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  Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 884 journals)
    - ASIAN STUDIES (157 journals)
    - CLASSICAL STUDIES (111 journals)
    - DEMOGRAPHY AND POPULATION STUDIES (145 journals)
    - ETHNIC INTERESTS (156 journals)
    - GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY (7 journals)
    - HUMANITIES (280 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

HUMANITIES (280 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aldébaran     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anabases     Open Access  
Analyse & Kritik. Zeitschrift f     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Arbutus Review     Open Access  
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Co-herencia     Open Access  
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cornish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 54)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Dorsal Revista de Estudios Foucaultianos     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Humanities     Open Access  
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal  
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Advances In Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access  
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Revue pour l’histoire du CNRS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access  
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medical Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Mens : revue d'histoire intellectuelle et culturelle     Full-text available via subscription  
Messages, Sages and Ages     Open Access  
Mind and Matter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Mneme - Revista de Humanidades     Open Access  
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Motivation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mouseion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nationalities Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Natures Sciences Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription  
Neophilologus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
New German Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)

        1 2     

Journal Cover International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies
  [3 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2356-5926
   Published by University of Gafsa Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Mohammedanism or Islam: Deconstructing the image of Islam in the west,
           France as a case study

    • Authors: Abderrahim Ait Abdeslam
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: The present paper aims at studying the image of Islam in the west and how it has been constructed from the ancient to the modern times. More specifically, many western scholars, journalists, and politicians draw their conceptions of Islam and Muslims from a plethora of literature written by western scholars when they studied the Orient. That literature is imbued with various depictions which are colored with barbarism, conquer, and domination (Said 1977). This is done without having deep insights about Islam. France, as a case in point, is the first European country where the majority of Muslim population lives, and wherein the religion of Islam is belligerently attacked, particularly with issuing the ban of ostensible religious symbols in the public sphere through enforcing the law of “laicité” or secularism (Mattei and Aguilar 2016).  This paper adopts a critical approach to the image of Islam in France through going over some of the attitudes held by prominent French scholars and parties towards Islam. Having deep insights into these views, we, Muslims, will be able to enhance and communicate the right image of Islam to the French people.  This can be done by referring to the view of Tariq Ramadan (2004, 2010, 2012) that Islam is the religion of peace and that Muslims in France are law-abiding. Their problems, however, lie in their marginalization and poor services they are offered.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Comparative investigation with effects and regulations of legal textual
           and non-textual punishments

    • Authors: Raheleh Bahrami, Ali Yosefzadeh
      Pages: 13 - 24
      Abstract: One type of crime segmentations is divided in terms of the severity of the crime and punishment "Tazirat" together with 'Hodoud" are kinds of Islamic punishment created from beginning of Islam's manifestation. But "Tazirat" are in a lower grade of severity of the crime and punishment than "Hodoud". After Islamic revolution in Iran the "Taziry" and "Haddi" crimes entered in to legislations of Islamic Republie of Iran for the first time; and had been subject of much evolution till now. Over the years of 1368 and 1370 the deterrent punishment are recognized too alongside "Tazirat". But in the Islamic punishment law 1392, the title deterrent punishment is totally eliminated and "Tazirat" is divided to two categories of "mansous" (means provided) and "qair-e-mansous" (means non-provided). This new repartition has made lots of ambiguities in Iranian criminal law. Such that whether "Tazirat-e-mansous-sharei" (means provide Islamic lower punishment) are the same with deterrent punishments or not' By studying the sources of Islamic jurisprudence (fegh) understood that "Tazirat-e-mansous-e-sharei" we understood that both of instance and punishment sorts of "Tazirat-e-mansous-e-sharei" are specified in "shariat" (means Islam's law) and in this respect are the same with "Hodoud". After surverying the regulations we entered to consequence of these two kinds of "Tazirat" crimes is this field. And second, the famous jurisconsults (Foqaha) mostly recognize the consequences of "Tazirat-e-qair-e-mansous" are different. For example repentance, time laps and the rule of prohibition of retrial are not allowed to apply in "Tazirat-e-mansous-sharei" but could be applied in "Tazirat-e-gire-e-mansous-e-sharei" 
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The Denial of Racism and Policy Justification in the American politics

