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PEDIATRICS (191 journals)                  1 2     

AAP Grand Rounds     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Academic Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (15 followers)
Acta Chirurgica Latviensis     Open Access   (1 follower)
Acta Paediatrica     Hybrid Journal   (17 followers)
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense     Open Access   (1 follower)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (15 followers)
Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics     Open Access   (5 followers)
Advances in Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (15 followers)
American Journal of Perinatology     Hybrid Journal   (20 followers)
American Journal of Perinatology Reports     Open Access   (10 followers)
Anales de Pediatría     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Anales de Pediatría Continuada     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Paediatric Rheumatology     Open Access   (1 follower)
Annals of Pediatric Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Partially Free   (7 followers)
APSP Journal of Case Reports     Open Access   (2 followers)
Archives of Disease in Childhood     Full-text available via subscription   (18 followers)
Archives of Disease in Childhood - Education and Practice Edition     Full-text available via subscription   (13 followers)
Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition     Full-text available via subscription   (14 followers)
Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (1 follower)
Archives of Psychiatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Archivos de Pediatria del Uruguay     Open Access   (1 follower)
Assessment and Treatment of Child Psychopathology and Developmental Disabilities     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Bangladesh Journal of Child Health     Open Access  
BMC Pediatrics     Open Access   (8 followers)
Boletín de Pediatría     Open Access  
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (15 followers)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (5 followers)
Case Reports in Perinatal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (8 followers)
Child & Family Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (13 followers)
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology News     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Child Care in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Child Development     Hybrid Journal   (134 followers)
Child Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Child: Care, Health and Development     Hybrid Journal   (11 followers)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Pediatrics     Open Access   (3 followers)
Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
Clinical Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (18 followers)
Contemporary Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Current Developmental Disorders Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Opinion in Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Current Pediatric Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Current Pediatrics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care     Full-text available via subscription  
Early Child Development and Care     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Early Human Development     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette     Open Access  
Enfermería Clínica     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports     Open Access  
European Journal of Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (7 followers)
Evidence-Based Child Health: a Cochrane Review Journal     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
Evidencias en Pediatría     Open Access  
Fetal and Pediatric Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
First Language     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Frontiers in Pediatrics     Open Access  
Geriatric Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Indian Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal  
Infancy     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Infant Behavior and Development     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Infant Mental Health Journal     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics     Open Access   (1 follower)
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Extra     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
International Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access   (4 followers)
Iranian Journal of Neonatology     Open Access   (2 followers)
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access  
ISRN Pediatrics     Open Access   (3 followers)
Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Italian Journal of Pediatrics     Open Access  
JAMA Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (12 followers)
Jornal de Pediatria     Open Access   (1 follower)
Journal de Pédiatrie et de Puériculture     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal for Specialists In Pediatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Journal of Applied Research on Children     Open Access  
Journal of Asthma Allergy Educators     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (25 followers)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Group Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Journal of Child Health Care     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics     Hybrid Journal   (7 followers)
Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics     Open Access  
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Journal of Early Childhood Research     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons     Open Access  
Journal of Memory and Language     Hybrid Journal   (17 followers)
Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society     Open Access  
Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)

        1 2     

Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry    [7 followers]  Follow    
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
     ISSN (Print) 1053-4628
     Published by Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry Homepage  [1 journal]   [SJR: 0.227]   [H-I: 26]
  • Alternative Approaches to Managing the Cleft Alveolus
    • Abstract: The cleft alveolus component of the oral cleft deformity is addressed with a separate surgical stage. Several host and operator related factors affect the surgical outcome. When factors that increase the likelihood of secondary alveolar bone graft failure are identified, alterative methods like dentoalveolar distraction (DAD) may be employed. In infants, molding of the alveolar segments is possible and when a synergistic surgical approach is used, the possibility of successful alveolar cleft repair is increased. The authors present two case reports wherein the use of nasoalveolar molding (NAM) and DAD helped to tackle the alveolar cleft deformity.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Craniofacial Growth and Development
      Pages 89-93

