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DENTISTRY (228 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 0 of 0 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ação Odonto     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica     Open Access  
Acta Odontológica Colombiana     Open Access  
Acta Odontologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Odontologica Turcica     Open Access  
Actualités Odonto-Stomatologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal  
Angle Orthodontist     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access  
Australian Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australian Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access  
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avicenna Journal of Dental Research     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Dental Research & Education     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Brazilian Dental Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Dental Science     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
British Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin du Groupement International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene     Full-text available via subscription  
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
City Dental College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clínica e Pesquisa em Odontologia - UNITAU     Open Access  
Clinical Advances in Periodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Clinical and Experimental Dental Research     Open Access  
Clinical and Laboratorial Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical Oral Implants Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Oral Investigations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Reviews in Oral Biology Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Oral Health Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Dental Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Dental Cadmos     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Dental Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Dental Forum     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dental Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dental Protection Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dental Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Dental Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Dentistry     Open Access  
Dentistry 3000     Open Access  
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Dentistry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Der Freie Zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
der junge zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
Die Quintessenz     Full-text available via subscription  
Disease-a-Month     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Droit et Médecine Bucco-Dentaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ENDO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Endodontic Topics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Endodontie     Full-text available via subscription  
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Dentistry and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Esthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Oral Implantology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Oral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Prosthodontics     Open Access  
Evidence Based Summaries in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Evidence-Based Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Faculty Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Future Dental Journal     Open Access  
Giornale Italiano di Endodonzia     Open Access  
Implant Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Implantologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
International Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Computerized Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dental Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dental Science and Research     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Dental Sciences and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Implant Dentistry     Open Access  
International Journal of Odontostomatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Oral Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Prosthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Stomatological Research     Open Access  
International Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Japanese Dental Science Review     Open Access  
Journal of Adhesive Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Oral Science     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Periodontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Craniomandibular Function     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Dental Biomaterials     Open Access  
Journal of Dental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dentistry for Children     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal of Dentofacial Anomalies and Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Endodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Indian Academy of Dental Specialist Researchers     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Orthodontic Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology     Open Access  
Journal of Interdisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Isfahan Dental School     Open Access  
Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry     Open Access  
Journal of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Oral Biosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Oral Health and Oral Epidemiology     Open Access  
Journal of Oral Implantology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Oral Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Oral Research     Open Access  
Journal of Oral Research and Review     Open Access  
Journal of Orthodontic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pierre Fauchard Academy (India Section)     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Public Health Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Restorative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Dental Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Canadian Dental Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the International Clinical Dental Research Organization     Open Access  
Journal of Theory and Practice of Dental Public Health     Open Access  
Kieferorthopädie     Full-text available via subscription  
King Saud University Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
L'Orthodontie Française     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Médecine Buccale Chirurgie Buccale     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Medicina Oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal     Open Access  
Nigerian Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Odontoestomatología     Open Access  
Odontología     Open Access  
Odontology     Hybrid Journal  
Odovtos - International Journal of Dental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine     Open Access  
Open Journal of Implant Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Operative Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Oral Biology and Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Oral Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Orthodontic Journal of Nepal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orthodontic Waves     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Parodontologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Pediatric Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Pediatric Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Periodontology 2000     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clinica Integrada     Open Access  
Pesquisa Odontológica Brasileira     Open Access  
Prevenzione & Assistenza Dentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Primary Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Regenerative Dentistry and Implant Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Bahiana de Odontologia     Open Access  
Revista Científica Odontológica     Open Access  

        1 2     

Journal Cover Journal of Conservative Dentistry
  [SJR: 0.343]   [H-I: 4]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0972-0707 - ISSN (Online) 0974-5203
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [304 journals]
  • Advances in endodontics: Potential applications in clinical practice

    • Authors: Anil Kishen, Ove A Peters, Matthias Zehnder, Anibal R Diogenes, Madhu K Nair
      Pages: 199 - 206
      Abstract: Anil Kishen, Ove A Peters, Matthias Zehnder, Anibal R Diogenes, Madhu K Nair

