Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8359 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (119 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (329 journals)
    - DENTISTRY (288 journals)
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    - FORENSIC SCIENCES (41 journals)
    - HEMATOLOGY (153 journals)
    - HYPNOSIS (4 journals)
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    - MEDICAL GENETICS (58 journals)
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    - RESPIRATORY DISEASES (102 journals)
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    - SPORTS MEDICINE (78 journals)
    - SURGERY (393 journals)

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (329 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 329 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 100)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 247)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Full-text available via subscription  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
JMIR Cardio     Open Access  
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Arrhythmia     Open Access  
Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cardiac Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.882
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 15  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-086X - ISSN (Online) 0174-1551
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2570 journals]
  • Six Cases of Radiographic Ice Ball Involvement of the Ureter During
           Percutaneous Cryoablation for Renal Cancers
    • PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • The Value of Utero-Ovarian Anastomosis in Uterine Artery Embolization is
           Still Controversial
    • PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • “Keeping a Cool Head”: Percutaneous Imaging-Guided Cryo-ablation as
           Salvage Therapy for Recurrent Glioblastoma and Head and Neck Tumours
    • PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Porto-Pulmonary Venous Anastomosis: A Reversible Cause of Chronic
           Hypoxemia in Portal Hypertension
    • PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Is This the End for EVAR'
    • PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Simplified Endovascular Deep Venous Arterialization for Non-option CLI
           Patients by Percutaneous Direct Needle Puncture of Tibial Artery and Vein
           Under Ultrasound Guidance (AV Spear Technique)
    • Abstract: Abstract The following case report describes the AV spear technique for percutaneous deep venous arterialization. After an ultrasound survey was performed to find the puncture point adjacent to the ankle joint where the posterior tibial vein (PTV) runs superficially to the posterior tibial artery (PTA), percutaneous penetration of the PTV and PTA was conducted. Then a microguidewire was inserted from the distal puncture site into the PTA and advanced into the arterial sheath, establishing a through-and-through wire. A microcatheter was then advanced antegradely over the through-and-through wire. After removing the wire, a hydrophilic guidewire was utilized in order to identify the venous lumen. Finally, a balloon angioplasty was conducted to create an AV fistula, which was reinforced by stent placement.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Hepatic Arterial Bland Embolization Increases Th17 Cell Infiltration in a
           Syngeneic Rat Model of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
    • Abstract: Purpose To determine the tumor immune cell landscape after transcatheter arterial bland embolization (TAE) in a clinically relevant rat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) model. Materials and Methods Buffalo rats (n = 21) bearing syngeneic McArdle RH-7777 rat hepatoma cells implanted into the left hepatic lobe underwent TAE using 70–150 µm beads (n = 9) or hepatic artery saline infusion (n = 12). HCC nodules, peritumoral margin, adjacent non-cancerous liver, and splenic parenchyma were collected and disaggregated to generate single-cell suspensions for immunological characterization 14 d after treatment. Changes in tumor-infiltrating immune subsets including CD4 T cells (Th17 and Treg), CD8 cytotoxic T cells (IFNγ), and neutrophils were evaluated by multiparameter flow cytometry. Migration and colony formation assays were performed to examine the effect of IL-17, a signature cytokine of Th17 cells, on McArdle RH-7777 hepatoma cells under conditions simulating post-embolization environment (i.e., hypoxia and nutrient privation). Statistical significance was determined by the Student unpaired t test or one-way ANOVA. Results TAE induces increased infiltration of Th17 cells in liver tumors when compared with controls 14 d after treatment (0.29 ± 0.01 vs. 0.19 ± 0.02; p = 0.02). A similar pattern was observed in the spleen (1.41 ± 0.13 vs. 0.57 ± 0.08; p < 0.001), indicating both local and systemic effect. No significant differences in the percentage of FoxP3 + Tregs, IFNγ-producing CD4 T cells, and CD8 T cells were observed between groups (p > 0.05). In vitro post-embolization assays demonstrated that IL-17 reduces McA-RH7777 cell migration at 24–48 h (p = 0.003 and p = 0.002, respectively). Conclusion Transcatheter hepatic arterial bland embolization induces local and systemic increased infiltration of Th17 cells and expression of their signature cytokine IL-17. In a simulated post-embolization environment, IL-17 significantly reduced McA-RH7777 cell migration.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • No-Touch Multi-bipolar Radiofrequency Ablation for the Treatment of
