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  Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 937 journals)
    - ASIAN STUDIES (164 journals)
    - CLASSICAL STUDIES (136 journals)
    - ETHNIC INTERESTS (161 journals)
    - GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY (8 journals)
    - HUMANITIES (288 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

HUMANITIES (288 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aldébaran     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alterstice : Revue internationale de la recherche interculturelle     Open Access  
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anabases     Open Access  
Analyse & Kritik. Zeitschrift f     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Anglo-Saxon England     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Arbutus Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Artes Humanae     Open Access  
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Belin Lecture Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cornish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 54)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Dorsal Revista de Estudios Foucaultianos     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enfoques     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Humanities Diliman : A Philippine Journal of Humanities     Open Access  
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insaniyat : Journal of Islam and Humanities     Open Access  
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal Of Advances In Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora : Journal of Humanities Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medical Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free  
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Mens : revue d'histoire intellectuelle et culturelle     Full-text available via subscription  
Messages, Sages and Ages     Open Access  
Mind and Matter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Mneme - Revista de Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Moment Dergi     Open Access  

        1 2     

Journal Cover
Habitat International
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.336
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 5  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0197-3975
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3163 journals]
  • Combining weighted daily life circles and land suitability for rural
           settlement reconstruction
    • Authors: Yasi Tian; Xuesong Kong; Yaolin Liu
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 76
      Author(s): Yasi Tian, Xuesong Kong, Yaolin Liu
      Daily life circles of farmers have a direct influence on the distribution of rural settlements. However, daily life circle has long been ignored in rural settlements reconstruction. By identifying farmers' daily life circles and integrating them with rural settlements suitability and the weighted Voronoi diagram, a rural settlement reconstruction method is developed based on a questionnaire survey in Liji Township, Hubei Province, Central China. Four types of daily life circles, including primary, general, extended, and cross-region daily life circles, are identified based on the evaluation of frequency, self-rated importance, and activity proportion. Combining with the analysis of the rural settlements' suitability and the weighted Voronoi diagram, two reconstruction directions for rural settlement relocation are offered. One direction is to the places with high suitability values within the administrative scope of a village where the removed settlements are located. The other direction is to the places with high suitability values within the weighted daily life circles; this direction is highly related to the removed settlements. The hierarchy of rural settlements planning is well reflected in the proposed reconstruction path. Farmers' willingness to participate in the reconstruction process could be improved based on the evaluation of suitability and their own demands in daily life activities. This study contributes to understanding the relationship between the daily life circles and rural settlement distribution and offers a new perspective on the spatial optimization of rural settlements.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.05.005
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2018)
  • Modeling the mobility choices of older people in a transit-oriented city:
           Policy insights
    • Authors: Linchuan Yang
      Pages: 10 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 76
      Author(s): Linchuan Yang
      Hong Kong is a transit-oriented city with an extremely high public transportation share (approximately 90%). Additionally, in this city, the percentage of older people aged 60 or above is predicted to reach 38.0% in 2064. Thus, the provision of age-friendly public transportation is timely and enormously significant. Only with a better understanding of mobility behaviors of older people, it is possible to tailor transportation systems and optimize market strategies to cater to their actual needs and preferences. Based on the 2011 Travel Characteristic Survey data, this paper calibrates a mixed binary logit model and a conditional logit model to uncover older people's travel propensity, as well as destination and departure time choices. The findings include: (1) a host of socio-demographic variables and land-use attributes affect travel propensity; (2) owning an automobile and driving license are too weak to exert significant influence on travel propensity. This finding is in contrast with the conventional wisdom in car-dominant cities where car ownership and license-holding status are significant predictors of mobility; (3) there are random taste variations among respondents regarding travel propensity; and (4) time-constant destination and time-variant origin-destination pair characteristics influence older people's destination and departure time decisions. Based on the results, a few policy suggestions (e.g., reducing the actual and perceived costs associated with interchanges, time-varying public transport service) are discussed. We believe that these policy sights can act as a valuable reference to transportation planning which addresses the mobility of older people, especially in the metropolitan cities which provide similar public transport services.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.05.007
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2018)
  • Effects of natural disasters on livelihood resilience of rural residents
           in Sichuan
    • Authors: Yi-ping Fang; Fu-biao Zhu; Xiao-ping Qiu; Shuang Zhao
      Pages: 19 - 28
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 76
      Author(s): Yi-ping Fang, Fu-biao Zhu, Xiao-ping Qiu, Shuang Zhao
      Measuring livelihood resilience is a difficult task, and practical methods to measure livelihood resilience are needed. We use the structural dynamics to describe the changes in livelihood resilience of Sichuan rural residents from quadruple dimensions: livelihood quality, livelihood promotion, livelihood provision and disaster stress. Results show that (i) the livelihood resilience of rural residents is significantly positively correlated with the livelihood quality, livelihood promotion and livelihood provision, but substantially negatively correlated with the disaster stress. The livelihood resilience is dominated by both livelihood provision and livelihood promotion. (ii) the effect of different natural disasters on the livelihood resilience varies. The contribution rates of earthquake, flood and drought to livelihood resilience are −0.5%, −0.3% and −0.1%, respectively. The clear understanding of the vulnerable targets such as the poor, agricultural sector, disaster-prone hilly and mountainous areas in Sichuan Province can help limit a disaster's adverse impact on livelihood; (iii) developing incentives to motivate healthcare professionals to retain in rural areas, increasing the scale operations in the education and health sectors, promoting the equitable access to farmland and the economic viability of local farms have to be important part of livelihood resilience improvement.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.05.004
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2018)
  • Economic performance of spatial structure in Chinese prefecture regions:
           Evidence from night-time satellite imagery
    • Authors: Wan Li; Bindong Sun; Jincai Zhao; Tinglin Zhang
      Pages: 29 - 39
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 76
      Author(s): Wan Li, Bindong Sun, Jincai Zhao, Tinglin Zhang
