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  Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 881 journals)
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    - HUMANITIES (277 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

HUMANITIES (277 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aldébaran     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anabases     Open Access  
Analyse & Kritik. Zeitschrift f     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Arbutus Review     Open Access  
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Co-herencia     Open Access  
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cornish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Dorsal Revista de Estudios Foucaultianos     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal  
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access  
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Advances In Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access  
La Revue pour l’histoire du CNRS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access  
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medical Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Mens : revue d'histoire intellectuelle et culturelle     Full-text available via subscription  
Messages, Sages and Ages     Open Access  
Mind and Matter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Mneme - Revista de Humanidades     Open Access  
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Motivation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nationalities Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Natures Sciences Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription  
Neophilologus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
New German Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
New West Indian Guide     Open Access   (Followers: 1)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Northeast African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)

        1 2     

Journal Cover International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies
  [2 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2356-5926
   Published by University of Gafsa Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The Rise of Indian Americans’ Identity in Zitkala Sa’s “Impressions
           of an Indian Childhood” and Jhumpa Lahiri’s “Interpreter of

    • Authors: Kifah (Moh'd Khair) Al Omari, Hala Abdel Razzaq Jum'ah
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: The present paper scrutinizes the seismic shifts of the Indians' identity during the twentieth century. It tends to outline the Indians' collapsing image at the end of the century, taking Zitkala Sa's "Impressions of an Indian Childhood" and Jhumpa Lahiri's "Interpreter of Maladies" as sample stories to represent such shifts. Both Sa and Lahiri embody different aspects of the Indians’ identity in which the sense of originality, culture and spirituality changes. The paper dwells on the changes of these aspects from the beginning to the end of the twentieth century due to several factors such as World War I, World War II, and many other social and political developments during this century. The main argument, thus, is that the writings of the Natives transfer to depict their transitional period. To prove this argument, the researchers analyze the Natives’ distinctive identity, inspecting four distinguished components, originality, culture, spirituality, and struggle in Zitkala Sa’s story. The paper moves to contradict the Natives distinguished identity at the end of the twentieth century, taking Lahiri’s story as a sample for application. It ends by tracing the transitional break of the earlier identity’s components, emphasizing the aspects of imitation, destruction, and shallowness. These aspects make up the main thread of the Indians’ changing identity at the end of the century. By adopting this frame, the researchers consider the Indians’ identity to be one of the most important constitutive norms that changes and adjusts itself to suit many drastic developments that took place throughout the century.   
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Feminine Diasporic Consciousness in the Arab-American Poetry after 11
           September 2001