    • Authors: Taher Ben Khalifa
      Pages: 25 - 54
      Abstract: This paper deals with the critical study of the way the denial of racism works in political discourse to serve for the justification of public policies. To study this issue two texts are selected for analysis. These are the republican Jeb Bush’s interview on CNN in November the 15th 2016 and the democrat Barack Obama’s press conference speech in the G-20 summit in November the 16th 2016 in Antalya, Turkey. The analysis of these two texts is carried within the framework of a multidisciplinary theoretical approach ranging from semantics, syntax, pragmatics, argumentation theories, rhetoric, and context. This multi-dimensional approach finds its ground within the CDA framework of discourse and language study. The methodology used for the analysis of the selected texts consists of two phases. The first phase is based on the collection of data via the scrutiny of the texts phrase by phrase, clause by clause, sentence by sentence, and even paragraph by paragraph tracing the discursive strategies of actor description, authority, burden, consensus, empathy, fallacies, lexicalization, normative expressions, reasonableness, populism, and victimization determined in Van Dijk (2000). The second phase is devoted to the establishment of relations between the employed strategies to determine how they serve for the denial of racism, the justification of the speakers’ policies, and the extent to which they can reflect political continuity. The results showed that the denial of racism at various levels of discourse structure is justified and public policies are determined and justified through both the denial of racism and the political manipulation of the war on terror. Thus, the results of the analysis highlighted the relation between the concepts of policy (migration), denial of racism, and terrorism. These parameters form a triangulation we need to understand how terrorism is used in connection with the denial of racism to justify public policies.  
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The Analysis of Iranian English School Text Book: A CDA Study Based on
           Norman Fairclough’s 1989 Model

    • Authors: Maryam Beiki, Neda Gharaguzlu
      Pages: 55 - 67
      Abstract: The present study employed a Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) approach to investigate the linguistic representation of male and female social actors in American English Files. To this end, Fairclough’s (1989) critical text analysis Theory Model was adopted to reveal the ideology behind the constructions. Different issues and themes are being raised in EFL course books with miscellaneous illustrations here and there among the exercises and readings. This study sought to investigate aspects of textbook parts as represented in one of the currently used English language series, namely American English Files series, in effect, the study analyzed the series in terms of three major aspects of gender (relations, positions, and content). Adopting the critical discourse analysis framework, in general, and Fairclough’s (1989) critical text analysis, in particular, the current study aims at examining 2 aspects of meaning, namely social relations, subject positions in the conversation as well as vocabulary and grammar parts. Regarding subject positions, the data analysis showed that American English File mostly focused on uncontroversial issues. After all, this textbook tended to represent the discourse and culture of western countries, which can exert specific ideologies on language learners.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Measuring and Comparing the Anthropometric Dimensions between Different
           Basic Educations at the Primary Boy’s Schools in Iran

    • Authors: Naser Hasheminejad, Milad Gholami, Najmeh Kargar, Reza Tajik, Saba Kalantari
      Pages: 68 - 76
      Abstract: Background: Nowadays students spend about 4to 6 hours of their daily time in learning environments and classrooms. The instrument using by students are not fit to them because of the lack of anthropometric data and cause physical and mental distresses.Objective: To measure and compare the anthropometric dimensions between different basic educations in boys at the primary schools in Kerman.Methods: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive- analytical study. The population of the study was elementary boy student in Kerman in 2013. 623 boy students in the age range of 7 to 12 years were selected to study. Studio meter, different calipers, meter, scales, etc. were used to measure the anthropometric dimensions. The anthropometric data obtained by SPSS software (Ver.20) were analyzed by descriptive statistic and ANOVA test.Results: The obtained results show that mean and standard deviation of weight (kg) and stature (Cm) in boy students are 30.78 ± 8.93 and 134.33 ± 11.17 respectively. The change of anthropometric dimensions is rising with aging. Comparing the mean of anthropometric dimensions between different basic educations show that there is significant different in most of the dimensions. Conclusion: According to significant different in student anthropometric dimensions in different basic educations, it is recommended that the anthropometric data in different base and specific for that population were used in order to design the school instruments. Using ergonomic instruments cause preventing musculoskeletal disorders and increase individual efficiency.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • ‘Auto-Translation’ and/or ‘Self-Translation’ for Translation
           Students’ Assessment and Applicability

