Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8359 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (210 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (119 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (329 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (329 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 329 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access  
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access  
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 100)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 246)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Full-text available via subscription  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
JMIR Cardio     Open Access  
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Arrhythmia     Open Access  
Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cardiac Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Heart and Vessels
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.894
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1615-2573 - ISSN (Online) 0910-8327
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2570 journals]
  • Trans-radial percutaneous coronary intervention for patients with severe
           chronic renal insufficiency and/or on dialysis
    • Abstract: Abstract Periprocedural bleeding is associated with an increased risk of mortality during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), especially in patients with severe chronic renal insufficiency. Therefore, trans-radial intervention (TRI) should be considered in these patients; however, PCI operators usually avoid this approach because of the risk of radial artery occlusion. We aimed to investigate the associations of TRI and in-hospital complications in these patients. This study included 306 consecutive patients with severe chronic renal insufficiency and/or on dialysis who underwent PCI. Patients were prospectively enrolled and divided according to the access site into TRI group and trans-femoral intervention group. Severe renal insufficiency was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2. Radial access was limited to the opposite side of the arteriovenous fistula in patients on hemodialysis. The primary study endpoint was the composite of in-hospital bleeding complications and death. TRI benefit was evaluated by inverse probability treatment weighted analysis. TRI was performed in 112 (37.3%) patients. TRI group included older patients with significantly lower rates of diabetes mellitus, dialysis, and three-vessel disease. Crossover to the other approach occurred only in TRI group (2.6%). The primary endpoint was significantly lower in TRI group (11.5% vs. 2.6%, P = 0.006). After an inverse probability treatment weighted analysis, TRI was an independent prognostic factor for a decrease in the primary endpoint (OR 0.19; 95% CI 0.051–0.73; P = 0.015). Radial artery occlusion occurred in three patients on dialysis (9.1%). TRI may determine better in-hospital outcomes in patients with severe chronic renal insufficiency and/or on dialysis.
      PubDate: 2019-03-22
       
  • In-hospital Takotsubo syndrome versus in-hospital acute myocardial
           infarction among patients admitted for non-cardiac diseases: a nationwide
           inpatient database study
    • Abstract: Abstract Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) occasionally occur during hospitalization for non-cardiac diseases. However, no study has compared the clinical characteristics between in-hospital TTS and AMI. Using the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database in Japan between 2010 and 2014, we retrospectively identified eligible inpatients who were admitted for non-cardiac diseases and developed TTS (n = 230) or AMI (n = 611) as an early in-hospital complication diagnosed by coronary angiography within 7 days after admission. We examined factors associated with developing in-hospital TTS or AMI using multivariable logistic regression. We also compared 30-day and overall in-hospital mortality between patients with TTS and AMI using 1:1 propensity score matching. Despite similar age (72.7 ± 12.4 vs. 72.8 ± 10.4 years), patients with TTS were more often female (63.5 vs. 32.9%) and underweight (24.8 vs. 14.1%) and were more likely to have had impaired activities of daily living (ADL) and impaired consciousness than those with AMI. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that female sex [adjusted odds ratio: 4.16 (95% confidence interval: 2.73–6.34)], impaired ADL [2.33 (1.18–4.60)], chronic pulmonary disease [3.33 (1.49–7.44)], and pneumonia [3.00 (1.81–4.98)] were associated with developing TTS relative to AMI, while overweight status, aortic disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, and dyslipidemia were associated with developing AMI relative to TTS. Propensity score-matched analysis (189 pairs) showed that 30-day in-hospital mortality was not significantly different between patients with TTS and AMI (15.3 vs. 19.0%, p = 0.41), but overall in-hospital mortality was significantly lower in patients with TTS than in those with AMI (19.6 vs. 29.1%, p = 0.041). This study suggests that although in-hospital TTS and in-hospital AMI are similarly likely to occur in older patients, in-hospital TTS is more likely to occur in female patients with impaired ADL and/or respiratory disease and carries a similar 30-day mortality risk but a lower overall in-hospital mortality risk compared with in-hospital AMI. Our results indicate the importance of differentiating TTS from AMI in hospital settings.
      PubDate: 2019-03-22
       