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):199-206

      Contemporary endodontics has seen an unprecedented advance in technology and materials. This article aimed to review some of the challenges and advances in the following sections: (1) endodontic imaging, (2) root canal preparation, (3) root canal disinfection, (4) root canal filling, and (4) regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs). Jointly, these advances are aimed at improving the state of the art and science of root canal treatment.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):199-206
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181925
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Efficacy of desensitizing agents on postoperative sensitivity following an
           in-office vital tooth bleaching: A randomized controlled clinical trial

    • Authors: Jyothi Kashi Nanjundasetty, Mohammed Ashrafulla
      Pages: 207 - 211
      Abstract: Jyothi Kashi Nanjundasetty, Mohammed Ashrafulla

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):207-211

      Aim: To assess and compare the incidence and intensity of experienced after an in-office vital tooth bleaching in case of dental fluorosis using two different types of desensitizing agents, at different time periods. Materials and Methods: Sixty-nine subjects with mild-to-moderate fluorosis were randomly divided into three groups of 23 each. Group I - control group (placebo), group II-potassium nitrate 5% and sodium monofluorophosphate 0.7% (Sensodent KF), and group III-Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) (Tooth Mousse). In-office vital tooth bleaching was done using 35% hydrogen peroxide liquid (Pola office) in two sessions. Desensitizing agent was applied for 10 min after each session. Postoperative sensitivity was recorded after 24 h and 7 days. The statistical analysis was done using chi-square test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and post hoc Tukey's test. Results: The experimental groups showed significantly less incidence and intensity of sensitivity compared to control group, whereas there was no difference between them. Conclusion: The desensitizing agents used in the study show effective reduction after an in-office vital tooth bleaching.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):207-211
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181927
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Effect of pH on physical properties of two endodontic biomaterials

    • Authors: Pooneh Mohebbi, Saeed Asgary
      Pages: 212 - 219
      Abstract: Pooneh Mohebbi, Saeed Asgary

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):212-219

      Aims: To compare the surface microhardness, setting time, and elemental and topographic changes of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) in contact with acidic, neutral, and alkaline solutions. Subjects and Methods: For evaluating 24-h and 28-day surface microhardness using Vickers test and initial setting time using Gillmore apparatus, glass molds were filled manually or ultrasonically, either with CEM or MTA and randomly immersed in solutions with acidic, neutral, and alkaline pH (5.4, 7.4, and 9.4, respectively). Topographic changes of the samples as well as energy dispersive X-ray spectra were examined using the scanning electron microscopy. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon, one- and two-way ANOVA, Tukey's post hoc, and t-tests. Results: After 28 days, there was an increase in the microhardness for all samples (without statistical significance [P > 0.05]), except for the samples of CEM in acidic environment (P > 0.05). The setting time of MTA samples was statistically higher than CEM samples ( P ≤ 0.001). The setting time of both biomaterials was significantly higher in acidic pH than other groups (P ≤ 0.005). Surface topography and elemental constituents of biomaterials were altered in different solutions. Conclusion: The surface microhardness, setting time, and elemental and topographic properties of MTA and CEM were affected by different solutions. CEM exhibited quicker setting time than MTA; however, acidic solution negatively influenced both of them.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):212-219
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181935
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation of the dentinal wall adaptation ability of MTA Fillapex using
           stereo electron microscope

    • Pages: 220 - 224
      Abstract: Levent Demiriz, Mustafa Murat Koçak, Sibel Koçak, Baran Can Sağlam, Sevinç Aktemur Türker