           Subcapsular Hepatocellular Carcinoma ≤ 5 cm Not Puncturable via the
           Non-tumorous Liver Parenchyma
    • Abstract: Purpose The percutaneous ablation of subcapsular hepatocellular carcinoma (S-HCC) may involve a risk of complications such as hemorrhage and tumor seeding, mainly linked to the direct tumor puncture often inevitable with mono-applicator ablation devices. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of no-touch multi-bipolar radiofrequency ablation (NTMBP-RFA) for the treatment of S-HCC ≤ 5 cm not puncturable via the non-tumorous liver parenchyma. Materials and methods Between September 2007 and December 2014, 58 consecutive patients (median age: 63 years [46–86], nine females) with 59 S-HCC ≤ 5 cm (median diameter: 25 mm [10–50 mm]), not puncturable via the non-tumorous liver parenchyma, were treated with NTMBP-RFA. Response and follow-up were assessed by CT or MRI. Complications were graded using the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe classification. Overall local tumor progression (OLTP)-free survival was assessed using the Kaplan–Meier method. A Cox proportional model evaluated the factors associated with OLTP. Signs of peritoneal or parietal tumor seeding were noted during follow-up imaging studies. Results A complete ablation was achieved in 57/58 patients (98.3%) after one (n = 51) or two (n = 6) procedures. Three patients (5.2%) experienced complications (sepsis, cirrhosis decompensation; CIRSE grade 2 or 3). After a median follow-up period of 30.5 months [1–97], no patients had tumor seeding. The 1, 2 and 3-year OLTP-free survival rates were 98%, 94% and 91%, respectively. No factors were associated with OLTP. Conclusion NTMBP-RFA is a safe and effective treatment for S-HCC not puncturable via the non-tumorous liver parenchyma.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Preliminary Experience of Viabahn Stent Graft Inside the Occluded
           Prosthetic Bypass Graft for the Treatment of Above Knee Femoropopliteal
           Bypass Occlusion
    • Abstract: Purpose To describe a multi-center preliminary experience of treating prosthetic above knee femoropopliteal (AKFP) bypass occlusion by placing a Viabahn stent graft inside the occluded prosthetic bypass graft. Materials and Methods Retrospective analysis of consecutive 14 patients (mean age 73.2 ± 10.2, 78.6% male) receiving Viabahn stent graft inside the occluded prosthetic bypass graft for the treatment of prosthetic AKFP bypass occlusion in the collaborating hospitals from November 2016 to June 2019 was performed. Results Technical success was achieved in all patients. Mean lesion length was 34.0 ± 3.5 cm, concomitant thrombectomy or thrombus aspiration was performed in 11 patients (78.6%), and average of 1.57 ± 0.65 Viabahn stent grafts were used. Mean ankle–brachial index improved from 0.24 ± 0.23 to 0.98 ± 0.14 after the treatment. All patients had preoperative ischemic symptoms with 9 patients (64.3%) having Rutherford class > 4 symptoms; however, all preoperative symptoms resolved after the treatment. During the mean follow-up of 450.9 ± 234.7 days, there were two target lesion revascularizations, leading to a primary patency rate of 92.9% and a secondary patency of 100.0% at 1 year. Conclusion Placing a Viabahn stent graft inside the occluded prosthetic bypass graft for the treatment of prosthetic AKFP bypass occlusion appears to be effective from our preliminary experience. Even though sample size is limited in our study, it may be considered as a potential treatment option before surgical reintervention.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Radioembolization with 90 Y Resin Microspheres of Neuroendocrine Liver
           Metastases After Initial Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy
    • Abstract: Purpose Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) and radioembolization are increasingly used in neuroendocrine neoplasms patients. However, concerns have been raised on cumulative hepatotoxicity. The aim of this sub-analysis was to investigate hepatotoxicity of yttrium-90 resin microspheres radioembolization in patients who were previously treated with PRRT. Methods Patients treated with radioembolization after systemic radionuclide treatment were retrospectively analysed. Imaging response according to response evaluation criteria in solid tumours (RECIST) v1.1 and clinical response after 3 months were collected. Clinical, biochemical and haematological toxicities according to common terminology criteria for adverse events (CTCAE) v4.03 were also collected. Specifics on prior PRRT, subsequent radioembolization treatments, treatments after radioembolization and overall survival (OS) were collected. Results Forty-four patients were included, who underwent a total of 58 radioembolization procedures, of which 55% whole liver treatments, at a median of 353 days after prior PRRT. According to RECIST 1.1, an objective response rate of 16% and disease control rate of 91% were found after 3 months. Clinical response was seen in 65% (15/23) of symptomatic patients after 3 months. Within 3 months, clinical toxicities occurred in 26%. Biochemical and haematological toxicities CTCAE grade 3–4 occurred in ≤ 10%, apart from lymphocytopenia (42%). Radioembolization-related complications occurred in 5% and fatal radioembolization-induced liver disease in 2% (one patient). A median OS of 3.5 years [95% confidence interval 1.8–5.1 years] after radioembolization for the entire study population was found. Conclusion Radioembolization after systemic radionuclide treatments is safe, and the occurrence of radioembolization-induced liver disease is rare. Level of Evidence 4, case series.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Japanese Patients Treated in the IMPERIAL Randomized Trial Comparing
