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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 6987 journals)
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DENTISTRY (238 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 0 of 0 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ação Odonto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Odontológica Colombiana     Open Access  
Acta Odontologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Odontologica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualités Odonto-Stomatologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal  
Angle Orthodontist     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avicenna Journal of Dental Research     Open Access  
Balkan Journal of Dental Medicine     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Dental Research & Education     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Brazilian Dental Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Dental Science     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
British Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin du Groupement International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene     Full-text available via subscription  
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
City Dental College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical Advances in Periodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical and Laboratorial Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical Oral Implants Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Oral Investigations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Reviews in Oral Biology Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Oral Health Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Dental Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dental Cadmos     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Dental Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Dental Forum     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)     Open Access  
Dental Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dental Protection Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dental Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Dental Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Dentistry     Open Access  
Dentistry 3000     Open Access  
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Dentistry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Der Freie Zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
der junge zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
Die Quintessenz     Full-text available via subscription  
Disease-a-Month     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Droit et Médecine Bucco-Dentaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ENDO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Endodontic Topics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Endodontie     Full-text available via subscription  
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Dentistry and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Esthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Oral Implantology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Oral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evidence Based Summaries in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Evidence-Based Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Faculty Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Forum Ortodontyczne     Open Access  
Future Dental Journal     Open Access  
Giornale Italiano di Endodonzia     Open Access  
Implant Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Implantologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
International Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Computerized Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dental Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dental Science and Research     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Implant Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Odontostomatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Oral Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Prosthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Stomatological Research     Open Access  
International Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Japanese Dental Science Review     Open Access  
Journal of Academy of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Adhesive Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Oral Science     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Periodontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Craniomandibular Function     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Dental Biomaterials     Open Access  
Journal of Dental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dentistry for Children     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal of Dentofacial Anomalies and Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Endodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Indian Academy of Dental Specialist Researchers     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Orthodontic Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology     Open Access  
Journal of Interdisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Isfahan Dental School     Open Access  
Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry     Open Access  
Journal of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Oral Biosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Oral Health and Oral Epidemiology     Open Access  
Journal of Oral Implantology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Oral Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral Research     Open Access  
Journal of Oral Research and Review     Open Access  
Journal of Orthodontic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pediatric Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pierre Fauchard Academy (India Section)     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Public Health Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Restorative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Stomatology (Czasopismo Stomatologiczne)     Open Access  
Journal of the American Dental Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Canadian Dental Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the International Clinical Dental Research Organization     Open Access  
Journal of Theory and Practice of Dental Public Health     Open Access  
Kieferorthopädie     Full-text available via subscription  
King Saud University Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
L'Orthodontie Française     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Médecine Buccale Chirurgie Buccale     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Medicina Oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal     Open Access  
Nigerian Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nowa Stomatologia     Open Access  
Odontoestomatología     Open Access  
Odontología     Open Access  
Odontology     Hybrid Journal  
Odovtos - International Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine     Open Access  
Open Journal of Implant Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Operative Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Oral Biology and Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Oral Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Orthodontic Journal of Nepal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orthodontic Waves     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Parodontologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Pediatric Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Pediatric Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Periodontology 2000     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clinica Integrada     Open Access  
Pesquisa Odontológica Brasileira     Open Access  
Prevenzione & Assistenza Dentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Primary Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription  

        1 2     

Journal Cover Journal of Conservative Dentistry
  [SJR: 0.343]   [H-I: 4]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0972-0707 - ISSN (Online) 0974-5203
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [305 journals]
  • Comparative evaluation of the efficacy of two modes of delivery of
           Piroxicam (Dolonex®) for the management of postendodontic
           pain: A randomized control trial

    • Authors: Nidhi Joshi, Sylvia Mathew, John V George, Swaroop Hegde, Shilpa Bhandi, KS Madhu
      Pages: 301 - 305
      Abstract: Nidhi Joshi, Sylvia Mathew, John V George, Swaroop Hegde, Shilpa Bhandi, KS Madhu

