Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8642 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (218 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (120 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)
    - CHIROPRACTIC, HOMEOPATHY, OSTEOPATHY (21 journals)
    - COMMUNICABLE DISEASES, EPIDEMIOLOGY (234 journals)
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    - SURGERY (406 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (155 journals)

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 103)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 265)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.833
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1569-5794 - ISSN (Online) 1573-0743
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • The relationship between right heart and aerobic capacity in large cohort
           of young elite athletes
    • Abstract: Abstract We sought to investigate right heart remodeling and function in elite athlees, as well as the relationship between parameters of right ventricular (RV) and right atrial (RA) remodeling and indices of aerobic capacity. Elite male athletes (n = 352) underwent echocardiographic examination including the evaluation of RV and RA parameters. Maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed to measure maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) and heart rate reserve (HRR). The right heart remodeling was different between groups. Soccer players had significantly higher RV and RA diameters indexed for BSA. RV filling pressure assessed by tricuspid E/e’ ratio was the lowest in soccer players, suggesting somewhat better RV diastolic function. Functional capacity also varies between groups of athletes. VO2max was the highest among soccer players, somewhat lower in basketball players and and the lowest among water polo players (55.3 ± 5.6 vs. 52.1 ± 5.9 vs. 53.5 ± 4.8 ml/kg/min, p < 0.001). Age, average weekly duration of training, percentage of body fat, as well as parameters of cardiopulmonary fitness (VO2max, O2 pulse, HRR), correlated well with parameters of RV and RA structure and function in the whole study population. However, systolic blood pressure at rest, VO2max and LV mass index are independently associated with RV and RA structure, whereas duration of training shows the best association with parameters of RV systolic and diastolic function. Even though soccer, water polo and basketball belong to the same group of sports, there is a significant difference in RV and RA remodeling between these three groups. It seems that right heart adaptation is the most pronounced in soccer players, who also have the highest maximal oxygen consumption. Further studies are necessary to investigate the mechanisms of these differences.
      PubDate: 2019-03-21
       
  • Normal reference values of three-dimensional speckle-tracking
           echocardiography-derived left atrial strain parameters (results from the
           MAGYAR-Healthy Study)
    • Abstract: Abstract Left atrial (LA) size and function have been demonstrated to be important imaging biomarkers with powerful potential in predicting clinical outcome in several disorders. The angle-independent three-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) has a capability for quantitative assessment of LA volumes and strains in 3D space at the same time from the same 3D acquired datasets. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to define normal values of 3DSTE-derived LA strains in healthy subjects. It was also examined whether there is any age- and gender-dependency of these parameters. The present study comprised 309 healthy volunteers, from which 87 were excluded due to inadequate image quality. The remaining group consisted of 222 subjects (mean age: 36.3 ± 13.7 years, 112 males). Complete two-dimensional echocardiography and 3DSTE have been performed in all cases. Peak circumferential strain (CS) increased with age with a decline > 50 years in females, in males CS remained almost unchanged. While peak longitudinal strain (LS) increased with age with unchanged parameters > 50 years, parallel increase in peak area strain (AS) with age could be demonstrated in both genders with a decline in females > 50 years. While CS and AS at atrial contraction increased with age in females, parallel decrease could be demonstrated in males. LS at atrial contraction increased with age especially in females. Normal values of 3DSTE-derived LA peak strains and strains at atrial contraction are demonstrated together with their age- and gender-dependency.
      PubDate: 2019-03-19
       
