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  Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 884 journals)
    - ASIAN STUDIES (157 journals)
    - CLASSICAL STUDIES (111 journals)
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    - HUMANITIES (280 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

HUMANITIES (280 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aldébaran     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anabases     Open Access  
Analyse & Kritik. Zeitschrift f     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Arbutus Review     Open Access  
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Co-herencia     Open Access  
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cornish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 54)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Dorsal Revista de Estudios Foucaultianos     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Humanities     Open Access  
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal  
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Advances In Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access  
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Revue pour l’histoire du CNRS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access  
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medical Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Mens : revue d'histoire intellectuelle et culturelle     Full-text available via subscription  
Messages, Sages and Ages     Open Access  
Mind and Matter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Mneme - Revista de Humanidades     Open Access  
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Motivation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mouseion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nationalities Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Natures Sciences Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription  
Neophilologus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
New German Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)

        1 2     

Journal Cover Habitat International
  [SJR: 1.038]   [H-I: 40]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0197-3975
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3043 journals]
  • Echoes of Italian lessons on the typo-morphological approach: A planning
           proposal for Gulangyu Island, China
    • Authors: Shuyi Xie; Xiaoling Zhang; Yuan Li; Martin Skitmore
      Pages: 1 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Shuyi Xie, Xiaoling Zhang, Yuan Li, Martin Skitmore
      As an island with a colonial urbanscape, Gulangyu (located off the coast of Xiamen, a city in Fujian Province in southern China) has been deteriorating into a touristic ‘thematic park’ since the last decade, resulting in a decrease of its original inhabitants and habitability conditions. Inspired by Italian lessons of various and evolved interpretations of the typo-morphological approach, this paper explores the possible interpretations and implications in Gulangyu in a two-pronged project: (1) by ‘systems’-four local characterized systems related to the specific physical urbanscape and matching practices of uses; and (2) by ‘parts’-four typical featured areas with respective typo-morphological features and facing crucial challenges. This provides a deep understanding of the island's situation and further develops and coordinates a specific framework of strategies for solving its distinctive problems. In particular, it helps in seeking to balance its preserved historic heritage, improvement of the local built-environment to meet contemporary needs and the development of a tourist economy - an urgent and salient task on the urban agendas of historic areas worldwide. As one of the first studies of the Italian typo-morphological approach in historic areas of China, this paper also demonstrates the notable possibility that such European, or more precisely, Italian ways may be practiced in the Chinese context, which may inspire further research and practices in China and beyond.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.003
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • Urban integration or reconfigured inequalities' Analyzing housing
           precarity in São Paulo, Brazil
    • Authors: Eduardo Marques; Camila Saraiva
      Pages: 18 - 26
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Eduardo Marques, Camila Saraiva
      The presence of precarious housing solutions, such as favelas and irregular settlements, is a basic feature of urban inequalities in Southern cities, and the predominant description of the international literature suggests social and housing homogeneity of these areas. They are known to be strongly affected both by economic conjunctures and by public policies, which changed intensely in Brazilian metropolises since the 1990s, transforming the existing housing precarity. This article discusses recent changes in housing precarity in the city of São Paulo, showing a reduction of its intensity, but the increasing heterogeneity of the situations. We estimate the population in favelas and irregular settlements and the socioeconomic indicators of their inhabitants and households recently, drawing on a study using Census data and Geographic information system techniques. The paper shows that nonetheless there was a significant improvement of life conditions in favelas and irregular settlements, which tend to be quite heterogeneous, there is a maintenance of considerable inequalities between these housing solutions and the entire rest of the city.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.004
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • Empirical analysis of tenants’ intention to exit public rental housing
           units based on the Theory of Planned Behavior – The case of Wuhan, China
    • Authors: Jintao Li; Cynthia C. Wang; Jun Sun
      Pages: 27 - 36
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Jintao Li, Cynthia C. Wang, Jun Sun
      Regulated exit from public rental housing (PRH) after lease expiration plays a crucial role in fair allocation of the PRH units in China. There were incidents of exit difficulty happened previously which undermined the PRH allocation and its principles of fairness and efficiency. However, very few studies have directly investigated the determinants of tenants' intention to exit. This paper adopts the analysis framework based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to explore the factors influencing tenants' intention to exit PRH from a variety of aspects including personal and family characteristics, satisfaction with allocation process, housing management, and understanding of exit policy. The research finds that the factors such as education level, family income, household size, floor area, allocation satisfaction and understanding about PRH policies have statistically significantly positive effects on intention to exit PRH. While tenants’ satisfactions with housing management, environment and neighborhood would inhibit intention to exit. As the study reveals, more attention is needed to provide skill training, build appropriate exit mechanisms and implement exit policies strictly to encourage the intention to exit and promote PRH exits in an orderly manner.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.006
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • Evaluating the effects of compact growth on air quality in
           already-high-density cities with an integrated land use-transport-emission
           model: A case study of Xiamen, China
    • Authors: Man Yuan; Yan Song; Shijian Hong; Yaping Huang
      Pages: 37 - 47
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Man Yuan, Yan Song, Shijian Hong, Yaping Huang
      Urban form may play an important role in improving air quality, but studies on already-high-density cities are relatively limited. In this paper, we developed an integrated land use-transport-emission model with TRANUS and MOBILE 6.2, selected an already-high-density city, Xiamen, as the study area, and explored the effects of compact growth on traffic emissions and exposure to air pollution. The results show that compact growth may significantly reduce regional traffic emissions even in an already-high-density city, but high-density developments may result in higher population-weighed exposures to air pollution. The finding implies that compact growth strategies should be carried out and the metric of population-weighed exposures should be considered in already-high-density cities. Integrated land use-transport-emission models may serve as a useful tool for urban planning agencies to decide appropriate locations for urban growths.

      PubDate: 2017-09-08T07:57:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.007
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • Urban growth in Indian cities: Are the driving forces really changing'
    • Authors: N. Abhishek; Mamata Jenamani; Biswajit Mahanty
      Pages: 48 - 57
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): N. Abhishek, Mamata Jenamani, Biswajit Mahanty
      Urbanization in India is happening at a rapid pace since past three decades. This paper examines the factors affecting the growth of Indian cities for three consecutive censuses. A database on Indian cities is constructed for the analysis. Eight variables are considered from classical economics and economic geography perspective to observe their effect on population size and growth. Regression analysis has been carried out for the same, and the results suggest that initial population and capital city status have a strong positive impact on city growth; proximity to cities causes nearby cities to be larger; these results are consistent throughout three years. The notable observation of our study is that there is a growing need for better policies for healthcare and infrastructure development for a sustainable growth of Indian urban agglomerations.

