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  Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 880 journals)
    - ASIAN STUDIES (157 journals)
    - CLASSICAL STUDIES (110 journals)
    - DEMOGRAPHY AND POPULATION STUDIES (144 journals)
    - ETHNIC INTERESTS (155 journals)
    - GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY (7 journals)
    - HUMANITIES (279 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

HUMANITIES (279 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aldébaran     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alterstice : Revue internationale de la recherche interculturelle     Open Access  
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anabases     Open Access  
Analyse & Kritik. Zeitschrift f     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Arbutus Review     Open Access  
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Co-herencia     Open Access  
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cornish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Dorsal Revista de Estudios Foucaultianos     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Advances In Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access  
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Revue pour l’histoire du CNRS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access  
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medical Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Mens : revue d'histoire intellectuelle et culturelle     Full-text available via subscription  
Messages, Sages and Ages     Open Access  
Mind and Matter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Mneme - Revista de Humanidades     Open Access  
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Motivation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mouseion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nationalities Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Natures Sciences Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription  
Neophilologus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)

        1 2     

Journal Cover Habitat International
  [SJR: 1.038]   [H-I: 40]   [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0197-3975
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3089 journals]
  • Changes in ecological, agricultural, and urban land space in 1984–2012
           in China: Land policies and regional social-economical drivers
    • Authors: Jing Wang; Ting He; Yifan Lin
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): Jing Wang, Ting He, Yifan Lin
      Researches on land changes and ecosystem services from the perspective of global and regional ecosystems have received a worldwide attention in recent years. Land space refers to a cluster of adjacent land-use units with similar functions and uses and disturbance characteristics at various scales. However, few studies has focused on synthesizing ecological, agricultural, and urban land space changes and their socio-economic driving factors at national scale using partial least square regression (PLSR) analysis method based on accurate and reliable data from national land surveys. The paper analyzed the spatial-temporal changes and regional differentiation of ecological, agricultural, and urban land space in China and discussed the impacts of land policies on these changes and identified the key regional socio-economic driving factors with variable importance in projection (VIP) value. Results indicated that ecological and agricultural land space decreased by 0.85% and 0.68% from 1984 to 2012, respectively; while urban land space increased by 1.53%. The changes in land space were characterized with spatial-temporal differentiation, mainly driven by economic level and land policies implementation. Chinese last 30 years’ economic development mode has not been sustainable for rapidly consumption of ecological and agricultural land space. From 1984 to 2005, the area of ecological land space decreased in some regions and periods but increased in other regions and periods. However, from 2005 to 2012, the area of ecological land space decreased in all regions, with high rates in Jiangsu-Zhejing-Shanghai (JZS) and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) regions. From 1984 to 2012, the area of agricultural land space generally decreased in all regions but Qinghai-Tibet (QT) region, while the area of urban land space increased in all regions. Change rates of three types of land space were generally high in the 1984–1996, 2000–2005, and 2009–2012 periods and especially in JZS region. On one hand, national and regional land policies resulted in the temporal-spatial differentiation of these changes. Regional difference of socio-economic variables was one important character of changes in ecological, agricultural and urban land space. Fixed asset investment, economic density, and per capita GDP had important effects on the changes in ecological, agricultural and urban land space. On the other hand, there were some problems and deviations for some land policies. It is necessary to optimize land spatial pattern in different regions from ecological perspective. A zoning control system and differentiated land policies and natural ecosystem protection must be implemented in China.

      PubDate: 2017-11-17T05:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.010
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • A city's “urban crack” at 4 a.m.: A case study of morning market
           vendors in Beijing's Longfu Temple area
    • Authors: Jianing Li; Longyun Ren; Tianhui Hu; Fang Wang
      Pages: 14 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): Jianing Li, Longyun Ren, Tianhui Hu, Fang Wang
      Generally found in the old city, “urban crack” refers to a narrow area that is hidden behind a prosperous area and was once flourished but no longer full of energy. Street vendors often regard “urban crack” areas as their main working places because they are from lower socioeconomic groups. However, these vendors occupy cities' marginal spaces during unconventional times, which is a strategy of agency. Choosing the Longfu Temple morning market, a street market in old Beijing city as the study area, this study focused on how the vendors successfully conducted their business in the morning market, which is a type of “urban crack”. Inspired by Cresswell's framework (2010) of the six facets of mobility, the paper constructed a framework for agency to explain street vendors' activities, which includes the following six aspects: motive force, route, speed, rhythm, experience, and friction. Relying on the perspective of time and space, this study revealed that disadvantaged groups represented by morning market vendors are flexible and vigorous. By incorporating agency, these vendors' tactics consider time and space in order to support their way of life. Focusing on street vendors is not a unique case to develop the concept of “urban crack”, this study makes an original contribution to provide a research reference for other countries that are faced with similar social realities.

      PubDate: 2017-11-17T05:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.006
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • Assessing the feasibility of GIS multimethod approach to ascertain
           territorial accessibility to hemodynamics rooms in Spain mainland
    • Authors: Jose Naranjo Gómez; Luís Loures; Rui Castanho; José Cabezas; Thomas Panagopoulos
      Pages: 22 - 28
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): Jose Naranjo Gómez, Luís Loures, Rui Castanho, José Cabezas, Thomas Panagopoulos
      Between 1981 and 2001 health competencies in Spain passed from the Central Government to the Autonomous Communities (AC). Those issues conducted to a not heterogeneous health services in continental Spain. This is undoubtedly aggravated high-tech health equipment provision, as in the case of hemodynamics rooms that perform primary balloon percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), used to deal with acute myocardial infarction. In this regard, the present study aims to assess the territorial accessibility to these rooms of the potential population that may suffer an acute myocardial infarction, in each Spanish municipality, on continental Spain. The study has used a large amount of methodologies and research tools, related to accessibility based on Geographic information Systems (GIS). Among the used methods, should be highlighted the spatial interaction model. This particular method has been based on the three-step floating catchment area (method-3SFCA). Nevertheless, the authors have developed a specific methodology, increasing the mentioned method, with the goal to assess, in a more accurate way, the spatial distribution of the hemodynamics rooms, and the impacts this distribution might have on people's life quality. The results obtained by means of thematic maps allowed us to identify the municipalities with greater and less health equipment provision, the differences in health coverage between Autonomous Communities, and the municipalities where this health coverage is going to increase, if patients could be moved to other Autonomous Communities. The developed analysis enabled us to present a detailed view of the problem identifying the regions where it must be improved in order to achieve a more equitable access to the high-tech health (HTH) services, presenting a framework which indicator how these dispersions may be overcome.

