Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8665 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 103)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 264)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)

        1 2 | Last

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ASAIO Journal
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.771
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 4  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1058-2916 - ISSN (Online) 1538-943X
Published by LWW Wolters Kluwer Homepage  [299 journals]
  • Different Strokes for Different Folks
    • Authors: Sen; Sounok; Rogers, Joseph G.
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Predicting Plasma Free Hemoglobin Levels in Patients Due to Medical
           Device–Related Hemolysis
    • Authors: Saylor; David M.; Buehler, Paul W.; Brown, Ronald P.; Malinauskas, Richard A.
      Abstract: imageBlood passage through medical devices can cause hemolysis and increased levels of plasma free hemoglobin (pfH) that may lead to adverse effects such as vasoconstriction and renal tubule injury. Although the hemolytic potential of devices is typically characterized in vitro using animal blood, the results can be impacted by various blood parameters, such as donor species. Moreover, it is unclear how to relate measured in vitro hemolysis levels to clinical performance because pfH accumulation in vivo depends on both hemolysis rate and availability of plasma haptoglobin (Hpt) that can bind and safely eliminate pfH. To help to address these uncertainties, we developed a biokinetic model linking in vivo hemolysis rates to time-dependent pfH and Hpt concentrations. The model was initially parameterized using studies that characterized baseline levels and evolution of pfH and Hpt after introduction of excess pfH in humans. With the biokinetic parameters specified, the model was applied to predict hemolysis rates in three patient groups undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. The congruity of the model with these clinical data suggests that it can infer in vivo hemolysis rates and provide insight into pfH levels that may cause concern. The model was subsequently used to evaluate acceptance threshold hemolysis values proposed in the literature for chronic circulatory assist blood pumps and to assess the impact of patient weight on pfH accumulation using simple scaling arguments, which suggested that identical hemolysis index values may increase pfH levels nearly threefold in 10 kg pediatric patients compared with 80 kg adults.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • EC-VAD: Combined Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and
           Percutaneous Microaxial Pump Left Ventricular Assist Device
    • Authors: Akanni; Olutosin J.; Takeda, Koji; Truby, Lauren K.; Kurlansky, Paul A.; Chiuzan, Codruta; Han, Jiho; Topkara, Veli K.; Yuzefpolskaya, Melana; Colombo, Paolo C.; Karmpaliotis, Dimitrios; Moses, Jeffery W.; Naka, Yoshifumi; Garan, A. Reshad; Kirtane, Ajay J.; Takayama, Hiroo
      Abstract: imageCombination of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) and a percutaneous microaxial left ventricular assist device (pLVAD), or “EC-VAD,” has been reported in cases of left ventricular decompression with mixed results. We conducted a retrospective review of patients who received EC-VAD (n = 29) or isolated VA-ECMO therapy (ECMO-only; n = 196) for refractory cardiogenic shock between February 2011 and October 2014. Fourteen patients received VA-ECMO and then Impella pLVAD (E→EC-VAD), and 15 received the Impella pump then VA-ECMO (I→EC-VAD). E→EC-VAD patients demonstrated decreased pulmonary artery systolic (36.00 ± 16.84 mm Hg versus 30.63 ± 12.13 mm Hg; p = 0.049) and diastolic (24.25 ± 13.45 mm Hg versus 17.25 ± 7.96 mm Hg, p = 0.049) pressures by 24 hours post-EC-VAD implant. In the same period, I→EC-VAD patients demonstrated improved SvO2 (43.14 ± 16.75% versus 75.18 ± 13.88%, p = 0.043) and PaO2/FiO2 ratio (148.55 ± 67.69 mm Hg versus 374.51 ± 170.97 mm Hg, p = 0.043). Thirty-day survival rates were 42.9% in E→EC-VAD, 46.7% in I→EC-VAD, and 49.0% in ECMO-only (p = 0.913). Hemolysis occurred more in EC-VAD patients (44.83% versus 17.35% in ECMO-only, p = 0.002); however, there was no increased frequency of other adverse events including bleeding and lower limb ischemia. Despite increased hemolysis, combined use of VA-ECMO and pLVAD may improve or circumvent left ventricular distension in refractory cardiogenic shock while promoting adequate blood flow.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Meet the Authors
    • Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Pump Position Impacts HeartMate II Left Ventricular Assist Device
    • Authors: Kilic; Ahmet; Ransom, John; Maltais, Simon; Sun, Benjamin; Entwistle, John W. III; Bailey, Stephen; John, Ranjit; Klodell, Charles T.; Gregoric, Igor; Sheridan, Brett; Chuang, Joyce; Farrar, David J.; Sundareswaran, Kartik; Adamson, Robert
      Abstract: imageThe PREVENtion of HeartMate II pump Thrombosis through clinical management (PREVENT) study was a multicenter, prospective investigation to evaluate the rate of pump thrombosis (PT) with adoption of a uniform set of surgical and medical practices for left ventricular assist device implantation. We sought to quantify pump position at baseline and retrospectively define a pump position associated with poor clinical outcomes. Chest x-rays at baseline were prospectively obtained per protocol. Pump pocket depth, inflow cannula (IC) angle relative to the pump, and IC angle relative to the vertical were measured. Pumps falling in the tail-ends of the IC angle and pump pocket depth distributions were categorized as having an extreme pump position within the PREVENT study. Patients with extreme pump position had a significantly higher risk of confirmed and suspected PT, hemolysis, and elevated lactate dehydrogenase. In a multivariable analysis of survival free of confirmed PT, extreme pump position was an independent risk factor (hazard ratio = 3.6; 95% confidence interval = 1.5–8.9; p = 0.006) when adjusting for differences in pump speed and anticoagulation level. Our analysis shows that HeartMate II pump position at implant can significantly impact event-free survival and the incidence of adverse events at 6 months.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Red Cell Distribution Width Predicts 90 Day Mortality in Continuous-Flow
           Left Ventricular Assist Device Patients
    • Authors: Truby; Lauren K.; Sridharan, Lakshmi; Flores, Raul J.; Garan, A. Reshad; Jennings, Douglas; Yuzefpolskaya, Melana; Takeda, Koji; Takayama, Hiroo; Naka, Yoshifumi; Colombo, Paolo C.; Topkara, Veli K.
      Abstract: imageRed cell distribution width (RDW) measures the variance in size of circulating red blood cells and is a strong independent predictor of morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular disease and heart failure. Predictive power of RDW on mortality after continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation remains largely unknown. Four hundred nine patients who underwent CF-LVAD implantation between April 2004 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome of interest was 90 day mortality after CF-LVAD implantation. Median RDW before CF-LVAD implantation was 15.8%. Patients with elevated RDW (>15.8%) at baseline had significantly lower hemoglobin (10.6 ± 1.8 vs. 11.9 ± 2.1 mg/dl; p < 0.001), lower mean corpuscular volume (84.9 ± 7.7. vs. 88.7 ± 5.9; p < 0.001), higher blood urea nitrogen (BUN; 36.3 ± 21.8 vs. 30.1 ± 17.1; p < 0.001), lower albumin (3.4 ± 0.6 vs. 3.7 ± 0.5; p < 0.001), and higher total bilirubin levels (1.67 ± 2.21 vs. 1.29 ± 0.96). Red cell distribution width was independently predictive of 90 day mortality (odds ratio [OR], 1.16 for 1% increase; CI, 1.04–1.31; p = 0.010). Discriminatory power of RDW alone was comparable to model of end-stage liver disease excluding international normalized ratio (MELD-Xi) and HeartMate II risk scores. Mechanical unloading with CF-LVAD was associated with a reduction in RDW levels. These findings suggest that RDW, a simple and inexpensive test available through routine complete blood count, can be successfully used for mortality risk assessment in CF-LVAD candidates.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Noninvasive Measures of Pulsatility and Blood Pressure During
           Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Support
    • Authors: Rangasamy; Sabarivinoth; Madan, Shivank; Saeed, Omar; Goldstein, Daniel J.; Jorde, Ulrich P.; Negassa, Abdissa; Patel, Snehal R.
