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ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (216 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 216 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Alergologia Polska : Polish Journal of Allergology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Allergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Allergo Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Allergo Journal International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Allergologia et Immunopathologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Allergology International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Allergy & Rhinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Allergy and Asthma Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 220)
American Journal of Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology     Hybrid Journal  
Annual Review of Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51)
Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Autoimmunity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Autoimmunity Highlights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Autoimmunity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMC Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cellular & Molecular Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cellular Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Chronic Diseases and Injuries in Canada     Free   (Followers: 1)
Clinica Chimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Clinical & Experimental Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clinical & Experimental Allergy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Clinical & Experimental Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clinical & Translational Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Clinical and Experimental Neuroimmunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Clinical and Molecular Allergy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical and Translational Allergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Clinical Immunology, Endocrine & Metabolic Drugs     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Critical Reviews in Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Current Allergy and Asthma Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Immunology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Opinion in Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Current Opinion in Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Protocols in Immunology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Treatment Options in Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Developmental & Comparative Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Egyptian Journal of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Emerging Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Epidemiologic Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Expert Review of Clinical Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Expert Review of Vaccines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Food and Agricultural Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Future Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Genes & Immunity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Allergy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Handbook of Systemic Autoimmune Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
HLA Immune Response Genetics     Hybrid Journal  
HNO Nachrichten     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypersensitivity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Immunity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Immunity & Ageing     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Immunity, Inflammation and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Immuno-analyse & Biologie Spécialisée     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Immunobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Immunoendocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Immunogenetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ImmunoHorizons     Open Access  
Immunologic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Immunological Investigations: A Journal of Molecular and Cellular Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Immunological Medicine     Open Access  
Immunological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Immunology & Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Immunology and Immunogenetic Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Immunology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Immunology Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Immunology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Immunology, Endocrine & Metabolic Agents - Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Immunome Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ImmunoTargets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Immunotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Immunotoxicology of Drugs and Chemicals: an Experimental and Clinical Approach     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Infectious Diseases: Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Inflammation & Allergy - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inmunología     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Innate Immunity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Immunopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Immunological Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Immunotherapy and Cancer Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Reviews Of Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Internet Journal of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access  
Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Journal des Anti-infectieux     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Allergy & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology : In Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Asthma Allergy Educators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Asthma and Allergy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Autoimmunity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Cellular Immunotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Clinical Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of General Virology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Immune Based Therapies, Vaccines and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Immunological Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Immunological Techniques in Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Immunology and Clinical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Immunology and Regenerative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Immunology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Immunotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Immunotherapy Applications     Open Access  
Journal of Immunotoxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Infection Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Innate Immunity     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Genetics and Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Neuroimmunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of NeuroVirology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Reproductive Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Translational Autoimmunity     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Vaccines and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Medical Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Medical Microbiology and Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Microbiology and Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Molecular Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Mucosal Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nature Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 316)
Nature Reviews Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 301)
Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
NeuroImmunoModulation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Neurology : Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
npj Vaccines     Hybrid Journal  
OA Immunology     Open Access  
Ocular Immunology & Inflammation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
OncoImmunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Open Allergy Journal     Open Access  
Open Cancer Immunology Journal     Open Access  
Open Forum Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Immunology Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Virology Journal     Open Access  
Oral Microbiology and Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Papillomavirus Research     Open Access  
Parasite Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pediatric Allergy and Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Perspectives in Vaccinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Polish Pneumonology and Allergology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Procedia in Vaccinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research & Reviews : A Journal of Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Research Journal of Allergy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research Journal of Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Results in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Alergia México     Open Access  
Revista Portuguesa de Imunoalergologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue Française d'Allergologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Russian Journal of Infection and Immunity     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Scandinavian Journal of Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Science Immunology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Self/Nonself - Immune Recognition and Signaling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Seminars in Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Seminars in Immunopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Signals     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sinusitis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South East European Journal of Immunology     Open Access  
Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines and Immunotherapy     Open Access  
Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Case Reports in Immunology
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2090-6609 - ISSN (Online) 2090-6617
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [342 journals]
  • Fatal Hypogammaglobulinemia 3 Years after Rituximab in a Patient with
           Immune Thrombocytopenia: An Underlying Genetic Predisposition'

