Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8359 journals)
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RESPIRATORY DISEASES (102 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 102 of 102 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advances in Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 253)
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
American Review of Respiratory Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the American Thoracic Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archivos de Bronconeumología     Full-text available via subscription  
Archivos de Bronconeumología (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asthma Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMJ Open Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Breathe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Journal of Respiratory, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Respiratory Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 100)
Chest Disease Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chronic Respiratory Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Lung Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Pulmonary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COPD Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Pulmonology Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Research in Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Respiratory Care Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Pneumologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ERJ Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eurasian Journal of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European Clinical Respiratory Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Respiratory Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
European Respiratory Review     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Experimental Lung Research     Hybrid Journal  
Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart, Lung and Circulation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Indian Journal of Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Asthma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Asthma Allergy Educators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tuberculosis Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Respirasi     Open Access  
Karger Kompass Pneumologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Kindheit und Entwicklung     Hybrid Journal  
Lung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Lung Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Lung Cancer International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lung India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Respiratory Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Pediatric Quality & Safety     Open Access  
Pediatric Respirology and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pulmonary Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pulmonology and Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Respiratory Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Respiratory Investigation     Full-text available via subscription  
Respiratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Respiratory Medicine : X     Open Access  
Respiratory Medicine Case Reports     Open Access  
Respiratory Medicine CME     Hybrid Journal  
Respiratory Medicine Extra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Respirology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Respirology Case Reports     Open Access  
Revista Americana de Medicina Respiratoria     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Enfermedades Respiratorias     Open Access  
Revista Inspirar     Open Access  
Revista ORL     Open Access  
Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia     Open Access  
Sarcoidosis Vasculitis and Diffuse Lung Disese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Sleep Medicine Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
The Clinical Respiratory Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Thorax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Translational Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tuberculosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Пульмонология     Full-text available via subscription  


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Karger Kompass Pneumologie
Number of Followers: 1  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 2296-0368 - ISSN (Online) 2296-0317
Published by Karger Homepage  [120 journals]
  • Individualized Homeopathic Treatment in Women with Recurrent Cystitis: A
           Retrospective Case Series
    • Abstract: Background: Recurrent urinary tract infections are of importance for public health as most clinicians are faced with repeated and long-term administration of broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents leading to an increased risk of resistant bacteria. One encouraging treatment approach may be individualized homeopathy. Case Reports: Here, four female cases with recurrent urinary tract infections are reported. They were treated successfully with the homeopathic strategy after several conventional approaches revealed no improvement. The follow-up period was a minimum of 3 years and the frequency of episodes with urinary tract infection as well as of antibiotic treatment was documented. Additionally, the patients were asked to assess the treatment outcome retrospectively in a validated questionnaire. Results: The treatment resulted in a reduction of urinary tract infections and the need for antibiotics from monthly to less than 3 times a year. Three of the four women had no cystitis and related intake of antibiotics for more than 1.5 years. A relapse of symptoms could be treated efficiently with a repetition of the homeopathic remedy. All subjective outcome assessments resulted positive. Conclusion: This case series suggests a possible benefit of individualized homeopathic treatment for female patients with recurrent urinary tract infections. Larger observational studies and controlled investigations are warranted.
      Complement Med Res
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 12:37:59 +010
  • Fractures due to Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy for Breast Cancer: A
           Real-World Analysis of FAERS Data in the Past 15 Years
    • Abstract: Introduction: The adverse effect of fractures by different aromatase inhibitor (AI) drugs has not been thoroughly assessed in real-world studies. Objective: To assess the adverse events of fractures of real-world breast cancer patients caused by AI therapy through the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database. Methods: The FAERS data from January 2004 to December 2018 were sorted out and analyzed for correlations between fractures and AI use. Disproportionate analysis and Bayesian analysis were adopted to quantify the signal, the association between the AIs and fractures. The onset time and outcome of fractures after different AI regimens were also compared. Results: Out of 23,064 adverse reports, 657 fracture reports (2.85%) were analyzed. Anastrozole showed a positive association with 4 detection methods, while letrozole and exemestane did so with 2. More exemestane-related reports (44.62%) resulted in initial or prolonged hospitalization than anastrozole (30.12%, p = 0.013) and letrozole (29.43%, p = 0.006). The fracture onset time showed no significant difference among anastrozole, letrozole, and exemestane (median onset time: 46.95, 34.25, and 40.58 months, respectively; p = 0.236). Conclusions: Anastrozole should be prescribed with more medical care. Analysis of FAERS data identified fracture risk tendencies with AI regimens, which supported continuous monitoring, risk evaluations, and further comparative studies.
