Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8693 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (120 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (339 journals)
    - DENTISTRY (293 journals)
    - ENDOCRINOLOGY (149 journals)
    - FORENSIC SCIENCES (42 journals)
    - HEMATOLOGY (158 journals)
    - HYPNOSIS (4 journals)
    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (178 journals)
    - MEDICAL GENETICS (58 journals)
    - MEDICAL SCIENCES (2416 journals)
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    - OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (209 journals)
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    - PATHOLOGY (100 journals)
    - PEDIATRICS (275 journals)
    - PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY (834 journals)
    - RESPIRATORY DISEASES (105 journals)
    - RHEUMATOLOGY (79 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (82 journals)
    - SURGERY (405 journals)

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (339 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 339 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 112)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 284)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hearts     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)

        1 2 | Last

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Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.686
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1179-5468
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1099 journals]
  • Cardiovascular Issues Among Homeless People: An Issue that Needs Attention

    • Authors: Muhammad Haisum Maqsood, Omer Kamal, David Charytan
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Cardiovascular disease is one of the most common causes of death with social factors increasingly recognized as determinants of cardiovascular prognosis. Homelessness, transient or chronic, may be one of the factors which predict treatment access and eventual outcomes as socially and economically disadvantaged group has high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors such as smoking, and delayed diagnosis and poor control of other risk factors such as diabetes and hypertension. This perspective article aims to discuss the issues associated with cardiovascular disease treatment, outcomes and future directions for homeless patients.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-12-08T04:46:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820975038
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • A Systematic Review of the Cardiovascular Manifestations and Outcomes in
           the Setting of Coronavirus-19 Disease

    • Authors: Samarthkumar Thakkar, Shilpkumar Arora, Ashish Kumar, Rahul Jaswaney, Mohammed Faisaluddin, Mohammad Ammad Ud Din, Mariam Shariff, Kirolos Barssoum, Harsh P Patel, Arora Nirav, Chinmay Jani, Kripa Patel, Sejal Savani, Christopher DeSimone, Siva Mulpuru, Abhishek Deshmukh
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      The impact of coronavirus disease, 2019 (COVID-19), has been profound. Though COVID-19 primarily affects the respiratory system, it has also been associated with a wide range of cardiovascular (CV) manifestations portending extremely poor prognosis. The principal hypothesis for CV involvement is through direct myocardial infection and systemic inflammation. We conducted a systematic review of the current literature to provide a foundation for understanding the CV manifestations and outcomes of COVID-19. PubMed and EMBASE databases were electronically searched from the inception of the databases through 27 April 2020. A second literature review was conducted to include major trials and guidelines that were published after the initial search but before submission. The inclusion criteria for studies to be eligible were case reports, case series, and observation studies reporting CV outcomes among patients with COVID-19 infection. This review of the current COVID-19 disease and CV outcomes literature revealed a myriad of CV manifestations with potential avenues for treatment and prevention. Future studies are required to understand on a more mechanistic level the effect of COVID-19 on the myocardium and thus provide avenues to improve mortality and morbidity.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-12-01T06:56:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820977196
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • An Investigation into the Association Between Inflammatory Bowel Disease
           and Cardiac Arrhythmias: An Examination of the United States National
           Inpatient Sample Database

    • Authors: Mahmood Mubasher, Tausif Syed, Amir Hanafi, Zhao Yu, Ibrahim Yusuf, Abdullah Sayied Abdullah, Mouhand FH Mohamed, Richard Alweis, Mohan Rao, Ryan Hoefen, Mohammed I Danjuma
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) associated-chronic inflammation and autonomic dysregulation may predispose to arrhythmias. However, its exact prevalence is unknown. Thus, we aimed to ascertain the prevalence of arrhythmias in patients with IBD.Methods:We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (the largest publicly available all-payer inpatient USA database) from 2012 to 2014. We used the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9 CM) discharge codes to identify adult patients (⩾18 years) with IBD and dysrhythmias (supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular tachycardia (VT), or ventricular fibrillation). Furthermore, we identified risk factors for cardiovascular disease. We divided patients into 2 cohorts, IBD cohorts, and non-IBD cohort. The independent effect of a diagnosis of IBD on the risk of dysrhythmias was examined using a multivariable logistic regression model controlling for multiple confounders.Results:We identified 847 235 and 84 757 349 weighted hospitalizations among patients with IBD and non-IBD cohorts, respectively. Patients with IBD were less likely to be hospitalized for dysrhythmias than the non-IBD (9.7% vs 14.2%, P 
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-10-29T06:02:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820955179
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Carcinoid Heart Disease: How to Diagnose and Treat in 2020'

