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PEDIATRICS (236 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 0 of 0 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAP Grand Rounds     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Acta Chirurgica Latviensis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Paediatrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Pediátrica Hondureña     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Perinatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Perinatology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Paediatric Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Pediatric Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
APSP Journal of Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Disease in Childhood     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Archives of Disease in Childhood - Education and Practice Edition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51)
Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Psychiatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Archivos de Pediatria del Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Assessment and Treatment of Child Psychopathology and Developmental Disabilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Child Health     Open Access  
BMC Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Boletín de Pediatría     Open Access  
Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México     Open Access  
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Perinatal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Child & Family Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Child Care in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Child Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 112)
Child Neurology Open     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Child Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Child: Care, Health and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Children Infections     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Contemporary Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Current Developmental Disorders Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Current Pediatric Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Pediatrics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal  
Early Child Development and Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Early Human Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Egyptian Journal of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enfermería Clínica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Evidence-Based Child Health: a Cochrane Review Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidencias en Pediatría     Open Access  
Fetal and Pediatric Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
First Language     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geriatric Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Global Pediatric Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Indian Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Infancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Infant Behavior and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Infant Mental Health Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Breastfeeding Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Extra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Child Neurology     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iranian Journal of Pediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Italian Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAMA Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 64)
Jornal de Pediatria     Open Access  
Jornal de Pediatria (Versão em Português)     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal de Pédiatrie et de Puériculture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Specialists In Pediatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Research on Children     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Asthma Allergy Educators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Group Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Child Health Care     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Early Childhood Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Endoscopic and Minimally Invasive Surgery in Newborn, Children and Adolescent     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Memory and Language     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society     Open Access  
Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Paediatric Surgeons of Bangladesh     Open Access  
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pediatric Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pediatric Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Pediatric Epilepsy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Pediatric Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pediatric Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pediatric Infection     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Pediatric Intensive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Neuroradiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pediatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pediatric Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pediatric Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pediatric Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
Journal of Perinatal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Perinatal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the International Child Neurology Association     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
JuKiP - Ihr Fachmagazin für Gesundheits- und Kinderkrankenpflege     Hybrid Journal  
Kinder - und Jugendmedizin     Full-text available via subscription  
Korean Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica     Open Access  
Maternal and Child Health Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
MCN The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics     Open Access  
Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Music and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Neonatal, Paediatric & Child Health Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Neonatologie Scan     Hybrid Journal  
NeoReviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Neuropediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pädiatrie & Pädologie     Hybrid Journal  
pädiatrie : Kinder- und Jugendmedizin hautnah     Full-text available via subscription  
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Paediatrics & Child Health in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Paediatrics & Child Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Paediatrics and Child Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Paediatrics and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Paediatrics and International Child Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pediatría     Open Access  
Pediatría Atención Primaria     Open Access  
Pediatria Polska     Partially Free  
Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Pediatric and Developmental Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pediatric Anesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Pediatric Annals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Pediatric Critical Care Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Pediatric Dental Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Pediatric Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Pediatric Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Pediatric Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Pediatric Drugs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Emergency Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Pediatric Exercise Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal     Open Access  
Pediatric Infectious Disease     Full-text available via subscription  
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Pediatric Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pediatric Neurology Briefs     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Neurosurgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Pediatric Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Pediatric Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)

        1 2     

Journal Cover Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
  [SJR: 0.367]   [H-I: 23]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1073-6077 - ISSN (Online) 1744-6171
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1605 journals]
  • Decreasing Rates of Pediatric Bipolar Within an Outpatient Practice
    • Authors: Daniel Wesemann
      Abstract: PROBLEMPediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) prevalence is estimated to be 1–3%. Nationally and internationally, rates of PBD have increased by over 400%. However, in Iowa and at one psychiatric clinic in Iowa, from 2008–2013, there was a decrease in PBD diagnosis of 33 and 51.2% respectively. This study examined the diagnosing practices of PBD by local providers in one outpatient mental health center.METHODParents completed a screening packet to differentiate between PBD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using three tools: Child Mania Rating Scale (CMRS), Child Behavior Checklist-Mania Scale (CBCL-MS), and the NICHQ Vanderbilt. Symptom agreement analysis between the screeners and the provider's clinical diagnoses was performed using ANOVA and Tukey HSD posthoc analysis.FINDINGSA 19.6% of the participants were positive for PBD on the CMRS and 55.9% were positive on the CBCL-MS.  A total of 36.60% were positive for ADHD on the Vanderbilt.  The screening data compared to the provider's clinical diagnosis showed no diagnostic agreement for PBD (p < .05). Providers’ rates of diagnosing PBD did not match the rate of PBD symptoms identified by the screeners.CONCLUSIONFurther evidence to determine the criteria and use of current screening measures for PBD is needed to guide practice for distinguishing PBD from related disorders.
