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  Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 881 journals)
    - ASIAN STUDIES (157 journals)
    - CLASSICAL STUDIES (110 journals)
    - ETHNIC INTERESTS (156 journals)
    - GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY (7 journals)
    - HUMANITIES (277 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

HUMANITIES (277 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aldébaran     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anabases     Open Access  
Analyse & Kritik. Zeitschrift f     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Arbutus Review     Open Access  
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Co-herencia     Open Access  
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cornish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Dorsal Revista de Estudios Foucaultianos     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal  
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access  
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Advances In Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access  
La Revue pour l’histoire du CNRS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access  
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medical Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Mens : revue d'histoire intellectuelle et culturelle     Full-text available via subscription  
Messages, Sages and Ages     Open Access  
Mind and Matter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Mneme - Revista de Humanidades     Open Access  
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Motivation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nationalities Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Natures Sciences Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription  
Neophilologus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
New German Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
New West Indian Guide     Open Access   (Followers: 1)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Northeast African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)

        1 2     

Journal Cover Habitat International
  [SJR: 1.038]   [H-I: 40]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0197-3975
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3042 journals]
  • Master plans and urban ecosystems: How the poor transform land-use from
           rigid into organic - A case from Colombia
    • Authors: Marcin Sliwa
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Marcin Sliwa
      In recent years, many Latin-American states have been increasingly involved in the provision of subsidized housing for the urban poor. These housing projects are usually implemented in forms of massive master planned estates located in urban peripheries. The focus on quantity of housing units built, as opposed to the good location, connectivity and functionality of the dwellings, impedes access of the residents to income-generating opportunities and reduces their socio-economic mobility. This paper analyzes how residents in one of such social housing complexes –Villas de San Pablo in Barranquilla, Colombia– adopt and respond to these challenges in their own, informal ways. Building on empirical data obtained from interviews, observation and an enumeration survey, the author explains how the lack of jobs and economic opportunities in the area motivated many of the dwellers to convert their houses to accommodate different income-generating activities. Thus, this paper documents how a master planned project and its land-use transform from a strictly controlled into a diverse and organic urban ecosystem. The author argues for an urgent revision of the planning practices, inflexible zoning bylaws and outdated design principles that shape these “modern” affordable housing projects.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T03:27:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.003
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Relationships between indoor facilities management components and elderly
           people's quality of life: A study of private domestic buildings
    • Authors: Mei-yung Leung; Ibukun Famakin; Timothy Kwok
      Pages: 13 - 23
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Mei-yung Leung, Ibukun Famakin, Timothy Kwok
      The rate at which the population is ageing increases the magnitude of the challenge of providing private domestic buildings with facilities meeting those needs of the elderly occupants that arise from their changing health condition. This study aims to examine the relationships between indoor facilities management (FM) components and the quality of life (QoL) of elderly people residing in private domestic buildings. A questionnaire based on an extensive literature review was distributed among elderly respondents in order to assess their level of satisfaction with 13 indoor FM components and five QoL domains – namely overall QoL, physical health, psychological health, social relationships and their living environment. In all, 348 questionnaires were completed by elderly respondents drawn from the 18 political districts of Hong Kong; the data were analyzed using reliability tests, Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis. The results reveal that (1) the respondents' overall QoL was significantly affected by ventilation and space; (2) their physical health was predicted by space, doors and windows, and temperature; (3) their psychological health was affected by furniture and fixtures, lighting, acoustics, and doors and windows; (4) their social relationships were influenced by furniture and fixtures and space; and (5) their level of satisfaction with the living environment was affected by space, lighting, furniture and fixtures and acoustics. It is recommended that architects, interior designers, building services engineers and facilities managers include adequate turning spaces in the design of flats for the elderly; and that they pay attention to the brightness and hue of lighting, consider the micro-climate in the orientation of new buildings, incorporate sound insulation materials in walls, install on doors and windows lever handles that require minimal force and increase the width of doors in flats for elderly residents.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T03:27:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.002
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Population migration, urbanization and housing prices: Evidence from the
           cities in China
    • Authors: Xin-Rui Wang; Eddie Chi-Man Hui; Jiu-Xia Sun
      Pages: 49 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Xin-Rui Wang, Eddie Chi-Man Hui, Jiu-Xia Sun