    • Authors: Barbara Bober, Marek Saracyn, Maciej Kołodziej, Łukasz Kowalski, Elżbieta Deptuła-Krawczyk, Waldemar Kapusta, Grzegorz Kamiński, Olga Mozenska, Jacek Bil
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs, originally termed “carcinoids”) create a relatively rare group of neoplasms with an approximate incidence rate of 2.5 to 5 cases per 100 000 persons. Roughly 30% to 40% of subjects with NETs develop carcinoid syndrome (CS), and 20% to 50% of subjects with CS are diagnosed with carcinoid heart disease (CaHD). The long-standing exposure to high serum serotonin concentration is one of the crucial factors in CaHD development. White plaque-like deposits on the endocardial surface of heart structures with valve leaflets and subvalvular apparatus thickening (fused and shortened chordae; thickened papillary muscles) are characteristic for CaHD. NT pro-BNP and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid are the 2 most useful screening markers. Long-acting somatostatin analogs are the standard of care in symptoms control. They are also the first-line treatment for tumor control in subjects with a metastatic somatostatin receptor avid disease. In cases refractory to somatostatin analogs, several options are available. We can increase a somatostatin analog to off-label doses, add telotristat ethyl or administer peptide receptor radionuclide therapy. Cardiac surgery, which mainly involves valve replacement, is presently the most efficient strategy in subjects with advanced CaHD and can relieve unmanageable symptoms or be partly responsible for better prognosis.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-10-27T07:37:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820968101
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Learning From Controversy: Contemporary Surgical Management of Aortic
           Valve Endocarditis

    • Authors: Francesco Nappi, Sanjeet Singh Avtaar Singh, Irina Timofeeva
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Aortic valve replacement is the commonest cardiac surgical operation performed worldwide for infective endocarditis (IE). Long-term durability and avoidance of infection relapse are goals of the procedure. However, no detailed guidelines on prosthesis selection and surgical strategies guided by the comprehensive evaluation of the extension of the infection and its microbiological characteristics, clinical profile of the patient, and risk of infection recurrence are currently available. Conventional mechanical or stented xenografts are the preferred choice for localized aortic infection. However, in cases of complex IE with the involvement of the root or the aortomitral continuity, the use of homograft is suggested according to the surgeon and center experience. Homograft use should be counterbalanced against the risk of structural degeneration. Prosthetic bioroot or prosthetic valved conduit (mechanical and bioprosthetic) are also potentially suitable alternatives. Further development of preservation techniques enabling longer durability of allogenic substitutes is required. We evaluate the current evidence for the use of valve substitutes in aortic valve endocarditis and propose an evidence-based algorithm to guide the choice of therapy. We performed a systemic review to clarify the contemporary surgical management of aortic valve endocarditis.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-09-29T04:32:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820960729
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Ventricular Arrhythmias in Cardiac Amyloidosis: A Review of Current

    • Authors: Shaun Khanna, Phillip Lo, Kenneth Cho, Rajesh Subbiah
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Cardiac Amyloidosis is an infiltrative cardiomyopathy which occurs secondary to deposition of mis-folded protein in the myocardium, with the two most common subtypes being AL amyloidosis and TTR amyloidosis. The pathogenesis of the disease is multifaceted and involves a variety of mechanisms including an inflammatory response cascade, oxidative stress and subsequent separation of myocyte fibrils. Cardiac Amyloidosis frequently results in congestive cardiac failure and arrhythmias, from a disruption in cardiac substrate with subsequent electro-mechanical remodelling. Disease progression is usually demonstrated by development of progressive pump failure, which may be seen with a high arrhythmic burden, usually portending a poor prognosis. There is a paucity of literature on the clinical implications of ventricular arrhythmias in the context of cardiac amyloidosis. The important diagnostic investigations for these patients include transthoracic echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and an electrophysiology study. Whilst there are no robust management guidelines, studies have indicated benefits from contemporary pharmacological therapy and case-by-case catheter ablation. There are novel directed therapies available for TTR amyloidosis that have shown to improve overall survival. The role of ICD therapy in cardiac amyloidosis is controversial, with benefits seen predominantly in early phases of the disease process. The only definitive surgical therapy includes heart transplantation, but is largely indicated for progressive decompensated heart failure (Figure 1). Further large-scale studies are required to better outline management paradigms for treating ventricular arrhythmias in cardiac amyloidosis.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-09-29T02:25:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820963055
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Cardiovascular Disease