  • Efficacy of the proximal optimization technique on crossover stenting in
           coronary bifurcation lesions in the 3D-OCT bifurcation registry
    • Abstract: Aim We sought to investigate the efficacy of the proximal optimization technique (POT) on crossover stenting followed by side branch (SB) dilation under optical coherence tomography guidance in a multicenter registry study. Methods and results A total of 135 bifurcation lesions in 134 patients were divided into POT (n = 52) and non-POT groups (n = 83). The POT was performed before SB dilatation (pre-POT; n = 26), finally (final-POT; n = 12), at both timing (re-POT; n = 13), and uncertain (n = 1). There were no significant intergroup differences in the success rate of guide wire re-crossing (GWR) into the optimal cell (72% vs. 65%), incidence of the link-free type in the configuration of the SB jailed struts (51% vs. 49%), or incomplete strut apposition at the bifurcation (13 ± 11% vs. 10 ± 9%). However, insufficient stent expansion close to the carina in the proximal main vessel (MV) due to inappropriate POT was likely to induce greater incomplete strut apposition (ISA) around the bifurcation. Only re-POT provided more symmetric proximal MV expansion, while pre- and final-POT did not. Conclusion The POT did not provide the expected beneficial effects, such as reduction of ISA or more optimal GWR, under the OCT guidance. Wide stent expansion in the proximal MV induced by the POT increased the likelihood of achieving optimal GWR, whereas symmetric stent expansion was provided by re-POT.
      PubDate: 2019-03-18
       
  • Endovascular therapy for acute severe pulmonary embolism
    • Abstract: Abstract Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major public health problem and accounts for 100,000–180,000 deaths per year in the United States. Current prognostic stratification separates acute PE into massive, submassive, and low-risk by the presence or absence of sustained hypotension, RV dysfunction, and myocardial necrosis. Massive, submassive and low-risk PE have mortality rates of 25–65%, 3%, and < 1%, respectively. In this review we will focus on therapies currently available to manage acute massive and submassive PE.
      PubDate: 2019-03-15
       
  • Incremental value of stress echocardiography and computed tomography
           coronary calcium scoring for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease
    • Abstract: Abstract Computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) has a higher negative predictive value (NPV) for coronary artery disease (CAD) than stress echocardiography (SE). CT calcium scoring (CTCS) allows detection and quantification of coronary artery calcification (CAC). The NPV of combined SE and CTCS for CAD is not well defined. Consecutive patients from the executive screening program who underwent exercise SE and concomitant CTCA were retrospectively identified between January 2010 and December 2014. Patients with normal SE and CAC score of zero were determined, and the presence or absence of any CAD (obstructive or non-obstructive plaques) on CTCA was confirmed. The NPV of combined SE and CTCS was then re-tested using a validation cohort of subsequent consecutive patients enrolled between January 2015 and July 2018. The initial cohort consisted of 173 patients (19% age > 65 years, 19% diabetic); 40% had normal CTCA, 48% with non-obstructive CTCA (77 with CAC score > 0), and 12% with obstructive CTCA (all with CAC score > 0). There were 16 (9.2%) patients with inducible ischemia on SE. A normal SE had a 93% NPV to exclude obstructive CAD but only 42% NPV to exclude any CAD. A combined normal SE and CTCS had a 100% NPV for obstructive CAD, and 92% for any CAD. In a validation cohort of 111 patients, a normal SE and CAC score of zero had NPV of 100% for obstructive CAD and 92% for any CAD. The combined cohort consisted of predominately low Framingham risk patients; more than 40% (70/181) had CAC score > 0 and 5/70 had obstructive CAD, with the remaining non-obstructive. A concomitant normal SE and CAC score of zero excluded obstructive CAD (NPV 100%) and any CAD in 92% of the testing and validation cohorts. CTCS seems to add incremental risk stratification, particularly for patients with low Framingham score.
      PubDate: 2019-03-14
       