    • Authors: Imen Mansour Khazri
      Pages: 77 - 85
      Abstract:          In a modern world full of divisions and differences, of broken bridges, let us revive the story of the Tower of Babel (meaning ‘confusion’) to retell the history of translation origin.  The American academic scholar, translator, and fiction-writer, Douglas Robinson stated that “[t]he biblical story of Babel [...] has long fascinated translators and students of translation. It contains the Old Testament story of the fall into linguistic diversity, which has often been read as the myth of the origin of translation”[i].       According to the story, in Shinar or Babylonia, Babylonians wanted to construct a tower that reaches the heavens. So feeling a menace to His authority, God prevented them from finishing the construction by confusing the peoples’ language [so] “that they may not understand one another’s speech”[ii]. As such, the translator conjured up to remedy the scattering of tongues and to restore linguistic unity; he “becomes the World Saviour”[iii].         Away from mythology, translation has always been a vital activity needed by the different nations essentially to trade and communicate. The old practice of translation developed leading to the emergence of ‘translation studies’ as a discipline standing by itself in the second half of the twentieth century. There appeared different approaches to translation ranging from the communicative/functional, through the linguistic, to the psycholinguistic/cognitive and interpretive ones. Along with the different approaches emerged different types, too; ‘auto-translation’ was one among these many subcategories.         We will see the different meanings that the word ‘auto-translation’ carries from the most noticeable to the least recognized, its importance in translation teaching and learning and a measuring of its applicability in King Abdul Aziz University (KAU), Rabigh Branch, College of Science and Letters, English Department.
      [i] ‘Tower of Babel’, in Routledge Encyclopedia of Translation Studies, p.21[ii] Ibid , p.21[iii] Ibid , p.21
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Investigation of Non-Linear Relationship between the Expenditures of
           Social Security Organization and Economic Growth in IRAN

    • Authors: Alireaza Khosravi, Asghar Hasanpour, MirHojjat NajafiNasab, Ali Vafamand
      Pages: 86 - 102
      Abstract: The current paper is aimed at finding long run and short run causality relations between the expenditures of the Social Security Organization and the economic growth for Iran within 1961-2015. The indices used in the present study are the annual expenditures of the Social Security Organization, the number of the people under the coverage of this organization, number of labor force, amount of capital and the variable of the GDP growth as an index for the economic growth of Iran. The result of Hsiao's Causality Test is an indicative of the existence of a unilateral causality relation from the variable of the economic growth towards the variable of the annual expenditures of the Social Security Organization in the short run. It is while the reverse of this relation is not true. It means that there is no causality relation from the expenditures of the organization to the economic growth in the short run. To determine the existence of a long run relation between the above-mentioned variables the Johansen – Juselius co-integration test was used. This test confirms the existence of a long run relation between the expenditures of the organization and the economic growth. Finally, convergence vector also was extracted. The ECM model also indicates the existence of a convergence relation between economic growth and the expenditures of the organization in which the coefficient of the convergence vector is 0/185.it is also determined that based on the STR model the effectiveness of the annual expenditures of the organization on the economic growth is very high. JEL Classification: F22, H55, O15
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The Study on Spatial Types and Genetic Mechanism of the Oasis Historic
           Cultural Towns and Villages in Xinjiang from the Perspective of Regional
           resources

