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DENTISTRY (248 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 248 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ação Odonto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Odontologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Odontologica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualités Odonto-Stomatologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Angle Orthodontist     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avicenna Journal of Dental Research     Open Access  
Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Dental Research & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BDJ Open     Open Access  
Brazilian Dental Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Dental Science     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
British Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Bulletin du Groupement International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Caries Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
City Dental College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical Advances in Periodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Laboratorial Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Oral Implants Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Oral Investigations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Reviews in Oral Biology Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Oral Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Dental Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Dental Cadmos     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Dental Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Dental Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)     Open Access  
Dental Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dental Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dental Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dentistry 3000     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Dentistry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Der Freie Zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
der junge zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
Die Quintessenz     Full-text available via subscription  
Disease-a-Month     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Droit et Médecine Bucco-Dentaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ENDO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Endodontic Topics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Endodontie     Full-text available via subscription  
Endodontology     Open Access  
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Dentistry and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Esthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Oral Implantology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Oral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Evidence Based Summaries in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Evidence-Based Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Evidence-Based Endodontics     Open Access  
Faculty Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Future Dental Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Giornale Italiano di Endodonzia     Open Access  
Implant Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Implantologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
International Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Computerized Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Contemporary Dental and Medical Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Implant Dentistry     Open Access  
International Journal of Odontostomatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Oral Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Prosthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Stomatological Research     Open Access  
International Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Japanese Dental Science Review     Open Access  
JDR Clinical & Translational Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Academy of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Adhesive Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Oral Science     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Periodontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Craniomandibular Function     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Biomaterials     Open Access  
Journal of Dental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dentistry for Children     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Dentofacial Anomalies and Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Endodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Indian Academy of Dental Specialist Researchers     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Indian Orthodontic Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology     Open Access  
Journal of Interdisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Oral Health     Open Access  
Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Isfahan Dental School     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry     Open Access  
Journal of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Oral Biosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Oral Implantology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Oral Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral Research and Review     Open Access  
Journal of Orthodontic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pierre Fauchard Academy (India Section)     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Public Health Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Restorative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal Of Syiah Kuala Dentistry Society     Open Access  
Journal of the American Dental Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the Canadian Dental Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the International Clinical Dental Research Organization     Open Access  
Journal of the World Federation of Orthodontists     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Kieferorthopädie     Full-text available via subscription  
King Saud University Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
L'Orthodontie Française     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Médecine Buccale Chirurgie Buccale     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Medicina Oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal     Open Access  
Nigerian Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nowa Stomatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
OA Dentistry     Open Access  
Odonto     Open Access  
Odontoestomatología     Open Access  
Odontología     Open Access  
Odontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Odovtos - International Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine     Open Access  
Open Journal of Implant Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Operative Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Oral Biology and Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Oral Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Oral Science International     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover Saudi Dental Journal
  [SJR: 0.297]   [H-I: 6]   [3 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1013-9052 - ISSN (Online) 1658-3558
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3043 journals]
  • Attitudes of dental professional staff and auxiliaries in Riyadh, Saudi
           Arabia, toward disclosure of medical errors

    • Authors: Nora S. Al-Nomay; Abdulghani Ashi; Aljohara Al-Hargan; Abdulaziz Alshalhoub; Emad Masuadi
      Pages: 59 - 65
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2
      Author(s): Nora S. Al-Nomay, Abdulghani Ashi, Aljohara Al-Hargan, Abdulaziz Alshalhoub, Emad Masuadi
      Aim To collect empirical data on the attitudes of dental professionals and dental auxiliaries in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, regarding the disclosure of medical errors. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted, involving the administration of a questionnaire to a sample of 586 participants recruited from over 10 government and private dental institutions in Riyadh between August 2015 and January 2016. The questionnaire collected information regarding participant opinions on (a) personal beliefs, norms, and practices regarding medical errors, (b) the nature of errors that should be disclosed, and (c) who should disclose errors. Results Most (94.4%) participants preferred that medical errors should be disclosed. However, personal preferences, perceptions of the norm and current practices with respect to which type (seriousness) of error should be disclosed were inconsistent. Only 17.9% of participants perceived that it was the current practice to disclose errors resulting in “Major harm”. Over 68% of respondents reported a personal belief, a perception of the norm and a perception of current practice that errors should be disclosed by the erring dentist. Participants at government institutions were more likely to disclose errors than those at private institutions. There were also significant differences in the responses with respect to gender, age, and nationality. The implications for the development of guidelines to help Saudi dentists adopt ethical courses of action for the disclosure of errors are considered. Conclusions (1) The majority of participants personally believed that errors should be disclosed, (2) there was little agreement between participant personal beliefs and perceptions of the norm and practice with respect to which type of errors should be disclosed, (3) there was strong agreement that the erring dentist is responsible for reporting errors, and (4) the attitudes of the participants varied with respect to type of institution, age, gender, and nationality.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.01.003
       
  • A survey of pediatric dentists' caries-related treatment decisions and
           restorative modalities – A web-based survey

    • Authors: Hassan S. Halawany; Fouad Salama; Vimal Jacob; Nimmi Biju Abraham; Tarfa Nasser Bin Moharib; Abdulfatah Samih Alazmah; Jawaher Abdulaziz Al Harbi
      Pages: 66 - 73
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2
      Author(s): Hassan S. Halawany, Fouad Salama, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham, Tarfa Nasser Bin Moharib, Abdulfatah Samih Alazmah, Jawaher Abdulaziz Al Harbi
      Objective To identify current practices and the preferred caries-related treatment decisions and restorative modalities of primary teeth among pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. Materials and methods This was a web-based cross-sectional survey conducted among licensed pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. Following the retrieval of the email addresses from the Saudi Dental Council, an email explaining the purpose of the study and a link to SurveyMonkey electronic survey consisting of 23 questions was sent to all the members registered under the pediatric dentistry practitioners, starting in September till December 2013. The data obtained was analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi square with and without tabulation processes. The level of significance was set at p <0.05. Results A total of 108 [54 (50%) male and 54 (50%) female] pediatric dental practitioners responded to the survey out of 308 targeted individuals for an overall response rate of 35.1%. About 65% of the respondents reported that they have never considered pre-veneered or Zirconia crowns as a restorative option for carious vital anterior primary teeth. About 40% reported doing pulpectomy and restored with composite strip crowns at all times. About 86% of the respondents reported doing pulpotomy and stainless steel crown for restoring carious vital posterior primary teeth whereas 73.8% reported restoring with composite resin. However, 83.1% of the respondents reported that they never used pre-veneered or Zirconia crowns after pulpotomy for restoring carious vital posterior primary teeth. A significantly higher number of male participants reported that they used esthetic pediatric crowns in their practice compared to female participants (p <0.001). Conclusion The prevalence of use of composite resin to restore primary teeth was higher compared to glass ionomer cements and amalgam whereas a limited use of esthetic pediatric crowns was found among the sample surveyed. Esthetic pediatric crowns were more utilized by male compared to female participants.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.03.001
       
  • How effective the problem-based learning (PBL) in dental education. A
           critical review

    • Authors: Ali Alrahlah
      Pages: 155 - 161
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 4
      Author(s): Ali Alrahlah
      The purpose of this critical review is to explore the research supporting the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) as a teaching method in dental education. PBL was developed more than 40years ago in reaction to the problems and limitations of traditional teaching approaches. Here, aspects of the PBL teaching approach are reviewed, and the reasons for the substantial effect of this approach on dental education are discussed. Evidence shows that students in PBL-based courses exhibit superior professional skills and effective learning compared with those instructed using traditional approaches.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.003
       
  • Evaluation of root canal morphology of maxillary second premolars in a
           Saudi Arabian sub-population: An in vitro microcomputed tomography study

    • Authors: Mutasim Elnour; Abdul Khabeer; Emad AlShwaimi
      Pages: 162 - 168
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 4
      Author(s): Mutasim Elnour, Abdul Khabeer, Emad AlShwaimi
      Aim To investigate the root canal morphology of maxillary second premolars in a Saudi Arabian subpopulation using microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). Methodology Micro-CT analysis was performed on 100 maxillary second premolars. The anatomy of each tooth (number of roots, canals, orifices, and apical foramina, and the presence of apical deltas and accessory canals) was analyzed from reconstructed three-dimensional images. Results The most common morphology was a single root (67%), followed by two roots (30%), and three roots (3%). Regarding the canal morphology, most teeth (65%) contained two canals, followed by 30% with one canal, and 5% with three canals. One orifice was observed in 55% of teeth, and two orifices were detected in 45% of teeth. According to the Vertucci classification, the most common canal types were IV and V (both found in 23% of teeth), followed by type I (17%), type III (9%), type II (7%), and type VII (2%). Additional types that were inconsistent with the Vertucci classification were recorded in 19% of teeth. Conclusion The root canal morphology of maxillary second premolars in the Saudi Arabian subpopulation is complex and requires cautious evaluation prior to endodontic treatment.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.001
       
