Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8359 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (210 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (329 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 329 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 100)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 247)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Full-text available via subscription  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
JMIR Cardio     Open Access  
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Arrhythmia     Open Access  
Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cardiac Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Clinical Research in Cardiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.237
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1861-0692 - ISSN (Online) 1861-0684
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2570 journals]
  • Correction to: Electromagnetic interference in implantable cardioverter
           defibrillators: present but rare
    • Abstract: The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake.
      PubDate: 2020-01-17
       
  • Publisher Correction to: Efficacy of an implantable
           cardioverter-defibrillator in patients with diabetes and heart failure and
           reduced ejection fraction
    • Abstract: The article was initially published with incorrect copyright information or changed later to incorrect copyright information.
      PubDate: 2020-01-16
       
  • The association of conventionally medicated systolic and diastolic blood
           pressure level and mortality from cardiovascular disease: is the lower the
           better in high stroke population'
    • PubDate: 2020-01-16
       
  • Impact of renal function on clinical outcomes after PCI in ACS and stable
           CAD patients treated with ticagrelor: a prespecified analysis of the
           GLOBAL LEADERS randomized clinical trial
    • Abstract: Background Impaired renal function (IRF) is associated with increased risks of both ischemic and bleeding events. Ticagrelor has been shown to provide greater absolute reduction in ischemic risk following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in those with versus without IRF. Methods A pre-specified sub-analysis of the randomized GLOBAL LEADERS trial (n = 15,991) comparing the experimental strategy of 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy (after 1-month ticagrelor and aspirin dual anti-platelet therapy [DAPT]) with 12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ACS and stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients stratified according to IRF (glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2). Results At 2 years, patients with IRF (n = 2171) had a higher rate of the primary endpoint (all-cause mortality or centrally adjudicated, new Q-wave myocardial infarction [MI](hazard ratio [HR] 1.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.35–1.98, padj = 0.001), all-cause death, site-reported MI, all revascularization and BARC 3 or 5 type bleeding, compared with patients without IRF. Among patients with IRF, there were similar rates of the primary endpoint (HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.61–1.11, p = 0.192, pint = 0.680) and BARC 3 or 5 type bleeding (HR 1.10, 95% CI 0.71–1.71, p = 0.656, pint = 0.506) in the experimental versus the reference group. No significant interactions were seen between IRF and treatment effect for any of the secondary outcome variables. Among ACS patients with IRF, there were no between-group differences in the rates of the primary endpoint or BARC 3 or 5 type bleeding; however, the rates of the patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) of all-cause death, any stroke, MI, or revascularization (pint = 0.028) and net adverse clinical events (POCE and BARC 3 or 5 type bleeding) (pint = 0.045), were lower in the experimental versus the reference group. No treatment effects were found in stable CAD patients categorized according to presence of IRF. Conclusions IRF negatively impacted long-term prognosis after PCI. There were no differential treatment effects found with regard to all-cause death or new Q-wave MI after PCI in patients with IRF treated with ticagrelor monotherapy. Clinical trial registration The trial has been registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01813435. Graphic abstract
      PubDate: 2020-01-10
       
  • Prasugrel use and clinical outcomes by age among patients undergoing PCI
           for acute coronary syndrome: from the PROMETHEUS study
