for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help
  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 6677 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (180 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (74 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (268 journals)
    - CHIROPRACTIC, HOMEOPATHY, OSTEOPATHY (20 journals)
    - COMMUNICABLE DISEASES, EPIDEMIOLOGY (188 journals)
    - DENTISTRY (216 journals)
    - DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY (132 journals)
    - EMERGENCY AND INTENSIVE CRITICAL CARE (76 journals)
    - ENDOCRINOLOGY (122 journals)
    - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, LABORATORY TECHNIQUE (80 journals)
    - FORENSIC SCIENCES (29 journals)
    - GASTROENTEROLOGY (146 journals)
    - GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS (106 journals)
    - HEMATOLOGY (133 journals)
    - HYPNOSIS (4 journals)
    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (97 journals)
    - MEDICAL GENETICS (58 journals)
    - MEDICAL SCIENCES (1853 journals)
    - NURSES AND NURSING (262 journals)
    - OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (159 journals)
    - ONCOLOGY (316 journals)
    - OPHTHALMOLOGY AND OPTOMETRY (108 journals)
    - ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (114 journals)
    - OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (56 journals)
    - PATHOLOGY (96 journals)
    - PEDIATRICS (209 journals)
    - PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION (116 journals)
    - PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY (665 journals)
    - RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE (158 journals)
    - RESPIRATORY DISEASES (83 journals)
    - RHEUMATOLOGY (58 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (66 journals)
    - SURGERY (303 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (126 journals)

RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE (158 journals)                  1 2     

Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Academic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Acta Cytologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Radiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Radiologica Short Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Computed Tomography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AINS - Anasthesiologie - Intensivmedizin - Notfallmedizin - Schmerztherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access  
American Journal of Neuroradiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Roentgenology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of the ICRP     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied In Vitro Toxicology     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access  
BMC Medical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
British Institute of Radiology : case reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Radiothérapie     Full-text available via subscription  
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cellular Senescence and Therapy     Open Access  
Clinical and Translational Imaging     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Neuroradiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A     Hybrid Journal  
Contemporary Diagnostic Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Hybrid Journal  
Critical Ultrasound Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Medical Imaging Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Radiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Der Nuklearmediziner     Hybrid Journal  
Der Radiologe     Hybrid Journal  
Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology     Free   (Followers: 3)
DNA and RNA Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Emergency Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Nanomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Journal of Radiology Open     Open Access  
European Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Radiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Feuillets de Radiologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Frontiers in Neurogenesis     Open Access  
IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Imagen Diagnóstica     Full-text available via subscription  
Imaging in Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insights into Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Radiation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Tomography & Simulation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventionelle Radiologie Scan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Investigative Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Iranian Journal of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Japanese Journal of Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal de Radiologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal de Radiologie Diagnostique et Interventionnelle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Diagnostic Radiography and Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology     Open Access  
Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Liver : Disease & Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Neuroradiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nuclear Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Radiation Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nucleic Acids Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Radiation Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Radiological Protection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Radiology Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Radiology Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Radiosurgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Radiotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Radiotherapy in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American College of Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Thoracic Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
La radiologia medica     Hybrid Journal  
Magnetic Resonance Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

        1 2     

  Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
  [1 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2156-7514 - ISSN (Online) 2156-5597
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [296 journals]
  • In Vivo Quantification of Cerebral R2*-Response to Graded Hyperoxia at 3
           Tesla

    • Pages: 1 - 1
      Abstract: Grigorios Gotzamanis, Roman Kocian, Pinar S Özbay, Manuel Redle, Spyridon Kollias, Christian Eberhardt, Andreas Boss, Daniel Nanz, Cristina Rossi

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):1-1

      Objectives: This study aims to quantify the response of the transverse relaxation rate of the magnetic resonance (MR) signal of the cerebral tissue in healthy volunteers to the administration of air with step-wise increasing percentage of oxygen. Materials and Methods: The transverse relaxation rate (R2*) of the MR signal was quantified in seven volunteers under respiratory intake of normobaric gas mixtures containing 21, 50, 75, and 100% oxygen, respectively. End-tidal breath composition, arterial blood saturation (SaO 2 ), and heart pulse rate were monitored during the challenge. R2* maps were computed from multi-echo, gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, acquired at 3.0T. The average values in the segmented white matter (WM) and gray matter (GM) were tested by the analysis of variance (ANOVA), with Bonferroni post-hoc correction. The GM R2*-reactivity to hyperoxia was modeled using the Hill's equation. Results: Graded hyperoxia resulted in a progressive and significant (P < 0.05) decrease of the R2* in GM. Under normoxia the GM-R2* was 17.2 &#177; 1.1 s -1 . At 75% O 2 supply, the R2* had reached a saturation level, with 16.4 &#177; 0.7 s -1 (P = 0.02), without a significant further decrease for 100% O 2 . The R2*-response of GM correlated positively with CO 2 partial pressure (R = 0.69 &#177; 0.19) and negatively with SaO 2 (R = -0.74 &#177; 0.17). The WM showed a similar progressive, but non-significant, decrease in the relaxation rates, with an increase in oxygen intake (P = 0.055). The Hill's model predicted a maximum R2* response of the GM, of 3.5%, with half the maximum at 68% oxygen concentration. Conclusions: The GM-R2* responds to hyperoxia in a concentration-dependent manner, suggesting that monitoring and modeling of the R2*-response may provide new oxygenation biomarkers for tumor therapy or assessment of cerebrovascular reactivity in patients.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):1-1
      PubDate: Fri,30 Jan 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.150439
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Energy Limits in Second Generation High-pitch Dual Source CT - Comparison
           in an Upper Abdominal Phantom

    • Authors: Martin Beeres, Ralf W Bauer, Josef M Kerl, Thomas J Vogl, Clara Lee
      Pages: 2 - 2
      Abstract: Martin Beeres, Ralf W Bauer, Josef M Kerl, Thomas J Vogl, Clara Lee

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):2-2

      Objectives: The aim of our study was to find out how much energy is applicable in second-generation dual source high-pitch computed tomography (CT) in imaging of the abdomen. Materials and Methods: We examined an upper abdominal phantom using a Somatom Definition Flash CT-Scanner (Siemens, Forchheim, Germany). The study protocol consisted of a scan-series at 100 kV and 120 kV. In each scan series we started with a pitch of 3.2 and reduced it in steps of 0.2, until a pitch of 1.6 was reached. The current was adjusted to the maximum the scanner could achieve. Energy values, image noise, image quality, and radiation exposure were evaluated. Results: For a pitch of 3.2 the maximum applicable current was 142 mAs at 120 kV and in 100 kV the maximum applicable current was 114 mAs. For conventional abdominal imaging, current levels of 200 to 260 mAs are generally used. To achieve similar current levels, we had to decrease the pitch to 1.8 at 100 kV - at this pitch we could perform our imaging at 204 mAs. At a pitch of 2.2 in 120 kV we could apply a current of 206 mAs. Conclusion: We conclude our study by stating that if there is a need for a higher current, we have to reduce the pitch. In a high-pitch dual source CT, we always have to remember where our main focus is, so we can adjust the pitch to the energy we need in the area of the body that has to be imaged, to find answers to the clinical question being raised.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):2-2
      PubDate: Fri,30 Jan 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.150441
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Noninvasive Fractional Flow Reserve for the Diagnosis of Lesion-specific
           Ischemia: A Case Example

    • Pages: 3 - 3
      Abstract: Jesper M&#248;ller Jensen, Lars Christian Gormsen, Henning M&#248;lgaard, Bjarne Linde N&#248;rgaard