  • Measuring dental students’ preference: A comparison of light microscopy
           and virtual microscopy as teaching tools in oral histology and pathology

    • Authors: Ohoud Alotaibi; Dalal ALQahtani
      Pages: 169 - 173
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 4
      Author(s): Ohoud Alotaibi, Dalal ALQahtani
      Objectives Light microscopy used to be the traditional modality of teaching histology and pathology disciplines. Recent advances and innovations in the information technology field have revolutionized the use of hard- and software in medical education. An example of such an innovation is the so-called virtual microscopy. Many schools have started to adopt virtual microscopy as a new method aimed at enhancing student learning. Nonetheless, few reports have described the experiences of introducing virtual microscopy in dental education. We conducted this study to evaluate student perceptions of virtual microscopy use. Materials and methods A survey of 9 items with a five-point Likert scale was designed to assess student perceptions of different aspects of virtual microscopy use compared with light microscopy. Eighty-seven 2nd year dental students answered the survey for a response rate of 80%. Results The majority of the students (85.1%) reported positive feedback for the use of virtual slides as a method of learning. Students reported significantly higher scores in virtual microscopy compared with light microscopy (t test: t 86 =9.832, P <0.0001); however, a few students reported some technical difficulties when using computers to view the virtual slides. Conclusions Although light microscopy is the classical tool of teaching histology and pathology, virtual microscopy is a highly preferred substitute. We believe that virtual microscopy is a valuable teaching tool that enhances student educational experiences.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.11.002
       
  • Perception of altered smile esthetics among Moroccan professionals and lay
           people

    • Authors: L. Ousehal; H. Aghoutan; S. Chemlali; I. Filali Anssari; N. Talic
      Pages: 174 - 182
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 4
      Author(s): L. Ousehal, H. Aghoutan, S. Chemlali, I. Filali Anssari, N. Talic
      Objective To evaluate and compare the impact of altered smile characteristics on the perception of smile esthetics between Moroccan dentists and lay people. Materials and methods Thirty-four digital smile photographs displaying alterations in crown length and width, lateral incisor gingival margin position, gingival exposition, midline diastema, and upper midline deviation were presented to a sample of 30 dentists and 30 lay people. The ratings were assessed with a visual analog scale. Results Compared to that of lay people, Moroccan dentists’ evaluation of the gingival smile was more critical when the decrease in central incisor crown length was 2.5mm (p <0.001) or greater and when the increase in gingival exposition was 4mm or greater (p <0.01). Moroccan dentists were also critical in their evaluation of maxillary lateral incisor crown width alterations (p <0.05) and incisal midline deviations (p <0.05). However, the professionals and lay people similarly evaluated irregularities in the incisor gingival margin position. Increases in the midline diastema were judged critically by both Moroccan dentists and lay people. Conclusions In this sample, Moroccan dentists evaluate smile esthetic alterations more critically than Moroccan lay people. This difference in perception of smile discrepancies must be taken into account during the finishing phases of orthodontic treatment and restoration of the anterior teeth in Moroccan patients.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.12.004
       
  • Tooth Numbering System in Saudi Arabia: Survey

    • Authors: Sulieman S. Al-Johany
      Pages: 183 - 188
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 4
      Author(s): Sulieman S. Al-Johany
      Objective There were four aims of the current study: (1) to find the most commonly used Tooth Numbering System (TNS) in Saudi Arabia in both academic and non-academic institutions, (2) to identify the most commonly taught TNS in dental colleges, (3) to understand the reasons why dental practitioners prefer to use a specific TNS, and (4) the consequences of using more than one TNS. Materials and method Between May 2014 and May 2015, a self-administered questionnaire containing 21 questions was randomly distributed to 121 individuals (20 deans of dental colleges and 101 heads of governmental dental centers). Results The most commonly used TNS is the Fédération Dentaire Internationale (FDI) TNS for both primary and permanent dentitions in both academic and non-academic institutions, followed by the Palmer TNS and then the Universal TNS. Conclusion The FDI TNS proved to be the most taught TNS in dental colleges in Saudi Arabia. It is advised that the FDI TNS be implemented as a unified system in Saudi Arabia due to the advantages of this particular TNS and the benefits of using one single TNS.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.004
       
  • Waterpipe smoking among health sciences university students: Knowledge,
           attitude and patterns of use

    • Authors: K.H. Awan; A. Alrshedan; M. Al Kahtani; S. Patil
      Pages: 189 - 193
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 4
      Author(s): K.H. Awan, A. Alrshedan, M. Al Kahtani, S. Patil
      Introduction Although waterpipe smoking is common in Gulf counties, its prevalence in Saudi Arabia is uncertain. The purposes of this study were (a) to assess the prevalence of waterpipe smoking among healthcare university students in Saudi Arabia and (b) to determine their attitudes and practices of waterpipe smoking. Materials and methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among university students of three different health sciences colleges, namely medical, dental, and pharmacy, of a public university, through random cluster sampling. The questionnaire was designed to ask specific questions related to smoking in general and to waterpipe smoking specifically. The study was approved by the institutional research & ethics committees. Results A total of 535 participants were included in the study. More than one-third of the participants that reported having ever smoked a waterpipe (n =198, 37%), and the majority of these were current smokers (62.1%, n =123); dental students were the most common (45.5%, n =90). Curiosity and pleasure-seeking were the main factors associated with starting waterpipe smoking. About one-sixth (14.9%, n =80) of the participants failed to identify a single harmful effect, while a vast majority of participants considered waterpipe smoking to be less unhealthy than cigarette smoking. Conclusion Waterpipe smoking is very popular among Saudi university students, and knowledge among university students about the dangers of waterpipe smoking is alarmingly low.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.05.001
       
  • Evaluation of fluoride levels in bottled water and their contribution to
           health and teeth problems in the United Arab Emirates

    • Authors: Mohamed Yehia Z. Abouleish
      Pages: 194 - 202
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 4
      Author(s): Mohamed Yehia Z. Abouleish
      Fluoride is needed for better health, yet if ingested at higher levels it may lead to health problems. Fluoride can be obtained from different sources, with drinking water being a major contributor. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), bottled water is the major source for drinking. The aim of this research is to measure fluoride levels in different bottled water brands sold in UAE, to determine whether fluoride contributes to better health or health problems. The results were compared to international and local standards. Fluoride was present in seven out of 23 brands. One brand exhibited high fluoride levels, which exceeded all standards, suggesting it may pose health problems. Other brands were either below or above standards, suggesting either contribution to better health or health problems, depending on ingested amount. A risk assessment suggested a potential for non-cancer effects from some brands. The results were compared to fluoride levels in bottled water sold in UAE and neighboring countries (e.g. Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, and Bahrain), over 24years, to reflect on changes in fluoride levels in bottled water in this region. The research presents the need for creating, stricter regulations that require careful fluoride monitoring and new regulations that require listing fluoride level on the bottled water label, internationally and regionally. The research will have local and global health impact, as bottled water sold in UAE and neighboring countries, is produced locally and imported from international countries, e.g. Switzerland, the USA, France, Italy, New Zealand, and Fiji.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.002
       
  • Preserving esthetics, occlusion and occlusal vertical dimension in a
           patient with fixed prostheses seeking dental implant treatment

    • Authors: Abdulaziz Al Baker; Syed Rashid Habib; Mohammad D. Al Amri
      Pages: 203 - 208
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 4
      Author(s): Abdulaziz Al Baker, Syed Rashid Habib, Mohammad D. Al Amri
      The preservation of esthetics and occlusal vertical dimension is critical in patients with existing full-arch tooth-retained fixed prostheses. This clinical report describes the provision of a maxillary immediate complete denture in a patient with a maxillary full-arch fixed dental prosthesis over nonviable teeth. The existing fixed dental prosthesis was used in the fabrication of the maxillary immediate complete denture to preserve esthetics. The technique involved recording and preservation of the occlusal vertical dimension and occlusion of the existing prosthesis. The technique is simple, quick, cost-effective and less challenging clinically and technically.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.05.003
       