      This paper examines the causal link running from spatial structure to productivity in Chinese prefecture regions. Specifically, we investigate whether mono- or polycentricity leads to higher productivity in the context of China. We use satellite-derived data of night-time lights as a measurement of spatial structure to avoid potential measurement errors. While our descriptive statistics show that Chinese city-regions at the prefectural level have a weak tendency towards polycentricity from 2000 to 2010, regression models reveal that a more monocentric spatial structure performs better in terms of labor productivity, a result that a stricter two-stage least square estimation supports. Thus, we advise caution for urban plans and policies encouraging polycentric urban development, which may come at the loss of economic efficiency.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.05.006
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2018)
  • Affordable housing brings about socio-spatial exclusion in Changchun,
           China: Explanation in various economic motivations of local governments
    • Authors: Zuopeng Ma; Chenggu Li; Jing Zhang
      Pages: 40 - 47
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 76
      Author(s): Zuopeng Ma, Chenggu Li, Jing Zhang
      Compared to Western countries, China's provision of affordable housing mainly focuses on supply-side subsidies. In China, the provision of affordable housing highly depends on local governments' impetus. While this, on one hand, ensures the stable provision of such housing, on the other hand, the model is disadvantageous since local governments have great discretionary power in the construction of affordable housing. Driven by economic interests, local governments often construct high-capacity affordable housing communities in remote locations, thus potentially distorting the ambitious aims and principles of China's affordable housing scheme. The empirical findings of this paper confirm that this particular spatial distribution of affordable housing has negatively affected the social interactions and life chances of its users. The key reasons behind these negative effects were found to be primarily economic motivations of local governments to construct such housing, including reducing their losses in land finance, maintaining high housing prices in central areas, pushing the price of urban land, and promoting urbanization.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.05.003
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2018)
  • Spatial identification of land use multifunctionality at grid scale in
           farming-pastoral area: A case study of Zhangjiakou City, China
    • Authors: Chao Liu; Yueqing Xu; An Huang; Yanxu Liu; Hui Wang; Longhui Lu; Piling Sun; Weiran Zheng
      Pages: 48 - 61
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 76
      Author(s): Chao Liu, Yueqing Xu, An Huang, Yanxu Liu, Hui Wang, Longhui Lu, Piling Sun, Weiran Zheng
      Land use mutilfunctionality (LUMF) has recently received increasing attention in scientific and policy contexts because its capacity to bridge the connections between mutilfunctionality and land uses, as well as to integrate production, living and ecology approaches in policy development. This study established a conceptual framework for identifying and evaluating LUMF in spatial grid context from the perspective of structure, function, and well-being. Embedded in the spatial reference framework, a set of spatialization models were applied to quantify and visualize land use functions (LUFs), e.g. production, living, and ecology functions, by using multi-source and multi-scale data (land use data, remote sensing data, meteorological data, and statistical data, etc.) in Zhangjiakou City. The interactions of LUFs were measured, and on this basis, land use zoning was proposed. The results showed that the functionality indexes of production, living, and ecology ranged from 0 to 0.500, 0 to 0.994, and 0 to 0.998, respectively. The high production and living functions, and the low ecology function mainly occurred in well-developed regions, especially in the city center, where existed the strong synergies between production and living functions, as well as the strong trade-offs between the above two functions and ecology function. The low production and living functions, and the high ecology function were mainly distributed in mountain and hilly areas, located in the eastern and southern parts, where existed the weak synergies between production and living functions, and the strong trade-offs among production, living, and ecology functions. Four categories of land use zones were divided at town-level, namely, ecological preservation zones, urbanization development zones, agricultural production zones, and countryside improvement zones, mainly based on the spatial distribution of the synergies and trade-offs among LUFs. This study provides a pathway for quantitatively evaluating LUMF, and making land use zoning division, which provides quantitative information for policy-makers to implement land use optimization, economic development, and ecological protection in the light of the interactions of LUFs.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.05.010
      Issue No: Vol. 76 (2018)
  • Factors affecting farmers' satisfaction with contemporary China's land
           allocation policy – The Link Policy: Based on the empirical research of
    • Authors: Long Cheng; Yan Liu; Gregory Brown; Glen Searle
      Pages: 38 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 75
      Author(s): Long Cheng, Yan Liu, Gregory Brown, Glen Searle
      Since the launch of economic reform and openness policy in the late 1970s, Chinese cities have witnessed significant growth and sprawl, resulting in a large amount of farmland converted for urban construction. Given the need to both protect farmland and provide options for urban development, the central government proposed the Link Policy in 2005. Under this scheme, farmers are relocated into centralised communities by consolidating their original homestead into farmland, and enabling the transfer of land quotas for urban construction. The implementation of the Link Policy has restructured rural farming and lifestyles but studies on the Link Policy from a farmer's perspective are limited. This paper investigates farmers' satisfaction with the Link Policy and explores the underlying factors. Using Ezhou in Hubei Province as a case study, face-to-face interviews were undertaken with farmers in centralised communities to understand their satisfaction with the Link Policy. Interview data were coded and analysed using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) to identify the factors affecting farmers' satisfaction. The results show that farmer's willingness to participate, knowledge of the Link Policy, living conditions before resettlement, and the compensation for resettlement had significant influence on satisfaction with policy implementation. We suggest that meaningful consultation and improved communications between farmers and local governments are needed to enhance the social acceptability of policy outcomes. To minimize the social impacts of resettlement, urbanised villages would be prioritised in project implementation and a long-term supporting scheme should be offered by local government to assist farmers in their lifestyle transition.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.04.004
      Issue No: Vol. 75 (2018)
  • Interrogating informality: Conceptualisations, practices and policies in
           the light of the New Urban Agenda
    • Authors: Paola Alfaro d’Alençon; Harry Smith; Eva Álvarez de Andrés; Cecilia Cabrera; Josefine Fokdal; Melanie Lombard; Anna Mazzolini; Enrico Michelutti; Luisa Moretto; Amandine Spire
      Pages: 59 - 66
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 75
      Author(s): Paola Alfaro d’Alençon, Harry Smith, Eva Álvarez de Andrés, Cecilia Cabrera, Josefine Fokdal, Melanie Lombard, Anna Mazzolini, Enrico Michelutti, Luisa Moretto, Amandine Spire
      Informality is growing in a context of increasing inequity, and in many places becoming the norm. However, despite decades of studies and interventions, ‘recognising informality’ is still a key issue. This paper provides a review of the literature on informality showing the shifts in its conceptualisations. The paper firstly discusses conceptual approaches related to the term ‘informality’ in the context of urban development; it then examines practices within, and related to, informality; and it concludes with an appraisal of policy approaches and their impact as reported in the literature. The paper finds a wide range of conceptualisations, including the questioning of the usefulness and appropriateness of the term. It finds reported evidence of ‘informality’ (as understood to date) spreading to the middle classes, and increasingly emerging in the Global North. Policies seem to be lagging behind in how they engage with so-called informality, with little acknowledgement of theory and limited understanding of their impacts on ‘informal’ practices. Finally, the paper identifies the need for better understanding of governance frameworks that include the range of actors that would normally be associated with so-called ‘informality’.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.04.007