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):220-224

      Background: An ideal root canal obturation requires a complete dentinal wall adaptation of sealer and Gutta-percha combinations without any gap formations. Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the dentinal wall adaptation ability of MTA Fillapex root canal sealer using stereo electron microscope (SEM). Methods: Twenty-four, single-rooted, human maxillary incisor teeth were used. All canals were prepared with a rotary nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) instrument to a size F3 file. Teeth divided into two equal groups and one of the experimental groups was filled with AH Plus, and the other group was filled with MTA Fillapex using Gutta-percha single cone as a core material. The roots were prepared for SEM evaluation, and serial scanning electron photomicrographs were taken at ×50, ×100, ×500, and ×1000 magnifications. The gaps between the root canal sealer and canal walls were detected and measured in coronal, middle, and apical thirds. For each section, the highest value among the detected gap formations was recorded. Statistical Analysis: Mann-Whitney U-test, Freidman, and Wilcoxon tests were used. Results: The statistical analysis showed no significant difference between two sealers in terms of gap formation (P > 0.05). Conclusions: MTA Fillapex has a similar dentinal wall adaptation ability as AH Plus does.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):220-224
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181936
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Resistance to torsional failure and cyclic fatigue resistance of ProTaper
           Next, WaveOne, and Mtwo files in continuous and reciprocating motion: An
           in vitro study

    • Authors: NO Varghese, Rajesh Pillai, U-Nu Sujathen, Shan Sainudeen, Abe Antony, Sinju Paul
      Pages: 225 - 230
      Abstract: NO Varghese, Rajesh Pillai, U-Nu Sujathen, Shan Sainudeen, Abe Antony, Sinju Paul

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):225-230

      Aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the resistance to torsional failure and cyclic fatigue resistance of ProTaper Next (PTN), WaveOne, and Mtwo files in continuous and reciprocating motion. Settings and Design: Randomized control trial in a tertiary care setting. Subjects and Methods: A total of 10 new size 25.06 taper PTN X2, 25.06 taper Mtwo files, and 25.08 taper WaveOne primary files each was selected. A custom fabricated cyclic fatigue testing device with a 70° angle of curvature and 3 mm width; curvature starting at 6 mm from the tip was used. All instruments were rotated and reciprocated till fracture occurred and time till fracture of each instrument was recorded in seconds. For torsional failure testing 5 mm tip of each file was embedded in composite resin block and uniform torsional stresses (300 rpm, 2.0 Ncm) were applied repetitively by an endodontic motor with auto stop mode until file succumbed to torsional failure. Number of load applications leading to failure was recorded. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using t-test for equality of means, Pearson correlation, and ANOVA test. Results: All the files showed superior resistance to cyclic fatigue in reciprocating motion when compared with continuous rotation mode. WaveOne primary files displayed maximum resistance to cyclic fatigue both in continuous and reciprocating motion. WaveOne primary files also demonstrated maximum resistance to torsional failure followed by PTN with Mtwo files exhibiting least resistance. Conclusions: Operating files in reciprocating motion enhances their cyclic fatigue resistance. WaveOne files showed maximum resistance to cyclic fatigue and torsional failure due to their cross-sectional diameter coupled M-Wire technology.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):225-230
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181937
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Effect of methods of evaluation on sealing ability of mineral trioxide
           aggregate apical plug

    • Authors: Vineeta Nikhil, Padmanabh Jha, Navleen Kaur Suri
      Pages: 231 - 234
      Abstract: Vineeta Nikhil, Padmanabh Jha, Navleen Kaur Suri

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):231-234

      Aim: The purpose of the study was to evaluate and compare the sealing ability of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with three different methods. Materials and Methods: Forty single canal teeth were decoronated, and root canals were enlarged to simulate immature apex. The samples were randomly divided into Group M D = MTA-angelus mixed with distilled water and Group M C = MTA-angelus mixed with 2% chlorhexidine, and apical seal was recorded with glucose penetration method, fluid filtration method, and dye penetration methods and compared. Results: The three methods of evaluation resulted differently. The glucose penetration method showed that M D sealed better than M C , but difference was statistically insignificant (P > 0.05). The fluid filtration method resulted that Group M C was statistically insignificant superior to Group M D (P > 0.05). The dye penetration method showed that Group M C sealed statistically better than Group M D . Conclusion: No correlation was found among the results obtained with the three methods of evaluation. Addition of chlorhexidine enhanced the sealing ability of MTA according to the fluid filtration test and dye leakage while according to the glucose penetration test, chlorhexidine did not enhance the sealing ability of MTA. This study showed that relying on the results of apical sealing by only method can be misleading.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):231-234
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181938
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Comparative evaluation of apically extruded debris with V-Taper, ProTaper
           Next, and the Self-adjusting File systems

