Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8669 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 103)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 267)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)

        1 2 | Last

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Journal Cover
Cardiology and Therapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.843
Number of Followers: 11  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2193-8261 - ISSN (Online) 2193-6544
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Use, Persistence, Efficacy, and Safety of Apixaban in Patients with
           Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation in Unselected Patients in Germany.
           Results of the Prospective Apixaban in Atrial Fibrillation (APAF) Registry

    • Abstract: Introduction Apixaban has been shown to be superior to warfarin in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation in the randomized ARISTOTLE trial and its use is recommended in current guidelines. There are only scarce data about its use, efficacy, and safety in unselected patients in Germany. Methods and Results The APAF registry is a prospective non-interventional study enrolling 5015 patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Of these, 1349 (26.9%) patients were initially treated with apixaban and followed up at 3 and 12 months. The dose of apixaban used was 1 × 2.5 mg in 1.6%, 2 × 2.5 mg in 30.4%, and 2 × 5 mg daily in 68.0% of patients, respectively. Inappropriate underdosing of apixaban was observed in 22.3%, mostly in elderly patients with higher HAS-BLED Score and a history of bleeding. Persistence to apixaban after 1 year was 88.6%, while the dose was changed in 3.7% of patients. Switching to other NOACs or VKAs occurred in 5.1%. After 12 months, all-cause mortality was 5.0%, non-fatal stroke occurred in 0.4%, non-fatal myocardial infarction in 0.6%, ISTH major bleeding in 0.8%, moderate or minor bleeding in 4.3% of patients, respectively. Conclusions In this prospective experience in unselected patients with atrial fibrillation, persistence to apixaban was high, and efficacy and safety were comparable to the results in clinical trials, supporting its use in clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2020-07-08
  • A Comparison of Ezetimibe and Evolocumab for Atherogenic Lipid Reduction
           in Four Patient Populations: A Pooled Efficacy and Safety Analysis of
           Three Phase 3 Studies

    • Abstract: Introduction Clinicians, payers, guideline committees, and policymakers support the use of high-intensity statins in patients at high risk for complications of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Guidelines and recommendations provide guidance on next steps for patients with inadequate low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) control on maximally tolerated statin or for those who are statin-intolerant. Ezetimibe and evolocumab improve CV outcomes when added to statins in high-CV-risk populations. The aim of the study was to compare evolocumab and ezetimibe for lipid-lowering efficacy and safety. Methods We summarized data from 1427 patients from three phase 3 evolocumab studies comparing double-blinded evolocumab vs. ezetimibe. These studies evaluated four distinct populations: those free of CVD receiving each agent as monotherapy, patients with CVD receiving add-on therapy to low- or high-intensity statin, and statin-intolerant patients. Lipid efficacy and safety were reported at week 12. Results Across the studies, evolocumab reduced LDL-C by a mean 55–61% from baseline to week 12; ezetimibe lowered LDL-C by 18–20% from baseline (mean difference = 38–43% favoring evolocumab; p < 0.0001). This corresponded to absolute reductions in LDL-C of 60–104 mg/dL with evolocumab vs. 17–35 mg/dL with ezetimibe. Evolocumab also significantly improved other lipids and led to a higher percentage of patients achieving LDL-C goals vs. ezetimibe. Adverse events and discontinuation rates (oral and parenteral therapy) were balanced across groups, suggesting good tolerance and acceptance of both treatments. Conclusions Evolocumab outperformed ezetimibe in efficacy and lipid goal attainment. Both products demonstrated good safety/tolerability. These data may help guide access decisions for high-risk patients with inadequate treatment response or intolerance to statin therapy.
      PubDate: 2020-06-20
  • Optical Coherence Tomography: Current Applications for the Assessment of
           Coronary Artery Disease and Guidance of Percutaneous Coronary