      Issue No: Vol. 75 (2018)
  • Conflicts and regional culture: The general features and cultural
           background of illegitimate housing demolition in China
    • Authors: Haoying Han; Xianfan Shu; Xinyue Ye
      Pages: 67 - 77
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 75
      Author(s): Haoying Han, Xianfan Shu, Xinyue Ye
      Conflicts caused by housing demolition and relocation have been a major threat to social stability in China. However, our knowledge of what characterizes these conflicts and how they emerge remains inadequate. This article aims to address these two questions. In a general sense, this paper is also an attempt to promote a better understanding of the relationship between conflicts and regional culture. Based on an analysis of 575 cases of illegitimate demolition collected from news websites, we find that most illegitimate demolition cases occur against the background of the public sector's expropriation in urbanization projects. Moreover, a spatial agglomeration of illegitimate demolition cases is found north of the Yangtze River. A count data regression model is developed to assess whether regional culture is relevant. The results confirm that regional cultural features, which are quantified using 7 cultural dimensions of the GLOBE project, influence the probability of illegitimate demolition. Specifically, residents of a region with higher uncertainty avoidance, humane orientation and in-group collectivism are more likely to experience illegitimate demolition. In contrast, a region characterized by high performance orientation, assertiveness, institutional collectivism and power distance has a relatively low probability of experiencing illegitimate demolition.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.04.008
      Issue No: Vol. 75 (2018)
  • A geodesign framework procedure for developing flood resilient city
    • Authors: Chia-Lung Wu; Yi-Chang Chiang
      Pages: 78 - 89
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 75
      Author(s): Chia-Lung Wu, Yi-Chang Chiang
      Extreme rainfall and sea level rise under climate change may increase the risk of flooding and thus threaten people's lives and property. Accordingly, the concept of flood resilient urban design has been proposed, in which methods for managing the climate impacts while maintaining the cities' functions have been investigated. This study provided insights into the urban lagoon transformation of Tainan City introduced by the International Landscape Design Competition for Tainan Axis Transformation. The focus was put on flood resilient geodesign based on a nine-step framework through data analysis (GIS-based), design optimization (rule-based), and decision support (web-based) process that helps to determine whether the lagoon design fully incorporated the influential factors of flooding in its urban transformation. This study utilized rule-based modeling to build an interactive three-dimensional (3D) urban design platform, combine potential flood risk information, and propose design approach to support decision making for urban resilience. A workshop was organized to compile the public's opinion utilizing the platform for design, communication, and interaction. Lessons from the urban lagoon transformation of Tainan City indicated the need for flood resilient geodesign for urban redevelopment, and the inclusion of both government and public opinion to advance urban design in a changing climate.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.04.009
      Issue No: Vol. 75 (2018)
  • The introduction of urban land readjustment legislation as an
           institutional innovation in Dutch land policy
    • Authors: Erwin van der Krabben; Sander Lenferink
      Pages: 114 - 121
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 75
      Author(s): Erwin van der Krabben, Sander Lenferink
      Cities in the Netherlands have long relied on active land policy for urban development. More recently, municipalities have started to explore new types of land policies, as they became aware of the financial risks of this policy. As an alternative to their active involvement in land development, new legislation for urban land readjustment (ULR) has been proposed. This policy supports a land assembly strategy, in which the owners swap land positions, and share (infrastructure) development costs and gains. This paper explores the motivations in the Netherlands for introducing this new land policy tool. Additionally, based on two case studies, we discuss how public and private stakeholders might respond to the introduction of ULR. We conclude that it is unlikely that the introduction of ULR legislation itself will bring forward a paradigm shift in Dutch land policy. Nevertheless, the ULR legislation may add to a redistribution of land development-related risks between the public and the private sector.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 75 (2018)
  • Evolving institutions to tackle asymmetrical information problems in the
           housing market: A case study on ‘shrinkage’ of flat sizes in Hong Kong
    • Authors: Soei Y.T. Ma; Edwin H.W. Chan; Lennon H.T. Choy
      Pages: 154 - 160
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 75
      Author(s): Soei Y.T. Ma, Edwin H.W. Chan, Lennon H.T. Choy
      The phenomenon of floor area ‘shrinkage’ of newly completed units has long been a hot debate issue in Hong Kong's housing market. Prior to the enactment of the Residential Properties (First-hand Sales) Ordinance in April 2013, news reports had revealed that the actual useable areas of some presales housing units only accounted for 50% of the gross floor areas proclaimed in the sales brochures. Notwithstanding the alarming situation, ‘shrinkage’ of flat size is, in fact, a lawful act in Hong Kong. Akerlof (1970) suggests that under information asymmetry, lemons tend to crowd out non-lemons. This study attempts to investigate whether an adverse selection process is taking place in Hong Kong's housing market with reference to the shrinkage phenomenon. To measure area shrinkage, 13 private mass housing developments located on the Hong Kong Island were chosen, and a total number of 16,946 flats, were involved. This paper shows that the market is full of lemons due to the delay in responses of the law governing the sales of first-hand properties. We found that the carpet areas of the selected housing developments had fallen short of between 23% and 49% of the proclaimed gross floor area, as stated in the sales brochures. Analyzing a total number of 55,227 transactions between 1991 and 2013 of the subject premises, it shows that the turnover rates of units with the highest shrinkage ratios are about 45% more than those with the smallest shrinkage ratios. ANOVA tests have been carried out and illustrated that there are significant variations between each tenth percentile of the flats in accordance to the flat shrinkage ratios. This paper concludes with a discussion of the evolution of institutions in Hong Kong's housing market to tackle the lemon problems. Attention has been placed on the effects of mandatory, voluntary and third party information disclosure. The lessons learnt in Hong Kong will shed light on policies and legislations for the fast expanding housing markets in developing countries, especially those densely populated Asian cities undergoing rapid urbanization.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.03.009
      Issue No: Vol. 75 (2018)
  • The phenomenon of shrinking illegal suburbs in Serbia: Can the concept of
           shrinking cities be useful for their upgrading'
    • Authors: Branislav Antonić; Aleksandra Djukić
      Pages: 161 - 170
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 75
      Author(s): Branislav Antonić, Aleksandra Djukić
      Illegal residential construction at the fringes of urban areas has been typical for Serbia and the other countries of South Eastern and Southern Europe, spanning through all periods of modern urbanisation. Illegal suburbs are currently so widespread that they cannot be omitted in any future policy or strategy regarding urban development and planning, land and property management. However, this phenomenon is being transformed over the recent years; after rapid and uncontrolled suburbanisation during the second half of the 20th century, the first shrinking outer suburbs around Serbian cities have appeared recently, with the post-socialist transition of the country. Yet, even more suburbs are in demographic and economic stagnation, emphasising the necessity to tackle it in the near future. This paper aims to open the debate about the future of illegal residential settlements with shrinking and stagnation patterns in Serbia, connecting this phenomenon with the concept of shrinking cities. Despite this concept being well-known, it is traditionally more oriented towards urban decline in well-developed and organised countries, where it deals with shrinking inner urban areas. Confronting the existing knowledge from the concept with the problems that shrinking outer suburbs in Serbia are facing today, this paper seeks to revise and adjust it by proposing the creative institutional changes for these vulnerable areas that simplify legalisation procedures, better integrate involved stakeholders, connect different spatial levels to form a polycentric network, and support bottom-up initiatives for the socio-economic regeneration of illegal suburbia. Institutional changes can be important for understanding and dealing with expected urban shrinkage in the less developed part of the world, such as in the Global South and fast-developing countries in Eastern Asia, where the problems of illegal suburbia are acute, but which certainly can expect urban shrinkage in the future.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.03.010
