Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8642 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (218 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 103)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 263)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cardiology in the Young
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.372
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 34  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1047-9511 - ISSN (Online) 1467-1107
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [387 journals]
  • Outcomes of closure of doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal
           defects in adults
    • Authors: Zhaoyang Chen; Wanhua Chen, Hang Chen, Zhenmei Liao, Qiang Chen, Lianglong Chen
      Pages: 599 - 606
      Abstract: Background:Outcome data of doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defect closure in adults are limited.Methods:A review was made of the inpatients >18 years of age who underwent doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defect closure between June 2010 and June 2017.Results:The patients were categorised into two groups: The valve intervention group consisted of 31 patients who underwent aortic valvuloplasty, aortic valve replacement, or repair of sinus Valsalva aneurysm in addition to doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defect closure; non-valvular intervention group comprised 58 patients who underwent only doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defect closure. The groups did not differ by sex and age. Patients in the valve intervention group, with a larger ventricular septal defect size, were shorter and tended to be lighter. The valve intervention group had more patients with pneumonia perioperatively. No infective endocarditis and reoperation were noted during the study period. At last follow-up, 91 and 96.6% of the studied patients were free from left ventricle dilation and pulmonary hypertension. In patients without pre-operative aortic regurgitation, 12 developed new mild aortic regurgitation during the follow-up.Conclusions:About 34.8% of adult patients with doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defect required concurrent intervention on aortic valve or sinus Valsalva aneurysm. The midterm results of doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defect closure in adult patients were favourable. However, the incidence of new mild aortic regurgitation after ventricular septal defect closure was high (27.3%). Long-term follow-up of aortic regurgitation progression is needed.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000530
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Outcomes of paediatric cardiac patients after 30 minutes of
           cardiopulmonary resuscitation prior to extracorporeal support
    • Authors: Pilar Anton-Martin; Axel Moreira, Paul Kang, Michael L. Green
      Pages: 607 - 616
      Abstract: Objectives:To characterise the mortality and neurological outcomes of paediatric cardiac patients requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation for more than 30 minutes prior to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulation and to identify risk factors associated with adverse outcomes in this population.Materials and methods:Observational retrospective cohort study in paediatric cardiac patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation for greater than 30 minutes prior to cannulation in a tertiary children’s hospital, from July 2000 to July 2013.Results:Seventy-three paediatric cardiac patients requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation for more than 30 minutes prior to cannulation were included in the study. Survival to hospital discharge was 43.8%, with 75% of survivors having either normal neurologic function or only mild disability. Multivariable logistic regression analysis demonstrated that increased use of calcium during resuscitation (odds ratio 14.5, p 0.01), cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration >50 minutes (odds ratio 4.12, p 0.03), >6 interruptions of chest compressions during cannulation (odds ratio 6.40, p 0.03), the need for continuous renal replacement therapy (odds ratio 11.1, p 0.001), and abnormal pupillary response during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (odds ratio 33.9, p 0.006) were independent predictors for hospital mortality.Conclusion:Survival after cardiopulmonary resuscitation for more than 30 minutes prior to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulation in our paediatric cardiac cohort was 43.8%. Factors associated with mortality included calcium use during resuscitation, longer cardiopulmonary resuscitation, increased chest compression pauses during cannulation, the use of continuous renal replacement therapy, and abnormal pupils during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support. A prospective assessment of these factors in paediatric cardiac patients may be beneficial in improving outcomes.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000591
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Aetiological evaluation of chest pain in childhood and adolescence
    • Authors: Emre Aygun; Sibel Tugce Aygun, Taciser Uysal, Fatih Aygun, Hasan Dursun, Ahmet Irdem
      Pages: 617 - 623