      PubDate: 2017-09-14T08:09:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.002
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • Global environmental impact of informal settlements and perceptions of
           local environmental threats: An empirical case study in Suva, Fiji
    • Authors: Poonam P. Devi; John H. Lowry; Eberhard Weber
      Pages: 58 - 67
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Poonam P. Devi, John H. Lowry, Eberhard Weber
      It is commonly expected that informal settlements in developing countries have a smaller ecological footprint than more economically advantaged areas because they consume fewer resources and use less energy. In this paper we examine this idea by comparing material consumption of two informal settlements to one moderate socio-economic status (SES) neighbourhood in Suva, Fiji. We use the concept of the Ecological Footprint (EF) as a metric of comparison. Using a component-based EF approach we administered a questionnaire to 150 respondents from two informal settlements and one adjacent planned neighbourhood. Total EF and separate EF components (water, food, transport, energy, clothing, and material assets) were analysed through graphs, by examination of descriptive statistics, and through the use of non-parametric inferential statistics. We found differences between the adjacent planned neighbourhood and the informal settlements for several EF components, but found no difference for other EF components (e.g. water consumption). Through questionnaires and interviews we also examined perceived level of concern for environmental threats of informal settlement dwellers and residents of an adjacent moderate SES neighbourhood who share the same geographic space, but have very different living conditions. We found that concerns about sewage, deforestation, clean water and poor sanitation were of particularly high concern in one informal settlement, but not the other, suggesting that perceptions of threat can be very different even among informal settlements. We conclude that a better understanding of the social characteristics of informal settlements is valuable for informal settlement urban planning decisions in developing countries.

      PubDate: 2017-09-14T08:09:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.005
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • A Caribbean New Urban Agenda post-Habitat III: Closing the gaps
    • Authors: Michelle A. Mycoo
      Pages: 68 - 77
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Michelle A. Mycoo
      Urbanisation, climate change and natural hazards present serious challenges for the Caribbean which Habitat III brought into focus. This paper critically examines problems associated with these complex challenges, to propose a relevant Caribbean specific New Urban Agenda and suggest implementation mechanisms which are essential to forge ahead. It reviews urban issues for fifteen countries that constitute the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). These problems are investigated from the perspective of four pillars of economic, social and environmental sustainability, and governance. The paper reveals that with the application of these main components and related thematic elements, many countries in this grouping are underperforming in achieving the sustainable development goal of safe, resilient and sustainable urban settlements. The main conclusion drawn is that countries of the CARICOM Caribbean should not adopt an imported blueprint to resolve critical urban issues. This is an opportune time for crafting a relevant indigenous New Urban Agenda for CARICOM Caribbean countries and finding the right implementation mechanisms to be at the frontline of change.

      PubDate: 2017-09-14T08:09:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.001
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • Does ethnic identity influence migrants' settlement intentions'
           Evidence from three cities in Gansu Province, Northwest China
    • Authors: Bo Zhang; Peter Druijven; Dirk Strijker
      Pages: 94 - 103
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Bo Zhang, Peter Druijven, Dirk Strijker
      The debate concerning the determinants of rural-urban migration in China has thus far paid little attention to migrants with different ethnic backgrounds. The present article investigates the determinants of settlement intentions using survey data for three cities in Northwest China. Under four strategies: Settling in the city (as the baseline); Returning home; Moving to other cities, and Undecided, we analyse migrants' intentions through a multi-nominal logit approach, in conjunction with in-depth interviews and participant observations. The results demonstrate a range of determinants that include human capital, migration characteristics, employment, network, and local factors. Findings indicate in particular that types of contract and job training strongly influence migrant settlement in all models. The implication of these findings is that migrants will have to learn practical skills if they plan to settle down. It may be attractive for local authorities to invest in vocational schools and to regulate the labour market and contracts if they are willing to accommodate these migrants. As expected, ethnic identity and cultural characteristics of the cities also play important roles in determining migrants' decisions to settle. Worth to notice that minority migrants tend to stay in cities where there is higher cultural homogeneity, thus lower demand for integration. They are less likely to resort to migration for a better livelihood compared to the Han majority. We advocate that the creation of more equal and inclusive socio-cultural contexts may promote minority migrants' mobility, thereby improving their livelihoods through migration.

      PubDate: 2017-09-26T08:29:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.003
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • The dynamics of public safety in cities: A case study of Shanghai from
           2010 to 2025
    • Authors: Danlin Yu; Chuanglin Fang
      Pages: 104 - 113
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Danlin Yu, Chuanglin Fang
      Cities in China are facing increasing challenges. Urban public safety concerns including urban crime, urban livability and urban disasters start to attract governmental, academic as well as public attention. Applying a system dynamics modeling scheme, this research investigates and attempts to simulate the public safety dynamics of Shanghai with a set of collected indicators that describes Shanghai's infrastructure and development, population, crime, livability and disaster during the past decade (2000–2009). The feedback loops are constructed based on exploratory data mining through regular statistical analyses and grey system simulation. The analytical results suggest Shanghai's public safety is increasing due to a high level of urban socioeconomic development, which provides a foundation for urban public safety. In the meantime, factors that ‘expend’ such foundation (crimes and disasters) increased at a relatively lower level. Dynamic simulation on Shanghai's public safety suggests that the city could still enjoy its continuous improvement of public safety providing the city continues to develop like in the past decade, which might not be the case in the long run. A few scenarios are presented by altering a few critical variables to demonstrate potential public safety dynamics of Shanghai in the next 15 years.

      PubDate: 2017-10-04T08:36:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.007
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • Cultivated land protection policies in China facing 2030: Dynamic balance
           system versus basic farmland zoning
    • Authors: Yuzhe Wu; Liping Shan; Zhen Guo; Yi Peng
      Pages: 126 - 138
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 69
      Author(s): Yuzhe Wu, Liping Shan, Zhen Guo, Yi Peng
      The Chinese central government launched two principal campaigns to maintain the quantity and quality of cultivated land across the country and to continuously sustain a growing population. Dynamic balance system and basic farmland zoning focus on protecting the quantity and quality of cultivated lands, respectively. Theoretically, two complementary campaigns can effectively protect the quantity and quality of cultivated land. However, these policies protect the quality of cultivated land minimally. Dynamic balance system replaces basic farmland protection system during implementation by transforming from control planning to development planning. The process increases the conversion of high quality cultivated land into industrial and residential uses, with the supplementary of cultivated land with low quality, thereby reducing the protection on the quality of this land. This study adopts Yiwu City as the study case and analyzes the administration efficiency of dynamic balance system and basic farmland zoning. Evidence suggests that the delimitation of permanent basic farmland is a feasible system arrangement. The central government should deal with the relationships among policies to protect the quantity, quality, and ecosystem of the cultivated land. The government can arrange permanent basic farmland zoning as the core system for cultivated land protection and practice grade protection system on basic farmlands to strictly limit their conversion into construction land, which inevitably weakens the dynamic balance system.

