Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8359 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (329 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 329 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 100)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 247)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Full-text available via subscription  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
JMIR Cardio     Open Access  
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Arrhythmia     Open Access  
Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cardiac Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Coronary Artery Disease
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.705
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0954-6928 - ISSN (Online) 1473-5830
Published by LWW Wolters Kluwer Homepage  [299 journals]
  • Coronary intervention for chronic total occlusions: what should the
           guidelines say'
    • Authors: Elbaz-Greener; Gabby; Strauss, Bradley H.
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Oral hydration: does it have a role in prevention of
           angiography-associated acute kidney injury'
    • Authors: Solomon; Richard; Lahoud, Rony
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Effectiveness of oral hydration in preventing contrast-induced acute
           kidney injury in patients undergoing coronary angiography or intervention:
           a pairwise and network meta-analysis
    • Authors: Zhang; Weidai; Zhang, Jiawei; Yang, Baojun; Wu, Kefei; Lin, Hanfei; Wang, Yanping; Zhou, Lihong; Wang, Huatao; Zeng, Chujuan; Chen, Xiao; Wang, Zhixing; Zhu, Junxing; Songming, Chen
      Abstract: imageBackground The effectiveness of oral hydration in preventing contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in patients undergoing coronary angiography or intervention has not been well established. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of oral hydration compared with intravenous hydration and other frequently used hydration strategies.Methods PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials were searched from inception to 8 October 2017. To be eligible for analysis, studies had to evaluate the relative efficacy of different prophylactic hydration strategies. We selected and assessed the studies that fulfilled the inclusion criteria and carried out a pairwise and network meta-analysis using RevMan5.2 and Aggregate Data Drug Information System 1.16.8 software.Results A total of four studies (538 participants) were included in our pairwise meta-analysis and 1754 participants from eight studies with four frequently used hydration strategies were included in a network meta-analysis. Pairwise meta-analysis indicated that oral hydration was as effective as intravenous hydration for the prevention of CI-AKI (5.88 vs. 8.43%; odds ratio: 0.73; 95% confidence interval: 0.36–1.47; P>0.05), with no significant heterogeneity between studies. Network meta-analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the prevention of CI-AKI. However, the rank probability plot suggested that oral plus intravenous hydration had a higher probability (51%) of being the best strategy, followed by diuretic plus intravenous hydration (39%) and oral hydration alone (10%). Intravenous hydration alone was the strategy with the highest probability (70%) of being the worst hydration strategy.Conclusion Our study shows that oral hydration is not inferior to intravenous hydration for the prevention of CI-AKI in patients with normal or mild-to-moderate renal dysfunction undergoing coronary angiography or intervention.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Low-energy cardiac shockwave therapy to suppress left ventricular
           remodeling in patients with acute myocardial infarction: a first-in-human
           study
    • Authors: Kagaya; Yuta; Ito, Kenta; Takahashi, Jun; Matsumoto, Yasuharu; Shiroto, Takashi; Tsuburaya, Ryuji; Kikuchi, Yoku; Hao, Kiyotaka; Nishimiya, Kensuke; Shindo, Tomohiko; Ogata, Tsuyoshi; Kurosawa, Ryo; Eguchi, Kumiko; Monma, Yuto; Ichijo, Sadamitsu; Hatanaka, Kazuaki; Miyata, Satoshi; Shimokawa, Hiroaki
      Abstract: imageObjective Although primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) substantially reduces the mortality of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), left ventricular (LV) remodeling after AMI still remains an important issue in cardiovascular medicine. We have previously demonstrated that low-energy cardiac shockwave (SW) therapy ameliorates LV remodeling after AMI in pigs. In this first-in-human study, we examined the feasibility and the effects of the SW therapy on LV remodeling after AMI in humans.Patients and methods Seventeen patients with AMI who successfully underwent primary PCI (peak-creatine kinase