      Oncol Res Treat
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 11:29:25 +010
  • Treatment Algorithm for Mild and Moderate-to-Severe Ulcerative Colitis: An
    • Abstract: Background: Patient care in ulcerative colitis (UC) remains challenging despite an array of established treatment options and emerging new therapies. The management of UC therapy should be guided by the endoscopic extent of inflammation, disease severity, and prognostic factors of poor outcome. Complete remission, defined as durable symptomatic and endoscopic remission without corticosteroid therapy, is the desired treatment goal. Summary: This review focuses on treatment recommendations for different clinical scenarios in moderate-to-severe UC: Active UC of any extent not responding to aminosalicylates, steroid-dependent UC, steroid-refractory UC, immunomodulator-refractory UC, and acute severe UC. Comprehensive treatment algorithms for daily clinical practice were developed based on published guidelines and current literature. Key Messages: While current treatment options including a number of biologicals and small molecules have evolved UC treatment to achieve sustained remission in a majority of patients, upcoming treatment options with different molecular pathways and different modes of actions will further increase the need for personalized medicine.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 10:43:43 +010
  • Der Einfluss von kognitiver Verhaltenstherapie auf biologische
           Risikofaktoren kardiovaskulärer Erkrankungen bei der Major Depression:
           Eine systematische Übersichtsarbeit
    • Abstract: Depressive Störungen sind mit einem erhöhten Risiko für kardiovaskuläre Erkrankungen verbunden. Metaanalysen zeigen, dass auch bei Personen mit einer Major Depression ohne kardiovaskuläre Erkrankungen biologische Risikofaktoren kardiovaskulärer Erkrankungen vorliegen. Hierzu zählen insbesondere (i) autonome Dysregulationen, indiziert durch eine herabgesetzte Herzratenvariabilität (HRV) und (ii) erhöhte Blutkonzentrationen von an Entzündungsreaktionen beteiligten Immunmarkern (d.h. C-reaktives Protein, Interleukin (IL)-6 und Tumornekrosefaktor (TNF)-α). Obwohl diese biologischen Faktoren partiell durch behaviorale und kognitiv-affektive Prozesse beeinflussbar sind, werden sie in der Psychotherapieforschung wenig berücksichtigt. Im Rahmen dieser systematischen Übersichtsarbeit gehen wir der Frage nach, ob durch kognitive Verhaltenstherapie (KVT) Parameter des Immunsystems und die HRV bei Personen mit einer Major Depression positiv beeinflusst werden können. In Bezug auf die HRV wurden 2 randomisierte kontrollierte Studien (RCTs) und eine quasi-randomisierte Studie extrahiert. Bezüglich der proinflammatorischen Immunmarker lagen 3 RCTs, eine nichtrandomisierte Studie und 2 Prä-Post-Studien vor. Zusammenfassend kann aufgrund der geringen Anzahl publizierter Studien und methodischer Einschränkungen nicht eindeutig geschlussfolgert werden, ob und unter welchen Umständen bei einer Major Depression im Rahmen der KVT mit einer Verbesserung der HRV oder des immunologischen Status zu rechnen ist. Bei unmedizierten Patientengruppen ergaben sich Hinweise auf positive immunologische Interventionseffekte in Form einer Reduktion von IL-6 und TNF-α. Empfehlungen für zukünftige Forschungsarbeiten werden abgeleitet.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 10:09:41 +010
  • Next Generation Sequencing-Based Fetal ABO Blood Group Prediction by
           Analysis of Cell-Free DNA from Maternal Plasma
    • Abstract: Introduction: ABO blood group incompatibility between a pregnant woman and her fetus as a cause of morbidity or mortality of the fetus or newborn remains an important, albeit rare, risk. When a pregnant woman has a high level of anti-A or anti-B IgG antibodies, the child may be at risk for hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). Performing a direct prenatal determination of the fetal ABO blood group can provide valuable clinical information. Objective: Here, we report a next generation sequencing (NGS)-based assay for predicting the prenatal ABO blood group. Materials and Methods: A total of 26 plasma samples from 26 pregnant women were tested from gestational weeks 12 to 35. Of these samples, 20 were clinical samples and 6 were test samples. Extracted cell-free DNA was