    • Authors: Reham Mohammed Abu Zaid
      Pages: 17 - 36
      Abstract: The Arab-American women poets have fought marginalization and played an important role in the American literary society. They have suffered from some pressures such as facing the assimilation in the American society (that is to say Americanization) and maintaining their Arabic identity. These pressures have produced a diasporic consciousness in their poetry. Being sensitive by nature, Arab women poets are always aware of their alienation in the American society. The case of being Muslim women, of an Arabic origin, in the American society - with all its characteristics and multiculturalism – has imposed particular themes on their poetry.      Yet, the Arab women poets, living in America became aware of the difficulty of their situation in the American diaspora, especially after the disaster of the attacks September 11, 2001. They were entrapped in a plight which burdened them with much pressure. However, they have faced the new dilemma of the Arabs in the American society courageously. They have successfully overcome their increasing Diasporic consciousness, forming a new shape for their position both inside and outside the American society. In achieving these aims, they have followed some strategies in their poetry, as a turning point in their history and in their lives in USA, as for instance: (1) negotiating the possibilities of the reconciliation between the American 'Self' and the Arab 'Other, (2) sympathizing with the American pain and suffering because of this horrible event, (3) condemning violence and terrorism, (4) attacking the American foreign policy which sometimes creates outside enemies, (5) denouncing the American collective view of terrorism and evil imposed on all the Arab-American people, (6) advocating Islam as a religion and a way of life (7) objecting to the American silencing to and intolerance against the Arab-Americans especially women ... etc.       Consequently, this research paper tries to inspect these strategies. Some poems of two Arab-American women poets, Suheir Hammad and Mohja Kahf are analyzed as examples. The first poet, Hammad, is Palestinian. The other, Kahf, is Syrian. Both of them have been brought up in America. They still live and work there. Suheir Hammad's poem, "First Writing Since" was chosen as an example. this poem is not only a direct poetic reply of an Arab-American woman poet towards 9/11, but it is also a poetic stance of an American woman of a Palestinian origin confronting wrongness, prejudice and discrimination. It also tackles most of the strategies followed by the Arab-American women poets.  Mohja Kahf's poem, "Hijab Scene #3," has been discussed. Additionally, some stanzas of two other poems, "Hijab Scene #7" and "We Will Continue Like Twin Towers", are quoted as a support to the ideas. Kahf condemns the general condition of Islamophobia that has spread in America specifically and in the West generally after 9/11.      Finally, a study of such poetry facilitates a comprehensive understanding of the poetry of the Arab-American women poets, its past views, its present trends, and its possible future. The importance of the role of women in the society is referred to in this research. The research tends to show the significance of poetry in expressing powerfully the human feelings and experiences. The poet is the spokesman of his people. In addition, this research sheds light on an ignored literary genre in America in spite of its richness. It also aims to condemn terrorism and violence anywhere. No man has the right to kill another or to destroy anything. Another goal of the research is to set the principles of equality and fraternity for all human beings regardless of color, religion, race and nationality. Consequently, it denounces racial discrimination, oppression, collective punishment and wrongness. It calls for co-operation, union, peace, justice and tolerance all over the world.   
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • The Impact of Comprehensive Banking Implementation on the Empowerment of
           Human Resources in the Branches of Tejarat Bank (Case Study: Tehran Branch
           Management Employee)

    • Authors: Roxana Behrouz Aghdam
      Pages: 37 - 53
      Abstract: Nowadays, the rapid increase in global developments, the transition from traditional society to an information society and paying attention to new strategies for optimal use of new opportunities have made the banking system increasingly bind to change. Hence, one of the basic concerns of organizations these days is to achieve a comprehensive, reliable, and reflexive performance management approach so that, based on them, they can achieve exact and sufficient information about their position to apply appropriate approach. One of the efficient models which improves the performance of the organization is comprehensive banking model; on the other hand, the managers of organizations have realized that human resources is one of their most important assets, so the failure to pay attention to the strengths and weaknesses of the organization of human resources resulted in incorrect choice of the optimal strategy for the organization. The present study will investigate the impact of comprehensive banking implementation on the empowerment of human resources in the branches of Tejarat Bank based on the conceptual model of comprehensive bankinh in this organization. At first, literature review and background of research are presented and then sample is given to selected participate. The samples consisted of Tejarat Bank management employee at Tehran branches including 440 employees, among whom, using Cocran random sampling, 206 were selected as sample. The instrument used for questionnaire data collection consists of three parts: demographic information, Spritzer’s empowerment questionnaire, and comprehensive banking questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha coefficient is used for reliability and validity of the study (more than 0.7) and validity (more than 0.7) and content (with the approval of the supervisor and experts of Tejarat Bank). To analyze the data of research, according to the normal distribution of data, structural equation modeling and LISREL software were used. The results indicate that personal banking by a coefficient of 69%, private banking by a coefficient of 68%, retail banking by a coefficient of 59%, business banking by a coefficient of 58%, investment banking by a coefficient of 57%, and, finally, corporate banking by a coefficient of 52% are effective on empowering of employee; also, implementation of comprehensive banking has a significant positive impact of 85% on the empoverment of employee. Therefore, the research hypotheses are accepted. 
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Overlapping of Feminisim and Postcolonialism in Raja Rao’s Kanthapura
           and R.K. Narayan’s Waiting for the Mahatma

