Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8679 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (219 journals)
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    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 104)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 270)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.349
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 14  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-7241 - ISSN (Online) 0920-3206
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Statin Controversies Continued: Response to the Letter from Azemawah et
           al.
    • PubDate: 2020-08-08
       
  • Metformin Lowers Body Weight But Fails to Increase Insulin Sensitivity in
           Chronic Heart Failure Patients without Diabetes: a Randomized,
           Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study
    • Abstract: Purpose The glucose-lowering drug metformin has recently been shown to reduce myocardial oxygen consumption and increase myocardial efficiency in chronic heart failure (HF) patients without diabetes. However, it remains to be established whether these beneficial myocardial effects are associated with metformin-induced alterations in whole-body insulin sensitivity and substrate metabolism. Methods Eighteen HF patients with reduced ejection fraction and without diabetes (median age, 65 (interquartile range 55–68); ejection fraction 39 ± 6%; HbA1c 5.5 to 6.4%) were randomized to receive metformin (n = 10) or placebo (n = 8) for 3 months. We studied the effects of metformin on whole-body insulin sensitivity using a two-step hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp incorporating isotope-labeled tracers of glucose, palmitate, and urea. Substrate metabolism and skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiratory capacity were determined by indirect calorimetry and high-resolution respirometry, and body composition was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis. The primary outcome measure was change in insulin sensitivity. Results Compared with placebo, metformin treatment lowered mean glycated hemoglobin levels (absolute mean difference, − 0.2%; 95% CI − 0.3 to 0.0; p = 0.03), reduced body weight (− 2.8 kg; 95% CI − 5.0 to − 0.6; p = 0.02), and increased fasting glucagon levels (3.2 pmol L−1; 95% CI 0.4 to 6.0; p = 0.03). No changes were observed in whole-body insulin sensitivity, endogenous glucose production, and peripheral glucose disposal or oxidation with metformin. Equally, resting energy expenditure, lipid and urea turnover, and skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiratory capacity remained unaltered. Conclusion Increased myocardial efficiency during metformin treatment is not mediated through improvements in insulin action in HF patients without diabetes. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02810132. Date of registration: June 22, 2016.
      PubDate: 2020-08-08
       
  • Impact of Lowering Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol with Contemporary
           Lipid-Lowering Medicines on Cognitive Function: A Systematic Review and
           Meta-Analysis
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the potential association between the lowering of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) with contemporary lipid-lowering medicines and cognitive function. Methods Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in databases including PubMed, Embase, and the Web of Science and all databases in the Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov were collected from inception to January 1, 2020. The cognitive function of patients receiving proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors, statins and ezetimibe was evaluated using meta-analysis. Results A total of 2910 studies were obtained from databases and other sources. Thirty-three studies were selected by screening, including 11 studies on alirocumab, 9 studies on evolocumab, 11 studies on statins and 2 studies on ezetimibe. In our study, a total of 128,691 patients with no cognitive impairment were divided into an intervention group (66,330 patients) and a control group (62,361 patients). The data were subjected to a random-effects model or a fixed-effects model for meta-analysis. The contemporary lipid-lowering medicines significantly reduced LDL-C in terms of both percentage (WMD: −45.06%, 95% CI −50.12% to −40.00%, P < 0.001) and absolute value (WMD: −64.01 mg/dL, 95% CI −72.25 to −55.78, P < 0.001). Compared with the control group, patients receiving treatment with contemporary lipid-lowering medicines did not show a significant difference in the rate of neurocognitive disorder (RR: 1.02, 95% CI 0.90 to 1.16, I2 = 0.0%, p = 0.696). Subgroup analysis was performed according to the intervention and LDL-C stratification. The result of this subgroup analysis was consistent with the main findings. Regarding global cognitive performance, no difference in major cognition was found among the pooled data (SMD: 0.02, 95% CI −0.01 to 0.04, P = 0.002), except for psychomotor speed (SMD: 0.09, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.16, P = 0.0024). Conclusions Contemporary lipid-lowering medicines were not associated with cognitive impairment in RCTs. A low LDL-C level did not influence the incidence of cognitive disorder or global cognitive performance.
