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RESPIRATORY DISEASES (103 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 104 of 104 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advances in Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Thoracic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 259)
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
American Review of Respiratory Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the American Thoracic Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de Bronconeumología     Full-text available via subscription  
Archivos de Bronconeumología (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asthma Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMJ Open Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Breathe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Journal of Respiratory, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Respiratory Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 102)
Chest Disease Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chronic Respiratory Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Lung Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Pulmonary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COPD Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Pulmonology Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Research in Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Respiratory Care Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Pneumologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ERJ Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eurasian Journal of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European Clinical Respiratory Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Respiratory Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
European Respiratory Review     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Experimental Lung Research     Hybrid Journal  
Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Heart, Lung and Circulation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Indian Journal of Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Asthma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Asthma Allergy Educators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tuberculosis Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Respirasi     Open Access  
Karger Kompass Pneumologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Kindheit und Entwicklung     Hybrid Journal  
Lung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Lung Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Lung Cancer International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lung India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Respiratory Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Pediatric Quality & Safety     Open Access  
Pediatric Respirology and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pulmonary Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pulmonology and Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Respiratory Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Respiratory Investigation     Full-text available via subscription  
Respiratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Respiratory Medicine : X     Open Access  
Respiratory Medicine Case Reports     Open Access  
Respiratory Medicine CME     Hybrid Journal  
Respiratory Medicine Extra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Respirology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Respirology Case Reports     Open Access  
Revista Americana de Medicina Respiratoria     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Enfermedades Respiratorias     Open Access  
Revista Inspirar     Open Access  
Revista ORL     Open Access  
Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia     Open Access  
Sarcoidosis Vasculitis and Diffuse Lung Disese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Sleep Medicine Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
The Clinical Respiratory Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Thorax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Translational Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tuberculosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Пульмонология     Full-text available via subscription  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Breathe
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.465
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1810-6838 - ISSN (Online) 2073-4735
Published by European Respiratory Society Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Screening for obstructive sleep apnoea in professional drivers

    • Authors: Schiza, S. E; Bouloukaki, I.
      Pages: 29364 - 29364
      Abstract: Professional drivers show a higher prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) compared with the general population. Furthermore, there is concern about the association between OSA and car crash risk given that drivers with OSA show an increased risk for car accidents. Despite this risk, OSA is often underdiagnosed and undertreated in this population, mainly due to lack of appropriate screening and sleep study referrals. Polysomnography (PSG), the gold standard test, is inappropriate for systematic screening because of its high expense, complexity and relative inaccessibility in this population. Therefore, there is a strong demand for good screening tools, including both subjective and objective data that may assist in early identification of possible OSA among professional drivers and, thus, aid in PSG examination referral and OSA management in an accredited sleep centre. However, there is considerable disagreement over screening methods and criteria for triggering a sleep study referral in different countries. There is also a strong need for further research in the area of OSA screening of commercial drivers in order to improve the diagnostic accuracy of screening tools and ensure that patients with OSA are accurately identified.Key points
      Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is often undiagnosed and undertreated in professional drivers.
      Professional drivers often under-report and are reluctant to report OSA symptoms.
      Barriers to OSA diagnosis include appropriate screening and sleep study referrals.
      Screening tools including both subjective and objective data may assist in early identification of possible OSA among professional drivers.Educational aims
      To evaluate screening instruments currently used to identify OSA risk in professional drivers.
      To provide guidance for developing an assessment strategy for OSA by professional driver medical examiners.
      Keywords: Sleep medicine
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0364-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Lung cancer incidence and mortality with extended follow-up in the
           National LungScreening Trial

    • Authors: Frille, A; Hardavella, G, Lee, R.
      Pages: 190302 - 190302
      Abstract: A 78-year-old male presented at the emergency room complaining of dry cough, fever up to 38.5 °C and malaise for 1 month. He had visited a general practitioner and received amoxicillin 500 mg three times a day for 7 days for a presumed chest infection, without improvement. He had a history of diabetes and arterial blood hypertension, for which he was receiving metformin 1000 mg twice a day and amlodipine 10 mg a day for 7 years. He reported no alcohol abuse and was an ex-smoker of 20 pack-years (quit 30 years ago). He had no recent hospitalisations or any medical interventions.
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0302-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Pregnancy-adapted YEARS algorithm: can YEARS do more for pregnant
           women'