  • Comparison of clinical outcomes of two different types of
           paclitaxel-coated balloons for treatment of patients with coronary
           in-stent restenosis
    • Abstract: Abstract Drug-coated balloon (DCB) angioplasty has been shown to be a promising option for the treatment of coronary in-stent restenosis (ISR). We compared the clinical outcomes of patients with ISR who were treated with two commonly used paclitaxel-containing DCBs, the Pantera Lux (PL) and SeQuent Please (SP). A total of 491 patients with 507 ISR lesions [PL-DCB in 127 (26%) patients and SP-DCB in 364 (74%) patients] underwent DCB angioplasty for ISR lesions. The major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), including cardiac death, target lesion-related myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization, were assessed. There were no significant differences in each occurrence of MACE and cardiac death: 16 MACEs (61 per 1000 person-years) in the PL-DCB group and 55 (60 per 1000 person-years) MACEs in the SP-DCB group, log-rank p = 0.895, and three cardiac deaths (11 per 1000 person-years) in the PL-DCB group and ten cardiac deaths (11 per 1000 person-years) in the SP-DCB group, log-rank p = 0.849. Diabetes mellitus under insulin treatment [hazard ratio (HR) 2.71; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.31–5.60; p = 0.007], chronic kidney disease (HR 1.99; 95% CI 1.01–3.92; p = 0.045), early-onset ISR (HR 1.99; 95% CI 1.18–3.36; p = 0.010), and recurrent ISR (HR 1.89; 95% CI 1.08–3.32; p = 0.026) were associated with the occurrence of MACE after DCB angioplasty. There was no significant difference of MACE between PL-DCB and SP-DCB treatment in patients with ISR. Patients with insulin-treated diabetes, chronic kidney disease, early-onset ISR, and recurrent ISR were at a higher risk of MACE after DCB angioplasty.
      PubDate: 2019-03-22
       
  • Atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale: early and long-term effects
           on endothelial function after percutaneous occlusion procedure
    • Abstract: Abstract Percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect (ASD)/patent foramen ovale (PFO) can influence systemic hemodynamics. The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of the closure procedure on morphological and functional characteristics of systemic vascular walls. Fourteen ASD (mean age 40 ± 16 years) and 14 PFO (45 ± 8 years) patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. All underwent percutaneous closure procedure; physical, clinical and biochemical evaluations; echocardiography; carotid evaluation; and brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD). All the evaluations were performed at the time of enrollment, 24 h post-procedure, at 1–6–12-month follow-up. FMD at enrollment was higher in PFO patients as compared to ASD (8.5% [7.6–10.7%] versus 6.5% [5.6–7.6%], p < 0.0001). FMD values in ASD patients significantly increased during follow-up (enrollment: 6.5% [5.6–7.6%], 12-month follow-up: 8.8% [7.2–10.3%], p < 0.01). PFO patients showed reduced FMD values 24 h after the procedure (enrollment: 8.5% [7.6–10.7%], 24 h post-procedure: 7% [6.3–9%], p < 0.001), while recovering endothelial function during follow-up period to baseline values (FMD at 12-month follow-up: 8.2% [7.6–10.5%]). At one-year follow-up, FMD remained inversely related to systolic pulmonary arterial pressure and right and left atrial/ventricle chambers dimensions (RV proximal diameter efflux tract, right atrium [RA] longitudinal diameter, RA transverse diameter, RA area, left ventricle [LV] end-diastolic diameter, left atrium [LA] anteroposterior diameter, LA area; p < 0.01) in ASD patients. Endothelial function improved after percutaneous closure of ASD, while remaining stable after PFO closure. Therefore, ASD patients seem to improve their cardiovascular risk profile after percutaneous closure of their defect.
      PubDate: 2019-03-20
       
