Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8642 journals)
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    - SURGERY (406 journals)

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 103)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 265)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cerebrovascular Diseases
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.517
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 3  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1015-9770 - ISSN (Online) 1421-9786
Published by Karger Homepage  [120 journals]
  • Stroke in COVID-19 and SARS-CoV-1
    • Abstract:
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Tue, 26 May 2020 22:29:13 +020
  • Critique on the Use of Early Short-Term Dual Antiplatelet Therapy
           Following Minor Acute Cerebral Ischemic Events
    • Abstract: Background: Two recent cerebrovascular studies, Clopidogrel (Clo) in High-risk patients with Acute Nondisabling Cerebrovascular Events (CHANCE) and Platelet-Oriented Inhibition in New TIA and minor ischemic stroke (POINT), have purportedly demonstrated the superiority of early dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), using aspirin (ASA) plus Clo, in comparison to ASA alone following the occurrence of acute minor cerebral infarction or transient ischemic attack. However, limitations to these trials exist that may not have been adequately explored and presented in the literature, and which may impact the overall efficacy and benefit of DAPT in these situations. Herein we provide a detailed and extensive critique of these 2 trials and of a combined analysis, with particular attention to study data and analyses pertaining to hemorrhagic complications. Summary: DAPT may be superior to ASA alone in preventing recurrent cerebral ischemic events, but exclusively during the first 7–10 days of treatment, and probably only in the presence of acute infarction on cerebral imaging. The impact of minor hemorrhages, which are often clinically consequential and which frequently lead to permanent DAPT discontinuation, has not been adequately considered in the available analyses. Based on data from the trials, DAPT use causes more major and minor hemorrhages than ASA use alone or Clo alone, and Clo use results in fewer hemorrhages than the use of ASA alone. Analyses that include hemorrhage data from the period of Clo alone use as part of the DAPT data may provide inaccurate and erroneous conclusions regarding the relative safety and overall net benefit of DAPT use over ASA alone.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Tue, 05 May 2020 08:57:00 +020
  • Cavernous Malformation Hemorrhagic Presentation at Diagnosis Associated
           with Low 25-Hydroxy-Vitamin D Level
    • Abstract: Background: Cavernous malformations (CM) are angiographically occult vascular malformations that may be incidental or present with intracerebral or spinal hemorrhage, seizures, or nonhemorrhagic focal neurologic deficit (FND). Recently in vitro data have suggested vitamin D may play a role in stabilizing CCM2 endothelial cells. Little is known about the effect of vitamin D in human CM disease. Methods: Beginning in 2015, consecutive patients at our institution with radiologically confirmed CM were recruited to participate in a prospective clinical registry as well as 25-hydroxy-vitamin D study. A structured interview, survey, and examination were performed at baseline. Medical records and magnetic resonance imaging studies were reviewed and data collected included comorbid conditions, medication use, and location of CM. Standard definition of clinical hemorrhage, FND, and seizures was used. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used, and OR, 95% CIs, and likelihood-ratio p values were calculated to determine the influence of the 25-hydroxy-vitamin D level on clinical presentation with hemorrhage. Results: Of 213 patients enrolled in the clinical registry between January 2015 and October 2018, 70 participated in the vitamin D study (median age: 38.3 years; 51.4% female). Of the 70 participants, 30 (42.9%) presented with hemorrhage. 25-Hydroxy-vitamin D levels were performed within 1 year of symptoms in 64.1% of patients. Patients presenting with hemorrhage had a lower 25-hydroxy-vitamin D level compared to those presenting with seizure without hemorrhage, FND, or as an incidental finding (median 25.5 ng/mL; range 11–59 hemorrhage vs. median 31.0; range 14–60, no hemorrhage; p = 0.04). After adjusting for age, month of blood draw, and body mass index, 25-hydroxy-vitamin D remained a significant predictor of hemorrhagic presentation. Brainstem location also predicted hemorrhage at presentation. Conclusion: Low 25-hydroxy-vitamin D level was more common in patients with CM presenting with hemorrhage. This study supports the potential role of modifiable factor in the initial clinical presentation of CM. Further study is needed to determine the role of vitamin D on prospective hemorrhage risk and whether supplementation may be beneficial.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Apr 2020 11:05:09 +020