      Authors
      VP Sabarinath, Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
      Vasant Radhakrishnan, Charles Pinto Cleft Center, Jubilee Mission Hospital, Trichur, Kerala
      PV Hazarey, Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Wardha
      Ravindran Sreeja, Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:11 GMT
       
  • Prevalence of Dental Caries and its Impact on Quality of Life (QoL) among
           HIV-infected Children in Kenya
    • Abstract: Aim: To determine the prevalence of dental caries and its impact on QoL among HIV-infected children in Kenya. Study design: Cross-sectional survey of HIV-positive children aged 3-15 years. Method: Two hundred and twenty participants were selected by consecutive sampling. Dental examination was undertaken to determine the presence of dental caries among the children using the dmft/DMFT indices. The children's perceived QoL in the domains of oral symptoms, functional limitations, emotional and social wellbeing was assessed using the WHO Simplified Oral Health Questionnaires for children. Results: The overall prevalence of dental caries was 65% whence the prevalence in the deciduous dentition was 50% while that of the permanent dentition was 30.9%. The mean dmft and DMFT scores were 1.75 and 1.08 respectively. Children with high dmft manifested negative impacts on appearance, chewing, biting hard foods and missing school on account of toothache and discomfort, while in the permanent dentition children with high DMFT had a negative impact on biting hard foods. Conclusion: A high caries experience had significant negative impacts on the children's QoL, especially in the primary dentition.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Hospital Dentistry
      Pages 83-87

      Authors
      MA Masiga, Department of Paediatric Dentistry & Orthodontics, School of Dental Sciences, University of Nairobi
      JM M'Imunya, UNITID
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:11 GMT
       
  • Initial Experience with Dexmedetomidine for Dental Sedation in Children
    • Abstract: Sedation of uncooperative children for dental treatment is difficult since treatment is mainly carried out inside the oral cavity. Dexmedetomidine (DEX), recently introduced into clinical practice, has little influence on respiratory system even at high doses. We present cases of patients who underwent dental treatment under sedation using DEX infusion. DEX at a dose of 1 μg/kg was administered over 10 min after intravenous cannulation. DEX was infused to maintain sedation level within the range of the Observer's Assessment of Alertness and Sedation (OAA/S) scale 3- 4 throughout dental treatments. They were successfully treated under DEX sedation without any complications. Their uncooperative behaviors were successfully managed under DEX sedation.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Hospital Dentistry
      Pages 79-82

      Authors
      Kim Hyo Sun, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
      Kim Hyo Sun, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, and Dental Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
      Jang Ki-Taeg, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, and Dental Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
      Lee Sang-Hoon, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, and Dental Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
      Kim Chong-Chul, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, and Dental Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
      Shin Teo Jeon, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, and Dental Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:11 GMT
       
  • Lead Exposure and its Relation to Dental Caries in Children
    • Abstract: Environmental pollution is a significant health hazard and is mainly caused by commercialization. The etiology of dental caries is multifactorial and one such factor is exposure to trace element such as lead. Aim: Hence, the present study was carried out to find out the correlation between the levels of lead in the enamel, saliva and dental caries in children. Method: 90 children aged 5 years consisting of both genders from different kindergartens along Coastal Karnataka were included in the study. The selected children were divided into 3 groups as; control group, early childhood caries (ECC) group and severe-ECC (S-ECC) group respectively. Enamel and salivary lead level was assessed by using graphite atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Results: Mean enamel lead levels in the control, ECC and S-ECC group were 47.7, 85.45 and 90.43 ppm respectively and mean salivary lead levels were 0.23, 1.7 and 1.77 ppm respectively which was statistically very highly significant (p < 0.001) with no gender predilection. There was a positive correlation seen between the enamel and the salivary lead levels (p ≯ 0.05).Conclusion: The enamel and the saliva of all the children had measurable amounts of lead and its levels increased with increase in severity of dental caries proving the cariogenic potential of lead. A positive correlation was seen between the enamel and the salivary lead levels.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Clinical Research for Better Practice
      Pages 71-74

      Authors
      KN Pradeep Kumar, Maaruti College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
      AM Hegde, A.B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:10 GMT
       
