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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (329 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 329 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 100)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 246)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Full-text available via subscription  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
JMIR Cardio     Open Access  
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Arrhythmia     Open Access  
Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cardiac Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.352
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 12  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0974-2069 - ISSN (Online) 0974-5149
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [425 journals]
  • Vascular access in pediatric interventions: Science or skill?

    • Authors: Shakeel Ahmed Qureshi, R Krishna Kumar
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: Shakeel Ahmed Qureshi, R Krishna Kumar
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):1-3

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):1-3
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_213_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect in symptomatic children
           weighing ≤10 kg: Addressing unanswered issues from a decade of
           experience

    • Authors: Bharti Sharma, Robin Pinto, Bharat Dalvi
      Pages: 4 - 10
      Abstract: Bharti Sharma, Robin Pinto, Bharat Dalvi
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):4-10
      Background and Objectives: Device closure of secundum atrial septal defect is shown to be feasible and effective in children weighing ≤10 kg. Issues such as how large is too large, how to choose device size, does the length of the interatrial septum (IAS) matter, and need for technical modifications for successful device delivery have not been systematically addressed.Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study, comprising 45 patients weighing ≤10 kg, who were chosen for device closure between January 2010 and June 2018. Patient selection was done on basis of transthoracic echocardiography. Device closure was done using Amplatzer septal occluder. The device size was selected primarily based on transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-measured defect diameter. Although IAS length was taken into consideration, adequate rim size was the key factor in deciding device closure of the defect.Results: Forty-three out of 45 patients had successful device closure. The mean age and weight were 25.71 ± 8.62 months and 8.99 ± 1.24 kg, respectively. The defect measuring as large as 27 mm (14.89 ± 3.89) on TEE was closed and device as big as 28 mm was successfully deployed (16.7 ± 4.31). Regular technique of device deployment was successful in only 15 cases. In the remaining 28, one of the modified techniques was used. There was no mortality, failure of the procedure, device embolization, thromboembolism, or pericardial effusion. One patient developed moderate mitral regurgitation and two patients had transient atrioventricular block. At follow-up, all patients showed significant improvement in symptoms and growth without any complications. Conclusions: Defect size as large as three times the weight in kg can be closed in small children. Devices as large as 28 mm can be deployed in these hearts provided the surrounding rims are adequate. In majority of cases, one of the modified techniques is essential for successful deployment. IAS length is not a limiting factor for deciding the size of the device used.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):4-10
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_66_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty in neonates with critical pulmonary
           stenosis: Jugular or femoral

    • Authors: Erick Hoetama, Radityo Prakoso, Poppy Surwianti Roebiono, Indriwanto Sakidjan, Yovi Kurniawati, Sisca Natalia Siagian, Olfi Lelya, Anna Ulfah Rahajoe, Ganesja Moelia Harimurti, Oktavia Lilyasari
      Pages: 11 - 15
      Abstract: Erick Hoetama, Radityo Prakoso, Poppy Surwianti Roebiono, Indriwanto Sakidjan, Yovi Kurniawati, Sisca Natalia Siagian, Olfi Lelya, Anna Ulfah Rahajoe, Ganesja Moelia Harimurti, Oktavia Lilyasari
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):11-15
      Background: Critical pulmonary stenosis (PS) is one of the life-threatening congenital heart diseases which present during the neonatal period with cyanosis. Surgical valvotomy was once the procedure of choice for critical PS; however, balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (BPV) has now become the standard treatment. Although the procedure is usually simple, crossing the pulmonary valve from the femoral vein can be difficult, especially when severe tricuspid regurgitation and right atrium dilatation are present. In such patients, the maneuver can be simplified by using the right internal jugular vein approach. However, many operators are reluctant to use this approach because of unfamiliarity with the technique, potential complications, and paucity of reports. Until now, there is no literature describing BPV using the transjugular approach in neonates, also none directly comparing the transfemoral and transjugular approaches.Objective: We compared transjugular with the transfemoral approach in terms of procedure time and complications.Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. Participants were neonates with critical PS undergoing BPV in the National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita from 2013 to 2018.Results: Of 15 neonates undergoing BPV, eight were done using the transjugular approach and seven using the femoral approach. Mean age and weight in both groups was similar. In all eight patients using transjugular approach, crossing the pulmonary valve was consistently quick and easy. The total procedural time, pulmonary crossing time, and fluoro time was significantly shorter using the transjugular approach (65 ± 8 vs. 108 ± 17.8 min, P < 0.05; 22 ± 3.1 vs. 45 ± 14.8 min, P < 0.01; 29 ± 13 vs. 67 ± 35 min, P < 0.05). There were no complications relating to vascular access. Moreover, the BPV procedure itself demonstrated comparable results in both groups.Conclusion: BPV using the transjugular approach is safe and effective to relieve critical PS in neonates compared to the transfemoral approach.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):11-15
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_14_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Use of percutaneous carotid artery access for performing pediatric cardiac
           interventions: Single-center study