      PubDate: 2020-08-08
       
  • Acupuncture Reduces Hypertrophy and Cardiac Fibrosis, and Improves Heart
           Function in Mice with Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
    • Abstract: Purpose To assess the effects of electro-acupuncture (EA) on glycemic control, myocardial inflammation, and the progression of diabetic cardiomyopathy in mice with type 2 diabetes. Methods Db/Db mice received EA at PC6+ST36 (DM-Acu), non-acupoint simulation (DM-Sham), or no treatment (DM). EA was applied for 30 min per day, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. Heart function was assessed by echocardiography. Myocardium was assessed by RT-PCR, immunoblotting, and histology. Serum TNF-α, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 were measured. Results DM-Acu, but not DM-Sham, reduced fasting blood glucose without affecting body weight. DM decreased systolic function. DM-Acu, but not DM-Sham, attenuated the decrease in systolic function. Heart weight was significantly smaller in the DM-Acu than in the DM and DM-Sham groups. Percent fibrosis and apoptosis were reduced in the DM-Acu, but not the DM-Sham, group. Serum levels of IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, ICAM-1, MCP-1, and TNF-α were significantly lower in the DM-Acu than in the DM or DM-Sham groups. Protein levels of P-Akt and P-AMPK and mRNA levels of phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 6 (PIK3r6) were significantly higher in the DM-Acu group. Myocardial mRNA and protein levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) were significantly lower in the DM and DM-Sham groups compared with the DM-Acu group. Conclusions EA reduced serum glucose; prevented DM-induced hypertrophy and deterioration of systolic function, inflammation, and fibrosis; and restored IGF1R, P-Akt, and P-AMPK levels in mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
      PubDate: 2020-08-07
       
  • Fusion Imaging of X-ray and Transesophageal Echocardiography Improves the
           Procedure of Left Atrial Appendage Closure
    • Abstract: Background Left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) is an alternative treatment strategy for patients with atrial fibrillation who are at risk for thromboembolic events and considered not suitable for oral anticoagulation (OAC). LAAC is mainly performed under the guidance of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and fluoroscopy. The study presented here should analyze whether fusion imaging (FI) of transesophageal echocardiography and X-ray performed during LAAC is feasible and can improve the results of the procedure. Methods The data presented here are from a retrospective single center study. Sample size was defined as 50 patients in which LAAC was performed without fusion imaging (control group) and 25 patients were the LAAC procedure was guided by fusion imaging (treatment group). Inclusion criteria were defined as age > 18 years and completion of an LAAC procedure defined as deployment of a WATCHMAN 2.5 LAA occluder. Study endpoints were procedure time, amount of used contrast medium, radiation dose, final position of the WATCHMAN in TEE (deviation from ideal positioning), and clinical endpoints, respectively. Results LAA closure was successfully performed in all patients. No case of device embolism was occurring, and none of the patients experienced a periprocedural stroke/TIA nor a systemic embolism, respectively. Mean procedure time was 15 min shorter in the group of patients where fusion imaging was applied (p < 0.001). Additionally, the use of fusion imaging was associated with a significant reduction of contrast medium (20.6 ml less than in control; p < 0.045). Regarding the final position of the WATCHMAN, no relevant differences were found between the groups. Summary The use of fusion imaging significantly reduced procedure time and the amount of contrast medium in patients undergoing LAAC.
