT INFORMATION Takashi Hanioka, DDS, PhD, Miki Ojima, DDS, PhD, Keiko Tanaka, DDS, PhD Purpose/Question This study assessed whether daily smoking predicts caries increment in adults over age 4 years. Source Of Funding Finnish Dental Society Apollonia (nonprofit), Finnish Dental Association, National Institute for Health and Welfare, and Social Insurance Institution of Finland Type Of Study/Design Cohort study: Data from subjects who participated in both the Health 2000 Survey and the Follow-Up Study of Finnish Adults’ Oral Health were analyzed. Level Of Evidence Level 2 Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence Strength Of Recommendation Grade N/A Not applicable


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Conflict of Interest Reporting in Dentistry Randomized Controlled Trials:
           A Systematic Review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Mohammed M. Beyari , Alisha Hak , Chuan Silvia Li , Hanadi A. Lamfon
      Objectives Conflict of interest (COI) reporting in the medical field has been a concern for a number of years. As the impact of industry on medical research increases, the need for transparency in these relationships increases. In this present study we aim to assess current practices and associations for COI reporting in the field of dentistry. Study Design We conducted a systematic review of conflict of interest reporting for Randomized-Controlled Trials (RCTs) in 6 journals of Dentistry published between Jan 2011 and Mar 2012. We extracted study characteristics in duplicate and used descriptive statistics and Chi-square tests to assess associations. Results Of 1755 studies across seven journals, we identified 66 eligible RCTs. Many included studies were conducted in Europe (39%), with an average sample size of 355. A total of 76% of studies mentioned the presence or absence of potential COI. No correlation between the direction of results and whether a COI was declared was found (p=0.328), nor was there an association between funding source and whether COI was discussed (p = 0.120). The journal in which the article was published did however have a correlation as to whether COI was discussed (p = <0.0001). Conclusions RCTs published in the field of dental research inconsistently report the presence or absence of a conflict of interest. Dental journals should standardize conflict of interest reporting to aid dental researchers in understanding when a conflict of interest exists, and to provide transparency to readers and patients alike.


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Perspectives of Dental Students and Faculty about Dental Practice
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Ahmad Abdelkarim , Donna Sullivan
      Objective The study aimed at evaluating attitudes and perceptions of dental students and faculty towards evidence-based practice, integration of technology and social media, general practitioners’ and specialists’ scope of practice, and dental practice rewards and disadvantages. Methods A survey instrument was designed with 10 statements rated on a five-point Likert scale (strongly agree to strongly disagree) and an optional comment section. The survey instrument was delivered through SurveyMonkey, whereby 401 students and 182 faculty members from ten U.S. dental schools participated (16% estimated response rate). Null hypotheses regarding the equality between the responses of the two groups were statistically tested using Mann-Whitney U test. Statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results Evidence-based practice is positively perceived by both groups, but with significantly higher support by faculty than students (P = 0.002). Both groups agreed that technological advancements are advantageous (P = 0.95), but do not constitute good dentistry and cannot mask poor clinical skills. Students showed higher support for social media than faculty (P = 0.000). Both groups perceived group practices positively. Faculty members showed higher agreement than students towards limitation of dental specialists’ practices to their specialties (P = 0.000). Both groups are aware of practice disadvantages, such as increased litigation, health risks, and detriment to the dentist’s posture. However, they both perceive dental practice positively despite all these challenges. Conclusions Students and faculty share generally comparable perspectives towards dental practice. They are both in agreement with evidence-based practice, adoption of technology. They both acknowledge practice limitations.


