Subjects -> MUSEUMS AND ART GALLERIES (Total: 54 journals)
Showing 1 - 7 of 7 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acervo : Revista do Arquivo Nacional     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Museologica Lithuanica     Open Access  
AICCM Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Museum Novitates     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archivalische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archivaria     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Archives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Archives and Manuscripts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 199)
Boletín Científico : Centro de Museos. Museo de Historia Natural     Open Access  
Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. Series in Museology and Monumental Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Curator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ICOFOM Study Series     Open Access  
Journal of Archival Organization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Curatorial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Educational Media, Memory, and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Jewish Identities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Museum Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of the History of Collections     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the Institute of Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of the Society of Archivists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Journal of the South African Society of Archivists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
La Lettre de l’OCIM     Open Access  
Land Use Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Metropolitan Museum Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
MIDAS     Open Access  
Museologia & Interdisciplinaridade     Open Access  
Museum and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Museum Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Museum Anthropology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Museum History Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Museum International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Museum Management and Curatorship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Museum Worlds : Advances in Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Museums & Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Museums Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Nordisk Museologi : The Journal Nordic Museology     Open Access  
Norsk museumstidsskrift     Open Access  
RBM : A Journal of Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Revista de Museología : Kóot     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista del Museo de Antropología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista del Museo de La Plata     Open Access  
Sillogés     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South African Museums Association Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Technè     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Technology and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Tejuelo : Revista de ANABAD Murcia     Open Access  
Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle “Grigore Antipa” (The Journal of “Grigore Antipa” National Museum of Natural History)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Uncommon Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Μουσείο Μπενάκη     Open Access  
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Technology and Culture
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.284
Number of Followers: 29  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0040-165X - ISSN (Online) 1097-3729
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [306 journals]
  • Manufacturing Modernity: Innovations in Early Modern Europe—An
    • Abstract: The early modern period, from roughly 1450 to 1800, was a time of global social and political upheaval. Driven by rivalry between the great powers of Europe and their efforts to explore, colonize, and conquer new territories, it was an era during which revolutionary changes occurred in science, technology, and culture that continue to shape the modern world.1 Theologically, it encompassed the cultural revolutions of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation.2 Intellectually, it witnessed the radical conceptual shifts that have come to be known as the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment.3 Technologically, it saw the first economic transformations arising from the British Agricultural Revolution, while laying ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • A Politics of Intellectual Property: Creating a Patent System in
           Revolutionary France
    • Abstract: Only at the end of the eighteenth century, in the wake of the French Revolution, did a modern patent system emerge in France. On January 7 and May 25, 1791, the National Assembly voted the first patent regulation into law: the "Loi relative aux découvertes utiles et aux moyens d'en assurer la propriété à ceux qui seront reconnus en être les auteurs" (An act concerning useful discoveries and the means of securing their property to those who shall be recognized as their authors). The law, issuing brevets d'invention, gave inventors a five-, ten-, or fifteen-year monopoly on a new machine or chemical process. The new patents replaced the privileges of invention that had long been granted by the king during the Old ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Illuminated Publics: Representations of Street Lamps in Revolutionary
    • Abstract: Our culture entertains two contradictory attitudes to technical objects. On the one hand, it treats them as pure and simple assemblages of material that are quite without true meaning and that only provide utility. On the other hand, it assumes that these objects . . . harbour intentions hostile to man, or that they represent for man a constant threat of aggression or insurrection.1This article analyzes the interactions between technical and symbolic perceptions of the lantern in eighteenth-century urban France. More broadly, it aims to refine the understanding of the social mechanisms that follow the invention of technical objects: in particular, the processes of judgment, agreement, familiarization, and social ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Producers and Consumers Negotiating Scale: Micro-Inventions in
