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DENTISTRY (250 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 251 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ação Odonto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Odontologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Odontologica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualités Odonto-Stomatologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Angle Orthodontist     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avicenna Journal of Dental Research     Open Access  
Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Dental Research & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Brazilian Dental Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Dental Science     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
British Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Bulletin du Groupement International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene     Full-text available via subscription  
Caries Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
City Dental College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical Advances in Periodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical and Laboratorial Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical Oral Implants Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Oral Investigations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Reviews in Oral Biology Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Oral Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Dental Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Dental Cadmos     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Dental Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Dental Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)     Open Access  
Dental Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dental Protection Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dental Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dental Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dentistry 3000     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Dentistry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Der Freie Zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
der junge zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
Die Quintessenz     Full-text available via subscription  
Disease-a-Month     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Droit et Médecine Bucco-Dentaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ENDO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Endodontic Topics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Endodontie     Full-text available via subscription  
Endodontology     Open Access  
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Dentistry and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Esthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Oral Implantology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Oral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Evidence Based Summaries in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Evidence-Based Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Faculty Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Forum Ortodontyczne     Open Access  
Future Dental Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Giornale Italiano di Endodonzia     Open Access  
Implant Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Implantologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
International Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Computerized Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dental Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Forensic Odontology     Open Access  
International Journal of Implant Dentistry     Open Access  
International Journal of Odontostomatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Oral Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Prosthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Stomatological Research     Open Access  
International Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Japanese Dental Science Review     Open Access  
JDR Clinical & Translational Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Academy of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Adhesive Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Oral Science     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Periodontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Craniomandibular Function     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Biomaterials     Open Access  
Journal of Dental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dentistry for Children     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Dentofacial Anomalies and Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Endodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Indian Academy of Dental Specialist Researchers     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Indian Orthodontic Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology     Open Access  
Journal of Interdisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Oral Health     Open Access  
Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Isfahan Dental School     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry     Open Access  
Journal of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Oral Biosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Oral Health and Oral Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral Hygiene & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral Implantology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Oral Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral Research and Review     Open Access  
Journal of Orthodontic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pierre Fauchard Academy (India Section)     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Public Health Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Restorative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Stomatology (Czasopismo Stomatologiczne)     Open Access  
Journal of the American Dental Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the Canadian Dental Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the International Clinical Dental Research Organization     Open Access  
Journal of the World Federation of Orthodontists     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Theory and Practice of Dental Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Kieferorthopädie     Full-text available via subscription  
King Saud University Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
L'Orthodontie Française     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Médecine Buccale Chirurgie Buccale     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Medicina Oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal     Open Access  
Nigerian Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nowa Stomatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
OA Dentistry     Open Access  
Odonto     Open Access  
Odontoestomatología     Open Access  
Odontología     Open Access  
Odontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Odovtos - International Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine     Open Access  
Open Journal of Implant Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Operative Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Oral Biology and Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover Saudi Dental Journal
  [SJR: 0.297]   [H-I: 6]   [3 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1013-9052 - ISSN (Online) 1658-3558
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3030 journals]
  • A survey of pediatric dentists' caries-related treatment decisions and
           restorative modalities – A web-based survey

    • Authors: Hassan S. Halawany; Fouad Salama; Vimal Jacob; Nimmi Biju Abraham; Tarfa Nasser Bin Moharib; Abdulfatah Samih Alazmah; Jawaher Abdulaziz Al Harbi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 April 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Hassan S. Halawany, Fouad Salama, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham, Tarfa Nasser Bin Moharib, Abdulfatah Samih Alazmah, Jawaher Abdulaziz Al Harbi
      Objective To identify current practices and the preferred caries-related treatment decisions and restorative modalities of primary teeth among pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. Materials and methods This was a web-based cross-sectional survey conducted among licensed pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. Following the retrieval of the email addresses from the Saudi Dental Council, an email explaining the purpose of the study and a link to SurveyMonkey electronic survey consisting of 23 questions was sent to all the members registered under the pediatric dentistry practitioners, starting in September till December 2013. The data obtained was analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi square with and without tabulation processes. The level of significance was set at p <0.05. Results A total of 108 [54 (50%) male and 54 (50%) female] pediatric dental practitioners responded to the survey out of 308 targeted individuals for an overall response rate of 35.1%. About 65% of the respondents reported that they have never considered pre-veneered or Zirconia crowns as a restorative option for carious vital anterior primary teeth. About 40% reported doing pulpectomy and restored with composite strip crowns at all times. About 86% of the respondents reported doing pulpotomy and stainless steel crown for restoring carious vital posterior primary teeth whereas 73.8% reported restoring with composite resin. However, 83.1% of the respondents reported that they never used pre-veneered or Zirconia crowns after pulpotomy for restoring carious vital posterior primary teeth. A significantly higher number of male participants reported that they used esthetic pediatric crowns in their practice compared to female participants (p <0.001). Conclusion The prevalence of use of composite resin to restore primary teeth was higher compared to glass ionomer cements and amalgam whereas a limited use of esthetic pediatric crowns was found among the sample surveyed. Esthetic pediatric crowns were more utilized by male compared to female participants.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T02:53:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.03.001
       
  • Reliability of intra-oral camera using teledentistry in screening of oral
           diseases – Pilot study

    • Authors: Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati; Preetinanda Mishra; Mehrshad Damania; Siddharth Narayanan; Garima Sachdeva; Geetanshu Bhalla
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 April 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati, Preetinanda Mishra, Mehrshad Damania, Siddharth Narayanan, Garima Sachdeva, Geetanshu Bhalla
      Objective Reliability of intra-oral camera using teledentistry in screening of oral diseases. Methodology A trained and calibrated examiner used intra-oral camera to capture videos of oral cavity along with clinical examination to evaluate caries, plaque, calculus, tooth wear and fluorosis, stains in children. Results The mean DT and DMFT were significantly higher with use of intra-oral camera than with clinical examination (p =0.001 and 0.001) respectively. A positive strong significant correlation was seen between intra-oral camera and clinical examination with respect to DT, MT, FT and DMFT (r =0.721, p <0.001; r =0.908, p <0.001; r =0.869, p <0.001; r =0.876, p <0.001) respectively. Reliability of intra-oral camera when compared with clinical examination varied from substantial to almost perfect agreement various oral conditions. Disclosed immature plaque was not clear while mature plaque was clearly demonstrated. Conclusion/recommendations Intra-oral camera was shown to be a reliable tool to identify common oral diseases. Further studies involving applications like sealant retention, pre-malignant lesions, recurrent apthae, gingival recession and dental malocclusion and effectiveness in regular screening are needed.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T02:53:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.03.002
       
