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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 6712 journals)
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DENTISTRY (216 journals)                  1 2 3     

Ação Odonto     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica     Open Access  
Acta Odontológica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Acta Odontologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Actualités Odonto-Stomatologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Angle Orthodontist     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australian Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access  
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avicenna Journal of Dental Research     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Dental Research & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Open Access  
Brazilian Dental Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Dental Science     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
British Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin du Groupement International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene     Full-text available via subscription  
Caries Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
City Dental College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clínica e Pesquisa em Odontologia - UNITAU     Open Access  
Clinical Advances in Periodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Clinical and Experimental Dental Research     Open Access  
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Oral Implants Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Oral Investigations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Critical Reviews in Oral Biology Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Oral Health Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Dental Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dental Cadmos     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Dental Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dental Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics     Open Access  
Dental Protection Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dental Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Dental Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Dentistry     Open Access  
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Dentistry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Der Freie Zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
der junge zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
Die Quintessenz     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Disease-a-Month     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Droit et Médecine Bucco-Dentaire     Full-text available via subscription  
ENDO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Endodontic Topics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Endodontie     Full-text available via subscription  
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Dentistry and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Esthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of General Dentistry     Open Access  
European Journal of Oral Implantology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Oral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Prosthodontics     Open Access  
Evidence-Based Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Faculty Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Implant Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Implantologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Dentistry     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
International Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Computerized Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Dental Science and Research     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Odontostomatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Oral Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Prosthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Stomatological Research     Open Access  
International Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3     

Journal Cover   Saudi Dental Journal
  [SJR: 0.138]   [H-I: 4]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1013-9052
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [2812 journals]
  • Incidence of postoperative pain after use of calcium hydroxide mixed with
           normal saline or 0.2% chlorhexidene digluconate as intracanal medicament
           in the treatment of apical periodontitis

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 July 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Ifeoma Nkiruka Menakaya , Ilemobade Cyril Adegbulugbe , Olabisi Hajarat Oderinu , Olufemi Peter Shaba
      Objective To compare the incidence of postoperative pain after the use of calcium hydroxide powder mixed with normal saline or 0.2% chlorhexidene digluconate as intracanal medicament. Participants Fifty five subjects aged 17 to 60 years with teeth diagnosed to have apical periodontitis. Intervention Two-visit conventional root canal treatment of the seventy teeth. The teeth were divided by randomization (balloting) into two groups: control group and experimental group, each with thirty five teeth treated with calcium hydroxide mixed with normal saline or with 0.2% chlorhexidene digluconate as intracanal medicament respectively. Incidence of postoperative pain was assessed using the universal pain assessment tool and whether or not analgesic was taken. Main outcome measured Incidence of post-operative pain. Result Postoperative pain occurred only at 1-day and 1-week reviews. In the control group, the overall incidence of pain was the same at both review periods (5.7%), while the experimental group showed a slight decrease in incidence between 1-day (17.2%) and 1-week (11.4%) reviews. Incidence of flare-ups was more in the experimental group (11.4%) than in the control group (5.7%). No significant statistical differences between the two groups P>0.05. Conclusion The incidence of postoperative pain was lower in the normal saline treatment group, but the difference was not statistically significant.


      PubDate: 2015-07-13T19:15:45Z
       
  • Editorial Board

    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 27, Issue 3




      PubDate: 2015-07-05T15:34:37Z
       
  • Comparative evaluation of the calcium release from mineral trioxide
           aggregate and its mixture with glass ionomer cement in different
           proportions and time intervals – An in vitro study

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 July 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Surbhi Sawhney , A.R. Vivekananda Pai
      Background Addition of glass ionomer cement (GIC) has been suggested to improve the setting time and handling characteristics of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). This study evaluated the effect of adding GIC to MTA in terms of calcium release, an issue that has not been previously studied. Materials and methods The study comprised four groups with five samples each: a control group of MTA alone and experimental groups I (1MTA:1GIC), II (2MTA:1GIC), and III (1MTA:2GIC) based on the mixture of MTA and GIC powders in the respective proportions by volume. Calcium release from the samples was measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry at 15min, 6h, 24h, and 1week after setting. The level of statistical significance was set at p <0.05. Results Groups I (1MTA:1GIC) and III (1MTA:2GIC) released significantly less calcium than the control group at all time periods, except at 15min for group I. Group II (2MTA:1GIC) showed no significant difference in calcium release compared to the control at any time period. Group II exhibited greater calcium release than group I or III at all time periods, with significant differences between groups I and II at 1week and between groups I and III at 24h and 1week. There were no statistical differences in calcium release between groups I and III. Conclusions Adding GIC to improve the setting time and handling properties of the MTA powder can be detrimental to the calcium-releasing ability of the resultant mixture, depending on the proportion of GIC added. Adding MTA and GIC at a proportion of 2:1 by volume did not impact calcium release from the mixture. These findings should be verified through further clinical studies.


