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  Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 877 journals)
    - ASIAN STUDIES (157 journals)
    - CLASSICAL STUDIES (110 journals)
    - DEMOGRAPHY AND POPULATION STUDIES (144 journals)
    - ETHNIC INTERESTS (156 journals)
    - GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY (7 journals)
    - HUMANITIES (275 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

HUMANITIES (275 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aldébaran     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anabases     Open Access  
Analyse & Kritik. Zeitschrift f     Full-text available via subscription  
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Arbutus Review     Open Access  
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Co-herencia     Open Access  
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cornish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Dorsal Revista de Estudios Foucaultianos     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access  
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Advances In Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Open Humanities Data     Open Access  
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access  
La Revue pour l’histoire du CNRS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access  
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medical Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Mens : revue d'histoire intellectuelle et culturelle     Full-text available via subscription  
Messages, Sages and Ages     Open Access  
Mind and Matter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Motivation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nationalities Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Natures Sciences Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription  
Neophilologus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
New German Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
New West Indian Guide     Open Access  
nonsite.org     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Northeast African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)

        1 2     

Journal Cover Habitat International
  [SJR: 1.038]   [H-I: 40]   [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0197-3975
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3030 journals]
  • Urban environmental challenges in developing countries—A stakeholder
           perspective
    • Authors: Raed Fawzi Mohammed Ameen; Monjur Mourshed
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64
      Author(s): Raed Fawzi Mohammed Ameen, Monjur Mourshed
      Developing countries face significant urban environmental challenges due to rapid urbanization, population growth, inability to effectively tackle climate and environmental risks, inefficient governance and environmental management, the prevalence of corruption and a chronic shortage of investment. Environmental degradation is often acute in politically unstable countries such as Iraq. Several post-war urban development and regeneration projects are currently underway in Iraq, but without evident participation from the wider public in decision-making. This study investigated stakeholders' perception of urban environmental challenges—their level of importance and priority in the Iraqi context. A nationwide survey (n = 643) was conducted using a 25-item structured questionnaire where respondents' views were gathered on a 5-point Likert-type scale, in addition to demographic information. Principal component analysis (PCA) and statistical tests were applied to investigate the relationship between the perceptions of urban environmental challenges and demographic factors. Five principal components were identified, namely: water, waste, and materials; environmental impact; natural hazard; personal mobility; and transport. The results showed that about 70% of the respondents considered ‘water conservation’ as the most important urban environmental challenge, followed by ‘increase choice of transport modes’. 67.2% of the respondents rated ‘efficient infrastructure and utilities’ as a very important factor, and was ranked the third. All demographic characteristics except location showed statistically significant differences in perception. The relatively high importance placed by the respondents on infrastructure related items such as water, transport and utilities demonstrate a possible link between the perceptions and: (a) the citizens' day to day experience and hardship, and (b) the lack of adequate infrastructure and service provisions in Iraq, due to political instability in the recent decades.

      PubDate: 2017-04-19T01:16:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.002
      Issue No: Vol. 64 (2017)
       
  • Social differentiation and spatial mixture in a transitional city -
           Kunming in southwest China
    • Authors: Qiyan Wu; Jianquan Cheng; Craig Young
      Pages: 11 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64
      Author(s): Qiyan Wu, Jianquan Cheng, Craig Young
      Socio-spatial segregation, and particularly racial and ethnic segregation, has been extensively studied in the Western context but is less researched for Chinese cities, particularly those in less developed regions. The city of Kunming in remote southwest China is characterized by a transition from a socialist manufacturing center to a free market service economy and the strong presence of a diversity of ethnic groups. Kunming provides an opportunity to examine the similarities and disparities in the socio-spatial landscape compared to well-developed cities in China and other post-socialist contexts as well as those in the West. In this paper, population census data at the community level from 2000 together with its spatial boundary data are used to create 39 demographic, educational, occupational and housing variables for 431 communities. Principal component analysis, hierarchical clustering and spatial segregation indicators are combined in order to identify, classify and analyse the spatial segregation of diverse social groups. The study finds that, unusually for Chinese cities, ethnic minority and gender are significant factors, and it demonstrates that both spatial mixture and social differentiation simultaneously characterize Kunming.

      PubDate: 2017-04-19T01:16:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.019
      Issue No: Vol. 64 (2017)
       
  • A geo-big data approach to intra-urban food deserts: Transit-varying
           accessibility, social inequalities, and implications for urban planning
    • Authors: Shiliang Su; Zekun Li; Mengya Xu; Zhongliang Cai; Min Weng
      Pages: 22 - 40
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64
      Author(s): Shiliang Su, Zekun Li, Mengya Xu, Zhongliang Cai, Min Weng
      Urban studies attempt to identify the geographic areas with restricted access to healthy and affordable foods (defined as food deserts in the literature). While prior publications have reported the socioeconomic disparities in healthy food accessibility, little evidence has been released from developing countries, especially in China. This paper proposes a geo-big data approach to measuring transit-varying healthy food accessibility and applies it to identify the food deserts within Shenzhen, China. In particular, we develop a crawling tool to harvest the daily travel time from each community (8117) to each healthy food store (102) from the Baidu Map under four transport modes (walking, public transit, private car, and bicycle) during 17:30–20:30 in June 2016. Based on the travel time calculations, we develop four travel time indicators to measure the healthy food accessibility: the minimum, the maximum, the weighted average, and the standard deviation. Results show that the four accessibility indicators generate different estimations and the nearest service (minimum time) alone fails to reflect the multidimensional nature of healthy food accessibility. The communities within Shenzhen present quite different typology with respect to healthy food accessibility under different transport modes. Multilevel additive regression is further applied to examine the associations between healthy food accessibility and nested socioeconomic characteristics at two geographic levels (community and district). We discover that the associations are divergent with transport modes and with geographic levels. More specifically, significant social equalities in healthy food accessibility are identified via walking, public transit, and bicycle in Shenzhen. Based on the associations, we finally map the food deserts and propose corresponding planning strategies. The methods demonstrated in this study should offer deeper spatial insights into intra-urban foodscapes and provide more nuanced understanding of food deserts in urban settings of developing countries.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T01:26:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.007
      Issue No: Vol. 64 (2017)
       
  • Greening cities – To be socially inclusive? About the alleged paradox of
           society and ecology in cities
    • Authors: Dagmar Haase; Sigrun Kabisch; Annegret Haase; Erik Andersson; Ellen Banzhaf; Francesc Baró; Miriam Brenck; Leonie K. Fischer; Niki Frantzeskaki; Nadja Kabisch; Kerstin Krellenberg; Peleg Kremer; Jakub Kronenberg; Neele Larondelle; Juliane Mathey; Stephan Pauleit; Irene Ring; Dieter Rink; Nina Schwarz; Manuel Wolff
      Pages: 41 - 48
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64
      Author(s): Dagmar Haase, Sigrun Kabisch, Annegret Haase, Erik Andersson, Ellen Banzhaf, Francesc Baró, Miriam Brenck, Leonie K. Fischer, Niki Frantzeskaki, Nadja Kabisch, Kerstin Krellenberg, Peleg Kremer, Jakub Kronenberg, Neele Larondelle, Juliane Mathey, Stephan Pauleit, Irene Ring, Dieter Rink, Nina Schwarz, Manuel Wolff
      Greening cities, namely installing new parks, rooftop gardens or planting trees along the streets, undoubtedly contributes to an increase in wellbeing and enhances the attractiveness of open spaces in cities. At the same time, we observe an increasing use of greening strategies as ingredients of urban renewal, upgrading and urban revitalization as primarily market-driven endeavours targeting middle class and higher income groups sometimes at the expense of less privileged residents. This paper reflects on the current debate of the social effects of greening using selected examples. We discuss what trade-offs between social and ecological developments in cities mean for the future debate on greening cities and a socially balanced and inclusive way of developing our cities for various groups of urban dwellers. We conclude that current and future functions and features of greening cities have to be discussed more critically including a greater awareness of social impacts.

