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PEDIATRICS (275 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 275 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAP Grand Rounds     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Acta Chirurgica Latviensis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Paediatrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Pediátrica de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Pediátrica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Pediátrica Hondureña     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Pediátrica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Pediatric Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Alexandria Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Perinatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
American Journal of Perinatology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Child Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
APSP Journal of Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Disease in Childhood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Archives of Disease in Childhood - Education and Practice Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Archives of Psychiatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Archivos de Pediatria del Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Pediatric Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Assessment and Treatment of Child Psychopathology and Developmental Disabilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Child Health     Open Access  
BDJ Team     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Boletín de Pediatría     Open Access  
Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México     Open Access  
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Perinatal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Child & Family Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Child Care in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Child Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 213)
Child Neurology Open     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Child Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Child's Health     Open Access  
Child: Care, Health and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Children Infections     Open Access  
Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Clinical Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Developmental Disorders Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Current Pediatric Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Current Pediatrics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Early Child Development and Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Early Human Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Economic and Regional Studies / Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EL HORMIGUERO Psicoanálisis ◊ Infancia/s y Adolescencia/s     Open Access  
EMC - Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Enfance en difficulté     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Enfermería Clínica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Evidence-Based Child Health: a Cochrane Review Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Evidence-Based Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal  
Evidencias en Pediatría     Open Access  
Fetal and Pediatric Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
First Language     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geriatric Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Global Pediatric Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Indian Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Infancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Infant Behavior and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Infant Mental Health Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
International Breastfeeding Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Child Development and Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Extra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Child Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian Journal of Pediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Italian Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAMA Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 118)
JMIR Pediatrics and Parenting     Open Access  
Jornal de Pediatria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jornal de Pediatria (Versão em Português)     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal de Pédiatrie et de Puériculture     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal for Specialists In Pediatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Applied Research on Children     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Asthma Allergy Educators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Group Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Child Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Child Science     Open Access  
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Early Childhood Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Endoscopic and Minimally Invasive Surgery in Newborn, Children and Adolescent     Open Access  
Journal of Fetal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Memory and Language     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society     Open Access  
Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Paediatric Surgeons of Bangladesh     Open Access  
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pediatric Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pediatric Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Pediatric Endoscopic Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Pediatric Epilepsy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of Pediatric Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pediatric Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pediatric Intensive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pediatric Neuroradiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pediatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pediatric Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pediatric Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Pediatric Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201)
Journal of Pediatrics & Child Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pediatrics : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Perinatal Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Perinatal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the International Child Neurology Association     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
JuKiP - Ihr Fachmagazin für Gesundheits- und Kinderkrankenpflege     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Kinder - und Jugendmedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Kinder- und Jugendmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica     Open Access  
Maternal and Child Health Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
MCN : The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics     Open Access  
Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde     Hybrid Journal  
Music and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nascer e Crescer : Birth and Growth Medical Journal     Open Access  
Neonatal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neonatal, Paediatric & Child Health Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Neonatologie Scan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
NeoReviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Neuropediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Pediatric Medicine Journal     Open Access  
Pädiatrie & Pädologie     Hybrid Journal  
pädiatrie : Kinder- und Jugendmedizin hautnah     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Paediatric Orthopaedics and Related Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Paediatrica Indonesiana     Open Access  

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.673
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0142-6338 - ISSN (Online) 1465-3664
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [412 journals]
  • In this issue 64/3
    • PubDate: Mon, 04 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmy031
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2018)
  • The Unbearable Lightness of Being Malnourished: Severe Acute Malnutrition
           Remains a Neglected Tropical Disease
    • Authors: Trehan I; Bassat Q.
      Pages: 169 - 173
      Abstract: In a brilliant display of insight, every article in the very first issue of Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, back in 1955, directly addressed malnutrition as the major underlying etiology of morbidity and mortality among children in the tropics. The topics covered by these articles spanned the range of issues in childhood malnutrition, including how health services should best be organized to address malnutrition [1], the influence of maternal malnutrition [2] and low birth weight [3], the importance of breastfeeding [4], effective complementary feeding [5] and the clinical manifestations of kwashiorkor [6, 7]. What was remarkably important for the global health agenda >60 years ago remains, tragically, just as relevant today.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx103
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2018)
  • Let Us Talk about Stunting
    • Authors: Bose A.
