Subjects -> JOURNALISM AND PUBLICATION (Total: 234 journals)
    - JOURNALISM (31 journals)
    - NEW AGE PUBLICATIONS (8 journals)
    - PUBLISHING AND BOOK TRADE (32 journals)

JOURNALISM AND PUBLICATION (163 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 17 of 17 Journals sorted alphabetically
#PerDebate     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Journalism and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
African Journalism Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journalism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Âncora : Revista Latino-Americana de Jornalismo     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anuario de investigaciones     Open Access  
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arethusa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Information Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Marketing     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Astérion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Brazilian Journalism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
British Journal of General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 73)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bulletin of the Comediantes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cahiers de la Méditerranée     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CIC. Cuadernos de Informacion y Comunicacion     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Comics Grid : Journal of Comics Scholarship     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Communication & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Communication and Media in Asia Pacific (CMAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication Cultures in Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Communication Papers : Media Literacy & Gender Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Comunicação Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comunicación y Ciudadanía     Open Access  
Comunicacion y Hombre     Open Access   (Followers: 3)     Open Access  
Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
De Arte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Akupunktur     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
Digital Journalism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Documentación de las Ciencias de la Información     Open Access  
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
El Argonauta español     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Espaço e Tempo Midiáticos     Open Access  
Estudios sobre el Mensaje Periodístico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études caribéennes     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Science Editing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Filo de Palabra     Open Access  
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
General Relativity and Gravitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Géocarrefour     Open Access  
Grey Room     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18) : Anuario Académico sobre Documentación Digital y Comunicación Interactiva     Open Access  
IFE Psychologia : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Image & Text : a Journal for Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Improntas     Open Access  
In die Skriflig / In Luce Verbi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Index on Censorship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Information Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
InMedia     Open Access  
International Journal of Bibliometrics in Business and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Entertainment Technology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Investment Analysts Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IRIS - Revista de Informação, Memória e Tecnologia     Open Access  
Journal of European Periodical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Healthcare Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Illustration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Information Privacy and Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Interactive Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Jewish Identities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Late Antiquity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Latin American Geography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of LGBT Youth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Literacy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Media Ethics : Exploring Questions of Media Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Early Republic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the Short Story in English     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Thyroid Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Transatlantic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of World History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Journalism & Mass Communication Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journalism & Communication Monographs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journalism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journalistica - Tidsskrift for forskning i journalistik     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Komunika     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
L'Espace Politique     Open Access  
L'Homme     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
La corónica : A Journal of Medieval Hispanic Languages, Literatures, and Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
La Presse Médicale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Language     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Latin American Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Latin American Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Law, State and Telecommunications Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Les Cahiers d'Outre-Mer     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media & Jornalismo     Open Access  
Memory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Natural Language Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Newspaper Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Nordic Journal of Media Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Norsk medietidsskrift     Open Access  
OJS på dansk     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Papers of The Bibliographical Society of Canada     Open Access  
Periodica Mathematica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Physics of the Solid State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Pollack Periodica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Pozo de Letras     Open Access  
Prometheus : Critical Studies in Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Publishers Weekly     Free   (Followers: 3)
Qatar Foundation Annual Research Forum Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Religion, State and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Revista Observatório     Open Access  
Revue archéologique de l'Est     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revue archéologique du Centre de la France     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’économie industrielle     Open Access  
Revue européenne des migrations internationales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Scientometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Sensorium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Signo y Pensamiento     Open Access  
South African Radiographer     Full-text available via subscription  
Southern African Forestry Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Stellenbosch Theological Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Stilet : Tydskrif van die Afrikaanse Letterkundevereniging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studia Socialia Cracoviensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Multidisciplinarity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Syntax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sztuka Edycji     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
TD : The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa     Open Access  
Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Tracés     Open Access  
Transport Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Trípodos     Open Access  
Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe     Open Access  
Tydskrif vir Letterkunde     Open Access  
Ufahamu : A Journal of African Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Variants : Journal of the European Society for Textual Scholarship     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Veld & Flora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Verbum et Ecclesia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Word and Action = Woord en Daad     Full-text available via subscription  
World Futures: Journal of General Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2504-0537
Published by Frontiers Media Homepage  [86 journals]
  • Editorial: Mining Scientific Papers: NLP-enhanced Bibliometrics

