Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8667 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (218 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 103)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 264)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)

        1 2 | Last

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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.136
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1677-5449
Published by SciELO Homepage  [911 journals]
  • Ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy for chronic venous disease with
           ulcer. A prospective multiple outcome cohort study

    • Abstract: Abstract Background Chronic Venous Disease (CVD) is the main cause of chronic leg ulcers. Varicose veins are the most frequent cause of venous leg ulcers (VLU). 50.9% of Brazilian women have varicose veins and ulcer prevalence is as high as 4%. Ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) is a low-cost treatment option for varicose veins. Objectives To analyze UGFS outcomes in patients with VLU. Methods Prospective consecutive single center cohort study. Patients with great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux and VLU were treated and followed-up for 180 days. The following were studied: quality of life (QoL), disease severity, healing, and elimination of GSV reflux. The Aberdeen questionnaire, a venous clinical severity score, and Duplex scanning (DS) results were analyzed. Results 22 patients aged 35 to 70 years were treated. There was improvement in quality of life, disease severity reduced, and ulcer diameter reduced (p < 0.001; ANOVA). 77.27% of VLU healed completely (95%CI: 59.76-94.78%). The dimensions of 20/22 VLU reduced (90.91%; 95%CI: 78.9-100%). GSV reflux was eliminated in 63.64% (95%CI: 43.54-83.74%). Men had greater QoL benefit and women had more complications. There were no severe complications. The VLU that had healed completely at the end of the study were smaller at baseline than those that did not completely heal. The GSV that were completely occluded at the end of the study were smaller at baseline than those that were not completely occluded (p < 0.05; Mann-Whitney). Conclusion The results suggest that most patients benefited from UGFS.Resumo Contexto A doença venosa crônica (DVC) é a principal causa de úlceras crônicas em membros inferiores. As varizes dos membros inferiores são a causa mais frequente de úlcera venosa (UV). No Brasil, 50,9% das mulheres têm varizes e a prevalência da úlcera chega a 4%. A escleroterapia ecoguiada com espuma (EEE) é uma alternativa de baixo custo para tratamento de varizes de membros inferiores. Objetivos Analisar evolução de portadores de UV tratados com EEE. Métodos Coorte prospectiva e consecutiva em um único serviço. Portadores de UV com veia safena magna (VSM) insuficiente foram acompanhados por 180 dias após EEE. Foram estudadas: qualidade de vida, gravidade da doença, cicatrização e eliminação do refluxo. Foram utilizados questionário Aberdeen, escore clínico venoso e ultrassom Doppler. Resultados Foram tratados 22 pacientes com idade entre 35 a 70 anos. Houve melhora na qualidade de vida, redução da gravidade da doença, e redução dos diâmetros das úlceras (p < 0.001; ANOVA). Houve redução das dimensões em 90,91% das úlceras [intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%) 78,9-100%], e cicatrização completa em 77,27% (IC95% 59,76-94,78%). O refluxo foi eliminado em 63,64% (IC95% 43,54-83,74%) das VSM. Homens tiveram maior benefício em qualidade de vida, e mulheres apresentaram mais complicações. Não houve complicações graves. As UV completamente cicatrizadas e as VSM que apresentaram oclusão completa apresentavam dimensões inicialmente menores quando comparadas às das UV não completamente cicatrizadas e das VSM não completamente ocluídas (p < 0,05; Mann-Whitney). Conclusões Os resultados sugerem que EEE foi benéfica para a maioria dos pacientes.
       