      Pages: 174 - 175
      Abstract: Three decades ago, studies on malnutrition primarily focused on the weight of a child. Lengths and heights were measured, and deficits noted, but not with the same rigor as was weight. Protein energy malnutrition was graded with reference to the weight for age. The undernourished and wasted child was noted as being at risk of higher morbidity and mortality. Treatment of an infant or child with acute moderate or acute severe malnutrition was addressed. It was not so with stunting. Over the past two decades, there is an increased awareness of the importance of lengths and heights of infants and young children, from birth to age 5 years, and the importance of stunting is better recognized. There are 161 million stunted children in 2013, and about half live in Asia and over one-third in Africa.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx104
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2018)
  • Advertisement for New Associate Editor
    • Pages: 253 - 253
      Abstract: The Journal of Tropical Pediatrics (JTP) has an opening for one new Associate Editor position to help support the operation and future development of the journal.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmy034
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2018)
  • Follow-up of Children with Kernicterus in Kano, Nigeria
    • Authors: Farouk Z; Muhammed A, Gambo S, et al.
      Pages: 176 - 182
      Abstract: AbstractIntroductionAcute bilirubin encephalopathy (ABE) is associated with long-term sequelae (kernicterus). It continues to be a significant issue in our region of Nigeria, accounting for much morbidity and mortality. Herein we report the outcome of neonates with ABE seen at our centre.MethodologyWe established a surveillance of children who had ABE and returned to follow-up from prospective cases of ABE (2012–2014). ABE was diagnosed based on a bilirubin-induced neurologic dysfunction score of ≥ 1. Kernicterus was subsequently established based on a history of developmental delays, hearing impairments and abnormal physical and neurologic examinations at follow-up age ≥3 months.ResultFive hundred fifty-one neonates had hyperbilirubinaemia of whom 104 (18.8%) had ABE. Mean transcutaneous bilirubin using the Ingram icterometer was 18.3 mg/dl  ±  SD 1.9 [(12.5–19.1), total serum bilirubin of 18.1 ± 10.9] (range: 10.3–64 mg/dl). Sixty-five infants returned for follow-up (41 males and 24 females); mean age 9 months (22 days to 17 months). Most (58 of 65; 89.2%) had abnormal neurological findings and 15 (25.9%) had probable kernicterus.ConclusionThere is a critical need for a National Kernicterus Registry to document all cases of kernicterus and formulate an effective treatment and prevention policy.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx041
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • Successful Implementation of a Bundle Strategy to Prevent
           Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
    • Authors: Gokce I; Kutman H, Uras N, et al.
      Pages: 183 - 188
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundWe aimed to investigate the effectiveness of evidence-based bundle that we developed to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates and to assess the degree of compliance rates to this strategy in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit.MethodsThis before–after prospective cohort trial divided into two periods was conducted. All neonates requiring ventilation were enrolled in the study. VAP incidence, compliance rates to bundle components and the contribution of each bundle component to VAP rates were compared between the periods.ResultsThroughout the study period, 13 VAP episodes were observed. Full adherence to all six components of the bundle doubled in the active-bundle period (12.8 vs. 24.3%, p < 0.01). The mean VAP rate decreased from 7.33/1000 to 2.71/1000 ventilator days following intervention (p = 0.083).ConclusionThis study showed that reliable implementation of a neonate-specific VAP prevention bundle can produce sustained reductions in VAP rates.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx044
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • Socioeconomic Condition and Prevalence of Malaria Fever in Pakistani
           Children: Findings from a Community Health Survey
    • Authors: Asif A; Tahir M, Arshad I.
      Pages: 189 - 194
      Abstract: AbstractObjectiveWe assessed the prevalence of malarial fever and its association with demographic and socioeconomic factors in children <5 years of age.MethodsUsing the data of Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS), the socioeconomic condition (SEC) was assessed by using a household wealth index as a proxy indicator, generated through principal component analysis. Two-stage sampling was used for selection of households, and multilevel logistic regression analysis was performed.ResultsThe PDHS contains 10 935 children <5 years of age with valid information about malaria fever. In total, 36% (3930) children have malaria 2 weeks before the survey. A decreasing trend in prevalence of malaria fever was found with increasing SEC. Compared with SEC Quintile V, children of SEC Quintile I were more likely to get fever [adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=1.40 (1.15–1.69)] and of SEC Quintile II [AOR = 1.23 (1.03–1.45)].ConclusionSEC has a significant impact on the prevalence of malaria fever in the context of different regions in Pakistan.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx047
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Children and Adolescents
           with Leprosy Admitted Over 16 Years at a Rural Hospital in Ethiopia: A
           Retrospective Analysis
    • Authors: Ramos J; Ortiz-Martínez S, Lemma D, et al.