  • The role of lasers in the treatment of peri-implant diseases: A review

    • Authors: Fahad Ali Alshehri
      Pages: 103 - 108
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 3
      Author(s): Fahad Ali Alshehri
      We reviewed the indexed literature regarding the efficacy of laser therapy in the treatment of peri-implantitis (PI). Databases were searched using combinations of the following keywords: peri-implantitis, bone loss, photodynamic therapy, laser, and light-activated disinfection. Titles and abstracts of publications from these search results were screened to determine which studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria. Full texts of relevant studies were read and independently assessed against the eligibility criteria. The resulting 28 studies described the role of lasers in the treatment of PI. The erbium:yttrium–aluminum-garnet laser can be used to sterilize implant surfaces without damaging them. Likewise, the carbon dioxide laser can disinfect implant surfaces and enhance the bone-to-implant contact around previously infected sites. Photodynamic therapy exhibits high target specificity and can destroy pathogens associated with the etiology of PI. Laser therapy can significantly reduce levels of clinical markers of peri-implant tissue inflammation (i.e., bleeding upon probing and clinical attachment loss) without jeopardizing the integrity of the implant or alveolar bone. In conclusion, laser therapy as an adjunct to conventional mechanical debridement therapy can be used effectively for the treatment of PI.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.12.005
       
  • Evaluation of bone regenerative capacity in rats claverial bone defect
           using platelet rich fibrin with and without beta tri calcium phosphate
           bone graft material

    • Authors: Walid Ahmed Abdullah
      Pages: 109 - 117
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 3
      Author(s): Walid Ahmed Abdullah
      Aim To compare bone regeneration in noncritical rat calvarial bone defects filled with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), alone or combined with beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), using micro-computed tomographic (MCT) evaluation. Animals and methods Two calvarial bone defects were created in each of 45 male Sprague–Dawley rats (age: 20–22weeks, weight: 350–450g), using a dental trephine with an external diameter of 3mm. The 90 defects were randomly allocated among three groups, each containing 30 unilateral defects in a total of 30 rats. Defects in the control group were allowed to heal spontaneously. Defects in the PRF group received PRF alone. Defects in the PRF/β-TCP group received PRF mixed with β-TCP in a 50⧹50 percentage. Nine animals (three per group) were killed after 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 postoperative weeks, and 18 calvarial defects from each period were analyzed for new bone formation and bone mineral density using MCT. Results were compared by a one-way Analysis of Variance with the POST HOC Least Significant Difference test. Results The volume and mineral density of bone formed in the control group were significantly different from those of the other two groups. Greater bone regeneration was observed in defects receiving PRF with β-TCP compared to defects receiving PRF alone in the first 2weeks (P <0.001). However, differences in the volume and density of newly formed bone between the PRF and PRF/β-TCP groups were not significant at 3, 4, and 6 postoperative weeks (P > 0.005). Conclusion The addition of β-TCP to PRF significantly improved bone regeneration in the first 2weeks after surgery. Although the differences between results with and without the addition of β-TCP to PRF were statistically insignificant from weeks 3 to 6, it was nevertheless apparent that the group receiving the combination showed better results. We suggest a synergistic mechanism for this effect.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.09.003
       
  • Self-perceived halitosis and related factors among adults residing in
           Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A cross sectional study

    • Authors: Salwa Abdulrahman AlSadhan
      Pages: 118 - 123
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 3
      Author(s): Salwa Abdulrahman AlSadhan
      Objectives This cross-sectional observational study was conducted to determine the prevalence of self-perceived halitosis among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and to assess the relation of halitosis with some socio-demographic factors, oral habits and health practices. Materials and methods A questionnaire was distributed to randomly selected subjects including senior high school students, college students and employees working in governmental offices. High schools and governmental offices were selected using systematic random sampling from each of the main five regions of Riyadh. The college students were selected from the major universities in Riyadh. One hundred questionnaires were randomly distributed in each of the 15 locations for males and 15 for females (5 schools, 5 universities and 5 governmental offices for each gender) giving a total of 3000 questionnaires. Results The prevalence of self-perceived halitosis was 22.8% among the participants. The majority of the subjects with self-perceived halitosis experienced bad breath on waking up (83.5%). Nearly half of the sample with self-perceived halitosis was told by others that they had bad breath, 25.8% visited a doctor regarding that, 23.8% received treatment for their bad breath and 54.1% made trials to control their problem by using some aids. Self-perceived halitosis was found to be more prevalent among males compared to females (P <0.000), whereas, no statistically significant differences were found among the different age groups (P =0.317). A statistically significant relationship was found between self-perceived halitosis and times of mouth cleaning, use of tooth brush, use of tooth paste, tongue cleaning (P <0.000), and the use of dental floss (P =0.004). A statistically significant relationship was also found between self-perceived halitosis and shisha (P <0.000) and cigarette smoking (P =0.045). Conclusion The prevalence of self-perceived halitosis among the population in Riyadh is within the range reported in other countries. Self-perceived halitosis is related to gender, inadequate oral hygiene practices and cigarettes and shisha smoking however, it is not related to age.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.06.001
       
  • Association between salivary sialic acid and periodontal health status
           among smokers

    • Authors: Jwan Ibrahim Jawzali
      Pages: 124 - 135
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 3
      Author(s): Jwan Ibrahim Jawzali
      Background Smoking is an environmental risk factor causing poor dental health. Sialic acid is a salivary marker of oxidative stress for research of periodontal diseases. Aims To identify diagnostic sialic acid fraction and its scavenger effect for periodontal diseases among smokers and periodental health status. Subject and method This study carried out in the Khanzad specialized dental center – Erbil city. The study population is composed of 62 convenient samples. A structured interview questionnaire form was used to collect data about socio-demographic properties and smoking history. Clinical measurements were carried out to measure periodontal health status. Un-stimulated whole saliva samples were collected for measuring sialic acid fractions. Statistical package for social science (SPSS, version 18), was used for analysis and odds ratio. Results Risk of smoking increased significantly in young to mid ages, which included most of the current smokers, with periodontal diseases, and high total free sialic acid. Risk of periodontitis and teeth missing increased significantly by long duration of smoking, bad tooth brushing, and poor eating habits. Risk of teeth mobility and loss decreased significantly by early smoking cessation and low income. High levels of free sialic acid correlated significantly in current smokers with medium and deep pocket depth. Conclusion Salivary free sialic acid may be used as a diagnostic oxidative stress biomarker for periodontal diseases among young current smokers. Cumulative destructive effect of long duration of smoking on the periodontum can be controlled by smoking cessation, good oral hygiene and diet habit in early old ages.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.05.002
       
  • The knowledge, attitude and practices of male sports participants to
           sports-related dental trauma in Khobar and Dammam, Saudi Arabia – A
           pilot survey

    • Authors: Ibrahim Al-Arfaj; Ahmad Al-Shammari; Turki Al-Subai; Ghanim Al-Absi; Mohammad AlJaffari; Ahmad Al-Kadi; Maha El Tantawi; Asim Al-Ansari
      Pages: 136 - 141
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 3
      Author(s): Ibrahim Al-Arfaj, Ahmad Al-Shammari, Turki Al-Subai, Ghanim Al-Absi, Mohammad AlJaffari, Ahmad Al-Kadi, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari
      The risk of dental trauma may increase during sports participation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of sports participants concerning sports-related dental trauma and associated emergency/preventive practices. The study included 124 male subjects over 18years of age participating in contact and non-contact sports in three clubs in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was used to assess past experience of dental trauma related to sports in addition to the use of a mouth guard and knowledge of related emergency procedures. Outcomes were compared between individuals practicing direct and non-direct contact sports. One third of the participants had experienced dental trauma while playing sports, mostly crown fracture, mobility, and avulsion. Their knowledge of first aid and emergency procedures was inadequate. A significantly higher proportion of non-direct contact sport participants sought the help of a dentist for themselves or others (P =0.04 and 0.003, respectively). Only 33.9% used mouth guards, with higher odds of mouth guard use associated with participating in direct contact sports and believing a tooth can be lost during sports practice (odds ratio=5.59 and 5.37, respectively). Educational programs are needed to increase the awareness in sports participants of the risk of dental trauma during sports participation, to improve their knowledge of first aid procedures, and to increase the use of mouth guards.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.02.001
       
  • Children’s ages and reasons for receiving their first dental visit
           in a Saudi community