  • A Randomized Trial on the Inhibitory Effect of Chewing Gum Containing Tea
           Polyphenol on Caries
    • Abstract: Objective: The purpose of the study was to determine the cariostatic potential of a chewing gum containing tea polyphenol. Study design: A total of 157 schoolchildren aged 8-9 years were randomly allocated into three groups. Two groups received chewing gum with or without tea polyphenol. A third group did not receive any chewing gum. A single examiner assessed the caries status for all participates at baseline, 12 months and 24 months. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to evaluate differences among the groups at each interval. The Chi-square test was used to compare the caries-free rate among the three groups. Results: The mean DMFT increment was 0.17 for the polyphenol gum group, 0.60 for the control gum group, and 1.15 for the no gum group. Children who chewed gum containing tea polyphenol had a significantly lower mean DMFS increment over the 24-month period than did the other two groups (p < 0.05). The caries-free rate in the polyphenol gum group was significantly higher than that in the other two groups (p < 0.05) after two years. Conclusion: These findings indicated that the oral application of chewing gum with tea polyphenol has an inhibitory effect on dental caries.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Clinical Research for Better Practice
      Pages 67-70

      Authors
      Dan-Ying Tao, Department of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai
      Chen-Bin Shu, Department of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai
      Edward Chin Man Lo, Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
      Hai-Xia Lu, Department of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai
      Xi-Ping Feng, Department of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:10 GMT
       
  • Oral Tissue Irritants in Toothpaste: A Case Report
    • Abstract: In this case, an adolescent patient presented with multiple, asymptomatic ulcerated lesions- resembling aphthous ulcerations- located in the oral cavity. The etiology of these lesions appeared to be associated with soft tissue irritants found in the patient's toothpaste. This report highlights the need to rule out known oral irritants in dentifrices for patients who present with oral ulcerations.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Oral Pathology
      Pages 75-78

      Authors
      LM Lawrence, Department of Pediatric Dentistry
      A Farquharson, Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology
      RS Brown, Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology
      HO Vatanka, Pediatric Dentistry Residency Program
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:10 GMT
       
  • Effectiveness of CRT at Measuring the Salivary Level of Bacteria in Caries
           Prone Children with Probiotic Therapy
    • Abstract: Aim: This IRB approved clinical trial was to determine the effect of “over the counter” probiotic supplements on the Caries Risk Test- CRT- (Ivoclar) results of the oral microflora in high caries risk children. Study design: Sixty subjects 6 to 12 years old with a caries risk assessment (CAMBRA) of moderate to high (caries prone) were evaluated by an analysis of the difference in the salivary levels of pathogenic bacteria (mutans streptococci and Lactobacilli). The subjects were randomly selected by randomizing software and assigned to two different Groups. Group A used PerioBalance (Lactobacilli reuteri-CFU of 200 million) lozenges for 28 days. Group B used the EvoraKids ( Streptococcus uberis KJ2, Streptococcus oralis KJ3, Streptococcus rattus JH145, ≥ 100 million) probiotics chewable tablets for 30 days. Salivary samples were collected then incubated for 48 hours for colony counting and ranking. Follow up testing with the CRT was performed after 60 days at a follow up visit. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the CRT results between the pre and post use of the probiotics. PerioBalance; SM results t= -6.78 p< .0001 Lactobacilli results t= -5.762, p< .0001, EvoraKids SM results t= -7.33, p< .0001, Lactobacilli results t= -2.952, p= .0068. Conclusions: The CRT values obtained with caries prone children may be significantly affected by probiotic use. Based on this study's results the following conclusions can be made: Both EvoraKids and PerioBalance affected the CRT results by significantly decreasing the number of S. mutans and lactobacilli present in the salivary samples.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Clinical Research for Better Practice
      Pages 55-60

      Authors
      M Cannon, Northwestern University
      B Trent, Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA
      A Vorachek, Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA
      S Kramer, Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA
      R Esterly, Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:09 GMT
       