      PubDate: 2015-07-05T15:34:37Z
       
  • Adaptation and validation of the Moroccan Arabic version of the
           Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ)

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 June 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): F. Bourzgui , Z. Serhier , M. Sebbar , S. Diouny , M. Bennani Othmani , P.I. Ngom
      Objective The aims of this study were to translate and culturally adapt the PIDAQ native English version into Moroccan Arabic, and to assess the psychometric characteristics of the version thereby obtained. Materials and Methods The PIDAQ original English version was sequentially subjected to translation into Moroccan Arabic, back-translation into English, committee review, and pre-testing in 30 subjects seeking orthodontic treatment. Results The final Moroccan Arabic version further underwent an analysis of psychometric properties on a random sample of 99 adult subjects (84 females and 15 males, aged 20.97±1.10 years). The intraclass coefficient correlation of the scores of the responses obtained after administration of the questionnaire twice at a 1-month interval to a random sample of 30 subjects ranged from 0.63 for “Self-confidence” to 0.85 for “Social Impact”. Cronbach α coefficients ranging from 0.78 for “Aesthetic Concerns” to 0.87 for “Self-confidence” were obtained; the different subscales of the Moroccan Arabic version of the PIDAQ showed good correlation with the perception of aesthetics and orthodontic treatment need. Conclusion The results of the present study indicate that the Moroccan Arabic version of the PIDAQ obtained following thorough adaptation of the native form is both reliable and valid. It is able to capture self-perception of orthodontic aesthetic and treatment need and is consistent with normative need for orthodontic treatment.


      PubDate: 2015-06-26T04:21:29Z
       
  • Soft versus hard occlusal splint therapy in management of
           temporomandibular disorders (tmd)

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 June 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Sameh A Seifeldin , Khaled A. Elhayes
      Aim To compare between soft and hard occlusal splint therapy for the management of myofacial pain dysfunction (MPD) or internal derangement (ID) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with reciprocal clicking. Patients and methods This study included 50 patients (age range: 24–47 years) who had been diagnosed with MPD or ID of the TMJ in the form of reciprocal clicking. Patients were divided into two groups. They were treated for 4 months with either a vacuum-formed soft occlusal splint constructed from 2-mm-thick elastic rubber sheets (soft splint group) or a hard flat occlusal splint fabricated from transparent acrylic resin (hard splint group). Monthly follow-up visits were performed during the treatment period. Before treatment and 1, 2, 3, and 4 months after treatment, the dentist measured all parameters of TMJ function (pain visual analogue scores, tenderness of masticatory muscles, clicking and tenderness of the TMJ, and range of mouth opening). Results All parameters of TMJ function showed significant improvement in both groups during the follow-up period, with a statistically significant difference between the two groups at the 4-month follow-up visit. Conclusions Both forms of occlusal splints (soft and hard) improved TMJ symptoms in patients with MPD or ID of the TMJ. However, the soft occlusal splints exhibited superior results after 4 months of use.


      PubDate: 2015-06-26T04:21:29Z
       
  • Is Alveolar cleft reconstruction still controversial' (Review of
           literature)

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 June 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Sameh Ahemd Seifeldin
      Cleft lip and palate (CL/P) is a frequent congenital malformation that manifests in several varieties including unilateral or bilateral and complete or incomplete. Alveolar cleft reconstruction remains controversial with regard to timing, graft materials, surgical techniques, and methods of evaluation. Many studies have been conducted addressing these points to develop an acceptable universal protocol for managing CL/P. The primary goal of alveolar cleft reconstruction in CL/P patients is to provide a bony bridge at the cleft site that allows maxillary arch continuity, oronasal fistula repair, eruption of the permanent dentition into the newly formed bone, enhances nasal symmetry through providing alar base support, orthodontic movement and placement of osseointegrated implants when indicated. Other goals include improving speech, improvement of periodontal conditions, establishing better oral hygiene, and limiting growth disturbances. In order to rehabilitate oral function in CL/P patients alveolar bone grafting is necessary. Secondary bone grafting is the most widely accepted method for treating alveolar clefts. Autogenous bone graft is the primary source for reconstructing alveolar cleft defects and is currently the preferred grafting materials.


      PubDate: 2015-06-26T04:21:29Z
       
  • Editorial Board

    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 27, Issue 2




      PubDate: 2015-06-04T18:01:35Z
       
  • For dentists and doctors: The neglected concepts about the factors
           influencing the effects of drugs

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 May 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Abdelaziz Ghanemi



      PubDate: 2015-05-28T12:41:13Z
       
  • Combination of bone allograft, barrier membrane and doxycycline in the
           treatment of infrabony periodontal defects: a comparative trial