    • Authors: Ebtissam Z. Murshid
      Pages: 142 - 147
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 3
      Author(s): Ebtissam Z. Murshid
      Objective Epidemiological studies conducted in different parts of the world have revealed the postponement of first dental visits and an increased prevalence of early childhood caries in general populations in developed and developing countries. This study aimed to assess the average age of and most common reasons for first dental visits in children attending governmental and private dental clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Subjects and methods Data were collected retrospectively from the dental records of new pediatric patients attending a governmental institute (College of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, King Saud University) and a private clinic (the investigator’s private practice) in Riyadh. Only children attending their first dental visits with no previous dental experience were included in the study. Descriptive statistics, cross-tabulation analysis, and chi-squared test were done. The significance level was set at P ⩽0.05. Results Initial dental visitation occurred at 1–3years in 32.2% of children, 3–5years in 52.9% of children, at >5years in 14% of children. Pain was the dominant reason (71.5%) for first dental visits. Dental check-up was the main reason for 27.3% of dental visits, and fluoride application was the main reason for 20.5% of visits. Emergency cases accounted for 44.7% of first dental visits during the study period. Most (68%) children were medically fit, and 67.2% behaved positively during their first dental procedures. Conclusions Parental compliance with the standard age for initial dental visitation recommended by the major dental academies is lacking.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.12.003
       
  • A first experience with digital complete overdentures

    • Authors: Salwa Omar Bajunaid
      Pages: 148 - 153
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 3
      Author(s): Salwa Omar Bajunaid
      The development of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing systems for dentistry in the 1980s resulted in the successful fabrication of crowns, fixed dental prostheses, and superstructures for both natural teeth and dental implants. Today, this technology is available for constructing digitally designed and milled, completely removable dental prostheses. The procedure uses clinical and laboratory protocols that allow fabrication of completely removable prostheses within two clinical appointments. The aim of this clinical report is to present the author’s first experience with digital complete overdentures, the practicality of this technology, and patient feedback. Compared with conventional overdentures, the fit of the digital prostheses was improved because the cameo and flanges of the prostheses were nicely shaped and rolled, and this enhanced their stability and retention. Occlusion was also excellent. However, aesthetics in terms of the alignment, shape, and size of the maxillary overdenture teeth were inacceptable. Despite some of the drawbacks identified in our study, the use of removable digital dentures does provide excellent adaptation of the denture base and requires fewer clinic visits. We anticipate that the unsatisfactory aesthetic outcomes presented in this report can be corrected with more experience. We also believe that acquiring an in-house scanning machine would be beneficial. We highly recommend including this technique in dental school curriculums at both the undergraduate and graduate levels in order to keep students and residents up to date on the latest technology available.

      PubDate: 2017-07-01T16:35:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.12.006
       
  • Fracture Resistance of Different Primary Anterior Esthetic Crowns

    • Authors: Manar Zaki Al Shobber; Thamer A. Al Khadra
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Manar Zaki Al Shobber, Thamer A. Al Khadra
      Purpose Investigate and compare fracture resistance of four commercially available esthetic crowns. Methods Sixty-four anterior crowns were used: NuSmile Primary crowns (NuSmile, Houston, Tex. USA) (16); Preveneered Cheng Crowns, (Orthodontic Technologies Inc., Houston, TX) (16); NuSmile ZR (NuSmile, Houston, Tex. USA); and Cheng Crowns zirconia (Orthodontic Technologies Inc., Houston, TX). Crowns were mounted and cemented on a negative replica and placed under servo hydraulic mechanical universal testing machine. Force was applied at 90° with crosshead speed of 1 mm/min until they fractured. Maximum breaking loads were recorded. Data was then analyzed using software that measured the fracture resistance of the crowns.One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to find the differences between the groups and Scheffe post-hoctest was used for intergroup comparisons. The level of significance was set as p ≤ 0.05 Results Mean maximum loads were as follows: NuSmile ZR crowns (937.36 + 131.68 N), Cheng Zirconia Crowns (751.43 + 102.103N), NuSmile Primary crowns (482.37 + 76.92), and Preveneered Cheng Crowns (415.57 + 12.28). Zirconia crowns the had highest fracture resistance compared to preveneered crowns (p<0.05).No significant difference between NuSmile ZR Zirconia and Cheng Crowns zirconia nor between NuSmile primary Preveenered and Preveneered Cheng Crowns). Conclusion Zirconia crowns showed the highest fracture resistance with NuSmile zirconia crowns to being able to resist fracture even under intense pressure of load compared to Cheng Crowns zirconia.

      PubDate: 2017-08-15T15:23:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.006
       
  • In vitro performance of DIAGNOdent laser fluorescence device for dental
           calculus detection on human tooth root surfaces

    • Authors: Thomas E. Rams; Abdulaziz Y. Alwaqyan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Thomas E. Rams, Abdulaziz Y. Alwaqyan
      Objective This study assessed the reproducibility of a red diode laser device, and its capability to detect dental calculus in vitro on human tooth root surfaces. Material and methods On each of 50 extracted teeth, a calculus-positive and calculus-free root surface was evaluated by two independent examiners with a low-power indium gallium arsenide phosphide diode laser (DIAGNOdent) fitted with a periodontal probe-like sapphire tip and emitting visible red light at 655 nm wavelength. Laser autofluorescence intensity readings of examined root surfaces were scored on a 0-99 scale, with duplicate assessments performed using the laser probe tip directed both perpendicular and parallel to evaluated tooth root surfaces. Pearson correlation coefficients of untransformed measurements, and kappa analysis of data dichotomized with a > 40 autofluorescence intensity threshold, were calculated to assess intra- and inter-examiner reproducibility of the laser device. Mean autofluorescence intensity scores of calculus-positive and calculus-free root surfaces were evaluated with the Student’s t-test. Results Excellent intra- and inter-examiner reproducibility was found for DIAGNOdent laser autofluorescence intensity measurements, with Pearson correlation coefficients above 94%, and kappa values ranging between 0.96 and 1.0, for duplicate readings taken with both laser probe tip orientations. Significantly higher autofluorescence intensity values were measured when the laser probe tip was directed perpendicular, rather than parallel, to tooth root surfaces. However, calculus-positive roots, particularly with calculus in markedly-raised ledges, yielded significantly greater mean DIAGNOdent laser autofluorescence intensity scores than calculus-free surfaces, regardless of probe tip orientation. DIAGNOdent autofluorescence intensity values > 40 exhibited a stronger association with calculus (36.6 odds ratio) then measurements of ≥ 5 (20.1 odds ratio) when the laser probe tip was advanced parallel to root surfaces. Conclusions Excellent intra- and inter-examiner reproducibility of autofluorescence intensity measurements was obtained with the DIAGNOdent laser fluorescence device on human tooth roots. Calculus-positive root surfaces exhibited significantly greater DIAGNOdent laser autofluorescence than calculus-free tooth roots, even with the laser probe tip directed parallel to root surfaces. These findings provide further in vitro validation of the potential utility of a DIAGNOdent laser fluorescence device for identifying dental calculus on human tooth root surfaces.

      PubDate: 2017-08-15T15:23:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.08.001
       
  • Dental Students' Perceptions of an Online Learning

    • Authors: Moshabab A. Asiry
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Moshabab A. Asiry
      Objectives To identify the readiness of students for online learning, to investigate their preference and perception, and to measure the quality of online tutorials. Materials and Methods a 14-statement questionnaire was administered to fourth year undergraduate dental students in male campus at King Saud University who completed preclinical orthodontic course. The students responded to each statement by using Likert scale. Results The results reveal a high agreement of students (27.8% - 31.5% agree and 38.9% - 50% strongly agree) on a possession of necessary computer skills and access to internet. 59.2% and 64.8% of the students replied that online flash lectures and procedural videos were helpful to their learning, respectively. With respect to students' learning preferences, few students preferred online flash lectures (31.5%) and procedural videos (17.1%). Most students (38.9% agree and 31.5% strongly agree) preferred a combination of traditional teaching methods and online learning. Conclusion Overall, student attitudes were positive regarding online learning. The students viewed online learning helpful as a supplement to their learning rather than a replacement for traditional teaching methods.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.03.005
       
  • Mandibular Alveolar Bone Volume in Patients with Different Vertical Facial
           Dimensions