      Issue No: Vol. 75 (2018)
  • The effect of the social networks of the elderly on housing choice in
    • Authors: Yeol Choi; Yeon-Hwa Kwon; Jeongseob Kim
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 74
      Author(s): Yeol Choi, Yeon-Hwa Kwon, Jeongseob Kim
      This study analyzes the effects of the social networks of the elderly on their independent living arrangements, residential mobility and housing tenure choice in Korea. Traditions of filial duty are still an important part of the familial social network of the elderly, but the relatively lower face-to-face meeting frequency and higher contact frequency with children by telephone and emails reflects changing family relationships in urbanized and Westernized societies. This study shows that the frequent and active social networks of the elderly could contribute to independent living of the elderly. The frequency of meeting with children results in more frequent moving among the elderly while frequent non-familial social networks make the elderly stay in their neighborhoods. The findings imply that supporting the non-familial social networks of the elderly could contribute to successful aging-in-place by helping the elderly maintain their residences independently in their neighborhoods.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.02.003
      Issue No: Vol. 74 (2018)
  • Urban housing demand, permanent income and uncertainty: Microdata analysis
           of Hong Kong's rental market
    • Authors: Xian Zheng; Yu Xia; Eddie C.M. Hui; Linzi Zheng
      Pages: 9 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 74
      Author(s): Xian Zheng, Yu Xia, Eddie C.M. Hui, Linzi Zheng
      The sensitivity of housing demand to income changes has important implications for the evolution of housing affordability and the behavior of urban households. In Hong Kong, investigations into this issue have shown the increasing importance of the private rental housing market, which is regarded as suboptimal and to contribute to gentrification and inequality problems. Using microdata from four waves of Hong Kong census data between 1996 and 2011, this paper aims to estimate the income elasticity of demand for private rental housing. A permanent income model was adopted to isolate permanent income and transitory income at household level. Then, the Heckman two-stage procedure was used to correct selection bias and the quantile regression (QR) approach was used to investigate the heterogeneity of demand elasticities across different tiers of housing expenditure. The empirical results showed that the permanent income elasticities fell within a range of 0.536–0.698 and transitory income shock had a positive and significant impact on the demand for rental housing. Moreover, a U shape of permanent income elasticity across the whole distribution of housing expenditure was revealed. Households in both the upper and lower tiers were more sensitive to permanent income changes, with the higher tier of households being more sensitive to transitory income shocks. These findings not only shed light on the long-term movement and cross-sectional heterogeneity of housing demand in the private rental housing market, but also have implications for studies of the rental housing demand in other developed cities.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.02.004
      Issue No: Vol. 74 (2018)
  • Land formalization and local leadership in Moshi, Tanzania
    • Authors: Stephan Schmidt; Edmund Zakayo
      Pages: 18 - 26
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 74
      Author(s): Stephan Schmidt, Edmund Zakayo
      This study focuses on a number of neighborhoods in Moshi, Tanzania that participated in a property formalization program, and examines the relationship between local governance and the implementation of a tenure formalization program. Specifically, we examine how individual household responses to land formalization policies vary in response to neighborhood governance, oversight, and implementation of the land formalization process. We then discuss household differences in a) title deed application rates, b) home improvements and building permit applications, and c) road improvements and local commercial business development based on neighborhood context. We find that the relationship between local governance and tenure formalization is mixed in terms of impacts for both individual properties and neighborhoods. While good governance and implementation of land formalization can increase rates of household title deed application and number of building permits sought, we found no differences between the neighborhoods in terms of the use of title deeds in loan applications. However, we did find that better road improvements and the protection and oversight of the road right of ways did lead to increased commercial business development.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 74 (2018)
  • An investigation of non-local-governed urban villages in China from the
           perspective of the administrative system
    • Authors: Zening Xu; Xiaolu Gao; Zhongyun Wang; Rose Gilroy; Haokun Wu
      Pages: 27 - 35
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 74
      Author(s): Zening Xu, Xiaolu Gao, Zhongyun Wang, Rose Gilroy, Haokun Wu
      Along with the large-scale urbanisation process in China, the issue of ‘non-local-governed urban villages’ (NLGUV) arises within government. NLGUVs are suffering from overlapping administration, mismatched responsibilities and rights and unclear lines of authority. This fact not only violates the basic legal principle of administrative division, but also creates serious management problems and goes against the principal of coordinated development of urban and rural areas. Based on a questionnaire survey and interviews of urban villages in Beijing, this paper aims to answer two questions: first, what are the institutional barriers of the NLGUVs, and second, how they have hampered the rural-to-urban transition of those urban villages and urban-rural integration in the urban fringe areas. It is found that, while having administrative problems in common, the NLGUVs vary significantly in terms of demo-geographic, socio-economic, and management characteristics, so it is argued that solutions to the administrative management problems of the NLGUVs should be different. Upon analyses of the 155 NLGUVs distributed over 32 sub-districts and seven districts in Beijing, they are divided into four groups: lagging-behind urban villages, transformed urban villages, problematic urban villages and enclave urban villages. On this ground, urban policies including abuse of the setting criteria of sub-districts, and problems with the resettlement policy of urban villages and current land acquisition policies are identified as the main causes for the ‘production’ of the NLGUVs. The findings shed lights on the restructure of administrative system for existing urban villages and reform of urban policies.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.02.007
      Issue No: Vol. 74 (2018)
  • Are green buildings more satisfactory' A review of global evidence
    • Authors: Maryam Khoshbakht; Zhonghua Gou; Yi Lu; Xiaohuan Xie; Jian Zhang
      Pages: 57 - 65
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 74
      Author(s): Maryam Khoshbakht, Zhonghua Gou, Yi Lu, Xiaohuan Xie, Jian Zhang
      Green buildings not just help to reduce energy and resource consumption, but also to improve user experience and satisfaction. The former relies on technical advancement, while the latter needs empirical evidence. In the past decades, numerous post-occupancy studies have been conducted to investigate green building occupant satisfaction in different regions; however, a systematic review of these studies is lacking. This study reviews the global evidence to examine whether green buildings are more satisfactory than non-green buildings. The performance of green buildings in terms of occupant satisfaction appeared to be inconsistent, varying from study to study. The evidence on green buildings outperforming non-green counterparts is inconclusive. Sample size, occupancy period and green features are discussed as the main bias accounting for the inconsistency of the global evidence. In spite of the inconsistency and inconclusiveness, this study identifies two global contexts: the Occident (mainly U.S. and U.K.), where no significant differences were found on occupant satisfaction between green and non-green buildings, and the Orient (mainly China and South Korea), where green building occupants showed significantly higher satisfaction compared to non-green building occupants. This paper contributes to the understanding of socio-economic factors underlying green building occupant satisfaction, and also provides evidence for commercial and institutional sectors, where green buildings are used to improve employee satisfaction.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.02.005