  • Acute aortic wall injury caused by aortic cross-clamping: morphological
           and biomechanical study of the aorta in a swine model of three aortic
           surgery approaches

    • Abstract: Resumo Contexto O clampeamento aórtico e a oclusão da aorta com balão poderiam levar a lesões na parede aórtica. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar as alterações da parede aórtica relacionadas ao método de interrupção de fluxo (cample ou balão) em diferentes técnicas disponíveis para cirurgia de aorta. Métodos Os experimentos foram realizados em 40 porcos fêmeas pesando de 25-30 kg, alocados para quatro grupos: S (n = 10), nenhuma intervenção (sham); C (n = 10), laparotomia mediana transperitoneal para acesso à aorta abdominal infrarrenal com tempo de clampeamento de 60 minutos; L (n = 10), cirurgia laparoscópica da aorta abdominal infrarrenal com tempo de clampeamento de 60 minutos; EV (n = 10), controle aórtico proximal com inserção de cateter-balão para oclusão aórtica por acesso femoral, inflado a fim de promover oclusão aórtica contínua por 60 minutos. Após a eutanásia, as aortas foram removidas e seccionadas para obtenção de espécimes histológicos destinados a análises morfométricas e por microscopia de luz. Os fragmentos longitudinais restantes foram estirados até a ruptura, e determinaram-se padrões mecânicos. Resultados Observou-se redução do limite de proporcionalidade da aorta abdominal, diminuição da rigidez e da carga de ruptura nos grupos submetidos a campleamento aórtico (C e L) em comparação ao grupo EV. Conclusões O campleamento aórtico durante cirurgia aberta ou laparoscópica pode afetar as propriedades mecânicas da aorta, ocasionando redução de resistência da parede aórtica sem desencadear alterações na estrutura histológica da parede aórtica.Abstract Background Aortic cross-clamping and balloon occlusion of the aorta could lead to damage to the aorta wall. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate changes to the aorta wall related to the method used to interrupt flow (clamping or balloon) in the different techniques available for aortic surgery. Methods Experiments were performed on 40 female pigs, weighing 25-30kg, which were randomly allocated to 4 study groups: S (n=10), no intervention (sham group); C (n=10), midline transperitoneal laparotomy for infrarenal abdominal aortic access with 60 min of cross-clamping; L (n=10), laparoscopic infrarenal abdominal aortic surgery with 60 min of cross-clamping; EV (n=10), remote proximal aortic control with transfemoral arterial insertion of aortic occlusion balloon catheter, inflated to provide continued aortic occlusion for 60min. After euthanasia, the aortas were removed and cross-sectioned to obtain histological specimens for light microscopic and morphometric analyses. The remaining longitudinal segments were stretched to rupture and mechanical parameters were determined. Results We observed a reduction in the yield point of the abdominal aorta, decrease in stiffness and in failure load in the aortic cross-clamping groups (C and L) compared with the EV group. Conclusions Aortic cross-clamping during open or laparoscopic surgery can affect the mechanical properties of the aorta leading to decrease in resistance of the aorta wall, without structural changes in aorta wall histology.
       
  • Endovascular treatment of portal hypertension and recurrent digestive
           hemorrhage secondary to arterioportal fistula syndrome: late complication
           of penetrating abdominal trauma

    • Abstract: Resumo A síndrome da fístula artério-portal (FAP) é uma rara e reversível causa de hipertensão portal pré-sinusoidal, ocasionada pela comunicação de uma artéria visceral com o sistema venoso portal. A maioria dos pacientes é assintomática, mas quando desenvolvem sintomas, estes são mais relacionados com sangramento gastrointestinal, ascite, insuficiência cardíaca congestiva e diarreia. Este desafio terapêutico apresenta um caso de FAP decorrente de ferimento antigo por arma branca e subsequente evolução clínica desfavorável, com grave desnutrição e frequentes hemorragias digestivas. O caso foi solucionado através de oclusão da FAP por meio de tratamento endovascular.Abstract The arterioportal fistula (APF) syndrome is a rare and reversible cause of pre-sinusoidal portal hypertension, caused by communication between a visceral artery and the portal venous system. Most patients are asymptomatic, but when they do develop symptoms, these are mainly related to gastrointestinal bleeding, ascites, congestive heart failure, and diarrhea. This therapeutic challenge presents a case of APF caused by a 20-year-old stabbing injury with unfavorable late clinical evolution, including significant malnutrition and severe digestive hemorrhages. The patient was treated using an endovascular procedure to occlude of the fistula.
       