      PubDate: 2017-04-19T01:16:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.005
      Issue No: Vol. 64 (2017)
       
  • Titling the desert: Land formalization and tenure (in)security in
           Nouakchott (Mauritania)
    • Authors: Armelle Choplin; Elizabeth Dessie
      Pages: 49 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 64
      Author(s): Armelle Choplin, Elizabeth Dessie


      PubDate: 2017-04-26T01:26:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 64 (2017)
       
  • Incomplete information and real estate development strategy: Evidence from
           Hangzhou, China
    • Authors: Wei Tang; Yuan Wang
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Wei Tang, Yuan Wang
      In many developing countries like China, the rising housing demand is accompanied by developers' strategic delay of land development. To explain this puzzle, this paper employs the framework of Option Games with incomplete information, and examines how incomplete information affects the timing and phasing strategy of real estate development. Based on a project-level dataset from Hangzhou city of China, we estimate a hazard model for development timing, and take into account the developer's self-selection of phasing strategies. Major findings of this research are: first, incomplete information undermines the acceleration effect of competition on development timing. Second, this delay effect disappears when the project is developed in multi-phases. Moreover, we show that the estimation can be severely biased without addressing developer's selection problem. Based on our results, we suggest the government should promote the establishment of a public housing transaction platform, to help the developers overcome the limitations of incomplete information and speed up the development cycle.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.006
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • Recreational Business District boundary identifying and spatial structure
           influence in historic area development: A case study of Qianmen area,
           China
    • Authors: He Zhu; Jiaming Liu; Huaxian Liu; Xibo Wang; Yufei Ma
      Pages: 11 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): He Zhu, Jiaming Liu, Huaxian Liu, Xibo Wang, Yufei Ma
      Tourism development is a useful strategy in historic area renewal, especially for Recreational Business District (RBD) development. However, there is also a challenge in maintaining a balance between protection and development. This study aims to put forward a method to identify the boundary of RBD based on Internet big data in a famous historic area in China. To reconcile heritage conservation with people's behavior, the authors applied a space syntax method to obtain an understanding of space in this historic area and explored the relationship between spatial structure and RBD development based on the axial map in a series of time periods: 1950, 1990, 2002 and 2016. The authors found that RBD has spatial advantages for aggregating people flows and subsequent business in the historic area. Additionally, a positive influence between spatial structure and RBD development was found. Finally, some proposals for balancing between historic preservation and RBD development were put forth.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.003
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • External influences on forming residents’ waste separation behaviour:
           Evidence from households in Hangzhou, China
    • Authors: Lin Xu; Maoliang Ling; Yujie Lu; Meng Shen
      Pages: 21 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Lin Xu, Maoliang Ling, Yujie Lu, Meng Shen
      Due to the increasing amount of global waste generated over the years, most countries have the urgency to implement effective household waste recycling to solve this problem. In order to develop the policy that regulates waste recycling behaviour, it is important to investigate on the external factors that may influence an individual's waste sorting behaviour and participation rate. In this paper, we examined how four possible external factors―namely market incentives, market facilitators such as informal recycling market, government incentive and government facilitators―influence waste separation behaviour of Hangzhou's residents in China. The survey questionnaire was designed based on the extension of an extant theoretical framework and literature review, and then disseminated to the households through systematic sampling in JB Street of Hangzhou, resulting in a sample size of 631 valid responses. The partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of each construct. Our results revealed a significant and positive correlation between all the constructs to waste separation intention except the path from market incentive to intention. We further discussed on the moderating effect of the social-demographic variables such as social influence, gender and income on recycling intention and waste separation behaviour. This study expands the understanding on perceived effectiveness of external factors that influence residents' waste separation behaviour. The findings can be extrapolated to other countries to implement effective household waste management policies.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.009
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • Spatial effect of river landscape on housing price: An empirical study on
           the Grand Canal in Hangzhou, China
    • Authors: Haizhen Wen; Yue Xiao; Ling Zhang
      Pages: 34 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Haizhen Wen, Yue Xiao, Ling Zhang
      Urban landscape has an implicit amenity value and provides sites of leisure and entertainment for residents. Evaluating the external effects of landscape variables on property prices has become an important issue for scholars. This study regards the Grand Canal as an example, constructs hedonic price and spatial econometric models with the housing market data of Hangzhou in 2015, and empirically analyzes the spatial effects of waterscape on housing prices. The accessibility of the Grand Canal significantly affects housing price. Specifically, every 1% increase in the distance of the Grand Canal to a community will result in a 0.016% decrease in housing price. The difference-in-difference method reveals that the effects of the Grand Canal on property price demonstrate the distance heterogeneity and regional heterogeneity. The Grand Canal also exerts double effects on adjacent housing prices, and the negative effect is smaller than the positive effect within 1.5 km from the canal. The comparison of multiple models in this study also reveals that spatial econometric models can optimize traditional hedonic price models to obtain highly robust results. These findings can help the government establish necessary policies.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.007
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • Spatial effects of accessibility to parks on housing prices in Shenzhen,
           China
    • Authors: Chao Wu; Xinyue Ye; Qingyun Du; Ping Luo
      Pages: 45 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Chao Wu, Xinyue Ye, Qingyun Du, Ping Luo
      Accessibility to parks could be an important determinant of housing prices. This article applies the gravity model to calculate accessibility based on park classification in Shenzhen, China. Unlike most traditional studies that use the ratio method and nearest distance (including straight-line distance and network distance) to measure accessibility to given facilities, in this study, we use gravity-based accessibility by park type. Then, we explore the relationships between accessibility to parks and housing prices using a hedonic price model. In addition, we apply a geographical detector method to assess the association between housing price and related factors. The results indicate the following conclusions: (1) compared to traditional methods, the gravity model provides a more effective and objective measure of accessibility to parks because it considers distance decay effects, supply, and demand; (2) it is necessary and important to investigate the effects of the accessibility to different park types on housing prices; and (3) geographical detector models can efficiently detect correlations and interactions among housing prices and related factors.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.010
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • Planning for sustainable cities? A comparative content analysis of the
           master plans of eco, low-carbon and conventional new towns in China
    • Authors: Yang Fu; Xiaoling Zhang
      Pages: 55 - 66
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Yang Fu, Xiaoling Zhang
      Of all sustainable city concepts, eco-cities and low-carbon cities have received a national endorsement in China, with such pilot towns under construction nationwide. However, the performance of eco and low-carbon cities in China has long been heatedly debated, with many negative arguments delineating them as profit-seeking and image-building projects simply capped with impressive names. In reality, while some projects have not fulfilled expectations, most are still at the first stage of construction, so it is too early to regard eco and low-carbon cities as a failure. In this paper, the question of how eco and low-carbon new towns differ from conventional ones in their social, environmental and economic characteristics is posed. Compared to conventional new town plans, the eco and low-carbon city plans incorporate more of a focus on sustainability principles. We examine such perceptions by comparing the master plans of eco, low-carbon and conventional new towns in various aspects ranging from general principles to specific design. The analysis indicates the master plans of the three groups of new towns vary in different ways. The eco-cities and low-carbon cities reflect two trends to promote urban sustainability. The eco new towns are more concerned with the promotion of a sustainable way of life, with its planning focus evenly distributed among all aspects. They particularly stress the creation of an aesthetically pleasing livable environment. In contrast, low-carbon new towns are concerned with the promotion of a sustainable way of production, with an uneven emphasis on the economic sectors such as industrial integration and transformation. However, the master plans only reveal how eco/low-carbon cities are originally intended to differ from non-eco/low-carbon-cities when they start and more comprehensive studies are needed for it to be possible to predict where they will go in the future.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.008
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • Economic transition, spatial development and urban land use efficiency in
           the Yangtze River Delta, China
    • Authors: Changyan Wu; Yehua Dennis Wei; Xianjin Huang; Bowen Chen
      Pages: 67 - 78
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Changyan Wu, Yehua Dennis Wei, Xianjin Huang, Bowen Chen
      Global urbanization and urban sprawl have made urban land efficiency (ULE) a significant issue for sustainable development. The Yangtze River Delta (YRD), the largest globalizing city region in China, has experienced dramatic urbanization, and land for future development has become a scarce commodity. This paper explores the spatial patterns and underlying determinants of ULE in the YRD, focusing on accessibility and economic transition. We find that the spatial agglomeration effect of ULE has intensified with the development of transportation accessibility and has mainly spread from southern Jiangsu to other areas. The integrated transportation and spatial autoregressive (TSAR) model suggests that accessibility and globalization play a significantly positive role in ULE, and that marketization as well as decentralization also have significant effects. Furthermore, a geographically weighted regression (GWR) shows that the drivers of ULE vary across the YRD. ULE in northern Zhejiang is more sensitive to foreign direct investment (FDI) and tertiary industry development, while ULE in southern and central Jiangsu are more likely to be associated with globalization and labor-intensive manufacturing.

