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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (329 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 329 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 100)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 247)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Full-text available via subscription  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
JMIR Cardio     Open Access  
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Arrhythmia     Open Access  
Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cardiac Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cerebrovascular Diseases
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.517
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 3  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1015-9770 - ISSN (Online) 1421-9786
Published by Karger Homepage  [120 journals]
  • Distribution of Cardioembolic Stroke: A Cohort Study
    • Abstract: Background: A cardiac origin in ischemic stroke is more frequent than previously assumed, but it is not clear which patients benefit from cardiac work-up if obvious cardiac pathology is absent. We hypothesized that thromboembolic stroke with a cardiac source occurs more frequently in the posterior circulation compared with thromboembolic stroke of another etiology. Methods: We performed a multicenter observational study in 3,311 consecutive patients with ischemic stroke who were enrolled in an ongoing prospective stroke registry of 8 University hospitals between September 2009 and November 2014 in The Netherlands. In this initiative, the so-called Parelsnoer Institute-Cerebrovascular Accident Study Group, clinical data, imaging, and biomaterials of patients with stroke are prospectively and uniformly collected. We compared the proportions of posterior stroke location in patients with a cardiac stroke source with those with another stroke etiology and calculated risk ratios (RR) with corresponding 95% CI with Poisson regression analyses. To assess which patient or disease characteristics were most strongly associated with a cardiac etiology in patients with ischemic stroke, we performed a stepwise backward regression analysis. Results: For the primary aim, 1,428 patients were eligible for analyses. The proportion of patients with a posterior stroke location among patients with a cardiac origin of their stroke (28%) did not differ statistically significant to those with another origin (25%), age and sex adjusted RR 1.16; 95% CI 0.96–1.41. For the secondary aim, 1,955 patients were eligible for analyses. No recent history of smoking, no hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, a higher age, and a higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score were associated with a cardiac etiology of ischemic stroke. Conclusions: We could not confirm our hypothesis that thromboembolic stroke localized in the posterior circulation is associated with a cardioembolic source of ischemic stroke, and therefore posterior stroke localization on itself does not necessitate additional cardiac examination. The lack of determinants of atherosclerosis, for example, no recent history of smoking and no hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, a higher age, and a higher NIHSS score are stronger risk factors for a cardiac source of ischemic stroke.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Jan 2020 14:27:23 +010
  • Analysis of Factors Related to Cerebral Infarction after Direct Bypass
           Surgery in Adults with Moyamoya Disease
    • Abstract: Objective: High-risk factors of the patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) were analyzed to provide the basis for prediction and management of cerebral infarction after direct bypass surgery in adult MMD. Methods: 1. Retrospective analysis of clinical data was collected from adult MMD patients (n = 250) following superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery bypass surgery performed in our hospital from July 2013 to December 2017. Of the 250 patients, all underwent hemispherical bypass surgery, and bilateral surgery was performed on 14 patients. 2. Clinical data were analyzed based on sex, age, hypertension, diabetes, smoking history, history of alcohol use, presurgery cerebral infarction, transient ischemic attack, classification of clinical manifestations, clinical typing, Suzuki stage of surgical side, Suzuki stage of nonoperative side, preoperative Modified Rankin Scale (MRS), and lesions of the postoperative cycle or not. Results: 1. There were significant differences in classification of clinical manifestations, preoperative infarction, clinical typing, and Suzuki stage of nonoperative side (p #x3c; 0.05). 