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 May 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Ashish Agarwal , N.D. Gupta
      Aim The purpose of the present study was to compare the regenerative potential of noncontained periodontal infrabony defects treated with decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) and barrier membrane with or without local doxycycline. Methods This study included 48 one- or two-wall infrabony defects from 24 patients (age: 30–65 years) seeking treatment for chronic periodontitis. Defects were randomly divided into two groups and were treated with a combination of DFDBA and barrier membrane, either alone (combined treatment group) or with local doxycycline (combined treatment+doxycycline group). At baseline (before surgery) and 3 and 6 months after surgery, the pocket probing depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), radiological bone fill (RBF), and alveolar height reduction (AHR) were recorded. Analysis of variance and the Newman–Keuls post hoc test were used for statistical analysis. A two-tailed p-value of less than 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results In the combined treatment group, the PPD reduction was 2.00 ± 0.38 mm (32%), CAL gain was 1.25 ± 0.31 mm (17.9%), and RBF was 0.75 ± 0.31 mm (20.7%) after 6 months. In the combined treatment+doxycycline group, these values were 2.75 ± 0.37 mm (44%), 1.5 ± 0.27 mm (21.1%), and 1.13 ± 0.23 mm (28.1%), respectively. AHR values for the groups without and with doxycycline were 12.5% and 9.4%, respectively. Conclusion There was no significant difference in the regeneration of noncontained periodontal infrabony defects between groups treated with DFDBA and barrier membrane with or without doxycycline.


      PubDate: 2015-05-28T12:41:13Z
       
  • Dental age assessment of Western Saudi Children and Adolescent

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 May 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Amin M. Alshihri , Estie Kruger , Marc Tennant
      Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of the London Atlas of Human Tooth Development and Eruption for age estimation in Saudi Arabian children and adolescents (aged 2–20 years), for forensic odontology application. Materials and methods This cross-sectional survey analyzed of orthopantomograms (OPG’s) of the complete dentition (including root development) to estimate the deviation from chronological age. Each OPG was de-identified and analyzed individually and classified into age-groups by the lead author, using the methods of the Atlas of Tooth Development. Results OPGs from a total of 252 patients [110 (44%) males, 142 (56%) females] aged 2–20 years (24–240 months) were examined in this study. The average estimated and chronological ages of subjects differed significantly p < 0.001 (143 ± 55.4 vs.145 ± 57.9 months). Most (65.5%) estimates were within 12 months of subjects’ chronological ages; 19% overestimated and 15.5% underestimated age by >12 months. Conclusion This study, conducted in a sub-population of different origin than the UK sample used for the development of the London Atlas, identified variation in age estimates that may have significant impacts on results. The establishment of a composite international repository of atlas-based data for diverse ethnic sub-populations would be of great value to clinicians across the globe.


      PubDate: 2015-05-19T02:43:24Z
       
  • A needs assessment survey of dental public health graduate education in
           Saudi Arabia

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 May 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Dania Ebrahim Al Agili
      Objectives The Faculty of Dentistry at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) is planning to develop a master’s program in dental public health (DPH). To develop a curriculum for this program, a needs assessment was conducted in order to identify the level of DPH expertise that currently exists in Saudi Arabia, to identify gaps in knowledge, and to explore current perceptions regarding this type of program. Methods A competency-based survey instrument was administered to private and government affiliated dental practitioners in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Participants’ knowledge, attitudes, and competencies in DPH were assessed. In addition, questions were submitted that addressed preferred strategies of teaching, curriculum delivery methods, course content, and prerequisites for DPH. These data were combined with data previously collected from dentists holding academic positions at KAU (n =146) and were analyzed using Statistical Analysis System version 9.3 software. Mean values and frequencies were calculated for the study variables. Proportional odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were estimated to assess differences in educational preferences and DPH competencies according to age, gender, and qualification. Results Most of the participants (95%) reported a need for a DPH graduate program. The respondents had a basic knowledge of DPH and moderate experience in DPH competencies. A variety of preferred educational strategies and methods were identified and differences in educational preferences according to age, gender, and qualification of the respondents were identified. The responses obtained also acknowledged skills and competencies that the participants considered most important for a DPH practice and that would be important for students accepted into a DPH graduate program. Conclusions This needs assessment survey represents a preliminary step in establishing a DPH graduate program that addresses current gaps in knowledge and in the practice of public health dentistry. This survey also provided valuable feedback regarding the development of course content for a graduate education program in DPH.


      PubDate: 2015-05-11T01:29:51Z
       
  • Accelerated Osteogenic OrthodonticsTM for retreatment of a patient with
           diminished root length and absence of the maxillary central incisor

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 May 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): F. Armando Montesinos , T. Silvanna Linares , B. Marisol Pérez-Gasque
      An 18-year-old female patient visited a university orthodontics department with a chief complaint of an unaesthetic appearance of her teeth, including a protruded upper central incisor and unsatisfactory results from previous orthodontic treatment. Pretreatment records showed a Class II skeletal and dental relation with proclined upper and lower incisors, replacement of an absent upper left central incisor with the left upper cuspid, presence of the upper left deciduous cuspid, mild crowding, and 4 mm of overbite and overjet. The panoramic radiograph showed shortened roots of multiple teeth. Accelerated Osteogenic OrthodonticsTM (AOOTM) was recommended as an approach to reduce the treatment time and the risk of further root shortening. Despite being more expensive and requiring a surgical procedure, this treatment option was very attractive to the patient. The overall treatment time was 14 months. Facial balance was improved, and good occlusal relationships were achieved from the functional and aesthetic perspectives. In conclusion, surgically facilitated orthodontics (specifically, AOOTM) is an efficient and safe therapeutic tool for treating or retreating orthodontic patients with diminished root length.


