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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 5937 journals)
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DENTISTRY (181 journals)                  1 2     

Acta Odontológica Colombiana     Open Access  
Acta Odontologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Actualités Odonto-Stomatologiques     Open Access   (2 followers)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Angle Orthodontist     Open Access   (1 follower)
Annals of Periodontology     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Asian Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Australian Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Australian Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access  
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (3 followers)
Bangladesh Journal of Dental Research & Education     Open Access   (1 follower)
Bangladesh Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics     Open Access  
Brazilian Dental Journal     Open Access   (2 followers)
Brazilian Dental Science     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (1 follower)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
British Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (12 followers)
Bulletin du Groupement International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene     Full-text available via subscription  
Caries Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (2 followers)
Ciencia Odontologica     Open Access  
City Dental College Journal     Open Access   (2 followers)
Cleft Palate–Craniofacial Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Clínica e Pesquisa em Odontologia - UNITAU     Open Access  
Clinical Advances in Periodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Clinical Oral Implants Research     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Clinical Oral Investigations     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry     Open Access   (6 followers)
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (2 followers)
Critical Reviews in Oral Biology Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Current Oral Health Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Research in Dentistry     Open Access   (6 followers)
Dental Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Dental Cadmos     Partially Free   (3 followers)
Dental Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (3 followers)
Dental Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics     Open Access  
Dental Protection Annual Review     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Dental Research Journal     Open Access   (6 followers)
Dental Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Dentistry Journal     Open Access   (2 followers)
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Der Freie Zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
der junge zahnarzt     Hybrid Journal  
Die Quintessenz     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Disease-a-Month     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Droit et Médecine Bucco-Dentaire     Full-text available via subscription  
ENDO     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Endodontic Topics     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Endodontie     Full-text available via subscription  
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
European Journal of Dental Education     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
European Journal of Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
European Journal of Dentistry and Medicine     Open Access   (2 followers)
European Journal of Esthetic Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
European Journal of General Dentistry     Open Access  
European Journal of Oral Implantology     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
European Journal of Oral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
European Journal of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal  
Evidence-Based Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Faculty Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Implant Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Implantologie     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Indian Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (5 followers)
Indian Journal of Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (3 followers)
Informationen aus Orthodontie & Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal  
International Dental Journal     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
International Endodontic Journal     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Computerized Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
International Journal of Dental Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
International Journal of Dental Research     Open Access   (1 follower)
International Journal of Dentistry     Open Access   (6 followers)
International Journal of Odontostomatology     Open Access   (1 follower)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology     Open Access   (3 followers)
International Journal of Oral Science     Open Access   (2 followers)
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
International Journal of Prosthodontics     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
International Journal of Stomatological Research     Open Access  
International Orthodontics     Full-text available via subscription  
ISRN Dentistry     Open Access   (2 followers)
Japanese Dental Science Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Adhesive Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Journal of Applied Oral Science     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Periodontology     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Journal of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (3 followers)
Journal of Craniomandibular Function     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Journal of Dental Biomechanics     Open Access   (1 follower)
Journal of Dental Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dental Hygiene     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Journal of Dental Implants     Open Access   (7 followers)
Journal of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (3 followers)

        1 2     

Journal of Conservative Dentistry    [5 followers]  Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 0972-0707 - ISSN (Online) 0974-5203
     Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [179 journals]   [SJR: 0.148]   [H-I: 2]
  • How to be a prudent dentist in the 21st century
    • Authors: Stephen Cohen
      Pages: 101 - 102
      Abstract: Stephen Cohen

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):101-102


      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):101-102
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128032
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Vertical root fractures and their management
    • Authors: Sandhya Anand Khasnis, Krishnamurthy Haridas Kidiyoor, Anand Basavaraj Patil, Smita Basavaraj Kenganal
      Pages: 103 - 110
      Abstract: Sandhya Anand Khasnis, Krishnamurthy Haridas Kidiyoor, Anand Basavaraj Patil, Smita Basavaraj Kenganal