  • Emotional Intelligence Subscales: Are They Correlated with Child Anxiety
           and Behavior in the Dental Setting'
    • Abstract: Objectives: The present study aimed at evaluating the correlation between emotional intelligence subscales and child's anxiety and behavior in the dental setting. Study design: The study included 123 children aged 7-12 years, who were scheduled to attend two consecutive sessions. In the first session, the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version (Bar-on EQ-I: YV) was administered to participants. The anxiety and behavior in children was evaluated during similar dental procedures in the second session using the Clinical Anxiety Rating Scale and the Frankl scale, respectively. Results: 23 children were eliminated from the study, leaving 100 participants (47 boys and 53 girls) with a mean age of 9.32 ± 1.59 years for study. There were statistically significant positive correlations between Frankl score and EQ total score (p
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:09 GMT
       
  • A Novel Distraction Technique for Pain Management during Local Anesthesia
           Administration in Pediatric Patients
    • Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an active and novel distraction technique WITAUL (Writing In The Air Using Leg) on the pain behavior observed and reported by children receiving local anesthesia injections prior to dental treatment. Study design: The study was conducted on 160 children (80 in control and 80 in intervention group) between the ages of 4 - 10 years. During the administration of anesthesia the children in the control group were made to relax by means of deep breathing and those in the intervention group were taught to use the WITAUL distraction technique. the behavior of the children aged 4 - 5 years was noted using the Modified Toddler-Preschooler Post operative Pain Scale (TPPPS) and that of children aged above 6 years was measured using the FACES Pain Scale-Revised (FPS-R). Results: The use of WITAUL was found to be statistically significant (p value < 0.0001) compared to the control method in serving as a distraction and hence in managing pain during local anesthesia administration. The mean Modified TPPPS scores (4 - 5 year olds) for the WITAL group was 2.46 ±1.752 and that of the control was 5.64±2.328. The mean FPS-R scores (6 - 10 year olds) for the WITAUL group was 3±1.748 and that of the control group was 6.26±1.858. Conclusion: The WITAUL technique therefore appears to be a simple and effective method of distraction during local anesthesia administration in pediatric patients.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Clinical Research for Better Practice
      Pages 45-47

      Authors
      PS Kamath, epartment of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, M S Ramaiah Dental College and Hospital, India
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:08 GMT
       
  • Effect of Proanthocyanidin Treatment on the Bonding Effectiveness of
           Adhesive Restorations in Pulp Chamber
    • Abstract: Objective: To analyze the effect of proanthocyanidin (PA) treatment of the pulp chamber dentin after NaOCl and EDTA irrigation on the microleakage and interfacial morphology of adhesive restorations. Study Design: Pulp chambers of 66 extracted permanent molars were exposed. In half of the samples, pulp chamber dentin was bonded with Clearfil S3 after irrigation with normal saline(Group1a); 1% NaOCl and 17% EDTA(Group1b) or 1% NaOCl, 17% EDTA and 30% PA (Group1c) and in other half samples, pulp chamber dentin was bonded with Futurabond NR after irrigation with normal saline (Group 2a); 1% NaOCl and 17% EDTA (Group 2b) or 1% NaOCl, 17% EDTA and 30% PA(Group 2c). After adhesive procedures, Filtek Z 250 restorations were placed in the pulp chambers. Microleakage assessment was done in ten samples from each group and scanning electron microscopic examination was done in one sample from each group. Statistical analysis was done using Mann–Whitney and Kruskal Wallis tests at a significance level of P
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:08 GMT
       
  • Effectiveness of a New Fluoride Varnish for Caries Prevention In
           Pre-School Children
    • Abstract: Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of a new fluoride varnish (Clinpro White Varnish, 3M Espe, Seefeld, Germany) with regard to the caries incidence within a 2-year period. Study design: A non-randomized sample of 400 children from the Kyffhäuser district (Thuringia, Germany) was divided into a fluoride group (FG, biannual application of fluoride varnish) and control group (CG, no intervention). (Non-)cavitated caries lesions were recorded using World Health Organization (WHO) and Universal Visual Scoring System (UniViSS) criteria. Parents were given questionnaires to gather information about their socio-economic status (SES). Non-parametric methods and binomial logistic regression were used for data analysis. Results: There was a significant increase in caries incidence in both groups. The number of non-cavitated carious lesions was significantly lower in the FG (mean 2.2; sd 2.3) compared with the CG (mean 2.9; sd 1.9). Initial statistical analysis revealed that fluoride varnish might prevent non-cavitated carious lesions. When including SES as a confounder into regression model, potential preventive effect was lost. Conclusions: This study underlines the importance of the multi-factorial etiology of caries and illustrates that the effectiveness of biannual fluoride varnish application was evident in non-cavitated carious lesions only.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Clinical Articles
      Pages 7-12