  • Discrepancy between patient-reported quality of life and the prognostic
           assessment of Japanese patients hospitalized with acute heart failure
    • Abstract: Abstract Patient-reported quality of life (PRQL) is a primary therapeutic target for patients with chronic heart failure (HF) and is associated with long-term prognosis. However, its utility in hospitalized HF (HHF) patients in the acute setting remains unclear. We aimed to assess the utility of PRQL (the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire [KCCQ]) in HHF patients and its association with long-term prognosis as well as with the clinical risk score (Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure [GWTG-HF] risk score). PRQL was evaluated using the KCCQ in consecutive 114 HHF patients. Its association with the composite outcome of all-cause mortality or HF readmission within the first year after discharge was analyzed. Furthermore, its distribution by the clinical risk score (GWTG-HF) was evaluated using Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The median KCCQ was 34.9, but was widely distributed (interquartile range 23.7–56.8). After adjustment for known prognostic indicators, the KCCQ was not an independent predictor of the composite outcome within the first year (group with high vs. low KCCQ scores: hazard ratio, 0.67; 95% confidence interval 0.26–1.71). There was no significant correlation between the KCCQ and the GWTG-HF risk score. In conclusion, PRQL during the acute phase of HF was significantly impaired and also varied widely, irrespective of patient characteristics or severity. PRQL assessment and risk prediction for HHF patients in the acute setting seemed to provide two distinct types of information for health care providers.
      PubDate: 2019-03-18
       
  • Edoxaban suppresses the progression of atrial fibrosis and atrial
           fibrillation in a canine congestive heart failure model
    • Abstract: Abstract Coagulation factor Xa activates the protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) and causes tissue fibrosis; however, the effects of Xa inhibitor edoxaban on atrial fibrosis and atrial fibrillation (AF) have not been investigated. We examined the effect of edoxaban on the progression of atrial fibrosis in a canine congestive heart failure (CHF) model. Beagle dogs were assigned to sham, placebo, and edoxaban groups (n = 6/group). Dogs of the placebo or edoxaban groups received 19 days of medication with daily oral placebo or edoxaban, respectively, followed by 14 days of ventricular tachypacing. Dogs of the sham group had no medication or pacing. Ventricular tachypacing prolonged AF duration in dogs of the placebo group (159 ± 41 s, p < 0.01 vs. sham); however, this effect was suppressed by edoxaban treatment. Compared with the sham group, tachypacing alone also significantly increased the atrial fibrotic area (2.9 ± 0.1% vs. 7.8 ± 0.4%, p < 0.01), PAR2 expression (1.0 ± 0.1 vs. 1.8 ± 0.3, p < 0.05), and atrial fibronectin expression (1.0 ± 0.2 vs. 2.0 ± 0.2, p < 0.01). These responses were suppressed by edoxaban treatment (area 5.9 ± 0.4%, p < 0.01; PAR2 1.1 ± 0.1, p < 0.05; fibronectin 1.2 ± 0.2, p < 0.05 vs. placebo). Edoxaban showed suppressive effects on atrial remodeling, AF progression, and excessive expressions of PAR2 and fibronectin in a canine CHF model. The suppression of the Xa/PAR2 pathway might be a potential pharmacological target of edoxaban.
      PubDate: 2019-03-14
       
  • Low HDL cholesterol as a predictor of chronic kidney disease progression:
           a cross-classification approach and matched cohort analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract Emerging epidemiological evidence indicates that low serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are associated with the risk of progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the differences in the influence of serum HDL-C levels on CKD progression in different subcohorts have rarely been examined in detail in previous studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of low serum HDL-C levels as a predictor of disease progression in CKD patients according to sub-analyses using a cross-classified subcohort. We reviewed data obtained from 120 CKD patients. Prognostic factors for renal outcome were identified by the multivariate Cox proportional hazards method. Kaplan–Meier analysis was performed to assess disease progression, which was defined as a > 30% decline in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), or end-stage renal disease. The mean age of the included participants was 58.3 ± 13.6 years. The subjects were divided into two groups (low HDL-C vs. high HDL-C). The median follow-up period was 112.8 months. The kidney survival rate in the low HDL-C group was significantly lower than that in the high HDL-C group (P < 0.0001). However, the age-stratified analysis showed no difference between the two groups in the cohort of patients ≥ 70 years old. Multivariate Cox regression analyses showed a significant association between low HDL-C [hazard ratio (HR) 4.80, P = 0.009] and a ≥ 30% eGFR decline or ESRD. This association was more evident in the cohort of patients < 70 years old (HR 4.96, P = 0.0165), especially the female subcohort (HR 13.86, P = 0.0033). Multivariate analysis showed a significant correlation between visceral fat area and serum HDL-C levels among both male (P = 0.0017) and female (P = 0.0449) patients. In a propensity score-matched cohort (patients < 70 years old), the kidney survival rate of CKD patients was significantly lower in the low HDL-C group than in the high HDL-C group (P = 0.0364). A low serum HDL-C level is a significant predictor of CKD progression, especially in female patients with CKD under 70 years of age. This finding is of importance to clinicians when determining the expected prognosis of CKD in patients.
      PubDate: 2019-03-14
       