  • Early vessel healing after implantation of biodegradable-polymer and
           durable-polymer drug-eluting stent: 3-month angioscopic evaluation of the
           RESTORE registry
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the vessel healing status 3 months after stent implantation of bioresorbable-polymer drug-eluting stents (BP-DESs) in comparison with durable-polymer DESs (DP-DESs) by angioscopy. Study design was a single-center all-comer prospective cohort study: the RESTORE registry (UMIN000033009). All patients who received successful angioscopic examination at planned 3-month follow-up after the DES implantation in the native coronary artery were enrolled. We evaluated main, maximum, minimum strut coverage grades and coverage heterogeneity score defined as a difference between maximum and minimum coverage grades. All lesions were divided into three segments: proximal, mid, and distal segments. A total of 108 patients (66.6 ± 10 years) with 124 lesions were analyzed (BP-DES 57 patients 61 lesions 226 segments vs. DP-DES 57 patients 63 lesions 203 segments; six patients had both BP-DES and DP-DES). Patient and lesion demographics, procedural characteristics were well balanced. Main coverage grade (mean ± standard error; 1.08 ± 0.02 vs. 1.05 ± 0.03, p = 0.354) and minimum coverage grade (1.00 ± 0.00 vs. 1.00 ± 0.00, p > 0.999) were not significantly different between BP-DES and DP-DES groups. Maximum coverage grade was significantly higher in the BP-DES than in the DP-DES (1.45 ± 0.04 vs. 1.35 ± 0.04, p = 0.049). Coverage heterogeneity score did not differ between BP-DES and DP-DES groups (1.05 ± 0.07 vs. 0.90 ± 0.07, p = 0.162). At 3-month follow-up, the current BP-DES had higher maximum stent coverage than the contemporary DP-DES, while main and minimum coverage grades and heterogeneity of the neointimal coverage were comparable. Further prospective randomized trials should be conducted to evaluate the clinical significance of the present imaging results.
      PubDate: 2019-03-14
       
  • Cardiovascular imaging 2018 in the International Journal of Cardiovascular
           Imaging
    • PubDate: 2019-03-13
       
  • Validation of contrast enhanced cine steady-state free precession and
           T2-weighted CMR for assessment of ischemic myocardial area-at-risk in the
           presence of reperfusion injury
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of the study was to validate by histopathology, contrast enhanced cine steady-state free precession and T2-weighted CMR for the assessment of ischemic myocardial area-at-risk (AAR) in the presence of microvascular obstruction (MVO). Eleven anesthetized pigs underwent CMR 7 to 10 days post infarction. The area-at-risk was measured from T2-weighted fast spin echo (T2-STIR) and contrast-enhanced steady-state free precession magnetic resonance imaging (CE-SSFP) images using semi-automated algorithms based on a priori knowledge of perfusion territory. Also, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) was performed to measure final infarct size (FIS). Histopathological comparison with Evans blue dye to define AAR and triphenyltetrazolium chloride to define FIS served as the reference. All infarcts demonstrated MVO on LGE images. Bland–Altman analysis showed no significant bias in AAR or myocardial salvage between T2-STIR and CE-SSFP or between CMR and histopathology. The mean differences ± 2SD from Bland–Altman analysis were: AAR: Evans Blue vs. T2-STIR [0.7%; + 13.5%; − 12.1%]; AAR: Evans Blue vs. CE-SSFP [0.1%; + 13.8%; − 13.7%]; AAR: T2-STIR vs. CE-SSFP [0.7%; + 6.2%; − 4.9%]; Salvage: Evans Blue − TTC vs. T2-STIR-LGE [0.8%; + 11.1%; − 9.6%]; Salvage: Evans Blue − TTC vs. CE-SSFP-LGE [0.1%; + 9.9%; − 9.6%]; Salvage: CE-SSFP-LGE vs. T2-STIR-LGE [0.7%; + 6.2%; − 4.9%]. Both T2-STIR and CE-SSFP sequences allow for unbiased quantification of AAR in the presence of ischemia/reperfusion injury when analysed by semi-automated algorithms. These experimental data, which was validated by histopathology, supports the use of CMR for the assessment of myocardial salvage during the subacute phase.
      PubDate: 2019-03-09
       