  • Sexual Dimorphism, Pattern of Third Molar and Mandibular Second Premolar
           Agenesis: A Cross Sectional Study in Indian paediatric orthodontic
           Patients

    • Authors: Apurva Mishra; Ramesh.K. Pandey
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Apurva Mishra, Ramesh.K. Pandey
      Objective To determine and compare the prevalence and pattern of agenesis of third molar and mandibular second premolar in paediatric orthodontic patients of age group 9 to 15 for sexual dimorphism. Methods The digital orthopantograph was obtained from the archive record of patients of age group 9 to 15 year. Radiographs of 301 patients were evaluated after taking exclusion criteria into account and were assessed for the presence/absence of third molars and mandibular second premolar. Tooth development evaluation followed the method of Demirjian et al., based on eight stages of tooth formation. The agenesis of third molar in maxilla and mandible between age groups & gender was compared by using Chi-square test. Results The rate of agenesis of third molars was observed 36.8% in the present study. Twenty four (24.3%) percentage of the study population showed agenesis of all the four third molars. The agenesis of third molars was found to be higher among males than females (p>0.05). Prevalence of agenesis of mandibular second premolar was 4.7 to 5%. Conclusions Agenesis of third molars was more commonly seen in the maxilla, having male predilection. Maxillary right third molar was the most commonly missing tooth irrespective of gender.

      PubDate: 2017-03-27T20:53:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.01.004
       
  • Odontogenic Myxoma: A Review with Report of an Uncommon Case with
           Recurrence in the Mandible of a Teenage Male

    • Authors: C. Shivashankara; Madhumati Nidoni; Shrish Patil; K.T. Shashikala
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): C. Shivashankara, Madhumati Nidoni, Shrish Patil, K.T. Shashikala
      We describe a 13-year-old boy with recurrence of an odontogenic myxoma of the mandible. We review extant literature on the lesion, emphasizing the similarities and differences among lesions in the differential diagnosis. Odontogenic myxoma is an uncommon benign tumor that mainly affects the mandible, with a peak incidence in the second to fourth decades of life and predilection for the female sex. Clinical, radiological, and histopathological features should be considered when making a diagnosis. Several of these characteristics overlap with those of other benign and some malignant tumors. Odontogenic myxoma is known for recurrence. The treatment plan should consider the age and sex of the patient and the site and size of the lesion. Reconstructive surgery may be required, but should be delayed until after an adequate follow-up to rule out recurrence.

      PubDate: 2017-03-16T19:18:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.02.003
       
  • From dental science to clinical practice: Knowledge Translation and
           Evidence-based Dentistry principles

    • Authors: Kelvin I. Afrashtehfar; Mansour K. Assery
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Kelvin I. Afrashtehfar, Mansour K. Assery
      It has been claimed that in order to decrease the gap between what we know and what we do, research findings must be translated from knowledge to action. Such practices better enable dentists to make evidence-based decisions instead of personal ideas and judgments. To this end, this literature review aims to revisit the concepts of knowledge translation and evidence-based dentistry (EBD) and depict their role and influence within dental education. It addresses some possible strategies to facilitate KT, encourage dental students to use EBD principles, and to encourage dental educators to create an environment in which students become self-directed learners. It concludes with a call to developed up-to-date and efficient online platforms that could grant dentists better access to EBD sources in order to more efficiently translate research evidence into the clinic.

      PubDate: 2017-03-16T19:18:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.02.002
       
  • Attitudes of Dental Professional Staff and Auxiliaries in Riyadh, Saudi
           Arabia, towards Disclosure of Medical Errors

    • Authors: Nora S. Al-Nomay; Abdulghani Ashi; Aljohara Al-Hargan; Abdulaziz Alshalhoub; Emad Masuadi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Nora S. Al-Nomay, Abdulghani Ashi, Aljohara Al-Hargan, Abdulaziz Alshalhoub, Emad Masuadi
      Aim To collect empirical data on the attitudes of dental professionals and dental auxiliaries in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, regarding the disclosure of medical errors. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted, involving the administration of a questionnaire to a sample of 586 participants recruited from over 10 government and private dental institutions in Riyadh between August 2015 and January 2016. The questionnaire collected information regarding participant opinions on (a) personal beliefs, norms, and practices regarding medical errors, (b) the nature of errors that should be disclosed, and (c) who should disclose errors. Results Most (94.4%) participants preferred that medical errors should be disclosed. However, personal preferences, perceptions of the norm and current practices with respect to which type (seriousness) of error should be disclosed were inconsistent. Only 17.9% of participants perceived that it was the current practice to disclose errors resulting in “Major harm”. Over 68% of respondents reported a personal belief, a perception of the norm and a perception of current practice that errors should be disclosed by the erring dentist. Participants at government institutions were more likely to disclose errors than those at private institutions. There were also significant differences in the responses with respect to gender, age, and nationality. The implications for the development of guidelines to help Saudi dentists adopt ethical courses of action for the disclosure of errors are considered. Conclusions 1) The majority of participants personally believed that errors should be disclosed, 2) There was little agreement between participant personal beliefs and perceptions of the norm and practice with respect to which type of errors should be disclosed, 3) There was strong agreement that the erring dentist is responsible for reporting errors, 4) The attitudes of the participants varied with respect to type of institution, age, gender, and nationality.

      PubDate: 2017-03-16T19:18:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.01.003
       
  • Factors affecting Polymerization of Resin-based Composites: A Literature
           Review

    • Authors: Maan M. AlShaafi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Maan M. AlShaafi


      PubDate: 2017-03-09T16:33:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.01.002
       
  • The need for virtual reality simulators in dental education: A review

    • Authors: Elby Roy; Mahmoud M Bakr; Roy George
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Elby Roy, Mahmoud M. Bakr, Roy George
      Virtual reality simulators are becoming an essential part of modern education. The benefits of Virtual reality in dentistry is constantly being assessed as a method or an adjunct to improve fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination in pre-clinical settings and overcome the monetary and intellectual challenges involved with such training. This article, while providing an overview of the virtual reality dental simulators, also looks at the link between virtual reality simulation and current pedagogical knowledge.

