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 Journal of Happiness Studies   [SJR: 0.881]   [H-I: 39]   [27 followers]  Follow         Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)    ISSN (Print) 1573-7780 - ISSN (Online) 1389-4978    Published by Springer-Verlag  [2355 journals]
• Does Work Make Mothers Happy'
• Authors: Dana Hamplová
Abstract: Abstract The paper explores the link between employment and subjective well-being among mothers with children under 3 years of age. It uses a pooled sample from the ESS 2004–2014 data from 30 European countries. Analyzing multiple measures of subjective well-being, the paper shows that homemakers are generally happier than full-time workers. No significant differences between homemakers and part-time workers were found. Contrary to our expectations, homemaking was positively associated with happiness particularly among mothers who left higher quality employment for childcare. Though some variation across countries exists, it is not linked to the provision of formal childcare, duration of parental leave, or tax system.
PubDate: 2018-01-12
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-018-9958-2

• Servant Leadership and Goal Attainment Through Meaningful Life and
Vitality: A Diary Study
• Authors: Raquel Rodríguez-Carvajal; Marta Herrero; Dirk van Dierendonck; Sara de Rivas; Bernardo Moreno-Jiménez
Abstract: Abstract Despite the emphasis of servant leadership theory on the attention provided to workers’ needs and goals, there is a lack of empirical knowledge on the relationship between servant leadership and employees’ goal attainment. We provide a theoretical model of the mechanism by which this strong focus of servant leadership on a worker’s individual development positively influences the worker’s goal attainment. Through a diary study with 126 workers over five consecutive working days, the results indicated a positive within-person indirect effect of servant leader behaviors on goal attainment a day later through two parallel paths: the meaning in life at night and vitality the next morning. These results provide the first empirical support for the assumption of servant leadership as a promoter of employees’ goals, and highlights how servant leadership positively influences the integration of work as part of life and the energy resources of workers to achieve their daily goals.
PubDate: 2018-01-12
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9954-y

• Be There For Me and I Will Be There For You: Friendship Maintenance
Mediates the Relationship Between Capitalization and Happiness
• Authors: Melikşah Demir; Alexandra Tyra; Ayça Özen-Çıplak
Abstract: Abstract Friends share positive events with each other, and the perception of the responses as active and constructive (i.e., enthusiastic) is related to happiness. Two studies (N = 685) investigated friendship maintenance (FM) in same-sex best friendships as the mediator of the relationship between perceived responses to capitalization attempts (PRCA) and happiness. Results in both studies showed that PRCA was positively related to FM, and that FM explained why PRCA was associated with happiness, even when different measures of happiness were utilized. Although women reported higher levels of PRCA and FM compared to men, the associations of the friendship experiences with happiness were similar and the model was supported for both women and men. The results are discussed in terms of the importance of understanding the role of friendship experiences in the capitalization process. Also, directions for future research were provided.
PubDate: 2018-01-10
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9957-8

• Always Look on the Bright Side of Life: Religiosity, Emotion Regulation
and Well-Being in a Jewish and Christian Sample
• Authors: Allon Vishkin; Pazit Ben-Nun Bloom; Maya Tamir
Abstract: Abstract People who are more religious tend to experience more positive affect and higher levels of life satisfaction. Current explanations for this relation include social support, meaning in life, and more positive emotional experiences. Adding cognitive reappraisal as a new mechanism, we propose that religion consistently trains people to reappraise emotional events, making the devout more effective in applying this emotion regulation practice, which cultivates more positive affect and greater life satisfaction. In two studies, involving Israeli Jewish (N = 288) and American Christian (N = 277) participants, we found that more frequent use of cognitive reappraisal mediated the relationship between religiosity and affective experiences, which in turn, were associated with greater life satisfaction. Religiosity was associated with more frequent cognitive reappraisal (in both samples) and less frequent expressive suppression (in the Christian sample). Cognitive reappraisal mediated the link between religiosity and positive affect (in both samples) as well as negative affect (in the Christian sample). We discuss implications for understanding the link between religion and emotional well-being.
PubDate: 2018-01-09
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9956-9