    • Authors: FUli Meng, Yi He
      Pages: 103 - 113
      Abstract: The site of collective memory, the oasis historic cultural towns and villages along the ancient Silk Road in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region are featured by its accumulation of regional resources and multi cultures of various ethnic groups across time and space. Part of the oasis systems of arid and semi-arid areas in Xinjiang, a northwest province in China, these towns and villages have been designated as the important agricultural and nomadic heritage systems in the world.Noted for their historical and cultural values, the towns and villages are regarded as an important cultural heritage ,its long historical changes has attracted wide interest of researchers in the field. In the context of rapid urbanization featured by its space-time condensation, numbers of these oasis historic cultural towns and villages are gradually shrinking, which propels the need to explore excellent samples as its basic task in the present study.Applying methods of geospatial information to the study on typical oasis historic cultural towns and villages, the article intends to analyze their spatial pattern, characteristics and genetic mechanism. That is, based on Maps of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the article first adopts ArcGIS10.2 of the geographic information data processing platform for map digitization, and then deals with topography and geomorphological map, water resource distribution and cultural heritage distribution.The results show that: ①  Spatial distribution of the oasis historic cultural, towns and villages in Xinjiang is not balanced. These towns and villages, together with the oasis of “Conjugate feature”, are distributed not only around Tianshan Mountains but also along the rivers and lakes in the areas of the mountainous plains. ② Three types of settlement and ten sub-types are proposed according to different formation of regional resources. ③ Propose Two key driving mechanisms, namely, “Appropriate exchange mechanism” and “Time and space mechanism”, are put forward, together with other four types of core factors. The use of integrated GIS tools and field will be adopted in future studies to enrich structural information collection, to better analyze and evaluate the oasis historical villages and towns, and to restructure the oasis historic cultural landscapes. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Gender and Sexuality in Alice Walker’s Color Purple

    • Authors: Dlnya Abdalla Mohammed
      Pages: 114 - 123
      Abstract: Alice Walker a black woman who won an award for her work in the novel Color Purple gives her perception on gender and sexuality in the novel. She uses various characters to engage in the topic of gender inequality and sexual orientation. The paper below pays close attention to the gender identity of the black women from the novel. From Judith Butler’s book titled Gender trouble, the paper analyzes the sexual orientation and the argument by Judith on gender equality. The paper gives the stand point of Walker on the issues of sexuality and sexual orientation. The book by Walker ends by breaking down the traditional norms on gender and sexuality. She also urges for coexistence among people from the various sexual orientations. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Legitimizing the Lie' ‘Castrating’ Fiction in Atwood’s The
           Handmaid’s Tale and Irving’s Rip Van Winkle

    • Authors: Moffat Moyo
      Pages: 124 - 134
      Abstract: This study is concerned with fiction as an imaginary product therefore a lie. The work runs through the question of what a lie is, and how unavoidable it is. Using Plato’s theory of imitation, the work goes on to suggest that fiction is a lie. While not completely agreeing with Plato that imitation is dangerous, the work explores how Margaret Atwood in The Handmaid’s Tale and Washington Irving in Rip Van Winkle have blurred the line between fact and fiction through attributing to their work as actual historical events. They have equally subliminally inserted messages in their work to force the reader to believe everything he reads as fact and not fiction. This paper questions why the writers have used this approach and suggests rhetorically that this could be because of Plato’s suggestion that imitative work which is imaginary is divorced from the truth hence dangerous.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • CHALLENGES OF NON-NATIVE TEACHER’S OF ENGLISH IN ENGLISH AS SECOND
           LANGUAGE (ESL) CLASSROOMS - A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED HIGH SCHOOLS IN
           LAUTOKA, FIJI

    • Authors: Ravnil Narayan
      Pages: 135 - 173
      Abstract:  In this 21st century, English has become an indispensible part of the educational curriculum in Fijian schools. Despite all the efforts being invested and devoted to inculcate the commendable level of English among Fijian learners, the resultant outcome could not produce an acceptable level to relevant authorities, in particular, the ministry of educations expectations. This is especially true in this current era whereby the level of English is deteoriating swiftly. The paper tends to look into the challenges faced by the non-native teachers of English. It further recommends the desired solutions to address the challenges and how learners of this supreme language could further uplift their standard by adapting to the desired strategies. This paper will also investigate the roles of non-native teachers of English and the fallacies that are associated with it. More imperatively, the research will also highlight the dire need for non-native teachers of English to up skill their existing qualifications, so that they are able to realise the true potential of addressing the challenges which they are facing. On the onset, this paper will adopt the TESL theory of communicative learning theory (CLT) to elucidate the vacuum in the field of non-native teachers of English. The findings of the research will undoubtedly help the English sentient people in the field of linguistics and applied linguistics in Fiji’s context.           Key Words: Native English speaking teachers NEST, Non-native English speaking teachers NNEST, English as a second language ESL, English as a foreign language EFL, Challenges, fallacies. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A Study of the use of Motivational Macro – Strategies in the teaching of
           the English Language in the Tunisian context