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):301-305

      Background: Alleviating pain is of utmost importance when treating patients with endodontic pain. Aim: To compare and evaluate the efficacy of two modes of delivery of pretreatment Piroxicam (Dolonex®, Pfizer) for the management of postendodontic pain. Materials and Methods: Sixty-six patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis were randomly divided into three groups of 22 subjects Group I - control group, no pharmacological intervention, Group II - patients received pretreatment oral Piroxicam (40 mg), Group III - patients received pretreatment intraligamentary injections totaling 0.4 mL of Piroxicam. Single visit endodontic therapy was performed by a single endodontist. Visual analogue scale was used to record pain before treatment and 4, 8, 12, 24, and 48 h postoperatively. Mann–Whitney U-test and Kruskal–Wallis tests were used to analyze the data. Results: The patients in Groups II and III perceived less postendodontic pain as compared to Group I (P < 0.05), at all the time intervals. At 12, 24, and 48 h, pain experience in patients of Group III was significantly less. Conclusions: Intraligamentary mode of delivery of Piroxicam was more efficacious.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):301-305
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186454
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Two-year clinical evaluation of resin composite in posterior teeth: A
           randomized controlled study

    • Pages: 306 - 310
      Abstract: Ranulfo Gianordoli-Neto, Gislaine Cristina Padovani, José Mondelli, Maria Fidela de Lima Navarro, Juliano Sartori Mendonça, Sérgio Lima Santiago

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):306-310

      Background: Clinical evaluations as fundamental method to prove the efficiency of restorative materials. Aim: This study evaluated the clinical performance of restorative systems during 2 years of clinical service. Materials and Methods: This study assessed the clinical performance of restorative systems (Filtek Z250 and P60), during 2 years of clinical service, using the US Public Health Service system. The randomized and double-blind study comprising thirty volunteers. The restorations were evaluated at baseline, 6, 12, and 24 months. It was used the following criteria: marginal discoloration (MD), marginal integrity (MI), superficial texture (ST), wear (W), postoperative sensitivity (PS) and recurrent caries (RC). Results: Statistic analysis was performed using Fisher's and McNemar's exact tests and Pearsons's Chi-square in a significance level of 5%. The results at baseline and 24 months for Group I were: MD – 100, 100%; MI – 100, 88.6%; ST – 100, 94.3%; W – 100, 94.3%; PS – 100, 100%; RC – 100, 100%, of alpha scores; Group II: MD – 100, 97.1%; MI – 100, 91.4%; ST – 100, 94.3%; W – 100, 91.4%; PS – 100, 100%; RC – 100, 100%, of alpha scores. It was observed no statistical difference in the evaluated criteria and period. Conclusions: After 24 months of evaluation, both restorative systems exhibited acceptable clinical performance.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):306-310
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186446
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Influence of three Ni&#8211;Ti cleaning and shaping files on
           postinstrumentation endodontic pain: A triple-blinded, randomized,
           controlled trial

    • Authors: Jogikalmat Krithikadatta, Vadhana Sekar, Paramanantham Sudharsan, Natanasabapathy Velumurugan
      Pages: 311 - 316
      Abstract: Jogikalmat Krithikadatta, Vadhana Sekar, Paramanantham Sudharsan, Natanasabapathy Velumurugan