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):103-110

      Vertical root fractures associated with endodontically treated teeth and less commonly in vital teeth represent one of the most difficult clinical problems to diagnose and treat. In as much as there are no specific symptoms, diagnosis can be difficult. Clinical detection of this condition by endodontists is becoming more frequent, where as it is rather underestimated by the general practitioners. Since, vertical root fractures almost exclusively involve endodontically treated teeth; it often becomes difficult to differentiate a tooth with this condition from an endodontically failed one or one with concomitant periodontal involvement. Also, a tooth diagnosed for vertical root fracture is usually extracted, though attempts to reunite fractured root have been done in various studies with varying success rates. Early detection of a fractured root and extraction of the tooth maintain the integrity of alveolar bone for placement of an implant. Cone beam computed tomography has been shown to be very accurate in this regard. This article focuses on the diagnostic and treatment strategies, and discusses about predisposing factors which can be useful in the prevention of vertical root fractures.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):103-110
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128034
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • A study on pulp stones in a group of the population in Andhra Pradesh,
           India: An institutional study
    • Authors: Harsha Vardhan Talla, Nanda Kumar Kommineni, Samatha Yalamancheli, Jogendra Sai Sankar Avula, Deepa Chillakuru
      Pages: 111 - 114
      Abstract: Harsha Vardhan Talla, Nanda Kumar Kommineni, Samatha Yalamancheli, Jogendra Sai Sankar Avula, Deepa Chillakuru

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):111-114

      Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of pulp stones in a group of the population of Andhra Pradesh. This study also aims to determine the association of pulp stones in different sexes, tooth type, dental arches and sides and with systemic diseases. Materials and Methods: A total of 4449 teeth of 2000 patients were examined, comprising of patients with C.V.S. disorders; Type II diabetes mellitus and gastritis were examined. Patients were selected from the radiology department who came for diagnostic radiograph of posterior teeth. The presence or absences of pulp stones were recorded. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis of the data was done using the statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS 15.0-SPSS Inc., 233 South Waker Drive, 11 th floor, Chicago, IL 60606-6412.) using Chi-square analysis. Differences were considered as significant when P ≤ 0.05. Results: Pulp stones were found in 799 (17.9%) of 4449 teeth detected. Significantly, higher numbers of pulp stones were recorded in patients with systemic diseases. The occurrences of pulp stones were significantly higher in maxillary first and second molars. No significant difference was found between sexes and sides. Conclusions: Positive correlation was found between systemic disorder and occurrence of pulp stones.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):111-114
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128036
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Fracture resistance of endodontically treated maxillary central incisors
           with varying ferrule heights and configurations: In vitro study
    • Authors: Smita Singh, Prerna Thareja
      Pages: 115 - 118
      Abstract: Smita Singh, Prerna Thareja

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):115-118

      Objective: The objective of this study is to determine the best ferrule configuration of endodontically treated teeth. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 freshly extracted maxillary central incisors were collected. Teeth were allocated into following four groups of each having 10 teeth. Group 1 teeth restored with crowns (CRN), Group 2 endodontically treated teeth restored with crowns (RCT and CRN), Group 3 endodontically treated teeth restored with cast dowel cores and crowns incorporating uniform 2 mm ferrule (2 FRL), Group 4 endodontically treated teeth restored with cast dowel cores and crowns incorporating uniform 1 mm ferrule (1 FRL). Crown preparation was performed with varying ferrule heights, crowns were cemented with resin modified glass ionomer cement and were kept in 100% humidity for 3 days, all specimens were loaded to failure in a universal testing machine at 0.5 mm/min. Results were obtained in the form of kilo Newton and Newton. Result: The statistical analysis applied was an analysis of variance to detect the presence of group differences. Pair wise comparisons between the groups were analyzed with the Tukey Kramer significant difference test for multiple comparisons. Conclusion: Ferrule had a significant role in the fracture resistance of custom cast post core restored teeth. Endodontically treated maxillary central incisors with a uniform 2 mm ferrule were more fracture resistant than those with a uniform 1 mm ferrule.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):115-118
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128038
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Evaluation of the presence of Enterococcus Faecalis in root cementum: A
           confocal laser scanning microscope analysis
    • Authors: Rahul Halkai, Mithra N Hegde, Kiran Halkai
      Pages: 119 - 123
      Abstract: Rahul Halkai, Mithra N Hegde, Kiran Halkai

