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RESPIRATORY DISEASES (103 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 104 of 104 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advances in Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Thoracic Diseases     Open Access  
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 257)
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
American Review of Respiratory Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the American Thoracic Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Bronconeumología     Full-text available via subscription  
Archivos de Bronconeumología (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asthma Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMJ Open Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Breathe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Journal of Respiratory, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Respiratory Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 102)
Chest Disease Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chronic Respiratory Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Lung Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Pulmonary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COPD Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Pulmonology Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Research in Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Respiratory Care Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Der Pneumologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ERJ Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eurasian Journal of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European Clinical Respiratory Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Respiratory Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
European Respiratory Review     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Experimental Lung Research     Hybrid Journal  
Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Heart, Lung and Circulation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Indian Journal of Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Asthma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Asthma Allergy Educators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tuberculosis Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Respirasi     Open Access  
Karger Kompass Pneumologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Kindheit und Entwicklung     Hybrid Journal  
Lung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Lung Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Lung Cancer International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lung India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Respiratory Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Pediatric Quality & Safety     Open Access  
Pediatric Respirology and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pulmonary Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pulmonary Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pulmonology and Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Respiratory Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Respiratory Investigation     Full-text available via subscription  
Respiratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Respiratory Medicine : X     Open Access  
Respiratory Medicine Case Reports     Open Access  
Respiratory Medicine CME     Hybrid Journal  
Respiratory Medicine Extra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Respiratory Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Respirology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Respirology Case Reports     Open Access  
Revista Americana de Medicina Respiratoria     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Enfermedades Respiratorias     Open Access  
Revista Inspirar     Open Access  
Revista ORL     Open Access  
Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia     Open Access  
Sarcoidosis Vasculitis and Diffuse Lung Disese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Sleep Medicine Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
The Clinical Respiratory Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Thorax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Translational Respiratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tuberculosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Пульмонология     Full-text available via subscription  


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.79
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 2  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-1750 - ISSN (Online) 0341-2040
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2625 journals]
  • Reply To: A Comment on Helicobacter pylori and Lung Transplant
           Outcome: Is Serology the Ideal Diagnostic Approach'
    • PubDate: 2019-03-21
  • Pulmonary Acinus: Understanding the Computed Tomography Findings from an
           Acinar Perspective
    • Abstract: Abstract The lung acinus is the most distal portion of the airway responsible for the gas exchange. The normal acini are not visible on conventional computed tomography (CT), but the advent of micro-CT improved the understanding of the microarchitecture of healthy acini. The comprehension of the acinar architecture is pivotal for the understanding of CT findings of diseases that involve the acini. Centriacinar emphysema, for example, presents as round areas of low attenuation due to the destruction of the most central acini with compensatory enlargement of proximal acini due to alveolar wall destruction. In pulmonary fibrosis, intralobular septal fibrosis manifests as acinar wall thickening with an overlap of acinar collapse and compensatory dilation of surrounding acini constituting the cystic disease typical of the usual interstitial pneumonia pattern. This is a state-of-the-art review to describe the acinar structure from the micro-CT perspective and display how the comprehension of the acinar structure can aid in the interpretation of its microarchitecture disruption on conventional CT.
      PubDate: 2019-03-21
  • Physical Inactivity in Pulmonary Sarcoidosis
    • Abstract: Purpose Reduced physical activity in many chronic diseases is consistently associated with increased morbidity. Little is known about physical activity in sarcoidosis. The aim of this study was to objectively assess physical activity in patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis and investigate its relationship with lung function, exercise capacity, symptom burden, and health status. Methods Physical activity was assessed over one week in 15 patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis and 14 age-matched healthy controls with a tri-axial accelerometer (ActivPal™) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). All participants underwent pulmonary function tests, 6-min walk test (6MWT) and completed the Fatigue Assessment Scale (FAS), Medical Research Council (MRC) Dyspnoea Scale and the King’s Sarcoidosis Questionnaire (KSQ). Results Patients with sarcoidosis had significantly lower daily step counts than healthy controls; mean (SD) 5624 (1875) versus 10,429 (2942) steps (p < 0.01) and a trend towards fewer sit-to-stand transitions each day (p = 0.095). Only two patients (13%) self-reported undertaking vigorous physical activity (IPAQ) compared to half of healthy individuals (p < 0.01). Daily step count was significantly associated with 6MWT distance in sarcoidosis (r = 0.634, p = 0.01), but not with forced vital capacity (r = 0.290), fatigue (r = 0.041), dyspnoea (r = −0.466) or KSQ health status (r = 0.099–0.484). Time spent upright was associated with fatigue (r = −0.630, p = 0.012) and health status (KSQ Lung scores r = 0.524, p = 0.045), and there was a significant correlation between the number of sit-to-stand transitions and MRC dyspnoea score (r = −0.527, p = 0.044). Conclusion Physical activity is significantly reduced in sarcoidosis and is associated with reduced functional exercise capacity (6MWD). Fatigue, exertional symptoms and health status were more closely associated with time spent upright and the number of bouts of physical activity, as compared to step counts. Further studies are warranted to identify the factors that determine different physical activity profiles in sarcoidosis.