  • Effects of deep inspiration on QRS axis, T-wave axis and frontal QRS-T
           angle in the routine electrocardiogram
    • Abstract: Abstract The frontal QRS-T angle on the electrocardiogram has been described as a variable of ventricular repolarization. We evaluated how deep inspiration affected QRS axis, T-wave axis and frontal QRS-T angle. We also assessed the effects on left ventricular volume on the association using myocardial perfusion SPECT. Fifty patients undergoing ECGs both in resting state and in deep inspiration and subsequent SPECT were enrolled. Frontal QRS-T angle was defined as the absolute value of the difference between the frontal QRS axis and T-wave axis. Change in frontal QRS-T angle was calculated using (QRS-T angle in deep inspiration−QRS-T angle in resting state). In resting state, QRS axis and T-wave axis were 20.9° ± 30.0° and 40.9° ± 36.1°, respectively. Frontal QRS-T angle was 35.9° ± 36.1°. Deep inspiration caused rightward shifts of QRS axis (42.3° ± 29.5°, p < 0.001) and T-wave axis (49.5° ± 39.7°, p < 0.001). However, deep inspiration did not affect frontal QRS-T angle (33.9° ± 35.8°, p = 0.44). Frontal QRS-T angle in deep inspiration had good correlation (r = 0.87, p < 0.001) and agreement with that in resting state. Left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic volume had a significant association with change in frontal QRS-T angle (r = 0.29, p = 0.04). Our data suggest that frontal QRS-T angle in deep inspiration has a good correlation with that in resting state, and the agreement is acceptable. In patients with dilated LV, QRS-T angle in deep inspiration may be susceptible to the overestimation.
      PubDate: 2019-03-13
       
  • Percutaneous transcatheter closure of high-risk patent foramen ovale in
           the elderly
    • Abstract: Abstract The efficacy of percutaneous transcatheter closure for preventing recurrent cerebrovascular events in elderly patients with high-risk patent foramen ovale (PFO) remains unclear, whereas in young patients, it has been shown to effectively prevent the recurrence of embolic stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous PFO closure in elderly patients with high-risk PFO. Between September 2012 and October 2018, 14 patients 60 years old with high-risk PFO underwent percutaneous closure to prevent recurrence of cerebrovascular events. The primary end point was recurrence of cerebrovascular events after closure in elderly patients with high-risk PFO, and the secondary end points were occurrence of device-related complications, cerebral hemorrhage, and new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). The mean patient age and number of cerebrovascular events before closure were 75.2 ± 6.5 years and 1.7 ± 0.7, respectively. All procedures were successfully performed under general anesthesia by transesophageal echocardiography and using a 25-mm Amplatzer Cribriform device. No procedure-related complications occurred. Patients were followed up for a mean 2.6 ± 1.8 years. No patients experienced device-related complications or recurrent cerebrovascular events. However, one patient had AF-related device closure complications at 1 month postoperatively. In addition, other patient had a cerebral hemorrhage with unknown relationship to PFO closure 3 years postoperatively. Percutaneous closure of high-risk PFO in elderly patients may be as effective and safe as in younger patients. It is crucial to evaluate PFO morphology regardless of age in cases of paradoxical embolism.
      PubDate: 2019-03-13
       
  • Evaluating the response to cardiac resynchronization therapy performed
           with a new ventricular morphology-based strategy for congenital heart
           disease
    • Abstract: Background In cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) for patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and a ventricular morphology other than a systemic left ventricle (LV), we previously proposed pacing sites that are different from those used for a systemic LV. The leads should be placed laterally on opposite sides of both ventricles in patients with short-axis dyssynchrony and a single ventricular physiology with two ventricles, whereas they should be placed at the farthest sites along the longitudinal direction in the right ventricle (RV) in patients with long-axis dyssynchrony of the RV. Moreover, in patients with interventricular dyssynchrony and a biventricular physiology with a systemic RV, they should be placed at sites that both ventricles can contract simultaneously. We retrospectively investigated 27 consecutive procedures in 24 patients with CHD who underwent CRT to evaluate the effectiveness of a new ventricular morphology-based CRT strategy. The responder rate was 63% (17/27). The reasons for a non-response to CRT in 10 cases were as follows: non-optimal lead positions during CRT, 4; no systemic ventricular conduction delay or heart failure symptoms before the CRT, 5; short follow-up periods after the CRT, 2; and an extremely dilated systemic RV, 1. The responder rate became 88% (14/16), after excluding the procedures without a ventricular conduction delay or heart failure symptoms and those with non-optimal lead positions. This new strategy for CRT can provide favorable results for CHD patients with a systemic ventricular conduction delay and heart failure.
      PubDate: 2019-03-12
       