    • Authors: Thamer Alkhadra
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Thamer Alkhadra
      Objective To evaluate if there is any difference in alveolar bone surface area in patients with high vertical facial dimension (long face), average vertical facial dimension (average face), and low vertical facial dimension (square short face). Materials and Methods Forty-five patients who had cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) as part of their orthodontic records were chosen according to their facial vertical dimension. Each group consisted of fifteen patients. Mandibular alveolar bone volume was calculated using Dolphin 3D Imaging software as the total surface area of the symphysis at the level of lower right canine to lower left canine and total surface areas for each patient was considered as total bone volume. Comparison was performed between groups using t-test. Results Long face type patients showed higher bone volume (total surface area 3220 +/- 368 mm2), average face patients have average bone volume (total surface area 2059+/-620 mm2) while square short face patients have the lowest total bone volume (total surface area 1877 +/-112 mm2). There was a significant difference between long face and square short face groups (P<0.005) however, there was no significant difference between long face and average face groups. Conclusions Patients with long face type have higher mandibular alveolar bone volume compared to short facial type patients.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.002
       
  • Reliability of rubrics in the assessment of orthodontic oral presentation

    • Authors: Naif A. Bindayel
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Naif A. Bindayel
      Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of using rubrics in dental education, specifically for undergraduate students’ assessment in orthodontic oral presentation. Methods A rubric-based case presentation assessment form was introduced to three contributing instructors. In each instructor’s group, the course director, along with the assigned instructor, assessed 8 randomly selected fourth year male dental students utilizing the same assessment form (total of 24 students). The two final scorings made by the assigned instructor and the course director were then gathered for each student. The data of this prospective comparative study then was analyzed using paired t-test to look for any significant differences in the scoring of the course director and each instructor in each group. Results No significant statistical differences were detected in grading variables between the instructors and the course director. Furthermore, the data showed no significant correlations between the students’ final course grade, and their case presentation grades scored by instructors’/course director. Conclusion Despite the elaborate nature of the routine orthodontic case presentation, the use of rubrics was found to be a promising reliable assessment element.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.001
       
  • Oral health comprehension in parents of Saudi cerebral palsy children

    • Authors: Amjad H. Wyne; Nouf S. Al-Hammad; Christian H. Splieth
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Amjad H. Wyne, Nouf S. Al-Hammad, Christian H. Splieth
      Objective To determine oral health comprehension among parents of cerebral palsy (CP) children. Methods A self-administered questionnaire was utilized to obtain the required information. The study was conducted in two main centers for disabled children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Results Parents of all 157CP children registered in the two centers completed the questionnaire. Mothers mostly (86.6%) completed the questionnaire. Majority (98.7%) of the parents knew the importance of dental health for general health. More than two-third (70%) of the parents thought that teeth should be brushed thrice daily or after each meal. About three in every ten (29.9%) parents were not aware of the beneficial effect of fluoride in preventing dental caries; and very few (9.6%) were aware of water asa source of fluoride. Almost all (98.7%) the parents knew that sugary foods caused dental caries. Three-fourth (75.8%) of the parents were not aware of the possible harmful effects of bottled juices on teeth. There were no significant (p >0.05) associations between the parental age/gender with any of the dependent variables. Conclusion Parents of CP children generally showed satisfactory oral health comprehension. However, they need further oral health education in several areas.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.004
       
  • Influence of platelet rich fibrin on post-extraction socket healing: A
           clinical and radiographic study

    • Authors: Ahmed Abdullah Alzahrani; Afraa Murriky; Sami Shafik
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Ahmed Abdullah Alzahrani, Afraa Murriky, Sami Shafik
      Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically, extraction socket healing using autologous platelet rich fibrin (PRF). Materials and methods Twenty-four subjects needing single tooth simple extractions were selected. Twenty-four extraction sockets were divided into test group (PRF, n=12) and control group (blood clot, n=12). PRF was prepared with blood drawn from individuals after extraction using standard technique. PRF was placed in test group sockets followed by pressure application and figure 8 sutures. Sockets in control group were allowed to heal in the presence of blood clot and received a figure 8 suture. Ridge width was assessed using cast analysis with the help of acrylic stent and a pair of calipers. Radiographic analysis of socket surface area was performed using computer graphic software program. The clinical follow up assessments were performed at 1, 4 and 8weeks. Collected data was assessed using ANOVA and multiple comparisons test. Results Subjects were aged between 25 and 50 (mean 37.8) years, including 15 females. The mean horizontal ridge width for sockets in the test group were 11.70±2.37mm, 11.33±2.30mm and 10.97±2.33mm at 1, 4 and 8weeks respectively. Ridge width proportions were significantly higher among test group as compared to control group between baseline to 4 and 8weeks respectively. The mean radiographic bone fill (RBF) percentage in the test group, was 74.05±1.66%, 81.54±3.33% and 88.81±1.53% at 1, 4 and 8weeks respectively. The mean RBF was significantly higher in the test group than control group at all time intervals. Conclusion The study outcomes demonstrate that the use of PRF accelerate socket wound healing after tooth extraction as noticed by increased bone fill and reduced alveolar bone width resorption using clinical and radiographic methods.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.003
       
  • Mothers’ teething beliefs and treatment practices in Mansoura, Egypt

    • Authors: Abdel-Hady El-Gilany; Fawzia El Sayed Abusaad
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Fawzia El Sayed Abusaad
      Objectives To reveal mothers’ beliefs about signs and symptoms associated with teething and their treatment practices. Population and methods A cross-sectional study done in Mansoura District on 457 mothers and their children with one or more erupted teeth. Mothers were interviewed during vaccination session at 25 chosen health facilities. Mothers were asked whether they agree or disagree about 24 signs and symptoms claimed to be associated with teething. Results Only 1.8% reported no symptoms at the time of teething. Majority had correct knowledge related to bite fingers/objects (70.5%) and drooling (60.0%). Inaccurate knowledge was reported as gum rubbing (42.0%), gum swelling (47.0%), diarrhea (51.0%), fever (83.2%) and weight loss (46.0%). Only 16.8% of mothers have good knowledge about teething problems. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the independent predictors of good knowledge are higher education (AOR=3.7), urban residence (AOR=2.5) and having a first-born child (AOR=5.5). Only 13.4% of mothers did not give any treatment for teething problems. Antipyretics and antibiotics were the most frequently given treatments (71.3%, and 24.3%; respectively). Conclusions The majorities of mothers had low knowledge about teething problems and gave unnecessary treatments.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.05.003
       
  • Complexity of comprehensive care treatments in undergraduate dental
           programs: The benefits of observing and assisting experienced faculty
           members

    • Authors: Moataz Elgezawi; Khalid Hassan; Adel Alagl; Ahmad M. Al-Thobity; Basel Al-Mutairi; Thamir Al-Houtan; Shazia Sadaf
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 August 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Moataz Elgezawi, Khalid Hassan, Adel Alagl, Ahmad M. Al-Thobity, Basel Al-Mutairi, Thamir Al-Houtan, Shazia Sadaf
      Objective To improve the confidence of the final year dental students in completing occlusal and oral rehabilitation of patients, with complexities beyond their scope, based on full analysis of the biomechanical and esthetic considerations of each case. Material & methods Two comprehensive patient situations presenting with special difficulties including extensive, reduced vertical dimension of occlusion, limited interocclusal space and maxillary alveolar bone for implant insertion necessitating bone augmentation and a sinus lift surgery was managed by two students at our institute. Procedures like surgical crown lengthening, sinus lifting, and bone augmentation were performed by senior faculty with the respective two students’ assisting as well as following up at the healing phase and reporting progress of healing and any possible complications to the supervisor. Students’ reported significant improvement in decision making skills; time management; interpersonal skills, management of cases in an evidence –based interdisciplinary approach as well as increase in their confidence in managing complex cases independently. Follow up with both cases showed optimum outcome and patients’ satisfaction. Results Students’ reported significant improvement in decision making skills; time management; interpersonal skills, management of cases in an evidence –based interdisciplinary approach as well as increase in their confidence in managing complex cases independently. Follow up with both cases showed optimum outcome and patients’ satisfaction. Conclusions Exposing students to manage complex oral rehabilitation including procedures like sinus lifting and bone augmentation, through an evidence-based interdisciplinary approach during the undergraduate comprehensive clinical dentistry course enhances their confidence and clinical acumen as an independent practitioner.

