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HUMANITIES (284 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aldébaran     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alterstice : Revue internationale de la recherche interculturelle     Open Access  
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anabases     Open Access  
Analyse & Kritik. Zeitschrift f     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Anglo-Saxon England     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Arbutus Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Co-herencia     Open Access  
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cornish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Dorsal Revista de Estudios Foucaultianos     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal Of Advances In Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access  
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Revue pour l’histoire du CNRS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medical Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Mens : revue d'histoire intellectuelle et culturelle     Full-text available via subscription  
Messages, Sages and Ages     Open Access  
Mind and Matter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Mneme - Revista de Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Motivation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mouseion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nationalities Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)

        1 2     

Journal Cover Habitat International
  [SJR: 1.038]   [H-I: 40]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0197-3975
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • Childhood overweight/obesity and social inequality in peri-urban regions
           of Taipei
    • Authors: Shu-Huei Chang; Yong Zhang; Cheng-Te Lin; Chung-Lan Kao; Boon-Hooi Lim; Ta-Cheng Hung; Ching-Yu Tseng; Chia-Hua Kuo
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Shu-Huei Chang, Yong Zhang, Cheng-Te Lin, Chung-Lan Kao, Boon-Hooi Lim, Ta-Cheng Hung, Ching-Yu Tseng, Chia-Hua Kuo
      A cross-sectional analysis of 33,942 schoolchildren at 6th grade (peri-urban New Taipei, N = 25,028; urban Taipei, N = 8914), representing >50% of children population of the age in Taipei metropolitan area, was examined for the disparity in overweight/obesity prevalence between urban and expanding peri-urban regions. Overweight/obese prevalence of schoolchildren at the age level is 30.4%. Peri-urban schoolchildren had higher overweight/obesity prevalence than urban peers (Girls: 26.0% vs 20.6%, P < 0.001; Boys: 37.1% vs 33.8%, P < 0.001). Children in both regions spent substantially more time on homework/reading than television viewing and computer use. Peri-urban children spent less time on homework/reading and more time on television and computer use than their urban counterparts (P < 0.001). Children with parental education category at “No College” were 54.8% in peri-urban area against 24.8% in urban area (P < 0.001). They were 1.0 cm shorter in height and ∼1.0 kg heavier in weight, and spent less time on homework/reading than those at “College” (P < 0.001). This is the first report presents a disparity in childhood overweight/obesity prevalence between peri-urban and urban places. Public efforts are needed to solve the childhood overweight/obesity problem secondary to social inequality in places at developing stages during urbanization.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.004
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Urban spatiotemporal analysis using mobile phone data: Case study of
           medium- and large-sized Korean cities
    • Authors: Kwang-Sub Lee; So Young You; Jin Ki Eom; Jiyoung Song; Jae Hong Min
      Pages: 6 - 15
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Kwang-Sub Lee, So Young You, Jin Ki Eom, Jiyoung Song, Jae Hong Min
      Recent advanced information and communication technologies can provide more accurate and comprehensive information. In particular, mobile phone data provide a new data source for urban structures and mobility. It is important for urban and transportation planners to be able to use data containing valuable location information that is not easily obtainable from traditional datasets, such as expensive household surveys, extensive traffic counts, or aggregated socioeconomic statistics. This study explored the potential of using mobile phone data to characterize and compare urban activity and mobility patterns from daily and hourly mobile phone records across 10 cities in Korea. We compared the internal and external mobility of phone users, and calculated urban attractiveness and home-based trip length frequency distribution for comparisons of different sized cities. The spatiotemporal evolution of urban activity within a day was examined, and the spatiotemporal extension for each city was calculated, showing the degree of spatial dispersion of residences and other activity locations. We also identified urban activity subcenters and hotspots based on density and time persistence criteria, as well as their compactness. Policy makers can expect to see more applications using mobile phone data, and this study helps demonstrate the potential of such data. We hope that spatiotemporal activity analysis can provide a foundation for future research that will help improve urban and transportation policies.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.010
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Consumption based approach of carbon footprint analysis in urban slum and
           non-slum areas of Rawalpindi
    • Authors: Mian Nazish Adnan; Rabia Safeer; Audil Rashid
      Pages: 16 - 24
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Mian Nazish Adnan, Rabia Safeer, Audil Rashid
      UN Habitat estimates that more than fifty percent of global population is now urbanized. Carbon emission, urbanization and climate change are intricately linked with each other. To sustain growing household energy demand in Pakistan, carbon emission has substantially increased, which is reflected by country's rank among climate vulnerable nations. Unsustainable use of energy is a major contributor of urban carbon footprint. Study of household carbon footprint is thus felt imperative to identify key factors of carbon footprint increase. This study aims to compare the carbon footprint of urban slum (Kachi Abadi, Khayaban-e-Sirsyed) and non-slum areas (Bahria Town, Gulraiz Colony) of Rawalpindi city to assess the environmental burden in the form of CO2 emissions generated at the household consumption practices. Results clearly indicate that the household carbon footprint of non-slum areas is higher than urban slum areas. Carbon footprint of non-slum areas shows highly significant increment along with the increasing monthly income of their inhabitants (r = 0.49 p = .02; r = 0.79 p < .01). Regression analysis revealed significant impact of individual use of personal vehicles on increasing carbon footprint in non-slum areas (R2 = 0.61; p < .01). Findings presented here substantially contribute in highlighting key household parameters that actually depicts consumption patterns linked with carbon emission. We conclude that the escalating household consumption by attaining luxurious life style leads to increase in carbon footprint significantly at domestic level, which could be reduced by using less carbon intensive products.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.012
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Factors influencing rural households' willingness of centralized
           residence: Comparing pure and nonpure farming areas in China
    • Authors: Zhengfeng Zhang; Yangyang Wen; Ruonan Wang; Wenjing Han
      Pages: 25 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Zhengfeng Zhang, Yangyang Wen, Ruonan Wang, Wenjing Han
      In recent years, Chinese governments began exploring centralized residence of rural households, with a view to protecting farming land through the incorporation and reduction of rural construction land, building new countryside, and solving the problem of insufficient construction land quotas for urban development. In the centralized residence process, it is important to study the willingness of rural households and factors influencing their willingness. This empirical study used Panshan County and Jiangshan City as representatives of pure and nonpure farming areas, respectively. Three logistic regression models were applied, to explore differences between pure and nonpure farming areas and the factors influencing rural households' willingness to accept centralized residence according to five aspects: households individual characteristics, family economy, policy perception, housing conditions, and social environment. The results showed that, for nonpure farming areas, such as Jiangshan City, when there is more trust in the village collective, less arable area, increased satisfaction with infrastructure and higher non-agricultural income, the more willing rural households are to accept centralized residence. In pure farming areas, such as Panshan County, when there are greater expectations of policy, the safer environments and higher non-agricultural income, the more willing rural households are to accept centralized residence. By comparison, rural households in nonpure farming areas are more concerned with fairness future quality of life, while those in pure farming areas are more concerned with implementation and guaranteed compensation. China's centralized residence policy should focus on the objective conditions of each region, and appropriately differentiate based on different areas and categories.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.01.003
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • How voluntary is poverty alleviation resettlement in China'
    • Authors: Kevin Lo; Mark Wang
      Pages: 34 - 42
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Kevin Lo, Mark Wang
      Voluntary resettlement, typically framed by the principle of free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC), has emerged as a preferred alternative to the heavily criticized forced resettlement approach, but there are growing concerns over whether those “voluntary” programs are genuinely voluntary. In China, the government maintains that its poverty alleviation resettlement (PAR) program is a successful example of voluntary resettlement. Under this national anti-poverty initiative, millions of people living in the poorest parts of the country have been resettled “voluntarily”. However, few studies have critically examined this claim. In this study, we collected empirical evidence through a survey of PAR resettlers. Drawing on a large and representative household survey (1723 resettlers from 30 different PAR projects) and 142 qualitative interviews, we report inconclusive and conflicting findings. On the one hand, the respondents strongly expressed that they willingly participated in resettlement. The perception of willingness was especially high among those who were younger, wealthier, and had off-farm employment. Furthermore, the consent to relocate was mostly free and driven by a desire to improve the quality of life. On the other hand, we observed that consent was not fully informed due to inadequate consultation. The villagers were not given detailed information about the resettlement or time to consider the implications. To ensure genuinely voluntary resettlement and to enhance the effectiveness of the program in poverty alleviation, the government needs to improve the consultation process, offer more targeted assistance to poor households, and provide better post-resettlement support.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Conversion or redevelopment' Effects of revitalization of old
           industrial buildings on property values
    • Authors: Jayantha Wadu Mesthrige; Johnny K.W. Wong; Lin Nga Yuk
      Pages: 53 - 64
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Jayantha Wadu Mesthrige, Johnny K.W. Wong, Lin Nga Yuk
      The revitalization programmes, which are meant to transform the neighbourhood community for better living, are presumed to bring positive value enhancements to the living environment of the city, while allocating limited land resources effectively to the highest and best use. By employing two hedonic price models and based on two sets of residential transaction data obtained from a former industrial-hub, Kwun Tong, in Hong Kong, the study investigated whether different modes of revitalization (redevelopment or wholesale-conversion) bring different externalities to the value of the neighbourhood properties in the city. Surprisingly, the findings suggest that revitalization programmes, irrespective of the mode, did not generate positive externalities to the property values in the vicinity. More precisely, neither redevelopment nor wholesale-conversion, in general, has brought significant positive value enhancements to the nearby properties. Though this finding is against the intuition that positive externalities generated by revitalization are capitalized into nearby property values, this also reinforces the intuition that the economic benefit of a single building revitalization is less apparent than an area based revitalization approach. Results, however, indicate that, although revitalization has not brought as much positive benefits expected, there are some positive indications that property values may be enhanced in the future. The results also revealed that the geographic scope of the influence for properties is apparent only within 200-m radius.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.005
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Constraints to achieve infrastructure sustainability for mountainous
           townships in China
    • Authors: Yujuan She; Liyin Shen; Liudan Jiao; Jian Zuo; Vivian W.Y. Tam; Hang Yan
      Pages: 65 - 78
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Yujuan She, Liyin Shen, Liudan Jiao, Jian Zuo, Vivian W.Y. Tam, Hang Yan
      This paper investigates the constraints to achieving optimal infrastructure sustainability for mountainous townships in Southwest China. Although such townships are relatively less developed, it is well recognized that investment in infrastructure projects in less developed townships plays a vital role in China's sustainable development mission. While the benefits of infrastructure investments are usually measured by means of economic performance, their long-term sustainability performance is largely overlooked. It is therefore imperative to understand the constraints that impede infrastructure sustainability and what corrective actions can be taken. The constraints are identified in this study via exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. Twenty-one townships in the mountainous regions of Southwest China were investigated by means of a questionnaire survey. The study reveals that the major constraints include four dimensions: “Economic Capacity”, “Governance and Management”, “Policy Instrument and Public Participation”, and “Local Geographic Characteristics”. Identification of these constraints provides a valuable reference for local governments to take adequate measures to ensure that their infrastructure sustainability can be improved.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.01.009
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • The similar size of slums
    • Authors: John Friesen; Hannes Taubenböck; Michael Wurm; Peter F. Pelz
      Pages: 79 - 88
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): John Friesen, Hannes Taubenböck, Michael Wurm, Peter F. Pelz
      More than half of the world's population currently resides in urban areas. In the majority of developing countries slums are a defining part of the urban scape. Their supply with energy, basic infrastructure, among others is one of the main challenges of modern civilizations. To provide an optimal supply, the spatial patterns of slums in cities have to be explored. While most of current literature is focused on inter-urban dynamics, this paper is focused on intra-urban pattern (i.e. the spatial pattern of morphological slums within a city) and its link to the inter-urban ones. Therefore, census and remote sensing data are analyzed to create rank size distributions of morphological slums in different cities of developing countries. The observations were compared to rank size distributions of cities in a respective developing country. It is found that typical inter-urban pattern can be transferred to intra-urban pattern. Surprisingly is the fact that the size of slums is independent from city and global region in the analyzed cities. The slums in Mumbai, Manila, Rio de Janeiro and Cape Town have an average area of 0.016 km2 with a standard deviation of only 0.004 km2.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Urban sprawl and the growing geographic scale of segregation in Mexico,
    • Authors: Paavo Monkkonen; Andre Comandon; Jorge Alberto Montejano Escamilla; Erick Guerra
      Pages: 89 - 95
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Paavo Monkkonen, Andre Comandon, Jorge Alberto Montejano Escamilla, Erick Guerra
      Urbanization is linked to economic growth, and agglomeration economies mean that people in larger cities are more productive. However, urban expansion is also associated with congestion, localized environmental damage, and potentially, social segregation. In this paper we examine how urban expansion and changing urban spatial structure affects the level and scale of socioeconomic segregation of cities in Mexico. We measure different dimensions of urban spatial structure, and segregation by income and education at different geographic scales in 100 Mexican cities from 1990 to 2010. We then examine correlations between the two sets of variables, and run multivariate regressions to assess how changes in urban spatial structure relate to changes in the level and scale of segregation. Findings reveal that as cities expand, inhabitants experience greater levels of socio-economic segregation, especially at a larger geographic scale. However, an increasing centralization of cities is associated with less segregation. This process works differently for segregation by education and income. For the former, less educated households are become more segregated in expanding, centralizing cities. For the latter, it is high-income households who are becoming more isolated. This study reveals provocative generalizations about the association between urban expansion and increasing segregation in Mexico. It suggests that movements into and out of central cities, rather than urban fragmentation or sprawl, shape how household mobility reorganizes social space.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.003