    • Authors: Tugcin Bora Polat
      Pages: 16 - 24
      Abstract: Tugcin Bora Polat
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):16-24
      Background : Carotid artery (CA) access allows a more straight route for many left heart lesions. This has previously been achieved via a surgical cut-down approach in certain pediatric cardiac interventions. However, there are little data considering CA access in pediatric cases, percutaneously.Aim : We hypothesized that there would be notable improvements in efficiency as well as overall success when using the CA for access in selected cases.Methods : Between November 2016 and January 2019, records of patients undergoing attempted percutaneous CA access under ultrasound guidance for cardiac catheterization were reviewed.Results : Thirty patients underwent 36 catheterizations; median age 17 days (range, 6 days–9 months) and median weight 3.2 kg (1.2–7.8). Procedures performed were stenting or stent redilatation of the patent ductus arteriosus in 23, stenting or angioplasty of modified Blalock–Taussig shunts in four, aortic valvuloplasty in three, angioplasty for coarctation of the aorta in four, renal angioplasty in one, and diagnostic catheterization in one case. The intended intervention was unsuccessful in two patients despite successful CA access. Follow-up imaging showed a normal carotid in 28 of 30 (94%), with mild luminal narrowing with normal Doppler velocities in two instances. No patient had clinically apparent neurological sequelae attributable to CA access.Conclusions : Our data indicate that CA access should be employed when dealing with a select group of infants requiring vertical approach for left-sided cardiac lesions. Percutaneous CA access, even in very small preterm infants, is safe and feasible with negligible vascular injury and no neurological adverse events.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):16-24
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_26_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Normal reference ranges for the left ventricular mass and left ventricular
           mass index in preterm infants

    • Authors: Lulu Abushaban, Jebaraj Rathinasamy, Prem N Sharma, Mariappa Thinakar Vel
      Pages: 25 - 30
      Abstract: Lulu Abushaban, Jebaraj Rathinasamy, Prem N Sharma, Mariappa Thinakar Vel
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):25-30
      Objective :The objective of this study is to establish normal reference ranges for the left ventricular mass (LVM) and LVM index (LVMI) in preterm infants according to the body surface area (BSA) and assess their correlation with body weight and gestational age.Subjects and Methods :In a prospective study, 268 preterm babies who fulfilled the criteria for inclusion were examined. Echocardiograms were performed to measure the LVM and LVMI on 0–6 day (s) of life and at weekly intervals until the babies reached 36 weeks. The preterm infants were divided into six groups according to their BSA: 0.07–0.08 m2, 0.09–0.10 m2, 0.11–0.12 m2, 0.13–0.14 m2, 0.15–0.16 m2, and 0.17–0.19 m2.Results : The mean gestational age was 29.8 (±2.38 standard deviation [SD]) weeks, ranging from 24 to 35 weeks. The mean body weight was 1479 (±413 SD) g, ranging from 588 to 3380 g, and the mean BSA was 0.13 m2, ranging from 0.07 to 0.19 m2. The LVM correlated well with the gestational age, body weight, and BSA. The LVMI correlated well with body weight and BSA. Reference ranges with the mean ± SD, range, and interquartile range were calculated for the LVM and LVMI according to the BSA. A significant gradual increase was observed in a LVM with increasing BSA. Overall, a progressive and significant increase in the LVM was observed during the first 9 weeks of life.Conclusion :The LVM and LVMI exhibited a significant correlation with the BSA and body weight. This study provides reference data that can be used as a normal reference tool for the LVM and LVMI for preterm infants based on the BSA.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):25-30
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_171_18
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • An evolving anesthetic protocol fosters fast tracking in pediatric cardiac
           surgery: A comparison of two anesthetic techniques