    • Authors: Nishant K Vyavahare, Srinidhi Surya Raghavendra, Niranjan N Desai
      Pages: 235 - 238
      Abstract: Nishant K Vyavahare, Srinidhi Surya Raghavendra, Niranjan N Desai

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):235-238

      Background: Complete cleaning of the root canal is the goal for ensuring success in endodontics. Removal of debris plays an important role in achieving this goal. In spite of advancements in instrument design, apical extrusion of debris remains a source of inflammation in the periradicular region. Aim: To comparatively evaluate the amount of apically extruded debris with V-Taper, ProTaper Next, and the self-adjusting File (SAF) system. Materials and Methods: Sixty-four extracted human mandibular teeth with straight root canals were taken. Access openings were done and working length determined. The samples were randomly divided into three groups: Group I - V-Taper files (n = 20), Group II - ProTaper Next (n = 20), Group III - SAF (n = 20). Biomechanical preparation was completed and the debris collected in vials to be quantitatively determined. The data obtained was statistically analyzed using ANOVA and post hoc Tukey's test. Results: All the specimens showed apical debris extrusion. SAF showed significantly less debris extrusion compared to V-Taper and ProTaper Next (P < 0.001). Among Groups I and II, ProTaper Next showed lesser debris extrusion as compared to V-Taper, but it was not significant (P = 0.124). Conclusion: The SAF showed least amount of apical debris extrusion when compared to newer rotary endodontic instruments. This indicates that the incidence of inter-treatment flare-ups due to debris extrusion would be less with the SAF.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):235-238
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181939
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation of dentinal tubule occlusion and depth of penetration of
           nano-hydroxyapatite derived from chicken eggshell powder with and without
           addition of sodium fluoride: An in vitro study

    • Authors: Divya Kunam, Sujatha Manimaran, Vidhya Sampath, Mahalaxmi Sekar
      Pages: 239 - 244
      Abstract: Divya Kunam, Sujatha Manimaran, Vidhya Sampath, Mahalaxmi Sekar

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):239-244

      Aim: This in vitro study evaluated the degree of dentinal tubule occlusion and depth of penetration of nano-hydroxyapatite (nHAp) derived from chicken eggshell powder with and without the addition of 2% sodium fluoride (NaF) using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Materials and Methods: nHAp was synthesized and characterized using X-ray diffraction and SEM-energy dispersive spectroscopy. Dentin discs were obtained from extracted teeth, pretreated with 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid for 5 min and were divided into four groups based on the experimental agents as follows: Group 1: Untreated (control), Group 2: 2% NaF, Group 3: nHAp, Group 4: Combination of nHAp and 2% NaF. The treatment protocol was carried out for 7 days, after which the specimens were viewed under SEM and CLSM. Statistical Analysis Used: One-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc multiple comparison tests (P < 0.05). Results: All the experimental agents occluded the dentinal tubules, but to varying degrees and depths. Specimens treated with the combination of nHAp and 2% NaF showed complete dentinal tubular occlusion and significantly greater depth of penetration than those treated with nHAp and 2% NaF alone. Conclusion: The combination of nHAp and 2% NaF was the most effective in occluding dentinal tubules.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):239-244
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181940
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Comparison of apical debris extrusion of two rotary systems and one
           reciprocating system

    • Authors: Paramasivam Vivekanandhan, Arunajatesan Subbiya, Suresh Mitthra, Arumugam Karthick
      Pages: 245 - 249
      Abstract: Paramasivam Vivekanandhan, Arunajatesan Subbiya, Suresh Mitthra, Arumugam Karthick