           Eighteenth-century France and Britain
    • Abstract: Today many scholars claim that the industrial revolution was not a sudden occurrence, but rather a long accumulation of small changes. New scholarship highlights how mass-produced small commodities were sparked by the blooming consumer culture in urban Europe throughout the eighteenth century.1 Contemporary debates focus on how the industrial innovation process was embedded within broader social and economic environments. Scholars distinguish breakthrough macro-inventions versus micro-inventions that follow a learn-by-doing process entailing gradual changes to existing techniques.2 The change in emphasis has brought the scholarly focus not only onto huge industrial machines (such as textile looms and steam ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Machines, Motion, Mechanics: Philosophers Engineering the Fountains of
    • Abstract: Iam verò & de aquis aliquam huic libello contemplationem in serere non erit inconveniens: aquis enim pręcepteris corporibus sublunaribus adeò peculiaris, & cognatus videtur motus, ut ferè nunquam quiescent.LIQUID, by definition, is that which chooses to obey gravity rather than maintain its form, which rejects all form in order to obey gravity—and which loses all dignity because of that obsession, that pathological anxiety. Because of that vice—which makes it fast, flowing, or stagnant, formless or fearsome, formless and fearsome, piercingly fearsome in cases; devious, filtering, winding—one can do anything one wants with it, even lead water through pipes to make it spout out vertically so as to enjoy the way it ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • A New Perspective on the Natural Philosophy of Steams and Its Relation to
           the Steam Engine
    • Abstract: Given the importance of the steam revolution to global economic development, to technological change, and to scientific understanding, it is remarkable that historians have focused so little on the changing meanings and understandings of "steam." As this article shows, both the philosophical (or scientific) and the popular meaning of steam changed dramatically during the long eighteenth century. With few exceptions, the study of eighteenth-century steam technology has focused on key individuals like Thomas Newcomen and James Watt. The mythmaking around Watt in the nineteenth century presented his achievements as if they concerned a heat engine—and he had somehow intuited the laws of thermodynamics. This had a ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Take 1: Historians of Technology Watching Chernobyl
    • Abstract: In a 1978 editorial to the new journal The Public Historian, founding editor G. Wesley Johnson (1932−2018) considered the nature of academic historical research, speculating on how history could serve society in his lifetime: "Historical skills and method are needed now outside of the academy." He continued to write, "it is desirable for the historian to relate to the needs of the community, whether that is defined as government, business, or institutions such as museums or historical societies."1 While Johnson thought history written for the public's benefit was the hallmark of Public History, today the term covers a diverse spectrum of activities and ambitions rather than a fixed set of goals. Publicly engaged ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Chernobyl the TV Series: On Suspending the Truth or What's the Benefit of
    • Abstract: Much of the discussion surrounding HBO's Chernobyl miniseries has focused on its truthfulness: how much it got right and, depending on the reviewer, musings on why this is important.1 In a way, that's a futile pursuit, as the first episode's opening lines are: "What is the cost of lies' It's not that we'll mistake them for the truth. The real danger is that if we hear enough lies, then we no longer recognize the truth at all. What can we do then' What else is left but to abandon even the hope of truth and content ourselves instead with stories'"The truth is, Chernobyl's creators Johan Renck and Craig Mazin never claimed they were making a documentary—a genre that typically attempts to get as close to the truth as ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Ukrainian Memory Spaces and Nuclear Technology: The Musealization of
           Chornobyl's Disaster
    • Abstract: One generation has passed since the Chornobyl disaster.1 Since then, the event has been subject to an ongoing process of historicization, musealization, and re-iterated narration, resulting in a palimpsestic layering of texts and images. The award-winning Chernobyl TV series, combining cinema fiction with a scrupulous, well-informed visual reconstruction of the world in which the disaster happened, brought Chornobyl back into Western minds, where it had been overshadowed by recent disasters like 9/11 and Fukushima. However, the recent miniseries is but a small link in a long chain of visual representations of Chornobyl. It stands for one mnemonic strategy, aimed at an international, predominantly Western audience. ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Chernobyl as Technoscience
    • Abstract: Released in 2019, the TV miniseries Chernobyl has gripped viewers around the world. The five-part series tells the story of the 1986 disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in then Soviet-controlled Ukraine. In graphic detail it reveals the impact of the massive explosion and the fallout, on the people involved—from the thousands of plant workers living in the purpose-built city of Prypiat, the scientists and politicians, to the rescue workers who sacrificed their lives. Chernobyl topped the IMDB rankings as highest rated TV series and won many awards, including three Emmys. Scholars, writers, and journalists anatomized the series in their reviews in leading press outlets and academic journals. For the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • "Technology and Power": The International Committee for the History of
           Technology's (ICOHTEC), University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland (July
           22–27, 2019)
    • Abstract: The International Committee for the History of Technology's (ICOHTEC) forty-sixth conference took place in Katowice, in the heart of Poland's mining and heavy industry region in July 2019. Hosted by the University of Silesia's Faculty of Social Sciences, the symposium had the all-encompassing theme "Technology and Power."When ICOHTEC came to Poland for the first time in 1973, the Iron Curtain was still drawn. The Committee certainly succeeded in its job back then, since facilitating scholarly exchange in the emerging discipline of the history of technology was one of ICOHTEC's cornerstones since its foundation in 1968—a brainchild of SHOT founder Melvin Kranzberg. Today's world is perhaps no less divided than ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Sixty Years of Scholarship