      PubDate: 2020-08-06
       
  • Beneficial Effects of Baduanjin Exercise on Left Ventricular Remodelling
           in Patients after Acute Myocardial Infarction: an Exploratory Clinical
           Trial and Proteomic Analysis
    • Abstract: Background The beneficial effects of physical exercise on cardiac remodelling improvement after myocardial infarction have already been suggested. However, the results of previous clinical trials have not been consistent. Moreover, the putative molecular mechanisms leading to the clinically observed effects of physical exercise still remain elusive. Aim We aimed to evaluate whether the well-defined and strictly controlled traditional Chinese Qigong Baduanjin exercise (BE) would attenuate the adverse left ventricular (LV) remodelling in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods A total of 110 clinically stable STEMI patients, following successful revascularization of their infarcted coronary arteries, were randomized and enrolled in two groups: 56 were subjected to a 12-week BE-based cardiac rehabilitation programme (BE group), and the remaining 54 were exposed to the usual physical exercise (control group) for the same time period. The primary outcome was the change from baseline to 6 months in the echocardiographic LV end-diastolic volume index (ΔLVEDVi). Proteomic analysis was also performed to uncover associated mechanisms. Results Compared with the control group, the BE group showed significantly lower ΔLVEDVi (−5.1 ± 1.1 vs. 0.3 ± 1.2 mL/m2, P < 0.01). Proteomic analysis revealed BE-induced variations in the expression of 80 proteins linked to regulation the of metabolic process, immune process, and extracellular matrix reorganization. Furthermore, correlation analyses between the validated serum proteomes and primary endpoint demonstrated a positive association between ΔLVEDVi and MMP-9 expression, but a negative correlation between ΔLVEDVi and CXCL1 expression. Conclusion This is the first study indicating that BE in STEMI patients can alleviate adverse LV remodelling associated with beneficial energy metabolism adaptation, inflammation curbing, and extracellular matrix organization adjustment.
      PubDate: 2020-08-06
       
  • Epigenetic Regulation of Endothelial Cell Function by Nucleic Acid
           Methylation in Cardiac Homeostasis and Disease
    • Abstract: Abstract Pathological remodelling of the myocardium, including inflammation, fibrosis and hypertrophy, in response to acute or chronic injury is central in the development and progression of heart failure (HF). While both resident and infiltrating cardiac cells are implicated in these pathophysiological processes, recent evidence has suggested that endothelial cells (ECs) may be the principal cell type responsible for orchestrating pathological changes in the failing heart. Epigenetic modification of nucleic acids, including DNA, and more recently RNA, by methylation is essential for physiological development due to their critical regulation of cellular gene expression. As accumulating evidence has highlighted altered patterns of DNA and RNA methylation in HF at both the global and individual gene levels, much effort has been directed towards defining the precise role of such cell-specific epigenetic changes in the context of HF. Considering the increasingly apparent crucial role that ECs play in cardiac homeostasis and disease, this article will specifically focus on nucleic acid methylation (both DNA and RNA) in the failing heart, emphasising the key influence of these epigenetic mechanisms in governing EC function. This review summarises current understanding of DNA and RNA methylation alterations in HF, along with their specific role in regulating EC function in response to stress (e.g. hyperglycaemia, hypoxia). Improved appreciation of this important research area will aid in further implicating dysfunctional ECs in HF pathogenesis, whilst informing development of EC-targeted strategies and advancing potential translation of epigenetic-based therapies for specific targeting of pathological cardiac remodelling in HF.
      PubDate: 2020-08-04
       
  • Letter to the Editor: Increased Circulating Angiopoietin-like Protein 8
           Levels Are Associated with Thoracic Aortic Dissection and Higher
           Inflammatory Conditions
    • PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • A Call for Vaccine Against COVID-19: Implications for Cardiovascular
           Morbidity and Healthcare Utilization
    • PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • Single-Strand DNA-Like Oligonucleotide Aptamer Against Proprotein
           Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin 9 Using CE-SELEX: PCSK9 Targeting Selection