    • Authors: Iana Atanassova, Marc Bertin, Philipp Mayr
      PubDate: 2019-04-30T00:00:00Z
  • Investigating SSH Research and Publication Practices in Disciplinary and
           Institutional Contexts. A Survey-Based Comparative Approach in Two

    • Authors: Florian Bayer, Juan Gorraiz, Christian Gumpenberger, Arantxa Itúrbide, Isabel Iribarren-Maestro, Steve Reding
      Abstract: In this paper, we comparatively analyze, present and discuss the results from a survey on increasing the visibility of research achievements in the social sciences and humanities (SSH) that was carried out at the University of Vienna (Austria) and the University of Navarra (Spain) in 2016 and 2017. Covering four major topics—searching and finding literature, publishing, the visibility of research, and the assessment of research outputs—we ask the following questions: are there disciplinary differences to be identified, and how do they present themselves in the two institutional contexts' Discussing the results, we showcase how disciplinary and institutional traditions and contexts are important factors that influence research and publication practices in the SSH. Our results indicate that the practices of searching and finding literature as well as publication practices and behavior are shaped by disciplinary traditions and epistemic cultures. On the contrary, assessment and valuation of research outputs are influenced by institutional and national contexts in which SSH research is organized and carried out.
      PubDate: 2019-04-11T00:00:00Z
  • The NLP4NLP Corpus (II): 50 Years of Research in Speech and Language

    • Authors: Joseph Mariani, Gil Francopoulo, Patrick Paroubek, Frédéric Vernier
      Abstract: The NLP4NLP corpus contains articles published in 34 major conferences and journals in the field of speech and natural language processing over a period of 50 years (1965-2015), comprising 65,000 documents, gathering 50,000 authors, including 325,000 references and representing approximately 270 million words. This paper presents an analysis of this corpus regarding the evolution of the research topics, with the identification of the authors who introduced them and of the publication where they were first presented, and the detection of epistemological ruptures. Linking the metadata, the paper content and the references allowed us to propose a measure of innovation for the research topics, the authors and the publications. In addition, it allowed us to study the use of language resources, in the framework of the paradigm shift between knowledge-based approaches and content-based approaches, and the reuse of articles and plagiarism between sources over time. Numerous manual corrections were necessary, which demonstrated the importance of establishing standards for uniquely identifying authors, articles, resources or publications.
      PubDate: 2019-02-07T00:00:00Z
  • The NLP4NLP Corpus (I): 50 Years of Publication, Collaboration and
           Citation in Speech and Language Processing

    • Authors: Joseph Mariani, Gil Francopoulo, Patrick Paroubek
      Abstract: This paper introduces the NLP4NLP corpus, which contains articles published in 34 major conferences and journals in the field of speech and natural language processing over a period of 50 years (1965-2015), comprising 65,000 documents, gathering 50,000 authors, including 325,000 references and representing approximately 270 million words. Most of these publications are in English, some are in French, German or Russian. Some are open access, others have been provided by the publishers. In order to constitute and analyze this corpus several tools have been used or developed. Many of them use Natural Language Processing methods that have been published in the corpus, hence its name. The paper presents the corpus and some findings regarding its content (evolution over time of the number of articles and authors, collaborations between authors, citations between papers and authors), in the context of a global or comparative analysis between sources. Numerous manual corrections were necessary, which demonstrated the importance of establishing standards for uniquely identifying authors, articles or publications.
      PubDate: 2019-02-07T00:00:00Z
  • “When You Use Social Media You Are Not Working”: Barriers for the Use
           of Metrics in Social Sciences