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):119-123

      Aim: The aim of this study is to address the cause of persistent infection of root cementum by Enterococcus faecalis. Materials and Methods: A sample of 60 human single-rooted teeth were divided into three groups. Group I (control group) had no access opening and one-third of the apical root cementum was sealed using varnish. Group II had no preparation of teeth samples. In group III, apical root cementum was exposed to organic acid and roughened using diamond point to mimic apical resorption. After access opening in groups II and III, all teeth samples were sterilized using gamma irradiation (25 kGy). E. faecalis broth was placed in the root canal and apical one-third of the tooth was immersed in the broth for 8 weeks with alternate day refreshment followed by biomechanical preparation, obturation and coronal seal. Apical one-third of all teeth samples were again immersed in the broth for 8 weeks with alternate day refreshment to mimic secondary infection. The samples were observed under a confocal microscope after splitting the teeth into two halves. Results: E. faecalis penetrated 160 μm deep into the root cementum in group III samples and only showed adhesion in group II samples. Conclusion: Penetration and survival of E. faecalis deep inside the cementum in extreme conditions could be the reason for persistent infection.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):119-123
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128039
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Cut off values of laser fluorescence for different storage methods at
           different time intervals in comparison to frozen condition: A 1 year in
           vitro study
    • Authors: Rudra Kaul, Vibhuti Kaul, Riyaz Farooq, Nikhil Dev Wazir, Shafayat Ullah Khateeb, Altaf H Malik, Ajaz Amin Masoodi
      Pages: 124 - 128
      Abstract: Rudra Kaul, Vibhuti Kaul, Riyaz Farooq, Nikhil Dev Wazir, Shafayat Ullah Khateeb, Altaf H Malik, Ajaz Amin Masoodi

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):124-128

      Aims: The aim of the following study is to evaluate the change in laser fluorescence (LF) values for extracted teeth stored in different solutions over 1 year period, to give cut-off values for different storage media at different time intervals to get them at par with the in vivo conditions and to see which medium gives best results with the least change in LF values and while enhancing the validity of DIAGNOdent in research. Materials and Methods: Ninety extracted teeth selected, from a pool of frozen teeth, were divided into nine groups of 10 each. Specimens in Groups 1-8 were stored in 1% chloramine, 10% formalin, 10% buffered formalin, 0.02% thymol, 0.12% chlorhexidine, 3% sodium hypochlorite, a commercially available saliva substitute-Wet Mouth (ICPA Pharmaceuticals) and normal saline respectively at 4&#176;C. The last group was stored under frozen condition at &#8722;20&#176;C without contact with any storage solution. DIAGNOdent was used to measure the change the LF values at day 30, 45, 60, 160 and 365. Statistical Analysis Used: The mean change in LF values in different storage mediums at different time intervals were compared using two-way ANOVA. Results: At the end of 1 year, significant decrease in fluorescence (P < 0.05) was observed in Groups 1-8. Maximum drop in LF values occurred between day 1 and 30. Group 9 (frozen specimens) did not significantly change their fluorescence response. Conclusions: An inevitable change in LF takes place due to various storage media commonly used in dental research at different time intervals. The values obtained from our study can remove the bias caused by the storage media and the values of LF thus obtained can hence be conveniently extrapolated to the in vivo condition.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):124-128
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128043
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Comparative evaluation of apically extruded debris during root canal
           preparation using ProTaper&#8482;, Hyflex&#8482; and
           Waveone&#8482; rotary systems
    • Authors: Jayaprada Reddy Surakanti, Ravi Chandra Polavarapu Venkata, Hari Kumar Vemisetty, Ram Kiran Dandolu, Nagendra Krishna Muppalla Jaya, Shirisha Thota
      Pages: 129 - 132
      Abstract: Jayaprada Reddy Surakanti, Ravi Chandra Polavarapu Venkata, Hari Kumar Vemisetty, Ram Kiran Dandolu, Nagendra Krishna Muppalla Jaya, Shirisha Thota