    • Abstract: Reflecting on Technology and Culture's legacy and its early commitment to social engagement, we searched for ways to introduce what the journal has on offer to new audiences. Many readers appreciate "Classics Revisted" to help contextualize the old classics in a new way. The journal's archives offer much more: hidden gems, forgotten pieces that were ahead of their time, and articles that just deserve a second look. Here, articles that appeared earlier in this journal pages will be re-read with a contemporary research theme in mind. In this way, the new feature will serve as rich addition to our scholarship. "Archives Revisted" also counters the effects of searching using databases, which help retrieve a single ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Urban Transport and Mobility in Technology and Culture
    • Abstract: In the quest for a more sustainable future, we have much to learn from relatively sustainable practices of the past. In January 2020, Technology and Culture published "Sustainable Urban Mobility in the Present, Past, and Future," by Frank Schipper, Martin Emanuel, and Ruth Oldenziel.1 The authors distilled the conclusions of a series of workshops in the history and future of sustainable urban mobility, culminating in the publication of A U-Turn to the Future'—a collection that questions the neglect of valuable experience from historical efforts to find less energy-intensive urban transportation.2 In its interest in the future and in a usable past (the practical application of history), the article at first appears ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Technology: Critical History of a Concept by Eric Schatzberg (review)
    • Abstract: This excellent book will long be the definitive study of the origin and evolving meaning of "technology." Its core argument was first presented at the 2003 SHOT meeting in Atlanta and appeared later in this journal in 2006. Even then, Eric Schatzberg already had a detailed, convincing argument. He showed how the term "technology" was used in other languages (and with various meanings) before it came into English "through a Latinized Greek neologism in the sixteenth century" but remained an obscure concept for the next 300 years (p. 75). The German-derived "technics" was a rich competing term used from 1870 until the 1930s. Only in the mid-twentieth century did "technology" attain widespread acceptance and something ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Fifty Years of Medieval Technology and Social Change: AVISTA Studies in
           the History of Medieval Technology, Science, and Art ed. by Steven A.
           Walton (review)
    • Abstract: Lynn White Jr. was a founding member of the Society for the History of Technology, and a renowned professional historian of technology, working from the 1940s to the 1970s. His short but influential book, Medieval Technology and Social Change (1962), sparked enormous interest in the contributions of the Middle Ages to western technological development and continues to exercise the minds of historians to this day.This homage to White explores how Medieval Technology and Social Change (MTSC) and White's oeuvre in general contribute to various strands of scholarship in history and several other humanities and social science disciplines. Edited by Steven A. Walton, the book is partially the outcome of sessions held at ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Alles im Fluss: Die Lebensadern unserer Gesellschaft [Everything flows:
           The lifeblood of our society] by Dirk van Laak (review)
    • Abstract: In this book, Dirk van Laak explores humans' coexistence with infrastructures over the past 200 years. To unfold his vision, he mobilizes stories about a wide variety of past and present infrastructures, stressing their kaleidoscopic and indeed paradoxical nature through time.The introduction, subtitled: "The main thing, it functions . . ." asserts that infrastructures are in the first place performances. That is to say, nuts and bolts only become infrastructures when a "tendential majority" of a population seizes upon them to perform some critical aspect of their daily lives. So, users matter. Van Laak argues that infrastructures are intensely paradoxical: designed to be under the radar but all too visible when ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Screen Culture: A Global History by Richard Butsch (review)
    • Abstract: Screen Culture is an ambitious attempt at a textbook, to put it mildly. In 225 pages, (supplemented with 72 pages of notes), esteemed scholar Richard Butsch sets out to provide a cultural history of electronic media technologies used for visual communication—specifically film, television, and online video, accessed via smartphones and computers. As the second word of the title suggests, Butsch is less interested in specific technical milestones but rather the social and cultural practices associated with each of these technologies.Drawing from his previous work as a cultural scholar of audience studies, Butsch pays particular attention to the consumption practices for visual media, including the rowdy interactions ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Technology and Rural Change in Eastern India: 1830–1980 by
           Smritikumar Sarkar (review)
    • Abstract: The history of technologies in India has, in recent years, been explored through a variety of perspectives mostly associated with questions of empire, colonialism, and technology transfer from the core to the periphery. Smritikumar Sarkar's Technology and Rural Change in Eastern India is a timely addition to this growing scholarship. Sarkar brings a specific focus to the introduction of technologies "through various channels of colonial interactions" to rural areas in Eastern India (p. xiii).Sarkar's book starts with transitions in modes of transport, or as Sarkar titles it, "From Bullock Cart to the Railways." The construction of bridges and the introduction of steamships and railways connected rural areas to new ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Ceramics in Circumpolar Prehistory: Technology, Lifeways, and Cuisine ed.
