for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help
  Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 873 journals)
    - ASIAN STUDIES (157 journals)
    - CLASSICAL STUDIES (111 journals)
    - DEMOGRAPHY AND POPULATION STUDIES (142 journals)
    - ETHNIC INTERESTS (155 journals)
    - GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY (7 journals)
    - HUMANITIES (273 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

HUMANITIES (273 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aldébaran     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anabases     Open Access  
Analyse & Kritik. Zeitschrift f     Full-text available via subscription  
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Arbutus Review     Open Access  
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Co-herencia     Open Access  
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cornish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 54)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access  
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Advances In Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Open Humanities Data     Open Access  
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access  
La Revue pour l’histoire du CNRS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access  
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Medical Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Mens : revue d'histoire intellectuelle et culturelle     Full-text available via subscription  
Messages, Sages and Ages     Open Access  
Mind and Matter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Motivation Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Mouseion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nationalities Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Natures Sciences Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription  
Neophilologus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
New German Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
New West Indian Guide     Open Access  
nonsite.org     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Northeast African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2     

Journal Cover Habitat International
  [SJR: 1.038]   [H-I: 40]   [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0197-3975
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3041 journals]
  • Examining the relationship between community participation and water
           
    • Authors: Erick O. Ananga; Ambe J. Njoh; Christine Pappas; George O. Ananga
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 62
      Author(s): Erick O. Ananga, Ambe J. Njoh, Christine Pappas, George O. Ananga
      Community participation (CP) has been shown to result in positive outcomes for development projects. However, most studies have focused on formal settlements. This study deviates from this norm by focusing on informal settlements. Four such settlements in Kisumu, Kenya are analyzed to determine the extent to which water handling hygiene practices constitute a function of CP. Basic 2 by 2 contingency tables and commensurate Chi-square tests are employed. The results, which were statistically significant at p < 0.01, confirmed the hypotheses. Beneficiaries of water systems involving CP practice better hygiene—e.g., cleaning water storage containers and protecting water sources—than beneficiaries of non-CP systems. Those in the former group reported fewer incidences of waterborne diseases as well as less instances of odor in water than those of the latter. The findings lend credence to a less-known reason for community participation (CP), namely promoting and protecting the hygienic quality of potable water. Authorities in Africa and other impoverished regions would do well to adopt CP as a viable strategy for improving potable water supply project outcomes.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T10:18:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.004
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Asymmetric inflation hedge properties of housing in Malaysia: New evidence
           from nonlinear ARDL approach
    • Authors: Geok Peng Yeap; Hooi Hooi Lean
      Pages: 11 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 62
      Author(s): Geok Peng Yeap, Hooi Hooi Lean
      This paper examines the asymmetric inflation hedging properties of housing in Malaysia. We decompose both consumer inflation and energy inflation into positive and negative changes. We analyze the short-run and long-run hedge against inflation of housing by using Nonlinear Autoregressive Distributed Lags (NADRL) approach. Based on the aggregate and four major types of houses, we find that house prices respond to both consumer and energy prices symmetrically in the long-run. However, only investment in terraced house hedge against consumer inflation in the long-run and the investment in all types of houses do not hedge against energy inflation. Nevertheless, house prices react to both consumer and energy inflation asymmetrically in the short-run. But housing asset investment cannot hedge against consumer inflation as well as the energy inflation in the short-run.

      PubDate: 2017-03-04T10:35:55Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.006
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • China's social deprivation: Measurement, spatiotemporal pattern and urban
           applications
    • Authors: Chen Wan; Shiliang Su
      Pages: 22 - 42
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 62
      Author(s): Chen Wan, Shiliang Su
      Expanding numbers of homogenous geographical units with social and economic shortages and disadvantages (defined as social deprivation in the literature) have emerged in many cities around the world, particularly in developing countries. Consensus has been reached on the acknowledgement of social deprivation as a major challenge for humanity and sustainability. It therefore requires strong knowledge to measure, identify, and target the deprived units at different scales. Based on census data at prefecture city level from 2000 to 2010, this paper employs the principle component analysis to formulate a family of indices to measure China's social deprivation. In particular, one integrated social deprivation index (ISDI) and five sub-indices (general socioeconomic deprivation, disadvantaged population, education deprivation, housing deprivation, and occupation deprivation) are developed. The Receiver Operating Characteristic curve confirms that the ISDI is valid and efficient in social deprivation measurement. Social deprivation shows obvious spatiotemporal heterogeneity across the 333 cities in China. It roughly presents the geography that cities with lower ISDI are mainly distributed in eastern and northeastern China, while cities of higher social deprivation are generally located in the central and western regions. Comparisons between 2000 and 2010 indicate that only the capital cities remain at lower levels in the five domains. Many cities have experienced increased levels in certain domains. Quantile regression is finally utilized to explore the applications of ISDI in three major urban issues (urban policy performances evaluation, environmental inequalities assessment, and social injustice evaluation). Social deprivation is negatively associated with urbanization indicators at 5 representative quantiles (the 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th and 90th quantile), annual mean PM2.5 concentration at first 10 percentiles and urban public green spaces (UPGS) at almost all percentiles. These results respectively donate that urbanization policy has played a positive role in eliminating social inequalities, the least deprived 30 cities in China could be exposed to higher PM2.5 concentrations, and the highly deprived cities have fewer urban public green spaces. Our study demonstrates that the ISDI has promising applicability in addressing urban issues in China. The methodological framework is not restricted in China and can be employed to other developing countries around the world. This paper is believed to offer new insights into habitat research.

      PubDate: 2017-03-04T10:35:55Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.007
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • A study of sub-divided units (SDUs) in Hong Kong rental market
    • Authors: Yaoxuan Huang
      Pages: 43 - 50
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 62
      Author(s): Yaoxuan Huang
      This paper is the first study to investigate the impacts of housing attributes and environmental variables on housing rental price and the-time-on- market (TOM) of sub-divided units (SDUs) in Hong Kong via statistical method. A two stage least square (2SLS) method is introduced in this paper to solve the simultaneous problem of housing rental price and TOM, which overcomes the shortcoming of estimation bias in previous studies. The findings suggest that the size of the SDUs, distance to MTR stations, vicinity to primary school, accessibility to community facilities and park are the major concerns for tenants living in SDUs. These significant results provide valuable information to the urban planners and public housing committee of Hong Kong for a better development of the public housing in the near future.

      PubDate: 2017-03-04T10:35:55Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.008
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • A gravity model integrating high-speed rail and seismic-hazard mitigation
           through land-use planning: Application to California development
    • Authors: Chih-Hao Wang; Na Chen; Shih-Liang Chan
      Pages: 51 - 61
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 62
      Author(s): Chih-Hao Wang, Na Chen, Shih-Liang Chan
      California high-speed rail (CalHSR) will be changing the current regional and urban structure because of the improved transportation mobility and accessibility. It has been a focus of interest to see whether high-speed rail will enhance the polarization of first-tier station cities or reduce the gap between those and lower-tier cities. In California, the two largest cities (i.e., San Francisco and Los Angeles) are under great seismic threat. Planners should be able to assess CalHSR impacts and the resulting seismic risks because of disproportionally allocating future growth to seismic hazardous locations. Urban models can help develop knowledge about urban and regional system behavior, since CalHSR does not yet exist. A gravity model, TELUM, is therefore used to understand the effects of CalHSR and seismic hazard mitigation on the allocation of future development over six 5-year increments from 2015 to 2040. Several scenarios are considered: 1) natural growth; 2) impact of CalHSR; 3) impacts of both seismic hazard mitigation and CalHSR. The first scenario shows that TELUM tends to result in spatial polarization. Under the second scenario, CalHSR enhances the polarization of San Francisco, Los Angeles, and Fresno metropolitan areas, due to their economic strength. The third scenario is to examine whether CalHSR effects increase seismic risks. The results show that a seismic mitigation plan with zero-development policy can improve urban resilience. From the perspective at the regional level, possible seismic mitigation approaches are discussed, through land-use and transportation planning, to guide future growth to more seismic-resistant locations.