      PubDate: 2017-04-04T14:57:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.012
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • Regular pattern of judicial decision on land acquisition and resettlement:
           An investigation on Zhejiang’s 901 administrative litigation cases
    • Authors: Wenzhang Zhou; Yi Peng; Haijun Bao
      Pages: 79 - 88
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Wenzhang Zhou, Yi Peng, Haijun Bao
      Conflicts in land acquisition and resettlement (LAR) in China frequently occur because of rapid urbanization and economic development. These conflicts require judicial decisions by law courts at various hierarchical levels. However, few studies examine the regular pattern of relevant judicial decisions to improve the resolution of conflicts related to LAR in China. The current study aims to identify the regular pattern of jurisdiction in the field of LAR in Zhejiang Province by examining 901 administrative litigation cases. Docking and blocking net, through which determines whether a judge supports plaintiffs in a nomological basis, is used to investigate these cases. Statistical analysis of jurisdictions, defendants, and causes of action was conducted in the study. Results indicate that jurisdictions, executive positioning of respondents, and causes of lawsuits are key issues that affect the judgment of the docking–blocking net. Results reveal that the temporal-hierarchical level of jurisdiction is negatively correlated with the plaintiffs' winning rate. The docking and blocking mechanism system of high-level courts within a jurisdiction likely provides adverse referees to plaintiffs. The executive positioning of respondents also affects judicial results. The plaintiffs’ winning rate deviates depending on the causes of lawsuits. Plaintiffs and defendants use the three factors to further their own interests as much as possible through affecting the final judicial decisions of the docking–blocking net. This study seeks to improve the legitimacy of executive action, thereby reducing the judicial costs of executive acts. The study contributes to the prevention of existing administrative and judicial conflicts of LAR by clarifying the weak points of administrative departments.

      PubDate: 2017-04-04T14:57:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.013
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • An empirical analysis of Hong Kong's planning control decisions for
           residential development
    • Authors: Ka-hung Yu; Eddie Chi-man Hui
      Pages: 89 - 102
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Ka-hung Yu, Eddie Chi-man Hui
      Hong Kong's planning control system, despite its critical importance in the land development process, has usually been overlooked in housing policy debates. In particular, the system's innate flexibilities give rise to questions as to whether the Town Planning Board's (TPB) planning control decisions are under the influence of 1) interests of large property developers; 2) government housing policy objectives; and 3) market conditions. In this light, this paper examines the TPB's decisions on applications for housing development in three residential statutory zones since January 1990: R(A) zone (i.e. a zone designated primarily for high-density residential development), R(B) zone (i.e. a zone established primarily for medium-density residential development), and R(C) zone (i.e. a zone intended primarily for low-density residential development). A total of 390 cases are studied. The findings show that the TPB's planning control decisions are subject to market conditions for R(A) zone, and skewed towards the interests of large property developers for R(C) zone. Yet, the decisions for all three zones are not in line with the government's housing policy objectives. Besides, the TPB, while being more receptive towards more intensified residential developments in R(B) zone, is usually against them in R(C) zone. Also found for R(C) zone is that, the TPB is more likely to approve development in urban areas and in new towns, and that it has taken a more pro-development stance since Hong Kong's handover to China. Interestingly, in this zone, while requests for higher site coverage are treated more favourably, the same cannot be said about requests for higher allowable plot ratio or the relaxation of building heights. Policy implications are then discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-04-04T14:57:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.014
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • Investigating residents’ perceptions of green retrofit program in mature
           residential estates: The case of Singapore
    • Authors: Bon-Gang Hwang; Ming Shan; Sijia Xie; Seokho Chi
      Pages: 103 - 112
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Bon-Gang Hwang, Ming Shan, Sijia Xie, Seokho Chi
      Over the past decade, green retrofit has been gaining popularity around the world, and considerable buildings have been retrofitted to improve their energy efficiency. So far, however, limited was known about the residents' perceptions of those completed green retrofit programs. Thus, this study investigated the residents' perceptions of the green retrofit programs and explored their willingness to extend the green retrofit into individual houses. To achieve these goals, a questionnaire survey was administered to 90 residents from a mature public residential estate in Singapore which just completed a pilot green retrofit program. Survey results showed that 86 percent of respondents were satisfied with the green retrofit program, and in particular, the outdoor light emitting diode lighting was found to be the most satisfied green feature. The survey results also showed that more than 50 percent of respondents were supportive of having their individual houses undergo green retrofit and were willing to bear an upfront cost up to SGD 5000 (approximately USD 3540). Also, this study found that achieving cost savings from lower utility bills in the long run was the top motivation that drives residents to retrofit their houses, and an energy monitoring system was the most preferred green feature. Additionally, this study also came up with three practical recommendations to improve upon the current green retrofit program. This study contributes to the body of knowledge by making a thorough investigation of residents’ perceptions of green retrofit programs. Also, the findings from this study can help authorities upgrade their green retrofit programs to create more energy efficiency benefits for the residents.

      PubDate: 2017-04-04T14:57:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.015
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • Application of game model for stakeholder management in construction of
           ecological corridors: A case study on Yangtze River Basin in China
    • Authors: Feng Li; Bing Pan; Yuzhe Wu; Liping Shan
      Pages: 113 - 121
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Feng Li, Bing Pan, Yuzhe Wu, Liping Shan
      Disasters experienced by most countries are often caused by ecological crises. A worldwide consensus has been reached that building ecological corridors is the breakthrough solution for the phenomena. Developed countries rely on advanced science and technology and highly active social organizations to achieve remarkable results in ecological management. However, ecological management may not be as successful in developing countries because of the lack of development, imperfect social organizations, inadequate public awareness, and insufficient participation in environment-related issues. Ecological management is influenced by the synergy among governments, business enterprises, and the public. The cooperation issues faced by stakeholders in the construction of ecological corridors on Yangtze river basin in China have been rarely explored, and these issues present barriers to the promotion of ecological corridors. Therefore, this study investigates the significance of building ecological corridors along the Yangtze River Basin in China and analyzes the role of the stakeholders, specifically the local governments and construction companies. The Pareto optimality of the project is determined using a game model to ensure controlled and clean operations. This study proposes from the findings that developing countries should strengthen the cooperation among stakeholders, improve and stabilize the construction mechanisms for building ecological corridors, and increase public participation in the project.