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):129-132

      Background and Aims: Extrusion of any debris during endodontic treatment may potentially cause post-operative complications such as flare-ups. The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess the amount of apically extruded debris during the root canal preparation using rotary and reciprocating nickel-titanium instrumentation systems. Materials and Methods: In this study, 60 human mandibular first premolars were randomly assigned to 3 groups (n = 20 teeth/group). The root canals were instrumented according to the manufacturers' instructions using the Reciprocating single-file system WaveOne&#8482; (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) and full-sequence rotary Hyflex CM&#8482; (Coltene Whaledent, Allstetten, Switzerland) and ProTaper&#8482; (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) instruments. The canals were then irrigated using bidistilled water. The debris that was extruded apically was collected in preweighed eppendorf tubes and assessed with an electronic balance and compared. Statistical Analysis Used: The debris extrusion was compared and statistically analyzed using analysis of variance and the post hoc Student-Newman-Keuls test. Results: The WaveOne&#8482; and ProTaper&#8482; rotary instruments produced significantly more debris compared with Hyflex CM&#8482; rotary instruments (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Under the conditions of this study, all systems that were used resulted in extrusion of apical debris. Full-sequence rotary instrumentation was associated with less debris extrusion compared with the use of reciprocating single-file systems.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):129-132
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128045
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Comparative anti-microbial efficacy of Azadirachta indica irrigant with
           standard endodontic irrigants: A preliminary study
    • Authors: Arindam Dutta, Mala Kundabala
      Pages: 133 - 137
      Abstract: Arindam Dutta, Mala Kundabala

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):133-137

      Objective: The anti-microbial efficacy of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (SHC) and 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate were compared with an experimental irrigant formulated from the Neem tree, Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Materials and Methods: A sample of 36 single rooted anterior teeth with periapical radiolucency and absence of response to vitality tests that required root canal treatment were selected for this study. The test irrigants and their combinations were assigned to five different groups and saline served as the control. Access cavities were prepared using an aseptic technique and samples collected for both anaerobic culture and Gram stained smears, followed by irrigation and sample collection again. The number of organisms were expressed in colony forming units/ml after 72 h of incubation; the smears were analyzed for their microbial loads and tissue clearance and assessed as per defined criteria. Results: Our results found the maximum reduction in microbial loads, when analyzed by culture method, with a combination of SHC and the experimental neem irrigant. Maximum tissue clearance on the Gram Stained smears was also found with the same combination. Conclusion: Neem irrigant has anti-microbial efficacy and can be considered for endodontic use.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):133-137
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128047
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Comparative evaluation of the canal curvature modifications after
           instrumentation with One Shape rotary and Wave One reciprocating files
    • Authors: Anil Dhingra, Rohit Kochar, Satyabrat Banerjee, Punit Srivastava
      Pages: 138 - 141
      Abstract: Anil Dhingra, Rohit Kochar, Satyabrat Banerjee, Punit Srivastava

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):138-141

      Aims: This study compared the canal curvature modifications after instrumentation with One Shape (Micro Mega) rotary file and Wave One primary reciprocating file (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland). Materials and Methods: Thirty International Organization for Standardization 15, 0.02 taper, Endo Training Blocks (Dentsply Maillefer) were used. In all specimens working length (WL) was established at the reference point 0. Glide path was achieved with Path-File 1, 2 and 3 (Dentsply Maillefer) at the WL. Group 1 were shaped with One Shape file and group 2 with Wave One files. Pre and post-digital images were superimposed, processed with Corel draw Graphic Suite X5 (Corel Corporation, Ottawa, Canada), Adobe Photoshop CS3 (Adobe Systems Inc., San Jose, CA) and Solid works student Edition software (Dassault Systems Solid Works Corp, S.A., Velizy, France). Statistical Analysis: It was done with mean, standard deviation, one-way ANOVA, (P < 0.05) t-test and Karl Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: Mean was more for Wave One compared with One Shape. One-way ANOVA and t-test showed a significant difference between One Shape and Wave One at 5% level of significance (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Canals prepared with Wave One file preserved canal shape, respected the anatomical shape of J-shaped canal and produced a continuously tapered funnel.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):138-141
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128049
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Computed tomography evaluation of residual root thickness after
           pre-flaring using gates Glidden drills: The sequence effect
    • Authors: Nahid M Akhlaghi, Amirali Naghdi, Laleh Mohammadian Bajgiran, Elahe Behrooz
      Pages: 142 - 145
      Abstract: Nahid M Akhlaghi, Amirali Naghdi, Laleh Mohammadian Bajgiran, Elahe Behrooz