      PubDate: 2017-03-09T16:33:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.02.001
       
  • Determination of the position of mental foramen and frequency of anterior
           loop in Saudi population. A retrospective CBCT study

    • Authors: H. Al-Mahalawy; H. Al-Aithan; B. Al-Kari; B. Al-Jandan; S. Shujaat
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 January 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): H. Al-Mahalawy, H. Al-Aithan, B. Al-Kari, B. Al-Jandan, S. Shujaat
      Objectives To determine the position of mental foramen (MF) and frequency of anterior loop (AL) using dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and methods The study involved the evaluation of 302 CBCT scans (196 males, 106 females). The position of MF was determined with respect to adjacent teeth, nearest root apex of adjacent teeth and mandibular borders. MF position was also assessed based on gender and age. In addition, prevalence of anterior loop was evaluated by categorizing the inferior alveolar canal (IAC) patterns into linear, perpendicular and anterior looping. Results The study revealed that the most common position of MF was below the apex of 2nd premolar accounting for a total of 52.8% of scans whereas, only 29.6% observed MF between 1st and 2nd premolar (p >0.05). 38.7% of MF were located at a distance of 1–3mm from the nearest root apex (2nd premolar), followed by a distance of less than 1mm in 17.05 of cases. 63.2% of foramen on left side of the mandible were observed below the apex of 2nd premolar in females (p =0.023). Statistically significant findings were observed with regards to position of MF in different age groups (p >0.05). The most common IAC pattern observed was linear in nature which accounted for 46.2% of cases followed by perpendicular pattern (38.6%). AL was found only in 15.2% of cases. Conclusions Our sample population most commonly exhibited MF below the apex of 2nd premolar with linear IAC pattern. AL was regarded as the least common pattern in Saudi population.

      PubDate: 2017-01-29T04:59:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.01.001
       
  • Patients with burning mouth sensations. A clinical investigation of
           causative factors in a group of “Compete Denture Wearers” Jordanian
           population

    • Authors: Gadeer Elea Mukatash Nimri; Marwan A. Al-Nimri; Omar G. Al-Jadeed; Zaid R. Al-Zobe; Khuzama K. Aburumman; Nader A. Masarwa
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Gadeer Elea Mukatash Nimri, Marwan A. Al-Nimri, Nader A. Masarwa, Zaid R. Al-Zobe, Khuzama K. Aburumman
      Aim to find out the prevalence of “true” burning mouth syndrome and study the association between patients' spontaneous complaints of burning mouth and systemic conditions in a group of middle age and elderly “denture wearers” patients in Jordan. Methods a group of 129 patients (112 female and 17 male) of “complete denture wearers” subjects aged 40 years and over attended prosthetic clinic at King Hussein Medical Hospital complaining from oral burning, with no oral lesion possibly responsible for the burning sensations were selected. Assessment of oral and general status was done based on questioners, detailed history taking, medical records and extra and intraoral examination. The existed complete dentures retention, stability, jaw relationship and the free way space were evaluated. The current blood test and instrumental protocol for examination of patients with burning mouth complains were performed for each patient. Then those studied patients with burning mouth sensations including “true” burning mouth syndrome have been compared to the controls with regard to the presence of local problem, undermined local, systemic or psychological disease. Results The diagnosis of “true” burning mouth syndrome was established in (2.3%) of the studied population two females and one male. In most patients (58%) more than one site was affected. Significant positive associations were found between local factors (i.e; wearing complete dentures with unsatisfactory retention or jaw relationship, dry mouth or candidasis) and patients suffering from burning mouth sensation. The results also show that some systemic or psychological disorders were significantly more present among patients with burning mouth symptoms when compared to the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion spontaneous symptoms of burning mouth without mucosal signs should be considered as a manifestation of undermind pathology and / or distress, and the multi-factorial causes of burning mouth syndrome and sensation need to be referred to the suitable specialist for better treatment results.

      PubDate: 2017-01-21T01:58:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.10.002
       
  • Dental specialty, career preferences and their influencing factors among
           final year dental students in Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Hassan Suliman Halawany; Abdullah Salman Binassfour; Waleed Khalid AlHassan; Rami Ayed Alhejaily; Nassr Al Maflehi; Vimal Jacob; Nimmi Biju Abraham
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 January 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Hassan Suliman Halawany, Abdullah Salman Binassfour, Waleed Khalid AlHassan, Rami Ayed Alhejaily, Nassr Al Maflehi, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham
      Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate evolving trends in dental post graduate specialty preferences and career aspirations among final year dental students in Saudi Arabia. Materials and methods A cross sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among final year dental students from seventeen universities in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire enquired about socio-demographic details and the ranking of three of their best preferences among the list of specialties/ general dentistry and career options. They were also enquired about their opinion regarding the total time required to become a dentist and their intention to go for further studies abroad. The questionnaire assessed factors influencing their choices using a 5 point Likert scale ranging from extremely important to not important. Binary logistic regression to examine the combined effect of several independent variables on the likelihood of choosing a dental specialization/ general dentistry and career option were analyzed. Results The overall response rate was 64.6%. Restorative and Aesthetic Dentistry was the most preferred specialty (n=98; 17.7%) followed by Endodontics (n=78; 14.1%); Prosthodontics (n=65; 11.7%) and Orthodontics (n=63; 11.4%). The two most preferred careers were ‘Civilian dentist in public sector’ followed by ‘Academic services dentist’. Overall, students reported that the influence of family members in the dental profession, preference for private practice and specific interest in patient population as the most important factors in choosing a specialty/ general dentistry. Intellectual content of the specialty was ranked the least important. On the other hand, the most important factors for choosing a career were variety of non-clinical duties, access to child care facilities and research opportunities. Conclusion The results of this study show the top preferred specialties and career choices which can be a baseline for establishing national policies and for the improvement of graduate programs. There seems to be a need to promote mentoring activities and provide guidance and encouragement to pre-doctoral dental students in selecting the most appropriate specialty within their capability domain.

      PubDate: 2017-01-13T01:21:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.12.001
       
  • Role of ethical beliefs and attitudes of dental students in providing care
           for HIV/AIDS patients

    • Authors: Saad Ahmed Khan; Min Li Liew; Hanan Omar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Saad Ahmed Khan, Min Li Liew, Hanan Omar
      Introduction Dental care has remained as an unmet need for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). Dental students are considered as future healthcare workforce and having beliefs which are discriminating may have negative attitudes towards providing care to these individuals (Azodo et al., 2010). The study aimed to assess the ethical beliefs and attitudes of dental students towards PLWHAs for providing care. Methods It is a descriptive correlational and cross sectional study. Nine public and private dental schools in Malaysia participated in the study. Data was collected using a validated self-administered questionnaire. Results A total of 481 dental students participated in this study, yielding response rate of 78%. Majority of the participants (74%) believed that patients’ HIV status should be disclosed to patients’ sexual partner without permission. Approximately 60% of the participants reported that rooms/beds of HIV patients should be clearly marked. Regarding patient disease status 28% of the students reported that it is appropriate to test a patient for HIV/AIDS without patient’s permission. Only Fifty five percent of the students expressed the willingness to treat HIV patients and 49% reported to held fear of getting infected while treating patients with HIV/AIDS. Sixty four percent of the participants reported to be more comfortable giving care to non-HIV patients than HIV-positive patients. Conclusion Dental students’ ethical beliefs about HIV/AIDS were not consistent with the ethical principles as stated in the code of ethics and they held negative attitudes towards PLWHAs. Ethical beliefs were found to be a determinant that may influence future attitudes of these students towards individuals with HIV/AIDS when providing care.