      Issue No: Vol. 74 (2018)
  • Childhood overweight/obesity and social inequality in peri-urban regions
           of Taipei
    • Authors: Shu-Huei Chang; Yong Zhang; Cheng-Te Lin; Chung-Lan Kao; Boon-Hooi Lim; Ta-Cheng Hung; Ching-Yu Tseng; Chia-Hua Kuo
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Shu-Huei Chang, Yong Zhang, Cheng-Te Lin, Chung-Lan Kao, Boon-Hooi Lim, Ta-Cheng Hung, Ching-Yu Tseng, Chia-Hua Kuo
      A cross-sectional analysis of 33,942 schoolchildren at 6th grade (peri-urban New Taipei, N = 25,028; urban Taipei, N = 8914), representing >50% of children population of the age in Taipei metropolitan area, was examined for the disparity in overweight/obesity prevalence between urban and expanding peri-urban regions. Overweight/obese prevalence of schoolchildren at the age level is 30.4%. Peri-urban schoolchildren had higher overweight/obesity prevalence than urban peers (Girls: 26.0% vs 20.6%, P < 0.001; Boys: 37.1% vs 33.8%, P < 0.001). Children in both regions spent substantially more time on homework/reading than television viewing and computer use. Peri-urban children spent less time on homework/reading and more time on television and computer use than their urban counterparts (P < 0.001). Children with parental education category at “No College” were 54.8% in peri-urban area against 24.8% in urban area (P < 0.001). They were 1.0 cm shorter in height and ∼1.0 kg heavier in weight, and spent less time on homework/reading than those at “College” (P < 0.001). This is the first report presents a disparity in childhood overweight/obesity prevalence between peri-urban and urban places. Public efforts are needed to solve the childhood overweight/obesity problem secondary to social inequality in places at developing stages during urbanization.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.004
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Urban spatiotemporal analysis using mobile phone data: Case study of
           medium- and large-sized Korean cities
    • Authors: Kwang-Sub Lee; So Young You; Jin Ki Eom; Jiyoung Song; Jae Hong Min
      Pages: 6 - 15
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Kwang-Sub Lee, So Young You, Jin Ki Eom, Jiyoung Song, Jae Hong Min
      Recent advanced information and communication technologies can provide more accurate and comprehensive information. In particular, mobile phone data provide a new data source for urban structures and mobility. It is important for urban and transportation planners to be able to use data containing valuable location information that is not easily obtainable from traditional datasets, such as expensive household surveys, extensive traffic counts, or aggregated socioeconomic statistics. This study explored the potential of using mobile phone data to characterize and compare urban activity and mobility patterns from daily and hourly mobile phone records across 10 cities in Korea. We compared the internal and external mobility of phone users, and calculated urban attractiveness and home-based trip length frequency distribution for comparisons of different sized cities. The spatiotemporal evolution of urban activity within a day was examined, and the spatiotemporal extension for each city was calculated, showing the degree of spatial dispersion of residences and other activity locations. We also identified urban activity subcenters and hotspots based on density and time persistence criteria, as well as their compactness. Policy makers can expect to see more applications using mobile phone data, and this study helps demonstrate the potential of such data. We hope that spatiotemporal activity analysis can provide a foundation for future research that will help improve urban and transportation policies.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.010
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Consumption based approach of carbon footprint analysis in urban slum and
           non-slum areas of Rawalpindi
    • Authors: Mian Nazish Adnan; Rabia Safeer; Audil Rashid
      Pages: 16 - 24
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Mian Nazish Adnan, Rabia Safeer, Audil Rashid
      UN Habitat estimates that more than fifty percent of global population is now urbanized. Carbon emission, urbanization and climate change are intricately linked with each other. To sustain growing household energy demand in Pakistan, carbon emission has substantially increased, which is reflected by country's rank among climate vulnerable nations. Unsustainable use of energy is a major contributor of urban carbon footprint. Study of household carbon footprint is thus felt imperative to identify key factors of carbon footprint increase. This study aims to compare the carbon footprint of urban slum (Kachi Abadi, Khayaban-e-Sirsyed) and non-slum areas (Bahria Town, Gulraiz Colony) of Rawalpindi city to assess the environmental burden in the form of CO2 emissions generated at the household consumption practices. Results clearly indicate that the household carbon footprint of non-slum areas is higher than urban slum areas. Carbon footprint of non-slum areas shows highly significant increment along with the increasing monthly income of their inhabitants (r = 0.49 p = .02; r = 0.79 p < .01). Regression analysis revealed significant impact of individual use of personal vehicles on increasing carbon footprint in non-slum areas (R2 = 0.61; p < .01). Findings presented here substantially contribute in highlighting key household parameters that actually depicts consumption patterns linked with carbon emission. We conclude that the escalating household consumption by attaining luxurious life style leads to increase in carbon footprint significantly at domestic level, which could be reduced by using less carbon intensive products.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.12.012
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Factors influencing rural households' willingness of centralized
           residence: Comparing pure and nonpure farming areas in China
    • Authors: Zhengfeng Zhang; Yangyang Wen; Ruonan Wang; Wenjing Han
      Pages: 25 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Zhengfeng Zhang, Yangyang Wen, Ruonan Wang, Wenjing Han
      In recent years, Chinese governments began exploring centralized residence of rural households, with a view to protecting farming land through the incorporation and reduction of rural construction land, building new countryside, and solving the problem of insufficient construction land quotas for urban development. In the centralized residence process, it is important to study the willingness of rural households and factors influencing their willingness. This empirical study used Panshan County and Jiangshan City as representatives of pure and nonpure farming areas, respectively. Three logistic regression models were applied, to explore differences between pure and nonpure farming areas and the factors influencing rural households' willingness to accept centralized residence according to five aspects: households individual characteristics, family economy, policy perception, housing conditions, and social environment. The results showed that, for nonpure farming areas, such as Jiangshan City, when there is more trust in the village collective, less arable area, increased satisfaction with infrastructure and higher non-agricultural income, the more willing rural households are to accept centralized residence. In pure farming areas, such as Panshan County, when there are greater expectations of policy, the safer environments and higher non-agricultural income, the more willing rural households are to accept centralized residence. By comparison, rural households in nonpure farming areas are more concerned with fairness future quality of life, while those in pure farming areas are more concerned with implementation and guaranteed compensation. China's centralized residence policy should focus on the objective conditions of each region, and appropriately differentiate based on different areas and categories.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.01.003
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • How voluntary is poverty alleviation resettlement in China'
    • Authors: Kevin Lo; Mark Wang
      Pages: 34 - 42