    • Abstract: Background Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) serves a key regulatory function in the metabolism of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol (LDL-C) through interaction with the LDL receptor (LDLR) followed by its destruction that results in the elevation of the plasma levels of LDL-C. The aims of the present study were to separate and select a number of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) aptamers against PCSK9 from a library pool (n > 1012) followed by their characterization. Methods The aptamers obtained from the DNA-PCSK9 complexes which presented the highest affinity against PCSK9 were separated and selected using capillary electrophoresis evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (CE-SELEX). The selected aptamers were amplified and cloned into a T/A vector. The plasmids from the positive clones were extracted and sequenced. The Mfold web server was used to predict the secondary structure of the aptamers. Results Following three rounds of CE-SELEX, the identified anti-PCSK9 ssDNA aptamers, namely aptamer 1 (AP-1) and aptamer 2 (AP-2), presented half maximal inhibitory concentrations of 325 and 327 nM, lowest dissociation constants of 294 and 323 nM, and most negative Gibbs free energy values of − 9.17 and − 8.28 kcal/mol, respectively. Conclusion The results indicated that the selected aptamers (AP-1 and AP-2) induced potent inhibitory effects against PCSK9. Further in vivo studies demand to find out AP-1 and AP-2 aptamers as suitable candidates, instead of antibodies, for using in therapeutic purposes in patients with hypercholesterolemia and cardiovascular disease.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • Effects of Xuezhitong in Patients with Hypertriglyceridemia: a
           Multicentre, Randomized, Double-Blind, Double Simulation, Positive Drug
           and Placebo Parallel Control Study
    • Abstract: Backgroud Xuezhitong (XZT) is an extract of Allium macrostemon Bunge that has lipid-lowering properties. Objective To evaluate the effects of XZT on lipids in subjects with hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) without severe dyslipidaemia. Methods A total of 358 subjects with HTG were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive XZT (2700 mg daily), xuezhikang (XZK) (1200 mg daily) or placebo. The primary endpoint was the reduction or percent reduction in the TG level over 12 weeks of treatment. Results At the 12-week follow-up, a reduction in the TG level from baseline was observed in both groups, but the XZT and XZK groups demonstrated a significantly greater reduction than the placebo group (30.77%, 24.02% vs 11.59%, P < 0.0167); 70.54% of subjects in the XZT group and 62.30% of subjects in the XZK group demonstrated reductions in TG levels of at least 20%, compared with 41.67% of the subjects in the placebo group (P < 0.0167). Treatment with XZT capsules also demonstrated superior performance compared with the placebo with respect to the control of lipids (17.97% vs 5.00%), total cholesterol (TC) (14.18% vs 3.89%), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (17.98% vs 2.95%), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (21.47% vs 2.16%). Daily use of XZT for 12 weeks resulted in statistically significant (65.22% vs 38.30%, 25.00%; P < 0.0167) and clinically meaningful increases in HDL-C levels by ≥4 mg/dl compared with XZK and placebo. XZT was safe and well tolerated; the safety and tolerability profiles were similar across treatment groups. No subject experienced myopathy or markedly elevated liver transaminases or creatine kinase. Conclusions XZT significantly reduced TG levels and was well tolerated. Longer-term studies in more diverse patient populations are needed to corroborate these findings. Clinical Trial Registration www.chictr.org.cn Identifier: ChiCTR1900025854.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • Regional Variations in Alirocumab Dosing Patterns in Patients with
           Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia During an Open-Label Extension
           Study
    • Abstract: Purpose During the alirocumab open-label extension study ODYSSEY OLE (open-label extension; NCT01954394), physicians could adjust alirocumab dosing for enrolled patients, who were diagnosed with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) and who had completed previous phase III clinical trials with alirocumab. This post hoc analysis evaluated the differences in physician–patient dosing decisions between the regions of Western Europe, Eastern Europe, North America, and the rest of the world (ROW). Methods Patients (n = 909) who received starting dose alirocumab 75 mg every 2 weeks (Q2W) during ODYSSEY OLE (patients from FH I, FH II, and LONG TERM parent studies) were included. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were blinded until week 8; subsequently, LDL-C values were communicated to physicians. From week 12, dose adjustment from 75 to 150 mg Q2W, or vice versa, was possible. Results Mean LDL-C values used for the decision to increase dose from 75 to 150 mg Q2W were higher in Eastern Europe (3.7 mmol/L; 144.0 mg/dL) and ROW (3.8 mmol/L; 145.2 mg/dL) compared with Western Europe (3.1 mmol/L; 118.6 mg/dL) and North America (3.3 mmol/L; 126.6 mg/dL). Irrespective of region, the mean LDL-C at the time of decision to maintain at 75 mg Q2W was approximately 1.8 mmol/L (70 mg/dL). During ODYSSEY OLE (median treatment duration of 131.7 weeks), alirocumab was shown to have no unexpected long-term safety concerns. Conclusions In this OLE study, the observed variations in clinical treatment decisions suggest that physicians may perceive the severity of HeFH and/or the treatment of HeFH differently depending on their region.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • Berberine Attenuates Cardiac Hypertrophy Through Inhibition of mTOR