• The Role of Buddhist Practices in Happiness and Health in Thailand: A
Structural Equation Model
• Authors: Lylla Winzer; Rossarin Soottipong Gray
Abstract: Abstract Based on secondary data from the Thai National Statistical Office, the present study tested a model that links Buddhist practices to self-perceived health in a large sample of Thai people. We tested three hypotheses: (1) Buddhist values (e.g., gratitude, generosity and altruism) arise by how frequently people engage in institutionalized Buddhist practices (e.g., praying, meditation, offering food to the monks); (2) The observation of institutionalized Buddhist practices is linked to higher levels of happiness, improved family and community connections and lower levels of negative emotions, depending on to the extent to which individuals incorporate Buddhist values into their behavior; and (3) The path from Buddhism (practices and values) to self-perceived health is mediated by happiness, negative emotions, and family and community connections. The model had a very good fit with the data, corroborating all hypotheses. The strongest indirect path from Buddhist practices to health was mediated by happiness. The results indicate that religion benefits self-perceived health mediated by how much an individual engages in religious practices and the extent to which those practices nurture human virtues. By regulating negative emotions, promoting family and community connections, and strengthening positive feelings, religion has an indirect impact on health. The implications of these findings for public health and the limitations of the study are discussed.
PubDate: 2018-01-03
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9953-z

• Is There a Stronger Association Between Children and Happiness Among the
Religious' Religion as a Moderator in the Relationship Between
Happiness and Child Number
• Authors: Stephen Cranney
Pages: 1713 - 1727
Abstract: Abstract The literature on child number and happiness has progressed beyond simple associations and has begun to explore the roles of various attitudinal and environmental factors that moderate the relationship. Here the role of religiosity as a moderator in the relationship between happiness and child number is tested. This effect has not been examined before, which is surprising given the role that religion has been shown to play in child number more generally. I draw on both the psychology and demography literature to make a theoretical case that, as religiosity in the United States tends to be associated with pronatalist norms and culture, and as happiness is positively associated with fulfilling sociocultural imperatives, then, all things being equal, the more religious will have a higher happiness effect (or lower unhappiness effect) from their children than the less religious. Using General Social Survey data, my empirical analysis empirically confirmed this hypothesis, showing a positive and significant interaction term between self-identifying as very religious and child number. This interaction is partially mediated by another interaction term between higher ideal family size (measuring pronatalist tendencies) and number of children.
PubDate: 2017-12-01
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-016-9798-x
Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 6 (2017)

• Happiness and Globalization: A Spatial Econometric Approach
• Authors: Chun-Hung A. Lin; Suchandra Lahiri; Ching-Po Hsu
Pages: 1841 - 1857
Abstract: Abstract Based on the data of Gallup World Poll Survey (GWP), this study employs a spatial 2SLS (two stage least square) model to examines the impact of globalization on the level of happiness across 145 nations. We observe endogeneity of the spatial lag term (Wh) on happiness as well as spatial dependencies in the independent variables (WX’s) which represents indirect effects from a change in X’s in the neighboring regions. We observe contrasting spillover effects (own v/s neighboring effect) of the same explanatory variable generating positive or negative effect, respectively, across space. Further, an inverted ‘U’ Kuznet curve reveals a non-linear relationship between average happiness and happiness inequality. At low levels, an increase in well-being appears to hurt the poor; but beyond a certain threshold, it seems to reduce inequality. We observed among countries that happiness inequalities for developed regions are more when compared to developing regions.
PubDate: 2017-12-01
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-016-9793-2
Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 6 (2017)

• The Validity of Subjective Wellbeing Measurement for Children: Evidence
Using the Personal Wellbeing Index—School Children
• Authors: Adrian J. Tomyn; Matthew D. Fuller-Tyszkiewicz; Robert A. Cummins; Jacolyn M. Norrish
Pages: 1859 - 1875
Abstract: Abstract Research is scarce concerning the validity of subjective wellbeing measures for children aged 12 years and less. There are even fewer subjective wellbeing data for children with complex backgrounds and personal circumstances and those experiencing socio-demographic disadvantage. This study compares the psychometric properties of the child and adult versions of the Personal Wellbeing Index. Participants were 1761 ‘at-risk’ children aged 10–12 years, and 2000 geographically representative Australian adults. While there was sufficient fit with a one-factor structure, the reliability estimates were lower in the child sample and the incidence of response bias was significantly higher. Collectively, these findings suggest caution in the use of subjective wellbeing measures with children.
PubDate: 2017-12-01
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-016-9804-3
Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 6 (2017)