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):311-316

      Aim: This randomized, controlled trial evaluated the incidence of postinstrumentation pain on using two different rotary Ni–Ti and one reciprocating Ni–Ti cleaning and shaping systems. Materials and Methods: Asfter sample size estimation, a total of 152 patients were randomized to three groups (Group WO [WaveOne], Group PU [ProTaper Universal], and Group Mt [Mtwo]). Selection of patients was based on root curvature, periapical lesion, vitality, gender, and diagnosis of the patient. A similar clinical protocol was followed and endodontic treatment was performed. Pre- and post-instrumentation pain scores (2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 36, and 48 h) were recorded using visual analog scale score. Kruskal–Wallis test was done for overall comparison of the groups. Bonferroni-corrected Mann–Whitney test was done for pair-wise comparisons and Friedman test was done to compare pain between time points in each file system (P< 0.05). Results: All preinstrumentation pain values were higher than postinstrumentation pain values (P < 0.05). At 48 h, patients in Group WO experienced more pain compared to the other two groups. Pain scores of nonvital teeth were significantly higher when compared to vital teeth. Among nonvital teeth, patients in Group WO had early onset of pain at 6 h and lasted till 48 h, whereas pain started at 12 h and lasted till 36 and 48 h for Group Mt and Group PU, respectively. Conclusion: Patients treated with WaveOne files experienced more pain when compared to the other files. Nonvital teeth experienced more pain compared to vital teeth. Group Mt had the lowest postinstrumentation pain.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):311-316
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186442
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Expansion of Gutta-percha in contact with various concentrations of zinc
           oxide-eugenol sealer: A three-dimensional volumetric study using spiral
           computed tomography

    • Authors: Mahima Tilakchand, Abhishek Jain, Balaram Naik
      Pages: 317 - 322
      Abstract: Mahima Tilakchand, Abhishek Jain, Balaram Naik

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):317-322

      Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the three-dimensional expansion of Gutta-percha (GP), at various powder/liquid ratios, of a zinc oxide-eugenol (ZOE)-based sealer using spiral computed tomography (SCT). Materials and Methods: Thirty-five freshly extracted human mandibular premolars were selected for this study. Cleaning and shaping were performed in all the teeth initially with hand K-files up to #25 and finally with RaCe rotary instruments (25/06). Teeth were randomly divided into five groups of 7 teeth each. Specimens were scanned using SCT. They were then viewed both cross-sectionally and longitudinally, with a constant thickness of 1 mm/slice. The volume of root canal in each tooth was estimated. Obturation was performed by GP points (25/04) and ZOE-based root canal sealer in all groups with different powder-liquid ratio. Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, had powder/liquid ratio of 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, and 1:4, respectively, while in the control group, no sealer was used. The obturation was performed by sealer coated single cone GP. A second SCT scan was performed to determine the volume of GP and sealer in all four groups 1 day after obturation. The third and fourth SCT scans were taken 7 and 30 days after obturation, respectively. The mean volume of GP per group was calculated. Data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Inter-group comparisons were done using Scheffe post hoc multiple comparisons test. Results: All groups with sealer showed expansion of GP at both 7th day and 30th day, which was statistically significant from the GP volume at 1st day. Groups 2 and 3 with powder/liquid ratio of 1:2 and 1:3 gave the highest mean volume values during 30 days period and showed significant expansion in comparison with Groups 1 and 4 with powder/liquid ratio of 1:1 and 1:4, respectively. Conclusion: Increasing the ratio of eugenol in sealer resulted in the volumetric expansion of GP. However, further studies should be performed to confirm the expansion of GP, leading to the achievement of fluid impervious seal.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):317-322
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186450
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Effectiveness of conventional syringe irrigation, vibringe, and passive
           ultrasonic irrigation performed with different irrigation regimes in
           

    • Pages: 323 - 327
      Abstract: Hüseyin Sinan Topçuoglu, Ahmet Akti, Gamze Topçuoglu, Salih Düzgün, Özge Ulusan, Firdevs Akpek