      PubDate: 2017-08-05T13:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.07.005
       
  • Estimation of fluoride concentration in drinking water and common
           beverages in United Arab Emirates (UAE)

    • Authors: Tarun Walia; Salem Abu Fanas; Madiha Akbar; Jamal Eddin; Mohamad Adnan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Tarun Walia, Salem Abu Fanas, Madiha Akbar, Jamal Eddin, Mohamad Adnan
      Objective To assess fluoride concentration in drinking water which include tap water of 4 emirates - Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah and Ajman plus bottled water, commonly available soft drinks & juices in United Arab Emirates. Methods Five different samples of tap water collected from each of the four emirates of UAE: Ajman, Sharjah, Abu Dhabi and Dubai; twenty-two brands of bottled water and fifteen brands of popular cold beverages, purchased from different supermarkets in U.A.E were tested using ion selective electrode method and the fluoride concentration was determined. Results The mean fluoride content of tap water samples was 0.14mg F/L with a range of 0.04–0.3mg F/L; with Ajman tap water samples showing the highest mean fluoride content of 0.3mg F/L. The mean fluoride content for both bottled drinking water and beverages was 0.07mg F/L with a range of 0.02–0.50mg F/L and 0.04–0.1mg F/L respectively. Majority (68.2%) of the bottled water are produced locally within U.A.E while a few (31.8%) are imported. Conclusions The tap water, bottled water and beverages available in U.A.E show varying concentrations of fluoride, however none showed the optimal level necessary to prevent dental caries. Dental professionals in U.A.E should be aware of the fluoride concentrations before prescribing fluoride supplements to children.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T13:56:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.04.002
       
  • Orthodontic management of a dilacerated central incisor and partially
           impacted canine with unilateral extraction – A case report

    • Authors: A. Sumathi Felicita
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): A. Sumathi Felicita
      Aim To align a dilacerated maxillary central incisor and partially impacted canine with unilateral extraction in a young patient with skeletal deep bite. Materials and methods A 14year old male patient reported to the hospital with skeletal deep bite (basal plane angle-17°), severe horizontal pattern of growth (Go-Gn to Sn -22°), upright maxillary incisors (U1 to NA -26°) and retroclined lower incisors (L1 to NB -11°). The maxillary left central incisor was dilacerated, and the maxillary left canine was partially impacted. Unilateral extraction of the left maxillary premolar and left mandibular central incisor was done. A canine disimpaction spring was used to align the impacted canine. An anterior bite plane was given to open the bite. Results Superimposition of lateral cephalogram (T1, T2) revealed bite opening, normal overjet and overbite. There was backward rotation of the mandible and increase in lower anterior facial height. There was no evidence of root resorption or loss of vitality in the dilacerated tooth. Clinically the canine was well aligned in the arch. Conclusion Orthodontic management of a dilacerated incisor can be done without root resorption or loss of vitality. The partially impacted canine was well aligned in the arch. Unilateral extraction can produce good treatment results.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T13:56:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.04.001
       
  • Assessment of the influence of gender and skin color on the preference of
           tooth shade in Saudi population

    • Authors: Nawaf Labban; Hanan Al-Otaibi; Abdulaziz Alayed; Khaled Alshankiti; Mohammad A. Al-Enizy
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Nawaf Labban, Hanan Al-Otaibi, Abdulaziz Alayed, Khaled Alshankiti, Mohammad A. Al-Enizy
      Aim The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of gender and skin color on the preference of different teeth shades in general population. Materials and methods Two standardized frontal smile photographs of male and female subjects were manipulated using photoshop to represent 4 skin colors [(type II, III, IV, and V) (Fitzpatrick scale)]. The teeth shades under each skin color were digitally manipulated to represent one of 6 teeth shades (BL1, BL2, BL3, BL4, B1 and A1). A questionnaire assessed demographic characteristics (age, nationality, gender, education level, occupation, and income) along with the satisfaction of their smiles. Male and female set of pictures with combination of skin colors and teeth shades were presented and participants were asked to select the most esthetically pleasing teeth shade with regard to gender and skin color. Cross-tabulations and chi-squared tests were used to perform the statistical analyses (α =0.05). Results Three hundred and thirty-six (60.4% male; 39.6% female) individuals participated in the study. The difference in the preferred teeth shades was significant among the male and female photographs across all skin colors (p <0.05). Lighter teeth shades were preferred among female subjects compared to male subjects with the same skin color. In addition, lighter teeth shades were preferred among subjects with a lighter skin color and vice versa (p <0.05). Conclusion Gender and skin color influences the perception of teeth shades among general population. Therefore, lighter tooth shades (BL1, BL2) for lighter skin color and comparatively darker tooth shades (BL4, B1, A1) for darker skin individuals should be prescribed as these are perceived as natural among Saudi population.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T13:56:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.05.001
       
  • Role of community pharmacists in providing oral health advice in the
           Eastern province of Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Hamad Al-Saleh; Thamir Al-Houtan; Khalid Al-Odaill; Basel Al-Mutairi; Mohammed Al-Muaybid; Tameem Al-Falah; Muhammad Ashraf Nazir
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 June 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Hamad Al-Saleh, Thamir Al-Houtan, Khalid Al-Odaill, Basel Al-Mutairi, Mohammed Al-Muaybid, Tameem Al-Falah, Muhammad Ashraf Nazir
      Objective To determine the frequency of patients seeking oral health advice and willingness of community pharmacists to provide oral health information in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Methods A Cross-sectional study with sample size (n=332) of randomly selected community pharmacists across the province. The questionnaire comprised of 25 questions divided into 3 sections. Frequency distributions of different categorical variables were calculated and Pearson's chi-square tests performed to compare categoral variables. Statistical significance determined at p-value < 0.05%. SPSS version 22 was used for statistical analyses. Results Of the 332 pharmacists, 279 agreed to participate in the study, yielding a response rate of 84%. About 71% of pharmacists provided less than 30 oral health advices and 29% of them gave ≥30 oral health advices daily. Oral ulcer (64.2%), dental pain (59.5%) and bleeding gums (54.5%) were the three most common oral conditions encountered by the pharmacists. More pharmacists (90%) were approached for advice about tooth whitening products, tooth brush and mouth wash in large cities compared with 66.7% of pharmacists in small cities of the province. Lack of interaction with dental professionals was recognized the most important barrier to providing oral health services to the clients. Almost one third (35.8%) had formal oral health training in their undergraduate program and only 26.5% of them were always confident in providing oral health advices. Majority (93.5%) of respondents recognized their important role in providing oral health advices and 98.2% were enthusiastic to provide oral health information. Conclusions Community pharmacists are approached frequently for oral healthcare advices. Majority of them had no oral health training. Almost all of them were willing to provide oral health information in the community. It is essential to provide continuous oral health education to the pharmacists to better serve oral health needs of the community.

      PubDate: 2017-06-12T12:29:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.03.004
       
  • Quality of Communication between Dentists and Dental Laboratory
           Technicians for Fixed Prosthodontics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Huda Tulbah; Eman AlHamdan; Amal AlQahtani; Asma AlShahrani; Mona AlShaye
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 June 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Huda Tulbah, Eman AlHamdan, Amal AlQahtani, Asma AlShahrani, Mona AlShaye
      The fabrication of a clinically acceptable dental prosthesis requires proper communication between the dentist and the dental technician. Prosthodontic educators have been concerned with this interaction and communication. Fixed prosthodontics laboratories revealed that the technicians are often dissatisfied with the information provided in work authorizations. Objective: To evaluate the quality of communication between dentists and laboratory technicians via work authorizations for fixed prosthodontics in both governmental and private dental laboratories in Riyadh area from the technician’s perspective. Methods: A sample of 66 dental laboratories, including all government dental laboratories and a selected number of randomly chosen private dental laboratories from each district of Riyadh (40%), participated in the survey. A questionnaire was developed to include questions related to the following areas of work authorization: clarity and accuracy of instructions, patient information, type of prosthesis, choice of materials, design and shade of the prosthesis and type of porcelain glaze. The questionnaire was answered in a face-to-face interview by technicians who were qualified in fixed prosthetic work. Data were analyzed through parametric tests (T-test and one-way ANOVA) to identify significant values (P<0.05). Results: This survey showed a lack of communication between dentists and dental laboratories regarding the following: marginal design, pontic design, staining diagram, type of porcelain and glaze needed for the prosthesis. Significant differences were observed between the government and private dental laboratories. There was a greater lack of communication between the dentists and government laboratory technicians in Riyadh. There was no statistically significant difference between private labs of different areas in Riyadh city (P<0.05). Conclusion: The quality of communication between dentists and dental technicians in Riyadh can sometimes be inadequate, and governmental laboratories have a lower level of communication.