      PubDate: 2017-03-09T15:09:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.009
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Spatial-temporal evolution and classification of marginalization of
           cultivated land in the process of urbanization
    • Authors: Huan Li; Yuzhe Wu; Xianjin Huang; Mellini Sloan; Martin Skitmore
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Huan Li, Yuzhe Wu, Xianjin Huang, Mellini Sloan, Martin Skitmore
      Marginalization of cultivated land, resulting from rapid urbanization, exists as an important form of land use change, and represents a new research direction in land-use and land-cover change (LUCC). This article proposes a classification of such marginalization on the basis of elasticity of input and income, categorizing marginalization of cultivated land as either policy-induced (PIM), nature-induced (NIM) or economy-induced (EIM) marginalization. These classifications are further explored as either positive or negative marginalization, depending on whether the land is transformed from or into cultivated land. This innovative framework is applied to analyses of marginalization in Lianjiang County, located in southeastern coastal China. This research analyzes characteristics of spatial-temporal evolution of categories of marginalization of cultivated land using 3D kernel density methods. Significant findings point to spatial-temporal processes and driving forces of marginalization, including: (1) Concentrations of positive (P-PIM) and negative (N-PIM) policy-induced marginalization both occur and agglomerate in separate spaces, with the former mainly in the southeastern portion of the county and the latter in the northwest. (2) By contrast, patterns of positive (P-NIM) and negative (N-NIM) nature-induced marginalization complement each other in space - N-NIM tends to be more discrete in areas with P-NIM aggregations, and vice versa. (3) Finally, areas with aggregations of positive (P-EIM) and negative (N-EIM) economy-induced marginalization overlap. The research suggests that relevant land use policies should be formulated in response to these characteristics of cultivated land marginalization so as to address marginalization of cultivated land, especially as associated with rapid urbanization.

      PubDate: 2017-01-15T08:13:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Rural settlement changes in compound land use areas: Characteristics and
           reasons of changes in a mixed mining-rural-settlement area in Shanxi
           Province, China
    • Authors: Yingui Cao; Zhongke Bai; Qi Sun; Wei Zhou
      Pages: 9 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Yingui Cao, Zhongke Bai, Qi Sun, Wei Zhou
      As a result of rural settlements moving and relocation for coal mining and rural settlements expansion for new village construction, the rural settlements have been dramatically changed in the mixed mining-rural-settlement area of the Pinglu District of Shuozhou City in northern Shanxi Province of China. There are few studies that assess the characteristics and reasons of rural settlement changes in this compound area. This paper used satellite data and secondary data information on social and economic development in a mixed-method case study to analyze the characteristics and reasons of rural settlement changes in Pinglu District of Shuozhou City in northern Shanxi Province of China over the period 1986–2013. Three significant research findings were: (1) There were notable changes in the distribution of the rural settlements, and the total area of rural settlements increased by 1862.28 ha between 1986 and 2013, with the transformation of cultivated land to rural settlements being the most dominant change in land use. (2) The rural settlements increased with buffer radius increased up to 6–8 km which has become the standard boundary for rural settlement distribution. (3) The influential factors that have been identified for rural settlement changes included avoiding impacts due to coal mining, an urgency to build simple houses for the compensation, the relocation of farmers, the construction of new villages and land reclamation of abandoned rural settlements. These findings are useful for resource-based rural settlement management, providing reasonable compensation and relocation options when acquiring land in mining areas both within and beyond the study area in China.

      PubDate: 2017-01-22T08:18:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Housing policy and private sector housing finance: Policy intent and
           market directions in South Africa
    • Authors: Lochner Marais; Jan Cloete
      Pages: 22 - 30
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Lochner Marais, Jan Cloete
      The introduction of homeownership for black people in urban South Africa coincided with attempts to increase mortgage finance to black households and to households in former black township areas – mostly at the lower end of the market. Government attempts to use black homeownership and mortgage finance to mitigate housing inequality in South Africa have only been partially successful. This paper traces housing policy for mortgage finance and homeownership in South Africa over a period just more than 30 years (1985–2015). Much progress has been made in providing mortgage finance to the lower end of the market, but it appears that interest rate volatility and the economic recession of 2009 (following the global financial crisis) have hampered initial progress. While more recent outcomes show indications of a thriving housing market in former black townships, the percentage of low-income households accessing small mortgages is decreasing.

      PubDate: 2017-01-22T08:18:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.004
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Urban-rural reciprocal interaction potential to develop weekly markets and
           regional development in Iran
    • Authors: Naser Shafiei Sabet; Shahryar Azharianfar
      Pages: 31 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Naser Shafiei Sabet, Shahryar Azharianfar
      Rural-urban interaction in sustainable socio-economic conditions leads to reciprocal and positive performance in the area of economic linkages. Positive effects of this reciprocal interaction include the improvement of employment, income and wealth of generations. However, the importance of some cities has not been considered for various reasons and hence the macroeconomic and commercial policies at national and regional levels have been underestimated. The present study reveals the infrastructural problems, imperatives and constraints that hinder the formation of weekly markets, which in turn prevent the empowerment of villages and their economic development. This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 199 exhibitors and 384 buyers in 49 periodic markets around Tehran. The results showed that population size and the convergent role of urban and rural vendors in connection with the development of transportation networks within an area affect the establishment and sustainability of rural and urban periodic markets and their regional development. Paying attention to the promotion of direct supply of rural agricultural and non-agricultural products in these markets is important in order to balance urban and rural development.

      PubDate: 2017-02-05T15:48:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.003
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Social sustainability and residents' experiences in a new chinese eco-city
    • Authors: Federico Caprotti; Ziyue Gong
      Pages: 45 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Federico Caprotti, Ziyue Gong
      The article argues for a “humanizing” research agenda on newly-built forms of eco-urbanism, such as eco-cities. Taking the example of the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City, China, the article focuses on urban social sustainability with a specific focus on the lived experiences of new residents of the newly-built eco-city. Drawing on Jane Jacobs' work on the spaces of the city, the article's focus on residents' experiences underlines the key importance of social sustainability when analysing new flagship urban projects, and highlights the need to consider the relational networks of lived experiences of the city as well as the visions and techno-social designs of planners, policymakers and corporate actors in the development of eco-city projects.

      PubDate: 2017-02-12T16:22:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.006
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • The right-of-use transfer mechanism of collective construction land in new
           urban districts in China: The case of Zhoushan City
    • Authors: Hao Wang; Xiaoling Zhang; Hanzhao Wang; Martin Skitmore
      Pages: 55 - 63
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Hao Wang, Xiaoling Zhang, Hanzhao Wang, Martin Skitmore
      With the accelerating urbanization in China, the right-of-use transfer (RUT) of rural collectively owned construction land provides a promising means of increasing the efficiency of rural land use and promoting urban and rural integration. There are various ways of doing this and no universal mode of RUT that fits all areas because of the divergent cultural characteristics and geographical features of different regions and locations in China and decisions need to be made on a case-by-case basis. This paper proposes an analytical framework to help in such decision making. Firstly, the literature concerning the RUT of collective construction land is reviewed and six typical pilot reform areas are studied. Secondly, a theoretical analytical framework for the choice of RUT mode is developed based on the findings of the literature review and the experiences of the pilot reform areas. Thirdly, Zhoushan City's new urban district is used as a case study to demonstrate and test the framework, and an appropriate RUT mechanism is suggested. The analytical framework can serve as a guideline for local governments to make decisions on the form of collective construction land RUT throughout China.