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • An Overview of Characteristics of Registered Studies on Dental Implants
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Praveenkumar Gajendrareddy , Satheesh Elangovan , Sankeerth Rampa , Veeratrishul Allareddy , Min Kyeong Lee , Romesh P. Nalliah , Veerasathpurush Allareddy
      Objective Clinical trials serve as the empirical basis for clinical decision making. The objective of the current study is to provide an overview of clinical trials examining dental implant outcomes. Method All registered studies on Dental Implants were selected for analysis. The clinicaltrials.gov <http://clinicaltrials.gov/> website was used to query the characteristics of registered studies. The search term used was dental implants. Results As of the study conduct date (01/01/2014), a total of 205 studies on dental implants were registered. These included 168 interventional and 37 observational studies. Results were available for only 14 studies. All observational studies and 98.8% of interventional studies included both male and female subjects. Close to 60% of studies had sample sizes between 1 and 50. NIH was listed as funding source in only 5 interventional studies and 3 observational studies. 80% of interventional studies were randomized. However, double masking was reported in only 15% of interventional studies with majority being open labelled. Conclusion ClinicalTrials.Gov registry was created with the intention of increasing the transparency of conducted or ongoing clinical studies and to minimize publication bias commonly seen with industry-sponsored studies. Results of the current study showed that a predominating number of registered studies are funded by industry and other sources, very few registered studies have made their results public, and the ClinicalTrials.gov registry does not provide sufficient information on the quality of study design and thus precluding the public and researchers to judge on the quality of registered studies and publication bias.


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Skills in Assessing the Professional Literature (SAPL): a 7-Year Analysis
           of Student EBD Performance
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Ralph V. Katz , Hebba A. Shamia , Bianca A. Dearing , Paul DS. Kang , Lin Li , Andy Chang
      Purpose The primary goal of this project was to describe the level of knowledge acquisition using detailed test performance outcomes of the EBD SAPL curriculum over its first seven-years of implementation at the NYU College of Dentistry. A secondary goal was to compare performance outcomes impact of the full 60-hour base SAPL curriculum as taught to 4-year DDS students vs an abbreviated 30-hour base SAPL curriculum as taught to 3-year Advanced Placement DDS students. Methods The findings for the period 2004-2010 are reported for 1,647 dental students (63.6% 4-year DDS students, 36.3% 3-year Advanced Placement DDS students). The database consisted of the score earned by each student on each individual question of the SAPL course’s 4-hour final examination in which each student read an original research article and answered all questions on the Literature Analysis Form. Results The major findings were overall high performance by both groups of students (SAPL exam scores of 85.8 vs 83.7, respectively) as well as very similar outcomes between these two student groups on: 1) recognizing research design elements and on interpreting those design elements for clinical application, 2) detailed performance of knowledge within the specific five traditional sections of research articles, and 3) detailed performance across 18 identified research design topics. Conclusion In conclusion, both course formats appear to be highly effective for their respective student groups, but should not be interpreted as evidence favoring the shorter format given the different characteristics of the two student groups.


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Motivational Interviewing (MI) compared to conventional education (CE).has
           potential to improve oral health behaviors
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Rosamund Harrison
      Article title and bibliographic information Motivational interviewing in improving oral health: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Gao X, Lo ECM, Kot SCC, Chan KCW. J Periodontol 85(3):426-437, 2014 Purpose/question Is motivational interviewing more effective than conventional dental education in changing oral health behaviors? Source of funding Government: General Research Fund (#106120135; HKU 766012M), granted by the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong. Type of study/design Systematic review


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Applying prescription-strength home-use and professionally applied topical
           fluoride products may benefit people at high risk for caries — The
           American Dental Association (ADA) 2013 clinical practice guideline
           recommendations
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Valeria C.C. Marinho
      Article Title And Bibliographic Information Topical fluoride for caries prevention: executive summary of the updated clinical recommendations and supporting systematic review. Weyant RJ et al. J Am Dent Assoc 144(11):1279-1291, 2013 Purpose/Question The purpose of this executive summary report is to present recommendations regarding professionally applied and prescription-strength home-use topical fluoride products for caries prevention in children and adults based on a systematic review of trials. It updates the American Dental Association (ADA) 2006 clinical recommendations on topical fluorides. Source of Funding The American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs (CSA) Expert Panel on Topical Fluoride Agents commissioned this study, which was supported in part by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Type of Study/Design A clinical practice guideline which includes a supporting systematic review (with meta-analysis of trials data) upon which the recommendations are based.


