Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8665 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 103)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 265)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2529-9123
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3207 journals]
  • Lessons learned by atherosclerotic plaques at necropsy
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis (English Edition), Volume 31, Issue 2Author(s): Maria Borrell-Pages
       
  • High fat diet for induced dyslipidemia and cardiac pathological
           alterations in Wistar rats compared to Sprague Dawley rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis (English Edition), Volume 31, Issue 2Author(s): Arunwan Udomkasemsab, Pattaneeya PrangthipAbstractIntroductionWistar and Sprague Dawley (SD) rats are generally used as models for the cholesterol metabolism experiments. They are acceptable to high fat diet-induced disorders with individual variations, including dyslipidemia and abnormal cardiac pathology.ObjectiveTo compare the effects of high fat diet in inducing dyslipidemia and cardiac pathological alterations between Wistar and SD rats.MethodsWe compared the differences in plasma cholesterol levels and cardiac pathological alterations between Wistar and SD rats of standard diet (3.90 kcal/g) and high fat diet (5.40 kcal/g) after 4 weeks.ResultsSD rats fed with high fat diet showed significantly enhanced LDL concentration and the decreased HDL concentration when compared to Wistar rats. Additionally, SD rats showed cardiac pathological alterations such as infiltration of mononuclear cells referring to inflammatory response and high amounts of perivascular fat playing a key role in the impairment of vascular functions.ConclusionsOur results indicate that SD rats may be the more suitable model for dyslipidemia and alteration of cardiac pathology induced by high fat diet.ResumenIntroducciónLas ratas Wistar y Sprague Dawley (SD) se usan generalmente como modelos para los experimentos del metabolismo del colesterol. Son aceptables para los trastornos inducidos por la dieta alta en grasas con variaciones individuales, incluida la dislipidemia y la patología cardiaca anormal.ObjetivoComparar los efectos de la dieta alta en grasas en la inducción de dislipidemia y alteraciones patológicas cardiacas entre ratas Wistar y SD.MétodosComparamos las diferencias en los niveles de colesterol en plasma y las alteraciones patológicas cardkacas entre ratas Wistar y SD de dieta estándar (3,90 kcal/g) y dieta alta en grasas (5,40 kcal/g) después de 4 semanas.ResultadosLas ratas SD alimentadas con una dieta alta en grasas mostraron una concentración significativamente mejorada de LDL y una concentración disminuida de HDL en comparación con las ratas Wistar. Además, las ratas SD mostraron alteraciones patológicas cardiacas, como la infiltración de células mononucleares que se refieren a la respuesta inflamatoria y las altas cantidades de grasa perivascular que juegan un papel clave en el deterioro de las funciones vasculares.ConclusionesNuestros resultados indican que las ratas SD pueden ser el modelo más adecuado para la dislipidemia y la alteración de la patología cardiaca inducida por una dieta alta en grasas.
       
  • Epicardial fat thickness correlates with coronary in-stent restenosis in
           patients with acute myocardial infarction
    • Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2019Source: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis (English Edition), Volume 31, Issue 2Author(s): Julio O. Cabrera-Rego, Raúl A. Escobar-Torres, Juan D. Parra-Jiménez, Juan Valiente-MustelierAbstractObjectiveTo determine the relation between epicardial fat thickness and coronary in-stent restenosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction and percutaneous coronary intervention.MethodsA prospective study was conducted, which included 129 patients (67.3% male, mean age 62.9 ± 10 years) with ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention with bare metal stent. Patients were divided in two groups according to the presence (n = 21) or not (n = 108) of in-stent restenosis during one year follow-up.ResultsEpicardial fat was significantly thicker in patients with coronary in-stent restenosis (5.51 ± 1.6 vs 4.14 ± 2.0 mm, p = 0.006). A proportionally and significantly thicker epicardial fat was found according to the increase in coronary disease severity (3.3 ± 0.9 mm vs 4.3 ± 1.8 mm vs 4.7 ± 2.3 mm vs 6.7 ± 2.2 mm, for type A, B1, B2 and C lesions, respectively, p = 0.001) and number of vessels (3.07 ± 1.2 mm vs 4.92 ± 1.8 mm vs 5.43 ± 2.2 mm, for one, two and three vessels disease, respectively, p 
       
