Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8359 journals)
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    - SURGERY (393 journals)

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (329 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 329 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access  
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access  
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 100)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 247)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Full-text available via subscription  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
JMIR Cardio     Open Access  
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Arrhythmia     Open Access  
Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cardiac Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
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Bangladesh Heart Journal
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1024-8714
Published by Bangladesh Journals Online Homepage  [107 journals]
  • Characteristics of Disease Profile of Hospitalized Patients Referred to
           the Department of Cardiology in a Tertiary Care Hospital

    • Authors: MZ Alam, MS Hossain, MA Basit, SJ Hoque, AKM Mohibullah
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: Objectives: Cardiology consultation for hospitalized patients is a common and sometimes mandatory practice in every country. This is because of increased morbidity and mortality of cardiac cases that also has other co-morbidities. We conducted this study to know the pattern of disease profile and the idea of requesting doctors about the cardiac diseases from the cases they referred to the department of Cardiology. Methods: This prospective observational study was carried out in BIRDEM General Hospital, Shahbag, Dhaka from July to December 2017. We followed every case till the final and confirmed diagnoses were made. All the relevant collected data were compiled on a master data sheet. All findings were expressed as frequency with percentage and analysis were done using SPSS for windows version 22.0. Results: This study revealed that majority of the referred cases to the department of cardiology was routine (84.4%) and non-cardiac (57%). Non-cardiac cases were referred mainly for the fitness of general anesthesia (GA) (18.4%). But among the critical cases (14.0%), mostly were cardiac (9.1%). Among all the cardiac cases, Hypertension (8.8%) got the highest referral followed by Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) (3.8%) and Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) (3.8%). Conclusions: Hospitalized patients were referred to the department of Cardiology differs according to the requesting unit. The surgical units referred their cases to get the cardiac clearance for a major surgery and the medical units referred for typical cardiac emergencies like AMI. Bangladesh Heart Journal 2019; 34(1) : 1-4
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
      DOI: 10.3329/bhj.v34i1.41901
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • SYNTAX Score on Procedural Outcome among Patient Undergoing Primary
           Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    • Authors: Md Shariful Islam, Md Afzalur Rahman, Abdul Wadud Chowdhury, Mohsin Ahmed, Kajal Kumar Karmakar, Mohammad Ullah Firoz, Mohammad Arifur Rahman, Md Mosharul Haque, Mohammad Sadaqul Islam Sikdar, Ashrafuzzaman Tamal, Abul khair Md Rezawanul Islam, Muhammad Ruhul Amin, Abeeda Tasnim Reza, F Aaysha Cader
      Pages: 5 - 10
      Abstract: Background: Limited contemporary data exist regarding the impact of SYNTAX score on procedural outcomes undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) in acute STEMI patients. Objectives: To evaluate the significance of the SYNTAX score for predicting procedural outcome after primary PCI in patient with acute STEMI. Methods: This perspective observational study was conducted in the department of cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh from September, 2015 to September, 2016. 42 patients with acute STEMI who underwent primary PCI were considered for the study. But 2 patients were excluded from the study due to failure of primary PCI. The patients were divided into two groups: Group I (low Syntax score d”22) and Group II (high Syntax score > 22). The Syntax score of all patients were calculated from an initial coronary angiogram before primary PCI. Procedural outcome was observed in between two groups. Results: Among study patients 57.5% were in SYNTAX score d”22 (Group I) and 42.5% were in SYNTAX score >22 (Group II). Among traditional cardiovascular risk factors diabetes was significantly more prevalent in the Group II than Group I ( 82.4% vs 34.8%, p  0.003). Angiographic profile revealed maximum (69.6% vs 17.6%) culprit lesion in LAD artery in Group I and maximum culprit lesion (64.7% vs 21.7%) in RCA in Group II, these were the statistically significant between Group I and Group II (P<0.05). The high SYNTAX score group had lower ejection fraction (47.8±5.1 vs. 54.4±4.3, p= 0.04), lower TIMI flow 3 rate (76.47% vs 91.3%, p= 0.03 ) greater rate of MACE (29.4% vs. 4.3%, p=0.041), lower procedural success rate ( 76.47 vs. 91.3%, p= 0.046) compared to the low SYNTAX score group. ROC curve showed 77% sensitivity and 32% specificity for SYNTAX score when cut off value was 22 Performance test of SYNTEX score in the setting of Primary PCI outcome showed positive predictive value 83%. Conclusions: SYNTAX score was an independent variable that can predict procedural outcomes Bangladesh Heart Journal 2019; 34(1) : 5-10
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
      DOI: 10.3329/bhj.v34i1.41902
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Performance of EuroSCORE II in Predicting Early Mortality after Mitral,
           Aortic or Mitral & Aortic Valve Surgery Patients in National Heart
           Foundation Hospital and Research Institute