      PubDate: 2019-03-19
  • Identification of Active Sarcoidosis Using Chitotriosidase and
           Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme
    • Abstract: Purpose Activity/remission differentiation is a great challenge in the follow-up and treatment of sarcoidosis patients. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were proposed as sarcoidosis biomarkers. More recently, chitotriosidase (CHITO) has been described as a better alternative. This study has the aim to evaluate the association of CHITO activity, ACE, hs-CRP or a combination of these biomarkers and to construct a clinical algorithm to differentiate between sarcoidosis activity/remission status. Methods Forty-six patients with either active sarcoidosis or sarcoidosis in remission and 21 healthy individuals were included. ACE, hs-CRP, and CHITO were evaluated in serum samples. Comparisons of the laboratory variable means among groups were performed by linear models. The cutoff points of the biomarkers for activity/remission differentiation were calculated using the Youden’s index. Biomarker cutoff points and decision tree classifier (DTC) performance were estimated by their leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV) accuracy (Acc), sensitivity (Se), and specificity (Sp). Results A 55% mean Se and a 100% mean Sp were found for CHITO, while an 88% Se and a 47% Sp were found for ACE, and a 66% Se and a 68% Sp for hs-CRP cutoff points for activity/remission differentiation. The DTC algorithm with CHITO, hs-CRP, and ACE information had an LOOCV mean Acc of 82%, Se of 78%, and Sp of 89% for sarcoidosis activity/remission differentiation. Conclusions The algorithm involving CHITO, hs-CRP, and ACE could be a suitable strategy for differentiation between sarcoidosis activity/remission status.
      PubDate: 2019-03-19
  • Nutritional Status in Childhood as a Prognostic Factor in Patients with
           Cystic Fibrosis
    • Abstract: Introduction There is a strong association between cystic fibrosis and malnutrition, mainly because of the higher energy needs combined with lower intake. There is also a well-established correlation between good nutritional status and better lung function. To date, however, there are no studies examining nutritional status in childhood and adult lung function. To respond to this need, this innovative study explored the long-term correlations between nutritional status in childhood and lung function in adulthood for the same patient population. Methods A retrospective patient file study was conducted to identify putative correlations between nutritional status in childhood and lung function in adulthood. The medical archives at Sheba Medical Center were examined for a period of 31 years between 1986 and 2017 for age, gender, mutations, pancreatic sufficiency or insufficiency (PI/PS), sputum cultures, cystic fibrosis related diabetes, body mass index (BMI) at the age of 10, and FEV1 at 20 and 30 in patients who underwent or did not undergo lung transplantation. Results The database was composed of the records of sixty-five patients, thirteen of whom underwent lung transplantation. The correlations (R²) between BMI at age of 10 years and FEV1 at the age of 20 and 30 years were 0.35 and 0.28, respectively, p < 0.001. A BMI of lower than − 0.75 at the age of 10 emerged as a risk factor for lung transplantation (OR 3.42 p = 0.023) and had a negative predictive value of 90%. Kaplan–Meier survival curve showed significant lower lung transplantation rate in the group of BMI z score higher than − 0.75 at the age of 10 years. Logistic regression found nutritional at the age of 10 years as a dominant risk factor for lung transplantation. Conclusions This study reports a clear, significant and important correlation for the first time between nutritional status in childhood and lung function for the same patients at adulthood. Hence, nutritional status sets a clear trajectory and should be treated aggressively. The findings emphasize the importance of new-born screening and early implementation of nutritional guidelines for cystic fibrosis patients.