      PubDate: 2017-06-12T12:29:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.05.002
       
  • Oral Kaposi Sarcoma in HIV-Seronegative Saudi Patient: Literature Review
           and Case Report

    • Authors: Asmaa Faden; Manal AlShiddi; Mohamad AlKindi; Lama Alabdulaaly
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Asmaa Faden, Manal AlShiddi, Mohamad AlKindi, Lama Alabdulaaly
      Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) is an intermediate neoplasm affecting the endothelial cells of mucous membranes and skin. It arises most commonly among HIV-infected individuals. We present an intra-oral KS in an 80-year-old Saudi male patient, who is HIV-seronegative, non-immunosuppressed, and with no history of organ transplantation. The patient was treated with fractionated radiation therapy, and had no recurrence in the 48 months of follow-up. The clinical disease, histologic features, and treatment modality used, as well as the relative literature are presented in this paper.

      PubDate: 2017-05-08T05:35:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.03.003
       
  • Reliability of intra-oral camera using teledentistry in screening of oral
           diseases – Pilot study

    • Authors: Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati; Preetinanda Mishra; Mehrshad Damania; Siddharth Narayanan; Garima Sachdeva; Geetanshu Bhalla
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 April 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati, Preetinanda Mishra, Mehrshad Damania, Siddharth Narayanan, Garima Sachdeva, Geetanshu Bhalla
      Objective Reliability of intra-oral camera using teledentistry in screening of oral diseases. Methodology A trained and calibrated examiner used intra-oral camera to capture videos of oral cavity along with clinical examination to evaluate caries, plaque, calculus, tooth wear and fluorosis, stains in children. Results The mean DT and DMFT were significantly higher with use of intra-oral camera than with clinical examination (p =0.001 and 0.001) respectively. A positive strong significant correlation was seen between intra-oral camera and clinical examination with respect to DT, MT, FT and DMFT (r =0.721, p <0.001; r =0.908, p <0.001; r =0.869, p <0.001; r =0.876, p <0.001) respectively. Reliability of intra-oral camera when compared with clinical examination varied from substantial to almost perfect agreement various oral conditions. Disclosed immature plaque was not clear while mature plaque was clearly demonstrated. Conclusion/recommendations Intra-oral camera was shown to be a reliable tool to identify common oral diseases. Further studies involving applications like sealant retention, pre-malignant lesions, recurrent apthae, gingival recession and dental malocclusion and effectiveness in regular screening are needed.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T02:53:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.03.002
       
  • Sexual Dimorphism, Pattern of Third Molar and Mandibular Second Premolar
           Agenesis: A Cross Sectional Study in Indian paediatric orthodontic
           Patients

    • Authors: Apurva Mishra; Ramesh.K. Pandey
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Apurva Mishra, Ramesh.K. Pandey
      Objective To determine and compare the prevalence and pattern of agenesis of third molar and mandibular second premolar in paediatric orthodontic patients of age group 9 to 15 for sexual dimorphism. Methods The digital orthopantograph was obtained from the archive record of patients of age group 9 to 15 year. Radiographs of 301 patients were evaluated after taking exclusion criteria into account and were assessed for the presence/absence of third molars and mandibular second premolar. Tooth development evaluation followed the method of Demirjian et al., based on eight stages of tooth formation. The agenesis of third molar in maxilla and mandible between age groups & gender was compared by using Chi-square test. Results The rate of agenesis of third molars was observed 36.8% in the present study. Twenty four (24.3%) percentage of the study population showed agenesis of all the four third molars. The agenesis of third molars was found to be higher among males than females (p>0.05). Prevalence of agenesis of mandibular second premolar was 4.7 to 5%. Conclusions Agenesis of third molars was more commonly seen in the maxilla, having male predilection. Maxillary right third molar was the most commonly missing tooth irrespective of gender.

      PubDate: 2017-03-27T20:53:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.01.004
       
  • Odontogenic Myxoma: A Review with Report of an Uncommon Case with
           Recurrence in the Mandible of a Teenage Male

    • Authors: C. Shivashankara; Madhumati Nidoni; Shrish Patil; K.T. Shashikala
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): C. Shivashankara, Madhumati Nidoni, Shrish Patil, K.T. Shashikala
      We describe a 13-year-old boy with recurrence of an odontogenic myxoma of the mandible. We review extant literature on the lesion, emphasizing the similarities and differences among lesions in the differential diagnosis. Odontogenic myxoma is an uncommon benign tumor that mainly affects the mandible, with a peak incidence in the second to fourth decades of life and predilection for the female sex. Clinical, radiological, and histopathological features should be considered when making a diagnosis. Several of these characteristics overlap with those of other benign and some malignant tumors. Odontogenic myxoma is known for recurrence. The treatment plan should consider the age and sex of the patient and the site and size of the lesion. Reconstructive surgery may be required, but should be delayed until after an adequate follow-up to rule out recurrence.

      PubDate: 2017-03-16T19:18:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.02.003
       
  • From dental science to clinical practice: Knowledge Translation and
           Evidence-based Dentistry principles

    • Authors: Kelvin I. Afrashtehfar; Mansour K. Assery
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Kelvin I. Afrashtehfar, Mansour K. Assery
      It has been claimed that in order to decrease the gap between what we know and what we do, research findings must be translated from knowledge to action. Such practices better enable dentists to make evidence-based decisions instead of personal ideas and judgments. To this end, this literature review aims to revisit the concepts of knowledge translation and evidence-based dentistry (EBD) and depict their role and influence within dental education. It addresses some possible strategies to facilitate KT, encourage dental students to use EBD principles, and to encourage dental educators to create an environment in which students become self-directed learners. It concludes with a call to developed up-to-date and efficient online platforms that could grant dentists better access to EBD sources in order to more efficiently translate research evidence into the clinic.

      PubDate: 2017-03-16T19:18:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.02.002
       
  • Factors affecting Polymerization of Resin-based Composites: A Literature
           Review

    • Authors: Maan M. AlShaafi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Maan M. AlShaafi


      PubDate: 2017-03-09T16:33:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.01.002
       
  • The need for virtual reality simulators in dental education: A review

    • Authors: Elby Roy; Mahmoud M Bakr; Roy George
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 March 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Elby Roy, Mahmoud M. Bakr, Roy George
      Virtual reality simulators are becoming an essential part of modern education. The benefits of Virtual reality in dentistry is constantly being assessed as a method or an adjunct to improve fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination in pre-clinical settings and overcome the monetary and intellectual challenges involved with such training. This article, while providing an overview of the virtual reality dental simulators, also looks at the link between virtual reality simulation and current pedagogical knowledge.

      PubDate: 2017-03-09T16:33:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.02.001
       
  • Determination of the position of mental foramen and frequency of anterior
           loop in Saudi population. A retrospective CBCT study

    • Authors: H. Al-Mahalawy; H. Al-Aithan; B. Al-Kari; B. Al-Jandan; S. Shujaat
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 January 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): H. Al-Mahalawy, H. Al-Aithan, B. Al-Kari, B. Al-Jandan, S. Shujaat
      Objectives To determine the position of mental foramen (MF) and frequency of anterior loop (AL) using dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and methods The study involved the evaluation of 302 CBCT scans (196 males, 106 females). The position of MF was determined with respect to adjacent teeth, nearest root apex of adjacent teeth and mandibular borders. MF position was also assessed based on gender and age. In addition, prevalence of anterior loop was evaluated by categorizing the inferior alveolar canal (IAC) patterns into linear, perpendicular and anterior looping. Results The study revealed that the most common position of MF was below the apex of 2nd premolar accounting for a total of 52.8% of scans whereas, only 29.6% observed MF between 1st and 2nd premolar (p >0.05). 38.7% of MF were located at a distance of 1–3mm from the nearest root apex (2nd premolar), followed by a distance of less than 1mm in 17.05 of cases. 63.2% of foramen on left side of the mandible were observed below the apex of 2nd premolar in females (p =0.023). Statistically significant findings were observed with regards to position of MF in different age groups (p >0.05). The most common IAC pattern observed was linear in nature which accounted for 46.2% of cases followed by perpendicular pattern (38.6%). AL was found only in 15.2% of cases. Conclusions Our sample population most commonly exhibited MF below the apex of 2nd premolar with linear IAC pattern. AL was regarded as the least common pattern in Saudi population.

