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DENTISTRY (247 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 247 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ação Odonto     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Odontologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Odontologica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualités Odonto-Stomatologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Angle Orthodontist     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avicenna Journal of Dental Research     Open Access  
Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Dental Research & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BDJ Open     Open Access  
Brazilian Dental Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Dental Science     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
British Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Bulletin du Groupement International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Caries Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
City Dental College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical Advances in Periodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Laboratorial Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Oral Implants Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Oral Investigations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Reviews in Oral Biology Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Oral Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Dental Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Dental Cadmos     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Dental Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Dental Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)     Open Access  
Dental Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dental Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dental Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dentistry 3000     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Dentistry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Der Freie Zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
der junge zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
Die Quintessenz     Full-text available via subscription  
Disease-a-Month     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Droit et Médecine Bucco-Dentaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ENDO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Endodontic Topics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Endodontie     Full-text available via subscription  
Endodontology     Open Access  
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Dentistry and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Esthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Oral Implantology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Oral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Evidence Based Summaries in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Evidence-Based Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Evidence-Based Endodontics     Open Access  
Faculty Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Future Dental Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Giornale Italiano di Endodonzia     Open Access  
Implant Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Implantologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
International Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Computerized Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Contemporary Dental and Medical Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Implant Dentistry     Open Access  
International Journal of Odontostomatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Oral Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Prosthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Stomatological Research     Open Access  
International Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Japanese Dental Science Review     Open Access  
JDR Clinical & Translational Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Academy of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Adhesive Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Oral Science     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Periodontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Craniomandibular Function     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Biomaterials     Open Access  
Journal of Dental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dentistry for Children     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Dentofacial Anomalies and Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Endodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Indian Academy of Dental Specialist Researchers     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Indian Orthodontic Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology     Open Access  
Journal of Interdisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Oral Health     Open Access  
Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Isfahan Dental School     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry     Open Access  
Journal of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Oral Biosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Oral Implantology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Oral Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral Research and Review     Open Access  
Journal of Orthodontic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pierre Fauchard Academy (India Section)     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Public Health Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Restorative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Dental Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Canadian Dental Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the International Clinical Dental Research Organization     Open Access  
Journal of the World Federation of Orthodontists     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Kieferorthopädie     Full-text available via subscription  
King Saud University Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
L'Orthodontie Française     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Médecine Buccale Chirurgie Buccale     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Medicina Oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal     Open Access  
Nigerian Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nowa Stomatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
OA Dentistry     Open Access  
Odonto     Open Access  
ODONTO Dental Journal     Open Access  
Odontoestomatología     Open Access  
Odontología     Open Access  
Odontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Odovtos - International Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine     Open Access  
Open Journal of Implant Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Operative Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Oral Biology and Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Oral Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Oral Science International     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover Saudi Dental Journal
  [SJR: 0.297]   [H-I: 6]   [3 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1013-9052 - ISSN (Online) 1658-3558
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3043 journals]
  • Management of extensive maxillofacial injury related to a Tyre Blast: A
           rare case report

    • Authors: Sanjay S. Rao; Sridhar D. Baliga; Abhinav Bhatnagar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Sanjay S. Rao, Sridhar D Baliga, Abhinav Bhatnagar
      Background Severe blast injuries of large tyres are similar to those resulting from explosions with neither thermal nor chemical effects. The literature related to the destructive nature of these blasts is very sparse. This case aims to report the clinical management of a patient involved in large tyre blasts who presented with a severe soft tissue injury, comminuted mandible and associated multiple facial fractures due to a tyre blast injury. Results Excellent results were obtained following reduction and fixation of fractures with primary suturing, as these types of injuries are prone to infection secondarily. Conclusion Due to the etiology and severity of injury, these injuries are challenging to operate and are more prone to infection following surgery. These require careful management skills.

      PubDate: 2017-09-24T00:48:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.08.002
       
  • The application of parameters for comprehensive smile esthetics by digital
           smile design programs: A Review of Literature

    • Authors: Doya Omar; Carolina Duarte
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Omar Doya, Duarte Carolina
      Cosmetic dentistry is increasingly becoming an issue of concern to patients who hope to improve their smile. A systematic and comprehensive dentofacial analysis must be performed before commencing esthetic treatment. Several computer software programs have been developed for digital smile design (DSD) to assist clinicians in this process. This article compares DSD programs commonly used in cosmetic dentistry and their ability to assess esthetic parameters. A literature review was performed of current dentofacial aesthetic parameters and clinical applications of computer technology to assess facial, dentogingival and dental esthetics. Eight DSD programs (Photoshop CS6, Keynote, Planmeca Romexis Smile Design, Cerec SW 4.2, Aesthetic Digital Smile Design, Smile Designer Pro, DSD App and VisagiSMile) were compared. Photoshop, Keynote and Aesthetic Digital Smile Design included the largest number of esthetic analysis parameters. Other studied DSD programs presented deficiencies in their ability to analyze facial esthetic parameters but included comprehensive dentogingival and dental esthetic functions. The DSD App, Planmeca Romexis Smile Design, and Cerec SW 4.2 were able to perform 3D analysis; furthermore, Cerec SW 4.2 and PRSD could be used jointly with CAD/CAM. The DSD App and Smile Designer Pro are available as mobile phone applications. It can be concluded that despite the fact that they were not specifically designed for dental diagnosis, Photoshop CS6 and Keynote provide a more comprehensive smile analysis than most specialized DSD programs. However, other program functions should also be considered when deciding which DSD program is applicable to individual clinical setups.