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):245-249

      Background: Postoperative inflammation and endodontic failure occur due to apical extrusion of debris. Aim: To evaluate the amount of apically extruded debris after preparation of straight root canals in extracted human teeth using three rotary systems. Materials and Methods: Sixty single-rooted human teeth with single root canal and apical foramen were selected and randomly divided into three experimental groups (n = 20) according to the rotary system used: Group 1 - ProTaper, Group 2 - Revo-S, Group 3 - WaveOne. Apical enlargement was done up to size 40/0.06 for Groups 1 and 2 and 40/0.08 for Group 3. For debris collection, each tooth was held in a preweighed Eppendorf tube fixed inside a glass vial through rubber plug. After instrumentation, each tooth was separated from the Eppendorf tube and the debris adhering to the root surface was collected by washing the root with 1 mL of bi-distilled water and incubated at 70°C for 5 days. The dry weight of extruded debris was weighed in an electronic balance. Statistical Analysis: The mean weights of extruded debris were statistically analyzed using GraphPad prism version 6 and the intergroup comparison was done using unpaired t-test. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the mean debris score among all the three groups - ProTaper (0.00065 g), Revo-S (0.00045 g) and WaveOne (0.00089 g). Conclusion: Revo-S system was associated with significantly less debris extrusion compared with ProTaper or WaveOne.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):245-249
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181941
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Effect of storage media on fracture resistance of reattached tooth
           fragments using G-aenial Universal Flo

    • Authors: Attiguppe Ramasetty Prabhakar, Chandrashekar M Yavagal, Nandita Shrikant Limaye, Basappa Nadig
      Pages: 250 - 253
      Abstract: Attiguppe Ramasetty Prabhakar, Chandrashekar M Yavagal, Nandita Shrikant Limaye, Basappa Nadig

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):250-253

      Background: Over a period of the past few years' episodes of dental trauma more commonly coronal fractures of anterior teeth are being increasingly reported in children. Fragment reattachment can be considered as a valid treatment option in such situations. However, ideal medium for storage of fragments before reattachment needs to be explored. Aim: To compare the fracture resistance of incisor tooth fragments stored in four storage media: Dry air, milk, coconut water, or egg white before reattaching them with G-aenial Universal Flo. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight freshly extracted maxillary incisors were divided into four groups. Teeth were then sectioned, and fragments were stored in dry air (Group I), milk (Group II), coconut water (Group III), and egg white (Group IV). The fragments were reattached using simple reattachment technique and tested on the Universal Testing Machine. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way analysis of variance and post hoc Tukey's test. Results: There was statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) in fracture resistance values between the groups. The highest fracture resistance value was demonstrated by Group II, whereas least fracture resistance values were observed in Group IV. Conclusion: Along with milk, coconut water being tested for the first time can be considered a viable alternative.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):250-253
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181942
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • The evaluation of interfaces between MTA and two types of GIC
           (conventional and resin modified) under an SEM: An in vitro study

    • Authors: Anuradha Patil, Shalini Aggarwal, Tanaya Kumar, Karan Bhargava, Vinay Rai
      Pages: 254 - 258
      Abstract: Anuradha Patil, Shalini Aggarwal, Tanaya Kumar, Karan Bhargava, Vinay Rai

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):254-258

      Context: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a biocompatible repair material that is often used along with glass ionomer cement (GIC) in many clinical situations. Aims: In this study, the interface of GIC and MTA was examined, and the effect of time on this interface was tested. Settings and Design: Materials tested were set and plastic moulds and analysed. Materials and Methods: Forty 9-mm hollow cylindrical glass molds were filled with MTA and then according to the group either conventional GIC or resin-modified GIC (RMGIC) is filled immediately or after 45 min. The specimens were then sectioned, carbon coated, and examined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the elemental analysis was done. Statistical Analysis: Observational study, no statistical analysis done. Results: The SEM showed that both the groups underwent adhesive separation and gap formation at the interface. The specimens in which GIC was condensed over freshly mixed MTA (group IIA and group IIB) also showed cohesive separation in MTA; however, it was more in the GIC condensed after 45 min over MTA groups (group IA and group IB). The results were better for conventional GIC than RMGIC. Conclusions: GIC can be applied over freshly mixed MTA with minimal effects on the MTA, but this effect decreases with time.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):254-258
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181943
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation of bleaching efficacy of 37.5% hydrogen peroxide on
           human teeth using different modes of activations: An in vitro study