    • Authors: Ahsan Uddin Mahmud, Md Faizus Sazzad, Mohammed Armane Wadud, Iftakher Raja Chowdhury, Mohammad Hafizur Rahman, Haroon Rasheed Chowdhury, Noel Cipriyan Gomes, Sohel Reza Choudhury, Quamrul Islam Talukdar, Prasanta Kumar Chanda, Farooque Ahmed
      Pages: 11 - 24
      Abstract: Background: Preoperative risk assessment before cardiac surgery to predict mortality become literally important and practicing worldwide, whereas EuroSCORE II is most updated and popular. So we examined the hypothesis that Performance of EuroSCORE II in predicting early mortality after Mitral, Aortic or mitral & aortic valve surgery patients in National Heart Foundation Hospital and Research Institute. Objectives: To compare Euro SCORE II predicted early mortality and observed early mortality in a sample of patients of National Heart Foundation Hospital who underwent for Mitral, Aortic or Mitral & Aortic valve surgery. Methods: An observational prospective study was done in Department of cardiac surgery, National Heart Foundation Hospital and Research Institute who underwent for Mitral, Aortic or Mitral & Aortic valve surgery in the period of July 2016 to March 2018. Sample size was 356 and all inclusion criteria full filled. Patients were divided into 3 group (low, medium & high) depending on the score. Model discrimination and calibration were assessed additive and logistic EuroSCORE and EuroSCORE II. Results: The in hospital mortality of this series was 2.8% (10 out of 356) and the predicted mortality was 2.73% (95% CI 1.02-4.38) by the EuroSCORE II, 2.15% (95% CI 0.68- 3.72) by the additive method and 2.25% (95% CI 0.74-3.86) by the logistic EuroSCORE. The model’s discriminatory power also good and useful as indicated by an area under ROC curve of 0.779 in EuroSCORE II model, 0.675 in additive method and 0.696 in logistic method that means EuroSCORE II method can predict the outcome with 77% accuracy, additive method with 67% accuracy and the logistic method does that with 69% accuracy. Conclusion: EuroSCORE II was validated and performed well on National Heart Foundation patients and could be recommended as a simple risk stratification system to estimate the probability of early mortality in patients scheduled for valve surgery in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Heart Journal 2019; 34(1) : 11-24
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
      DOI: 10.3329/bhj.v34i1.41903
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Evaluation of Blood Lactate Level as Predictor of Early Adverse Outcome
           after Cardiac Surgery under Cardiopulmonary Bypass

    • Authors: MAK Azad, KS Islam, MA Quasem
      Pages: 25 - 30
      Abstract: Background: We examined the hypothesis that high blood lactate level in intensive care unit patient after adult cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with early adverse outcome. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether high blood lactate level after cardiac surgery is a predictor of the early outcome after adult cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods: This prospective observational study was carried out in the department of Cardiac Surgery at National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease (NICVD), Dhaka from July, 2013 to April 2014. A total number of 100 patients who underwent cardiac operation with cardiopulmonary bypass were enrolled in this study as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were divided into two groups according to their blood lactate level 6 hours after transferintensive care unit. Peroperative variables and postoperative variables were observed and recorded during the hospital course of patient. Categorical variables were analyzed by Chi- Square test and Fisher’s exact test and continuous variables were analyzed by ‘t’ test. Multiple Binary Logistic Regression Analysis of predictors for each of the outcome variables was done. Results: Blood lactate levels ≥3mmol/L 6 hours after transfer to intensive care unit were present in 57(57%) patients. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed higher blood lactate level was an independent predictor for early postoperative low output syndrome (OR 9.073, 95% CI 2.819 – 29.207, p = < .0001), pulmonary complication (OR 5.734, 95% CI 1.814 – 18.122, p = .003), neurological deficits (OR 9.725, 95% CI 1.111 - 85.147, p = .040), renal dysfunction (OR 7.393, 95% CI 1.855-29.469, p = .005), arrhythmia (OR 10.512, 95% CI 1.902 – 58.108, p = .007) and wound infection (OR 7.742, 95% CI 1.418 - 42.259, p = .018). Conclusions: High blood lactate level 6 hours after transfer to intensive care unit is an independent predictor for worse outcomes in adult patients after cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. Bangladesh Heart Journal 2019; 34(1) : 25-30
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
      DOI: 10.3329/bhj.v34i1.41904
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Pattern and Prevalence of Dyslipidemia among Patients with Acute Coronary
           Syndrome Admitted in a Tertiary Level Hospital