    • Authors: Pankaj Mathur, Shweta Srivastava, Xiaowei Xu, Jawahar L Mehta
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Artificial intelligence (AI)-based applications have found widespread applications in many fields of science, technology, and medicine. The use of enhanced computing power of machines in clinical medicine and diagnostics has been under exploration since the 1960s. More recently, with the advent of advances in computing, algorithms enabling machine learning, especially deep learning networks that mimic the human brain in function, there has been renewed interest to use them in clinical medicine. In cardiovascular medicine, AI-based systems have found new applications in cardiovascular imaging, cardiovascular risk prediction, and newer drug targets. This article aims to describe different AI applications including machine learning and deep learning and their applications in cardiovascular medicine. AI-based applications have enhanced our understanding of different phenotypes of heart failure and congenital heart disease. These applications have led to newer treatment strategies for different types of cardiovascular diseases, newer approach to cardiovascular drug therapy and postmarketing survey of prescription drugs. However, there are several challenges in the clinical use of AI-based applications and interpretation of the results including data privacy, poorly selected/outdated data, selection bias, and unintentional continuance of historical biases/stereotypes in the data which can lead to erroneous conclusions. Still, AI is a transformative technology and has immense potential in health care.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-09-09T07:25:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820927404
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Awareness, Knowledge, and Utility of RCT Data vs RWE: Results From a
           Survey of US Cardiologists: Real-world Evidence in Clinical Decision

    • Authors: Todd C Villines, Mark J Cziraky, Alpesh N Amin
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Real-world evidence (RWE) provides a potential rich source of additional information to the body of data available from randomized clinical trials (RCTs), but there is a need to understand the strengths and limitations of RWE before it can be applied to clinical practice. To gain insight into current thinking in clinical decision making and utility of different data sources, a representative sampling of US cardiologists selected from the current, active Fellows of the American College of Cardiology (ACC) were surveyed to evaluate their perceptions of findings from RCTs and RWE studies and their application in clinical practice. The survey was conducted online via the ACC web portal between 12 July and 11 August 2017. Of the 548 active ACC Fellows invited as panel members, 173 completed the survey (32% response), most of whom were board certified in general cardiology (n = 119, 69%) or interventional cardiology (n = 40, 23%). The survey results indicated a wide range of familiarity with and utilization of RWE amongst cardiologists. Most cardiologists were familiar with RWE and considered RWE in clinical practice at least some of the time. However, a significant minority of survey respondents had rarely or never applied RWE learnings in their clinical practice, and many did not feel confident in the results of RWE other than registry data. These survey findings suggest that additional education on how to assess and interpret RWE could help physicians to integrate data and learnings from RCTs and RWE to best guide clinical decision making.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-09-02T05:59:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820953410
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Utility of Inferior Lead Q-waveforms in diagnosing Ventricular Tachycardia

    • Authors: Swathi Subramany, Ajoe John Kattoor, Swathi Kovelamudi, Subodh Devabhaktuni, Jawahar L Mehta, Srikanth Vallurupalli, Hakan Paydak, Naga Venkata K Pothineni
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Electrocardiogram (ECG) differentiation of wide complex tachycardia (WCT) into ventricular tachycardia (VT) and supraventricular tachycardia with aberration (SVT-A) is often challenging.Objective:To determine if the presence of Q-waveforms (QS, Qr, QRs) in the inferior leads (II, III, aVF) can differentiate VT from SVT-A in a WCT compared to Brugada algorithm. We studied 2 inferior lead criteria namely QWC-A where all the inferior leads had a similar Q wave pattern and QWC-B where only lead aVF had a Q-waveform.Methods:A total of 181 consecutive cases of WCT were identified, digitally separated into precordial leads and inferior leads and independently reviewed by 2 electrophysiologists. An electrocardiographic diagnosis of VT or SVT-A was assigned based on Brugada and inferior lead algorithms. Results were compared to the final clinical diagnosis.Results:VT was the final clinical diagnosis in 24.9% of ECG cohort (45/181); 75.1% (136/181) were SVT-A. QWC-A and QWC-B had a high specificity (93.3% and 82.8%) and accuracy (78.2% and 71.0%), but low sensitivity (33.3% and 35.6%) in differentiating VT from SVT-A. The Brugada algorithm yielded a sensitivity of 82.2% and specificity of 68.4%. Area under the curve in ROC analysis was highest with Brugada algorithm (0.75, 95% CI 0.69-0.81) followed by QWC-A (0.63, 95% CI 0.56-0.70) and QWC-B (0.59, 95% CI 0.52-0.67).Conclusion:QWC-A and QWC-B criteria had poor sensitivity but high specificity in diagnosing VT in patients presenting with WCT. Further research combining this simple criterion with other newer diagnostic algorithms can potentially improve the accuracy of the overall diagnostic algorithm.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-08-31T03:26:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820953416
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension: State of the Art and Therapeutic