      PubDate: 2017-11-17T05:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.001
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • Urban transformations as indicators of economic change in post-communist
           Eastern Europe: Territorial diagnosis through five case studies
    • Authors: S. Garcia-Ayllon
      Pages: 29 - 37
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): S. Garcia-Ayllon
      The fall of the communist regimes in the Eastern European countries supposed a drastic transformation in their economic systems that has been reflected in the urban development of their cities. Urbanism from the planned socialist economy has often been replaced by strong and accelerated urbanization processes of neoliberal economies with common issues and specific casuistries of each territory. The new economic inertia, coupled with the major development of infrastructures derived from the important arrival of cohesion funds from the European Union and western multinationals investors, have meant a sudden change in the urban landscape of their territory that needs to be diagnosed from a global comparative approach to really assess the actual transformation of these former communist European countries of Eastern Europe. In the present article, the transformations which have occurred in the urban configuration of five representative cities will be evaluated through different space-time GIS indicators: Warsaw, Budapest, Prague, Bucharest and Sofia. These indicators will help planners and decision-makers to diagnose the issues derived from the rapid urbanization associated with the new economic and social context. Their numerical and comparative analysis allow us to draw conclusions about the current situation of these processes of transformation of the territory and the future perspectives of the inertias of change in cities suffering from unbalanced urban sprawl and growth phenomena of gated communities.

      PubDate: 2017-11-17T05:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.004
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • Geography of knowledge sourcing, heterogeneity of knowledge carriers and
           innovation of clustering firms: Evidence from China's software enterprises
           
    • Authors: Cassandra C. Wang; George C.S. Lin
      Pages: 60 - 69
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): Cassandra C. Wang, George C.S. Lin