    • Abstract: We report the case of a young woman who developed, 3 years after stopping Rituximab (RTX) prescribed for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), a severe immunodeficiency leading to fatal pulmonary Epstein–Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Genetic analysis led us to identify four missense mutations known to affect immune-deficiency–associated genes (FAS-ligand (FASL) gene (p.G167R); perforin-1 (PRF1 (p.R55C) gene; the Bloom syndrome RecQ-Like helicase (BLM) gene and the Moesin (MSN) (p.A122T) gene). The heterozygous mutation in the FASL gene, not present in the Genome Aggregation Database or ClinVar database, could suggest atypical Autoimmune LymphoProliferative Syndrome and its role in this patient’s immunodepression is discussed. This observation strengthens the role of FASL gene mutation in severe clinical phenotypes of primary immune deficiency and raises new questions about the genetic background of ITP occurring in young people in a context of immunodeficiency.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Dec 2019 17:05:00 +000
  • Primary Immunodeficiency with Severe Multi-Organ Immune Dysregulation

    • Abstract: Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome type 1, also known as autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED), is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder with multi-organ involvement. Besides for being predisposed to severe life-threatening infections, patients with APECED are also prone to organ impairment secondary to severe autoimmunity. As this is an autosomal recessive disorder, a biallelic mutation in the AIRE gene is responsible for APECED. The author presents a case of APECED with a single AIRE mutation. Whole exome sequencing identified a mutation in the BTNL2 gene that the author suggests may have contributed to the patient’s presentation.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Dec 2019 16:50:01 +000
  • Sirolimus for the Treatment of Airway Obstruction due to Indolent
           T-Lymphoblastic Proliferation

    • Abstract: Introduction. Indolent T-lymphoblastic proliferation (iT-LBP) is a rare nonmalignant entity that presents as a proliferation of T-lymphoblasts. We report a first such case with a recurrent laryngeal obstruction presentation that was successfully controlled with Sirolimus. Case presentation. This is the case of a 29-year-old female who presented with a recurrent significant lymphoid hyperplasia in the adenoid and tongue base region as well as a right cervical lymph node. After repeated adenoidectomies and tonsillectomies, and based on pathological and clinical findings she was diagnosed with iT-LBP. Trials of radiotherapy and immunotherapy with cyclosporine and rituximab all failed to control the progression of the disease. Sirolimus was finally able to restrict the growth and improve her symptoms. Conclusion. While It-LBP does not usually require treatment, it is important to report cases in which treatment was crucial for the survival of the patient, and the effective role of Sirolimus in doing so, without any major adverse effects.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Dec 2019 09:35:00 +000
  • Evidence that a STAT3 Mutation Causing Hyper IgE Syndrome Leads to
           Repression of Transcriptional Activity

    • Abstract: We present the case of a 19-year-old female with a mild form of Autosomal Dominant Hyper IgE syndrome (HIES) associated with a loss-of-function mutation in STAT3. Within the first years of life she developed multiple, Staphylococcus aureus associated abscesses in the neck and face requiring frequent incision and drainage. Respiratory tract infections were not a feature of the clinical phenotype and a high resolution thoracic CT scan was unremarkable. Retained dentition was noted but fungal nail disease and recurrent thrush were absent. The total IgE was 970 IU/L, Lymphocyte counts and immunoglobulin levels were normal (IgG borderline 18.5 gr/L). There was suboptimal response to test immunisation with Pneumovax II vaccine. Th17 cell phenotyping revealed low levels of IL-17 expressing cells (0.3% of total CD4 T Cells numbers). Genetic analysis identified a missense mutation, N567D, in a conserved region of the linker domain of STAT3. Functional studies in HEK293 cells reveal that this mutation potently inhibits STAT3 activity when compared to the wildtype protein. This is consistent with other reported mutations in STAT3 associated with HIES. However, surprisingly, the magnitude of inhibition was similar to another STAT3 mutation (V637M) which causes a much more severe form of the disease.
      PubDate: Sun, 13 Oct 2019 00:06:38 +000
  • Deficiency of Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist: A Case with Late Onset
           Severe Inflammatory Arthritis, Nail Psoriasis with Onychomycosis and Well
           Responsive to Adalimumab Therapy

    • Abstract: DIRA (deficiency of the IL-1Ra) is a rare condition that usually presents in the neonatal period. Patients with DIRA present with systemic inflammation, respiratory distress, joint swelling, pustular rash, multifocal osteomyelitis, and periostitis. Previously, we reported a patient with a novel mutation in IL1RN with a healthy neonatal period, a late-onset of pustular dermatosis, inflammatory arthritis, and excellent response to canakinumab treatment. Herein, we are presenting a new case of late-onset DIRA syndrome, carrying a different mutation and showing different clinical findings. This patient is the first one in the literature with the inflammatory arthritis, nail psoriasis, and onychomycosis and with her remarkable response to monoclonal antibodies. The case responded well and fully recovered after treatment with adalimumab, but not with canakinumab. The DIRA disease can lead to death from multiple organ failures and if recognized early, the treatment with replacement of the deficient protein with biologic agents induces rapid and complete remission. Therefore, clinical symptoms should be learned exactly by the pediatricians, pediatric rheumatologists, and immunologists; and molecular analysis targeting this defect must be performed as early as possible.
      PubDate: Sun, 04 Aug 2019 08:05:06 +000
  • Partial and Transient Clinical Response to Omalizumab in IL-21-Induced Low
           STAT3-Phosphorylation on Hyper-IgE Syndrome