      Authors
      V Pitchika, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany
      C Kokel, Department of Preventive and Paediatric Dentistry, University Hospital of Jena, Germany
      J Andreeva, Health Centre of Kyffhäuser District, Sondershausen, Germany
      A Crispin, Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians- University Munich, Germany
      R Hickel, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany
      J Kühnisch, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany
      R Heinrich-Weltzien, Department of Preventive and Paediatric Dentistry, University Hospital of Jena, German
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:07 GMT
       
  • Preschool Children's Taste Acceptance of Highly Concentrated Fluoride
           Compounds: Effects on Nonverbal Behavior
    • Abstract: Objective: The aim of this video-based study was to examine the taste acceptance of children between the ages of 2 and 5 years regarding highly concentrated fluoride preparations in kindergarten-based preventive programs. Study design: The fluoride preparation Duraphat was applied to 16 children, Elmex fluid to 15 children, and Fluoridin N5 to 14 children. The procedure was conducted according to a standardized protocol and videotaped. Three raters evaluated the children's nonverbal behavior as a measure of taste acceptance on the Frankl Behavior Rating Scale. The interrater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient; ICC) was .86. In an interview, children indicated the taste of the fluoride preparations on a three-point “smiley” rating scale. The interviewer used a hand puppet during the survey to establish confidence between the children and examiners. Results: Children's nonverbal behavior was significantly more positive after Fluoridin N5 and Duraphat were applied compared to the application of Elmex fluid. The same trend was found during the smiley assessment. The response of children who displayed cooperative positive behavior before the application of fluoride preparations was significantly more positive than those who displayed uncooperative negative behavior. Conclusion: To achieve a high acceptance of the application of fluoride preparations among preschool children, flavorful preparations should be used.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Clinical Research for Better Practice
      Pages 31-37

      Authors
      AK Kolb, Department of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, University Hospital of Jena, Germany
      K Schmied, Rittmarshausen, Germany
      P Faßheber, Department of Business and Social Psychology, Georg-Elias-Müller-Institute of Psychology, Georg-August-University of Göttingen, Germany
      R Heinrich-Weltzien, Department of Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, University Hospital of Jena, Germany
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:07 GMT
       
  • Pattern of Parental Acceptance of Management Techniques Used in Pediatric
           Dentistry
    • Abstract: Aim: To evaluate parents' acceptance of management techniques in Israeli pediatric dental clinics. Study Design: Ninety parents who accompanied their children to three pediatric dental clinics provided information on selected parameters including their attitudes about management techniques. Results: 68.9% of the parents preferred to stay in the treatment room. The most accepted technique was positive reinforcement (81.1%) followed by tell-show-do (TSD) (76.7%, with younger parents more accepting than older, p = 0.049). The least accepted techniques were restraint (1.1%) and voice control (7.8%, especially by parents with the highest dental anxiety, p = 0.002). Sedation was unacceptable by 15.6% of the parents: those with the lowest dental anxiety agreed to sedation significantly more than those with greater dental anxiety (p = 0.031). Conclusions: Parents preferred more positive approaches and management techniques that involve demonstrations geared for the child's level of understanding. Restraint and voice control were more strongly rejected than sedation.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Clinical Articles
      Pages 27-30

      Authors
      B Peretz, Department of Paediatric Dentistry, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
      J Kharouba, Department of Paediatric Dentistry, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
      S Blumer, Department of Paediatric Dentistry, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:07 GMT
       