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):323-327

      Background: This study evaluated the efficacy of a sonic device (Vibringe), passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), and conventional syringe irrigation (CSI) in the removal of triple antibiotic paste (TAP) from artificial standardized grooves in the apical and coronal thirds of a root canal. Materials and Methods: One-hundred eighteen root canals were prepared using the ProTaper system. The roots were split longitudinally, and a standardized groove was prepared in the apical and coronal parts of one segment. The grooves were filled with TAP, and the roots were reassembled. The roots were randomly divided into nine experimental groups and two control groups, according to the following irrigation methods: (1) CSI with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) + ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), (2) CSI/EDTA, (3) CSI/NaOCl, (4) PUI/NaOCl + EDTA, (5) PUI/EDTA, (6) PUI/NaOCl, (7) Vibringe/NaOCl + EDTA, (8) Vibringe/EDTA, and (9) Vibringe/NaOCl. The amount of remaining medicament was evaluated under a stereomicroscope. Results: In the apical third, Vibringe/NaOCl + EDTA and PUI/NaOCl + EDTA were superior to the other groups (P < 0.05); there was no significant difference between the other experimental groups (P > 0.05). In the coronal third, there was no significant difference between the experimental groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions: The use of the NaOCl/EDTA combination together with sonic or ultrasonic agitation improved the removal of TAP from the apical third.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):323-327
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186452
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • In vitro evaluation of remineralization efficacy of different calcium- and
           fluoride-based delivery systems on artificially demineralized enamel
           surface

    • Authors: Aparajita Gangrade, Vandana Gade, Sanjay Patil, Jaykumar Gade, Deepika Chandhok, Deepa Thakur
      Pages: 328 - 331
      Abstract: Aparajita Gangrade, Vandana Gade, Sanjay Patil, Jaykumar Gade, Deepika Chandhok, Deepa Thakur

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):328-331

      Background: Caries is the most common dental disease facing the world population. Caries can be prevented by remineralizing early enamel lesions. Aim: To evaluate remineralization efficacy of stannous fluoride (SnF2), casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate with fluoride (CPP-ACPF) and calcium sucrose phosphate (CaSP). Materials and Methods: Fifty enamel samples were taken; they were divided into five groups (n = 10). Demineralization was carried out with Groups A, B, C, and E. Remineralization was carried out with Groups A, B, and C for 7 days using SnF2, CPP-ACPF, and CaSP, respectively. In Group D, no surface treatment was carried out, to mark as positive control whereas Group E was kept as negative control with only surface demineralization of enamel. Enamel microhardness was tested using Vickers's microhardness tester after 7 day remineralization regime. Statistical Analysis: One-way analysis of variance and post hoc Tukey tests were performed. Results: The mean microhardness values in descending order: Positive control > SnF2> CaSP > CPP-ACPF > negative control. Conclusion: All remineralizing agents showed improved surface remineralization. However, complete remineralization did not occur within 7 days. SnF2showed the highest potential for remineralization followed by CaSP and CPP-ACPF.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):328-331
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186449
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • The effectiveness of eucalyptus oil, orange oil, and xylene in dissolving
           different endodontic sealers

    • Authors: Hemant Kumar Yadav, Rakesh Kumar Yadav, Anil Chandra, Rahul Rameshbhai Thakkar
      Pages: 332 - 337
      Abstract: Hemant Kumar Yadav, Rakesh Kumar Yadav, Anil Chandra, Rahul Rameshbhai Thakkar

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):332-337

      Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the dissolution effectiveness of eucalyptus oil, orange oil, xylene, and distilled water on three different endodontic sealers. Materials and Methods: About 240 samples of root canal sealers (eighty for each sealer) were prepared and divided into four groups of 20 each for immersion in different organic solvents. Each group was further subdivided into two subgroups (n = 10) for 2 and 10 min of immersion time. The mean percentage of weight loss was determined for each sealer in each solvent at both time periods. Data were statistically analyzed by two factor analysis of variance and significance of mean difference was obtained by Tukey's post hoc test (P < 0.05). Results: The lowest level of solubility was observed for Adseal followed by Apexit Plus and Endomethasone N at both time periods in all solvents. Apexit Plus showed no significant (P > 0.05) difference in its dissolution in all the organic solvents except distilled water at both the time periods. The solubility profile of Endomethasone N and Adseal did not differ significantly among eucalyptus oil, orange oil, and xylene at 2 min and between eucalyptus oil and orange oil at 10 min. However, at 10 min, Endomethasone N and Adseal showed a more pronounced solubility in xylene as compared to both eucalyptus oil and orange oil. Conclusions: In general, xylene was the most effective in dissolving root canal sealers than other organic solvents. Essential oils (eucalyptus oil and orange oil) were found similar in their ability to dissolve Apexit Plus and Endomethasone N.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):332-337
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186447
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Effects of thermal fatigue on shear punch strength of tooth-colored
           restoratives