      PubDate: 2017-04-12T01:07:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.011
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • From informality to formality: Perspectives on the challenges of
           integrating solid waste management into the urban development
           and planning policy in Johannesburg, South Africa
    • Authors: Danny Mulala Simatele; Smangele Dlamini; Nzalalemba Serge Kubanza
      Pages: 122 - 130
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Danny Mulala Simatele, Smangele Dlamini, Nzalalemba Serge Kubanza
      Informal waste recycling has become an important activity in the urban South Africa. In the city of Johannesburg for example, informal waste pickers have now become part of the waste management landscape and are involved in municipal waste collection, sorting and recycling of economically viable recyclable materials such as paper, Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) and ferrous metals. Using empirical data collected through the tradition of participatory research, the findings suggest that waste pickers play a vital role in municipal solid waste management and make a significant contribution to the city's economic growth as well as environmental wellness. Despite their contribution, the findings also suggest that, the institutional and policy framework in Johannesburg has continued to not positively integrate the informal sector into the formal systems of solid waste. It is therefore, suggested in the paper that for the city of Johannesburg to effectively and efficiently manage solid waste, it is important that the city managers look for avenues through which they can integrate the two systems of solid waste practices prevalent in the city. The perspective has been analysed within the broader sustainability discourse.

      PubDate: 2017-04-12T01:07:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.018
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • Sustainable urban planning interventions in the historical center of the
           Greek town of Kalavryta
    • Authors: Spiros P. Martinis; Denise-Penelope N. Kontoni
      Pages: 131 - 148
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63
      Author(s): Spiros P. Martinis, Denise-Penelope N. Kontoni
      This paper presents a case study, still in progress in the Greek town of Kalavryta, where modern methods of urban planning interventions are applied to the historical center, in order to lead towards sustainable development. The choice of the particular town was made because of the new requirements that emerged as quite recently Kalavryta was appointed as the capital of a new large municipality. The history, the position and the character of the town, as well as the needs and prospects of its residents, are some of the factors that should be taken into consideration. The proposed interventions are based on three axes: Urban planning, Public utility networks and Architecture - all sharing as common objectives the improvement of the town image and the support towards its sustainable development. Some of the solutions applied are the modification of the building restrictions, traffic arrangements, pedestrianizations, public utility network improvement, architectural interventions and overall redevelopment of the historical center. All the above also contribute to make the historical center friendlier to the pedestrians. With a large part of the project already implemented, creation of high-quality public spaces, sustainable improvement of the natural and built environment as well as enhancement of the local economy have been achieved.

      PubDate: 2017-04-12T01:07:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.017
      Issue No: Vol. 63 (2017)
       
  • Examining the relationship between community participation and water
           
    • Authors: Erick O. Ananga; Ambe J. Njoh; Christine Pappas; George O. Ananga
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 62
      Author(s): Erick O. Ananga, Ambe J. Njoh, Christine Pappas, George O. Ananga
      Community participation (CP) has been shown to result in positive outcomes for development projects. However, most studies have focused on formal settlements. This study deviates from this norm by focusing on informal settlements. Four such settlements in Kisumu, Kenya are analyzed to determine the extent to which water handling hygiene practices constitute a function of CP. Basic 2 by 2 contingency tables and commensurate Chi-square tests are employed. The results, which were statistically significant at p < 0.01, confirmed the hypotheses. Beneficiaries of water systems involving CP practice better hygiene—e.g., cleaning water storage containers and protecting water sources—than beneficiaries of non-CP systems. Those in the former group reported fewer incidences of waterborne diseases as well as less instances of odor in water than those of the latter. The findings lend credence to a less-known reason for community participation (CP), namely promoting and protecting the hygienic quality of potable water. Authorities in Africa and other impoverished regions would do well to adopt CP as a viable strategy for improving potable water supply project outcomes.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T10:18:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.004
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Asymmetric inflation hedge properties of housing in Malaysia: New evidence
           from nonlinear ARDL approach
    • Authors: Geok Peng Yeap; Hooi Hooi Lean
      Pages: 11 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 62
      Author(s): Geok Peng Yeap, Hooi Hooi Lean
      This paper examines the asymmetric inflation hedging properties of housing in Malaysia. We decompose both consumer inflation and energy inflation into positive and negative changes. We analyze the short-run and long-run hedge against inflation of housing by using Nonlinear Autoregressive Distributed Lags (NADRL) approach. Based on the aggregate and four major types of houses, we find that house prices respond to both consumer and energy prices symmetrically in the long-run. However, only investment in terraced house hedge against consumer inflation in the long-run and the investment in all types of houses do not hedge against energy inflation. Nevertheless, house prices react to both consumer and energy inflation asymmetrically in the short-run. But housing asset investment cannot hedge against consumer inflation as well as the energy inflation in the short-run.

      PubDate: 2017-03-04T10:35:55Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.006
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • China's social deprivation: Measurement, spatiotemporal pattern and urban
           applications
    • Authors: Chen Wan; Shiliang Su
      Pages: 22 - 42
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 62
      Author(s): Chen Wan, Shiliang Su
      Expanding numbers of homogenous geographical units with social and economic shortages and disadvantages (defined as social deprivation in the literature) have emerged in many cities around the world, particularly in developing countries. Consensus has been reached on the acknowledgement of social deprivation as a major challenge for humanity and sustainability. It therefore requires strong knowledge to measure, identify, and target the deprived units at different scales. Based on census data at prefecture city level from 2000 to 2010, this paper employs the principle component analysis to formulate a family of indices to measure China's social deprivation. In particular, one integrated social deprivation index (ISDI) and five sub-indices (general socioeconomic deprivation, disadvantaged population, education deprivation, housing deprivation, and occupation deprivation) are developed. The Receiver Operating Characteristic curve confirms that the ISDI is valid and efficient in social deprivation measurement. Social deprivation shows obvious spatiotemporal heterogeneity across the 333 cities in China. It roughly presents the geography that cities with lower ISDI are mainly distributed in eastern and northeastern China, while cities of higher social deprivation are generally located in the central and western regions. Comparisons between 2000 and 2010 indicate that only the capital cities remain at lower levels in the five domains. Many cities have experienced increased levels in certain domains. Quantile regression is finally utilized to explore the applications of ISDI in three major urban issues (urban policy performances evaluation, environmental inequalities assessment, and social injustice evaluation). Social deprivation is negatively associated with urbanization indicators at 5 representative quantiles (the 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th and 90th quantile), annual mean PM2.5 concentration at first 10 percentiles and urban public green spaces (UPGS) at almost all percentiles. These results respectively donate that urbanization policy has played a positive role in eliminating social inequalities, the least deprived 30 cities in China could be exposed to higher PM2.5 concentrations, and the highly deprived cities have fewer urban public green spaces. Our study demonstrates that the ISDI has promising applicability in addressing urban issues in China. The methodological framework is not restricted in China and can be employed to other developing countries around the world. This paper is believed to offer new insights into habitat research.

      PubDate: 2017-03-04T10:35:55Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.007
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • A study of sub-divided units (SDUs) in Hong Kong rental market
    • Authors: Yaoxuan Huang
      Pages: 43 - 50
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 62
      Author(s): Yaoxuan Huang
      This paper is the first study to investigate the impacts of housing attributes and environmental variables on housing rental price and the-time-on- market (TOM) of sub-divided units (SDUs) in Hong Kong via statistical method. A two stage least square (2SLS) method is introduced in this paper to solve the simultaneous problem of housing rental price and TOM, which overcomes the shortcoming of estimation bias in previous studies. The findings suggest that the size of the SDUs, distance to MTR stations, vicinity to primary school, accessibility to community facilities and park are the major concerns for tenants living in SDUs. These significant results provide valuable information to the urban planners and public housing committee of Hong Kong for a better development of the public housing in the near future.