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Urban geosimulations with the Logic Scoring of Preference method for
           agent-based decision-making
    • Authors: Suzana Dragićević; Kristofer Hatch
      Pages: 3 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 72
      Author(s): Suzana Dragićević, Kristofer Hatch
      The Logic Scoring of Preference (LSP) method is a generalized multicriteria evaluation (MCE) decision making approach with origins in soft computing. The method can model a wide range of aggregators to suit various evaluation objectives that are close to human reasoning. The LSP method can aggregate an unlimited number of inputs without loss of significance. The main objective of this study is to develop and implement an integrated approach using the LSP method to represent the decision-making process of actors influencing urban residential development represented within an agent-based model (ABM). Geospatial data for the Clayton-Cloverdale neighborhood of the City of Surrey, Canada, was used to incorporate the LSP agent-based model to simulate land-use change at the cadastral level. The geosimulations incorporated the decision-making process and interactions of agents as residents, developers, and city planners known as the main stakeholders with separate and sometimes conflicting priorities. The simulation results indicate a higher number of residents tend to choose mid-rise to high-rise buildings over single residential dwellings for a longer period of the time. This can be attributed to the lack affordability and developable land for housing in the future. The LSP method captured different agent decision-making reasoning that is closer to actual human logic which has resulted in the modeling outcomes of urban residential land-use to be in accordance to long term city plans.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.006
      Issue No: Vol. 72 (2018)
  • Spatial data for slum upgrading: Volunteered Geographic Information and
           the role of citizen science
    • Authors: Samyra Hachmann; Jamal Jokar Arsanjani; Eric Vaz
      Pages: 18 - 26
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 72
      Author(s): Samyra Hachmann, Jamal Jokar Arsanjani, Eric Vaz
      Urban informal settlements are growing rapidly, placing slum upgrading on the political agenda worldwide. This paper presents a survey on existing approaches integrating spatial data and slum upgrading. More precisely, it aims to explore the possibility of exploiting Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) and Citizen Science (CS) as potential practices for gathering spatial information about informal settlements. Challenges include an asymmetric access to technology and GIS skills, as well as the recognition and validation of citizen data. Opportunities, on the other hand, include the possibility for citizens to express their needs to municipalities and the provision of up-to-date, accurate information to urban planners. Due to its bottom-up conceptualization of data collection, VGI could take a leading role in providing spatial information to planning efforts which aim at understanding and improving the realities of informal settlements.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.011
      Issue No: Vol. 72 (2018)
  • Potential of Geographic Information Systems for Refugee Crisis: Syrian
           Refugee Relocation in Urban Habitats
    • Authors: Eric Vaz; Karen Lee; Vanita Moonilal; Krishelle Pereira
      Pages: 39 - 47
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 72
      Author(s): Eric Vaz, Karen Lee, Vanita Moonilal, Krishelle Pereira
      Spatial decision support systems have become ubiquitous tools in planning and understanding regional dynamics. With the present challenges faced throughout the world, Canada is becoming an increasingly important benchmark for migrants of different nations to start safe and productive lives. With the latest group currently entering the country are refugees being brought in primarily from Syria, in larger numbers than Canada has seen in decades. Because of this, the government has had to rapidly implement plans to allocate this influx to available places around the country. Because of the particular status of these immigrant's particular attention must be given to address complex social and economic interactions that guarantee opportunity and growth for refugees as well as functional socio-economic habitats within metropolitan regions. This paper adopts a spatially-explicit approach using a key set of socio-economic variables to understand micro-spatial location optima for refugees to begin their lives in Toronto. By intertwining key variables such as accessibility to employment, English language classes, people of similar cultures or situations, proximity to food/clothing/healthcare, a combinatory metric is designed to assess the most adequate liveability within the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area. The micro-spatial models propose an integrative vision of weighted measures to assess the spatial perspective brought by Geographic Information Systems. It is concluded that suburban regions around major cities hold a significant potential for refugee habitats, suggesting the integration of regional intelligence paradigms in the spatial planning and regional decision support systems of governmental and policy interaction.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 72 (2018)
  • Modeling the dynamics of urban and ecological binary space for regional
           coordination: A case of Fuzhou coastal areas in Southeast China
    • Authors: Haiqiang Fan; Jiangang Xu; Shu Gao
      Pages: 48 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 72
      Author(s): Haiqiang Fan, Jiangang Xu, Shu Gao
      The linkage of urban planning and the dynamics of regional ecosystem services value (ESV) allows sustainable aims more accessible, which is increasingly interested by researchers. This paper combines urban expansion and eco-compensation to construct the urban-ecological coordinated development model (UECDM) which aims to find a new urban expansion mode basing on the balance of regional ESV. UECDM is composed of three modules: prediction of urban expansion, eco-compensation and spatial simulation. With this model, the urban expansion and eco-compensation of Fuzhou areas was simulated. The result shows: urban land has expanded 12,805 ha, with a total ESV loss of 688 million yuan. In order to obtain the balance of regional ESV, 1,142 ha of cultivated land and 3,316 ha of other land should be converted into forestland; 2,588 ha of cultivated land into tidal flats; 2,027 ha of other land into water areas. This model could produce quantitative results for decision makers during the rapid urbanization for sustainable development.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.011
      Issue No: Vol. 72 (2018)
  • Modeling urban growth boundary based on the evaluation of the extension
           potential: A case study of Wuhan city in China
    • Authors: Qingsong He; Ronghui Tan; Yuan Gao; Mengke Zhang; Peng Xie; Yaolin Liu
      Pages: 57 - 65
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 72
      Author(s): Qingsong He, Ronghui Tan, Yuan Gao, Mengke Zhang, Peng Xie, Yaolin Liu
      The urban growth boundary (UGB) concept is useful in the field of urban planning, but models that can simulate the change in UGBs remain limited to date. In this paper, we propose a model known as UBEM that can simulate the future UGB. UBEM combines historical trajectories of UGB development and its extension potential in each azimuth to predict the future UGB for one city. UBEM consists of two parts: 1) the radiation method (RM) is used to describe the incremental length between the urban boundaries. In RM, urban centroids are used as the origin points to generate a set of radial lines from each azimuth, and we calculate the total and annual urban boundary length increments for each azimuth. 2) the extension pressure of the urban boundary is evaluated for different azimuths based on the potential value, which is generated by selecting a set of variables that are related to urban growth potential. Multiple time series maps were used to calibrate the model to reduce the randomness in future modeling. We compare the calibrated modeling result with those generated by the uncalibrated UBEM and a separate null model, applying two goodness of fit metrics to evaluate model accuracy: percent area match (PAM) quantity and PAM location were used to demonstrate that the calibrated UBEM performed better than the uncalibrated UBEM and null model when modeling the change in the urban boundary. Wuhan City in central China is used as a case study to test the viability of UBEM and predict the future UGB in 2020. The predication result offers helpful guidelines for Wuhan's future urban planning and UGB design.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.006
      Issue No: Vol. 72 (2018)
  • Exploring expert perception towards brownfield redevelopment benefits
           according to their typology
    • Authors: Luis Loures; Eric Vaz
      Pages: 66 - 76
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 72
      Author(s): Luis Loures, Eric Vaz
      The term brownfield is generally used to describe both spatially and formalistically everything from polluted industrial landscapes to former factory buildings, including vacant or abandoned properties usually found in older, declining sections of a city. This fact, is increasingly considered an important set back in understanding the variability existing within the different landscapes generally typified as brownfields, contributing somehow to prevent their regeneration and augmenting the length of time land is vacant or underutilized. In fact, though poorly assessed, this circumstance reveals one of the main questions that those aiming to work in brownfield transformation have to deal with, which is the relevance of understanding their characteristics and different typologies (abandoned land, contaminated land, derelict land, underutilized land and vacant land), as a means of achieving a consistency that enables the creation of new methodologies and frameworks to deal with the redevelopment of these spaces. In this regard, this research presents a critical review of the information on brownfield redevelopment, considering not only the use of existing literature but also the analysis of twenty-five brownfield redevelopment projects, in order to identifying on the one hand, the existing brownfield typologies, and on the other hand the benefits associated to each of the identified brownfield typologies. Considering the objectives of the research, expert participation was introduced as a crucial element of the processes, throughout the use of email and internet surveys, that enabled not only the collection of information regarding their level of agreement towards different brownfield typologies, but also their view on the benefits associated with each one of the identified typologies. The collected data enabled us to conclude that even if the redevelopment of the different brownfield typologies have direct and indirect benefits at different dimensions, they are very diverse influencing society and citizens' life's quality on different ways. The performed analysis showed that according to experts' perspectives, while the transformation of derelict land is the brownfield typology which brings more benefits on the defined identified dimensions, with special impact on infrastructure, economy, community, ecology and health, the development of vacant land, though equally important, is the one that has less benefits to society, since its benefits are felt mainly on community and recreational dimensions. When analyzed independently, the obtained results might give designers, planners and decision makers valuable information on the benefits associated to each of the five brownfield typologies identified throughout this research, enabling them to better decide on which sites to developed first, considering not only the objectives behind the development, but also the different dimensions positively affected by the redevelopment.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.003
      Issue No: Vol. 72 (2018)
  • Examining sustainable landscape function across the Republic of Moldova
    • Authors: Richard Ross Shaker
      Pages: 77 - 91
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 72
      Author(s): Richard Ross Shaker
      Sustainability remains an undeniable, yet obscure, destination for humanity to reach. Although progress has been made, there remains no agreed upon method for spatial scientists, nor landscape and regional planners to use during sustainable development assessments. Furthermore, limited examples exist that investigate relationships between-landscape form (e.g. urban configuration) and population dynamics (e.g. number of settlements)- and a local measure of sustainable development. Using a recently published local sustainable development index (LSDI) for Moldova, a regional spatial analysis was created to further elucidate strengths and weaknesses of index-based assessments of sustainable landscape function. Using a one-to-many relationship, sixty-six landscapes were joined to 399 mean LSDI sample locations for the quantitative spatial assessment (n = 399). A rarity of this study was that it employed the Eastern School of Geography's “landscape units” for Moldova during geospatial data aggregation and spatially enabled regression. Moran's I scatterplot and spatial correlogram were used to visualize spatial autocorrelation dynamics of LSDI. Three local conditional autoregressive (CAR) models were made, with all explaining over 70% of LSDI variation. The two strongest positive predictors of LSDI were city population density and road intersection density, while the two most consistent negative were settlement density and distance between urban land cover patches (ENN_AM). Findings suggest index-based landscape valuations could suffer from spurious inferential correlations when landscape-calculated sub-metrics (i.e., proportion agricultural land) are included within evaluation indices. This phenomenon complicates the interpretation of results during regional analyses, thus potentially hindering sustainable development planning and policy responses across spatial scales.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.11.002
      Issue No: Vol. 72 (2018)
  • Identifying critical factors for success in Cross Border Cooperation (CBC)
           development projects
    • Authors: Rui Castanho; Luis Loures; José Fernández; Luis Pozo
      Pages: 92 - 99
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 72
      Author(s): Rui Castanho, Luis Loures, José Fernández, Luis Pozo
      Border interactions have reached unprecedented levels in recent decades, not only due to their potential for territorial integration but also considering their role in supranational processes, such as infrastructure construction and planning activities all over the world. These interactions gained increasingly more emphasis when we know that in several countries more than half of the population lives across the border, tending to be more affected by common policy-making, and by the gaps that plague such policies. This scenario is particularly evident in European countries. In this regard the identification of influential factors of territorial success in cross-border areas is considered to be critical to achieve sustainable development through Cross-Border-Cooperation (CBC) Strategies, which lead to a consequent improvement in quality of life of the population living in these regions. This study explores expert attitudes and perceptions towards the identification of a set of critical factors for success of CBC projects. Throughout the present research 20 CBC European case studies were assessed, described and analyzed, enabling the identification of 14 critical factors to achieve success in development projects based on Cross-Border-Cooperation principles. These factors were briefly explained considering the goals of this research and their influence for success statistically described, and individually analyzed both by case study and by factor. From the identified critical factors, the research pointed out that there are 3 of utmost importance to promote territorial success in CBC projects: (i) the definition of clear common objectives and master plans; (ii) the promotion of political transparency and commitment towards the decisions related to the CBC project; and (iii) the promotion of connectivity and movement between cities.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.10.004
      Issue No: Vol. 72 (2018)
  • The life cycle of cities
    • Authors: Daniel Czamanski; Dani Broitman
      Pages: 100 - 108
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 72
      Author(s): Daniel Czamanski, Dani Broitman
      While an ever-growing percentage of the world's population is urban, the rate at which cities grow is not uniform. The lifetime of individual cities includes periods of fast growth, slow growth and periods of shrinkage. There exists an extensive literature concerned with possible means to manage specific pathologies. It is our view that the design of specific policies should be the result of a comprehensive model of urban health. While not all cities go through the entire life cycle, a comprehensive theory of cities and specific policies need to include specification of the interaction of the various forces that shape the entire range of urban patterns and identification of specific combinations of values that create phase transitions among these patterns. To sort these ideas we suggest that there is a need to consider and incorporate the structure and timing of innovation activities, agglomeration effects that they generate, interurban migration patterns and assorted feedback mechanisms. We hypothesize that these flows depend on the activity rhythms of the various processes and their differential impact on cities. We present a biology inspired rudimentary framework as a basis for the construction of an ABM of cities with a focus on the nature of time and as a basis for analyzing urban dynamics. 1