    • Abstract: Background Prasugrel is a potent thienopyridine that may be preferentially used in younger patients with lower bleeding risk. Objective We compared prasugrel use and outcomes by age from the PROMETHEUS study. We also assessed age-related trends in treatment effects with prasugrel versus clopidogrel. Methods PROMETHEUS was a multicenter acute coronary syndrome (ACS) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) registry. We compared patients in age tertiles (T1 < 60 years, T2 60–70 years, T3 > 70 years). Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke or unplanned revascularization. Data were adjusted using multivariable Cox regression for age-related risks and propensity score stratification for thienopyridine effects. Results The study included 19,914 patients: 7045 (35.0%) in T1, 6489 (33.0%) in T2 and 6380 (32.0%) in T3. Prasugrel use decreased from T1 to T3 (29.2% vs. 23.5% vs. 7.5%, p < 0.001). Crude 1-year MACE rates were highest in T3 (17.4% vs. 16.8% vs. 22.7%, p < 0.001), but adjusted risk was similar between the groups (p-trend 0.52). Conversely, crude incidence (2.8% vs. 3.8% vs. 6.9%, p < 0.001) and adjusted bleeding risk were highest in T3 (HR 1.24, 95% CI 0.99–1.55 in T2; HR 1.83, 95% CI 1.46–2.30 in T3; p-trend < 0.001; reference = T1). Treatment effects with prasugrel versus clopidogrel did not demonstrate age-related trends for MACE (p-trend = 0.91) or bleeding (p-trend = 0.28). Conclusions Age is a strong determinant of clinical risk as well as prasugrel prescription in ACS PCI with much lower use among older patients. Prasugrel did not have a differential treatment effect by age for MACE or bleeding. Graphic abstract Frequency of prasugrel use and age-related temporal risks of all-cause death and bleeding after ACS PCI.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
       
  • Edoxaban versus warfarin in vitamin K antagonist experienced and naïve
           patients from the edoxaban versus warfarin in subjects undergoing
           cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (ENSURE-AF) randomised trial
    • Abstract: Background In ENSURE-AF study, edoxaban had similar efficacy and safety profile versus enoxaparin–warfarin (enox–warf) in patients undergoing electrical cardioversion of non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Objectives To evaluate the efficacy and safety of edoxaban versus enox–warf in patients who were vitamin K antagonists (VKA) naïve or experienced at time of randomisation into ENSURE-AF trial. Methods The primary efficacy endpoint was a composite of stroke, systemic embolic event, myocardial infarction, and cardiovascular death during the overall study period, 28 days on study drug after cardioversion and 30 days follow-up. The primary safety endpoint was the composite of major and clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding during the on-medication period from time of first dose to last dose of study drug taken + 3 days. Results Of 2199 patients enrolled in ENSURE-AF, 1095 were randomised to edoxaban and 1104 to enox–warf. There were numerically fewer primary efficacy endpoint events with edoxaban than enox–warf irrespective of whether VKA experienced or naïve (0.5% vs. 0.9%, 0.3% vs. 1.4%, respectively). There were no significant differences in the primary safety endpoint [odds ratio (OR) 2.09, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.72–6.81 in anticoagulant experienced patients, OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.15–3.60 in anticoagulant naïve patients] and in major bleeding rates regardless of treatment or VKA experience (OR 0.69, 95%CI 0.06–6.04, OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.01–9.25, respectively). Conclusions Edoxaban had comparable efficacy and safety to optimized anticoagulation with enox–warf. The primary efficacy and safety endpoint outcomes were broadly similar between VKA experienced or naïve patients.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
       
  • High density mapping and catheter ablation of atrial tachycardias in
           adults with congenital heart disease
    • Abstract: Aims We used a new grid-style multi-electrode mapping catheter (Advisor™ HD Grid, Abbott) and investigated its use for high density mapping of atrial tachycardias in adult patients with congenital heart disease. Patients and methods All patients with congenital heart disease who had mapping of atrial tachycardias using the new grid-style catheter between March 2018 and April 2019 were included. Results A total of 24 adult patients had high density mapping of atrial tachycardias using the grid-style multi-electrode catheter. Mean procedure duration was 207 ± 72 min., mean fluoroscopy time was 7.1 ± 7.9 min. In patients with right atrial substrates, fluoroscopy time was shorter compared to biatrial or left atrial substrates (0.9 ± 2.2 min for right atrial substrates, n = 19 vs. 6.3 ± 8.3 min for left atrial substrates, n = 2 and 7.5 ± 4.3 min for biatrial substrates, n = 3, p = 0.01). A mean number of 14.814 ± 10.140 endocardial points were collected and 2.319 ± 1244 points were finally used to characterize the tachycardia. Procedural success was achieved in 21/24 (88%) subjects and partial success in 2/24 (8%) patients. Recurrence rate was low (12.5%). In one patient, radiofrequency ablation within the cavotricuspid isthmus resulted in occlusion of a branch of the right coronary artery. No complications related to the use of the mapping catheter itself occurred. Conclusion High density mapping of AT using the grid-style catheter showed promising results with respect to procedural and midterm outcome and fluoroscopy time. Using the grid-style catheter might offer advantages compared to other multi-electrode catheters used for high density mapping of AT in patients with CHD.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
       