    • Abstract: Introduction Coronary angiography (CAG) is the standard modality for assessment of coronary stenoses and intraprocedural guidance of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). However, the limitations of CAG are well recognized. Intracoronary imaging (ICI) can potentially overcome these limitations. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) are the main ICI techniques utilized in clinical practice. Aim This narrative literature review addresses the current clinical applications of OCT in relation to IVUS and CAG in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Items reviewed are: technical implications of OCT and IVUS, lesion characterization and decision-making, stent optimization criteria, post-stenting results, safety in terms of procedural complications, clinical outcomes, and indications. Main Findings OCT is able to reveal more detail than IVUS due to its higher resolution. However, this higher resolution comes at the cost of a lower penetration depth. Pre-stenting OCT results in procedural change in more than 50% of the cases in terms of stent length and diameter. Post-stenting OCT resulting in stent optimization is reported in at least 27% of the cases. Malapposition and under-expansion are treated with post-dilatations, while edge dissections are treated with additional stent placement. Stent expansion, stent apposition, distal stent edge dissections, and reference lumen areas seem to be the most important stent optimization criteria for both decision-making and for reducing the risk of adverse events during follow-up. Both OCT and IVUS are superior in terms of post-stenting results compared with CAG alone. However, there is no consensus about whether OCT guidance results in better stent expansion than IVUS guidance. OCT, IVUS, and CAG are safe procedures with few reported procedural complications. In general, OCT guidance seems to contribute to favorable clinical outcomes compared with CAG guidance only. However, OCT guidance results in similar clinical outcomes as with IVUS guidance. OCT could be considered for lumen assessment and stent-related morphology in more complex cases in which CAG interpretation remains uncertain. Since OCT and IVUS have distinct characteristics, these techniques are complementary and should be considered carefully for each patient case based on the benefits and limitations of both techniques.
      PubDate: 2020-06-20
  • Home-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation (HBCR) In Post-TAVR Patients: A
           Prospective, Single-Center, Cohort, Pilot Study

    • Abstract: Introduction Cardiac rehabilitation after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) safely improves exercise tolerance, functional independence, and quality of life. However, barriers such as transportation, cost, and limited access to rehabilitation programs prohibits participation. In 2010, the Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) started a 12-week home-based cardiac rehabilitation (HBCR) program at 13 sites around the country to increase participation by reducing such barriers. We present the findings of HBCR in post-TAVR patients from the VAMC in Gainesville, FL, USA. Methods Fifty-nine patients who underwent TAVR between 2015 and 2018 at the Gainesville VA were offered HBCR. Forty-one patients enrolled, 28 completed the program, and 14 completed the surveys. We used various performance measures including Life’s Simple 7 survey, 6-min Walk (6-MW), Duke Activity Survey Index (DASI), and Short Form-36 (SF-36) health survey to assess the pre and post-HBCR changes in emotional, functional, and physical well-being of the patients. Results Paired comparison of pre and post-HBCR using Wilcoxon signed-rank test revealed a statistically significant difference in the pre and post-HBCR scores for DASI, DASI-Mets, and SF-36 physical functioning (p values 0.05, 0.034, and 0.016, respectively), suggesting an improvement in the patients’ physical functioning after participating in the HBCR program. Conclusions In conclusion, our pilot study offers novel insight into the role of HBCR in improving physical health and well-being in post-TAVR patients while eliminating the barriers of transportation and access to cardiac rehabilitation programs.
      PubDate: 2020-06-13
  • Cardiovascular Implications and Therapeutic Considerations in COVID-19

    • Abstract: Abstract The ongoing severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has profoundly impacted all fields of medicine. Infection with SARS-CoV-2 and the resulting coronavirus of 2019 (COVID-19) syndrome has multiorgan effects. The pandemic has united researchers from bench to bedside in attempts to understand the pathophysiology of the disease and define optimal treatment strategies. Cardiovascular disease is highly prevalent and a leading cause of death across gender, race, and ethnic groups. As the pandemic spreads, there is increasing concern about the cardiovascular effects of the viral infection and the interaction of infection with existing cardiovascular disease. Additionally, there are concerns about the cardiac effects of the numerous treatment agents under study. It will be essential for cardiologists to understand the interplay between underlying cardiac comorbidities, acute cardiovascular effects of COVID-19 disease, and adverse effects of new treatments. Here we describe emerging evidence of the epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 infection and underlying cardiovascular disease, the evidence for direct myocardial injury in SARS-CoV-2 infection, the specific presentations of cardiovascular involvement by SARS-CoV-2, and the cardiac effects of emerging treatments.
      PubDate: 2020-06-13
  • Extrapolation of Survival Benefits in Patients with Transthyretin Amyloid
           Cardiomyopathy Receiving Tafamidis: Analysis of the Tafamidis in
           Transthyretin Cardiomyopathy Clinical Trial