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Thrombus resolution with tirofiban in the conservative management of
           patients presenting with plaque erosion
    • Authors: Sugiyama; Tomoyo; Xing, Lei; Yamamoto, Erika; Fracassi, Francesco; Lee, Hang; Yu, Bo; Jang, Ik-Kyung
      Abstract: imageObjective Recent studies suggest that conservative management with antithrombotic therapy without stenting may be an option in selected patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We evaluated whether a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, tirofiban, would offer additional benefit in patients with plaque erosion presenting with ACS who were treated with antiplatelet therapy without stenting.Patients and methods Forty-nine patients who completed 1-year follow-up optical coherence tomography imaging in the EROSION study were divided into two groups: tirofiban (n=32) versus no tirofiban (n=17). Thrombus volume, thrombus burden, and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events were evaluated.Results At baseline, the tirofiban group had similar thrombus volume [3.73 (1.27–12.49) vs. 3.51 (1.70–8.65) mm3, P=0.983] and marginally greater thrombus burden [17.9 (10.1–26.1) vs. 10.6 (6.8–19.0)%, P=0.097]. At 1 month, the tirofiban group had smaller residual thrombus volume [0.00 (0.00–1.78) vs. 0.94 (0.07–4.20) mm3, P=0.054], thrombus burden [0.0 (0.0–6.4) vs. 7.0 (1.8–14.8)%, P=0.024], and greater reduction of thrombus volume (85.4±24.6 vs. 67.1±27.1%, P=0.021). These differences were maintained up to 1 year. Complete resolution of thrombus at 1 month was more frequent in the tirofiban group (53.1 vs. 17.6%, P=0.031). None of the patients experienced major bleeding during the initial hospitalization. The 1-year major adverse cardiovascular events rate was not different (5.6 vs. 15.0%, P=0.336).Conclusion In patients with ACS caused by plaque erosion who were managed conservatively without stenting, tirofiban provided additional benefit in reducing residual thrombus without an increased risk for bleeding.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • The paradox of clopidogrel use in patients with acute coronary syndromes
           and diabetes: insight from the Diabetes and Acute Coronary Syndrome
           Registry
    • Authors: Ferlini; Marco; Musumeci, Giuseppe; Grieco, Niccolò; Rossini, Roberta; De Servi, Stefano; Mafrici, Antonio; Sponzilli, Carlo; Demarchi, Andrea; Assanelli, Emilio M.; Camisasca, Paola; Chizzola, Giuliano; Corrada, Elena; Farina, Andrea; Pedrinazzi, Claudio; Lettieri, Corrado; Oltrona Visconti, Luigi
      Abstract: imageBackground Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and acute coronary syndromes have a greater level of platelet aggregation and a poor response to oral antiplatelet drugs. Clopidogrel is still widely used in clinical practice, despite the current evidence favoring ticagrelor and prasugrel.Aim The aim of this study was to investigate the determinants of clopidogrel use in the population of the multicenter prospective ‘Acute Coronary Syndrome and Diabetes Registry’ carried out during a 9-week period between March and May 2015 at 29 Hospitals.Patients and methods A total of 559 consecutive acute coronary syndrome patients [mean age: 68.7±11.3 years, 50% ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)], with ‘known DM’ (56%) or ‘hyperglycemia’ at admission, were included in the registry; 460 (85%) patients received a myocardial revascularization.Results At hospital discharge, dual antiplatelet therapy was prescribed to 88% of the patients (clopidogrel ticagrelor and prasugrel to 39, 38, and 23%, respectively). Differences in P2Y12 inhibitor administration were recorded on the basis of history of diabetes, age, and clinical presentation (unstable angina/non-STEMI vs. non-STEMI). On univariate analysis, age older than 75 years or more, known DM, peripheral artery disease, previous myocardial infarction, previous revascularization, complete revascularization, previous cerebrovascular event, creatinine clearance, unstable angina/non-STEMI at presentation, Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events Score, EuroSCORE, CRUSADE Bleeding Score, and oral anticoagulant therapy were significantly associated with clopidogrel choice at discharge. On multivariate analysis, only oral anticoagulant therapy and the CRUSADE Bleeding Score remained independent predictors of clopidogrel prescription.Conclusion In the present registry of a high-risk population, clopidogrel was the most used P2Y12 inhibitor at hospital discharge, confirming the ‘paradox’ to treat sicker patients with the less effective drug. Diabetic status, a marker of higher thrombotic risk, did not influence this choice; however, bleeding risk was taken into account.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Quantitative analysis of intraventricular flow-energetics and vortex in