      Changes in housing demand because of population migration may have a great influence on urban housing prices. The objective of this paper is to investigate how the two aspects of population migration, including inter-regional migration and rural-urban migration, affect housing prices at city level in China. By using the data of the population sampling survey in 2005 and the sixth population census in 2010, a series of empirical studies have been conducted. The results of pooled cross-section data show that an increase in inter-regional migrants by 1% will lead to a rise in housing prices by 0.701% when controlling the other relevant factors. Likewise, an increase in the level of urbanization by 1% will drive up housing prices by 0.343%. Furthermore, the study figures out that the better educated migrants are more likely to affect local housing prices, and the cities with more migrants with higher educational level are expected to experience higher housing prices, which sheds some light on the mechanism of the relationship between migration and housing price. The findings are helpful to China's government in population-related policy making and planning.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T03:31:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.010
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • What factors drive public rental housing fraud? Evidence from
           Hangzhou, China
    • Authors: Hui Zeng; Xiaofen Yu; Haizhen Wen
      Pages: 57 - 64
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Hui Zeng, Xiaofen Yu, Haizhen Wen
      In China, considerable importance has been attached to public rental housing fraud since the central government decided on the large-scale construction of affordable housing in 2010. In recent years, this problem has also become a concern in countries such as Britain and the United States. In this paper, a multinomial logistic regression (MLR) model comprising 10 independent variables is developed to examine the driving factors of public rental housing fraud. The parameters of the model are estimated via maximum likelihood estimation based on the Hangzhou public housing household survey. Results from this study suggest that seven factors, namely, family size, education, PCDI, CSC, ADC, PMC and Occupation = 1(servants), are statistically significant under the 5% level. The coefficients of these five factors are −0.847, −0.601, −0.732, −1.475, 0.987,-1.106 and 1.669, respectively. The positive (negative) coefficients mean that the variables will increase (decrease) the probability of fraud. At the end of this paper, policy recommendations are proposed for relevant government departments based on the results of the regression analysis.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T03:31:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.007
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Economic impacts of accessibility gains: Case study of the Yangtze River
    • Authors: Jinbao Zhao; Yinghai Yu; Xiaoyuan Wang; Xintong Kan
      Pages: 65 - 75
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Jinbao Zhao, Yinghai Yu, Xiaoyuan Wang, Xintong Kan
      Transport infrastructure development is generally perceived as catalyst for economic growth. This has been highlighted in previous literature, generally focusing on the economic impact of transport infrastructure investments. This paper contributes to spatial econometrics by examining the causal relationship between economic strength and accessibility gains due to the development of expressways and high-speed rail, taking the Yangtze River Delta as research object. Spatial regression models that accommodate for the influence of spatial autocorrelation and the newly defined variable “weighted mode's average travel time (WMATT)” and other explanatory variables are developed for quantitative analysis. Estimation results indicate that cities' gross domestic product increases significantly with population, passenger traffic, and foreign direct investment. Especially, all the estimated models indicate that WMATT is significantly and negatively associated with gross domestic product, revealing that inter-city accessibility gains (travel-time savings) can enhance economic strength. The robustness analysis on the estimators indicates that while the β -coefficient of WMATT generally increases with the share of expressways and high-speed rail in land transportation, its p -value increases and its effect may become insignificant if inter-city travel time becomes fast enough. Findings from this study highlight the travel-speed up measures such as open China's expressway freely and speed up the high-speed rail rather than blind development and endless investments can also play an important role in enhancing economic strength.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T03:31:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.005
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Residential satisfaction of migrants in Wenzhou, an ‘ordinary
           city’ of China
    • Authors: Sainan Lin; Zhigang Li
      Pages: 76 - 85
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Sainan Lin, Zhigang Li
      Residential satisfaction is one of the main topics of recent urban studies, yet most focus on a relatively small group of cities, particularly megacities. This paper uses Wenzhou, China, as a case study to deepen our understanding of residential satisfaction in an ‘ordinary city’. Based on a survey of 435 migrants and 20 in-depth interviews in Shuangyu, Wenzhou, this study finds that most migrants are dissatisfied with the current housing conditions. Migrants who live in urban villages are more dissatisfied than those who live in factory dormitories. The factors that influence migrants' residential satisfaction in different housing types are also different. Moreover, marital status, education, income, length of residence, employment status, and housing facilities significantly affect residential satisfaction. Institutional factors and selected housing variables that are usually found to be important to residential satisfaction are not significant for migrants in Wenzhou. In contrast with other research conducted in megacities that emphasizes the importance of social attachment, we find that providing better facilities is likely the most effective way to improve residential satisfaction for migrants in Wenzhou.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T03:31:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.004
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • The effect of neighbourhood social ties on migrants' subjective wellbeing
           in Chinese cities
    • Authors: Yuqi Liu; Fangzhu Zhang; Ye Liu; Zhigang Li; Fulong Wu
      Pages: 86 - 94
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Yuqi Liu, Fangzhu Zhang, Ye Liu, Zhigang Li, Fulong Wu
      Existing literature on migrants' subjective wellbeing (SWB) in Chinese cities has highlighted the crucial role of social ties, yet the pathways by which social ties influence their SWB remain poorly understood. Using Guangzhou survey data and multilevel linear regressions, this paper examines the extent to and ways in which migrants' social ties with neighbours enhance their SWB, with a particular focus on the distinction between the main effects and buffering effects of their neighbourhood ties. Results from multilevel models reveal that neighbourhood ties enhance migrants' SWB in a direct manner, but no evidence shows that neighbourhood ties lessen the negative impacts of neighbourhood deprivation. Results also illustrate that the association between neighbourhood ties and SWB is stronger for locals than for migrants. This paper contributes to our understanding of migrants' SWB by disentangling the positive effects of their social ties with neighbours and investigating the role of migrants' neighbourhood ties in relation to stress arising from neighbourhood deprivation.