      PubDate: 2017-03-04T10:35:55Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.008
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • A gravity model integrating high-speed rail and seismic-hazard mitigation
           through land-use planning: Application to California development
    • Authors: Chih-Hao Wang; Na Chen; Shih-Liang Chan
      Pages: 51 - 61
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 62
      Author(s): Chih-Hao Wang, Na Chen, Shih-Liang Chan
      California high-speed rail (CalHSR) will be changing the current regional and urban structure because of the improved transportation mobility and accessibility. It has been a focus of interest to see whether high-speed rail will enhance the polarization of first-tier station cities or reduce the gap between those and lower-tier cities. In California, the two largest cities (i.e., San Francisco and Los Angeles) are under great seismic threat. Planners should be able to assess CalHSR impacts and the resulting seismic risks because of disproportionally allocating future growth to seismic hazardous locations. Urban models can help develop knowledge about urban and regional system behavior, since CalHSR does not yet exist. A gravity model, TELUM, is therefore used to understand the effects of CalHSR and seismic hazard mitigation on the allocation of future development over six 5-year increments from 2015 to 2040. Several scenarios are considered: 1) natural growth; 2) impact of CalHSR; 3) impacts of both seismic hazard mitigation and CalHSR. The first scenario shows that TELUM tends to result in spatial polarization. Under the second scenario, CalHSR enhances the polarization of San Francisco, Los Angeles, and Fresno metropolitan areas, due to their economic strength. The third scenario is to examine whether CalHSR effects increase seismic risks. The results show that a seismic mitigation plan with zero-development policy can improve urban resilience. From the perspective at the regional level, possible seismic mitigation approaches are discussed, through land-use and transportation planning, to guide future growth to more seismic-resistant locations.

      PubDate: 2017-03-09T15:09:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.009
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Spatial-temporal evolution and classification of marginalization of
           cultivated land in the process of urbanization
    • Authors: Huan Li; Yuzhe Wu; Xianjin Huang; Mellini Sloan; Martin Skitmore
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Huan Li, Yuzhe Wu, Xianjin Huang, Mellini Sloan, Martin Skitmore
      Marginalization of cultivated land, resulting from rapid urbanization, exists as an important form of land use change, and represents a new research direction in land-use and land-cover change (LUCC). This article proposes a classification of such marginalization on the basis of elasticity of input and income, categorizing marginalization of cultivated land as either policy-induced (PIM), nature-induced (NIM) or economy-induced (EIM) marginalization. These classifications are further explored as either positive or negative marginalization, depending on whether the land is transformed from or into cultivated land. This innovative framework is applied to analyses of marginalization in Lianjiang County, located in southeastern coastal China. This research analyzes characteristics of spatial-temporal evolution of categories of marginalization of cultivated land using 3D kernel density methods. Significant findings point to spatial-temporal processes and driving forces of marginalization, including: (1) Concentrations of positive (P-PIM) and negative (N-PIM) policy-induced marginalization both occur and agglomerate in separate spaces, with the former mainly in the southeastern portion of the county and the latter in the northwest. (2) By contrast, patterns of positive (P-NIM) and negative (N-NIM) nature-induced marginalization complement each other in space - N-NIM tends to be more discrete in areas with P-NIM aggregations, and vice versa. (3) Finally, areas with aggregations of positive (P-EIM) and negative (N-EIM) economy-induced marginalization overlap. The research suggests that relevant land use policies should be formulated in response to these characteristics of cultivated land marginalization so as to address marginalization of cultivated land, especially as associated with rapid urbanization.

      PubDate: 2017-01-15T08:13:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Rural settlement changes in compound land use areas: Characteristics and
           reasons of changes in a mixed mining-rural-settlement area in Shanxi
           Province, China
    • Authors: Yingui Cao; Zhongke Bai; Qi Sun; Wei Zhou
      Pages: 9 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Yingui Cao, Zhongke Bai, Qi Sun, Wei Zhou
      As a result of rural settlements moving and relocation for coal mining and rural settlements expansion for new village construction, the rural settlements have been dramatically changed in the mixed mining-rural-settlement area of the Pinglu District of Shuozhou City in northern Shanxi Province of China. There are few studies that assess the characteristics and reasons of rural settlement changes in this compound area. This paper used satellite data and secondary data information on social and economic development in a mixed-method case study to analyze the characteristics and reasons of rural settlement changes in Pinglu District of Shuozhou City in northern Shanxi Province of China over the period 1986–2013. Three significant research findings were: (1) There were notable changes in the distribution of the rural settlements, and the total area of rural settlements increased by 1862.28 ha between 1986 and 2013, with the transformation of cultivated land to rural settlements being the most dominant change in land use. (2) The rural settlements increased with buffer radius increased up to 6–8 km which has become the standard boundary for rural settlement distribution. (3) The influential factors that have been identified for rural settlement changes included avoiding impacts due to coal mining, an urgency to build simple houses for the compensation, the relocation of farmers, the construction of new villages and land reclamation of abandoned rural settlements. These findings are useful for resource-based rural settlement management, providing reasonable compensation and relocation options when acquiring land in mining areas both within and beyond the study area in China.

      PubDate: 2017-01-22T08:18:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Housing policy and private sector housing finance: Policy intent and
           market directions in South Africa
    • Authors: Lochner Marais; Jan Cloete
      Pages: 22 - 30
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Lochner Marais, Jan Cloete
      The introduction of homeownership for black people in urban South Africa coincided with attempts to increase mortgage finance to black households and to households in former black township areas – mostly at the lower end of the market. Government attempts to use black homeownership and mortgage finance to mitigate housing inequality in South Africa have only been partially successful. This paper traces housing policy for mortgage finance and homeownership in South Africa over a period just more than 30 years (1985–2015). Much progress has been made in providing mortgage finance to the lower end of the market, but it appears that interest rate volatility and the economic recession of 2009 (following the global financial crisis) have hampered initial progress. While more recent outcomes show indications of a thriving housing market in former black townships, the percentage of low-income households accessing small mortgages is decreasing.

      PubDate: 2017-01-22T08:18:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.004
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Urban-rural reciprocal interaction potential to develop weekly markets and
           regional development in Iran
    • Authors: Naser Shafiei Sabet; Shahryar Azharianfar
      Pages: 31 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Naser Shafiei Sabet, Shahryar Azharianfar
      Rural-urban interaction in sustainable socio-economic conditions leads to reciprocal and positive performance in the area of economic linkages. Positive effects of this reciprocal interaction include the improvement of employment, income and wealth of generations. However, the importance of some cities has not been considered for various reasons and hence the macroeconomic and commercial policies at national and regional levels have been underestimated. The present study reveals the infrastructural problems, imperatives and constraints that hinder the formation of weekly markets, which in turn prevent the empowerment of villages and their economic development. This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 199 exhibitors and 384 buyers in 49 periodic markets around Tehran. The results showed that population size and the convergent role of urban and rural vendors in connection with the development of transportation networks within an area affect the establishment and sustainability of rural and urban periodic markets and their regional development. Paying attention to the promotion of direct supply of rural agricultural and non-agricultural products in these markets is important in order to balance urban and rural development.

      PubDate: 2017-02-05T15:48:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.003
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Social sustainability and residents' experiences in a new chinese eco-city
    • Authors: Federico Caprotti; Ziyue Gong
      Pages: 45 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Federico Caprotti, Ziyue Gong
      The article argues for a “humanizing” research agenda on newly-built forms of eco-urbanism, such as eco-cities. Taking the example of the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City, China, the article focuses on urban social sustainability with a specific focus on the lived experiences of new residents of the newly-built eco-city. Drawing on Jane Jacobs' work on the spaces of the city, the article's focus on residents' experiences underlines the key importance of social sustainability when analysing new flagship urban projects, and highlights the need to consider the relational networks of lived experiences of the city as well as the visions and techno-social designs of planners, policymakers and corporate actors in the development of eco-city projects.