           by Peter Jordan and Kevin Gibbs (review)
    • Abstract: Ceramic technology was a relatively late innovation in human prehistory. Recent research indicates that people began making pottery in northeastern Asia towards the end of the last Ice Age, around 16,000 years ago. In comparison, technologies for manufacturing tools from stone and bone, controlling fire, and preparing animal skins for clothing predate pottery by a million years or more. Despite this delayed appearance in the archaeological record, ceramics are traditionally viewed as a very significant technology. Originally, the advent of pottery was considered to be closely associated with a major transition: from the Palaeolithic (Old Stone Age) to the Neolithic (New Stone Age). The Neolithic period encompasses ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Bored, Lonely, Angry, Stupid: Changing Feelings About Technology, From the
           Telegraph to Twitter by Luke Fernandez and Susan J. Matt (review)
    • Abstract: The history of emotions is not an established field of research within the history of technology. Even though groundbreaking works have analyzed emotions toward technology, such as David Nye's American Technological Sublime (MIT Press, 1996) or Spencer Weart's Nuclear Fear (Harvard University Press, 2009), this is a rare focus. However, Luke Fernandez and Susan Matt's book demonstrates what a promising field of research this can be.Their starting point is observing a new American emotional style in the digital age. The authors refer to common contemporary statements about digital media, such as Facebook adding to loneliness or social media encouraging narcissism. They juxtapose such statements with a historical ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Visualizing Taste: How Business Changed the Look of What You Eat by Ai
           Hisano (review)
    • Abstract: Bright oranges at the supermarket, yellow butter available throughout the year, and pink cakes at birthday parties: in Visualizing Taste, Ai Hisano examines how the appearance of everyday foods has changed from 1870 to 1970 in the United States.Hisano argues that the industrialized mass production and sale of food depends on controlling consumers' senses. Food is reduced to its "eye appeal"—in particular, to its color—at the expense of smell, taste, texture, shape, and size (p. 21). Various scientific and technological interventions aided this transformation, including standardizing color through spectrophotometers, quantifying beer through tintometers, and testing through the colorimeter. This "chromatic ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Delayed Response: The Art of Waiting from the Ancient to the Instant World
           by Jason Farman (review)
    • Abstract: First you do something, then you expect a response. Sometimes the response comes quickly and sometimes it doesn't—and when it doesn't, you experience a phenomenon called "waiting." This book, meant for non-specialists, is a meditation on that waiting experience: how it is wrapped in the ever-shifting historical boundary between "timely" and "untimely," how it is used to assert power, how it is signaled (or not), and how it affects our work.In highlighting the act of waiting and its causes, Jason Farman attempts to argue that this activity should be seen not just as an object of study, but also as a good that is being overlooked by a contemporary culture obsessed with speed and instantaneous communication. The ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Managing the Experience of Hearing Loss in Britain: 1830–1930 by Graeme
           Gooday and Karen Sayer (review)
    • Abstract: Disability history is a relatively new historical field, but within it, Deaf history (which is capitalized to indicate that the term is being used for a group identified through culture and community rather than their medical status) has emerged as a particularly strong subfield. This is partially thanks to the momentum lent by Gallaudet University Press (part of the private university for deaf and hard of hearing students in Washington, D.C.) and mostly because disability history has engaged with insights from the social model of disability, which conceptualizes disability through the way actors are disabled by their environment. Deaf history fits with this model, as many Deaf people do not regard themselves as ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Archaeologies of Touch: Interfacing with Haptics from Electricity to
           Computers by David Parisi (review)
    • Abstract: At present, technologized touch is subtle and yet seemingly ubiquitous: in the vibrations beneath one's fingers on a smartphone; in the slides, glides, and swipes of a touchscreen; and in the rumbles of videogame controllers one can find technological and electrical experiences designed to stimulate feeling in the hands and to create a "new" kind of tactility in the twenty-first century. David Parisi's Archaeologies of Touch: Interfacing with Hap-tics from Electricity to Computers meets this historical moment and complicates it with a rich, deeply researched and thoughtful analysis spanning the eighteenth century to the present.In Parisi's words, "This is a book about touch's impossible complexity: about the dreams ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Silent Serial Sensations: The Wharton Brothers and the Magic of Early
           Cinema by Barbara Tepa Lupack (review)