    • Authors: Bokan, A; Matijasevic, J, Vucicevic Trobok, J.
      Pages: 190307 - 190307
      Abstract: Venous thromboembolism (VTE), as a term that encompasses pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT), is one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality [1], especially in developed countries, where PE takes second place after complications of hypertensive disorders [2]. When compared to non-pregnant women of similar age, pregnant women have an approximately four to five times higher risk of VTE [3], with an incidence of 1 in 1000 pregnancies [4]. Approximately 20–25% of VTE cases are caused by PE and 75–80% of cases are caused by DVT [5]. About 60% of DVT occurs antepartum, with the highest risk of antepartum pregnancy-associated VTE being in the third trimester.However, about 60% of PE occurs postpartum [3].
      Keywords: Pulmonary vascular disease
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0307-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Asthma and hypercapnic respiratory failure

    • Authors: Shamil, P. K; Gupta, N, Agrawal, S, Ish, P, Chakrabarti, S.
      Pages: 190311 - 190311
      Abstract: A 40-year-old, male non-smoker was diagnosed with asthma 6 years ago. He now presents with a 1-week history of worsening breathlessness with fever, cough, and purulent expectoration. He has had >10 emergency department visits and two admissions to hospital in the last 3 months. At each admission, he received bronchodilators and systemic steroids resulting in rapid improvement within 24 h. However, in the current presentation, the patient has no relief with corticosteroids and bronchodilators. His pulse is 140 per min, respiratory rate is 40 per min, blood pressure is 90/60 mmHg and room air oxygen saturation is 80%. Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis shows hypercapnic respiratory failure. In view this respiratory failure, the patient is intubated and mechanical ventilation initiated. A chest radiograph is shown in figure 1. The therapy initiated includes bronchodilators, a systemic steroid, antibiotics and supportive care.
      Keywords: Pulmonary vascular disease
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0311-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Recurrent pneumothorax, skin lesions and frequent urination

    • Authors: Deokar, K; Niwas, R, Chauhan, N, Dutt, N, Jain, P, Asfahan, S, Kumawat, R.
      Pages: 190318 - 190318
      Abstract: A 25-year-old male is admitted with complaints of dry cough for the past 5 years, and increased thirst, urinary frequency and output for the past 18 months. He also complains of shortness of breath on climbing a flight of stairs, and itchy lesions on the scalp and back for the past 2–3 months. There is no history of bone pain or abdominal pain. He has history of bilateral recurrent pneumothoraxes, twice on the right and once on the left side, in the past month. Pleurodesis with povidone iodine is performed on left side and the patient is transferred to your hospital with persistent right pneumothorax with air leak, with an intercostal drainage tube in situ. The patient is a never-smoker with no family history of pneumothorax. On general examination, he has small papules, 1–2 mm in diameter, with scaling over scalp and back. Onycholysis, onychoschisis and subungual splinter haemorrhages are present (figure 1).
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0318-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Clinical implications of ANCA positivity in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
           patients

    • Authors: Suarez-Cuartin, G; Molina-Molina, M.
      Pages: 190321 - 190321
      Abstract: The diagnostic process of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) is complex and the underlying mechanisms that participate in these diseases still need to be fully understood. In 2015, the European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society Task Force on Undifferentiated Forms of Connective Tissue Disease-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease introduced the term "interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features" (IPAF) to identify subjects with IIP and features suggesting background autoimmunity but not characterisable connective tissue disease (CTD) [1]. The need for a proper clinical, serological and morphological assessment of IIP was highlighted to identify potential subjects with IPAF and CTD-ILD. However, the measurement of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) is not included in the definition of IPAF and ANCA serological testing is only recommended in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) when a clinical suspicion of vasculitis exists [2]. As current research evaluates the prognostic relevance of autoimmune features in IIP, the clinical importance of ANCA positivity still needs to be determined.
      Keywords: Interstitial and orphan lung disease
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0321-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Lung cancer incidence and mortality with extended follow-up in the
           National LungScreening Trial

    • Authors: Frille, A; Hardavella, G, Lee, R.
      Pages: 190322 - 190322
      Abstract: Since lung cancer (LC) is still the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide [1], early detection through screening represents an important opportunity to improve LC survival and is a priority area for cancer care. The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) aimed to compare low-dose helical computed tomography (LDCT) with chest radiography in LC screening of current or former heavy smokers. The trial found a relative reduction in mortality from LC of 20% in those who had undergone LDCT screening. LC screening has regained prominence in the thoracic oncology literature with the completion of NELSON and other European trials, which support the role of LC screening in achieving early diagnosis and reducing mortality. A growing number of implementation pilots are providing an impetus towards organised, national programmes for LC screening, which are in need of long-term follow-up data such as those presented in this study.
      Keywords: Lung cancer
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0322-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • "ERS International Congress 2019: highlights from Best Abstract awardees".
           Lorna E. Latimer, Marieke Duiverman, Mahmoud I. Abdel-Aziz, Gulser
           Caliskan, Sara M. Mensink-Bout, Alberto Mendoza-Valderrey, Aurelien
           Justet, Junichi Omura, Karthi Srikanthan, Jana De Brandt. Breathe 2019;
           15: e143-e149.