    • Authors: Fam Mei Shi Melody, Yap Adrian U-Jin, Tan Wei Min Natalie, Tay Wan Ling Elizabeth, Jessica Yeo Siu Chien
      Pages: 338 - 342
      Abstract: Fam Mei Shi Melody, Yap Adrian U-Jin, Tan Wei Min Natalie, Tay Wan Ling Elizabeth, Jessica Yeo Siu Chien

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):338-342

      Aims: This study investigated the effect of thermal fatigue on the shear strength of a range of tooth-colored restorative materials including giomers, zirconia-reinforced glass ionomer cement (GIC), nano-particle resin-modified GIC, highly viscous GICs, and composite resin. Materials and Methods: Twenty specimens of each material were fabricated in standardized washers (17 mm outer diameter, 9 mm internal diameter, 1 mm thick). The specimens were cured, stored in 100% humidity at 37.5°C for 24 h, and randomly divided into two groups of 10. Group A specimens were nonthermocycled (NT) and stored in distilled water at 37°C for 168 h. Group B specimens were thermocycled (TC) for 10,000 cycles (168 h) with baths X, Y, and Z adjusted to 35°C, 15°C, and 45°C, respectively. Each cycle had dwell times of 28 s in X, and 2s in Y/Z in the order XYXZ. Specimens then underwent shear punch testing at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min with a 2 kN load cell. Statistical analysis of shear strength was done using t-test and two-way ANOVA/Scheffe's post hoc test at significance level P< 0.05. Results: The effect of thermal fatigue on shear strength was material dependent. Except for the “sculptable” giomer (Beautifil II) and a highly viscous GIC (Fuji IX GP Fast), no significant differences in shear strength were generally observed between the NT and TC groups. For both groups, the composite resin (Filtek Z250XT) had the highest shear strength while the zirconia-reinforced (zirconomer) and a highly viscous GIC (Ketac Molar Quick) had the lowest. Conclusions: The effect of thermocycling on shear strength was material dependent. Thermal fatigue, however, did not significantly influence the shear strength of most materials assessed. The “sculptable” composite and giomer were significantly stronger than the other materials evaluated. Shear strength of the “flowable” injectable hybrid giomer was intermediate between the composite and GICs.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):338-342
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186444
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • A systematic review of randomized controlled trials on sterilization
           methods of extracted human teeth

    • Authors: J Sylvia Western, Daniel Devaprakash Dicksit
      Pages: 343 - 346
      Abstract: J Sylvia Western, Daniel Devaprakash Dicksit

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):343-346

      Aim of this Study: The aim was to evaluate the efficiency of different sterilization methods on extracted human teeth (EHT) by a systematic review of in vitro randomized controlled trials. Methodology : An extensive electronic database literature search concerning the sterilization of EHT was conducted. The search terms used were “human teeth, sterilization, disinfection, randomized controlled trials, and infection control.” Randomized controlled trials which aim at comparing the efficiency of different methods of sterilization of EHT were all included in this systematic review. Results : Out of 1618 articles obtained, eight articles were selected for this systematic review. The sterilization methods reviewed were autoclaving, 10% formalin, 5.25% sodium hypochlorite, 3% hydrogen peroxide, 2% glutaraldehyde, 0.1% thymol, and boiling to 100°C. Data were extracted from the selected individual studies and their findings were summarized. Conclusion: Autoclaving and 10% formalin can be considered as 100% efficient and reliable methods. While the use of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite, 3% hydrogen peroxide, 2% glutaraldehyde, 0.1% thymol, and boiling to 100°C was inefficient and unreliable methods of sterilization of EHT.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):343-346
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186457
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Dental unit waterlines disinfection using hypochlorous acid-based
           disinfectant