      PubDate: 2017-09-24T00:48:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.09.001
       
  • Accomplishments and challenges in tobacco control endeavors – report
           from the Gulf Cooperation Council countries

    • Authors: Kamran Habib Awan; Quratul Ann Hussain; Shahrukh Khan; Syed Wali Peeran; Magdy Khaled Hamam; Emad Al Hadlaq; Hamad Al Bagieh
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Kamran Habib Awan, Quratul Ann Hussain, Shahrukh Khan, Syed Wali Peeran, Magdy Khaled Hamam, Emad Al Hadlaq, Hamad Al Bagieh
      Objectives To review the tobacco governance and national responsibility for control, and existing countering measures to reduce the tobacco use among the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) member states. Methods We reviewed the data in regards to tobacco control efforts and difficulties encountered during implementation of the policies for all the GCC member states from the respective country profile in the WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic. Also, we utilized the measures outlined in the FCTC’s MPOWER package to not only assess the degree of national commitment, but also compare it against the level of significance that the legislatures give to this matter. Results We observed that there have been genuine advancements towards tobacco control in the GCC member states over the past few years. All the countries except Bahrain have national offices committed to tobacco control and 5 nations (excluding Oman) have dedicated support services for smoking cessation accessible to the general public. Similarly, majority of the member states have implemented a national-level ban on tobacco advertisement through national media cells as well as free dissemination of marketing material. Conclusion Application and implementation of measures outline in the MPOWER package, formulation and enforcement of sturdy laws on tobacco control, and development of infrastructure and trained workforce are fundamental to manage and reinforce tobacco control measures in the GCC region.

      PubDate: 2017-09-24T00:48:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.08.003
       
  • Management of dental trauma in a child with xeroderma pigmentosa

    • Authors: Nidhi Agarwal; Dipanshu Kumar; Aakansha Sharma; Ashish Anand
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Nidhi Agarwal, Dipanshu Kumar, Aakansha Sharma, Ashish Anand
      Xeroderma pigmentosa is a rare dermatological autosomal recessive disorder that manifests itself early in life as severe sunburn usually after a short exposure to sunlight. The prime characteristic features include photosensitivity, hyperpigmentation and ichthyosis in sun exposed areas, and an increase in the risk of basocellular and squamous cell carcinomas and melanomas of the skin and eyes. The case report highlights the preventive treatment options along with all necessary precautions that should be taken to protect the patient from any iatrogenic inadvertent exposures that may be deleterious to his present state. The purpose of the report is also to discuss the important role of dental professionals when dealing with debilitating medical conditions.

      PubDate: 2017-09-24T00:48:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.09.002
       
  • Oral manifestations of thrombocytopaenia

    • Authors: R.A.G. Khammissa; J. Fourie; A. Masilana; S. Lawrence; J. Lemmer; L. Feller
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Khammissa RAG, J. Fourie, A. Masilana, S. Lawrence, J. Lemmer, L. Feller
      The appearance in the mouth of haemorrhagic petechiae, ecchymoses or blood blisters with spontaneous bleeding is suggestive of a haemorrhagic disorder that may be caused either by functional impairment of platelets or of blood vessel walls, by an abnormal decrease in the number of circulating platelets (thrombocytopaenia), or by defects in the blood clotting mechanism. Thrombocytopaenia from decreased production or increased destruction of platelets may be caused by multiple factors including immune mediated mechanisms, drugs or infections. A diagnosis of thrombocytopaenic purpura can be made when any other disease entity that might be causing the purpura is excluded on the basis of the medical history, the physical examination, a complete blood count and a peripheral blood smear. In this paper, we outline the clinical features of oral thrombocytopaenic purpura and briefly discuss some aspects of its aetiopathogenesis and treatment.

      PubDate: 2017-09-24T00:48:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.08.004
       
  • Fracture Resistance of Different Primary Anterior Esthetic Crowns

    • Authors: Manar Zaki Al Shobber; Thamer A. Al Khadra
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Manar Zaki Al Shobber, Thamer A. Al Khadra
      Purpose Investigate and compare fracture resistance of four commercially available esthetic crowns. Methods Sixty-four anterior crowns were used: NuSmile Primary crowns (NuSmile, Houston, Tex. USA) (16); Preveneered Cheng Crowns, (Orthodontic Technologies Inc., Houston, TX) (16); NuSmile ZR (NuSmile, Houston, Tex. USA); and Cheng Crowns zirconia (Orthodontic Technologies Inc., Houston, TX). Crowns were mounted and cemented on a negative replica and placed under servo hydraulic mechanical universal testing machine. Force was applied at 90° with crosshead speed of 1 mm/min until they fractured. Maximum breaking loads were recorded. Data was then analyzed using software that measured the fracture resistance of the crowns.One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to find the differences between the groups and Scheffe post-hoctest was used for intergroup comparisons. The level of significance was set as p ≤ 0.05 Results Mean maximum loads were as follows: NuSmile ZR crowns (937.36 + 131.68 N), Cheng Zirconia Crowns (751.43 + 102.103N), NuSmile Primary crowns (482.37 + 76.92), and Preveneered Cheng Crowns (415.57 + 12.28). Zirconia crowns the had highest fracture resistance compared to preveneered crowns (p<0.05).No significant difference between NuSmile ZR Zirconia and Cheng Crowns zirconia nor between NuSmile primary Preveenered and Preveneered Cheng Crowns). Conclusion Zirconia crowns showed the highest fracture resistance with NuSmile zirconia crowns to being able to resist fracture even under intense pressure of load compared to Cheng Crowns zirconia.

      PubDate: 2017-08-15T15:23:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.006
       
  • In vitro performance of DIAGNOdent laser fluorescence device for dental
           calculus detection on human tooth root surfaces