      Abstract: Background:Chest pain, as a common cause of hospital admissions in childhood, necessitates detailed investigations due to a wide range of differential diagnoses. In this study, we aimed to determine the distribution of diseases causing chest pain in children and investigate the clinical characteristics of children with chest pain.Methods:This study included 782 patients aged between 3 and 18 years who presented to a paediatric cardiology outpatient clinic with chest pain between April 2017 and March 2018. Aetiological causes and demographic features of the patients were analysed.Results:Most prevalent causes of chest pain were musculoskeletal system (33%) and psychogenic (28.4%) causes. Chest pain due to cardiac reasons was seen in eight patients (1%). Diseases of musculoskeletal and gastrointestinal systems and psychogenic disorders were significantly more common in male and female patients, respectively (p < 0.001 for all). In winter, patients’ age and the number of patients with ≥12 years were higher than those in other seasons (p < 0.001). Most of the parents (70.8%) and patients (90.2%) thought that chest pain in their children was caused by cardiac causes.Conclusion:Most of the diagnoses for chest pain in childhood period are benign and include the musculoskeletal system and psychogenic diseases. Although chest pain due to cardiac diseases is rare, a comprehensive analysis of medical history, detailed physical examination and cardiac imaging with echocardiography is needed to reach more accurate diagnoses.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000621
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Faecal calprotectin concentrations in neonates with CHD: pilot study
    • Authors: Graeme O’Connor; Katherine L. Brown, Andrew M. Taylor
      Pages: 624 - 628
      Abstract: Neonates with CHD are at increased risk of developing necrotising enterocolitis due to mesenteric hypoperfusion. Necrotising enterocolitis results in repeated feed interruptions contributing to poor growth during the early post-operative phase. Poor weight gain and longer hospital stay are risk factors for death in neonates with CHD. Abdominal radiography is used as a diagnostic tool for necrotising enterocolitis; however, its utility is limited in the early stages of necrotising enterocolitis when pneumatosis intestinalis is absent. Calprotectin is a neutrophil activation biomarker, and elevated levels are evident in inflammatory diseases such as necrotising enterocolitis. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a correlation between faecal calprotectin concentration and gut inflammation in neonates with CHD. This prospective single-centre study recruited newly diagnosed term patients with duct-dependent CHD between March 2018 and March 2019. Faecal calprotectin concentrations were measured in post-surgical patients using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods. A total of 30 patients were included in the analysis. Calprotectin concentration for patients who developed necrotising enterocolitis was 3528 µg/g compared with 390 µg/g without, compared with 1339 µg/g in patients with suspected necrotising enterocolitis (p = 0.0001). Patients with suspected necrotising enterocolitis had a significantly longer length of hospital stay, on average 18 days longer compared to patients without necrotising enterocolitis (p = 0.03). Faecal calprotectin concentrations may reflect severity of gut inflammation in neonates with CHD. Suspected necrotising enterocolitis contributes to longer days nil by mouth and an increase in length of hospital stay.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000645
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Fontan completion during winter season is not associated with higher
           mortality or morbidity in the early post-operative period
    • Authors: Sarah Nordmeyer; Sabeth Krettek, Johannes Nordmeyer, Marie Schafstedde, Konstantin Rehm, Joachim Photiadis, Felix Berger, Stanislav Ovroutski
      Pages: 629 - 632
      Abstract: Objectives:The aim of our study was to compare post-operative outcome after total cavopulmonary connection between patients operated during winter and summer season.Methods:We retrospectively studied 211 patients who underwent extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection completion at our institution between 1995 and 2015 (median age 4 (1–42) years). Seventy (33%) patients were operated during winter (November to March) and 141 (67%) patients during summer season (April to October).Results:Patients operated during winter and summer season showed no difference in early mortality (7% versus 5%, p = 0.52) and severe morbidity like need for early Fontan takedown (1% versus 1%, p = 0.99) and need for mechanical circulatory support (9% versus 4%, p = 0.12). The post-operative course and haemodynamic outcome were comparable between both groups of patients (ICU (4 versus 3 days, p = 0.44) and hospital stay (15 versus 14 days, p = 0.28), prolonged pleural effusions (36% versus 31%, p = 0.51), need for dialysis (16% versus 11%, p = 0.37), ascites (37% versus 33%, p = 0.52), supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (16% versus 13%, p = 0.56) and chylothorax (26% versus 16%, p = 0.12), change of antibiotic treatment (47% versus 36%, p = 0.06), prolonged inotropic support (24% versus 14%, p = 0.05), intubation time (15 versus 12 hours, p = 0.33), and incidence of fast-track extubation (11% versus 22%, p = 0.06).Conclusion:Outcomes after total cavopulmonary connection completion during winter and summer season were comparably related to mortality, severe morbidity, or longer hospital stay in the early post-operative period. These results suggest that total cavopulmonary connection completion during winter season is as safe as during summer season.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000670
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • A transition clinic intervention to improve follow-up rates in adolescents
           and young adults with congenital heart disease
    • Authors: Stephanie S. Gaydos; Shahryar M. Chowdhury, Rochelle N. Judd, Kimberly E. McHugh
      Pages: 633 - 640