    • Abstract: Introduction In the Tafamidis in Transthyretin Cardiomyopathy Clinical Trial (ATTR-ACT; number NCT01994889), tafamidis reduced the risk of all-cause mortality in patients with transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) by 30% versus placebo. Median overall survival was not achieved in either treatment arm (57.1 and 70.5% of patients in the placebo and tafamidis groups, respectively, survived at 30 months), limiting assessment of the potential survival benefits of treatment. Methods A survival extrapolation analysis was conducted following technical support guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Multiple models (i.e., exponential, Weibull, gamma, log-logistic, log-normal, Gompertz, generalized gamma, and generalized F) were applied to systematically fit different candidate curves to existing patient-level data from the 30-month treatment period in ATTR-ACT. The relative goodness-of-fit for each candidate curve was then tested by Akaike’s and Bayesian information criteria to select a single model that was fitted to the placebo and pooled tafamidis treatment arms. Results A gamma distribution was selected as best fitting model and fitted to both treatment arms. The resulting estimated median overall survival was 35.16 months for placebo and 52.64 months for tafamidis (difference 17.48 months). Conclusions This extrapolation of survival data from ATTR-ACT further supports the efficacy of tafamidis in patients with ATTR-CM. Owing to the limitations of this analysis, these survival estimates should be interpreted with caution; however, they are consistent with recently presented findings from a combined analysis of data from ATTR-ACT and interim data from an ongoing long-term extension study (median follow-up 36 months; number NCT02791230). Trial Registration NCT01994889.
      PubDate: 2020-06-10
  • In-Hospital Outcomes of Patients with Acute Decompensated Heart Failure
           and Cirrhosis: An Analysis of the National Inpatient Sample

    • Abstract: Introduction Heart failure increases morbidity and mortality in patients admitted for cirrhosis. Our objective was to determine if patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and cirrhosis would have increased mortality, hospital length of stay (LOS), and total hospital charges compared to patients with only ADHF. There is also a paucity of data regarding the influence of gender, race, ethnicity, insurance, and cirrhosis-related complications on mortality, hospital length of stay, and total hospitalization charges. In this study, we aim to identify risk factors in a national population cohort from 2016. Methods All patients above 18 years old with cirrhosis and ADHF admitted in 2016 were identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). Multivariate regression analysis was used to estimate the odds ratio of in-hospital mortality, average length of stay (LOS), and total hospital charges after adjusting for the following factors: age, gender, race, Charlson and Elixhauser scores, primary insurance payer status, hospital type, hospital bed size, hospital region, and hospital teaching status. Statistical analysis was performed by using the survey procedures function in the statistical analysis system (SAS) software. Statistical significance was defined by the two-sided t-test with a p value < 0.05. Results The overall sample contained 363,050 patients. A total of 355,455 patients were admitted with ADHF and 2% of these patients had concomitant cirrhosis (n = 7595) in 2016. The total mortality rate was 3.4%, hospital LOS was 6.6 days (with a median of 6.5 days), and the mean total hospital charge was $63,120.20. Patients with both ADHF and cirrhosis compared to patients without ADHF had increased mortality, hospital LOS, and cirrhosis-related complications. Conclusions As the incidence and prevalence of ADHF and cirrhosis increases worldwide, we urge the medical community to increase surveillance of patients with both diseases and perform rigorous cardiovascular risk assessments as well to improve patient outcomes.
      PubDate: 2020-06-08
  • Anatomical Extent of Venous Reflux

    • Abstract: Abstract Despite the recognition of the importance of the anatomical extent of venous reflux, its description in medical literature is inconsistent in terms and classifications. Recent international consensus documents provide clear definitions for the three main classes of reflux: segmental, multi-segmental, and axial. This report addresses the most important aspects of the standard definitions of the anatomical extent of venous reflux, the differences between the three classes of reflux, and the challenges of implementing this classification in clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2020-06-02
  • Comparative Outcomes of Transapical Versus Transfemoral Access for
           Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in Diabetics