  • Addition of price transparency to an education and feedback intervention
           reduces utilization of inpatient echocardiography by resident physicians
    • Abstract: Abstract Previous studies have demonstrated the impact of appropriate use criteria (AUC) education and feedback interventions in reducing unnecessary ordering of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) by trainees. To our knowledge, no study has evaluated the impact of the addition of price transparency to this education and feedback model on TTE utilization by resident physicians. We performed an education and feedback quality improvement initiative combining charge transparency data with information on AUC. We hypothesized that the initiative would reduce the number of complete TTE ordered and increase the number of limited TTE ordered, anticipating there would be substitution of limited for complete studies. Residents rotating on inpatient teaching cardiology ward teams received education on AUC for TTE, indications for limited TTE, and hospital charges for TTE. Feedback was provided on the quantity and charges for complete and limited TTE ordered by each team. We analyzed the effects of the intervention using a linear mixed effects regression model to adjust for potential confounders. The post-intervention weeks showed a reduction of 4.6 complete TTE orders per 100 patients from previous weekly baseline of 31.3 complete TTE orders per 100 patients (p value = 0.012). Charges for complete TTE decreased $122 from baseline of $980 per patient (p value = 0.040) on a per-week basis. Secondarily, there was no statistically significant change in limited TTE ordering during the intervention period. This initiative shows the feasibility of a house staff-driven charge transparency and education/feedback initiative that decreased medical residents’ ordering of inpatient TTE.
      PubDate: 2019-03-08
       
  • Comparison of sequential and high-pitch-spiral coronary CT-angiography:
           image quality and radiation exposure
    • Abstract: Abstract New protocols for coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) could lower the radiation dose for patients but influence the image quality. To compare image quality and radiation exposure in step-and-shoot CCTA and high-pitch spiral CCTA. Fifty-nine pairs of patients matched for weight, height, sex and heart rate were included in this study (74 m, 44 f, average age 60 years, age range 29–94 years). Step-and-shoot CCTA and high-pitch spiral CCTA was performed on a third generation dual-source CT in equally sized patient groups. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in the ascending aorta and the coronary arteries were determined for each dataset. Image quality was rated using a five-point scale. We used the t-test for paired samples to compare SNR and effective dose, and the Wilcoxon test to compare image quality scores. Mean effective dose for the step-and-shoot protocol (4.15 ± 3.07 mSv) was significantly higher in comparison to the high-pitch spiral protocol (1.2 ± 0.69 mSv; p < 0.0001). Mean SNR was higher with the step-and-shoot protocol compared to the high-pitch spiral protocol in the aorta, in the left main and peripheral coronary arteries (p < 0.01), in the proximal right coronary artery (p = 0.027). Image quality scores were significantly better for the step-and-shoot protocol (p = 0.0003). Step-and-shoot CCTA has significantly better SNR and overall image quality compared to high-pitch spiral CCTA, but with a mean effective dose more than thrice as high.
      PubDate: 2019-03-08
       
  • Two- and three-dimensional myocardial strain imaging in the interrogation
           of sex differences in cardiac mechanics of long-term survivors of
           childhood cancers
    • Abstract: Abstract We aimed to interrogate sex differences in cardiac mechanics using two-(2D) and three-(3D) dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) in survivors of childhood cancers. 83 survivors (43 males) aged 25.6 ± 6.1 years at 16.0 ± 6.1 years after anthracycline therapy and 42 healthy controls (21 males) were studied. 2D STE was performed to assess LV linear deformation in three principal directions, while 3D STE was performed to assess LV ejection fraction, global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), global radial strain (GRS), and global area strain (GAS). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to to determine the usefulness of 2D and 3D echocardiographic indices to discriminate between survivors and controls. Survivors of both sex had significantly lower 2D and 3D strain indices compared with sex-specific controls (all p < 0.05). Among survivors, 2D GLS and GRS and all of the 3D indices were similar between males and females (all p > 0.05). Among cancer survivors, multivariate analysis revealed age at study (β = − 0.26, p = 0.022) as a significant determinant of 3D GLS. The area under the ROC curve for 3D GLS was the largest at 0.89 amongst all 3D and 2D strain parameters, while that of 2D GLS was 0.83. For 3D GLS, a cut-off of 16.4% had a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 80.7% of differentiating survivors from controls. Notwithstanding the finding of impaired LV myocardial mechanics, the present study did not reveal evidence of sexual dimorphism in cardiac mechanics in long term survivors of childhood cancers.
      PubDate: 2019-03-08
       