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):142-145

      Aim: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the residual root thickness in mesiolingual (ML) canals of mandibular molars after pre-flaring using different sequences of Gates-Glidden (GG) drills. Materials and Methods: Computed tomography (CT) scans of the ML canals of 60 mandibular first molars were provided from areas within 1, 2, 3 and 4 mm of the furcation area and minimum initial root thickness (MIRT) of concave areas was measured at each level. The samples were divided into two groups (G1 and G2) which were prepared by the step-back and crown-down techniques, respectively. In both groups, anti-curvature filing was used. On secondary CT images of the samples in the same position, the minimum residual root thickness (MRRT) and the amount of removed dentin were analyzed by t-test and ANOVA. Results: There was no significant difference for MIRT between the two groups. The MRRT was greater in the G2 group in all the sections, with no significant difference between them. The average of MRRT was not
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):142-145
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128052
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Evaluation of penetration depth of a commercially available resin
           infiltrate into artificially created enamel lesions: An in vitro study
    • Authors: Priya Subramaniam, KL Girish Babu, Disha Lakhotia
      Pages: 146 - 149
      Abstract: Priya Subramaniam, KL Girish Babu, Disha Lakhotia

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):146-149

      Background: Early enamel lesions have a potential to re-mineralize and prevent caries progress. Aim: The aim of the following study is to determine the depth of penetration of low viscosity resin into artificially created enamel lesions. Materials and Methods: A sample of 20 sound premolars, indicated for orthodontic extraction, formed the study group. The teeth were coated with a nail varnish, leaving a window of 4 mm &#215; 4 mm, on buccal surfaces of sound, intact enamel. Each tooth was subsequently immersed in demineralizing solution for 4 days to produce artificial enamel lesions. The demineralized area was then infiltrated with low viscosity resin (Icon Infiltrant, DMG, Hamburg, Germany) as per the manufacturer's instructions. All the restored teeth were then immersed in methylene blue dye for 24 h at 37&#176;C. Teeth were then sectioned longitudinally through the lesion into two halves. The sections were observed under stereomicroscope at &#215;80 magnification and depth of penetration of the material was measured quantitatively using Motic software. Results: The maximum depth of penetration of the resin material was 6.06 &#177; 3.31 &#956;m. Conclusions: Resin infiltration technique appears to be effective in sealing enamel lesions and has great potential for arresting white spot lesions.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):146-149
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128054
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Bond strength between composite resin and resin modified glass ionomer
           using different adhesive systems and curing techniques
    • Authors: Alireza Boruziniat, Samineh Gharaei
      Pages: 150 - 154
      Abstract: Alireza Boruziniat, Samineh Gharaei

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):150-154

      Aim: To evaluate bond strength between RMGI and composite using different adhesive systems and curing techniques. Materials and Methods: Sixty prepared samples of RMGI were randomly divided into six groups according to adhesive systems (total-etch, two-step self-etch and all-in-one) and curing techniques (co-curing and pre-curing). In co-curing technique, the adhesive systems were applied on uncured RMGI samples and co-cured together. In the pre-curing technique, before application of adhesive systems, the RMGI samples were cured. Composite layers were applied and shear bond strength was measured. Two samples of each group were evaluated by SEM. Failure mode was determined by streomicroscope. Results: Both curing methods and adhesive systems had significant effect on bond strength (P-value < 0.05). There was an interaction between two factors (P-value
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):150-154
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128055
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Effect of QMix, peracetic acid and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid on
           calcium loss and microhardness of root dentine
    • Authors: Sonali Taneja, Manju Kumari, Surbhi Anand
      Pages: 155 - 158
      Abstract: Sonali Taneja, Manju Kumari, Surbhi Anand