      PubDate: 2019-03-18
  • Gene Variants, mRNA and NOD1/2 Protein Levels in Tunisian Childhood Asthma
    • Abstract: Introduction Asthma is a common respiratory childhood disease that results from an interaction between genetic, environmental and immunologic factors. The implication of nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain 1 and 2 (NOD1/CARD4, NOD2/CARD15) was highlighted in many inflammatory diseases. Methods In this case-control study, we analyzed the association of three NOD2 polymorphisms and one NOD1 variant, in 338 Tunisian asthmatic children and 425 healthy Controls, using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. We also assessed NOD1 and NOD2 mRNA and protein levels by qRT-PCR and ELISA techniques. Results The homozygous AA genotype of rs2075820 was a risk factor for asthma (OR 2.39). The influence of the E266K variant in the presence of the heterozygous AG genotype was higher in male than female groups. The homozygous AA genotype was a risk factor associated with asthma, for patients aged between 6 and 18 years OR 2.39, IC95% (1.04–5.49) p < 0.01. The mRNA expression of NOD1, but not NOD2, was enhanced in asthma patients compared to Controls. We noted a significant difference between asthmatics and healthy controls in NOD1 protein expression (asthma patients : 31.18 ± 10.9 pg/ml, Controls: 20.10 ± 2.58 pg/ml; p < 0.001). Conclusions The NOD1 rs2075820 variant was associated with a higher childhood asthma risk and the NOD1 expression at mRNA and protein levels was significantly increased in asthma patients.
      PubDate: 2019-03-14
  • The Economic Effect of Early Management in Patients with Early Chronic
           Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Results from a Population-Based Nationwide
    • Abstract: Purpose The economic effect of regular follow-up and early management in patients with early chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has not yet been clarified. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the economic effect of regular follow-up and early management in these patients. Methods Patients with early COPD were identified from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We analyzed medical utilization and cost for 2 years without any missing data by using the Korean National Health Insurance data. Patients with routine healthcare maintenance were defined as, after diagnosis, those with regular visits to the hospital and receiving early management of COPD. Results Among 1204 patients with early COPD, the patients who were classified as the group with routine healthcare maintenance (69/146; 47.3%) and the group with intermittent healthcare user (79/1058; 7.5%) visited to hospital for the next 2 years. The patients with routine healthcare maintenance had lower cost of inpatient service and frequencies of emergency room (ER) visit and intensive care unit (ICU) admission than intermittent healthcare users (cost of inpatient service, $4595 vs. $4953 per person; ER visit, 7.2 vs. 11.5; ICU admission, 4.3 vs. 7.7). Even in patients with COPD and FEV1 ≥ 80, early intervention through follow-up reduced the cost of inpatient service because these patients could have had less severe acute exacerbations than intermittent healthcare users. Conclusion Patients with early COPD, even those with FEV1 ≥ 80, need regular follow-up for early management and disease control as well as for reducing the socioeconomic burden of the disease.
      PubDate: 2019-03-11
  • Screening for Myositis Antibodies in Idiopathic Interstitial Lung Disease
    • Abstract: Purpose International guidelines recommend screening for connective tissue disease (CTD) with autoantibodies when evaluating patients with idiopathic interstitial lung disease (ILD). Idiopathic inflammatory myositis comprises of a subgroup of CTD diagnosed with myositis antibodies (MA), often presenting with ILD. Our aim was to evaluate the utility of MA screening in patients with idiopathic ILD. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients referred with idiopathic ILD to a tertiary centre ILD clinic who were screened for MA. Patients with known or suspected CTD were excluded. Descriptive statistics, univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression were used to detect associations between MA and patient characteristics. Results Of 360 patients, 165 met inclusion criteria and 44 (26.7%) were identified to have MA. Fourteen patients (8.5%) had a change in diagnosis as a result of MA screening. Multivariable logistic regression identified the presence of MA to be associated with current smoking [OR 6.87 (1.65–28.64), p = 0.008] and a diffusing capacity of < 70% predicted [OR 2.55 (1.09–5.97), p = 0.03]. In patients with a change in diagnosis due to MA screening, 3 (1.8%) underwent a surgical lung biopsy and 2 (1.2%) were previously treated with antifibrotic therapy. Conclusions Screening for MA in patients with idiopathic ILD can contribute to a change in patient diagnosis, and may prevent invasive testing and unproven use of antifibrotic therapy. These results support the addition of MA to CTD screening panels during the initial evaluation of idiopathic ILD.