  • Treatment of a high cardiovascular risk patient with McArdle's disease
           with PCSK9 inhibitors
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 March 2019Source: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis (English Edition)Author(s): Victoria Marco-Benedí, Estíbaliz Jarauta, Sofía Pérez-Calahorra, Ana M. Bea, Fernando CiveiraAbstractA 60-year-old male with familial combined hyperlipidemia, ischaemic heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Since childhood, intolerance to intense exercise. The patient was diagnosed of McArdle's disease after an episode of rhabdomyolysis associated with statins as treatment after a myocardial infarction. Since then, he had been treated with diet, fibrates and ezetimibe with good tolerance, despite this, LDL cholesterol (cLDL) remained>180 mg/dl. He started to be treated with alirocumab 150 mg/sc every 14 days, with excellent clinical response and a decrease in cLDL to 15 mg/dl. Our case shows that PCSK9 inhibitors are effective and safe in patients with muscle diseases who have statin contraindication, and they are a good therapeutic tool for these patients.ResumenVarón de 60 años con hiperlipidemia familiar combinada, cardiopatía isquémica y diabetes tipo 2. Desde la infancia, intolerancia al esfuerzo intenso. Se le diagnosticó enfermedad de McArdle a raíz de rabdomiólisis asociada a estatinas tras un infarto de miocardio. Desde entonces había seguido tratamiento con dieta, fibratos y ezetimiba con buena tolerancia, pero a pesar de ello las concentraciones de colesterol LDL (cLDL) eran>180 mg/dl. Se asoció al tratamiento alirocumab 150 mg subcutáneos cada 14 días, con excelente respuesta clínica y descenso de cLDL a 15 mg/dl, manteniéndose estable desde entonces. Nuestro caso demuestra que los inhibidores de PCSK9 son eficaces y seguros en pacientes con enfermedades musculares que contraindican las estatinas y que son una alternativa terapéutica ideal para este tipo de pacientes.
       
  • Residual cardiovascular risk of lipid origin. Components and
           pathophysiological aspects
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 March 2019Source: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis (English Edition)Author(s): Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Juan F. Ascaso, Mariano Blasco, Ángel Brea, Ángel Díaz, Teresa Mantilla, Juan Pedro-Botet, Xavier Pintó, Jesús Millán, Grupo de trabajo sobre Dislipidemia Aterogénica, Sociedad Española de ArteriosclerosisAbstractThere is no doubt about the relationship between LDL-C and cardiovascular risk, as well as about the benefits of statin treatment. Once the objective of LDL-C has been achieved, the evidences that demonstrate the persistence of a high cardiovascular risk, a concept called residual risk, are notable.The residual risk of lipid origin is based on atherogenic dyslipidemia, characterised by an increase in triglycerides and triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, a decrease in HDL-C and qualitative alterations in LDL particles. The most commonly used measures to identify this dyslipidemia are based on the determination of total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL, non-HDL cholesterol and remaining cholesterol, as well as apolipoprotein B100 and lipoprotein(a) in certain cases.The treatment of atherogenic dyslipidemia is based on weight loss and physical exercise. Regarding pharmacological treatment, we have no evidence of cardiovascular benefit with drugs aimed at lowering triglycerides and HDL-C, fenofibrate seems to be effective in situations of atherogenic dyslipidemia.ResumenEs indudable la relación del cLDL y el riesgo cardiovascular, así como de los beneficios del tratamiento con estatinas. Una vez conseguido el objetivo de cLDL, son notables las evidencias que demuestran la persistencia de un elevado riesgo cardiovascular, concepto denominado riesgo residual.El riesgo residual de origen lipídico se fundamenta en la dislipidemia aterogénica, caracterizada por un aumento de triglicéridos y de las lipoproteínas ricas en triglicéridos, un descenso del cHDL y alteraciones cualitativas de las partículas LDL. Las medidas más utilizadas para identificar esta dislipidemia se basan en la determinación de colesterol total, triglicéridos, HDL, colesterol no HDL y colesterol remanente, además de las apolipoproteínas B100 y la lipoproteína(a) en determinados casos.El tratamiento de la dislipidemia aterogénica se basa en la pérdida de peso y ejercicio físico. En cuanto al tratamiento farmacológico, no tenemos evidencia del beneficio cardiovascular con los fármacos dirigidos al descenso de triglicéridos y cHDL; el fenofibrato parece tener eficacia en situaciones de dislipidemia aterogénica.
       