    • Authors: Dilshad Parvin, Sunil Krishna Baul, SM Rahat Hossain, Swati Munshi, Md Hadiuzzaman, Kaniz Fatema
      Pages: 31 - 36
      Abstract: Background: The leading cause of mortality in men and women worldwide is coronary artery disease (CAD). For hospitalization in our country, acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a major reason. Dyslipidemia is found one of the most important modifiable risk factors for CAD. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the pattern and prevalence of dyslipidemia among patients with ACS admitted in National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Dhaka. Subjects and methods: One thousand (1000) patients with ACS were included and classified according to clinical presentation, the findings on the admission electrocardiogram (ECG) and the results of serial cardiac troponin levels, into myocardial infarction(MI), either STelevation or non ST- elevation MI, and unstable angina(UA) subgroups. In the other group 500 healthy subjects were included as controls. All subjects were subjected determination lipid profile. ECG and Troponin- I were done for diagnosis and follow up of the patients. Results: In patients with ACS, high levels of TC (>200 mg/dl) were found in 60.67%,high levels of LDL (> 130 mg/dl) were found in 58%, high levels of TG (>150 mg/ dl) were found in 63.33%, however, low levels of HDL (< 40 mg/dl) were found in 66%. There was a statistically significant elevation in TC, LDL, TG serum levels in patients with ACS compared to control subjects (p<0.05) while the HDL was significantly low in ACS patient compared to control subjects (p <0.05). TC/HDL > 5 and TG/HDL> 4 were significantly higher in patients with ACS than controls. There was no significant difference between MI and UA patients regarding all lipid profile parameters. TC, LDL, TG were significantly higher in males than in females while HDL was significantly higher in females compared to males. Also TC/HDL and TG/HDL ratios were significantly higher in males compared to females. All lipid components were significantly more prevalent in males than in females except TG where there was no significant difference between males and females. Stepwise regression analysis of lipid parameters revealed that TC/HDL and TG/HDL ratios were independent risk factors for ACS. Conclusion: Dyslipidemia is one the major risk factors which is widely prevalent in patients with ACS and is more prevalent in males than in females. We recommend paying more attention to serum lipids and other modifiable risk factors for prevention of ACS and more studies about them as risk factors of atherosclerosis and its impact on other systems is advised. Bangladesh Heart Journal 2019; 34(1) : 31-36
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
      DOI: 10.3329/bhj.v34i1.41905
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
           (PCI) to Avoid Inappropriate Stenting in Patient with Angiographically
           Significant Stenotic Coronary Artery Lesion–Our Experiences at Apollo
           Hospitals Dhaka