    • Abstract: In 1921, famed publisher E. W. Scripps founded Science Service, an organization promoting science and technology in everyday life. This development suggests the background for Barbara Tepa Lupack's Silent Serial Sensations: the Machine Age that touted the "wizardry of science" (p. 94); the emerging technological art of film; and the development of the machine-like serial film. Together with the "new woman" who typically headlined these serials, these are the threads from which Lupack weaves her account of the films of Ted and Leo Wharton, brothers who were writers, directors, producers, and founders of the Wharton Studio (p. 83). Their company operated mainly in Ithaca, New York, producing shorts, features, and ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Electrified Voices: How the Telephone, Phonograph, and Radio Shaped Modern
           Japan, 1868–1945 by Kerim Yasar (review)
    • Abstract: Beginning with the little-known fact that Japanese was the second language transmitted across telephone lines (after English), Kerim Yasar laments that the study of modernity has long favored the visual and overlooked the auditory. Indeed, sound, one of the ubiquitous key elements of social life, is usually absent in historians' reconstructions of the past. How to bring this muted subject back into historical inquiry'More than two decades ago, Japanese media scholar Yoshimi Shunya attempted just that with his pioneering study in Japanese, Capitalism of the "Voice": A Social History of the Telephone, Radio, and Phonograph (1995). Although Electrified Voices seems to bear certain resemblances, it is a very different ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Spectacular Flops: Game-Changing Technologies That Failed by Michael Brian
           Schiffer (review)
    • Abstract: One reverse salient in the history of technology is its coverage of failure, or more precisely, its lack of coverage of failure. We tend to focus on success, if only because the sources are better. Yet failure is more normal than success in the evolution of technologies.Anthropologist Michael Schiffer addresses the literature's shortcoming in his Studying Technological Change: A Behavioral Approach by analyzing "the most conspicuous examples of failed technologies," the "spectacular flops" (p. 3). His twelve case studies range from the first steam-powered automobile by France's Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot around 1770, through the half-century of efforts to harness nuclear fusion that continue to function as a sinkhole ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Taking Nazi Technology: Allied Exploitation of German Science after the
           Second World War by Douglas O'Reagan (review)
    • Abstract: Taking Nazi Technology is an important addition to the lengthy literature that historians of technology have generated about a classic area of inquiry—technology transfer. Recently scholars have characterized the movement of technology as diffusion, circulation, or flows; others have labeled it knowledge management. But the traditional designation still seems appropriate in this instance.The focus of Douglas O'Reagan's study—the desire of the victorious Allies to benefit from Nazi science and technology after 1945—has long been recognized as an important example of attempts to transfer technology across national boundaries. But as the author notes, most earlier studies rather narrowly explored the acquisition of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • The American Lab: An Insider's History of the Lawrence Livermore National
           Laboratory by C. Bruce Tarter (review)
    • Abstract: In The American Lab, former Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory director C. Bruce Tarter provides a detailed history of the laboratory from its origins in the 1950s through 2009. Tarter has done his homework; this is a carefully researched account, citing many primary sources and oral history interviews. While large portions of the book are devoted to administrative details and quick glosses on a plethora of minor projects likely to interest insiders, it nonetheless provides a useful record of an important and understudied institution (Livermore) and time (the late- and post-Cold War periods). While Tarter's early history of the laboratory is comprehensive, the book really comes to life with his account of the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • The TVs of Tomorrow: How RCA's Flat-screen Dreams Led to the First LCDs by
           Benjamin Gross (review)
    • Abstract: We live surrounded by LCD (liquid crystal display) screens; Ben Gross's volume explains the origins of this technology at RCA and how the iconic American firm failed to deliver it to the world. This fascinating story of industrial research, corporate politics, and technological change blends science, technology, and business histories. Gross locates the emergence, efflorescence, and decline of LCD screens at the intersection of three distinct axes—the material logic of LCDs, that is their physical chemistry and often recalcitrant behavior plus the infrastructure for their creation and use; RCA's strategic goals as well as the Sarnoff Laboratory's role in fulfilling them; and the interactions among researchers ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Transnational Cultures of Expertise: Circulating State-Related Knowledge