    • Authors: Neha Bhutani, Bhuvan Shome Venigalla, Jaya Prakash Patil, Thakur Veerandar Singh, Sistla Venkata Jyotsna, Abhilasha Jain
      Pages: 259 - 263
      Abstract: Neha Bhutani, Bhuvan Shome Venigalla, Jaya Prakash Patil, Thakur Veerandar Singh, Sistla Venkata Jyotsna, Abhilasha Jain

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):259-263

      Introduction: The aim of this in vitro study is to evaluate the role of light and laser sources in the bleaching ability of 37.5% H 2 O 2 on extracted human teeth. Materials and Methods: About 30 caries-free single-rooted maxillary central incisors were used for the study. Specimens were prepared by sectioning the crown portion of teeth mesiodistally, and labial surface was used for the study. Specimens were then immersed in coffee solution for staining. Color of each tooth was analyzed using Shadestar, a digital shademeter. Specimens were then divided into three groups of 10 each and were subjected to bleaching with 37.5% H 2 O 2 , 37.5% H 2 O 2 + light activation, and 37.5% H 2 O 2 + laser activation, respectively. Postbleaching, the color was analyzed for all the specimens immediately and then after 1, 2, and 3 weeks intervals, respectively. Results: All the statistical analyses were done using SPSS version 17. Intra- and inter-group comparisons were done with Friedman test and Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, respectively. Statistical analysis concluded with a significant improvement in their shade values from baseline in all the three groups. Halogen light activation and laser-activated groups showed comparatively enhanced bleaching results over no-activation group, though the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The results of the present study show that bleaching assisted with halogen light and laser showed increased lightness than nonlight activated group. Durability of bleaching results obtained postbleaching was maintained throughout the experimental trail period of 3 weeks for both halogen light and laser activation group, whereas no-light activation group presented with shade rebound after 2 weeks postbleaching.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):259-263
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181944
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Comparative evaluation of the effect of different crown ferrule designs on
           the fracture resistance of endodontically treated mandibular premolars
           restored with fiber posts, composite cores, and crowns: An ex-vivo study

    • Authors: Nikita Dua, Bhupendra Kumar, D Arunagiri, Mohammad Iqbal, S Pushpa, Juhi Hussain
      Pages: 264 - 269
      Abstract: Nikita Dua, Bhupendra Kumar, D Arunagiri, Mohammad Iqbal, S Pushpa, Juhi Hussain

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):264-269

      Introduction: In cases of severe hard tissue loss, 2 mm circumferential ferrule is difficult to achieve which leads to incorporation of different ferrule designs. Aim: To compare and evaluate the effect of different crown ferrule designs on the fracture resistance of mandibular premolars restored with fiber posts, composite cores, and crowns. Materials and Methods: Fifty freshly extracted mandibular premolars were endodontically treated and divided into five groups: Group I - 2 mm circumferential ferrule above the cementoenamel junction (CEJ); Group II - 2 mm ferrule on the facial aspect above CEJ; Group III - 2 mm ferrule on the lingual aspect above CEJ; Group IV - 2 mm ferrule on the facial and lingual aspects above CEJ with interproximal concavities, and Group V - no ferrule (control group) and were later restored with fiber posts, composite cores, and crowns. Specimens were mounted on a universal testing machine, and compressive load was applied at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min until fracture occurred. Results: The results showed that circumferential ferrule produced the highest mean fracture resistance and the least fracture resistance was found in the control group. Conclusion: Circumferential ferrule increases the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with bonded post, core, and crown.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):264-269
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181945
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Fracture resistance of endodontically treated single rooted premolars
           restored with Sharonlay: An in vitro study

    • Authors: SM Sharath Chandra, Nishtha Agrawal, I Sujatha, K Sivaji
      Pages: 270 - 273
      Abstract: SM Sharath Chandra, Nishtha Agrawal, I Sujatha, K Sivaji