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):3-3

      A physically active 52-year-old male with atypical chest pain was referred to our department. A coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) showed a stenotic plaque in the mid left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). A rest-stress Rubidium-82 myocardial perfusion was normal. One year later the patient sustained a cardiac arrest and percutaneous coronary intervention of the mid-LAD was successfully performed. The original CCTA data were submitted for noninvasive determination of fractional flow reserve (FFR CT ) revealing an ischemia-producing lesion in the mid-LAD. This case demonstrates the inherent limitations of assessing lesion-specific ischemia. FFR CT shows promise as a new method for future selection of patients for coronary angiography.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):3-3
      PubDate: Fri,30 Jan 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.150443
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Role of Imaging and Cytogenetics in Evaluation of DiGeorge Syndrome - A
           Rare Entity in Clinical Practice

    • Authors: Rajoo Ramachandran, Sellappan Rajamanickam Babu, Subramanian Ilanchezhian, Prabhu Radhan Radhakrishnan
      Pages: 4 - 4
      Abstract: Rajoo Ramachandran, Sellappan Rajamanickam Babu, Subramanian Ilanchezhian, Prabhu Radhan Radhakrishnan

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):4-4

      DiGeorge syndrome is a congenital genetic disorder that affects the endocrine system, mainly the thymus and parathyroid glands. The syndrome produces different symptoms, which vary in severity and character between patients. It manifests with craniofacial dysmorphism and defects in the heart, parathyroid, and thymus. Patients can present with a palatal deformity and nasal speech. This rare entity is caused mainly due to deletion of chromosome 22q11.2. Radiographic evaluation of DiGeorge syndrome is necessary to define aberrant anatomy, evaluate central nervous system, craniofacial abnormalities, musculoskeletal system, and cardiothoracic contents. It also helps in planning surgical procedures and surgical reconstructions. We report a case of DiGeorge syndrome in a 4-month-old neonate and discuss the clinical, imaging, and cytogenetic findings that helped in the diagnosis of this rare entity.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):4-4
      PubDate: Fri,30 Jan 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.150445
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Transcatheter Renal Interventions: A Review of Established and Emerging
           Procedures

    • Authors: Jeet Minocha, Ahmad Parvinian, James T Bui, Martha Grace Knuttinen, Charles E Ray, Ron C Gaba
      Pages: 5 - 5
      Abstract: Jeet Minocha, Ahmad Parvinian, James T Bui, Martha Grace Knuttinen, Charles E Ray, Ron C Gaba

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):5-5

      Catheter-based interventions play an important role in the multidisciplinary management of renal pathology. The array of procedures available to interventional radiologists (IRs) includes established techniques such as angioplasty, stenting, embolization, thrombolysis, and thrombectomy for treatment of renovascular disease, as well as embolization of renal neoplasms and emerging therapies such as transcatheter renal artery sympathectomy for treatment of resistant hypertension. Here, we present an overview of these minimally invasive therapies, with an emphasis on interventional technique and clinical outcomes of the procedure.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):5-5
      PubDate: Fri,30 Jan 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.150448
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Bilateral Renal Lymphangiectasia: Radiological Findings by Ultrasound,
           Computed Tomography, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    • Authors: Khaled Youssef Elbanna, Badr M Almutairi, Ahmed Touni Zidan
      Pages: 6 - 6
      Abstract: Khaled Youssef Elbanna, Badr M Almutairi, Ahmed Touni Zidan

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):6-6

      Renal lymphangiectasia is a rare benign condition of the kidney without specific clinical presentations. Classic imaging findings are described in literature. Here, we present a case of renal lymphangiectasia with history of bilateral flank pain and abnormal renal function tests. The radiological appearance on ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) showed features of bilateral renal lymphangiectasia but the patient refused invasive procedure for aspiration of the cysts. So, follow-up of the patient was done by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Imaging findings of our case on US, CT, and MRI are discussed along with details of the additional finding of dilated retroperitoneal lymphatic channels, cisterna chyli, as well as the thoracic duct.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):6-6
      PubDate: Fri,30 Jan 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.150449
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Unilateral Agenesis of Internal Carotid Artery with Intercavernous
           Anastomosis: A Rare Case Report

    • Authors: Athiyappan Kumaresh, Praveen Kumar Vasanthraj, Anupama Chandrasekharan
      Pages: 7 - 7
      Abstract: Athiyappan Kumaresh, Praveen Kumar Vasanthraj, Anupama Chandrasekharan

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):7-7

      Unilateral agenesis of internal carotid artery (ICA) with intercavernous anastomosis is a rare congenital anomaly. We present a case of a 25-year-old female with 2-month history of holocranial headache. Neurological examination was unremarkable. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) showed absence of left ICA with an abnormal intercavernous vessel in the sella. Computed tomography (CT) showed absence of the left carotid canal. Doppler ultrasonography (USG) showed high resistance flow in the left common carotid artery (CCA). Since no hemorrhage or aneurysm was seen, patient was managed conservatively and is on regular follow-up. Based on our knowledge, this is the first case to demonstrate the features of unilateral agenesis of ICA with intercavernous anastomosis in X-ray, Doppler USG, CT, and MRI scans of the brain.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):7-7
      PubDate: Fri,30 Jan 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.150453
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Hypertrophic Olivary Degeneration - A Report of Two Cases

    • Authors: Radha Sarawagi, Aravind Murugesan
      Pages: 8 - 8
      Abstract: Radha Sarawagi, Aravind Murugesan

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):8-8

      Hypertrophic olivary degeneration (HOD) is seen following lesions in the Guillain-Mollaret triangle. This is unique because the inferior olivary nucleus hypertrophies following degeneration unlike the typical atrophy seen in other structures. We report two cases of HOD in two different clinical scenarios.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):8-8
      PubDate: Fri,30 Jan 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.150454
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion Sequence: A Rare Entity

    • Authors: Sachin Khanduri, Saakshi Chhabra, Anshul Raja, Saurav Bhagat
      Pages: 9 - 9
      Abstract: Sachin Khanduri, Saakshi Chhabra, Anshul Raja, Saurav Bhagat

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):9-9

      Twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence is an extremely rare complication of monochorionic multi-fetal pregnancy, occurring once in 35,000 births. This condition is characterized by a malformed fetus without a cardiac pump being perfused by a structurally normal (pump) twin via an artery-to-artery anastomosis in a reverse direction. We report a case of a primigravida, who came for routine antenatal checkup to our hospital at 31 weeks gestational age. Ultrasound imaging and magnetic resonance imaging revealed twin monochorionic intrauterine pregnancy with a viable, normal-appearing first twin and amorphous structured second twin connected by umbilical vessels. The patient was monitored with weekly ultrasonography, echocardiography, and Doppler ultrasound examination to ascertain the well-being of the pump twin. She delivered successfully at term a normal live baby and an acardius acephalus fetus. Plain X-ray of the acardius acephalus fetus confirmed the absence of cephalic structures. The perinatal mortality of the pump twin ranges from 35 to 55%; hence, it is essential to diagnose the presence of a pump twin at an early gestational age through improved imaging techniques, so that intervention can be planned early in the pregnancy for a better outcome of the pump twin.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):9-9
      PubDate: Fri,27 Feb 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.152341
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Complete Currarino Syndrome Recognized in Adulthood

    • Authors: Sinan Akay, Bilal Battal, Bulent Karaman, Yalcin Bozkurt
      Pages: 10 - 10
      Abstract: Sinan Akay, Bilal Battal, Bulent Karaman, Yalcin Bozkurt