    • Authors: Nedal Al-Mousa
      Pages: 54 - 63
      Abstract: The paper examines the overlapping of feminism and postcolonial discourse in Rajo Rao’s Kanthapura(1938) and R.K. Narayan’s Waiting for the Mahatma (1955). The two discourses, I would argue, move in tandem and reinforce each other throughout the two novels. In this context, the turn of events in the two novels seems to contest the views held by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak and Chandrra Taplade Monhanty (two outstanding feminist postcolonial authors) on the marginalization and the inability of subalterns including women, colonized people, and underprivileged groups in third world countries to speak for themselves. In Kanthapura, Ratan, Rangamma, and Verkamma spearhead the struggle against the British colonizers. In Waiting for the Mahatma, Bharata strikes us as a very devoted disciple of Gandhi in his campaign to mobilize the Indians to force the British to’ Quit India.’ Insofar as we can read Waiting for the Mahatma as a Bildungsroman, Bharata is cast as Sriram’s mentor– a role traditionally assigned to male characters in this type of novel. One is even tempted to suggest that Bharata is portrayed as a Beatrice –like figure. Just as Beatrice serves as Danti’s spiritual guide in the Divine Comedy, so Bharata plays a very active role in effecting Sriram’s political and spiritual salvation through embracing Gandhian ideology. In the two novels, I would argue, the ‘positioning’ of women (in the terminology of Julia Kristeva) in a liberal feminist framework merge with the processes of decolonizing the Indian mind at work in the two novels.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Contentment in Islam: A Marker of Happiness, Richness, Self-Sufficiency,
           and Tranquility

    • Authors: Nazmi Al-Shalabi
      Pages: 64 - 75
      Abstract:  This   paper  argues  that  contentment is  an  inner  feeling  that  is  a   marker  of  richness ,Happiness,   self- sufficiency, and tranquility. The discussion shows that contentment   is  the  core of  richness, a paradise  on earth, the  greatest  door that  a  Muslim  enters  to Allah, and the bringer  of peace  of mind for  the worshipper. The conclusion emphasizes the  necessity ofadopting  contentment  as  a way  of  living  on the  grounds  that  it  is  expressive  of  richness, happiness, tranquility,  and  satisfaction (ridha).
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Phonetics features of the Modern Standard Arabic word (MSAW)

    • Authors: Salah Belqacim Belhassen
      Pages: 76 - 88
      Abstract: This research seeks to help both teachers and students of TASOL(Teaching Arabic to Speakers of Other Languages) to reach a higher level of proficiency in understanding the deep structure of the Arabic word, at the same time to make them familiar with the different uses of sounds in the different levels of the word. Furthermore, by recognizing the phonetic structure of the Arabic word, non-native speakers of Arabic will be able to understand the essence of the word in the Modern Arabic Language. However, the purpose of this study is to develop a data base of information regarding the harmony of sounds with each other’s, whenever the sound was more likely in coherence and harmony with others ,it were more likely to form words and the vise-versa.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • The European Union in the British national press: a questionable

    • Authors: Mohamed Elabed
      Pages: 89 - 103
      Abstract: The way the print media cover a given event in a particular state and during exceptional times makes it reasonable to revisit the notion of objectivity in relation to media discourse. The British press coverage of the Euro crisis may be a relevant case study to this, especially that different British newspapers tend to depict the European Union (EU) in a rather negative manner. However, The British media’s portrayal of the EU could not only be restricted to the benefits or the costs of the EU itself. Having this in mind, one may question the credibility of the rhetoric of such newspapers. The present paper seeks to study the extent to which the press is objective in dealing with the issue of the European Union particularly during the recent Euro crisis. Firstly, it gives a general overview of the British national press or the ‘London press’ placing emphasis on those newspapers[1] which directly attack the EU. Secondly, it studies the way those newspapers depict the United Kingdom, the European Union, and the Euro-group. Thirdly, this paper directs attention to those newspapers which seem to be more objective than their counterparts, assuming that such objectivity could not mean an entire neutral stand.
      [1] The newspapers to be investigated here are: The Daily Express, The Sun, and The Daily Mail, The Daily Telegraph and The Times.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • (Un)Representations of the Subaltern in Three Victorian Novels