    • Abstract: Introduction The outcomes of transfemoral (TF) compared with transapical (TA) access for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in diabetics are unknown. Methods We queried the NIS database (2011–2014) to identify diabetics who underwent TAVR. We performed a propensity matching analysis comparing TF-TAVR versus TA-TAVR. Results The analysis included 14.555 diabetics who underwent TAVR. After matching, in-hospital mortality was not different between TF-TAVR and TA-TAVR. (3.5 vs. 4.4%, p = 0.11). TF-TAVR was associated with lower rates of cardiogenic shock (2.7 vs. 4.7%, p = 0.02), use of mechanical circulatory support (2.0 vs. 2.9%, p = 0.03), acute renal failure (17.8 vs. 26.5%, p < 0.001), major bleeding (35.8 vs. 40.7%, p < 0.001) and respiratory complications (1.1 vs. 4.4%, p < 0.001) compared with TA-TAVR. However, TF-TAVR was associated with a higher rate of vascular complications (2.9 vs. 0.9%, p < 0.001), cardiac tamponade (0.5 vs. 0.0%, p < 0.001), complete heart block (10.8 vs. 7.7%, p < 0.001) and pacemaker insertion (11.8 vs. 8.3%, p < 0.001). There was no difference between both groups in acute stroke (1.8 vs. 2.2%, p = 0.39), hemodialysis (2.0 vs. 2.2%, p = 0.71), and ventricular arrhythmias (4.9 vs. 4.2%, p = 0.19). Notably, TF-TAVR was associated with higher mortality, acute stroke, AKI, hemodialysis, PCI, and respiratory complications in complicated diabetics compared with non-complicated diabetics. Conclusions This observational analysis showed no difference in-hospital mortality between TF-TAVR and TA-TAVR among diabetic patients. Studies exploring the optimal access for TAVR among diabetics are recommended.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
  • Effect of Methadone on Cardiac Repolarization in Japanese Cancer Patients:
           A Longitudinal Study

    • Abstract: Introduction Methadone is known to prolong the QT interval, which could induce lethal arrhythmias such as torsades de pointes. To determine the risk of ventricular arrhythmias in cancer patients using methadone, we measured QT dispersion (QTD) and Tpeak-Tend (TpTe) before and after methadone administration and evaluated the correlations between methadone dosage and cardiac repolarization. Methods We conducted a retrospective observational study with 19 patients undergoing follow-up for cancer pain with methadone. Electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings were obtained from the patients at methadone initiation and 1 week, 1 month, and 2 months later. The QT, corrected QT (QTc), QTD, QTc dispersion (QTcD), TpTe, TpTe/QT, and TpTe/QTc were measured manually via ECG records and analyzed using a repeated measures one-way ANOVA. The correlations between these ECG parameters and each methadone dosage were determined using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. Results The QTD, QTcD, TpTe/QT, and TpTe/QTc remained unchanged, while TpTe was prolonged significantly at 2 months (initiation: 82 ± 17 ms; 2 months: 106 ± 20 ms, p = 0.018). In addition, there was a positive correlation between TpTe and methadone dosage (rs = 0.4, p = 0.041). Conclusions The findings suggested that small or modest doses of methadone could exert dose-dependent effects on cardiac repolarization in cancer patients. Trial Registration UMIN Clinical Trials Registry, UMIN000034519.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
  • Prevalence of US Adults with Triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dl: NHANES