      Abstract: imageThe reliability and validity of a palpable pulse and other noninvasive measures of pulsatility in patients on continuous-flow (CF) left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support have not been rigorously evaluated. We prospectively enrolled 23 patients who had CF-LVAD and an arterial catheter for blood pressure (BP) monitoring. Pulse pressure (PP) via the arterial line was compared with three noninvasive measures of pulsatility: presence of a palpable pulse, pulsatility index (PI), and aortic valve opening (AVO). In addition, the relationship between Doppler BP (DopBP) and arterial line pressures was evaluated. The study group comprised 30% females, 73% nonischemic cardiomyopathy, 87% axial flow device (HeartMate II [HMII]), and 13% centrifugal flow device (HeartWare ventricular assist device [HVAD]) support. Among four practitioners, the interobserver agreement for the presence of a palpable pulse was moderate (k = 0.41; 95% CI, 0.28–0.60). If the PP was ≥15 mm Hg, a radial pulse was palpated 82% of the time, whereas when the PP was
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • The Combination of Tricuspid Annular Plane Systolic Excursion and
           HeartMate Risk Score Predicts Right Ventricular Failure After Left
           Ventricular Assist Device Implantation
    • Authors: Raymer; David S.; Moreno, Jonathan D.; Sintek, Marc A.; Nassif, Michael E.; Sparrow, Christopher T.; Adamo, Luigi; Novak, Eric L.; LaRue, Shane J.; Vader, Justin M.
      Abstract: imageRight ventricular (RV) failure is difficult to predict and is a major determinant of poor outcomes after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. We evaluated the associations of the following variables with severe RV failure in LVAD patients: tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), pulmonary artery pulsatility index (PAPi), simplified RV contraction pressure index (sRVCPI), and HeartMate Risk Score (HMRS). We performed a retrospective case-control study on 216 patients who underwent continuous-flow LVAD implantation between 2008 and 2014. The primary analysis assessed the ability of HMRS, PAPi, sRVCPI, and TAPSE to predict severe RV failure. A secondary analysis evaluated the incremental benefit of combining predictive variables. Seventy-four patients developed severe RV failure (24%). Compared with the control group, the severe RV failure group had lower TAPSE (1.30 vs. 1.55; p < 0.001), lower PAPi (1.77 vs. 2.47; p = 0.001), lower sRVCPI (42.71 vs. 57.82; p < 0.001), and higher HMRS (2.12 vs. 1.65; p < 0.001). All four variables had similar receiver operating characteristic curves with modest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.63–0.67, all p values < 0.001). In the evaluation of combined predictive variables, the combination of TAPSE with HMRS was found to be best for predicting severe RV failure. In summary, patients at risk for severe RV failure after LVAD implantation were successfully identified using TAPSE, PAPi, sRCPI, and HMRS. The combination of TAPSE and HMRS—incidentally, the least invasive and most readily available variables—proved to be superior to RV-centric metrics for predicting severe RV failure. The predictive and clinical use of these two variables should be tested prospectively.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Impact of 30 Day Readmission After Left Ventricular Assist Device
    • Authors: Gupta; Saurabh; Cogswell, Rebecca J.; Roy, Samit S.; Spratt, John R.; Liao, Kenneth K.; Martin, Cindy M.; John, Ranjit
      Abstract: imageEarly readmission (within 30 days) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation might be a marker for increased mortality. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 277 adults who underwent continuous-flow LVAD implantation from 2005 through 2015 at our institution. The baseline characteristics of patients who were (versus were not) readmitted within 30 days after LVAD implantation were compared. To assess the impact of 30 day readmission on long-term survival, we used multivariate Cox regression. We also compared the cardiac transplant rate between the two groups. Of the 277 patients, 217 (78.3%) underwent LVAD implantation as a bridge-to-transplant; 76 (27.4%) of the 277 were readmitted within 30 days. The most common reason for readmission was volume overload (23.6%), followed by gastrointestinal bleeding (15.8%). Male gender, previous smoking, a higher baseline creatinine level, higher Model for End Stage Liver Disease Excluding INR (MELD-XI) score, and postoperative gastrointestinal bleeding or stroke were each associated with 30 day readmission. In our final multivariate model, increased mortality was also associated with 30 day readmission (hazard ratio, 1.60; 95% confidence interval, 1.1–2.5). Among the 217 bridge-to-transplant patients, the cardiac transplant rate was similar between the two groups: 18.7 transplants per patient-year among those who were readmitted within 30 days versus 19.7 transplants per patient-year among those who were not (p = 0.26). Among our study patients, 30 day readmission after LVAD implantation was frequent and was associated with increased mortality. It is currently unclear whether the general health of those patients was a factor and whether efforts to reduce 30 day readmission would favorably affect longer-term patient outcomes.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Antithrombin During Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Adults:
           National Survey and Retrospective Analysis
    • Authors: Iapichino; Giacomo E.; Protti, Alessandro; Andreis, Davide T.; Panigada, Mauro; Artoni, Andrea; Novembrino, Cristina; Pesenti, Antonio; Gattinoni, Luciano
      Abstract: imageThe impact of antithrombin replacement during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in adults remains unclear. This work comprises a survey, showing that antithrombin is routinely supplemented in many Italian ECMO-Centers, and a retrospective analysis on 66 adults treated with veno-venous ECMO and unfractionated heparin at our Institution. Twenty-four to 72 h after the beginning of ECMO, antithrombin activity was ≤70% in 47/66 subjects and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ratio was
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Evaluation of Clinical Outcomes with Phosphodiesterase-5 Inhibitor Therapy
           for Right Ventricular Dysfunction After Left Ventricular Assist Device
    • Authors: Roberts; Katherine L.; Shuster, Jerrica E.; Britt, Nicholas S.; Balsara, Keki R.; Graetz, Thomas J.; Helwani, Mohammad; Itoh, Akinobu; Tellor, Bethany R.
      Abstract: imageFew studies have evaluated the use of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5-i) for right ventricular (RV) dysfunction after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. The study purpose was to examine the impact of postoperative inpatient PDE5-i therapy on clinical outcomes in patients with LVADs. This single-center, retrospective cohort study screened 445 LVAD recipients between January 2011 and May 2015 for eligibility. Subjects receiving post-LVAD PDE5-i were compared with those who did not. The primary outcome was the proportion of all-cause hospital readmission at 30 days. Additional outcomes assessed included duration of intravenous inotrope or inhaled epoprostenol therapy, length of stay, duration of mechanical ventilation, overall survival, and improvement in the degree of postoperative RV dysfunction. Comparative analyses were performed before and after propensity score (PS) matching. Three-hundred and eighteen patients were included; 208 received post-LVAD inpatient PDE5-i and 110 patients did not. There was no difference in the rate of readmission at 30 days before or after PS matching. No significant differences were found between groups with regard to inotrope or epoprostenol duration, lengths of stay, duration of mechanical ventilation, overall survival, or improvement in the degree of RV dysfunction after PS matching. In the current study, the use of PDE5-i for adjunctive treatment of post-LVAD RV dysfunction was not associated with improved clinical outcomes.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Impact of Anticoagulation and Circuit Technology on Complications During
           Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
    • Authors: Niebler; Robert A.; Parker, Hinah; Hoffman, George M.