  • Association of aortic root dilatation with left ventricular function in
           patients with postoperative ventricular septal defect
    • Abstract: Abstract Proximal aortic enlargement is associated with an increased risk of heart failure and all-cause mortality. Recently, aortic root dilatation (ARD) was reported in postoperative patients with ventricular septal defects (VSDs). However, the impact of ARD on left ventricular (LV) function in postoperative VSD patients remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ARD on LV function in patients with postoperative VSD. One hundred and thirty-five patients (> 15 years of age) with surgically repaired isolated ventricular defects and who underwent transthoracic echocardiography in our institution between 2009 and 2013 were identified. ARD was defined as an observed aortic root diameter/body surface area > 2.1 cm/m2. The propensity score estimating the probability of having ARD adjusted for anatomical and clinical characteristics was calculated. Forty-four patients (32.6%) had ARD. In unadjusted analyses, right ventricular systolic pressure, Tei index, and E/e’ were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in patients with ARD than in those without ARD (31.3 ± 7.5 vs. 35.4 ± 13.7 mmHg, 0.32 ± 0.10 vs. 0.44 ± 0.15, and 7.1 ± 1.7 vs. 9.5 ± 2.9, respectively). In the propensity score-adjusted analysis, significant differences in the Tei index and E/e’ were confirmed between the two groups (Tei index difference: 0.11, 95% confidence interval 0.05–0.17; E/e’ difference: 2.4, 95% confidence interval 1.3–3.5). However, there were no differences in the other echocardiographic measurements. The presence of ARD in patients with postoperative VSD was significantly associated with LV diastolic dysfunction. Thus, surgically repaired VSD patients require careful screening for aortic enlargement and LV function.
      PubDate: 2019-03-11
       
  • Randomized comparison between 2-link cell design biolimus A9-eluting stent
           and 3-link cell design everolimus-eluting stent in patients with de novo
           true coronary bifurcation lesions: the BEGIN trial
    • Abstract: Abstract The appropriate stent platform for treating coronary bifurcation lesions (CBLs) remains controversial. Previous bench tests have demonstrated the superiority of a 2-link cell design to 3-link cell design for creating inter-strut dilation at the side branch ostium. This randomized multicenter prospective BEGIN trial compared the biodegradable polymer-based biolimus A9-eluting stent (2-link BES) with the durable polymer-based cobalt chromium everolimus-eluting stent (3-link EES) in 226 patients with de novo CBLs. Patients with true bifurcations, defined as > 50% stenosis in the main vessel and side branch (SB) and an SB diameter > 2.25 mm, were enrolled. Guide wire re-crossing to the distal cell (near the carina) in the jailed SB and final kissing inflation were recommended. The SB angiographic endpoint was < 50% stenosis diameter. Left-main CBLs (13.5% vs. 13.0%) and 2-stent technique (30.6% vs. 22.6%) rates were similar. The primary endpoints (minimum lumen diameter at the SB ostium measured at an independent core laboratory at the 8-month follow-up) were comparable (1.64 ± 0.50 mm vs. 1.63 ± 0.51 mm, p = 0.976). There was no significant difference in composite outcomes of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or target vascular revascularization at 12 months (7.4% vs. 8.0%, p = 0.894). Two-link BES and 3-link EES showed similar 8-month angiographic and 1-year clinical outcomes for true CBLs.
      PubDate: 2019-03-11
       