    • Authors: Thomas E. Rams; Abdulaziz Y. Alwaqyan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Thomas E. Rams, Abdulaziz Y. Alwaqyan
      Objective This study assessed the reproducibility of a red diode laser device, and its capability to detect dental calculus in vitro on human tooth root surfaces. Material and methods On each of 50 extracted teeth, a calculus-positive and calculus-free root surface was evaluated by two independent examiners with a low-power indium gallium arsenide phosphide diode laser (DIAGNOdent) fitted with a periodontal probe-like sapphire tip and emitting visible red light at 655 nm wavelength. Laser autofluorescence intensity readings of examined root surfaces were scored on a 0-99 scale, with duplicate assessments performed using the laser probe tip directed both perpendicular and parallel to evaluated tooth root surfaces. Pearson correlation coefficients of untransformed measurements, and kappa analysis of data dichotomized with a > 40 autofluorescence intensity threshold, were calculated to assess intra- and inter-examiner reproducibility of the laser device. Mean autofluorescence intensity scores of calculus-positive and calculus-free root surfaces were evaluated with the Student’s t-test. Results Excellent intra- and inter-examiner reproducibility was found for DIAGNOdent laser autofluorescence intensity measurements, with Pearson correlation coefficients above 94%, and kappa values ranging between 0.96 and 1.0, for duplicate readings taken with both laser probe tip orientations. Significantly higher autofluorescence intensity values were measured when the laser probe tip was directed perpendicular, rather than parallel, to tooth root surfaces. However, calculus-positive roots, particularly with calculus in markedly-raised ledges, yielded significantly greater mean DIAGNOdent laser autofluorescence intensity scores than calculus-free surfaces, regardless of probe tip orientation. DIAGNOdent autofluorescence intensity values > 40 exhibited a stronger association with calculus (36.6 odds ratio) then measurements of ≥ 5 (20.1 odds ratio) when the laser probe tip was advanced parallel to root surfaces. Conclusions Excellent intra- and inter-examiner reproducibility of autofluorescence intensity measurements was obtained with the DIAGNOdent laser fluorescence device on human tooth roots. Calculus-positive root surfaces exhibited significantly greater DIAGNOdent laser autofluorescence than calculus-free tooth roots, even with the laser probe tip directed parallel to root surfaces. These findings provide further in vitro validation of the potential utility of a DIAGNOdent laser fluorescence device for identifying dental calculus on human tooth root surfaces.

      PubDate: 2017-08-15T15:23:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.08.001
       
  • Dental Students' Perceptions of an Online Learning

    • Authors: Moshabab A. Asiry
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Moshabab A. Asiry
      Objectives To identify the readiness of students for online learning, to investigate their preference and perception, and to measure the quality of online tutorials. Materials and Methods a 14-statement questionnaire was administered to fourth year undergraduate dental students in male campus at King Saud University who completed preclinical orthodontic course. The students responded to each statement by using Likert scale. Results The results reveal a high agreement of students (27.8% - 31.5% agree and 38.9% - 50% strongly agree) on a possession of necessary computer skills and access to internet. 59.2% and 64.8% of the students replied that online flash lectures and procedural videos were helpful to their learning, respectively. With respect to students' learning preferences, few students preferred online flash lectures (31.5%) and procedural videos (17.1%). Most students (38.9% agree and 31.5% strongly agree) preferred a combination of traditional teaching methods and online learning. Conclusion Overall, student attitudes were positive regarding online learning. The students viewed online learning helpful as a supplement to their learning rather than a replacement for traditional teaching methods.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.03.005
       
  • Mandibular Alveolar Bone Volume in Patients with Different Vertical Facial
           Dimensions

    • Authors: Thamer Alkhadra
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Thamer Alkhadra
      Objective To evaluate if there is any difference in alveolar bone surface area in patients with high vertical facial dimension (long face), average vertical facial dimension (average face), and low vertical facial dimension (square short face). Materials and Methods Forty-five patients who had cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) as part of their orthodontic records were chosen according to their facial vertical dimension. Each group consisted of fifteen patients. Mandibular alveolar bone volume was calculated using Dolphin 3D Imaging software as the total surface area of the symphysis at the level of lower right canine to lower left canine and total surface areas for each patient was considered as total bone volume. Comparison was performed between groups using t-test. Results Long face type patients showed higher bone volume (total surface area 3220 +/- 368 mm2), average face patients have average bone volume (total surface area 2059+/-620 mm2) while square short face patients have the lowest total bone volume (total surface area 1877 +/-112 mm2). There was a significant difference between long face and square short face groups (P<0.005) however, there was no significant difference between long face and average face groups. Conclusions Patients with long face type have higher mandibular alveolar bone volume compared to short facial type patients.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.002
       
  • Reliability of rubrics in the assessment of orthodontic oral presentation

    • Authors: Naif A. Bindayel
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Naif A. Bindayel
      Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of using rubrics in dental education, specifically for undergraduate students’ assessment in orthodontic oral presentation. Methods A rubric-based case presentation assessment form was introduced to three contributing instructors. In each instructor’s group, the course director, along with the assigned instructor, assessed 8 randomly selected fourth year male dental students utilizing the same assessment form (total of 24 students). The two final scorings made by the assigned instructor and the course director were then gathered for each student. The data of this prospective comparative study then was analyzed using paired t-test to look for any significant differences in the scoring of the course director and each instructor in each group. Results No significant statistical differences were detected in grading variables between the instructors and the course director. Furthermore, the data showed no significant correlations between the students’ final course grade, and their case presentation grades scored by instructors’/course director. Conclusion Despite the elaborate nature of the routine orthodontic case presentation, the use of rubrics was found to be a promising reliable assessment element.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.001
       
  • Oral health comprehension in parents of Saudi cerebral palsy children

    • Authors: Amjad H. Wyne; Nouf S. Al-Hammad; Christian H. Splieth
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Amjad H. Wyne, Nouf S. Al-Hammad, Christian H. Splieth
      Objective To determine oral health comprehension among parents of cerebral palsy (CP) children. Methods A self-administered questionnaire was utilized to obtain the required information. The study was conducted in two main centers for disabled children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Results Parents of all 157CP children registered in the two centers completed the questionnaire. Mothers mostly (86.6%) completed the questionnaire. Majority (98.7%) of the parents knew the importance of dental health for general health. More than two-third (70%) of the parents thought that teeth should be brushed thrice daily or after each meal. About three in every ten (29.9%) parents were not aware of the beneficial effect of fluoride in preventing dental caries; and very few (9.6%) were aware of water asa source of fluoride. Almost all (98.7%) the parents knew that sugary foods caused dental caries. Three-fourth (75.8%) of the parents were not aware of the possible harmful effects of bottled juices on teeth. There were no significant (p >0.05) associations between the parental age/gender with any of the dependent variables. Conclusion Parents of CP children generally showed satisfactory oral health comprehension. However, they need further oral health education in several areas.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.004
       
  • Influence of platelet rich fibrin on post-extraction socket healing: A
           clinical and radiographic study