2. Logistic regression analysis showed that the independent factors affecting postoperative cerebral infarction were preoperative infarction and the Suzuki stage of nonoperative side (p #x3c; 0.05). The preoperative infarction (B 1.431, OR 4.184, 95% CI 1.217–14.382) and the Suzuki stage of nonoperative side (B 0.495, OR 1.640, 95% CI 1.207–2.227) were both risk factors. Conclusion: The possibility of a new cerebral infarction in postoperative patients with a history of cerebral infarction was greater. The Suzuki stages (I–VI) of the nonoperative side was higher and associated with an increased probability of cerebral infarction after surgery.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Jan 2020 11:57:26 +010
  • Protective Effects of Transforming Growth Factor-β1 Knockdown in Human
           Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells against Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in a
           Rat Model
    • Abstract: Background: Emerging evidence indicates a beneficial effect of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Chronic hydrocephalus is a common complication after SAH, which is associated with subarachnoid fibrosis promoted by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). This study investigated the effect of human umbilical cord derived MSCs (hUC-MSCs) with TGF-β1 knockdown on chronic hydrocephalus after SAH. Methods: About 0.5 mL autologous blood was injected into the cerebellomedullaris cistern of 6-week SD rats to establish SAH model. hUC-MSCs or hUC-MSCs carrying TGF-β1 knockdown (1 × 105 cells) were intraventricularly transplanted at 1 day before surgery and at P10. Neurological behavior score and water maze test were performed to assess neurological functions. Hydrocephalus was evaluated by Nissl staining. Concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The levels of TGF-β1, p-Smad2/3, and Smad2/3 were measured using western blotting. Results: Intraventricular hUC-MSCs transplantation significantly attenuated SAH-induced chronic hydrocephalus, upregulation of inflammatory cytokines, and behavioral impairment. Knockdown of TGF-β1 in hUC-MSCs enhanced these effects. hUC-MSCs also reduced the upregulation of TGF-β1 levels and Smad2/3 phosphorylation after SAH, and this effect was also enhanced by TGF-β1 knockdown. Conclusion: Transplantation of hUC-MSCs exerts beneficial effect after SAH, possibly be through inhibiting TGF-β1/Smad2/3 signaling pathway. Knockdown of TGF-β1 in hUC-MSCs enhanced these effects.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jan 2020 13:11:24 +010
  • MicroRNA-384-5p Promotes Endothelial Progenitor Cell Proliferation and
           Angiogenesis in Cerebral Ischemic Stroke through the Delta-Likeligand
           4-Mediated Notch Signaling Pathway
    • Abstract: Background: MicroRNAs (miRs) have a crucial regulatory role in endothelial cell function and tumor angiogenesis by inhibiting the expressions of their target genes. The participation of microRNA-384-5p (miR-384-5p) has been prominently reported in various ischemia-induced diseases such as myocardial ischemia and atherosclerosis. Hence, the present study aimed at exploring the effect of miR-384-5p on proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in cerebral ischemic stroke and investigating the associated underlying mechanism. Methods: A middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mouse model was established, with determination of the expression of cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) proteins. Next, the MCAO mice and EPCs separated from MCAO mice were injected or transfected with mimics or inhibitors of miR-384-5p, or small interference RNA Delta-likeligand 4 (si-DLL4) in order to evaluate their effect on brain infarct size, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. The relationship among miR-384-5p, DLL4, and the Notch signaling pathway was then verified by a series of experiments. Results: In MCAO mice, an increased brain infarct size and cell apoptosis in brain tissues were evident, with decreased expression of miR-384-5p, VEGF, and CD31, as well as increased DLL4 expression. After miR-384-5p mimic or si-DLL4 treatment, the brain infarct size and cell apoptosis in the brain tissues were reduced in compliance with an increased expression of VEGF and CD31. Our findings demonstrated that miR-384-5p negatively regulated the expression of DLL4, which further downregulated the Notch signaling pathway. When miR-384-5p was overexpressed or DLL4 silenced, the cell proliferation and angiogenesis of EPCs were promoted and cell apoptosis was inhibited. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that overexpressed miR-384-5p targeting DLL4 could stimulate proliferation and angiogenesis, while inhibiting apoptosis of EPCs in mice with cerebral ischemic stroke through the Notch signaling pathway.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Jan 2020 09:34:03 +010