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Quality of the oral screening exam to predict lesion persistence is
           dependent on examiner experience and may be marginally improved with
           fluorescence visualization
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Lauren L. Patton
      Article title and bibliographic information Influence of fluorescence on screening decisions for oral mucosal lesions in community dental practices. Laronde DM, Williams PM, Hislop TG, Poh C, Ng S, Bajdik C, Zhang L, MacAulay C, Rosin MP. J Oral Pathol Med 43(1):7-13. Purpose/Question The purpose was to determine the utility of a hand-held device measuring direct fluorescence visualization (FV) used by trained community dental practitioners as an aid in decision-making during clinical evaluation for cancer and other oral lesions and to test the hypothesis that FV is useful in facilitating the clinical decision to refer forward suspect lesions. Source of funding This investigation was supported by USPHS grants R01DE13124 and R01DE17013 from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA, and a Senior Graduate Studentship from the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research/BC Cancer Foundation, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Type of study/design Cohort study


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Maternal salivary bacterial challenge is associated with oral infection
           among children and predicts early childhood caries (ECC) incidence in a
           high-risk cohort of 36-month-old children
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Dorota T. Kopycka-Kedzierawski
      Article title and bibliographic information Maternal oral bacterial levels predict early childhood caries development. Chaffee BW, Gansky SA, Weintraub JA, Featherstone JDB, Ramos-Gomez FJ. J Dent Res 2014; 93(3):238-44 Purpose/Question The authors measured the association of maternal salivary bacterial challenge (mutans streptococci [MS] and lactobacilli [LB]) from pregnancy through 24 months postpartum with ECC incidence at age 36 months. Source of funding Government, grant numbers: U54DE014251 and U54DE019385 Type Of Study/Design Prospective observational cohort nested in the randomized clinical trial


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Topical fluoride varnish every 6 months is not more effective than placebo
           varnish at preventing dental caries in preschoolers
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Donald L. Chi
      Article title and bibliographic information Biannual fluoride varnish applications and caries incidence in preschoolers: a 24-month follow-up randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. Oliveira BH, Salazar M, Carvalho DM, Falcao A, Campos K, Nadanovsky P. Caries Res 2014;48(3):228-36 Purpose/Question To determine whether topical fluoride varnish applied every 6 months is more effective than a placebo varnish at preventing dental caries in preschoolers. Source of funding Government. Rio de Janeiro State Foundation for the Endowment of Research (FAPERJ; process E-26/102.248/2009) and the Brazilian National Research Council (CNPq; process 310807/2009). Industry Colgate-Palmolive donated the placebo varnish, toothbrushes, and toothpaste. Type of Study/Design Randomized controlled trial


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Dietary counseling emphasizing low-saturated-fat and low-cholesterol
           intake may influence salivary properties
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Benjamin W. Chaffee
      Article title and bibliographic information The effect of dietary intervention on paraffin-stimulated saliva and dental health of children participating in a randomized controlled trial. Laine MA, Tolvanen M, Pienihäkkinen K, Söderling E, Niinikoski H, Simell O, Karjalainen S. Arch Oral Biol 59(2):217-25, 2014 Purpose/Question Does a dietary counseling intervention that stresses low intakes of cholesterol and saturated fat from an early age result in changes in salivary flow rate and buffering capacity? Source of funding None reported Type of study/design Randomized controlled trial


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Chronic apical periodontitis is more common in subjects with coronary
           artery disease
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Daniel J. Caplan
      Article title and bibliographic information Association between chronic apical periodontitis and coronary artery disease. Costa THR, de Figueiredo Neto JA, Figueiredo de Oliveira AE, de Figueiredo Lopes e Maia M, de Almeida AL. J Endod 2014;40(2):164-7. Purpose/Question This article examined sociodemographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory values, and health history factors in evaluating the relationship between chronic apical periodontitis and coronary artery disease. Source of funding None mentioned Type of study/design Cross-sectional


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Korean preschool children’s snack and soda consumption and lack of
           regular dental checkup may increase risk for early childhood caries
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Hiroko Iida
      Article Title And Bibliographic Information Regular dental checkup and snack-soda drink consumption of preschool children are associated with early childhood caries in Korean caregiver/preschool children dyads. Han DH, Kim DH, Kim MJ, Kim JB, Kyunghee JC, Bae KH. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 42(1):70-8 Purpose/Question What is the relationship of preschool children’s oral health behavior and caregivers’ self-reported oral health to the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) in Dong-gu, Ulsan, Korea? Source of Funding Government: National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant (No. 2011-0009536) funded by the Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology Type of study/design Cross-sectional study