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):10-10

      Currarino syndrome is a hereditary pathology that is characterized by sacrococcygeal bone defect, presacral mass, and anorectal malformation. Sacrococcygeal bone defect is almost always a part of the syndrome. The complete form of this entity displays all three abnormalities and is very uncommon. In this report, we present the magnetic resonance imaging findings of a case with complete form of Currarino syndrome recognized in adulthood.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):10-10
      PubDate: Fri,27 Feb 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.152339
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Role of Advanced MRI Brain Sequences in Diagnosing Neurological
           Complications of Scrub Typhus

    • Authors: Shikha Sood, Sanjeev Sharma, Shweta Khanna
      Pages: 11 - 11
      Abstract: Shikha Sood, Sanjeev Sharma, Shweta Khanna

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):11-11

      Scrub typhus is a rare disease affecting many organs and causing vasculitis by affecting the endothelium of blood vessels. Review of literature shows that there are only a few case reports describing the neuroradiological manifestations of scrub typhus. This case report describes how newer and advanced MRI sequences are able to diagnose neurological complications of scrub typhus, such as hemorrhages, meningoencephalitis, infarctions, cranial nerve involvement, thrombosis, and hypoperfusion, that are not picked up on routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):11-11
      PubDate: Fri,27 Feb 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.152340
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Congenital Absence of the Right Pericardium: Embryology and Imaging

    • Authors: Chi Wan Koo, Adrienne Newburg
      Pages: 12 - 12
      Abstract: Chi Wan Koo, Adrienne Newburg

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):12-12

      Though congenital pericardial absence is often asymptomatic, complications can be life threatening. To date, few short case reports, primarily from the pre-CT and MR era, describe congenital absence of the right pericardium. We present a more comprehensive discussion of the embryologic derangements causing such defects and offer an up-to-date review of characteristic radiologic findings. Recognition of characteristic imaging findings of congenital pericardial absence is crucial in guiding diagnosis and management.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):12-12
      PubDate: Fri,27 Feb 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.152338
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Malignant Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor of the Leg: A
           Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation and Review of the Literature

    • Authors: Danielle M Richman, Scott C Bresler, Michael H Rosenthal, Stephanie Anne Holler Howard
      Pages: 13 - 13
      Abstract: Danielle M Richman, Scott C Bresler, Michael H Rosenthal, Stephanie Anne Holler Howard

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):13-13

      Malignant tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) is a rare clinical entity that can arise as a recurrent lesion or can co-exist with a benign TGCT lesion. Malignant TGCT most commonly arises in the lower extremity and tends to be clinically aggressive, with most patients developing recurrent lesions or dying. Much of the literature describes the histopathologic features and classifies this broad group of tumors, with little description of the imaging characteristics of this disease. We present the multimodality appearance of a case of malignant diffuse-type TGCT that recurred 2 months after resection with subsequent rapid clinical progression.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):13-13
      PubDate: Fri,27 Feb 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.152343
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Mechanical Thrombectomy with Rotarex System in Buerger's Disease

    • Authors: Ozgur Kilickesmez, Levent Oguzkurt
      Pages: 14 - 14
      Abstract: Ozgur Kilickesmez, Levent Oguzkurt

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):14-14

      We report the case of a patient with 2-month history of chronic thromboembolism of the distal superficial femoral and popliteal arteries with diagnostic features of thromboangiitis obliterans disease. The occlusion could not be crossed by antegrade approach and was achieved retrogradely via dorsalis pedis artery puncture followed by mechanical removal of the thrombus with Rotarex system (Straub Medical AG, Wangs, Switzerland). Subsequent ballooon angioplasties achieved exclusion of the thrombus, and straight-line flow established to the foot through the anterior tibial Artery. The present case report demonstrates the success of mechanical thrombectomy in a patient with Buerger's vasculitis.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):14-14
      PubDate: Wed,4 Mar 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.152609
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Isolated Asymptomatic Metastasis in the Myocardium: A Rare Scenario in
           Case of Carcinoma Penis

    • Authors: Santosh Kumar, Kalpesh Mahesh Parmar, Shivanshu Singh, Jayant Kumar
      Pages: 15 - 15
      Abstract: Santosh Kumar, Kalpesh Mahesh Parmar, Shivanshu Singh, Jayant Kumar

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):15-15

      Penile cancer is a common malignancy in developing countries. It commonly metastasizes to the lymph nodes, lung, liver, and bones. Myocardial metastasis is rare. A 40-year-old male patient presented with ulcerative growth over glans penis. Histologic evaluation of the biopsy sample diagnosed the lesion as squamous cell cancer. Assessment of the stage of the disease revealed cardiac metastasis. Patient received six cycles of chemotherapy. He partially responded, but later succumbed to cardiac failure due to pericardial and pleural effusion.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):15-15
      PubDate: Wed,25 Mar 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.153971
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Wassel's Type V Polydactyly with Plain Radiographic and CT Findings

    • Authors: Berna Dirim Mete, Canan Altay, Merve Gursoy, Orhan Oyar
      Pages: 16 - 16
      Abstract: Berna Dirim Mete, Canan Altay, Merve Gursoy, Orhan Oyar

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):16-16

      Duplication of the thumb is the most common polydactyly of the hand. Wassel's classification is frequently used to classify the polydactyly of the hand. His classification was based on the level of duplication and the number of bones in the thumb, and has seven groups (Types I-VII) according to the level of the bifurcation, except for his Type VII. The most common type is the bifurcation at the metacarpophalangeal joint (Type IV). In this paper, we report a very rare case of Type V thumb polydactyly in a 42-year-old man, who presented with swan neck deformity of the radial thumb and discuss the plain radiography and computed tomography (CT) findings. Kumar recently reported plain radiography findings in a case of bifid first metacarpal in a 13-year-old girl, who presented with swan neck deformity of the left thumb. To our knowledge, our case is the second presented case that has a swan neck deformity with bifid metacarpal.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):16-16
      PubDate: Wed,25 Mar 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.153974
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Metaplastic Breast Cancer in a Patient with Neurofibromatosis

    • Authors: Umar Shafique Chaudhry, Limin Yang, Ryan W Askeland, Laurie L Fajardo
      Pages: 17 - 17
      Abstract: Umar Shafique Chaudhry, Limin Yang, Ryan W Askeland, Laurie L Fajardo

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):17-17

      Metaplastic breast cancer is a rare malignancy in the breast. Neurofibromatosis Type 1 is an autosomal dominant multisystem disorder associated with multiple neoplasms such as optic gliomas and peripheral nerve sheath tumors. The association of breast cancer with neurofibromatosis is very rare. We present a case of a metaplastic breast cancer in a patient with Type 1 neurofibromatosis. The patient presented with a palpable mass in her left breast with suspicious findings on mammogram and ultrasound. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous biopsy showed metaplastic breast carcinoma with metastasis to an axillary lymph node. This is the third case report in the English literature to show metaplastic breast carcinoma in a patient with Type 1 neurofibromatosis. In this report we review recent literature and discuss the association between these two entities.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):17-17
      PubDate: Fri,27 Mar 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.154102
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Uterine Fibroid Embolization for Symptomatic Fibroids: Study at a Teaching
           Hospital in Kenya

    • Authors: John Kiprop Mutai, Sudhir Vinayak, William Stones, Nigel Hacking, Charles Mariara
      Pages: 18 - 18
      Abstract: John Kiprop Mutai, Sudhir Vinayak, William Stones, Nigel Hacking, Charles Mariara