      PubDate: 2015-05-06T00:25:16Z
       
  • Knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes of dental students towards obesity

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 May 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): K.H. Awan , S. Khan , Z. Abadeen , T. Khalid
      Aims Obesity is a chronic medical condition associated with various oral health problems. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes of dental students towards obesity. Material and methods Second-, third-, and fourth-year dental students completed a self-administered questionnaire. An ethics committee approved the study. Participants were asked questions focused on three areas: (i) knowledge, (ii) perceptions, and (iii) attitudes about obesity. Data analyses were carried out using SPSS version 20. Results Among the dental students, 78.9% received 0–1h of formal education about obesity. The mean score of the total time allocated for obesity-related education was 1.31±0.23h. Eighty-nine percent of the dental students agreed that obesity is a chronic medical condition, 46.2% agreed that they would modify their equipment and office furniture to accommodate obese patients, and 46.8% were interested in learning more about obesity in dental school. Conclusion Obesity-related education should be implemented as a formal component of dental student training. Oral health practitioners should also provide their patients with information about how weight loss is beneficial to both general and oral health.


      PubDate: 2015-05-06T00:25:16Z
       
  • The fit accuracy of metal partial removable dental prosthesis frameworks
           fabricated by traditional or light curing modeling material technique: an
           in-vitro study

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 April 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Mohammad Tarek M. Anan , Mohannad H. Al-Saadi
      Objective The aim of this study was to compare the fit accuracies of metal partial removable dental prosthesis (PRDP) frameworks fabricated by the traditional technique (TT) or the light-curing modeling material technique (LCMT). Materials and methods A metal model of a Kennedy class III modification 1 mandibular dental arch with two edentulous spaces of different spans, short and long, was used for the study. Thirty identical working casts were used to produce 15 PRDP frameworks each by TT and by LCMT. Every framework was transferred to a metal master cast to measure the gap between the metal base of the framework and the crest of the alveolar ridge of the cast. Gaps were measured at three points on each side by a USB digital intraoral camera at ×16.5 magnification. Images were transferred to a graphics editing program. A single examiner performed all measurements. The two-tailed t-test was performed at the 5% significance level. Results The mean gap value was significantly smaller in the LCMT group compared to the TT group. The mean value of the short edentulous span was significantly smaller than that of the long edentulous span in the LCMT group, whereas the opposite result was obtained in the TT group. Conclusions Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that the fit of the LCMT-fabricated frameworks was better than the fit of the TT-fabricated frameworks. The framework fit can differ according to the span of the edentate ridge and the fabrication technique for the metal framework.


      PubDate: 2015-04-27T09:37:13Z
       
  • Dental management of a patient fitted with Subcutaneous Implantable
           Cardioverter Defibrillator Device and concomitant Warfarin treatment

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 April 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Altaf Hussain Shah , Hesham Saleh Khalil , Mohammed Zaheer Kola
      Automated Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (AICD), simply known as an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD), has been used in patients for more than 30 years. An implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is a small battery-powered electrical impulse generator that is implanted in patients who are at risk of sudden cardiac death due to ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia or any such related event. Typically, patients with these types of occurrences are on anticoagulant therapy. The desired International Normalized Ratio (INR) for these patients is in the range of 2-3 to prevent any subsequent cardiac event. These patients possess a challenge to the dentist in many ways, especially during oral surgical procedures, and these challenges include risk of sudden death, control of post-operative bleeding and pain. This article presents the dental management of a 60 year-old person with an ICD and concomitant anticoagulant therapy. The patient was on multiple medications and was treated for a grossly neglected mouth with multiple carious root stumps. This case report outlines the important issues in managing patients fitted with ICD device and at risk of sudden cardiac death.


      PubDate: 2015-04-27T09:37:13Z
       
  • The efficacy of Salvadora persica extracts in preserving the viability of
           human foreskin fibroblasts

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 April 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Hanan Abdul Ghafour Balto , Hassan Suliman Halawany , Vimal Jacob , Nimmi Biju Abraham
      Objective To evaluate the efficacy of Salvadora persica hexane and ethanol extracts in preserving the viability of human foreskin fibroblasts. Materials and methods Normal human foreskin cells were cultivated in Dulbecco modified Minimum Essential Medium (D-MEM) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum and 2mM of l-glutamine. Cell pellets were suspended in the following test solutions: (1) Hank’s Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS); (2) homogenized milk; (3) hexane extract of S. persica; or (4) ethanol extract of S. persica. D-MEM with no serum was used as a positive control. For each condition, cell count was adjusted to 8×105 cells/ml, and the cells were incubated in the solutions for either 30, 60, or 120min. Subsequently, the nonviable cells were separated from the viable cells using the trypan blue dye stain. The ratio of viable to nonviable cells was recorded using a cell counter. Statistical analysis of the data was accomplished by one-way analysis of variance using SPSS Version 16. The level of significance was 5% (p <.05). Results We did not detect a significant difference when comparing the percentage of viable cells in test solutions at the three incubation periods (30min, p =0.478; 60min, p =0.606; 120min, p =0.091). Homogenized milk preserved the viability of foreskin fibroblasts better than all other tested solutions. Incubation of cells in S. persica hexane and ethanol extracts resulted in a similar percentage of viable cells to incubation of cells in HBSS for each incubation period. Conclusions S. persica hexane and ethanol extracts should be considered an alternative storage medium to HBSS.