      PubDate: 2017-01-29T04:59:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.01.001
       
  • Patients with burning mouth sensations. A clinical investigation of
           causative factors in a group of “Compete Denture Wearers” Jordanian
           population

    • Authors: Gadeer Elea Mukatash Nimri; Marwan A. Al-Nimri; Omar G. Al-Jadeed; Zaid R. Al-Zobe; Khuzama K. Aburumman; Nader A. Masarwa
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Gadeer Elea Mukatash Nimri, Marwan A. Al-Nimri, Nader A. Masarwa, Zaid R. Al-Zobe, Khuzama K. Aburumman
      Aim to find out the prevalence of “true” burning mouth syndrome and study the association between patients' spontaneous complaints of burning mouth and systemic conditions in a group of middle age and elderly “denture wearers” patients in Jordan. Methods a group of 129 patients (112 female and 17 male) of “complete denture wearers” subjects aged 40 years and over attended prosthetic clinic at King Hussein Medical Hospital complaining from oral burning, with no oral lesion possibly responsible for the burning sensations were selected. Assessment of oral and general status was done based on questioners, detailed history taking, medical records and extra and intraoral examination. The existed complete dentures retention, stability, jaw relationship and the free way space were evaluated. The current blood test and instrumental protocol for examination of patients with burning mouth complains were performed for each patient. Then those studied patients with burning mouth sensations including “true” burning mouth syndrome have been compared to the controls with regard to the presence of local problem, undermined local, systemic or psychological disease. Results The diagnosis of “true” burning mouth syndrome was established in (2.3%) of the studied population two females and one male. In most patients (58%) more than one site was affected. Significant positive associations were found between local factors (i.e; wearing complete dentures with unsatisfactory retention or jaw relationship, dry mouth or candidasis) and patients suffering from burning mouth sensation. The results also show that some systemic or psychological disorders were significantly more present among patients with burning mouth symptoms when compared to the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion spontaneous symptoms of burning mouth without mucosal signs should be considered as a manifestation of undermind pathology and / or distress, and the multi-factorial causes of burning mouth syndrome and sensation need to be referred to the suitable specialist for better treatment results.

      PubDate: 2017-01-21T01:58:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.10.002
       
  • Dental specialty, career preferences and their influencing factors among
           final year dental students in Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Hassan Suliman Halawany; Abdullah Salman Binassfour; Waleed Khalid AlHassan; Rami Ayed Alhejaily; Nassr Al Maflehi; Vimal Jacob; Nimmi Biju Abraham
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 January 2017
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Hassan Suliman Halawany, Abdullah Salman Binassfour, Waleed Khalid AlHassan, Rami Ayed Alhejaily, Nassr Al Maflehi, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham
      Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate evolving trends in dental post graduate specialty preferences and career aspirations among final year dental students in Saudi Arabia. Materials and methods A cross sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among final year dental students from seventeen universities in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire enquired about socio-demographic details and the ranking of three of their best preferences among the list of specialties/ general dentistry and career options. They were also enquired about their opinion regarding the total time required to become a dentist and their intention to go for further studies abroad. The questionnaire assessed factors influencing their choices using a 5 point Likert scale ranging from extremely important to not important. Binary logistic regression to examine the combined effect of several independent variables on the likelihood of choosing a dental specialization/ general dentistry and career option were analyzed. Results The overall response rate was 64.6%. Restorative and Aesthetic Dentistry was the most preferred specialty (n=98; 17.7%) followed by Endodontics (n=78; 14.1%); Prosthodontics (n=65; 11.7%) and Orthodontics (n=63; 11.4%). The two most preferred careers were ‘Civilian dentist in public sector’ followed by ‘Academic services dentist’. Overall, students reported that the influence of family members in the dental profession, preference for private practice and specific interest in patient population as the most important factors in choosing a specialty/ general dentistry. Intellectual content of the specialty was ranked the least important. On the other hand, the most important factors for choosing a career were variety of non-clinical duties, access to child care facilities and research opportunities. Conclusion The results of this study show the top preferred specialties and career choices which can be a baseline for establishing national policies and for the improvement of graduate programs. There seems to be a need to promote mentoring activities and provide guidance and encouragement to pre-doctoral dental students in selecting the most appropriate specialty within their capability domain.

      PubDate: 2017-01-13T01:21:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.12.001
       
  • Role of ethical beliefs and attitudes of dental students in providing care
           for HIV/AIDS patients

    • Authors: Saad Ahmed Khan; Min Li Liew; Hanan Omar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Saad Ahmed Khan, Min Li Liew, Hanan Omar
      Introduction Dental care has remained as an unmet need for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). Dental students are considered as future healthcare workforce and having beliefs which are discriminating may have negative attitudes towards providing care to these individuals (Azodo et al., 2010). The study aimed to assess the ethical beliefs and attitudes of dental students towards PLWHAs for providing care. Methods It is a descriptive correlational and cross sectional study. Nine public and private dental schools in Malaysia participated in the study. Data was collected using a validated self-administered questionnaire. Results A total of 481 dental students participated in this study, yielding response rate of 78%. Majority of the participants (74%) believed that patients’ HIV status should be disclosed to patients’ sexual partner without permission. Approximately 60% of the participants reported that rooms/beds of HIV patients should be clearly marked. Regarding patient disease status 28% of the students reported that it is appropriate to test a patient for HIV/AIDS without patient’s permission. Only Fifty five percent of the students expressed the willingness to treat HIV patients and 49% reported to held fear of getting infected while treating patients with HIV/AIDS. Sixty four percent of the participants reported to be more comfortable giving care to non-HIV patients than HIV-positive patients. Conclusion Dental students’ ethical beliefs about HIV/AIDS were not consistent with the ethical principles as stated in the code of ethics and they held negative attitudes towards PLWHAs. Ethical beliefs were found to be a determinant that may influence future attitudes of these students towards individuals with HIV/AIDS when providing care.

      PubDate: 2017-01-05T00:38:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.005
       
  • A rare case of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the mandible
           mimicking a malignant tumor

    • Authors: Mohammed Ghazi AlKindi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Mohammed Ghazi AlKindi
      Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) of the head and neck is a rare benign proliferative lesion of unknown etiology that mimics malignant lesions clinically and radiographically. I report the case of a 27-year-old woman who presented with a mass in her left mandible associated with restricted mouth opening that had developed over the preceding 7months. The mass was resected completely with 5mm margin under general anesthesia. The mass was extending to the floor of the mouth and impinging on the masseter and temporalis muscles. Given its characteristics of being localized and aggressive, complete surgical resection is the best treatment modality for IMT.

      PubDate: 2017-01-05T00:38:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.10.001
       
  • Effectiveness of Salvadora persica extracts against common oral pathogens

    • Authors: Hanan Balto; Ibrahim Al-Sanie; Sultan Al-Beshri; Abdullah Aldrees
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 December 2016
      Source:The Saudi Dental Journal
      Author(s): Hanan Balto, Ibrahim Al-Sanie, Sultan Al-Beshri, Abdullah Aldrees
      Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of ethanol and hexane extracts of Salvadora persica against common oral pathogens. Materials and methods Well diffusion, Minimum Inhibition Concentration (MIC), Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC), and Broth microdilution tests were used to determine the optimum antimicrobial concentrations of S. persica extracts against Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), Streptococcus sanguis (S. sanguis), and Streptococcus salivarius (S. salivarius) over 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24h. Chlorhexidine (CHX) 0.2% was used as a positive control. Results The findings showed that the microbial activity of both extracts was concentration-dependent. Ethanol extract of S. persica at 25, 50, and 100mg/ml had more growth inhibitory effect against all isolates compared to hexane extract. In addition, ethanol extract at 8mg/ml (MBC value) was able to eradicate the growth of all isolates. S. sanguis and S. salivarius were very sensitive to hexane extract and required 4mg/ml (MBC value) for their eradication while S. mutans was the most resistant (MBC=8mg/ml).The statistical findings of CFU counts showed no significant difference (p =1.000) in antibacterial effectiveness between the two extracts against all isolates. A significant decline overtime in CFU counts was noted, except at 12h and 24h where no significant difference (p =0.793) was observed and was comparable to CHX. Conclusion Ethanol and hexane extracts of S. persica were found to exhibit maximum antimicrobial activity against S. mutans, S. sanguis and S. salivarius at high concentrations.

      PubDate: 2017-01-05T00:38:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.11.001
       
 
 
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