  • Value of speckle-tracking echocardiography changes in monitoring
           myocardial dysfunction during treatment of sepsis: potential prognostic
           implications
    • Abstract: Abstract Speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) has been increasingly used for detection of sepsis-related myocardial dysfunction. However, the impact of strain changes during sepsis treatment has not been defined. This study assessed STE at admission and during the treatment of patients with sepsis to evaluate its changes as a potential factor for predicting in-hospital outcome. This study included 26 patients with sepsis who underwent STE echocardiography on day 1 and 7 during treatment. Myocardial deformation of both ventricles was assessed using global longitudinal strain. The endpoint was in-hospital mortality. The mean age was 51.4 ± 18.3 years, and 54% were female. The average SOFA score at T0 was 8.6 ± 3.8 points and at day 7 was 4.9 ± 4.7 points. The left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction at baseline was 65.6 ± 9.1%, without changes in echocardiographic parameters during treatment. LV and RV longitudinal strain increased significantly in the patients who survived (− 18.8 ± 3.6 at D1 vs − 20.8 ± 2.5 at D7; p = 0.003; and − 21.3 ± 4.9 at D1 vs − 24.3 ± 5.8 at D7; p = 0.035, respectively), whereas strain values remained unchanged in those who died. After adjustment for the SOFA score, RV longitudinal strain at admission was associated with in-hospital mortality [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.760; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.591–0.977; p − 0.033]. STE improved significantly after the first week of treatment in patients with sepsis who survived compared with those patients who died during hospitalization. RV strain at admission predicted in-hospital mortality. An improvement in STE during sepsis treatment appears to be a useful tool for predicting in-hospital outcome.
      PubDate: 2019-03-07
       
  • Multimodality imaging for real-time image-guided left ventricular lead
           placement during cardiac resynchronization therapy implantations
    • Abstract: Abstract This study was performed to evaluate the feasibility of intra-procedural visualization of optimal pacing sites and image-guided left ventricular (LV) lead placement in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). In fifteen patients (10 males, 68 ± 11 years, 7 with ischemic cardiomyopathy and ejection fraction of 26 ± 5%), optimal pacing sites were identified pre-procedurally using cardiac imaging. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) derived scar and dyssynchrony maps were created for all patients. In six patients the anatomy of the left phrenic nerve (LPN) and coronary sinus ostium was assessed via a computed tomography (CT) scan. By overlaying the CMR and CT dataset onto live fluoroscopy, aforementioned structures were visualized during LV lead implantation. In the first nine patients, the platform was tested, yet, no real-time image-guidance was implemented. In the last six patients real-time image-guided LV lead placement was successfully executed. CRT implant and fluoroscopy times were similar to previous procedures and all leads were placed close to the target area but away from scarred myocardium and the LPN. Patients that received real-time image-guided LV lead implantation were paced closer to the target area compared to patients that did not receive real-time image-guidance (8 mm [IQR 0–22] vs 26 mm [IQR 17–46], p = 0.04), and displayed marked LV reverse remodeling at 6 months follow up with a mean LVESV change of −30 ± 10% and a mean LVEF improvement of 15 ± 5%. Real-time image-guided LV lead implantation is feasible and may prove useful for achieving the optimal LV lead position.
      PubDate: 2019-03-07
       
  • Predictive value of coronary calcifications for future cardiac events in
           asymptomatic patients: underestimation of risk in asymptomatic smokers
    • Abstract: Abstract Coronary calcification (CAC) is an established marker for coronary atherosclerosis and has a highly specific predictive value for cardiovascular events. This study aimed to determine the predictive value in the specific group of asymptomatic smokers in comparison to non-smokers. We included 1432 asymptomatic individuals (575 women, 857 men, age 59.2 ± 7.7 years.) in this study. Coronary calcification was calculated by multi-slice computed tomography following a standardized protocol including calcium score (CS). Coronary risk factors were determined at inclusion. After mean observation time of 76.3 ± 8.5 months the patients were contacted and evaluated for cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, cardiac death and revascularisation). Mean CS was 231 ± 175 in smokers and 239 ± 188 in non-smokers. Cardiovascular events were found in 14.9% of our patients and there were significantly more events in smokers (119 events, 8.3%) than in non-smokers (94 events, 6.6%, p = 0.001). CS > 400 showed a hazard ratio for future cardiac events of 5.1 (95% CI 4.3–7.6) in smokers and 4.4 (95% CI 3.4–6.2) in non-smokers, p = 0.01. Also in smokers determination of CAC is a valuable predictor of future cardiovascular events. In our study smokers showed throughout all score groups a significantly higher risk compared to non-smokers with equal CS. Therefore, CS may underestimate the risk for future cardiac events in smokers compared to non-smokers.
      PubDate: 2019-03-06
       