    • Authors: Steffen Lemke, Maryam Mehrazar, Athanasios Mazarakis, Isabella Peters
      Abstract: The Social Sciences have long been struggling with quantitative forms of research assessment – insufficient coverage in prominent citation indices and overall lower citation counts than in STM subject areas have led to a widespread weariness regarding bibliometric evaluations among social scientists. Fueled by the rise of the social web, new hope is often placed on alternative metrics that measure the attention scholarly publications receive online, in particular on social media. But almost a decade after the coining of the term altmetrics for this new group of indicators, the uptake of the concept in the Social Sciences still seems to be low. Just like with traditional bibliometric indicators, one central problem hindering the applicability of altmetrics for the Social Sciences is the low coverage of social science publications on the respective data sources – which in the case of altmetrics are the various social media platforms on which interactions with scientific outputs can be measured. Another reason is that social scientists have strong opinions about the usefulness of metrics for research evaluation which may hinder broad acceptance of altmetrics too. We conducted qualitative interviews and online surveys with researchers to identify the concerns which inhibit the use of social media and the utilization of metrics for research evaluation in the Social Sciences. By analyzing the response data from the interviews in conjunction with the response data from the surveys, we identify the key concerns that inhibit social scientists from (1) applying social media for professional purposes and (2) making use of the wide array of metrics available. Our findings show that aspects of time consumption, privacy, dealing with information overload, and prevalent styles of communication are predominant concerns inhibiting Social Science researchers from using social media platforms for their work. Regarding indicators for research impact we identify a widespread lack of knowledge about existing metrics, their methodologies and meanings as a major hindrance for their uptake through social scientists. The results have implications for future developments of scholarly online tools and show that researchers could benefit considerably from additional formal training regarding the correct application and interpretation of metrics.
      PubDate: 2019-01-08T00:00:00Z
  • To What Extent Do Successive Cohorts Adopt Different Publication
           Patterns' Peer Review, Language Use, and Publication Types in the
           Social Sciences and Humanities

    • Authors: Raf Guns, Joshua Eykens, Tim C. E. Engels
      Abstract: This article presents a cohort analysis to study changes in the publication patterns of scholars working at a social sciences and humanities (SSH) university department or research unit in Flanders, Belgium. Starting from a comprehensive bibliographic database, we analyze the peer review status, publication language, publication type (journal article, book publication, or proceedings), and coverage in Web of Science (WoS) for publications produced between 2000 and 2014. Through a cohort analysis of the authors, a distinction can be made between effects that reflect changes in the characteristics of how researchers of comparable seniority publish (intracohort change) and effects that are due to the disappearance of researchers and/or introduction of new researchers (cohort succession). Our findings indicate that there is a trend across all five cohorts and in both the social sciences and humanities towards peer review, use of English, and publishing in WoS-indexed journals. While we witness clear intracohort changes, cohort succession effects are shown to be much weaker. The oldest cohort appears to maintain a traditional SSH profile, with lower shares of peer-reviewed publications, publications in English, journal articles, and publications indexed in WoS. As for publication types, all cohorts exhibit a slightly declining share of journal articles over time in favor of book publications, particularly in the humanities. The study shows that cohort analysis is a useful instrument to gain better insight into the evolution of publication patterns.
      PubDate: 2019-01-08T00:00:00Z
  • Science Citation Knowledge Extractor

    • Authors: Heather Lent, Gustave Hahn-Powell, Asher Haug-Baltzell, Sean Davey, Mihai Surdeanu, Eric Lyons
      Abstract: The importance of academic publications is often evaluated by the number of and impact of its subsequent citing works. These citing works build upon the referenced material, representing both further intellectual insights and additional derived uses. As such, reading peer-reviewed articles which cite one’s work can serve as a way for authors to understand how their research is being adopted and extended by the greater scientific community, further develop the broader impacts of their research, and even find new collaborators. Unfortunately, in today’s rapidly growing and shifting scientific landscape, it is unlikely that a researcher has enough time to read through all articles citing their works, especially in the case of highly-cited broad-impact studies. To address this challenge, we developed the Science Citation Knowledge Extractor (SCKE), a web tool to provide biological and biomedical researchers with an overview of how their work is being utilized by the broader scientific community. SCKE is a web-based tool which utilizes natural language processing and machine learning to retrieve key information from scientific publications citing a given work, analyze the citing material, and and present users with interactive data visualizations which illustrate how their works are contributing to greater scientific pursuits. Results are generally grouped into two categories, aimed at 1) understanding the broad scientific areas which one’s work is impacting and 2) assessing the breadth and impact of one’s work within these areas. As a web application, SCKE is easy to use, with a single input of PubMed ID(s) to analyze. SCKE is available for immediate use by the scientific community as a hosted web application at SCKE can also be self-hosted by taking advantage of a fully-integrated VM Image (, Docker container (, or open-source code (GPL license) available on GitHub (
      PubDate: 2018-12-18T00:00:00Z
  • Corrigendum: What Can Tell Us About Policy Citations of
           Research' An Analysis of Data for Research Articles From
           the University of Sheffield