    • Authors: AHM Waliul Islam, Shams Munwar, Azfar Hossain, AQM Reza, Sahabuddin Talukder, Tamzeed Ahmed, Kazi Atiqur Rahman
      Pages: 37 - 43
      Abstract: Background: Importance of Physiological study by Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) in the management of patient with coronary artery disease (CAD is well established. Objective: Angiographic-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a common practice in Bangladeshi interventional era. Data on Pre-PCI physiological study by Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) in our patient is not available. Therefore, our primary aim was to perform pre-PCI FFR to assess the angiographically significant coronary stenosis and thus to avoid inappropriate stenting. Methods: Total 22 patients (Male 20, Female 2) were enrolled in this observational non-randomized prospective cohort. Patient who had angiographically significant lesion, planned for physiological study by pre-PCI FFR. Cut off value for FFR were clinically significant only if Pd/Pa ratio <0.75 and differed stenting if > 0.76-0.80 or above. Results: In the studied patient population, FFR done in total 27 vessels of 22 patients. Among the vessel wise FFR distribution were in LAD 67%(18), LCX 14.8%(4), RCA 14.8%(4) and Ramus Intermedius 3.7% (1). FFR was nonsignificant (<0.75) in 59% (13) patients and significant (>0.75) were in 41%(9) patients. Conclusion: In this single center, very preliminary observational prospective cohort of non-randomized study, we found, that FFR is an important aid to perform PCI in patient with angiographically significant coronary lesion, and to avoid inappropriate stenting of insignificant stenosis by physiological study. Thus, to reduce cost and untoward effects of inappropriate stenting. Bangladesh Heart Journal 2019; 34(1) : 37-43
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
      DOI: 10.3329/bhj.v34i1.41906
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Effects of Controling of Post Operative Hypergycemia (Stress Induced
           Hyperglycemia) in Adult Non-Diabetic Patients Undergoing Mitral Valve
           Replacement Surgery Under Cardiopulmonary Bypass

    • Authors: Md Armane Wadud, Syed Tanvir Ahmed, Shahnoor Aziz, Ibrahim Khalilullah, CM Shaheen Kabir
      Pages: 44 - 51
      Abstract: Objectives: The objective of this study was to see whether there is an association between high blood glucose levels after operation under CPB and post operative morbidity and mortality. Methodology: This cohort study was carried out in the Department of Cardiac Surgery at National Institute of Cardiovascular DiseaseS (NICVD), Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka from January, 2012 to December, 2013 for a period of twenty four (24) months. A total number of 110 patients who underwent MVR operation with CPB were enrolled in this study as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were divided into two groups according to their post operative blood glucose levels, recorded with in first 60 hrs after mitral valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonay bypass. Patients having blood glucose level of less than 10.1 mmol/L (unexposed) and patients having blood lactate level of 10.1 mmol/L or more (exposed) were grouped. Post operative variables were observed and recorded during the hospital course of the patient. Result: A total number of 110 patients were enrolled in this study. Blood glucose levels lower than or equal to10 mmol/L after MVR were present in 55(50%) patients (Group A) Blood glucose levels higher than 10 mmol/L after MVR were present in 55(50%) patients. Postoperative morbidity was higher in this group ( Group B) than in the patients who had peak blood glucose levels of less than or equal to 10 mmol/L MVR (p 0.001). Postoperative ICU stay was prolonged in patients with elevated levels of blood glucose after MVR under CPB compared with of patients with lower blood glucose levels (p 0.001). Other common morbidities are neurological complication (p 0.04), renal dysfunction (p 0.01) , wound infection (p 0.04), post-operative hospital stay ( p0.004). also higher in group B patient, as well as mortality. Conclusions: Blood glucose concentration of 10.1 mmol/ L or higher after MVR under CPB is an important issues related to postoperative morbidity and mortality. Bangladesh Heart Journal 2019; 34(1) : 44-51
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
      DOI: 10.3329/bhj.v34i1.41907
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Management of Diabetic Foot Ulcer in a Tertiary Level Hospital-Faridpur