      Abstract: Background:Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) require lifelong cardiology follow-up. Many experience gaps in care around the age of transition to adult-oriented care with associated comorbidity. We describe the impact of a clinic-based intervention on follow-up rates in this high-risk population.Methods:Patients ≥11 years seen in a paediatric outpatient CHD Transition Clinic completed self-assessment questionnaires, underwent focused teaching, and were followed on a clinic registry with assessment of care continuation. The cohort “lost to follow-up” rate, defined as absence from care at least 6 months beyond the recommended timeframe, was compared with a control group. Secondary outcomes included questionnaire scores and adult cardiology referral trends.Results:Over 26 months, 53 participants completed an initial Transition Clinic visit; 43% (23/53) underwent a second visit. Median participant age was 18.0 years (interquartile range 16.0, 22.0). The cohort’s “lost to follow-up” rate was 7.3%, which was significantly lower than the control rate (25.9%, p < 0.01). Multivariable regression analyses demonstrated clinic participation as the only factor independently associated with follow-up rates (p = 0.048). Transition readiness was associated with older age (p = 0.01) but not sex, univentricular heart, interventional history, or surgical complexity. One-third of adult participants transferred to adult care.Conclusions:A CHD Transition Clinic intervention can improve follow-up rates in adolescents and young adults. Age is an important factor in transition readiness, and retention of adults in paediatric care appears multi-factorial. We postulate that serial assessments of self-management, focused education, and registry utilisation may improve patient outcomes by reducing lapses in care.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000682
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Lymphopenia in adults after the Fontan operation: prevalence and
           associations
    • Authors: Tarek Alsaied; Mathias Possner, Nicole Brown, Hassan Almeneisi, Cassandra Szugye, Andrew T. Trout, Omar Niss, Joseph J. Palermo, Faizeen Zafar, Jonathan R. Dillman, Gruschen R. Veldtman, Alexander R. Opotowsky, Adam M. Lubert
      Pages: 641 - 648
      Abstract: Lymphopenia is common in adults who have had a Fontan operation although its aetiology and clinical implications remain unknown. Previous work suggests an association between lymphopenia and both liver disease and splenomegaly. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of lymphopenia in adults with a Fontan circulation and evaluate its associations with risk factors and clinical outcomes. Using a retrospective cohort study design, we studied 73 adult Fontan patients (age 25.0 ± 8.4 years) who had a complete blood count and abdominal imaging performed. Patients with protein-losing enteropathy were excluded. Clinical data were extracted from hospital records. The mean white blood cell count was 6580 ± 220/ml with a mean lymphocyte count of 1223 ± 508/ml. Lymphopenia, defined as lymphocyte count
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000694
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • A low threshold for neonatal intervention yields a high rate of
           biventricular outcomes in pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum
           
    • Authors: Gareth J. Morgan; Srinivas A. Narayan, Sebastian Goreczny, Henry Chubb, Thomas Krasemann, Eric Rosenthal, Shakeel A. Qureshi
      Pages: 649 - 655
      Abstract: Aims:Management strategies for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum are variable and are based on right ventricular morphology and associated abnormalities. Catheter perforation of the pulmonary valve provides an alternative strategy to surgery in the neonatal period. We sought to assess the long-term outcome in terms of survival, re-intervention, and functional ventricular outcome in the setting of a 26-year single-centre experience of low threshold inclusion criteria for percutaneous valvotomy.Methods and results:Retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum from 1990 to 2016 at a tertiary referral centre, was performed. Of 71 patients, 48 were brought to the catheterisation laboratory for intervention. Catheter valvotomy was successful in 45 patients (94%). Twenty-three patients (51%) also underwent ductus arteriosus stenting. The length of intensive care and hospital stay was significantly shorter, and early re-interventions were significantly reduced in the catheterisation group. There were eight deaths (17%); all within 35 days of the procedure. Of the survivors, only one has required a Fontan circulation. Twenty-eight patients (74%) have undergone biventricular repair and nine patients (24%) have one-and-a-half ventricle circulation. Following successful valvotomy, 80% of patients required further catheter-based or surgical interventions.Conclusions:A low threshold for initial interventional management yielded a high rate of successful biventricular circulations. Although mortality was low in patients who survived the peri-procedural period, the rate of re-intervention remained high in all groups.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000700
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • 3D advanced imaging overlay with rapid registration in CHD to reduce
           radiation and assist cardiac catheterisation interventions
    • Authors: Yousef Arar; Surendranath R. Veeram Reddy, Heidi Kim, V. Vivian Dimas, Thomas M. Zellers, Riad Abou Zahr, Ravi Vamsee, Joshua S. Greer, Animesh Tandon, Antonia Pontiki, Jeanne Dillenbeck, Luis Zabala, Gerald Greil, Alan W. Nugent, Tarique Hussain
      Pages: 656 - 662
