Subjects -> MUSEUMS AND ART GALLERIES (Total: 54 journals)
Showing 1 - 7 of 7 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acervo : Revista do Arquivo Nacional     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Museologica Lithuanica     Open Access  
AICCM Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Museum Novitates     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archivalische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archivaria     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Archives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Archives and Manuscripts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 199)
Boletín Científico : Centro de Museos. Museo de Historia Natural     Open Access  
Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. Series in Museology and Monumental Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Curator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ICOFOM Study Series     Open Access  
Journal of Archival Organization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Curatorial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Educational Media, Memory, and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Jewish Identities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Museum Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of the History of Collections     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the Institute of Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of the Society of Archivists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Journal of the South African Society of Archivists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
La Lettre de l’OCIM     Open Access  
Land Use Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Metropolitan Museum Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
MIDAS     Open Access  
Museologia & Interdisciplinaridade     Open Access  
Museum and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Museum Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Museum Anthropology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Museum History Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Museum International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Museum Management and Curatorship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Museum Worlds : Advances in Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Museums & Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Museums Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Nordisk Museologi : The Journal Nordic Museology     Open Access  
Norsk museumstidsskrift     Open Access  
RBM : A Journal of Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Revista de Museología : Kóot     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista del Museo de Antropología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista del Museo de La Plata     Open Access  
Sillogés     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South African Museums Association Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Technè     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Technology and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Tejuelo : Revista de ANABAD Murcia     Open Access  
Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle “Grigore Antipa” (The Journal of “Grigore Antipa” National Museum of Natural History)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Uncommon Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Μουσείο Μπενάκη     Open Access  
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Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 2220-4563
Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [185 journals]
  • Comparative morphometric analysis of a juvenile papionin (Primates :
           Cercopithecidae) from Kromdraai A
    • Authors: Michelle Singleton; Brielle C. Seitelman, Christopher C. Gilbert Stephen R. Frost
      Abstract: This study investigates the taxonomic and morphometric affinities of a newly catalogued fossil papionin from Kromdraai A. The juvenile specimen (KA 5993), which preserves the face and cranial base anterior to the spheno-occipital synchondrosis, is notable for its small size and well-developed maxillary fossae. Geometric morphometric analyses were conducted to test the hypothesis that KA 5993 represents a juvenile of Papio (hamadryas) angusticeps, the only small- to medium-sized papionin definitively recognized at Kromdraai. Three-dimensional landmarks and semilandmarks were collected from a digital 3D model of the KA 5993 specimen. The comparative sample comprised 232 juvenile and adult crania representing five extant papionin genera and two specimens of Papio (h.) angusticeps. To broaden comparisons, developmental simulation was used to estimate the subadult and adult morphologies of KA 5993.Sliding surface semilandmarkswere used to compare the zygomaxillary morphology of KA 5993 with juveniles of Lophocebus and Papio. The affinities of the KA 5993 specimen were assessed using Procrustes distances and principal components analysis. Additionally, its dental measurements were compared to those of extant and fossil papionins. Results show that KA 5993 represents a small member of the genus Papio. Its juvenile and estimated adult facial proportions are most similar to