    • Authors: Ahmed Abdullah Alzahrani; Afraa Murriky; Sami Shafik
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Ahmed Abdullah Alzahrani, Afraa Murriky, Sami Shafik
      Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically, extraction socket healing using autologous platelet rich fibrin (PRF). Materials and methods Twenty-four subjects needing single tooth simple extractions were selected. Twenty-four extraction sockets were divided into test group (PRF, n=12) and control group (blood clot, n=12). PRF was prepared with blood drawn from individuals after extraction using standard technique. PRF was placed in test group sockets followed by pressure application and figure 8 sutures. Sockets in control group were allowed to heal in the presence of blood clot and received a figure 8 suture. Ridge width was assessed using cast analysis with the help of acrylic stent and a pair of calipers. Radiographic analysis of socket surface area was performed using computer graphic software program. The clinical follow up assessments were performed at 1, 4 and 8weeks. Collected data was assessed using ANOVA and multiple comparisons test. Results Subjects were aged between 25 and 50 (mean 37.8) years, including 15 females. The mean horizontal ridge width for sockets in the test group were 11.70±2.37mm, 11.33±2.30mm and 10.97±2.33mm at 1, 4 and 8weeks respectively. Ridge width proportions were significantly higher among test group as compared to control group between baseline to 4 and 8weeks respectively. The mean radiographic bone fill (RBF) percentage in the test group, was 74.05±1.66%, 81.54±3.33% and 88.81±1.53% at 1, 4 and 8weeks respectively. The mean RBF was significantly higher in the test group than control group at all time intervals. Conclusion The study outcomes demonstrate that the use of PRF accelerate socket wound healing after tooth extraction as noticed by increased bone fill and reduced alveolar bone width resorption using clinical and radiographic methods.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.003
       
  • Mothers’ teething beliefs and treatment practices in Mansoura, Egypt

    • Authors: Abdel-Hady El-Gilany; Fawzia El Sayed Abusaad
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Fawzia El Sayed Abusaad
      Objectives To reveal mothers’ beliefs about signs and symptoms associated with teething and their treatment practices. Population and methods A cross-sectional study done in Mansoura District on 457 mothers and their children with one or more erupted teeth. Mothers were interviewed during vaccination session at 25 chosen health facilities. Mothers were asked whether they agree or disagree about 24 signs and symptoms claimed to be associated with teething. Results Only 1.8% reported no symptoms at the time of teething. Majority had correct knowledge related to bite fingers/objects (70.5%) and drooling (60.0%). Inaccurate knowledge was reported as gum rubbing (42.0%), gum swelling (47.0%), diarrhea (51.0%), fever (83.2%) and weight loss (46.0%). Only 16.8% of mothers have good knowledge about teething problems. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the independent predictors of good knowledge are higher education (AOR=3.7), urban residence (AOR=2.5) and having a first-born child (AOR=5.5). Only 13.4% of mothers did not give any treatment for teething problems. Antipyretics and antibiotics were the most frequently given treatments (71.3%, and 24.3%; respectively). Conclusions The majorities of mothers had low knowledge about teething problems and gave unnecessary treatments.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.05.003
       
  • Complexity of comprehensive care treatments in undergraduate dental
           programs: The benefits of observing and assisting experienced faculty
           members

    • Authors: Moataz Elgezawi; Khalid Hassan; Adel Alagl; Ahmad M. Al-Thobity; Basel Al-Mutairi; Thamir Al-Houtan; Shazia Sadaf
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Moataz Elgezawi, Khalid Hassan, Adel Alagl, Ahmad M. Al-Thobity, Basel Al-Mutairi, Thamir Al-Houtan, Shazia Sadaf
      Objective To improve the confidence of the final year dental students in completing occlusal and oral rehabilitation of patients, with complexities beyond their scope, based on full analysis of the biomechanical and esthetic considerations of each case. Material & methods Two comprehensive patient situations presenting with special difficulties including extensive, reduced vertical dimension of occlusion, limited interocclusal space and maxillary alveolar bone for implant insertion necessitating bone augmentation and a sinus lift surgery was managed by two students at our institute. Procedures like surgical crown lengthening, sinus lifting, and bone augmentation were performed by senior faculty with the respective two students’ assisting as well as following up at the healing phase and reporting progress of healing and any possible complications to the supervisor. Students’ reported significant improvement in decision making skills; time management; interpersonal skills, management of cases in an evidence –based interdisciplinary approach as well as increase in their confidence in managing complex cases independently. Follow up with both cases showed optimum outcome and patients’ satisfaction. Results Students’ reported significant improvement in decision making skills; time management; interpersonal skills, management of cases in an evidence –based interdisciplinary approach as well as increase in their confidence in managing complex cases independently. Follow up with both cases showed optimum outcome and patients’ satisfaction. Conclusions Exposing students to manage complex oral rehabilitation including procedures like sinus lifting and bone augmentation, through an evidence-based interdisciplinary approach during the undergraduate comprehensive clinical dentistry course enhances their confidence and clinical acumen as an independent practitioner.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.005
       
  • Estimation of fluoride concentration in drinking water and common
           beverages in United Arab Emirates (UAE)

    • Authors: Tarun Walia; Salem Abu Fanas; Madiha Akbar; Jamal Eddin; Mohamad Adnan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Tarun Walia, Salem Abu Fanas, Madiha Akbar, Jamal Eddin, Mohamad Adnan
      Objective To assess fluoride concentration in drinking water which include tap water of 4 emirates - Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah and Ajman plus bottled water, commonly available soft drinks & juices in United Arab Emirates. Methods Five different samples of tap water collected from each of the four emirates of UAE: Ajman, Sharjah, Abu Dhabi and Dubai; twenty-two brands of bottled water and fifteen brands of popular cold beverages, purchased from different supermarkets in U.A.E were tested using ion selective electrode method and the fluoride concentration was determined. Results The mean fluoride content of tap water samples was 0.14mg F/L with a range of 0.04–0.3mg F/L; with Ajman tap water samples showing the highest mean fluoride content of 0.3mg F/L. The mean fluoride content for both bottled drinking water and beverages was 0.07mg F/L with a range of 0.02–0.50mg F/L and 0.04–0.1mg F/L respectively. Majority (68.2%) of the bottled water are produced locally within U.A.E while a few (31.8%) are imported. Conclusions The tap water, bottled water and beverages available in U.A.E show varying concentrations of fluoride, however none showed the optimal level necessary to prevent dental caries. Dental professionals in U.A.E should be aware of the fluoride concentrations before prescribing fluoride supplements to children.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T13:56:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.04.002
       