    • Authors: Vipul K Sharma, Gaurav Kumar, Saajan Joshi, Nikhil Tiwari, Vivek Kumar, H Ravi Ramamurthy
      Pages: 31 - 37
      Abstract: Vipul K Sharma, Gaurav Kumar, Saajan Joshi, Nikhil Tiwari, Vivek Kumar, H Ravi Ramamurthy
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):31-37
      Background: The past two decades have seen rapid development of new surgical techniques for repair as well as palliation of complex congenital heart diseases. For a better patient outcome, minimal postoperative ventilation remains one of the most important endpoints of an effectual perioperative management.Aims and Objectives: The aim of this randomized open-label trial was to compare postoperative extubation time and intensive care unit (ICU) stay when two different anesthetic regimens, comprising of induction with ketamine and low-dose fentanyl versus high-dose fentanyl, are used, in pediatric patients undergoing corrective/palliative surgery.Materials and Methods: Patients with congenital cardiac defects, under 14 years of age undergoing cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and epidural analgesia, were enrolled into two groups – Group K (ketamine with low-dose fentanyl) and Group F (high-dose fentanyl) – over a period of 10 months, starting from January 2018. The effect of both these drugs on postoperative extubation time and ICU stay was compared using Mann–Whitney U-test.Results: A total of 70 patients were assessed with equal distribution in both the groups. In Group K, 32 of 35 patients were extubated in the operation room, whereas extubation time in Group F was18.1 ± 11 h. Total ICU stay in Group K and Group F was 45.2 ± 30.1 and 60.1 ± 24.5 h, respectively (P = 0.02). Systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in Group K.Conclusion: Ketamine along with low-dose fentanyl, when used for anesthetic induction, in comparison to high-dose fentanyl, reduces postoperative extubation time and ICU stay, in pediatric patients undergoing corrective/palliative surgery under CPB and epidural analgesia for congenital cardiac defects.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):31-37
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_36_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Genetic abnormalities/syndromes significantly impact perioperative
           outcomes of conotruncal heart defects

    • Authors: Subhrajit Lahiri, Wernovsky Gil, Salyakina Daria, Gruber Joshua, Jayakar Parul, Burke Redmond, Welch Elizabeth
      Pages: 38 - 45
      Abstract: Subhrajit Lahiri, Wernovsky Gil, Salyakina Daria, Gruber Joshua, Jayakar Parul, Burke Redmond, Welch Elizabeth
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):38-45
      Objectives : The main objective of the study is to characterize the effects of genetic abnormalities/syndromes (GA/S) on perioperative outcomes of cardiac surgeries involving repair of conotruncal heart defects (CTHD).Design : The study involves a single-center retrospective analysis of patients who underwent complete repair of CTHDs (tetralogy of Fallot [TOF], truncus arteriosus, interrupted aortic arch, and ventricular septal defect with coarctation) between January 2000 and December 2015. The primary outcome was the post operative length of stay (PLOS). The secondary outcomes were mortality, cardiac complications, hematologic complications, infections, and number of medications-at-discharge.Setting : Cardiac intensive care unit in a tertiary pediatric hospital in South Florida that performs around 300 open-heart surgeries a year.Subjects : A total of 177 patients with CTHDs who underwent cardiac surgeries in the stated time period were included in the final study cohort.Measurements and Main Results :Majority of patients had TOF (72.5%) and 46 (26%) had GA/S. The most common GA/S was 22q11 deletion (37%). PLOS was significantly increased in patients with GA/S (P < 0.05). Patients with GA/S were 4.5 times more likely to have a postoperative cardiac complication, 4.2 times more likely to have a postoperative infection, and received 1.6 times more medications at discharge than those without GA/S. However, GA/S was not associated with increased perioperative mortality. Black patients were three times more likely to have a longer PLOS than White patients.Conclusions : Perioperative outcomes in patients with GA/S suggested an increased residual cardiovascular disease and increased resource usage. Notably, this is the first study demonstrating the effect of race and ethnicity on PLOS in CTHD patients.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):38-45
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_51_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Nonopioid analgesics for perioperative and cardiac surgery pain in
           children: Current evidence and knowledge gaps