those of the extant Kinda baboon (Papio hamadryas kindae). It is distinguished from extant Papio by the presence of deeply excavated suborbital fossae with anteriorly projecting margins and from P. (h.) angusticeps by the narrower breadth and deeper excavation of its suborbital fossa; its greater relative facial breadth; and some qualitative and metric traits of the permanent dentition. These findings provide only limited support for the hypothesis that KA 5993 represents a juvenile of P. (h.) angusticeps. Rather, it may represent a previously unknown subspecies of P. hamadryas, possibly ancestral to the central African Papio clade that includes the modern Kinda baboon. Future studies including additional juvenile and adult specimens of P. (h.) angusticeps are necessary to clarify the taxonomic status of this specimen. In the interim, we provisionally refer this juvenile specimen to Papio hamadryas ssp. indet.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • A consideration of garden hunting by Iron Age farmers in the Limpopo
           Valley and surrounding regions of southern Africa
    • Authors: Shaw Badenhorst; Ceri Ashley Wade Barkhuizen
      Abstract: Animals are often attracted to the cultivated gardens of farmers, who would hunt these pests to protect their crops from damage. This is known as garden hunting. Since the concept of garden hunting was first described more than three decades ago, a number of anthropological studies have been undertaken in different parts of the world on hunting practices of farmers in their fields. Ethnographies from southern Africa also indicate that Bantu-speaking farmers spend a considerable amount of time and energy protecting their gardens from small, medium and even large animals. Archaeologists have also applied the concept of garden hunting to faunal samples in various parts of the world, but not yet in southern Africa. In an effort to highlight the potential archaeological significance of garden hunting in Africa, we investigate faunas from the Limpopo Valley and surrounding regions. While we could not find any conclusive evidence for garden hunting, based on circumstantial evidence we nonetheless suggest that it must have been a regular activity.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Faunal remains from MNR 74, a Mapungubwe period settlement in the Limpopo
           Valley
    • Authors: A.R. Antonites; S. Uys A. Antonites
      Abstract: This research presents an interpretation of the faunal remains from MNR 74, a small 13th century AD settlement located in the Limpopo Valley, east of Musina in South Africa. Archaeological excavations undertaken in 2013 yielded material that connects the site to the larger socio-political interaction sphere of the Mapungubwe polity (c. AD 1220-1290). The widespread impact of the development of social complexity in the Limpopo Valley is best understood through a regional approach. However, only a limited number of archaeozoological reports from Mapungubwe period settlements are available. The data from MNR 74 provide a valuable addition to our understanding of regional faunal use patterns. Here, subsistence strategies focused on herding (cattle and sheep/goats), while wild animals were intermittently hunted, trapped and collected. The presence of a possible black rat (Rattus rattus), together with traded glass beads, confirm that the people at MNR 74 participated in broader Indian Ocean trade networks.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Pleistocene Bovidae from X Cave on Bolt's Farm in the Cradle of Humankind
           in South Africa
    • Authors: Wynand Van Zyl; James S. Brink Shaw Badenhorst
      Abstract: In this paper, we present the results of a preliminary analysis of the fossil bovids present at X Cave on Bolt's Farm in the Cradle of Humankind in South Africa. The X Cave faunal sample derives from ex situ deposits and includes a relatively large component of postcranial specimens. From the bovid taxa represented the deposit seems to be younger than 2.5 Ma, although the taxa identified do not represent a confined time period. The sample represents a palaeoenvironment consisting of grassland and woodland, as well as stable water sources and rocky elements. The bovid specimens were most likely collected by carnivores, although it may be possible that other agents also contributed.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Description of a new genus and species of Psebiini Lacordaire, 1868 from
           South Africa (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae)
    • Authors: Anders Bjornstad
      Abstract: A new genus and species of Psebiini, Australopsebium muellerae gen. nov., spec. nov., from the Eastern Cape province, South Africa, is described. The new genus is characterized by bifurcation of the distal antennomeres, a trait otherwise unknown among the known genera of Psebiini.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • A new genus and species of grasshopper from the Grassland Biome of
           northeast KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (Orthoptera: Acridoidea: Caelifera,
           Lentulidae)
    • Authors: H.D. Brown