      PubDate: 2015-04-27T09:37:13Z
       
  • Oral conditions in renal disorders and treatment considerations – A
           review for pediatric dentist

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 April 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Megha Gupta , Mridul Gupta , Abhishek
      This article reviews the current understanding of the oral and dental aspects of chronic renal disease (CRD). A PubMed literature search was performed and all relevant studies were assessed. As the number of people suffering from CRD increases worldwide, dentists are expected to encounter more patients with CRD who need oral care. In children, CRD can elicit a wide spectrum of oral manifestations in the hard and soft tissues. Bleeding, altered drug metabolism, impaired immune function, and an increased risk of dentally induced bacterial endocarditis are some important features that require attention. Dental management of patients with CRD requires that clinicians appreciate that multiple systems can be affected by the disease. Dentists should consult with nephrologists regarding the specific precautions required for each patient. Medical treatments in these patients may need to be postponed due to an unfavorable oral health status or potential risk of life-threatening infection after surgery. Improving oral hygiene and performing necessary dental and oral treatment before hemodialysis or transplantation may prevent endocarditis and septicemia in these patients. Hence, treatment plans should be formulated to restore the patient’s dentition and protect them from potentially severe infections of dental origin.


      PubDate: 2015-04-27T09:37:13Z
       
  • Changes in quality of life after orthognathic surgery in Saudi patients

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 April 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Walid A. Abdullah
      Aim This study was conducted to measure the impact of orthognathic surgery on quality of life in Saudi patients. Materials and methods Patients with a discrepancy of 5 mm or more who underwent orthognathic surgery either single jaw or bimaxillary at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, between September 2007 and June 2013 were included in the study. They were asked to complete the Arabic version of the 22-item Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ) preoperatively and postoperatively. Responses at these two timepoints were compared using paired t-tests, with the significance level set to P < 0.05. Results Seventeen patients participated in the study. Total OQLQ scores and those in the instrument’s four domains (oral function, facial aesthetics, awareness of dentofacial aesthetics, and social aspects) indicated that quality of life was significantly improved by orthognathic surgery (all P < 0.001). The social aspects domain was shown to be more important for patients than were facial aesthetics and oral function. Conclusion The present study revealed highly significant improvement in Saudi patients’ quality of life following orthognathic surgery. This improvement was evident in all four OQLQ domains.


      PubDate: 2015-04-27T09:37:13Z
       
  • The effect of orthodontic bands or tubes upon periodontal status during
           the initial phase of orthodontic treatment

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Saud A. Al-Anezi
      Introduction Orthodontic bands cause periodontal inflammation. In theory, the use of a buccal tube (bond) instead of a band should prevent or minimize periodontal changes because the bonds are positioned away from the gingival margins. Objective The primary aim of this study was to investigate the periodontal status of orthodontic bands compared with bonds in the first three months of orthodontic treatment. Materials and methods Twenty-four orthodontic patients (mean age=12.6years) were enrolled in this Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT). Using the cross-mouth technique, bands and bonds were used in opposite quadrants. Periodontal parameters including the presence or absence of Bleeding On Probing (BOP) and Probing Depths (PDs) were taken at the start and three months into treatment. Results Bands caused a statistically significant change in the Bleeding On Probing (BOP) (P =0.001 and 0.021) and bonds displayed a statistically insignificant change in the Bleeding On Probing (BOP) (P =0.125 and 1.00) for the upper and lower arch. The difference in Probing Depths (PDs) between bands and bonds was also statistically significant (P =0.001). Conclusion Molar bands are associated with greater periodontal inflammation compared with molar bonds in the first three months of fixed orthodontic treatment.


      PubDate: 2015-02-24T01:57:36Z
       
  • Academic advising and student support: help- seeking behaviors among Saudi
           dental undergraduate students

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 February 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Asim Al-Ansari , Maha El Tantawi , Maha AbdelSalam , Fahad Alharbi
      Objective The purpose of this study was to assess the use of and satisfaction with the academic-advising and student-support systems available to undergraduate students in the College of Dentistry at the University of Dammam. In addition, the study aimed to also identify factors that explained the help-seeking behavior students used to solve academic issues. Materials and Methods Students enrolled in the five-year Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) program in 2012-13 and any 2013-14 first-year students were invited to respond to a self-administered questionnaire. Results The results showed that 66.2% of students had discussed academic issues with their advisor at least once, with a frequency ranging from zero to six times. Most students reported that their advisors were readily available, listened intently to their needs and questions, and helped them solve their problems. However, only 7.6% of students relied primarily on advisors for help with academic issues, whereas 51% depended first on colleagues and 13.8% did not seek help and relied on themselves. In total, 17.2% of students were very or somewhat satisfied with the academic advising system. Males had lower odds of discussing issues with their advisors, but higher odds with advisors who were more available (OR = 0.25 and 3.74, respectively). Alerting students to important dates in the academic calendar significantly increased the odds that a student would depend primarily on academic advisors for advice related to academic issues (OR = 6.53). Conclusions Few students were satisfied with the academic support system. We need to providing training to academic advisors to help them develop their skills and knowledge and to enable them to provide the support needed by the students.