    • Authors: Hend Hamed Ezzeldin
      Pages: 104 - 115
      Abstract: In its general usage, the term ‘subaltern’ denotes alterity, difference, inferiority, and subordination. This theory has been foregrounded by the writings of Antonio Gramsci, Ranajit Guha, and Gayatri Spivak. Spivak declares the impossibility of representing the subaltern groups or giving them voices in narratives written by powerful parties as the typical representation of the subaltern groups often obscures their voice. In the context of colonialism, the subaltern cannot speak and is thence, unrepresented. This paper traces the representations or rather the un-representations of the subaltern in Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre, Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights, and Arthur Conan Doyle’s The Sign of Four. Written in the Victorian period which was one of imperial expansion, the subaltern, in these three novels, is rather dehumanized, associated with madness, darkness, and savagery and is denied a voice to express his true feelings or defend his actions. Being always the object rather than the subject of narration, the subaltern is never given a chance to recount his-story, always seen as the inferior other whose history should be told by more powerful entities. Falling prey to fear and despair, and failing to express his feelings in a humanely manner as a result of un-representation, the subaltern, in these novels, breaks out in uncontrolled irrational behavior; in an attempt to be recognized. 
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Investigating the Necessity of ICT Usage in Teaching Business English at
           Tertiary Level: The Higher Institute of Human Sciences Medenine as a Case

    • Authors: Nesrine Hamdani
      Pages: 116 - 137
      Abstract: The globalization of economy coupled with technology explosion in society and the status of English as a world language have a great impact upon the teaching and learning of English worldwide. The business world is challenging those of us who teach business English to make use of technology in a more 21st century manner. This paper addresses the question of whether content and methods of teaching business English must be reframed to align with the 21st digital century. It seeks to investigate whether or not it is necessary to use Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools in teaching business English at tertiary level from learners’ perspective and the extent to which those materials can be effective. To serve the purpose of the current study, a questionnaire is delivered to 3rd year business English students aiming at eliciting their perceptions of the integration of ICT materials into classroom activities and its effectiveness. The data revealed that ICT use in learning business English is perceived as unnecessary and misleading unless it is implemented efficiently and under the provision of key factors the most important of which is students’ share of ICT tools with the teacher in the classroom.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Child Language Acquisition versus Second Language Learning: Any Bearing on

    • Authors: Khawlah Rauof Khanekah
      Pages: 138 - 147
      Abstract: This paper investigates language acquisition both of children leaning their first language and of adults learning their second language. This is done by examining recent studies in this field led by a group of post Chomskyian  linguists and psycholinguists who have covered the process of language acquisition with great detail focusing on the four tendencies and developments within psycholinguistics that have bearings on language teaching.  These are: the creative aspect of language; the abstractness of linguistics representation; the universality of underlying structures and the role of intrinsic organization in cognitive process. A review of the methods of teaching second languages (L2) in the past decades shows that psychological theories and cognitive studies popular at the perspective times had a great deal of influence on the choice of text books, classroom materials and other digital means. Therefore, the significance of studying the current theories on child language acquisition and cognitive developments and learning lies in the fact they can positively influence the selection of the methods of teaching English as a second language throughout our schools and universities. This paper observes the poor command of L2, English in this case, on the part of the undergraduate students starting their first year of study at universities and colleges, in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, bearing in mind that as of 2015 these students would have received 12 years of English, mainly studying a new series of English language textbook, ‘Sunrise’ (Arif, 2016). The ‘Sunrise’ program adopts a communicative approach in language teaching; however, the outcome is not satisfactory as reflected in the performance of the student completing twelve years of studying English through the Sunrise program.  The aim of this paper is to come up with recommendations that would lead to improved language skills for the graduates of preparatory schools.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Enhancing cross-cultural Communication through conceptual metaphor
           awareness: The case of 1st year Magister literature students at Laghouat
           University, Algeria (2013-2014)

