Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8665 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (218 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (120 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)
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    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (155 journals)

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 103)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 264)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Current Heart Failure Reports
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.468
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1546-9549 - ISSN (Online) 1546-9530
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Coexisting Morbidities in Heart Failure: No Robust Interaction with the
           Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Heart failure (HF) patients often present with multiple coexisting morbidities. In this review, we contend that coexisting morbidities are highly prevalent and clinically important regardless of the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Recent Findings Multimorbidity is prevalent in the ambulatory subjects of the community and increases with age. Differences in the prevalence of coexisting morbidities between HF with preserved LVEF (> 50%), mid-range LVEF (40–50%), and reduced LVEF (< 40%) are either not demonstrable or whenever present are small and unrelated to morbidity and mortality. The constellation of coexisting morbidities together with the disease modifiers (age, sex, genes, other) defines the HF phenotype and outcome. Summary There is no robust evidence supporting an interaction in HF patients between the prevalence and clinical significance of coexisting morbidities and the LVEF.
      PubDate: 2020-06-10
       
  • Cardiac Rehab for Functional Improvement
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) was originally designed to return patients to their prior level of functioning after myocardial infarction (MI). Research has since revealed the mortality benefit of CR, and CR has been given a class 1A recommendation by the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC). In this review, we shift our focus back to function and highlight the most recent research on the functional benefits of CR in a broad range of cardiac diseases and conditions. Recent Findings Currently, CR is indicated for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), peripheral arterial disease (PAD), transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), and cardiac transplant. Among patients with those conditions, CR has been shown to improve exercise capacity, cognition, mental health, and overall quality of life. Summary As survival of cardiac diseases increases, CR emerges as an increasingly important tool to lend quality to patients’ lives and therefore give meaning to survival.
      PubDate: 2020-06-08
       
  • CRT-Pacemaker Versus CRT-Defibrillator Who Needs Sudden Cardiac Death
           Protection'
    • Abstract: Purpose of the Review Patients with cardiomyopathy and impaired left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction are at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). In selected heart failure patients, cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) provides LV reverse remodeling and improves the cellular and molecular function leading to a reduced risk of ventricular arrhythmia and SCD. Consequently, some CRT candidates may not need concomitant ICD therapy. This review aimed at focusing on the residual risk of SCD in patients receiving CRT and discussing the requirement of a concomitant ICD therapy in CRT candidates. Recent Findings New imaging diagnostic tools may be helpful to accurately predict patient with a residual risk of SCD and who required a CRT-D implantation. Recent data highlighted that cardiac computed tomography (CT) or myocardial scar tissue analysis using contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) was able to predict the occurrence of VA in patients with bi-ventricular pacing. Summary Cardiac imaging and specifically myocardial scar analysis seem promising to evaluate the risk of SCD following bi-ventricular pacing and will probably be of great help in the future to accurately identify those who needs concomitant defibrillator’s protection.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
       
  • Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Devices and the Aortic Valve:
           Interactions, Issues, and Surgical Therapy
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Concomitant valve disease is common in patients undergoing continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation. In this review, we characterize the epidemiology and management of aortic valve disease following CF-LVAD. Recent Findings Studies suggest that 20–40% of patients have mild or greater aortic insufficiency (AI) at baseline and that AI progresses following CF-LVAD implantation. AI, either pre-existing or de novo, can have deleterious effects on LVAD efficacy and clinical outcomes. Surgical methods to correct AI in patients supported with CF-LVAD include central oversewing of the aortic valve, complete closure of the aortic valve, patch closure of the ventriculo-aortic junction, or aortic valve replacement with a bioprosthesis. Transcatheter options have recently emerged as feasible modalities to address AI. Summary CF-LVADs contribute to the progression of aortic insufficiency (AI) and its development de novo. Prompt recognition, assessment, and treatment are important. Aortic valve repairs and replacements, now including TAVR, are the primary surgical methods to correct AI.
      PubDate: 2020-06-03
       