      Abstract: A distinctive new grasshopper, Parasilvanidium masoni gen. et. spec. nov., is described from northeast KwaZulu-Natal. It was collected from the Blinkwater Nature Reserve, which is situated amongst undulating mountainous topography in a sub-escarpment mistbelt grassland biozone referred to as 'Gs 9' by Mucina and Rutherford (2006), with some of the whale back mountains found here ranging from 900-1542 m (Danse Kop) above sea level and covered in grassland with discontinuous belts of xerophilous scarp forest present on the upper hill slopes (designated as Foz 5 by Mucina and Rutherford, idem). As depicted in a satellite Google Earth aerial image (Google Earth, 2014),the summit zones here are split into two large, flat grassy plateaux, i.e., Blinkwater and Misgunst, which are blanketedin pure-stand, sourveld grassland (Aristida junciformis) to the exclusion of other grasses and which is universally referred to as 'ngongoni veld in the province (see Acocks, 1975). Further afield, the lower-lying surrounds are largely farmed with blocks of exotic gum trees (Eucalyptus) and pine trees (Pinus patula) for commercial timber production,which in parts have been invaded by, and become intermingled with, scarp forest on the upper slopes. This new grasshopper taxon is readily referable to the subfamily Lentulinae in the family Lentulidae, within which it perhaps exhibits a distant affinity with the established species, Silvanidium armstrongi Brown, 2012: 57, which also happens to be an inhabitant of nature reserves such as Ferncliffe and Doreen Clark in the far West. However, the new taxon differs significantly from this species in a number of key characters, especially in respect of its rather divergent and extraordinary internal male genitalia, as well as possession of a more thickset subgenital plate, and with some other unique external morphological features present in its make up, as are described below.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • First record of Phrenapatinae (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in South Africa,
           with remarks on native or introduced occurrence
    • Authors: W. Schawaller
      Abstract: Phrenapatinae (Tenebrionidae) were unknown from South Africa so far. Recently, Scolytocaulus mussardi (Ardoin,1976) (Penetini) was collected in the Limpopo province of South Africa from under bark of Pinus, not in native forest, but in a plantation. Native versus introduced occurrence in South Africa is discussed. It is most likely that Scolytocaulus was introduced into South Africa together with Pinus from unknown origin, not recently, but probably towards the beginning of afforestation nearly one hundred years ago. The five African species of Scolytocaulus are depicted.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Revision of Campter Krüger and description of Campteropsis, a related new
           genus from South Africa (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae: Lithosiini)
    • Authors: M. Kruger
      Abstract: The genus Campter Krüger, 2015 is revised and its original concept narrowed. The type species, Eilema goniophorum Hampson, 1900 (as Ilema) is redescribed, and three species are described as new: C. latefasciatus spec. nov. and C. punctifascia spec. nov. from the southern Cape, and C. obliquilinea spec. nov. from Limpopo, South Africa. The closely related genus Campteropsis gen.nov. is erected with C. asaphogramma gen. et spec. nov. from Swaziland and adjoining parts of Mpumalanga province, South Africa, as type species. Two further species are described as new: C. orthogramma spec. nov. from the Natal Drakensberg and C. goniogramma spec. nov. from the Soutpansberg, Limpopo. The placement of the East African Eilema melasoneum Hampson, 1900 (as Ilema) in Campter proposed by Krüger (2015) is revoked; there is currently no available genus for this taxon. Relevant parts of the key to genera in Krüger (2015) are updated, and keys to the species of Campter and Campteropsis are provided, as are illustrations of adults and genitalia and distribution maps. The study is complemented by a gazetteer.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Melittia fiebigi spec. nov. and Afromelittia caerulea spec. nov., two new
           Melittiini from southern Africa (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae)
    • Authors: Daniel Bartsch
      Abstract: Two new species of Melittiini from southern Africa are described. Melittia fiebigi spec. nov. from the Soutpansberg, Limpopo Province, is similar to M. rufodorsa Hampson, 1910 and M. ignidiscata Hampson, 1910 stat. rev. The latter as well as M. oedipoides Strand, 1913 stat. rev. are resurrected from the synonymy with Melittia oedipus Oberthür, 1878. Afromelittia caerulea spec. nov. from Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, and the Blyde River Canyon, Mpumalanga province, differs considerably from all known members of the genus by the completely opaque, bright blue-metallic hind wings. Furthermore, Afromelittia haematopis (Fawcett, 1916) comb. nov., originally described in Melittia Hübner, [1819], is transferred to Afromelittia Gorbunov & Arita, 1997.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Gelechiidae (Lepidoptera) bred from acacia in Kenya with description of
           eight new species
    • Authors: D.J.L. Agassiz; O.V. Bidzilya