      PubDate: 2017-01-16T23:10:32.815228-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12162
  • Residential Mobility and Social Behaviors of Adolescents: A Systematic
           Review of the Literature
    • Authors: Brandi Parker Cotton
      Abstract: PROBLEMThe association between residential mobility and negative behaviors in adolescence has attracted multidisciplinary attention.METHODSThe purpose of this article is to conduct a systematic literature review in order to synthesize research that measured mobility and at least one social behavior among participants 11 thru 18 years of age. The systematic search yielded 22 studies.FINDINGSResidential mobility is associated with negative behaviors among adolescents, including social problems, delinquency, substance and nicotine use, and adolescent pregnancy. However, these effects are explained by neighborhood disadvantage and inherent differences between movers and nonmovers.CONCLUSIONFor youth from disadvantaged backgrounds, moving may be one indicator of problem behaviors. Attending to when and why youth move—and to where—contributes to an understanding of the etiology of risky behaviors.
      PubDate: 2016-12-21T23:30:29.712206-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12161
  • Diagnostic Masking and Overshadowing in Intellectual Disability—How
           Structured Evaluation Helps
    • Authors: Harshini Manohar; Karthick Subramanian, Preeti Kandasamy, Venkatalakshmi Penchilaiya, Anandbabu Arun
      Abstract: PROBLEMComorbid psychiatric diagnoses tend to be underdiagnosed in patients with intellectual disability. Diagnosing anxiety disorders in such patients can pose challenges, in particular with regard to obsessive and compulsive disorder (OCD).METHODSWe present the case of an adolescent diagnosed with intellectual disability with poor expressive language skills who presented with nonspecific mood and behavioral symptoms, not improving with routine clinical evaluations and treatment. A structured assessment was done to decipher the psychopathology.FINDINGSThe structured evaluation was able to diagnose OCD, and the treatment response was accentuated, bringing about a significant reduction in patient and caregiver distress. Psychosocial interventions through nurses played a significant role.CONCLUSIONSThe case highlights the need for a systematic assessment of patients with intellectual disability to arrive at reliable diagnoses and to plan appropriate treatment strategies.
      PubDate: 2016-11-30T05:06:06.526987-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12160
  • The Magic Wand Question and Recovery-Focused Practice in Child and
           Adolescent Mental Health Services
    • Authors: Karen Wells; Marie McCaig
      Abstract: BACKGROUNDThis paper uses a case study to describe the implementation of the Magic Wand Question (MWQ), also known as the miracle question, in a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) in Scotland. The MWQ, a common intervention, is based on a Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) approach. This intervention was undertaken by a third year student nurse with the intention of demonstrating how practice can be more closely aligned to a recovery-focused, strengths-based approach, which is in line with national policy.METHODSSFBT has a growing evidence base for use with children and young people. However, there are still some common uncertainties about its use; therefore, a literature review has been undertaken to further explore the evidence base for the use of SFBT, with a focus on the MWQ. Furthermore, an exploration of the planning, implementation, and evaluation of the effectiveness of the MWQ is provided with a 15-year-old girl experiencing symptoms of low mood.RESULTSAlthough limitations have been identified, giving careful consideration to posing the MWQ, through detailed planning prior to implementation, led to an increased understanding of factors supporting the use of the MWQ and reduced any uncertainty around when to use the MWQ in practice. In this clinical intervention, with a 15-year-old girl experiencing symptoms of low mood, the use of the MWQ was successful.CONCLUSIONThe effectiveness of any treatment is best judged by the individual receiving care, and positive results have been achieved in this case study. Use of this approach ensured professionals were looking beyond diagnosis, illness, and problems in line with the principles of recovery-focused practice (Scottish Recovery Network [SRN] and NHS Education for Scotland [NES], 2007). The use of the MWQ in this case enhanced the knowledge of evidence-based practices, in line with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC, ) and improved overall outcomes for individuals receiving care.