      Abstract: Novel commercially available software has enabled registration of both CT and MRI images to rapidly fuse with X-ray fluoroscopic imaging. We describe our initial experience performing cardiac catheterisations with the guidance of 3D imaging overlay using the VesselNavigator system (Philips Healthcare, Best, NL). A total of 33 patients with CHD were included in our study. Demographic, advanced imaging, and catheterisation data were collected between 1 December, 2016 and 31 January, 2019. We report successful use of this technology in both diagnostic and interventional cases such as placing stents and percutaneous valves, performing angioplasties, occlusion of collaterals, and guidance for lymphatic interventions. In addition, radiation exposure was markedly decreased when comparing our 10–15-year-old coarctation of the aorta stent angioplasty cohort to cases without the use of overlay technology and the most recently published national radiation dose benchmarks. No complications were encountered due to the application of overlay technology. 3D CT or MRI overlay for CHD intervention with rapid registration is feasible and aids decisions regarding access and planned angiographic angles. Operators found intraprocedural overlay fusion registration using placed vessel guidewires to be more accurate than attempts using bony structures.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000712
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Clinical significance of family history and bicuspid aortic valve in
           children and young adult patients with Marfan syndrome
    • Authors: Emanuele Monda; Adelaide Fusco, Daniela Melis, Martina Caiazza, Felice Gragnano, Alfredo Mauriello, Annapaola Cirillo, Marta Rubino, Augusto Esposito, Angelina Grammegna, Stefano Nistri, Guglielmina Pepe, Paolo Calabrò, Pietro Strisciuglio, Alessandro Della Corte, Guido Oppido, Mariagiovanna Russo, Giuseppe Limongelli
      Pages: 663 - 667
      Abstract: Background:Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder of the connective tissue, whose cardinal features affect eyes, musculoskeletal, and cardiovascular system. Despite prevalence and natural history of cardiovascular manifestation are well known in adults, little is known about children and young adult patients. The aim of this study was to describe a well-characterised cohort of consecutive children and young patients with marfan syndrome, looking at the impact of family history and presence of bicuspid aortic valve on disease severity.Methods:A total of 30 consecutive children and young patients with Marfan syndrome were evaluated. All patients underwent a comprehensive clinical–instrumental–genetic evaluation. Particular attention was posed to identify differences in prevalence of cardiovascular abnormalities between patients with and without family history of Marfan syndrome or bicuspid aortic valve.Results:Of these 30 patients, family history of Marfan syndrome and bicuspid aortic valve were present in 76 and 13%, respectively. Compared to patients with family history of Marfan syndrome, those without showed higher prevalence of aortic sinus dilation (87 versus 32%, p-value = 0.009), greater aortic sinus diameters (4.2 ± 2.1 versus 1.9 ± 1.1 z score, p-value = 0.002), and higher rate of aortic surgery during follow-up (37 versus 0%, p-value = 0.002). Compared to patients with tricuspid aortic valve, those with bicuspid aortic valve were younger (3.2 ± 4.3 versus 10.7 ± 6.8 years old, p-value = 0.043), showed greater aortic sinus diameters (4.2 ± 0.9 versus 2.2 ± 1.6 z score, p-value = 0.033), and underwent more frequently aortic root replacement (50 versus 4%, p-value = 0.004).Conclusions:In our cohort of patients with Marfan syndrome, the absence of family history and the presence of bicuspid aortic valve were associated to severe aortic phenotype and worse prognosis.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000748
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Exercise capacity, physical activity, and health-related quality of life
           in adults with CHD
    • Authors: Linda Ashman Kröönström; Åsa Cider, Anna-Klara Zetterström, Linda Johansson, Peter Eriksson, Lars Brudin, Mikael Dellborg
      Pages: 668 - 673
      Abstract: Objectives:The aim of this study was to assess exercise capacity, physical activity, and health-related quality of life within a broad and unselected group of adults with CHD.Design:From April 2009 to February 2014, 1310 patients were assessed for suitability to participate in this single-centre cross-sectional study. Seven hundred and forty-seven (57%) patients were included, performed a submaximal bicycle test, and answered questionnaires regarding physical activity and health-related quality of life. Exercise capacity, physical activity, and health-related quality of life were compared with reference values and correlations were studied.Results:The exercise capacities of men and women with CHD were 58.7 and 66.3%, respectively, of reference values. Approximately, 20–25% of the patients did not achieve the recommended amount of physical activity. In addition, men scored significantly less points on 7 out of 10 scales of health-related quality of life and women in 6 out of 10 scales, compared with reference values. The strongest correlation was between exercise capacity and the Short Form-36 (physical function).Conclusions:Exercise capacity was impaired in all adults with CHD, including those with less complicated CHD. One-quarter of the patients did not achieve the recommended levels of physical activity. Exercise tests followed by individualised exercise prescriptions may be offered to all patients with CHD aiming to increase exercise capacity, levels of physical activity, improve health-related quality of life, and reduce the risk of acquired life-style diseases.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S104795112000075X
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Appropriate heart rate during exercise in Fontan patients
    • Authors: Eva R. Hedlund; Liselott Söderström, Bo Lundell
      Pages: 674 - 680