  • KTP Laser on Microleakage of Compomer Restorations in Class V Restorations
    • Abstract: Aim: To evaluate the effects of pulsed KTP (potassium-titanyl-phosphate) laser on decrease of dentinal microleakage of compomer restorations in primary teeth. Method: Twenty four primary molars were selected for the study. After Class V cavity preparations in buccal and lingual surfaces, teeth were divided into three groups: Group 1: Control, Group 2: 1 W KTP laser, Group 3: 1.5 W KTP laser. Then cavities were restored with compomer and teeth were thermocycled to 500 cycles, isolated and immersed in 0.5% basic fuchsin for 24 hours. Teeth were rinsed, dried, and sectioned, and microleakage was assessed by dye penetration at the occlusal and gingival surface of the teeth with stereomicroscope (40X). The data were analyzed with Kruskal- Wallis, Mann-Whitney U and Wilcoxon tests. Results: When the scores of microleakage at the gingival margins of the groups were compared, the differences among the groups were found to be statistically significant (p
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:07 GMT
       
  • Clinical Performance of Fiber-Reinforced Nanofilled Resin Composite in
           Extensively Carious Posterior Teeth of Children: 30-Month Evaluation
    • Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the 30-month clinical performance of a nanofilled-resin composite with or without glass-fiber layering in restorations of large cavities in posterior teeth of children. Study Design: A total of 71 restorations were placed in permanent molar teeth of 47 children (mean age 10.9 years) with (FRC; n=35) or without (RC; n=36) fiber layering. One operator placed all restorations. Restorations were evaluated according to the USPHS modified-Ryge criteria at baseline, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30 months. The data were analyzed using Fisher's exact and chi-square tests and outcomes were compared using the Cochran-Q test (p
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:07 GMT
       
  • Molar Luxations Caused by Holding Water Taps. Report of Five Cases
    • Abstract: Luxation of a primary molar occurs rarely. Here, we describe five cases of primary molar luxation caused by holding a water tap pipe in the mouth during bathing. The patients were aged 16 to 19 months and the mandibular first primary molar was affected in all five cases. The second primary molar had not erupted. It is assumed that the flange of the pipe got stuck in the interdental space between the mandibular primary canine and first primary molar and the affected first molar was pushed out by force with the flange acting as a lever.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Clinical Articles
      Pages 19-21

      Authors
      N Horie, Department of Oral Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama Japan
      S Hino, Department of Oral Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama Japan
      S Fukai, Department of Oral Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama Japan
      T Kaneko, Department of Oral Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama Japan
      T Shimoyama, Department of Oral Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama Japan
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:07 GMT
       
  • Knowledge and Practice of Eating Disorders among a Group of Adolescent
           Dental Patients
    • Abstract: Objectives: The objectives are to ascertain how much is known about the eating disorders of bulimia and anorexia nervosa in a group of female adolescents, to determine if they had practiced behaviors consistent with these eating disorders, and to determine if there was a disconnect with actual and perceived healthy weight status. Study Design: 126 research subjects completed a survey instrument. Embedded in the eighteen question survey were the five “SCOFF” questions, to determine if an eating disorder may exist. The BMI percentile was obtained for all participants. Results: 18.3% of the research sample may have an eating disorder as predicted by the SCOFF questions. Of those with a suspected eating disorder, only 38% could correctly identify the best description of bulimia nervosa and 50% for anorexia nervosa. The BMI percentiles were higher in the group suspected of having an eating disorder. Conclusions: Young adolescent females are at risk for eating disorders. Educational interventions should be directed at this young age group. If the at-risk individuals knew more about the consequences of these disorders, they may be less likely to practice the behaviors.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Clinical Research for Better Practice
      Pages 39-43

      Authors
      TM Hicks
      JY Lee, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina
      T Nguyen, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina
      M La Via, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina
      MW Roberts, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:07 GMT
       