      PubDate: 2015-02-24T01:57:36Z
       
  • Prevalence and severity of tempromandibular disorders among university
           students in riyadh

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 February 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Syed Rashid Habib , Mohammad Qasim Al Rifaiy , Kamran Habib Awan , Abdulaziz Alsaif , Abdulaziz Alshalan , Yasser Altokais
      Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) among male university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The role of relevant medical and dental histories in the assessment of TMD in this Arab population was also addressed. Methods Required information was collected via questionnaire. The first part of the questionnaire was used to obtain the medical and dental histories of participants. The second part included 10 questions regarding common TMD symptoms. Fonseca’s anamnestic index (FAI) was used to classify TMD severity as “no dysfunction”, “light dysfunction”, “moderate dysfunction”, or “severe dysfunction”. Results Of the 600 distributed questionnaires, 400 questionnaires were completed (response rate: 66.6%). Mean age of eligible participants was ' years. Psychological stress was the most commonly reported item on the medical history (30.5%). The most commonly reported item for past dental treatments was direct restoration (77%). According to the FAI, 48.5% of participants were classified as having no dysfunction, followed by light (38.8%), moderate (11.8%), and severe dysfunction (1%). Conclusions Based on the FAI, mild to moderate prevalence of TMD appears to exist among male university students in Riyadh. Histories of psychological stress and dental treatment were evident among these students. Information obtained from the FAI may be helpful in assessing the prevalence of TMD and has important implications for the early diagnosis of TMD and the prevention of future TMD-related complications.


      PubDate: 2015-02-06T10:02:25Z
       
  • A Comparative Evaluation of Dermatoglyphics in Different Classes of
           Malocclusion

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 February 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Garima Jindal , Ramesh Kumar Pandey , Sameer Gupta , Meera Sandhu
      Aim To study associations of dermatoglyphic features with malocclusion in Indian children, thereby furthering future research and aiding treatment planning for the prevention of malocclusion. Material and methods A total of 237 children aged 12–16 years were selected. Finger and palm prints were collected, and fingertip pattern frequencies, total ridge counts (TRCs), and atd angles (formed by the triradii below the first and last digits and that in the hypothenar region of the palm) were calculated. Scores for asymmetry between the right and left hands were calculated for each of the three dermatoglyphic measures. Result Although no fingerprint pattern was found to be specific for a particular class of occlusion, increased tendencies toward high frequencies of whorls in subjects with class II malocclusion and plain arches in those with class III malocclusion were observed. Significant differences in atd angle and TRC were observed among malocclusion types (p = 0.0001). Asymmetry scores did not differ significantly. Conclusion Dermatoglyphic analysis can be used as an indicator of malocclusion at an early age, thereby aiding the development of treatments aiming to establish favorable occlusion. Inheritance and twin studies, as well as those conducted in different ethnic groups, are required to examine these relationships further.


      PubDate: 2015-02-06T10:02:25Z
       
  • Knowledge and attitude of tobacco use and cessation among dental
           professionals

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 January 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): KH Awan , MK Hammam , S. Warnakulasuriya
      Aim Smoking is the one of the most preventable causes of death worldwide. Dental professionals may play an important role in anti-smoking campaigns. The aim of this study was to evaluate current knowledge of and attitudes toward smoking and its cessation among dental professionals. Materials and Methods This questionnaire-based study was carried out among general dental practitioners (GDPs) and dental students in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire was used to collect data on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, and attitudes toward tobacco use and cessation. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 18.0; IBM) and the Mann–Whitney U-test, with a significance level of p < 0.001. Results A total of 342 participants (130 GDPs, 212 dental students) with the mean age of 24 (standard deviation, 5) years participated in the study. One-third (33.8%, n = 44) of GDPs and 30.2% (n = 64) of dental students were smokers; small percentages (GDPs, 13.6% [n = 6]; dental students, 10.9% [n = 7]) were heavy smokers. The majority of participants rated both smoking cessation and prevention together as a very important preventive measure. Families were rated as the most important factor responsible for smoking cessation, whereas general practitioners were rated as the most important factor for providing assistance with cessation. Conclusion More meaningful participation of dental professionals in tobacco cessation is needed, with implications for related curriculum changes.