    • Authors: Asma Ounis, Tesnim Ounis
      Pages: 174 - 187
      Abstract: Most cross – disciplinary theories have shown their interest in investigating the idea that motivation is essential to achieve good quality education and ensure effective language learning. Spada and Lightbrown (2006) argue that “… little research has directly investigated how pedagogy interacts with motivation in second language classrooms…” (p. 65). Seen from this perspective, scholars have emphasized the need for the incorporation of motivational strategies in the EFL classroom (William & Burden, 1997; Dörnyei, 2001; Brophy, 2004).To this end, 250 Tunisian EFL teachers enrolled at various teaching institutions participated in the current study by filling in a questionnaire survey. The latter contains ten motivational macro strategies that are known as the ‘ten commandments for motivating language learners’ (adapted from Dörnyei and Csizér, 1998, p, 222). Participants’ responses reveal interesting insights about the teachers’ frequent use of the motivational strategies which are meant to increase learners’ willingness to learn English as a foreign language. The results reveal that the participants tend to frequently use some macro - strategies at the expense of some others. Besides, the research findings indicate that the university teachers and the school teachers exhibit different perceptions and attitudes towards the implementation of motivational strategies. By the end, the present study seeks to unveil the real reasons that lay behind this discrepancy in order of frequency of use allocated to a set of motivational strategies. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Tunisian Secondary EFL School Teachers’ perceptions regarding
           Communicative Language Teaching: An exploratory survey

    • Authors: Asma Ounis, Tesnim Ounis
      Pages: 188 - 208
      Abstract: The communicative approach represents a change of focus in language teaching from linguistic structures to learners’ need for developing communication skills. As such, teachers in many English foreign language contexts are expected to use the CLT approach in their classes due to the high demand for developing learners’ communicative competence. The present study investigates secondary school EFL teachers’ perceptions of CLT principles and practices in the Tunisian context. It seeks to explore EFL teachers’ attitudes toward CLT as well as the difficulties they may encounter in implementing the approach in their classrooms. In order to address the purpose of this study, a combination of quantitative and qualitative data using a semi-structured questionnaire with 30 Tunisian English language teachers was carried out. The results of this study reveal that EFL teachers have a positive attitude toward the CLT approach. However, the findings also show that EFL teachers perceive many difficulties in implementing CLT in their classrooms. The identified factors that prevent the implementation of CLT are consistently associated with the class size, number of class hours and lack of teaching materials for communicative activities in the education system and so forth. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Acts of Resistance in Sylvia Plath's "Daddy," "Lady Lazarus," and
           "Ariel": A Journey from Oppression to Emancipation

    • Authors: Esra'a Jamil Qazzaz
      Pages: 209 - 218
      Abstract:  AbstractThis paper analyzes three of Sylvia Plath's poems, “Daddy,” “Lady Lazarus,” and “Ariel,” in which some images of women's oppression and their acts of resistance are highlighted and illustrated from feminist and social perspectives utilizing Scott’s theory of “Everyday Resistance.” Women are presented as the victims of patriarchy whose repressive condition is compared to the depersonalized condition of Jewish prisoners in the concentration camps of the Nazi in "Daddy" and "Lady Lazarus," and to Lady Godiva, who was exploited and humiliated by her husband, in "Ariel." The paper examines some “practical” and “symbolic” tactics of resistance the female speakers in the three selected poems follow to overcome the patriarchal hegemony over their subjectivity and to gain a sense of self- identity and autonomy, such as the metaphorical murder in “Daddy,” the striptease performance and suicide in “Lady Lazarus” and the journey in “Ariel.” The paper follows the development and change of the female speakers and shows how they move from being passive recipients of exploitive patriarchal actions to being active agents of resistance. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Reading Psychological Trauma in Bessie Head’s A Question of Power