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.09.002
      Issue No: Vol. 72 (2018)
  • Going beyond basic access to improved water sources: Towards deriving a
           water accessibility index
    • Authors: Shaneica Lester; Kevon Rhiney
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 February 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Shaneica Lester, Kevon Rhiney
      In this paper, we use a Water Accessibility Index (WAI) to determine differences in urban household water access in an inner-city community characterized by relatively high piped water coverage. The case study is based on field data collected in a low-income community called August Town, located in Jamaica's capital city of Kingston. A semi-formal survey was used to document how different socio-economic factors influenced household-level water accessibility within the study area. Data from the survey was later used to develop the WAI. The index revealed the importance of incorporating socio-economic and human-centered factors in the measurement of water accessibility, especially when access to improved drinking water sources is already gained. When used on its own, piped water coverage was found to be an inadequate indicator of water accessibility within the study area. In general, we regard the WAI as a useful management tool for tracking household-level and inter-community disparities, which could contribute greatly in facilitating improvements in water access where it is needed the most.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.02.001
  • Toward improved land elements for urban–rural integration: A cell
           concept of an urban–rural mixed community
    • Authors: Jinming Yan; Hao Chen; Fangzhou Xia
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 February 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Jinming Yan, Hao Chen, Fangzhou Xia
      As the frontier of urban expansion against rural reservations, the urban–rural fringe faces both urban and rural land use problems that result in traffic jams, environmental pollution, and low quality of life. The urban–rural fringe refers to a transitional region characterized by a combination of urban and rural elements. However, the optimum composition of land elements for urban–rural integration remains unknown. Therefore, to effectively express the micro dynamic development of urban–rural fringe areas and guide land use, we formulate essential elements that can be used to enhance urban–rural integration from the perspective of an urban–rural mixed community. This study establishes a theoretical framework to analyze the formation of the urban–rural mixed community and finds that the community is similar to a cell with urban and rural elements. Unlike other studies that consider the entire cell as a grid unit representing a particular land use type, this study aims to investigate intracellular elements based on the general internal structure of a biological cell. Thus, the elements between the urban–rural and biological cells are compared to illustrate the potential optimized path of inner land elements. A comparative case study of the Tangjialing and Erbozi areas in Beijing is conducted to demonstrate the empirical implementation of an urban–rural cell. Our analysis shows that the urban–rural mixed community can be regarded as a micro-unit in achieving urban–rural integration. The inner elements of an urban–rural cell can help provide a suitable concept and design for analyzing the formation and composition of the urban–rural mixed community and propose an applicable way to determine the law for effective land element optimization and urban–rural integration.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.01.007
  • Impact of the top-down quota-oriented farmland preservation planning on
           the change of urban land-use intensity in China
    • Authors: Taiyang Zhong; Zhu Qian; Xianjin Huang; Yuntai Zhao; Yan Zhou; Zehui Zhao
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 February 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Taiyang Zhong, Zhu Qian, Xianjin Huang, Yuntai Zhao, Yan Zhou, Zehui Zhao
      Although the National General Land Use Plan (1997–2010) came into effect in 1999, there has been no research investigating whether the farmland protection planning embedded within the top-down general land-use plans has contributed to promoting intensive utilization of urban land. This paper aims to assess the impact of farmland preservation efforts in the plans on the changes in urban land-use intensity, by focusing on two policy tools – prime farmland preservation and farmland conversion quotas. The study developed an approach to categorize and measure the change in urban land-use intensity by combining the changes in population density (in terms of population per unit of urban land area) and economic density (in terms of GDP per unit of urban land area). An ordinal dependent variable was generated based on the categories of changes in urban land-use intensity and a multilevel ordinal logit model was used in this study. The study indicates that (1) the farmland conversion quota system did not contribute to promoting urban land-use intensification between 2000 and 2010; (2) the prime farmland preservation had very limited impact on the intensity of urban land-use intensification. The prime farmland preservation would not influence urban land-use intensity when it was not high enough. The increase in the prime farmland preservation ratio in prefectural-level regions could lead to urban land-use intensification but only when the prime farmland preservation ratio was above 93%; and (3) the central government's supervision of local land-use played a significant role in promoting urban land-use intensification.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.013
  • A solution to the conflicts of multiple planning boundaries: Landscape
           functional zoning in a resource-based city in China
    • Authors: Yanxu Liu; Bojie Fu; Wenwu Zhao; Shuai Wang; Yu Deng
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Yanxu Liu, Bojie Fu, Wenwu Zhao, Shuai Wang, Yu Deng
      How can planners integrate multiple planning processes with conflicting spatial boundaries from various administrative departments' This question presents one of the key obstacles in China's current spatial planning practices and has aroused controversy among planners from diverse disciplinary backgrounds. Focusing on the differences in spatial scale between economic and social development planning, land use planning and urban master planning, this study explores an integration of multiple planning approaches at different spatial scales based on a landscape functional zone (LFZ) analysis for Hebi City, a resource-based city in China. The landscape has been segregated into cultivated landscapes, ecological landscapes and urban landscapes, with rigid and conditional restriction levels for either dominant landscapes or coherent landscapes. In the result, the landscape was zoned into 11 classifications based on the 22 restriction and suitability indicators. Rigidly restricted cultivated landscapes accounted for 45.37% of the total area, and conditionally restricted ecological landscapes ranked second with 12.52% of the total area. With regard to the context-dependent planning debate of land sharing/land sparing, the LFZ is able to support land-use policy making at the landscape scale. To conclude, the LFZ could be an innovative solution to the planning conflicts because it clarified the spatial difference of land use in the zones and limited the conflicts of multiple planning boundaries to a few local multifunctional landscape patches.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.01.004
  • Development of characteristic towns in China
    • Authors: Yuzhe Wu; Yuxuan Chen; Xiaoying Deng; Eddie C.M. Hui
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Yuzhe Wu, Yuxuan Chen, Xiaoying Deng, Eddie C.M. Hui
      China is experiencing rapid progress in industrialization and urbanization. Characteristic towns (Tese Xiaozhen) are one of the important drivers for China's urbanization, industrialization and agricultural modernization in the 21st century. Each of the towns has its own characteristics. At present, however, it is unclear for them about (i) what characteristics should be promoted, (ii) how urban land should be planned and (iii) which industry should be focused on. The public infrastructure and services in towns are usually under-developed, compared to cities. This paper first explores the designation of a brand-new type of new towns in China, i.e. “characteristic towns”, to meet the need of the current urbanization in China. The paper focuses on the principles of “agglomeration” and “livability”, in socioeconomic and cultural contexts. This is exemplified by a case study of Zhejiang's version of characteristic towns. The findings suggest that the success of cultivation of towns is closely associated with agglomeration and livability. In the short term, identifying characteristics is the core element in the development. For the longer term, a comprehensive integration of industrial policy and land use policy is needed to ensure continuous capital investment and revenue generation.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.008
  • How do housing price and sentiment affect consumption distribution in
    • Authors: Eddie C.M. Hui; Zhaoyingzi Dong; ShengHua Jia
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Eddie C.M. Hui, Zhaoyingzi Dong, ShengHua Jia
      Considering the lack of exploration of housing market sentiment in previous work, this paper uses quantile regression for panel data (QRPD) to investigate how housing price and housing market sentiment affect non-housing consumption distributions among owners and renters during their life cycles in China. The results show that the positive effect of housing price on consumption is stronger at the higher and lower parts of the distribution, and the differences caused by ages are more significant for owners. Furthermore, the housing market sentiment plays a significant role in owners' and highest-consuming renters' consumption. The heterogeneities in QRPD results suggest that the least square method provides less information. This study offers practical implication for governments in conducting different housing policy strategies for different households so as to help households benefit from the development of housing market and hence increase social welfare and equality.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.01.001
  • Performance comparisons of land institution and land regulation systems on
           water area decrease
    • Authors: Fei Xu; Huan Li; Haijun Bao
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 January 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Fei Xu, Huan Li, Haijun Bao
      Water resources in arid regions are concentrated in oasis areas and are sensitive to human activities. In this study, we examined how land use policy influenced water area decrease in Ejina, an oasis region located in northwest China. Standard deviational ellipse and spatial autocorrelation methods were used to examine the effects of land use policy on the spatiotemporal changes in the area of surface water from 1986 to 2012. The study found the following. 1) Since 1986, water bodies were lost gradually from west to east and the spatial distribution of water areas changed from discrete to agglomerated. 2) The points reflecting changes to water bodies agglomerated from west to east along the Heihe River and West Juyan Lake, especially in the last ten years. 3) Land use policies were divided into land institution and land regulation systems. Land institution systems (LIS) affected the spatial distribution of water changes; However, land regulation systems (LRS) had the opposite effect. Therefore, the effect of comprehensive implementation of land use policy did not play an effective role in the process of distribution in water area changes. To prevent bias in the selection of land use policy, the potential impacts of different kinds of land use policy on water area decrease should be taken into full consideration. It is also important to identify optimal combinations of LIS and LRS when policy makers carry out regional planning for sustainable development and to solve environment challenges.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.009
  • A new perspective for urban development boundary delineation based on
           SLEUTH-InVEST model
    • Authors: Jiaxun Liu; Ge Zhang; Zhuzhou Zhuang; Qianwen Cheng; Yu Gao; Tan Chen; Qiuhao Huang; Lang Xu; Dong Chen
      Pages: 13 - 23
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Jiaxun Liu, Ge Zhang, Zhuzhou Zhuang, Qianwen Cheng, Yu Gao, Tan Chen, Qiuhao Huang, Lang Xu, Dong Chen
      The delineation of urban development boundaries is a policy measure to manage the growth of urban space in an orderly fashion. By studying the municipal districts of Changzhou City, this study proposes a delineation model of Urban Development Boundary (UDB), which considers ecological space quality. First, we developed the SLEUTH model in accordance with the redefined targets of the General Land-use Plan of Changzhou City; we applied the model to generate urban expansion for 2020 and arrived at the estimated limits of Changzhou's urban expansion boundaries. Second, based on these approximations, we developed an InVEST model to evaluate the ecological space quality of the study area. By analysing the spatial coordination of hypothetical urban expansion boundaries and its ecological space quality, we delineated an urban development boundary for the study area. This delineation method can help solve spatial incongruities between urban development and ecological conservation, and balance economic development and environmental protection. The UDB delineation model proposed in this study incorporates the interrelations between ecological conservation and urban development; the results obtained thus provide a theoretical and technological foundation for future urban planning and construction management in Changzhou City.