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • DECLARATIVE TITLE: Mandibular 2-implant overdentures improve oral
           health-related quality of life more than conventional dentures, but there
           are cultural differences
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Onur Geckili
      ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION The effect of mandibular 2-implant overdentures on oral health-related quality of life: an international multicenter study.Awad MA, Rashid F, Feine JS on behalf of the Overdenture Effectiveness Study Team Consortium.Clin Oral Implants Res 25(1):46-51, 2014 PURPOSE /QUESTION: What differences were found in the oral health–related quality of life (OHRQoL) scores in patients from eight countries who received mandibular 2-implant overdentures and conventional dentures under conditions in which patients select their treatment with their dentists and when the cost of the treatment is paid in the customary manner? SOURCE OF FUNDING Non-profit foundation: International Team for Implantology (ITI), Basel, Switzerland TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN Multisite observational study LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence STRENGTH OF RECOMMENDATION GRADE NA


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Oral hygiene of patients receiving orthodontic treatment with fixed
           appliances may be enhanced by showing them images of severe consequences
           of poor oral hygiene
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Jonathan M. Broadbent
      Article Title and Bibliographic Information Effect of visual method vs plaque disclosure in enhancing oral hygiene in adolescents and young adults: a single-blind randomized controlled trial.Peng Y, Wu R, Qu W, Wu W, Chen J, Fang J, Chen Y, Farella M, Mei L.Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 145(3):280-6 Reviewer Name and Contact Information Jonathan M. Broadbent, BDS PGDipComDent PhD Purpose/Question To investigate the efficacy of a visual-aided oral hygiene instruction approach, in which patients are shown images of the severe consequences of biofilm formation. Source of Funding Government and Other sources of funding: • Doctoral Fund of Ministry of Education (20120181120004) • National Natural Science Foundation (81200412) • State Key Lab of Oral Diseases (SKLODYISF2012-15) • Sichuan University (YJ2012014) Type of Study/Design Randomized controlled trial Level of Evidence Level 1 Good-quality, patient-oriented evidence Strength of Recommendation Grade NA Not applicable


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Modest evidence indicates that orthodontic force results in positional
           changes of orthodontic miniscrews
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 July 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Mohammed Khalil Al-Dhubhani
      Article Title and Bibliographic Information Systematic review of mini-implant displacement under orthodontic loading. Nienkemper M, Handschel J, Drescher D. Int J Oral Sci 2014; 6:1–6. Purpose /Question: What is the short- or long-term effect of orthodontic force on the position of the miniscrews (MS) used in orthodontic treatment? Source of Funding Information not available. Type of Study/Design Systematic review


      PubDate: 2014-07-28T06:51:41Z
       
  • Matrix JEBDP June 2014
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice, Volume 14, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2014-06-10T20:44:07Z
       
  • Erratum to: Buzalaf MA, Cardoso Cde A, Magalhães AC. Low-fluoride
           Toothpastes May Not Lead to Dental Fluorosis But May Not Control Caries
           Development. Standard Fluoride Toothpastes Can Control Caries Development
           But May Lead to Dental Fluorosis. J Evid Based Dent Pract
           2013;13(4):148-50.
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice, Volume 14, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2014-06-10T20:44:07Z
       
  • Information for Authors
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice, Volume 14, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2014-06-10T20:44:07Z
       
  • Table of Contents
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice, Volume 14, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2014-06-10T20:44:07Z
       
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice, Volume 14, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2014-06-10T20:44:07Z
       
  • Statement of Purpose/Levels of Evidence
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice, Volume 14, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2014-06-10T20:44:07Z
       
  • Information for Readers
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice, Volume 14, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2014-06-10T20:44:07Z
       