  • The Role of Wearables in Heart Failure
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review This review discusses how wearable devices—sensors externally applied to the body to measure a physiological signal—can be used in heart failure (HF) care. Recent Findings Most wearables are marketed to consumers and can measure movement, heart rate, and blood pressure; detect and monitor arrhythmia; and support exercise training and rehabilitation. Wearable devices targeted at healthcare professionals include ECG patch recorders and vests, patches, and textiles with in-built sensors for improved prognostication and the early detection of acute decompensation. Integrating data from wearables into clinical decision-making has been slow due to clinical inertia and concerns regarding data security and validity, lack of evidence of meaningful impact, interoperability, regulatory and reimbursement issues, and legal liability. Summary Although few studies have assessed how best to integrate wearable technologies into clinical practice, their use is rapidly expanding and may support improved decision-making by patients and healthcare professionals along the whole patient pathway.
      PubDate: 2020-06-03
       
  • Impact of Sacubitril-Valsartan on Markers of Glomerular Function
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review To provide pathophysiological and clinical insights into the effects of sacubitril/valsartan on glomerular function. Recent Findings Heart failure and glomerular dysfunction are closely intertwined. In addition to reduced heart failure hospitalization and all-cause mortality, patients treated with sacubitril/valsartan have a slower deterioration of glomerular filtration rate over time compared with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers. Summary The effects of sacubitril/valsartan are probably mediated through enhancement of natriuretic peptides, reduction of glomerular inflammation and fibrosis, and relaxation of mesangial cells and podocytes. Further studies will elucidate underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of sacubitril/valsartan on glomerular function and their prognostic significance in subjects with and without heart failure.
      PubDate: 2020-06-03
       
  • Ethical Challenges in Care of Patients on Mechanical Circulatory Support
           at End-of-Life
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Although the utilization of mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices is increasing, ethical dilemmas regarding device deactivation and dying process persist, potentially complicating delivery of optimal and compassionate care at end-of-life (EOL). This review aims to study EOL challenges, left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) as a nuanced life support treatment, legal history in the US impacting EOL care, and suggestions to improve EOL care for patients on MCS support. Recent Findings Recent studies have demonstrated challenging aspects of EOL care for patients on LVAD support: low use of advanced directives, high rates of surrogate decision-making due to lack of patient capacity, difficult decision-making involving LVAD deactivation even with cooperating patients, and high rates of death in the hospital and ICU settings. Recent studies also suggest lack of consensus even among clinicians in approaching LVAD deactivation as beliefs equating LVAD deactivation with physician-assisted suicide and/or euthanasia remain. Optimal care at EOL will likely require collaborative efforts among multiple specialties, caregivers, and patients. Summary In light of the complex medical, logistical, and ethical challenges in EOL care for LVAD patients, there is room for improvement by multidisciplinary efforts to reach consensus about LVAD deactivation and best practices for EOL care, development and implementation of LVAD-specific advance planning, and protocols for LVAD deactivation. Programmatic involvement of hospice and palliative care in the continuum of care of LVAD patients has the potential to increase and improve advance care planning, support surrogate decision-making, improve EOL compassionate care, and to support caregivers.
      PubDate: 2020-06-02
       
  • Hepatitis C–Positive Donors in Cardiac Transplantation: Problems and
           Opportunities
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review With the growing need for donor hearts and longer transplant waiting lists, there is a growing interest in expanding the donor pool by reconsidering previously excluded donor candidates. There has been an increase in solid organ availability due to drug overdose deaths in the setting of the recent opioid epidemic. However, these donors often have transmissible infections such as hepatitis C. In this review, we discuss the challenges associated with heart transplantation from hepatitis C–infected donors as well as the recent advancements that are making the use of these organs possible. Recent Findings With the introduction and widespread use of nucleic acid testing (NAT), the ability to distinguish viremic donors and those that have cleared the virus has become a reality. In addition, with the emergence of direct antiviral agents, there is an increase in data showing the short-term outcomes and success of hepatitis C treatment for recipients of viremic donor hearts. Summary As techniques to distinguish donor hepatitis C infection status and successful treatments emerge, the percentage of accepted hepatitis C donor hearts is increasing. A number of studies showing success with hepatitis C organ transplants present a promising new avenue for organ procurement essential to meet the increasing demand for donor hearts.
      PubDate: 2020-05-30
       