PCR-amplified using 2 primer sets followed by NGS. NGS data were analyzed by 2 different methods, FASTQ analysis and a grep search, to ensure robust results. The fetal ABO prediction was compared with the known serological infant ABO type, which was available for 19 samples. Results: There was concordance for 19 of 19 predictable samples where the phenotype information was available and when the analysis was done by the 2 methods. For immunized pregnant women (n = 20), the risk of HDFN was predicted for 12 fetuses, and no risk was predicted for 7 fetuses; one result of the clinical samples was indeterminable. Cloning and sequencing revealed a novel variant harboring the same single nucleotide variations as ABO*O.01.24 with an additional c.220C#x3e;T substitution. An additional indeterminable result was found among the 6 test samples and was caused by maternal heterozygosity. The 2 indeterminable samples demonstrated limitations to the assay due to hybrid ABO genes or maternal heterozygosity. Conclusions: We pioneered an NGS-based fetal ABO prediction assay based on a cell-free DNA analysis from maternal plasma and demonstrated its application in a small number of samples. Based on the calculations of variant frequencies and ABO*O.01/ABO*O.02 heterozygote frequency, we estimate that we can assign a reliable fetal ABO type in approximately 95% of the forthcoming clinical samples of type O pregnant women. Despite the vast genetic variations underlying the ABO blood groups, many variants are rare, and prenatal ABO prediction is possible and adds valuable early information for the prevention of ABO HDFN.
      Transfus Med Hemother
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 10:00:47 +010
  • A Study of Morphological Changes in Renal Afferent Arterioles Induced by
           Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers in Hypertensive Patients
    • Abstract: Background: Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers are known to reduce hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in hypertensive cases. However, we have reported marked proliferative changes of renal afferent arteriolar SMCs in rats induced by a long-term administration of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI). In this study, we examined the morphological changes of afferent arteriolar walls in human kidneys with or without ARBs/ACEIs. Methods: Forty-four wedge resections were taken from patients aged 45–74 years from 92 nephrectomized kidneys due to malignancy at Toho University Omori Medical Center between 2013 and 2016. They were divided into the following three groups: 18 hypertensive patients treated with antihypertensive agents including ARBs or ACEIs (the HTARB group), 6 hypertensive patients treated with calcium channel blockers without ARBs/ACEIs (the HTCCB group), and 20 normotensive patients (the normotensive group) as a control. Cases expecting vascular changes such as diabetes were excluded. In each case renal arterioles were measured as the ratio of inner/outer arteriolar diameter, and pathologists estimated morphological abnormal changes, scoring each specimen independently. Results: The ratio in the HTARB group was 0.39 ± 0.05 (mean ± SD), and was significantly the lowest among the three groups (0.46 ± 0.02 in the HTCCB, 0.53 ± 0.02 in the normotensive group; p = 0.0107 vs. HTCCB, p = 0.00001 vs. normotensive). The ratio in the three groups significantly correlated with the estimated glomerular filtration rate (r = 0.4915, p #x3c; 0.0007). The afferent arteriolar SMCs in the HTARB group frequently showed marked proliferative and irregular changes. The score of SMC abnormalities estimated regarding the proliferation, irregularity of the arrangement, and size in hilar afferent arteriolar SMCs was highest in the HTARB group and showed statistical significance (p = 0.0088, p = 0.00001, and p = 0.025 versus other two groups). Conclusions: We consider that these morphological changes in arterioles are induced by ARBs/ACEIs. These changes could induce an important suppression of glomerular hyperfiltration and could lead to glomerular ischemia. However, the clinical consequences of these morphological changes in correlation with ARBs/ACEIs were not sufficiently clear and require further analysis. We should consider renal arteriolar morphological changes when using ARBs/ACEIs.