      PubDate: 2017-02-12T16:22:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.006
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • The right-of-use transfer mechanism of collective construction land in new
           urban districts in China: The case of Zhoushan City
    • Authors: Hao Wang; Xiaoling Zhang; Hanzhao Wang; Martin Skitmore
      Pages: 55 - 63
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Hao Wang, Xiaoling Zhang, Hanzhao Wang, Martin Skitmore
      With the accelerating urbanization in China, the right-of-use transfer (RUT) of rural collectively owned construction land provides a promising means of increasing the efficiency of rural land use and promoting urban and rural integration. There are various ways of doing this and no universal mode of RUT that fits all areas because of the divergent cultural characteristics and geographical features of different regions and locations in China and decisions need to be made on a case-by-case basis. This paper proposes an analytical framework to help in such decision making. Firstly, the literature concerning the RUT of collective construction land is reviewed and six typical pilot reform areas are studied. Secondly, a theoretical analytical framework for the choice of RUT mode is developed based on the findings of the literature review and the experiences of the pilot reform areas. Thirdly, Zhoushan City's new urban district is used as a case study to demonstrate and test the framework, and an appropriate RUT mechanism is suggested. The analytical framework can serve as a guideline for local governments to make decisions on the form of collective construction land RUT throughout China.

      PubDate: 2017-02-12T16:22:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.01.005
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Fragmented landscapes of water supply in suburban Hanoi
    • Authors: Lucía Wright-Contreras; Hug March; Sophie Schramm
      Pages: 64 - 74
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61
      Author(s): Lucía Wright-Contreras, Hug March, Sophie Schramm
      Facing the challenges of city planning in the frame of rapid urbanization in the Global South, this study addresses the relationship between the urban development of Hanoi, Vietnam, and water supply including users’ perception of water accessibility and satisfaction of coverage, quality, and cost. Because sociospatial disparities are particularly pronounced in suburban areas, these spaces epitomize unequal water access and uneven water quality. Based on the premise that (sub)urban water flows embody and mirror development dynamics and urbanization patterns, the objective is to analyze access to water splintered within the suburban typologies of Hanoi. We analyze the current state of domestic water availability and quality throughout suburban areas and specifically between a new urban area and a periurban village in Hanoi. Through the debates of splintering urbanism and periurban water supply, this paper discusses the differences in water service provision in suburban Hanoi. At the same time, the article considers suburban areas as spaces which reflect a broader spectrum of water supply solutions. Lastly, it informs on how to alleviate the pressure of the increasing demand of water in urbanizing areas by supporting sustainable urban water cycles to improve distributional justice and social equity.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-02-18T06:35:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 61 (2017)
       
  • Greenspace patterns and the mitigation of land surface temperature in
           Taipei metropolis
    • Authors: Wanyu Shih
      Pages: 69 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Wanyu Shih
      The purpose of this paper is to assess the role of greenspace patterns on cooling effects from urban greenspaces. Greenspace has been argued to have significant potential to mitigate urban heat island effect in urban areas, and thus to reduce risks to human health and wellbeing intensified by global warming. Based on remote sensing data and subsequent spatial analysis carried out for Taipei Metropolis, this paper argues that greenspace features lowering temperature within greenspaces are not necessarily to have explicit cooling contribution on surrounding built environments. For mitigating urban heat at the area nearby greenspaces, greenspace size, shape and greenness may have limited effect, whereas increasing greenery at greenspace edges and enhancing greenspace cohesion are more effective means of extending cooling benefits. In turn, findings from Taipei Metropolis suggest urban planners ought to: consider relative locations in the city when designing a cooling intervention; work to preserve large greenspaces; extent greenery at greenspace surroundings and find means to connect existing cool islands.

      PubDate: 2017-01-07T04:44:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.006
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2017)
       
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 63


      PubDate: 2017-04-19T01:16:03Z
       
  • Territorial capital, smart tourism specialization and sustainable regional
           development: Experiences from Europe
    • Authors: João Romão; Bart Neuts
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 April 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): João Romão, Bart Neuts
      This study analyses the contribution of territorial sensitive resources related to natural and cultural features (environmental dimension), innovation capabilities and specialization patterns (smart specialization) to regional sustainable development (spatial sustainability). In the context of a fast and continuous expansion of tourism activities, particular attention is given to their impacts. The results of our path model suggest that different patterns of tourism dynamics coexist in European regions and that, for those where this sector assumes larger socio-economic importance, the contribution to the achievement of the “Millennium Goals”, as proposed by the United Nations, is relatively poor. Regions particularly endowed in natural resources reveal a weak socio-economic performance, while showing high levels of specialization in tourism, based on large scale and low value-added products and services, suggesting that new approaches to territorial design are required. This also leads to important spatial unbalances, with the most tourism-dependent European regions revealing relatively low levels of regional gross domestic product and high levels of unemployment. Despite their relatively good performance in terms of CO2-emissions, it seems important for those regions' sustainable development to increase the value added in tourism, by reinforcing the linkages with other relevant regional economic sectors. Information and communication technologies can contribute to these achievements, through the integration of knowledge and innovations into the products and services comprising the smart tourism experiences (smart development) and their connections with related sectors (smart specialization).
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-04-19T01:16:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.006
       
  • From rivers to roads: Spatial mismatch and inequality of opportunity in
           urban labor markets of a megacity
    • Authors: Eduardo Amaral Haddad; Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 April 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Eduardo Amaral Haddad, Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi


      PubDate: 2017-04-12T01:07:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.016
       
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 62


      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
       
  • Sustainable cities in central and eastern European countries. Moving
           towards smart specialization
    • Authors: Cristina Serbanica; Daniela-Luminita Constantin
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 March 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Cristina Serbanica, Daniela-Luminita Constantin
      During the transition to the market economy the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries were concerned with the creation of the legal and institutional framework for environmental preservation as an important component of sustainable development strategy, in line with the EU accession requirements. Nevertheless, without denying the efforts to create a real environmental culture, the economic and social problems like production decline and growing unemployment made public concern shift away to more immediately stressful issues such as real wages or job insecurity. Later on, in the post-accession period the Cohesion Policy created a more stimulating framework for dealing with the sustainable development objectives. In the current programme period, 2014–2020, in accordance with the “Europe 2020” Strategy, the sustainable growth is closely related to smart and inclusive growth within the strategic objective of the Cohesion Policy, offering each member state multiple instruments and funding opportunities for complying with sustainability criteria. They are particularly supportive for CEE countries, whose internal resources are below the required levels in this respect. This paper proposes a spotlight on the sustainability issues in CEE cities, considered development vehicles for the regions they belong to, and thus major participants in the efforts to promote economic growth and diminish interregional disparities. An evolutionary perspective is applied, aiming to reveal how these cities responded to sustainability requirements in both pre- and post-accession periods. In addition, we test the variance of green performance between different groups of CEE cities (Baltic, Central or East European cities; large, medium and small cities; growing, stagnating and declining cities). In the final part of the paper, a special emphasis is placed on the policies able to create synergies between smart specialization and sustainable development approaches. To this end, the paper investigates how sustainable and smart growth policies complement each other in supporting eco-innovation, eco-system services and resource efficiency at the city level in CEE countries. Meanwhile, the paper looks for those smart policy mixes that rationally combine knowledge-based investments in areas with competitive advantages and coherent support measures for a greener economy, as a pre-requisite for territorial cohesion and competitiveness in Europe.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.005
       