  • Contemporary Management Strategies in VAD Infection
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review The use of durable ventricular assist devices (VAD) to manage end-stage heart failure is increasing, but infection remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with VAD. In this review, we synthesize recent data pertaining to the epidemiology, diagnosis, management, and prevention of VAD infections, discuss transplant considerations in patients with VAD infections, and highlight remaining knowledge gaps. We also present a conceptual framework for treating clinicians to approach these infections that draws on the same principles that guide the treatment of analogous infections that occur in patients without VAD. Recent Findings Despite advances in device design, surgical techniques, and preventative interventions, more than a third of VAD recipients still experience infection as an adverse outcome. Positron emission tomography has emerged as a promising modality for identifying and characterizing VAD infections. High-quality data to support many of the routine therapeutic strategies currently used for VAD infections—including suppressive antibiotic therapy, surgical debridement/device exchange, and novel antimicrobials for emerging multidrug-resistant organisms—remain limited. Although pre-transplant VAD infection may impact some early transplant outcomes, transplantation remains a viable option for patients with most types of VAD infection. Summary Standardized definitions of VAD infection applied to large registry datasets have yielded key insights into the epidemiology of infectious complications among VAD recipients, but more prospective studies are needed to evaluate the effectiveness of existing and novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.
      PubDate: 2020-05-20
       
  • Angiotensin Receptor–Neprilysin Inhibitors and the Natriuretic
           Peptide Axis
    • Abstract: Purpose of the Review The purpose of this review is to describe the effects of angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) therapy on the natriuretic peptide axis (NPA), with a particular focus on B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) to better understand the biology behind the improved outcomes in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Recent Findings BNP, ANP, and CNP are the three main natriuretic peptides (NP); they share a common structure and ultimately mediate their actions by activating cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). ARNI therapy results in a decrease of N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) and increase of BNP levels respectively. It is been questioned whether these changes may result from unique laboratory assays characteristics rather than actual biological implications. It appears to be that the prognostic accuracy of BNP for cardiovascular outcomes remains independent and comparable to that of NT-proBNP while on ARNI therapy. ANP levels also increase with ARNI therapy, but no consistent change has been described for CNP levels. There is evidence that the changes in BNP and NT-proBNP correlate with improvement in echocardiographic parameters of volume and function. Summary The dual effect of neprilysin inhibition and angiotensin receptor blockade has substantial implications on the natriuretic peptide axis (NPA). The changes seen in BNP and NT-proBNP specifically have shown to correlate with improvement in echocardiographic parameters. Further results exploring the biologic effects of ARNI therapy on other NPs are still pending and likely will provide further insights in the mechanisms behind the improvement in cardiac function and clinical outcomes.
      PubDate: 2020-05-11
       
  • Disease-Specific Biomarkers in Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Transthyretin amyloidosis is an increasingly recognized cause of restrictive cardiomyopathy related to amyloid fibril deposition in cardiac tissues. As treatment therapies have emerged for transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR), so has interest in using biomarkers to identify disease prior to advanced presentation. Recent Findings Lower levels of transthyretin and retinol binding protein-4 have been demonstrated in patients with pathogenic mutations of transthyretin either with or without clinical disease. Levels associate with the severity of mutations as well as response to treatment with transthyretin stabilizers or small interfering RNA molecules which silence transthyretin production. Transthyretin stability is the rate limiting step of amyloid fibril formation and directly measuring transthyretin kinetic stability has the potential to identify patients as risk as well as therapeutic response to treatment regardless of pathogenic or wild-type genetics. In addition, non-antibody protein-based peptide probes have been developed that directedly measure misfolded transthyretin oligomers due to transthyretin breakdown. Although promising, both TTR kinetic and protein peptide probes remain in early stages of clinical investigation. Summary Transthyretin, retinol binding protein-4, transthyretin kinetic stability, and protein-based peptide probes have potential as biomarkers to facilitate an earlier ATTR diagnosis for patients with pathogenic transthyretin mutations.
      PubDate: 2020-04-30
       
  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: the Heart of the Matter
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Duchenne muscular dystrophy is one of many neuromuscular disorders, but it frequently causes severe disability early in life and early death. Cardiac involvement is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Recent Findings Heart disease in Duchenne muscular dystrophy can include a cardiomyopathy leading to end-stage heart failure along with associated supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias. Summary This article reviews the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease in Duchenne muscular dystrophy as well as emerging therapies.
      PubDate: 2020-04-08
       