      PubDate: 2017-02-12T16:22:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.005
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Fragmented landscapes of water supply in suburban Hanoi
    • Authors: Lucía Wright-Contreras; Hug March; Sophie Schramm
      Pages: 64 - 74
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Lucía Wright-Contreras, Hug March, Sophie Schramm
      Facing the challenges of city planning in the frame of rapid urbanization in the Global South, this study addresses the relationship between the urban development of Hanoi, Vietnam, and water supply including users’ perception of water accessibility and satisfaction of coverage, quality, and cost. Because sociospatial disparities are particularly pronounced in suburban areas, these spaces epitomize unequal water access and uneven water quality. Based on the premise that (sub)urban water flows embody and mirror development dynamics and urbanization patterns, the objective is to analyze access to water splintered within the suburban typologies of Hanoi. We analyze the current state of domestic water availability and quality throughout suburban areas and specifically between a new urban area and a periurban village in Hanoi. Through the debates of splintering urbanism and periurban water supply, this paper discusses the differences in water service provision in suburban Hanoi. At the same time, the article considers suburban areas as spaces which reflect a broader spectrum of water supply solutions. Lastly, it informs on how to alleviate the pressure of the increasing demand of water in urbanizing areas by supporting sustainable urban water cycles to improve distributional justice and social equity.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-02-18T06:35:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Greenspace patterns and the mitigation of land surface temperature in
           Taipei metropolis
    • Authors: Wanyu Shih
      Pages: 69 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Wanyu Shih
      The purpose of this paper is to assess the role of greenspace patterns on cooling effects from urban greenspaces. Greenspace has been argued to have significant potential to mitigate urban heat island effect in urban areas, and thus to reduce risks to human health and wellbeing intensified by global warming. Based on remote sensing data and subsequent spatial analysis carried out for Taipei Metropolis, this paper argues that greenspace features lowering temperature within greenspaces are not necessarily to have explicit cooling contribution on surrounding built environments. For mitigating urban heat at the area nearby greenspaces, greenspace size, shape and greenness may have limited effect, whereas increasing greenery at greenspace edges and enhancing greenspace cohesion are more effective means of extending cooling benefits. In turn, findings from Taipei Metropolis suggest urban planners ought to: consider relative locations in the city when designing a cooling intervention; work to preserve large greenspaces; extent greenery at greenspace surroundings and find means to connect existing cool islands.

      PubDate: 2017-01-07T04:44:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.006
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2017)
       
  • Spatial-temporal dynamics and associated driving forces of urban
           ecological land: A case study in Shenzhen City, China
    • Authors: Jian Peng; Mingyue Zhao; Xiaonan Guo; Yajing Pan; Yanxu Liu
      Pages: 81 - 90
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Jian Peng, Mingyue Zhao, Xiaonan Guo, Yajing Pan, Yanxu Liu
      Ecological land is an important component of urban ecosystems. Detecting the change of urban ecological land and its driving forces will offer scientific basis for the optimization of urban landscape patterns. The rapid urbanization in Shenzhen City has brought the serious conflicts between socio-economic development and ecological protection. In this study, we characterized ecological land dynamics in Shenzhen City and quantified the driving forces using multivariate logistic regression, and subsequently mapped the transition probability of ecological land. The results showed that in Shenzhen City, urban ecological land had changed dramatically during 1990–2010 in terms of its quantity, quality, and spatial distribution. Land use change matrix between ecological and non-ecological land showed that the area of ecological land decreased more fast during 1990–2000, compared with that during 2000–2010. There was a decrease in area equivalents calculated by the adjustment coefficient of ecosystem services, although the quality per unit was improved. Furthermore, the gravity center of ecological land gradually moved to the southeast. The driving force analysis suggested that the slope, the minimum distance to construction land, and the growth rate of construction land were the vital factors determining the change of urban ecological land. Finally, the transition probability mapping showed that the water body, wetland and grassland near the city center had a higher transition probability to construction land. This study illustrated the change characteristics of urban ecological land, as a result of rapid urbanization. The transition probability can serve as the basis for decision making on constructing urban landscape ecological security pattern.

      PubDate: 2017-01-07T04:44:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.005
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2017)
       
  • Creative class agglomeration across time and space in knowledge city:
           Determinants and their relative importance
    • Authors: Heyuan You; Chenmeng Bie
      Pages: 91 - 100
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Heyuan You, Chenmeng Bie
      The Creative Class Theory proposed by Richard Florida has captured widespread attention from international scholars and political community. From a geographical perspective, this paper employs spatial regression and variances partitioning to examine the determinants of creative class agglomeration (CCG) and its spatiotemporal dynamics, using a typical knowledge city (Shenzhen) in China. Aggregated data are collected at district level in 2000 and 2010. In particular, creative class is categories into two sub-groups: creative professionals (CP) and super creative core (SCC). In particular, CCG is measured by the total share of creative class within one district. Potential determinants are described from three aspects: amenities, social tolerance and openness, and economic incentives. Results show that the three categories of determinants all have significant influences on CP and SCC agglomeration. However, the relative importance of determinants differs with the creative class sub-groups and differs with time. The ‘social tolerance and openness’ determinants have the strongest influence on SCC agglomeration in 2000, while the ‘economic incentives’ determinants have the greatest influence in 2010. For CP agglomeration, the relative importance of ‘amenities’ determinants is highest in 2000, but ‘economic incentives’ determinants have the strongest influence in 2010. ‘Economic incentives’ determinants also have the biggest influence on both CP changes and SCC changes during the study period. It is suggested that urban policies should not particularly emphasize the attraction power of amenities in fostering creative capital. In addition, the urban policy makers should place continuous investment and long-term focus on a diversity of relevant location factors, such as amenities, housing, education, social atmosphere.

      PubDate: 2017-01-07T04:44:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.010
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2017)
       
  • Chinese floating migrants: Rural-urban migrant labourers' intentions to
           stay or return
    • Authors: Nalini Mohabir; Yanpeng Jiang; Renfeng Ma
      Pages: 101 - 110
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Nalini Mohabir, Yanpeng Jiang, Renfeng Ma
      The movement from rural areas and agricultural economies to urban spaces has been the most significant migration trend shaping Chinese society. Rural migrants moving to urbanized areas serve as a floating labour pool, providing flexible and cheap labour for urbanization and industrialization processes (increasingly over the past three decades). During periods of slow economic development, however, there is a pattern of return migration from the urban back to the rural. Over the last decade, older rural migrants, or first-generation migrants, tend to return to their home villages periodically, during times of economic downturn, but this does not imply that migration to cities has decreased. Younger people from rural villages continue to migrate to the city in search of urban economic opportunities and to escape rural poverty, regardless. The purpose of this paper, then, is to explore the intentions and context of floating migrants' decisions to return “home” or to remain in the city. This research examines how notions of gender, age and sense of belonging affect the choice of rural migrants to stay or return, including different calculations in the decision-making process across age and gender. The question of whether to stay or return is framed through the lens of belonging, which allows us to explore the changing priorities of a younger generation of floating migrants. Based on fieldwork in Shanghai and Anhui, we find that the floating workers interviewed prefer to remain in mega-cities as opposed to smaller cities or returning home to rural areas. The findings contextualize the residential dilemmas facing floating migrants, and points to different factors across age in deciding whether to stay in the city, or return to the village during economic slumps.

      PubDate: 2017-01-07T04:44:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.008
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2017)
       
  • Urban livability and tourism development in China: Analysis of sustainable
           development by means of spatial panel data
    • Authors: Jingjing Liu; Peter Nijkamp; Xuanxuan Huang; Derong Lin
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 February 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Jingjing Liu, Peter Nijkamp, Xuanxuan Huang, Derong Lin
      Tourism is not neutral with respect to local quality of life. With the transformation of traditional city roles and the boom of urban tourism in China, the interaction between tourism and local livability is increasingly important for sustainable development plans of urban areas. Our paper aims to address the complex interdependence of the emerging tourist industry and local livability in Chinese cities. Based on a conceptual model and a subsequent empirical statistical analysis of 35 large and medium-sized Chinese cities for the years 2003–2012, our study finds that urban livability and its related factors benefit tourism development, and that, in turn, tourism has a reverse impact on livability in urban areas; their performance appears to vary in different sub-regions and for different factors of livability; the geographic interdependence between livability and tourism development is also remarkable. Potential threats from excessive tourism development on urban livability, in particular in the Chinese Eastern and Central large and medium-sized cities, can be inferred from our empirical analysis. These conclusions may lead to important lessons to policy makers, while various suggestions based on our findings are provided as well.