  • Convexity Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Accompanied by Hyperacute Ischemic
    • Abstract: Introduction and Objectives: The clinical characteristics of convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage (cSAH) accompanying hyperacute ischemic stroke are unknown. We aimed to investigate the incidence and clinical characteristics of cSAH with hyperacute ischemic stroke. Methods: Participants comprised symptomatic ischemic stroke patients with ≤4.5 h from onset to door who also underwent initial MRI ≤4.5 h from onset. We reviewed initial and follow-up MRI during admission to identify cSAH. Retrospective reviews of cSAH incidence and clinical characteristics were performed. Results: We screened 1,249 consecutive symptomatic ischemic stroke patients, including 384 patients (279 males [73%]; median age, 67 years). Of the 384 patients, arterial ischemic stroke was seen in 382 patients, and venous ischemic stroke in 2 patients. Of the hyperacute arterial ischemic stroke, cSAH was identified within 4.5 h of ischemic stroke onset in 2 patients (0.5%) and around 6 days from ischemic stroke onset in 2 patients (0.5%). Of the hyperacute venous ischemic stroke, cSAH was observed in 1 patient on initial MRI. Comparing the clinical characteristics of hyperacute arterial ischemic stroke with and without cSAH, patients with cSAH were more likely to have arterial stenosis or occlusion ipsilateral to the cSAH (100 vs. 47%, p = 0.048), and the ischemic lesion only in the right hemisphere (100 vs. 33%, p = 0.013). In all cases, outcomes were favorable (modified Rankin Scale 0–1 at 3 months from onset). Conclusions: Convexity SAH was observed in 0.5% of hyperacute ischemic patients within 4.5 h of ischemic stroke onset and in 0.5% around 6 days from ischemic stroke onset.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Jan 2020 10:45:18 +010
  • Evaluation of Patients with High National Institutes of Health Stroke
           Scale as Thrombectomy Candidates Using the Kentucky Appalachian Stroke
    • Abstract: Introduction: Mechanical thrombectomy has become standard of care for emergent large vessel occlusive stroke. Estimates of incidence for thrombectomy eligibility vary significantly. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) of 10 or greater is highly predictive of large vessel occlusion. Using our Kentucky Appalachian Stroke Registry (KApSR), we evaluated temporal trends in stroke admissions with NIHSS ≥10 to determine patient characteristics among that group along with effects and needs in thrombectomy utilization. Methods: Using the KApSR database that captures patients throughout the Appalachian region in our stroke network, we evaluated patients admitted with ischemic stroke with NIHSS ≥10. We recorded demographics, comorbidities, treatment (thrombectomy, decompressive craniectomy), and county of origin. Change in NIHSS from admission to discharge was used as an indicator of inpatient outcome. Results: Between 2010 and 2016, 1,510 patients were admitted with NIHSS ≥10. 87.2% had high blood pressure, 69.6% had dyslipidemia, and 41.7% used tobacco. There were significant sex differences in the types of patients presenting with NIHSS ≥10 with females being older on average and having more atrial fibrillation and obesity. There was an increase in thrombectomy utilization from 2010 to 2016, but only 7.5% of the potentially eligible patients underwent the procedure. In comparison to the period 2010–2014, the 2015–2016 period had higher rates of obesity and tobacco abuse. Conclusion: Among patients with significant burden of ischemic stroke, the most common coexisting medical condition was high blood pressure. Patients who underwent thrombectomy had significantly better inpatient clinical improvement. These data support the need to maximize utilization of thrombectomy along with need to devote increased resources on modifiable stroke risk factors.