• Inclusive Leadership and Employee Well-Being: The Mediating Role of
Person-Job Fit
• Authors: Suk Bong Choi; Thi Bich Hanh Tran; Seung-Wan Kang
Pages: 1877 - 1901
Abstract: Abstract This study explored the effects of inclusive leadership on employee well-being and innovative behavior. We also investigated the mediating role of person-job fit in these relationships. We tested these effects on a sample of 207 employees in five telecommunication companies in Vietnam, using a questionnaire survey. The results showed that inclusive leadership is positively related to employee well-being and innovative behavior, and that person-job fit mediates these relationships. The study makes theoretical contributions to the literature of leadership and organizational psychology, and suggests useful managerial implications for organizations to boost employee well-being and innovative behavior. Taking a cultural approach, this study provides empirical cross-cultural validity of the effect of inclusive leadership on employee well-being.
PubDate: 2017-12-01
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-016-9801-6
Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 6 (2017)

• Well-Being in Rural Appalachia: Age and Gender Patterns Across Five
Indicators
• Authors: Lindsey Roberts; Victoria Banyard; John Grych; Sherry Hamby
Abstract: Abstract Psychological studies often include indicators of physical and mental health as outcomes. However, researchers are now beginning to include a wide range of measures of well-being. The current study uses a cross-sectional community sample from rural Appalachia to examine age and gender trends in traditional outcome measures and in subjective measures of well-being, including health-related quality of life, mental health, positive self-regard, spiritual well-being, and posttraumatic growth. Analyses revealed that while health-related quality of life tends to be lower for older participants, mental health and spiritual well-being tend to be higher for older participants. Positive self-regard showed no significant effects for either age or sex. Curvilinear age effects were seen for health-related quality of life (cubic), spiritual well-being (quadratic), and posttraumatic growth (quadratic), suggesting possible turning points across the lifespan for these indicators of well-being. Significant main effects for sex were seen in health-related quality of life, mental health, and posttraumatic growth, with males reporting better physical and mental health and females reporting higher levels of posttraumatic growth. Intervention and prevention efforts might aim to promote aspects multiple aspects of well-being throughout the lifespan, particularly those aspects that are most stable across age and sex (such as a positive self-regard), and future research could expand upon these patterns to include an older population.
PubDate: 2017-12-20
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9951-1

• Impacts of Flooding and Flood Preparedness on Subjective Well-Being: A
Monetisation of the Tangible and Intangible Impacts
• Authors: Paul Hudson; W. J. Wouter Botzen; Jennifer Poussin; Jeroen C. J. H. Aerts
Abstract: Abstract Flood disasters severely impact human subjective well-being (SWB). Nevertheless, few studies have examined the influence of flood events on individual well-being and how such impacts may be limited by flood protection measures. This study estimates the long term impacts on individual subjective well-being of flood experiences, individual subjective flood risk perceptions, and household flood preparedness decisions. These effects are monetised and placed in context through a comparison with impacts of other adverse events on well-being. We collected data from households in flood-prone areas in France. The results indicate that experiencing a flood has a large negative impact on subjective well-being that is incompletely attenuated over time. Moreover, individuals do not need to be directly affected by floods to suffer SWB losses since subjective well-being is lower for those who expect their flood risk to increase or who have seen a neighbour being flooded. Floodplain inhabitants who prepared for flooding by elevating their home have a higher subjective well-being. A monetisation of the aforementioned well-being impacts shows that a flood requires €150,000 in immediate compensation to attenuate SWB losses. The decomposition of the monetised impacts of flood experience into tangible losses and intangible effects on SWB shows that intangible effects are about twice as large as the tangible direct monetary flood losses. Investments in flood protection infrastructure may be under funded if the intangible SWB benefits of flood protection are not taken into account.
PubDate: 2017-12-19
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9916-4

• How’s Life at Home' New Evidence on Marriage and the Set Point
for Happiness
• Authors: Shawn Grover; John F. Helliwell
Abstract: Abstract Subjective well-being research has often found that marriage is positively correlated with well-being. Some have argued that this correlation may be result of happier people being more likely to marry. Others have presented evidence suggesting that the well-being benefits of marriage are short-lasting. Using data from the British Household Panel Survey, we control individual pre-marital well-being levels and find that the married are still more satisfied, suggesting a causal effect at all stages of the marriage, from pre-nuptual bliss to marriages of long-duration. Using new data from the United Kingdom’s Annual Population Survey, we find that the married have a less deep U-shape in life satisfaction across age groups than do the unmarried, indicating that marriage may help ease the causes of the mid-life dip in life satisfaction and that the benefits of marriage are unlikely to be short-lived. We explore friendship as a mechanism which could help explain a causal relationship between marriage and life satisfaction, and find that well-being effects of marriage are about twice as large for those whose spouse is also their best friend.
PubDate: 2017-12-19
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9941-3