  • Bridging versus Direct Mechanical Thrombectomy in Acute Ischemic Stroke: A
           Subgroup Pooled Meta-Analysis for Time of Intervention, Eligibility, and
           Study Design
    • Abstract: Background and Aim: The risk/benefit profile of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) prior to endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) in acute ischemic stroke is still unclear. We provide a systematic review and meta-analysis including studies comparing direct EVT (dEVT) vs. bridging treatment (IVT + EVT), defining the impact of treatment timing and eligibility to IVT on functional status and mortality. Methods: Protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42019135915) and followed PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), retrospective, and prospective studies comparing IVT + EVT vs. dEVT in adults (≥18) with acute ischemic stroke. Primary endpoint was functional independence at 90 days (modified Rankin Scale #x3c;3); secondary endpoints were (i) good recanalization (thrombolysis in cerebral infarction #x3e;2a), (ii) mortality, and (iii) symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). Subgroup analysis was performed according to study type, eligibility to IVT, and onset-to-groin timing (OGT), stratifying studies for similar OGT. ORs for endpoints were pooled with meta-analysis and compared between reperfusion strategies. Results: Overall, 35 studies were included (n = 9,117). No significant differences emerged comparing patients undergoing dEVT and bridging treatment for gender, hypertension, diabetes, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score at admission. Regarding primary endpoint, IVT + EVT was superior to dEVT (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.22–1.69, p #x3c; 0.001, pheterogeneity#x3c;0.001), with number needed to treat being 18 in favor of IVT + EVT. Results were confirmed in studies with similar OGT (OR 1.66; 95% CI 1.21–2.28), shorter OGT for IVT + EVT (OR 1.53, 95% CI 1.27–1.85), and independently from IVT eligibility (OR 1.53, 95% CI 1.29–1.82). Mortality at 90 days was higher in dEVT (OR 1.38; 95% CI 1.09–1.75), but no significant difference was noted for sICH. However, considering data from RCT only, reperfusion strategies had similar primary (OR 0.91, 95% CI 0.6–1.39) and secondary endpoints. Differences in age and clinical severity across groups were unrelated to the primary endpoint. Conclusions: Compared to dEVT, IVT + EVT associates with better functional outcome and lower mortality. Post hoc data from RCTs point to substantial equivalence of reperfusion strategies. Therefore, an adequately powered RCTs comparing dEVT versus IVT + EVT are warranted.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Apr 2020 08:36:27 +020
  • Blood Pressure and Anticoagulation Reversal Management during Off-Hours in
           Oral Anticoagulation-Associated Intracerebral Hemorrhage
    • Abstract: Background: Prevention of hematoma enlargement in oral anticoagulation-associated intracerebral hemorrhage (OAC-ICH) focuses on blood pressure (BP) reduction and OAC reversal. We investigated whether treatment efficiency and clinical outcomes differ between OAC-ICH patients admitted outside versus during regular working hours. Methods: Based on pooled data of multicenter cohort studies, we grouped OAC-ICH patients (vitamin K antagonist [VKA], non-vitamin K oral anticoagulant [NOAC]) according to on- vs. off-hour admission. Primary outcome was the functional outcome using the modified Rankin scale (mRS) dichotomized into favorable (mRS 0–3) and unfavorable (mRS 4–6) and mortality at 3 months. Secondary outcome measures included the occurrence of hematoma enlargement, the proportions of patients with systolic BP #x3c;140 mm Hg and with anticoagulation treatment achieving international normalized ratio (INR) levels #x3c;1.3 at 4 h. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to account for imbalances in baseline characteristics. Results: The study population consisted of 76/126 NOAC-ICH patients and 1,005/1,470 VKA patients presenting during off-hours. Functional outcome and mortality rates were not significantly different among PSM patients with VKA-ICH and NOAC-ICH during on- vs. off-hours (mRS 4–6 VKA-ICH: on-hour: 239/357 [66.9%] vs. 253/363 [69.7%] off-hour; p = 0.43; NOAC-ICH: on-hour 26/42 [61.9%] vs. off-hour: 37/57 [64.9%]; p = 0.76; mRS 6 VKA-ICH: on-hour: 127/357 [35.6%] vs. off-hour: 148/363 [40.8%]; p = 0.15; ­NOAC-ICH: on-hour 17/42 [40.5%] vs. off-hour: 16/57 [28.1%]; p = 0.20). There were no differences detectable regarding the secondary outcome measures (i.e., hematoma enlargement, the proportion of patients who achieved systolic BP levels #x3c;140 mm Hg at 4 h as well as anticoagulation treatment achieving INR levels #x3c;1.3 at 4 h) in OAC patients. Conclusion: Our study implies that BP reduction and anticoagulation reversal management are well established and associated with similar rates of hematoma enlargement and clinical outcomes in on- vs. off-hour admitted OAC-ICH patients.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Apr 2020 08:28:47 +020