      PubDate: 2017-12-13T01:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.012
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • Urban sustainability education: Challenges and pedagogical experiments
    • Authors: Nan Li; Deland Chan; Quan Mao; Kevin Hsu; Zhiyong Fu
      Pages: 70 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): Nan Li, Deland Chan, Quan Mao, Kevin Hsu, Zhiyong Fu
      The twenty-first century will witness massive urban expansion and growth of the urban population, which has global implications for future pathways of sustainable development. Addressing new and heightened demands on the environment, energy resources, and infrastructure will require holistic comprehension and actionable approaches to the city as the nexus of environmental context, built infrastructure, and human communities through interdisciplinary collaboration. Yet urban sustainability is a vague and elusive concept that fails to inspire actionable and effective actions; to teach urban sustainability is an even more daunting task, which requires drastic changes to conventional pedagogical structures and processes. This paper describes the experiences of a university course to prepare students with diverse academic backgrounds to develop the skills to understand and address challenges in urban sustainability. The course is jointly offered by three academic programs at Tsinghua University and Stanford University and uses Beijing and the Bay Area as two case studies. Experimenting with a combination of teaching principles that are critical to cultivate young professionals, this course offers a unique cross-cultural and interdisciplinary educational experience that allows students to explore urban sustainability topics ranging from air quality to urban mobility, heritage buildings, and energy conservation in consultation with local experts, scholars, and non-governmental organizations. Lessons detailed in this paper can benefit the development of similar courses around the world to foster higher education in urban sustainability.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T01:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.012
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • Built houses as a tool to control residential land speculation - A case
           study of Bahria Town, Lahore
    • Authors: Areesha Gul; Minahil Nawaz; Muhammad Aamir Basheer; Fariha Tariq; Syyed Adnan Raheel Shah
      Pages: 81 - 87
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): Areesha Gul, Minahil Nawaz, Muhammad Aamir Basheer, Fariha Tariq, Syyed Adnan Raheel Shah
      Lahore City, on its way of becoming a Metropolis, has created serious urban problem of inadequate housing. In response to rapidly increasing housing deficit, the Government has now incorporated private developers. In this regard, Bahria Town has emerged as a big real estate brand causing land speculation. Land, which was used to be a resource, has now become a commodity. This paper investigates emerging trends, in the local real estate market by comparing speculation of residential serviced plots and built houses. In addition to that, it will also dig out respective causes and impacts on the price variances particularly in Bahria Town Lahore. The research presents that providing built houses instead of serviced plots in Bahria Town Lahore has been an effective tool in controlling residential land speculation and, hence, directly cutting down the demand for housing.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T01:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.007
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • Urban waterlogging risk assessment based on internet open data: A case
           study in China
    • Authors: Tao Lin; Xiaofang Liu; Jinchao Song; Guoqin Zhang; Yuqiu Jia; Zhezhi Tu; Zehua Zheng; Chaolun Liu
      Pages: 88 - 96
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): Tao Lin, Xiaofang Liu, Jinchao Song, Guoqin Zhang, Yuqiu Jia, Zhezhi Tu, Zehua Zheng, Chaolun Liu
      Urban waterlogging caused by rainstorm occurred frequently in many cities of China these years and seriously influenced city safety and residents' daily life. Meanwhile, many remarkable achievements with open data and big data have been applied in urban research, but rare to urban waterlogging research. Taking Xiamen city in China as a case, this study aims to analyze spatial-temporal distribution of waterlogging and assess waterlogging risk of each district in the city. Risk assessment model was built by considering both population and urban public facilities, which acquired from coupling urban internet open data and field investigation. Then we analyzed the government management efficiency through comparison of urban government management plan and waterlogging information from internet. The result indicates that internet open data can be utilized as an effective tool to identify urban waterlogging risk in China, to verify urban waterlogging management efficiency, and to support for urban waterlogging risk prevention and management combining with field investigation.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T01:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.013
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • Assessment on the urbanization strategy in China: Achievements, challenges
           and reflections
    • Authors: Xingliang Guan; Houkai Wei; Shasha Lu; Qi Dai; Hongjian Su
      Pages: 97 - 109
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): Xingliang Guan, Houkai Wei, Shasha Lu, Qi Dai, Hongjian Su
      The “China Dream” is an “Urban Dream”. Urbanization is an inevitable requirement for promoting social progress. The Chinese government sees sustainable urbanization as an engine of modernization and economic growth. And the country's urbanization has followed a unique course and is perhaps the greatest human-resettlement experiment in the world history, unprecedentedly transforming the Chinese society in a very short period of time. Yet problems have arisen during the historical process, China's unique path to urbanization has avoided many of pitfalls existing in the developing countries in Africa, Asia and South America. This paper attempts to conclude the good jobs as well as problems in China's urbanizing process which might provide successful experience for the underdeveloped nations and regions to promote urbanization. The most brilliant achievement of urbanization in China is that thousands of years' agriculture-dominated country has ended and a new urbanized country has formed, which only consumed several decades. The country's urban infrastructure, living conditions and public service for urban residents have made great improvements. The fostering urban agglomerations are considered to lead the country's socio-economic transformation and possess the greatest potential for the urbanization and economic growth in the coming decades. In general, the traditional land-centered urbanization in China is a typical “incomplete urbanization” and “low-quality urbanization”, presenting impressive characteristics of “four highs and five lows”—high investment, consumption, emission and expansion, and low level, quality, harmony degree, inclusiveness and sustainability. Undoubtedly, the traditional urbanization of China is increasingly difficult to continue and the transformation process should be speeded up as soon as possible. The country should actively explore a people-oriented new-type urbanization way, i.e. an intensive, efficient, rural-urban integration, harmonious and sustainable urbanization model.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T01:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.009
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • Linking ecological degradation risk to identify ecological security
           patterns in a rapidly urbanizing landscape
    • Authors: Jian Peng; Yajing Pan; Yanxu Liu; Huijuan Zhao; Yanglin Wang
      Pages: 110 - 124
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): Jian Peng, Yajing Pan, Yanxu Liu, Huijuan Zhao, Yanglin Wang
      Ecological security patterns (ESPs) aim to provide an effective spatial approach for maintaining urban ecological security based on the relationship between landscape patterns and ecological processes. However, the methods of selecting ecological security sources and evaluating resistance surfaces for ESPs construction are not well developed and lack consideration of land degradation and spatial heterogeneity. Using Shenzhen City, a fast-growing city in a rapidly urbanizing region, as a case study area, this study evaluated two types of land degradation risk for ecological land: type transformation risk and functional damage risk. Both two kinds of risk were combined with ecological functional importance, which was composed of habitat quality and landscape connectivity, so as to quantify the comprehensive reserve value of ecological land to identify the ecological security sources. Ecological corridors were established with the application of remotely-sensed impervious surface area in the ecological resistance surface evaluation. In all, 477.43 km2 ecological land were identified as ecological security sources, with 278.1 km and 197.5 km for the length of group corridors and landscape corridors respectively. The ecological corridors spatially presented a radiation pattern of one axis and three strips. The majority of both ecological security sources and corridors was located within the existing ecological protection boundary, confirming its ecological significance. This study provided an effective quantification framework to identify urban ESPs, and ESPs mapping could make a fundamental support to urban planning.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T01:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.010
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • GIS coupled multiple criteria decision making approach for classifying
           urban coastal areas in India
    • Authors: Ravinder Dhiman; Pradip Kalbar; Arun B. Inamdar
      Pages: 125 - 134
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): Ravinder Dhiman, Pradip Kalbar, Arun B. Inamdar
      Coastal area classification in India is a challenge for decision makers due to unclear directions in implementation of coastal regulations and lack of scientific rational about existing classification methods. To improve the objectivity of the coastal area classification is the aim of the present work. A Geographical Information System (GIS) coupled Multi-criteria Decision Making (MCDM) approach is developed in this work to provide scientific rational for classifying coastal areas. Utility functions are used to transform the physical coastal features into quantitative membership values. Different weighting schemes for coastal features are applied to derive Coastal Area Index (CAI) which classifies the coastal areas in distinct categories. Mumbai, the coastal megacity of India, is used as case study for demonstration of proposed approach. Results of application of GIS-MCDM approach showed the clear demarcation of coastal areas based on CAI is possible which provides a better decision support for developmental and planning authorities to classify coastal areas. Finally, uncertainty analysis using Monte Carlo approach to validate the sensitivity of CAI under different scenarios was carried out.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T01:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.002
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • Multi-scale analysis on spatial morphology differentiation and formation
           mechanism of rural residential land: A case study in Shandong Province,
           China
    • Authors: Qu Yanbo; Jiang Guanghui; Yang Yuting; Zheng Qiuyue; Li Yuling; Ma Wenqiu
      Pages: 135 - 146
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 71
      Author(s): Qu Yanbo, Jiang Guanghui, Yang Yuting, Zheng Qiuyue, Li Yuling, Ma Wenqiu
      Using the GIS space “hot spot” detection and kernel density estimation model, the spatial differentiation characteristics of rural residential land in Shandong Province are revealed from the perspective of multi-scale feature units of “point-line-surface”. Then, a geographical detector is used to analyze its factors and mechanisms. Results show that on the domain-wide scale, the rural residential land has obvious characteristics of spatial agglomeration that are sparsely distributed in a ladder from west to east; on the transect scale, the scale and distribution density of rural residential land present a multi-peak distribution, while the plaque shapes are stochastic equilibrium. On the point scale, the rural residential monomer takes on the feature of banded and serrated diversification. The differentiation is the result of scale difference of different influencing factors. Natural geographical conditions are influencing factors of multi-scale stability, especially in macro scale, which plays a comprehensive role in controlling the formation and changes. The characteristics of rural residential land in meso scale are mainly formed under the influence of dynamic equilibrium of economic and social conditions, the periodic change of institutional policy environment has a profound influence on micro-scale rural residential from rigid constraints and timeliness.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T01:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.011
      Issue No: Vol. 71 (2017)
       
  • A new perspective for urban development boundary delineation based on
           SLEUTH-InVEST model
    • Authors: Jiaxun Liu; Ge Zhang; Zhuzhou Zhuang; Qianwen Cheng; Yu Gao; Tan Chen; Qiuhao Huang; Lang Xu; Dong Chen
      Pages: 13 - 23
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Jiaxun Liu, Ge Zhang, Zhuzhou Zhuang, Qianwen Cheng, Yu Gao, Tan Chen, Qiuhao Huang, Lang Xu, Dong Chen
      The delineation of urban development boundaries is a policy measure to manage the growth of urban space in an orderly fashion. By studying the municipal districts of Changzhou City, this study proposes a delineation model of Urban Development Boundary (UDB), which considers ecological space quality. First, we developed the SLEUTH model in accordance with the redefined targets of the General Land-use Plan of Changzhou City; we applied the model to generate urban expansion for 2020 and arrived at the estimated limits of Changzhou's urban expansion boundaries. Second, based on these approximations, we developed an InVEST model to evaluate the ecological space quality of the study area. By analysing the spatial coordination of hypothetical urban expansion boundaries and its ecological space quality, we delineated an urban development boundary for the study area. This delineation method can help solve spatial incongruities between urban development and ecological conservation, and balance economic development and environmental protection. The UDB delineation model proposed in this study incorporates the interrelations between ecological conservation and urban development; the results obtained thus provide a theoretical and technological foundation for future urban planning and construction management in Changzhou City.