      PubDate: 2015-01-30T07:53:38Z
       
  • Introducing CREATING, a plan for dental higher education in Saudi Arabia

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 January 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Nicola Cirillo



      PubDate: 2015-01-30T07:53:38Z
       
  • Perceived pain and discomfort during the initial stage of active fixed
           orthodontic treatment

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 January 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Hamid Rakhshan , Vahid Rakhshan
      Background and Objectives As the most common complication of orthodontic treatment, pain can negatively impact quality of life and cause patients to discontinue treatment. However, few studies have studied pain during orthodontic treatment, with controversial findings. This study assessed the intensity and duration of pain and discomfort caused by active orthodontic treatment. Methods This descriptive cross-sectional study examined 67 patients (22 men, 45 female; age range: 18–32 years) undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. Patients were interviewed after the active treatment stage to assess their perceived pain and discomfort at different sites during different activities by a visual analogue scale. Frequency and duration of pain in different areas were analyzed by the chi-squared and chi-squared goodness-of-fit tests (α = 0.05). Results Among the 67 patients, 65.7% experienced general dentogingival pain or discomfort, and 34.3% had localized dentogingival pain or discomfort (p = 0.010, chi-squared goodness-of-fit test). Masticating soft foods reduced discomfort (p = 0.000, chi-squared) in the tongue, cheeks, and in or around the teeth and gingivae. Pain and discomfort were mostly moderate while masticating sticky, fibrous, firm foods. Mild pains were mostly reported during tooth brushing and consuming soft foods (p < 0.05, chi-squared). Pain and discomfort tended to last for more than 4 weeks, except in the tongue, where pain and discomfort lasted less than 4 weeks (p < 0.05, chi-squared goodness-of-fit test). Conclusions Pain and discomfort occur for more than 4 weeks after beginning fixed orthodontic treatment. Changing diets to incorporate softer foods is recommended to alleviate pain.


      PubDate: 2015-01-30T07:53:38Z
       
  • Bond strength of self-adhesive resin cements to tooth structure

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 January 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Susan Hattar , Muhanad M. Hatamleh , Faleh Sawair , Mohammad Al-Rabab’ah
      Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the strength of the bond between newly introduced self-adhesive resin cements and tooth structures (i.e., enamel and dentin). Methods Three self-adhesive cements (SmartCem2, RelyX Unicem, seT SDI) were tested. Cylindrical-shaped cement specimens (diameter, 3 mm; height, 3 mm) were bonded to enamel and dentin. Test specimens were incubated at 37 °C for 24 hours. The shear bond strength (SBS) was tested in a Zwick Roll testing machine. Results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and t-test. Statistically significant differences were defined at the α = 0.05 level. Bond failures were categorized as adhesive, cohesive, or mixed. Results The SBS values ranged from 3.76 to 6.81 MPa for cements bonded to enamel and from 4.48 to 5.94 MPa for cements bonded to dentin (p > 0.05 between surfaces). There were no statistically significant differences between the SBS values to enamel versus dentin for any given cement type. All cements exhibited adhesive failure at the resin/tooth interface. Conclusions Regardless of their clinical simplicity, the self-adhesive resin cements examined in this study exhibit limited bond performance to tooth structures; therefore, these cements must be used with caution.


      PubDate: 2015-01-30T07:53:38Z
       
  • Clinical evaluation of implant survival based on size and site of
           placement: A retrospective study of immediate implants at single rooted
           teeth sites

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 January 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Sundar Ramalingam , Maryam Al-Hindi , Raniah Abdullah Al-Eid , Nasser Nooh
      Objectives This retrospective clinical study sought to evaluate the survival of immediate implants placed at maxillary and mandibular single-rooted tooth extraction sites and to determine the relationship among implant size, placement site, and implant survival. Methods Between January 2010 and June 2011, 85 patients (33 males, 52 females; mean age: 45 years) underwent immediate implant placement after extraction of single-rooted teeth. All implants were restored between 12 and 14 weeks after implant placement. The implant survival and its relationship with implant size and implantation site were evaluated by odds ratios (ORs). Results Implants were placed at the following sites: upper central incisor (UCI, n = 35), upper lateral incisor (ULI, n = 27), upper second premolar (U2ndP, n = 36), lower incisor (LI, n = 53), and lower premolar (LP, n = 22). Implants of the following sizes were used: 5 × 10 mm (n = 24), 5 × 8 mm (n = 21), 4.3 × 10 mm (n = 77), 4.3 × 8 mm (n = 36), 3.5 × 10 mm (n = 12), and 3.5 × 8 mm (n = 3). After a mean follow-up time of 47 months, the overall implant survival rate was 96%. Survival rate was highest at the LI site (98.1%) and lowest at the ULI site (92.6%). All of the 5-mm implants survived (100%), as did most of the 4.3 × 10 mm implants (96.1%). Implants of 4.3 × 8 mm and 3.5 × 10 mm were the least successful (91.7%). Mandibular implants had a better survival rate (97.3%) than maxillary implants (94.9%). There was no significant OR of increased survival for any particular implant size or site. Conclusions Immediate implant placement in fresh extraction sockets can give predictable clinical outcomes, regardless of the implant size and site of placement.