  • Correction to: Antithrombotic therapy in atrial fibrillation: stop triple
           therapy and start optimizing dual therapy'
    • Abstract: The given names and family names of all authors were transposed in the original publication. The correct names are as shown above.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Antithrombotic therapy in atrial fibrillation: stop triple therapy and
           start optimizing dual therapy'
    • PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Sex differences in optimal atrioventricular delay in patients receiving
           cardiac resynchronization therapy
    • PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Simultaneous inferior and anterior infarction or severe right ventricular
           involvement'
    • PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Atrial high-rate episodes and risk of major adverse cardiovascular events
           in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices
    • Abstract: Background Patients with atrial high-rate episodes (AHREs) are at higher risk of thromboembolic events and mortality. The risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in these patients is unknown. Objective To investigate the risk of MACE in patients implanted with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) developing AHREs Methods and results We included 852 consecutive patients undergoing CIEDs implantation. Primary outcome was a composite endpoint of MACEs occurring after AHREs ≥ 5 min. AHRE was defined as > 175 bpm and lasting ≥ 5 min. We also performed a subgroup analysis in patients with the longest AHRE lasting ≥ 24 h. Cox regression analysis with time-dependent covariates was used to investigate the relationship between AHREs and MACEs. Mean age was 70.0 ± 13.6 years, and 39.3% were women: 325 patients developed AHREs ≥ 5 min [incidence rate (IR) 13.1% year 95% confidence interval (CI) 11.7–14.6] and 124 patients developed AHREs ≥ 24 h (IR 3.7%/year 95% CI 3.1–4.5). During a median follow-up of 37.0 months (IQR 19.0–64.3, 316,132 patient-years), 152 MACEs occurred (IR 4.85%/year, 95% CI 4.11–5.68). The IR of MACE occurring after AHREs onset was higher in patients developing AHREs ≥ 24 h (IR 1.13%/year) than AHREs ≥ 5 min (IR 0.63%/year, p = 0.030). Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that AHREs ≥ 5 min (HR 1.788, 95% CI 1.247–2.562, p = 0.002), diabetes (HR 1.909, 95% CI 1.358–2.683, p < 0.001), heart failure (HR 2.203, 95% CI 1.527–3.178, p < 0.001), and coronary artery disease (HR 1.862, 95% CI 1.293–2.681, p = 0.001) were associated to MACE. This association was even stronger for AHREs ≥ 24 h (HR 2.390, 95% CI 1.481–3.857, p < 0.001). Conclusions Patients implanted with CIEDs developing AHREs show a significant risk for MACE, which is dependent on AHREs burden. Cardiovascular prevention strategies in this patient population are warranted. Graphic abstract
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Right atrial–right ventricular coupling in heart failure with
           preserved ejection fraction
    • Abstract: Background Right ventricular (RV) function is prognostically relevant in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) but data on profound assessment of RV and right atrial (RA) interaction in HFpEF are lacking. The current study characterizes RV and RA interaction using invasive pressure–volume-loop analysis and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) data. Methods and results We performed CMR and myocardial feature-tracking in 24 HFpEF patients and 12 patients without HFpEF. Invasive pressure–volume-loops were obtained to evaluate systolic and diastolic RV properties. RV early filling was determined from CMR RV volume–time curves. RV systolic function was slightly increased in HFpEF (RV EF 68 ± 8 vs. 60 ± 9%, p = 0.01), while no differences in RV stroke volume were found (45 ± 7 vs 42 ± 9 ml/m2, p = 0.32). RV early filling was decreased in HFpEF (21 ± 11 vs. 40 ± 11% of RV filling volume, p < 0.01) and RV early filling was the strongest predictor for VO2max even after inclusion of invasively derived RV stiffness and relaxation constant (Beta 0.63, p < 0.01). RA conduit-function was lower in HFpEF (RA conduit-strain − 11 ± 5 vs. − 16 ± 4%, p < 0.01) while RA booster-pump-function was increased (RA active-strain − 18 ± 6 vs. − 12 ± 6%, p = 0.01) as a compensation. RV filling was associated with RA conduit-function (r = − 0.55, p < 0.01) but not with invasively derived RV relaxation constant. Conclusion In compensated HFpEF patients RV early filling was impaired and compensated by increased RA booster pump function, while RV systolic function was preserved. Impaired RV diastology and RA–RV interaction were linked to impaired exercise tolerance and RA–RV-coupling seems to be independent of RV relaxation, suggestive of an independent pathophysiological contribution of RA dysfunction in HFpEF. Clinical-Trial-Registration NCT02459626 (www.clinicaltrials.gov).