  • Mid-term outcomes of individualized surgeries in patients with
           Ebstein’s anomaly
    • Abstract: Abstract The variable anatomy of Ebstein’s anomaly leads to its various surgical procedures. The long-term outcomes of different operations were not well established. Thirty-five patients with Ebstein’s anomaly who underwent operations from 2006 to 2018 in our department were retrospectively reviewed. Individualized surgical plans were performed according to the preoperative echocardiography and surgeons’ preference. Tricuspid repair, either Danielson’s or Carpentier’s technique, was the primary choice in patients who had sufficient tricuspid leaflets and adequate right ventricle, while tricuspid replacement was used when a reliable repair is not achievable. Additional bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt was performed in those who had unstable hemodynamics despite of high central venous pressure after separation from cardiopulmonary bypass. The perioperative and follow-up data were collected. The age was 26.9 (0.6–54) years [16 children (age < 14, and 19 adults (age ≥ 14)]. Preoperative tricuspid regurgitation was severe in 30, moderate in 4, and mild in the remaining 1 patient. Preoperative cardiac-associated malformations include 20 atrial septal defects, 2 ventricular septal defects, 2 pulmonary stenosis, and 1 sub aortic ridge, and these were operated simultaneously. Among all the surgical patients, 2 needed additional reoperation during the same admission, and ultimately, 29 patients had biventricular repair, including 21 tricuspid repair and 8 replacements. The other 6 patients had cavopulmonary connection and achieved 1.5 ventricular repair (3 tricuspid repair and 3 replacements). In all the 24 tricuspid repair patients, Danielson’s procedure was used in 17, while Carpentier’s technique was used in the other 7 patients. The average cardiopulmonary bypass time was 90 ± 28 min and cross-clamp time was 48 ± 24min. There were 2 perioperative deaths (5.7%) and no third-degree atrioventricular block. The postoperative in hospital stay was 13.7 ± 9.6 days. In the 33 survivors who were followed up at a median of 29.2 months, 6 patients had severe tricuspid regurgitation, and 2 of them underwent tricuspid replacement. The 5-year freedom from severe tricuspid dysfunction or reoperation was 78.5%, and no difference was found between children and adults, neither between different surgical choices. The surgeries of Ebstein’s anomaly were variable, and individualized operation achieved reasonable short- and mid-term results. However, severe tricuspid regurgitation during the follow-up was not neglectable, and reoperation in such cases also achieved good outcomes. New repair strategy such as cone repair may be considered.
      PubDate: 2019-03-08
       
  • Differences in prothrombotic response between the uninterrupted and
           interrupted apixaban therapies in patients undergoing cryoballoon ablation
           for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: a randomized controlled study
    • Abstract: Abstract Periprocedural bleeding and thromboembolic events are worrisome complications of catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). Periprocedural anticoagulation management could decrease the risk of these complications. However, evaluation of the complications from pulmonary vein isolation using cryoballoon related to different anticoagulation strategies is limited. Therefore, we aimed to compare prothrombotic responses as assessed on the basis of d-dimer levels between the uninterrupted and interrupted apixaban therapies during cryoballoon ablation. Ninety-seven consecutive patients with paroxysmal AF scheduled to undergo cryoballoon ablation were randomly assigned in a 1:2 ratio to uninterrupted apixaban therapy (Group 1, n = 32) or interrupted apixaban therapy (Group 2, n = 65). d-Dimer levels were measured immediately before the ablation, at the end of the ablation, and 24 and 48 h after the procedure. No statistical difference was observed in the baseline characteristics between the two groups. The rates of hemorrhagic complications were similar in both groups (major bleeding: 3.1 vs. 1.5%; p = 0.61, and minor bleeding: 3.1 vs. 4.6%; p = 0.73, respectively). No thromboembolic events occurred in either group. However, d-dimer levels 48 h after the ablation increased more markedly following the procedure in Group 2 than in Group 1 (from 0.58 ± 0.16 to 1.01 ± 0.42 μg/mL vs. 0.58 ± 0.20 to 0.82 ± 0.25 μg/mL; p = 0.01). In conclusion, uninterrupted apixaban therapy during the periprocedural period of cryoballoon ablation for AF did not increase the risk of bleeding in this study and might reduce the periprocedural risk of subclinical hypercoagulable state.
      PubDate: 2019-03-06
       