  • Total reversal of internal carotid blood flow in a patient with severe
           stenosis of the brachiocephalic trunk

    • Abstract: RESUMO As estenoses graves e oclusões do tronco braquiocefálico (artéria inominada) são raras, e apresentam uma grande variedade de manifestações clínicas, com alterações relacionadas a isquemia cerebral hemisférica, vertebrobasilar e de membro superior direito. A causa mais comum é a aterosclerose. A ultrassonografia vascular com Doppler pode revelar inversão de fluxo na artéria vertebral direita, hipofluxo na subclávia, e vários tipos de alterações no fluxo da carótida direita, incluindo hipofluxo, inversão parcial do fluxo durante o ciclo cardíaco, e até mesmo inversão completa do fluxo na carótida interna, achado este bastante raro. Os autores descrevem o caso de paciente do sexo feminino, tabagista, com estenose grave do tronco braquiocefálico e crises de lipotimia. Além do roubo de artéria subclávia e do fluxo parcialmente invertido na carótida comum direita, a paciente apresentava exuberante fluxo invertido na carótida interna durante todo o ciclo cardíaco, achado este não encontrado na literatura em tamanha magnitude.ABSTRACT Occlusions and severe stenoses of the innominate artery (brachiocephalic trunk) are rare and present with a wide variety of clinical manifestations, with hemispheric, vertebrobasilar and right upper limb ischemic symptoms. The most common cause is atherosclerosis. Duplex scanning may show right vertebral artery flow reversal, diminished subclavian flow, and several patterns of right carotid flow disturbance, including slow flow, partial flow reversal during the cardiac cycle and even complete reversal of flow in the internal carotid artery, which is a very uncommon finding. Herein, the authors describe the case of a female patient who was a heavy smoker, had severe stenosis of the brachiocephalic trunk, and had episodes of collapse. Besides the subclavian steal and partial flow reversal in the common carotid artery, duplex scanning also showed high-velocity reversed flow in the internal carotid artery during the entire cardiac cycle, a finding that is not reported in the literature at this magnitude.
       
  • Recurrent arterial thrombosis in a patient with Fabry disease: case report

    • Abstract: Resumo A doença de Fabry é definida como uma doença rara de depósito lisossomal ligada ao cromossomo X que apresenta sintomas multissistêmicos, incluindo comprometimento vascular com eventos trombóticos. Paciente do sexo feminino, 57 anos, com diagnóstico de doença de Fabry há 11 anos, apresentava hiperidrose, hipoacusia e angioqueratoma nas mãos. Na história patológica pregressa, relatou episódio de acidente vascular encefálico isquêmico prévio aos 40 anos de idade e trombose arterial crônica agudizada em membro inferior direito há 1 ano, a qual foi tratada por meio de angioplastia com uso de stent, apresentando melhora temporária e recente recidiva do quadro. Os eventos trombóticos se enquadram nos sintomas típicos da doença de Fabry, e são resultantes do depósito de globotriaosilceramida no endotélio vascular, implicando em um estado pró-trombótico, justificando a reincidência dos sintomas e da trombose arterial em membro inferior.Abstract Fabry disease is a rare disease, defined as an X-linked lysosomal deposition disease that presents with multisystemic symptoms, including vascular impairment with thrombotic events. A 57-year-old female patient diagnosed with Fabry disease 11 years previously, presented with hyperhidrosis, hypoacusis, and angiokeratoma on the hands. Her previous pathological history included an episode of ischemic stroke before the age of 40 years and chronic acute thrombosis in the right lower limb, 1 year previously, which had been treated with stent angioplasty, with temporary improvement followed by recent relapse of the condition. Thrombotic events fit the typical symptoms of Fabry disease and are caused by deposition of globotriaosylceramide in the vascular endothelium, constituting a prothrombotic state and explaining the recurrence of symptoms and arterial thrombosis in the lower limb.
       