  • Towards a sustainable city: Applying urban renewal incentives according to
           the social and urban characteristics of the area
    • Authors: M. Greene; R. Mora; C. Figueroa; N. Waintrub; J. de D. Ortúzar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 March 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): M. Greene, R. Mora, C. Figueroa, N. Waintrub, J. de D. Ortúzar
      The construction of new urban transport infrastructure transforms the accessibility patterns of the immediate areas, modifying people's movements and, with that, the demand for land, its uses, activities and densities. In the case of the Chilean capital, Santiago, the underground (Metro), has generated sub-centralities, densification and potentiated real estate development in certain parts of the city, but has had negligible effects in others. Our research aims at trying to enhance the positive effects of a mass transit network such as Metro, to improve two large malaises of the city: its increasing urban sprawl and its unacceptable social segregation. Both problems are not unique to Santiago, but are shared by many Latin American conurbations. To do so, we first analysed and classified the areas around Metro stations, based on their social and urban characteristics, and densification potential. We then identified existing and potential subsidies to promote social integration and densification and, finally, we applied a stated choice experiment to real estate developers to inquire into their willingness to build in the vicinity of selected GIS-classified stations. In a previous paper, we discussed the models estimated with the stated choice data, and the expected results of applying packages of incentives for densification in the vicinity of different Metro stations. In this paper, we seek to identify mechanisms to increase both housing density and, at the same time, promote social integration in the vicinity of Metro stations, by identifying a typology of urban areas that respond differently to such incentives. Our results show that the effectiveness of the various incentives depends, to a great extent, on the urban characteristics of the Metro station surroundings. For example, in stations located in the central areas of the city incentives to stimulate real estate activity are not really necessary, as the process is well underway; however, in Metro stations located in industrial areas incentives are more effective in triggering real estate dynamics, especially direct demand incentives for any buyer or with a limited time frame. Finally, in peripheral Metro stations located in low standard social housing areas, the incentives tend to be less effective and are probably not enough to trigger a significant densification or integration process; hence, probably other type of governmental action, such as pilot or demonstration projects, should be sought for these cases.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.004
       
  • The paradox of cost recovery in heterogeneous municipal water supply
           systems: Ensuring inclusiveness or exacerbating inequalities?
    • Authors: Maria Rusca; Klaas Schwartz
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 March 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Maria Rusca, Klaas Schwartz
      Over the past decades ‘water for all’ has become a dominant development mantra, illustrated by global strategies like the Millennium Development Goals (2000–2015) and the Sustainable Development Goals (2015–2030). Cost-recovering tariffs have been placed at the core of these strategies on the grounds that they warrant more inclusive water services by enhancing utilities' performance, ensuring efficient demand management and empowering consumers. This paper questions these assumptions for cities in sub-Saharan Africa, where inclusive urban water services are to be achieved in a context of extreme socio-economic inequalities and the water utility provides water through heterogeneous service modalities. Drawing from empirical evidence from Maputo and Lilongwe, we conclude that in this context the implementation of full cost recovery principles may exacerbate rather than reduce inequalities in access to drinking water. Water utilities tend to outsource service provision to lower income areas to small-scale or “social” private sector. These providers apply full–cost recovery principles more rigorously, as they cannot operate in a deficit. Moreover, they are unable to (cross)-subsidize and they do not enjoy economies of scale. As a result, wealthier neighbourhoods, where the water utility provides services directly, often access water at subsidised rates, while in low income areas, where service provision is outsourced, people access lower quality services at a higher price.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.002
       
  • Territorial cohesion and prospects for sustainable development: A
           co-integration analysis
    • Authors: Stilianos Alexiadis
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 March 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Stilianos Alexiadis
      Territorial cohesion is an indispensable element of sustainable development. Regional inequalities may constraint prospects for sustainable development. This paper aims to shed some further light on the pattern of sustainable development across the European regions. Co-integration analysis is applied in an attempt to identify the relationship between sustainable development and cohesion in the European Union.

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:45:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.001
       
  • Urban livability and tourism development in China: Analysis of sustainable
           development by means of spatial panel data
    • Authors: Jingjing Liu; Peter Nijkamp; Xuanxuan Huang; Derong Lin
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 February 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Jingjing Liu, Peter Nijkamp, Xuanxuan Huang, Derong Lin
      Tourism is not neutral with respect to local quality of life. With the transformation of traditional city roles and the boom of urban tourism in China, the interaction between tourism and local livability is increasingly important for sustainable development plans of urban areas. Our paper aims to address the complex interdependence of the emerging tourist industry and local livability in Chinese cities. Based on a conceptual model and a subsequent empirical statistical analysis of 35 large and medium-sized Chinese cities for the years 2003–2012, our study finds that urban livability and its related factors benefit tourism development, and that, in turn, tourism has a reverse impact on livability in urban areas; their performance appears to vary in different sub-regions and for different factors of livability; the geographic interdependence between livability and tourism development is also remarkable. Potential threats from excessive tourism development on urban livability, in particular in the Chinese Eastern and Central large and medium-sized cities, can be inferred from our empirical analysis. These conclusions may lead to important lessons to policy makers, while various suggestions based on our findings are provided as well.

      PubDate: 2017-03-04T10:35:55Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.005
       
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 61


      PubDate: 2017-02-25T10:18:34Z
       
  • Potential of Geographic Information Systems for Refugee Crisis: Syrian
           Refugee Relocation in Urban Habitats
    • Authors: Eric Vaz; Karen Lee; Vanita Moonilal; Krishelle Pereira
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 February 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Eric Vaz, Karen Lee, Vanita Moonilal, Krishelle Pereira
      Spatial decision support systems have become ubiquitous tools in planning and understanding regional dynamics. With the present challenges faced throughout the world, Canada is becoming an increasingly important benchmark for migrants of different nations to start safe and productive lives. With the latest group currently entering the country are refugees being brought in primarily from Syria, in larger numbers than Canada has seen in decades. Because of this, the government has had to rapidly implement plans to allocate this influx to available places around the country. Because of the particular status of these immigrant's particular attention must be given to address complex social and economic interactions that guarantee opportunity and growth for refugees as well as functional socio-economic habitats within metropolitan regions. This paper adopts a spatially-explicit approach using a key set of socio-economic variables to understand micro-spatial location optima for refugees to begin their lives in Toronto. By intertwining key variables such as accessibility to employment, English language classes, people of similar cultures or situations, proximity to food/clothing/healthcare, a combinatory metric is designed to assess the most adequate liveability within the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area. The micro-spatial models propose an integrative vision of weighted measures to assess the spatial perspective brought by Geographic Information Systems. It is concluded that suburban regions around major cities hold a significant potential for refugee habitats, suggesting the integration of regional intelligence paradigms in the spatial planning and regional decision support systems of governmental and policy interaction.

      PubDate: 2017-02-18T06:35:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.001
       
  • Retail decentralization and land use regulation policies in suburban and
           rural communities: The case of the Île-de-France region
    • Authors: Océane Peiffer-Smadja; André Torre
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 February 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Océane Peiffer-Smadja, André Torre
      The capacity for a suburban or a rural community to maintain retail activities in its town centre have often been considered as an indicator of its viability. But, since the 1970s, the expansion of new forms of retail, such as hypermarkets, shopping malls or retail parks has created a highly competitive environment for the small town centre retail units. Consequently, several central and local governments have developed rules in order to prevent an excessive development of large decentralized stores. In this paper, our goal is to assess the efficiency of land use regulation aiming at protecting existing retail units and its broader impacts on the size and localization of the retail stores in the Île-de-France region, the most populated area in France. The data we use over the 1975–2013 period include the evolution of small retail units, large retail stores and total retail floor space built at a local level. Using spatial statistics and econometric models we study the effects of land use regulation on retail patterns and local restrictiveness towards new large stores in the municipalities of the region over the last 40 years. We conclude that land use policies have impacted retail patterns in the region and that suburban and rural authorities, where town centre activities are crucial to their quality of life, are more restrictive towards large retail stores than urban ones.