      PubDate: 2017-10-18T10:02:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.009
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
       
  • Institutional changes, land use dynamics, and the transition of rural
           settlements in suburban China: A case study of Huishan District in Wuxi
           city
    • Authors: Cheng Chen; Jinlong Gao; Jianglong Chen
      Pages: 24 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Cheng Chen, Jinlong Gao, Jianglong Chen
      The significant impacts of restructuring on the transition and land use dynamics of rural settlements in China has long been a subject of academic inquiry. We applied a conceptual framework encompassing relations between institutional changes, actors' behaviors, and land use changes to investigate the dynamic trajectories and institutional mechanisms of rural land use in Huishan, a suburban district located in eastern China. We argue that by reshaping local actors' behaviors, institutional changes and national strategies have significantly influenced the transition of China's rural settlements. Over a period of about two decades, rural settlements in Huishan underwent expansion followed by shrinkage in recent years, which has resulted in a gradual decrease in the total scale of land use. A parallel trend of rural economic diversification has prompted a shift in the previously residential land-based structure of land use toward a more diversified structure mainly entailing residential and industrial land. However, with the macroeconomic downturn and the return of migrant laborers to their home regions, rural hollowing and the reluctance of local actors to consolidate residential land may pose severe future challenges for these settlements. In conclusion, we suggest that appropriate regulatory policies for rural settlements in transition that incorporate key requirements such as increasing employment and rehabilitating derelict rural construction land are required.

      PubDate: 2017-10-18T10:02:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.011
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
       
  • Monitoring and assessing “ghost cities” in Northeast China from the
           view of nighttime light remote sensing data
    • Authors: Qiming Zheng; Jingsong Deng; Ruowei Jiang; Ke Wang; Xingyu Xue; Yi Lin; Zhou Huang; Zhangquan Shen; Jun Li; Amir Reza Shahtahmassebi
      Pages: 34 - 42
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Qiming Zheng, Jingsong Deng, Ruowei Jiang, Ke Wang, Xingyu Xue, Yi Lin, Zhou Huang, Zhangquan Shen, Jun Li, Amir Reza Shahtahmassebi
      Urbanization has proceeded at an unprecedented speed in China during the last 20 years, resulting in extensive natural landscapes being transformed into impervious surface. The “ghost city” phenomenon has emerged due to the unreasonable urban expansion which far exceeds the actual demand of human habitat. Previously, few research studies have provided objective and sufficient knowledge with regard to identify “ghost cities” and their spatial distribution. In this paper, we proposed an effective and feasible framework to monitor and evaluate “ghost cities” utilizing nighttime light imagery obtained from day-night band (DNB) of Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS). We established a “ghost city” index (GCI) to quantify the intensity of the phenomenon in the northeast of China, and analyzed the spatial pattern of “ghost cities” for different GCI classes. Our results indicate that the intensity of “ghost city” phenomenon decrease from regions adjacent to the border to interior areas, whilst regions with extremely high GCI are mostly districts and county cities. Tests of typical regions show that non-lit built-up area for high GCI regions is spatially clustered and low population regions have a high tendency to suffer from the “ghost city” phenomenon. Therefore, our findings provide a spatial-explicit insight into the “ghost city” phenomenon, and consequently can be beneficial to assist sustainable urban planning.

      PubDate: 2017-10-26T16:17:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.005
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
       
  • Peripheral urbanisation in Mexico City. A comparative analysis of uneven
           social and material geographies in low-income housing estates
    • Authors: Michael Janoschka; Luis Salinas Arreortua
      Pages: 43 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Michael Janoschka, Luis Salinas Arreortua


      PubDate: 2017-10-26T16:17:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.003
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
       
  • Do built environments affect pedestrians' choices of walking routes in
           retail districts' A study with GPS experiments in Hongdae retail
           district in Seoul, South Korea
    • Authors: Yeankyoung Hahm; Heeyeun Yoon; Donggyu Jung; Hyunsook Kwon
      Pages: 50 - 60
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Yeankyoung Hahm, Heeyeun Yoon, Donggyu Jung, Hyunsook Kwon
      This study aims to reveal components of built environments that influence pedestrians' walking patterns and potential consumption in a retail district. We conducted a Global Positioning System (GPS) experiment observing 82 pedestrians' choices of walking routes in Hongdae, a campus-oriented retail district near Hongik University in Seoul, South Korea, and assessed their causal relationships with built environments using a structural equation model (SEM). We revealed that all four categories of built environments studied—accessibility, diversity, design, and density—affected pedestrians’ choices of walking route, controlling for retail attributes. Specifically, pedestrians prefer shaded streets and openness, confirming the importance of design quality in pedestrian retail environments. Contrary to conventional wisdom, however, shorter distances from public transportation would not guarantee more pedestrian traffic in specialized shopping areas such as Hongdae, unlike what we have observed in residential neighborhoods. Additionally, pedestrians prefer streets with concentrations of similar types and high-density retails, affirming the agglomeration economies theory.

      PubDate: 2017-10-26T16:17:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.002
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
       
  • Inequality of household carbon emissions and its influencing factors: Case
           study of urban China
    • Authors: Tingru Yang; Wenling Liu
      Pages: 61 - 71
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Tingru Yang, Wenling Liu
      When looking at emission reduction at the consumption side, the differentiation of energy consumers should be taken into account, since ignoring individual difference would easily result in social inequality and decrease of social welfare. Based on the framework of social practice model, this article estimated the quantitative distribution characteristics of urban household carbon emissions from different cities, and analyzed the influencing factors of household daily energy consumption and carbon emissions. The main results indicate that urban household carbon emission is close to 60/40 or 70/40 distribution, the economic features of different regions may contribute to such unequal distribution to a large extent. Space heating (in the north area) was found to be the largest CO2 emission source among various daily energy use practices in the Northern cities. In general, it was found that household carbon emissions tend to increase with rising levels of income and ownerships of assets like car or house in particular; besides, individual cognition and household lifestyle would partly affect their energy selection and daily consumption behavior.