  • The reporting quality of Randomised Controlled Trials in Orthodontics
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Evangelia Lempesi , Despina Koletsi , Padhraig S. Fleming , Nikolaos Pandis
      Objectives Accurate trial reporting facilitates evaluation and better use of study results. The objective of this article is to investigate the quality of reporting of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in leading orthodontic journals, and to explore potential predictors of improved reporting. Methods The 50 most recent issues of 4 leading orthodontic journals until November 2013 were electronically searched. Reporting quality assessment was conducted using the modified CONSORT statement checklist. The relationship between potential predictors and the modified CONSORT score was assessed using linear regression modeling. Results 128RCTs were identified with a mean modified CONSORT score of 68.97% (SD=11.09). The Journal of Orthodontics (JO) ranked first in terms of completeness of reporting (modified CONSORT score 76.21%, SD =10.1), followed by American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (AJODO) (73.05%, SD=10.1). Journal of publication (AJODO: β=10.08, 95% CI: 5.78, 14.38; JO: β=16.82, 95% CI: 11.70, 21.94; EJO: β=7.21, 95% CI: 2.69, 11.72compared to Angle), year of publication (β=0.98, 95% CI: 0.28, 1.67 for each additional year), region of authorship (Europe: β=5.19, 95% CI: 1.30, 9.09 compared to Asia/other), statistical significance (significant: β=3.10, 95% CI: 0.11, 6.10 compared to non-significant) and methodologist involvement (involvement: β=5.60, 95% CI: 1.66, 9.54 compared to non-involvement) were all significant predictors of improved modified CONSORT scores in the multivariable model. Additionally, median overall Jadad score was 2 (IQR=2) across journals, with JO (median=3, IQR=1) and AJODO (median=3, IQR=2) presenting the highest score values. Conclusion The reporting quality of RCTs published in leading orthodontic journals is considered suboptimal in various CONSORT areas. This may have a bearing in trial result interpretation and use in clinical decision making and evidence- based orthodontic treatment interventions.


      PubDate: 2014-04-22T05:30:37Z
       
  • Letter to the Editor
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf



      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Self-reported measures may be useful in surveillance for periodontitis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Mark S. Litaker
      Article Title And Bibliographic Information Self-reported measures for surveillance of periodontitis. Eke PI, Dye BA, Wei L, Slade GD, Thornton-Evans GO, Beck JD, Taylor GW, Borgnakke WS, Page RC, Genco RJ.J Dent Res 2013; 92(11):1041-7 Purpose/Question The study aim was to evaluate the predictive performance of eight self-reported items for the prediction of periodontitis against clinically determined periodontitis in a US nationally representative sample of adults. Source Of Funding The study was funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as an internal project. Type Of Study/Design Cross-sectional study.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • One (small) step closer to public health service in the dental office
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Andrei Barasch
      Article title Screening for diabetes mellitus in dental practices: a field trial. Robert J. Genco, Robert E. Schifferle, Robert G. Dunford, Karen L. Falkner, William C. Hsu, James Balukjian. J Am Dent Assoc 2014;145(1):57-64 Purpose This study assessed the feasibility of screening for diabetes mellitus (DM) or pre-diabetes in community dental practices and compared results between private practice and a community health center. Source of funding Delta Dental Type of study Cohort


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Dental treatment intensity in frail older adults in the last year of life
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Mario A. Brondani
      Article Title and Bibliographic Information Dental treatment intensity in frail older adults in the last year of life. Chen X, Chen H, Douglas C, Preisser JS, Shuman SK. JADA 2013;144(11):1234-1242 Purpose/Question Through a retrospective study the authors examined the types of dental treatment provided to a group of long-term care residents in the last year of life. Source of Funding University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill internal funds and the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md. Study design Retrospective Cohort Study


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Letter to the Editor
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): A.P.P. dos Santos



      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Low intake of sugars may reduce risk of dental caries.
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Teresa A. Marshall
      Article Title And Bibliographic Information Effect on caries of restricting sugars intake: systematic review to inform WHO guidelines. Moynihan PJ, Kelly SA. J Dent Res 2014;93(1):8-18 Purpose/Question To identify the effect of low compared to high free sugars intake on dental caries in children and adults, and to identify the effect of obtaining less than 10% compared to more than 10% of dietary energy from free sugars on dental caries in children and adults for the purpose of guiding WHO dietary guidelines. Source Of Funding The study was funded by Newcastle University’s Centre for Oral Health Research. Type Of Study/Design Systematic review.