      PubDate: 2016-10-26T02:05:41.568582-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12159
  • Issue Information
    • First page: 105
      PubDate: 2016-09-16T01:56:08.650982-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12122
  • Disseminating Inpatient Psychiatric Treatment Innovations: Why Nurses Must
           Take Leadership
    • Authors: Kathleen R. Delaney
      First page: 108
      PubDate: 2016-09-16T01:56:08.521533-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12154
  • Innovative Strength‐Based Care in Child and Adolescent Inpatient
    • Authors: Deanna P. Sams; David Garrison, Joanne Bartlett
      First page: 110
      Abstract: PROBLEMChild and adolescent psychiatric units serve the highest risk, most vulnerable populations in the mental health delivery system. This article describes the integration of a strength‐based approach with a traditional, medical model of psychiatric care on an acute inpatient unit. A strength‐based framework allows for increased focus on exploring patients' goals, strengths, relationships, skills, and family communication within the hospital setting.METHODSThe process of integration of strength‐based care is described, followed by discussion of the implementation and evaluation of interventions, including mindfulness, family movie, narrative, and animal‐assisted therapies.FINDINGSInnovative interventions led to improvement in patient symptoms, unit culture, and patient, family, and staff satisfaction.CONCLUSIONA strong emphasis on strength‐based, multidisciplinary treatment has enhanced patient care, as the goals of acute inpatient admission are broadened to include more than diagnosis and medication management.
      PubDate: 2016-08-23T22:55:38.390735-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12147
  • Suicide risk screening tools and the youth population
    • Authors: Sharon Patterson
      First page: 118
      Abstract: TOPICThe use of suicide risk screening tools is a critical component of a comprehensive approach to suicide risk assessment. Since nurses frequently spend more time with patients than any other healthcare professional, they are in key positions to detect and prevent suicidal behavior in youth.PURPOSETo inform nurses about suicide risk screening tools for the youth population. Suicide risk screening tools are research‐based standardized instruments that are used to identify people who may be at risk for suicide.SOURCES USEDA literature search was performed using the Athabasca University Library Resource, the databases of the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar.CONCLUSIONSNurses are cautioned to utilize suicide risk screening tools as only part of the suicide risk assessment in youth populations and avoid the danger of relying on tools that may result in a blind application of evidence to the detriment of clinical experience and judgement.
      PubDate: 2016-08-23T22:55:34.565073-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12148
  • Effects of a Collaborative Problem‐Solving Approach on an Inpatient
           Adolescent Psychiatric Unit
    • Authors: Eugenia Ercole‐Fricke; Paul Fritz, Linda E. Hill, Jill Snelders
      First page: 127
      Abstract: OBJECTIVEEffects of collaborative problem‐solving (CPS) approaches on an inpatient adolescent psychiatric unit were investigated during this study, modeling Dr. Ross Greene's CPS theory, which considers that cognitive deficits are associated with adolescent behavioral dysfunction; his research, treatment, and subsequent results on similar units were notably successful.PROBLEMThe staff viewed prestudy, negative behavior modification and resultant punitive consequences as culturally acceptable. New York State's Office of Mental Health (OMH) disapproved these strategies, necessitating cultural transformation and alteration of routine responses to patients’ maladaptive behaviors.METHODThe study incorporates quantitative, comparative, quasi‐experimental design, utilizing retrospective staff surveys and hospital medical records to compare behavioral outcomes and staff perceptions during pre‐ and post‐training phases of this 5‐year study.RESULTSA significant decrease in punitive strategies and techniques (p = .001), reduction in behaviors related to the need for restraints, and significant decline in self‐inflicted injury (p = .005), length of stay (p = .001), and need for security staff involvement (p = .001) were noted.
      PubDate: 2016-08-31T22:00:22.985786-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12149
  • Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depressive Symptoms Among
           Disadvantaged Adolescents: Results from a Population‐Based Study in
    • Authors: Hashima E. Nasreen; Mohammad Ariful Alam, Maigun Edhborg
      First page: 135
      Abstract: PROBLEMFew studies have examined the adolescents’ depression in low‐income countries and no research has yet been carried out in Bangladesh. This study estimated the prevalence of depressive symptoms and explored the associated factors and help seeking behavior among adolescents in Bangladesh.METHODSData originated from a cross section of 2,440 randomly selected boys and girls aged 13–19 years in a rural district and urban slums of Dhaka city, Bangladesh, during October–November 2012. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), a 21‐item scale, measured the prevalence of depressive symptoms using a cut‐off 16 or higher.FINDINGSThe prevalence of depressive symptoms among adolescents was 14%, with predominance in urban slums and among girls. Older age (15–19 years), poverty, and poor parental relation were found to be associated with depressive symptoms of both sexes; family history of depressive symptoms for boys; and reproductive illness and sexual abuse for girls. More than 80% of depressed adolescents sought no help.CONCLUSIONSAdolescent depressive symptoms are common and largely undetected public health problem in Bangladesh. Policies aimed at concerted efforts for implementing a school‐based counseling program with components of cognitive behavioral therapy and developing referral systems for those who scored at least 30 at BDI may ameliorate the potential harmful consequences of depressive symptoms in adolescents.