      PubDate: 2017-11-02T14:43:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.004
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
       
  • The impact of rural laborer migration and household structure on household
           land use arrangements in mountainous areas of Sichuan Province, China
    • Authors: Dingde Xu; Shili Guo; Fangting Xie; Shaoquan Liu; Sha Cao
      Pages: 72 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Dingde Xu, Shili Guo, Fangting Xie, Shaoquan Liu, Sha Cao
      Rural household land arrangements under different household divisions of labor were investigated in Sichuan Province, a typical mountainous area of Western China. Survey data were used to construct multinomial logistic regression models of the relationships between the attributes of land plots, farmers' households, and land arrangement behaviors. In this study, (1) a total of 1839 land plots available to 240 farmers were sampled. Among these, 79.61%, 15.88% and 4.51% were cultivated, transferred or abandoned, respectively. (2) There are significant correlations between farming household structure and migration income, as well as land arrangement behaviors. Specifically, the more laborers (Labor) there are, the higher the ratios of farming laborers (Agriculture) and part-time laborers to laborers (Pluriactivity), greater numbers of elderly individuals aged 64 + engaged in household agricultural production (Old), the greater the possibility that farmers would choose family farming. The higher the ratio of migrant labor income to total household income (Ratio), the greater the possibility that farmers would choose land transfer or land abandonment. The higher the ratio of non-agricultural laborers to the laborers (Non-agriculture), the greater the possibility that farmers would choose land transfer. This study furthers our understanding of rural household land arrangement behaviors in mountainous areas in the context of China's unique land rights system and high rates of labor migration.

      PubDate: 2017-11-02T14:43:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.009
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
       
  • The impact of the European Union integration on the city size distribution
           of the Member States
    • Authors: Marco Modica
      Pages: 103 - 113
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Marco Modica
      This paper analyses the relation between socio-economic and institutional factors and the dynamics of city populations, the hierarchy of city systems and the urbanization. Particular attention is devoted on the integration process that several European Countries, often structurally so different, have experimented from the beginning of ’90s. Results show that the hierarchical structures of Member States is more even than expected. Moreover, the analysis have provided evidence that the integration process of the European Union had a mixed impact on the way in which people gathered across the territory of the EU. In details, the entry into force of the Schengen treaty has promoted a process of agglomeration of the population in the larger cities. On the contrary, the introduction of euro has led people to spread over the territory.

      PubDate: 2017-11-09T12:44:07Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.011
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
       
  • Echoes of Italian lessons on the typo-morphological approach: A planning
           proposal for Gulangyu Island, China
    • Authors: Shuyi Xie; Xiaoling Zhang; Yuan Li; Martin Skitmore
      Pages: 1 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Shuyi Xie, Xiaoling Zhang, Yuan Li, Martin Skitmore
      As an island with a colonial urbanscape, Gulangyu (located off the coast of Xiamen, a city in Fujian Province in southern China) has been deteriorating into a touristic ‘thematic park’ since the last decade, resulting in a decrease of its original inhabitants and habitability conditions. Inspired by Italian lessons of various and evolved interpretations of the typo-morphological approach, this paper explores the possible interpretations and implications in Gulangyu in a two-pronged project: (1) by ‘systems’-four local characterized systems related to the specific physical urbanscape and matching practices of uses; and (2) by ‘parts’-four typical featured areas with respective typo-morphological features and facing crucial challenges. This provides a deep understanding of the island's situation and further develops and coordinates a specific framework of strategies for solving its distinctive problems. In particular, it helps in seeking to balance its preserved historic heritage, improvement of the local built-environment to meet contemporary needs and the development of a tourist economy - an urgent and salient task on the urban agendas of historic areas worldwide. As one of the first studies of the Italian typo-morphological approach in historic areas of China, this paper also demonstrates the notable possibility that such European, or more precisely, Italian ways may be practiced in the Chinese context, which may inspire further research and practices in China and beyond.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.003
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
       
  • Urban integration or reconfigured inequalities' Analyzing housing
           precarity in São Paulo, Brazil
    • Authors: Eduardo Marques; Camila Saraiva
      Pages: 18 - 26
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Eduardo Marques, Camila Saraiva
      The presence of precarious housing solutions, such as favelas and irregular settlements, is a basic feature of urban inequalities in Southern cities, and the predominant description of the international literature suggests social and housing homogeneity of these areas. They are known to be strongly affected both by economic conjunctures and by public policies, which changed intensely in Brazilian metropolises since the 1990s, transforming the existing housing precarity. This article discusses recent changes in housing precarity in the city of São Paulo, showing a reduction of its intensity, but the increasing heterogeneity of the situations. We estimate the population in favelas and irregular settlements and the socioeconomic indicators of their inhabitants and households recently, drawing on a study using Census data and Geographic information system techniques. The paper shows that nonetheless there was a significant improvement of life conditions in favelas and irregular settlements, which tend to be quite heterogeneous, there is a maintenance of considerable inequalities between these housing solutions and the entire rest of the city.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.004
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
       
  • Empirical analysis of tenants’ intention to exit public rental housing
           units based on the Theory of Planned Behavior – The case of Wuhan, China
           
    • Authors: Jintao Li; Cynthia C. Wang; Jun Sun
      Pages: 27 - 36
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Jintao Li, Cynthia C. Wang, Jun Sun
      Regulated exit from public rental housing (PRH) after lease expiration plays a crucial role in fair allocation of the PRH units in China. There were incidents of exit difficulty happened previously which undermined the PRH allocation and its principles of fairness and efficiency. However, very few studies have directly investigated the determinants of tenants' intention to exit. This paper adopts the analysis framework based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to explore the factors influencing tenants' intention to exit PRH from a variety of aspects including personal and family characteristics, satisfaction with allocation process, housing management, and understanding of exit policy. The research finds that the factors such as education level, family income, household size, floor area, allocation satisfaction and understanding about PRH policies have statistically significantly positive effects on intention to exit PRH. While tenants’ satisfactions with housing management, environment and neighborhood would inhibit intention to exit. As the study reveals, more attention is needed to provide skill training, build appropriate exit mechanisms and implement exit policies strictly to encourage the intention to exit and promote PRH exits in an orderly manner.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.006
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
       