      PubDate: 2017-06-07T07:39:57Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.011
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • The influence of urban structure on individual transport energy
           consumption in China's growing cities
    • Authors: Pengjun Zhao; Jingjing Diao; Shengxiao Li
      Pages: 95 - 105
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Pengjun Zhao, Jingjing Diao, Shengxiao Li
      The energy consumed by urban transportation systems has implications for local environmental protection and greenhouse gas emission reductions. It is widely claimed that in growing cities, individuals' transport energy use could be made more efficient by planning to control urban sprawl and create polycentric urban structures. However, existing conclusions are mixed. This paper contributes to this issue with an in-depth analysis of China's cities. Interestingly, polycentric cities demonstrated lower travel energy efficiency than monocentric ones. This is mainly because urban sub-center developments have failed to combine employment and residential land use. In these planned sub-centers, land use is usually dominated by either housing or industrial park developments, requiring people to commute long distances between home and work, and use cars at high rates. Increasing fragmentation of development management due to political decentralization has apparently worsened the job-housing imbalance. Though a significant effect of urban structure on transport energy consumption was observed, car use control policies had no effect, while a high level of metro services was associated with lower energy consumption.

      PubDate: 2017-06-11T17:45:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.06.001
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Create, control and have territories or secret places: A comparative study
           of children's play territoriality in their daily outdoor environments
           between Beijing's urban villages and modern residential areas
    • Authors: Fang Wang; Huiting Ruan; Hsiao Chieh Wang; Yingqiao Zong; Feng Zhen
      Pages: 125 - 134
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Fang Wang, Huiting Ruan, Hsiao Chieh Wang, Yingqiao Zong, Feng Zhen
      Outdoor activity spaces have very significant influences on children's growth and development. While being one of the most important spaces for children, their living environments have differentiated with the urbanization process in China. This study aims to examine the territorial selection, territorial psychology and territorial behavior of children 8–12 years old when playing outdoors from the perspective of human territoriality theory by comparing two groups of children living in urban villages and residential areas in Beijing respectively. The results show that the overall territoriality of children in residential areas is greater than that of children in urban villages. Children's territorial psychology and territorial behaviors are closely related to their cognition and spatial use. Whether the territories are dominated by groups or individuals, children in residential areas generally consider them to be play spaces, while children in urban villages tend to express feelings in their territories.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T17:59:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.012
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Underlying social factors for evaluating heritage conservation in urban
           renewal districts
    • Authors: Esther Hiu Kwan Yung; Qi Zhang; Edwin H.W. Chan
      Pages: 135 - 148
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Esther Hiu Kwan Yung, Qi Zhang, Edwin H.W. Chan
      Urban renewal usually involves large scale demolition of areas, which can lead to the destruction of social networks and local character. It has been increasingly recognized that heritage conservation in older districts undergoing urban renewal has a significant impact on enhancing a community's sense of place, identity and development. However, a clear understanding of the social factors which contribute to successful heritage conservation in urban renewal is still lacking. This study aims to identify the social role of heritage conservation in urban renewal. It also investigates whether certain underlying social factors vary among different districts, according to density, socio-demographics and the extent of redevelopment. In order to expose the factors, a survey of three hundred and twelve people in two urban renewal districts in Hong Kong was conducted using questionnaires. The identified social factors provide an evaluation framework for examining the collective impact of conservation of historic buildings, rather than individual historic buildings on a renewal district. The findings reveal that socio-demographics of an area, local characteristics, type of heritage buildings and the extent of urban renewal do not exert a significant influence on the composition of social factors. Several policy recommendations are also provided for urban planners and decision makers incorporating heritage conservation in urban renewal strategies.

      PubDate: 2017-06-21T21:10:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.06.004
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Transformation and upgrading of old industrial zones on collective land:
           Empirical study on revitalization in Nanshan
    • Authors: Mingmin Pan; Hongyang Song
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 65
      Author(s): Mingmin Pan, Hongyang Song
      To advance industrial upgrading, the Government of Shenzhen Nanshan District constantly loosens restrictions and offers more funding for revitalization, creating incentives for village shareholding corporations (VSCs) to revitalize old industrial zones. Focusing on the transformation and upgrading of old industrial zones on collective land based on the case study of Longjing Industrial Zone, this paper investigates the implementation and effectiveness of the new revitalization policies. First of all, by comparing the industrial zone before and after the revitalization, the results of the revitalization are summed up: the renovation of physical environment and infrastructure, the professionalization of operational models, the diversification of enterprise composition, and the demographic change (the move-in of more high-income white-collar workers). Then, the performance of the revitalization is assessed in the aspects of industry cluster and social costs, and the limitation of the transformation and upgrading of industrial zones is identified. In comparison to government-led revitalization projects, based on the analysis of the motives and actions of the stakeholders (district government, VSCs, industrial park operators [IPOs] and tenant enterprises), three underlying factors that exert negative impact on the effectiveness of revitalization have been found: 1) formalistic industry planning; 2) recruiting enterprises with loose restrictions; and 3) imperfect regulation, supervision and final acceptance standards. Finally, based on the above-mentioned limitations and underlying reasons, the paper proposes suggestions on improving the revitalization of old industrial zones.

      PubDate: 2017-05-08T01:55:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.014
      Issue No: Vol. 65 (2017)
  • A study of plot ratio/building height restrictions in high density cities
           using 3D spatial analysis technology: A case in Hong Kong
    • Authors: Jian Guo; Bingxia Sun; Zhe Qin; Siu Wai Wong; Man Sing Wong; Chi Wai Yeung; Qiping Shen
      Pages: 13 - 31
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 65
      Author(s): Jian Guo, Bingxia Sun, Zhe Qin, Siu Wai Wong, Man Sing Wong, Chi Wai Yeung, Qiping Shen
      Hong Kong is an international metropolis with a highly dense population. As a result, it faces enormous challenges in terms of land supply. As part of the Hong Kong Government's initiative to increase land supply, the Civil Engineering and Development Department (CEDD) proposed minor relaxation of the maximum plot ratio/building height restrictions for 21 target sites in Kai Tak Development Area (KTDA). Although CEDD has explored the feasibility of increasing development intensity by assessing environmental impacts, infrastructure capacity and public consultation, these reviews and assessments were conducted based on the 2D GIS. Since the spatial distribution of land unit in the real world is three-dimensional, 3D GIS can help us look into the world in true perspective and make informed decisions. This study aims to investigate the viability of minor relaxation of maximum plot ratio/building height restrictions of 21 sites in KTDA through 3D modeling and 3D spatial analyses, including skyline, visual impact, shadow and solar exposure. Regarding to the 21 target sites, four scenarios with different plot ratios and building heights were built and compared. The results indicate that minor relaxation of maximum plot ratio and building height leads to (i) minor effect on skyline (ii) minor effect on visual impact and (iii) slight changes in shadow and solar exposure both in winter and summer. Therefore, in light of the findings from this study, scenario 4 is the recommended reasonable scale to relax the maximum plot ratio/building height restriction for the target sites in KTDA. Besides, this study can also be applied in the urban renewal studies and other new development areas in Hong Kong, or even in other densely populated cities.

      PubDate: 2017-05-08T01:55:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.012
      Issue No: Vol. 65 (2017)
  • Construction of a Spatial Planning system at city-level: Case study of
           “integration of multi-planning” in Yulin City, China
    • Authors: Xiaoping Zhou; Xiao Lu; Hongping Lian; Yuchen Chen; Yuanqing Wu
      Pages: 32 - 48
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 65
      Author(s): Xiaoping Zhou, Xiao Lu, Hongping Lian, Yuchen Chen, Yuanqing Wu
      The construction of a spatial planning system has been identified as one of the top national agenda items in China. Several pilot cities have been put in place to experiment on “Integration of Multi-Planning” (IOMP) and explore the integration mechanism of different planning to provide practical support for spatial planning system reform. After outlining existing planning series and their relations in China, this article systematically expounds on the spatial planning disputes among Chinese departments, shows the dilemma of mismatch in planning, and, under the guidance of synergy theory, builds the spatial planning system of “unified planning” to develop common interests within the area, using Yulin City in Shaanxi Province as an example. Findings are drawn from reviewing government policies, analyzing socioeconomic and land use data, and discussing intrinsic issues before propositions are designed.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T02:13:56Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.015
      Issue No: Vol. 65 (2017)
  • Effects of urban expansion on suburban farmers’ livelihood in Vietnam: A
           comparative analysis of Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi
    • Authors: Minh Hoang Vu; Hiroyuki Kawashima
      Pages: 49 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 65
      Author(s): Minh Hoang Vu, Hiroyuki Kawashima