           in the 18th and 19th Centuries ed. by Lothar Schilling and Jacob Vogel
    • Abstract: In recent decades, historians have reopened the classical field of the rise of the modern state. The eighteenth century was a watershed, especially the latter decades (Sattelzeit), when the early modern period gave way to modern times—and a new state apparatus. John Brewer's pioneering work, The Sinews of Power (Routledge, 1989), drew many followers. Recently, scholars have perceived a more inclusive idea of cameralism, reaching well beyond Central Europe and Scandinavia. Cameralism in Practice (Boydell & Brewer, 2017), a collection edited by Marten Seppel and Keith Tribe indicates that scholars have switched to a more practice-oriented approach. Knowledge and expertise are a part of this, and researchers like ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Versorgung der Haupstadt der Bewegung: Infrastrukturen und
           Statgesellschaft im Nationalsozialistischen München [Supplying the
           capital of the movement: Infrastructures and urban society in national
           socialist Munich] by Mathias Irlinger (review)
    • Abstract: This book is the published version of a doctoral thesis defended at the University of Munich. It is a contribution to both the history of the Nazi regime and the history of technical infrastructures. Mathias Irlinger highlights the main argument from the very beginning: "Infrastructures . . . contributed to the population's assent to the Nazi regime" (p. 9). In other words, the author interprets urban infrastructures as instruments of power, stabilizing the regime until the very last weeks of the Third Reich. Infrastructure is not completely new to Third Reich studies—historians have already shown the symbolic role of highways and the importance of rail for the logistics that enabled the genocide of the Holocaust ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • A River in the City of Fountains: An Environmental History of Kansas City
           and the Missouri River by Amahia K. Mallea (review)
    • Abstract: The story of Kansas City's growth and its need for water have often been a story about racial and class inequality. The connection between water and inequality is so embedded in the city's history that public officials are, at this very moment, meeting to rename a fountain that serves as the centerpiece of a popular commercial district known as "the Plaza." The J. C. Nichols Memorial Fountain commemorates the man who built the district as the country's first automobile-friendly shopping mall and as the centerpiece of the suburban neighborhood sprawling southward where many white residents fled urbanization and Black Americans. Nichols is also widely known for creating stark racial divides in the city by instituting ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Submarine Telegraphy and the Hunt for Gutta Percha: Challenge and
           Opportunity in a Global Trade by Helen Godfrey (review)
    • Abstract: "Gutta percha," as Helen Godfrey notes in her opening line, "is now largely forgotten." A natural plastic derived from the latex of certain trees native to Malaya, Sumatra, and Borneo, it has almost entirely given way to synthetic substitutes; besides a few historians, almost the only people today who have ever heard of it are dentists, who still use it to fill root canals. In the second half of the nineteenth century, however, gutta percha was a significant item of commerce and one of enormous strategic value. As the favored insulating material for submarine telegraph cables, it was the linchpin of the global telecommunications system that powered transoceanic trade and knit together the British Empire. It was ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Wege in die Digitale Gesellschaft: Computernutzung in der Bundesrepublik
           1955-1990 [Towards a digital society: Computer use in West Germany
           1955-1990] ed. by Frank Bösch (review)
    • Abstract: The volume unites contemporary history scholarship with the history of computing, technology, and business. The result is a densely researched compilation of studies on computerization in West Germany, in areas such as law enforcement and the military, banking, insurance, local utility companies, the printing industry, computer networking, and personal computer uses by hackers, crackers, and chess players. The contributing authors provide original insights into the histories of data security and automation, also raising important comparative questions internationally and between the two Germanies. They paint a picture of a slow but steady diffusion of computing, not a revolutionary overhaul.The authors provide a ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Respawn: Gamers, Hackers, and Technogenic Life by Colin Milburn (review)
    • Abstract: Since their development in the 1970s, digital games have evolved into one of the most significant forms of cultural expression worldwide. In the book Respawn: Gamers, Hackers, and Technogenic Life, author Colin Milburn goes a step further by arguing that digital games are also a primary site for what he calls "technogenesis." This concept, based on a trope from science fiction, refers to the emergence of new life-forms or ways for humans to exist in the world, "from within systems of technology." Milburn argues that the increasing pervasiveness of computerization, and digital gaming in particular, have given rise to a mixed online and offline repertoire of "political interventions . . . affective productions and ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • When They Hid the Fire: A History of Electricity and Invisible Energy in