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Periodontal treatment may reduce levels of systemic inflammation markers
           associated with atherosclerotic profile
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Néstor J. López
      Article Title And Bibliographic Information Treatment of periodontitis improves the atherosclerotic profile: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Teeuw WJ, Slot DE, Susanto H, Gerdes VEA, Abbas F, D’Aiuto F, Kastelein JJP, Loos BG. J Clin Periodontol 2014; 41(1):70-9. Purpose/Question The authors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to answer the following: What is the effect of periodontal therapy on clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) parameters and/or markers related to atherosclerosis and CVD risk in patients with periodontitis' Source Of Funding Grants from University of Amsterdam and Bernouille Foundation of the University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, the Netherlands. Award supported by the UK Clinical Research Collaboration and the Department of Health’s NIHR Biomedical Research Centers funding scheme Type Of Study/Design Systematic review with meta-analysis of data


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Treatment of chronic periodontitis may be improved by the adjunctive use
           of systemic metronidazole
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Marcelo Faveri , Luciene Cristina Figueiredo , Magda Feres
      Article Title and Bibliographic Information A randomized, double-masked clinical trial comparing four periodontitis treatment strategies: 1-year clinical results. Preus HR, Gunleiksrud TM, Sandvik L, Gjermo P, Baelum V. J Periodontol 2013;84(8):1075-86. Purpose/Question To compare the clinical outcomes of conventional quadrant scaling and root planing treatment and the full-mouth disinfection protocol, with or without adjunctive metronidazole. Source of Funding This work was financed by the Norwegian Research Council, Oslo, Norway, grant # 185120. Type of Study/Design Randomized controlled clinical trial. Level of Evidence Level 2- Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence Strength of Recommendation Grade N/A - Not applicable


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Providing dental care coverage to uninsured older US adults who do not use
           dental care may not result in usage rates similar to those with prior
           coverage and use.
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Marko Vujicic
      Article Title And Bibliographic Information Dental care coverage and use: modeling limitations and opportunities. Manski RJ, Moeller JF, Chen H. Am J Public Health 2014;104(2):e80-7 Purpose/Question This study sought to explain why the effect of increasing dental care coverage among older US adults who lack coverage and do not use dental care may be less than expected. Source Of Funding Supported by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research of the National Institutes of Health (grant R01DE021678) Type Of Study/Design: Panel study


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be more
           likely to have more severe periodontal disease than individuals without
           COPD.
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Frank A. Scannapieco
      Article Title And Bibliographic Information Association between periodontal disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A reality or just a dogma' Peter KP, Mute BR, Doiphode SS, Bardapurkar SJ, Borkar MS, Raj DV. J Periodontol 84(12):1717-23, 2013. Purpose/Question Is COPD associated with periodontal disease experience' Source Of Funding No funding source reported Type Of Study/Design Case-control study


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Impacted third molars increase the risk for caries and periodontal
           pathology in neighboring second molars
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Ventä Irja
      Article Title and Bibliographic Information Retained asymptomatic third molars and risk for second molar pathology. Nunn ME, Fish MD, Garcia RI, Kaye EK, Figueroa R, Gohel A, Ito M, Lee HJ, Williams DE, Miyamoto T. J Dent Res 2013;92(12):1095-9. Purpose /Question: The authors analyzed data collected over 25 years from 416 men to investigate the relationship between third molar status and caries and periodontal pathology of adjacent second molars. Source of Funding The study was supported by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Cooperative Studies Program. It was also supported by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (K24 DE000419 and R01 DE19656). Type of Study/Design Cohort study Level Of Evidence Level 2 Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence Strength of recommendation grade N/A Not applicable


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • A Launching Pad
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Claude Earl Fox



      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Understanding the Effects of Periodontal Therapy plus Azithromycin on
           Glycemic Control in Patients with Diabetes Remains Elusive
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Thomas W. Oates
      Article Title and Bibliographic Information Effects of periodontal nonsurgical therapy plus azithromycin on glycemic control in patients with diabetes: a randomized clinical trial. Botero JE, Yepes FL, Ochoa SP, Hincapie JP, Roldan N, Ospina CA, Castrillon CA, Becerra MA. J Periodont Res 2013;48:706–12. Purpose/Question The study examined the effects of the adjunctive use of azithromycin with non-surgical periodontal therapy on glycated hemoglobin levels (HbA1c). Source of Funding:Industry and Academic Colgate-Palmolive, Tecnoquımicas (Cali, Colombia), Faculty of Pharmaceutical Chemistry (Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia) Study Design:Randomized clinical trial; Clinical Trial identifier NCT01271231