  • Controlling Blood Pressure Under Transcranial Doppler Guidance after
           Endovascular Treatment in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke
    • Abstract: Objective: This study aimed to control blood pressure (BP) under transcranial Doppler (TCD) guidance in patients with anterior circulation acute ischemic stroke after endovascular treatment (EVT) to reduce the incidence of early neurological deterioration (END) and improve neurological prognosis. Methods: This prospective randomized controlled study included 95 patients who were randomly divided into a TCD-guided BP control (TBC) group and a non-TCD-guided BP control (NBC) group. The patients were monitored by TCD within 72 h after EVT. In the TBC group, BP decreased, BP increased, or intracranial pressure decreased when TCD showed blood flow acceleration, deceleration, or intracranial hypertension respectively. The BP of the NBC group was controlled according to the guidelines. The incidence of END and the prognosis was compared between the 2 groups. Results: TCD identified 18 patients with blood flow acceleration, but the prognosis of the 2 groups was not significantly different. TCD identified 23 patients with blood flow deceleration, and the poor prognosis rate at discharge was lower in the TBC group than in the NBC group (45.5 vs. 91.7%, p = 0.027). TCD identified 34 patients with intracranial hypertension, and the 3-month mortality rate of the TBC group was lower than that of the NBC group (0 vs. 36.8%, p = 0.011). The incidence rates of END and 3-month mortality in the TBC group were lower than those in the NBC group (13.8 vs. 37.5%, p = 0.036; 0 vs. 25.0%, p = 0.012) when TCD parameters were abnormal. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that the TBC group (adjusted OR 0.267, 95% CI 0.074–0.955; p = 0.042) was an independent protective factor against the incidence of END when TCD parameters were abnormal. Conclusion: These findings indicated that TCD-guided BP and intracranial pressure control improved the prognosis of patients with blood flow deceleration and intracranial hypertension.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Apr 2020 10:11:35 +020
  • Erratum
    • Abstract:
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Apr 2020 08:23:11 +020
  • The Closure of Patent Foramen Ovale in Preventing Subsequent Neurological
           Events: A Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis to Identify the Best Device
    • Abstract: Background: Randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) reported a finding on the safety and efficacy of percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure to prevent stroke recurrence. It showed that the Amplatzer (AMP) device appears to be superior to medical therapy (MT) in preventing strokes and episodes of atrial fibrillation (AF), than other devices. We performed a network meta-analysis (NMA) to evaluate the closure of PFO in preventing subsequent neurological events while investigating the results obtained by specific devices. Methods: We searched 3 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR) and identified 6 RCTs until March 2019. We performed an NMA and used pooled ORs. Analyses were done in NetMetaXL1.6-WinBUGS1.4. Results: Six RCTs with 3,560 patients (mean age 45.2–46.2 years) were included in the present NMA. Depending on the device, 4 groups of patients were compared with MT: 1,889 patients undergoing PFO closure were significantly less likely to experience a stroke than 1,671 patients treated with MT (ORs 0.41; 95% Cr.I. 0.27–0.60 with fixed-effects model and ORs 0.22; 95% Cr.I. 0.05–0.70 with random-effects model). The patients with AMP showed a similar risk than those treated with Helex/Cardioform (HLX/CF) or with a group of 11 multiple devices. This suggests the equality between the 2 most currently used devices. When assessing TIA and, for the safety analysis, major bleeding, both models confirm no significant difference between any devices and MT. PFO closure increased the risk of new-onset AF: MT induces AF significantly less than all the devices. In favor of the AMP, there is a reduced number of cases of AF versus MT; however, no device superiority has been established in comparing HLX/CF and other devices in a random effect model. Conclusions: Our NMA provides evidence in favor of PFO closure with all the devices currently in use. We can conclude that these devices are better than MT, but not that 1 device is better than the rest in reducing stroke recurrences and AF episodes in the follow-up.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Apr 2020 16:18:20 +020