      PubDate: 2017-01-05T00:38:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.005
       
  • A rare case of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the mandible
           mimicking a malignant tumor

    • Authors: Mohammed Ghazi AlKindi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Mohammed Ghazi AlKindi
      Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) of the head and neck is a rare benign proliferative lesion of unknown etiology that mimics malignant lesions clinically and radiographically. I report the case of a 27-year-old woman who presented with a mass in her left mandible associated with restricted mouth opening that had developed over the preceding 7months. The mass was resected completely with 5mm margin under general anesthesia. The mass was extending to the floor of the mouth and impinging on the masseter and temporalis muscles. Given its characteristics of being localized and aggressive, complete surgical resection is the best treatment modality for IMT.

      PubDate: 2017-01-05T00:38:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.10.001
       
  • Effectiveness of Salvadora persica extracts against common oral pathogens

    • Authors: Hanan Balto; Ibrahim Al-Sanie; Sultan Al-Beshri; Abdullah Aldrees
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Hanan Balto, Ibrahim Al-Sanie, Sultan Al-Beshri, Abdullah Aldrees
      Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of ethanol and hexane extracts of Salvadora persica against common oral pathogens. Materials and methods Well diffusion, Minimum Inhibition Concentration (MIC), Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC), and Broth microdilution tests were used to determine the optimum antimicrobial concentrations of S. persica extracts against Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), Streptococcus sanguis (S. sanguis), and Streptococcus salivarius (S. salivarius) over 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24h. Chlorhexidine (CHX) 0.2% was used as a positive control. Results The findings showed that the microbial activity of both extracts was concentration-dependent. Ethanol extract of S. persica at 25, 50, and 100mg/ml had more growth inhibitory effect against all isolates compared to hexane extract. In addition, ethanol extract at 8mg/ml (MBC value) was able to eradicate the growth of all isolates. S. sanguis and S. salivarius were very sensitive to hexane extract and required 4mg/ml (MBC value) for their eradication while S. mutans was the most resistant (MBC=8mg/ml).The statistical findings of CFU counts showed no significant difference (p =1.000) in antibacterial effectiveness between the two extracts against all isolates. A significant decline overtime in CFU counts was noted, except at 12h and 24h where no significant difference (p =0.793) was observed and was comparable to CHX. Conclusion Ethanol and hexane extracts of S. persica were found to exhibit maximum antimicrobial activity against S. mutans, S. sanguis and S. salivarius at high concentrations.

      PubDate: 2017-01-05T00:38:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.11.001
       
  • The role of lasers in the treatment of peri-implant diseases: A review

    • Authors: Fahad Ali Alshehri
      Pages: 103 - 108
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 July 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Fahad Ali Alshehri
      We reviewed the indexed literature regarding the efficacy of laser therapy in the treatment of peri-implantitis (PI). Databases were searched using combinations of the following keywords: peri-implantitis, bone loss, photodynamic therapy, laser, and light-activated disinfection. Titles and abstracts of publications from these search results were screened to determine which studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria. Full texts of relevant studies were read and independently assessed against the eligibility criteria. The resulting 28 studies described the role of lasers in the treatment of PI. The erbium:yttrium–aluminum-garnet laser can be used to sterilize implant surfaces without damaging them. Likewise, the carbon dioxide laser can disinfect implant surfaces and enhance the bone-to-implant contact around previously infected sites. Photodynamic therapy exhibits high target specificity and can destroy pathogens associated with the etiology of PI. Laser therapy can significantly reduce levels of clinical markers of peri-implant tissue inflammation (i.e., bleeding upon probing and clinical attachment loss) without jeopardizing the integrity of the implant or alveolar bone. In conclusion, laser therapy as an adjunct to conventional mechanical debridement therapy can be used effectively for the treatment of PI.

      PubDate: 2016-08-05T02:31:00Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.12.005
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Self-perceived halitosis and related factors among adults residing in
           Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A cross sectional study

    • Authors: Salwa Abdulrahman AlSadhan
      Pages: 118 - 123
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 June 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Salwa Abdulrahman AlSadhan
      Objectives This cross-sectional observational study was conducted to determine the prevalence of self-perceived halitosis among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and to assess the relation of halitosis with some socio-demographic factors, oral habits and health practices. Materials and methods A questionnaire was distributed to randomly selected subjects including senior high school students, college students and employees working in governmental offices. High schools and governmental offices were selected using systematic random sampling from each of the main five regions of Riyadh. The college students were selected from the major universities in Riyadh. One hundred questionnaires were randomly distributed in each of the 15 locations for males and 15 for females (5 schools, 5 universities and 5 governmental offices for each gender) giving a total of 3000 questionnaires. Results The prevalence of self-perceived halitosis was 22.8% among the participants. The majority of the subjects with self-perceived halitosis experienced bad breath on waking up (83.5%). Nearly half of the sample with self-perceived halitosis was told by others that they had bad breath, 25.8% visited a doctor regarding that, 23.8% received treatment for their bad breath and 54.1% made trials to control their problem by using some aids. Self-perceived halitosis was found to be more prevalent among males compared to females (P <0.000), whereas, no statistically significant differences were found among the different age groups (P =0.317). A statistically significant relationship was found between self-perceived halitosis and times of mouth cleaning, use of tooth brush, use of tooth paste, tongue cleaning (P <0.000), and the use of dental floss (P =0.004). A statistically significant relationship was also found between self-perceived halitosis and shisha (P <0.000) and cigarette smoking (P =0.045). Conclusion The prevalence of self-perceived halitosis among the population in Riyadh is within the range reported in other countries. Self-perceived halitosis is related to gender, inadequate oral hygiene practices and cigarettes and shisha smoking however, it is not related to age.