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Prognostic relevance of new onset arrhythmia and ICD shocks in primary
           prophylactic ICD patients
    • Abstract: Background The prognostic relevance of new onset arrhythmias compared to ICD shocks in ICD patients is not well known. Objectives Aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic relevance of new onset atrial fibrillation (AF) or ventricular arrhythmias (VT/VF) compared to ICD shocks in primary prophylactic ICD-patients. Methods A total of 622 of 1955 (32%) patients of the prospective single-centre ICD-registry Ludwigshafen with primary prophylactic ICD indication and sinus rhythm (SR) at baseline without history of AF were analyzed. All patients underwent an ICD implantation between 1992 and 2012. Results During the median follow-up time of 6 years, 200 (32%) ICD patients developed new AF and 249 (40%) patients new VT/VF. There was an approximately 10% increase of 5-year mortality rate depending on the type of new onset arrhythmia (no arrhythmia 19%, new AF 28%, new VT 36% and new VF 55% 5-year mortality). In a multivariate analysis, new onset of AF or VT/VF was an independent predictor for increased mortality whereas VT shocks and inappropriate ICD shocks were not. Conclusion More than half of primary prophylactic ICD patients with SR at baseline develop new AF or VT/VF after 6 years. New onset arrhythmias of AF and VT/VF are independent prognostic factors for increased mortality in primary prophylactic ICD patients. ICD shocks itself, inappropriate or appropriate, are not additionally associated with a worse outcome. These results support the hypothesis that in clinical practice rather the arrhythmia than the ICD shock itself is responsible for a deteriorated prognosis.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Cardioverter–defibrillator does not improve short-term survival among
           patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy and reduced left ventricular
           ejection fraction
    • Abstract: Introduction The DANISH trial raised doubts about the effectiveness of primary prevention of sudden cardiac death by ICD implantation among patients with non-ischemic heart failure. We sought to analyse data from the EVITA-HF registry to give an answer from real-world registry data to the DANISH trial. Methods 1804 patients were identified from the EVITA-HF registry with chronic heart failure (CHF) due to ischemic or dilated heart disease and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction of ≤ 35%. The patients were divided into two groups: Patients with newly implanted cardioverter–defibrillator (ICD group; mean age 66 ± 12 years, 77% male) and without ICD (no-ICD group; mean age 66 ± 14 years, 77% male). The subgroups were compared with regard to mortality and predictive parameters affecting survival. Results Cardiovascular risk factors were similar among patients in the non-ICD group (n = 1473) compared to ICD group (n = 331). After 1-year follow-up patients with ischemic heart disease showed a significant improved survival in the ICD group compared to non-ICD group [92.1% vs. 80.6%, HR 0.37 (0.22–0.62)]. Patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy did not show a difference with regard to survival between the ICD and the non-ICD group [93.7% vs. 93.1%, HR 0.92 (0.43–1.97)]. The data were stable in a Cox-regression model. Conclusion In a real-world setting, no benefit was evident for patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction by adding ICD therapy in a short-term follow-up of 12 months in contrast to patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Graphic abstract
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Temporal trends in management and outcome of pulmonary embolism: a
           single-centre experience
    • Abstract: Background Real-world data on the impact of advances in risk-adjusted management on the outcome of patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) are limited. Methods To investigate temporal trends in treatment, in-hospital adverse outcomes and 1-year mortality, we analysed data from 605 patients [median age, 70 years (IQR 56–77) years, 53% female] consecutively enrolled in a single-centre registry between 09/2008 and 08/2016. Results Over the 8-year period, more patients were classified to lower risk classes according to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 2014 guideline algorithm while the number of high-risk patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) increased. Although