  • Histology of atherosclerotic plaque from coronary arteries of deceased
           patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 March 2019Source: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis (English Edition)Author(s): Yanet Pérez Sorí, Vivian A. Herrera Moya, Ileana Puig Reyes, Francisco L. Moreno-Martínez, Rosa Bermúdez Alemán, Teresita Rodríguez Millares, Alexei Fleites MedinaAbstractBackground and aimIschaemic heart disease is an important health problem. The characteristics of atherosclerotic plaques determine patient outcome. The aim of this study was to determine the histological grade of coronary atherosclerotic lesions in deceased patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and to identify the complications of the severe plaques.MethodA descriptive, cross-sectional, prospective study was carried out on 21 anatomical pieces of deceased patients over a period of 3 years. The epicardial coronary arteries were sectioned transversally every 1 cm, and the odd numbered fragments and the regions of the anastomosis with the grafts were selected. They were embedded in paraffin, stained with haematoxylin-eosin, and the histological slides were studied using an Olympus BHM microscope.ResultsAn age over 50 years (85.7%), male gender (81.0%), and smoking (66.7%) predominated. Peri-operative infarction (38.1%) and cardiogenic shock (33.3%) were the main direct causes of death. The majority of the grafts were of venous origin (64.6%), and 149 lesions were detected, of which 116 (77.8%) were severe plaques, and 47.4% of them were located in the left anterior descending artery. The large majority (81.9%) of the lesions were located in the arterial segments proximal to the graft. A total of 255 histological complications were detected in the severe plaques, with 75.0% showing calcification. Hypertensive patients had more plaques with more complications, but no statistically significant association was found between these variables.ConclusionsSevere plaques predominated, mostly located in the proximal segments of the coronary arteries, and the left anterior descending was the most affected artery. Calcification was the most observed complication in the severe plaques.ResumenIntroducción y objetivosLa cardiopatía isquémica constituye un importante problema de salud. Las características de las placas de ateroma condicionan la evolución de los pacientes. El objetivo fue determinar el grado histológico de las lesiones ateroscleróticas de las coronarias en fallecidos tras una revascularización miocárdica quirúrgica e identificar las complicaciones de las placas graves.MétodosEstudio descriptivo, transversal, prospectivo, de 21 piezas anatómicas de fallecidos durante un período de 3 años. Las coronarias epicárdicas se seccionaron transversalmente cada 1 cm y se seleccionaron los fragmentos impares y las regiones de la anastomosis con los injertos. Se incluyeron en parafina, se colorearon con hematoxilina-eosina y las láminas histológicas se describieron con un microscopio Olympus BHM.ResultadosPredominaron la edad mayor de 50 años (85,7%), el sexo masculino (81,0%) y el tabaquismo (66,7%). El infarto perioperatorio (38,1%) y el shock cardiogénico (33,3%) fueron las principales causas directas de muerte. La mayoría de los injertos fueron venosos (64,6%). Se detectaron 149 lesiones: 116 (77,8%) fueron placas graves y el 47,4% de ellas se localizaban en la descendente anterior. El 81,9% de las lesiones se localizaron en los segmentos arteriales proximales al injerto. Se identificaron 255 complicaciones histológicas en las placas graves; el 75,0% presentó calcificación. Los hipertensos tenían más placas con más complicaciones, pero no se encontró relación estadística significativa entre estas variables.ConclusionesPredominaron las placas graves, localizadas mayoritariamente en los segmentos proximales de las coronarias, y la descendente anterior fue la más afectada. La calcificación fue la complicación más observada en las placas graves.
       