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):18-18

      Objective: Characterization of magnetic (MRI) features in women undergoing uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) and identification of clinical correlates in an African population. Materials and Methods: Patients with symptomatic fibroids who are selected to undergo UFE at the hospital formed the study population. The baseline MRI features, baseline symptom score, short-term imaging outcome, and mid-term symptom scores were analyzed for interval changes. Assessment of potential associations between short-term imaging features and mid-term symptom scores was also done. Results: UFE resulted in statistically significant reduction (P < 0.001) of dominant fibroid, uterine volumes, and reduction of symptom severity scores, which were 43.7%, 40.1%, and 37.8%, respectively. Also, 59% of respondents had more than 10 fibroids. The predominant location of the dominant fibroid was intramural. No statistically significant association was found between clinical and radiological outcome. Conclusion: The response of uterine fibroids to embolization in the African population is not different from the findings reported in other studies from the west. The presence of multiple and large fibroids in this study is consistent with the case mix described in other studies of African-American populations. Patient counseling should emphasize the independence of volume reduction and symptom improvement. Though volume changes are of relevance for the radiologist in understanding the evolution of the condition and identifying potential technical treatment failures, it should not be the main basis of evaluation of treatment success.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):18-18
      PubDate: Tue,31 Mar 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.154351
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Incidentally Detected Mediastinal Vascular Anatomical Variants on PET-CT:
           A Pictorial Essay

    • Authors: Kathyayini Paidipati Gopalkrishna Murthy, Raghava Kashyap, Hima Tadimeti, Mahidhar Peyyeti
      Pages: 19 - 19
      Abstract: Kathyayini Paidipati Gopalkrishna Murthy, Raghava Kashyap, Hima Tadimeti, Mahidhar Peyyeti

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):19-19

      Positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET-CT) is an integral part of oncology practice in the current-day scenario. The hybrid anatomical and metabolic imaging information in this imaging modality provides access to a wealth of incidental findings which can have implications in the management of the patient, especially when surgical options are being considered. In this pictorial essay, we present incidentally detected mediastinal vascular anomalies on PET-CT, along with a review of associated literature.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):19-19
      PubDate: Tue,31 Mar 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.154353
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Acute Necrotizing Encephalopathy in an Adult

    • Authors: Ramakrishna Narra, Adinarayana Mandapalli, Suseel Kumar Kamaraju
      Pages: 20 - 20
      Abstract: Ramakrishna Narra, Adinarayana Mandapalli, Suseel Kumar Kamaraju

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):20-20

      Acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE) is a rapidly progressing neurologic disorder that occurs in children after common viral infections of the respiratory or gastrointestinal systems. This disease is commonly seen in East Asia. Normal healthy infants and children can get affected. The condition carries a poor prognosis with high morbidity and mortality rates. We report here a case of a 23-year-old female with ANE and describe its neuroimaging findings. Magnetic resonance imaging examination performed showed symmetric lesions involving the thalami, brainstem, and cerebellum.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):20-20
      PubDate: Thu,30 Apr 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.156117
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Hydronephrosis as an Unusual Cause of Acute Pancreatitis

    • Authors: Nata Pratama Hardjo Lugito, Edy Gunawan, Margaret Chandra, Andree Kurniawan
      Pages: 21 - 21
      Abstract: Nata Pratama Hardjo Lugito, Edy Gunawan, Margaret Chandra, Andree Kurniawan

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):21-21

      Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease of the pancreas. The most common cause of acute pancreatitis is gallstone impacting the distal common bile-pancreatic duct (38%) and alcoholism (36%). There have been a few reports in the literature of acute pancreatitis associated with an obstructed urinary system. This case describes a 38-year-old male with acute pancreatitis occurring in the setting of hydronephrosis. A magnetic resonance cholangiopancreaticography (MRCP) showed right-sided severe hydronephrosis pushing the duodenum and head of pancreas anteriorly, thus obliterating distal segment of the common bile duct. There were also multiple right renal stones causing ureteral obstruction and hydronephrosis. Right nephrostomy was performed to release bile duct obstruction. However, sepsis and disseminated intravascular coagulation developed as a complication of acute pancreatitis, and the patient passed away. Although gallstone and alcoholism are the most common causes of acute pancreatitis, other causes should always be considered. Physicians should be aware of right hydronephrosis as one of the possible causes of acute pancreatitis in their workup of patients.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):21-21
      PubDate: Thu,30 Apr 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.156123
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • A Case of Metastatic Rectal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Initially Diagnosed as
           Lung Cancer

    • Authors: Aung Zaw Win, Carina Mari Aparici
      Pages: 22 - 22
      Abstract: Aung Zaw Win, Carina Mari Aparici

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):22-22

      Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the rectum is extremely rare with a reported incidence of only 0.025-0.1% of all colorectal tumors. The patient was a 68-year-old man who presented with fatigue, dry cough, shortness of breath, and unintentional weight loss. A chest CT revealed a left suprahilar mass suspected to be lung cancer and an initial diagnosis of primary lung cancer was made. However, fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) exam revealed an intensely hypermetabolic rectal mass which turned out to be rectal squamous cell carcinoma. This is the first report that shows FDG-PET/CT images of rectal squamous cell carcinoma metastasis to the skin, muscle, bone, and lung. Use of PET/CT in the initial diagnosis of non-resectable rectal cancers may avoid unnecessary surgery.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):22-22
      PubDate: Thu,30 Apr 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.156125
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Synovial Hemangioma in the Knee: MRI Findings

    • Pages: 23 - 23
      Abstract: Harun Arslan, Necat Islamoglu, Zülküf Akdemir, Cihan Adanas

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):23-23

      Synovial hemangiomas are rare benign tumors of vascular origin. A 23-year-old boy presented with knee pain and swelling. The boy had developed symptoms 18-months earlier. He was diagnosed with synovial hemangioma based on magnetic resonnance imaging examination and histopathologic findings of the arthroscopic biopsy tissue. We present the magnetic resonance imaging and histopathologic findings of synovial hemangioma of the knee.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):23-23
      PubDate: Thu,30 Apr 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.156129
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Cross-sectional Imaging Features of Primary Retroperitoneal Tumors and
           Their Subsequent Treatment

    • Authors: Turker Acar, Mustafa Harman, Serkan Guneyli, Kazim Gemici, Duran Efe, Ibrahim Guler, Melda Yildiz
      Pages: 24 - 24
      Abstract: Turker Acar, Mustafa Harman, Serkan Guneyli, Kazim Gemici, Duran Efe, Ibrahim Guler, Melda Yildiz

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):24-24

      Basically malignant tumors in the retroperitoneal region arise from a heterogeneous group of tissues: mesodermal, neurogenic, germ cell, and lymphoid. Although rare, benign tumors and cystic masses can be also encountered in retroperitoneal space. Developments in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have contributed to both diagnosis and staging of the retroperitoneal tumors. High spatial resolution and superiority in calcification make CT indispensable; on the other hand, MRI has a better soft-tissue contrast resolution which is essential for the assessment of vascular invasion and tissue characterization. The aim of this article is to review the CT and MRI features of retroperitoneal tumors and their subsequent management.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):24-24
      PubDate: Thu,30 Apr 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.156135
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • A Rare Coronary Artery Anomaly: Origin of All Three Coronary Arteries from
           the Right Sinus of Valsalva

    • Authors: Lale Pasaoglu, Ugur Toprak, Emre Nalbant, Gokhan Yagiz
      Pages: 25 - 25
      Abstract: Lale Pasaoglu, Ugur Toprak, Emre Nalbant, Gokhan Yagiz

