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PEDIATRICS (273 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 273 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAP Grand Rounds     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Acta Chirurgica Latviensis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Paediatrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Pediátrica de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Pediátrica Española     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Pediátrica Hondureña     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Pediátrica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Pediatric Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Alexandria Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambulatory Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Perinatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
American Journal of Perinatology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anales de Pediatría (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription  
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Child Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
APSP Journal of Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Disease in Childhood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Archives of Disease in Childhood - Education and Practice Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Archives of Psychiatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Archivos de Pediatria del Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Pediatric Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Assessment and Treatment of Child Psychopathology and Developmental Disabilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Child Health     Open Access  
BDJ Team     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Boletín de Pediatría     Open Access  
Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México     Open Access  
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Perinatal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Child & Family Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Child Care in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Child Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 209)
Child Neurology Open     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Child Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Child: Care, Health and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Children Infections     Open Access  
Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Clinical Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Developmental Disorders Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Current Pediatric Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Current Pediatrics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Early Child Development and Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Early Human Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Economic and Regional Studies / Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EL HORMIGUERO Psicoanálisis ◊ Infancia/s y Adolescencia/s     Open Access  
EMC - Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Enfance en difficulté     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Enfermería Clínica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Evidence-Based Child Health: a Cochrane Review Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Evidence-Based Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal  
Evidencias en Pediatría     Open Access  
Fetal and Pediatric Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
First Language     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geriatric Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Global Pediatric Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Indian Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Infancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Infant Behavior and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Infant Mental Health Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Breastfeeding Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Child Development and Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Case Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Extra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Child Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian Journal of Pediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Italian Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAMA Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 116)
JMIR Pediatrics and Parenting     Open Access  
Jornal de Pediatria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jornal de Pediatria (Versão em Português)     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal de Pédiatrie et de Puériculture     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal for Specialists In Pediatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Applied Research on Children     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Asthma Allergy Educators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Group Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Child Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Child Science     Open Access  
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Early Childhood Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Endoscopic and Minimally Invasive Surgery in Newborn, Children and Adolescent     Open Access  
Journal of Fetal Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Memory and Language     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society     Open Access  
Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Paediatric Surgeons of Bangladesh     Open Access  
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pediatric Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pediatric Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Pediatric Endoscopic Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Pediatric Epilepsy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of Pediatric Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pediatric Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Pediatric Intensive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pediatric Neuroradiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pediatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pediatric Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pediatric Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Pediatric Urology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 196)
Journal of Pediatrics : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Perinatal Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Perinatal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of the International Child Neurology Association     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
JuKiP - Ihr Fachmagazin für Gesundheits- und Kinderkrankenpflege     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Kinder - und Jugendmedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Kinder- und Jugendmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica     Open Access  
Maternal and Child Health Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
MCN : The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics     Open Access  
Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde     Hybrid Journal  
Music and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nascer e Crescer : Birth and Growth Medical Journal     Open Access  
Neonatal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neonatal, Paediatric & Child Health Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Neonatologie Scan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
NeoReviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Neuropediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Pediatric Medicine Journal     Open Access  
Pädiatrie & Pädologie     Hybrid Journal  
pädiatrie : Kinder- und Jugendmedizin hautnah     Full-text available via subscription  
Paediatric Orthopaedics and Related Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Paediatrica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Paediatrics & Child Health in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Paediatrics & Child Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Pediatric Neuropsychology
Number of Followers: 7  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2199-2681 - ISSN (Online) 2199-2673
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2624 journals]
  • A Revised Discrepancy Method for Identifying Dyslexia
    • Abstract: The issue of how to reliably identify students with developmental dyslexia in order that they may serve in research studies and receive appropriate intervention has been unresolved for decades. The primary issue is how to distinguish students who are likely to have dyslexia from the considerable number of students who are simply poor readers. The present study explores the feasibility of developing a valid method for selecting students with dyslexia to serve as subjects in research studies and to enroll in special intervention programs. After consulting 16 definitions of dyslexia, five common elements were identified, and operational criteria were developed for four of the elements. These criteria were applied to 70 school-identified students with dyslexia residing in eight states. The results were used to establish three categories of likelihood for dyslexia: very likely, likely, and not very likely. According to our revised discrepancy method, 51% of the students currently receiving services under the dyslexia label satisfied the dyslexia likelihood criteria of very likely or likely. The remaining 49% did not satisfy the dyslexia likelihood criteria (i.e., they were not very likely to have dyslexia). Most researchers would probably agree that the students identified by this revised discrepancy method do in fact have dyslexia (i.e., seriously low reading ability, average or better cognitive ability, and a standard score difference of 15 to 29 points [for likely] and 30 points or more [for very likely]).
      PubDate: 2020-03-05
       