      Abstract: Objective:To evaluate heart rate against workload and oxygen consumption during exercise in Fontan patients.Method:Fontan patients (n = 27) and healthy controls (n = 25) underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing with linear increase of load. Heart rate and oxygen uptake were measured during tests. Heart rate recovery was recorded for 10 minutes.Results:Heart rate at midpoint (140 ± 14 versus 153 ± 11, p < 0.001) and at maximal effort (171 ± 14 versus 191 ± 10 beats per minute, p < 0.001) of test was lower for patients than controls. Heart rate recovery was similar between groups. Heart rate in relation to workload was higher for patients than controls both at midpoint and maximal effort. Heart rate in relation to oxygen uptake was similar between groups throughout test. Oxygen pulse, an indirect surrogate measure of stroke volume, was reduced at maximal effort in patients compared to controls (6.6 ± 1.1 versus 7.5 ± 1.4 ml·beat−1·m−2, p < 0.05) and increased significantly less from midpoint to maximal effort for patients than controls (p < 0.05).Conclusions:Heart rate is increased in relation to workload in Fontan patients compared with controls. At higher loads, Fontan patients seem to have reduced heart rate and smaller increase in oxygen pulse, which may be explained by inability to further increase stroke volume and cardiac output. Reduced ability to increase or maintain stroke volume at higher heart rates may be an important limiting factor for maximal cardiac output, oxygen uptake, and physical performance.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000761
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Clinical efficacy and safety of switch from bosentan to macitentan in
           children and young adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension: extended
           study results
    • Authors: Ebru Aypar; Dursun Alehan, Tevfik Karagöz, Hakan Aykan, İlker Ertugrul
      Pages: 681 - 685
      Abstract: Background:Macitentan is an orally active, potent, dual endothelin receptor antagonist and is the only registered treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension that significantly reduced morbidity and mortality in a long-term study.Aim:We have recently reported that switch from bosentan to macitentan significantly improved exercise capacity in children and young adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension in a 24-week prospective study and well tolerated without adverse events. We now aimed to evaluate clinical efficacy, safety of switch in a larger patient population, in a 24-month prospective study.Methods:This is a single-institution, 24-month prospective study. Patients ≥12 years with idiopathic/heritable, pulmonary arterial hypertension, or related to CHD or residual pulmonary arterial hypertension due to repaired congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunts and on bosentan treatment were included. Concomitant treatment with oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors/inhaled prostanoids was allowed. Outcome measures included change from baseline to 24 months, in the 6-minute walk distance, functional class, oxygen saturation at rest/after walk distance test, and natriuretic peptide levels. Safety end points included adverse events, laboratory abnormalities.Results:Twenty-seven patients (19 adults/8 children, mean age: 21.1 ± 6.3 years (12–36), weight: 53.1 ± 15.7 kgs (26–87)) were included. Mean duration of macitentan treatment: 22.3 ± 3.9 months (9–24). Six-minute walk distance significantly improved from baseline (mean: 458 ± 79 m (300–620)) at 6 months (mean: 501 ± 73 m (325–616) + 43 m) (p < 0.05), at 12 months (mean: 514 ± 82 m (330–626) + 56 m) (p < 0.05), and at 24 months (mean: 532 ± 85 m (330–682) + 74 m) (p < 0.05). We observed a significant improvement during the first 6 months but no incremental improvement after 6 months (p > 0.05). Macitentan did not significantly change functional class, oxygen saturation, and natriuretic levels (p > 0.05). None of the patients had anaemia, hepatotoxicity, and peripheral edema.Conclusions:Our study is the first study which showed that switch from bosentan to macitentan improved exercise capacity in children and young adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension significantly in the first 6 months and compared to baseline in 24 months and well tolerated without adverse events.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000773
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Fetal CHD and perinatal outcomes
    • Authors: Christina J. Ge; Amanda C. Mahle, Irina Burd, Eric B. Jelin, Priya Sekar, Angie C. Jelin
      Pages: 686 - 691
      Abstract: Objective:To evaluate delivery management and outcomes in fetuses prenatally diagnosed with CHD.Study design:A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 6194 fetuses (born between 2013 and 2016), comparing prenatally diagnosed with CHD (170) to those with non-cardiac (234) and no anomalies (5790). Primary outcomes included the incidence of preterm delivery and mode of delivery.Results:Gestational age at delivery was significantly lower between the CHD and non-anomalous cohorts (38.6 and 39.1 weeks, respectively). Neonates with CHD had a significantly lower birth weights (p < 0.001). There was an approximately 1.5-fold increase in the rate of primary cesarean sections associated with prenatally diagnosed CHD with an odds ratio of 1.49 (95% CI 1.06–2.10).Conclusions:Our study provides additional evidence that the prenatal diagnosis of CHD is associated with a lower birth weight, preterm delivery, and with an increased risk of delivery by primary cesarean section.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000785
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • The impact of physical activity modification on the well-being of a cohort
           of children with an inherited arrhythmia or cardiomyopathy