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):155-158

      Objectives: The objective of this in vitro study was to assess the effect of different chelating agents on the calcium loss and its subsequent effect on the microhardness of the root dentin. Materials and Methods: Ten single rooted lower premolars were selected. The teeth were decoronated and thick transverse sections of 2 mm were obtained from the coronal third of the root. Each section was then divided into four quarters, each part constituting a sample specimen from the same tooth for each group. The treatment groups were: Group 1 (Control): 5% Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) for 5 min + distilled water for 5 min; Group 2: 5% NaOCl for 5 min + 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) for 5 min; Group 3: 5% NaOCl for 5 min + 2.25% Peracetic acid (PAA) for 5 min and Group 4: 5% NaOCl for 5 min + QMix for 5 min respectively. The calcium loss of the samples was evaluated using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer followed by determination of their microhardness using Vickers Hardness Tester. Data was analyzed using one-way ANOVA, Post hoc Tukey test and Pearson correlation. Results: The maximum calcium loss and minimum microhardness was observed in Group 3 followed by Group 2, Group 4 and Group 1. There was a statistically significant difference between all the groups except between Groups 2 and 4. Conclusions: Irrigation with NaOCl + 2.25% PAA caused the maximum calcium loss from root dentin and reduced microhardness. A negative correlation existed between the calcium loss and reduction in the microhardness of root dentin.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):155-158
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128058
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • A comparative evaluation of different irrigation activation systems on
           smear layer removal from root canal: An in-vitro scanning electron
           microscope study
    • Authors: Nishi Singh, Anil Chandra, Aseem P Tikku, Promila Verma
      Pages: 159 - 163
      Abstract: Nishi Singh, Anil Chandra, Aseem P Tikku, Promila Verma

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):159-163

      Aim: The aim of the following study is to compare the evaluation of different irrigation activation system-F-File, CanalBrush (CB) and EndoActivator (EA) in removing smear layer from root canal. Materials and Methods: Root canals of eighty single rooted decoronated premolar teeth were instrumented using crown-down technique and then equally divided into four groups on basis of irrigation activation methods used: Without irrigation - control group, irrigation with F-File, CB, EA into Group I, II, III respectively. Samples were then longitudinally sectioned and examined under scanning electron microscope by three qualified observers using score from 1 to 4. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 15.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago IL) at significance level of P &#8804; 0.05. Results: Minimum mean score was observed in Group II at coronal, apical locations. Group III had minimum score at middle third. Groups difference in score were found to be significant statistically for all three locations as well as for overall assessment (P < 0.001). Conclusion: CB remove smear layer more efficiently from the root canal than F-File and EA in coronal and apical region.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):159-163
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128060
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Comparative evaluation of immunohistochemistry, histopathology and
           conventional radiography in differentiating periapical lesions
    • Authors: Prahlad A Saraf, Sharad Kamat, RS Puranik, Surekha Puranik, Suma P Saraf, Bhanu Pratap Singh
      Pages: 164 - 168
      Abstract: Prahlad A Saraf, Sharad Kamat, RS Puranik, Surekha Puranik, Suma P Saraf, Bhanu Pratap Singh

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):164-168

      Background and Aim: Periapical lesions often present differently on the radiograph resulting in a dilemma in the mind of the dentist to arrive at a final diagnosis. Although, histopathologic diagnosis has been used for confirmation of the true nature of periapical lesion, the concept of transformation of periapical granulomas containing epithelium without cystification into cyst remains controversial. The aim of this in vivo study was to evaluate the efficacy of conventional radiography and histopathology in differentiating periapical lesions in adjunct with immunohistochemical analysis. Materials and Method: Thirty patients having large periapical radiolucency that do not heal successfully with routine endodontic therapy in relation to either maxillary or mandibular anterior teeth were selected for the study. Intraoral periapical radiographs were obtained and provisional diagnosis of the apical areas were made. Endodontic surgery was performed to enable histopathogical investigation. The histopathological interpretation was done to arrive at a final diagnosis and selected questionable granulomas were subjected for cytokeratin (CK-14) stain. Results: The histopathological profile of lesions consisted of 66.66% periapical granulomas, 10% cysts, 6.67% abscess and 16.67% granulomas with cystic potential. The radiographic and histopathologic correlation was found in only 30% of these cases. Strong CK-14 expression was observed in all five cases of periapical granuloma with cystic potential. Conclusion: The radiographic diagnosis of periapical lesions remains inconclusive. Although histopathologic examination of periapical lesions gives true nature, the precise nature of subsets of periapical granulomas may be achieved with adjunct use of immunohistochemical markers.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):164-168
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128061
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Comparison of acceptance, preference and efficacy between pressure
           anesthesia and classical needle infiltration anesthesia for dental
           restorative procedures in adult patients
    • Authors: Chetana Sachin Makade, Pratima R Shenoi, Mohit K Gunwal
      Pages: 169 - 174
      Abstract: Chetana Sachin Makade, Pratima R Shenoi, Mohit K Gunwal