      Abstract: imageThe objective of this study is to evaluate the impact a change in anticoagulation protocol and circuit technology had on bleeding and thrombotic complications in patients supported on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). A retrospective review at a tertiary, academic pediatric intensive care unit was undertaken. The anticoagulation protocol changed from targeting an activated clotting time (ACT) to anti-Xa level. Significant changes in the ECMO circuit were undertaken concurrently. One-hundred and fifty-two ECMO runs in 129 patients in the ACT target group were compared with 122 ECMO runs in 101 patients in the anti-Xa target group. Improved probability of survival by ECMO duration, decreased rate of surgical exploration, increased time to first surgical exploration, decreased incidence of intracranial hemorrhage, increased time to identification of intracranial hemorrhage, decreased blood loss and transfused product volumes, decreased rate of circuit changes, and increased time to first circuit change were all observed in the anti-Xa targeted group. Heparin dosing was similar in both groups with fewer bolus doses of heparin and fewer changes in the infusion rate in the anti-Xa targeted group. The change in anticoagulation protocol and circuit technology was associated with an improvement in survival, a decrease in hemorrhagic complications, and a decrease in circuit changes.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Evaluating Mortality Risk Adjustment Among Children Receiving
           Extracorporeal Support for Respiratory Failure
    • Authors: Barbaro; Ryan P.; Boonstra, Philip S.; Kuo, Kevin W.; Selewski, David T.; Bailly, David K.; Stone, Cheryl L.; Chow, Chin Ying; Annich, Gail M.; Moler, Frank W.; Paden, Matthew L.
      Abstract: imageThis study evaluates whether three commonly used pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) severity of illness scores, pediatric risk of mortality score (PRISM) III, pediatric index of mortality (PIM) 2, and pediatric logistic organ dysfunction (PELOD), are the appropriate tools to discriminate mortality risk in children receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support for respiratory failure. This study also evaluates the ability of the Pediatric Risk Estimate Score for Children Using Extracorporeal Respiratory Support (Ped-RESCUERS) to discriminate mortality risk in the same population, and whether Ped-RESCUERS’ discrimination of mortality is improved by additional clinical and laboratory measures of renal, hepatic, neurologic, and hematologic dysfunction. A multi-institutional retrospective cohort study was conducted on children aged 29 days to 17 years with respiratory failure requiring respiratory ECMO support. Discrimination of mortality was evaluated with the area under the receiver operating curve (AUC); model calibration was measured by the Hosmer–Lemeshow goodness of fit test and Brier score. Admission PRISM-III, PIM-2, and PELOD were found to have poor ability to discriminate mortality with an AUC of 0.56 [0.46–0.66], 0.53 [0.43–0.62], and 0.57 [0.47–0.67], respectively. Alternatively, Ped-RESCUERS performed better with an AUC of 0.68 [0.59–0.77]. Higher alanine aminotransferase, ratio of the arterial partial pressure of oxygen the fraction of inspired oxygen, and lactic acidosis were independently associated with mortality and, when added to Ped-RESCUERS, resulted in an AUC of 0.75 [0.66–0.82]. Admission PRISM-III, PIM-2, and PELOD should not be used for pre-ECMO risk adjustment because they do not discriminate death. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation population-derived scores should be used to risk adjust ECMO populations as opposed to general PICU population-derived scores.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Modified Exosomes Reduce Apoptosis and Ameliorate Neural Deficits Induced
           by Traumatic Brain Injury
    • Authors: Wang; Bo; Han, Shuangshuang
      Abstract: imageApoptosis contributes to the pathogenesis of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Engineered exosomes incorporated with therapeutic nuclear acids have been explored for gene therapy for human diseases. The current study sought to investigate the effect of modified exosome-containing plasmids expressing B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2-associated X-protein (Bax) short hairpin RNA (shRNA) on apoptosis and neural functions after TBI. C57BL/6J mice were subjected to controlled cortical impact injury and were treated with the modified exosomes. The results showed that modified exosomes attenuated the decrease of myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1), X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), and Survivin protein levels in the brain and reduced Cytochrome c release from mitochondria to cytosol after TBI. They also attenuated the impairments of miniature excitatory postsynaptic current (mEPSC) and long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus of TBI mice and improved the motor and cognitive behaviors after TBI. These results suggested that the modified exosomes might reduce apoptosis and ameliorate neural and functional deficits in mouse models of TBI.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Interpreting Neurologic Outcomes in a Changing Trial Design Landscape: An
           Analysis of HeartWare Left Ventricular Assist Device Using a Hybrid
           Intention to Treat Population
    • Authors: Mahr; Claudius; Thinh Pham, Duc; Mokadam, Nahush A.; Silvestry, Scott C.; Cowger, Jennifer; Kiernan, Michael S.; D’alessandro, David A.; Coglianese, Erin E.; Faraz Masood, Muhammad; Kormos, Robert L.; Jacoski, Mary V.; Teuteberg, Jeffrey J.