      Pages: 195 - 201
      Abstract: AbstractAimTo analyse differences in children and adolescents aged ≤18 years admitted to the leprosy ward in a rural Ethiopian hospital >16 years.MethodsWe retrospectively collected data from leprosy admission registry books on patients with leprosy who were admitted to a referral hospital from September 2000 to September 2016.ResultsThere were 2129 admissions for leprosy during the study period: 180 (8.4%) patients were s ≤ 18 years old. Of these, 98 (54.4%) were male and 82 (45.6%) were female. The proportion of new diagnoses in children and adolescents was 31.7%, significantly higher than in adults (11.7%; p < 0.001). There were also significant differences in the prevalence of lepromatous ulcers (46.9 vs. 61.7%), leprosy reaction (29.4 vs. 13.0%) and neuritis (16.9 vs.5.3%) between these age groups.ConclusionsThere were more new diagnoses, leprosy reactions and neuritis, and fewer lepromatous ulcers, in children and adolescents compared with adults, with younger patients being referred more frequently to reference centres.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx048
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • Low-Cost Bicycle Lights vs. Cold Lights for Visualizing Neonatal Veins
    • Authors: Russell N; Bassett P, Chang J.
      Pages: 202 - 207
      Abstract: AbstractObjectiveDifficult intravenous (IV) access can compromise patient care in neonatal practice, and transillumination is often used to improve the visibility of veins. Current devices are expensive, prone to bacterial contamination and unaffordable in low-resource settings. We conducted a study comparing the quality of transillumination provided by "cold lights" that are currently in use with low-cost (<£1) red silicone LED bicycle lights.MethodsPhotographs of the hands and feet of neonates were taken with parental consent: first without transillumination (control group), second by transillumination with a cold light, and third with a bicycle light. Thirty photographs were sent in a survey to pediatric doctors who were blinded to the method of transillumination. Survey respondents then rated the visibility of the veins (easily visible, moderately visible, barely visible and invisible).ResultsCompleted surveys of 114 respondents were included in the analysis. The majority (94.8%) of respondents rated the veins moderately to easily visible with the bicycle light compared with 87.6% with the cold light, and 42.6% in the control group with no transillumination. There was a strong evidence of an improvement in visibility with bicycle lights compared with cold lights (p < 0.001).ConclusionLow-cost red silicone LED bicycle lights were found to improve visibility of veins in neonates. Given their quality of transillumination, portability and reduced cost, they may provide a useful method of transillumination in all settings, but particularly in low-income settings, where there is currently no affordable alternative.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx049
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • Diagnosis and Identification of Blastocystis Subtypes in Primary School
           Children in Jakarta
    • Authors: Sari I; Benung M, Wahdini S, et al.
      Pages: 208 - 214
      Abstract: AbstractBlastocystis hominis is an enteric protozoan with many subtypes. It is frequently found in children and may cause chronic diarrhea. This study revealed Blastocystis subtypes among primary school children and comparison of molecular technique and culture method in Blastocystis diagnosis. A total of 141 stools were collected, examined microscopically, selected into the Blastocystis and negative parasite groups, for diagnostic comparison between culture and 18S rRNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods. Positive PCR amplicons were subsequently sequenced for subtyping. The PCR results revealed 89%, 78%, 80% and 88% sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values, respectively, in comparison with the culture method (McNemar, p > 0.05). Sixteen PCR samples were successfully sequenced and resulted in three Blastocystis subtypes 1, 3 and 4. In conclusion, PCR was sensitive enough and can be used to exclude Blastocystis infection up to 88% of the cases. Subtypes 3 and 1 were the main subtypes found in apparently healthy school children in Jakarta.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx051
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • Cytomegalovirus Disease in HIV-infected Children—A Single-Centre
           Clinical Experience over 23 Years
    • Authors: Suri D; Jindal A, Gupta A, et al.
      Pages: 215 - 224
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundCytomegalovirus (CMV) results in significant morbidity and mortality in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected individuals. There is paucity of literature on paediatric CMV disease, especially from developing countries.MethodsA retrospective review of records of all HIV-infected children with evidence of CMV disease was done.ResultsA total of 15 children were found to have CMV disease (retinitis in all, pneumonia in two and invasive gastrointestinal disease in one). Median CD4+ T cell count and percentage at diagnosis of CMV disease was 64.5 cells/µl and 3.6%, respectively. Intravenous ganciclovir was used in patients with active CMV disease. Of the 15 children, three died while two were lost to follow-up. Symptomatic patients had poor visual outcome and almost all children who were diagnosed on active screening attained normal vision.ConclusionRetinitis is the most common CMV disease in HIV-infected children. Early detection by active screening and initiation of systemic ganciclovir reduces the morbidity.
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx052
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • Neonatal Outcome of Babies Born to Women 40 Years and over at the
           University Hospital of the West Indies 2012–2013
    • Authors: Johnson-Harrison T; Trotman H.