    • Authors: Irfana Fathima Shajahan, D Kandaswamy, Padma Srikanth, L Lakshmi Narayana, R Selvarajan
      Pages: 347 - 350
      Abstract: Irfana Fathima Shajahan, D Kandaswamy, Padma Srikanth, L Lakshmi Narayana, R Selvarajan

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):347-350

      Objective: The purpose of the study was to investigate the efficacy of a new disinfectant to disinfect the dental unit waterlines. Materials and Methods: New dental unit waterlines were installed in 13 dental chairs, and biofilm was allowed to grow for 10 days. Disinfection treatment procedure was carried out in the 12 units, and one unit was left untreated. The dental unit waterlines were removed and analyzed using the scanning electron microscope (SEM) (TESCAN VEGA3 SBU). Result: On examination, SEM images showed that there was no slime layer or bacterial cells seen in any of the 12 cut sections obtained from the treated dental waterlines which mean that there was no evident of biofilm formation. Untreated dental unit waterlines showed a microbial colonization with continuous filamentous organic matrix. There was significant biofilm formation in the control tube relative to the samples. Conclusion: The tested disinfectant was found to be effective in the removal of biofilm from the dental unit waterlines.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):347-350
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186441
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Comparison of the amount of apical debris extrusion associated with
           different retreatment systems and supplementary file application during
           retreatment process

    • Pages: 351 - 354
      Abstract: Ersan Çiçek, Mustafa Murat Koçak, Sibel Koçak, Baran Can Saglam

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):351-354

      Background: The type of instrument affects the amount of debris extruded. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of retreatment systems and supplementary file application on the amount of apical debris extrusion. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight extracted mandibular premolars with a single canal and similar length were selected. The root canals were prepared with the ProTaper Universal system with a torque-controlled engine. The root canals were dried and were obturated using Gutta-percha and sealer. The specimens were randomly divided into four equal groups according to the retreatment procedures (Group 1, Mtwo retreatment files; Group 2, Mtwo retreatment files + Mtwo rotary file #30 supplementary file; Group 3, ProTaper Universal retreatment (PTUR) files; and Group 4, PTUR files + ProTaper F3 supplementary file). The extruded debris during instrumentation were collected into preweighed Eppendorf tubes. The amount of apically extruded debris was calculated by subtracting the initial weight of the tube from the final weight. Three consecutive weights were obtained for each tube. Results: No statistically significant difference was found in the amount of apically extruded debris between Groups 1 and 3 (P = 0.590). A significant difference was observed between Groups 1 and 2 (P < 0.05), and between Groups 3 and 4 (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The use of supplementary file significantly increased the amount of apically extruded debris.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):351-354
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186456
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Mouthrinses affect color stability of composite

    • Authors: Arshia Rashid Baig, Deepa Deepak Shori, Pratima Ramakrishna Shenoi, Syed Navid Ali, Sanjay Shetti, Alkesh Godhane
      Pages: 355 - 359
      Abstract: Arshia Rashid Baig, Deepa Deepak Shori, Pratima Ramakrishna Shenoi, Syed Navid Ali, Sanjay Shetti, Alkesh Godhane