      PubDate: 2017-10-18T10:02:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.009
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
  • Institutional changes, land use dynamics, and the transition of rural
           settlements in suburban China: A case study of Huishan District in Wuxi
    • Authors: Cheng Chen; Jinlong Gao; Jianglong Chen
      Pages: 24 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Cheng Chen, Jinlong Gao, Jianglong Chen
      The significant impacts of restructuring on the transition and land use dynamics of rural settlements in China has long been a subject of academic inquiry. We applied a conceptual framework encompassing relations between institutional changes, actors' behaviors, and land use changes to investigate the dynamic trajectories and institutional mechanisms of rural land use in Huishan, a suburban district located in eastern China. We argue that by reshaping local actors' behaviors, institutional changes and national strategies have significantly influenced the transition of China's rural settlements. Over a period of about two decades, rural settlements in Huishan underwent expansion followed by shrinkage in recent years, which has resulted in a gradual decrease in the total scale of land use. A parallel trend of rural economic diversification has prompted a shift in the previously residential land-based structure of land use toward a more diversified structure mainly entailing residential and industrial land. However, with the macroeconomic downturn and the return of migrant laborers to their home regions, rural hollowing and the reluctance of local actors to consolidate residential land may pose severe future challenges for these settlements. In conclusion, we suggest that appropriate regulatory policies for rural settlements in transition that incorporate key requirements such as increasing employment and rehabilitating derelict rural construction land are required.