    • Authors: Dinesh K Kalra, Anvi Raina, Sumit Sohal
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH) is a subtype of orthostatic hypotension in which patients have impaired regulation of standing blood pressure due to autonomic dysfunction. Several primary and secondary causes of this disease exist. Patients may present with an array of symptoms making diagnosis difficult. This review article addresses the epidemiology, pathophysiology, causes, clinical features, and management of nOH. We highlight various pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches to treatment, and review the recent guidelines and our approach to nOH.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-08-31T03:25:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820953415
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Coexisting Coronary and Carotid Artery Disease – Which Technique and in
           Which Order' Case Report and Review of Literature

    • Authors: Sina Manthey, Jenna Spears, Sheldon Goldberg
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Coexisting carotid artery stenosis and coronary artery disease is common and there is currently no consensus in treatment guidelines on the timing, sequence and methods of revascularization. We report a case of a patient with symptomatic triple vessel coronary artery disease as well as asymptomatic severe right internal carotid artery stenosis. Our patient underwent myocardial revascularization first, because she presented with unstable angina and was asymptomatic neurologically. This article summarizes current literature about the approach to carotid and coronary artery revascularization and addresses the decision-making process regarding the timing and sequence of revascularization.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-08-27T08:26:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820951797
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Carotid Plaque Morphology is Similar in Patients with Reduced and Normal
           Renal Function

    • Authors: Caroline Heijl, Fredrik Kahn, Andreas Edsfeldt, Christoffer Tengryd, Jan Nilsson, Isabel Goncalves
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular events such as stroke. However, it is still unclear if decreased kidney function is associated with a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque phenotype. To explore if renal function was associated with carotid plaque vulnerability we analyzed carotid plaques obtained at surgery from the Carotid Plaque Imaging Project (CPIP).Methods:Patients were enrolled through the CPIP cohort. The indication for surgery was plaques with stenosis>70%, associated with ipsilateral symptoms or plaques with stenosis>80% not associated with symptoms. Transversal sections from the most stenotic plaque region were analyzed for connective tissue, calcium, lipids, macrophages, intraplaque hemorrhage, and smooth muscle cells. Homogenates were analyzed for collagen and elastin.Results:Carotid endarterectomy specimens from 379 patients were obtained. The median GFR was 73 ml/min/1.73 m2. Plaque characteristics showed no significant association with eGFR, neither when eGFR was divided in CKD groups nor when eGFR was handled as a continuous variable and adjusting for other known risk factors (ie, age, diabetes, hypertension, and smoking).Conclusions:The higher risk of cardiovascular disease such as stroke in CKD is not associated with increased plaque vulnerability and other factors have to be sought.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-08-25T09:02:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820951793
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • An Observational Study Assessing Immediate Complete Versus Delayed
           Complete Revascularisation in Patients with Multi-Vessel Disease
           Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    • Authors: Krishnaraj Sinhji Rathod, Marco Spagnolo, Mark K Elliott, Anne-Marie Beirne, Elliot J Smith, Rajiv Amersey, Charles Knight, Roshan Weerackody, Andreas Baumbach, Anthony Mathur, Daniel A Jones
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:More than half of the patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have multi-vessel coronary artery disease. This is associated with worse outcomes compared with single vessel disease. Whilst evidence now exists to support complete revascularisation for bystander disease the optimal timing is still debated. This study aimed to compare clinical outcomes in patients with STEMI and multi-vessel disease who underwent complete revascularisation as inpatients in comparison to patients who had staged PCI as early outpatients.Methods and results:We conducted an observational cohort study consisting of 1522 patients who underwent primary PCI with multi-vessel disease from 2012 to 2019. Exclusions included patients with cardiogenic shock and previous CABG. Patients were split into 2 groups depending on whether they had complete revascularisation performed as inpatients or as staged PCI at later outpatient dates. The primary outcome of this study was major adverse cardiac events (consisting of myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularisation and all-cause mortality).834 (54.8%) patients underwent complete inpatient revascularisation and 688 patients (45.2%) had outpatient PCI (median 43 days post discharge). Of the inpatient group, 652 patients (78.2%) underwent complete revascularisation during the index procedure whilst 182 (21.8%) patients underwent inpatient bystander PCI in a second procedure. Overall, there were no significant differences between the groups with regards to their baseline or procedural characteristics. Over the follow-up period there was no significant difference in MACE between the cohorts (P = .62), which persisted after multivariate adjustment (HR 1.21 [95% CI 0.72-1.96]). Furthermore, in propensity-matched analysis there was no significant difference in outcome between the groups (HR: 0.86 95% CI: 0.75-1.25).Conclusions:Our study demonstrated that the timing of bystander PCI after STEMI did not appear to have an effect on cardiovascular outcomes. We suggest that patients with multi-vessel disease can potentially be discharged promptly and undergo early outpatient bystander PCI. This could significantly reduce length of stay in hospital.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-08-21T07:43:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820951792
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Staged Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Rotational Atherectomy or
           Bypass Surgery in Chronic Hemodialysis and Severely Calcified Left Main
           True Bifurcation Lesion: A Case Report and Literature Review