  • Evaluation of the brain hemodynamic response by means of near-infrared
           spectroscopy (NIRS) monitoring in patients with atherosclerotic carotid
           disease undergoing endarterectomy

    • Abstract: Resumo Contexto A espectroscopia próxima ao infravermelho (NIRS) é uma técnica não invasiva que detecta as alterações hemodinâmicas teciduais. A NIRS pode monitorar de forma contínua as informações fisiológicas vasculares intracranianas. Por ser portátil, ela pode ser utilizada à beira do leito e no centro cirúrgico. Objetivos Avaliar as possíveis alterações hemodinâmicas cerebrais durante a endarterectomia em pacientes com estenoses maiores que 70% utilizando NIRS. Métodos Foram avaliados 10 voluntários portadores de doença carotídea aterosclerótica com indicação de endarterectomia. Após a seleção dos pacientes, que responderam um questionário com dados epidemiológicos e informações referentes à presença de comorbidades, a doença foi confirmada por métodos diagnósticos. No procedimento cirúrgico, utilizou-se a NIRS para monitorização. Foram avaliadas as variáveis saturação de oxigênio (SatO2), hemoglobina total (HbT), hemoglobina reduzida (HbR) e hemoglobina oxigenada (HbO) nos três tempos cirúrgicos pré-, trans e pós-clampeamento carotídeo. Utilizou-se p < 0,05 como nível de significância. Resultados A avaliação dos resultados obtidos por meio das medidas registradas pela NIRS permite afirmar que HbR e SatO2 variam ao longo das etapas da cirurgia. Durante o clampeamento, a variável HbR mostra valores mais elevados que nas outras duas etapas da cirurgia. Por outro lado, a variável SatO2 mostra redução durante o clampeamento. Conclusões A NIRS é um método viável e aplicável de monitorização intracerebral, não invasivo e em tempo real, durante a endarterectomia carotídea, capaz de medir de forma precisa as mudanças das condições hemodinâmicas capilares intracerebrais.Abstract Backgrounds Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is non-invasive technique that detects hemodynamic alterations in tissues. It enables continuous monitoring of intracerebral vascular physiologic information. Due to its portable nature, NIRS may be used bedside or in the operating room. Objectives To evaluate use of NIRS for intraoperative monitoring of the brain hemodynamic response, during carotid endarterectomy. Methods 10 patients with atherosclerotic carotid disease scheduled for endarterectomy were evaluated. After patients had been selected, they answered a questionnaire on epidemiological data and information about comorbidities and then carotid disease was confirmed with diagnostic methods. NRIS monitoring was used during the surgical procedure. The variables analyzed before, during and after carotid clamping were oxygen saturation (SatO2), total hemoglobin (THb), reduced hemoglobin (RHb), and oxyhemoglobin (OHb). A p value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The results obtained from NIRS show that RHb and SatO2 vary during the different stages of surgery. RHb levels are higher during clamping, when compared with the other two surgical stages. On the other hand, SatO2 is lower during clamping. Conclusions During carotid endarterectomy, NIRS is a feasible, real-time, and non-invasive intracranial monitoring method that accurately and reliably measures the changes in intracerebral capillary hemodynamic conditions.
       
  • Evaluation of the effectiveness of wearing compression stockings for
           prevention of occupational edema in hairdressers