           America by Daniel French (review)
    • Abstract: Although subtitled as a history of electricity, When They Hid the Fire is more a history of perceptions of and attitudes towards energy production and use. Daniel French provides a concise and interesting summary of energy use in the United States, structured around how the source and use of energy is understood in American culture—and how source and use have become gradually separated over time. This process started with steam power and was exacerbated by centralized electrical supply, with disastrous environmental consequences.French's emphasis on the abstraction of energy—meaning the distancing, both physically and psychologically, of energy production from energy consumption—provides an interesting perspective ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Radio Soundings: South Africa and the Black Modern by Liz Gunner (review)
    • Abstract: Elegant in argument and prose, Liz Gunner's Radio Soundings shows us how radio animated Black South African life, mediated the Zulu voice, and anchored the cultural production of Black South African literary figures in exile. In eight chapters plus an introduction and conclusion, the book covers the 1940s to the first decades after the overthrow of apartheid, from the first Zulu-language broadcast in 1941 to Ukhozi FM, the largest station in South Africa today. There are sections on broadcasters K. E. Masinga and Alexius Buthelezi and Bloke Modisane's and Lewis Nkosi's radio work in London (parts I and II). Both set up the dynamism of the broadcasters and the self-conscious positioning of radio practice in what ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Landscapes of Power: Politics of Energy in the Navajo Nation by Dana E.
           Powell (review)
    • Abstract: The Desert Rock Energy Project, a large coal-fired power plant proposed on Navajo Nation land in New Mexico, may never be built. Yet, through what Dana E. Powell calls its "present absence," Desert Rock "had the power to produce politics" (p. 5, 3). In Landscapes of Power, Powell argues that "new subjects and politics of nature" emerged from the debates and political activities that Desert Rock has mobilized in the Navajo Nation since 2003 (p. 16). Colonialism is front and center in Navajo energy politics: it enables the ongoing exploitation of Diné (as Navajo People call themselves) mineral resources, constrains Diné choices about economic development, and in the case of Desert Rock, complicates the dominant ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • The Chinese and the Iron Road: Building the Transcontinental Railroad ed.
           by Gordon H. Chang and Shelley Fisher Fishkin (review)
    • Abstract: Based on years of collaboration through Stanford University's Chinese Railway Workers in North America Project, this exciting collection of scholarly articles represents a major contribution to labor history and to the new wave of Chinese-American studies that is global in scope but intensely focused on recovering and illuminating the lives of the ten- to fifteen-thousand Chinese workers who constructed the Central Pacific Railroad section of the Transcontinental Railroad in the 1860s.Chinese-American histories are rich and varied, but one thing most American students learn about Chinese immigration is that the Chinese built the railroads. Even this simple fact, however, has been obscured in many earlier accounts ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Harvest of Hazards: Family Farming, Accidents, and Expertise in the Corn
           Belt, 1940−1975 by Derek S. Oden (review)
    • Abstract: Although farm technologies occupy a central place in Harvest of Hazards, Derek S. Oden frames the work principally as an agricultural and rural history. Oden thus offers little analysis of how farmers (or the experts advising them) constructed meanings around the technologies that often proved to be the cause of injury and death. More descriptive than argumentative, the book documents rather than traces change over time; causal connections remain elusive, with explanations assumed or asserted rather than interrogated. Nonetheless, even as a before and after snapshot, Oden's study proves valuable—both as the first serious study of its subject and in offering a salutary reminder that moving an ostensibly familiar ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Toxic Shock: A Social History by Sharra L. Vostral (review)
    • Abstract: Sharra L. Vostral begins Toxic Shock: A Social History with a vivid description of her experience learning about this syndrome as an American teenager in 1982. The public health concerns about contracting a sudden illness from (and possibly dying from) tampon use were broadcast extensively on television, in newspapers and magazines, and on product labels. As a teenager in California in the early 1990s, this reviewer also remembers these widespread but vague warnings about sudden death due to toxic shock syndrome (TSS) from overlong tampon use. From so few documented cases nationwide, how did TSS rise to such prominence in the United States' public health and safety discourse' Vostral addresses that and many other ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Poisonous Skies: Acid Rain and the Globalization of Pollution by Rachel