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Kevin Lo, Mark Wang
      Voluntary resettlement, typically framed by the principle of free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC), has emerged as a preferred alternative to the heavily criticized forced resettlement approach, but there are growing concerns over whether those “voluntary” programs are genuinely voluntary. In China, the government maintains that its poverty alleviation resettlement (PAR) program is a successful example of voluntary resettlement. Under this national anti-poverty initiative, millions of people living in the poorest parts of the country have been resettled “voluntarily”. However, few studies have critically examined this claim. In this study, we collected empirical evidence through a survey of PAR resettlers. Drawing on a large and representative household survey (1723 resettlers from 30 different PAR projects) and 142 qualitative interviews, we report inconclusive and conflicting findings. On the one hand, the respondents strongly expressed that they willingly participated in resettlement. The perception of willingness was especially high among those who were younger, wealthier, and had off-farm employment. Furthermore, the consent to relocate was mostly free and driven by a desire to improve the quality of life. On the other hand, we observed that consent was not fully informed due to inadequate consultation. The villagers were not given detailed information about the resettlement or time to consider the implications. To ensure genuinely voluntary resettlement and to enhance the effectiveness of the program in poverty alleviation, the government needs to improve the consultation process, offer more targeted assistance to poor households, and provide better post-resettlement support.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T02:25:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Editorial - Inclusive development and urban water services
    • Authors: Klaas Schwartz; Joyeeta Gupta; Mireia Tutusaus
      Pages: 96 - 100
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Klaas Schwartz, Joyeeta Gupta, Mireia Tutusaus
      The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) call for universal access to water and sanitation services by 2030 in Goal 6. This SDG Goal adheres to an inclusive development framework, focusing on social, ecological and relational inclusiveness. This overarching paper assesses the degree to which practices in water services provision are in line with the concept of inclusive development. The article argues that existing practices in water services provision deviate considerably from the concept of inclusive development. This deviation is explained by the findings that water utilities tend to prioritize commercial over socio-ecological objectives, in the way in which service differentiation is implemented in the water services sector and the complexities of layered power dynamics in low-income areas that can hamper relational inclusiveness. As a result, inclusive development in the water services sector is currently largely a ‘nirvana concept’, something that is striven for but unlikely to be achieved. Increasing the relevance of inclusive development (and thus achievement of SDG6), will require a substantial change in how water services are organized and what objectives in water provisioning are prioritized.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.02.006
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Inclusive development of urban water services in Jakarta: The role of
    • Authors: Michelle Kooy; Carolin Tina Walter; Indrawan Prabaharyaka
      Pages: 109 - 118
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 73
      Author(s): Michelle Kooy, Carolin Tina Walter, Indrawan Prabaharyaka
      This paper applies the perspective of inclusive development to the development goals – past and present – for increasing access to urban water supply. We do so in order to call attention to the importance of ecological sustainability in meeting targets related to equity of access in cities of the global south. We argue that in cities where the majority of urban water circulates outside a formally operated centralized piped systems, inequities in access are grounded in conditions of deep ecological vulnerability. We examine this relationship between environment and equity of access in the context of Jakarta, Indonesia, where failure to address contamination and over abstraction of groundwater has exacerbated inequalities in access to water within and beyond the centralized piped network. We first present research results from in-depth interviews with key informants and secondary data to document the role of shallow sub-surface and deep contained aquifer groundwater within urban water services and causes and implications of declining groundwater quality. We then explore the uneven impact of this degradation through a comparative case study of water access strategies in two low-income settlements. Survey results reveal the significance of shallow sub-surface groundwater services for the poorest residents, and negative impacts of declining groundwater quality on equity in terms of cost and volume of consumption between income groups. We conclude that for urban water services to be inclusive, environmental and social priorities need to extend beyond piped water.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.10.006
      Issue No: Vol. 73 (2018)
  • Land use policy for urbanization in China
    • Authors: Yuzhe Wu; Eddie C.M. Hui; Pengjun Zhao; Hualou Long
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 May 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Yuzhe Wu, Eddie C.M. Hui, Pengjun Zhao, Hualou Long

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.05.008
  • Promises and perils of collective land tenure in promoting urban
           resilience: Learning from China's urban villages
    • Authors: Linda Shi; Zachary Lamb; Xi (Colleen) Qiu; Hongru Cai; Lawrence Vale
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 April 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Linda Shi, Zachary Lamb, Xi (Colleen) Qiu, Hongru Cai, Lawrence Vale
      New frameworks for “urban resilience” frequently overlook the role of property rights and tenure security in shaping vulnerability, as well as how different property rights regimes shape societal capacity to adapt to environmental and developmental disruptions. We contribute to these discussions by examining how collective urban land tenure affects community-scale resilience, defined as environmental wellbeing, productive livelihoods, and empowered governance. We use urban villages in Shenzhen to study how this widespread phenomenon of collective land ownership in Chinese cities allowed rural villagers to adapt as cities spread around them over time. Drawing on a literature review, interviews, and a field visit to Shenzhen, we find that collective tenure in Shenzhen’s urban villages has helped them avoid some of the limitations seen in household-level tenure formalization efforts elsewhere. Collective tenure enabled rural villages to create self-governance mechanisms that allowed them to transform individual and collective assets into vibrant, well-serviced, and mixed-use neighborhoods. Urban villages house most of Shenzhen’s residents and have helped underwrite the region’s industrialization process. However, collective tenure also has hindered integration with Shenzhen’s urban infrastructure, governance, and taxation systems, resulted in astronomical profits for village elites, and repeated historic patterns of unequal land ownership in China. The promises and perils of collective urban property rights seen in Shenzhen call for research on other such models around the world to further inform whether and how such property rights regimes can support equitable and holistic notions of urban resilience.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T10:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.04.006
  • How does investor sentiment predict the future real estate returns of
           residential property in Hong Kong'
    • Authors: Charles Hei-Ling Lam; Eddie Chi-Man Hui
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 April 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Charles Hei-Ling Lam, Eddie Chi-Man Hui