    • Authors: Andy Tattersall, Christopher Carroll
      PubDate: 2018-12-11T00:00:00Z
  • Bibliometric and Altmetric Analysis of Three Social Science Disciplines

    • Authors: Daniela De Filippo, Elías Sanz-Casado
      Abstract: This article analyses scientific publications of international prestige in three social science disciplines (communication, economics and sociology) to identify possible production patterns. Emphasis is placed on the study of impact and visibility, both through bibliometric and altmetric indicators to determine similarities and differences and to establish possible inter-variable relationships. The use of measures such as the presence in social media for the study of the visibility of documents is discussed.A total of 112 300 papers published from 2013 to 2015 in the three disciplines analysed was retrieved from the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI). Economics accounted for the largest number and was observed to have a ‘stable’ and consolidated output profile. Collaboration, impact and visibility were found to be inter-related in the three fields. The proportion of papers with mentions in the social media was high (around 50 %) in communication and sociology, suggesting a relationship between the object of study and the medium for disseminating the findings. Tweets were the most common type of mentions. While the correlation between academic impact (citation/doc) and mentions in blog posts and tweets was observed to be low, the percentage of papers cited (78 % to 96 %) and the mean number of citations per paper were greater among those with than those without mentions in the social media (especially those mentioned in Google+, MSM, videos and Wikipedia). The proportion of open access (OA) papers with mentions in the social media was higher than the percentage of open access papers as a whole in two of the three disciplines.
      PubDate: 2018-12-06T00:00:00Z
  • Resolving Citation Links With Neural Networks

    • Authors: Tadashi Nomoto
      Abstract: This work demonstrates how neural network models (NNs) can be exploited towards resolving citation links in the scientific literature, which involves locating passages in the source paper the author had intended when citing the paper. We look at two kinds of models: triplet and binary. The triplet network model works by ranking potential candidates, using what is generally known as the triplet loss, while the binary model tackles the issue by turning it into a binary decision problem, i.e., by labeling a candidate as true or false, depending on how likely a target it is. Experiments are conducted using three datasets developed by the CL-SciSumm project from a large repository of scientific papers in the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL) repository. The results find that NNs are extremely susceptible to how the input is represented: they perform better on inputs expressed in binary format than on those encoded using the TFIDF metric or neural embeddings. Furthermore, in response to a difficulty NNs and baselines had in predicting the exact location of a target, we introduce the idea of approximately correct targets (ACTs) where the goal is to find a region which likely contains a true target rather than its exact location. We show that with the ACTs, NNs consistently outperform Ranking SVM and TFIDF on the aforementioned datasets.
      PubDate: 2018-10-25T00:00:00Z
  • Insights Into University Knowledge Transfer in the Social Sciences and
           Humanities (SSH) and Other Scientific Disciplines – More Similarities
           Than Differences

    • Authors: Markus C. Hayden, Martin Weiß, Alice Pechriggl, Daniel Wutti
      Abstract: Knowledge transfer from universities to other portions of society is highly relevant in both academia and public policy. However, the focus on high-quality research outputs has forced researchers to concentrate their efforts mainly on ‘science-to-science’ achievements. Knowledge transfer activities are usually reduced to topics that are associated with university-industry collaboration or the exploitation of research results, such as procurement of patents. Achievements in fields characterized by ‘science-to-professionals’ and ‘science-to-public’ knowledge transfer are often not appreciated, but rather evaluated as extraordinary and voluntary contributions. Therefore, these are deemed as not beneficial for progression in academic careers. Furthermore, study of such aspects of knowledge transfer has rarely been conducted. While the reduction of knowledge transfer to profit-oriented indicators should in general be questioned, such an objective is particularly inappropriate in the social sciences and humanities (SSH). In the current study, we explored whether researchers themselves have a differentiated understanding of knowledge transfer and which attitudes towards knowledge transfer can be described. We also investigated motivators and obstacles associated with knowledge transfer itself. To analyze differences between the SSH and other scientific disciplines, we compared SSH researchers with those of other fields. Our sample consisted of 283 participants from 18 different Austrian universities. Results indicate that researchers possess a comprehensive understanding of knowledge transfer that is closely related to science-to-public and science-to-professionals disciplines, as well as university instruction. Importantly, issues regarding the exploitation of research results were questioned and motivators were linked to moral rather than economic issues. Within the scientific community, knowledge transfer is insufficiently appreciated and is not beneficial for progress in an academic career. As such, researchers are hindered in participating in knowledge transfer activities. Differences between SSH and non-SSH researchers were noted in several evaluated categories, but were mainly small in effect size. Both subsamples answered consistently along the same trend, indicating that the differences are smaller than we hypothesized. Our findings are critically discussed, and implications are extrapolated. 
      PubDate: 2018-10-09T00:00:00Z
  • The Dynamically Changing Publication Universe as a Reference Point in
           National Impact Evaluation: A Counterfactual Case Study on the Chinese
           Publication Growth