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):25-25

      Left anterior descending (LAD) artery and left circumflex (LCx) coronary artery originating separately from the right sinus of valsalva is exceptionally rare and very few cases have been reported in the literature. Congenital coronary artery anomalies are generally incidental, uncommon, and asymptomatic. Some can cause severe potentially life-threatening symptoms such as myocardial ischemia and sudden cardiac death. The aberrant vessels that pass between the aorta and the pulmonary trunk pose a risk of sudden cardiac death, particularly if the vessel supplies the left coronary artery network. The electrocardiographically gated multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) allows accurate and non-invasive depiction of coronary artery anomalies including origin, course, and termination. We report here a rare case of all three coronary arteries separately originating from the right coronary sinus, which was detected with MDCT.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):25-25
      PubDate: Thu,30 Apr 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.156137
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Myths about Publishing in an Open Access Journal

    • Authors: Vikram Dogra
      Pages: 26 - 26
      Abstract: Vikram Dogra

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):26-26


      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):26-26
      PubDate: Thu,30 Apr 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.156140
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Unusual benign tumors of the breast

    • Authors: Beatriz E Adrada, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Selin Carkaci, Flavia E Posleman-Monetto, Adesuwa Ewere, Gary J Whitman
      Pages: 27 - 27
      Abstract: Beatriz E Adrada, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Selin Carkaci, Flavia E Posleman-Monetto, Adesuwa Ewere, Gary J Whitman

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):27-27

      The purpose of this article is to describe the imaging characteristics of a variety of benign breast tumors that may be encountered in daily practice, in order to formulate an appropriate differential diagnosis and to establish concordance between the imaging and the pathologic findings, and to assist the clinician with appropriate management.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):27-27
      PubDate: Fri,22 May 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.157603
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Assessment of Ischemic Cardiomyopathy Using Cardiovascular Magnetic
           Resonance Imaging: A Pictorial Review

    • Authors: Cristina Ivette Olivas-Chacon, Carola Mullins, Agnieszka Solberg, Nassim Akle, Jesus E Calleros, Luis R Ramos-Duran
      Pages: 28 - 28
      Abstract: Cristina Ivette Olivas-Chacon, Carola Mullins, Agnieszka Solberg, Nassim Akle, Jesus E Calleros, Luis R Ramos-Duran

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):28-28

      Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. In the last two decades, cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) has emerged as the primary imaging tool in the detection and prognostic assessment of ischemic heart disease. In a single study, CMRI allows evaluation of not only myocardial wall perfusion, but also the presence, acuity, and extent of myocardial ischemia and infarction complications. Also, rest and stress perfusion imaging can accurately depict inducible ischemia secondary to significant coronary artery stenosis. We present a pictorial review of the assessment of ischemic cardiomyopathy with an emphasis on CMRI features.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):28-28
      PubDate: Fri,22 May 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.157604
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging Determination of Normal Pituitary Gland
           Dimensions in Zaria, Northwest Nigerian Population

    • Authors: Philip Oluleke Ibinaiye, Sefia Olarinoye-Akorede, Olugbenga Kajogbola, Adamu Girei Bakari
      Pages: 29 - 29
      Abstract: Philip Oluleke Ibinaiye, Sefia Olarinoye-Akorede, Olugbenga Kajogbola, Adamu Girei Bakari

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):29-29

      Objectives: To determine the dimensions of normal pituitary gland using T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI) and to determine their relationship with age and sex. Materials and Methods: Cranial MRI scans of 100 individuals with clinically normal pituitary function (58 males and 42 females) and in the age range 14-82 years were reviewed in order to obtain volumetric measurements of the pituitary gland. The height, width, and depth of the pituitary were obtained from mid-sagittal and coronal planes, while the volume was calculated from these measured parameters. The data obtained were stratified based on age and sex for analysis. Statistical tests applied included Student's t-test and Pearson correlation. A minimum level of statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: The mean pituitary volumes were 334.1 &#177; 145.8 mm 3 and 328.1 &#177; 129.2 mm 3 while the mean pituitary heights were 6.45 &#177; 1.7 mm and 6.46 &#177; 1.57 mm in males and females, respectively. Although there was no statistically significant difference between pituitary height and pituitary volume in both sexes, they correlated negatively with increasing age (r = &#8722;202, P = 0.04 and r = &#8722;410, P = 0.000, respectively). Both parameters were highest in pubertal subjects and declined steadily with age, with a second peak occurring only for pituitary height in the sixth decade. The mean pituitary widths (9.08 &#177; 2.59 mm and 9.21 &#177; 1.86 mm) and depths (10.59 &#177; 1.71 mm and 10.49 &#177; 1.57 mm) in males and females, respectively, did not show remarkable changes with age and sex in the individuals studied. Conclusion: With this study, we have provided reference values in Nigerian population for the dimensions of normal pituitary gland, in order to facilitate assessment and diagnosis in patients with abnormalities of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):29-29
      PubDate: Fri,29 May 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.157853
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Cerebral Blastomycosis: Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation of Solitary CNS
           Blastomycosis Mass-Like Infection

    • Authors: Costas Stavrakis, Ananth Narayan, Olga Voronel
      Pages: 30 - 30
      Abstract: Costas Stavrakis, Ananth Narayan, Olga Voronel

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):30-30

      Blastomycosis is a fungal infection rarely seen in clinical practice. Endemic to the Midwestern United States as well as the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Ontario, Blastomyces dermatitidis characteristically involves the skin and lungs. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement, although a rare complication of this disease, can be fatal. The current literature on CNS blastomycosis primarily centers on the spectrum of traditional imaging features of T1- and T2-weighted imaging with which this entity can present. However, here we present the direct histopathologic correlation of the imaging findings of solitary mass like CNS blastomycosis, with an emphasis on the association of diffusion restriction within the lesion with a granulomatous immune response.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):30-30
      PubDate: Fri,29 May 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.157854
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Vascular Access for Placement of Tunneled Dialysis Catheters for
           Hemodialysis: A Systematic Approach and Clinical Practice Algorithm

    • Authors: Keith Pereira, Adam Osiason, Jason Salsamendi, Keith Pereira, Adam Osiason, Jason Salsamendi
      Pages: 31 - 31
      Abstract: Keith Pereira, Adam Osiason, Jason Salsamendi, Keith Pereira, Adam Osiason, Jason Salsamendi

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):31-31

      The role of interventional radiology in the overall management of patients on dialysis continues to expand. In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the use of tunneled dialysis catheters (TDCs) for hemodialysis has become an integral component of treatment plans. Unfortunately, long-term use of TDCs often leads to infections, acute occlusions, and chronic venous stenosis, depletion of the patient's conventional access routes, and prevention of their recanalization. In such situations, the progressive loss of venous access sites prompts a systematic approach to alternative sites to maximize patient survival and minimize complications. In this review, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each vascular access option. We illustrate the procedures with case histories and images from our own experience at a highly active dialysis and transplant center. We rank each vascular access option and classify them into tiers based on their relative degrees of effectiveness. The conventional approaches are the most preferred, followed by alternative approaches and finally the salvage approaches. It is our intent to have this review serve as a concise and informative reference for physicians managing patients who need vascular access for hemodialysis.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):31-31
      PubDate: Fri,29 May 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.157858
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • The Global Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Epidemic: What a Radiologist
           Needs to Know

    • Authors: Keith Pereira, Jason Salsamendi, Javier Casillas, Keith Pereira, Jason Salsamendi, Javier Casillas
      Pages: 32 - 32
      Abstract: Keith Pereira, Jason Salsamendi, Javier Casillas, Keith Pereira, Jason Salsamendi, Javier Casillas