      Abstract: A check-list of 39 species of Gelechiidae bred from acacia in Kenya is given. Data on biology and distribution are provided for each species. Eight species are described as new: Anarsia fasciella spec. nov., Polyhymno striella spec. nov., Polyhymno albifulvella spec. nov., Leuronoma undulella spec. nov., Leuronoma nakurensis spec. nov., Leuronoma leuconigrella spec. nov., Aristotelia rhopalovalva spec. nov., and Neotelphusa flaviterminella spec. nov. Adults and genitalia of the new species and taxa closely related to them are illustrated. Three closely related species: Anarsia subfulvescens Meyrick, 1918, Anarsia balioneura Meyrick, 1921 and Anarsia citromitra Meyrick, 1921 are compared both externally and in the structure of their genitalia. A new combination is proposed for Lanceopenna pentastigma Janse, 1960: Aphanostola pentastigma (Janse, 1960), comb. nov.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • A taxonomic and faunistic study of the Cossidae of southwestern Africa
           (Lepidoptera: Cossoidea)
    • Authors: Wolfram Mey
      Abstract: The present study is based on material preserved in museum collections, as well as specimens obtained in the course of faunistic work conducted in recent years, and includes all cossid taxa recorded from southwestern Africa thus far. A total of 47 species representing 13 genera are treated. For each genus a differential diagnosis is provided. The following taxonomic changes are proposed: Lichtensteiniana punctulata (Walker, 1856) stat. nov., comb. nov.; Coryphodema coelebs (Clench, 1959), syn. nov. of C. seineri (Grünberg, 1910); Brachylia eberti Yakovlev, 2011 syn. nov. of B. eutelia Clench, 1959; Aethalopteryx forsteri (Clench, 1959), syn. nov. of A. tristis (Gaede, 1915), and Aethalopteryx simplex (Aurivillius, 1905) comb. nov. (from Azygophleps). The species of Rethona Walker, 1855 are revised and illustrations of the adults are provided. Ten new species are described: Lichtensteiniana maritima spec. nov., L. orania spec. nov., Brachylia camparia spec. nov., B. contusa spec. nov., B. minor spec. nov., B. lineata spec. nov., B. fusca spec.nov., B. plumbata spec. nov., Meyoarabiella karooensis spec. nov., and Azygophleps asylasiformis spec. nov. The original description of Phalaena asylas Cramer, 1779 was rechecked. The correct interpretation of this species is still pending. The genitalia of the new species and the adult moths are illustrated. A checklist of all species recorded from the sub-region and a key to all genera occurring in southern Africa are provided.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The Notodontidae of South Africa including Swaziland and Lesotho
           (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae), A. Schintlmeister & T. Witt. (Eds.) : book
           review
    • Authors: Martin Kruger
      Abstract: Moths in the family Notodontidae, popularly known as prominents, are perhaps best known for their often bizarrely shaped larvae; there are about 5000 described species worldwide. The Afrotropical notodontid fauna was last comprehensively revised in 1928 by M. Gaede as part of theMacrolepidoptera of the World series edited by A. Seitz, and the present title is an important contribution towards a long overdue revision of the family in this part of the world.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Fauna from five Later Stone Age sites in the Bushmanland region of South
           Africa
    • Authors: Shaw Badenhorst; Isabelle Parsons
      Abstract: In this paper, we present the faunal results of five Later Stone Age sites in the Bushmanland region of South Africa, drawing on analytical work conducted by the late E. A. (Liz) Voigt. The sites date from the end of the last millennium BC to recent times, the period during which evidence for herding practices among stone-tool users first occurs in the southern African archaeological record. Based on existing literature, three of the five sites, Melkboom 1, Biesje Poort 2 and Bokvasmaak 3, were expected to yield remains of domestic animals, while faunal components indicative of foraging were predicted for Jagt Pan 7 and Vlermuisgat. Instead, domestic animal remains were identified at Bokvasmaak 3 and Vlermuisgat. Closer examination suggests that stock-keepers may have occupied Bokvasmaak 3, as it is an open-air site that yielded sheep, cattle and even dog remains. Overall, the faunal results indicate groups of people that hunted and gathered a variety of animal species, drawing on a range of procurement techniques and an intimate knowledge of the natural landscape.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • A new species of the genus Platydema Laporte & Brullé from Zambia, and
           new records of other African species (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)
    • Authors: W. Schawaller
      Abstract: A new species of the genus Platydema Laporte & Brullé, 1831 (Tenebrionidae, Diaperinae, Diaperini) from Zambia is described. Additionally, new faunistic data of 10 other African species are provided. All species live in tree fungi.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Revision of the subfamily Thorictinae, tribe Thorictini (Coleoptera:
           Dermestidae) from the Afrotropical Region Part 3 - genus Thorictus -
           Thorictus orientalis group (described species)
    • Authors: J. Hava