    • Authors: Stephan Stahlschmidt, Sybille Hinze
      Abstract: National bibliometric performance is commonly measured via relative impact indicators which appraise absolute national values through a global environment. Consequently the resulting impact values mirror changes in the national performance as well as in its embedding. In order to assess the importance of the environment in this ratio, we analyse the increase in Chinese publications as an example for a structural change altering the publication universe.Via a counterfactual comparison we observe how Chinese publications differ in their citation-based relevance attribution by benefiting especially Asian countries, while scientifically leading countries in the West gain less than postulated by the former status quo. Due to the substantial quantity of Chinese publications this differentiation in relevance attribution imposes globally noticeable effects on national impact statistics. We argue that such structural changes in the environment have to be taken into account for an unbiased measurement of national bibliometric performance.
      PubDate: 2018-10-09T00:00:00Z
  • Using ORCID, DOI, and Other Open Identifiers in Research Evaluation

    • Authors: Laurel L. Haak, Alice Meadows, Josh Brown
      Abstract: An evaluator’s task is to connect the dots between program goals and its outcomes. This can be accomplished through surveys, research, and interviews, and is frequently performed post hoc. Evaluation is hampered by a lack of data that clearly connect a program with its outcomes and, in particular, by ambiguity about who has participated in the program and what contributions they have made. Manually making these connections is very labor-intensive, and algorithmic matching introduces errors and assumptions that can distort results. In this paper, we discuss the use of identifiers in evaluation -- for individuals, their contributions, and the organizations that sponsor them and fund their work. Global identifier systems are uniquely positioned to capture global mobility and collaboration. By leveraging connections between local infrastructures and global information resources, evaluators can map data sources that were previously either unavailable or prohibitively labor-intensive. We describe how identifiers, such as ORCID iDs and
      DOI s, are being embedded in research workflows, how this is affecting data availability for evaluation purposes, and provide examples of evaluations that are leveraging identifiers. We also discuss the importance of provenance and preservation in establishing confidence in the reliability and trustworthiness of data and relationships, and in the long-term availability of metadata describing objects and their inter-relationships. We conclude with a discussion on opportunities and risks for the use of identifiers in evaluation processes.
      PubDate: 2018-10-04T00:00:00Z
  • Issues in the Interpretation of “Altmetrics” Digital Traces: A

    • Authors: Shenmeng Xu
      Abstract: Researchers leave traces of their behavior during many stages of their research process. Parts of this process were formerly invisible. With scholarship moving online, we can now access various types of altmetrics digital traces such as reading, organizing, sharing and discussing scientific papers, thus develop a more holistic story about researchers and their work. However, a lack of in-depth interpretation of altmetrics digital traces is observed. Therefore, this paper focuses on reviewing some of existing altmetrics research, with a particular emphasis on the issues that need to be taken into consideration in the interpretation of altmetrics digital traces. Taking a preliminary step towards a guideline for more in-depth analysis of digital traces of scholarly acts, this review aims to bring attention to these issues to avoid misuse of altmetrics indicators.
      PubDate: 2018-10-04T00:00:00Z
  • Attitudes, Perceptions, and Barriers to Research and Publishing Among
           Research and Teaching Staff in a Nigerian Research Institute