  • Evaluating the effects of compact growth on air quality in
           already-high-density cities with an integrated land use-transport-emission
           model: A case study of Xiamen, China
    • Authors: Man Yuan; Yan Song; Shijian Hong; Yaping Huang
      Pages: 37 - 47
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Man Yuan, Yan Song, Shijian Hong, Yaping Huang
      Urban form may play an important role in improving air quality, but studies on already-high-density cities are relatively limited. In this paper, we developed an integrated land use-transport-emission model with TRANUS and MOBILE 6.2, selected an already-high-density city, Xiamen, as the study area, and explored the effects of compact growth on traffic emissions and exposure to air pollution. The results show that compact growth may significantly reduce regional traffic emissions even in an already-high-density city, but high-density developments may result in higher population-weighed exposures to air pollution. The finding implies that compact growth strategies should be carried out and the metric of population-weighed exposures should be considered in already-high-density cities. Integrated land use-transport-emission models may serve as a useful tool for urban planning agencies to decide appropriate locations for urban growths.

      PubDate: 2017-09-08T07:57:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.007
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
       
  • Urban growth in Indian cities: Are the driving forces really changing'
    • Authors: N. Abhishek; Mamata Jenamani; Biswajit Mahanty
      Pages: 48 - 57
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): N. Abhishek, Mamata Jenamani, Biswajit Mahanty
      Urbanization in India is happening at a rapid pace since past three decades. This paper examines the factors affecting the growth of Indian cities for three consecutive censuses. A database on Indian cities is constructed for the analysis. Eight variables are considered from classical economics and economic geography perspective to observe their effect on population size and growth. Regression analysis has been carried out for the same, and the results suggest that initial population and capital city status have a strong positive impact on city growth; proximity to cities causes nearby cities to be larger; these results are consistent throughout three years. The notable observation of our study is that there is a growing need for better policies for healthcare and infrastructure development for a sustainable growth of Indian urban agglomerations.

      PubDate: 2017-09-14T08:09:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.002
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
       
  • Global environmental impact of informal settlements and perceptions of
           local environmental threats: An empirical case study in Suva, Fiji
    • Authors: Poonam P. Devi; John H. Lowry; Eberhard Weber
      Pages: 58 - 67
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Poonam P. Devi, John H. Lowry, Eberhard Weber
      It is commonly expected that informal settlements in developing countries have a smaller ecological footprint than more economically advantaged areas because they consume fewer resources and use less energy. In this paper we examine this idea by comparing material consumption of two informal settlements to one moderate socio-economic status (SES) neighbourhood in Suva, Fiji. We use the concept of the Ecological Footprint (EF) as a metric of comparison. Using a component-based EF approach we administered a questionnaire to 150 respondents from two informal settlements and one adjacent planned neighbourhood. Total EF and separate EF components (water, food, transport, energy, clothing, and material assets) were analysed through graphs, by examination of descriptive statistics, and through the use of non-parametric inferential statistics. We found differences between the adjacent planned neighbourhood and the informal settlements for several EF components, but found no difference for other EF components (e.g. water consumption). Through questionnaires and interviews we also examined perceived level of concern for environmental threats of informal settlement dwellers and residents of an adjacent moderate SES neighbourhood who share the same geographic space, but have very different living conditions. We found that concerns about sewage, deforestation, clean water and poor sanitation were of particularly high concern in one informal settlement, but not the other, suggesting that perceptions of threat can be very different even among informal settlements. We conclude that a better understanding of the social characteristics of informal settlements is valuable for informal settlement urban planning decisions in developing countries.

      PubDate: 2017-09-14T08:09:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.005
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
       
  • A Caribbean New Urban Agenda post-Habitat III: Closing the gaps
    • Authors: Michelle A. Mycoo
      Pages: 68 - 77
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Michelle A. Mycoo
      Urbanisation, climate change and natural hazards present serious challenges for the Caribbean which Habitat III brought into focus. This paper critically examines problems associated with these complex challenges, to propose a relevant Caribbean specific New Urban Agenda and suggest implementation mechanisms which are essential to forge ahead. It reviews urban issues for fifteen countries that constitute the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). These problems are investigated from the perspective of four pillars of economic, social and environmental sustainability, and governance. The paper reveals that with the application of these main components and related thematic elements, many countries in this grouping are underperforming in achieving the sustainable development goal of safe, resilient and sustainable urban settlements. The main conclusion drawn is that countries of the CARICOM Caribbean should not adopt an imported blueprint to resolve critical urban issues. This is an opportune time for crafting a relevant indigenous New Urban Agenda for CARICOM Caribbean countries and finding the right implementation mechanisms to be at the frontline of change.

      PubDate: 2017-09-14T08:09:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.001
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
       
  • Does ethnic identity influence migrants' settlement intentions'
           Evidence from three cities in Gansu Province, Northwest China
    • Authors: Bo Zhang; Peter Druijven; Dirk Strijker
      Pages: 94 - 103
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Bo Zhang, Peter Druijven, Dirk Strijker
      The debate concerning the determinants of rural-urban migration in China has thus far paid little attention to migrants with different ethnic backgrounds. The present article investigates the determinants of settlement intentions using survey data for three cities in Northwest China. Under four strategies: Settling in the city (as the baseline); Returning home; Moving to other cities, and Undecided, we analyse migrants' intentions through a multi-nominal logit approach, in conjunction with in-depth interviews and participant observations. The results demonstrate a range of determinants that include human capital, migration characteristics, employment, network, and local factors. Findings indicate in particular that types of contract and job training strongly influence migrant settlement in all models. The implication of these findings is that migrants will have to learn practical skills if they plan to settle down. It may be attractive for local authorities to invest in vocational schools and to regulate the labour market and contracts if they are willing to accommodate these migrants. As expected, ethnic identity and cultural characteristics of the cities also play important roles in determining migrants' decisions to settle. Worth to notice that minority migrants tend to stay in cities where there is higher cultural homogeneity, thus lower demand for integration. They are less likely to resort to migration for a better livelihood compared to the Han majority. We advocate that the creation of more equal and inclusive socio-cultural contexts may promote minority migrants' mobility, thereby improving their livelihoods through migration.