      PubDate: 2019-03-05
  • Bronchoscopic Brushing from Central Lung Cancer—Next Generation
           Sequencing Results are Reliable
    • Abstract: Abstract The role of bronchoscopic brushing for tumor detection and molecular testing in central lung cancer is unclear. In this study, 50 consecutive subjects with suspected central lung cancer underwent bronchoscopic brushing (31 males, median age 70, 5 never smokers). Histological results were: NSCLC/SCLC/low-grade-NET/granulation tissue in 36/8/2/4 cases. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was feasible in 62% of tumor-positive brush smear samples. In 78% of these cases, NGS displayed identical results compared to histology samples, in 22% NGS from brush smears detected specific mutations, whereas DNA quality from forceps biopsy was insufficient for NGS analysis. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value of brush smear analysis were 66% (95% confidence interval 50–79), 100% (40–100), 100% (85–100), and 21% (7–46). For the combined analysis of brush smear, brush tip washing and sheath tube content sensitivity was slightly elevated at 69% (53–81). In central lung cancer, bronchoscopic brushing detects tumor cells in about two-third of cases and allows a decision for or against targeted therapy in the majority of tumor-positive cases on the basis of NGS analysis.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
  • Soluble Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator Receptor and Arterial
           Stiffness in Patients with COPD
    • Abstract: Introduction Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is upregulated by inflammation and plays a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with enhanced systemic inflammation and increased risk for atherosclerosis, however, studies analysing the circulating suPAR levels in COPD are contradictory. The aim of the study was to investigate plasma suPAR concentrations together with markers of arterial stiffness in COPD. Materials and Methods Twenty-four patients with COPD and 18 non-COPD, control subjects participated in the study. Plasma suPAR was measured, together with lung volumes, symptom burden, exacerbation history, markers of arterial stiffness and soluble inflammatory biomarkers, such as endothelin-1, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6). Results Plasma suPAR levels were higher in COPD (2.84 ± 0.67 ng/ml vs. 2.41 ± 0.57 ng/ml, p = 0.03) and were related to lung function measured with FEV1 (r = − 0.65, p < 0.01) and symptom burden determined with the modified Medical Research Council questionnaire (r = 0.55, p < 0.05). Plasma suPAR concentrations correlated with various measures of arterial stiffness in all subjects, but only with ejection duration in COPD (r = − 0.44, p = 0.03). Conclusions Plasma suPAR levels are elevated in COPD and relate to arterial stiffness. Our results suggest that suPAR may be a potential link between COPD and atherosclerosis.