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):32-32

      Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum of disorders from a benign steatosis to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Metabolic syndrome, mainly obesity, plays an important role, both as an independent risk factor and in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. With the progressive epidemics of obesity and diabetes mellitus, the prevalence of NAFLD and its associated complications is expected to increase dramatically. Therapeutic strategies for treating NAFLD and metabolic syndrome, particularly obesity, are continuously being refined. Their goal is the prevention of NAFLD by the management of risk factors, prevention of progression of the disease, as well as management of complications, ultimately preventing morbidity and mortality. Optimal management of NAFLD and metabolic syndrome requires a multidisciplinary collaboration between the government as well as the health system including the nutritionist, primary care physician, radiologist, hepatologist, oncologist, and transplant surgeon. An awareness of the clinical presentation, risk factors, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management is of paramount importance to a radiologist, both from the clinical perspective as well as from the imaging standpoint. With expertise in imaging modalities as well as minimally invasive percutaneous endovascular therapies, radiologists play an essential role in the comprehensive management, which is highlighted in this article, with cases from our practice. We also briefly discuss transarterial embolization of the left gastric artery (LGA), a novel method that promises to have an enormous potential in the minimally invasive management of obesity, with details of a case from our practice.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):32-32
      PubDate: Fri,29 May 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.157860
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Obstructive Uropathy Secondary to Uretero-inguinal Hernia

    • Authors: Lih En Hong, Chrismin Tan, Jordan Li
      Pages: 33 - 33
      Abstract: Lih En Hong, Chrismin Tan, Jordan Li

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):33-33

      Uretero-inguinal hernia in patients with native kidneys is rare. We report a case of an 84-year-old man who was diagnosed with obstructive uropathy secondary to uretero-inguinal hernia, with no past history of herniorrhaphy or congenital genitourinary malformation. Uretero-inguinal hernias are predominantly indirect inguinal hernias and may be paraperitoneal or extraperitoneal. Computed tomography (CT) is a non-invasive diagnostic tool for uretero-inguinal hernia. Herniorrhaphy is indicated in all cases of uretero-inguinal hernia to prevent obstructive uropathy.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):33-33
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jun 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.159448
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Infantile Fibromatosis: A Rare Cause of Anterior Mediastinal Mass in a
           Child

    • Authors: Venkatraman Bhat, Praveen Raju, Sanjay Rao, Srinivas Ramaiah
      Pages: 34 - 34
      Abstract: Venkatraman Bhat, Praveen Raju, Sanjay Rao, Srinivas Ramaiah

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):34-34

      Fibromatosis also known as desmoid tumor is an uncommon cause of a mediastinal mass in patients of all ages. Imaging appearance of fibromatosis is generally nonspecific and demands special attention to subtle details to be correctly identified as a possibility. Management of the patient is often complicated by failure to obtain precise pre-operative diagnosis. Location of a mass in the anterior mediastinum with encasement of vital structures is not favourable for complete cure. Although histologically benign, biological behaviour of the lesion varies between benign fibrous proliferation and low-grade fibrosarcoma. We present imaging appearances, surgical management dilemma, and the histopathological details of a case of fibromatosis in the anterior mediastinum in a child.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):34-34
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jun 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.159452
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Carcinoma en Cuirasse from Recurrent Breast Cancer seen on FDG-PET/CT

    • Authors: Aung Zaw Win, Carina Mari Aparici
      Pages: 35 - 35
      Abstract: Aung Zaw Win, Carina Mari Aparici

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):35-35

      Our patient was a 36-year-old female diagnosed with Grade II ER+/PR&#8722;/Her-2 &#8722; ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in the left breast. She underwent left lumpectomy and received treatment with tamoxifen and radiotherapy. Three years later, she presented with multiple diffused skin nodules on the chest and upper left arm. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) exam showed widespread metastasis in the chest, upper left arm, left axillary lymph nodes, and left suprascapular muscle. FDG-PET/CT imaging of breast carcinoma en cuirasse is very rare. FDG-PET/CT is useful in detecting recurrent breast cancer.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):35-35
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jun 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.159456
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Testicular Ischemia Due to a Band Around the Spermatic Cord

    • Authors: Suheil Artul, Basel Fahoum, William Nseir, George Habib
      Pages: 36 - 36
      Abstract: Suheil Artul, Basel Fahoum, William Nseir, George Habib

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):36-36

      We present a case of an 18-year-old boy who was admitted to our hospital with a 2-day history of pain in the right scrotum. Ultrasound examination showed signs of ischemia, with dampened testicular arterial flow and bell-clapper deformity. Surgery revealed a constricting fibrous band around the distal spermatic cord resembling the bell-clapper deformity.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):36-36
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jun 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.157856
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Non-ischemic Cardiomyopathies: A Pictorial
           Essay

    • Authors: Cristina I Olivas-Chacon, Carola Mullins, Kevan Stewart, Nassim Akle, Jesus E Calleros, Luis R Ramos-Duran
      Pages: 37 - 37
      Abstract: Cristina I Olivas-Chacon, Carola Mullins, Kevan Stewart, Nassim Akle, Jesus E Calleros, Luis R Ramos-Duran

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):37-37

      Non-ischemic cardiomyopathies are defined as either primary or secondary diseases of the myocardium resulting in cardiac dysfunction. While primary cardiomyopathies are confined to the heart and can be genetic or acquired, secondary cardiomyopathies show involvement of the heart as a manifestation of an underlying systemic disease including metabolic, inflammatory, granulomatous, infectious, or autoimmune entities. Non-ischemic cardiomyopathies are currently classified as hypertrophic, dilated, restrictive, or unclassifiable, including left ventricular non-compaction. Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CMRI) not only has the capability to assess cardiac morphology and function, but also the ability to detect edema, hemorrhage, fibrosis, and intramyocardial deposits, providing a valuable imaging tool in the characterization of non-ischemic cardiomyopathies. This pictorial essay shows some of the most important non-ischemic cardiomyopathies with an emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging features.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):37-37
      PubDate: Tue,30 Jun 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.159564
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • The Dens: Normal Development, Developmental Variants and Anomalies, and
           Traumatic Injuries

    • Pages: 38 - 38
      Abstract: William T O'Brien, Peter Shen, Paul Lee

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):38-38

      Accurate interpretation of cervical spine imagining can be challenging, especially in children and the elderly. The biomechanics of the developing pediatric spine and age-related degenerative changes predispose these patient populations to injuries centered at the craniocervical junction. In addition, congenital anomalies are common in this region, especially those associated with the axis/dens, due to its complexity in terms of development compared to other vertebral levels. The most common congenital variations of the dens include the os odontoideum and a persistent ossiculum terminale. At times, it is necessary to distinguish normal development, developmental variants, and developmental anomalies from traumatic injuries in the setting of acute traumatic injury. Key imaging features are useful to differentiate between traumatic fractures and normal or variant anatomy acutely; however, the radiologist must first have a basic understanding of the spectrum of normal developmental anatomy and its anatomic variations in order to make an accurate assessment. This review article attempts to provide the basic framework required for accurate interpretation of cervical spine imaging with a focus on the dens, specifically covering the normal development and ossification of the dens, common congenital variants and their various imaging appearances, fracture classifications, imaging appearances, and treatment options.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):38-38
      PubDate: Tue,30 Jun 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.159565
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Novel Method to Improve Radiologist Agreement in Interpretation of Serial
           Chest Radiographs in the ICU

    • Authors: Denise A Castro, Asad A Naqvi, David Manson, Michael P Flavin, Elizabeth VanDenKerkhof, Donald Soboleski
      Pages: 39 - 39
      Abstract: Denise A Castro, Asad A Naqvi, David Manson, Michael P Flavin, Elizabeth VanDenKerkhof, Donald Soboleski