      PubDate: 2016-08-05T02:31:00Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.06.001
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Association between salivary sialic acid and periodontal health status
           among smokers

    • Authors: Jwan Ibrahim Jawzali
      Pages: 124 - 135
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 July 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Jwan Ibrahim Jawzali
      Background Smoking is an environmental risk factor causing poor dental health. Sialic acid is a salivary marker of oxidative stress for research of periodontal diseases. Aims To identify diagnostic sialic acid fraction and its scavenger effect for periodontal diseases among smokers and periodental health status. Subject and method: This study carried out in the Khanzad specialized dental center – Erbil city. The study population is composed of 62 convenient samples. A structured interview questionnaire form was used to collect data about socio-demographic properties and smoking history. Clinical measurements were carried out to measure periodontal health status. Un-stimulated whole saliva samples were collected for measuring sialic acid fractions. Statistical package for social science (SPSS, version 18), was used for analysis and odds ratio. Results Risk of smoking increased significantly in young to mid ages, which included most of the current smokers, with periodontal diseases, and high total free sialic acid. Risk of periodontitis and teeth missing increased significantly by long duration of smoking, bad tooth brushing, and poor eating habits. Risk of teeth mobility and loss decreased significantly by early smoking cessation and low income. High levels of free sialic acid correlated significantly in current smokers with medium and deep pocket depth. Conclusion Salivary free sialic acid may be used as a diagnostic oxidative stress biomarker for periodontal diseases among young current smokers. Cumulative destructive effect of long duration of smoking on the periodontum can be controlled by smoking cessation, good oral hygiene and diet habit in early old ages.

      PubDate: 2016-08-05T02:31:00Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.05.002
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • The knowledge, attitude and practices of male sports participants to
           sports-related dental trauma in Khobar and Dammam, Saudi Arabia – A
           pilot survey

    • Authors: Ibrahim Al-Arfaj; Ahmad Al-Shammari; Turki Al-Subai; Ghanim Al-Absi; Mohammad AlJaffari; Ahmad Al-Kadi; Maha El Tantawi; Asim Al-Ansari
      Pages: 136 - 141
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 June 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Ibrahim Al-Arfaj, Ahmad Al-Shammari, Turki Al-Subai, Ghanim Al-Absi, Mohammad AlJaffari, Ahmad Al-Kadi, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari
      The risk of dental trauma may increase during sports participation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of sports participants concerning sports-related dental trauma and associated emergency/preventive practices. The study included 124 male subjects over 18years of age participating in contact and non-contact sports in three clubs in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was used to assess past experience of dental trauma related to sports in addition to the use of a mouth guard and knowledge of related emergency procedures. Outcomes were compared between individuals practicing direct and non-direct contact sports. One third of the participants had experienced dental trauma while playing sports, mostly crown fracture, mobility, and avulsion. Their knowledge of first aid and emergency procedures was inadequate. A significantly higher proportion of non-direct contact sport participants sought the help of a dentist for themselves or others (P =0.04 and 0.003, respectively). Only 33.9% used mouth guards, with higher odds of mouth guard use associated with participating in direct contact sports and believing a tooth can be lost during sports practice (odds ratio=5.59 and 5.37, respectively). Educational programs are needed to increase the awareness in sports participants of the risk of dental trauma during sports participation, to improve their knowledge of first aid procedures, and to increase the use of mouth guards.

      PubDate: 2016-08-05T02:31:00Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Children’s Ages and Reasons for Receiving their First Dental Visit
           in a Saudi Community

    • Authors: Ebtissam Z. Murshid
      Pages: 142 - 147
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 May 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Ebtissam Z. Murshid
      Objective Epidemiological studies conducted in different parts of the world have revealed the postponement of first dental visits and an increased prevalence of early childhood caries in general populations in developed and developing countries. This study aimed to assess the average age of and most common reasons for first dental visits in children attending governmental and private dental clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Subjects and methods Data were collected retrospectively from the dental records of children visiting dental clinics for the first time. Results Initial dental visitation occurred at 1–3 years in 32.2% of children, 3–5 years in 52.9% of children, at >5 years in 14% of children. Pain was the dominant reason (71.5%) for first dental visits. Dental check-up was the main reason for 27.3% of dental visits, and fluoride application was the main reason for 20.5% of visits. Emergency cases accounted for 44.7% of first dental visits during the study period. Most (68%) children were medically fit, and 67.2% behaved positively during their first dental procedures. Conclusions Parental compliance with the standard age for initial dental visitation recommended by the major dental academies is lacking. The most common age of first dental visitation was 3–5 years, and pain was the dominant reason for these visits.

      PubDate: 2016-06-16T18:10:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.12.003
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • A first experience with digital complete overdentures

    • Authors: Salwa Omar Bajunaid
      Pages: 148 - 153
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 July 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Salwa Omar Bajunaid
      The development of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing systems for dentistry in the 1980s resulted in the successful fabrication of crowns, fixed dental prostheses, and superstructures for both natural teeth and dental implants. Today, this technology is available for constructing digitally designed and milled, completely removable dental prostheses. The procedure uses clinical and laboratory protocols that allow fabrication of completely removable prostheses within two clinical appointments. The aim of this clinical report is to present the author’s first experience with digital complete overdentures, the practicality of this technology, and patient feedback. Compared with conventional overdentures, the fit of the digital prostheses was improved because the cameo and flanges of the prostheses were nicely shaped and rolled, and this enhanced their stability and retention. Occlusion was also excellent. However, aesthetics in terms of the alignment, shape, and size of the maxillary overdenture teeth were inacceptable. Despite some of the drawbacks identified in our study, the use of removable digital dentures does provide excellent adaptation of the denture base and requires fewer clinic visits. We anticipate that the unsatisfactory aesthetic outcomes presented in this report can be corrected with more experience. We also believe that acquiring an in-house scanning machine would be beneficial. We highly recommend including this technique in dental school curriculums at both the undergraduate and graduate levels in order to keep students and residents up to date on the latest technology available.

      PubDate: 2016-08-05T02:31:00Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.12.006
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Neurogenic Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions of the Oral and Maxillofacial
           Region: a Clinicopathological Study

    • Authors: Ohoud Alotaibi; Manal Al Sheddi
      Pages: 76 - 79
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 February 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Ohoud Alotaibi, Manal Al Sheddi
      Objective Oral and maxillofacial lesions of neural origin are rare soft tissue neoplasms. The aim of the present study is to review the epidemiological data of oral and maxillofacial neurogenic lesions submitted for diagnosis to our laboratory over a 31-year period (August 1984- March 2015). Materials and Methods The available formalin-fixed embedded specimens, Hematoxylin and Eosin slides, demographic and clinical data were retrieved. Results Thirty-one cases were included in this study, representing 0.6% of the 5161 biopsies submitted. Most of the diagnosed cases 11 (35.5%) were traumatic neuromas. The other cases included 2 (6.5%) solitary circumscribed neuromas, 2 (6.5%) melanotic neuroectodermal tumors of infancy, 2 (6.5%) Schwannomas, 5 (16.1%) granular cell tumors, and 9 (29%) neurofibromas. The patients’ ages ranged from 5 months to 78 years. Among these cases, 16 were males (51.61%) and 15 were females (48.38%). Conclusion This analysis showed that neural lesions affecting the oral and maxillofacial region were rare and mostly benign in nature. Such lesions should be carefully diagnosed because of their association with life-threatening syndromes and the possibility of malignant transformation.