      PubDate: 2017-09-26T08:29:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.003
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
       
  • The dynamics of public safety in cities: A case study of Shanghai from
           2010 to 2025
    • Authors: Danlin Yu; Chuanglin Fang
      Pages: 104 - 113
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Danlin Yu, Chuanglin Fang
      Cities in China are facing increasing challenges. Urban public safety concerns including urban crime, urban livability and urban disasters start to attract governmental, academic as well as public attention. Applying a system dynamics modeling scheme, this research investigates and attempts to simulate the public safety dynamics of Shanghai with a set of collected indicators that describes Shanghai's infrastructure and development, population, crime, livability and disaster during the past decade (2000–2009). The feedback loops are constructed based on exploratory data mining through regular statistical analyses and grey system simulation. The analytical results suggest Shanghai's public safety is increasing due to a high level of urban socioeconomic development, which provides a foundation for urban public safety. In the meantime, factors that ‘expend’ such foundation (crimes and disasters) increased at a relatively lower level. Dynamic simulation on Shanghai's public safety suggests that the city could still enjoy its continuous improvement of public safety providing the city continues to develop like in the past decade, which might not be the case in the long run. A few scenarios are presented by altering a few critical variables to demonstrate potential public safety dynamics of Shanghai in the next 15 years.

      PubDate: 2017-10-04T08:36:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.007
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
       
  • Agricultural transformation and ecosystem services: A case study from
           Shaanxi Province, China
    • Authors: Bingjie Song; Guy M. Robinson; Zhongxue Zhou
      Pages: 114 - 125
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Bingjie Song, Guy M. Robinson, Zhongxue Zhou
      This paper analyses changes to ecosystem services (ESS) over the past thirty years in a small part of the hinterland of Xi'an, a city of nearly nine million population in Shaanxi Province, China. Using field survey and interviews with local farmers, the study provides micro-scale exemplification of the transformation occurring around major urban growth centres in China in response both to urbanization and agricultural modernization. The effects of urban growth upon agriculture are illustrated by wholesale changes in the type of production, increasing the value of provisioning services by replacing traditional cereals cultivation with fruit, which reflects the impact of the dynamic urban market. Five different types of ESS are calculated and analyzed, taking into consideration changing land management practices associated with the principal new crops in the study area, cherries and grapes. The widespread adoption of cherries as the main cash crop has also afforded farmers an additional source of revenue from tourists visiting the area to see the Spring-time blossom, pick the fruit and obtain a ‘rural experience’ by interacting with farmers and eating local food. The increased wealth for farm households has prevented the ‘hollowing’ of villages close to the expanding metropolitan area, but longer distance commuting to work in the city is now common for younger rural residents. Detailed calculation of the changing pattern of EES reveals the significant effects not only of the introduction of new crops but also the role of particular land management practices. Further analysis of these practices is proposed to obtain better understanding of the balance between positive and negative changes to EES.

      PubDate: 2017-10-18T10:02:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.008
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
       
  • Cultivated land protection policies in China facing 2030: Dynamic balance
           system versus basic farmland zoning
    • Authors: Yuzhe Wu; Liping Shan; Zhen Guo; Yi Peng
      Pages: 126 - 138
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Yuzhe Wu, Liping Shan, Zhen Guo, Yi Peng
      The Chinese central government launched two principal campaigns to maintain the quantity and quality of cultivated land across the country and to continuously sustain a growing population. Dynamic balance system and basic farmland zoning focus on protecting the quantity and quality of cultivated lands, respectively. Theoretically, two complementary campaigns can effectively protect the quantity and quality of cultivated land. However, these policies protect the quality of cultivated land minimally. Dynamic balance system replaces basic farmland protection system during implementation by transforming from control planning to development planning. The process increases the conversion of high quality cultivated land into industrial and residential uses, with the supplementary of cultivated land with low quality, thereby reducing the protection on the quality of this land. This study adopts Yiwu City as the study case and analyzes the administration efficiency of dynamic balance system and basic farmland zoning. Evidence suggests that the delimitation of permanent basic farmland is a feasible system arrangement. The central government should deal with the relationships among policies to protect the quantity, quality, and ecosystem of the cultivated land. The government can arrange permanent basic farmland zoning as the core system for cultivated land protection and practice grade protection system on basic farmlands to strictly limit their conversion into construction land, which inevitably weakens the dynamic balance system.

      PubDate: 2017-10-04T08:36:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.002
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
       
  • From rivers to roads: Spatial mismatch and inequality of opportunity in
           urban labor markets of a megacity
    • Authors: Eduardo Amaral Haddad; Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi
      Pages: 3 - 14
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 68
      Author(s): Eduardo Amaral Haddad, Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi


      PubDate: 2017-09-20T08:24:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.016
      Issue No: Vol. 68 (2017)
       
  • Towards a sustainable city: Applying urban renewal incentives according to
           the social and urban characteristics of the area
    • Authors: Margarita Greene; Rodrigo Ivan Mora; Cristhian Figueroa; Natan Waintrub; J. de D. Ortúzar
      Pages: 15 - 23
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 68
      Author(s): Margarita Greene, Rodrigo Ivan Mora, Cristhian Figueroa, Natan Waintrub, J. de D. Ortúzar
      The construction of new urban transport infrastructure transforms the accessibility patterns of the immediate areas, modifying people's movements and, with that, the demand for land, its uses, activities and densities. In the case of the Chilean capital, Santiago, the underground (Metro), has generated sub-centralities, densification and potentiated real estate development in certain parts of the city, but has had negligible effects in others. Our research aims at trying to enhance the positive effects of a mass transit network such as Metro, to improve two large malaises of the city: its increasing urban sprawl and its unacceptable social segregation. Both problems are not unique to Santiago, but are shared by many Latin American conurbations. To do so, we first analysed and classified the areas around Metro stations, based on their social and urban characteristics, and densification potential. We then identified existing and potential subsidies to promote social integration and densification and, finally, we applied a stated choice experiment to real estate developers to inquire into their willingness to build in the vicinity of selected GIS-classified stations. In a previous paper, we discussed the models estimated with the stated choice data, and the expected results of applying packages of incentives for densification in the vicinity of different Metro stations. In this paper, we seek to identify mechanisms to increase both housing density and, at the same time, promote social integration in the vicinity of Metro stations, by identifying a typology of urban areas that respond differently to such incentives. Our results show that the effectiveness of the various incentives depends, to a great extent, on the urban characteristics of the Metro station surroundings. For example, in stations located in the central areas of the city incentives to stimulate real estate activity are not really necessary, as the process is well underway; however, in Metro stations located in industrial areas incentives are more effective in triggering real estate dynamics, especially direct demand incentives for any buyer or with a limited time frame. Finally, in peripheral Metro stations located in low standard social housing areas, the incentives tend to be less effective and are probably not enough to trigger a significant densification or integration process; hence, probably other type of governmental action, such as pilot or demonstration projects, should be sought for these cases.