  • Electrical Status Epilepticus During Sleep: a Case Report of Postmorbid
           Baseline Evaluation
    • Abstract: Objective An 8-year-old, Caucasian, and right-handed female presented for a baseline neuropsychological evaluation due to diagnosis of electrical status epilepticus during sleep (ESES) preceded by postictal, late-night discovery of the patient on the floor and subsequent overnight electroencephalography. This first recognized seizure was tonic-clonic. Method The patient was born at 39 weeks gestation weighing approximately 5 lb, subsequently spending 48 h in NICU due to low birth weight and hypoglycemia. Developmental milestones were recalled within normal limits (WNL). The patient is prescribed levetiracetam, clobazam, and acetazolamide and has undergone multiple EEGs since diagnosis. Remaining medical history unremarkable including absence of known head trauma. Family history is remarkable for anxiety and developmental disability. Results Tests suggest global impairment, particularly in motor abilities and processing speed. Academic achievement is average across basic reading and writing, but verbal learning and memory are significantly diminished unless in story form. Evidence of impulsivity and inattention were present along with deficits in mathematics. Affect recognition was intact and tests of cognitive flexibility and planning were discontinued. Conclusion ESES generally presents early and results in neuropsychological deficits that are dependent upon length of condition and frequency and intensity of seizures. While deficits may improve when ESES subsides in pre-pubescence, some may persist into adulthood with high outcome variability. Baseline and ongoing neuropsychological testing are critical to early, targeted interventions and ongoing care. When early baselines are not feasible, it is important to construct a detailed, data-driven conceptualization to accommodate potential factors involved in notable deficits.
      PubDate: 2020-02-18
       
  • Concussion in Pediatric Neuropsychology
    • Abstract: Millions of children and adolescents sustain concussions annually through sports and other causes, making concussion a relevant and important topic for pediatric neuropsychologists. Because media accounts of concussion and concussion sequelae have often been sensationalized, parents, teachers, and other interested parties stand to benefit from education about pediatric concussion (e.g., a concussion is synonymous with a mild traumatic brain injury, there is no such thing as a “concussion test,” a relatively quick return to normal activity is recommended following a concussion, application of the postconcussional syndrome diagnosis might engender iatrogenic (i.e., harmful) effects). The purpose of this review article is to provide evidence-based clarification about these issues and to offer recommendations for a sound clinical approach to working with children and adolescents who have a history of concussion.
      PubDate: 2020-02-14
       
  • Neurocognitive Correlates of Adolescent Cannabis Use: an Overview of
           Neural Activation Patterns in Task-Based Functional MRI Studies
    • Abstract: Adolescence is dynamic and comprises physiological, psychological, and neurocognitive changes. Notably, many developmentally associated neurobiological changes (e.g., synaptic pruning, myelination) coincide with peak substance use prevalence rates, particularly for cannabis use. Cannabis remains the most commonly used illicit drug among adolescents with 23.9% reporting cannabis use in the last year as reported by Johnston et al. (2019). Adolescents who engage in cannabis use often show poorer neurocognitive performance and alterations in structural and functional brain development as compared with their non-using peers as reported by Jacobus & Tapert Current pharmaceutical design, 20, 2186-2193, (2014). Over the past several decades, the cognitive domains most consistently associated with cannabis use among adolescents are learning and memory and several facets of executive functioning (e.g., inhibitory control, decision-making). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a non-invasive method for probing the neural substrates underlying possible cannabis-related changes in cognition. This brief review aims to synthesize recent findings on the relationship between adolescent (≤ 25 years old) cannabis use and neural response during task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Findings thus far suggest aberrant, often hyperactive, response to task-based stimuli in youth cannabis users. When considering the future directions of fMRI research with cannabis-using youth, review of existing studies also highlights the need for more prospective research with diverse samples.
      PubDate: 2020-01-20
       