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T02:19:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.001
      Issue No: Vol. 65 (2017)
  • The socioeconomic impact of low-income housing programs: An interregional
           input-output model for the state of Sao Paulo and the rest of Brazil
    • Authors: Rodger Barros Antunes Campos; Joaquim J.M. Guilhoto
      Pages: 59 - 69
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 65
      Author(s): Rodger Barros Antunes Campos, Joaquim J.M. Guilhoto
      The public policies programs for low-income housing in Brazil started in the 1930s. The most recent well-advertised program Minha Casa, Minha Vida (MCMV) by the Federal government has the goals to improve the quality of life of poor people, to reduce the housing deficit, and to foster the economy. The objective in this research is to evaluate socioeconomics impacts of low-income housing on regional economic system, highlighting housing public policies developed by the state and the federal government. Under an emerging low-income housing policy, the state of Sao Paulo created the so-called CDHU. The question raised by this paper is how important was the contribution of these programs to the economic growth in the state of São Paulo and in the rest of Brazilian economy in previous years? Thus, a specific interregional input-output model is estimated for two regions, state of São Paulo and rest of Brazil, with the usage of six different typologies of low income housing ranging from a single families housing to gated community housing. The impacts are measured in terms of GDP, tax collection, production, and employment in the State of São Paulo and in the rest of Brazil. The results show that the effect in the economy is different depending on the chosen housing typology investment; in other words, the estimated model provide tools to decide about the best housing type for promoting economic growth. The MCMV program and the CDHU's program affect the state economy system by expanding the demand for inputs for the construction of new buildings (direct effect); by expanding the demand in other sectors due to the feedback effect (indirect effect), and by expanding the income of families - it also increases the demand for goods and services in the economy (induced effect).

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T02:19:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 65 (2017)
  • Urban environmental challenges in developing countries—A stakeholder
    • Authors: Raed Fawzi Mohammed Ameen; Monjur Mourshed
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64
      Author(s): Raed Fawzi Mohammed Ameen, Monjur Mourshed
      Developing countries face significant urban environmental challenges due to rapid urbanization, population growth, inability to effectively tackle climate and environmental risks, inefficient governance and environmental management, the prevalence of corruption and a chronic shortage of investment. Environmental degradation is often acute in politically unstable countries such as Iraq. Several post-war urban development and regeneration projects are currently underway in Iraq, but without evident participation from the wider public in decision-making. This study investigated stakeholders' perception of urban environmental challenges—their level of importance and priority in the Iraqi context. A nationwide survey (n = 643) was conducted using a 25-item structured questionnaire where respondents' views were gathered on a 5-point Likert-type scale, in addition to demographic information. Principal component analysis (PCA) and statistical tests were applied to investigate the relationship between the perceptions of urban environmental challenges and demographic factors. Five principal components were identified, namely: water, waste, and materials; environmental impact; natural hazard; personal mobility; and transport. The results showed that about 70% of the respondents considered ‘water conservation’ as the most important urban environmental challenge, followed by ‘increase choice of transport modes’. 67.2% of the respondents rated ‘efficient infrastructure and utilities’ as a very important factor, and was ranked the third. All demographic characteristics except location showed statistically significant differences in perception. The relatively high importance placed by the respondents on infrastructure related items such as water, transport and utilities demonstrate a possible link between the perceptions and: (a) the citizens' day to day experience and hardship, and (b) the lack of adequate infrastructure and service provisions in Iraq, due to political instability in the recent decades.

      PubDate: 2017-04-19T01:16:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.002
      Issue No: Vol. 64 (2017)
  • Social differentiation and spatial mixture in a transitional city -
           Kunming in southwest China
    • Authors: Qiyan Wu; Jianquan Cheng; Craig Young
      Pages: 11 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64
      Author(s): Qiyan Wu, Jianquan Cheng, Craig Young
      Socio-spatial segregation, and particularly racial and ethnic segregation, has been extensively studied in the Western context but is less researched for Chinese cities, particularly those in less developed regions. The city of Kunming in remote southwest China is characterized by a transition from a socialist manufacturing center to a free market service economy and the strong presence of a diversity of ethnic groups. Kunming provides an opportunity to examine the similarities and disparities in the socio-spatial landscape compared to well-developed cities in China and other post-socialist contexts as well as those in the West. In this paper, population census data at the community level from 2000 together with its spatial boundary data are used to create 39 demographic, educational, occupational and housing variables for 431 communities. Principal component analysis, hierarchical clustering and spatial segregation indicators are combined in order to identify, classify and analyse the spatial segregation of diverse social groups. The study finds that, unusually for Chinese cities, ethnic minority and gender are significant factors, and it demonstrates that both spatial mixture and social differentiation simultaneously characterize Kunming.

      PubDate: 2017-04-19T01:16:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.019
      Issue No: Vol. 64 (2017)
  • Greening cities – To be socially inclusive? About the alleged paradox of
           society and ecology in cities
    • Authors: Dagmar Haase; Sigrun Kabisch; Annegret Haase; Erik Andersson; Ellen Banzhaf; Francesc Baró; Miriam Brenck; Leonie K. Fischer; Niki Frantzeskaki; Nadja Kabisch; Kerstin Krellenberg; Peleg Kremer; Jakub Kronenberg; Neele Larondelle; Juliane Mathey; Stephan Pauleit; Irene Ring; Dieter Rink; Nina Schwarz; Manuel Wolff
      Pages: 41 - 48
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64
      Author(s): Dagmar Haase, Sigrun Kabisch, Annegret Haase, Erik Andersson, Ellen Banzhaf, Francesc Baró, Miriam Brenck, Leonie K. Fischer, Niki Frantzeskaki, Nadja Kabisch, Kerstin Krellenberg, Peleg Kremer, Jakub Kronenberg, Neele Larondelle, Juliane Mathey, Stephan Pauleit, Irene Ring, Dieter Rink, Nina Schwarz, Manuel Wolff
      Greening cities, namely installing new parks, rooftop gardens or planting trees along the streets, undoubtedly contributes to an increase in wellbeing and enhances the attractiveness of open spaces in cities. At the same time, we observe an increasing use of greening strategies as ingredients of urban renewal, upgrading and urban revitalization as primarily market-driven endeavours targeting middle class and higher income groups sometimes at the expense of less privileged residents. This paper reflects on the current debate of the social effects of greening using selected examples. We discuss what trade-offs between social and ecological developments in cities mean for the future debate on greening cities and a socially balanced and inclusive way of developing our cities for various groups of urban dwellers. We conclude that current and future functions and features of greening cities have to be discussed more critically including a greater awareness of social impacts.