    • Authors: Sara Mechraoui-Salmi
      Pages: 148 - 156
      Abstract: In this research, the case for conceptual metaphor analysis of literary texts is put forward as an attempt to incorporate both linguistic and pragmatic analysis in the teaching of literature in foreign language classes. Our research, under the lakovian analysis of language and culture-specific metaphors, explored the many ways that metaphor shapes and influences the comprehension of literary texts. Students of first year ‘Magister’ degree in literature at Laghouat University enrolled in the course in 2013-2014, were the targeted sample of the study which was implemented according to the objectives of the course. Using congruent quantitative assessment of the subjects’ performances in the experimental group and the control group in a sequence of studies, metaphor awareness hypothesis has been tested to show its effects on learners’ achievements in acquiring, integrating and recalling culture specific elements in the chosen texts. The findings of the study confirm that conceptual metaphors sustain cultural interaction in EFL literature classes.  
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Criminological Analysis of Unveiling (hijab ) in Iran with an Emphasis on
           Islamic Views (Case Study: Najaf Abad, Isfahan, Iran)

    • Authors: Mahdi Momeni, Salman Mokhtari
      Pages: 157 - 169
      Abstract: Islamic theorists refer to hijab as a factor of healthy social relationships, which leads to a decrease in the number of crimes. The main question in this research is, "What is the philosophy of canonization in Islam?", "What is the relationship between unveiling and crimes in terms of criminology?" Criminological data approve of the fact that observing hijab rules helps reduce crimes and offences. Research method was analytical-descriptive. The data were collected using questionnaires distributed to 402 men and women in Najaf Abad, Isfahan. Data analysis was done using SPSS software. Then, it was concluded that Islam considers humans' growth and happiness in the canonization of religious sentences. On the other hand, criminology can greatly reduce crimes by identifying the causes of crimes related to the society, leading to the prevention of crimes through the generalization of a hijab culture in the society.  
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Occultism and Modern Humans Uncertainty in Eliot's Four Quartets

    • Authors: Asma Jasim Muhammad
      Pages: 170 - 178
      Abstract: Mysticism is a religious tradition that has existed quite a while ago in each religion, society that affects literature, and shows an immediate experience of the Divine. It has been a rich topic for poets who have since quite a while ago utilized it to add intensity and insight to their verse. A few writers have utilized certain mystical components to pass on specific viewpoints and answers concerning universal and individual issues.This papers intends to explore how T. S. Eliot uses mystical components like "paradox", "the Centre" and "Via Negativa" in his Four Quartets to recall readers of his poems of their divine value and the approach they should pursue to obtain redemption, and relief from the doubt of human beings, on two levels; the mystical and individual that prevailed during atrocities and anarchy of the second World War. 
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Heritage of Slavery in August Wilson’s The Piano Lesson

    • Authors: Dlnya A. Muhammed, Mariwan N. Hasan
      Pages: 179 - 185
      Abstract: To some extent, everyone has been extremely impacted by the American history of slavery, but those who, understandably feel it the most are the Americans descended from slaves. Modern drama influenced African Americans to realize the nature of their whole history in America as being deeply affected by the heritage of slavery, particularly to guarantee that others recognize the institution for the inhumanity and terror that it was, also to motivate those with slavery in their past to demand this experience as part of their cultural identity.August Wilson’s The Piano Lesson looks at the African Americans segregation from Mississippi who has travelled North without coming to terms with their southern past. This dispute is expressed in the brother-sister conflict between Bernice and Boy Willie over an antique, 135-year-old piano that their great-grandfather carved for a white man, which has been inherited by the siblings now. They argue over whether to respect their slave ancestors or deny the family’s past enslavement. Boy Willie wishes to sell the piano to be free of the past, but this longing is also his way of considering his ancestors and building on their heritage. For him, selling the piano is a proof of the past not a refusal. On the other hand, Bernice desires to possess the piano as a symbol of her African American heritage. The piano symbolizes the struggles and relations between the past and present that exists yet. It proposes that the profiteering of black’s artistic and manual achievement by whites is an American tradition underlying the reality of the American dream.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • A Female Bangladeshi’s Quest for Her New Identity in Monica Ali’s
           Brick Lane: A Textual Analysis