      PubDate: 2017-10-04T08:36:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.09.002
      Issue No: Vol. 69 (2017)
  • From rivers to roads: Spatial mismatch and inequality of opportunity in
           urban labor markets of a megacity
    • Authors: Eduardo Amaral Haddad; Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi
      Pages: 3 - 14
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 68
      Author(s): Eduardo Amaral Haddad, Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi

      PubDate: 2017-09-20T08:24:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.016
      Issue No: Vol. 68 (2017)
  • Towards a sustainable city: Applying urban renewal incentives according to
           the social and urban characteristics of the area
    • Authors: Margarita Greene; Rodrigo Ivan Mora; Cristhian Figueroa; Natan Waintrub; J. de D. Ortúzar
      Pages: 15 - 23
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 68
      Author(s): Margarita Greene, Rodrigo Ivan Mora, Cristhian Figueroa, Natan Waintrub, J. de D. Ortúzar
      The construction of new urban transport infrastructure transforms the accessibility patterns of the immediate areas, modifying people's movements and, with that, the demand for land, its uses, activities and densities. In the case of the Chilean capital, Santiago, the underground (Metro), has generated sub-centralities, densification and potentiated real estate development in certain parts of the city, but has had negligible effects in others. Our research aims at trying to enhance the positive effects of a mass transit network such as Metro, to improve two large malaises of the city: its increasing urban sprawl and its unacceptable social segregation. Both problems are not unique to Santiago, but are shared by many Latin American conurbations. To do so, we first analysed and classified the areas around Metro stations, based on their social and urban characteristics, and densification potential. We then identified existing and potential subsidies to promote social integration and densification and, finally, we applied a stated choice experiment to real estate developers to inquire into their willingness to build in the vicinity of selected GIS-classified stations. In a previous paper, we discussed the models estimated with the stated choice data, and the expected results of applying packages of incentives for densification in the vicinity of different Metro stations. In this paper, we seek to identify mechanisms to increase both housing density and, at the same time, promote social integration in the vicinity of Metro stations, by identifying a typology of urban areas that respond differently to such incentives. Our results show that the effectiveness of the various incentives depends, to a great extent, on the urban characteristics of the Metro station surroundings. For example, in stations located in the central areas of the city incentives to stimulate real estate activity are not really necessary, as the process is well underway; however, in Metro stations located in industrial areas incentives are more effective in triggering real estate dynamics, especially direct demand incentives for any buyer or with a limited time frame. Finally, in peripheral Metro stations located in low standard social housing areas, the incentives tend to be less effective and are probably not enough to trigger a significant densification or integration process; hence, probably other type of governmental action, such as pilot or demonstration projects, should be sought for these cases.

      PubDate: 2017-09-20T08:24:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 68 (2017)
  • Territorial capital, smart tourism specialization and sustainable regional
           development: Experiences from Europe
    • Authors: João Romão; Bart Neuts
      Pages: 64 - 74
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 68
      Author(s): João Romão, Bart Neuts
      This study analyses the contribution of territorial sensitive resources related to natural and cultural features (environmental dimension), innovation capabilities and specialization patterns (smart specialization) to regional sustainable development (spatial sustainability). In the context of a fast and continuous expansion of tourism activities, particular attention is given to their impacts. The results of our path model suggest that different patterns of tourism dynamics coexist in European regions and that, for those where this sector assumes larger socio-economic importance, the contribution to the achievement of the “Millennium Goals”, as proposed by the United Nations, is relatively poor. Regions particularly endowed in natural resources reveal a weak socio-economic performance, while showing high levels of specialization in tourism, based on large scale and low value-added products and services, suggesting that new approaches to territorial design are required. This also leads to important spatial unbalances, with the most tourism-dependent European regions revealing relatively low levels of regional gross domestic product and high levels of unemployment. Despite their relatively good performance in terms of CO2-emissions, it seems important for those regions' sustainable development to increase the value added in tourism, by reinforcing the linkages with other relevant regional economic sectors. Information and communication technologies can contribute to these achievements, through the integration of knowledge and innovations into the products and services comprising the smart tourism experiences (smart development) and their connections with related sectors (smart specialization).
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-09-20T08:24:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.04.006
      Issue No: Vol. 68 (2017)
  • Territorial cohesion and prospects for sustainable development: A
           co-integration analysis
    • Authors: Stilianos Alexiadis
      Pages: 75 - 83
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 68
      Author(s): Stilianos Alexiadis
      Territorial cohesion is an indispensable element of sustainable development. Regional inequalities may constraint prospects for sustainable development. This paper aims to shed some further light on the pattern of sustainable development across the European regions. Co-integration analysis is applied in an attempt to identify the relationship between sustainable development and cohesion in the European Union.

      PubDate: 2017-09-20T08:24:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 68 (2017)
  • Urban livability and tourism development in China: Analysis of sustainable
           development by means of spatial panel data
    • Authors: Jingjing Liu; Peter Nijkamp; Xuanxuan Huang; Derong Lin
      Pages: 99 - 107
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 68
      Author(s): Jingjing Liu, Peter Nijkamp, Xuanxuan Huang, Derong Lin
      Tourism is not neutral with respect to local quality of life. With the transformation of traditional city roles and the boom of urban tourism in China, the interaction between tourism and local livability is increasingly important for sustainable development plans of urban areas. Our paper aims to address the complex interdependence of the emerging tourist industry and local livability in Chinese cities. Based on a conceptual model and a subsequent empirical statistical analysis of 35 large and medium-sized Chinese cities for the years 2003–2012, our study finds that urban livability and its related factors benefit tourism development, and that, in turn, tourism has a reverse impact on livability in urban areas; their performance appears to vary in different sub-regions and for different factors of livability; the geographic interdependence between livability and tourism development is also remarkable. Potential threats from excessive tourism development on urban livability, in particular in the Chinese Eastern and Central large and medium-sized cities, can be inferred from our empirical analysis. These conclusions may lead to important lessons to policy makers, while various suggestions based on our findings are provided as well.

      PubDate: 2017-09-20T08:24:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.02.005
      Issue No: Vol. 68 (2017)
  • City gate as key towards sustainable urban redevelopment: A case study of
           ancient Gungnae City within the modern city of Ji'an
    • Authors: Yi-Chang Chiang; Yang Deng
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Yi-Chang Chiang, Yang Deng
      Culture is a key tool for promoting sustainable urban redevelopment, by preserving the urban identity, attracting activities and visitors, and fostering the quality of life. While cultural heritage sites are characterized by a large concentration of visitors, causing increased traffic flows, it is necessary to provide optimal access to cultural monuments in terms of sustainable mobility. This study focused on the city gates that have access to the cultural World Heritage Site of Gungnae City within the city of Ji'an. Space syntax approach was used in the study to explore spatial accessibility by remodeling of city gate. It is of concern that the identity characteristics of a sustainable urban form and cultural feature of the city can be recognized through the spatial configurations of urban spaces. Spatial accessibility is regarded as an integral part of the sustainable use and contemporary expression of the cultural heritage. It is noted that accessible cultural monuments can perform their function for sustainable urban redevelopment. We argued that the city gates play a crucial role in the mutual interactions among urban spaces, street networks, and human traffic, and provide people with places on gate to stay. It is of concern that the city gate remodeling in the study enables overlapping use of ancient and modernized urban zones and offers an example of multi-layered street networks and mixed-use urban ensembles in terms of urban sustainability. We concluded that urban cultural heritage should be integrated into sustainable urban redevelopment strategies to enhance the liveability of historic cities while respecting their identities.