    • Authors: Susan Christian; Martin Somerville, Sherry Taylor, John C. Spence, Michael Giuffre, Joseph Atallah
      Pages: 692 - 697
      Abstract: Background:We evaluated a cohort of 35 children diagnosed with long QT syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, or arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy with regard to physical and psychosocial well-being.Material and Methods:Patients wore an accelerometer to record their time involved in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity and completed the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory and the Pediatric Cardiac Quality of Life Inventory. Parents were also asked to describe if their child had changed their physical activity because of their diagnosis and how difficult and upsetting it was for the child to adapt to the physical activity recommendations.Results:Patients were involved in less moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity per day (35 min/day versus 55 min/day) and had lower Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory total health scores (79 versus 84) compared to normative data. Overall, 51% of the cohort modified their physical activity in some way because of their diagnosis and changing physical activity was associated with lower Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory and Pediatric Cardiac Quality of Life Inventory scores.Conclusion:Our cohort was involved in less moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity and had lower Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory total health scores compared to normative paediatric data. Modifying one’s physical activity was associated with worse health-related quality of life scores, highlighting a vulnerable sub-group of children. These findings are useful for families and healthcare professionals caring for children who are adjusting to a new cardiac diagnosis of an inherited arrhythmia or cardiomyopathy.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000803
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Treatment strategies for protein-losing enteropathy in Fontan-palliated
           patients
    • Authors: Anastasia Schleiger; Stanislav Ovroutski, Björn Peters, Stephan Schubert, Joachim Photiadis, Felix Berger, Peter Kramer
      Pages: 698 - 709
      Abstract: Objective:Protein-losing enteropathy is an infrequent but severe condition occurring after Fontan procedure. The multifactorial pathogenesis remains unclear and no single proposed treatment strategy has proven universally successful. Therefore, we sought to describe different treatment strategies and their effect on clinical outcome and mortality.Material and Methods:We performed a retrospective observational study. From the total cohort of 439 Fontan patients treated in our institution during the study period 1986–2019, 30 patients (6.8%) with protein-losing enteropathy were identified. Perioperative, clinical, echocardiographic, laboratory, and invasive haemodynamic findings and treatment details were analysed.Results:Median follow-up after disease onset was 13.1 years [interquartile range 10.6]. Twenty-five patients received surgical or interventional treatment for haemodynamic restrictions. Medical treatment, predominantly pulmonary vasodilator and/or systemic anti-inflammatory therapy with budesonide, was initiated in 28 patients. In 15 patients, a stable remission could be achieved by medical or surgical procedures (n = 3 each), by combined multimodal therapy (n = 8), or ultimately by cardiac transplantation (n = 1). Phrenic palsy, bradyarrhythmia, Fontan pathway stenosis, and absence of a fenestration were significantly associated with development of protein-losing enteropathy (p = 0.001–0.48). Ten patients (33.3%) died during follow-up; 5-year survival estimate was 96.1%. In unadjusted analysis, medical therapy with budesonide and pulmonary vasodilator therapy in combination was associated with improved survival.Conclusions:Protein-losing enteropathy is a serious condition limiting survival after the Fontan procedure. Comprehensive assessment and individual treatment strategies are mandatory to achieve best possible outcome. Nevertheless, relapse is frequent and long-term mortality substantial. Cardiac transplantation should be considered early as treatment option.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000864
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Exercise echocardiography demonstrates potential myocardial damage in
           patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot using layer-specific strain
           analysis
    • Authors: Kana Yazaki; Ken Takahashi, Maki Kobayashi, Mariko Yamada, Takeshi Iso, Satoshi Akimoto, Sachie Shigemitsu, Kotoko Matsui, Katsumi Akimoto, Masahiko Kishiro, Keisuke Nakanishi, Shiori Kawasaki, Toshiaki Shimizu
      Pages: 710 - 716
      Abstract: Introduction:Exercise stress echocardiography and layer-specific strains are emerging as important tools for cardiac assessment. This study was aimed to evaluate layer-specific strains and torsion parameters during exercise in order to investigate the characteristics of cardiac dysfunction in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot and to detect subclinical left ventricular dysfunction.Materials and Methods:Thirteen patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (median age, 17.3 [interquartile range, 14.5–22.9] years; 6 males) and 13 controls (median age, 28.5 [interquartile range, 27.6–31.6] years; 13 males) underwent echocardiography at rest and during supine exercise. Layer-specific longitudinal strain and circumferential strain of three myocardial layers (endocardium, midmyocardium, and epicardium), torsion, and untwisting rate were measured using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography.Results:Peak endocardial