    • Authors: Ashish Saini, Kevin O Maher, Shriprasad R Deshpande
      Pages: 46 - 55
      Abstract: Ashish Saini, Kevin O Maher, Shriprasad R Deshpande
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):46-55
      Objective: The purpose of this review is to present the available literature on the use of nonopioid analgesics such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in postcardiac surgery pediatric patients, mainly to focus on patients <1 year of age, and to provide the foundation for future research.Materials and Methods: Published studies that address the use on nonopioid medications for postoperative sedation and analgesia in infants and children undergoing cardiac surgery were identified from online sources. Studies were reviewed by two authors independently to assess the quality of the data as well as the evidence. Due to limited availability of such studies, the review was then expanded to include use in noncardiac procedures as well as to expanded age groups. All studies that met the primary objective were included.Results/Data Synthesis: Majority of the studies in the population of interest were related to use of ketorolac. Five studies specifically addressed ketorolac use in cardiac patients. In addition, studies were reviewed for nonopioid analgesia in noncardiac patients and included as a part of the available evidence as in the case of acetaminophen use. Newer agents as well as agents with very limited information were also acknowledged.Conclusion: Nonopioid medications appear to show promise for analgesia in infants undergoing cardiac surgery, with ketorolac being the most potent agent as a potential substitute for opioids. These agents demonstrate a reasonable safety profile even in the very young. There continue to be significant gaps in knowledge before their adoption becomes routine. However, gives the awareness regarding short-term and long-term impact of opioid use in this vulnerable population, and studies of such agents are an urgent need.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):46-55
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_190_18
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • The science and art of aortic and/or pulmonary root translocation

    • Authors: Supreet P Marathe, Sachin Talwar
      Pages: 56 - 66
      Abstract: Supreet P Marathe, Sachin Talwar
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):56-66
      This review aims to present and compare different surgical techniques of root translocation of the great arteries except the Ross procedure. The historical aspects, technical considerations, and results are briefly elucidated.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):56-66
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_3_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Balloon angioplasty of aortic coarctation in critically ill newborns using
           axillary artery access

    • Authors: Giovanni Meliota, Maristella Lombardi, Pierluigi Zaza, Maria Rosaria Tagliente, Ugo Vairo
      Pages: 67 - 71
      Abstract: Giovanni Meliota, Maristella Lombardi, Pierluigi Zaza, Maria Rosaria Tagliente, Ugo Vairo
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):67-71
      Balloon angioplasty may be performed as the first treatment of aortic coarctation to stabilize newborns too sick for immediate surgery. The issue of vascular access is the key to the successful treatment of critical newborns. In our study, we argue that the lesser-known axillary access route is the safest and most effective route of vascular access for balloon angioplasty in infants with aortic coarctation. To support this argument, we present the case of eight unstable newborns with complex heart diseases, who were successfully treated with percutaneous intervention through the axillary artery. This case series is followed by an analysis of the greater efficacy of this technique compared to the more conventional femoral and carotid routes. We conclude by acknowledging the substantial advantages of this lesser-known vascular access and advocate its more widespread clinical implementation in the treatment of critical newborns.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):67-71
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_2_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Mystery still unresolved: Untouched “Blue heart” presenting at
           40yrs of age

    • Authors: Sanjeev H Naganur, Ashish Tiwari, CR Pruthvi
      Pages: 72 - 74
      Abstract: Sanjeev H Naganur, Ashish Tiwari, CR Pruthvi
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):72-74
      The modern-day surgical techniques and strategies have changed the outlook of patients with dextro-transposition of great arteries (d-TGA). The survival of an unrepaired d-TGA into late adulthood is difficult to explain. Even when large intracardiac shunts are present, it still remains a lethal cyanotic congenital heart disease if it is not surgically corrected soon after birth. Here, we report an extremely rare case of d-TGA presenting at 40 years of age, with moderately elevated pulmonary artery pressures and relatively stable symptoms.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):72-74
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_149_18
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Unusual association of transposition of great arteries with
           infradiaphragmatic pulmonary venous return