      PubDate: 2017-03-04T10:35:55Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.005
       
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61


      PubDate: 2017-02-25T10:18:34Z
       
  • Potential of Geographic Information Systems for Refugee Crisis: Syrian
           Refugee Relocation in Urban Habitats
    • Authors: Eric Vaz; Karen Lee; Vanita Moonilal; Krishelle Pereira
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 February 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Eric Vaz, Karen Lee, Vanita Moonilal, Krishelle Pereira
      Spatial decision support systems have become ubiquitous tools in planning and understanding regional dynamics. With the present challenges faced throughout the world, Canada is becoming an increasingly important benchmark for migrants of different nations to start safe and productive lives. With the latest group currently entering the country are refugees being brought in primarily from Syria, in larger numbers than Canada has seen in decades. Because of this, the government has had to rapidly implement plans to allocate this influx to available places around the country. Because of the particular status of these immigrant's particular attention must be given to address complex social and economic interactions that guarantee opportunity and growth for refugees as well as functional socio-economic habitats within metropolitan regions. This paper adopts a spatially-explicit approach using a key set of socio-economic variables to understand micro-spatial location optima for refugees to begin their lives in Toronto. By intertwining key variables such as accessibility to employment, English language classes, people of similar cultures or situations, proximity to food/clothing/healthcare, a combinatory metric is designed to assess the most adequate liveability within the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area. The micro-spatial models propose an integrative vision of weighted measures to assess the spatial perspective brought by Geographic Information Systems. It is concluded that suburban regions around major cities hold a significant potential for refugee habitats, suggesting the integration of regional intelligence paradigms in the spatial planning and regional decision support systems of governmental and policy interaction.

      PubDate: 2017-02-18T06:35:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.001
       
  • Retail decentralization and land use regulation policies in suburban and
           rural communities: The case of the Île-de-France region
    • Authors: Océane Peiffer-Smadja; André Torre
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 February 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Océane Peiffer-Smadja, André Torre
      The capacity for a suburban or a rural community to maintain retail activities in its town centre have often been considered as an indicator of its viability. But, since the 1970s, the expansion of new forms of retail, such as hypermarkets, shopping malls or retail parks has created a highly competitive environment for the small town centre retail units. Consequently, several central and local governments have developed rules in order to prevent an excessive development of large decentralized stores. In this paper, our goal is to assess the efficiency of land use regulation aiming at protecting existing retail units and its broader impacts on the size and localization of the retail stores in the Île-de-France region, the most populated area in France. The data we use over the 1975–2013 period include the evolution of small retail units, large retail stores and total retail floor space built at a local level. Using spatial statistics and econometric models we study the effects of land use regulation on retail patterns and local restrictiveness towards new large stores in the municipalities of the region over the last 40 years. We conclude that land use policies have impacted retail patterns in the region and that suburban and rural authorities, where town centre activities are crucial to their quality of life, are more restrictive towards large retail stores than urban ones.

      PubDate: 2017-02-12T16:22:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.003
       
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60


      PubDate: 2017-01-15T08:13:02Z
       
  • Modeling the dynamics of urban and ecological binary space for regional
           coordination: A case of Fuzhou coastal areas in Southeast China
    • Authors: Haiqiang Fan; Jiangang Xu; Shu Gao
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 December 2016
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Haiqiang Fan, Jiangang Xu, Shu Gao
      The linkage of urban planning and the dynamics of regional ecosystem services value (ESV) allows sustainable aims more accessible, which is increasingly interested by researchers. This paper combines urban expansion and eco-compensation to construct the urban-ecological coordinated development model (UECDM) which aims to find a new urban expansion mode basing on the balance of regional ESV. UECDM is composed of three modules: prediction of urban expansion, eco-compensation and spatial simulation. With this model, the urban expansion and eco-compensation of Fuzhou areas was simulated. The result shows: urban land has expanded 12,805 ha, with a total ESV loss of 688 million yuan. In order to obtain the balance of regional ESV, 1,142 ha of cultivated land and 3,316 ha of other land should be converted into forestland; 2,588 ha of cultivated land into tidal flats; 2,027 ha of other land into water areas. This model could produce quantitative results for decision makers during the rapid urbanization for sustainable development.

      PubDate: 2017-01-07T04:44:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.011
       
  • Community-supported slum-upgrading: Innovations from Kibera, Nairobi,
           Kenya
    • Authors: Thomas Meredith; Melanie MacDonald
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Thomas Meredith, Melanie MacDonald
      Slum upgrading is accepted as a priority for sustainable development. While there are clear challenges to upgrading, local support and community engagement are seen as essential to success. Typical “top-down” approaches led by institutions with power and resources may fail to generate local engagement. Conversely, initiatives led by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), community-based organizations (CBOs) or other self-help groups may garner good community support but may lack institutional and material resources to meet objectives. A hybrid approach that engages the community while mobilizing the resources of governments and large agencies can overcome some of these limitations, but it is not without complications. We examine the process and impact of a slum upgrading pilot project in Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya, that operationalized this hybrid approach by adopting an adaptive management model to promote community engagement. The project was part of the Government of Kenya's Kenya Slum Upgrading Program and involved the Kibera Water and Sanitation Project led by UN-Habitat's Urban Basic Services Branch. The project showed significant early success in building community engagement, but it also encountered significant challenges. We assess the project's success in building community engagement by (a) analyzing documents that reflected the institutional discourse related to the project, (b) examining the record of the implementation of the project, and (c) conducting field surveys and interviews to assess community perception of the project. Survey results show that critical infrastructure in the community has improved over the course of the project and expectations for continued improvement in the future have developed. The study concludes that using an adaptive management approach and strongly promoting community involvement should be the aim of institutions delivering slum-upgrading projects and that this can result in effective, successful development outcomes. While the approach does present significant risks of creating unrealistic expectations, the benefits to project management are clear.

      PubDate: 2016-12-19T22:39:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.003
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
  • How do environmental regulations affect industrial dynamics? Evidence from
           China's pollution-intensive industries
    • Authors: Yi Zhou; Shengjun Zhu; Canfei He
      Pages: 10 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Yi Zhou, Shengjun Zhu, Canfei He
      Pollution haven hypothesis (PHH) and porter hypothesis (PH) offer two different perspectives to understand the relationship between industrial dynamics and environmental regulations. This paper seeks to move beyond existing studies that are based on either the PHH or the PH while neglecting the other, towards an analytical framework that not only pays more attention to the ways in which the PHH and the PH co-exist, but also acknowledges the role of firm heterogeneity and local government intervention. Based on a firm-level industrial dataset and a dataset on China's polluting firms, this paper studies the relationship between environmental regulations and industrial dynamics in China's pollution-intensive industries at the firm level. Empirical results confirm the co-existence of the PH and the PHH. Furthermore, firm heterogeneity and government intervention both have the potential to inflect the relationship between environmental regulations and industrial dynamics.