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):39-39

      Objectives: To determine whether a novel method and device, called a variable attenuation plate (VAP), which equalizes chest radiographic appearance and allows for synchronization of manual image windowing with comparison studies, would improve consistency in interpretation. Materials and Methods: Research ethics board approved the prospective cohort pilot study, which included 50 patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) undergoing two serial chest radiographs with a VAP placed on each one of them. The VAP allowed for equalization of density and contrast between the patients' serial chest radiographs. Three radiologists interpreted all the studies with and without the use of VAP. Kappa and percent agreement was used to calculate agreement between radiologists' interpretations with and without the plate. Results: Radiologist agreement was substantially higher with the VAP method, as compared to that with the non-VAP method. Kappa values between Radiologists A and B, A and C, and B and C were 46%, 55%, and 51%, respectively, which improved to 73%, 81%, and 66%, respectively, with the use of VAP. Discrepant report impressions (i.e., one radiologist's impression of unchanged versus one or both of the other radiologists stating improved or worsened in their impression) ranged from 24 to 28.6% without the use of VAP and from 10 to 16% with the use of VAP (&#967;2 = 7.454, P < 0.01). Opposing views (i.e., one radiologist's impression of improved and one of the others stating disease progression or vice versa) were reported in 7 (12%) cases in the non-VAP group and 4 (7%) cases in the VAP group (&#967;2 = 0.85, P = 0.54). Conclusion: Numerous factors play a role in image acquisition and image quality, which can contribute to poor consistency and reliability of portable chest radiographic interpretations. Radiologists' agreement of image interpretation can be improved by use of a novel method consisting of a VAP and associated software and has the potential to improve patient care.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):39-39
      PubDate: Fri,31 Jul 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.161848
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Corticosteroid Responsive Sarcoidosis with Multisystemic Involvement Years
           after Initial Diagnosis: A Lymphoma Mimicker on 18-FDG PET/CT

    • Authors: Turker Acar, Recep Savas, Kenan Kocacelebi, Eyup Sabri Ucan
      Pages: 40 - 40
      Abstract: Turker Acar, Recep Savas, Kenan Kocacelebi, Eyup Sabri Ucan

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):40-40

      Sarcoidosis is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disease characterized by noncaseating epithelioid cell granulomas. 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography/computer tomography (FDG-PET/CT) is increasingly used in routine clinical practice to assess active sarcoidosis because it can detect active inflammatory granulomatous disease. However, active sarcoidosis lesions are observed to be hypermetabolic on FDG-PET/CT much like malignancies, which may lead to misinterpretation on imaging. In this case report, we present a rare case of sarcoidosis with multisystem involvement including lung, lymph nodes, bone, pleura, and soft tissue that mimicked lymphoma on FDG-PET/CT and responded to corticosteroid treatment.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):40-40
      PubDate: Fri,31 Jul 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.161850
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Pilomyxoid Astrocytoma Occurring in the Third Ventricle

    • Authors: Sanghyeon Kim, Myongjin Kang, Sunseob Choi, Dae Cheol Kim
      Pages: 41 - 41
      Abstract: Sanghyeon Kim, Myongjin Kang, Sunseob Choi, Dae Cheol Kim

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):41-41

      Pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA) is a rare central nervous system tumor that has been included in the 2007 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System. Due to its more aggressive behavior, PMA is classified as Grade II neoplasm by the World Health Organization. PMA predominantly affects the hypothalamic/chiasmatic region and occurs in children (mean age of occurrence = 10 months). We report a case of a 24-year-old man who presented with headache, nausea, and vomiting. Brain CT and MRI revealed a mass occupying only the third ventricle. We performed partial resection. Histological findings, including monophasic growth with a myxoid background, and absence of Rosenthal fibers or eosinophilic granular bodies, as well as the strong positivity for glial fibrillary acidic protein were consistent with PMA.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):41-41
      PubDate: Fri,31 Jul 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.161853
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Sonographic Hair-on-end Sign in Osteosarcoma

    • Authors: Norman Loberant
      Pages: 42 - 42
      Abstract: Norman Loberant

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):42-42

      This report is a case of osteosarcoma in a young female whose initial examination was sonography. This examination demonstrated a femoral tumor and included a unique finding corresponding to the radiographic hair-on-end sign of malignant new bone formation.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):42-42
      PubDate: Fri,31 Jul 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.161858
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Back to Basics - 'Must Know' Classical Signs in Thoracic
           Radiology

    • Authors: Athiyappan Kumaresh, Mitesh Kumar, Bhawna Dev, Rajani Gorantla, PM Venkata Sai, Vijayalakshmi Thanasekaraan
      Pages: 43 - 43
      Abstract: Athiyappan Kumaresh, Mitesh Kumar, Bhawna Dev, Rajani Gorantla, PM Venkata Sai, Vijayalakshmi Thanasekaraan

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):43-43

      There are a few signs in radiology which are based on many common objects or patterns that we come across in our routine lives. The objective behind the association between such common objects and the corresponding pathologies is to make the reader understand and remember the disease process. These signs do not necessarily indicate a particular disease, but are usually suggestive of a group of similar pathologies which will facilitate in the narrowing down of the differential diagnosis. These signs can be seen in different imaging modalities like plain radiograph and computed tomography. In this essay, we describe 24 classical radiological signs used in chest imaging, which would be extremely helpful in routine clinical practice not only for radiologists but also for chest physicians and cardiothoracic surgeons.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):43-43
      PubDate: Fri,31 Jul 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.161977
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Pulmonary Tumor Thrombotic Microangiopathy: Clinical, Radiologic, and
           Histologic Correlation

    • Authors: Rohit Godbole, Abhijeet Ghatol, Jamie Betancourt, John Sacoolidge, Nader Kamangar
      Pages: 44 - 44
      Abstract: Rohit Godbole, Abhijeet Ghatol, Jamie Betancourt, John Sacoolidge, Nader Kamangar

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):44-44

      Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is a clinicopathologic disease entity in which the tumor cells embolize to the pulmonary vasculature leading to a series of maladaptive reactions including the activation of coagulation and fibrocellular intimal thickening. The resultant stenosis of blood vessels leads to pulmonary hypertension and eventual death from cor pulmonale. In this report, we present a case of PTTM presenting as the initial manifestation of metastatic gastric carcinoma in a young man. Although unusual in its occurrence as the initial manifestation of gastric carcinoma, the case is illustrative in its clinical, radiological and histological presentation.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):44-44
      PubDate: Fri,31 Jul 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.161978
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • A Case of Secondary Angiosarcoma of the Breast after Breast-conserving
           Surgery and Radiation: Review of Radiologic and Pathologic Findings

    • Authors: Christine N Eppelheimer, Jennifer L Marti, Amanda Eisenberg, Qiong Gan, Rena Shabalova, Jean-Marc Cohen, Tamara Fulop
      Pages: 45 - 45
      Abstract: Christine N Eppelheimer, Jennifer L Marti, Amanda Eisenberg, Qiong Gan, Rena Shabalova, Jean-Marc Cohen, Tamara Fulop

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):45-45

      Angiosarcoma of the breast is a rare and potentially life-threatening disease. It can present as a palpable mass or subtle erythematous lesion, depending on the predisposing clinical factors. Erythematous skin lesions may be confused for a benign process, which may lead to a delay in diagnosis. We present a case of an 80-year-old woman who developed secondary angiosarcoma after undergoing breast-conserving therapy for Stage IA breast cancer. In this article, we review our experience with a case of secondary angiosarcoma of the breast and discuss the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of this disease. This case demonstrates the importance of vigilance regarding erythematous or papular breast lesions in the setting of prior local radiation.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):45-45
      PubDate: Mon,31 Aug 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.163989
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Intrapetrous Anastomosis between the Internal Jugular Vein and the
           