  • Traditional and Novel Imaging of Right Ventricular Function in Patients
           with Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review This review attempts to summarize the role of standard and advanced echocardiographic techniques together with CMR in the evaluation of the RV in HF, providing an outlook on the recent evidence. Recent Findings In the last decade, there has been growing interest in the study of the RV, and it is now widely established that RV function is a strong predictor of mortality, in several cardiovascular diseases, in particular in the setting of heart failure (HF). The evaluation of RV function might be particularly challenging, which justifies the necessity of multi-modality imaging. Summary The echocardiographic assessment remains the mainstay technique even though it might be complex, due to RV crescent shape and its position in the chest, requiring both qualitative and quantitative parameters. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) represents a complementary exam which is particularly useful when precise structural and functional assessment are needed, considering the most recently developed sequences. Despite the technological improvement attested over the last years, there is still no universally accepted parameter that univocally defines RV function, hence the necessity to evaluate several parameters, combining different imaging techniques.
      PubDate: 2020-03-04
       
  • Personalized Approach to Cancer Treatment–Related Cardiomyopathy
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Cancer treatment–related cardiotoxicity (CTRC) represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The purpose of our review is to summarize the epidemiology, natural history, and pathophysiology of cardiotoxicity-related to cancer treatment. We also summarize appropriate screening, surveillance, and management of CTRC. While cardiotoxicity is characteristically associated with anthracyclines, HER2-B antagonists, and radiation therapy (XRT), there is growing recognition of toxicity with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI), tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and proteasome inhibitors. Recent Findings Patients at risk for cardiotoxicity should be screened based on available guidelines, generally with serial echocardiograms. The role of medical heart failure (HF) therapies is controversial in patients with asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction but may be considered in some instances. Once symptomatic HF has developed, treatment should be in accordance with ACC/AHA guidelines. Summary The goal in caring for patients receiving cancer treatment is to optimize cardiac function and prevent interruptions in potentially lifesaving cancer treatment.
      PubDate: 2020-03-03
       
  • The Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction Conundrum—Redefining
           the Problem and Finding Common Ground'
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) or diastolic heart failure (DHF) makes up more than half of all congestive heart failure presentations (CHF). With an ageing population, the case load and the financial burden is projected to increase, even to epidemic proportions. CHF hospitalizations add too much of the financial and infrastructure strain. Unlike systolic heart failure (SHF), much is still either uncertain or unknown. Specifically, in epidemiology, the disease burden is established; however, risk factors and pathophysiological associations are less clear; diagnostic tools are based on rigid parameters without the ability to accurately monitor treatments effects and disease progression; finally, therapeutics are similar to SHF but without prognostic data for efficacy. Recent Findings The last several years have seen guidelines changing to account for greater epidemiological observations. Most of these remain general observation of shortness of breath symptom matched to static echocardiographic parameters. The introduction of exercise diastolic stress test has been welcome and warrants greater focus. Summary HFpEF is likely to see new thinking in the coming decades. This review provides some of perspective on this topic.
      PubDate: 2020-02-28
       
  • Iatrogenic Decompensated Heart Failure
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review To provide an overview of the potential iatrogenic causes of acute decompensated heart failure (AHF) and an evidence-based management strategy to address this. Recent Findings As the heart failure (HF) population continues to age and become burdened with greater comorbidities and polypharmacy, patients become more susceptible to the iatrogenic precipitants of HF. The following clinical scenarios are familiar to clinicians, but the sequelae to AHF are often unanticipated: HF medications withdrawn during an intercurrent illness and not restarted, cardiotoxic therapy prescribed for cancer without timely and regular monitoring of left ventricular function, excessive intravenous fluids administered for sepsis or postoperatively, a blood transfusion volume not adjusted for body weight, iatrogenic anaemia that goes unnoticed or an inappropriate type of pacemaker implanted in a patient with underlying left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Summary Iatrogenic decompensated HF is a phenomenon that is infrequently documented in the literature but increasingly confronted by clinicians of all specialties. It is associated with a high mortality and morbidity rate. By having greater awareness of these triggers, iatrogenic AHF should be one that is prevented rather than managed when it occurs.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
       