      Abstract: All known species belonging to the Thorictus orientalis species group from the Afrotropical Region are summarized and illustrated. A key to the genera of the tribe Thorictini is provided. Thorictus capensis Péringuey, 1886 is newly recorded from Namibia.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Revision of the genus Arctiocossus Felder, 1874 and allied genera
           (Lepidoptera: Cossidae: Cossinae)
    • Authors: W. Mey
      Abstract: The genus Arctiocossus Felder, 1874 proved to be an assemblage of unrelated species. In its revised concept, the genus contains only species which exhibit a proximal extension of the juxtal processes in the male genitalia and a short ovipositor in females. The forewing pattern is dominated by a large, white patch stretching from the wing base to the end of the discal cell. These characters are only present in the type species A. antargyreus Felder, 1874 and in three new species described below as A. farinalis spec. nov., A. namaquensis spec. nov., and A. martinkruegeri spec. nov. The remaining species of Arctiocossus are excluded from the genus and are transferred to three different genera: Afroarabiella Yakovlev, 2008, Lichtensteiniana gen. nov. and Namibiocossus gen. nov. Together with the establishment of the new genera four additional species are described as new: Lichtensteiniana brandbergensis spec. nov., L. aloides spec. nov., L. fuscoalaria spec. nov., and Namibiocossus uhligorum spec. nov. The descriptions of the new taxa are accompanied by photographs of the adult moths and illustrations of the male and female genitalia. With the exception of Afroarabiella, the genera treated herein are elements endemic to southwestern Africa.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Acutitornus persectus spec. nov., a new species of gall-forming moth from
           the Northern Cape province of South Africa (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae:
           Apatetrinae, Apatetrini)
    • Authors: C.H. Scholtz
      Abstract: A new apatetrine gelechiid, Acutitornus persectus spec. nov., is described from the Northern Cape province of South Africa. The larvae of this species develop in stem galls in Stipagrostis namaquensis (Nees) (Poaceae), a grass species with the unusual defense mechanism of abscising leaves in response to insect or fungal attack.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Taxonomic remarks on southern African Geometridae putatively assigned to
           the tribe Nacophorini (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Ennominae) : scientific
           note
    • Authors: M. Kruger
      Abstract: Several taxonomic corrections emanating from revisionary work on this group over the past 15 years (Krüger, 1999; 2002; 2009) have become necessary and are detailed in this note.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Cercopithecoidea material from the Middle Pliocene site, Waypoint 160,
           Bolt's Farm, South Africa
    • Authors: D. Gommery; F. Senegas J. F. Thackeray
      Abstract: The oldest remains of Cercopithecoidea from the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site in South Africa are found at the fossil site of Waypoint 160, in the Bolt's Farm area. This site has been dated biochronologically, through the identification of rodent species, to approximately 4.5 to 4 million years (Middle Pliocene). The abundance of microfaunal specimens suggests a palaeo environment with a more open and drier habitat than that found today. The large mammal component from Waypoint 160 is extremely limited, and is mainly represented by primates. The description of two additional postcranial remains from this Middle Pliocene deposit attempts to increase the formal record of Cercopithecoidea from this geological time period in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Inferring animal size from the unidentified long bones from the Middle
           Stone Age layers at Blombos Cave, South Africa
    • Authors: Jerome P. Reynard; Christopher S. Henshilwood, Shaw Badenhorst Christopher S. Henshilwood
      Abstract: Zooarchaeological studies are generally based on analyses of faunal remains identified to family, genus or species. Middle Stone Age faunal assemblages, however, are usually highly fragmented with the majority of remains unidentified. We measured the cortical thickness of a sample of unidentified long bone fragments from the Middle Stone Age layers at Blombos Cave to investigate whether the unidentified specimens mimic the identified assemblage in terms of animal sizes represented. For reference samples, cortical thicknesses of goat (Capra hircus) bones from Gobabeb in Namibia were measured, in addition to the long bones from a sample of identified fauna from the M3 phase at Blombos Cave. Based on these comparative samples, cortical thickness measurements were used to group unidentified long bones from the M1 and upper and lower M2 phases into small, medium and large size classes. Our results suggest that medium-sized animals were more prevalent in the Blombos assemblage than indicated by the identified specimens. The size discrepancy between the identified and unidentified specimens may be the result of analytical or taphonomic processes, or human behaviour. The results also confirm previous analyses that larger animals were more common in the M1 than the upper and lower M2 at Blombos Cave.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Hair morphology of some artiodactyls from southern Africa