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):355-359

      Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of alcohol and nonalcohol containing mouth rinses on the color stability of a nanofilled resin composite restorative material. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 samples of a nanofilled resin composite material (Tetric N-Ceram, Ivoclar Vivadent AG, FL-9494 Schaan/Liechtenstein) were prepared and immersed in distilled water for 24 h. Baseline color values were recorded using Color Spectrophotometer 3600d (Konica Minolta, Japan). Samples were then randomly distributed into six groups: Group I - distilled water (control group), Group II - Listerine, Group III - Eludril, Group IV - Phosflur, Group V - Amflor, and Group VI - Rexidin. The postimmersion color values of the samples were then recorded, respectively. Results: Significant reduction in the mean color value (before and after immersion) was observed in nonalcohol containing mouth rinses (P < 0.001). Conclusion: All mouthrinses tested in the present in-vitro study caused a color shift in the nanofilled resin composite restorative material, but the color shift was dependent on the material and the mouthrinse used. Group VI (Rexidin) showed maximum color change.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):355-359
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186448
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Marginal adaptation of newer root canal sealers to dentin: A SEM study

    • Authors: Swapnika Polineni, Nagesh Bolla, Pragna Mandava, Sayesh Vemuri, Madhusudana Mallela, Vijaya Madhuri Gandham
      Pages: 360 - 363
      Abstract: Swapnika Polineni, Nagesh Bolla, Pragna Mandava, Sayesh Vemuri, Madhusudana Mallela, Vijaya Madhuri Gandham

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):360-363

      Aim : This in vitro study evaluated and compared the marginal adaptation of three newer root canal sealers to root dentin. Materials and Methods : Thirty freshly extracted human single-rooted teeth with completely formed apices were taken. Teeth were decoronated, and root canals were instrumented. The specimens were randomly divided into three groups (n = 10) based upon the sealer used. Group 1 - teeth were obturated with epoxy resin sealer (MM-Seal). Group 2 - teeth were obturated with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) based sealer (MTA Fillapex), Group 3 - teeth were obturated with bioceramic sealer (EndoSequence BC sealer). Later samples were vertically sectioned using hard tissue microtome and marginal adaptation of sealers to root dentin was evaluated under coronal and apical halves using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and marginal gap values were recorded. Results : The data were statistically analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's multiple post hoc test. The highest marginal gap was seen in Group 2 (apical-16680.00 nm, coronal-10796 nm) and the lowest marginal gap was observed in Group 1 (apical-599.42 nm, coronal-522.72 nm). Coronal halves showed superior adaptation compared to apical halves in all the groups under SEM. Conclusion : Within the limitations of this study epoxy resin-based MM-Seal showed good marginal adaptation than other materials tested.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):360-363
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186453
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Comparison of fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored
           with nanohybrid, silorane, and fiber reinforced composite: An in vitro
           study

    • Authors: Priyanka Shripad Bilgi, Nimisha Chinmay Shah, Parth Pinakinbhai Patel, Deepa S Vaid
      Pages: 364 - 367
      Abstract: Priyanka Shripad Bilgi, Nimisha Chinmay Shah, Parth Pinakinbhai Patel, Deepa S Vaid

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):364-367

      Background: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the most suitable restorative for badly mutilated endodontically treated teeth. Aims: To evaluate and compare the fracture resistance of endodontically treated premolars restored with conventional nanohybrid, silorane composite with glass fibers and newer fiber-reinforced composite in mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) cavities. Materials and Methods: Sixty extracted human maxillary premolars were selected. Fifteen intact teeth served as positive controls (Group 1). Endodontic therapy was done in the remaining 45 teeth. MOD cavities were prepared in all the teeth with standardized dimensions and were randomly divided into three groups (Group 2 - nanohybrid + glass fibers, Group 3 - silorane + glass fibers, and Group 4 – fiber-reinforced composite). Restorations were done for all groups. Fracture resistance was measured by Instron universal testing machine. Statistical Analysis Used: One-way anova test and Tukey's post hoc test. Results: Highest fracture resistance was shown by intact teeth group followed by fiber-reinforced composite, nanohybrid, and silorane, respectively. Statistically Significant difference was revealed by anova test (P < 0.0001) and Tukey's post hoc test (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Among the experimental groups, fiber-reinforced composite showed the highest fracture resistance. Statistically significant difference was observed for all the groups.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):364-367
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186458
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Ultrasonic versus sonic activation of the final irrigant in root canals
           instrumented with rotary/reciprocating files: An in-vitro scanning
           electron microscopy analysis