  • Orthodontic management of a dilacerated central incisor and partially
           impacted canine with unilateral extraction – A case report

    • Authors: A. Sumathi Felicita
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): A. Sumathi Felicita
      Aim To align a dilacerated maxillary central incisor and partially impacted canine with unilateral extraction in a young patient with skeletal deep bite. Materials and methods A 14year old male patient reported to the hospital with skeletal deep bite (basal plane angle-17°), severe horizontal pattern of growth (Go-Gn to Sn -22°), upright maxillary incisors (U1 to NA -26°) and retroclined lower incisors (L1 to NB -11°). The maxillary left central incisor was dilacerated, and the maxillary left canine was partially impacted. Unilateral extraction of the left maxillary premolar and left mandibular central incisor was done. A canine disimpaction spring was used to align the impacted canine. An anterior bite plane was given to open the bite. Results Superimposition of lateral cephalogram (T1, T2) revealed bite opening, normal overjet and overbite. There was backward rotation of the mandible and increase in lower anterior facial height. There was no evidence of root resorption or loss of vitality in the dilacerated tooth. Clinically the canine was well aligned in the arch. Conclusion Orthodontic management of a dilacerated incisor can be done without root resorption or loss of vitality. The partially impacted canine was well aligned in the arch. Unilateral extraction can produce good treatment results.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T13:56:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.04.001
       
  • Assessment of the influence of gender and skin color on the preference of
           tooth shade in Saudi population

    • Authors: Nawaf Labban; Hanan Al-Otaibi; Abdulaziz Alayed; Khaled Alshankiti; Mohammad A. Al-Enizy
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Nawaf Labban, Hanan Al-Otaibi, Abdulaziz Alayed, Khaled Alshankiti, Mohammad A. Al-Enizy
      Aim The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of gender and skin color on the preference of different teeth shades in general population. Materials and methods Two standardized frontal smile photographs of male and female subjects were manipulated using photoshop to represent 4 skin colors [(type II, III, IV, and V) (Fitzpatrick scale)]. The teeth shades under each skin color were digitally manipulated to represent one of 6 teeth shades (BL1, BL2, BL3, BL4, B1 and A1). A questionnaire assessed demographic characteristics (age, nationality, gender, education level, occupation, and income) along with the satisfaction of their smiles. Male and female set of pictures with combination of skin colors and teeth shades were presented and participants were asked to select the most esthetically pleasing teeth shade with regard to gender and skin color. Cross-tabulations and chi-squared tests were used to perform the statistical analyses (α =0.05). Results Three hundred and thirty-six (60.4% male; 39.6% female) individuals participated in the study. The difference in the preferred teeth shades was significant among the male and female photographs across all skin colors (p <0.05). Lighter teeth shades were preferred among female subjects compared to male subjects with the same skin color. In addition, lighter teeth shades were preferred among subjects with a lighter skin color and vice versa (p <0.05). Conclusion Gender and skin color influences the perception of teeth shades among general population. Therefore, lighter tooth shades (BL1, BL2) for lighter skin color and comparatively darker tooth shades (BL4, B1, A1) for darker skin individuals should be prescribed as these are perceived as natural among Saudi population.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T13:56:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.05.001
       
  • Role of community pharmacists in providing oral health advice in the
           Eastern province of Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Hamad Al-Saleh; Thamir Al-Houtan; Khalid Al-Odaill; Basel Al-Mutairi; Mohammed Al-Muaybid; Tameem Al-Falah; Muhammad Ashraf Nazir
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 June 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Hamad Al-Saleh, Thamir Al-Houtan, Khalid Al-Odaill, Basel Al-Mutairi, Mohammed Al-Muaybid, Tameem Al-Falah, Muhammad Ashraf Nazir
      Objective To determine the frequency of patients seeking oral health advice and willingness of community pharmacists to provide oral health information in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Methods A Cross-sectional study with sample size (n=332) of randomly selected community pharmacists across the province. The questionnaire comprised of 25 questions divided into 3 sections. Frequency distributions of different categorical variables were calculated and Pearson's chi-square tests performed to compare categoral variables. Statistical significance determined at p-value < 0.05%. SPSS version 22 was used for statistical analyses. Results Of the 332 pharmacists, 279 agreed to participate in the study, yielding a response rate of 84%. About 71% of pharmacists provided less than 30 oral health advices and 29% of them gave ≥30 oral health advices daily. Oral ulcer (64.2%), dental pain (59.5%) and bleeding gums (54.5%) were the three most common oral conditions encountered by the pharmacists. More pharmacists (90%) were approached for advice about tooth whitening products, tooth brush and mouth wash in large cities compared with 66.7% of pharmacists in small cities of the province. Lack of interaction with dental professionals was recognized the most important barrier to providing oral health services to the clients. Almost one third (35.8%) had formal oral health training in their undergraduate program and only 26.5% of them were always confident in providing oral health advices. Majority (93.5%) of respondents recognized their important role in providing oral health advices and 98.2% were enthusiastic to provide oral health information. Conclusions Community pharmacists are approached frequently for oral healthcare advices. Majority of them had no oral health training. Almost all of them were willing to provide oral health information in the community. It is essential to provide continuous oral health education to the pharmacists to better serve oral health needs of the community.