           Eluvia and Zilver PTX Stents
    • Abstract: Purpose The purpose of the study is to report 12-month efficacy and safety results from the subgroup of Japanese patients in the prospective IMPERIAL 2:1 randomized controlled trial (RCT). Methods The global IMPERIAL RCT was designed to compare performance of the Eluvia Drug-Eluting Vascular Stent System (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA, USA) with the Zilver PTX Drug-Eluting Peripheral Stent (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN, USA) for treatment of femoropopliteal artery lesions. Patients with symptomatic (Rutherford category 2–4) disease were included. Post-procedural technical success was defined as delivery and deployment of the assigned study stent to the target lesion to achieve residual angiographic stenosis no greater than 30% by visual assessment. Twelve-month assessments included primary patency (core laboratory-assessed duplex ultrasound peak systolic velocity ratio ≤ 2.4 in the absence of clinically driven TLR or bypass of the target lesion) and major adverse events (MAEs). Results Fifty-six patients in the Eluvia group and 28 in the Zilver PTX group were treated at Japanese centers. Mean lesion length was 91.8 ± 38.0 mm for Eluvia and 87.4 ± 41.7 mm for Zilver PTX. Technical success was 100% for both groups. At 12 months, the observed primary patency rate was 90.9% for Eluvia and 84.6% for Zilver PTX. The 12-month MAE rate was 1.8% for Eluvia and 7.7% for Zilver PTX. All MAEs were clinically driven TLRs. Conclusion The results show excellent vessel patency and a good safety profile up to 1 year in the subgroup of Japanese patients in IMPERIAL treated with Eluvia for femoropopliteal artery disease. Level of Evidence Level 3; subgroup analysis of randomized trial. Clinical Trial Registration, identifier NCT02574481.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • CIRSE Standards of Practice on Prostatic Artery Embolisation
    • PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Complications of Computed Tomography-Guided High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy
           (CT-HDRBT) and Risk Factors: Results from More than 10 Years of Experience
    • Abstract: Purpose For local ablation of unresectable tumors, computed tomography-guided high-dose-rate brachytherapy (CT-HDRBT) is a minimally invasive therapeutic option involving CT-guided catheter placement and high-dose-rate irradiation with iridium-192. Possible complications are related to transcutaneous puncture, retraction of the applicator, and delivery of brachytherapy. To classify CT-HDRBT in comparison with other minimally invasive therapeutic options, it is essential to know the probability of complications and their risk factors. This study therefore aimed at quantifying the occurrence of complications in CT-HDRBT and identifying potential risk factors. Materials and Methods Over a period of more than 10 years from 2006 to 2017, 1877 consecutive CT-HDRBTs were performed at our center and retrospectively analyzed. In 165 cases, CT-HDRBT was combined with transarterial (chemo-) embolization. Information on complications and potential risk factors was retrospectively retrieved from electronic documentation. Statistical analysis of the data was performed. Results No complications occurred in 85.6% of the interventions. The most common complications were bleeding (5.6%), infection (2.0%), and prolonged pain (1.5%). Summarized diameter (defined as sum of maximum diameters in axial orientation) of treated tumor lesions (odds ratio 1.008; p < 0.001), target lesion site (odds ratio 1.132; p = 0.033), combined treatment (odds ratio 1.233; p = 0.038), and the presence of biliodigestive anastomosis (BDA) (odds ratio 1.824; p = 0.025) were identified as risk factors. Conclusions CT-HDRBT is a safe minimally invasive therapeutic option. Summarized diameter of treated tumor lesions, target lesion site, combined treatment, and presence of BDA are risk factors for complications.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Salvage Lymph-Node Percutaneous Cryoablation: Safety Profile and Oncologic
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of percutaneous cryoablation (CA) for the treatment of single/oligometastatic lymph-node (LN) relapse in different anatomic regions. Materials and Methods This is a retrospective study of all patients who underwent percutaneous CA of LN metastases (May 2014–April 2019). Results Eighteen patients with a total of 27 LNs were treated with CT-guided CA (Galil Medical, Israel). One patient was excluded since no follow-up was available. The mean LN diameter was 11 mm (range 4–28 mm). Thirteen patients had a history of previous treatment for locoregional lymphadenopathy. In 21 LNs, a supplementary thermal insulation-displacement technique was used (hydrodissection = 12; carbodissection = 6; both = 3). According to the RECIST criteria, 8 LNs had a complete response, 8 stable disease, 8 partial response and 1 progressive disease. In the subgroup of patients with prostate cancer relapse, the mean PSA level before treatment was 5.5 ngr/ml (range 0.6–36 ngr/ml) and reduced to 0.32 (range 0–1.1 ngr/ml) and 0.3 (range 0–0.6 ngr/ml) at 3- and 6-month follow-up, respectively. Six patients presented distant tumor deposits on follow-up that were further treated with systemic (5 patients: hormone/chemo/immunotherapy) and local therapies (1 patient: CA of bone oligometastatic disease). No major complication was noted. Two patients with obturator LN presented transient obturator nerve paresis. Mean follow-up was 15 months (range 1–56 months). Conclusion In this series of patients, we have shown that metastatic LNs can be safely treated with image-guided CA. Caution should be paid, and additional measures should be taken when treating LNs near thermal-sensible structures.