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • “Smoking cessation may positively improve clinical periodontal
           parameters”
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Leandro Chambrone
      Article Title and Bibliographic Information Is there a positive effect of smoking cessation on periodontal health' A systematic review. Fiorini T et al. J Periodontol 85(1):83-91, 2014 Purpose/Question “To assess the effect of smoking cessation on periodontitis incidence, progression, and response to treatment” Source of Funding Information not available Type of Study/Design Systematic review Level of Evidence Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence Strength of Recommendation Grade Grade C: Consensus, disease-oriented evidence, usual practice, expert opinion, or case series


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Dental caries is associated with central and peripheral, but not general,
           adiposity in children
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Lisa Chung
      Article Title And Bibliographic Information Association between dental caries and adiposity status (general, central, and peripheral adiposity) in 12-year-old children. Peng SM et al. Caries Res 48(1):32-38, 2013 Purpose /Question: Is there a relationship between dental caries experience and different types of adiposity (central, peripheral, and general) among 12-year-old children in Hong Kong, SAR, China' Source Of Funding: Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (project No. 782811) Type Of Study/Design: Cross-sectional study


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • Child Temperament is as Strongly Associated with Early Childhood Caries
           (ECC) as Poor Feeding Practices: Positive Temperament Appears Protective,
           Negative Temperament May Increase ECC Risk
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Robert G. Santos , Rocio Quinonez
      Article title and bibliographic information Can child temperament be related to ECC' Aminabadi NA, Ghoreishizadeh A, Ghoreishizadeh M, Oskouei SG, Ghojazadeh M. Caries Res 2014;48:3-12. Purpose/Question To investigate the relationship of ECC and different traits of child temperament, directly and indirectly through nutritional and oral hygiene habits. Source of Funding Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Type of Study/Design: Cross-sectional study


      PubDate: 2014-04-16T19:34:16Z
       
  • BMI is a predictor of periodontal therapy outcomes
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Leena Palomo
      Article Title and Bibliographic Information Body mass index as a predictive factor of periodontal therapy outcomes. Suvan J, Petrie A, Moles DR, Nibali L, Patel K, Darbar U, Donos N, Tonetti M, D'Aiuto F. J Dent Res 93(1):49-54, 2014 Purpose/Question Is overweight/obesity a predictor of clinical response following nonsurgical periodontal therapy in patients with severe periodontitis' Source Of Funding Johnson & Johnson Consumer Services EAME Limited funded this project. The study center is partially funded by the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR), the research arm of the Department of Health. The investigator has received a Clinical Senior Lectureship Award supported by the UK Clinical Research Collaboration. Type Of Study/Design This is a post-hoc, secondary analysis of data from 5 randomized clinical trials of nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Level Of Evidence Level 2 Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence Strength Of Recommendation Grade N/A Not applicable


      PubDate: 2014-04-12T16:17:44Z
       
  • Periodontal therapy is associated with decreased risk of developing
           end-stage renal disease – a study using the Taiwan National Health
           Insurance Database
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Ronald G. Craig
      Article title and bibliographic information Surgical treatment for patients with periodontal disease reduces risk of end-stage renal disease: A nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study. Lee C-F, Lin C-L, Lin M-C, Lin S-Y, Sung F-C, Kao C-H. J Periodontol 85(1):50-6, 2014. Purpose/question This retrospective study used claims data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database to ask whether surgical periodontal therapy, defined as root planing or flap surgery, was associated with a reduced risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) when compared to periodontal disease without surgical periodontal therapy. Source of funding Government: Taiwan Department of Health Clinical Trial and Research Center (DOH102-TD-B-111-004), Taiwan Department of Heath Cancer Research Center (DOH102-TD-C-111-005) and International Research Intensive Centers of Excellence in Taiwan (i-RICE) (NSC101-2911-1-002-303) Type Of Study/Design Retrospective cohort study