    • Authors: Kazuhiro Dan, Akira Shinoda, Hector M Garcia-Garcia
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Previous observational studies and meta-analyses reported that the optimal strategy of coronary revascularization (percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI] and bypass surgery) for anatomically complex coronary artery lesions in the chronic hemodialysis setting is still controversial because the long-term outcomes were superior with coronary artery bypass grafting, especially with regard to repeat revascularization; however, short-term mortality with PCI was significantly lower because it is less invasive. Moreover, no guidelines show a strategy for this setting. We report the case of a patient with chronic dialysis and calcified left main true bifurcation lesion who underwent staged PCI with rotational atherectomy and minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass for in-stent restenosis who died of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-08-21T05:36:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820951798
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Is Noncardiac Chest Pain Truly Noncardiac'

    • Authors: Hiroki Teragawa, Chikage Oshita, Yuichi Orita
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Many causes of noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) have been studied and gastroesophageal reflux disease is considered to be the major cause. However, studies have reported that treatment with a proton pump inhibitor does not effectively provide relief for NCCP-related symptoms, and these symptoms frequently recur. These findings suggest that patients with cardiac disease may be excluded completely from the NCCP group. Several examinations can be conducted to verify the presence of cardiac disease. Such examinations include the assessment of biochemical markers, rest and exercise electrocardiogram, echocardiography, cardiac computed tomography, stress myocardial perfusion imaging, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and coronary angiography (CAG). However, the presence of functional coronary artery diseases (CADs), such as vasospastic angina and/or microvascular angina, cannot be detected using these modalities. These functional CADs can be diagnosed by CAG with spasm-provocation testing and/or physiological coronary measurement. Thus, when a patient who is suspected of having NCCP takes a proton pump inhibitor and does not respond well, further examination—including assessment for possible functional CADs—may be needed.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-06-15T05:24:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820918903
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Left Ventricular Myocardial Deformations in Hemodialysis Children by
           Speckle Tracking Echocardiography

    • Authors: Manal F Elshamaa, Fatma A Mostafa, Inas AES Sad, Ahmed M Badr, Yomna AEM Abd Elrahim
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Cardiac systolic dysfunction was potentially found in adult patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who have preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (EF%). In children with ESRD, little data are available on early changes in myocardial function. This study aimed to detect the early changes in myocardial mechanics in pediatric patients with ESRD using speckle tracking echocardiography (STE).Methods:Thirty ESRD children receiving hemodialysis (HD) and30 age-matched controls were prospectively studied. Patients underwent echocardiographic studies before and after HD. Left ventricular longitudinal strain (LS), circumferential strain (CS), and radial strain (RS) myocardial deformation parameters (strain, strain rate) were evaluated by STE.Results:The LS was significantly reduced in pre-HD and post-HD patients compared with controls (P = .000). Controls showed the highest global longitudinal strain. The RS measurements did not differ significantly among the studied groups except for the inferior segment that is significantly reduced after HD compared with controls (P 
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-06-08T05:33:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820930015
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Efficacy of Smartphone-Based Secondary Preventive Strategies in Coronary
           Artery Disease