      PubDate: 2017-06-12T12:29:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.03.004
       
  • Quality of Communication between Dentists and Dental Laboratory
           Technicians for Fixed Prosthodontics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Huda Tulbah; Eman AlHamdan; Amal AlQahtani; Asma AlShahrani; Mona AlShaye
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 June 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Huda Tulbah, Eman AlHamdan, Amal AlQahtani, Asma AlShahrani, Mona AlShaye
      The fabrication of a clinically acceptable dental prosthesis requires proper communication between the dentist and the dental technician. Prosthodontic educators have been concerned with this interaction and communication. Fixed prosthodontics laboratories revealed that the technicians are often dissatisfied with the information provided in work authorizations. Objective: To evaluate the quality of communication between dentists and laboratory technicians via work authorizations for fixed prosthodontics in both governmental and private dental laboratories in Riyadh area from the technician’s perspective. Methods: A sample of 66 dental laboratories, including all government dental laboratories and a selected number of randomly chosen private dental laboratories from each district of Riyadh (40%), participated in the survey. A questionnaire was developed to include questions related to the following areas of work authorization: clarity and accuracy of instructions, patient information, type of prosthesis, choice of materials, design and shade of the prosthesis and type of porcelain glaze. The questionnaire was answered in a face-to-face interview by technicians who were qualified in fixed prosthetic work. Data were analyzed through parametric tests (T-test and one-way ANOVA) to identify significant values (P<0.05). Results: This survey showed a lack of communication between dentists and dental laboratories regarding the following: marginal design, pontic design, staining diagram, type of porcelain and glaze needed for the prosthesis. Significant differences were observed between the government and private dental laboratories. There was a greater lack of communication between the dentists and government laboratory technicians in Riyadh. There was no statistically significant difference between private labs of different areas in Riyadh city (P<0.05). Conclusion: The quality of communication between dentists and dental technicians in Riyadh can sometimes be inadequate, and governmental laboratories have a lower level of communication.

      PubDate: 2017-06-12T12:29:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.05.002
       
  • Oral Kaposi Sarcoma in HIV-Seronegative Saudi Patient: Literature Review
           and Case Report

    • Authors: Asmaa Faden; Manal AlShiddi; Mohamad AlKindi; Lama Alabdulaaly
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Asmaa Faden, Manal AlShiddi, Mohamad AlKindi, Lama Alabdulaaly
      Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) is an intermediate neoplasm affecting the endothelial cells of mucous membranes and skin. It arises most commonly among HIV-infected individuals. We present an intra-oral KS in an 80-year-old Saudi male patient, who is HIV-seronegative, non-immunosuppressed, and with no history of organ transplantation. The patient was treated with fractionated radiation therapy, and had no recurrence in the 48 months of follow-up. The clinical disease, histologic features, and treatment modality used, as well as the relative literature are presented in this paper.

      PubDate: 2017-05-08T05:35:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.03.003
       
  • Reliability of intra-oral camera using teledentistry in screening of oral
           diseases – Pilot study

    • Authors: Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati; Preetinanda Mishra; Mehrshad Damania; Siddharth Narayanan; Garima Sachdeva; Geetanshu Bhalla
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 April 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati, Preetinanda Mishra, Mehrshad Damania, Siddharth Narayanan, Garima Sachdeva, Geetanshu Bhalla
      Objective Reliability of intra-oral camera using teledentistry in screening of oral diseases. Methodology A trained and calibrated examiner used intra-oral camera to capture videos of oral cavity along with clinical examination to evaluate caries, plaque, calculus, tooth wear and fluorosis, stains in children. Results The mean DT and DMFT were significantly higher with use of intra-oral camera than with clinical examination (p =0.001 and 0.001) respectively. A positive strong significant correlation was seen between intra-oral camera and clinical examination with respect to DT, MT, FT and DMFT (r =0.721, p <0.001; r =0.908, p <0.001; r =0.869, p <0.001; r =0.876, p <0.001) respectively. Reliability of intra-oral camera when compared with clinical examination varied from substantial to almost perfect agreement various oral conditions. Disclosed immature plaque was not clear while mature plaque was clearly demonstrated. Conclusion/recommendations Intra-oral camera was shown to be a reliable tool to identify common oral diseases. Further studies involving applications like sealant retention, pre-malignant lesions, recurrent apthae, gingival recession and dental malocclusion and effectiveness in regular screening are needed.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T02:53:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.03.002
       
  • Sexual Dimorphism, Pattern of Third Molar and Mandibular Second Premolar
           Agenesis: A Cross Sectional Study in Indian paediatric orthodontic
           Patients

    • Authors: Apurva Mishra; Ramesh.K. Pandey
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Apurva Mishra, Ramesh.K. Pandey
      Objective To determine and compare the prevalence and pattern of agenesis of third molar and mandibular second premolar in paediatric orthodontic patients of age group 9 to 15 for sexual dimorphism. Methods The digital orthopantograph was obtained from the archive record of patients of age group 9 to 15 year. Radiographs of 301 patients were evaluated after taking exclusion criteria into account and were assessed for the presence/absence of third molars and mandibular second premolar. Tooth development evaluation followed the method of Demirjian et al., based on eight stages of tooth formation. The agenesis of third molar in maxilla and mandible between age groups & gender was compared by using Chi-square test. Results The rate of agenesis of third molars was observed 36.8% in the present study. Twenty four (24.3%) percentage of the study population showed agenesis of all the four third molars. The agenesis of third molars was found to be higher among males than females (p>0.05). Prevalence of agenesis of mandibular second premolar was 4.7 to 5%. Conclusions Agenesis of third molars was more commonly seen in the maxilla, having male predilection. Maxillary right third molar was the most commonly missing tooth irrespective of gender.

      PubDate: 2017-03-27T20:53:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.01.004
       
  • Odontogenic Myxoma: A Review with Report of an Uncommon Case with
           Recurrence in the Mandible of a Teenage Male

    • Authors: C. Shivashankara; Madhumati Nidoni; Shrish Patil; K.T. Shashikala
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): C. Shivashankara, Madhumati Nidoni, Shrish Patil, K.T. Shashikala
      We describe a 13-year-old boy with recurrence of an odontogenic myxoma of the mandible. We review extant literature on the lesion, emphasizing the similarities and differences among lesions in the differential diagnosis. Odontogenic myxoma is an uncommon benign tumor that mainly affects the mandible, with a peak incidence in the second to fourth decades of life and predilection for the female sex. Clinical, radiological, and histopathological features should be considered when making a diagnosis. Several of these characteristics overlap with those of other benign and some malignant tumors. Odontogenic myxoma is known for recurrence. The treatment plan should consider the age and sex of the patient and the site and size of the lesion. Reconstructive surgery may be required, but should be delayed until after an adequate follow-up to rule out recurrence.