      PubDate: 2017-07-02T21:21:56Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.06.007
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • Understanding rural housing abandonment in China's rapid urbanization
    • Authors: Xuesong Gao; Anqi Xu; Lun Liu; Ouping Deng; Min Zeng; Jing Ling; Yali Wei
      Pages: 13 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Xuesong Gao, Anqi Xu, Lun Liu, Ouping Deng, Min Zeng, Jing Ling, Yali Wei
      Rural housing abandonment (RHA) is happening on a large scale in China and accumulatively leads to the phenomenon of village hollowing. This paper conducts a microscopic analysis on the influencing factors of individual decision making in the process of RHA through an empirical study on Pi County in southwest China. Our multi-level logistic regression shows that RHA is mainly influenced by the pulling forces of urban economy and the deteriorated physical condition of rural houses. We discuss that how these factors exert their influence is further linked with the institutional barriers in China that impede the free movement of residents and properties between urban and rural systems, which distorts individual choices towards RHA. Therefore, we suggest policies that promote the equalization of rural and urban residents and recognize the need for the free transfer of rural land and property, as well as the need to develop tools that effectively predict the emergence of RHA.

      PubDate: 2017-07-02T21:21:56Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.06.009
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • Remotely sensed urban environmental indices and their economic
    • Authors: Limin Jiao; Gang Xu; Jianfei Jin; Ting Dong; Jiafeng Liu; Yanxi Wu; Boen Zhang
      Pages: 22 - 32
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Limin Jiao, Gang Xu, Jianfei Jin, Ting Dong, Jiafeng Liu, Yanxi Wu, Boen Zhang
      Numerous studies reveal that urban favorable amenities potentially contribute to housing prices, but we still lack proper indices to quantify intangible urban disservices and lack the understanding of their economic effects. We attempt to develop remotely sensed indices to reflect these unfavorable and intangible urban disservices. Taking Wuhan in central China as an example, we propose the Thermal Environment Index (TEI) and the Vegetation Coverage Index (VCI) to characterize the urban environment based on Landsat images and examine their influences on housing prices using a hedonic price model. We build the hedonic price model using the spatial lag regression between housing prices and explanatory variables, including the proposed environmental indices, locational variables, and apartment structural variables. The spatial regression shows that the floor area ratio, floor height, proximity to business centers, and road accessibility exert significant and positive influences on housing prices whereas the TEI and the VCI have significant and negative influences on housing prices. A one-percent increase in the TEI will decrease housing prices by approximately 55 RMB/m2 in 2010. We further investigate the differences between housing prices inside heat islands of different levels or types and outside heat islands, confirming our findings with the results of hedonic modeling. This study shows the potential of developing a remote sensing index to measure intangible urban disservices and exploring their economic implications.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T10:03:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.06.012
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • Sustainability analysis of housing developments through the Brazilian
           environmental rating system Selo Casa Azul
    • Authors: Daniela Chiarello Fastofski; Marco Aurélio Stumpf González; Andrea Parisi Kern
      Pages: 44 - 53
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Daniela Chiarello Fastofski, Marco Aurélio Stumpf González, Andrea Parisi Kern
      The building sector has a significant environmental impact and environmental rating systems could to indicate some guidelines for achieving sustainable developments. There are several systems, but the certifications in general are adjusted to peculiar conditions of developer country. The Brazilian bank Caixa Econômica Federal created and is responsible to assign the Selo Casa Azul (“Blue House Seal”). This certification apparently is the most applicable to Brazilian conditions. However, there are few studies about the procedures for analysis of housing projects. The aim of this study is to analyse the adequacy of typical housing developments with respect to Selo Casa Azul criteria by verifying existing facilities and considering the limitations of real projects. This research analyses 13 developments certified by the bank and seven new projects in Caxias do Sul, a city in southern Brazil. As a result, we found that the Selo Casa Azul constitutes a viable tool, demonstrating the relative ease of application. We verify that some criteria were not present in any of these projects and that alignment with Selo's criteria depends on a company's strategy, no matter the economic standard of its buildings. Lastly, we observe that most actions needed to reach unsatisfied criteria may be solved in the design stage, and these modifications do not require large investments. This study aims to contribute to the discussion about sustainable construction in Brazil.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T10:03:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.07.001
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • Comparison of critical success paths for historic district renovation and
           redevelopment projects in China
    • Authors: Tao Zhou; Yulin Zhou; Guiwen Liu
      Pages: 54 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Tao Zhou, Yulin Zhou, Guiwen Liu
      Urban regeneration has emerged as a response to the process of decay in historic districts. Based on a detailed literature review and the distinctive features of this mode of project practice in China, the current paper examines critical success factors (CSFs) in historic district regeneration projects. These factors are grouped into six main dimensions, namely, external environment, project characteristics, participants, project implementation, organization governance and the conservation of historic and cultural values. The internal relations among the identified CSFs are developed with the Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) Method. This is followed by a case study showing the use of these results. Project K (a renovation project) and Project J (a redevelopment project) are selected to explore and compare their critical success paths (CSPs) with the optimized Critical Path Method (CPM), drawing on project management methods. The results show that Project K relies on the strength of the real estate market to achieve development of cultural industries with cultural characteristics, while Project J creates a strong cultural atmosphere to attract tourists and then increases cultural propaganda efforts, with an operating income used to achieve cultural continuity. Both cultural operation modes can achieve the cultural objectives of the project with a different CSP. The identification of CSFs, their internal relations, and the CSPs are explored in two cases, which provide useful guidance to project parties planning to participate in dynamic management of historic district regeneration.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T10:03:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.06.008
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • Spatial and hedonic analysis of housing prices in Shanghai
    • Authors: Zezhou Huang; Ruishan Chen; Di Xu; Wei Zhou
      Pages: 69 - 78
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Zezhou Huang, Ruishan Chen, Di Xu, Wei Zhou