      PubDate: 2017-02-12T16:22:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.003
       
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60


      PubDate: 2017-01-15T08:13:02Z
       
  • Community-supported slum-upgrading: Innovations from Kibera, Nairobi,
           Kenya
    • Authors: Thomas Meredith; Melanie MacDonald
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Thomas Meredith, Melanie MacDonald
      Slum upgrading is accepted as a priority for sustainable development. While there are clear challenges to upgrading, local support and community engagement are seen as essential to success. Typical “top-down” approaches led by institutions with power and resources may fail to generate local engagement. Conversely, initiatives led by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), community-based organizations (CBOs) or other self-help groups may garner good community support but may lack institutional and material resources to meet objectives. A hybrid approach that engages the community while mobilizing the resources of governments and large agencies can overcome some of these limitations, but it is not without complications. We examine the process and impact of a slum upgrading pilot project in Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya, that operationalized this hybrid approach by adopting an adaptive management model to promote community engagement. The project was part of the Government of Kenya's Kenya Slum Upgrading Program and involved the Kibera Water and Sanitation Project led by UN-Habitat's Urban Basic Services Branch. The project showed significant early success in building community engagement, but it also encountered significant challenges. We assess the project's success in building community engagement by (a) analyzing documents that reflected the institutional discourse related to the project, (b) examining the record of the implementation of the project, and (c) conducting field surveys and interviews to assess community perception of the project. Survey results show that critical infrastructure in the community has improved over the course of the project and expectations for continued improvement in the future have developed. The study concludes that using an adaptive management approach and strongly promoting community involvement should be the aim of institutions delivering slum-upgrading projects and that this can result in effective, successful development outcomes. While the approach does present significant risks of creating unrealistic expectations, the benefits to project management are clear.

      PubDate: 2016-12-19T22:39:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.003
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
  • How do environmental regulations affect industrial dynamics? Evidence from
           China's pollution-intensive industries
    • Authors: Yi Zhou; Shengjun Zhu; Canfei He
      Pages: 10 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Yi Zhou, Shengjun Zhu, Canfei He
      Pollution haven hypothesis (PHH) and porter hypothesis (PH) offer two different perspectives to understand the relationship between industrial dynamics and environmental regulations. This paper seeks to move beyond existing studies that are based on either the PHH or the PH while neglecting the other, towards an analytical framework that not only pays more attention to the ways in which the PHH and the PH co-exist, but also acknowledges the role of firm heterogeneity and local government intervention. Based on a firm-level industrial dataset and a dataset on China's polluting firms, this paper studies the relationship between environmental regulations and industrial dynamics in China's pollution-intensive industries at the firm level. Empirical results confirm the co-existence of the PH and the PHH. Furthermore, firm heterogeneity and government intervention both have the potential to inflect the relationship between environmental regulations and industrial dynamics.

      PubDate: 2016-12-19T22:39:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.002
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
  • Dynamic sustainability performance during urbanization process between
           BRICS countries
    • Authors: Liyin Shen; Chenyang Shuai; Liudan Jiao; Yongtao Tan; Xiangnan Song
      Pages: 19 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Liyin Shen, Chenyang Shuai, Liudan Jiao, Yongtao Tan, Xiangnan Song
      Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) as the emerging leading powers in the world have great influence on the world development. Urbanization process has been a significant engine for development in these countries, which has important effect on the sustainable development globally. However, rapid urbanization has induced various problems, such as air pollution, traffic congestion, habitat destruction, and loss of arable land. These problems present the threats to the sustainable development of urbanization in these countries. This paper presents an evaluation on the dynamic sustainability performance during urbanization process in these countries by applying an elastic coefficient method and a new-type McKinsey matrix. The data used for analysis are collected from World Bank database for the period of 1990–2011. The findings from this study suggest that during the surveyed period the Brazil, Russia and India have been engaging a sustainable urbanization practice, whilst the urbanization processes in China and South Africa are unsustainable. The study provides valuable reference in searching for solutions to further promote sustainable urbanization practice globally.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T18:22:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.004
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
  • Drivers for green building: A review of empirical studies
    • Authors: Amos Darko; Chenzhuo Zhang; Albert P.C. Chan
      Pages: 34 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Amos Darko, Chenzhuo Zhang, Albert P.C. Chan
      This paper presents a comprehensive literature review of what drives the adoption of green buliding (GB) practices among construction stakeholders. The review is based on literature that have been published in peer-reviewed journals. Through a systematic review of the literature, authors are able to identify generic drivers for stakeholders to pursue GB. A total of 64 drivers were identified from reviewing 42 selected empirical studies. The paper presents a classification framework for the GB drivers. The framework comprises five main categories of GB drivers: external drivers, corporate-level drivers, property-level drivers, project-level drivers, and individual-level drivers. The US, Australia, UK, India, and China have been the leading countries in GB drivers research. Survey and descriptive statistics have seen widespread use in examining GB drivers. While there is scope for more detailed investigations on GB drivers in developed countries, much more scope exists in developing countries. This paper would enhance policy makers' and advocates' understanding of drivers for GB and help to further promote the GB concept. As a result of the checklist and framework on GB drivers, this paper also lays a solid foundation for researchers to further probe into the topic and add to the knowledge base.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T18:22:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.007
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
  • Understanding domestic air-conditioning use behaviours: Disciplined body
           and frugal life
    • Authors: Zhonghua Gou; Siu-Yu Stephen Lau; Pingying Lin
      Pages: 50 - 57
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Zhonghua Gou, Siu-Yu Stephen Lau, Pingying Lin
      Air-conditioning is more and more popularly used in domestic environments. The current understanding of using air-conditioning is based on technocracy of physiological thermal comfort, while ignoring socio-economic contexts. Taking Hong Kong as an example, this article aims to construct a non-technocratic understanding of air-conditioning uses in a relation to the housing status and demographics. This article argues that domestic air-conditioning is being used in order to dress appropriately and to forbid body sweating and odours during dining, sleeping and family gathering. The difference of air-conditioning use intensity is largely attributed to the disparity of economic status. Residents in public rental housing or with lower household incomes tended to have more frugal habits of using air-conditioning to rebate energy expenditure. Disciplined body and frugal life are proposed in this article to more critically expound the signification of air-conditioning in residential environments. A non-technocratic understanding of air-conditioning can bring forth better solutions to enhancing quality of life.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T18:22:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.009
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
  • Convergence of carbon intensity in the Yangtze River Delta, China
    • Authors: Jianbao Li; Xianjin Huang; Hong Yang; Xiaowei Chuai; Changyan Wu
      Pages: 58 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 60
      Author(s): Jianbao Li, Xianjin Huang, Hong Yang, Xiaowei Chuai, Changyan Wu
      As China's industrialization and urbanization have grown rapidly in recent years, China's CO2 emissions rose from 3405.1799 Mt to 10,249.4630 Mt from 2000 to 2013, and it has reached the highest levels in the word since 2006. Chinese government has emphasized the importance of reducing carbon emissions and set the target of reducing carbon intensity to 60–65% of 2005 levels by 2030. Investigating the convergence of carbon intensity can identify the convergence rate, which is helpful in guiding allocations of carbon intensity reduction. The Yangtze River Delta is one of the key carbon emission regions in China, with higher urbanization levels and larger carbon emissions; thus, we employed prefecture-level panel data derived from grid data between 2000 and 2010 to examine whether the convergence of carbon intensity exists across prefecture-level cities in the Yangtze River Delta. Spatial panel data models were utilized to investigate β-convergence of carbon intensity. The results indicated that carbon intensity showed divergence during 2002–2004 and σ-convergence over other periods (2000–2002 and 2004–2010). Carbon intensity exhibited stochastic convergence, indicating that the shocks to carbon intensity relative to the average level of carbon intensity are only transitory. There was a spatial spillover effect and β-convergence of carbon intensity, suggesting that prefecture-level cities with higher carbon intensity would decrease rapidly in the Yangtze River Delta. Our results highlight the importance of considering the present state of carbon intensity, spatial factors, and socioeconomic factors such as industrial structure and economic levels during allocation planning for reducing carbon intensity.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T18:22:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.12.012
      Issue No: Vol. 60 (2016)
       
 
 
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