    • Pages: 46 - 46
      Abstract: Ilson Sepúlveda, Thomas Schmidt, Enrique Platín

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):46-46

      This is a case report of a 62-year-old male who presented to the Ear, Nose, and Throat clinic for a follow-up exam for hearing loss stemming from a fall from a horse in his infancy. A Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) examination revealed an intrapetrous communication between the internal jugular vein bulb and the superior petrosal sinus. Three-dimensional bone and soft tissues volume renderings were generated to demonstrate this incidental anatomical variant.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):46-46
      PubDate: Mon,31 Aug 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.163990
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Malignant Transformation of Hepatic Adenoma in Glycogen Storage Disease
           Type-1a: Report of an Exceptional Case Diagnosed on Surveillance Imaging

    • Pages: 47 - 47
      Abstract: Akshay D Baheti, Matthew M Yeh, Ryan O'Malley, Neeraj Lalwani

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):47-47

      Hepatocellular adenoma is a heterogeneous group of benign neoplasms arising from hepatocellular cells and can be subclassified into four major groups based on genotypic and phenotypic characteristics. These four subtypes are hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) 1&#945;-inactivated, &#946;-catenin-activated, inflammatory, and unclassified adenomas. Immunohistochemistry studies have demonstrated that since &#946;-catenin-activated adenomas have a higher risk of malignant transformation, the identification of the subtype of adenoma remains crucial in patient management. However, malignant transformation of hepatic adenoma without &#946;-catenin overexpression can be seen in 30-65% cases. We report a case of malignant transformation of hepatic adenoma without overexpression of &#946;-catenin in a 31-year-old man with a known glycogen storage disease (GSD) Type-1a, which was diagnosed on surveillance magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The MRI showed a mild interval increase in one lesion with relative stability of the other adenomas. The lesion was presumed to be suspicious for a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and was confirmed on pathology.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):47-47
      PubDate: Mon,31 Aug 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.163991
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Identification of Cardiac and Aortic Injuries in Trauma with
           Multi-detector Computed Tomography

    • Authors: Arvind K Shergill, Tishan Maraj, Mark S Barszczyk, Helen Cheung, Navneet Singh, Anna E Zavodni
      Pages: 48 - 48
      Abstract: Arvind K Shergill, Tishan Maraj, Mark S Barszczyk, Helen Cheung, Navneet Singh, Anna E Zavodni

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):48-48

      Blunt and penetrating cardiovascular (CV) injuries are associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Rapid detection of these injuries in trauma is critical for patient survival. The advent of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) has led to increased detection of CV injuries during rapid comprehensive scanning of stabilized major trauma patients. MDCT has the ability to acquire images with a higher temporal and spatial resolution, as well as the capability to create multiplanar reformats. This pictorial review illustrates several common and life-threatening traumatic CV injuries from a regional trauma center.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):48-48
      PubDate: Mon,31 Aug 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.163992
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Multiple Mycotic Aneurysms of the Abdominal Aorta Illustrated on MDCT
           Scanner

    • Authors: Amit Nandan Dhar Dwivedi, Ananthakrishnan Srinivasan, Shivi Jain
      Pages: 49 - 49
      Abstract: Amit Nandan Dhar Dwivedi, Ananthakrishnan Srinivasan, Shivi Jain

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):49-49

      Infective mycotic aneurysm of the aorta is a rare and life-threatening disease. A patient presenting with constitutional symptoms and pulsatile abdominal mass should raise a suspicion of mycotic aneurysm. Early detection of aortic mycotic lesions in such patients should play a key role in the treatment of aortic aneurysms. Multiple mycotic aneurysms of abdominal aorta in a young male are a rare manifestation of the disease. Multidetector computerized tomography (CT) is an essential tool in identifying the etiology, pathogenesis, protean manifestations of systemic tuberculosis, and ultimately deciding the course of treatment.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):49-49
      PubDate: Mon,31 Aug 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.163993
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation: Metastatic Pulmonary Epithelioid
           Hemangioendothelioma of Bone Primary

    • Authors: Christine U Lee, Riyam T Zreik, Jennifer M Boland, Mariah L White
      Pages: 50 - 50
      Abstract: Christine U Lee, Riyam T Zreik, Jennifer M Boland, Mariah L White

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):50-50

      Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular malignancy often characterized by a clinically indolent course and delayed diagnosis. The authors present the radiologic and pathologic features of a case of pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma which was initially thought to be calcified granulomas.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2015 5(1):50-50
      PubDate: Mon,31 Aug 2015
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.163994
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Sonography in the Diagnosis and Assessment of Dengue Fever

    • Authors: VR Santhosh, Prashanth G Patil, MG Srinath, Ashok Kumar, Aditi Jain, M Archana
      Pages: 14 - 14
      Abstract: VR Santhosh, Prashanth G Patil, MG Srinath, Ashok Kumar, Aditi Jain, M Archana

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2014 4(1):14-14

      Objective: The objective of the following study is to determine the use of ultrasound as an important adjunct to clinical and laboratory profile in diagnosing dengue fever and in predicting the severity of the disease by correlating imaging features with platelet count. The variation in sonographic features seen in patients from different age groups was also studied. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study. 96 patients who were serologically diagnosed as having dengue fever between April and August 2012 were referred for ultrasound scanning of the abdomen and thorax and the imaging findings were analyzed. Results: Out of 96 sero-positive dengue cases, 64 (66.7%) patients showed edematous gallbladder (GB) wall thickening, 62 (64.5%) patients showed ascites, 48 (50%) patients had pleural effusion, 17 (17.7%) patients had hepatomegaly, 16 (16.7%) patients had splenomegaly and in 17 (17.7%) patients ultrasound findings were normal. Edematous GB wall thickening, ascites and pleural effusion were the most common combination of findings in all age groups. Edematous GB wall thickening was seen in 97.8% of patients with platelet count of less than 40,000 along with ascites (86.9%) and pleural effusion (58.6%). In patients with platelet count between 40,000 and 80,000 ascites was more common than edematous GB wall thickening. Significantly no abnormal sonographic finding was detected in patient with platelet count more than 150,000. Conclusion: Sonographic features of thickened GB wall, pleural effusion (bilateral or right side), ascites, hepatomegaly and splenomegaly should strongly favor the diagnosis of dengue fever in patients presenting with fever and associated symptoms, particularly during an epidemic. The degree of thrombocytopenia showed a significant direct relationship to abnormal ultrasound features.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2014 4(1):14-14
      PubDate: Mon,1 Jan 1900
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.129260
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (1900)
       
  • A Rare Case of Oropharyngeal Teratoma Diagnosed Antenatally with MRI

    • Authors: Murali Mohan Manchali, Chandrahasa Sharabu, Meher Latha, Leela Kumar
      Pages: 15 - 15
      Abstract: Murali Mohan Manchali, Chandrahasa Sharabu, Meher Latha, Leela Kumar

      Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2014 4(1):15-15

      Oropharyngeal teratomas are extremely rare congenital tumors and have an incidence rate of one in 35,000-200,000 newborn babies/neonates. Oropharyngeal teratomas may cause life threatening airway obstruction to a newborn. Early diagnosis with ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is essential to plan management. Here, we present a rare case of oropharyngeal true teratoma diagnosed with MRI antenatally in a fetus at 34 weeks of gestation in a 25-year-old female who was being evaluated for polyhydraminos. We found MRI to be more helpful for antenatal diagnosis, counseling, and management than ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT).
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2014 4(1):15-15
      PubDate: Mon,1 Jan 1900
      DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.129261
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (1900)
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2015