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T10:03:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.07.002
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • Spatiotemporal analysis of land development in transitional China
    • Authors: Han Li; Yehua Dennis Wei; Yao Zhou
      Pages: 79 - 95
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Han Li, Yehua Dennis Wei, Yao Zhou
      This study investigates three types of land development in China, land for cities and towns, stand-alone industrial sites, and space devoted to transportation. Relying on shift-share analysis, spatial filtering and geographically weighted regressions, we find that the spatial patterns and underlying determinants of China's construction boom vary across subcategories and periods. City and town land development follows the administrative hierarchy, as it is especially pronounced in provincial capitals and centrally administrated municipalities, and is largely dependent on urbanization, passenger transport, and fixed assets investment. The proliferation of stand-alone industrial areas is mainly driven by the expansion of foreign direct investment, industrial adjustment, and the capacity of freight transport. Transportation land development is determined by the development of railway and highway systems as well as local economic development. Temporally, our results suggest that land development and its agglomeration accelerated from 1998 to 2002 to 2003–2008. Also, globalization had more influence during 1998–2002, whereas the role of decentralization and marketization became more significant in the period of 2003–2008.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T10:30:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.07.003
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • Measuring the degree of speculation in the residential housing market: A
           spatial econometric model and its application in China
    • Authors: Xiaodong Yang; Yongxiang Wu; Qiping Shen; Hang Dang
      Pages: 96 - 104
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Xiaodong Yang, Yongxiang Wu, Qiping Shen, Hang Dang
      Since the housing marketization reform, China's real estate industry has rapidly developed and commercial housing prices have risen sharply. The main reason for this is the speculative demand for housing, which breaks the equilibrium of supply and demand, leading to housing prices deviating from their basic value. The housing market in China is not isolated by province, since speculative behavior in one part of the country can affect other regions. This paper analyzes the spatial relevance in housing prices among different provinces in China by calculating Moran's I index and by measuring the speculation degree through spatial autoregressive model (SAR), a spatial economic model combined with a spatial weight matrix. For commercial housing speculation degree measurement and comparison, 31 provinces in China were chosen along with the following variables: housing prices, personal disposable income, one-year personal housing mortgage rates, housing prices growing rates, the rent, amount of residential investment, and the construction areas of houses. The results show that China's housing prices have a clear interaction among the selected cities, and that housing speculation behavior also influences each other in space. Although there are speculation activities in China, from a global perspective the degree of speculation, which varies from region to region, is still just within internationally acceptable limits. Although there are some regions with high degrees of housing speculation, the speculation is not yet China-wide.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T10:30:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.06.005
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • Will rural urbanization produce a new producer service space in China'
    • Authors: Anthony G.O. Yeh; Fiona F. Yang; Zhihua Xu
      Pages: 105 - 117
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Anthony G.O. Yeh, Fiona F. Yang, Zhihua Xu
      The spatial relationship between manufacturing and producer services is being significantly weakened in advanced economies because of the decline of manufacturing industries. However, as upstream–downstream industries, manufacturing and producer services have incentives to locate in proximity to each other. In developing countries, such as China, where manufacturing is still an important component of the economy, the evolution of the manufacturing–services relationship and its link to the distribution of producer services have remained unclear. After the economic reforms in 1978, China has experienced a distinctive process of rural industrialization and town development. Will a new producer service space, which is different from that of developed and other developing countries, be produced in China given its development of rural industries' We examine this question by using Guangdong Province, one of China's manufacturing bases and representative regions of rural industrialization, as a case study. Our findings suggest that despite their close input–output linkage, manufacturing and producer services are less likely to co-locate. The development of rural industries has not reduced the importance of large cities and city centers in producer service development. The accelerated economic globalization, the rapid growth of the service sector, and the low-end nature of rural industries have made the manufacturing–services linkage less crucial in determining the location of producer services.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.07.004
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • The regional house prices in China: Ripple effect or differentiation
    • Authors: Ling Zhang; Eddie C. Hui; Haizhen Wen
      Pages: 118 - 128
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Ling Zhang, Eddie C. Hui, Haizhen Wen
      The paper aims to investigate the ripple effect of house prices between 35 metropolitans in China, using a coefficient heterogeneity model with Panel Data and VAR model. The metropolitans are divided into panels by spatial location and regional economic level. The empirical results show that prices in most regions are generally consistent with the national average, but they have different responses to changes in national fundamentals. Particularly, there is a clear differentiation in North China and East China from other regions, as well as the region of a higher level economic development. Furthermore, the findings from Granger test and impulse response function with VAR model indicate that those regions are the source where a ripple effect is from. And the diffusion path is very clear between economic regions. This study has provided a better understanding of the formation and transmission of the ripple effect of house prices across regions and also important implications for central and local governments over market changes.

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T21:34:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.07.006
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • Shaping peripheral growth' Strategic spatial planning in a South
           African city-region
    • Authors: Alison Todes
      Pages: 129 - 136
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Alison Todes

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T21:34:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.07.008
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • Housing affordability of university graduates in Guangzhou
    • Authors: Ling Hin Li; Fan Wu; Mingjie Dai; Yiming Gao; Jiayun Pan
      Pages: 137 - 147
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Ling Hin Li, Fan Wu, Mingjie Dai, Yiming Gao, Jiayun Pan
      Housing affordability is an important policy and academic research agenda in almost all societies. This paper attempts to focus on a specific group of the population, namely recent university graduates, in order to understand how the macro economy, especially the labour market may impact housing affordability. By applying Residual Income Affordability model (RIA) supplemented by Housing Affordability Time (HAT) analysis, we find that housing affordability among young university graduates in Guangzhou is largely dependent on salary growth in the labour market. Labour market structure, especially income adjustment propensity, largely determines housing affordability in a market with constantly high housing demand such as Guangzhou. We find that housing affordability among young university graduates improves with work experience longevity and the corresponding salary increase. Hence, for the younger generation with a good educational background, initial government support in the housing market is more important than long term permanent housing subsidy. In addition, we also examine how graduates from different tiers of universities may differ in their housing affordability at various stages of their life trajectory, ceteris paribus. We find that graduates from higher-ranked universities tend to have higher housing affordability in the long run. This echoes our major conclusion that encouraging the labour market to reward employees with better educational background and more extensive professional experience will help alleviate housing affordability problems in the city. To this end, we provide a number of policy recommendations in both the housing market and other sectors, such as mortgage loans and the labour market to address housing affordability for the younger generation.

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T21:34:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.07.007
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • A worst-case scenario based methodology to assess the environmental impact
           of land use planning
    • Authors: Longgao Chen; Long Li; Xiaoyan Yang; Jian Zheng; Longqian Chen; Zhengping Shen; Matthieu Kervyn
      Pages: 148 - 163
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Longgao Chen, Long Li, Xiaoyan Yang, Jian Zheng, Longqian Chen, Zhengping Shen, Matthieu Kervyn
      The implementation of inappropriate land use planning has negative impact on environmental quality, threatens food, health and residential security, and can even lead to regional environmental disaster. In this paper, a worst-case scenario based methodology using the land use environmental tolerance index (LETI) was proposed to assess the impact of land use planning on the environment. The land use planning environmental impact assessment (LUPEA) of Lianyungang City was performed as a case study to demonstrate the novel methodology. The inappropriate land use planning of the study area was spatially identified, and adjustments for the land use planning scheme to minimize the adverse impacts were accordingly recommended. Results show that the land use planning layout of the study area is fundamentally rational as most of the planned production and living land parcels are located outside the worst-case scenario areas, but the small fraction of the parcels in the worst-case scenario areas indicates a need for an improved land use planning scheme. This methodology provides a new perspective to evaluate the impact of land use planning on the environment, especially for densely populated countries which still suffer food, health and residential security issues and thus require much attention to environmental safety.