      Given the high volatility of housing prices in Hong Kong and the cycles of boom and bust, the traditional finance theory may not fully explain the market behavior. We observe that there exists a strong gap on explaining the actual interaction between the fundamental economic factors and the property price levels in Hong Kong, resulting in a wrong expectation about the property price levels and trends in various cycles in the past few decades. We therefore construct a proprietary new measure of investor sentiment for the Hong Kong property market to investigate whether sentiment affects residential property prices in Hong Kong. The results confirm that sentiment is negatively related to future returns of Hong Kong residential properties, with a lagged effect from 3 to 12 months. Consistent with the theoretical prediction by previous studies that sentiment should have stronger effect on more speculative assets (i.e. “hard to value” assets), we find that sentiment has a stronger effect on the prices of smaller units in Kowloon district than on larger units in all three Hong Kong districts (Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and New Territories). This study offers important implications for the Government and policy makers to consider timely measures trying to cool down the property market whenever the investor sentiment is persistently high for some period so as to avoid significant price corrections in the future.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.02.009
  • Trans-regional compensation mechanism under imbalanced land development:
           From the local government economic welfare perspective
    • Authors: Rui-fen Cao; An-lu Zhang; Lan-jiao Wen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 April 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Rui-fen Cao, An-lu Zhang, Lan-jiao Wen
      Since 1990's China has issued a series of unbalanced land development policies for safeguarding food security and protecting farmland from overdevelopment, which brings about serious imbalanced development among regions. Thus initiating a trans-regional compensation mechanism to enhance balanced regional development is urgent. This paper attempts to shed the light on relationship between farmland protection and land finance from the perspective of local government economic welfare, and builds a trans-regional fiscal payment mechanism to balance farmland protection and economic development among provinces or autonomous regions or municipalities. Based on the data of China's second national land survey, a comprehensive level of farmland which takes the quantity, quality and ecological attributes of farmland into account, the relationship between farmland protection and land finance, and the trans-regional fiscal payment are quantified. The results indicate that (1) farmland protection for local government has a negative relationship with fiscal revenue accumulation, and an increase in per unit comprehensive value of farmland decreases about 11.474 Yuan (1.82USD) of per capita land revenue; (2) there are 17 farmland deficit regions mainly in East coastal China which should pay 26.1778 billion Yuan (4.14 billion USD) for overdevelopment and 14 farmland surplus agricultural dominant provinces mainly in Mid China which can gain a compensation of 35.0415 billion Yuan (5.54 billion USD) for underdevelopment (farmland protection). The study may contribute to the innovation of economic compensation policy of farmland preservation and reform of horizontal transfer fiscal payment.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.04.001
  • Institutional innovations in land development and planning in the 20th and
           21st centuries
    • Authors: K.W. Chau; Lennon H.T. Choy; Chris J. Webster
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 April 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): K.W. Chau, Lennon H.T. Choy, Chris J. Webster
      This paper attempts to stocktake the major institutional innovations in land development and planning markets in the 20th century, and looks ahead to how these ideas may affect the evolution of institutions in the 21st century. Major ideas discussed include, i) public-private-partnerships; ii) zoning and participatory planning; iii) land readjustment and developers' obligations; iv) transfer of development rights; v) Coasean bargaining; and vi) informal institutions. We suggest that the foci of institutional innovations in the present century will shift from 20th century preoccupations as a result of rapid technological development and increasing environmental concerns. The keys for success in the institutional innovations to emerge will hinge on their abilities to reduce transaction costs for market exchange through new technologies, and align property right structures to achieve common goals of preserving the globe without compromising present economic needs too much.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.03.011
  • The choice of residential layout in urban China: A comparison of
           transportation and land use in Changsha (China) and Leeds (UK)
    • Authors: Yan Wang; Zhongyi Peng; Qun Chen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Yan Wang, Zhongyi Peng, Qun Chen
      Gated communities with tall and dense residential buildings are common in China's cities due to the limited land resources and highly concentrated populations. Living in a gated community is comfortable, safe and removed from outside pollution and vehicles, but these large enclosed areas tend to block traffic and, therefore, increase drivers' travel distance. Comparing the residential layouts and transportation in Changsha, which is a provincial capital city in Central China, with those in Leeds, which is a city in the UK, this paper discusses the choice of residential layout in Chinese cities based on the characteristics of the residential buildings (tall and densely populated) and reveals that in Chinese cities, the size of the closed residential areas should be controlled to allow more route choices for vehicles. Controlled residential areas should not be open to outside vehicular traffic but can be designed to be semi-open, allowing entry only to pedestrians from outside, to improve the proportion of pedestrian traffic and separate pedestrians from vehicles on the roads. Enclosed areas can be designed to separate people from vehicles, and vehicles should be parked together by building car parks, parking structures or underground garages to reorder traffic, improve the quality of life of the people in the community and promote the efficient use of land.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.04.005
  • Action on climate change mitigation in German and Chinese cities – A
           search for emerging patterns of accountability
    • Authors: Cathrin Zengerling
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Cathrin Zengerling
      The article explores emerging patterns of accountability in German and Chinese low-carbon urban development. It draws on multi-level vertical and horizontal governance perspectives and identifies the current status of institutional innovations in order to steer action on climate change mitigation in urban environments. To underpin the relevance of the research, it is shown that factual responsibilities as well as political mandates, require enhanced and accountable action on climate change mitigation at city level. Drawing on political documents, scientific literature, as well as institutional arrangements developed under the international regime of climate governance, four components of accountable governance are identified and applied to the case studies of Germany and China, with a focus on the cities of Hamburg and Shenzhen.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.03.008
  • Modelling urban expansion guided by land ecological suitability: A case
           study of Changzhou City, China
    • Authors: Lang Xu; Qiuhao Huang; Dongdong Ding; Mengyuan Mei; Hetian Qin
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Lang Xu, Qiuhao Huang, Dongdong Ding, Mengyuan Mei, Hetian Qin
      Rapid urban expansion usually leads to the change of land use pattern and poses a severe threat to land resources with high ecological value, it is necessary to model the impact of urban development on surrounding environment. The aim of our study is to construct an effective model of simulating urban expansion with protecting ecological land, which could provide a decision-making reference for sustainable development of the city and promote the rational distribution of land resources. In this paper, we proposed an urban expansion model based on land ecological suitability (LES). The proposed model involves using the minimum cumulative resistance (MCR) method to evaluate and visualize the land ecological suitability of the study area. Next, the random forest (RF) algorithm and cellular automaton (CA) are combined to construct an RF–CA to simulate future growth of urban land. As a case study, the RF–CA was used to simulate the distribution of urban land in Changzhou City, eastern China in 2020. The LES evaluation results were then used as the basis of optimizing urban expansion and restrained the excessive sprawl of the city, which could reduce encroachment on land resources such as waterbody and farmland, thereby increasing the ecosystem services value (ESV) by 50.24 million RMB(1 RMB = 0.15 US dollar). It was observed that our model could reduce the spatial conflict between urban expansion and ecological land protection effectively. Therefore, we believe that the results of our case study can contribute to more reasonable urban planning.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.04.002