    • Authors: Giuseppe Scrascia, Anna Maria Pia Grimaldi, Dario Troise, Gabriele Scalzo
      Pages: 75 - 77
      Abstract: Giuseppe Scrascia, Anna Maria Pia Grimaldi, Dario Troise, Gabriele Scalzo
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):75-77
      A 21-day-old baby with transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum, infradiaphragmatic totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection, and atrial septum defect underwent combined arterial switch operation, totally anomalous venous connection repair, and atrial septum defect closure, using a right-sided approach and temporary pulmonary veins occlusion, with no postoperative and 6-months follow-up complications. Complete anatomical correction is the most conceivable treatment for this unusual pathology; right-sided approach instead lifting the heart toward the right pleural cavity to perform left atrium-to-pulmonary veins anastomosis limits heart displacement and avoids nonphysiological three-dimensional alterations; moreover, ligation and division of vertical vein allow to obtain more tissue for anastomosis; temporary occlusion of pulmonary veins while performing anastomosis is a simple procedure that allows to avoid deep hypothermic circulatory arrest or low flow systemic perfusion. Combination of these details facilitates intra- and postoperative management, especially in combined demanding cases.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):75-77
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_54_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Superior vena caval thrombosis after a neonatal arterial switch procedure

    • Authors: Hayley M Wilcox, Neil S Devejian, Javier Sanchez, Walter Edge, Karen Larsen, Shashikanth Ambati
      Pages: 78 - 80
      Abstract: Hayley M Wilcox, Neil S Devejian, Javier Sanchez, Walter Edge, Karen Larsen, Shashikanth Ambati
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):78-80
      Superior vena cava (SVC) and inferior vena cava obstructions were once well-documented complications from the Mustard repair for D-transposition of the great arteries (TGA), occurring in 10%–40% patients; however, they are rarely documented with the current, more common arterial switch operation (ASO). Similarly, SVC thrombosis is an uncommon, severe complication following neonatal cardiac surgery. We report a case of persistent SVC thrombosis, SVC syndrome, and chylothorax arising after ASO, refractory to thrombolysis and stent placement. A 6-day-old neonate with prenatally known TGA underwent an arterial switch procedure. Despite an initially unremarkable postoperative course, he developed respiratory difficulty after starting enteral feeding. Soft-tissue swelling was noted in the neck, chest, and upper face. An SVC thrombus was identified with cardiac catheterization. Multiple thrombolytic modalities were attempted. His postoperative course was further complicated by recurrent chylothoraces, respiratory failure, sepsis, anasarca, and renal failure. He was eventually transferred to a larger center for a special lymphatics evaluation, where two lymphovenous anastomoses were unsuccessful. He was sent to his home hospital, where he died from extended-spectrum beta-lactamase Klebsiella sepsis. Early diagnosis of SVC syndrome and prompt thrombolysis may prevent the complications encountered in this patient. More research is needed in neonatal thrombolysis and anticoagulation.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):78-80
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_71_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Complete sternal cleft with tetralogy of Fallot

    • Authors: Debasis Das, Nilanjan Dutta, Pratik Pandey, Adhish Basu, Manish Kumar Sharma, Rangan Koley, Amitabha Chattopadhyay
      Pages: 81 - 83
      Abstract: Debasis Das, Nilanjan Dutta, Pratik Pandey, Adhish Basu, Manish Kumar Sharma, Rangan Koley, Amitabha Chattopadhyay
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):81-83
      Complete sternal cleft is a very rare congenital midline defect of the sternum. It is not uncommonly associated with intracardiac defects. We report a case of a 2-year-old child with complete sternal cleft and tetralogy of Fallot who presented with cyanotic spells. The child underwent total correction, followed by chest wall reconstruction on the next day.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):81-83
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_86_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Caught-off guard: Unguarded mitral valve orifice in usual atrial
           arrangement with discordant atrioventricular connections and pulmonary
           atresia