      PubDate: 2016-12-19T22:39:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.002
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
  • Dynamic sustainability performance during urbanization process between
           BRICS countries
    • Authors: Liyin Shen; Chenyang Shuai; Liudan Jiao; Yongtao Tan; Xiangnan Song
      Pages: 19 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Liyin Shen, Chenyang Shuai, Liudan Jiao, Yongtao Tan, Xiangnan Song
      Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) as the emerging leading powers in the world have great influence on the world development. Urbanization process has been a significant engine for development in these countries, which has important effect on the sustainable development globally. However, rapid urbanization has induced various problems, such as air pollution, traffic congestion, habitat destruction, and loss of arable land. These problems present the threats to the sustainable development of urbanization in these countries. This paper presents an evaluation on the dynamic sustainability performance during urbanization process in these countries by applying an elastic coefficient method and a new-type McKinsey matrix. The data used for analysis are collected from World Bank database for the period of 1990–2011. The findings from this study suggest that during the surveyed period the Brazil, Russia and India have been engaging a sustainable urbanization practice, whilst the urbanization processes in China and South Africa are unsustainable. The study provides valuable reference in searching for solutions to further promote sustainable urbanization practice globally.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T18:22:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.004
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
  • Drivers for green building: A review of empirical studies
    • Authors: Amos Darko; Chenzhuo Zhang; Albert P.C. Chan
      Pages: 34 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Amos Darko, Chenzhuo Zhang, Albert P.C. Chan
      This paper presents a comprehensive literature review of what drives the adoption of green buliding (GB) practices among construction stakeholders. The review is based on literature that have been published in peer-reviewed journals. Through a systematic review of the literature, authors are able to identify generic drivers for stakeholders to pursue GB. A total of 64 drivers were identified from reviewing 42 selected empirical studies. The paper presents a classification framework for the GB drivers. The framework comprises five main categories of GB drivers: external drivers, corporate-level drivers, property-level drivers, project-level drivers, and individual-level drivers. The US, Australia, UK, India, and China have been the leading countries in GB drivers research. Survey and descriptive statistics have seen widespread use in examining GB drivers. While there is scope for more detailed investigations on GB drivers in developed countries, much more scope exists in developing countries. This paper would enhance policy makers' and advocates' understanding of drivers for GB and help to further promote the GB concept. As a result of the checklist and framework on GB drivers, this paper also lays a solid foundation for researchers to further probe into the topic and add to the knowledge base.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T18:22:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.007
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
  • Understanding domestic air-conditioning use behaviours: Disciplined body
           and frugal life
    • Authors: Zhonghua Gou; Siu-Yu Stephen Lau; Pingying Lin
      Pages: 50 - 57
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Zhonghua Gou, Siu-Yu Stephen Lau, Pingying Lin
      Air-conditioning is more and more popularly used in domestic environments. The current understanding of using air-conditioning is based on technocracy of physiological thermal comfort, while ignoring socio-economic contexts. Taking Hong Kong as an example, this article aims to construct a non-technocratic understanding of air-conditioning uses in a relation to the housing status and demographics. This article argues that domestic air-conditioning is being used in order to dress appropriately and to forbid body sweating and odours during dining, sleeping and family gathering. The difference of air-conditioning use intensity is largely attributed to the disparity of economic status. Residents in public rental housing or with lower household incomes tended to have more frugal habits of using air-conditioning to rebate energy expenditure. Disciplined body and frugal life are proposed in this article to more critically expound the signification of air-conditioning in residential environments. A non-technocratic understanding of air-conditioning can bring forth better solutions to enhancing quality of life.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T18:22:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.009
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
  • Convergence of carbon intensity in the Yangtze River Delta, China
    • Authors: Jianbao Li; Xianjin Huang; Hong Yang; Xiaowei Chuai; Changyan Wu
      Pages: 58 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Jianbao Li, Xianjin Huang, Hong Yang, Xiaowei Chuai, Changyan Wu
      As China's industrialization and urbanization have grown rapidly in recent years, China's CO2 emissions rose from 3405.1799 Mt to 10,249.4630 Mt from 2000 to 2013, and it has reached the highest levels in the word since 2006. Chinese government has emphasized the importance of reducing carbon emissions and set the target of reducing carbon intensity to 60–65% of 2005 levels by 2030. Investigating the convergence of carbon intensity can identify the convergence rate, which is helpful in guiding allocations of carbon intensity reduction. The Yangtze River Delta is one of the key carbon emission regions in China, with higher urbanization levels and larger carbon emissions; thus, we employed prefecture-level panel data derived from grid data between 2000 and 2010 to examine whether the convergence of carbon intensity exists across prefecture-level cities in the Yangtze River Delta. Spatial panel data models were utilized to investigate β-convergence of carbon intensity. The results indicated that carbon intensity showed divergence during 2002–2004 and σ-convergence over other periods (2000–2002 and 2004–2010). Carbon intensity exhibited stochastic convergence, indicating that the shocks to carbon intensity relative to the average level of carbon intensity are only transitory. There was a spatial spillover effect and β-convergence of carbon intensity, suggesting that prefecture-level cities with higher carbon intensity would decrease rapidly in the Yangtze River Delta. Our results highlight the importance of considering the present state of carbon intensity, spatial factors, and socioeconomic factors such as industrial structure and economic levels during allocation planning for reducing carbon intensity.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T18:22:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.012
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
  • Assessment of livelihood vulnerability of land-lost farmers
           in urban fringes: A case study of Xi'an, China
    • Authors: Xiaojun Huang; Xin Huang; Yanbing He; Xinjun Yang
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Xiaojun Huang, Xin Huang, Yanbing He, Xinjun Yang
      Research on rural household livelihood vulnerability to climate change and extreme weather events (e.g., drought, flood and typhoons) has received broad attention; however, relatively few attempts have been made to assess the effects of social, economic, or spatial variation on livelihood vulnerability. With China's rapid urban expansion, many farmers in urban fringe areas are suffering great risks to their livelihoods because of land requisition. Thus, the livelihood of these land-lost farmers has become an important social issue in China. This article applies the livelihood vulnerability analytical framework to the case of land-lost farmers in the urban fringe of Xi'an who have been exposed to rapid urbanization. We developed indicators to assess the impact of exposure/sensitivity and response capacity on the livelihood vulnerability of land-lost farmers. Using a mix of qualitative and quantitative analyses, we combined data from in-person interviews and household surveys in 2015. Four types of livelihood vulnerability for land-lost households were classified: high sensitivity and high response capacity, low sensitivity and high response capacity, low sensitivity and low response capacity, and high sensitivity and low response capacity. The type of crop farmed before losing land had the greatest impact on the sensitivity of land-lost farmers, but no significant impact on response capacity. Having a commercially viable house, income diversity, educational level, land compensation, and social capital are major factors that influence the response capability of land-lost farmers. Our findings highlight the need for land-lost farmers to improve their educational level and occupational skills, and thus enhance their capacity for sustainable and diversified livelihoods. Simultaneously, local government must provide livelihood assistance in the form of employment training, improved social welfare, and limited disorderly urbanization.

      PubDate: 2016-11-21T09:33:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.001
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • The break-even analysis applied to urban renewal investments: A model to
           evaluate the share of social housing financially sustainable for private
           investors
    • Authors: Pierluigi Morano; Francesco Tajani
      Pages: 10 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Pierluigi Morano, Francesco Tajani
      In this work an evaluation model to support Public Administration decisions in planning urban strategies that aim to involve private investors has been developed. Considering the unfavorable economic climate, any territorial transformation can be realized only if the public needs meet the financial feasibility of the initiative. For this reason the model allows to define i) the maximum amount of subsidized housing to be realized by the private investor; ii) the administered selling price to be applied. The model has been developed translating in the field of urban planning the Break-Even Analysis, a tool borrowed from the marginal economic theory. It is applied to a real case study concerning the urban renewal of an unused area located in a city in southern Italy. The outputs obtained confirm the potentialities and the user-friendly configuration of the model.

      PubDate: 2016-11-28T02:33:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.004
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Government support, social capital and adaptation to urban flooding by
           residents in the Pearl River Delta area, China
    • Authors: Yutian Liang; Chao Jiang; Li Ma; Lin Liu; Weishan Chen; Lulun Liu
      Pages: 21 - 31
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Yutian Liang, Chao Jiang, Li Ma, Lin Liu, Weishan Chen, Lulun Liu
      Increasingly extreme weather events have resulted in massive socio-economic losses and spark great interest in minimizing the impact of such events in the context of climate change. This paper analyses data from a large-scale household survey conducted in 20 cities in the Pearl River Delta area of China to examine how government support and social capital influence urban residents' adaptations to mitigate the effects of urban flooding. The results show that more than 90% of residents would take engineering or non-engineering measures to protect their private assets against flooding. The most popular measures are moving away their valuable goods and reducing travel during flooding. Government support, such as releasing early warning information, post-disaster services, technical assistance, financial assistance and physical support could significantly improve residents' adoption of adaptation measures. Social capital, operationalized as having a local Hukou (citizenship) in the area where one works, is closely associated with adaptation capacity, whereas a blood relative network has no evident influence on their adaptation behaviours. In addition, household and local community characteristic have positive influence on residents' adaptations. In summary, government support and community activities are most significant factors influencing residents’ adaptation to mitigate the impacts of urban flooding but are in great demand in the Pearl River Delta areas.

      PubDate: 2016-11-28T02:33:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.008
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Measuring urban agglomeration using a city-scale dasymetric population
           map: A study in the Pearl River Delta, China
    • Authors: Chunzhu Wei; Hannes Taubenböck; Thomas Blaschke
      Pages: 32 - 43
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Chunzhu Wei, Hannes Taubenböck, Thomas Blaschke
      The rates of urbanization and increase in urban sprawl that have occurred in China over the past thirty years have been unprecedented. This article presents a new city-scale dasymetric modelling approach that incorporates historical census data for 28 cities in the Pearl River Delta area of southern China. It combines Landsat imagery (from 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015) with a ‘limiting variable’ estimation algorithm to generate a gridded estimate of population density. These gridded population patches are organized as a city-network to reveal the influence of urban agglomeration on population spreading processes. We then combine population patches and graph-based connectivity metrics to describe the spatial-temporal evolution of each city within the urban agglomeration. Our population disaggregation results yield accuracy improvements of 40%–60% over three traditional population disaggregation methods, to reflect the population distribution characteristics more explicitly and in greater detail. The probability of connectivity metrics from dasymetric population maps in Pearl River Delta (1) outline the role of urban agglomeration in population spread, (2) simulate the evolution of ‘polycentric’ urban agglomeration, and (3) outline the individual components of the polycentric megaregion. Our outlined approach is a transferable and an improved means of producing city-scale dasymetric population maps. Our case study provides practical guidance on wide applications of the medium resolution remote sensing data in delineating, measuring, and quantifying the evolution of urban agglomeration across different jurisdictional boundaries and time periods.