      PubDate: 2017-10-18T10:02:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.011
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
  • Monitoring and assessing “ghost cities” in Northeast China from the
           view of nighttime light remote sensing data
    • Authors: Qiming Zheng; Jingsong Deng; Ruowei Jiang; Ke Wang; Xingyu Xue; Yi Lin; Zhou Huang; Zhangquan Shen; Jun Li; Amir Reza Shahtahmassebi
      Pages: 34 - 42
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Qiming Zheng, Jingsong Deng, Ruowei Jiang, Ke Wang, Xingyu Xue, Yi Lin, Zhou Huang, Zhangquan Shen, Jun Li, Amir Reza Shahtahmassebi
      Urbanization has proceeded at an unprecedented speed in China during the last 20 years, resulting in extensive natural landscapes being transformed into impervious surface. The “ghost city” phenomenon has emerged due to the unreasonable urban expansion which far exceeds the actual demand of human habitat. Previously, few research studies have provided objective and sufficient knowledge with regard to identify “ghost cities” and their spatial distribution. In this paper, we proposed an effective and feasible framework to monitor and evaluate “ghost cities” utilizing nighttime light imagery obtained from day-night band (DNB) of Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS). We established a “ghost city” index (GCI) to quantify the intensity of the phenomenon in the northeast of China, and analyzed the spatial pattern of “ghost cities” for different GCI classes. Our results indicate that the intensity of “ghost city” phenomenon decrease from regions adjacent to the border to interior areas, whilst regions with extremely high GCI are mostly districts and county cities. Tests of typical regions show that non-lit built-up area for high GCI regions is spatially clustered and low population regions have a high tendency to suffer from the “ghost city” phenomenon. Therefore, our findings provide a spatial-explicit insight into the “ghost city” phenomenon, and consequently can be beneficial to assist sustainable urban planning.