      PubDate: 2019-02-28
  • Inpatient Prevalence, Expenditures, and Comorbidities of Sarcoidosis:
           Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2013–2014
    • Abstract: Purpose To investigate inpatient prevalence, expenditures, and comorbidities of hospitalized patients with sarcoidosis in the USA. Methods Patients with sarcoidosis were identified within the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database for the years 2013 and 2014 using the respective ICD-9 diagnostic code. Data on patient and hospital characteristics, comorbidities, total hospital costs, and total hospitalization charges were collected. A propensity-matched cohort of patients without sarcoidosis from the same database was created and used as comparators for the analysis of comorbidities. Results A cohort of 78,055 patients with sarcoidosis was identified within the database, corresponding to an inpatient prevalence of 2.21 cases per 1000 admissions. Analysis of comorbidities found that patients with sarcoidosis had significantly higher odds of atrial fibrillation [adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 1.41, 95% CI 1.13–1.76, p < 0.01], conduction abnormalities [aOR: 2.04, 95% CI 1.45–2.89, p < 0.01], aortic valvulopathy [aOR: 1.78, 95% CI 1.30–2.44, p < 0.01], congestive heart failure [aOR: 1.23, 95% CI 1.04–1.45, p = 0.02], cardiomyopathy [aOR: 1.25, 95% CI 1.08–1.44, p < 0.01], deep venous thrombosis (aOR: 1.58, p < 0.01), pulmonary embolism (aOR: 1.70, p < 0.01), and osteoporosis (aOR: 1.81, p < 0.01), compared with propensity-matched patients without sarcoidosis. After adjusting for confounders, patients with sarcoidosis displayed a mean additional $1,250 (p = 0.24) in total hospital costs and a mean additional $27,205 (p < 0.01) in total hospitalization charges when compared to hospitalized patients without sarcoidosis. Conclusions The inpatient prevalence of sarcoidosis was relatively high compared with its overall incidence. Hospitalization of patients with sarcoidosis was associated with a significantly higher total hospitalization charges compared to hospitalized patients without sarcoidosis. Patients with sarcoidosis have a higher risk of several cardiac comorbidities.
      PubDate: 2019-02-23
  • Unusual Etiology of Cough: Giant Pleural Lipoma
    • PubDate: 2019-02-20
  • Using a Dedicated Interventional Pulmonology Practice Decreases Wait Time
           Before Treatment Initiation for New Lung Cancer Diagnoses
    • Abstract: Purpose While there is significant mortality and morbidity with lung cancer, early stage diagnoses carry a better prognosis. As lung cancer screening programs increase with more pulmonary nodules detected, expediting definitive treatment initiation for newly diagnosed patients is imperative. The objective of our analysis was to determine if the use of a dedicated interventional pulmonology practice decreases time delay from new diagnosis of lung cancer or metastatic disease to the chest to treatment initiation. Methods Retrospective chart analysis was done of 87 consecutive patients with a new diagnosis of primary lung cancer or metastatic cancer to the chest from our interventional pulmonology procedures. Demographic information and time intervals from abnormal imaging to procedure and to treatment initiation were recorded. Results Patients were older (mean age 69) and former or current smokers (72%). A median of 27 days (1–127 days) passed from our diagnostic biopsy to treatment initiation. A median of 53 total days (2–449 days) passed from abnormal imaging to definitive treatment. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration was the most commonly used diagnostic procedure (59%), with non-small cell lung cancer the majority diagnosis (64%). For surgical patients, all biopsy-negative lymph nodes from our procedures were cancer-free at surgical excision. Conclusions Compared to prior reports from international and United States cohorts, obtaining a tissue biopsy diagnosis through a gatekeeper interventional pulmonology practice decreases median delay from abnormal imaging to treatment initiation. This finding has the potential to positively impact patient outcomes and requires further evaluation.
      PubDate: 2019-02-19
  • The Burden of Sarcoidosis Symptoms from a Patient Perspective
    • Abstract: Purpose The clinical manifestations of sarcoidosis vary widely, depending on the intensity of the inflammation and the organ systems affected. Hence, sarcoidosis patients may suffer from a great variety of symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare the self-reported burden of sarcoidosis patients in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands, especially the prevalence of fatigue and small fiber neuropathy (SFN)-related symptoms, as well as differences in treatment strategies. Methods A cross-sectional web-based anonymous survey about complaints was conducted among sarcoidosis patients. Patients were invited to take part through the sarcoidosis patient societies as well as through outpatient sarcoidosis clinics in these countries. Results The questionnaire was completed by 1072 sarcoidosis patients (152 Danish, 532 German and 388 Dutch). Almost all patients reported having sarcoidosis-associated symptoms (organ-related as well as non-specific, non-organ related). Fatigue was reported by almost all respondents (90%), followed by pulmonary symptoms (72.4%). More than 50% of the respondents were being treated with prednisone, which was comparable in all three countries. In contrast, second- and third-line treatment differed substantially between Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands. Conclusion Sarcoidosis patients in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands present with similar self-reported symptoms, organ-related as well as non-specific, non-organ related. Fatigue (90%) and symptoms associated with SFN (86%) were highly prevalent in all three countries.