      PubDate: 2016-11-28T02:33:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.007
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • The concept of spatial quality and its challenges on exercised affordable
           housing design typology in Dar es Salaam – Tanzania
    • Authors: Buberwa M. Tibesigwa; Long Hao; Benson V. Karumuna
      Pages: 44 - 59
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Buberwa M. Tibesigwa, Long Hao, Benson V. Karumuna
      This study explores the influence of affordable housing design typologies on the spatial quality of the exercised schemes in Dar es Salaam City. Through a questionnaire survey, the study uses a systematic stratified sampling method to obtain 185 (26.8%) respondents out of 690 households from three spatially diverse affordable housing schemes. Two-factor without replication analysis of variance (ANOVA) and descriptive statistics were adopted to analyze the data. Based on eight (8) quality indicators, the findings revealed 66.5% and 33.5% of the respondents were moderately and above average satisfied respectively with their overall housing spatial quality, but had low satisfaction about certain aspects. This shows that the housing spatial quality varies among the three housing schemes. To validate the direct link and significance level, the ANOVA Test P-value is 0.004175 and 7.88E-05 for columns and rows respectively (significant at 0.05), which indicates that housing design typologies significantly influences post-occupancy housing satisfaction in 3 estates. This assessment provides the feedback to design/production process on the relationship between housing satisfaction and housing quality attributes. The study highlights the justification for variables to be considered for appropriate affordable housing design approach to improve spatial quality for dwellers' well-being in future projects.

      PubDate: 2016-11-28T02:33:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.010
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Origin, spatial pattern, and evolution of urban system: Testing a
           hypothesis of “urban tree”
    • Authors: Yong Fan; Guangming Yu; Zongyi He
      Pages: 60 - 70
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Yong Fan, Guangming Yu, Zongyi He
      The origin, spatial pattern, and evolution of urban system have been hot research issues in the field of urban system. In this study, the theory of “urban tree (UT)” was proposed to address these issues. The spatial pattern of urban system can be expressed by the phrase UT and the growth of the UT reflects the origin, spatial pattern, and evolution of urban system. Analysis of the UT growth can reveal the evolutionary mechanisms of the urban system. We present an UT resistance model to determine spatial extension in the evolutionary processes of urban system. The Thiessen polygon method and spatial re-mapping were used to construct the UT. Data collected in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 from cities in the Huai River Basin were used to construct the UT model to analyze the origin, spatial pattern, and evolution of urban system in this region. Xuzhou City was the UT “tree root” and the UT growth the followed four paths. Growth of cities on the nodes of these paths promoted the evolution of urban system. The UT theory expresses the spatial pattern and evolution of urban system in an intuitive way and helps to explain the origin and evolution mechanisms of urban system. Empirical research supported the UT theory. Because of the operational and visual expression, this theory has broad application prospects in the urban system research.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2016-11-28T02:33:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.012
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • ‘Negotiated planning’: Diverse trajectories of implementation in
           Nairobi, Addis Ababa, and Harare
    • Authors: Liza Rose Cirolia; Stephen Berrisford
      Pages: 71 - 79
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Liza Rose Cirolia, Stephen Berrisford
      This paper unpacks how plans are implemented in three African cities: Nairobi, Addis Ababa, and Harare. Three planning implementation instruments form the basis of the comparison across cities. These instruments aim to give effect to plans and include development regulation, infrastructure investment, and land allocation. In contrast to reading African planning efforts as a catalogue of failures, this analysis allows us to see the many actors and complex alliances and dissonances which play out through implementation. Here we propose the concept of ‘negotiated planning’ as a useful conceptual tool. We argue that the concept is useful for: its departure from normative assumptions about good or proper planning; unpacking the everyday nature of implementation; grounding and contextualising practices; and depathologizing the African city.

      PubDate: 2016-11-28T02:33:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.005
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Can China's land coupon program activate rural assets? An empirical
           investigation of program characteristics and results of Chongqing
    • Authors: Lan-jiao Wen; Van Butsic; Jared R. Stapp; An-lu Zhang
      Pages: 80 - 89
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Lan-jiao Wen, Van Butsic, Jared R. Stapp, An-lu Zhang
      Harmonizing land use across space to optimize residential and agricultural land uses is an issue in many developed and developing countries. China, where the state has strong property rights, has developed its own set of policies to address this problem. One of the most common policies is the land coupon, a scheme where rural residential lands are reclaimed to farmland, and equivalent amounts of farmland located in urban regions are converted to construction (residential, industrial, or commercial) land. The scheme aims to preserve the total amount of farmland within a region, while also allowing cities to add commercial and residential buildings on former farmland. The purpose of this paper is to introduce an English speaking audience to the land coupon program in Chongqing, describe its characteristics, and finally investigate in depth the efficacy of the program to activate rural assets. Choosing Chongqing as our study area, we use a price gradient model to estimate the gap between prices compensated to rural residents for their residential land and the price of the land coupons at auction. We also compare the compensation to urban farmland owners, and rents to urban commercial land. The results indicate that 1) The average price gradient between supply (1.71 thousand yuan/m2) and demand regions (3.14 thousand yuan/m2) indicates that there is still a large land value gap between regions; 2) the scarcity degree—the amount of excess land in a city region that can be converted to agriculture—is a significant predictor of coupon price in both supply and demand areas; and 3) scarcity degree usually has an impact on price, negatively in supply regions, but in demand regions, there is a U-shaped relationship between price difference and scarcity degree.

      PubDate: 2016-11-28T02:33:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.011
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Strategies for risk management in urban–rural conflict: Two case studies
           of land acquisition in urbanising China
    • Authors: Liping Shan; Ann T.W. Yu; Yuzhe Wu
      Pages: 90 - 100
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Liping Shan, Ann T.W. Yu, Yuzhe Wu
      Urban and rural environments show clear differences in morphology, production mode and culture. With rapid urbanisation, these differences have become a major cause of urban–rural conflict. One of the most significant challenges arises from land acquisition, particularly in China, where cities have experienced substantial growth in the 21st century. Different types of risk are associated with land acquisition conflict in different Chinese cities. In this study, two types of cities are discussed: those with a historically low level of development but recent rapid economic growth, such as Yueqing; and cities that have maintained a relatively high level of development and experienced stable growth, such as Jiaxing. Land acquisition conflict in these two representative cities is then analysed in terms of property rights, access to resources and development. Analysis is performed at the institutional level to provide more accurate insights into the dynamics of conflict. The findings of the study suggest that different risk-management strategies are used in the two kinds of city, and that conflict is more likely to occur in cities with historically weaker development, such as Yueqing. To avoid such conflict, systematic risk-management strategies should be established in these cities.

      PubDate: 2016-12-05T04:48:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.009
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • An institutional perspective of “Glocalization” in two Asian tigers:
           The “Structure−Agent−Strategy” of building an age-friendly city
    • Authors: Yi Sun; Tzu-Yuan Chao; Jean Woo; Doreen W.H. Au
      Pages: 101 - 109
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Yi Sun, Tzu-Yuan Chao, Jean Woo, Doreen W.H. Au
      This paper expands the focal point of glocalization to the non-western context, and revisits glocalization in light of the promulgation of an international policy regime. Particularly it examines how the politics of scale in various contexts assists local pragmatic exercises and institutional organizations in building up an age-friendly city (AFC). The functioning mechanisms of glocalization are conceptualized through a triadic framework incorporating structure (mode of local governance), agents, and strategies. The empirical cases examine how AFC has been promoted in Chiayi City of Taiwan and in Hong Kong, the former two Tiger economies. Drawing on a comparative analysis of the two cases, the paper presents three major findings. Firstly, local policy networks are integral to glocalization in that they govern how different resources (i.e., political commitment, professional knowledge, human resources, communication skills, and financial resources) are synthesized under a local institutional framework. Often local policy networks reveal the fragmentation of resources provided by different stakeholders. Secondly, the case study illustrates two different modes of local governance. The Chiayi case reflects an institutionalized governing framework with both hierarchical coordination between levels of state bureaucracies and the horizontal exchange of information and resources between the state and non-state sectors. Hong Kong reflects a grassroots mode whereby the promotion and implementation of AFC initiatives are prompted among NGOs, charities, district councils, and universities. Both modes reveal pros and cons. Thirdly, academic associations have played a major role in promoting AFC, though the extent to which their advice can shape policy decisions relies much on the discretion and political commitment of district councils.