      Abstract: imageRandomized controlled trials can provide optimal clinical evidence to assess the benefits of new devices, and it is these data that often shape device usage in real-world practice. However, individual clinical trial results sometimes appear discordant for the same device, and alternative devices are sometimes not employed in similar patient populations. To make sound evidence-based decisions, clinicians routinely rely on cross-trial comparisons from different trials of similar but not identical patient populations to assess competing technology when head-to-head randomized comparisons are unavailable.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • The Hemopump™, The First Intravascular Ventricular Assist Device
    • Authors: Wampler; Richard; Frazier, O. H.
      Abstract: imageDevelopment of durable left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), based on rotary flow blood pumps, began in earnest after the successful implantation of a catheter-mounted axial flow blood pump via intravascular access in 1988. This device, the Hemopump, successfully supported the circulation of a patient in cardiogenic shock secondary to acute rejection of a transplanted heart. Duration of support was 46 hours, resulting in complete recovery of cardiac function and hospital discharge. In effect, this sentinel event demonstrated that continuous-flow blood pumps could be used to support patients in cardiogenic shock. This held true in spite of many widely held paradigms against rotary blood pumps regarding blood damage, diminished pulsatility, and thrombosis. At this writing, 50,000 patients have been implanted with durable LVADs based on rotary blood pumps as a bridge to cardiac transplantation or destination support as long as 10 years.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in a Pediatric Patient with
           Hepatopulmonary Syndrome and Interrupted Inferior Vena Cava After Living
           Related Liver Donation
    • Authors: Phillips; Michael R.; Priest, Marc; Beaty, Christopher; Parker, Robert; Meyer, Marisa; Dunn, Stephen; Froehlich, Curtis D.; Dirnberger, Daniel R.; Martin, Abigail E.; Ogino, Mark T.
      Abstract: imageExtracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used for cardiopulmonary dysfunction. Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) occurs in the setting of liver failure and may cause hypoxemia. Previous reports have described the use of ECMO for HPS after liver transplant. Our patient is a 19-month-old female with biliary atresia, an interrupted inferior vena cava, and HPS on 8 liters per minute of high-flow oxygen. Following liver transplantation, her postoperative course was complicated by severe hypoxemia requiring ECMO. Due to her interrupted inferior vena cava, our standard bi-caval cannula could not be used. Hence, a 16-French double lumen venovenous right internal jugular to right atrial cannula was used to provide extracorporeal life support. She was decannulated after 17 days, remained intubated for 2 days, and weaned to room air over the next 3 weeks. This is the third pediatric liver transplant patient supported with ECMO identified in the literature, and the youngest and smallest of those reported. This approach to cannulation is unique because of the use of a double lumen venovenous cannula for HPS in a child, selected due to complex anatomy. Posttransplant ECMO may provide pediatric patients with HPS and posttransplant hypoxemia a period of support for their pulmonary remodeling and recovery from HPS.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • An Innovative Ventricular Assist Device Strategy as a Bridge-to-Recovery
           in an Infant with Glenn Physiology
    • Authors: Boston; Umar; Sun, John X.; Kumar, T. K. Susheel; Knott-Craig, Christopher
      Abstract: imageMechanical circulatory support for infants with single ventricle physiology remains challenging. Utilization of a ventricular assist device (VAD) has potential advantages over extracorporeal circulatory membrane oxygenation. As such, VAD utilization in single ventricle patients with refractory heart failure continues to be explored. Herein, we describe a novel VAD strategy to support an infant with Glenn physiology who presented in cardiogenic shock related to myocardial depression of unknown etiology. This VAD configuration supported the systemic circulation independent of the Glenn circulation. Seven days of VAD support resulted in recovery of myocardial and end-organ function leading to VAD removal. The patient remains alive and free from transplantation 16 months post VAD explantation.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Kenneth Clark Butler (1939–2018)
    • Authors: Borovetz; Harvey S.; Antaki, James F.
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT-
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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