      PubDate: 2017-10-26T16:17:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.005
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
  • Peripheral urbanisation in Mexico City. A comparative analysis of uneven
           social and material geographies in low-income housing estates
    • Authors: Michael Janoschka; Luis Salinas Arreortua
      Pages: 43 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Michael Janoschka, Luis Salinas Arreortua

      PubDate: 2017-10-26T16:17:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.003
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
  • Do built environments affect pedestrians' choices of walking routes in
           retail districts' A study with GPS experiments in Hongdae retail
           district in Seoul, South Korea
    • Authors: Yeankyoung Hahm; Heeyeun Yoon; Donggyu Jung; Hyunsook Kwon
      Pages: 50 - 60
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Yeankyoung Hahm, Heeyeun Yoon, Donggyu Jung, Hyunsook Kwon
      This study aims to reveal components of built environments that influence pedestrians' walking patterns and potential consumption in a retail district. We conducted a Global Positioning System (GPS) experiment observing 82 pedestrians' choices of walking routes in Hongdae, a campus-oriented retail district near Hongik University in Seoul, South Korea, and assessed their causal relationships with built environments using a structural equation model (SEM). We revealed that all four categories of built environments studied—accessibility, diversity, design, and density—affected pedestrians’ choices of walking route, controlling for retail attributes. Specifically, pedestrians prefer shaded streets and openness, confirming the importance of design quality in pedestrian retail environments. Contrary to conventional wisdom, however, shorter distances from public transportation would not guarantee more pedestrian traffic in specialized shopping areas such as Hongdae, unlike what we have observed in residential neighborhoods. Additionally, pedestrians prefer streets with concentrations of similar types and high-density retails, affirming the agglomeration economies theory.

      PubDate: 2017-10-26T16:17:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.002
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
  • Inequality of household carbon emissions and its influencing factors: Case
           study of urban China
    • Authors: Tingru Yang; Wenling Liu
      Pages: 61 - 71
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Tingru Yang, Wenling Liu
      When looking at emission reduction at the consumption side, the differentiation of energy consumers should be taken into account, since ignoring individual difference would easily result in social inequality and decrease of social welfare. Based on the framework of social practice model, this article estimated the quantitative distribution characteristics of urban household carbon emissions from different cities, and analyzed the influencing factors of household daily energy consumption and carbon emissions. The main results indicate that urban household carbon emission is close to 60/40 or 70/40 distribution, the economic features of different regions may contribute to such unequal distribution to a large extent. Space heating (in the north area) was found to be the largest CO2 emission source among various daily energy use practices in the Northern cities. In general, it was found that household carbon emissions tend to increase with rising levels of income and ownerships of assets like car or house in particular; besides, individual cognition and household lifestyle would partly affect their energy selection and daily consumption behavior.