    • Abstract: Resumo Contexto O edema ocupacional (EO) de membros inferiores (MMII) é um importante fator de queda na qualidade de vida, e a sua prevenção impõe a prescrição de medidas profiláticas, como o uso de meias de compressão (MCs). Objetivos Avaliar a efetividade das MCs na prevenção do EO e a sua repercussão na qualidade de vida de cabeleireiras. Métodos Este ensaio clínico realizou medidas de tornozelo e panturrilha de 38 cabeleireiras sem doença venosa no início e no final da jornada de trabalho em um momento sem e em outro usando MCs. Também responderam um questionário sobre sintomas e qualidade de vida em doença venosa. Resultados Os valores do ponto B foram de 21,1±2,2 cm no momento inicial sem meias, 22,1±2,3 cm no momento final sem meias (p = 0,0001 em relação ao inicial sem meias), e 21,2±2,1 cm no momento final com meias (p = 0,0001 em relação ao final sem meias). Não foi significante a diferença entre os valores médios do ponto B inicial sem meias e final com meias (p=0,324), ou seja, não houve formação de edema nos MMII ao final da jornada de trabalho em ortostatismo prolongado quando em uso de MCs. Pôde-se observar melhora da limitação sobre as atividades laborais (p = 0,0001), domésticas (p = 0,008) e de lazer ou sociais em pé (p = 0,0001). Conclusões As MCs são efetivas na prevenção do EO de MMII, e a atenuação de sintomas como dor e fadiga contribui diretamente para melhor qualidade de vida de cabeleireiras.Abstract Background Occupational lower limb edema is an important factor in deterioration of quality of life. Prevention involves prescription of prophylactic measures, such as wearing compression stockings. Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of compression stocking for prevention of occupational edema and its repercussions for the quality of life of hairdressers. Methods A clinical trial involving measurements of the ankles (point B) and calves (Point C) of 38 hairdressers without venous disease at the beginning and end of workdays spent wearing or not wearing compression stockings. Participants also answered a questionnaire about symptoms and quality of life in venous disease. Results Point B measurements were: 21.1 ± 2.2 cm in the morning without stockings; 22.1 ± 2.3 cm at the end of the day without stockings (p = 0.0001 compared to baseline without stockings); and 21.2 ± 2.1 cm at the end of the day wearing compression stockings (p = 0.0001 compared to the end of day not wearing compression stockings). The comparison between point B values for the start of the day without compression stockings and the end of the day with stockings (p = 0.324) was not significant, showing that there was no lower limb edema at the end of the working day when compression stockings were worn. Improvements were observed in ratings for limitations of work activities (p = 0.0001), domestic activities (p = 0.008) and leisure or social activities performed standing up(p = 0.0001). Conclusions Compression stockings are effective for preventing occupational lower limb edema and the attenuation of symptoms such as pain and fatigue directly contributes to better quality of life for hairdressers.
       
  • Responsiveness of the CCVUQ-Br quality of life questionnaire in chronic
           venous ulcer patients