    • Abstract: Introduction Hypertriglyceridemia is associated with increased atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) event risk, which persists even in statin-treated patients. The objective of this analysis was to estimate the prevalence of triglyceride (TG) levels ≥ 150 mg/dl in statin-treated adults with diabetes or ASCVD in the United States. Methods Laboratory data, medical history, and prescription data from 40,617 subjects who participated in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) spanning 8 years (four 2-year surveys; 2007–2014) were analyzed. Patients included were ≥ 20 years old and had morning fasting (at least 8.5 h) TG values available. The proportion and weighted number of individuals in the US population with TG ≥ 150 mg/dl was calculated according to statin use, as well as in key subgroups of statin-treated patients including those with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels < 100 mg/dl, type 2 diabetes, ASCVD, and those with type 2 diabetes and ASCVD. Results A total of 9593 subjects, projected to represent 219.9 million Americans, met the study entry criteria and were included in the analysis. Of these, 2523 had TG levels ≥ 150 mg/dl, translating to a prevalence of 25.9% and representing 56.9 million Americans. Among statin-treated adults, the proportion with TG levels ≥ 150 mg/dl was 31.6% (12.3 million) and ranged from 27.6 to 39.5% for those who also had LDL-C levels < 100 mg/dl and type 2 diabetes or ASCVD. Conclusions Over 12 million Americans are treated with a statin and have TG levels ≥ 150 mg/dl. Interventions such as icosapent ethyl that have been shown to reduce ASCVD event risk in this elevated TG population with type 2 diabetes or established ASCVD can provide substantial clinical benefit for these patients.
      PubDate: 2020-04-23
  • Idarucizumab for Emergency Reversal of Anticoagulant Effects of
           Dabigatran: Interim Results of a Japanese Post-Marketing Surveillance

    • Abstract: Introduction Idarucizumab, a monoclonal antibody fragment, was developed to reverse the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran, and it was approved in Japan in September 2016. An all-case post-marketing surveillance is ongoing to collect data in Japanese patients treated with idarucizumab who had serious bleeding (Group A) or required an urgent procedure (Group B). Methods The primary endpoint was the incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The secondary endpoint was the maximum extent of reversal of the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran based on activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) within 4 h after idarucizumab administration. Results This interim analysis included 262 patients who received idarucizumab. Eighteen patients (6.9%) experienced ADRs within 4 weeks. The reversal effect of idarucizumab based on aPTT within 4 h after idarucizumab administration was assessed in 30 patients and the median maximum percentage reversal was 100%. In Group A, the median time to bleeding cessation in patients without intracranial bleeding was 3.3 h. In Group B, normal intraoperative hemostasis was reported in 63 patients (72.4%). Conclusions The results of this interim analysis suggest that idarucizumab is safe and effective for the reversal of dabigatran in Japanese patients in a real-world setting, and support the continued use of idarucizumab. Trial Registration identifier, NCT02946931.
      PubDate: 2020-03-09
  • Cardiology and Therapy: A Summary of 2019 and Key Areas of Emerging
           Research in 2020

    • PubDate: 2020-03-06
  • Emergency Department Visits and Subsequent Hospital Admission Trends for
           Patients with Chest Pain and a History of Coronary Artery Disease

    • Abstract: Introduction Hospitalization is the largest component of health care spending in the United States. Most hospitalized patients first visit the emergency department (ED), where hospitalization decisions are made. Optimal utilization of hospital resources is critical for all stakeholders. Methods We performed a population-based, cross-sectional study evaluating ED visits and subsequent inpatient admissions for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and chest pain (CP) suggestive of CAD from 2006 to 2013 using the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample database weighted for national estimates. We analyzed trends using a generalized linear regression model with a Poisson distribution and Wald test. Results From 2006 to 2013, there was a 15% decrease in ED visits for CAD (p < 0.01), while ED visit rates for CP increased 31% (p < 0.01). Subsequent inpatient admission rates decreased 18% for CAD (p < 0.01) and 33% for CP (p < 0.01). Trends were not modified by patient and hospital strata. Conclusion ED visits and subsequent inpatient admissions resulting from CAD decreased from 2006 to 2013. Patients with CP had a substantially higher number of ED visits, with a significant decline in inpatient admissions.
      PubDate: 2020-03-02
  • Update on Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

    • Abstract: Abstract Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a minimally invasive approach to treat symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. The patient populations that have been shown to benefit from this procedure continue to grow with time. Techniques and technology in TAVR persistently advance with a continued trend toward improved outcomes for patients. In this review, we highlight the advances in vascular access, TAVR valve design, progress in reducing procedural complications, and emerging evidence in the field.
      PubDate: 2020-02-28
  • What Lessons Have We Learned and What Remains to be Clarified for PCSK9
           Inhibitors' A Review of FOURIER and ODYSSEY Outcomes Trials