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):169-174

      Introduction: Intraoral local anesthesia is essential for delivering dental care. Needless devices have been developed to provide anesthesia without injections. Little controlled research is available on its use in dental restorative procedures in adult patients. The aims of this study were to compare adult patients acceptability and preference for needleless jet injection with classical local infiltration as well as to evaluate the efficacy of the needleless anesthesia. Materials and Methods: Twenty non fearful adults with no previous experience of dental anesthesia were studied using split-mouth design. The first procedure was performed with classical needle infiltration anesthesia. The same amount of anesthetic solution was administered using MADA jet needleless device in a second session one week later, during which a second dental restorative procedure was performed. Patients acceptance was assessed using Universal pain assessment tool while effectiveness was recorded using soft tissue anesthesia and pulpal anesthesia. Patients reported their preference for the anesthetic method at the third visit. The data was evaluated using chi square test and student's t-test. Results: Pressure anesthesia was more accepted and preferred by 70% of the patients than traditional needle anesthesia (20%). Both needle and pressure anesthesia was equally effective for carrying out the dental procedures. Conclusion: Patients experienced significantly less pain and fear (p
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):169-174
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128063
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Influence of filler existence on microleakage of a self-etch adhesive
           system
    • Authors: H Mirmohammadi, K Khosravi, K Kashani, CJ Kleverlaan, AJ Feilzer
      Pages: 175 - 178
      Abstract: H Mirmohammadi, K Khosravi, K Kashani, CJ Kleverlaan, AJ Feilzer

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):175-178

      Aim: This study evaluated the effect of filler existence in self-etch adhesive resin on the marginal leakage of a class V restoration. Materials and Methods: Class V cavities were prepared and restored with a resin composite on the buccal surfaces of 48 premolars lined with unfilled or filled adhesives (n = 24). After thermo cycling, teeth in each group were divided to two subgroups (n = 12), specimens of the first subgroup were incubated for 24 h in distilled water at 37&#176;C, and for the second group three months in the same condition. Specimens were placed in 50% silver nitrate for 24 h at 37&#176;C, and then were cut buccolingually 1 mm thick. Dye penetration was measured using a stereomicroscope and scaled from 0 to 5 in a blind method. SEM images were made to evaluate the dentin-adhesive interfaces. Collected data were analyzed using the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U-tests at a significant level of P
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):175-178
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128066
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Epiphany sealer penetration into dentinal tubules: Confocal laser scanning
           microscopic study
    • Authors: SV Ravi, Rao Nageswar, Honwad Swapna, Puthalath Sreekant, Madhavan Ranjith, Surabhi Mahidhar
      Pages: 179 - 182
      Abstract: SV Ravi, Rao Nageswar, Honwad Swapna, Puthalath Sreekant, Madhavan Ranjith, Surabhi Mahidhar

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):179-182

      Aims: The aim of the following study was to evaluate the percentage and average depth of epiphany sealer penetration into dentinal tubules among the coronal, middle and apical thirds of the root using the confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Materials and Methods: A total of 10 maxillary central incisors were prepared and obturated with Resilon-Epiphany system. Sealer was mixed with fluorescent rhodamine B isothiyocyanate dye for visibility under confocal microscope. Teeth were cross-sectioned into coronal, middle and apical sections-2 mm thick. Sections were observed under CLSM. Images were analyzed for percentage and average depth of sealer penetration into dentinal tubules using the lasso tool in Adobe Photoshop CS3 (Adobe systems incorporated, San jose, CA) and laser scanning microscopy (LSM 5) image analyzer. Statistical Analysis Used: One-way analysis of variance with Student Neuman Keuls post hoc tests, Kruskal-Wallis test and Wilcoxon signed-rank post hoc tests. Results: The results showed that a higher percentage of sealer penetration in coronal section-89.23%, followed by middle section-84.19% and the apical section-64.9%. Average depth of sealer penetration for coronal section was 526.02 &#956;m, middle-385.26 &#956;m and apical-193.49 &#956;m. Conclusions: Study concluded that there was higher epiphany sealer penetration seen in coronal followed by middle and least at apical third of the roots.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):179-182
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128056
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • The effect of ferrule presence and type of dowel on fracture resistance of
           endodontically treated teeth restored with metal-ceramic crowns
    • Authors: Vivek Aggarwal, Mamta Singla, Suman Yadav, Harish Yadav, Vikram Sharma, Saranjit Singh Bhasin
      Pages: 183 - 187
      Abstract: Vivek Aggarwal, Mamta Singla, Suman Yadav, Harish Yadav, Vikram Sharma, Saranjit Singh Bhasin