  • Heart Failure With Mid-range Ejection Fraction
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review To describe the epidemiology, pathophysiology, management, and prognosis of patients with heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF). Recent Findings In 2013, The American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) assigned an ejection fraction (EF) range to heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF, EF ≤ 40%) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF, EF ≥50%). This classification created a “gray zone” of patients with EFs between 41% and 49% that ultimately came to be known as heart failure with borderline or mid-range ejection fraction. HFmrEF patients represent a group with heterogeneous clinical characteristics that at times resembles HFrEF, at others HFpEF, and at others still a unique phenotype altogether. No randomized controlled trials exist in those with HFmrEF, though HFrEF and HFpEF studies that include overlap suggest some potential benefit of beta blockers, angiotensin receptor blockers, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, and angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitors. Mortality rates among the HFmrEF population are significant, and are similar to those in patients with HFrEF and HFpEF. Summary HFmrEF is a complex disorder that remains poorly understood. Future research is needed to better elucidate the pathophysiology, management, and prognosis of this condition.
      PubDate: 2020-01-10
       
  • Reappraisal of Inflammatory Biomarkers in Heart Failure
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Inflammation has been shown to be an important factor in the development and progression of heart failure (HF), regardless of the etiology. There have been many studies that demonstrated roles of inflammatory biomarkers in diagnosis, prognosis of chronic and acute HF patients, and also markers of cardiotoxicity from chemotherapy. These cytokines are high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), soluble growth stimulation expressed gene 2 (sST2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα), growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and galectin-3. In this review, we discuss the past and present insights of those inflammatory biomarkers in order to gain more understanding in pathogenesis of HF, risk stratification of HF patients, and early detection of cardiotoxicity from cancer therapy. Recent Findings Many inflammatory cytokines have been shown to be associated with mortality of both chronic and acute HF patients, and some of them are able to track treatment responses, especially sST2 and galectin-3, which are the only two inflammatory biomarkers recommended to use in clinical setting by the recent standard HF guidelines, while some studies described ET-1 and MPO as potential predictors of cardiotoxicity from cancer drugs. Summary The prognostic implications of inflammatory biomarkers in HF patients have been demonstrated more consistently in chronic than acute HF, with some suggestions of ET-1 and MPO in patients receiving chemotherapy. However, further studies are necessary for the use of inflammatory biomarkers in routine clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
       
  • Role of Palliative Care in the Outpatient Management of the Chronic Heart
           Failure Patient
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Patients with heart failure (HF) have an increased symptom burden and complex psychosocial and decision-making needs that necessitate the integration of palliative care. However, in the current era, palliative care is frequently evoked for these patients only at the end-of-life or in the inpatient setting; rarely is palliative care proactively utilized in outpatients with HF. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the current state of palliative care and heart failure and to provide a roadmap for the integration of palliative care into outpatient HF care. Recent Findings Recent studies, including PAL-HF, CASA, and SWAP-HF, have demonstrated that structured palliative care interventions may improve quality of life, depression, anxiety, understanding of prognosis, and well-being in HF. Summary HF is associated with high mortality risk, significant symptom burden, and impaired quality of life. Palliative care can meet many of these needs; however, in the current era, palliative care consultations in HF occur late in the disease course and too often in the inpatient setting. Primary palliative care should be provided to all outpatients with heart failure based on their needs, with referral to secondary palliative care provided based on certain triggers and milestones.
      PubDate: 2019-12-03
       
  • Right Ventricular Strain to Assess Early Right Heart Failure in the Left
           Ventricular Assist Device Candidate
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Right heart failure (RHF) following left ventricular assist device implantation (LVAD) remains the primary cause of postoperative mortality and morbidity, and prediction of RHF is the main interest of the transplantation community. In this review, we outline the role and impact of right ventricular strain in the evaluation of the right ventricle function before LVAD implantation. Recent Findings Accumulating data suggest that measurement of right ventricular longitudinal strain (RVLS) has a critical role in predicting RHF preoperatively and may improve morbidity and mortality following LVAD implantation. However, the significant intraobserver, interobserver variability, the lack of multicenter, prospective studies, and the need for a learning curve remain the most critical limitations in the clinical practice at present. Summary This review highlighted the importance of right ventricular strain in the diagnosis of RHF preoperatively and revealed that RVLS might have a crucial clinical measurement for the selection and management of LVAD patients in the future with the more extensive multicenter studies.
      PubDate: 2019-11-19
       
 
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