patients with OHCA had an exceptionally high in-hospital mortality rate of 59.3%, the rate of PE-related in-hospital adverse outcomes (12.2%) in the overall patient cohort remained stable over time. The rate of reperfusion treatment was 9.6% and tended to increase in high-risk patients. We observed a decrease in the median duration of in-hospital stay from 10 (IQR 6–14) to 7 (IQR 4–15) days, an increase of patients discharged early from 2.1 to 12.2% and an increase in the use of non-vitamin K-dependent oral anticoagulants (NOACs) from 12.6 to 57.2% in the last 2 years (09/2014–08/2016) compared to first 6 years (09/2008–08/2014). The 1-year mortality rate (16.9%) remained stable throughout the study period. Conclusion In-hospital adverse outcomes and 1-year mortality remained stable despite more patients with OHCA, shorter in-hospital stays, more patients discharged early and a more frequent NOAC use.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Real-world clinical experience with the percutaneous extracorporeal life
           support system: Results from the German Lifebridge ® Registry
    • Abstract: Background The concept of percutaneous extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is based on immediate cardiovascular stabilization allowing for sufficient end-organ perfusion, thus improving the outcome in patients with circulatory arrest. Lifebridge® (Zoll Medical GmbH, Germany) is a portable ECLS device designed for rapid application due to its automated set-up. Methods A total of 60 tertiary cardiovascular centers were interrogated with regard to application and short-term results after use of Lifebridge ECLS system. Detailed data were collected by standardized case report forms in all centers consented to participate in the study. Demographic and clinical baseline characteristics of the patient population, procedural and follow-up data were recorded and analyzed. Results In total, 444 patients were analyzed regarding mortality. The detailed study cohort consisted of 112 patients. A total of 80% of the study subjects represented patients post cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 43% were in cardiogenic shock and 50% suffered from acute myocardial infarction. The survival rates were 36% immediately after device implementation and 16% after 30 days. Multivariable analysis revealed that only serum lactate concentration at admission could be proven as independent predictor of patients’ outcome. Patients with lactate concentrations above 10 mmol/L exhibited > 95% mortality (p < 0.05 versus below 10 mmol/L). Conclusion The present study provides real-world clinical data of patients treated with a transportable automated ECLS system. In conclusion, Lifebridge is a safely applicable cardiorespiratory stabilization tool associated with acceptable complication rates. Nevertheless, mortality rates were high in these critically ill patients, especially in those showing high lactate concentrations at admission.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Area-based socioeconomic status and mortality: the Ludwigshafen Risk and
           Cardiovascular Health study
    • Abstract: Background Low individual socioeconomic status (SES) is a known risk factor for morbidity and mortality. A related measure is the area-based SES (abSES), which describes the average SES of a region. The association of measures of abSES with morbidity and mortality is less well studied. Methods The Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health study consists of 3316 patients hospitalized for coronary angiography between 1997 and 2000 at a tertiary care centre in Germany. Patients were followed up for a median of 10 years. Two measures of abSES were used: the regional purchasing index (PPI, data obtained from IQVIA GmbH) and the German Index of Socioeconomic Deprivation (GISD, developed by the Robert-Koch Institute). The association of abSES with disease and with mortality was analysed using logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards regression, respectively. Results Study participants living in regions with higher abSES had lower HbA1c and high-sensitive C-reactive protein. A higher abSES was associated with lower prevalence of active smoking, vitamin D deficiency and diabetes mellitus. We further found significantly increased mortality for participants in the lowest PPI quartile (age- and sex-adjusted hazard ratio (95% CI) of 0.58 (0.38–0.90) as compared to the first quartile), and in the highest GISD tertile (HR of 1.32 (1.13–1.54) as compared to the first tertile). Conclusion Living in an area with a low abSES was associated with a higher burden of diabetes mellitus, a higher percentage of severe vitamin D deficiency, higher systemic inflammation and a significant increase in mortality. Graphic abstract