    • Abstract: Hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES) is a rare primary immunodeficiency characterized by elevated levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE), eczematous dermatitis, cold abscesses, and recurrent infections of the lung and skin caused by Staphylococcus aureus. The dominant form is characterized by nonimmunologic features including skeletal, connective tissue, and pulmonary abnormalities in addition to recurrent infections and eczema. Omalizumab is a humanized recombinant monoclonal antibody against IgE. Several studies reported clinical improvement with omalizumab in patients with severe atopic eczema with high serum IgE level. We present the case of a 37-year-old male with HIES and cutaneous manifestations, treated with humanized recombinant monoclonal antibodies efalizumab and omalizumab. After therapy for 4 years, we observed diminished eczema and serum IgE levels.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Jul 2019 09:05:06 +000
  • IgG4-Related Sclerosing Disease Causing Spinal Cord Compression: The First
           Reported Case in Literature

    • Abstract: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is known for forming soft tissue mass lesions that may have compressive effects. It is an extremely rare disease that most frequently affects the pancreas causing autoimmune pancreatitis. It can also affect the gallbladder, salivary glands, and lacrimal glands causing respective organ-specific complications. In our report, we describe an IgG4-RD case that affected the spinal cord. A 60-year-old female presented with cervical spinal cord compression caused by IgG4-RD leading to several neurological deficits. Pathological examination of the excisional biopsy of the mass revealed dense lymphoplasmacytic cells infiltration and stromal fibrosis with IgG4 and plasma cells. The patient showed a dramatic response to the administration of systemic steroids with almost resolution of her neurological symptoms. This case highlights the first case in literature for IgG4-RD of the extradural tissue causing spinal compression. Hereby, we also demonstrate the dramatic response of IgG4-RD to the administration of systemic steroids as the patient had no recurrence after 5 years of close follow-up, the longest reported period of follow-up reported in the literature to date.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jun 2019 13:05:02 +000
  • Severe Myositis, Myocarditis, and Myasthenia Gravis with Elevated
           Anti-Striated Muscle Antibody following Single Dose of
           Ipilimumab-Nivolumab Therapy in a Patient with Metastatic Melanoma

    • Abstract: Immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting programmed cell death protein 1 and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 have improved survival in patients with metastatic melanoma, especially in combination (i.e., ipilimumab-nivolumab). Postmarketing surveillance has identified rare but at times life-threatening adverse effects associated with these agents in combination and as monotherapy, which include myocarditis, myositis, myasthenia gravis (MG), and hepatotoxicity. Further evaluation of immune checkpoint therapy-induced MG identified the rapid clinical progression, prolonged treatment/supportive therapy course, and higher frequency of myasthenic crisis in these patients versus those with idiopathic MG. More rapid incorporation of aggressive treatment options (i.e., intravenous immunoglobulin, plasmapheresis) may be necessary in these cases. Anti-striational antibodies are often detected in individuals with myasthenia gravis and concurrent myositis and myocarditis. A high-index of suspicion is necessary to assist with rapid treatment initiation as these patients can rapidly deteriorate into respiratory compromise. A case of a 78-year-old woman with metastatic melanoma status after combination therapy with ipilimumab-nivolumab that developed transaminitis, myositis, myocarditis, and myasthenia gravis (with positive anti-striational antibodies) five days after the first cycle, is presented. Despite high dose intravenous methylprednisolone and intravenous immunoglobulin treatment, she ultimately entered hospice care eight days after hospital admission, 36 days after her first cycle.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2019 09:05:05 +000
  • Parry–Romberg Syndrome with Uhthoff’s Phenomena: A Spectrum
           of Autoimmune Disease'

    • Abstract: Parry–Romberg syndrome (PRS) is a rare disorder characterized by unilateral facial atrophy. Currently, the pathogenesis of PRS is poorly understood and no definitive treatment is available. This article reports the case of a 51-year-old woman with progressive hemifacial atrophy following herpes zoster infection, who presented with a concomitant chronic history of heat-induced diplopia. Magnetic resonance imaging showed unilateral cerebral white matter, periventricular, and medial longitudinal fasciculus lesions. The patient’s diplopia resolved following treatment with valacyclovir. Infection has been previously considered as potential cause of PRS. However, herpes-induced PRS with ophthalmologic manifestations of Uhthoff’s phenomena has not previously been reported. The present case suggests that PRS may possibly have an autoimmune etiology resembling that of multiple sclerosis.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Apr 2019 08:05:04 +000
  • Vancomycin-Induced Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms
           (DRESS) Syndrome Masquerading as Elusive Sepsis