    • Abstract: Abstract For more than half a century, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) has been recognized as a major risk factor for incident atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The discovery of proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) in 2003, which prevents LDL-C receptor recycling, identified a new target for drug intervention. Recently, two large-scale randomized clinical outcomes trials involving fully human anti-PCSK9 monoclonal antibodies tested the hypothesis that targeting this pathway would reduce cardiovascular events. Both the FOURIER (Further cardiovascular OUtcomes Research with PCSK9 Inhibition in subjects with Elevated Risk) and ODYSSEY OUTCOMES trials met their primary efficacy endpoints, confirming findings reported earlier that major adverse cardiovascular events can be reduced by a further lowering of LDL-C beyond that achieved with statin therapy. In both trials, there were incremental reductions in LDL-C of > 50% from baseline, with no major safety concerns, over the trials’ median follow-up time (2.2 and 2.8 years, respectively). While there were differences in design, lipid management and overall results, key messages from both studies were similar. However, post-publication, additional questions have arisen, especially regarding drug effects over the long-term, including a potential mortality benefit.
      PubDate: 2020-02-05
  • Antihypertensive Effectiveness of Perindopril Arginine and Indapamide
           Single-Pill Combination According to Body Mass Index: Findings from the
           FORSAGE Study

    • Abstract: Introduction Overweight and obesity are increasing worldwide and are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to examine the burden of CVD risk factors among normal weight, overweight, and obese subjects with hypertension, and to evaluate the effectiveness of switching to a single-pill combination (SPC) of perindopril arginine/indapamide for blood pressure (BP) control in overweight and obese subjects treated in routine clinical practice. Methods FORSAGE was a 3-month, multicenter, observational, open-label study conducted in Russian patients with uncontrolled arterial hypertension under previous antihypertensive therapy. Subjects were switched to the full-dose perindopril arginine 10 mg/indapamide 2.5 mg SPC. BP was assessed at 2 weeks, 1 month, and 3 months, and serum creatinine and general health status at 3 months. The present post hoc analysis of the FORSAGE study results explored the effectiveness of perindopril arginine/indapamide SPC in patients with arterial hypertension with regard to baseline body mass index (BMI): normal (< 25 kg/m2), overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2), and obese (≥ 30 kg/m2). Results A total of 1969 patients were recruited, but BMI data were available for 1963 patients, two-thirds of whom were women. The distribution of BMI groups was as follows: < 25 kg/m2 (16.7%), overweight (48.7%), and obese (34.7%). Overweight or obese patients had more concomitant diseases such as diabetes mellitus or history of stroke, higher BP levels, serum cholesterol and creatinine, and lower glomerular filtration rates. Switching to perindopril arginine/indapamide SPC was associated with a statistically significant reduction in BP as early as the second week of treatment. At 3 months, systolic blood pressure (SBP)/diastolic blood pressure (DBP) had decreased significantly by 39.3/18.8 mmHg in the normal BMI group, 39.8/18.8 mmHg in overweight, and 39.4/18.7 mmHg in obese groups. The magnitude of the BP reduction was independent of BMI. Achievement of target BP (< 140/90 mmHg) was good in all groups, but lower in obese subjects (70.9%) than in overweight subjects (78.1%) or those with a normal BMI (81.8%) (P < 0.0001 for both comparisons). Conclusions In subjects with uncontrolled BP on existing antihypertensive therapy, switching to perindopril arginine 10 mg/indapamide 2.5 mg was associated with statistically significant decreases in BP and higher rates of target BP achievement in all BMI groups, including more than 70% of overweight and obese patients. Trial Registration ISRCTN ID, ISRCTN14315146 (retrospectively registered 18/11/2019).
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Relationship between Invasive and Echocardiographic Transvalvular
           Gradients after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