papillary circumferential strain (−21.1 ± 2.6% vs. −25.8 ± 3.8%, p = 0.007), midmyocardial apical circumferential strain (−11.1 ± 4.0% vs. −15.6 ± 3.2%, p = 0.001), epicardial apical circumferential strain (−11.1 ± 4.0% vs. −15.6 ± 3.2%, p = 0.021), and torsion (8.9 ± 6.0 vs. 14.9 ± 4.8 degree, p = 0.021) were significantly lower in the repaired tetralogy of Fallot group than in the control group during exercise, though no significant difference was found between patients and controls at rest.Conclusions:Analysis of layer-specific strains and torsion parameters during exercise could detect subclinical left ventricular dysfunction in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot, which might reflect potential myocardial damage, at a stage where these parameters have normal values at rest. This finding provides new insight into the mechanisms of cardiac dysfunction in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000888
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Are there any novel markers in acute rheumatic fever:
           neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, and
           monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio
    • Authors: Dilek Giray; Olgu Hallioglu
      Pages: 717 - 721
      Abstract: Objective:The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte, platelet-to-lymphocyte, and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratios in acute rheumatic fever in children.Method:In this retrospective study, 182 patients with acute rheumatic fever and 173 controls were included. Complete blood count parameters, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte, monocyte-to-lymphocyte, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios were recorded for all the patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography.Results:Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte, monocyte-to-lymphocyte, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios were significantly higher in patients with rheumatic heart disease than patients without cardiac involvement (p < 0.05). C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate levels were found to have a positive correlation with neutrophil-to-lymphocyte (r = 0.228, p = 0.001; r = 0.355, p = 0.001), platelet-to-lymphocyte (r = 0.227, p = 0.01; r = 0.149, p = 0.005), and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratios (r = 0.117, p = 0.005; r = 0.107, p = 0.044). Cardiac involvement was present in 152 (83.5%) of the patients. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte, monocyte-to-lymphocyte, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios were significantly higher in patients with rheumatic heart disease than patients without cardiac involvement (p < 0.05). Patients with carditis were grouped according to mitral, aortic, or both valve involvement but there was no significant difference between the groups with respect to neutrophil-to-lymphocyte, monocyte-to-lymphocyte, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios. In addition, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratios were significantly higher in patients with Sydenham’s chorea than without chorea (p < 0.05).Conclusion:Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte, platelet-to-lymphocyte, and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratios may help make the diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever and its prognosis by serial measurements in follow-up but none of them tell us the severity of carditis. Also, this is the first study showing the positive correlation between Sydenham’s chorea and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratios. Further studies are needed to confirm this hypothesis, as this is the first study in the literature on this topic.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S104795112000089X
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Mediastinal mass after a Blalock–Taussig shunt: utility of CT
           angiography
    • Authors: Valeria Peña-Trujillo; Sebastian Gallo-Bernal, Julian F Forero Melo
      Pages: 722 - 723
      Abstract: Pseudoaneurysms are rare complications of Blalock–Taussig fistulas. We present the case of an abscessed right pulmonary aneurysm after a Blalock–Taussig fistula in the context of a Salmonella bacteremia.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000906
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Post-operative Brugada electrocardiographic pattern, polymorphic
           ventricular tachycardia, and sudden death in a child after administration
           of propofol anaesthesia
    • Authors: Duygu Uzun; Nimra Hassan, Utkarsh Kohli
      Pages: 724 - 727
      Abstract: A 9-year-old African-American girl presented with sudden cardiac arrest a few hours after adenotonsillectomy. She received anaesthesia which included propofol during the procedure. Her electrocardiogram (EKG) showed type 1 Brugada pattern, and genetic testing revealed a variant of unknown significance in desmoplakin (DSP) gene. We discuss the association between propofol, Brugada EKG pattern, and malignant ventricular arrhythmias.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000578
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • A case of life-threatening valvulitis mimicking infective endocarditis in
           systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis
    • Authors: Kyung Jin Oh; Hye Won Kwon, Sungkyu Cho, Jeong Wook Seo
      Pages: 728 - 731