  • Clinical Usefulness of Serial Duplex Ultrasound in Cervical Artery
           Dissection Patients
    • Abstract: Purpose: To study the clinical usefulness of serial color-coded duplex ultrasound (DUS) examinations in cervical artery dissection (CeAD) patients. Methods: Single-center, CeAD registry-based re-review of serial, routine DUS exams in consecutive CeAD patients treated at the Stroke Center Basel, Switzerland (2009–2015). Two experienced raters reassessed all DUS for the occurrence of new arterial findings during follow-up, that is. (i) recanalization of the dissected artery (if occluded at baseline), (ii) delayed occlusion of a patent dissected artery, and (iii) recurrent CeAD. We studied whether these new arterial findings were associated with clinical symptoms. Results: In 94 CeAD patients (n = 40 female [42.6%], median age 46 years [interquartile range (IQR) 36.2–53]), 506 DUS examinations were reviewed covering a median length of follow-up of 54.1 weeks (IQR 30.5–100.5). In total, 105 dissected arteries were detected, of which 27 (25.7%) were occluded. In 28/94 patients (29.8%), 31 new arterial findings were recorded, which were associated with clinical symptoms in 9/31 (30%) patients. Recanalization of occluded CeAD was observed in 22/27 (81.5%) arteries and occurred in 20/22 arteries within 3 months. In 4/22 patients (18.2%), recanalization was associated with clinical symptoms (ischemic events [n = 2], pure local symptoms [n = 2]). Delayed occlusions were observed in 4/78 (5.1%) dissected arteries patent at baseline. All were clinically asymptomatic and occurred within 14 days from baseline. Recurrent CeAD (all symptomatic) occurred in 5 previously non-dissected arteries. Conclusion: In CeAD patients, follow-up DUS identified new arterial findings, of which several were associated with clinical symptoms: we found that about 1 of 5 recanalizations were associated with clinical symptoms, of whom half were ischemic symptoms. Further, delayed occlusions occurred in patients with no or mild stenosis at baseline and were asymptomatic. This study emphasizes the potential importance of repeated DUS in CeAD particularly in the early phase of up to 4 weeks.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Apr 2020 09:49:30 +020
  • Risk Factors for Distal Clot Migration during Mechanical Thrombectomy of
           Anterior Circulation Large Vessel Occlusion
    • Abstract: Introduction: Distal clot migration (DCM) is a known complication of mechanical thrombectomy (MT), but neither risk factors for DCM nor ways of how it might affect clinical outcomes have been extensively studied to date. Methods: To identify risk factors for and outcomes in the setting of DCM, the records of all patients with acute ischemic stroke due to anterior circulation large vessel occlusion (LVO) treated with MT at a single center between May 2016 and June 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Uni- and multivariable analyses were performed to evaluate predictors of DCM and good functional outcome (90-day modified Rankin Scale; mRS 0–2). Results: A total of 65 patients were included, DCM was identified in 22 patients (33.8%). Patients with DCM had significantly higher pre-procedural intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) administration (81.8 vs. 53.5%, p = 0.03), stentrievers thrombectomy (95.5 vs. 62.8%, p = 0.006), and longer median puncture to recanalization time (44 [34–97] vs. 30 [20–56] min, p = 0.028) as compared to group with non-DCM. Also, they had lower rates of Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (TICI) 2b/3 recanalization (p = 0.002), higher median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores at discharge (p = 0.01), and lower rates of 90-day mRS (0–2; 18.2 vs. 48.8%; p = 0.016). On subgroup analysis, patients with middle cerebral artery occlusions who underwent MT with stentrievers #x3c;40 mm in length had a higher risk of DCM (p = 0.026). On multivariable analysis, IV-tPA administration (OR; 5.019, 95% CI [1.319–19.102], p = 0.018) and stentrievers thrombectomy (OR; 10.031, 95% CI [1.090–92.344]; p = 0.04) remained significant predictors of DCM. Baseline NIHSS score (OR; 0.872, 95% CI [0.788–0.965], p = 0.008) and DCM (OR; 0.250, 95% CI [0.075–0.866], p = 0.03) were independent predictors of 90-day mRS 0–2. Conclusion: In patients undergoing MT for anterior circulation LVO, DCM is associated with lower rates of TICI 2b/3 recanalization and worse functional outcomes at 90 days. IV-tPA administration and MT with short stentrievers are independent predictors of DCM development.
      Cerebrovasc Dis
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Mar 2020 09:12:36 +020
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