           Emma Rothschild (review)
    • Abstract: After World War II, the destructive power of nuclear weapons meant that science and policy became deeply intertwined in new ways. "The scientist," however, continued to be imagined as an apolitical figure, driven only by the search for objective truths about nature. Plenty of recent works have complicated and displaced this construction, but few do it with such dexterity, command of sources, and chilling lessons for our current times as Rachel Rothschild in Poisonous Skies. Not simply a history of the science, technology, and domestic or international policy-making surrounding acid rain, Poisonous Skies is also the story of how European and American dependence on fossil fuels shaped environmental policy in the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Architectural Intelligence: How Designers and Architects Created the
           Digital Landscape by Molly Wright Steenson (review)
    • Abstract: "Computing isn't about computers anymore. It is about living." MIT Media Lab founder Nicholas Negroponte's words appear prophetic to many of us, glued to our screens for work, consumption, sociality, and health reasons amid a global pandemic. To survive, the need for ubiquitous computing seems unquestionable. It should not be. Our current acceptance and even desire for these mediated conditions are historically situated and contingent. As terms like "reboot" circulate with increasing frequency, we might question what it is we are rebooting or reviving and if we want the future to look like the past. At such a time, it is essential to look back at how we have designed and imagined our computational ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Think Tank Aesthetics: Midcentury Modernism, the Cold War, and the
           Neoliberal Present by Pamela M. Lee (review)
    • Abstract: The geopolitical machinations of post-World War defense planning and the high-minded pursuits of the artistic avant-garde might seem categorically divorced. But, as Pamela M. Lee shows in this magisterial new book, their overlaps and exchanges run deep. She contends that Cold War think tanks internalized and exported modernist strains of thought more common to "creative" fields, drawing a host of luminaries into their orbit. The recruitment of these figures was not merely a public-relations gloss on think tank activity, but part and parcel of a "structural isomorphism" (or structural similarity) between artistic and military strategy. This approach extends the work of scholars such as Paul Edwards, Geoffrey Bowker ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Behind the Exhibit: Displaying Science and Technology at World's Fairs and
           Museums in the Twentieth Century. Artefacts: Studies in the History of
           Science and Technology, vol. 12 ed. by Elena Canadelli (review)
    • Abstract: The papers in this handsomely illustrated book document how nations have looked to science and technology exhibits to celebrate their achievements since the late nineteenth century. While many historians have noted, in passing, how exhibits at world's fairs have often made their way into museums, this book is the first devoted to exploring the links between these settings. In addition, it documents how there has been a growing emphasis on multimedia experiences and hands-on exhibits over static displays of objects since the interwar period. While obvious to many historians of technology, the editors trace this shift's historical roots in Behind the Exhibit through a dozen case studies. The book starts by discussing ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Author Index: Volume 61 (2020)
    • Abstract: Åberg, A.; see Heymann, M.Åberg, A.; see Kalmbach, K.Abildgaard, M., "Landline Natives: Telephone Practices since the 1950s as Innovation," 923Adams, A., "Contagion, Isolation, and Biopolitics in Victorian London by Matthew L. Newsom Kerr," R 347Albro, S. R., Fabriano: City of Medieval and Renaissance Papermaking, reviewed by A. Nieto-Galan, R 690Aldrich, M., "Fake Silk: The Lethal History of Viscose Rayon by Paul David Blanc," R 980Alexander, R. T., ed., Technology and Tradition in Mesoamerica after the Spanish Invasion: Archeological Perspectives, reviewed by E. Beatty, R 967Alsina, M., "The Grand Designers: The Evolution of the Airplane in the 20th Century by John D. Anderson Jr.," R 976Altice, N., I Am Error: ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
  • Title Index: Volume 61 (2020)
    • Abstract: Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management, by C. Caitlin Rosenthal, reviewed by D. Stapleton, R 346Alles im Fluss: Die Lebensadern unserer Gesellschaft [Everything flows: the lifeblood of our society], by D. van Laak, reviewed by N. Disco, R 1216The American Lab: An Insider's History of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, by Bruce Tarter, reviewed by B. Sims, R 1238American Lucifers: The Dark History of Artificial Light, 1750-1865, by J. Zallen, reviewed by R. S. Bridges, R 990"Another Take on Quantitative Methods: Claire Lemercier and Claire Zalc, Quantitative Methods in the Humanities," J. Guldi, 341Archaeologies of Touch: Interfacing with Haptics from Electricity to Computers, by D. Parisis ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-01-08T00:00:00-05:00
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