           ischaemic hearts
    • Authors: Chan; Bee Ting; Yeoh, Hak Koon; Liew, Yih Miin; Dokos, Socrates; Al Abed, Amr; Chee, Kok Han; Abdul Aziz, Yang F.; Sridhar, Ganiga Srinivasaiah; Chinna, Karuthan; Lim, Einly
      Abstract: imageObjective This study investigated the intraventricular flow dynamics in ischaemic heart disease patients.Patients and methods Fourteen patients with normal ejection fraction and 16 patients with reduced ejection fraction were compared with 20 healthy individuals. Phase-contrast MRI was used to assess intraventricular flow variables and speckle-tracking echocardiography to assess myocardial strain and left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony. Infarct size was acquired using delayed-enhancement MRI.Results The results obtained showed no significant differences in intraventricular flow variables between the healthy group and the patients with normal ejection fraction group, whereas considerable reductions in kinetic energy (KE) fluctuation index, E′ (P
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Randomized trial evaluating the effect of aged garlic extract with
           supplements versus placebo on adipose tissue surrogates for coronary
           atherosclerosis progression
    • Authors: Zeb; Irfan; Ahmadi, Naser; Flores, Ferdinand; Budoff, Matthew J.
      Abstract: imageAims Increased epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), pericardial adipose tissue (PAT), periaortic adipose tissue (PaAT), and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) are mediators of metabolic risk, and are associated with the severity of coronary artery calcium (CAC). Aged garlic extract (AGE) has been shown to reduce the progression of coronary atherosclerosis. This study evaluates the effect of AGE with supplements (AGE+S) on EAT, PAT, SAT, and PaAT.Methods Sixty asymptomatic participants participated in a randomized trial evaluating the effect of AGE+S versus placebo on coronary atherosclerosis progression, and underwent CAC at baseline and after 12 months of treatment. EAT, PAT, PaAT, and SAT volumes were measured on CAC scans. PAT was calculated as: intrathoracic adipose tissue–EAT. SAT was defined as the volume of fat depot anterior to the sternum and posterior to the vertebra. PaAT was defined as fat depot around the descending aorta.Results At 1 year, the increase in EAT, PAT, PaAT, and SAT was significantly lower in the AGE+S as compared with the placebo group (P
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Bradykinin receptors gene expression in white adipose tissue in
           nondiabetic patients with coronary artery disease
    • Authors: Marketou; Maria E.; Kochiadakis, George; Kontaraki, Joanna; Zacharis, Evangelos; Kanoupakis, Emmanouel; Kallergis, Emmanouel; Mavrakis, Hercules; Tsiverdis, Panagiotis; Lempidakis, Dimitris; Konstantinou, John; Fragkiadakis, Konstantinos; Chlouverakis, Gregory; Vardas, Panos; Parthenakis, Fragiskos
      Abstract: imageObjectives Adipose tissue plays a key role in cardiovascular physiology. Kinin receptors are important determinant of the effect of adiposity on endothelial function and cardiovascular function. We examined the gene expression levels of kinin receptors in the subcutaneous white adipose tissue (sWAT) of nondiabetic patients with and without coronary artery disease (CAD).Patients and methods We evaluated 21 patients with CAD (13 men, age: 68±8 years) and 23 patients without CAD (15 men, age: 66±5 years) who underwent catheterization through the femoral route. sWAT biopsies were obtained from the site of vessel puncture before the procedure and analyzed for bradykinin receptor type 1 (BKR1) and 2 (BKR2) gene expression by real-time quantitative PCR.Results Although BKR2 expression levels did not differ significantly (413.12±532.41 in CAD patients vs. 378.33±534.45 in controls, P=NS), BKR1 expression in sWAT was significantly greater in patients with CAD (352.69±455.12 vs. 46.5±46.7, P
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • The association of chronic air pollutants with coronary artery spasm,
           vasospastic angina, and endothelial dysfunction
    • Authors: Choi; Byoung Geol; Lee, Jiwon; Kim, Suhng Wook; Lee, Min Woo; Baek, Man Jong; Ryu, Yang Gi; Choi, Se Yeon; Byun, Jae Kyeong; Mashaly, Ahmed; Park, Yoonjee; Jang, Won Young; Kim, Woohyeun; Choi, Jah Yeon; Park, Eun Jin; Na, Jin Oh; Choi, Cheol Ung; Lim, Hong Euy; Kim, Eung Ju; Park, Chang Gyu; Seo, Hong Seog; Oh, Dong Joo; Rha, Seung-Woon