    • Authors: Alexandra C Murphy, Georgina Meehan, Anoop N Koshy, Phelia Kunniardy, Omar Farouque, Matias B Yudi
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Cardiac rehabilitation programs provide a comprehensive framework for the institution of secondary preventive measures. Smartphone technology can provide a platform for the delivery of such programs and is a promising alternative to hospital-based services. However, there is limited evidence to date supporting this approach. Accordingly, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis examining smartphone-based secondary prevention programs to traditional cardiac rehabilitation in patients with established coronary artery disease to ascertain the feasibility and effectiveness of these interventions.Methods:A systematic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library was conducted. A meta-analysis was performed using a random-effects model with the outcomes of interest being 6-minute walk test (6MWT) distance, systolic blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and body mass index (BMI).Results:A total of 8 studies with 1120 patients across 5 countries were included in the quantitative analysis. Follow-up ranged from 6 weeks to 12 months. Five studies examined all patients post acute coronary syndrome, 2 studies examined only patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, and 1 study examined all patients with a diagnosis of coronary artery disease, independent of intervention. Exercise capacity, as measured by the 6MWT, was significantly greater in the smartphone group (20.10 meters, 95% confidence interval [CI] 7.44-33.97; P  .05).Conclusion:Publicly available smartphone-based cardiac rehabilitation programs are a convenient and easily disseminated intervention which show merit in exercise promotion in patients with established coronary artery disease. Further research is required to establish the clinical significance of recent findings favoring their use.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-06-05T06:53:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820927402
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Clinical Characteristics, Management Strategies, and In-Hospital Outcomes
           of Acute Coronary Syndrome in a Low Socioeconomic Status Cohort: An
           Observational Study From Urban India

    • Authors: Navdeep Singh Sidhu, Sunil Kumar Kondethimmannahally Rangaiah, Dwarikaprasad Ramesh, Kumaraswamy Veerappa, Cholenahally Nanjappa Manjunath
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in India. There is scarcity of data on demographic profile and outcomes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in low socioeconomic status (SES) population of India.Objectives:This study was undertaken to determine the clinical presentation, management strategies, and in-hospital outcomes of ACS in low SES population.Methods:We conducted 1-year prospective observational cohort study of ACS patients admitted at Employees State Insurance Corporation unit of our tertiary care cardiac center. Clinical parameters, management strategies, and in-hospital outcomes of 621 patients enrolled during the study period from February 2015 to January 2016 were studied.Results:Mean age of patients was 56.06 ± 11.29 years. Majority (62%) of the patients had ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), whereas Non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) was seen in 38% of the patients. Median time from symptom onset to hospital admission was 285 min with wide range from 105 to 1765 min. Coronary angiography was performed in 81% of patient population. Single-vessel disease (SVD) was the most common pattern (seen in 43.3%) of coronary artery involvement with left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) being the most frequently involved vessel (62.8%). Pharmaco-invasive approach was the preferred strategy. Overall percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) rates were 59.1% (62.1% in STEMI and 54.2% in NSTE-ACS). Overall in-hospital mortality was 3.2%, being significantly higher in STEMI (4.2%) as compared with NSTE-ACS (1.7%).Conclusions:With implementation of evidence-based pharmacotherapy and interventions, outcomes comparable with developed countries can be achieved even in low SES populations of developing world.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-05-07T10:43:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820918897
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Thanks to Reviewers

    • Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.