      PubDate: 2017-11-02T14:43:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.004
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
  • The impact of rural laborer migration and household structure on household
           land use arrangements in mountainous areas of Sichuan Province, China
    • Authors: Dingde Xu; Shili Guo; Fangting Xie; Shaoquan Liu; Sha Cao
      Pages: 72 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Dingde Xu, Shili Guo, Fangting Xie, Shaoquan Liu, Sha Cao
      Rural household land arrangements under different household divisions of labor were investigated in Sichuan Province, a typical mountainous area of Western China. Survey data were used to construct multinomial logistic regression models of the relationships between the attributes of land plots, farmers' households, and land arrangement behaviors. In this study, (1) a total of 1839 land plots available to 240 farmers were sampled. Among these, 79.61%, 15.88% and 4.51% were cultivated, transferred or abandoned, respectively. (2) There are significant correlations between farming household structure and migration income, as well as land arrangement behaviors. Specifically, the more laborers (Labor) there are, the higher the ratios of farming laborers (Agriculture) and part-time laborers to laborers (Pluriactivity), greater numbers of elderly individuals aged 64 + engaged in household agricultural production (Old), the greater the possibility that farmers would choose family farming. The higher the ratio of migrant labor income to total household income (Ratio), the greater the possibility that farmers would choose land transfer or land abandonment. The higher the ratio of non-agricultural laborers to the laborers (Non-agriculture), the greater the possibility that farmers would choose land transfer. This study furthers our understanding of rural household land arrangement behaviors in mountainous areas in the context of China's unique land rights system and high rates of labor migration.

      PubDate: 2017-11-02T14:43:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.009
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
  • The impact of the European Union integration on the city size distribution
           of the Member States
    • Authors: Marco Modica
      Pages: 103 - 113
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Marco Modica
      This paper analyses the relation between socio-economic and institutional factors and the dynamics of city populations, the hierarchy of city systems and the urbanization. Particular attention is devoted on the integration process that several European Countries, often structurally so different, have experimented from the beginning of ’90s. Results show that the hierarchical structures of Member States is more even than expected. Moreover, the analysis have provided evidence that the integration process of the European Union had a mixed impact on the way in which people gathered across the territory of the EU. In details, the entry into force of the Schengen treaty has promoted a process of agglomeration of the population in the larger cities. On the contrary, the introduction of euro has led people to spread over the territory.

      PubDate: 2017-11-09T12:44:07Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.10.011
      Issue No: Vol. 70 (2017)
  • Echoes of Italian lessons on the typo-morphological approach: A planning
           proposal for Gulangyu Island, China
    • Authors: Shuyi Xie; Xiaoling Zhang; Yuan Li; Martin Skitmore
      Pages: 1 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Shuyi Xie, Xiaoling Zhang, Yuan Li, Martin Skitmore
      As an island with a colonial urbanscape, Gulangyu (located off the coast of Xiamen, a city in Fujian Province in southern China) has been deteriorating into a touristic ‘thematic park’ since the last decade, resulting in a decrease of its original inhabitants and habitability conditions. Inspired by Italian lessons of various and evolved interpretations of the typo-morphological approach, this paper explores the possible interpretations and implications in Gulangyu in a two-pronged project: (1) by ‘systems’-four local characterized systems related to the specific physical urbanscape and matching practices of uses; and (2) by ‘parts’-four typical featured areas with respective typo-morphological features and facing crucial challenges. This provides a deep understanding of the island's situation and further develops and coordinates a specific framework of strategies for solving its distinctive problems. In particular, it helps in seeking to balance its preserved historic heritage, improvement of the local built-environment to meet contemporary needs and the development of a tourist economy - an urgent and salient task on the urban agendas of historic areas worldwide. As one of the first studies of the Italian typo-morphological approach in historic areas of China, this paper also demonstrates the notable possibility that such European, or more precisely, Italian ways may be practiced in the Chinese context, which may inspire further research and practices in China and beyond.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.003
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • Urban integration or reconfigured inequalities' Analyzing housing
           precarity in São Paulo, Brazil
    • Authors: Eduardo Marques; Camila Saraiva
      Pages: 18 - 26
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Eduardo Marques, Camila Saraiva
      The presence of precarious housing solutions, such as favelas and irregular settlements, is a basic feature of urban inequalities in Southern cities, and the predominant description of the international literature suggests social and housing homogeneity of these areas. They are known to be strongly affected both by economic conjunctures and by public policies, which changed intensely in Brazilian metropolises since the 1990s, transforming the existing housing precarity. This article discusses recent changes in housing precarity in the city of São Paulo, showing a reduction of its intensity, but the increasing heterogeneity of the situations. We estimate the population in favelas and irregular settlements and the socioeconomic indicators of their inhabitants and households recently, drawing on a study using Census data and Geographic information system techniques. The paper shows that nonetheless there was a significant improvement of life conditions in favelas and irregular settlements, which tend to be quite heterogeneous, there is a maintenance of considerable inequalities between these housing solutions and the entire rest of the city.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.004
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • Empirical analysis of tenants’ intention to exit public rental housing
           units based on the Theory of Planned Behavior – The case of Wuhan, China
    • Authors: Jintao Li; Cynthia C. Wang; Jun Sun
      Pages: 27 - 36
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Jintao Li, Cynthia C. Wang, Jun Sun
      Regulated exit from public rental housing (PRH) after lease expiration plays a crucial role in fair allocation of the PRH units in China. There were incidents of exit difficulty happened previously which undermined the PRH allocation and its principles of fairness and efficiency. However, very few studies have directly investigated the determinants of tenants' intention to exit. This paper adopts the analysis framework based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to explore the factors influencing tenants' intention to exit PRH from a variety of aspects including personal and family characteristics, satisfaction with allocation process, housing management, and understanding of exit policy. The research finds that the factors such as education level, family income, household size, floor area, allocation satisfaction and understanding about PRH policies have statistically significantly positive effects on intention to exit PRH. While tenants’ satisfactions with housing management, environment and neighborhood would inhibit intention to exit. As the study reveals, more attention is needed to provide skill training, build appropriate exit mechanisms and implement exit policies strictly to encourage the intention to exit and promote PRH exits in an orderly manner.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.006
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • Water is life in a life without water: Power and everyday water practices
           in Lilongwe, Malawi
    • Authors: Linda Velzeboer; Michaela Hordijk; Klaas Schwartz
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 December 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Linda Velzeboer, Michaela Hordijk, Klaas Schwartz
      While urban political ecology convincingly shows how social and technological power relations create inequalities between different areas of cities, inequalities within areas are largely ignored. Based on a case study in a low-income area in Lilongwe, Malawi, this article uses the micropolitics in the everyday practices of accessing, controlling and exploiting both formal and informal water sources to demonstrate how water is connected to social power. Different sources of power are distinguished to show the subtle power processes at play. Drawing on more informal sources of power, like a household's entrenchment in a web of social relations that impact the actions it can take, residents from low-income areas secure access to multiple sources of water, reproducing existing inequalities in time, efforts and finances needed. By highlighting that inequities in access to water exist not only between neighbourhoods, but also within low-income areas, we seek to contribute to the further development of the concept of inclusive development.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:09:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.006
  • Rural restructuring at village level under rapid urbanization in
           metropolitan suburbs of China and its implications for innovations in land
           use policy
    • Authors: Shuangshuang Tu; Hualou Long; Yingnan Zhang; Dazhuan Ge; Yi Qu
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 December 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Shuangshuang Tu, Hualou Long, Yingnan Zhang, Dazhuan Ge, Yi Qu
      Currently, the functions of rural territories in metropolitan suburbs have been gradually evolved under rapid urbanization since the turn of the new millennium. Meanwhile, the socio-economic morphology and spatial pattern in the rural areas are undergoing dramatic restructuring. This paper takes the Huangshandian village in the suburb of Beijing as a case study area to carry out an empirical study on the process of rural restructuring by adopting the method of participatory rural assessment (PRA) and GIS technology. The results show that since 2000, the Huangshandian village has experienced different industrial transformations from traditional agriculture to the industries of primary processing and eco-tourism. The function of traditional agricultural production is declining gradually, and the industrial production, ecological culture and other multi-functional value of the rural territory have successively appeared. With the evolution and restructuring of socio-economic morphology, there are significant changes in the quantity, structure, and pattern of rural living, production and ecological space accordingly. The mutually reinforced and restrictive relationships among economic restructuring, spatial restructuring, and social restructuring have jointly driven the systematic development of the “natural-ecological-economic-social” systems and the comprehensive promotion of the “production-living-ecology-culture” functions. Based on the analysis of the process of rural restructuring of the Huangshandian village in the aspects of economic restructuring, spatial restructuring, and social restructuring, this paper puts forward some suggestions on land use policy and institutional innovations aiming at optimally allocating the land resources and promoting the rural restructuring in metropolitan suburbs, including accelerating the institutional framework design of rural land transfer, exploring the tourism land management system adapting to the new pattern of rural economy and pushing forward the re-use mechanism of abandoned industrial and mining land.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:09:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.001
  • Utilization benefit of cultivated land and land institution reforms:
           Economy, society and ecology
    • Authors: Huan Li; Xiaoling Zhang; Xin Zhang; Yuzhe Wu
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 December 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Huan Li, Xiaoling Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yuzhe Wu
      Food security is a condition related to the supply of food, and individuals' access to it. Africa is a region with the highest hunger prevalence in the world and the number of hungry people is increasing. One of the most important reasons is that the utilization benefit of cultivated land (UBCL) in Africa always lags behind other regions of the world. Based on the definition of UBCL and associated with land decentralization, land property rights and land marketization reforms, we develop a theoretical framework for this study, in which the total UBCL is divided into economic, social and ecological UBCL. An index system is then built to evaluate the different kinds of UBCL and examine the relationship between these and land institution reforms. We find that (1) failed land property rights reforms can lead to low ecological UBCL; (2) unsuccessful land marketization reforms can lead to low economic UBCL; (3) paternalistic land institutionalization has advantages but it is not sustainable for raising the UBCL in the long run; (4) an unstable political environment can hinder land institution reforms and lead to low social UBCL; and (5) successful land institution reforms have a great potential for raising the total UBCL. According to the analysis, we conclude that the farmers' enthusiasm can be motivated by land institution reforms, while further improving food production and enhancing the UBCL.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:09:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.006
  • Regional Intelligence: A new kind of GIScience
    • Authors: Eric Vaz
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 December 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Eric Vaz