      PubDate: 2017-09-20T08:24:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 68 (2017)
       
  • Corrigendum to "Effects of urban expansion on suburban farmers’
           livelihood in Vietnam: A comparative analysis of Ho Chi Minh City and
           Hanoi" [Habitat Int. 65 (2017) 49–58]
    • Authors: Minh Hoang Vu; Hiroyuki Kawashima
      Pages: 49 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 September 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Minh Hoang Vu, Hiroyuki Kawashima


      PubDate: 2017-10-04T08:36:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.001
      Issue No: Vol. 65 (2017)
       
  • Regional Intelligence: A new kind of GIScience
    • Authors: Eric Vaz
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 December 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Eric Vaz


      PubDate: 2017-12-13T01:58:52Z
       
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70


      PubDate: 2017-11-17T05:24:03Z
       
  • Can community-based concentration revitalise the upland villages' A
           case comparison of two villages in Chongqing, Southwestern China
    • Authors: Weiping Liu; Xinyue Yang; Shouqin Zhong; Founemakan Sissoko; Chaofu Wei
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 November 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Weiping Liu, Xinyue Yang, Shouqin Zhong, Founemakan Sissoko, Chaofu Wei
      Upland rural communities in Southwestern China are confronted with massive out-migration, notable land fragmentation and weak infrastructures under rapid urbanisation. Community-based concentration (CBC), characterised as traditional settlement consolidation and concentrated rural resettlement, has been widely implemented in rural Chongqing in recent years through the “increasing vs. decreasing balance” policy for increases in urban construction land with a reduction in rural construction land. However, limited research has been conducted to ascertain relevant villagers' responses to CBC practices and explore whether this initiative can revitalise the upland villages. Based on in-depth field investigations from a successful case (Dazhu Village) and a less successful case (Fengsi Village) in Chongqing, this study contextualizes and analyses the implementation process and outcomes of its local practices and villagers' attitudes and behaviours. The findings indicate that adaptabilities of CBC are embodied in effectively reducing dispersion of rural settlements, the continuance of local natural-social environment and appealing delivery of housing welfare. However, impressive limitations of CBC cover residents' low initiative towards residential concentration, livelihood insecurity felt by relocated households and the weakness of new community governance. Given China's new-type urbanisation scheme, we argue that CBC contributes to alleviating conflicts between rural recession and demand of people-oriented urbanisation by integrating housing modernisation, intensive land use, population agglomeration and accessibility to social services. Critically, CBC should be prudently developed not only following integrative planning based on local geographical and socio-economic conditions, but also measuring the dynamics of rural-urban interactions in urbanizing China.

      PubDate: 2017-11-17T05:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.005
       
  • Urban geosimulations with the Logic Scoring of Preference method for
           agent-based decision-making
    • Authors: Suzana Dragićević; Kristofer Hatch
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 October 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Suzana Dragićević, Kristofer Hatch
      The Logic Scoring of Preference (LSP) method is a generalized multicriteria evaluation (MCE) decision making approach with origins in soft computing. The method can model a wide range of aggregators to suit various evaluation objectives that are close to human reasoning. The LSP method can aggregate an unlimited number of inputs without loss of significance. The main objective of this study is to develop and implement an integrated approach using the LSP method to represent the decision-making process of actors influencing urban residential development represented within an agent-based model (ABM). Geospatial data for the Clayton-Cloverdale neighborhood of the City of Surrey, Canada, was used to incorporate the LSP agent-based model to simulate land-use change at the cadastral level. The geosimulations incorporated the decision-making process and interactions of agents as residents, developers, and city planners known as the main stakeholders with separate and sometimes conflicting priorities. The simulation results indicate a higher number of residents tend to choose mid-rise to high-rise buildings over single residential dwellings for a longer period of the time. This can be attributed to the lack affordability and developable land for housing in the future. The LSP method captured different agent decision-making reasoning that is closer to actual human logic which has resulted in the modeling outcomes of urban residential land-use to be in accordance to long term city plans.

      PubDate: 2017-10-26T16:17:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.006
       
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69


      PubDate: 2017-10-18T10:02:49Z
       
  • Assessing the suitability of regional human settlements environment from a
           different preferences perspective: A case study of Zhejiang Province,
           China
    • Authors: Wang Cheng; Jin Mengqiu Yuqi
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Yi Wang, Cheng Jin, Mengqiu Lu, Yuqi Lu
      This paper constructs a comprehensive evaluation index to assess the suitability of human settlement based upon the ecological environment superiority, economic development vitality and convenience of public services. These measures are combined with an assessment of resident's preferences to comprehensively evaluate the suitability of human settlements. The spatial pattern of human settlements environment suitability and the spatial relationship between the suitability and population distribution in Zhejiang Province under different preference models were explored. The results showed that: under the ecological environment preference mode, human settlements environment suitability in Zhejiang declined from the south to the north, and the current population was mainly distributed in areas where human settlements environment suitability was lower. Under the economic development preference mode, human settlements environment suitability was higher in the northeast than the southwest, higher at the coast than inland areas, and the regional differentiation was significant. Under the public service preference mode, human settlements environment suitability in Zhejiang showed a basic pattern which was higher in the southwest than the northeast, better in the plains than mountain areas, and most of the population was distributed in areas with higher suitability. Based on different preferences, the optimization path of human settlements environment was explored. In this study, the objective entity environment and the subjective experience of the residents were combined to evaluate the suitability of regional human settlements environment according to different preferences, so as to offer a new analysis perspective for comprehensive research on human settlements environment.

      PubDate: 2017-10-11T18:24:56Z
       
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 68


      PubDate: 2017-09-20T08:24:33Z
       
  • Smart development, spatial sustainability and environmental quality
    • Authors: Kamila Borsekova; Karima Kourtit; Peter Nijkamp
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 September 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Kamila Borsekova, Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp


      PubDate: 2017-09-08T07:57:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.001
       
 
 
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