      PubDate: 2015-01-30T07:53:38Z
       
  • A clinical investigation of the relationship between the quality of
           conventional complete dentures and the patients’ quality of life

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 January 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Sara A. Alfadda , Hayam A. Al-Fallaj , Hajar A. Al-Banyan , Ruba M. Al-Kadhi
      Objective The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a correlation between the clinical quality of conventional complete dentures and patient quality of life. Materials and Methods This study included a random sample of 32 completely edentulous patients (15 males and 17 females) who were treated with conventional complete dentures. Using a validated questionnaire, three investigators evaluated the dentures independently on the basis of seven clinical parameters: aesthetics (lip support and lower lip line), retention and stability of the maxillary and the mandibular dentures, and occlusion. Patients completed the validated Oral Health Impact Profile-20 (OHIP-20) questionnaire. Correlations were determined by using the point-biserial correlation coefficient. Results Clinicians rated the overall clinical quality of the dentures satisfactory in 80.3% of patients. The mean (± standard deviation) total OHIP-20 score was 56.3 ± 15.9 out of a possible 120 maximum. A statistically significant negative correlation was found between the stability of the maxillary and mandibular dentures and the total OHIP-20 score (p = 0.009 and 0.0023, respectively). A negative correlation between the total OHIP-20 score and the retention of the mandibular denture approached significance (p = 0.092). Aesthetics, retention of the maxillary denture, and occlusion were not correlated with patient quality of life (p > 0.169). Conclusion Stability of the maxillary and mandibular dentures is the denture quality parameter that can most significantly affect patient quality of life.


      PubDate: 2015-01-30T07:53:38Z
       
  • The Prevalence of Specific Dental Anomalies in a Group of Saudi Cleft Lip
           and Palate Patients

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 January 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Ghada H. Al-Kharboush , Khalid M. Al-Balkhi , Khalid Al-Moammar
      Objective The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence and distribution of dental anomalies in a group of Saudi subjects with cleft lip and palate (CLP), to examine potential sex-based associations of these anomalies, and to compare dental anomalies in Saudi subjects with CLP with published data from other population groups. Design This retrospective study involved the examination of pre-treatment records obtained from three CLP centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in February and March 2010. The pre-treatment records of 184 subjects with cleft lip and palate were identified and included in this study. Pre-treatment maxillary occlusal radiographs of the cleft region, panoramic radiographs, and orthodontic study models of subjects with CLP were analyzed for dental anomalies. Results Orthopantomographs and occlusal radiographs may not be reliable for the accurate evaluation of root malformation anomalies. A total of 265 dental anomalies were observed in the 184 study subjects. Hypodontia was observed most commonly (66.8%), followed by microdontia (45.6%), intra-oral ectopic eruption (12.5%), supernumerary teeth (12.5%), intra-nasal ectopic eruption (3.2), and macrodontia (3.2%). No gender difference in the prevalence of these anomalies was observed. Conclusions Dental anomalies were common in Saudi subjects with CLP type. This will complicate the health care required for the CL/P subjects. This study was conducted to epidemiologically explore the prevalence of dental anomalies among Saudi Arabian subjects with CLP.


      PubDate: 2015-01-30T07:53:38Z
       
  • Fracture resistance of porcelain veneered zirconia crowns with exposed
           lingual zirconia for anterior teeth after thermal cycling: An in vitro
           study

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 January 2015
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Fatemeh A. Amir Rad , Faysal G. Succaria , Steven M. Morgano
      Statement of problem In some clinical conditions minimally invasive complete crown tooth preparations are indicated. This is especially true when gross removal of tooth structure would weaken the remaining tooth or violate the vitality of the dental pulp. Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of (1) exposed lingual zirconia with veneered zirconia crowns, and (2) reduced lingual thickness of monolithic lithium disilicate crowns on the fracture resistance of the crowns after cyclic loading. Metal-ceramic crowns with exposed lingual metal served as controls. Materials and Methods Twenty-four maxillary central incisor crowns were fabricated in identical shape on metal testing dies in 3 groups: metal-ceramic crowns (MC, n=8), veneered zirconia crowns (VZ, n=8), and monolithic lithium disilicate crowns (MO, n=8). A conservative preparation design with 0.75 mm lingual clearance was used for each crown system. All crowns were cemented to their corresponding crown preparations with self-adhesive resin cement (Multilink Automix). The crowns were subjected to 1000 cycles of thermal cycling, then cyclic loading of 111N by means of a stainless steel ball, and 50,000 cycles of loading were applied for the fatigue test. Fatigue loading was followed by a continuously increasing compressive load, at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min until failure. The compressive load (N) required to cause failure was recorded. Means were calculated and analyzed with one-way ANOVA and the Tukey HSD test (α = .05). Results There was a significant difference between MO vs MC (P=.0001), MO vs VZ (P=.0001), and VZ vs MC (P=.012). Conclusions There was a significant difference in the mean fracture resistance of MC, VZ, and MO crowns in this in-vitro study. The MC group recorded the highest mean fracture strength.


      PubDate: 2015-01-30T07:53:38Z
       
 
 
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