           Signaling Pathway
    • Abstract: Purpose Berberine was reported to exert beneficial effects on cardiac hypertrophy. However, its cellular and molecular mechanisms still remained unclear. Methods Cardiac hypertrophy was induced in male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats by transverse aorta constriction (TAC), with or without 6-week treatment of berberine. Echocardiography was performed to evaluate cardiac function. Rats were then sacrificed for histological assay, with detection for proteins and mRNA. H9c2 cells were pretreated with berberine of different concentrations (0, 1 μM, and 10 μM), followed by treatment with 2 μM norepinephrine (NE). Cells of different groups were measured for cell surface area, with mRNA detected by qRT-PCR and proteins by western blot. Results Compared with the sham group, rats of the TAC group showed significantly increased cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, which could be ameliorated by treatment with berberine. Western blot showed that mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling-related protein expressions, including phospho-mTOR, phospho-4EBP1, and phospho-p70 S6K (Thr389), but not phospho-p70 S6K (Ser371), were significantly increased in the TAC group, which were inhibited by berberine treatment. H9c2 cells were treated with NE to induce hypertrophy with increased cell surface area and mRNA expressions of anp and bnp. Berberine of 10 μM, but not 1 μM, significantly ameliorated NE-induced hypertrophy and inhibited protein expressions of mTOR signaling pathway similar to those in the rat model. Conclusions Berberine can exert cardioprotective effects on both pressure-overloaded cardiac hypertrophy and failure in vivo and NE-induced hypertrophy in vitro. Our results suggest berberine could be a potential treatment for patients with cardiac hypertrophy and failure.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • Artificial Intelligence Uncovered Clinical Factors for Cardiovascular
           Events in Myocardial Infarction Patients with Glucose Intolerance
    • Abstract: Purpose Glucose intolerance (GI), defined as either prediabetes or diabetes, promotes cardiovascular events in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). Using the pooled clinical data from patients with MI and GI in the completed ABC and PPAR trials, we aimed to identify their clinical risk factors for cardiovascular events. Methods Using the limitless-arity multiple testing procedure, an artificial intelligence (AI)-based data mining method, we analyzed 415,328 combinations of < 4 clinical parameters. Results We identified 242 combinations that predicted the occurrence of hospitalization for (1) percutaneous coronary intervention for stable angina, (2) non-fatal MI, (3) worsening of heart failure (HF), and (4) all causes, and we analyzed combinations in 1476 patients. Among these parameters, the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or plasma glucose levels > 200 mg/dl after 2 h of a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test were linked to the coronary events of (1, 2). Plasma BNP levels > 200 pg/dl were linked to coronary and cardiac events of (1, 2, 3). Diuretics use, advanced age, and lack of anti-dyslipidemia drugs were linked to cardiovascular events of (1, 3). All of these factors were linked to (4). Importantly, each finding was verified by independently drawn Kaplan–Meier curves, indicating that the determined factors accurately affected cardiovascular events. Conclusions In most previous MI patients with GI, progression of GI, PPI use, or high plasma BNP levels were linked to the occurrence of coronary stenosis or recurrent MI. We emphasize that use of AI may comprehensively uncover the hidden risk factors for cardiovascular events.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • Inpatient Initiation of Oral Treprostinil in an Academic Medical System
    • Abstract: Purpose Clinicians may transition patients on parenteral or inhaled prostacyclins to oral treprostinil for ease of use or to avoid adverse effects related to parenteral therapy. However, few data are available to guide these transitions in inpatients. The purpose of this analysis is to describe the inpatient initiation of oral treprostinil at an academic medical system. Methods This is a retrospective cohort analysis of patients newly initiated on oral treprostinil at Cleveland Clinic Heath System from 2015 to 2017. Demographic information regarding pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) history and previous PAH therapies were recorded. Outcomes evaluated included doses of oral treprostinil utilized, adverse effects related to therapy, and measures of clinical and functional status before and after the initiation of oral treprostinil. Results Overall, 29 patients were prescribed oral treprostinil, of which 15 patients were included in the analysis. Common reasons for initiation of oral treprostinil included disease progression (6, 40%) and patient desire (4, 25%). The median duration of transition/initiation of oral treprostinil was 4 days (range, 3–11 days). Median daily dose of oral treprostinil on day 1 of initiation was 2 mg (0.25–4 mg). By day 7, median daily dose was 15 mg (0.75–27.75 mg). Common adverse effects related to therapy were gastrointestinal (7, 47%) and headache (4, 27%). No patients required discontinuation of oral treprostinil due to adverse effects within 90 days of initiation. Conclusion Inpatient initiation/transition to oral treprostinil was relatively well tolerated. Future studies should evaluate clinical outcomes surrounding the transitioning to oral treprostinil.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • Dapagliflozin and Ticagrelor Have Additive Effects on the Attenuation of