  • Prevalence and morphology of myocardial crypts in normal and hypertrophied
           myocardium by computed tomography
    • Abstract: Abstract Myocardial crypts can be recognized in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) using magnetic resonance imaging, but similar studies using computed tomography (CT) are sparse. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and morphology of myocardial crypts in patients with HCM, arterial hypertension, and aortic valve stenosis using contrast-enhanced CT. We also investigated the added value of a finding of myocardial crypts on CT scan to the diagnosis of HCM. The study cohort included 73 patients with HCM, 100 patients with arterial hypertension, 120 patients with aortic valve stenosis, and 100 subjects without cardiovascular disease (normal control group). All underwent evaluation for the presence and dimensions of myocardial crypts using 256-slice CT. Crypts were identified in 18 patients (24.7%) with HCM, 7 patients (7%) with hypertension, 8 patients (6.7%) with aortic valve stenosis, and 4 (4%) normal subjects (P < 0.001). Values of crypt length, width, area, and penetration into myocardium were highest in the HCM group. Crypt area differentiated patients with HCM from patients with arterial hypertension and aortic valve stenosis, and from normal control subjects. Crypt area was an accurate predictor of HCM, with an area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve of 0.88 (95% CI 0.80–0.96). Myocardial crypts identified by CT are more prevalent and larger in area in HCM than in arterial hypertension and aortic valve stenosis. Crypt area could potentially help to improve the diagnosis of HCM by CT beyond the assessment of left ventricular thickness or mass.
      PubDate: 2019-03-05
       
  • Role of imaging in diagnosis and management of left ventricular assist
           device complications
    • Abstract: Abstract Heart failure is a clinical condition that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. With the advent of left ventricular assist device (LVAD), an increasing number of patients have received an artificial heart both as a bridge-to-therapy and as a destination therapy. Clinical trials have shown clear survival benefits of LVAD implantation. However, the increased survival benefits and improved quality of life come at the expense of an increased complication rate. Common complications include perioperative bleeding, infection, device thrombosis, gastrointestinal bleeding, right heart failure, and aortic hemodynamic changes. The LVAD-associated complications have unique pathophysiology. Multiple imaging modalities can be employed to investigate the complications, including computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT), catheter angiography and echocardiography. Imaging studies not only help ascertain diagnosis and evaluate the severity of disease, but also help direct relevant clinical management and predict prognosis. In this article, we aim to review the common LVAD complications, present the associated imaging features and discuss the role of imaging in their management.
      PubDate: 2019-03-04
       