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):270-273

      Aims: The aim of this study is to compare in vitro the fracture resistance of the endodontically treated tooth restored with a novel design Sharonlay, with the two component restorative method, i.e., post with separate onlay, and onlay without post. Subjects and Methods: 45 single-rooted mandibular second premolars were taken, and root canal treatment was performed. Teeth were then randomly divided into three groups (n = 15) based on the type of restoration given: Group I - metal onlay with cast post extension (Sharonlay), Group II - metal onlay with prefabricated metal post (Mani post system), Group III - metal onlay over endodontically treated tooth obturated with Gutta-percha (control group). Fracture resistance was checked using the Instron universal testing machine and the fracture patterns were analyzed. Results: According to the values recorded, Group I showed maximum mean fracture resistance followed by Groups II and III. Statistically significant difference was found between Groups I and II and Groups I and III and statistically significant difference was found between Groups II and III. Conclusion: A single unit component Sharonlay, gives higher fracture resistance to a premolar as compared to (a) metal onlay with prefabricated metal post and (b) metal onlay over endodontically treated tooth.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):270-273
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181946
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Histological response of human pulps capped with calcium hydroxide and a
           self-etch adhesive containing an antibacterial component

    • Authors: Ambalavanan Parthasarathy, Sharad B Kamat, Mamta Kamat, Krishnamurthy Haridas Kidiyoor
      Pages: 274 - 279
      Abstract: Ambalavanan Parthasarathy, Sharad B Kamat, Mamta Kamat, Krishnamurthy Haridas Kidiyoor

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):274-279

      Aim: To compare human pulp tissue response following direct pulp capping with calcium hydroxide and a self-etch adhesive containing antibacterial component. Materials and Methods: Sixty-six erupted sound premolars scheduled to be extracted for orthodontic reasons were selected from 17 human subjects. Pulp exposures were made. Direct pulp capping was then performed using calcium hydroxide and a self-etch adhesive containing antibacterial component in its primer. The teeth were then restored with composite resin. Two teeth were maintained intact as a control group. After 7 and 30 days, teeth were extracted and processed for light microscopic examination using a histological scoring system. The teeth were divided into four groups (N = 16) according to the pulp capping materials used and their days of extraction. The results were then statistically analyzed by Mann-Whitney U-test. Results: After the 7-day observation period, the inflammatory reaction to the self-etch adhesive containing antibacterial component group was significantly less severe than that in the calcium hydroxide group (P < 0.05). After the 30-day observation period, the inflammatory reaction was slight in both groups, but specimens with dentin bridge formation in the self-etch adhesive group were significantly less common than those in the calcium hydroxide group (P < 0.05).
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):274-279
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181947
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Management of large radicular cyst associated with amalgam particles in
           cystic lining

    • Authors: Swati A Borkar, Vikas Dhupar, Abhilasha M Gadkar, C.K.V.S. Nivedita
      Pages: 280 - 284
      Abstract: Swati A Borkar, Vikas Dhupar, Abhilasha M Gadkar, C.K.V.S. Nivedita

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):280-284

      The failure of amalgam retrofilling and presence of an associated cystic lesion makes surgical endodontic intervention inevitable. Amalgam retrofilling can also give rise to mucoperiosteal tattoo formation and allow incorporation of amalgam particles in the cystic lining. Such a finding has not yet been reported in the endodontic literature. This case report describes the successful endodontic management of a large radicular cyst associated with failed amalgam retrofilling, mucoperiosteal tattoo and amalgam particles dispersed in the epithelial cystic lining. All four mandibular incisors associated with the lesion presented with Weine Type II canal anatomy. The follow-up revealed clinical and radiographic signs of healing.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):280-284
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181948
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Acute allergic angioedema of upper lip

    • Authors: Kavitha Mahendran, Govindasway Padmini, Ramesh Murugesan, Arthiseethalakshmi Srikumar
      Pages: 285 - 288
      Abstract: Kavitha Mahendran, Govindasway Padmini, Ramesh Murugesan, Arthiseethalakshmi Srikumar