    • Authors: Lèfara Silue
      Pages: 219 - 232
      Abstract: Bessie Head’s A Question of Power depicts the trauma of South-African activists exiled in Botswana. In the text, apartheid regime is portrayed as a racist dictatorship which privileges the white minority to the detriment of the large majority of Africans. The heroine Elizabeth is described as a character suffering from a psychological trauma. Her trauma is revealed in the text in different ways: depression, sexual abuse, alcoholism and madness. Furthermore, the village of Motabeng is seen as the starting point of Elizabeth’s mental instability. She cannot solve the internal conflict which opposes her to her superego. The flashbacks and the memories of apartheid’s torture and bestiality force Elizabeth to use her sex as a remedy against anguish and trauma. In the fictitious South-African society people are judged and classified on the basis of their color. Consequently, Europeans and Africans do not have the same rights and duties.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Embracing Otherness: Mastery of Submission in The Sun Also Rises

    • Authors: Ng Lay Sion
      Pages: 233 - 256
      Abstract: The Sun Also Rises can be read as a psychological novel in which it embodies postwar symtoms such as the splitting of self, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, sexual dysfunction and so forth. This paper attempts to analysize both the negative and positive outcomes from the love-hatred triangle relationships—desire for oneness verse paradox of oneness—between Robert Cohn, Brett Ashley, and Jake Barnes through the lens of queer masochism. It is suggested that masochism serves as a crucial phycological device in trancending each character’s otherness (the marginalized identities), leading them to self-mastery. As for Cohn, it is through the destructive force of boxing and the act of a hand-shake that leads him to accept his Jewish identity; through encountering the traditional masculine values held by Pedro Romero, Brett comes to see herself as a liberal New Woman who would chase alternative relationships regardless of its social and cultural stigma; it is through the energy-cultivation of mother nature that Jake is led to embrace his lack of and reconstruct his alternative masculinity. The ambiguous ending of the novel further presents a positive trend, in which Jake and Brett sit close to each other in a taxi that is going up hill, symbolizing the growth of their love. Drawing on Brett’s earlier description, it is possible to make a hyphothesized interpretation: their relationship could involve a thrid person (polyamory) in order to consume their love.  
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Colonial Violence and Anticolonial Primary Resistance in Selected Novels
           of Le Clézio

    • Authors: Alani Souleymane
      Pages: 257 - 268
      Abstract: Postcolonial writers – from the formerly colonised countries – usually feel more entitled to offer narratives of local resistance against the domination and exploitation of Western imperialism. Existing literatures have revealed that classical French writers with obvious anti-colonial agenda were not exempt from Eurocentric hegemonic penchant. However, much more need to be said about contemporary French writers who wrote about their colonial experiences as victims. This paper focuses on the experiences of violence and anticolonial resistance, mainly in the colonised territories around Onitsha, South-East Nigeria. The study applies Fanon’s principles of violence and resistance which preconise defiance within the anticolonial struggle with a view to establishing the anti-colonial reactions permeating Le Clézio’s novels, namely Chercheur d’or, Onitsha and L’Africain. The novels present the sympathy of European narrators towards various forms of defiance by the oppressed natives, both individual and collective resistance, through strikes, boycotts and murder. They demonise the colonisers who used excessive force to quash local revolts. Narratives of exploitation and fraud slur the colonisers, who could be qualified as mere capitalists. The texts incriminate capitalists, in the guise of colonial powers, with the post-independence woes of African countries and reveal the conspiracy of Western powers to infantilise and vilify newly independent countries. These contemporary narratives of anticolonial resistance foreground Le Clézio as an enforcer of social justice in a globalized world.  
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Individual, Collective and Poetic Memory in the Work of Arno Schmidt

    • Authors: Kathrin Friederike Schneider
      Pages: 269 - 281
      Abstract: By going through the work of the German writer Arno Schmidt (1914-1979), this paper highlights the specific relationship between literature, story writing, and memory. Schmidt’s work reflects the historical and literary claims of its author: write literature but also at the same time contribute to occidental written tradition as the founding and heritage of people’s cultural and collective memory. The paper analyzes two of Schmidt’s works, the novella Leviathan as well as the biography of the romantic poet Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué - both of them being authentic testimonies and narrations of memory (ies). The study of the narrative perspective, the enunciative instance of “I”, allows us to single out its significance and implication for the reader and Schmidt’s concept of objectivity in the presentation of historical events and facts. 
      PubDate: 2017-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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