      PubDate: 2017-04-19T01:16:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.005
      Issue No: Vol. 64 (2017)
  • Titling the desert: Land formalization and tenure (in)security in
           Nouakchott (Mauritania)
    • Authors: Armelle Choplin; Elizabeth Dessie
      Pages: 49 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64
      Author(s): Armelle Choplin, Elizabeth Dessie

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T01:26:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 64 (2017)
  • How does sentiment affect returns of urban housing?
    • Authors: Eddie Chi Man Hui; Zhaoyingzi Dong; ShengHua Jia; Charles Hei Ling Lam
      Pages: 71 - 84
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64
      Author(s): Eddie Chi Man Hui, Zhaoyingzi Dong, ShengHua Jia, Charles Hei Ling Lam
      Many urbanized housing markets have been overheating over the last two decades, particularly in China. However, little is known about how sentiment affects housing returns, during the dynamic process of urbanization. With this in mind, this study aims to investigate the dynamic effect of sentiment on housing returns in one of the most important urbanized cities in China, i.e. Shanghai. The study creates the buyer-seller sentiment and developer sentiment indexes using principal components analysis, followed by implementing a lag-property return model and VAR model. Evidence suggest that overall the impact of buyer-seller sentiment on housing returns is negative, while that of developer sentiment is positive. Yet interestingly, the influence of sentiment marked a noticeable change within the period under study. Before 2009, both types of sentiment had a positive effect on housing returns in the short run. After that, a higher developer sentiment drove up returns, but a higher buyer-seller sentiment had a low return. This study offers meaningful implications for policy makers in cooling down not only the housing scene of the urbanized city, but also sheds light on other urbanized housing markets globally. More importantly, it contributes to a sustainable urbanization and economic development, while providing home buyers and developers with practical suggestions.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T01:48:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.013
      Issue No: Vol. 64 (2017)
  • The predictors of the behavioral intention to the use of urban green
           spaces: The perspectives of young residents in Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    • Authors: Yat Yen; Zhanqi Wang; Yumin Shi; Feng Xu; Bunly Soeung; Muhammad Tayyab Sohail; Gelas Rubakula; Sahim Abdalla Juma
      Pages: 98 - 108
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64
      Author(s): Yat Yen, Zhanqi Wang, Yumin Shi, Feng Xu, Bunly Soeung, Muhammad Tayyab Sohail, Gelas Rubakula, Sahim Abdalla Juma
      Urban green spaces (UGSs) play a major role in enhancing the well-being and recreation areas for the urban dwellers; however, there is a very limited study of this field in Cambodia. In response to an increasing demand for recreational areas among urban dwellers, this study investigated the behavioral intention to the use of the UGSs from the perspective of the young residents of Phnom Penh using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). The perceived safety, accessibility, and usefulness and the core constructs of TPB were conceptualized to predict their effects on behavioral intention. In all, 554 completed samples were collected from both online and face-to-face interviews among the respondents. Data were empirically analyzed using the partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) approach and SmartPLS 3.0 software. The results revealed that the behavioral intention to the use of the UGSs was significantly associated with the perceived safety and personal attitudes, but it was not significantly associated with perceived accessibility and usefulness. The safety of the UGSs is a critical concern that recoils the behavioral intention while a lack of basic knowledge regarding the usefulness and roles of the UGSs makes negative attitudes toward the behavioral intention. It is, therefore, the safety of the UGSs that should be ensured so as to foster a livable city as well as to promote the use of the UGSs.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T02:13:56Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.009
      Issue No: Vol. 64 (2017)
  • Incomplete information and real estate development strategy: Evidence from
           Hangzhou, China
    • Authors: Wei Tang; Yuan Wang
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Wei Tang, Yuan Wang
      In many developing countries like China, the rising housing demand is accompanied by developers' strategic delay of land development. To explain this puzzle, this paper employs the framework of Option Games with incomplete information, and examines how incomplete information affects the timing and phasing strategy of real estate development. Based on a project-level dataset from Hangzhou city of China, we estimate a hazard model for development timing, and take into account the developer's self-selection of phasing strategies. Major findings of this research are: first, incomplete information undermines the acceleration effect of competition on development timing. Second, this delay effect disappears when the project is developed in multi-phases. Moreover, we show that the estimation can be severely biased without addressing developer's selection problem. Based on our results, we suggest the government should promote the establishment of a public housing transaction platform, to help the developers overcome the limitations of incomplete information and speed up the development cycle.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.006
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
  • External influences on forming residents’ waste separation behaviour:
           Evidence from households in Hangzhou, China
    • Authors: Lin Xu; Maoliang Ling; Yujie Lu; Meng Shen
      Pages: 21 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Lin Xu, Maoliang Ling, Yujie Lu, Meng Shen
      Due to the increasing amount of global waste generated over the years, most countries have the urgency to implement effective household waste recycling to solve this problem. In order to develop the policy that regulates waste recycling behaviour, it is important to investigate on the external factors that may influence an individual's waste sorting behaviour and participation rate. In this paper, we examined how four possible external factors―namely market incentives, market facilitators such as informal recycling market, government incentive and government facilitators―influence waste separation behaviour of Hangzhou's residents in China. The survey questionnaire was designed based on the extension of an extant theoretical framework and literature review, and then disseminated to the households through systematic sampling in JB Street of Hangzhou, resulting in a sample size of 631 valid responses. The partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of each construct. Our results revealed a significant and positive correlation between all the constructs to waste separation intention except the path from market incentive to intention. We further discussed on the moderating effect of the social-demographic variables such as social influence, gender and income on recycling intention and waste separation behaviour. This study expands the understanding on perceived effectiveness of external factors that influence residents' waste separation behaviour. The findings can be extrapolated to other countries to implement effective household waste management policies.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.009
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
  • Spatial effects of accessibility to parks on housing prices in Shenzhen,
    • Authors: Chao Wu; Xinyue Ye; Qingyun Du; Ping Luo
      Pages: 45 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Chao Wu, Xinyue Ye, Qingyun Du, Ping Luo
      Accessibility to parks could be an important determinant of housing prices. This article applies the gravity model to calculate accessibility based on park classification in Shenzhen, China. Unlike most traditional studies that use the ratio method and nearest distance (including straight-line distance and network distance) to measure accessibility to given facilities, in this study, we use gravity-based accessibility by park type. Then, we explore the relationships between accessibility to parks and housing prices using a hedonic price model. In addition, we apply a geographical detector method to assess the association between housing price and related factors. The results indicate the following conclusions: (1) compared to traditional methods, the gravity model provides a more effective and objective measure of accessibility to parks because it considers distance decay effects, supply, and demand; (2) it is necessary and important to investigate the effects of the accessibility to different park types on housing prices; and (3) geographical detector models can efficiently detect correlations and interactions among housing prices and related factors.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.010
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
  • Planning for sustainable cities? A comparative content analysis of the
           master plans of eco, low-carbon and conventional new towns in China
    • Authors: Yang Fu; Xiaoling Zhang
      Pages: 55 - 66
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Yang Fu, Xiaoling Zhang
      Of all sustainable city concepts, eco-cities and low-carbon cities have received a national endorsement in China, with such pilot towns under construction nationwide. However, the performance of eco and low-carbon cities in China has long been heatedly debated, with many negative arguments delineating them as profit-seeking and image-building projects simply capped with impressive names. In reality, while some projects have not fulfilled expectations, most are still at the first stage of construction, so it is too early to regard eco and low-carbon cities as a failure. In this paper, the question of how eco and low-carbon new towns differ from conventional ones in their social, environmental and economic characteristics is posed. Compared to conventional new town plans, the eco and low-carbon city plans incorporate more of a focus on sustainability principles. We examine such perceptions by comparing the master plans of eco, low-carbon and conventional new towns in various aspects ranging from general principles to specific design. The analysis indicates the master plans of the three groups of new towns vary in different ways. The eco-cities and low-carbon cities reflect two trends to promote urban sustainability. The eco new towns are more concerned with the promotion of a sustainable way of life, with its planning focus evenly distributed among all aspects. They particularly stress the creation of an aesthetically pleasing livable environment. In contrast, low-carbon new towns are concerned with the promotion of a sustainable way of production, with an uneven emphasis on the economic sectors such as industrial integration and transformation. However, the master plans only reveal how eco/low-carbon cities are originally intended to differ from non-eco/low-carbon-cities when they start and more comprehensive studies are needed for it to be possible to predict where they will go in the future.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.008
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
  • Economic transition, spatial development and urban land use efficiency in
           the Yangtze River Delta, China
    • Authors: Changyan Wu; Yehua Dennis Wei; Xianjin Huang; Bowen Chen
      Pages: 67 - 78
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Changyan Wu, Yehua Dennis Wei, Xianjin Huang, Bowen Chen
      Global urbanization and urban sprawl have made urban land efficiency (ULE) a significant issue for sustainable development. The Yangtze River Delta (YRD), the largest globalizing city region in China, has experienced dramatic urbanization, and land for future development has become a scarce commodity. This paper explores the spatial patterns and underlying determinants of ULE in the YRD, focusing on accessibility and economic transition. We find that the spatial agglomeration effect of ULE has intensified with the development of transportation accessibility and has mainly spread from southern Jiangsu to other areas. The integrated transportation and spatial autoregressive (TSAR) model suggests that accessibility and globalization play a significantly positive role in ULE, and that marketization as well as decentralization also have significant effects. Furthermore, a geographically weighted regression (GWR) shows that the drivers of ULE vary across the YRD. ULE in northern Zhejiang is more sensitive to foreign direct investment (FDI) and tertiary industry development, while ULE in southern and central Jiangsu are more likely to be associated with globalization and labor-intensive manufacturing.