    • Authors: AL Gaddafi, DK Das, G Faruque, Z Islam, MA Rahman, FN Jui, KM Walid, A Biswas
      Pages: 52 - 57
      Abstract: A descriptive type of cross sectional study among 210 diabetic patients with foot ulcer was carried out in Diabetic Association Medical College during the period of May 2016 to April 2017 and were categorized based on Meggitt-Wagner system to find out the complications, management, below knee amputation rate and mortality rate. The aim of this study was to practise a profile of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), complications and its management to assess the outcome of the surgical interventions. Majority of the patients were male 112(53%), and most of them 116 patients (55.23%) presented within Wegner grade - 2 and grade-3 diabetic foot ulcers. The duration of diabetes more than 10 years was 116 (55%). 99 (47%) patients out of 210 patients developed diabetic neuropathy. 76 (36%) patients presented with CKD. Lack of awareness about diabetes mellitus and its lower limb complications, poor compliance to the treatment, poorly controlled blood sugar levels, delay in diagnosis, and late presentation to the tertiary care center, associated habit of smoking are all factors which lead to incidence of DFU at an earlier age than that seen in other studies. After admission of diabetic foot ulcer patients, diabetic foot ulcer is classified according to Wagner grading and treated the diabetic foot ulcer patients as the using protocol ’!1.Assesment whether it was conservative or surgical. 2. Optimal blood sugar control. 3. Systemic antibiotic. 4. Moist wound environment. 5. Offloading such as total contact casting. 6. Improves peripheral arterial circulation due to lack of vascularity. 7. Surgical debridement or minor amputation or major amputation. In case of G-4 or G-5 patients, ischemia was treated before debridement or amputation so that vascular circulation improved in the ulcer area and then healing potential was fastened. Bangladesh Heart Journal 2019; 34(1) : 52-57
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
      DOI: 10.3329/bhj.v34i1.41908
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Peripheral Vascular Intervention: A Review

    • Authors: Mohsin Ahmed, Abul Hasan Muhammed Bashar, Abdullah Al Gaddafi
      Pages: 58 - 67
      Abstract: The prevalence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) continues to increase worldwide. It is important to identify patients with PAD because of the increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular death and impaired quality of life because of a profound limitation in exercise performance.Lower extremity PAD affects approximately 10% of population, with 30% to 40% of these patients presenting with claudication symptoms. Peripheral arterial disease is common, but the diagnosis frequently is overlooked because of subtle physical findings and lack of classic symptoms. Screening based on the ankle brachial index using doppler ultrasonography may be more useful than physical examination alone. Noninvasive modalities to locate lesions include duplex scanning, computed tomography angiogram, magnetic resonance angiography and invasive modalities peripheral angiogram is the gold standard. Major risk factors for peripheral arterial disease are cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, older age (older than 40 years), hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and hyperhomocystinemia. Intermittent claudication may be improved by risk-factor modification, exercise, and pharmacologic therapy. Based on available evidence, a supervised exercise program is the most effective treatment. Effective drug therapies for peripheral arterial disease include aspirin (with or without dipyridamole), clopidogrel, cilostazol, and pentoxifylline. By contrast, critical limb ischemia (CLI) is considered the most severe pattern of peripheral artery disease. It is defined by the presence of chronic ischemic rest pain, ulceration or gangrene attributable to the occlusion of peripheral arterial vessels. It is associated with a high risk of major amputation, cardiovascular events and death. The management of CLI should include an exercise program, guideline-based medical therapy to lower the cardiovascular risk. Most of the cases, revascularization is indicated to save limbs; an “endovascular first” approach and lastly surgical approach, if all measures were failed. The choice of the intervention is dependent on the anatomy of the stenotic or occlusive lesion; percutaneous interventions are appropriate when the lesion is focal and short but longer lesions must be treated with surgical revascularisation to achieve acceptable long-term outcome. Bangladesh Heart Journal 2019; 34(1) : 58-67
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
      DOI: 10.3329/bhj.v34i1.41909
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Carotid body Tumour with Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy- A Case Report

    • Authors: Kaisar Haroon, Tania Taher, Shafiul Alam, Naila Huq, Sk Sader Hossain
      Pages: 68 - 72
      Abstract: Objective: Carotid body tumour is a rare tumour. This is a case report of carotid body tumour of the right side involving the right hypoglossal nerve with MRI appearance and pathological features. The objective is to present a case of Hypoglossal nerve palsy due to carotid body tumour involving the right carotid artery bifurcation. Method: A 18-year old male presented with a welldefined swelling of his right neck, increasing hoarseness, and left ward tongue deviation on protrusion present for two years CT neck and MRI were done. The tumour was identified and the patient underwent surgery. His Histopathology report commented it to be carotid body tumour. Result: The patient showed significant improvement after surgery. His tongue deviation improved and his hoarseness of voice had been begun to improve. Conclusion: Carotid body tumours are benign lesion mimicking other pathology. High level of suspicision, imaging and careful resection is important for avoiding complications. Bangladesh Heart Journal 2019; 34(1) : 68-72
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
      DOI: 10.3329/bhj.v34i1.41910
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
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