    • Authors: Nayan Banerji, Mani Ram Krishna, Raman Krishna Kumar, Robert H Anderson
      Pages: 84 - 86
      Abstract: Nayan Banerji, Mani Ram Krishna, Raman Krishna Kumar, Robert H Anderson
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):84-86
      Unguarding of an atrioventricular valvar orifice is a rare form of congenital heart disease that requires staged functionally univentricular palliation. Unguarding of the mitral valvar orifice has previously been reported in the setting of mirror-imaged atrial arrangement. We report a neonate with unguarding of the mitral valvar orifice in the setting of usual atrial arrangement, but with discordant atrioventricular connections and pulmonary atresia.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):84-86
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_4_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Umbilical artery catheter, aortic dissection, carotid cannulation, and
           pseudoaneurysm in a neonate: A tale of propagating pathology

    • Authors: Justin Wang, Thomas Semple, Carles Bautista-Rodriguez, Andreas Hoschtitzky, Nick Cheshire, Amy Chan-Dominy
      Pages: 87 - 90
      Abstract: Justin Wang, Thomas Semple, Carles Bautista-Rodriguez, Andreas Hoschtitzky, Nick Cheshire, Amy Chan-Dominy
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):87-90
      Arterial dissections are uncommon in neonates. Complications include thrombosis, bleeding, dissection, aneurysm and pseudoaneurysm. We report an unusual case of multisite pathology (dissection and pseudoaneurysm) following common vascular interventions. A term neonate with antenatal diagnosis of congenital heart block secondary to maternal lupus deteriorated clinically at 5 days of life. He was found to have an abdominal aortic thrombus secondary to abdominal aortic dissection, following umbilical arterial catheter placement. Attempted percutaneous treatment was complicated by dissection of the left common carotid artery and formation of a large pseudoaneurysm. Neonatal lupus is associated with weakened vessel wall which may be vulnerable to injury from line placement and endovascular interventions. Various options are available to manage arterial dissection, thrombus, and pseudoaneurysm, but consequences of these options need to be carefully weighed to minimize further complications.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):87-90
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_67_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Isolated persistence of the fifth aortic arch in an infant presenting with
           congestive heart failure

    • Authors: Giovanni Meliota, Maristella Lombardi, Pierluigi Zaza, Maria Rosaria Tagliente, Paolo Versacci, Gabriele Scalzo, Ugo Vairo
      Pages: 91 - 94
      Abstract: Giovanni Meliota, Maristella Lombardi, Pierluigi Zaza, Maria Rosaria Tagliente, Paolo Versacci, Gabriele Scalzo, Ugo Vairo
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):91-94
      The persistence of the fifth aortic arch (PFAA) in postnatal life is an extremely rare and controversial cardiovascular malformation. PFAA is defined as an extra-pericardial vessel arising from the ascending aorta proximal to the origin of the brachiocephalic arteries, terminating either in the dorsal aorta or in the pulmonary arteries through the persistently patent arterial duct. An isolated PFAA with systemic-to-pulmonary connection best fits this definition, while the vast majority of cases reported as PFAA may have alternative embryological explanations. We present a unique case of a 5-week-old patient with an isolated PFAA with systemic-to-pulmonary connection, who presented with congestive heart failure. A first differential diagnosis was made with distal aortopulmonary window and an atypical patent arterial duct. A careful analysis of the case and a systematic review of the literature made us conclude for an isolated PFAA, which is one of the only five cases ever reported.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):91-94
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_53_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • An arcade in the heart: Multimodality imaging

    • Authors: N M Sharath Babu, Leena Robinson Vimala, Lijo Varghese, Oommen K George
      Pages: 95 - 97
      Abstract: N M Sharath Babu, Leena Robinson Vimala, Lijo Varghese, Oommen K George
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):95-97
      Congenital mitral stenosis (MS) is a spectrum of anomalies that result in functional and anatomic obstruction of inflow into the left ventricle. Mitral arcade is one of the varieties of congenital MS where there is an abnormal development of chordae tendineae, resulting in stenosis, regurgitation, or both. Here, we describe the case of a mitral arcade in a child, which was diagnosed on echocardiography and confirmed with other imaging modalities.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):95-97
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_47_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Circumflex retroesophageal left aortic arch with right ductus arteriosus:
           A rare complete vascular ring diagnosed on computed tomography angiography
           