      PubDate: 2016-02-11T20:58:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.12.001
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • A randomized control trial comparing the visual and verbal communication
           methods for reducing fear and anxiety during tooth extraction

    • Authors: Giath Gazal; Ahmed W. Tola; Wamiq M. Fareed; Ahmad A. Alnazzawi; Muhammad S. Zafar
      Pages: 80 - 85
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 May 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Giath Gazal, Ahmed W. Tola, Wamiq M. Fareed, Ahmad A. Alnazzawi, Muhammad S. Zafar
      Purpose To evaluate the value of using the visual information for reducing the level of dental fear and anxiety in patients undergoing teeth extraction under LA. Methods A total of 64 patients were indiscriminately allotted to solitary of the study groups following reading the information sheet and signing the formal consent. If patient was in the control group, only verbal information and routine warnings were provided. If patient was in the study group, tooth extraction video was showed. The level of dental fear and anxiety was detailed by the patients on customary 100mm visual analog scales (VAS), with “no dental fear and anxiety” (0mm) and “severe dental distress and unease” (100mm). Evaluation of dental apprehension and fretfulness was made pre-operatively, following visual/verbal information and post-extraction. Results There was a substantial variance among the mean dental fear and anxiety scores for both groups post-extraction (p-value<0.05). Patients in tooth extraction video group were more comfortable after dental extraction than verbal information and routine warning group. For tooth extraction video group there were major decreases in dental distress and anxiety scores between the pre-operative and either post video information scores or postoperative scores (p-values<0.05). Younger patients recorded higher dental fear and anxiety scores than older ones (P <0.05). Conclusion Dental fear and anxiety associated with dental extractions under local anesthesia can be reduced by showing a tooth extraction video to the patients preoperatively.

      PubDate: 2016-06-16T18:10:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.11.001
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • A 22year comparison survey of dental knowledge in Al-Jubail antenatal
           clinic population

    • Authors: Mansour K. Assery
      Pages: 86 - 90
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 April 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Mansour K. Assery
      Objective To analyze and compare dental knowledge between two generations of pregnant women attending the same antenatal clinic in Al-Jubail, Saudi Arabia. Methods A cross sectional self administered questionnaire was conducted among 252 pregnant women in three different antenatal clinics. Data were analyzed using SPSS (v. 21), p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Most surveyed women were knowledgeable about dental health issues, although a large percentage did not visit dental clinics regularly during pregnancy. Results showed a decline in dental knowledge, compared with data collected 22years ago. Pregnant women participating in the current survey had more dental problems and underwent more dental procedures than did those participating in the previous survey. Conclusions Results of this study show a decline in dental knowledge and oral health in pregnant women of the current generation, compared with those of the previous generation. Antenatal clinics should educate pregnant women more about the relationship between good oral and fetal health.

      PubDate: 2016-06-16T18:10:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Experimentation and correlates of electronic nicotine delivery system
           (electronic cigarettes) among university students – A cross sectional
           study

    • Authors: K.H. Awan
      Pages: 91 - 95
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 May 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): K.H. Awan
      Objective E-cigarettes are becoming popular among youth as safe nicotine delivery systems. Many have expressed concern, however, that e-cigarettes may serve as a gateway to future smoking, given their low perceived risk, or that their use may prevent regular smokers from quitting by maintaining their nicotine addiction. The aim of this study was to assess experimentation with and correlates of e-cigarette use among university students. Material and methods A cross-sectional study was carried out among 480 university students from four faculties at a university in Riyadh in August–October 2014. A modified version of the World Health Organization’s Global Adult Tobacco Survey was used, and multinomial logistic regression was carried out to assess correlations with e-cigarette variables in the whole study sample and among smokers. Results Almost all students, including the majority of ex-smokers (96.3%) and smokers (94.4%), reported having heard about e-cigarettes. In addition, about one-quarter of the sample (54.2% of smokers, 24.7% of ex-smokers, 6% of never smokers) had experimented with e-cigarettes at least once during their lifetime. Curiosity and peer influence were reported as the main reasons for the use of e-cigarettes. Factors found to be correlated significantly with e-cigarette use were male gender, being a traditional cigarette smoker, having friends who have tried e-cigarettes, and having a strong belief that e-cigarettes could aid smoking cessation. Conclusion E-cigarettes are popular among Saudi youth, especially among smokers and ex-smokers. Well-designed health education programs and regulatory interventions are required to address this issue.

      PubDate: 2016-06-16T18:10:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.12.002
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • The range of diagnoses for oral soft-tissue biopsies of geriatric patients
           in a Saudi Arabian teaching hospital

    • Authors: Ahmed Qannam; Ibrahim O. Bello
      Pages: 96 - 101
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Ahmed Qannam, Ibrahim O. Bello
      Introduction The increased life expectancy being observed worldwide necessitates careful planning for future geriatric oral health care needs, which should be based on epidemiologic surveys to identify these needs. We aimed to survey the range of lesions diagnosed in soft-tissue biopsies of patients over age 60 over a 30-year period in a Saudi Arabian teaching hospital. Methods The histopathology records of geriatric patients with complete demographic data who were diagnosed between 1984 and 2013 at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University, were reviewed. The lesions were then classified into eight broad categories. Associations between variables were evaluated using Pearson’s Chi square test. Results There were 231 soft-tissue biopsies obtained from geriatric patients whose complete records were available. The male to female ratio was 1.1:1, and the mean age was 66.7years. Most lesions (69%) occurred in patents aged 60–69years. Although reactive lesions were generally the most common, the most common lesions were squamous cell carcinoma and fibroma. Lesions were most commonly located on the buccal mucosa and the alveolar ridge/gingivae. Conclusions The range of lesions seen in Saudi geriatric patients were similar to those reported for other parts of the world, although the lesions were more similar to those reported from developing countries. The very high rate of oral cancer, however, is expected to take the majority of the resources allocated to geriatric oral health care, except if a strong, population-based prevention program is initiated immediately.