  • Brachial intima-media thickness is associated with coronary artery
           atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes mellitus
    • Abstract: Abstract Coronary artery calcification (CAC) as measured by computed tomography is a strong predictor of coronary artery disease. The brachial intima-media thickness (IMT) was recently reported to be associated with cardiovascular risk factors. This study investigated the association of brachial IMT with CAC, which is a marker of coronary artery atherosclerosis, in patients with diabetes. We enrolled 292 patients with diabetes (mean age, 65 ± 12 years; 59% men) who underwent both endothelial function testing and computed tomography for risk assessment of coronary artery disease. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and IMT in the brachial artery were measured with a specialized machine. FMD was lower and brachial IMT was thicker in patients with than without CAC. The CAC score was significantly correlated with both brachial IMT and FMD, while the multivariate logistic analysis demonstrated that brachial IMT (> 0.32 mm) but not FMD (< 5.1%) was significantly associated with the presence of CAC (odds ratio, 2.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.10–3.77; p = 0.02). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the area under the curve for discriminating patients with CAC was 0.67 for IMT (p < 0.001) and 0.62 for FMD (p < 0.001). When patients were classified into four groups based on brachial IMT and FMD, the CAC score was higher in patients with thicker brachial IMT and lower FMD than in patients of the other groups (p < 0.001). Measurement of brachial IMT could be useful for the risk assessment of patients with diabetes.
      PubDate: 2019-03-05
       
  • Influence of remote ischemic conditioning on radial artery occlusion
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aimed to explore the influence of remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) on radial artery occlusion (RAO) and distinguish the risk factors for RAO. A total of 640 consecutive patients who prospectively underwent transradial artery coronary angiography (TRACA) (322 patients received RIC before TRACA) were enrolled. RIC was not performed in 318 patients. RAO was estimated using Doppler ultrasonography after the procedure. Patients were divided into two groups according to the protocol of RIC: RIC and non-RIC. The rate of RAO was significantly lower in the RIC group than in the non-RIC group. Patients were divided into two groups according to the patency of radial artery: radial artery patency (RAP) and RAO. The radial artery diameter was significantly narrower in the RAO group (2.31 ± 0.53) than in the RAP group (2.59 ± 0.47). The rate of applying β-blocker was significantly higher in the RAP group (69%) than in the RAO group (41%). The rate of applying trimetazidine was significantly higher in the RAP group (49.1%) than in the RAO group (17.6%). The multiple logistic regression analysis using radial artery diameter, RIC, β-blocker, and trimetazidine treatments revealed that small radial artery diameter, lack of β-blockers, and RIC were independent predictors of RAO. RIC might help in improving the rate of RAO. The multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the lack of β-blockers, RIC, and small radial artery diameter were independent predictors of RAO.
      PubDate: 2019-03-05
       
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention in patients hospitalized for
           non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction and the risk of postdischarge
           ischemic stroke at 6-month, 1-year, and 3-year follow-ups
    • Abstract: Abstract Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is suggested for treating patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) to reduce adverse cardiovascular events. However, the short- and long-term effects of PCI on the risk of postdischarge ischemic stroke (IS) in patients hospitalized for NSTEMI remain unclear. This study investigated the association of PCI on the risk of postdischarge IS in patients hospitalized for NSTEMI at different period follow-ups. A population-based cohort study was conducted using data from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Database. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to select 6079 pairs of the patients with NSTEMI treated invasively by PCI (received PCI during hospitalization) and initial conservative strategy (did not receive PCI during hospitalization) with similar baseline characteristics for evaluation. After adjustment for patients’ clinical variables and the duration of dual antiplatelet therapy, PCI was associated with a decreased risk of postdischarge IS at 6-month, 1-year, and 3-year follow-ups [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) = 0.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.26–0.67, p < 0.001; aHR = 0.61, 95% CI 0.43–0.86, p = 0.004; and aHR = 0.69, 95% CI 0.54–0.89, p = 0.005respectively]. In the patients who had a CHA2DS2-VASc score of ≥2, PCI was also associated with a decreased risk of postdischarge IS at 6-month, 1-year, and 3-year follow-ups (aHR = 0.54, 95% CI 0.36–0.83, p = 0.005; aHR = 0.72, 95% CI 0.52–1.00, p = 0.048; and aHR =0.73, 95% CI 0.58–0.91, p = 0.005, respectively). These findings suggested that PCI might reduce the risk of postdischarge IS in patients hospitalized for NSTEMI.
      PubDate: 2019-03-04
       