  • Relationships Between the BRIEF/BRIEF-SR and Performance-Based
           Neuropsychological Tests in Adolescents with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    • Abstract: Clinical neuropsychologists typically use both performance-based tests and behavioral rating scales as part of comprehensive assessment. However, literature has suggested that performance-based tests account for limited variance in behavioral rating scales in healthy and clinical populations. Importantly, little work has investigated the relationships between performance-based tests and behavioral rating scales in adolescent mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The present study was retrospective in nature and included 136 adolescents (M age = 14.97; 56% female) in the post-acute phase of recovery from mTBI (M days since injury = 33.4) referred for neuropsychological evaluation. Participants were administered a multi-domain neuropsychological test battery with measures of reaction time, processing speed, sustained attention, impulsivity, working memory, and verbal and visual memory, and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) and BRIEF-Self Report (BRIEF-SR). Results revealed mean neuropsychological test performance and parent- and self-reported executive dysfunction within the average range. Hierarchical multiple regressions revealed that performance-based test scores accounted for between 13 and 18% variance in BRIEF scores and between 8 and 14% variance in BRIEF-SR scores after controlling for demographic factors (which accounted for 3% variance in BRIEF scores and 7–10% variance in BRIEF-SR scores). Processing speed emerged as the most consistent significant individual predictor of BRIEF/BRIEF-SR scores across regression analyses. These findings build on previous literature by suggesting relatively limited psychometric overlap between performance-based tests and behavioral rating scales, such that these approaches likely assess distinct and unique psychological constructs. Relationships to previous work, limitations of the current study, and directions for future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
       
  • A Clinician’s Guide to Machine Learning in Neuropsychological
           Research and Practice
    • Abstract: Machine learning (ML) techniques can help harness insights from data that complement and extend those that can be attained by traditional statistical methods. The current article introduces clinicians to concepts underlying ML and explores how it can be applied within the domain of neuropsychology. Specifically, we illustrate an application of ML to a dataset that includes a battery of standardized measures designed to provide diagnostic support for concussions, including standardized neurocognitive (CPT 3) and neurobehavioral (BESS, NIH 4 meter gait) measures, gait sensor data, and a CDC concussion symptom checklist. These variables were used to predict the decision-making of a pediatric neurologist evaluating a group of child/adolescent patients. With a sample of 111 cases, ML (using a general linear model and deep learning as illustrations) achieved accuracies of 91% and 84.8% and AUCs of 1.0 and .947, respectively, when predicting the neurologist’s binomial decision-making (safe/remove). In presenting the data and various considerations for interpretation, we attempt to balance both the promise and perils of ML.
      PubDate: 2019-11-29
       
  • Evaluating the Relation Between CHC Cognitive Factors and Selected
           Components of Executive Functioning
    • Abstract: Executive functioning remains an elusive paradigm in regard to their underlying constructs. The Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive functions is the predominant theory of the measurement of human intelligence in psychology in regard to test construction and interpretation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relations between components of the Tower Test and Color-Word Interference Test from the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) and CHC theory, as measured by the Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Cognitive Abilities (WJ-III-COG). Participants were 64 undergraduate students (women, n = 38; men, n = 26), with a mean age of 19.88 years. Results of a Structured Equation Model indicated a correlation between the two factors modeled for Intelligence and Executive functioning was estimated to be 0.575 (0.331), and was statistically significant (p < .001), with a 95% credible interval of (0.551, 0.599). Thus, approximately 33% of the variance for measures of Intelligence was accounted for by measures of Executive Functioning; the biggest CHC contributor was Numbers Reversed which argues for the importance of attention and working memory being an important component of executive functioning. The results suggest that despite a relation between some components of executive function and cognitive ability, much variance between the D-KEFS and WJ-III-COG remains unaccounted for. These findings have implications for evaluation and intervention planning within vocational and educational settings.
      PubDate: 2019-11-21
       