    • Abstract: We present a unique case of vancomycin-induced drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome masquerading as elusive endocarditis. A 37-year-old female actively using intravenous drugs presented with worsening right upper extremity pain, fever, and chills. Workup revealed methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia and multiple right-sided septic pulmonary emboli. Echocardiogram was negative for vegetation. Vancomycin was initiated for bacteremia management suspected secondary to right upper extremity abscesses. However, despite resolution of abscesses, fevers persisted, raising suspicion for endocarditis not detected by echocardiogram. On hospital day 25, the patient began showing signs of DRESS syndrome, ultimately manifesting as transaminitis, eosinophilia, and a diffuse, maculopapular rash. Vancomycin was switched to Linezolid and she improved on high dose steroids. The persistent fevers throughout this hospital course were thought to be an elusive endocarditis before DRESS syndrome fully manifested. Although Vancomycin-induced DRESS is uncommon, this case highlights the importance of identifying early signs of significant adverse effects.
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Apr 2019 08:05:03 +000
  • Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Encephalitis as Paraneoplastic Manifestation of
           Germ-Cells Tumours: A Cases Report and Literature Review

    • Abstract: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is the most common form of autoimmune encephalitis, caused by the interaction between an antibody and its target, located on glutamate receptor type N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) of neuronal surface. There is a wide spectrum of clinical features starting by a viral-like prodrome, followed by symptoms such as psychosis, aggressive behaviour, memory loss, seizures, movement disorders, and autonomic instability. Up to 50% of the affected young female patients have germ-cells tumours as ovarian teratoma, making it essential to establish an early diagnosis through detection of specific antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This retrospective observational study was performed in patients whom positive anti-NMDA receptor antibodies have been tested, associated with clinical manifestations that suggest autoimmune encephalitis and a germ-cell tumour confirmed by pathology. Six patients have tested positive for anti-NMDA receptor antibodies associated with a germ-cell tumour and clinical manifestations of autoimmune encephalitis. Management includes aggressive immunosuppression and surgical removal.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Mar 2019 10:05:03 +000
  • Castleman Disease in a Patient with Common Variable Immunodeficiency

    • Abstract: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a primary immunodeficiency due to a disorder of the adaptive immune system which causes hypogammaglobulinemia and therefore an increased susceptibility to infection; noninfectious, inflammatory conditions including systemic autoimmunity and lymphoproliferative complications are also commonly associated with CVID. Castleman disease (CD) is a systemic disease clinically characterized by diffuse lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, anemia, and systemic inflammatory symptoms. This makes CD a great mimicker of more common benign and malignant masses in the neck, chest, abdomen, and pelvis. A novel case of primary immunodeficiency (CVID) in a middle-aged woman, who developed multicentric CD (MDC) with splenomegaly, is described. The authors suggest that the onset of MCD and of the correlated splenomegaly was due to incorrect management of the hypogammaglobulinemia as immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels were not kept within normal ranges. Correct management of the hypogammaglobulinemia allowed splenectomy to be performed without any infectious surgical complications. MCD is reported for the first time in association with an adult case of CVID. The above reported case highlights the need for a timely correct diagnosis and treatment of CVID to avoid complications, which could cause recourse to splenectomy, such as in our case or development of malignancies.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 09:05:01 +000
  • A Forgotten Cause of Allergy at ER That Is Still Difficult to Diagnose and
           Treat at Poor Resource Setting: Angioedema after Using Angiotensin
           Converting Enzyme Inhibitors for 4 Years

    • Abstract: Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) are the most commonly used antihypertensives. Therefore, ACEI induced angioedema (ACEi-AE) is not uncommon. Physicians tend to miss the diagnosis whenever a patient is taking the drug for years due to misbelief of “a drug that was taken for years may not be the cause for an allergic reaction or an angioedema”. But ACEi can induce angioedema after many years of usage as well as sometimes after stopping the drug even. Most of the emergency physicians and centers are not aware of clinical diagnosis and diagnostic criteria including available diagnostic tests and more importantly the treatment options of ACEi-AE. Therefore not only the diagnosis is delayed or missing but also proper treatment options are not practiced at many emergency rooms and at wards.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +000
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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