           the Activation of the NLRP3 Inflammasome and the Progression of Diabetic
           Cardiomyopathy: an AMPK–mTOR Interplay
    • Abstract: Purpose Ticagrelor, a P2Y12 receptor antagonist, and dapagliflozin, a sodium–glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitor, suppress the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. The anti-inflammatory effects of dapagliflozin depend on AMPK activation. Also, ticagrelor can activate AMPK. We assessed whether dapagliflozin and ticagrelor have additive effects in attenuating the progression of diabetic cardiomyopathy in T2DM mice. Methods Eight-week-old BTBR and wild-type mice received no drug, dapagliflozin (1.5 mg/kg/day), ticagrelor (100 mg/kg/day), or their combination for 12 weeks. Heart function was evaluated by echocardiography and heart tissue samples were assessed for fibrosis, apoptosis, qRT-PCR, and immunoblotting. Results Both drugs attenuated the progression of diabetic cardiomyopathy as evident by improvements in left ventricular end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes and left ventricular ejection fraction, which were further improved by the combination. Both drugs attenuated the activation of the NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome and fibrosis. The effect of the combination was significantly greater than each drug alone on myocardial tissue necrotic factorα (TNFα) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, suggesting additive effects. The combination had also a greater effect on ASC, collagen-1, and collagen-3 mRNA levels than each drug alone. While both drugs activated adenosine mono-phosphate kinase (AMPK), only dapagliflozin activated mTOR and increased RICTOR levels. Moreover, only dapagliflozin decreased myocardial BNP and Caspase-1 mRNA levels, and the effects of dapagliflozin on NLRP3 and collagen-3 mRNA levels were significantly greater than those of ticagrelor. Conclusions Both dapagliflozin and ticagrelor attenuated the progression of diabetic cardiomyopathy, the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome, and fibrosis in BTBR mice with additive effects of the combination. While both dapagliflozin and ticagrelor activated AMPK, only dapagliflozin activated mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2) in hearts of BTBR mice.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in Secondary Stroke
           Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Patients: An Updated Analysis by Adding
           Observational Studies
    • Abstract: Background This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) versus vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in secondary stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Methods PubMed and Embase electronic databases were systematically searched from January 2009 to July 2019 for relevant randomized clinical trials and observational studies. A random-effects model was applied in the pooled analysis. Results A total of 14 studies (4 randomized clinical trials and 10 observational studies) were included. Based on the randomized clinical trials, compared with VKA use, the use of NOACs was associated with decreased risk of stroke and systemic embolism, major bleeding, and intracranial bleeding. Based on the observational studies, compared with VKAs, the subgroup analysis showed that dabigatran and rivaroxaban were associated with a reduced risk of stroke or systemic embolism, whereas dabigatran and apixaban were associated with a decreased risk of major bleeding. Conclusion Based on current data, the use of NOACs is at least non-inferior to the use of VKAs in AF patients for secondary stroke prevention irrespective of NOAC type.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • Efficacy and Safety of Inorganic Nitrate Versus Placebo Treatment in Heart
           Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction
    • Abstract: Background Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is common, yet there is a lack of effective treatments. In this meta-analysis, we assessed the efficacy and safety of inorganic nitrate in patients with HFpEF. Methods and Results We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from the inception of the database through March 2020. We included randomized controlled trials that compared the efficacy and safety of inorganic nitrate with a placebo in the treatment of patients with HFpEF. The primary outcome of the meta-analysis was exercise capacity (measured as a change in peak oxygen uptake). We also assessed the effect of inorganic nitrate on diastolic function (measured as changes in E/A and E/e’, assessed by echocardiography), quality of life (estimated using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire), and rest and exercise hemodynamics (measured by invasive cardiac catheterization). In the pooled data analysis, there were no significant differences in peak oxygen uptake (mL/kg/min) [mean difference (MD), 0.25; 95% CI, − 0.07 to 0.57], diastolic function [E/A–standardized mean difference (SMD), 0.51; 95% CI, − 0.17 to 1.20; or E/e’–SMD, 0.02; 95% CI, − 0.23 to 0.27], or quality of life. However, a significant change was observed in the rest and exercise hemodynamics between the inorganic nitrate and placebo treatment in HFpEF patients. No study has reported the effect of inorganic nitrate on hospitalization and mortality of patients with HFpEF. Conclusions In patients with HFpEF, the use of inorganic nitrate is not associated with improvements in exercise capacity, diastolic function, and quality of life but is associated with significant changes in rest and exercise hemodynamics.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • Reflections of the Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Recall by the FDA and
           Repercussions on Healthcare
    • Abstract: Purpose Beginning in July of 2018, the FDA issued a voluntary recall regarding the presence of a contaminant found in the manufacturing of valsartan. What would ensue has become a largely unprecedented sequence of alarming events since the FDA began reporting public recalls, withdrawals and safety alerts on their website in 2016. Since then, the United States has been significantly impacted by drug recalls affecting angiotensin receptor blockers. This report arms clinicians with additional guidance and provides a framework for responding appropriately to future similar incidents and includes an overview of the angiotensin receptor blockers, and their effects and safety profiles. Methods This report includes a review of data from all pertinent clinical and scientific sources including information from the FDA’s inspection documents and recall website. Additional information is provided on the specific bottles including all lot numbers, expiration dates, etc. Results The recalls/withdrawals are attributable to the presence of cancer-causing contaminants identified during the manufacturing process from drug manufacturers abroad. The root causes behind the recalls and subsequent shortage appear multifactorial, and stem to a certain extent from the outsourcing of medication manufacturing overseas and lack of quality checks and appropriate oversight. Conclusions This inherent issue is not likely to resolve soon and has eroded the public trust of/in the healthcare system and the pharmaceutical industry. Patients and healthcare providers are significantly affected and should have a full understanding of the matter in order to guide appropriate response and actions.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
  • Titin and CK2α are New Intracellular Targets in Acute Insulin
           Application-Associated Benefits on Electrophysiological Parameters of Left
           
    • Abstract: Background Previous studies have demonstrated that a high-carbohydrate intake could induce metabolic syndrome (MetS) in male rats with marked cardiac functional abnormalities. In addition, studies mentioned some benefits of insulin application on these complications, but there are considerable disagreements among their findings. Therefore, we aimed to extend our knowledge on the in-vitro influence of insulin on left ventricular dysfunction and also in the isolated cardiomyocytes from MetS rats. Results At the organ function level, an acute insulin application (100-nM) provided an important beneficial effect on the left ventricular developed pressure in MetS rats. Furthermore, to treat the freshly isolated cardiomyocytes from MetS rats with insulin provided marked recoveries in elevated resting intracellular Ca2+-level, as well as significant prevention of prolonged action potential through an augmentation in depressed K+-channel currents. Insulin also normalized the cellular levels of increased ROS and phosphorylation of PKCα, together with normalizations of apoptotic markers in MetS cardiomyocytes through the insulin-mediated regulation of phospho-Akt. Since not only elevated PKCα-activity but also reductions in phospho-Akt are key modulators of titin-based cardiomyocyte stiffening in hyperglycemia, insulin treatment of the cardiomyocytes prevented the activation of titin via the above pathways. Furthermore, CK2α-activation and NOS-phosphorylation could be prevented with insulin treatment. Mechanistically, we found that impaired insulin signaling and elevated PKCα and CK2α activities, as well as depressed Akt phosphorylation, are key modulators of titin-based cardiomyocyte stiffening in MetS rats. Conclusion We propose that restoring normal kinase activities and also increases in phospho-Akt by insulin can contribute marked recoveries in MetS heart function, indicating a promising approach to modulate titin-associated factors in heart dysfunction associated with type-2 diabetes mellitus. Graphical
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
       
 
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