    • Authors: Ashti Anawr Muhammed
      Pages: 186 - 202
      Abstract: This study investigates the identity of the Bangladeshi protagonist Nazneen in Brick Lane. Textual approach is used to understand how Nazneen uses her identity in England, which is changeable. Certain topics such as life, death and loneliness are crystal clear in Brick Lane. The novel portrays a hero who experiences and needs to manage a breakdown and can be elucidated by emotional meltdowns. It is significant for Nazneen to be a non-native. The setting of the novel is today's London, and can be considered as Bildungsroman.[1] Although it may not be clear at the beginning, yet identity is a key subject in Ali's novel the to some extent weird blend of characters confront ground-breaking choices, despair and identity crisis. This character is mind boggling and fascinating with regards to the topics mentioned above, and her identity inevitably develops. The character confronts misery, and identity issue. The study deals with Brick Lane with reference to identity via the themes of life, death and loneliness. Topics of women, fate and adoration and delight will assist to discover the identity crisis of Nazneen.
      [1] It is a type of novel that pursues the development of the hero or heroine from childhood or adolescence into adulthood, via a troubled search for identity (Baldick 35).  
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Realism in Ibsen’s a Doll’s House: a Critical Study

    • Authors: Ashti Anwar Muhammed, Asma Jasim Muhammad
      Pages: 203 - 216
      Abstract: This paper concentrates on Ibsen's realistic states of mind towards the nineteenth century Scandinavian middle class society. It additionally endeavours to make utilization of symbolism, transformation, art of portrayal, plot development, and solidarity of alternate extremes of Ibsen's ethical, social, and financial issues. Nora is intentionally uncovered not just as an image of Ibsen's modern woman's rights yet as a general women's liberation. Ibsen was worried with the emergency of progressivism, the contentions of the common families, lady's liberation, and the mental issue of the individual and the force of economy over human relations in industrialist society. It likewise goes for disclosing ladies' ordinary issues and social reality through applying typical authenticity in the play, A Doll's House. The point is to take a glimpse at Ibsen's unpretentious perspectives towards socio-reasonable feedback with a view to uncovering the then Scandinavian ladies' issues and social reality of the common family, the brief examination of authenticity, symbolic realism as appeared in this play through disclosing Ibsen's art of characterizations. 
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Towards an Understanding of Wartime Residues Typifying Syrian Pictorial
           Genres: A Socio-Semiotic Perspective

    • Authors: Latifa Neïli
      Pages: 217 - 238
      Abstract: This study is an attempt to understand manifestations of psychological residues in the non-verbal discourse appertaining to Syrians who witnessed the period of warfare in Syria. It seeks to mull over the propositional content communicated in an assemblage of Syrian child refugees’ drawings and Syrian citizens’ graffiti. It also aims to convey the extent to which such pictorial genres reflect their traumatic experience along with their dilemma of agony and resilience. Essential to such an investigation is a social semiotic framework set out by Kress and Van Leeuwen (1996, 2006) in their pioneering study on the grammar of visual design. This theory is applied to the corpus so as to reveal eminent and thorny themes through unveiling the interaction among several semiotic resources. A descriptive-analytic approach is adopted to enquire the significance of interactive and represented participants in an image. The choice of Syrians’ creative expressions as simulacra of reality is motivated by the assumption that they are pregnant with profound meanings that echo wartime repercussions left in their psyches.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Negative Images of Women in Some Selected Passages in the Old Testament
           and Its Impact on Women in the Contemporary Nigerian Society