  • Editor’s note February 2019
    • PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Myocardial adaptation after surgical therapy differs for aortic valve
           stenosis and hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
    • Abstract: Abstract Surgical therapies in aortic valve stenosis (AVS) and hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) aim to relief intraventricular pressure overload and improve clinical outcome. It is currently unknown to what extent myocardial adaptation concurs with restoration of intraventricular pressures, and whether this is similar in both patient groups. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in myocardial adaptation after surgical therapies for AVS and HOCM. Ten AVS and ten HOCM patients were enrolled and underwent cardiac magnetic resonance cine imaging and myocardial tagging prior to, and 4 months after aortic valve replacement (AVR) and septal myectomy, respectively. Global left ventricular (LV) analyses were derived from cine images. Circumferential strain was assessed from myocardial tagging images at the septal and lateral wall of the mid ventricle. Pressure gradients significantly decreased in both AVS and HOCM after surgery (p < 0.01), with a concomitant decrease in left atrial volume (p < 0.05) suggesting lower diastolic filling pressures. Also, LV volumes, mass and septal wall thickness decreased in both, but to a larger extent in AVS than in HOCM patients. AVR improved wall thickening (p < 0.05) and did not change systolic strain rate. Myectomy did not affect wall thickening and reduced septal systolic strain rate (p = 0.03). Both AVR and myectomy induced positive structural remodeling in line with a reduction of pressure overload. A concomitant recovery in systolic function however was found in AVR only. The systolic functional deterioration in HOCM patients seems to be inherent to myectomy and the ongoing and irreversible disease.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • The association between physical activity and cardiac performance is
           dependent on age: the Copenhagen City Heart Study
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aimed to test the hypothesis that regular physical activity is associated with improved cardiac function measured by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in the general population. Within a large prospective community-based population study, cardiac function was assessed in 2221 persons by TDI. Longitudinal displacement (LD), early diastolic velocity (e’), and myocardial performance index (MPI) was obtained by TDI. Linear univariable and multivariable regression analyses were performed in relation to age groups (< 50 years, 50–65 years, > 65 years) and self-reported level of physical activity: I (inactivity), II (light activity), III (moderate activity), and IV (high-level activity). Participants < 50 years in the most active group had significantly better cardiac performance when compared to all other activity levels (higher levels of e’, LD, and lower levels of MPI). The findings remained with statistical significance after adjustment for sex, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and body mass index (e’ = 11.0, 95% CI (10.4–11.6), p < 0.001; LD = 12.8 (12.3–13.4), p < 0.003; MPI: 0.40 (0.38–0.42), p = 0.02). In age > 65 years, there was a tendency of impaired cardiac function in higher levels of exercise. Interaction analysis revealed that age significantly modified the association between physical activity and cardiac function (p < 0.001). We found a positive association between higher level of physical activity and improved cardiac function in younger persons (< 50 years). In the general population, however, the association interacted with age and amongst persons above 65 years there was a negative association between higher level of physical activity and cardiac function.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Predictive value of exercise stress echocardiography in asymptomatic
           patients with severe aortic regurgitation and preserved left ventricular
           systolic function without LV dilatation
    • Abstract: Abstract The management of asymptomatic patients with severe aortic regurgitation (AR) and preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function remains controversial. We evaluated the predictive value of exercise stress echocardiography (ESE) in asymptomatic severe AR with preserved LV systolic function for identifying high risk patients who might benefit from early referral for surgery. Symptom-limited treadmill ESE was performed in 67 asymptomatic patients with severe AR (effective regurgitant orifice area > 30 mm2, regurgitant volume > 60 ml) and preserved LV systolic function without LV dilatation [ejection fraction (EF) ≥ 50% and LV end-systolic diameter ≤ 50 mm]. A post-exercise EF increase of > 4% was defined as presence of contractile reserve (CR). The primary outcome was defined as the composite of symptoms development, deterioration in LV function (EF < 50% in echocardiography) and aortic valve replacement (AVR) at follow-up. Operations performed within 60 days of ESE were excluded. Twenty-eight patients were CR (+) and 39 patients were CR (−). Compared with the CR (+) group, the CR (−) group was older (52.0 ± 14.0 years vs. 43.8 ± 10.6 years, p = 0.011) and had higher Ln N-terminal natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) [5.2 (4.5–5.7) vs. 4.1 (3.7–5.1), p = 0.001]. The CR (−) group showed lower exercise time than the CR (+) group (576 ± 159 s vs. 671 ± 108 s, p = 0.008). Otherwise, there were no differences in demographics and imaging data between the two groups. During a follow-up duration of 46 ± 23 months, the primary outcome occurred in 17 patients (25%) including development of symptoms (n = 9), new-onset LV systolic dysfunction (n = 1) and AVR (n = 7). Fourteen of 17 were CR (−) group patients. The survival rate during follow-up was significantly lower in the CR (−) group than in the CR (+) group of asymptomatic severe AR patients (log-rank p = 0.035). The absence of CR in ESE is independently associated with deterioration of symptoms or LV systolic function in asymptomatic patients with severe AR and preserved LV systolic function. It can further risk stratify asymptomatic patients with severe AR and preserved LV systolic function and may influence the optimal timing of AVR.
      PubDate: 2019-02-28
       
 
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