      PubDate: 2017-03-16T19:18:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.02.003
       
  • From dental science to clinical practice: Knowledge Translation and
           Evidence-based Dentistry principles

    • Authors: Kelvin I. Afrashtehfar; Mansour K. Assery
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Kelvin I. Afrashtehfar, Mansour K. Assery
      It has been claimed that in order to decrease the gap between what we know and what we do, research findings must be translated from knowledge to action. Such practices better enable dentists to make evidence-based decisions instead of personal ideas and judgments. To this end, this literature review aims to revisit the concepts of knowledge translation and evidence-based dentistry (EBD) and depict their role and influence within dental education. It addresses some possible strategies to facilitate KT, encourage dental students to use EBD principles, and to encourage dental educators to create an environment in which students become self-directed learners. It concludes with a call to developed up-to-date and efficient online platforms that could grant dentists better access to EBD sources in order to more efficiently translate research evidence into the clinic.

      PubDate: 2017-03-16T19:18:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.02.002
       
  • Factors affecting Polymerization of Resin-based Composites: A Literature
           Review

    • Authors: Maan M. AlShaafi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Maan M. AlShaafi


      PubDate: 2017-03-09T16:33:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.01.002
       
  • The need for virtual reality simulators in dental education: A review

    • Authors: Elby Roy; Mahmoud M Bakr; Roy George
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Elby Roy, Mahmoud M. Bakr, Roy George
      Virtual reality simulators are becoming an essential part of modern education. The benefits of Virtual reality in dentistry is constantly being assessed as a method or an adjunct to improve fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination in pre-clinical settings and overcome the monetary and intellectual challenges involved with such training. This article, while providing an overview of the virtual reality dental simulators, also looks at the link between virtual reality simulation and current pedagogical knowledge.

      PubDate: 2017-03-09T16:33:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.02.001
       
  • Determination of the position of mental foramen and frequency of anterior
           loop in Saudi population. A retrospective CBCT study

    • Authors: H. Al-Mahalawy; H. Al-Aithan; B. Al-Kari; B. Al-Jandan; S. Shujaat
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 January 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): H. Al-Mahalawy, H. Al-Aithan, B. Al-Kari, B. Al-Jandan, S. Shujaat
      Objectives To determine the position of mental foramen (MF) and frequency of anterior loop (AL) using dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and methods The study involved the evaluation of 302 CBCT scans (196 males, 106 females). The position of MF was determined with respect to adjacent teeth, nearest root apex of adjacent teeth and mandibular borders. MF position was also assessed based on gender and age. In addition, prevalence of anterior loop was evaluated by categorizing the inferior alveolar canal (IAC) patterns into linear, perpendicular and anterior looping. Results The study revealed that the most common position of MF was below the apex of 2nd premolar accounting for a total of 52.8% of scans whereas, only 29.6% observed MF between 1st and 2nd premolar (p >0.05). 38.7% of MF were located at a distance of 1–3mm from the nearest root apex (2nd premolar), followed by a distance of less than 1mm in 17.05 of cases. 63.2% of foramen on left side of the mandible were observed below the apex of 2nd premolar in females (p =0.023). Statistically significant findings were observed with regards to position of MF in different age groups (p >0.05). The most common IAC pattern observed was linear in nature which accounted for 46.2% of cases followed by perpendicular pattern (38.6%). AL was found only in 15.2% of cases. Conclusions Our sample population most commonly exhibited MF below the apex of 2nd premolar with linear IAC pattern. AL was regarded as the least common pattern in Saudi population.

      PubDate: 2017-01-29T04:59:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.01.001
       
  • Patients with burning mouth sensations. A clinical investigation of
           causative factors in a group of “Compete Denture Wearers” Jordanian
           population

    • Authors: Gadeer Elea Mukatash Nimri; Marwan A. Al-Nimri; Omar G. Al-Jadeed; Zaid R. Al-Zobe; Khuzama K. Aburumman; Nader A. Masarwa
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Gadeer Elea Mukatash Nimri, Marwan A. Al-Nimri, Nader A. Masarwa, Zaid R. Al-Zobe, Khuzama K. Aburumman
      Aim to find out the prevalence of “true” burning mouth syndrome and study the association between patients' spontaneous complaints of burning mouth and systemic conditions in a group of middle age and elderly “denture wearers” patients in Jordan. Methods a group of 129 patients (112 female and 17 male) of “complete denture wearers” subjects aged 40 years and over attended prosthetic clinic at King Hussein Medical Hospital complaining from oral burning, with no oral lesion possibly responsible for the burning sensations were selected. Assessment of oral and general status was done based on questioners, detailed history taking, medical records and extra and intraoral examination. The existed complete dentures retention, stability, jaw relationship and the free way space were evaluated. The current blood test and instrumental protocol for examination of patients with burning mouth complains were performed for each patient. Then those studied patients with burning mouth sensations including “true” burning mouth syndrome have been compared to the controls with regard to the presence of local problem, undermined local, systemic or psychological disease. Results The diagnosis of “true” burning mouth syndrome was established in (2.3%) of the studied population two females and one male. In most patients (58%) more than one site was affected. Significant positive associations were found between local factors (i.e; wearing complete dentures with unsatisfactory retention or jaw relationship, dry mouth or candidasis) and patients suffering from burning mouth sensation. The results also show that some systemic or psychological disorders were significantly more present among patients with burning mouth symptoms when compared to the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion spontaneous symptoms of burning mouth without mucosal signs should be considered as a manifestation of undermind pathology and / or distress, and the multi-factorial causes of burning mouth syndrome and sensation need to be referred to the suitable specialist for better treatment results.