    • Abstract: Resumo Contexto A responsividade consiste na capacidade de um instrumento em verificar se a pontuação reflete a variabilidade ocorrida na vida do paciente decorrente de uma intervenção. O CCVUQ-Br foi validado na língua portuguesa e necessita ter sua responsividade verificada. Quando finalizado este estudo, o CCVUQ-Br será utilizado como um instrumento capaz de perceber e refletir, na sua pontuação, as mudanças ocorridas na qualidade de vida do portador de úlcera venosa. Objetivos Avaliar a responsividade do CCVUQ-Br. Métodos Estudo de intervenção longitudinal, realizado em centros públicos e privados para pacientes com úlcera venosa. A amostra foi composta por portadores de úlcera venosa crônica submetidos à conduta terapêutica, tendo como variáveis as pontuações do CCVUQ-Br e de seus domínios, da escala visual analógica da dor (EVA dor) e da Escala de Avaliação Global de Mudança, além da classificação CEAP e o tamanho da úlcera. O CCVUQ-Br foi aplicado em 51 indivíduos submetidos a conduta terapêutica, recrutados de forma aleatória. Após 4 semanas, o CCVUQ-Br foi reaplicado. Resultados Houve diminuição das pontuações médias do CCVUQ-Br entre os dois momentos de aplicação, sendo que, no momento basal, a maior média de pontuação foi a do domínio Estado Emocional, com 63,45, diminuindo, após 4 semanas, para 52,00. Ainda apresentou correlações das mudanças com EVA dor e CEAP. Em relação ao tamanho do efeito, pode-se considerar que pontuação total do CCVUQ-Br e tamanho da úlcera apresentaram sensibilidade elevada, enquanto EVA dor e a maioria dos domínios do CCVUQ-Br apresentaram sensibilidade moderada . Conclusões O questionário CCVUQ-Br é sensível na população brasileira, apresentando garantia de resposta à amostra testada.Abstract Background Responsiveness is a measure of an instrument’s ability to reflect in its score the variability that has occurred in a patient’s life as a result of an intervention. The CCVUQ-Br has been validated in Portuguese, but its responsiveness still needs to be tested. When this study has been completed, the CCVUQ-Br will be available for use as an instrument capable of detecting and reflecting in its score the changes that take place in the quality of life of people with venous ulcers. Objectives To evaluate the responsiveness of the CCVUQ-Br. Methods A longitudinal intervention study was conducted at public and private centers for patients with venous ulcers. The sample comprised people with chronic venous ulcers due to start treatment and the variables analyzed were CCVUQ-Br score and its domain scores, a pain visual analog scale (pain VAS), and the Global Assessment of Change Scale, in addition to CEAP classification, and size of ulcer. The CCVUQ-Br was administered to 51 people about to start treatment who were recruited at random. The CCVUQ-Br was then re-administered 4 weeks after treatment had started. Results Mean CCVUQ-Br scores reduced from the first to the second administration. The highest mean score at baseline was for the Emotional Status domain, at 63.45, which dropped to 52.00 after 4 weeks. There were also correlations between changes in CCVUQ-Br scores and pain VAS ratings and CEAP class. With regard to the effect size, total CCVUQ-Br score and ulcer size exhibited high sensitivity, while pain VAS and the majority of the CCVUQ-Br domains had moderate sensitivity. Conclusions The CCVUQ-Br questionnaire is sensitive in the Brazilian population and exhibited response to change in the sample tested.
       
  • Early diagnosis and treatment of Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis: case report

    • Abstract: Resumo Paciente do sexo feminino, 46 anos de idade, procurou o pronto socorro do Hospital Municipal Universitário apresentando lesões necróticas em membros inferiores associadas à síndrome consumptiva. Após anamnese e exame físico, obteve-se o diagnóstico de vasculite leucocitoclástica de modo imediato e econômico por meio da utilização de algoritmo específico de vasculites primárias, permitindo início precoce da terapêutica adequada. A boa evolução do quadro clínico ratificou a necessidade de se obter diagnóstico definitivo e início rápido da terapêutica.Abstract A 46-year-old female patient presented at the emergency department of a Municipal University Hospital with necrotic lesions in lower limbs associated with wasting syndrome. She was diagnosed with leukocytoclastic vasculitis after physical examination and history-taking in a fast and cost-effective manner, using an algorithm specifically for primary vasculitis, enabling early and appropriate treatment. The good clinical outcome demonstrates the need to quickly make a definitive diagnosis and start treatment.
       
  • Limitations of VEINES QOL/SYM for discriminating chronic venous
           insufficiency severity