      PubDate: 2016-08-23T22:55:42.780829-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12150
  • Feelings Thermometer: An Early Intervention Scale for Seclusion/Restraint
           Reduction Among Children and Adolescents in Residential Psychiatric Care
    • Authors: Briana Marie Andrassy
      First page: 145
      Abstract: PROBLEMRestraints and/or seclusions (R/S) are events that have the potential to cause patient injury, staff injury, re‐traumatization, and even death. There is a gap in available data regarding alternative strategies for reducing R/S.METHODA 140‐bed children and adolescent residential treatment hospital implemented a “Feelings Thermometer Scale” on each unit. The “Feelings Thermometer” allowed the resident to point to a face on the scale to rate how they were feeling from “Cool” to “On Fire!” Once the resident identified with a feeling and rating, options were offered for alternative cool down locations corresponding to each level of escalation. Data were analyzed 6 weeks before and 6 weeks after implementation of the “Feelings Thermometer.”FINDINGSThere were 129 R/S during the 6‐week period prior to the implementation of the “Feelings Thermometer.” There were a total of 91 R/S during the 6‐week period postimplementation of the “Feelings Thermometer.” Overall, a 29.1% decrease in R/S was experienced throughout the hospital.CONCLUSIONThe findings of this study suggest that further investigation may be warranted to promote alternative R/S reduction strategies.
      PubDate: 2016-09-16T01:56:09.494036-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12151
  • Overly Regulated Thinking and Autism Revisited
    • Authors: Andrew Cashin; James Yorke
      First page: 148
      Abstract: PROBLEMHumans exist within a socially mediated dynamical system. Frequent demands are experienced to respond to change in the environment to adapt and flourish. People with autism have impaired behavioral and thinking flexibility and experience high levels of anxiety, as change and adaptation do not come naturally. The disability inherent in autism is by definition the impaired social and occupational functioning that results from lack of adaptation. The point of the behavioral triad of restricted and repetitive interests, activities, and behaviors has received relatively little attention as compared to the other two points of the triad.METHODSA review of the literature related to restricted and repetitive interests and activities and behaviors and autism was conducted to inform this theoretical review.FINDINGSThis paper considers the overly regulated thought and behavior inherent in autism spectrum disorders through the lens of dynamical systems, and an explanatory model is generated.CONCLUSIONThe mathematical tools applied to understand dynamical systems may be a fruitful basis of further research to enable the movement from a theoretical concept of overly regulated thinking and behavior in autism to an empirically derived understanding.
      PubDate: 2016-08-29T03:05:22.040639-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12152
  • Identifying Genetic Variants in Adolescents With Oppositional Defiant
           Disorders and/or Conduct Disorders: A Brief Report
    • Authors: Ukamaka Marian Oruche; Sydney E. Ross, Janet S. Carpenter, Jamie Renbarger
      First page: 154
      Abstract: PROBLEMTo add to diversity in our state biobank, we explored the feasibility of collecting genetic material from adolescents with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and/or conduct disorder (CD) and their family members. We also preliminarily explored genetic factors associated with ODD and/or CD by comparing participant data to 1000 Genome Project data on minor allele frequencies.METHODSAdolescents with ODD and/or CD and family members provided saliva samples for genetic testing. We evaluated five single‐nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), respectively, in the dopamine receptor subtype D2, dopamine receptor subtype D3, dopamine beta‐hydroxylase, dopamine transporter gene SLC6A3, and alpha‐2‐adrenergic receptor genes. Fisher's exact tests were used to examine differences in minor allele frequencies for each SNP.FINDINGSThirty‐one viable samples were genotyped from 15 affected adolescents and 16 unaffected family members; the 60% consent rate reflected high feasibility. Compared with the 1000 Genome Project frequencies, affected adolescents had higher frequencies of the genetic variant in the dopamine receptor subtype D2 (p = .05) and dopamine beta‐hydroxylase (p = 0.03), but not of the other three SNPs examined.CONCLUSIONSCollecting genetic materials from an ethnically diverse sample of affected adolescents and their families is feasible. We offer practical suggestions to strengthen the integrity of future research studies.
      PubDate: 2016-09-16T01:56:09.312815-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jcap.12153
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