      PubDate: 2019-02-16
  • Investigation of Urinary Sestrin2 in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
    • Abstract: Background Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disease seriously threatening individual health, which results in serious complications such as hypertension and stroke. These complications are associated with oxidative stress triggered by intermittent hypoxia in OSA. Sestrin2 is a crucial factor involved in oxidative stress. The goal of this study was to investigate if a relationship exists between OSA and Sestrin2. Methods We prospectively enrolled 71 subjects, and 16 patients of them with severe OSA completed 4 weeks of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) therapy. We measured and compared the concentration of Sestrin2 in the urine of all subjects, as well as the changes between before and after nCPAP treatment. Additionally, the correlation between Sestrin2 and sleep parameters was analyzed, and the multiple linear regression analysis with stepwise selection was performed to explore the relationship between Sestrin2 and various factors. Results A total of 71 subjects were enrolled and divided into two groups: OSA group (n = 41), control group (n = 30). The level of urinary Sestrin2 in OSA patients was significantly higher than that of the control group, and increased with the severity of OSA, while it reduced after nCPAP treatment. Additionally, Sestrin2 was positively correlated with apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), oxygen desaturation index, oxygen saturation < 90% percentage of recording time spent (PRTS) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL), while negatively correlated with the lowest oxygen saturation. Importantly, Sestrin2 was independently associated with AHI, oxygen saturation < 90% PRTS and HDL. Conclusions Urinary Sestrin2 is involved in OSA, and is a paramount marker of OSA severity.
      PubDate: 2019-02-15
  • The Inflammatory Effect of Iron Oxide and Silica Particles on Lung
           Epithelial Cells
    • Abstract: Purpose Our understanding of the respiratory health consequences of geogenic (earth-derived) particulate matter (PM) is limited. Recent in vivo evidence suggests that the concentration of iron is associated with the magnitude of the respiratory response to geogenic PM. We investigated the inflammatory and cytotoxic potential of silica and iron oxide particles alone, and in combination, on lung epithelial cells. Methods Bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) were exposed to silica (quartz, cristobalite) and/or iron oxide (hematite, magnetite) particles. Cytotoxicity and cytokine production (IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β and TNF-α) were assessed by LDH assay and ELISA, respectively. In subsequent experiments, the cytotoxic and inflammatory potential of the particles was assessed using alveolar epithelial cells (A549). Results After 24 h of exposure, iron oxide did not cause significant cytotoxicity or production of cytokines, nor did it augment the response of silica in the BEAS2-B cells. In contrast, while the silica response was not augmented in the A549 cells by the addition of iron oxide, iron oxide particles alone were sufficient to induce IL-8 production in these cells. There was no response detected for any of the outcomes at the 4 h time point, nor was there any evidence of IL-1β or TNF-α production. Conclusions While previous studies have suggested that iron may augment silica-induced inflammation, we saw no evidence of this in human epithelial cells. We found that alveolar epithelial cells produce pro-inflammatory cytokines in response to iron oxide particles, suggesting that previous in vivo observations are due to the alveolar response to these particles.