    • Abstract: Introduction Lower transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) pressure gradients have been reported after implantation of self-expanding valves compared with balloon-expandable valves; however, there is a paucity of data on the relationship between invasively measured transvalvular pressure gradients and Doppler-derived measurements. Methods From September 2013 to September 2018, patients with native aortic valve stenosis who had both intraoperative invasive and postoperative echocardiography transvalvular pressure gradients were included for analysis. We used parametric and nonparametric statistics to compare aortic gradients within and between groups. Results Of 171 patients, 152 (88.9%) patients had TAVR with a balloon-expandable valve and 19 (11.1%) with a self-expanding valve. Among all patients, the invasive aortic gradient was 7.8 ± 3.2 mmHg and the Doppler-derived aortic gradient was 11.0 ± 4.5 mmHg (p < 0.001). Among those who received a balloon-expandable valve, the invasive aortic gradient was 7.5 ± 3 mmHg and the Doppler aortic gradient was 11.4 ± 4.5 mmHg (p < 0.001). In contrast, among patients who received a self-expanding valve, the invasive aortic gradient was 10.3 ± 3.4 mmHg and the Doppler aortic gradient was 8.5 ± 4.6 mmHg (p = 0.18). Conclusions Balloon-expandable valves were associated with lower invasive measurements versus post-TAVR Doppler gradients, while results were inconclusive regarding self-expanding valves.
      PubDate: 2020-01-22
  • Diagnosis of Amyloidosis: A Survey of Current Awareness and Clinical
           Challenges Among Cardiologists in Switzerland

    • Abstract: Introduction Transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR) is a progressive disease in which amyloid fibril deposition disrupts tissue structure and organ function. Many patients with ATTR present with cardiac involvement; recent studies indicate that ATTR prevalence is higher than expected in patients with certain heart conditions. Although long delays to diagnosis are common, recent treatment advances have made timely diagnosis critical to ensure appropriate patient management. Despite clinical guideline updates, it remains unclear how these are being implemented in routine patient care. Methods We performed a survey of practicing cardiologists in Switzerland to assess their knowledge of ATTR and current clinical practice. Results Overall, 72 cardiologists completed the questionnaire in a face-to-face interview (n = 16) or online (n = 56). Key findings highlighted wide variation in cardiologists’ knowledge about the diagnostic tests required for a differential diagnosis of ATTR. In particular, many cardiologists lacked familiarity with radiolabeled bone scintigraphy, an important non-invasive test that is part of the diagnostic algorithm for ATTR. Another challenge in diagnosing amyloidosis appears to be general awareness of ATTR among cardiologists. Conclusions Survey results highlight that cardiologists in Switzerland would benefit from information on the latest advances in ATTR to support them in screening heart failure patients and ensure that patients benefit from treatment advances.
      PubDate: 2020-01-20
  • Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation: State of the Art and Future

    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained arrhythmia, is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Maintenance of stable sinus rhythm (SR) is the intended treatment target in symptomatic patients, and catheter ablation aimed at isolating the pulmonary veins provides the most effective treatment option, supported by encouraging clinical outcome data. A variety of energy sources and devices have been developed and evaluated. In this review, we summarize the current state of the art of catheter ablation of AF and describe future perspectives. Recent Findings Catheter ablation is a well-established treatment option for patients with symptomatic AF and is more successful at maintaining SR than antiarrhythmic drugs. Antral pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) as a stand-alone ablation strategy results in beneficial clinical outcomes and is therefore recommended as first-line strategy for both paroxysmal and persistent AF. While radiofrequency-based PVI in conjunction with a three-dimensional mapping system was for many years considered to be the “gold standard”, the cryoballoon has emerged as the most commonly used alternative AF ablation tool, especially in patients with paroxysmal AF. Patients with persistent or long-standing persistent AF and with arrhythmia recurrence after previous PVI may benefit from additional ablation strategies, such as substrate modification of various forms or left atrial appendage isolation. New technologies and techniques, such as identification of the AF sources and magnetic resonance imaging-guided substrate modification, are on the way to further improve the success rates of catheter ablation for selected patients and might help to further reduce arrhythmia recurrence. Conclusions Pulmonary vein isolation is the treatment of choice for symptomatic patients with paroxysmal and persistent drug-refractory AF. The reconnection of previously isolated pulmonary veins remains the major cause of AF recurrence. Novel ablation tools, such as balloon technologies or alternative energy sources, might help to overcome this limitation. Patients with non-paroxysmal AF and with AF recurrence might benefit from alternative ablation strategies. However, further studies are warranted to further improve our knowledge of the underlying mechanisms of AF and to obtain long-term clinical outcomes on new ablation techniques.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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