      PubDate: 2017-04-04T14:57:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.012
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
  • Regular pattern of judicial decision on land acquisition and resettlement:
           An investigation on Zhejiang’s 901 administrative litigation cases
    • Authors: Wenzhang Zhou; Yi Peng; Haijun Bao
      Pages: 79 - 88
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Wenzhang Zhou, Yi Peng, Haijun Bao
      Conflicts in land acquisition and resettlement (LAR) in China frequently occur because of rapid urbanization and economic development. These conflicts require judicial decisions by law courts at various hierarchical levels. However, few studies examine the regular pattern of relevant judicial decisions to improve the resolution of conflicts related to LAR in China. The current study aims to identify the regular pattern of jurisdiction in the field of LAR in Zhejiang Province by examining 901 administrative litigation cases. Docking and blocking net, through which determines whether a judge supports plaintiffs in a nomological basis, is used to investigate these cases. Statistical analysis of jurisdictions, defendants, and causes of action was conducted in the study. Results indicate that jurisdictions, executive positioning of respondents, and causes of lawsuits are key issues that affect the judgment of the docking–blocking net. Results reveal that the temporal-hierarchical level of jurisdiction is negatively correlated with the plaintiffs' winning rate. The docking and blocking mechanism system of high-level courts within a jurisdiction likely provides adverse referees to plaintiffs. The executive positioning of respondents also affects judicial results. The plaintiffs’ winning rate deviates depending on the causes of lawsuits. Plaintiffs and defendants use the three factors to further their own interests as much as possible through affecting the final judicial decisions of the docking–blocking net. This study seeks to improve the legitimacy of executive action, thereby reducing the judicial costs of executive acts. The study contributes to the prevention of existing administrative and judicial conflicts of LAR by clarifying the weak points of administrative departments.