  • Blood pressure control and impact on cardiovascular events in patients
           with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A critical analysis of the literature
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis (English Edition), Volume 31, Issue 1Author(s): Hernando Vargas-Uricoechea, Manuel Felipe Cáceres-AcostaAbstractHigh blood pressure in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus increases the risk of cardiovascular events. The international management guidelines recommend starting pharmacological treatment with blood pressure values>140/90 mmHg. However, there is no optimal cut-off point from which cardiovascular events can be reduced without causing adverse events. A blood pressure range of>130/80 to 140/90 mmHg. Sin embargo, no existe un punto de corte óptimo a partir del cual se logre reducir los eventos cardiovasculares sin originar eventos adversos; un rango de presión arterial>130/80 y
       
  • Mediterranean diet, physical activity and ideal body weight, all wanting
           in Spanish children and adolescents
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis (English Edition), Volume 31, Issue 1Author(s): Emilio Ros
       
  • Epicardial adipose tissue thickness and type 2 diabetes risk according to
           the FINDRISC modified for Latin America
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis (English Edition), Volume 31, Issue 1Author(s): Marcos M. Lima-Martínez, Leomar Colmenares, Yanei Campanelli, Mariela Paoli, Marianela Rodney, Raul D. Santos, Gianluca IacobellisAbstractBackgroundThe Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) is a tool to predict 10-year risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and visceral adiposity is associated with higher cardio-metabolic risk. The objective of the study was to assess the relationship of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness with T2DM risk according to the FINDRISC tool.MethodsThe study was conducted in Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela, and included 55 subjects of whom 37 (67.3%) were women and 18 (32.7%) men with ages between 18 and 75 years. A record was made of weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), fasting glucose, baseline insulin, plasma lipids, Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), and EAT thickness. The FINDRISC tool, with WC cut-off points modified for Latin America (LA-FINDRISC) was used.ResultsBMI, WC, plasma insulin concentration, HOMA-IR index, and EAT thickness were higher (P 
       
  • Mediterranean diet, weight status and physical activity in schoolchildren
           of the Region of Murcia
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis (English Edition), Volume 31, Issue 1Author(s): Andrés Rosa Guillamón, Pedro José Carrillo López, Eliseo García Cantó, Juan Jose Perez Soto, Loreto Tarraga Marcos, Pedro Juan Tarraga LópezAbstractIntroductionChildhood and adolescence are key stages to promote a healthy lifestyle.ObjectiveTo analyse the relationship between weight status, physical activity and the Mediterranean diet in schoolchildren in the Region of Murcia.MethodsCross-sectional descriptive study with 520 schoolchildren aged 8–17 years. The weight status was calculated through the body mass index. The Mediterranean diet was found through the KIDMED questionnaire and physical activity was estimated using the IPAQ-C and IPAQ-A questionnaires.ResultsThe Mediterranean diet is not significantly associated with sex (p 
       
  • Criteria for referring patients to Spanish Atherosclerosis Society lipid
           units
    • Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2019Source: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis (English Edition), Volume 31, Issue 1Author(s): Miguel Ángel Sánchez-Chaparro, Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Diana Ibarretxe, Manuel Suárez-Tembra, Pedro Valdivielso, on behalf of the Lipid Units Working Group of the SEA, Members of the Spanish Atherosclerosis Society Lipid Units Working Group, Emilio Ros, Sergio Martínez, Ana Cenarro, Miguel Ángel Sánchez, Daiana Ibarretxe, Manuel Suárez, Ovidio Muñiz, Pablo Pérez, Agustín Blanco, Angela Vea, Rocio Toro, Enric Serra, Manuel Jesus Romero, Carmen Rodriguez, Anna PardoAbstractThe Spanish Arteriosclerosis Society has accredited more than 70 lipid units across the country. The main criteria for patients to be referred to these units are presented. These are not only grouped by the type of dyslipidaemia or the lipid levels, but also on certain clinical characteristics suggesting primary hyperlipidaemia, a complex diagnosis, or difficult management due to inefficacy, or side effects.ResumenLa Sociedad Española de Arteriosclerosis tiene homologadas más de 70 unidades de lípidos repartidas por todo el país. Este artículo resume los principales motivos para remitir pacientes a nuestras unidades, agrupados no solo por niveles de lípidos o por el tipo de dislipidemia, sino además por determinadas características clínicas que hagan sospechar dislipidemias primarias, de diagnóstico complejo o de difícil tratamiento, bien por ineficacia, bien por aparición de efectos adversos.
       
 
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