      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-02-10T11:07:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820906691
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • l-arginine Supplementation Increased Only Endothelium-Dependent Relaxation
           in Sprague-Dawley Rats Fed a High-Salt Diet by Enhancing Abdominal Aorta
           Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Gene Expression

    • Authors: Abdullahi Adejare, Ahmed Oloyo, Chikodi Anigbogu, Smith Jaja
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Abnormal vascular reactivity and reduced expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene are hallmark of salt-induced hypertension in rats. Although l-arginine is an established vasodilator, the mechanism by which it modulates vascular reactivity in salt-induced hypertension is not clearly understood.Objectives:This study was designed to investigate the mechanism by which oral l-arginine supplementation modulates vascular reactivity and eNOS gene expression in Sprague-Dawley rats fed a high-salt diet.Methods:Forty-eight weaned male Sprague-Dawley rats of weight range 90 to 110 g were randomly divided into 6 groups of 8 rats per group. Group I was fed normal rat chow ad libitum and served as the Normal Diet group. Group II was fed a diet that contained 8% NaCl. Groups III and IV took normal and high-salt diet, respectively, and then received oral l-arginine supplementation (100 mg/kg/day), while groups V and VI took normal and high-salt diet, respectively, and then were co-administered with both l-arginine and l-nitro-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 100 mg/kg/day and 40 mg/kg/day, respectively) orally. At the end of 12-week experimental period, the animals were sacrificed to assess vascular reactivity and gene expression level.Results:Our results show that high-salt diet significantly reduced (P 
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-01-29T10:58:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820902843
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • One-Year Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with
           End-Stage Liver Disease

    • Authors: Daniel Y Lu, Matthew D Saybolt, Daniel H Kiss, William H Matthai, Kimberly A Forde, Jay Giri, Robert L Wilensky
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Patients with cirrhosis and coronary artery disease (CAD) are at high risk for morbidity during surgical revascularization so they are often referred for complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Percutaneous coronary intervention in the cirrhotic population also has inherent risks; however, quantifiable data on long-term outcomes are lacking.Methods:Patients with angiographically significant CAD and cirrhosis were identified from the catheterization lab databases of the University of Pennsylvania Health System between 2007 and 2015. Outcomes were obtained from the medical record and telephonic contact with patients/families.Results:Percutaneous coronary intervention was successfully performed in 42 patients (51 PCIs). Twenty-nine patients with significant CAD were managed medically (36 angiograms). The primary outcome (a composite of mortality, subsequent revascularization, and myocardial infarction) was not significantly different between the 2 groups during a follow-up period at 1 year (PCI: 50%, Control: 40%, P = .383). In the PCI group, a composite adverse outcome rate that included acute kidney injury (AKI), severe bleed, and peri-procedural stroke was elevated (40%), with severe bleeding occurring after 23% of PCI events and post-procedural AKI occurring after 26% of events. The medical management group had significantly fewer total matched adverse outcomes (17% vs 40% in the PCI group, P = .03), with severe bleeding occurring after 11% of events and AKI occurring after 6% of events. Increased risk of adverse events following PCI was associated with severity of liver disease by Child-Pugh class.Conclusions:Percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with cirrhosis is associated with an elevated risk of adverse events, including severe bleeding and AKI.
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-01-01T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820901491
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Smartphone ECG Monitoring System Helps Lower Emergency Room and Clinic
           Visits in Post–Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Patients

    • Authors: Mossab Aljuaid, Qussay Marashly, Jad AlDanaf, Ibrahim Tawhari, Michel Barakat, Rody Barakat, Brittany Zobell, William Cho, Mihail G Chelu, Nassir F Marrouche
      Abstract: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Aim:To evaluate the effectiveness of using a smartphone-based electrocardiography (ECG) monitoring device (ECG Check) on the frequency of clinic or emergency room visits in patients who underwent ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF).Methods:Two groups of patients were identified and compared: The conventional monitoring group (CM group) included patients who were prescribed conventional event monitoring or Holter monitoring systems. The ECG Check group (EC group) included patients who were prescribed the ECG Check device for continuous monitoring in addition to conventional event monitoring. The primary outcome was the number of patient visits to clinic or emergency room. The feasibility, accuracy, and detection rate of mobile ECG Check were also evaluated.Results:Ninety patients were studied (mean age: 66.2 ± 11 years, 64 males, mean CHA2DS2-VASc score: 2.6 ± 2). In the EC group, forty-five patients sent an average of 52.8 ± 6 ECG records for either routine monitoring or symptoms of potential AF during the follow-up period. The rhythm strips identified sinus rhythm (84.7%), sinus tachycardia (8.4%), AF (4.2%), and atrial flutter (0.9%). Forty-two EC transmissions (1.8%) were uninterpretable. Six patients (13%) in the EC group were seen in the clinic or emergency room over a 100-day study period versus 16 (33%) in the standard care arm (P value 
      Citation: Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
      PubDate: 2020-01-01T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1179546820901508
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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