      Pages: 225 - 230
      Abstract: AbstractAimThis article aims to determine neonatal outcome of babies born to women ≥40 years at the University Hospital of the West Indies.MethodsThis was a matched retrospective cohort study looking at the outcome of all babies born to women ≥40 years and control babies born to women aged 20–30 years at the University Hospital of the West Indies over a 2-year period. Maternal and neonatal demographic data and course of admission for admitted neonates were recorded. Descriptive analyses were performed.ResultsOne hundred and ninety-eight neonates were born to women ≥40 years and 208 to their younger counterparts, M:F 1:1.2. There was no difference in the number of preterm or low birth weight infants, the number of neonates with a low 5 min Apgar score <7, the number of neonates admitted or the number of neonates who died between women ≥40 years and their younger counterparts (p > 0.05).ConclusionNo difference in adverse neonatal outcome was noted between women ≥40 years and their younger counterparts.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx053
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • Clinical Characteristics of Nosocomial Bloodstream Infections in Neonates
           in Two Hospitals, China
    • Authors: Wang S; Chen S, Feng W, et al.
      Pages: 231 - 236
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundThe improvement of medical condition requires prolonged hospital stays, which increase the risk of nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSIs).MethodsAll nosocomial BSI newborns in two hospitals were included, and the demographic and clinical characteristics of bacteremia patients were obtained from the information systems. Isolates were identified by biochemical assays. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined using disk diffusion method.ResultsExcept for three same risk factors, intubation with mechanical ventilation was a risk factor in Chongqing, while low birth weight was a risk factor in Henan. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the predominant strain in Chongqing, and Escherichia coli was the most prevalent strain in Henan. The resistance rate of gram-negative bacteria in Henan was higher than that of strains in Chongqing.ConclusionsThe risk factors and resistance rate of pathogens were different in different areas. Therefore, treatment protocols should be established based on the trends of drug resistance and bacterial spectrum.
      PubDate: Fri, 21 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx054
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • Evisceration following Abdominal Scarification in Neonates
    • Authors: Emordi V; Aisien E, Osagie O, et al.
      Pages: 237 - 240
      Abstract: AbstractInvasive traditional practices which are frequently harmful are common in the care of children including neonates in developing countries. We report two cases of evisceration of intra-abdominal viscera in two neonates subjected to abdominal scarification with razor blades following febrile illnesses. The greater omentum and a loop of jejunum, respectively, were eviscerated. Both were successfully managed and discharged home. Consent was obtained from the parents for the use of the photos. These cases highlight the dangers of invasive traditional practices on neonates and the urgent need for enlightenment campaigns as well as enactment of policies to help protect these children in developing countries.
      PubDate: Sat, 10 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx042
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • Bilateral Orbital Pseudotumor in a 3-Year-Old Child: A Case Report
    • Authors: Shehibo A; Admassu F, Bekele T, et al.
      Pages: 241 - 244
      Abstract: AbstractOrbital pseudotumor is a rare, idiopathic, inflammatory process within the orbit. Early diagnosis is essential to prevent corneal, retinal and extraocular muscle damage. This article describes the presentation and clinical course of a 3-year-old male with bilateral orbital pseudotumor.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx043
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • A Rare Cause of Torticollis: Grisel Syndrome
    • Authors: Aladag Ciftdemir N; Eren T, Ciftdemir M.
      Pages: 245 - 248
      Abstract: AbstractPainful torticollis in children requires specific attention. Grisel syndrome is diagnosed on suspicion in patients with recent or history of ongoing upper respiratory tract infections and in patients with restriction of movement or deformity following oto-rhino-laryngologic surgery. Pediatricians should be aware of this condition because early diagnosis and intervention are critical for prognosis in Grisel syndrome.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx050
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
  • Successful Use of Entecavir in Hepatitis B-associated Membranous
    • Authors: Mahajan V; D’Cruz S, Nada R, et al.
      Pages: 249 - 252
      Abstract: AbstractWe report the case of a 7-year-old unimmunized boy who presented with generalized anasarca for the first time, along with nephrotic-range proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, microscopic hematuria and hypertension. Special investigations revealed ELISA test to be positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg); hepatitis B viral DNA load (HBV DNA) level (real-time polymerase chain reaction) was 54 360 903 IU/ml. For hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related glomerulopathy, he was started on enalapril and lasilactone, and percutaneous renal biopsy was performed, which revealed membranous nephropathy (MN). A diagnosis of MN secondary to HBV infection contracted via horizontal transmission was made. The patient was started on peginterferon alfa-2b (50 μg/week) for 24 weeks. He failed to attain remission and seroconversion after interferon (IFN) therapy. Then, oral therapy with entecavir was started, and he attained remission as well as seroconversion after 3 months of therapy. He maintained his seroconversion status at his 6-month and the recent 12-month (quantitative HBV DNA level was 373 IU/ml) follow-up visit. Entecavir seems a promising drug for HBV-related glomerulopathy, especially in IFN-resistant cases.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx058
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 3 (2017)
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