      PubDate: 2016-06-16T18:10:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • How effective the problem-based learning (PBL) in dental education. A
           critical review

    • Authors: Ali Alrahlah
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Ali Alrahlah
      The purpose of this critical review is to explore the research supporting the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) as a teaching method in dental education. PBL was developed more than 40years ago in reaction to the problems and limitations of traditional teaching approaches. Here, aspects of the PBL teaching approach are reviewed, and the reasons for the substantial effect of this approach on dental education are discussed. Evidence shows that students in PBL-based courses exhibit superior professional skills and effective learning compared with those instructed using traditional approaches.

      PubDate: 2016-10-31T08:10:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.003
       
  • Preserving esthetics, occlusion and occlusal vertical dimension in a
           patient with fixed prostheses seeking dental implant treatment

    • Authors: Abdulaziz Al Baker; Syed Rashid Habib; Mohammad D. Al Amri
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Abdulaziz Al Baker, Syed Rashid Habib, Mohammad D. Al Amri
      The preservation of esthetics and occlusal vertical dimension is critical in patients with existing full-arch tooth-retained fixed prostheses. This clinical report describes the provision of a maxillary complete immediate denture for use over implants in a patient with a maxillary full-arch fixed dental prosthesis over nonviable teeth. The existing fixed dental prosthesis was used in the fabrication of the maxillary complete immediate denture to preserve esthetics. The technique involved the recording and preservation of the occlusal vertical dimension and occlusion with the existing prosthesis. The technique is simple, quick, cost effective and less challenging clinically and technically.

      PubDate: 2016-10-31T08:10:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.05.003
       
  • Evaluation of root canal morphology of maxillary second premolars in a
           Saudi Arabian sub-population: An in vitro microcomputed tomography study

    • Authors: Mutasim Elnour; Abdul Khabeer; Emad AlShwaimi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Mutasim Elnour, Abdul Khabeer, Emad AlShwaimi
      Aim To investigate the root canal morphology of maxillary second premolars in a Saudi Arabian subpopulation using microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). Methodology Micro-CT analysis was performed on 100 maxillary second premolars. The anatomy of each tooth (number of roots, canals, orifices, and apical foramina, and the presence of apical deltas and accessory canals) was analyzed from reconstructed three-dimensional images. Results The most common morphology was a single root (67%), followed by two roots (30%), and three roots (3%). Regarding the canal morphology, most teeth (65%) contained two canals, followed by 30% with one canal, and 5% with three canals. One orifice was observed in 55% of teeth, and two orifices were detected in 45% of teeth. According to the Vertucci classification, the most common canal types were IV and V (both found in 23% of teeth), followed by type I (17%), type III (9%), type II (7%), and type VII (2%). Additional types that were inconsistent with the Vertucci classification were recorded in 19% of teeth. Conclusion The root canal morphology of maxillary second premolars in the Saudi Arabian subpopulation is complex and requires cautious evaluation prior to endodontic treatment.

      PubDate: 2016-10-31T08:10:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.001
       
  • Tooth Numbering System in Saudi Arabia: Survey

    • Authors: Sulieman Al-Johany
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Sulieman Al-Johany
      Objective There were four aims of the current study: 1) to find the most commonly used Tooth Numbering System (TNS) in Saudi Arabia in both academic and non-academic institutions 2) to identify the most commonly taught TNS in dental colleges, 3) to understand the reasons why dental practitioners prefer to use a specific TNS, and 5) the consequences of using more than one TNS. Materials and Method Between May 2014 and May 2015, a self-administered questionnaire containing 21 questions was randomly distributed to 121 individuals (20 deans of dental colleges and 101 heads of governmental dental centers). Results The most commonly used TNS is the Fédération Dentaire Internationale (FDI) TNS for both primary and permanent dentitions in both academic and non-academic institutions, followed by the Palmer TNS and then the Universal TNS. Conclusion The FDI TNS proved to be the most taught TNS in dental colleges in Saudi Arabia. It is advised that the FDI TNS be implemented as a unified system in Saudi Arabia due to the advantages of this particular TNS and the benefits of using one single TNS.

      PubDate: 2016-10-16T21:52:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.004
       
  • Evaluation of fluoride levels in bottled water and their contribution to
           health and teeth problems in the United Arab Emirates

    • Authors: Mohamed Yehia Z. Abouleish
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Mohamed Yehia Z. Abouleish
      Fluoride is needed for better health, yet if ingested at higher levels it may lead to health problems. Fluoride can be obtained from different sources, with drinking water being a major contributor. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), bottled water is the major source for drinking. The aim of this research is to measure fluoride levels in different bottled water brands sold in UAE, to determine whether fluoride contributes to better health or health problems. The results were compared to international and local standards. Fluoride was present in seven out of 23 brands. One brand exhibited high fluoride levels, which exceeded all standards, suggesting it may pose health problems. Other brands were either below or above standards, suggesting either contribution to better health or health problems, depending on ingested amount. A risk assessment suggested a potential for non-cancer effects from some brands. The results were compared to fluoride levels in bottled water sold in UAE and neighboring countries (e.g. Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, and Bahrain), over 24 years, to reflect on changes in fluoride levels in bottled water in this region. The research presents the need for creating, stricter regulations that require careful fluoride monitoring and new regulations that require listing fluoride level on the bottled water label, internationally and regionally. The research will have local and global health impact, as bottled water sold in UAE and neighboring countries, is produced locally and imported from international countries, e.g. Switzerland, the USA, France, Italy, New Zealand, and Fiji.

      PubDate: 2016-10-11T20:45:10Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.002
       
  • Perception of altered smile esthetics among Moroccan professionals and lay
           people

    • Authors: L. Ousehal; H. Aghoutan; S. Chemlali; I. Filali Anssari; N. Talic
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 June 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): L. Ousehal, H. Aghoutan, S. Chemlali, I. Filali Anssari, N. Talic
      Objective To evaluate and compare the impact of altered smile characteristics on the perception of smile esthetics between Moroccan dentists and lay people. Materials and methods Thirty-four digital smile photographs displaying alterations in crown length and width, lateral incisor gingival margin position, gingival exposition, midline diastema, and upper midline deviation were presented to a sample of 30 dentists and 30 lay people. The ratings were assessed with a visual analog scale. Results Compared to that of lay people, Moroccan dentists’ evaluation of the gingival smile was more critical when the decrease in central incisor crown length was 2.5mm (p <0.001) or greater and when the increase in gingival exposition was 4mm or greater (p <0.01). Moroccan dentists were also critical in their evaluation of maxillary lateral incisor crown width alterations (p <0.05) and incisal midline deviations (p <0.05). However, the professionals and lay people similarly evaluated irregularities in the incisor gingival margin position. Increases in the midline diastema were judged critically by both Moroccan dentists and lay people. Conclusions In this sample, Moroccan dentists evaluate smile esthetic alterations more critically than Moroccan lay people. This difference in perception of smile discrepancies must be taken into account during the finishing phases of orthodontic treatment and restoration of the anterior teeth in Moroccan patients.