      Abstract: imageBackground We evaluated the effect of chronic exposure to air pollutants (APs) on coronary endothelial function and significant coronary artery spasm (CAS) as assessed by intracoronary acetylcholine (ACH) provocation test.Patients and methods A total of 6430 patients with typical or atypical chest pain who underwent intracoronary ACH provocation test were enrolled. We obtained data on APs from the Korean National Institute of Environmental Research (http://www.nier.go.kr/). APs are largely divided into two types: particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 µm in size (PM10) and gaseous pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and ozone. The primary endpoint is the incidence of significant CAS and its associated parameters during ACH provocation test.Results The incidence of CAS was positively correlated with an exposure duration of PM10, whereas nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and ozone were shown to be unrelated to CAS. During the ACH provocation test, as PM10 increased, the frequency of CAS was increased, and the incidence of transient ST-segment elevation was also increased. There was a trend toward higher incidence of spontaneous spasm as PM10 increased. The mean exposure level of PM10 was 51.3±25.4 µg/m3. The CAS risk increased by 4% when the level of PM10 increased by 20 µg/m3 by an adjusted Cox regression analysis.Conclusion CAS incidence is closely related to exposure to PMs but not to gaseous pollutants. Particularly, higher exposure concentrations and longer exposure duration of PM10 increased the risk of CAS. These important findings provide a plausible mechanism that links air pollution to vasospastic angina and provide new insights into environmental factors.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • The evolving role of percutaneous ventricular assist devices in high-risk
           cardiac patients
    • Authors: Marcuschamer; Ilan A.; Abelow, Aryeh; Kornowski, Ran
      Abstract: imageThe Impella is a mechanical circulatory support device that supports ventricular function. Since 2008, when the first Impella device received Food and Drug Administration clearance, its use has become increasingly prevalent. A variety of Impella devices are available, and are differentiated by size, power, and insertion techniques. These versions of the Impella have been used in a multitude of clinical scenarios, both emergent and elective, including high-risk coronary interventions, acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock, decompensated left and right heart failure, high-risk ventricular tachycardia ablations, and aortic valvuloplasty. However, the available evidence supporting its use is less than robust, primarily consisting of case reports and registries, with a limited number of randomized-controlled trials comparing the Impella with the intra-aortic balloon pump. Although these trials show that the Impella provides better hemodynamic support compared with the intra-aortic balloon pump, they failed to show a survival benefit for the Impella. This finding may have a number of explanations, foremost the inherent difficulty of selecting appropriate patients for trials that are conducted in extreme clinical settings. In this study, we discuss the mechanism of the Impella and the different types of Impella devices available, and review the medical literature for evidence of its efficacy in treating cardiac patients. Although the Impella has become ubiquitous in certain markets, such as in the USA, it has yet to be a part of the standard of care for patients in Israel.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • One-year imaging follow-up of a self-expanding bifurcation drug-eluting
           stent and bioresorbable scaffold for a complex bifurcation lesion
    • Authors: Nakajima; Akihiro; Kawamoto, Hiroyoshi; Nakamura, Sunao; Tresukosol, Damras
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Optical coherence tomography for visualization of subintimal tracking
           during coronary intervention
    • Authors: Sadamatsu; Kenji; Takase, Susumu; Tashiro, Hideki
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Coronary endarterectomy to facilitate bypass surgery for patients with
           extensive stenting of the left anterior descending artery
    • Authors: Filippone; Gianfranco; Calia, Claudia; Vacirca, Sara R.; Caruana, Giovanni; Re, Maria R.; Giardina, Caterina; Lentini, Emanuele; Palmeri di Villalba, Cesira; Argano, Vincenzo
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT-
       
 
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