  • Story Learning Test: Decelerated Learning and Accelerated Forgetting in
           Children with Epilepsy
    • Abstract: Introduction Increasing interest is seen for early and late memory consolidation and accelerated forgetting, but little is known about these phenomena in children with epilepsy. The present study analysed the trajectory of learning and retention in typically developing children and children with epilepsy on a story learning test. Methods 285 children, 126 typically developing children and 159 children with epilepsy, in ages between 4 and 10 years and Full-Scale IQs ≥ 75, were given a specifically designed story learning test (iter-sein). The learning phase included Initial reading and a Free Recall trial with 10 Questions, and up to three repetition trials with Questions. Trials of Delayed Free Recall and Questions followed after half an hour, the next day and 1 week later. With several repeated measures analyses of variance, level of performance and gains or losses over time were analysed. Results Age-dependent learning was seen after repetitions. On the Questions, typically developing children outperformed children with epilepsy increasingly, due to smaller gains after the second trial. Learned information was similarly preserved. Free Recall showed similar performance for both groups up to day 2. A week later, a conspicuous loss of information was observed in the children with epilepsy, whilst typically developing children retained the information. On index scores, reliable cognitive loss of information was seen in epilepsy in 24.5% of the children. Semantic neuropsychological tasks and severity measures of epilepsy were associated with level of performance. Discussion The results provided evidence for early decelerated learning and late accelerated forgetting in children with epilepsy.
      PubDate: 2019-11-13
       
  • Gender Matters in Neuropsychological Assessment of Child and Adolescent
           Writing Skill
    • Abstract: Gender differences in Cattell-Horn-Carroll cognitive explanatory variables of basic writing skills and written expression in children and adolescents in grades 1–12 were explored using multiple-group structural equation modeling with the standardization samples for the Woodcock Johnson IV (N = 3569). Results showed small female advantages in cognitive processing speed and written expression across grade levels. Crystallized ability, fluid reasoning, short-term working memory, processing speed, and auditory processing were significant predictors of basic writing skills with learning efficiency showing stronger effects on basic writing skills for males compared to females in grades 9–12. Additionally, fluid reasoning, short-term working memory, processing speed, learning efficiency, and visual processing were significant predictors of written expression. Processing speed had stronger effects on written expression for males compared to females in grades 9–12, whereas auditory processing had stronger effects on written expression for females compared to males in grades 9–12. Theoretical and practical implications of findings are discussed.
      PubDate: 2019-09-12
       
  • Measuring Visual, Spatial, and Visual Spatial Short-Term Memory in
           Schoolchildren: Studying the Influence of Demographic Factors and
           Regression-Based Normative Data
    • Abstract: The study aims to establish demographically corrected norms for three computerized tasks measuring different aspects of visual short-term memory (VSTM) in Ukrainian schoolchildren. These tasks measure respectively visual STM (the Pattern Recognition Memory (PRM) test), spatial STM (the Spatial Span (SSP) task), and visual spatial STM (the Paired Associates Learning (PAL) task). All tasks were administered to n = 186 children aged 5.10 years to 14.5 years old to evaluate the influence of demographic variables. Relevant demographic factors that influence task scores (VSTM), i.e., age and level of parental education, are identified and in keeping with the current literature. No sex differences were found. Based on these data, regression-based, demographically corrected norms were established per task. This approach to constructing norms differs from how (worldwide) PRM, SSP, and/or PAL norms have been constructed traditionally. In the latter approach, norms are calculated for each age group separately and without correcting for level of parental education, whereas in the regression-based normative method, multiple regression models are used to compute the expected test scores of an individual (rather than the subgroup means that are used in the traditional approach). Consequently, the regression-based norms for the PRM, SSP, and PAL presented in this paper are individualized, taking into account the unique characteristics of the individual that is tested on these tasks. Last, the confidence intervals of the PRM scores of the Ukrainian schoolchildren and the western norm group largely overlapped, except for the youngest age group, which adds to the literature about cultural effects on cognition.
      PubDate: 2019-09-11
       
  • Beery VMI and Brain Volumetric Relations in Autism Spectrum Disorder
    • Abstract: Although diminished proficiency on tasks that require visual-motor integration (VMI) has been reported in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), very few studies have examined the association between VMI performance and neuroanatomical regions of interest (ROI) involved in motor and perceptual functioning. To address these issues, the current study included an all-male sample of 41 ASD (ages 3–23 years) and 27 typically developing (TD) participants (ages 5–26 years) who completed the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (Beery VMI) as part of a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. All participants underwent 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with image quantification (FreeSurfer software v5.3). The groups were statistically matched on age, handedness, and intracranial volume (ICV). ASD participants performed significantly lower on VMI and IQ measures compared with the TD group. VMI performance was significantly correlated with FSIQ and PIQ in the TD group only. No pre-defined neuroanatomical ROIs were significantly different between groups. Significant correlations were observed in the TD group between VMI and total precentral gyrus gray matter volume (r = .51, p = .006) and total frontal lobe gray matter volume (r = .46, p = .017). There were no significant ROI correlations with Beery VMI performance in ASD participants. At the group level, despite ASD participants exhibiting reduced visuomotor abilities, no systematic relation with motor or sensory-perceptual ROIs was observed. In the TD group, results were consistent with the putative role of the precentral gyrus in motor control along with frontal involvement in planning, organization, and execution monitoring, all essential for VMI performance. Given that similar associations between VMI and ROIs were not observed in those with ASD, neurodevelopment in ASD group participants may not follow homogenous patterns making correlations in these brain regions unlikely to be observed.
      PubDate: 2019-08-16
       