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Biliary Leakage After Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery: A
           Classification System to Guide the Proper Percutaneous Treatment
    • Abstract: Purpose To investigate the effectiveness of percutaneous approaches to treat bile leak and to propose an anatomical classification of biliary fistula to guide the most appropriate percutaneous approach. Materials and Methods Fifty-six patients with bile leakage after hepatobiliary surgery were included. Based on preoperative images and postoperative fistulogram images, three categories of bile leakage were defined. Every category was treated with non-surgical approaches (internal–external percutaneous drainage, percutaneous/endoscopic biliodigestive anastomosis with rendez-vous technique and biliodigestive percutaneous anastomosis with totally radiologic rendez-vous). Results In 44/56 (78%) patients, anatomical conformation was “direct communication” (bile ducts upstream from the leak present a direct communication with downstream ducts) and their treatment was conventional percutaneous drainage. In 5/56 (9%), anatomical conformation was “indirect communication” (bile ducts upstream from the leak communicate with downstream ducts through a bile collection) and treatment was percutaneous/endoscopic rendez-vous technique. In 7/56 (12%), anatomical conformation was “no communication” (ducts upstream from the leak are completely excluded from ducts downstream) and treatment was totally radiologic rendez-vous. In 54/56 (96%) during the follow-up, cholangiography revealed complete resolution of the leak without residual stenosis and drains were removed. Complications occurred in 12/56 (21%). Procedure-related mortality was 0%. Ten patients, after > 6 months from resolution of their fistula and drain removal, died due to cancer recurrence. Currently, 44/56 patients (77%) at long-term follow-up (> 12 months) are alive, without bile leak. Conclusion Our classification helps to choose the most proper percutaneous approach in all kinds of bile leakage, even in severe cases; these are safe techniques with a high success rate.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • 125 I Irradiation Stent for Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Main Portal Vein
           Tumor Thrombosis: A Systematic Review
    • Abstract: Abstract A systematic review was conducted to provide an overview of the efficacy and safety of 125I irradiation stent placement for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and main portal vein tumor thrombosis (MPVTT). Six studies with 406 patients were included in the final analysis. The median overall survival for patients treated with 125I irradiation stent placement was 10.3 months. The most common radiation-related adverse event was leukopenia. The stent-related adverse events consisted of fever, abdominal pain, hemorrhage, and anorexia. No stent or seed migration was reported. Overall, the use of an 125I irradiation stent has the potential to act as an alternative therapy for patients with HCC with MPVTT.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Feasibility of Yttrium-90 Radioembolization Dose Calculation Utilizing
           Intra-procedural Open Trajectory Cone Beam CT
    • Abstract: Purpose Dose calculation for transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with glass yttrium-90 (Y90) labeled microspheres is based on liver lobe and tumor volumes, currently measured from preprocedural MRI or CT. The variable time between MRI and radioembolization may not account for relevant tumor progression. Advances in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) allow for intra-procedural assessment of these volumes that avoids this factor. Liver lobe and hepatocellular carcinoma tumor volume measurements and dose calculations using intra-procedural CBCT were compared to those using preprocedural MRI in order to determine feasibility. Methods Retrospective analysis was performed in 20 patients with proven hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who underwent planning angiography with open trajectory CBCT acquisitions prior to radioembolization, and an MRI performed within 6 weeks prior to treatment planning. Liver lobe and tumor burden volumes were measured based on CBCT using embolization planning and guidance software and measured on preprocedural MRI using standard volume analysis software. Y90 doses were subsequently calculated using each measured volume. Comparisons of volume measurements and calculated Y90 doses between the two modalities were evaluated for significance using paired t tests. Results All target liver lobes and all tumors were completely depicted on CBCT. Mean liver lobe and tumor burden volumes measured on intra-procedural CBCT and preprocedural MRI showed no significant difference (p = 0.71). Mean calculated Y90 dose based on each modality showed no significant difference (p = 0.18). Conclusions Lobar and tumor volume measurement with CBCT is a reliable alternative to measurement with preprocedural MRI. Utilization of CBCT 3D segmentation software during planning angiography may be useful to provide up-to-date volume measurements and dose calculations prior to radioembolization.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Comparative Efficacy and Safety of Endovascular Treatment Modalities for