• Happiness in Bangladesh: The Role of Religion and Connectedness
• Authors: Joe Devine; Timothy Hinks; Arif Naveed
Abstract: Abstract Research into the relation between religion and happiness offers inconclusive evidence. Religion seems to matter but it is not entirely clear how and why. Moreover much of the research to date is rooted in western experiences. This article analyzes primary data from Bangladesh to examine how religion figures in people’s wellbeing and life chances. It identifies differences in reported happiness between the country’s two largest religious populations: Muslims and Hindus. Our main argument is that the significance of religion is only really understood when considered alongside social, economic and political processes. The data and analysis make an important contribution to the limited knowledge we have of the relation between religion, political connectedness and happiness in non-western societies. It also highlights the need to incorporate more contextualizing analyses into our assessments of the relation between religion and happiness.
PubDate: 2017-12-16
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9939-x

• Activation, Avoidance, and Response-Contingent Positive Reinforcement
Predict Subjective Wellbeing
• Authors: Christopher C. Gill; Robert T. Kane; Trevor G. Mazzucchelli
Abstract: Abstract We aimed to clarify whether relationships of behavioural activation, avoidance, and response-contingent positive reinforcement with subjective wellbeing components supported a behavioural subjective wellbeing model. We used a correlational, cross-sectional design, and collected data online from a convenience and snowball sample of 224 participants aged 18–72 years using an anonymous survey. We conducted hierarchical multiple regression analyses and structural equation modelling. Behavioural activation positively predicted significant unique variance in (a) positive affect, b = 0.44, 99.2% CI [0.30, 0.58], p < 0.001, $$\eta_{p}^{2}$$  = 0.27, and (b) satisfaction with life, b = 0.19, 99.2% CI [0.07, 0.31], p < 0.001, $$\eta_{p}^{2}$$  = 0.08. Behavioural activation negatively predicted significant unique negative affect variance, b = − 0.17, 99.2% CI [− 0.30, − 0.03], p = 0.001, $$\eta_{p}^{2}$$  = 0.05. Avoidance positively predicted significant negative affect variance, b = 0.45, 99.2% CI [0.31, 0.58], p < 0.001, $$\eta_{p}^{2}$$  = 0.27. Most other predictors had non-significant effects when behavioural variables were added to our models. Response-contingent positive reinforcement mediated relationships of behavioural activation with positive affect, negative affect, and satisfaction with life. Our results suggest behavioural variables may explain some affect variance often attributed to other predictors. The pattern of relationships we found supports a behavioural subjective wellbeing model focussed on response-contingent positive reinforcement. Our findings suggest these relationships may not be unique to depressed populations. Our results do not indicate causality, but suggest testing causality is warranted in the future.
PubDate: 2017-12-12
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9949-8

• Relative Income and Pay Satisfaction: Further Evidence on the Role of the
Reference Group
• Authors: Laetitia Hauret; Donald R. Williams
Abstract: Abstract Social comparison is an important issue in the context of subjective well-being. Subjective well-being, including satisfaction with pay, is not only affected by individual salary but also by the salaries of members of a reference group. This paper studies the relationship between relative wage and pay satisfaction allowing the choice of reference group to vary across individuals. The paper utilizes a survey on working conditions and quality of working life that contains questions regarding the individual’s choice of reference group for income comparisons. The results indicate that even after controlling for reference group choice, both absolute and relative pay are significantly related to satisfaction with pay. Allowing the reference group to vary improves the overall performance of the model, however. We also present evidence that questions regarding relative pay are good predictors of satisfaction with pay.
PubDate: 2017-12-11
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9950-2

• Longitudinal Effects of Examination Stress on Psychological Well-Being and
a Possible Mediating Role of Self-Esteem in Chinese High School Students
• Authors: Zhoulei Xiang; Shen Tan; Qian Kang; Baoshan Zhang; Lei Zhu
Abstract: Abstract Through using a latent growth curve model (LGCM), the present study investigated longitudinal relationships between examination stress, self-esteem, and psychological well-being in Chinese high school students. This paper presents results of a three-wave longitudinal study among 248 Chinese high school students who were followed over the course of one semester. The students completed questionnaires about once every 2 months from the beginning to the end of a school semester for a total of three questionnaires including the shorten version of Academic Stress Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Chinese version of Psychological Well-Being Scale. The results obtained from latent growth curve modeling (LGCM) showed that the initial examination stress level negatively predicted the students’ initial level of psychological well-being. Also, changes in examination stress over time negatively predicted changes in psychological well-being. In addition, self-esteem can mediate the effects of examination stress on psychological well-being: first, initial level of examination stress can influence the initial level of psychological well-being via self-esteem; second, examination stress at Time 1 predicted psychological well-being at Time 3 mediated by self-esteem at Time 2. These findings contributed the theoretical explanation about the effect of stress in damaging psychological well-being and the mediating mechanism of self-esteem. There are also some practical implications on improving psychological well-being among the high school students through reducing the levels of examination stress.
PubDate: 2017-12-08
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9948-9