      PubDate: 2016-12-05T04:48:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.013
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Living under the dome: Individual strategies against air pollution in
           Beijing
    • Authors: Thomas Johnson; Arthur P.J. Mol; Lei Zhang; Shuai Yang
      Pages: 110 - 117
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Thomas Johnson, Arthur P.J. Mol, Lei Zhang, Shuai Yang
      Although poor air quality has been a fact of life for millions of Chinese citizens for at least two decades, individual actions to alleviate the impact of air pollution are a more recent phenomenon. Anecdotal evidence suggests that individualized responses to environmental risks and threats, which Andrew Szasz (2007) termed “inverted quarantine,” are becoming increasingly common in China. However, there is little indication about how far inverted quarantine prevails. To address this gap, in 2015 we surveyed over 1000 Beijing residents into strategies for coping with air pollution. The results are partly consistent with other findings in relation to food safety, providing further evidence of the prevalence of inverted quarantine in response to public health risks in contemporary China. Our empirical evidence also shows public skepticism about the efficacy of individualized solutions to ambient air pollution. Without a serious preventive alternative, inverted quarantine is, at best, a temporary expedient.

      PubDate: 2016-12-12T05:20:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.014
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • The geography of environmental injustice
    • Authors: Eric Vaz; Adam Anthony; Meghan McHenry
      Pages: 118 - 125
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59
      Author(s): Eric Vaz, Adam Anthony, Meghan McHenry
      Policy and planning have since the last couple of years significantly relied on digital data repositories for decision support. Spatially-enabled data, has become on the vanguard of more complete and coherent decisions at a finer regional gradient. A seldom addressed issue however, that such data combined with Geographic Information Systems may address has been Environmental Injustice. Environmental Injustice pertains a systemic and institutionalized vision that is inherently exclusive to the health and prosperity of low-income and racialized communities. These communities are subjected to a disproportionate amount of environmental vulnerabilities due to their residential location, such as low air quality and close proximity to pollutant emitting facilities. Conversely, EI also serves to reward majority populations through various forms of urban landscape preferentialism, whereby socio-economic privileged groups, exempt and protected from these undesirable conditions. This research serves to assess three broad narratives of environmental injustice: (i) concentration of minority populations, (ii) major pollution sources, and (iii) socio-economic deprivation. The discussion composes an integrative vision of environmental injustice forwarding the neighborhood boundaries and establishing a novel framework for policies for urban areas. Toronto, as one of the fastest growing cities in North America, deserves special attention for such a study. Comprising its economic growth, the challenge of addressing pollution levels, socio-economic disparities within a growing population, account for an equitable vision for a sustainable socio-economic future. To achieve this, a combinatory approach through hexagon metrics and spatial analysis are used as to integrate the complexity of environmental injustices at regional and neighborhood level in Toronto.

      PubDate: 2016-12-12T05:20:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.001
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Spatial mismatch in post-reform urban China: A case study of a relocated
           state-owned enterprise in Guangzhou
    • Authors: Suhong Zhou; Yang Liu; Mei-Po Kwan
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2016
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 58
      Author(s): Suhong Zhou, Yang Liu, Mei-Po Kwan
      Accompanying rapid urbanization and economic transformation, the reconstruction of inner city in urban China has been taking place during recent decades. However, the social and geographic inequality resulted from such reconstruction and experienced by minority groups has received less attention to date. To address this, a case study using individual-level data based on a survey of a relocated state-owned enterprise (SOE) in Guangzhou was conducted. The study shows that similar to other cities in the world, the spatial mismatch that results in long and time-consuming commuting as well as lower quality of life exists. It has considerable adverse impact on the low- and middle-income employees of the relocated enterprise. However, it was not social or racial segregation but institutional transformation that brought about the spatial mismatch in China. Based on the dual economic system in China, both the planned and market systems played important roles in the enterprise's relocation and their employees' daily lives. Institutional barriers associated with the welfare system had a great impact on the geographic immobility of its employees. These include the retirement and medical insurance systems inherited from the planned economy and the supply of work unit buses, which rendered employees more attached to and dependent on their enterprise. However, these provisions were big burdens to the enterprise which reduced their profit and led to lower spatial mobility of its lower-income employees.

      PubDate: 2016-09-17T08:05:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.08.003
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2016)
       
  • People, recreational facility and physical activity: New-type urbanization
           planning for the healthy communities in China
    • Authors: Tingting Chen; Eddie Chi-Man Hui; Wei Lang; Li Tao
      Pages: 12 - 22
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2016
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 58
      Author(s): Tingting Chen, Eddie Chi-Man Hui, Wei Lang, Li Tao
      Physical activity has been increasingly recognized as a way to promote public health. However, little is known that residents' access to such services is influenced by the distribution of those recreational facilities on a geographical basis within a city, particularly in China. This study aims to investigate disparities in spatial accessibility and characteristics of users' exercise behaviour. The research also examines the impact of planning adjustment on developing healthy communities and improving people's quality of life in the new-type urbanization era in China. Employing spatial analysis, questionnaire surveys, and in-depth interviews, the analysis of spatial allocation of community recreational facilities and physical recreation activity was conducted by a case study of Haizhu District in Guangzhou, China. The results show that the quantity and service range of existing community recreational facilities are very limited with unequal access, which affect residents' exercise/sport activities. Particularly, residents' needs of daily exercise are hardly satisfied under the existing environment forged by traditional planning. This study suggests that government plays a critical role in provision of community recreational facilities in terms of fiscal investment and management, ultimately shaping the landscape of community. It is evident that planning adjustment for healthy community focuses on not only the equal access to local facilities, but also creating a healthy environment. The findings provide implication for the equitable and rational allocation of community recreational facilities to support the formation of a healthy community, as well as for the improvement of insight implications on people's livability in other Chinese cities.

      PubDate: 2016-09-17T08:05:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.09.001
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2016)
       
  • Influences of mass monitoring and mass prevention systems on peasant
           households’ disaster risk perception in the landslide-threatened Three
           Gorges Reservoir area, China
    • Authors: Dingde Xu; Li Peng; Chunjiang Su; Shaoquan Liu; Xuxi Wang; Tiantian Chen
      Pages: 23 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2016
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 58
      Author(s): Dingde Xu, Li Peng, Chunjiang Su, Shaoquan Liu, Xuxi Wang, Tiantian Chen
      Perceptions of risk and attitudes towards natural disasters have been the focus of considerable research. However, only limited academic attention has been given to landslide risk perception. Previous studies mainly focused on the effects of individual- and household-level characteristics on residents' disaster risk perception, and little attention has paid to the influences of community-level mass monitoring and mass prevention systems, especially on the sub-dimensions of risk perception. We selected peasant households from landslide-threatened regions in the Three Gorges Reservoir area and used a multi-dimensional Likert scale to measure peasant households' disaster risk perception. This paper explores influences on risk perception by dividing perception into individual, household, mass monitoring and mass prevention factors. The results indicated that: (1) peasant households' disaster risk perception was composed of 5 dimensions: possibility, dread, unknown, controllability and threat. Among these, dread ranked the highest and possibility ranked the lowest. The total score for peasant households' disaster risk perception was relatively low. (2) When individual and household characteristics were fixed, the presence of mass monitoring and mass prevention systems did not affect peasant households’ overall disaster risk perception, although it did influence its sub-dimensions.