  • Evaluation of Three Different Caries Removal Techniques in Children: A
           Comparative Clinical Study
    • Abstract: Aim: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of chemo mechanical (carie care) caries removal method with rotary and hand excavation by assessing the amount of time taken, the pain response experienced by the children and the amount of residual caries left out. Study design: Twenty patients between the age groups of 5-7 years were selected and caries removal was done by airotor, hand instruments and cariecare gel. The efficacy, time taken and pain threshold was evaluated during caries removal. Results: significant results were obtained when inter group comparison were made. Conclusion: it was concluded that cariecare was efficient in caries removal and can be used as an alternative for the airotor in management of dental caries especially in children.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Clinical Articles
      Pages 23-26

      Authors
      S Rajakumar, Ragas dental college and hospital, uthandi, Chennai
      J Mungara, Ragas dental college and hospital, uthandi, Chennai
      E Joseph, Ragas dental college and hospital, uthandi, Chennai
      J Philip, Ragas dental college and hospital, uthandi, Chennai
      V Guptha, Ragas dental college and hospital, uthandi, Chennai
      SP Mangalan Pally, Ragas dental college and hospital, uthandi, Chennai
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 38
      Journal Issue Volume 38, Number 1 / Fall 2013
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 17:02:07 GMT
       
  • A Double Blind Randomized Trial of Ketofol Versus Propofol for Endodontic
           Treatment of Anxious Pediatric Patients
    • Abstract: Objective: To find out the safe and efficient sedative agent for primary molar pulpectomy in uncooperative pediatric patients. Study Design: This double blind randomized trial enrolled 40 anxious and healthy 2-6 year olds. All subjects received IV propofol (1-1.5mg/kg) or ketofol (1-1.5 mg/kg propofol with 0.25mg/kg ketamine) as per group assignment after oral midazolam premedication (0.5 mg/kg). Sedation maintenance was done with propofol infusion at 25-75'g/kg/min titrated to a predefined Worse level as per Houpt's sedation rating scale. Additional bolus/es was/were administered in the dosage similar to induction dose in case of inadequate sedation. Primary outcomes were intraoperative and postoperative adverse events. Secondary outcomes were vital signs, success of procedure, operator satisfaction, sedation quality, treatment time, recovery time and total propofol dose. Results: Significantly greater incidence of respiratory depression was reported for ketofol group (11/20; 55%) when compared to propofol group (3/20; 15%) (p = 0.008). Desaturation was the most common adverse respiratory event with significantly greater incidence in ketofol group (9/20; 45%) when compared to propofol only group (3/20; 15%) (p = 0.033). No significant differences regarding secondary outcomes were reported in two groups. Conclusion: Both the regimen exhibited similar sedation profile while propofol alone emerged as a safer option.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Hospital Dentistry
      Pages 415-420

      Authors
      N Mittal, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Santosh Dental College and Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
      A Goyal, Unit of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Oral Health Sciences Centre, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
      K Gauba, Unit of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Oral Health Sciences Centre, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
      A Kapur, Unit of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Oral Health Sciences Centre, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
      K Jain, Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care in PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 37
      Journal Issue Volume 37, Number 4 / Summer 2013
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Nov 2013 19:53:41 GMT
       
  • Orthodontic Treatment of Hypodontia and Delayed Development of a Maxillary
           Second Premolar
    • Abstract: It can be difficult to formulate a definitive diagnosis and treatment plan for patients with hypodontia while dental development is still in progress. Proper radiographs should be used periodically to check for the possibility of delayed tooth development to reduce the potential of misdiagnosis and improper treatment. This article presents a case with orthodontic treatment of hypodontia and delayed development of a maxillary second premolar.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Dentofacial Orthopedics and Orthodontics
      Pages 421-427

      Authors
      K Tai, Arizona School of Dentistry & Oral Health, A.T. Still University, Mesa, AZ
      JH Park, Arizona School of Dentistry & Oral Health, A.T. Still University, Mesa, AZ
      A Kanao, Okayama, Japan
      Journal Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
      Print ISSN 1053-4628
      Journal Volume Volume 37
      Journal Issue Volume 37, Number 4 / Summer 2013
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Nov 2013 19:53:41 GMT
       
 
 
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