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T21:34:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.07.005
      Issue No: Vol. 67 (2017)
  • Master plans and urban ecosystems: How the poor transform land-use from
           rigid into organic - A case from Colombia
    • Authors: Marcin Sliwa
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Marcin Sliwa
      In recent years, many Latin-American states have been increasingly involved in the provision of subsidized housing for the urban poor. These housing projects are usually implemented in forms of massive master planned estates located in urban peripheries. The focus on quantity of housing units built, as opposed to the good location, connectivity and functionality of the dwellings, impedes access of the residents to income-generating opportunities and reduces their socio-economic mobility. This paper analyzes how residents in one of such social housing complexes –Villas de San Pablo in Barranquilla, Colombia– adopt and respond to these challenges in their own, informal ways. Building on empirical data obtained from interviews, observation and an enumeration survey, the author explains how the lack of jobs and economic opportunities in the area motivated many of the dwellers to convert their houses to accommodate different income-generating activities. Thus, this paper documents how a master planned project and its land-use transform from a strictly controlled into a diverse and organic urban ecosystem. The author argues for an urgent revision of the planning practices, inflexible zoning bylaws and outdated design principles that shape these “modern” affordable housing projects.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T03:27:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.003
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Relationships between indoor facilities management components and elderly
           people's quality of life: A study of private domestic buildings
    • Authors: Mei-yung Leung; Ibukun Famakin; Timothy Kwok
      Pages: 13 - 23
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Mei-yung Leung, Ibukun Famakin, Timothy Kwok
      The rate at which the population is ageing increases the magnitude of the challenge of providing private domestic buildings with facilities meeting those needs of the elderly occupants that arise from their changing health condition. This study aims to examine the relationships between indoor facilities management (FM) components and the quality of life (QoL) of elderly people residing in private domestic buildings. A questionnaire based on an extensive literature review was distributed among elderly respondents in order to assess their level of satisfaction with 13 indoor FM components and five QoL domains – namely overall QoL, physical health, psychological health, social relationships and their living environment. In all, 348 questionnaires were completed by elderly respondents drawn from the 18 political districts of Hong Kong; the data were analyzed using reliability tests, Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis. The results reveal that (1) the respondents' overall QoL was significantly affected by ventilation and space; (2) their physical health was predicted by space, doors and windows, and temperature; (3) their psychological health was affected by furniture and fixtures, lighting, acoustics, and doors and windows; (4) their social relationships were influenced by furniture and fixtures and space; and (5) their level of satisfaction with the living environment was affected by space, lighting, furniture and fixtures and acoustics. It is recommended that architects, interior designers, building services engineers and facilities managers include adequate turning spaces in the design of flats for the elderly; and that they pay attention to the brightness and hue of lighting, consider the micro-climate in the orientation of new buildings, incorporate sound insulation materials in walls, install on doors and windows lever handles that require minimal force and increase the width of doors in flats for elderly residents.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T03:27:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.002
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Population migration, urbanization and housing prices: Evidence from the
           cities in China
    • Authors: Xin-Rui Wang; Eddie Chi-Man Hui; Jiu-Xia Sun
      Pages: 49 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Xin-Rui Wang, Eddie Chi-Man Hui, Jiu-Xia Sun
      Changes in housing demand because of population migration may have a great influence on urban housing prices. The objective of this paper is to investigate how the two aspects of population migration, including inter-regional migration and rural-urban migration, affect housing prices at city level in China. By using the data of the population sampling survey in 2005 and the sixth population census in 2010, a series of empirical studies have been conducted. The results of pooled cross-section data show that an increase in inter-regional migrants by 1% will lead to a rise in housing prices by 0.701% when controlling the other relevant factors. Likewise, an increase in the level of urbanization by 1% will drive up housing prices by 0.343%. Furthermore, the study figures out that the better educated migrants are more likely to affect local housing prices, and the cities with more migrants with higher educational level are expected to experience higher housing prices, which sheds some light on the mechanism of the relationship between migration and housing price. The findings are helpful to China's government in population-related policy making and planning.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T03:31:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.010
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • What factors drive public rental housing fraud? Evidence from
           Hangzhou, China
    • Authors: Hui Zeng; Xiaofen Yu; Haizhen Wen
      Pages: 57 - 64
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Hui Zeng, Xiaofen Yu, Haizhen Wen
      In China, considerable importance has been attached to public rental housing fraud since the central government decided on the large-scale construction of affordable housing in 2010. In recent years, this problem has also become a concern in countries such as Britain and the United States. In this paper, a multinomial logistic regression (MLR) model comprising 10 independent variables is developed to examine the driving factors of public rental housing fraud. The parameters of the model are estimated via maximum likelihood estimation based on the Hangzhou public housing household survey. Results from this study suggest that seven factors, namely, family size, education, PCDI, CSC, ADC, PMC and Occupation = 1(servants), are statistically significant under the 5% level. The coefficients of these five factors are −0.847, −0.601, −0.732, −1.475, 0.987,-1.106 and 1.669, respectively. The positive (negative) coefficients mean that the variables will increase (decrease) the probability of fraud. At the end of this paper, policy recommendations are proposed for relevant government departments based on the results of the regression analysis.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T03:31:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.007
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Economic impacts of accessibility gains: Case study of the Yangtze River
    • Authors: Jinbao Zhao; Yinghai Yu; Xiaoyuan Wang; Xintong Kan
      Pages: 65 - 75
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Jinbao Zhao, Yinghai Yu, Xiaoyuan Wang, Xintong Kan
      Transport infrastructure development is generally perceived as catalyst for economic growth. This has been highlighted in previous literature, generally focusing on the economic impact of transport infrastructure investments. This paper contributes to spatial econometrics by examining the causal relationship between economic strength and accessibility gains due to the development of expressways and high-speed rail, taking the Yangtze River Delta as research object. Spatial regression models that accommodate for the influence of spatial autocorrelation and the newly defined variable “weighted mode's average travel time (WMATT)” and other explanatory variables are developed for quantitative analysis. Estimation results indicate that cities' gross domestic product increases significantly with population, passenger traffic, and foreign direct investment. Especially, all the estimated models indicate that WMATT is significantly and negatively associated with gross domestic product, revealing that inter-city accessibility gains (travel-time savings) can enhance economic strength. The robustness analysis on the estimators indicates that while the β -coefficient of WMATT generally increases with the share of expressways and high-speed rail in land transportation, its p -value increases and its effect may become insignificant if inter-city travel time becomes fast enough. Findings from this study highlight the travel-speed up measures such as open China's expressway freely and speed up the high-speed rail rather than blind development and endless investments can also play an important role in enhancing economic strength.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T03:31:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.005
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Residential satisfaction of migrants in Wenzhou, an ‘ordinary
           city’ of China
    • Authors: Sainan Lin; Zhigang Li
      Pages: 76 - 85
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Sainan Lin, Zhigang Li
      Residential satisfaction is one of the main topics of recent urban studies, yet most focus on a relatively small group of cities, particularly megacities. This paper uses Wenzhou, China, as a case study to deepen our understanding of residential satisfaction in an ‘ordinary city’. Based on a survey of 435 migrants and 20 in-depth interviews in Shuangyu, Wenzhou, this study finds that most migrants are dissatisfied with the current housing conditions. Migrants who live in urban villages are more dissatisfied than those who live in factory dormitories. The factors that influence migrants' residential satisfaction in different housing types are also different. Moreover, marital status, education, income, length of residence, employment status, and housing facilities significantly affect residential satisfaction. Institutional factors and selected housing variables that are usually found to be important to residential satisfaction are not significant for migrants in Wenzhou. In contrast with other research conducted in megacities that emphasizes the importance of social attachment, we find that providing better facilities is likely the most effective way to improve residential satisfaction for migrants in Wenzhou.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T03:31:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.004
      Issue No: Vol. 66 (2017)
  • Corrigendum to "Effects of urban expansion on suburban farmers’
           livelihood in Vietnam: A comparative analysis of Ho Chi Minh City and
           Hanoi" [Habitat Int. 65 (2017) 49–58]
    • Authors: Minh Hoang Vu; Hiroyuki Kawashima
      Pages: 49 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 September 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Minh Hoang Vu, Hiroyuki Kawashima