      PubDate: 2016-09-17T08:05:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.09.003
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2016)
       
  • Impact of land revenue on the urban land growth toward decreasing
           population density in Jiangsu Province, China
    • Authors: Taiyang Zhong; Yuqiong Chen; Xianjin Huang
      Pages: 34 - 41
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2016
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 58
      Author(s): Taiyang Zhong, Yuqiong Chen, Xianjin Huang
      Although land conveyance fees have accounted for a large portion of local governments' fiscal revenues and have been associated with rapid urban land expansion in China during the past two decades, little attention has been paid to the effect of land revenue on urban development intensity in China. This study focuses on the linkage between land revenue and urban land growth toward a decreasing population density (sparse pattern), termed “sparse effect” of land revenue in this study. A classification approach, based on the rate of demographic and urban land growth, was used to categorize urban land growth in Jiangsu Province, China. By dummy coding those categories, the dependent variable was generated and the multilevel logit model was used to examine the “sparse effect”. From 2000 to 2010, 63 analytical units experienced a sparse pattern. Local governments showed some land management behaviors specific to land revenue, including newly-converted-land-prioritized and employment-land-prioritized, which resulted in “expansive effect” of land revenue on urban land growth. Taking advantage of the hukou system (household registration), land revenue cast the “selective absorbing effect” on population. The study indicated that the “expansive effect” together with “selective absorbing effect” of land revenue has resulted in the “sparse effect”, which could be weaker in a poor, less-developed region.

      PubDate: 2016-09-22T08:11:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.09.005
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2016)
       
  • What determines the settlement intention of rural migrants in China?
           Economic incentives versus sociocultural conditions
    • Authors: Shaowei Chen; Zhilin Liu
      Pages: 42 - 50
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2016
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 58
      Author(s): Shaowei Chen, Zhilin Liu
      The international literature has continuously debated over what factors – economic incentives or socio-cultural conditions – are more important when migrant populations make settlement vs. return migration decisions. China's urbanization policy recently took a sharp turn toward encouraging full integration and permanent settlement of rural migrants in cities. Yet policymaking to date has relied on limited empirical evidence on determinants of migrant settlement intention. Using data derived from a twelve-city survey conducted in 2009, this paper investigates the extent to which economic incentives and socio-cultural conditions may determine the settlement intention of rural migrants in urban China. Regression analysis reveals that, although migrants with better human capital are more inclined to settle down in cities, socio-cultural attachment plays an equally, if not more important role in determining migrant settlement intention. Meanwhile, while the settlement intention of the first-generational migrants is more driven by the socio-cultural conditions, economic incentives are more important for the new-generation rural migrants. We thus call for more targeted policy design that takes into account such intergenerational differences.

      PubDate: 2016-09-22T08:11:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.09.004
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2016)
       
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 59


      PubDate: 2016-12-19T22:39:16Z
       
  • Exploring expert perception towards brownfield redevelopment benefits
           according to their typology
    • Authors: Luis Loures; Eric Vaz
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 November 2016
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Luis Loures, Eric Vaz
      The term brownfield is generally used to describe both spatially and formalistically everything from polluted industrial landscapes to former factory buildings, including vacant or abandoned properties usually found in older, declining sections of a city. This fact, is increasingly considered an important set back in understanding the variability existing within the different landscapes generally typified as brownfields, contributing somehow to prevent their regeneration and augmenting the length of time land is vacant or underutilized. In fact, though poorly assessed, this circumstance reveals one of the main questions that those aiming to work in brownfield transformation have to deal with, which is the relevance of understanding their characteristics and different typologies (abandoned land, contaminated land, derelict land, underutilized land and vacant land), as a means of achieving a consistency that enables the creation of new methodologies and frameworks to deal with the redevelopment of these spaces. In this regard, this research presents a critical review of the information on brownfield redevelopment, considering not only the use of existing literature but also the analysis of twenty-five brownfield redevelopment projects, in order to identifying on the one hand, the existing brownfield typologies, and on the other hand the benefits associated to each of the identified brownfield typologies. Considering the objectives of the research, expert participation was introduced as a crucial element of the processes, throughout the use of email and internet surveys, that enabled not only the collection of information regarding their level of agreement towards different brownfield typologies, but also their view on the benefits associated with each one of the identified typologies. The collected data enabled us to conclude that even if the redevelopment of the different brownfield typologies have direct and indirect benefits at different dimensions, they are very diverse influencing society and citizens' life's quality on different ways. The performed analysis showed that according to experts' perspectives, while the transformation of derelict land is the brownfield typology which brings more benefits on the defined identified dimensions, with special impact on infrastructure, economy, community, ecology and health, the development of vacant land, though equally important, is the one that has less benefits to society, since its benefits are felt mainly on community and recreational dimensions. When analyzed independently, the obtained results might give designers, planners and decision makers valuable information on the benefits associated to each of the five brownfield typologies identified throughout this research, enabling them to better decide on which sites to developed first, considering not only the objectives behind the development, but also the different dimensions positively affected by the redevelopment.

      PubDate: 2016-12-05T04:48:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.003
       
  • Modeling urban growth boundary based on the evaluation of the extension
           potential: A case study of Wuhan city in China
    • Authors: Qingsong He; Ronghui Tan; Yuan Gao; Mengke Zhang; Peng Xie; Yaolin Liu
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 November 2016
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Qingsong He, Ronghui Tan, Yuan Gao, Mengke Zhang, Peng Xie, Yaolin Liu
      The urban growth boundary (UGB) concept is useful in the field of urban planning, but models that can simulate the change in UGBs remain limited to date. In this paper, we propose a model known as UBEM that can simulate the future UGB. UBEM combines historical trajectories of UGB development and its extension potential in each azimuth to predict the future UGB for one city. UBEM consists of two parts: 1) the radiation method (RM) is used to describe the incremental length between the urban boundaries. In RM, urban centroids are used as the origin points to generate a set of radial lines from each azimuth, and we calculate the total and annual urban boundary length increments for each azimuth. 2) the extension pressure of the urban boundary is evaluated for different azimuths based on the potential value, which is generated by selecting a set of variables that are related to urban growth potential. Multiple time series maps were used to calibrate the model to reduce the randomness in future modeling. We compare the calibrated modeling result with those generated by the uncalibrated UBEM and a separate null model, applying two goodness of fit metrics to evaluate model accuracy: percent area match (PAM) quantity and PAM location were used to demonstrate that the calibrated UBEM performed better than the uncalibrated UBEM and null model when modeling the change in the urban boundary. Wuhan City in central China is used as a case study to test the viability of UBEM and predict the future UGB in 2020. The predication result offers helpful guidelines for Wuhan's future urban planning and UGB design.

      PubDate: 2016-11-21T09:33:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.006
       
  • Examining sustainable landscape function across the Republic of Moldova
    • Authors: Richard Ross Shaker
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 November 2016
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Richard Ross Shaker
      Sustainability remains an undeniable, yet obscure, destination for humanity to reach. Although progress has been made, there remains no agreed upon method for spatial scientists, nor landscape and regional planners to use during sustainable development assessments. Furthermore, limited examples exist that investigate relationships between-landscape form (e.g. urban configuration) and population dynamics (e.g. number of settlements)- and a local measure of sustainable development. Using a recently published local sustainable development index (LSDI) for Moldova, a regional spatial analysis was created to further elucidate strengths and weaknesses of index-based assessments of sustainable landscape function. Using a one-to-many relationship, sixty-six landscapes were joined to 399 mean LSDI sample locations for the quantitative spatial assessment (n = 399). A rarity of this study was that it employed the Eastern School of Geography's “landscape units” for Moldova during geospatial data aggregation and spatially enabled regression. Moran's I scatterplot and spatial correlogram were used to visualize spatial autocorrelation dynamics of LSDI. Three local conditional autoregressive (CAR) models were made, with all explaining over 70% of LSDI variation. The two strongest positive predictors of LSDI were city population density and road intersection density, while the two most consistent negative were settlement density and distance between urban land cover patches (ENN_AM). Findings suggest index-based landscape valuations could suffer from spurious inferential correlations when landscape-calculated sub-metrics (i.e., proportion agricultural land) are included within evaluation indices. This phenomenon complicates the interpretation of results during regional analyses, thus potentially hindering sustainable development planning and policy responses across spatial scales.

      PubDate: 2016-11-21T09:33:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.002
       
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2016
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 58


      PubDate: 2016-11-07T02:49:27Z
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 54.158.109.89
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016