  • Using the Delis–Kaplan Executive Function System Tower Test to Examine
           
    • Abstract: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects many children and is commonly regarded as a disorder of executive function (EF; Willcutt et al. Journal of Biological Psychiatry, 57, 1336–1346, 2005). EF is thought to be housed primarily within the brain’s prefrontal cortex (PFC), with different areas of the PFC orchestrating different EF components (Jurado and Rosselli Neuropsychology Review, 17, 213–233, 2007). Key PFC areas for this study included the dorsolateral PFC and orbitofrontal cortex. A measure on the Delis–Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS), the Tower Test, has been infrequently studied with child populations, particularly those with ADHD. The limited research that does exist has primarily focused on the Tower’s summary score, overlooking available optional scores. The current study involved investigation of Tower performance in children ages 8 to 18 with ADHD (n = 252) to look for impaired scores, examine correlations with common ADHD measures, and compare Tower scores to clinical (n = 49) and normative controls (n = 110). Children with ADHD showed deficits on multiple Tower scores. Notably, more than half of the children with ADHD scored more than 1 standard deviation below the norm on the Move Accuracy Ratio (MAR) score, and children younger than 14 completed the Tower less efficiently than older children (i.e., lower MAR). Lower MAR scores were also correlated with higher parent ratings of inhibition on the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) and more errors of impulsivity on the Conners’ Continuous Performance Test, second edition (CPT II). Normative controls significantly outperformed children with ADHD on five of six Tower measures. The sensitivity of these optional measures was evident even while the total score was not sensitive to group differences, which highlights the importance of analyzing Tower optional scores and underscores the need for future research applying similar methods.
      PubDate: 2019-08-07
       
  • The Progression of Memory Loss Secondary to TBI-Induced White Matter
           Attenuation: a Review of the Literature and Case Exemplar
    • Abstract: While it is axiomatic that the major cognitive symptomology of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) of any severity appears shortly after the insult, there is increasing evidence that suggests that, for a subset of individuals with TBI, the course post-injury does not follow what has been traditionally anticipated. Increasingly, longitudinal studies of neurocognitive and neurobehavioral outcomes from TBI demonstrate a highly variable course, which for some continue for a much longer time after the damage associated with TBI lesions would be assumed to have reached a steady state. Chronic neuroinflammatory processes have been identified as one potential source of the continuing decline. We review the literature on chronic inflammatory processes and, in addition, report on the case of a 12-year-old male who sustained a left-temporal lobe displaced skull fracture, with an underlying hemorrhage, when he was hit in the left temporal region of the head by a thrown baseball. Although the youth reported difficulty with memory immediately post-injury, the initial neuropsychological evaluation conducted 6 weeks post-injury yielded data demonstrating that the memory functioning was unaffected by the injury. Testing 3 years later indicated significant memory loss. The course of decline in memory functioning in this instance challenges commonly held conceptualizations concerning the immediacy of memory loss post-TBI and our ability to accurately measure the process as it unfolds.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Understanding and Serving Adolescent Females with Emotional Disabilities
           and Executive Dysfunction in a Residential Treatment Setting
    • Abstract: Executive functioning has become an important part of helping to understand and serve students with academic and emotional disabilities (EDs). This study sought to understand the profile of female student with ED in a residential treatment center. First, the study investigated the validity of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, Parent Rating Scale (BRIEF). The BRIEF is an 86-item checklist that covered eight different aspects of EF. Each item was a statement in which the case manager of each of the 93 students responded never, sometimes, or often. These scales included (1) inhibit, (2) shift, (3) emotional control, (4) initiate, (5) working memory, (6) plan/organize, (7) organization of materials, and (8) monitor. The majority of the 93 participants demonstrated executive dysfunction. Next, divergent validity of the BRIEF was investigated using a principal components analysis. The Basic Academic Skills Inventory (BASI) was used to evaluate the reading and math abilities of participants. The relationship between the BRIEF and the BASI was investigated using a correlation analysis. One factor best explained the structure of the BRIEF and correlated moderately with measures of academics. It is clear that executive functioning is a critical area that we must consider as part of our usual psychological evaluation/intervention tools. Many students with emotional and academic difficulties will benefit from executive functioning interventions such as directing student attention, help in planning, and homework organization management skills. How these findings should relate to the role of school and clinical psychologists will be addressed.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Accepted Abstracts for Presentation at the AAPdN Annual Conference April
           12–14, Las Vegas, NV
    • PubDate: 2019-05-22
       