      PubDate: 2017-04-04T14:57:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.013
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
  • An empirical analysis of Hong Kong's planning control decisions for
           residential development
    • Authors: Ka-hung Yu; Eddie Chi-man Hui
      Pages: 89 - 102
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Ka-hung Yu, Eddie Chi-man Hui
      Hong Kong's planning control system, despite its critical importance in the land development process, has usually been overlooked in housing policy debates. In particular, the system's innate flexibilities give rise to questions as to whether the Town Planning Board's (TPB) planning control decisions are under the influence of 1) interests of large property developers; 2) government housing policy objectives; and 3) market conditions. In this light, this paper examines the TPB's decisions on applications for housing development in three residential statutory zones since January 1990: R(A) zone (i.e. a zone designated primarily for high-density residential development), R(B) zone (i.e. a zone established primarily for medium-density residential development), and R(C) zone (i.e. a zone intended primarily for low-density residential development). A total of 390 cases are studied. The findings show that the TPB's planning control decisions are subject to market conditions for R(A) zone, and skewed towards the interests of large property developers for R(C) zone. Yet, the decisions for all three zones are not in line with the government's housing policy objectives. Besides, the TPB, while being more receptive towards more intensified residential developments in R(B) zone, is usually against them in R(C) zone. Also found for R(C) zone is that, the TPB is more likely to approve development in urban areas and in new towns, and that it has taken a more pro-development stance since Hong Kong's handover to China. Interestingly, in this zone, while requests for higher site coverage are treated more favourably, the same cannot be said about requests for higher allowable plot ratio or the relaxation of building heights. Policy implications are then discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-04-04T14:57:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.014
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
  • Investigating residents’ perceptions of green retrofit program in mature
           residential estates: The case of Singapore
    • Authors: Bon-Gang Hwang; Ming Shan; Sijia Xie; Seokho Chi
      Pages: 103 - 112
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Bon-Gang Hwang, Ming Shan, Sijia Xie, Seokho Chi
      Over the past decade, green retrofit has been gaining popularity around the world, and considerable buildings have been retrofitted to improve their energy efficiency. So far, however, limited was known about the residents' perceptions of those completed green retrofit programs. Thus, this study investigated the residents' perceptions of the green retrofit programs and explored their willingness to extend the green retrofit into individual houses. To achieve these goals, a questionnaire survey was administered to 90 residents from a mature public residential estate in Singapore which just completed a pilot green retrofit program. Survey results showed that 86 percent of respondents were satisfied with the green retrofit program, and in particular, the outdoor light emitting diode lighting was found to be the most satisfied green feature. The survey results also showed that more than 50 percent of respondents were supportive of having their individual houses undergo green retrofit and were willing to bear an upfront cost up to SGD 5000 (approximately USD 3540). Also, this study found that achieving cost savings from lower utility bills in the long run was the top motivation that drives residents to retrofit their houses, and an energy monitoring system was the most preferred green feature. Additionally, this study also came up with three practical recommendations to improve upon the current green retrofit program. This study contributes to the body of knowledge by making a thorough investigation of residents’ perceptions of green retrofit programs. Also, the findings from this study can help authorities upgrade their green retrofit programs to create more energy efficiency benefits for the residents.

      PubDate: 2017-04-04T14:57:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.015
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
  • Application of game model for stakeholder management in construction of
           ecological corridors: A case study on Yangtze River Basin in China
    • Authors: Feng Li; Bing Pan; Yuzhe Wu; Liping Shan
      Pages: 113 - 121
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Feng Li, Bing Pan, Yuzhe Wu, Liping Shan
      Disasters experienced by most countries are often caused by ecological crises. A worldwide consensus has been reached that building ecological corridors is the breakthrough solution for the phenomena. Developed countries rely on advanced science and technology and highly active social organizations to achieve remarkable results in ecological management. However, ecological management may not be as successful in developing countries because of the lack of development, imperfect social organizations, inadequate public awareness, and insufficient participation in environment-related issues. Ecological management is influenced by the synergy among governments, business enterprises, and the public. The cooperation issues faced by stakeholders in the construction of ecological corridors on Yangtze river basin in China have been rarely explored, and these issues present barriers to the promotion of ecological corridors. Therefore, this study investigates the significance of building ecological corridors along the Yangtze River Basin in China and analyzes the role of the stakeholders, specifically the local governments and construction companies. The Pareto optimality of the project is determined using a game model to ensure controlled and clean operations. This study proposes from the findings that developing countries should strengthen the cooperation among stakeholders, improve and stabilize the construction mechanisms for building ecological corridors, and increase public participation in the project.

      PubDate: 2017-04-12T01:07:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.011
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
  • From informality to formality: Perspectives on the challenges of
           integrating solid waste management into the urban development
           and planning policy in Johannesburg, South Africa
    • Authors: Danny Mulala Simatele; Smangele Dlamini; Nzalalemba Serge Kubanza
      Pages: 122 - 130
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Danny Mulala Simatele, Smangele Dlamini, Nzalalemba Serge Kubanza
      Informal waste recycling has become an important activity in the urban South Africa. In the city of Johannesburg for example, informal waste pickers have now become part of the waste management landscape and are involved in municipal waste collection, sorting and recycling of economically viable recyclable materials such as paper, Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) and ferrous metals. Using empirical data collected through the tradition of participatory research, the findings suggest that waste pickers play a vital role in municipal solid waste management and make a significant contribution to the city's economic growth as well as environmental wellness. Despite their contribution, the findings also suggest that, the institutional and policy framework in Johannesburg has continued to not positively integrate the informal sector into the formal systems of solid waste. It is therefore, suggested in the paper that for the city of Johannesburg to effectively and efficiently manage solid waste, it is important that the city managers look for avenues through which they can integrate the two systems of solid waste practices prevalent in the city. The perspective has been analysed within the broader sustainability discourse.