      Kidney Blood Press Res
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 09:50:37 +010
  • International/Resident Traveling Fellowship Notice 2019
    • Abstract:
      Pediatr Neurosurg
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 09:31:54 +010
  • Dynamic Change of T-Helper Cell Cytokines in Nasal Secretions and Serum
           after Endoscopic Sinus Surgery in Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps
    • Abstract: Background/Aims: This study aimed to determine the dynamic change of postoperative T-helper cell cytokines in nasal secretions and serum in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Methods: Nasal secretions and serum samples of 30 CRSwNP patients and 10 healthy subjects were collected. Among CRSwNP patients, samples of 30 patients were collected 1 day before endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and that of 18 patients (12 asthmatic and 6 non-asthmatic) were collected 4, 8, and 12 weeks after ESS. Concentrations of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-17, and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) were determined by Cytometric Beads Array. The Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test 22 and Lund-Kennedy endoscopic scoring (LKES) system were collected for all patients. Results: The levels of IL-2 and IL-5 in secretions of CRSwNP were significantly higher than that of healthy control at the baseline. At the 4th and 8th week after ESS, the IL-4 levels in nasal secretions of the asthmatic group were significantly higher than their baseline controls (preoperatively). From the 4th to 12th week after ESS, the IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-17 levels in nasal secretions of the non-asthmatic group were significantly increased as compared to their baseline controls. Postoperative IL-5 levels in serum of the asthmatic group decreased significantly as compared to their baseline controls. There was no significant association between LKES and levels of cytokines in postoperative secretions and serum. Conclusions: Our results indicate that postoperative endoscopic findings may not directly reflect the underlying mucosal inflammation, and surgery could not change the systemic immunity status. Despite endoscopic resolution of mucosal abnormalities, it may not avert the need for subsequent postoperative medical intervention to treat the underlying mucosal inflammation.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 08:48:16 +010
  • Implementation of New Technology in Patients with Chronic Deep Brain
           Stimulation: Switching from Non-Rechargeable Constant Voltage to
           Rechargeable Constant Current Stimulation
    • Abstract: Introduction: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) for movement disorders has been mainly performed with constant voltage (CV) technology. More recently also constant current (CC) systems have been developed which theoretically might have additional advantages. Furthermore, rechargeable (RC) system implantable pulse generators (IPG) are increasingly being used rather than the former solely available non-rechargeable (NRC) IPGs. Objective: To provide a systematic investigation how to proceed and adapt settings when switching from CV NRC to CC RC technology. Methods: We prospectively collected data from 11 consecutive patients (10 men, mean age at DBS implantation 52.6 ± 14.0 years) with chronic DBS for dystonia (n = 7), Parkinson disease (n = 3), and essential tremor (n = 1) who underwent IPG replacement switching from a CV NRC system (Activa® PC; Medtronic®) to a CC RC system (Vercise® RC; Boston Scientific®). Systematic assessments before and after IPG replacement were performed. Results: DBS technology switching at the time of IPG replacement due to battery depletion was at a mean of 108.5 ± 46.2 months of chronic DBS. No perioperative complications occurred. Clinical outcome was stable with overall mild improvements or deteriorations, which could be dealt with in short-term follow-up. Patients were satisfied with the new RC IPG. Conclusions: This study confirms both the safety and feasibility of switching between different DBS technologies (CV to CC, NRC to RC, different manufacturers) in patients with chronic DBS. Furthermore, it shows how the management can be planned using available information from the previous DBS settings. Individual assessment is needed and might partly be related to the DBS target and the underlying disease. MR safety might be a problem with such hybrid systems.
      Stereotact Funct Neurosurg
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 08:24:06 +010
  • OBEDIS Core Variables Project: European Expert Guidelines on a Minimal
           Core Set of Variables to Include in Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trials
           of Obesity Interventions
    • Abstract: Heterogeneity of interindividual and intraindividual responses to interventions is often observed in randomized, controlled trials for obesity. To address the global epidemic of obesity and move toward more personalized treatment regimens, the global research community must come together to identify factors that may drive these heterogeneous responses to interventions. This project, called OBEDIS (OBEsity Diverse Interventions Sharing – focusing on dietary and other interventions), provides a set of European guidelines for a minimal set of variables to include in future clinical trials on obesity, regardless of the specific endpoints. Broad adoption of these guidelines will enable researchers to harmonize and merge data from multiple intervention studies, allowing stratification of patients according to precise phenotyping criteria which are measured using standardized methods. In this way, studies across Europe may be pooled for better prediction of individuals’ responses to an intervention for obesity – ultimately leading to better patient care and improved obesity outcomes.
      Obes Facts
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 08:00:22 +010
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