  • Peer-Reviewed Science and the Specialty of Pediatric Neuropsychology
    • PubDate: 2019-04-30
       
  • Questioning Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: a Case Report of Multiple Etiological
           Factors
    • Abstract: Objective A 14-year-old, Caucasian, right-handed male presented for neuropsychological evaluation for diagnostic clarification due to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, bipolar I disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder diagnoses and to rule-out fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) due to aggression, impulsivity, difficulties with authority, and history of legal issues. Method Patient was born at 29 weeks gestation without complications. Patient’s adoptive mother reported delays in walking, as well as regression in talking, with suspected prenatal alcohol exposure, neglect, and abuse in first 2 years of life prior to being adopted. Patient is currently in detention setting due to recent homicidal ideation toward family member. Results Neuropsychological and psychological tests were administered to assess for FAS and clarify previous diagnoses, for which psychostimulant and antipsychotic medications have proven ineffective. Results suggest minimal intellectual impairment beyond low general processing speed abilities, minor academic achievement concerns in only sentence comprehension, executive dysfunction specifically in inhibition, inefficient learning with early plateau, and externalizing behaviors. Adaptive functioning difficulties are limited to self-direction and safety. No evidence of brain atrophy, delayed physical development, or facial dysmorphia in childhood but significant behavioral concerns suggestive of FASDs. Conclusion A wide range of etiological factors with unconfirmed prenatal alcohol exposure, such as neglect, trauma, and poor school attendance, suggests that FAS may be diagnostically restrictive as it pertains to the broad spectrum of prenatal alcohol effects and common comorbidities. FAS criteria may be revisited as it relates to confirmed alcohol exposure when history does not permit.
      PubDate: 2019-03-22
       
  • Review of The Complexity of Autism Spectrum Disorders
    • Authors: Shannon L. O’Connor; Jordan A. Ezell; Jane Roberts
      PubDate: 2019-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s40817-019-00064-4
       
  • Review of Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Children and Adolescents
    • Authors: Jacob T. Lutz
      PubDate: 2018-12-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40817-018-00060-0
       
  • The Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure: a Useful Measure of Organizational
           Skills for Adolescents with ADHD'
    • Authors: Stephen J. Molitor; Hana-May Eadeh; Elizaveta Bourchtein; Zoe R. Smith; Cathrin D. Green; Joshua M. Langberg
      Abstract: Deficits in organization, time management, and planning (OTMP) abilities are common in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and contribute to impairment. Assessment of these skills is vital, but few measures have been validated for youth with ADHD. The Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) task is frequently used in research and clinical settings despite limited validity evidence. The present study evaluated whether ROCF performance, as scored via the Boston Qualitative Scoring System, exhibited validity as a measure of OTMP skills in a large (N = 285) sample of adolescents comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD. ROCF performance exhibited minimal associations with measures of OTMP, executive functioning, or aspects of academic impairment affected by OTMP abilities; all correlations were nonsignificant after accounting for the influence of intelligence. Further, ROCF task performance did not differ by ADHD presentation or medication status. Correlations with other variables that may be confounded with ROCF performance (anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, parent education) also demonstrated nonsignificant correlations with all BQSS scores. The ROCF may not adequately capture OTMP abilities of adolescents with ADHD; future directions for the assessment of OTMP skills are discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-08-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s40817-018-0055-6
       
 
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