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T01:58:52Z
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70

      PubDate: 2017-11-17T05:24:03Z
  • Can community-based concentration revitalise the upland villages' A
           case comparison of two villages in Chongqing, Southwestern China
    • Authors: Weiping Liu; Xinyue Yang; Shouqin Zhong; Founemakan Sissoko; Chaofu Wei
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 November 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Weiping Liu, Xinyue Yang, Shouqin Zhong, Founemakan Sissoko, Chaofu Wei
      Upland rural communities in Southwestern China are confronted with massive out-migration, notable land fragmentation and weak infrastructures under rapid urbanisation. Community-based concentration (CBC), characterised as traditional settlement consolidation and concentrated rural resettlement, has been widely implemented in rural Chongqing in recent years through the “increasing vs. decreasing balance” policy for increases in urban construction land with a reduction in rural construction land. However, limited research has been conducted to ascertain relevant villagers' responses to CBC practices and explore whether this initiative can revitalise the upland villages. Based on in-depth field investigations from a successful case (Dazhu Village) and a less successful case (Fengsi Village) in Chongqing, this study contextualizes and analyses the implementation process and outcomes of its local practices and villagers' attitudes and behaviours. The findings indicate that adaptabilities of CBC are embodied in effectively reducing dispersion of rural settlements, the continuance of local natural-social environment and appealing delivery of housing welfare. However, impressive limitations of CBC cover residents' low initiative towards residential concentration, livelihood insecurity felt by relocated households and the weakness of new community governance. Given China's new-type urbanisation scheme, we argue that CBC contributes to alleviating conflicts between rural recession and demand of people-oriented urbanisation by integrating housing modernisation, intensive land use, population agglomeration and accessibility to social services. Critically, CBC should be prudently developed not only following integrative planning based on local geographical and socio-economic conditions, but also measuring the dynamics of rural-urban interactions in urbanizing China.

      PubDate: 2017-11-17T05:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.005
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69

      PubDate: 2017-10-18T10:02:49Z
  • Assessing the suitability of regional human settlements environment from a
           different preferences perspective: A case study of Zhejiang Province,
    • Authors: Wang Cheng; Jin Mengqiu Yuqi
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Yi Wang, Cheng Jin, Mengqiu Lu, Yuqi Lu
      This paper constructs a comprehensive evaluation index to assess the suitability of human settlement based upon the ecological environment superiority, economic development vitality and convenience of public services. These measures are combined with an assessment of resident's preferences to comprehensively evaluate the suitability of human settlements. The spatial pattern of human settlements environment suitability and the spatial relationship between the suitability and population distribution in Zhejiang Province under different preference models were explored. The results showed that: under the ecological environment preference mode, human settlements environment suitability in Zhejiang declined from the south to the north, and the current population was mainly distributed in areas where human settlements environment suitability was lower. Under the economic development preference mode, human settlements environment suitability was higher in the northeast than the southwest, higher at the coast than inland areas, and the regional differentiation was significant. Under the public service preference mode, human settlements environment suitability in Zhejiang showed a basic pattern which was higher in the southwest than the northeast, better in the plains than mountain areas, and most of the population was distributed in areas with higher suitability. Based on different preferences, the optimization path of human settlements environment was explored. In this study, the objective entity environment and the subjective experience of the residents were combined to evaluate the suitability of regional human settlements environment according to different preferences, so as to offer a new analysis perspective for comprehensive research on human settlements environment.

      PubDate: 2017-10-11T18:24:56Z
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