    • Abstract: Resumo Contexto O questionário Venous Insufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Study – Quality of Life/Symptom (VEINES-QOL/Sym) foi desenvolvido para avaliar a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos com insuficiência venosa crônica (IVC), mas ele tem se mostrado pouco sensível em discriminar indivíduos com diferentes gravidades da doença. Objetivos a) Propor uma nova forma de cálculo do escore do VEINES-QOL/Sym e avaliar se esse novo escore é capaz de discriminar a gravidade da doença; b) Avaliar a associação entre o VEINES-QOL/Sym e a gravidade da doença. Métodos Noventa e oito participantes com IVC, de ambos os sexos, idade 60,73 ± 14,11 anos, responderam o questionário VEINES-QOL/Sym, versão português do Brasil. Para o cálculo do novo escore, foi realizada uma transformação dos escores originais para uma escala de 0 a 100. Para verificar a capacidade dos escores do VEINES-QOL/Sym, originais e modificados, em discriminar e classificar corretamente os grupos caracterizados pela classificação clínica, etiológica, anatômica e patofisiológica (CEAP), foi realizada a análise discriminante, sendo considerado significante um alfa de 5%. Resultados Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos classificados pela CEAP quanto aos escores originais e modificados do VEINES-QOL/Sym. A análise discriminante também não foi capaz de classificar corretamente os grupos CEAP, tanto para os escores originais quanto para os escores modificados do VEINES-QOL/Sym. Além disso, não houve associação entre a classificação CEAP e os escores obtidos pelo questionário. Conclusões O VEINES-QOL/Sym mostrou-se limitado para avaliar qualidade de vida e sintomatologia dos indivíduos com diferentes estágios de IVC.Abstract Background The Venous Insufficiency Epidemiological and Economic Study - Quality of Life/Symptoms (VEINES-QOL / Sym) questionnaire was developed to evaluate the quality of life of individuals with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), but it has shown limited sensitivity for discriminating between people with different of disease severity. Objectives a) to propose a new formula for calculating the VEINES-QOL/Sym score and to evaluate whether this new score is capable of discriminating disease severity; and b) to evaluate the association between VEINES-QOL/Sym scores and disease severity. Methods Ninety-eight participants with CVI of both sexes, aged 60.73 ± 14.11 years, answered the Portuguese Brazilian version of the VEINES-QOL/Sym questionnaire. The new score was calculated by transforming the original scores to a 0 to 100 scale. Discriminant analysis was used to test the capability of the original and modified VEINES-QOL/Sym scores to discriminate between and correctly classify groups characterized by the clinical, etiological, anatomical and pathophysiological classification (CEAP). Alpha of 5% was defined as the cutoff for significance. Results There were no significant differences between CEAP groups in terms of the original or modified VEINES-QOL/Sym scores. Discriminant analysis was also unable to correctly classify CEAP groups, using either original or modified scores. Furthermore, there were no associations between CEAP classifications and scores obtained using the questionnaire. Conclusions The VEINES-QOL/Sym proved to have limitations for assessment of the quality of life and symptomatology of people with CVI at different stages.
       
  • Splenic aneurysms: natural history and treatment techniques

    • Abstract: Resumo Aneurismas da artéria esplênica (AAE) verdadeiros são uma patologia rara, mas potencialmente fatal. São o terceiro aneurisma abdominal mais comum, após aneurismas da aorta e da artéria ilíaca, e representam quase todos os aneurismas de artérias viscerais. Os aneurismas verdadeiros são responsáveis ​​por 60% dos AAEs e afetam as mulheres quatro vezes mais do que os homens, geralmente relacionados a uma descoberta incidental ou sintomática aumentada que coincide com o uso da ultrassonografia na gravidez. Em pacientes grávidas, a mortalidade, após a ruptura, é de 65-75%, com mais de 90% de mortalidade fetal. Têm múltiplas etiologias, e acredita-se que as influências hormonais e as alterações do fluxo portal durante a gestação desempenhem um papel importante no desenvolvimento do AAE. Esta revisão discorrerá sobre sua história, epidemiologia, fisiopatologia, diagnóstico, e as técnicas atuais de tratamento.Abstract True splenic artery aneurysms (SAA) are a rare, but potentially fatal, pathology. They are the third most common type of abdominal aneurysm, after aneurysms of the aorta and of the iliac artery, and account for almost the all aneurysms of visceral arteries. True aneurysms account for 60% of SAA and affect four times as many women as men, generally related to increased incidental or symptomatic findings that coincide with use of ultrasonography in pregnancy. Among pregnant patients, mortality after rupture is 65-75%, with fetal mortality exceeding 90%. There are multiple etiologies and it is believed that hormonal influences and changes in portal flow during gestation play an important role in development of SAA. This review discusses their history, epidemiology, pathophysiology, and diagnosis and current treatment techniques.
       