    • Authors: Neha Deepak Khalap, Sharad Kokate, Vibha Hegde
      Pages: 368 - 372
      Abstract: Neha Deepak Khalap, Sharad Kokate, Vibha Hegde

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):368-372

      Aim: To compare the smear layer and debris removal in root canals instrumented with two different kinematic motions after ultrasonic and sonic irrigation activation. Materials and Methods: Eighty freshly extracted teeth were selected for the study and randomly divided the samples into two groups (n = 40) for instrumentation with either rotary ProTaper NEXT (PTN) or reciprocating WaveOne (WO) file systems. These (n = 40) were further divided into two groups (n = 20) where the final irrigant was activated using either Ultrasonics (Passive Ultrasonic Irrigation; PUI) or Sonics (EndoActivator; EA). Group 1: PTN + EA; Group 2: PTN + PUI; Group 3: WO + EA; and Group 4: WO + PUI. During instrumentation, a total of 4 ml of 5.25% NaOCl was used for irrigation. The final irrigation protocol included NaOCl and Smear Clear Solution. The samples were processed by scanning electron microscopic examination for debris and smear layer scoring, and statistical analysis was done. Results: The mean debris and smear layer score was less in the group instrumented by PTN with sonic activation of the irrigant. Conclusion: A combination of PTN instrumentation with sonic irrigation activation by EA is more effective in debris and smear layer removal in the groups tested.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):368-372
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186451
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Four cuspal maxillary second premolar with single root and three root
           canals: Case report

    • Authors: Parul Bansal, Vineeta Nikhil, Ayush Goyal, Ritu Singh
      Pages: 373 - 376
      Abstract: Parul Bansal, Vineeta Nikhil, Ayush Goyal, Ritu Singh

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):373-376

      Traditional configuration of maxillary second premolars has been described to have two cusps, one root and one or two root canals. The endodontic literature reports considerable anatomic aberrations in the root canal morphology of maxillary second premolar but the literature available on the variation in cuspal anatomy and its relationship to the root canal anatomy is sparse. The purpose of this clinical report was to describe the root and root canal configuration of a maxillary second premolar with four cusps.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):373-376
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186455
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Mineral trioxide aggregate apexification: A novel approach

    • Authors: Aamir Rashid Purra, Fayaz Ahmed Ahangar, Sachin Chadgal, Riyaz Farooq
      Pages: 377 - 380
      Abstract: Aamir Rashid Purra, Fayaz Ahmed Ahangar, Sachin Chadgal, Riyaz Farooq

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):377-380

      The treatment of choice for necrotic teeth with immature root is apexification, which is induction of apical closure to produce more favorable conditions for conventional root canal filling. The most commonly advocated medicament is calcium hydroxide although recently considerable interest has been expressed in the use of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). MTA offers the option of a two-visit apexification procedure so that the fragile tooth can be restored immediately. However, difficulty in placing the material in the wide apical area requires the use of an apical matrix. Materials such as collagen, calcium sulfate, and hydroxyapatite have been used for this purpose. This article describes the use of resorbable suture material to form the apical matrix which offers many advantages over the contemporary materials.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):377-380
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186443
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Endodontics &#8211; current concepts and practice

    • Authors: Sameer K Jadhav
      Pages: 381 - 381
      Abstract: Sameer K Jadhav

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):381-381


      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(4):381-381
      PubDate: Mon,18 Jul 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.186445
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 4 (2016)
       
 
 
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