      Cerebrovasc Dis 2019;48:1–6
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Dec 2019 14:06:59 +010
  • Pattern of Activated Pathways and Quality of Collateral Status in Patients
           with Symptomatic Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion
    • Abstract: Background: Internal carotid artery occlusion (ICAO) is an important risk factor for stroke. Cerebral hemodynamics in patients with ICAO depends on the individual capacity to activate sufficient collateral pathways. Therefore, the assessment of intracranial collaterals is essential for the acute and long-term management of these patients and accurate estimation of further stroke risk. Methods: Acute stroke patients with unilateral ICAO were prospectively enrolled. We assessed the following collaterals by transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS): the anterior and posterior communicating artery (ACoA, PCoA), the ophthalmic artery (OA), and leptomeningeal collaterals of the posterior cerebral artery (LMC). We subdivided the flow pattern of the Doppler spectrum in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) into 3 categories: (1) good, (2) moderate, and (3) bad according to the hemodynamic effects on the ipsilateral MCA flow. Finally, we compared the individual TCCS results with the stroke pattern detected on CT or MRI scan. Results: One hundred thirteen patients (age 66 ± 12 years; ­female 24) were included. The collateral status was good, moderate, and bad in 59 (52%), 37 (33%), and 17 (15%) patients, respectively. The ACoA collateral was most frequently activated (81%), followed by the OA (63%), the PCoA (53%), and the LMC (22%). The quality of the collateral status was determined by the type (p = 0.0003) but not by the number (p = 0.19) of activated collateral pathways. Good collateral function was highly associated with primary collaterals (ACoA #x3e; PCoA). Best parameter for a good collateral status was an antegrade flow in the OA, indicating a high blood supply via the communicating arteries. Conclusions: TCCS allows the assessment of intracranial collaterals and their hemodynamic capacity. Prevalence of collateral sufficiency in ICAO seems to be higher than previously reported. ACoA cross flow is essential for the optimal hemodynamic compensation of ICAO. Antegrade OA flow indicates good collateral status.
      Cerebrovasc Dis 2019;48:1–7
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Dec 2019 08:58:00 +010
  • Risk Stratification for Ischemic Cerebrovascular Events and Mortality
           among Intracerebral Hemorrhage Patients with and without Atrial
           Fibrillation: A Nationwide Cohort Study
    • Abstract: Background: Intracerebral hemorrhage is a devastating clinical event, and secondary prevention is pivotal to avoid further cerebral complications, but no clear guidance exist for selecting high-risk patients. The CHA2DS2-VASc score is a widespread tool to assess the risk of stroke among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Objectives: We investigated the ability of the CHA2DS2-VASc score for estimating cerebrovascular ischemic events in patients with recent intracerebral hemorrhage with or without comorbid AF. Methods: Patients with a diagnosis of intracerebral hemorrhage between 2003 and 2018 were considered for inclusion. Four registries were linked to obtain individual-level information, and included patients were followed for the occurrence of cerebrovascular ischemic events and all-cause mortality. We report absolute risks at 5 years stratified by baseline CHA2DS2-VASc score and AF prevalence. Results: The study included 12,245 patients (46.4% females) of whom 19% had prevalent AF. Patients without AF were younger (mean age: 70 vs. 78 years) and had a lower CHA2DS2-VASc score (2.5 vs. 3.6). The overall 5-year risk of cerebrovascular ischemic events was 5.2% (95% CI 4.7–5.6) for patients without AF and 7.3% (95% CI 6.0–8.5) for AF patients; all-cause mortality was higher than 30 and 50% in patients without or with AF, respectively. The predictive performance of the CHA2DS2-VASc score was poor with c-statistics around 0.56 regardless of AF status. Among patients without AF, a score ≥6 was associated with a 7.0% risk of cerebrovascular ischemic events. In patients with AF, the associated risk was lowest for patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 (4.1%) and highest among those with a score of 5 (11.9%). Conclusion: In this nationwide cohort of intracerebral hemorrhage patients with or without AF, the risk of cerebrovascular ischemic events and mortality was substantial. The CHA2DS2-VASc score may be used for the estimation of stroke risk in patients sustaining an intracerebral hemorrhage, although its discriminative performance was poor.
      Cerebrovasc Dis 2019;48:1–8
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Dec 2019 08:57:18 +010
  • Title Page
    • Abstract:
      Cerebrovasc Dis 2019;48(suppl 1):I–II
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Dec 2019 07:42:38 +010
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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