  • Endovascular treatment of pelvic venous congestion syndrome in a patient
           with duplication of the inferior vena cava and unusual pelvic venous
           anatomy: literature review

    • Abstract: Resumo A dor pélvica crônica afeta aproximadamente 1/3 de todas as mulheres e é responsável por cerca de 20% de todas as consultas ginecológicas. Os autores relatam um raro caso de congestão venosa pélvica sintomática na presença de duplicação de veia cava inferior e comunicação interilíaca através de veia hipogástrica direita tratado com abordagem endovascular, por embolização das veias varicosas pélvicas e revisão da literatura publicada.Abstract Chronic pelvic pain affects approximately one-third of all women and is responsible for about 20% of all gynecological consultations. The authors report a rare case of symptomatic pelvic venous congestion in the presence of duplication of the inferior vena cava and inter-iliac communication through the right hypogastric vein that was treated via an endovascular approach with embolization of varicose pelvic veins. The published literature is reviewed.
       
  • Treatment of bilateral popliteal artery aneurysms

    • Abstract: Resumo O aneurisma de artéria poplítea (AAP) é o mais frequente dos aneurismas periféricos, correspondendo a 85% do total de aneurismas. Normalmente, são assintomáticos, e o diagnóstico, em geral, é feito por meio do exame físico, tendo uma maior incidência no sexo masculino e em idosos. São bilaterais em 50% dos casos e, em 60% das vezes, estão associados a aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Apresentamos um paciente do sexo masculino com 72 anos de idade, com duas massas pulsáteis em ambas as regiões poplíteas, assintomático, com história de hipertensão arterial e dislipidemia. Os exames clínico e de imagem ultrassonográfica confirmaram o diagnóstico de aneurisma bilateral de artéria poplítea. Os AAP podem ser operados por meio de derivações por cirurgia aberta, com ou sem resseção do aneurisma ou por meio de cirurgia endovascular. Esse desafio discute estas possibilidades.Abstract Popliteal artery aneurysms are the most frequent type of peripheral aneurysm, accounting for 85% of the all of these aneurysms. Usually asymptomatic, they are generally diagnosed during clinical examination. Incidence is higher among males and seniors. They are bilateral in 50% of the cases and 60% are associated with abdominal aortic aneurysms. This paper describes a 72-year-old male patient who presented with two bilateral pulsatile masses, one in each popliteal region, was otherwise asymptomatic, and had a history of hypertension and dyslipidemia. Clinical examination and ultrasound imaging confirmed a diagnosis of bilateral aneurysms of the popliteal arteries. Popliteal artery aneurysms can be treated with open bypass surgery, with or without aneurysm resection, or with endovascular surgery. This Therapeutic Challenge discusses these possibilities.
       
  • Polidocanol echosclerotherapy treatment for lymphocele: case report and
           review

    • Abstract: Resumo A formação de linfocele, resultante da transecção dos canais linfáticos durante procedimentos cirúrgicos ou traumas, é relativamente comum, sendo relatada em aproximadamente 30% dos pós-operatórios de ressecção de linfonodos. Ela pode evoluir assintomática ou pode apresentar complicações, como dor, infecção secundária, compressão de vasos sanguíneos, a qual evolui para estase, trombose e edema. Seu tratamento ainda é de difícil consenso. Este artigo propõe descrever três casos em que o tratamento foi realizado a partir de ecoescleroterapia com polidocanol. Sua relevância está na escassez de relatos na literatura.Abstract Formation of lymphocele secondary to transection of lymphatic channels during surgical procedures or traumas is relatively common and is reported in the postoperative period of approximately 30% of lymph node resection procedures. The condition may be asymptomatic or can present with complications such as pain, secondary infection, and compression of blood vessels, which can cause stasis, thrombosis, and edema. There is no consensus on treatment. This article describes three cases in which treatment was provided using polidocanol echosclerotherapy. Its relevance lies in the scarcity of reports in the literature.
       
 
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