    • Pages: 190330 - 190330
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.5330-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Continuous professional development: elevating sleep andbreathing disorder
           education in Europe

    • Authors: Schiza, S. E; Randerath, W, Sanchez-de-la-Torre, M, Aliverti, A, Bonsignore, M, Simonds, A. K, Laveneziana, P.
      Pages: 190336 - 190336
      Abstract: Sleep and breathing disorders are highly prevalent, representing a growing subspecialty of respiratory medicine. The term sleep disordered breathing (SDB) encompasses a range of conditions characterised by abnormal breathing during sleep, from chronic or habitual snoring, to frank obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) or, in some cases, central sleep apnoea (CSA) and hypoventilation syndromes. OSA is the commonest form of SDB, leading to many potential consequences and adverse clinical outcomes, including excessive daytime sleepiness, impaired daytime function, metabolic dysfunction, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality [1]. The estimated reported prevalence of moderate-to-severe SDB (≥15 events·h–1) was 23.4% in women and 49.7% in men, and the prevalence of symptomatic OSA was 9% and 13%, respectively [2]. However, in some populations, the prevalence of OSA is substantially higher, such as in patients been evaluated for bariatric surgery (estimated range 70–80%), in patients who have had a transient ischaemic attack or stroke (estimated range 60–70%) and in patients with cardiometabolic disease [3–6]. Limited data have been reported on CSA and non-obstructive sleep-related hypoventilation, which have received considerable interest in the sleep field within the past 10 years. Even if their prevalence was noted to be quite low relative to the prevalence of OSA [7], they are quite common in specific subpopulations [8–10].
      Keywords: Sleep medicine
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0336-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Education makes people take their medication: myth or maxim'

    • Authors: Driever, E. M; Brand, P. L. P.
      Pages: 190338 - 190338
      Abstract: It is a source of frustration to many clinicians: you know what the patient's problem is, you know that effective and safe treatment is available, you've explained the disease and its causative mechanisms, the treatment and its principles, and the importance of taking the controller medication daily, you've prescribed this highly effective therapy and you've approached the patient with respect and patience, yet somehow the patient does not take the medication. When this patient has another exacerbation, you know it could have been prevented by following your advice and taking the medication.
      Keywords: Paediatric pulmonology
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0338-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Lung cancer: keep your mind open - it's not always the usualsuspects!

    • Authors: Rawlinson; J.
      Pages: 190363 - 190363
      Abstract: Some years ago, I entered a completely unfamiliar world. This was a landscape that clinicians deal with every day but for the individual suspected of having lung cancer, it can appear hostile and scary, often misrepresented by outdated imagery, information and television portrayal. Lung cancer is not awash with celebrities admitting to having it or grand fundraising campaigns like other conditions. Despite many changes in the treatment landscape, it's still generally much more stigmatised than other cancers.
      Keywords: Lung cancer
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0363-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Respiratory surveillance in mineral dust-exposed workers

    • Authors: Wood, C; Yates, D.
      Pages: 190632 - 190632
      Abstract: Recently, there has been a worldwide resurgence in pneumoconiosis, or pulmonary fibrosis due to occupational mineral dust exposure. In Queensland, Australia, there has been a re-emergence of coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis. Some coal mining communities have experienced a resurgence of progressive massive fibrosis in the USA and a worldwide epidemic is occurring of accelerated silicosis due to exposure to artificial stone.These diseases are all preventable and should not be occurring in the 21st century. Best practice prevention includes reduction of exposure to mineral dusts or, ideally, prevention of exposure altogether. However, where dust exposure has occurred, respiratory surveillance can provide a strategy for early disease detection. It is important to identify early signs of occupational lung disease at a stage where intervention may be beneficial, though it must be acknowledged that progression may occur even after cessation of exposure to dusts. Respiratory surveillance should be distinguished from population screening and case finding, which are different methods used for disease investigation and control. Designing an ideal respiratory surveillance programme is challenging, as there is no single test that accurately identifies early disease. Several different respiratory disorders may occur related to the same exposure(s). Physicians organising and interpreting tests used in respiratory surveillance must be aware of the broad range of potential work-related respiratory conditions, complexities in diagnosis, and appropriate interpretation of the exposure history, as well as current management options. A working knowledge of the compensation and medicolegal avenues available to workers in individual jurisdictions is also useful.Key points
      Mineral dust exposure causes a number of conditions, including those specific to dust exposures, such as the pneumoconioses (or pulmonary fibroses due to mineral dust exposure), and others that may additionally be related to other causes, such as COPD.
      Identification of multiple conditions using respiratory investigations requires expert interpretation and understanding of the range of potential conditions.
      The frequency and content of a respiratory surveillance programme will vary according to the relevant occupational exposures, and be affected by both medical and nonmedical factors, including the background prevalence of local diseases. A programme will also need to consider other factors such as local legislation, availability of resources, worker convenience and cost.Educational aims
      To identify the large range of respiratory diseases caused by exposure to mineral dusts and identify the range of tests that may be used in a surveillance programme for occupational respiratory disorders.
      To highlight difficulties that might be experienced by medical practitioners in designing and operating an effective surveillance programme, while incorporating rapidly advancing medical technology and practice.
      Keywords: Epidemiology, occupational and environmental lung disease
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0362-2019
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • The STELVIO trial, a game changer for bronchoscopic lung volume reduction
           in patients with severe emphysema