      PubDate: 2017-01-21T01:58:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.10.002
       
  • Dental specialty, career preferences and their influencing factors among
           final year dental students in Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Hassan Suliman Halawany; Abdullah Salman Binassfour; Waleed Khalid AlHassan; Rami Ayed Alhejaily; Nassr Al Maflehi; Vimal Jacob; Nimmi Biju Abraham
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 January 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Hassan Suliman Halawany, Abdullah Salman Binassfour, Waleed Khalid AlHassan, Rami Ayed Alhejaily, Nassr Al Maflehi, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham
      Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate evolving trends in dental post graduate specialty preferences and career aspirations among final year dental students in Saudi Arabia. Materials and methods A cross sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among final year dental students from seventeen universities in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire enquired about socio-demographic details and the ranking of three of their best preferences among the list of specialties/ general dentistry and career options. They were also enquired about their opinion regarding the total time required to become a dentist and their intention to go for further studies abroad. The questionnaire assessed factors influencing their choices using a 5 point Likert scale ranging from extremely important to not important. Binary logistic regression to examine the combined effect of several independent variables on the likelihood of choosing a dental specialization/ general dentistry and career option were analyzed. Results The overall response rate was 64.6%. Restorative and Aesthetic Dentistry was the most preferred specialty (n=98; 17.7%) followed by Endodontics (n=78; 14.1%); Prosthodontics (n=65; 11.7%) and Orthodontics (n=63; 11.4%). The two most preferred careers were ‘Civilian dentist in public sector’ followed by ‘Academic services dentist’. Overall, students reported that the influence of family members in the dental profession, preference for private practice and specific interest in patient population as the most important factors in choosing a specialty/ general dentistry. Intellectual content of the specialty was ranked the least important. On the other hand, the most important factors for choosing a career were variety of non-clinical duties, access to child care facilities and research opportunities. Conclusion The results of this study show the top preferred specialties and career choices which can be a baseline for establishing national policies and for the improvement of graduate programs. There seems to be a need to promote mentoring activities and provide guidance and encouragement to pre-doctoral dental students in selecting the most appropriate specialty within their capability domain.

      PubDate: 2017-01-13T01:21:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.12.001
       
  • Role of ethical beliefs and attitudes of dental students in providing care
           for HIV/AIDS patients

    • Authors: Saad Ahmed Khan; Min Li Liew; Hanan Omar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Saad Ahmed Khan, Min Li Liew, Hanan Omar
      Introduction Dental care has remained as an unmet need for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). Dental students are considered as future healthcare workforce and having beliefs which are discriminating may have negative attitudes towards providing care to these individuals (Azodo et al., 2010). The study aimed to assess the ethical beliefs and attitudes of dental students towards PLWHAs for providing care. Methods It is a descriptive correlational and cross sectional study. Nine public and private dental schools in Malaysia participated in the study. Data was collected using a validated self-administered questionnaire. Results A total of 481 dental students participated in this study, yielding response rate of 78%. Majority of the participants (74%) believed that patients’ HIV status should be disclosed to patients’ sexual partner without permission. Approximately 60% of the participants reported that rooms/beds of HIV patients should be clearly marked. Regarding patient disease status 28% of the students reported that it is appropriate to test a patient for HIV/AIDS without patient’s permission. Only Fifty five percent of the students expressed the willingness to treat HIV patients and 49% reported to held fear of getting infected while treating patients with HIV/AIDS. Sixty four percent of the participants reported to be more comfortable giving care to non-HIV patients than HIV-positive patients. Conclusion Dental students’ ethical beliefs about HIV/AIDS were not consistent with the ethical principles as stated in the code of ethics and they held negative attitudes towards PLWHAs. Ethical beliefs were found to be a determinant that may influence future attitudes of these students towards individuals with HIV/AIDS when providing care.

      PubDate: 2017-01-05T00:38:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.005
       
  • A rare case of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the mandible
           mimicking a malignant tumor

    • Authors: Mohammed Ghazi AlKindi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Mohammed Ghazi AlKindi
      Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) of the head and neck is a rare benign proliferative lesion of unknown etiology that mimics malignant lesions clinically and radiographically. I report the case of a 27-year-old woman who presented with a mass in her left mandible associated with restricted mouth opening that had developed over the preceding 7months. The mass was resected completely with 5mm margin under general anesthesia. The mass was extending to the floor of the mouth and impinging on the masseter and temporalis muscles. Given its characteristics of being localized and aggressive, complete surgical resection is the best treatment modality for IMT.

      PubDate: 2017-01-05T00:38:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.10.001
       
  • Effectiveness of Salvadora persica extracts against common oral pathogens

    • Authors: Hanan Balto; Ibrahim Al-Sanie; Sultan Al-Beshri; Abdullah Aldrees
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Hanan Balto, Ibrahim Al-Sanie, Sultan Al-Beshri, Abdullah Aldrees
      Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of ethanol and hexane extracts of Salvadora persica against common oral pathogens. Materials and methods Well diffusion, Minimum Inhibition Concentration (MIC), Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC), and Broth microdilution tests were used to determine the optimum antimicrobial concentrations of S. persica extracts against Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), Streptococcus sanguis (S. sanguis), and Streptococcus salivarius (S. salivarius) over 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24h. Chlorhexidine (CHX) 0.2% was used as a positive control. Results The findings showed that the microbial activity of both extracts was concentration-dependent. Ethanol extract of S. persica at 25, 50, and 100mg/ml had more growth inhibitory effect against all isolates compared to hexane extract. In addition, ethanol extract at 8mg/ml (MBC value) was able to eradicate the growth of all isolates. S. sanguis and S. salivarius were very sensitive to hexane extract and required 4mg/ml (MBC value) for their eradication while S. mutans was the most resistant (MBC=8mg/ml).The statistical findings of CFU counts showed no significant difference (p =1.000) in antibacterial effectiveness between the two extracts against all isolates. A significant decline overtime in CFU counts was noted, except at 12h and 24h where no significant difference (p =0.793) was observed and was comparable to CHX. Conclusion Ethanol and hexane extracts of S. persica were found to exhibit maximum antimicrobial activity against S. mutans, S. sanguis and S. salivarius at high concentrations.

      PubDate: 2017-01-05T00:38:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.11.001
       
 
 
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