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Plasma protein biomarkers and their association with mutually exclusive
           cardiovascular phenotypes: the FIBRO-TARGETS case–control analyses
    • Abstract: Background Hypertension, obesity and diabetes are major and potentially modifiable “risk factors” for cardiovascular diseases. Identification of biomarkers specific to these risk factors may help understanding the underlying pathophysiological pathways, and developing individual treatment. Methods The FIBRO-TARGETS (targeting cardiac fibrosis for heart failure treatment) consortium has merged data from 12 patient cohorts in 1 common database of > 12,000 patients. Three mutually exclusive main phenotypic groups were identified (“cases”): (1) “hypertensive”; (2) “obese”; and (3) “diabetic”; age–sex matched in a 1:2 proportion with “healthy controls” without any of these phenotypes. Proteomic associations were studied using a biostatistical method based on LASSO and confronted with machine-learning and complex network approaches. Results The case:control distribution by each cardiovascular phenotype was hypertension (50:100), obesity (50:98), and diabetes (36:72). Of the 86 studied proteins, 4 were found to be independently associated with hypertension: GDF-15, LEP, SORT-1 and FABP-2; 3 with obesity: CEACAM-8, LEP and PRELP; and 4 with diabetes: GDF-15, REN, CXCL-1 and SCF. GDF-15 (hypertension + diabetes) and LEP (hypertension + obesity) are shared by 2 different phenotypes. A machine-learning approach confirmed GDF-15, LEP and SORT-1 as discriminant biomarkers for the hypertension group, and LEP plus PRELP for the obesity group. Complex network analyses provided insight on the mechanisms underlying these disease phenotypes where fibrosis may play a central role. Conclusion Patients with “mutually exclusive” phenotypes display distinct bioprofiles that might underpin different biological pathways, potentially leading to fibrosis. Graphic abstract Plasma protein biomarkers and their association with mutually exclusive cardiovascular phenotypes: the FIBRO-TARGETS case–control analyses. Patients with “mutually exclusive” phenotypes (blue: obesity, hypertension and diabetes) display distinct protein bioprofiles (green: decreased expression; red: increased expression) that might underpin different biological pathways (orange arrow), potentially leading to fibrosis.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • When and how do patients with cardiac amyloidosis die'
    • Abstract: Background Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is an underappreciated cause of morbidity and mortality. Light-chain (AL) and transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis have different disease trajectories. No data are available on subtype-specific modes of death (MOD) in patients with CA. Methods and results We retrospectively investigated 66 with AL and 48 with wild-type ATTR amyloidosis (ATTRwt) from 2000 to 2018. ATTRwt differed from AL by age (74.6 ± 5.4 years vs. 63 ± 10.8 years), posterior wall thickness (16.8 ± 3.3 mm vs. 14.3 ± 2.2 mm), left ventricular mass index (180.7 ± 63.2 g/m2 vs. 133.5 ± 42.2 g/m2), and the proportions of male gender (91.7% vs. 59.1%), atrial enlargement (92% vs. 68.2%) and atrial fibrillation (50% vs. 12.1%). In AL NYHA Functional Class and proteinuria (72.7% vs. 39.6%) were greater; mean arterial pressure (84.4 ± 13.5 mmHg vs. 90.0 ± 11.3 mmHg) was lower. Unadjusted 5-year mortality rate was 65% in AL-CA vs. 44% in the ATTRwt group. Individuals with AL-CA were 2.28 times ([95%CI 1.27–4.10]; p = 0.006) more likely to die than were individuals with ATTRwt-CA. Information on MOD was available in 56 (94.9%) of 59 deceased patients. MOD was cardiovascular in 40 (66.8%) and non-cardiovascular in 16 (27.1%) patients. Cardiovascular [28 (68.3%) vs. 13 (80%)] death events were distributed equally between AL and ATTRwt (p = 0.51). Conclusion Our data indicate no differences in MOD between patients with AL and ATTRwt cardiac amyloidosis despite significant differences in clinical presentation and disease progression. Cardiovascular events account for more than two-thirds of fatal casualties in both groups. Graphic abstract
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
 
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