  • Comparison of the impacts of non-negotiable and negotiable developer
           obligations in Turkey
    • Authors: Sevkiye Sence Turk
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Sevkiye Sence Turk
      Due to financing limitations, city governments increasingly rely upon private sector finance to support the supply of social and technical infrastructure. Accordingly, developer obligations have become increasingly important in urban planning and in land and property development. Compared to the numbers of previous studies related to ‘non-negotiable developer obligations’ (N-NDOs), the studies related to ‘negotiable developer obligations’ (NDOs) are much more limited. Also, there is a lack of studies comparing their respective impacts. The aim of this article is to compare the impacts of N-NDOs and NDOs within the specific country context of Turkey. The findings of study demonstrate that efficiency of N-NDOs and NDOs is closely related to the balance between certainty and flexibility in planning and land development system, the degree of transparency and the level of accountability, and value capture capacity.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.03.005
  • On ‘Land Finance’ in urban China: Theory and practice
    • Authors: Dingxi Huang; Roger C.K. Chan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Dingxi Huang, Roger C.K. Chan
      Urbanisation in China since the economic reform and opening up of the country is characterised by an unprecedented amount of land development resulting from privatisation, marketization, and commodification of land in the urbanisation process. This study extends the focal points of speculative urbanism through an analysis of land finance, a phenomenon of the financing arrangement for urban development. It reviews and compares three different modes of land finance, and examines the interplays between agencies, focusing on the exchange of land resources for capital. The collaborative mode of land finance practised in Nansha Free Trade Zone that involves the participation of strategic partners, represents a new financing model which is encouraged by the Central People's Government as a solution to reduce local debts as well as to stimulate market incentives through direct or joint investment in the urban development process.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.03.002
  • Timing and distributional aspects of transaction costs in Transferable
           Development Rights programmes
    • Authors: Sina Shahab; J. Peter Clinch; Eoin O'Neill
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 April 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Sina Shahab, J. Peter Clinch, Eoin O'Neill
      Planners are required to evaluate planning policy instruments to develop a better understanding of how they can improve their policy design and implementation processes. Transferable Development Rights (TDR) programmes are one of the market-based policy instruments that have attracted considerable attention among planners and economists. Given that TDR programmes have been introduced as an alternative to traditional regulatory instruments in several jurisdictions on the basis that their implementation will result in better policy outcomes, evaluation of these alternative programmes is particularly important. Like all policy instruments, the activities concerned with the design and implementation of TDR programmes may involve significant transaction costs. These activities can be considered as a series of transactions from the perspective of Transaction Cost Economics (TCE). While transaction costs are expected to vary across the lifecycle of a policy instrument, up to now there have been no systematic research studies concerned with why, and how, such transaction costs occur and are distributed among parties involved in different phases of TDR programmes. In order to aid better design and implementation of TDR programmes, this paper analyses the effects of transaction costs throughout the life of four TDR programmes (Calvert, Montgomery, St. Mary's, and Charles Counties) in the US state of Maryland in order to gain a better understanding of the timing and distribution of such costs incurred by different parties involved.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.03.006
  • From benign unconstitutionality to delegated legislation: Analysis on the
           ways for legal reform of China rural collective construction land
    • Authors: Huang
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 74
      Author(s): Li Huang
      During the construction of China's society ruled by law, in order to cope with the long-lasting conflict between legal norm and social reality, two different reform models “benign unconstitutionality” and “delegated legislation” have appeared successively. In virtue of the transition process of reform model, this paper relatively systematically reviews research documents and combs through governmental documents aiming at the problem of legal restrictions faced by right circulation of collective construction land usage. The basic research conclusion of this paper proves that, the strict restriction of existing legal norms on collective construction land circulation has induced invisible circulation of collective construction land. Facing widely existing problem of invisible circulation, some local governments have launched the “co-equal market” model to break through the restriction of existing law by means of benign unconstitutionality; under the “delegated legislation” model, “co-equal market” model has been promoted in pilot areas of reform. In the section of collective construction land usage right transfer, “same right for same land” with state-owned construction land has been preliminarily realized, but in the sections of usage right leading, transfer and mortgage, etc., there is still the problem of lack of follow-up management system.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T07:54:31Z
  • Going beyond basic access to improved water sources: Towards deriving a
           water accessibility index
    • Authors: Shaneica Lester; Kevon Rhiney
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 February 2018
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Shaneica Lester, Kevon Rhiney
      In this paper, we use a Water Accessibility Index (WAI) to determine differences in urban household water access in an inner-city community characterized by relatively high piped water coverage. The case study is based on field data collected in a low-income community called August Town, located in Jamaica's capital city of Kingston. A semi-formal survey was used to document how different socio-economic factors influenced household-level water accessibility within the study area. Data from the survey was later used to develop the WAI. The index revealed the importance of incorporating socio-economic and human-centered factors in the measurement of water accessibility, especially when access to improved drinking water sources is already gained. When used on its own, piped water coverage was found to be an inadequate indicator of water accessibility within the study area. In general, we regard the WAI as a useful management tool for tracking household-level and inter-community disparities, which could contribute greatly in facilitating improvements in water access where it is needed the most.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T03:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2018.02.001
  • Water is life in a life without water: Power and everyday water practices
           in Lilongwe, Malawi
    • Authors: Linda Velzeboer; Michaela Hordijk; Klaas Schwartz
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 December 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Linda Velzeboer, Michaela Hordijk, Klaas Schwartz
      While urban political ecology convincingly shows how social and technological power relations create inequalities between different areas of cities, inequalities within areas are largely ignored. Based on a case study in a low-income area in Lilongwe, Malawi, this article uses the micropolitics in the everyday practices of accessing, controlling and exploiting both formal and informal water sources to demonstrate how water is connected to social power. Different sources of power are distinguished to show the subtle power processes at play. Drawing on more informal sources of power, like a household's entrenchment in a web of social relations that impact the actions it can take, residents from low-income areas secure access to multiple sources of water, reproducing existing inequalities in time, efforts and finances needed. By highlighting that inequities in access to water exist not only between neighbourhoods, but also within low-income areas, we seek to contribute to the further development of the concept of inclusive development.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:09:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.11.006
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