    • Authors: Posthuma, R; Vanfleteren, L. E. G. W.
      Pages: 200004 - 200004
      Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation, which is caused by small airway disease (bronchiolitis) and alveolar destruction (emphysema) [1]. Patients primarily suffering from severe emphysema are often limited in exercise capacity due to the consequences of hyperinflation [2].
      Keywords: COPD and smoking
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0004-2020
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Overdiagnosis of lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography screening:
           meta-analysis of the randomised clinical trials

    • Authors: Brodersen, J; Voss, T, Martiny, F, Siersma, V, Barratt, A, Heleno, B.
      Pages: 200013 - 200013
      Abstract: In low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening for lung cancer, all three main conditions for overdiagnosis in cancer screening are present: 1) a reservoir of slowly or nongrowing lung cancer exists; 2) LDCT is a high-resolution imaging technology with the potential to identify this reservoir; and 3) eligible screening participants have a high risk of dying from causes other than lung cancer. The degree of overdiagnosis in cancer screening is most validly estimated in high-quality randomised controlled trials (RCTs), with enough follow-up time after the end of screening to avoid lead-time bias and without contamination of the control group.Nine RCTs investigating LDCT screening were identified. Two RCTs were excluded because lung cancer incidence after the end of screening was not published. Two other RCTs using active comparators were also excluded. Therefore, five RCTs were included: two trials were at low risk of bias, two of some concern and one at high risk of bias. In a meta-analysis of the two low risk of bias RCTs including 8156 healthy current or former smokers, 49% of the screen-detected cancers were overdiagnosed. There is uncertainty about this substantial degree of overdiagnosis due to unexplained heterogeneity and low precision of the summed estimate across the two trials.Key points
      Nine randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on low-dose computed tomography screening were identified; five were included for meta-analysis but only two of those were at low risk of bias.
      In a meta-analysis of recent low risk of bias RCTs including 8156 healthy current or former smokers from developed countries, we found that 49% of the screen-detected cancers may be overdiagnosed.
      There is uncertainty about the degree of overdiagnosis in lung cancer screening due to unexplained heterogeneity and low precision of the point estimate.
      If only high-quality RCTs are included in the meta-analysis, the degree of overdiagnosis is substantial.Educational aims
      To appreciate that low-dose computed tomography screening for lung cancer meets all three main conditions for overdiagnosis in cancer screening: a reservoir of indolent cancers exists in the population; the screening test is able to "tap" this reservoir by detecting biologically indolent cancers as well as biologically important cancers; and the population being screened is characterised by a relatively high competing risk of death from other causes
      To learn about biases that might affect the estimates of overdiagnosis in randomised controlled trials in cancer screening
      Keywords: Lung imaging, Lung cancer
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0013-2020
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Screening and surveillance in respiratory medicine

    • Authors: Dobler; C. C.
      Pages: 200038 - 200038
      Abstract: We are already a couple of months into 2020 and I hope you had a good start to the new year. I wish you, our readers, reviewers, authors and editors, happiness, success and health in this new decade.
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0038-2020
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Insight into the structure and tasks of the Early Career Members Committee
           of the European Respiratory Society

    • Authors: De Brandt, J; on behalf of the Early Career Members Committee
      Pages: 200046 - 200046
      Abstract: The Early Career Members Committee (ECMC) of the European Respiratory Society (ERS) consists of 14 members, one Early Career Member (ECM) representative per assembly. In September 2019, seven recently elected representatives joined the ECMC. An overview is given of the tasks performed by each representative within the ECMC (table 1). In addition, a short summary about the content of these tasks is provided.
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T06:44:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1183/20734735.0046-2020
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020)
       
 
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