      PubDate: 2014-04-12T16:17:44Z
       
  • Saliva and Biofilm-based Diagnostics: A critical review of the literature
           concerning sialochemistry
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 April 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Brian B. Nový
      Declarative title There is some evidence to support the use of salivary diagnostics in dentistry. Background & Purpose: The use of saliva as a diagnostic fluid has the potential to shape the role of oral health care professionals in the health care system. While more than a handful of chairside diagnostic tests are available for use by private practitioners, the evidence supporting their use continues to emerge. Methods An electronic search of the literature indexed on the PubMed electronic database was conducted to identify human clinical trials utilizing commercially available salivary diagnostics. Papers meeting the inclusion criteria, and any applicable references were critically appraised following SORT guidelines. Conclusions While the literature concerning salivary analysis is continuously growing, the limited literature that is available doesn’t focus on patient oriented health outcomes. This ‘infant’ literature is focused on validating metrics and identifying biomarkers with diagnostic potential. As such, the evidence level of the literature is graded as level 3. Despite the lower grade, the research in this area shows consistent results, coherent conclusions, and research identifying new biomarkers will provide additional dimensions to salivary diagnostics.


      PubDate: 2014-04-07T16:23:12Z
       
  • Obesity and Cumulative Inflammatory Burden: A Valuable Risk Assessment
           Parameter in Caring for Dental Patients
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 March 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Casey Hein , Eraldo Batista
      Declarative title A new model of risk assessment that recognizes the importance of reducing patients’ cumulative inflammatory burden by targeting overweight and obesity, in individuals with periodontal disease, may be a valuable risk assessment parameter in caring for dental patients. Background The growing body of evidence that suggests obesity, Metabolic Syndrome and periodontal disease are interrelated offers an unprecedented opportunity to adopt a new model of risk assessment that has the potential to beneficially influence not only the periodontal health of obese and overweight patients, but simultaneously may also reduce a person's overall risk for developing heart disease and type 2 diabetes, and perhaps other inflammatory driven disease states. Methods This paper presents an overview of research that builds the case for a new model of risk assessment that focuses on the cumulative inflammatory burden that may be elevated by the presence of periodontal disease in obese patients. In addition, the biological plausibility of the concepts of inflammatory priming and inflammatory loading is discussed, and several simple ideas are suggested for identifying at-risk patients. Conclusions Given the significant rise in obesity and the impact that obesity has on periodontal health and other inflammatory driven, systemic disease states, adoption of a new model of risk assessment is suggested that considers an individual’s cumulative inflammatory burden which may be amplified as a result of coexisting obesity and other components of Metabolic Syndrome and periodontal disease. Knowledge gathered thus far combined with further clinical research must be translated into better ways to treat and maintain obese periodontal patients. These measures may pave the way for prevention of metabolic diseases and obesity with a relevant impact on patients’ periodontal status. Level of Evidence Level 3 Strength of Recommendation Grade C


      PubDate: 2014-04-02T11:18:06Z
       
  • INTRODUCTION: The Moment of Opportunity
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 March 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Terri Tilliss



      PubDate: 2014-04-02T11:18:06Z
       
  • Common Risk Factors in the Management of Periodontal and Associated
           
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 March 2014
      Source:Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice
      Author(s): Robert J. Genco , Frances Doherty Genco
      Declarative Title There is a role for dentistry in the interprofessional management of chronic diseases by addressing common risk factors Background A critical scientific foundation has developed for management of risk factors common to major diseases including periodontal disease, caries, diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to critically review this scientific literature. This will provide the basis for the current and future role of the dental setting in common risk factor identification and modification; with an emphasis on the role of the dental hygienist. Methods of Approach: A systematic review of the literature and analysis of the relevant papers was undertaken to support the recommendations. Conclusions We propose that the appropriate risk factor management procedures be adopted in the dental setting for smoking cessation, reduction of sugar consumption, and weight control in those patients at risk for one or a combination of the following diseases: periodontal disease, caries, diabetes, heart disease and certain cancers.


      PubDate: 2014-04-02T11:18:06Z
       
 
 
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