      PubDate: 2016-08-05T02:31:00Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.12.004
       
  • Waterpipe smoking among health sciences university students: Knowledge,
           attitude and patterns of use

    • Authors: K.H. Awan; A. Alrshedan; M. Al Kahtani; S. Patil
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 June 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): K.H. Awan, A. Alrshedan, M. Al Kahtani, S. Patil
      Introduction Although waterpipe smoking is common in Gulf counties, its prevalence in Saudi Arabia is uncertain. The purposes of this study were (a) to assess the prevalence of waterpipe smoking among healthcare university students in Saudi Arabia and (b) to determine their attitudes and practices of waterpipe smoking. Materials and methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among university students of three different health sciences colleges, namely medical, dental, and pharmacy, of a public university, through random cluster sampling. The questionnaire was designed to ask specific questions related to smoking in general and to waterpipe smoking specifically. The study was approved by the institutional research & ethics committees. Results A total of 535 participants were included in the study. More than one-third of the participants that reported having ever smoked a waterpipe (n =198, 37%), and the majority of these were current smokers (62.1%, n =123); dental students were the most common (45.5%, n =90). Curiosity and pleasure-seeking were the main factors associated with starting waterpipe smoking. About one-sixth (14.9%, n =80) of the participants failed to identify a single harmful effect, while a vast majority of participants considered waterpipe smoking to be less unhealthy than cigarette smoking. Conclusion Waterpipe smoking is very popular among Saudi university students, and knowledge among university students about the dangers of waterpipe smoking is alarmingly low.

      PubDate: 2016-08-05T02:31:00Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.05.001
       
  • Measuring Dental Students Preference: a Comparison of Light Microscopy
           versus Virtual Microscopy as Teaching Tools in Oral Histology and
           Pathology

    • Authors: Ohoud Alotaibi; Dalal ALQahtani
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 June 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Ohoud Alotaibi, Dalal ALQahtani
      Objectives Light microscopy used to be the traditional modality of teaching histology and pathology disciplines. Recent advances and innovations in the information technology field have revolutionized the use of hard- and software in medical education. An example of such an innovation is the so-called virtual microscopy. Many schools have started to adopt virtual microscopy as a new method aimed at enhancing student learning. Nonetheless, few reports have described the experiences of introducing virtual microscopy in dental education. We conducted this study to evaluate student perceptions of virtual microscopy use. Materials and Methods A survey of 9 items with a five-point Likert scale was designed to assess student perceptions of different aspects of virtual microscopy use compared with light microscopy. Eighty-seven 2nd year dental students answered the survey for a response rate of 80%. Results The majority of the students (85.1%) reported positive feedback for the use of virtual slides as a method of learning. Students reported significantly higher scores in virtual microscopy compared with light microscopy (t test: t 86=9.832, P<0.0001); however, a few students reported some technical difficulties when using computers to view the virtual slides. Conclusions Although light microscopy is the classical tool of teaching histology and pathology, virtual microscopy is a highly preferred substitute. We believe that virtual microscopy is a valuable teaching tool that enhances student educational experiences.

      PubDate: 2016-06-18T18:30:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.11.002
       
  • Micro CT Evaluation of Bone regenerative capacity in rats claverial bone
           defect using platelet rich fibrin with and without beta tri calcium
           phosphate bone graft material

    • Authors: Walid Ahmed; Abdullah
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 May 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Walid Ahmed Abdullah
      Aim To compare bone regeneration in noncritical rat calvarial bone defects filled with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), alone or combined with beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), by using histological and micro-computed tomographic evaluation. Patients and methods Two calvarial bone defects were created in each of 45 male Sprague–Dawley rats (age: 20–22 weeks, weight: 350–450 g), by using a dental trephine with an external diameter of 3 mm. The 90 defects were randomly allocated among three groups, each containing 30 unilateral defects in a total of 30 rats. Defects in the control group were allowed to heal spontaneously. Defects in the PRF group received PRF alone. Defects in the PRF/β-TCP group received PRF mixed with β-TCP. Nine animals (three per group) were killed after 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 postoperative weeks, and 18 calvarial defects from each period were analyzed. Results were compared by one-way Analysis of Variance with the post hoc Least Significant Difference test. Results The volume and mineral density of bone formed in the control group were significantly different from those of the other two groups. Greater bone regeneration was observed in defects receiving PRF with β-TCP compared to defects receiving PRF alone in the first 2 weeks (P < 0.001). However, differences in the volume and density of newly formed bone between the PRF and PRF/β-TCP groups were not significant at 3, 4, and 6 postoperative weeks (P > 0.005). Conclusion The addition of β-TCP to PRF significantly improved bone regeneration in the first 2 weeks after surgery. Although the differences between results with and without the addition of β-TCP to PRF were statistically insignificant from weeks 3 through 6, it was nevertheless apparent that the group receiving the combination showed better results. We suggest a synergistic mechanism for this effect.

      PubDate: 2016-06-16T18:10:19Z
       
  • Association between Anterior Alveolar Dimensions and Vertical Facial
           Pattern among Saudi Adults

    • Authors: Adel Al-Hadlaq
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 February 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Adel M. Al-Hadlaq
      Objective To establish the anterior alveolar dimensions among a sample of Saudi subjects with different vertical facial heights. Materials and methods Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 63 Saudi subjects (30 males and 33 females) were included in this retrospective study. The sample was divided into high angle (SN-MP ⩾ 39°), low angle (SN-MP ⩽ 28°) and average angle (30° < SN-MP < 37°) groups. The anteroposterior and vertical dimensions of the alveolus surrounding the root apex of upper and lower incisors were calculated. Results The anterior alveolar dimensions exhibited significant differences (p<0.05) between the different vertical facial height groups. The males and females demonstrated significant differences (p<0.05) in the anterior alveolar dimensions for the same vertical jaw relationship. Conclusions Both gender and the vertical jaw relationship can be factors for different height and thickness of the anterior alveolus. Clinicians must be aware of differences in the anterior alveolar dimensions for safe and sound orthodontic tooth movement.

      PubDate: 2016-02-11T20:58:26Z
       
 
 
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