    • Authors: Philip Taru; Lucinda R. Backwell
      Abstract: We describe the scale pattern and cross-sectional morphology of the hairs of seven southern African artiodactyls: Aepyceros melampus (impala), Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest), Connochaetes gnou (black wildebeest), Taurotragus oryx (eland), Raphicerus campestris (steenbok), Tragelaphus strepsiceros (kudu) and Phacochoerus aethiopicus (warthog). Samples were taken from the back of pelts curated at the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History in Pretoria, South Africa. Prior to examination, the average length of the hairs was measured. The hairs were mounted on stubs, sputter-coated with gold and examined using scanning electron microscopy. Analysis of the hair samples revealed fine details of species-specific scale and cross-sectional morphology. However, in one case the cross-sectional shape was not found to be the same as that previously reported for black wildebeest, and in another, the scale pattern of kudu was different from that described elsewhere. Scale pattern and cross-sectional shape are good starting points in documenting hair morphology of southern African mammals, but we suggest that the range of features considered diagnostic of a species be broadened. We propose that researchers involved in the study of hair document when possible, in addition to guard hairs, examples from different sites on the body, and from young and old individuals to facilitate taxonomic hair identification of mammals.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Armstrongium - an unusual new sylvan genus of Lentulidae (Orthoptera:
           Acridoidea) from KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa
    • Authors: H.D. Brown
      Abstract: A new grasshopper genus, Armstrongium gen. nov., in the family Lentulidae (Orthoptera: Acridoidea: Caelifera), is designated for the inclusion of two rather unusual and related species, namely A. viridipes spec. nov. as well as A. pondoense spec. nov., which were collected from separate indigenous forest habitats in the southern half of KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. In addition to heightened sexual dimorphism, due to strikingly dissimilar head morphology, certain other diagnostic features and structural adaptations in their make-up appear new to Lentulidae. The presence of extraordinary ancillary lobes on the epiphallus are without parallel in this family, while observable modifications to the male cerci, paraprocts and epiphallic lophi suggest that these elements act in combination and function as additional coupling organs during mating. Key characters in the anatomy and morphology in both sexes are described and fully illustrated, while the principal diagnostic characters for differentiating species are also tabled. Pertinent information on biogeography, phenology, habitat associations and climate, as well as detailed descriptions of respective habitat sites, are also provided.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The genus Platycotylus Olliff (Thurea Ferrer, syn. nov.) in Kenya and
           South Africa (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Palorini)
    • Authors: W. Schawaller
      Abstract: The genus Platycotylus Olliff, 1883 with the species P. palmi (Ferrer, 1998) comb. nov. is recorded for the first time from South Africa. The genus Thurea Ferrer, 1998, described from Kenya and misplaced in the tribe Lagriini Latreille, 1825, subfamily Lagriinae Latreille, 1825, is considered a junior subjective synonym of Platycotylus, tribe Palorini Matthews, 2003, subfamily Tenebrioninae Latreille, 1802.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • A revision of the subfamily Thorictinae, tribe Thorictini (Coleoptera:
           Dermestidae) from the Afrotropical Region. Part 2 - genus Thorictus - T.
           castaneus species group
    • Authors: J. Hava
      Abstract: The species Thorictus senegalensis spec. nov. from Senegal belonging to the T. castaneus species group is described, illustrated and compared with the similar-looking species Thorictus martinezi Háva and Lenoir, 2008. A key to the genera of the tribe Thorictini is provided. Macro Thorictus longisetosus Háva, 2013 is newly recorded from the Western Cape Province of South Africa.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • New species of the genera Axinidium Sturm and Metaxinidium Basilewsky from
           South Africa (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Promecognathini: Axinidiina)
    • Authors: M. Baehr; P. Schule
      Abstract: Eleven new species of the promecognathine subtribe Axinidiina from South Africa are described: Axinidium basilewskyi spec. nov., A. bistriatum spec. nov., A. convexipenne spec. nov., A. glabripenne spec. nov., A. irregulare spec. nov., A. latibasale spec. nov., A. longipenne spec. nov., A. parangulatum spec. nov., and A. reticulatum spec. nov., all from the Western Cape Province, Metaxinidium bulirschi spec. nov. from the Eastern Cape Province, and M. excisicolle spec. nov. from KwaZulu-Natal. Types of all described species of Axinidiina were examined. New keys to species are provided for the genera Axinidium Sturm, 1843 and Metaxinidium Basilewsky, 1963.
      PubDate: 2014-02-01T00:00:00Z
       
 
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