      Abstract: Differential diagnosis of an intracardiac mass is difficult when detected only by echocardiography before a biopsy is completed. However, treatment cannot be postponed until the biopsy results are obtained. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl who presented with an intracardiac mass in the mitral valve mimicking infective endocarditis and severe mitral regurgitation. The mass was finally diagnosed as valvulitis associated with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis, which was complicated with macrophage activation syndrome. After careful exclusion of acute infectious disease, we started steroid pulse therapy and administered tocilizumab to treat the cytokine storm before performing the surgery. Finally, we performed mass excision and mitral valve replacement after immunosuppressant therapy.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000608
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Congenital right ventricular aneurysm with characteristics of a
           pseudoaneurysm
    • Authors: Krishna K. Umapathi; John W. Bokowski, Hoang H. Nguyen
      Pages: 732 - 733
      Abstract: We report a case of an isolated congenital right ventricular outpouching detected incidentally on foetal echocardiogram that was performed due to suspicion of CHD. Subsequent echocardiogram after birth revealed an aneurysm with features of a pseudoaneurysm having a thin and hypokinetic wall connected to the ventricleʼs cavity via a narrow neck. This pseudoaneurysm appears to be stable in size and of no clinical significance during the short-term follow-up.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000633
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Diffuse enlargement of cerebral vasculature in an adult patient operated
           for cyanotic congenital heart disease
    • Authors: Ahmed S. Emekli; Esme Ekizoglu, Nilufer Yesilot
      Pages: 734 - 736
      Abstract: A 24-year-old female patient diagnosed with cyanotic CHD had undergone a correction procedure at the age of eight. She had a normal motor and mental development until the age of 23. Later she had functional and cognitive decline following heart failure. Brain MRI showed enlargement of the cerebral arterial and venous system. The changes of central nervous system vasculature occurring in operated cyanotic CHD are not well known. Thanks to advances in this field, more cyanotic CHD patients reach adulthood nowadays and clinicians need to be familiar with the neurological conditions and potential neuroradiological changes.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000669
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Combined hybrid pulmonary valve placement and atrial septal defect
           closure: case report and literature review
    • Authors: Omar Abu-Anza; Kaitlin Carr, Osamah Aldoss
      Pages: 737 - 739
      Abstract: We report a case of a 15-year-old female who underwent combined hybrid pulmonary valve replacement and transcatheter atrial septal defect device closure, which was performed due to severe volume overload of the right side of the heart secondary to pulmonary regurgitation and atrial septal defect.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000724
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Influenza associated with circulatory collapse and atrioventricular block
           in an unvaccinated child with repaired CHD
    • Authors: Jyothsna Akam-Venkata; Sanjeev Aggarwal, Peter P. Karpawich
      Pages: 740 - 742
      Abstract: Symptomatic, circulatory collapse occurred in an unvaccinated child with repaired congenital heart and a backup pacemaker during an Influenza B viral infection with complete atrioventricular block and pacemaker non-capture. Ventricular arrhythmias occurred during her collapse. Atrioventricular conduction recovered within 24 hours. Influenza-associated cardiac inflammation can adversely affect patients with repaired CHD. Proactive immunisation is strongly recommended.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000797
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Percutaneous closure of a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm after
           transcatheter ventricular septal defect closure
    • Authors: Selman Gokalp; Sezen Ugan Atik, Irfan L. Saltik
      Pages: 743 - 745
      Abstract: Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is very rare in children. Although surgery is conventional treatment, recently, percutaneous closure of pseudoaneurysms has been described. Here, we present the first case where a patient developed left ventricular pseudoaneurysm after percutaneous ventricular septal defect device closure and was treated by a second percutaneous method.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000815
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Treatment of severe pulmonary insufficiency with bilateral branch
           pulmonary artery Melody valve implantation
    • Authors: Omar Abu-Anza; Yuki Nakamura, Osamah Aldoss
      Pages: 746 - 748
      Abstract: Branch pulmonary artery valve implantation has been reported in larger patients with dysfunctional right ventricular outflow tracts via routine femoral access. Here, we report treatment of severe pulmonary insufficiency with bilateral branch pulmonary artery Melody valve implantation (Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minnesota). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of bilateral valve implantation utilising the hybrid approach in a small-size patient.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000827
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • I want to be a paediatric cardiologist: is it too late'
    • Authors: Peter J Lillitos
      Pages: 749 - 749
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000980
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • In Memoriam: Professor Ingram Schulze-Neick, MD, PhD (1960–2020)
    • Authors: Nikolaus A. Haas; Felix Berger
      Pages: 750 - 751
      PubDate: 2020-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001171
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2020)
       
 
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