• Job Satisfaction, Rumination, and Subjective Well-Being: A Moderated
Mediational Model
• Authors: Serdar Karabati; Nurcan Ensari; Dary Fiorentino
Abstract: Abstract Various studies have verified the detrimental effects of rumination as a maintenance factor for depressive symptoms (Spasojević et al. in: Papageorgiou, Wells (eds) Depressive rumination: Nature, theory and treatment. Wiley, Hoboken, 2004). Much less is known about the dynamics of rumination as an outcome of powerful stressors that trigger negative thoughts and affect (Lyubomirsky et al. in Ann Rev Clin Psychol 11:1–22, 2015). The study contributes to the literature by investigating rumination among non-clinical, adult participants, using data from a convenience sample of white-collar employees from the US and Turkey (N = 383). We tested the mediational role of rumination in the relationship between job satisfaction and subjective well-being, controlling for the potential moderational effect from self-efficacy. In support of our hypotheses, the results reveal that people who are less satisfied with their job tend to ruminate more and, therefore, they feel less satisfied and less happy. The expected moderation effect of self-efficacy could not be supported by the data in our study. Our findings suggest that employees may find it difficult to offset rumination resulting from having low job satisfaction, even when they possess high self-efficacy.
PubDate: 2017-12-06
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9947-x

• Contemporary Procedural Utility and Hume’s Early Idea of Utility
• Authors: Shiri Cohen Kaminitz
Abstract: Abstract An appealing concept developed by economists in contemporary happiness studies is that of procedural utility: people’s tendency to value the processes that lead to outcomes in addition to the outcomes themselves. This paper identifies David Hume as an early forerunner of a very similar idea. Moreover, it demonstrates just how Hume used this idea to justify the very idea of commerce. The significance of this is twofold: demonstrating just how Hume is a forerunner of the later concept on the individual level (micro-level), but also pointing to a different approach to the concept of utility on the social level.
PubDate: 2017-12-06
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9943-1

• Ups and Downs in the Joy of Motherhood: Maternal Well-Being as a Function
of Psychological Needs, Personality, and Infant Temperament
• Authors: Katrijn Brenning; Bart Soenens; Elien Mabbe; Maarten Vansteenkiste
Abstract: Abstract The present study aims to investigate several relevant psychological factors, including both mother characteristics (i.e., basic psychological need satisfaction and frustration, depressogenic personality) and child characteristics (i.e., infant temperament) in relation to daily variation in maternal well-being. Mothers (N = 126) participated in a five-day diary study shortly after child-birth, when the child went to day-care for the first time. The latter specific episode was chosen as this period is potentially stressful (due to parent–child separation and challenges in work–family life balance) and within-person variation is expected to be high in such episodes. At the within-person level, day-to-day variation in psychological need satisfaction and frustration related to day-to-day variability in maternal well-being. At the between-person level, maternal self-criticism related negatively to well-being, while perceived infant temperament yielded few direct associations. Instead, the child’s temperament played a moderating role in the association between basic psychological needs and maternal well-being. The findings of this study underscore the importance of a dynamic view on maternal well-being, with basic psychological needs, maternal personality and infant temperament contributing to well-being in a complex fashion.
PubDate: 2017-12-05
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9936-0

• Rising Income Inequality During the Great Recession Had No Impact on
Subjective Wellbeing in Europe, 2003–2012
• Authors: M. D. R. Evans; Jonathan Kelley; S. M. C. Kelley; C. G. E. Kelley
Abstract: Abstract The Great Recession increased income inequality by an average of 6%. We assesses the impact of that on subjective wellbeing (happiness, life satisfaction). Data: European Quality of Life survey, 25 representative national samples at three time points, over 70,000 respondents. Analysis: variance-components multi-level models controlling for GDP per capita (an essential point) and individual-level predictors. Findings: income inequality has no statistically significant impact before, during, or after the Great Recession. Instead (contrary to much previous research) a straightforward individualistic utilitarian–materialist understanding is supported: money does increase wellbeing but inequality itself—the gap between rich and poor—is irrelevant.
PubDate: 2017-12-02
DOI: 10.1007/s10902-017-9917-3

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