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):183-187

      Aim: The purpose of the present study was to comparatively evaluate the effect of presence of a 2 mm ferrule and different type of dowels on fracture resistance of mandibular premolars. Materials and Methods: Fifty uniradicular mandibular premolars were divided into five groups (n = 10). Ten teeth received no treatment (group I). Samples in group II & III were decoronated 2 mm above cemento-enamel junction and received custom cast dowel-core and fiber dowel-composite core respectively, with 2 mm ferrule. Samples in group IV & V were decoronated at CEJ and were restored using cast dowels and fiber dowel-composite cores, without any ferrule. The restored teeth received metal ceramic crowns and were mechanically loaded. The specimens were subjected to a static load, until fracture, to determine the fracture resistance and fracture mode. Results: The samples with 2 mm ferrule had a higher fracture resistance than non ferrule groups. Within non ferrule groups, there were no significant differences in the fracture resistance. Specimen restored with cast dowel had more incidence of non-repairable fracture. Conclusions: Presence of ferrule increased the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth. In case of absence of ferrule, fiber dowels had similar fracture resistance as that of cast dowels and showed increased incidence of repairable fracture.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):183-187
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128053
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Endodontic management of a patient with Bernard-Soulier syndrome
    • Authors: Dexton Antony Johns, Reji P Gopalan, Ganesh Tukaram Kamble, S Vidyanath
      Pages: 188 - 191
      Abstract: Dexton Antony Johns, Reji P Gopalan, Ganesh Tukaram Kamble, S Vidyanath

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):188-191

      Bernard-Soulier syndrome is a rare inherited disorder with giant platelets, thrombocytopenia and a prolonged bleeding time. These abnormalities are caused by genetic defects of the glycoprotein Ib/IX/V complex that constitutes the von Willebrand factor receptor on the platelet surface. We are documenting a 30-year-old female patient reported with a chief complaint of swelling in relation to right maxillary canine for 5 days. The primary treatment remains platelet transfusion. Root canal treatment was performed following platelet rich plasma transfusion. As the tooth was necrotic and had a periapical pathology post-operative bleeding was absent. The root canal treatment was uneventful and the patient was asymptomatic. Optimum oral hygiene practices were emphasized to avoid dental diseases.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):188-191
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128044
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Endodontic management of a two rooted, three canaled mandibular canine
           with a fractured instrument
    • Authors: Ganesh Ranganath Jadhav
      Pages: 192 - 195
      Abstract: Ganesh Ranganath Jadhav

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):192-195

      It is important to assess the root canal morphology and its variations before initiating the endodontic procedure. This is because the inability to clean the complete root canal system forms the seat for the persistent infection which ultimately leads to endodontic treatment failure. This case reports the use of dental operating microscope for the successful endodontic management of a two rooted and three canaled mandibular canine with the fractured instrument in the middle canal of a 38-year-old healthy Asian woman. This case report highlights the need to use the dental operating microscope and ultrasonics in locating the elusive canal orifices. It is important to note the internal and external root canal morphological variations before starting the endodontic treatment without any pre-operative assumptions about the usual anatomy of the toot.
      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):192-195
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.128046
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Textbook of Operative Dentistry
    • Authors: Sachin Passi
      Pages: 196 - 196
      Abstract: Sachin Passi

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):196-196


      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):196-196
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Masterclass on Apical Periodontitis by Dr. PNR Nair
    • Authors: Velayutham Gopikrishna
      Pages: 197 - 197
      Abstract: Velayutham Gopikrishna

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):197-197


      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):197-197
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Search for Research
    • Authors: MR Srinivasan
      Pages: 198 - 198
      Abstract: MR Srinivasan

      Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):198-198


      Citation: Journal of Conservative Dentistry 2014 17(2):198-198
      PubDate: Sat,1 Mar 2014
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2014)
       
 
 
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