    • Authors: Stanley I. R. Okoduwa, James O. Abe, Blessing I. Samuel, Aimee O. Chris, Richard A. Oladimeji, Olanipekun O. Idowu, Ugochi J. Okoduwa
      Abstract: The economic development of any nation is centered on research. Unfortunately, research activities had suffered serious setback in tertiary research institutions in Nigeria. This study explores the attitudes, perceptions and barriers to research and publishing among academic staff in Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, (NILEST) Zaria Nigeria. A structured self-administered questionnaire was distributed among 130 research and teaching staff at the various Directorates in NILEST. Data are presented in frequencies and percentages for questionnaire responses. Exactly 93.85%of the questionnaires were validated for the study which included 81.15% male and 18.85% female. The participant were researchers (26.23%), lecturers (31.15%), Technologist (20.49%) and Instructors (22.13%). The majority of participant agreed that research is important for the institute (90.98%). A total of 81.15% believed that conducting research should be mandatory for all academic staff. Only 44.26% was self-reported to have ongoing research. Some of the obstacles reported to have prevented research activities included: lack of funding (72.13%), lack of professional mentorship (84.43%) and inadequate research facilities (89.34%). Participants without a single published paper were 54.545%. Some of the reasons given for not having published papers were “no writing experience (95.65%), high publishing fee (79.71%) and long waiting period for peer review (97.10%)”. The suggestions to improve research status by respondents included“ provision of research grants/funds (92.62%), provision of internet facilities (95.10%), mandatory publication (26.23%) and appropriate mentorship (34.43%). Majority of the respondents believed that research is relevant, only a few were engaged in active research and published articles as evidence. It is therefore recommended that policy makers should devise strategies to focus on active research activities in order to achieve the desire research mandate and goal of institutions in the development of the nation’s economy.
      PubDate: 2018-09-25T00:00:00Z
  • Temporal Representations of Citations for Understanding the Changing Roles
           of Scientific Publications

    • Authors: Jiangen He, Chaomei Chen
      Abstract: Researchers may describe different aspects of past scientific publications in their publications and the descriptions may keep changing in the evolution of science. The diverse and changing descriptions (i.e., citation context) on a publication characterize the impact and contributions of the past publication. In this article, we aim to provide an approach to understanding the changing roles of a publication characterized by its citation context in the full text of publications. We proposed approaches for representing the changing citation context of cited publications in different periods as sequences of vectors by training temporal embedding models. We can utilize the temporal representations to quantify how much the roles of publications changed and interpret how they changed. We also evaluated the performance of three ways of constructing citation context for representation learning. Our study in the biomedical domain shows that our metric on the changes of publication roles is stable at the population level but it can account for the variation of individual publications.
      PubDate: 2018-09-19T00:00:00Z
  • Assessing Health Research and Innovation Impact: Evolution of a Framework
           and Tools in Alberta, Canada

    • Authors: Kathryn E. R. Graham, Deanne Langlois-Klassen, Sagal A. M. Adam, Liza Chan, Heidi L. Chorzempa
      Abstract: Publicly funded research and innovation (R&I) organizations around the world are facing increasing demands to demonstrate the impacts of their investments. In most cases, these demands are shifting from academically based outputs to impacts that benefit society. Funders and other organizations are grappling to understand and demonstrate how their investments and activities are achieving impact. This is compounded with challenges that are inherent to impact assessment, such as having an agreed understanding of impact, the time lag from research to impact, establishing attribution and contribution, and consideration of diverse stakeholder needs and values. In response, many organizations are implementing frameworks and using web-based tools to track and assess academic and societal impact. This conceptual analysis begins with an overview of international research impact frameworks and emerging tools that are used by an increasing number of public R&I funders to demonstrate the value of their investments. From concept to real-world, this paper illustrates how one organization, Alberta Innovates, used the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences (CAHS) impact framework to guide implementation of its fit-for-purpose impact framework with an agnostic international six-block protocol. The implementation of the impact framework at Alberta Innovates is also supported by adopting emerging web-based tools. Drawing on the lessons learned from this continuous organizational endeavour to assess and measure R&I impact, we present preliminary plans for developing an impact strategy for Alberta Innovates that can be applied across sectors, including energy, environment and agriculture, and may possibly be adopted by other international funders.
      PubDate: 2018-09-18T00:00:00Z
  • Impacting Capabilities: A Conceptual Framework for the Social Value of