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):285-288

      Mishaps can occur during dental procedures, some owing to inattention to detail and others are totally unpredictable. They usually include anaphylaxis or allergic reactions to materials used for restorative purposes or drugs such as local anesthetics. A patient reported to our department with moderate dental fluorosis, and the treatment was planned with indirect composite veneering. During the procedure while cementation acute allergic reaction occurred, the specific cause could not be identified after allergic testing. During the procedure while cementationacute allergic angioedema of upper lip. Anaphylaxis, urticaria, allergy, hereditary atopic eczema, cellulitis, cheilitis granulomatosa, and cheilitis glandularis. The patient was reassured and given prednisolone 10 mg and cetirizine 10 mg orally, once daily for 3 days after which the symptoms subsided. This paper will discuss the pathogenesis, classification, identification, and management of angioedema during dental procedures.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):285-288
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181949
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Lichenoid reaction associated with silver amalgam restoration in a Bombay
           blood group patient: A case report

    • Authors: Rohini Rangarao Pawar, Sudha S Mattigatti, Rushikesh R Mahaparale, Amit P Kamble
      Pages: 289 - 292
      Abstract: Rohini Rangarao Pawar, Sudha S Mattigatti, Rushikesh R Mahaparale, Amit P Kamble

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):289-292

      The pathogenic relationship between the oral lichenoid reaction (OLR) and dental restorative materials has been confirmed many times. An OLR affecting oral mucosa in direct contact with an amalgam restoration represents a delayed, type IV, cell mediated immune response to mercury or one of the other constituents of the dental amalgam. Bombay blood group patients are more prone to this. A case of bilateral OLR is presented, which is present in relation to amalgam restoration. The lesion healed up after the replacement of restorations with an intermediate restorative material. The clinician should be aware of all the possible pathological etiologies of white lesions. If there is any doubt about the nature or management of a usual oral lesion, a referral to an appropriate specialist is mandatory.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):289-292
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181950
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Mineral trioxide aggregate pulpotomy in autotransplanted immature
           mandibular third molar with a 4-year follow-up

    • Authors: Umesh Dharmani, Ganesh Ranganath Jadhav, Charan Kamal Kaur Dharmani, Takhellambam Premlata Devi
      Pages: 293 - 295
      Abstract: Umesh Dharmani, Ganesh Ranganath Jadhav, Charan Kamal Kaur Dharmani, Takhellambam Premlata Devi

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):293-295

      Autotransplantation is the surgical transposition of a tooth from its original site to another, replacing a lost or a compromised tooth by another tooth, usually the third molar in the same individual. This technique is considered a viable method due to its high success rate, well-grounded treatment option, provided the case selection and the procedure followed is within the acceptable limits. Autotransplantation is considered as an alternative approach of oral rehabilitations in a conservative manner mainly in young patients with compromised financial conditions to perform a high cost treatment. It is a fast way to recover function and aesthetic properties without interfering with the orofacial growth. This report describes a successful 4-year follow-up of a case of immediately performed mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) pulpotomy in autotransplantated mandibular left immature third molar to replace the mandibular left first molar that was extracted due to extensive carious lesion.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):293-295
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181951
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Management of external invasive cervical resorption of tooth with
           Biodentine: A case report

    • Authors: Akash Kumar Baranwal
      Pages: 296 - 299
      Abstract: Akash Kumar Baranwal

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):296-299

      Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) of a tooth is relatively uncommon and the etiology is not very clear. It is sometimes misdiagnosed and can lead to improper management or tooth loss. Correct diagnosis and proper management can result in a successful outcome. The treatment should aim toward the complete suppression of all resorbing tissues and the reconstruction of resorptive defect by the placement of a suitable filling material or some biological systems. One of the most significant developments of the past decade, i.e. the operating microscope used for surgical endodontics, helps the surgeon to assess pathological changes more precisely and to remove pathological lesions with far greater precision, thus minimizing tissue damage. The aim of this article was to show the management of maxillary left central incisor diagnosed with external ICR using Biodentine under dental operatory microscope (DOM).
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2016 19(3):296-299
      PubDate: Mon,9 May 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.181952
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2016)
       
 
 
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