    • Authors: Niraj Nirmal Pandey, Manish Shaw, Sakshi Sachdeva, Gurpreet Singh Gulati, Shyam S Kothari
      Pages: 98 - 99
      Abstract: Niraj Nirmal Pandey, Manish Shaw, Sakshi Sachdeva, Gurpreet Singh Gulati, Shyam S Kothari
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):98-99
      A circumflex retroesophageal left aortic arch with a right-sided ductus is an extremely rare cause of a complete vascular ring, which may result in severe tracheobronchial compression, leading to respiratory compromise, especially in children. We present a case of a 6-month-old female child with stridor and feeding difficulties since birth with interspersed self-resolving episodes of cyanosis and apnea, secondary to the presence of the above-mentioned vascular ring.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):98-99
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_128_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Double drainage of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection: A rare
           variant of mixed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection

    • Authors: Mani Ram Krishna, Ganesh Kumar Gnanappa, Jonathan Mervis, Jonathan Forsey, Julian Ganesh Ayer, Yishay Orr
      Pages: 100 - 101
      Abstract: Mani Ram Krishna, Ganesh Kumar Gnanappa, Jonathan Mervis, Jonathan Forsey, Julian Ganesh Ayer, Yishay Orr
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):100-101
      Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection (TAPVC) is frequently classified based on the system proposed by Craig, Darling and Rothney. Occasionally variants are reported which do not fit into these classic forms. One such variant is the double drainage of TAPVC where the confluence has connections at two different levels. We report two infants with a double drainage pattern of TAPVC
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):100-101
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_45_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Virtual dissection: An alternative to surface-rendered virtual
           three-dimensional cardiac model

    • Authors: Saurabh Kumar Gupta, Robert H Anderson
      Pages: 102 - 103
      Abstract: Saurabh Kumar Gupta, Robert H Anderson
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):102-103

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):102-103
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_127_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Author&#39;s reply

    • Authors: Swati Garekar, Alpa Bharati
      Pages: 103 - 103
      Abstract: Swati Garekar, Alpa Bharati
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):103-103

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):103-103
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_153_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Left pulmonary artery from descending thoracic aorta: Part of spectrum of
           anomalous aortic origin of pulmonary arteries?

    • Authors: Balram Babu Rajanbabu, David Ray Andrews
      Pages: 104 - 104
      Abstract: Balram Babu Rajanbabu, David Ray Andrews
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):104-104

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):104-104
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_130_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Author&#39;s reply

    • Authors: Salvatore Agati, Carlos Guerra Sousa, Felice Davide Calvaruso, Rosanna Zanai, Ivana Campanella, Daniela Poli, Alfredo Di Pino, Aurelio Secinaro, Fiore Salvatore Iorio, Massimiliano Raponi, Robert H Anderson, Simone Reali, Andrea DeZorzi, Luca Borro
      Pages: 104 - 105
      Abstract: Salvatore Agati, Carlos Guerra Sousa, Felice Davide Calvaruso, Rosanna Zanai, Ivana Campanella, Daniela Poli, Alfredo Di Pino, Aurelio Secinaro, Fiore Salvatore Iorio, Massimiliano Raponi, Robert H Anderson, Simone Reali, Andrea DeZorzi, Luca Borro
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):104-105

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):104-105
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_149_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Anatomically corrected malposition of great arteries: A nidus for the left
           ventricular outflow tract obstruction

    • Authors: Palak Gupta, Kalyanraddi N Chikkagoudar, Nageswara Rao Koneti
      Pages: 105 - 106
      Abstract: Palak Gupta, Kalyanraddi N Chikkagoudar, Nageswara Rao Koneti
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):105-106

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):105-106
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_160_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Congenital left atrial appendage pseudoaneurysm, cardiomyopathy, and
           mitral regurgitation

    • Authors: Yaron D Barac, Quintin Quinones, Jacob Schroder, Donald D Glower
      Pages: 107 - 108
      Abstract: Yaron D Barac, Quintin Quinones, Jacob Schroder, Donald D Glower
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):107-108

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):107-108
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_10_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • An interesting case of aorto-left ventricular tunnel

    • Authors: Musthafa Janeel, Swaminathan Vaidyanathan, Annie Arvind, Neville A G Solomon
      Pages: 108 - 110
      Abstract: Musthafa Janeel, Swaminathan Vaidyanathan, Annie Arvind, Neville A G Solomon
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):108-110

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(1):108-110
      PubDate: Thu,9 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_28_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2020)
       
 
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