  • Different diuretic properties between tolvaptan and furosemide in
           congestive heart failure patients with diuretic resistance and renal
           impairment: a subanalysis of the K-STAR
    • Abstract: Abstract We attempted to identify the difference in diuretic properties between tolvaptan (TLV) and furosemide (FUR) in congestive heart failure (CHF) patients with loop diuretic resistance and renal impairment. We investigated 81 CHF patients with loop diuretic treatment and renal impairment included in t he Kanagawa Aquaresis Investigators Trial of Tolvaptan on Heart Failure Patients with Renal Impairment (K-STAR). Predictive baseline factors and their changes during treatment periods were analyzed for correlation with percentage change in urine volume (%ΔUV) after additive introduction of TLV or increasing doses of FUR. Higher urine osmolality at baseline (β = 0.355; p = 0.033) in the TLV group and a lower ratio of blood urea nitrogen to serum creatinine (BUN/Cr, β = − 0.405; p = 0.020) in the FUR group were predictive of higher %ΔUV. Higher Δfree-water clearance (β = 0.667; p < 0.0001) in the TLV group, and higher %ΔBUN/Cr (β = 0.344; p = 0.030), higher %Δurine sodium concentration (β = 0.337; p = 0.037), and lower %Δstroke volume (β = − 0.390; p = 0.017) in the FUR group were correlated with %ΔUV. In conclusion, baseline urine osmolality and change in free-water clearance with additive introduction of TLV and a changing ratio of BUN/Cr with increasing doses of FUR were identified as key clinical parameters related to diuretic response. Trial registration UMIN000009201.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Pre-ablation levels of brain natriuretic peptide are independently
           associated with the recurrence of atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency
           catheter ablation in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation
    • Abstract: Abstract Association between pre-ablation levels of biomarkers of cardiac and endothelial dysfunctions, CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, and APPLE scores and the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after radiofrequency catheter ablation has not been fully studied. A total of 254 patients with nonvalvular AF were prospectively followed for AF recurrence after a single ablation procedure. During a two-year follow-up period, AF recurred in 65 (25.6%) patients. Patients with AF recurrence had significantly greater baseline ln brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) than those without AF recurrence (P < 0.01), whereas there were no significant differences in the levels of biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction and points of scoring systems. In the Cox regression analyses, the baseline ln BNP was significantly independently associated with AF recurrence (adjusted HR =1.286, 95% CI =1.000–1.655, P < 0.05). The baseline levels of ln BNP were significantly associated with rhythm at blood collection, age, sex, and left atrial diameter, and left ventricular ejection fraction (P < 0.05).The subgroup analysis showed a significant interaction on the risk of AF recurrence between ln BNP, sex difference, and rhythm at blood collection (P for interaction < 0.05). In conclusion, the results suggest that the pre-ablation levels of ln BNP are useful to evaluate the risk of AF recurrence after ablation therapy; however, there is a need to be careful while using BNP as a biomarker for the risk of AF recurrence by taking account of the effects of rhythm status at blood collection and sex difference.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Microbubble contrast enhancement of neointima after drug-eluting stent
           implantation: an optical coherence tomography study
    • Abstract: Abstract Microvessels within neoatherosclerosis are associated with vulnerability and increase from the early to the very late phase after drug-eluting stent implantation. Microbubble contrast agents have been suggested to enhance tissue microvasculature for optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. The present study investigated whether OCT signal intensity of neointima within stented segments was enhanced after intracoronary administration of microbubble contrast agents. A total of 40 patients who underwent follow-up coronary angiography after drug-eluting stent implantation were enrolled. At the time of follow-up coronary angiography, OCT images of the stented segments were recorded before and after intracoronary administration of microbubble contrast agents. Mean OCT signal intensity of neointima after microbubble administration significantly increased [95.5 (85.7, 106.2) vs. 96.5 (88.7, 109.9), p = 0.001]. Multivariate analysis demonstrated the relationship between diabetes and greater neointima enhancement. The change in the OCT signal intensity of neointima following microbubble administration tended to be higher in diabetic patients than in non-diabetic patients [4.6 (0.6, 8.5) vs. 1.4 (− 1.1, 3.0), p = 0.05]. These findings suggest that this methodology may allow identification of neovascularization in neointima and evaluation of vulnerability of neoatherosclerosis. Microvessels in neointima may be a future target of pharmacological and interventional innovations for preventing stent failure.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
 
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