      PubDate: 2019-02-14
  • Proof of Concept: Very Rapid Tidal Breathing Nasal Nitric Oxide Sampling
           Discriminates Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia from Healthy Subjects
    • Abstract: Introduction Nasal nitric oxide (nNO) is extremely low in individuals with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) and is recommended as part of early workup. We investigated whether tidal breathing sampling for a few seconds was as discriminative between PCD and healthy controls (HC) as conventional tidal breathing sampling (cTB-nNO) for 20–30 s. Methods We performed very rapid sampling of tidal breathing (vrTB-nNO) for 2, 4 and 6 s, respectively. Vacuum sampling with applied negative pressure (vrTB-nNOvac; negative pressure was applied by pinching the sampling tube) for < 2 s resulted in enhanced suction of nasal air during measurement. Feasibility, success rate, discriminatory capacity, repeatability and agreement were assessed for all four sampling modalities. Results We included 13 patients with PCD, median (IQR) age of 21.8 (12.2–27.7) years and 17 HC, 25.3 (14.5–33.4) years. Measurements were highly feasible (96.7% success rate). Measured NO values with vrTB-nNO modalities differed significantly from TB-nNO measurements (HC: p < 0.001, PCD: p < 0.05). All modalities showed excellent discrimination. The vacuum method gave remarkably high values of nNO in both groups (1865 vs. 86 ppb), but retained excellent discrimination. vrTB-nNO4sec, vrTB-nNO6sec and vrTB-nNOvac showed identical specificity to cTB-nNO (all: 1.0, 95% CI 0.77–1.0). Conclusion vrTB-nNO sampling requires only a few seconds of probe-in-nose time, is feasible, and provides excellent discrimination between PCD and HC. Rapid TB-nNO sampling needs standardisation and further investigations in infants, young children and patients referred for PCD workup.
      PubDate: 2019-02-14
  • Pirfenidone Therapy for Familial Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Real-Life Study
    • Abstract: Introduction Familial pulmonary fibrosis (FPF) is defined as an idiopathic diffuse parenchymal lung disease affecting two or more members of the same primary biological family. The aim of this study was to compare disease progression and tolerance to pirfenidone in a population of FPF patients who presented with radiological and/or histological evidence of UIP, and a group of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients. Methods Seventy-three patients (19 with FPF and 54 with IPF) were enrolled and data were collected retrospectively at 6, 12 and 24 months follow-up. Results FPF patients were statistically younger and more frequently females. A significantly greater decline in FVC and DLCO was recorded in FPF than in IPF patients at 24 months follow-up. At the 6-min walking test, walked distance declined significantly in FPF patients than IPF at 24 months. No statistically significant differences in drug tolerance or side effects were recorded between groups. Conclusion Different rate of progression was observed in patients with IPF and FPF on therapy with pirfenidone; our findings may not be due to lack of effectiveness of therapy, but to the different natural history and evolution of these two conditions. Pirfenidone was well tolerated by FPF and IPF patients. Specific unbiased randomized clinical trials on larger populations to validate our preliminary exploratory results are needed.
      PubDate: 2019-02-13
  • Degradation of Lung Protective Angiotensin Converting Enzyme-2 by Meconium
           in Human Alveolar Epithelial Cells: A Potential Pathogenic Mechanism in
           Meconium Aspiration Syndrome
    • Abstract: Background Pancreatic digestive enzymes present in meconium might be responsible for meconium-induced lung injury. The local Renin Angiotensin System plays an important role in lung injury and inflammation. Particularly, angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2) has been identified as a protective lung enzyme against the insult. ACE-2 converts pro-apoptotic Angiotensin II to anti-apoptotic Angiotensin 1–7. However, the effect of meconium on ACE-2 has never been studied before. Objective To study the effect of meconium on ACE-2, and whether inhibition of proteolytic enzymes present in the meconium reverses its effects on ACE-2. Methods Alveolar epithelial A549 cells were exposed to F-12 medium, 2.5% meconium, meconium + a protease inhibitor cocktail (PIc) and PIc alone for 16 h. At the end of incubation, apoptosis was measured with a nuclear fragmentation assay and cell lysates were collected for ACE-2 immunoblotting and enzyme activity. Results Meconium caused a fourfold increase in apoptotic nuclei (p < 0.001). The pro-apoptotic effect of meconium can be reversed by PIc. Meconium reduced ACE-2 enzyme activity by cleaving ACE-2 into a fragment detected at ~ 37 kDa by immunoblot. PIc prevented the degradation of ACE-2 and restored 50% of ACE-2 activity (p < 0.05). Conclusion These data suggest that meconium causes degradation of lung protective ACE-2 by proteolytic enzymes present in meconium, since the effects of meconium can be reversed by PIc.
      PubDate: 2019-02-13
  • A Comment on Helicobacter pylori and Lung Transplant Outcome: Is Serology
           the Ideal Diagnostic Approach'
    • PubDate: 2019-02-11
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Heriot-Watt University
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