      PubDate: 2017-10-04T08:36:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.05.001
      Issue No: Vol. 65 (2017)
  • Assessing the suitability of regional human settlements environment from a
           different preferences perspective: A case study of Zhejiang Province,
    • Authors: Wang Cheng; Jin Mengqiu Yuqi
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 70
      Author(s): Yi Wang, Cheng Jin, Mengqiu Lu, Yuqi Lu
      This paper constructs a comprehensive evaluation index to assess the suitability of human settlement based upon the ecological environment superiority, economic development vitality and convenience of public services. These measures are combined with an assessment of resident's preferences to comprehensively evaluate the suitability of human settlements. The spatial pattern of human settlements environment suitability and the spatial relationship between the suitability and population distribution in Zhejiang Province under different preference models were explored. The results showed that: under the ecological environment preference mode, human settlements environment suitability in Zhejiang declined from the south to the north, and the current population was mainly distributed in areas where human settlements environment suitability was lower. Under the economic development preference mode, human settlements environment suitability was higher in the northeast than the southwest, higher at the coast than inland areas, and the regional differentiation was significant. Under the public service preference mode, human settlements environment suitability in Zhejiang showed a basic pattern which was higher in the southwest than the northeast, better in the plains than mountain areas, and most of the population was distributed in areas with higher suitability. Based on different preferences, the optimization path of human settlements environment was explored. In this study, the objective entity environment and the subjective experience of the residents were combined to evaluate the suitability of regional human settlements environment according to different preferences, so as to offer a new analysis perspective for comprehensive research on human settlements environment.

      PubDate: 2017-10-11T18:24:56Z
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 68

      PubDate: 2017-09-20T08:24:33Z
  • Smart development, spatial sustainability and environmental quality
    • Authors: Kamila Borsekova; Karima Kourtit; Peter Nijkamp
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 September 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Kamila Borsekova, Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp

      PubDate: 2017-09-08T07:57:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.08.001
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
  • Experimental studies on the effects of green space and evapotranspiration
           on urban heat island in a subtropical megacity in China
    • Authors: Guo Yu Qiu; Zhendong Zou; Xiangze Li; Hongyong Li; Qiuping Guo; Chunhua Yan; Shenglin Tan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 August 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Guo Yu Qiu, Zhendong Zou, Xiangze Li, Hongyong Li, Qiuping Guo, Chunhua Yan, Shenglin Tan
      Urbanization is one of the most important driving forces of global change. With the quick expansion of the urban environment's size and population, its urban heat island intensity (UHII, expressed as the temperature difference between urban and rural areas) has rapidly increased. The situation is even worse in megacities, whose populations are greater than 10 million. However, very few studies quantitatively reveal the effects of green space and land use/land cover (LULC) on the urban thermal environment because they lack detailed measurements. This study focuses on quantifying the effects of green space on the urban heat island (UHI) in Shenzhen, a subtropical megacity in China. Extensive measurements (air temperature and humidity) were taken using a mobile traverse method in an 8 km long transect, where a variety of LULC types were included. Measurements were conducted at 2-h intervals for 2 years (repeated a total of 7011 times). The relationship between evapotranspiration (ET) and UHII was also studied based on measured data, to understand the mechanism of the cooling effect of vegetation. The main conclusions obtained are as follows: (1) There are obvious differences in the air temperature and UHII among different urban landscapes. The ranking of temperatures from highest to lowest is commercial area > urban village > urban water body > urban green space > suburb. The difference in the UHII is also obvious, especially from 20:00 PM to 06:00 AM, when the UHII is usually greater than 2 °C. (2) Green space and water bodies in the urban environment have obvious effects on reducing the air temperature through evapotranspiration. The cooling effect of urban green spaces is better than that of urban water bodies. Compared to commercial areas, urban water bodies can relieve the UHII up to 0.9 °C, whereas urban green spaces can relieve the UHII up to 1.57 °C. (3) There are obvious linear relationships between air temperature, UHII, and green space in nighttime. Air temperature and the UHII decrease linearly with an increase in urban green space. The correlation is relatively weak in daytime, when the cooling effect of vegetation might be offset by other factors in urban thermal environment. (4) Obvious correlation between ET and UHII was observed and a good positive linear relationship between ET and the decreasing rate of UHII (UHII′) was obtained, revealing that the faster ET is, the better UHII mitigating efficiency could be gained. An ET rate of 6.12 mm d−1 could cause a 0.12 °C per hour decrease in UHII under our experimental condition. These results indicate that an increase in urban green space's ET could be a useful way to improve the urban thermal environment and mitigate the UHI.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.07.009
  • Urban change in Goa, India
    • Authors: Eric Vaz; Hannes Taubenböck; Mahender Kotha; Jamal Jokar Arsanjani
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 August 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Eric Vaz, Hannes Taubenböck, Mahender Kotha, Jamal Jokar Arsanjani
      Sustainable management of urban regions in coastal areas has become vital particularly in developing countries. Uncontrolled urban sprawl has the potential to be detrimental to coastal regions, irreversibly damaging vulnerable and valuable natural landscapes. This paper analyzes spatiotemporal trends in urban development of four municipalities in Goa, India. Landscape metrics were conducted based on urban land use classification. In the last decade, Goa has experienced rapid urbanization, which has been closely linked to their paralleled expansion in the tourism industry corresponding to the largest sector of the state's economy. Tourism development and policy in Goa largely focus on coastal regions, leading to a decline in tourist activity further inland. This has accelerated urban development and put pressure on the coastal landscapes. Current planning policies implemented by the state suggests that proper attention is given to mitigation of anthropogenic activity, however the dynamics of the urban sprawl continue to be uncontrolled and sporadic. Thus, sustainable development is crucial to the continued welfare of the state, and particularly within the reach of economic drivers such as tourism in Goa. The methods and techniques adopted in this paper, combine spatial metrics along with urban footprints, to obtain a complex understanding of the impacts urban development has on potentially vulnerable coastal stretches. The increase of urban areas has been predominantly found along the existing historical urban areas of Goa and the implementation of landscape metrics has allowed to shape an objective vision of the consequences of Goa's urbanization processes along its vulnerable coastal stretches.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T07:36:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.07.010
  • Editorial Board/Publication Information
    • Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T10:30:11Z
  • Resettlement and adaptation in China's small town urbanization: Evidence
           from the villagers' perspective
    • Authors: Zhu Qian
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 67
      Author(s): Zhu Qian
      Small town urbanization in China is a heterogeneous and contested process that involves numerous actors and forces in the context of highly liberalized local economies. This paper examines the socioeconomic transformation and adaptation to small town life among landless and resettled villagers in the state-sponsored small town urbanization from the villagers' perspective. Based on survey opinions from the affected villagers in two small towns in Nanjing, it articulates how the institutional arrangements of land development and spatial-territorial reorganization have exerted their direct socioeconomic influence on the transformation of landless and displaced villagers' lives. The study concludes that, as a result of the growing establishment of socioeconomic relationships with the host small town society, villagers encounter various challenges that differ substantially from their expectations in the absence of more institutionalized labor market and full-fledged social service programs. Resettled villagers now face more subtle forms of institutional segmentations while the official implementation and villagers' awareness of social security and welfare programs are questionable. The study calls for a two-way approach for future research that, alongside exploring the perceptions of resettled villagers, also investigates the host society's attitudes and perceptions about these new residents.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T10:03:03Z
  • The heterogeneous level of life quality across Chilean regions
    • Authors: Patricio Aroca; Pablo A. Gonzalez; Rocio Valdebenito
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 July 2017
      Source:Habitat International
      Author(s): Patricio Aroca, Pablo A. Gonzalez, Rocio Valdebenito
      This paper integrates the empirical literature attempting to measure quality of life with different philosophical, economic and psychological approaches that shed some light on the contours of the concept. On this basis, we suggest quality of life is composed of multiple dimensions of value that are not reducible to a single teleological measure as proposed by utilitarianism and modern economics. A quality of life index must integrate subjective and objective indicators, measures of environmental quality and inequality, individual and collective wellbeing and material and non-materials aspects. We applied this framework to the regions of a rapidly growing economy, Chile, and despite the data limitations, the paper adds dimensions that have not been explicitly considered in previous work. Using a large set of indicators based mostly on micro-data, ten factors characterizing different dimensions of life are built from 27 indicators that represent: material and subjective individual wellbeing, collective good and subjective social welfare, environmental quality and resource inequality across the Chilean regions. The behavior of the factors is very heterogeneous across regions and the correlation between factors is positive for the one representing material and subjective individual welfare, but negative with the factors representing collective good and social wellbeing. Given these results, the methods used weighting and aggregation for calculating the index becomes critical in defining the final ranking of regions. For instance, the assumption about substitution between factors is a key issue. Three methods of aggregation are used to calculate the index: the arithmetic and geometric mean that allow perfect and imperfect substitution respectively and the min-function that does not allow substitution. The results show a great deal of variation in the Quality of Life Ranking among Chilean regions, suggesting policy makers that pursuing one or two dimensions is not enough for promoting quality of life due to the multidimensional character of the concept.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T10:03:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2017.06.010
  • Do investment and improvement demand outweigh basic consumption demand in
           housing market? Evidence from small cities in Jiangsu, China
    • Authors: Jing Yifan; Yang Dezhi Jian Zuo
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Jing Du, Yifan Yang, Dezhi Li, Jian Zuo
      Housing problems in China have recently aroused wide range of interests of scholars. Housing demand, which is a classical discussing point in academia, also acts as reference for governments to enact loose, tense or neutral housing policies. However, studies scrutinizing the housing demand structure, particularly from consumption and investment perspectives are scant. Existing researches have mostly focused on the mature housing market in large cities in China, and the housing market in small cities has rarely been addressed. In this study, housing demand is deliberated in two respective dimensions of rent/own and consumption/investment demand. Price elasticities are obtained through formulating demand functions of each demand category with micro-data collected through questionnaire survey in small cities in Jiangsu. Underpinned by the set of elasticity coefficients, detailed housing demand structure can be calculated proportionately. Results suggest that the improvement and investment housing needs have outweighed basic consumption demand in small cities in Jiangsu Province. Housing price rising has a promoting effect on residential housing demand, which is in stark contrast to the existing studies on price elasticity of housing demand in large cities in China. Factors of urbanization significantly influence the housing need of residents in small cities. Improvement of urbanization rate would contribute to the consumption demand booming while prosperity of tertiary industry would boost improvement and investment housing demand. Not only could the analytic methodology of housing demand structure demonstrated in this paper be referenced, but the empirical answers carry vital implications for governments implementing diverse policy design in large and small cities in China.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T03:27:24Z
  • Measuring urban diversity of Songjiang New Town: A re-configuration of a
           Chinese suburb
    • Authors: Sea Eun; Cho Saehoon Kim
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Habitat International, Volume 66
      Author(s): Sea Eun Cho, Saehoon Kim
      Large-scale New Town projects being built in the developing world, including China, are often criticized for its lack of urban diversity. This is because these areas do not display the characteristics where urban diversity is normally found such as areas that are developed over longer periods of time, places of incremental change, and areas with small urban blocks. However, two aspects challenge the simplistic conclusion that New Towns are physically and socially monotonous: the diversification of the housing provision system in China; and rapid internal migration. Against this background, this study measures the housing and social diversity of four study areas in Songjiang, an outer suburb of Shanghai, using the entropy index to illustrate a more complicated understanding of where and how diversity occurs. The results showed that older, incrementally developed areas were diverse, but more interestingly, new comprehensively developed areas were also diverse through variations in building types and a wide housing price range. The study found disparate tendencies between housing and social diversity in other areas. In conclusion, the study highlighted the different contexts of urban diversity and its importance in drawing appropriate urban design measures which encourage the positive aspects of diversity such as urban vitality and equity.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T03:27:24Z
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