    • Authors: Daniel J. Hicks, Carl Stahmer, MacKenzie Smith
      Abstract: There is widespread interest in evaluating the social impacts of research and other scholarly activities. Conventional metrics for social impacts focus on economics or wealth creation, such as patents or technology transfer. These kinds of metrics are less appropriate for many scholarly fields, and miss the specific social concerns or needs that researchers aim to address. In this paper, drawing on ideas from ethics and development economics, we develop a conceptual framework for characterizing the social goals of research. We first distinguish resources — such as wealth and intellectual credit — from the goals of scholarship, and further distinguish inward- and outward-facing goals. Outward-facing goals refer to the intended social impacts of research. Next we introduce the Capabilities Approach, a conceptual framework for human well-being developed by ethicists and economists over the last 40 years. This Approach focuses on basic human needs, rather than wealth, and we draw specifically on a list of central human capabilities developed by philosopher Martha Nussbaum. We propose that the items on this list provide a useful starting point for articulating the specific social aims of research. We argue that the Capabilities Approach can facilitate research communication and improve the recognition of public engagement in academic and funding institutions. Familiar bibliographic data and text mining methods can be used in a capabilities-inspired portfolio analysis, and modest changes to existing data collection systems — for tenure and promotion, or research funding applications — could support the development of even richer capabilities-inspired metrics and incentive systems.
      PubDate: 2018-08-28T00:00:00Z
  • Dimensions: Building Context for Search and Evaluation

    • Authors: Daniel W. Hook, Simon J. Porter, Christian Herzog
      Abstract: Dimensions is a new database that focussed on a different set of problems to other scholarly search systems. Specifically, by the including not only data about publications and their natural associated citation graph, but by also including awarded grant data, patent data and clinical data and altmetric attention data, Dimensions holds a representation of an n-partite graph associated with the heterogeneous research objects. These objects have been treated as heterogeneous, but need to be brought onto the same footing (and homogenised) in order that they should make sense to a user. The links (or edges) in the expanded network of objects is created through extensive use of text mining and machine learning to extract and to normalise data. This article gives an overview of the techniques used to create the Dimensions dataset.
      PubDate: 2018-08-23T00:00:00Z
  • External Tests of Peer Review Validity Via Impact Measures

    • Authors: Stephen A. Gallo, Scott R. Glisson
      Abstract: Peer review is used commonly across science as a tool to evaluate the merit and potential impact of research projects and make funding recommendations. While potential impact is likely difficult to assess ex-ante, there have been relatively few attempts made to get a sense of the predictive accuracy of review decisions using impact measures of the results of the completed projects. Although many outputs, and thus potential measures of impact, exist for research projects, the overwhelming majority of evaluation of research output is focused on bibliometrics. We review the multiple types of potential impact measures with an interest in their application to validate review decisions. A review of the current literature on validating peer review decisions with research output impact measures is presented here; only 48 studies were identified, about half of which were US based and sample size per study varied greatly. 69% of the studies employed bibliometrics as a research output. While 52% of the studies employed alternative measures (like patents and technology licensing, post-project peer review, international collaboration, future funding success, securing tenure track positions, and career satisfaction), only 25% of all projects used more than one measure of research output. Overall, 91% of studies with unfunded controls and 71% of studies without such controls provided evidence for at least some level of predictive validity of review decisions. However, several studies reported observing sizable type I and II errors as well. Moreover, many of the observed effects were small and several studies suggest a coarse discriminatory power, able to separate poor proposals from better ones, but no discrimination amongst the top tier proposals or applicants (although discriminatory ability depended on the impact metric). This is of particular concern in an era of low funding success rates. More research is needed, particularly in integrating multiple types of impact indicators in these validity tests, as well as considering the context of the research outputs relative to goals of the research program and concerns for reproducibility, translatability and publication bias. In parallel, more research is needed focusing on the internal validity of review decision making procedures and reviewer bias.
      PubDate: 2018-08-23T00:00:00Z
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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