           Femoropopliteal Artery Lesions: A Network Meta-analysis of Randomized
           Controlled Trials
    • Abstract: Purpose We conducted a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing the efficacy and safety of multiple endovascular treatments for femoropopliteal lesions. Methods Nine treatments for femoropopliteal lesions were identified. We compared major amputation and all-cause mortality at 12-month follow-ups and primary patency at 6-, 12- and 24-month follow-ups of the treatments. Results Altogether, 26 studies (52 study arms; 4102 patients) were considered eligible. In terms of primary patency, drug-eluting stent (DES) placement was the most effective treatment at 6- and 12-month follow-ups and covered stent (CS) placement at 24-month follow-ups, whereas directional atherectomy (DA) was the least effective treatment during all follow-up periods; both DES and CS placements were better than the majority of other single treatments, including balloon angioplasty, DA, nitinol stent (NS) placement and drug-coated balloon use, during all follow-up periods. In terms of 12-month major amputation and all-cause mortality, DA was the most safe treatment, whereas NS placement was the least safe single treatment. Conclusions DES and CS placements have shown encouraging results in terms of primary patency for femoropopliteal lesions, DES placement performs better within 12 months after operation and CS placement at approximately 24 months, while DA seems to be less effective. DA may be better than other treatments in terms of major amputation and all-cause mortality, while NS seems to be less safe.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Magnetic Particle Imaging: Artifact-Free Metallic Stent Lumen Imaging in a
           Phantom Study
    • Abstract: Purpose To illustrate the potential of magnetic particle imaging (MPI) for stent lumen imaging in comparison with clinical computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Materials and Methods Imaging of eight tracer-filled, stented vessel phantoms and a tracer-filled, non-stented reference phantom for each diameter was performed on a preclinical MPI scanner: eight commercially available coronary stents of different dimensions (diameter: 3–4 mm; length: 11–38 mm) and materials (stainless steel, platinum–chromium) were implanted into silicone vessel phantoms. For comparison, all vessel phantoms were also visualized by MRI and CT. Two radiologists assessed the images regarding stent-induced artifacts using a 5-point grading scale. Results The visualization of all stented vessel phantoms was achieved without stent-induced artifacts with MPI. In contrast, MRI and CT images revealed multiform stent-induced artifacts. Conclusion Given its clinical introduction, MPI has the potential to overcome the disadvantages of MRI and CT concerning the visualization of the stent lumen.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Cerebrovascular Complications After Upper Extremity Access for Complex
           Aortic Interventions: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    • Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this study was to review the risk of developing cerebrovascular complications from upper extremity access during endovascular treatment of complex aortic aneurysms. Methods A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted according to the PRISMA guideline. An electronic search of the public domains Medline (PubMed), Embase (Ovid), Web of Science and Cochrane Library was performed to identify studies related to the treatment of aortic aneurysms involving upper extremity access. Meta-analysis was used to compare the rate of cerebrovascular event after left, right and bilateral upper extremity access. Results are presented as relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results Thirteen studies including 1276 patients with complex endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms using upper extremity access were included in the systematic review. Left upper extremity access (UEA) was used in 1028 procedures, right access in 148 and bilateral access in 100 procedures. The rate of cerebrovascular complications for patients treated through left UEA was 1.7%, through right UEA 4% and through bilateral UEA 5%. In the meta-analysis, we included seven studies involving 645 patients treated with a left upper extremity access, 87 patients through a right and 100 patients through a bilateral upper extremity access. Patients, who underwent right-sided (RR 5.01, 95% CI 1.51–16.58, P = 0.008) or bilateral UEA (RR 4.57, 95% CI 1.23–17.04, P = 0.02), had a significantly increased risk of cerebrovascular events compared to those who had a left-sided approach. Conclusion Left upper extremity access is associated with a significantly lower rate of cerebrovascular complications as compared to right or bilateral upper extremity access.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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