      PubDate: 2017-04-12T01:07:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.018
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
  • Sustainable urban planning interventions in the historical center of the
           Greek town of Kalavryta
    • Authors: Spiros P. Martinis; Denise-Penelope N. Kontoni
      Pages: 131 - 148
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Spiros P. Martinis, Denise-Penelope N. Kontoni
      This paper presents a case study, still in progress in the Greek town of Kalavryta, where modern methods of urban planning interventions are applied to the historical center, in order to lead towards sustainable development. The choice of the particular town was made because of the new requirements that emerged as quite recently Kalavryta was appointed as the capital of a new large municipality. The history, the position and the character of the town, as well as the needs and prospects of its residents, are some of the factors that should be taken into consideration. The proposed interventions are based on three axes: Urban planning, Public utility networks and Architecture - all sharing as common objectives the improvement of the town image and the support towards its sustainable development. Some of the solutions applied are the modification of the building restrictions, traffic arrangements, pedestrianizations, public utility network improvement, architectural interventions and overall redevelopment of the historical center. All the above also contribute to make the historical center friendlier to the pedestrians. With a large part of the project already implemented, creation of high-quality public spaces, sustainable improvement of the natural and built environment as well as enhancement of the local economy have been achieved.

      PubDate: 2017-04-12T01:07:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.017
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 65

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T03:31:51Z
  • Do investment and improvement demand outweigh basic consumption demand in
           housing market? Evidence from small cities in Jiangsu, China
    • Authors: Jing Yifan; Yang Dezhi Jian Zuo
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Jing Du, Yifan Yang, Dezhi Li, Jian Zuo
      Housing problems in China have recently aroused wide range of interests of scholars. Housing demand, which is a classical discussing point in academia, also acts as reference for governments to enact loose, tense or neutral housing policies. However, studies scrutinizing the housing demand structure, particularly from consumption and investment perspectives are scant. Existing researches have mostly focused on the mature housing market in large cities in China, and the housing market in small cities has rarely been addressed. In this study, housing demand is deliberated in two respective dimensions of rent/own and consumption/investment demand. Price elasticities are obtained through formulating demand functions of each demand category with micro-data collected through questionnaire survey in small cities in Jiangsu. Underpinned by the set of elasticity coefficients, detailed housing demand structure can be calculated proportionately. Results suggest that the improvement and investment housing needs have outweighed basic consumption demand in small cities in Jiangsu Province. Housing price rising has a promoting effect on residential housing demand, which is in stark contrast to the existing studies on price elasticity of housing demand in large cities in China. Factors of urbanization significantly influence the housing need of residents in small cities. Improvement of urbanization rate would contribute to the consumption demand booming while prosperity of tertiary industry would boost improvement and investment housing demand. Not only could the analytic methodology of housing demand structure demonstrated in this paper be referenced, but the empirical answers carry vital implications for governments implementing diverse policy design in large and small cities in China.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T03:27:24Z
  • Measuring urban diversity of Songjiang New Town: A re-configuration of a
           Chinese suburb
    • Authors: Sea Eun; Cho Saehoon Kim
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Sea Eun Cho, Saehoon Kim
      Large-scale New Town projects being built in the developing world, including China, are often criticized for its lack of urban diversity. This is because these areas do not display the characteristics where urban diversity is normally found such as areas that are developed over longer periods of time, places of incremental change, and areas with small urban blocks. However, two aspects challenge the simplistic conclusion that New Towns are physically and socially monotonous: the diversification of the housing provision system in China; and rapid internal migration. Against this background, this study measures the housing and social diversity of four study areas in Songjiang, an outer suburb of Shanghai, using the entropy index to illustrate a more complicated understanding of where and how diversity occurs. The results showed that older, incrementally developed areas were diverse, but more interestingly, new comprehensively developed areas were also diverse through variations in building types and a wide housing price range. The study found disparate tendencies between housing and social diversity in other areas. In conclusion, the study highlighted the different contexts of urban diversity and its importance in drawing appropriate urban design measures which encourage the positive aspects of diversity such as urban vitality and equity.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T03:27:24Z
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T02:19:42Z
  • Spatial data for slum upgrading: Volunteered Geographic Information and
           the role of citizen science
    • Authors: Samyra Hachmann; Jamal Jokar Arsanjani; Eric Vaz
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 April 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Samyra Hachmann, Jamal Jokar Arsanjani, Eric Vaz
      Urban informal settlements are growing rapidly, placing slum upgrading on the political agenda worldwide. This paper presents a survey on existing approaches integrating spatial data and slum upgrading. More precisely, it aims to explore the possibility of exploiting Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) and Citizen Science (CS) as potential practices for gathering spatial information about informal settlements. Challenges include an asymmetric access to technology and GIS skills, as well as the recognition and validation of citizen data. Opportunities, on the other hand, include the possibility for citizens to express their needs to municipalities and the provision of up-to-date, accurate information to urban planners. Due to its bottom-up conceptualization of data collection, VGI could take a leading role in providing spatial information to planning efforts which aim at understanding and improving the realities of informal settlements.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T01:48:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.011
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63

      PubDate: 2017-04-19T01:16:03Z
  • Territorial capital, smart tourism specialization and sustainable regional
           development: Experiences from Europe
    • Authors: João Romão; Bart Neuts
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 April 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): João Romão, Bart Neuts
      This study analyses the contribution of territorial sensitive resources related to natural and cultural features (environmental dimension), innovation capabilities and specialization patterns (smart specialization) to regional sustainable development (spatial sustainability). In the context of a fast and continuous expansion of tourism activities, particular attention is given to their impacts. The results of our path model suggest that different patterns of tourism dynamics coexist in European regions and that, for those where this sector assumes larger socio-economic importance, the contribution to the achievement of the “Millennium Goals”, as proposed by the United Nations, is relatively poor. Regions particularly endowed in natural resources reveal a weak socio-economic performance, while showing high levels of specialization in tourism, based on large scale and low value-added products and services, suggesting that new approaches to territorial design are required. This also leads to important spatial unbalances, with the most tourism-dependent European regions revealing relatively low levels of regional gross domestic product and high levels of unemployment. Despite their relatively good performance in terms of CO2-emissions, it seems important for those regions' sustainable development to increase the value added in tourism, by reinforcing the linkages with other relevant regional economic sectors. Information and communication technologies can contribute to these achievements, through the integration of knowledge and innovations into the products and services comprising the smart tourism experiences (smart development) and their connections with related sectors (smart specialization).
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-04-19T01:16:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.006
  • From rivers to roads: Spatial mismatch and inequality of opportunity in
           urban labor markets of a megacity
    • Authors: Eduardo Amaral Haddad; Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 April 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Eduardo Amaral Haddad, Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi

      PubDate: 2017-04-12T01:07:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.016
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