    • Authors: Adesanya Ibiyinka Olusola
      Pages: 239 - 251
      Abstract: The paper discussed the negative images of women in some selected passages of the Old Testament. Since it is not possible to deal with all negative pictures about women in the Old Testament, the work concentrated only on three images of women which are viewed negatively: women’s biological make up, women as temptress, women as harlots. The methodology used is a systematic and scrupulous referenced study of relevant books, journals and theses. The paper recognized that even though there are good pictures of some women like Deborah, Miriam and Huldah in the Bible, but these women in actual sense do not represent the condition of every Israelite woman. Perhaps more than any other, the patriarchal Old Testament culture that treat women as sinners affirms and reinforces the attitude of men to women in the contemporary society. Different images and languages of denigration usually used against women in the Nigerian society are clearly spelt out. However, the paper concludes that a new form of expression and interpretation of tradition should be used to uphold the images of women.  Equally, the paper recommended that there is need to change the negative linguistic models against women by specifically following the example of Jesus attitude to women of his days.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • The Ugliness of War in the Perspective of the Speaking Dead in the poems
           of Wilfred Owen and Sherko Bekas

    • Authors: Najat Ismael Sayakhan, Kwestan Jamal
      Pages: 252 - 258
      Abstract: War and its ugly consequences have always been and are still a rich source of inspiration for poets. They try to convey their message about peace, equality, and justice in a realistic and chilling way and they try to bring to light the gruesome experience of war, they do not glorify war. Thousands of young men left their homes with the conviction that war was honorable and glorious. However, those very few who survived the war, returned changed, wiser, and more cynical, they experienced the horrors of the war first hand. Many turned to writing or became artists, trying to escape from the trauma of war. The name ‘war poetry’ might be misleading somewhat, because it is actually the anti-war poetry, it is an attack against the whole ideology of nobleness of war.
      Those anti-war poets try to depict the sick-of-war people in the truest way. In their lines of verse, they bring out the damages caused by war. War reaches many fields of life of which humanity is the most prominent and most sensitive; for instance, human costs have always been the largest. The researchers aim at showing the ugliness of war in the perspectives of the English poet Wilfred Owen in his “Strange Meeting” and the Kurdish poet Sherko Bekas in his “Goristani Chrakan” (Graveyard of Lamps). The authors first try to pinpoint the imaginary journey the narrator starts into the tunnel of death in “Strange Meeting” where he meets the enemy he had killed the day before. Next they accompany the second narrator in his journey to the underworld where he depicts the dead in, according to Sharifi (, a “panorama of humanity” in “Goristani Chrakan” where he escorts a female spirit and victim of a notorious genocide. In the last section, the authors identify the points of similarity and difference between the two masterpieces. 
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)

    • Authors: Natalia Tishchenko
      Pages: 259 - 271
      Abstract: In this article three methods of prison interpretation in soviet and Russian literature in 20-21 centuries are analyzed using the basic standings of the theory of discourse analysis (van Dijk, Fairclough, Laclau, Mouffe, Foucault). Changes in perception of prison subculture connected with fundamental changes of culture in a whole are showed on the example of three types of discourses that correspond to three periods in literature. Prison evaluation as a social-legal institute is changing depending on the type of culture. Author's method of carrying out discourse-analysis of literary texts helps to reveal such changing. Literary texts are considered as discursive practices that are directly connected with social practices and express definite models of behavior, living priorities and so on. Conclusion is made that in modern interpretation such terms as prison and prison subculture are a valuable participators of economical strategies that express values and priorities of society of consumption.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Teachers Attitude Towards Teaching Mathematics at Upper Primary Levels in
           Fiji’s Primary Schools: A Case Study of the Western Primary Schools

    • Authors: Ruveni Tuimavana, Nikleshwar Datt
      Pages: 272 - 293
      Abstract: Teachers’ perceptions of teaching mathematics at upper are important as they do have a strong influence on the pedagogies utilized in daily classrooms. The purpose of this study was to gauge the perceptions of teaching mathematics in Upper primary schools in Fiji. Primary school teachers in Fiji are general teachers where they are expected to teach all the subject areas under the curriculum including mathematics. Literatures have indicated that teachers’ pedagogy is being influenced by experience, self-confidence and motivation for teaching the subject.A survey using five point Likert type scale and open-ended questions was administered to upper primary school teachers in the Western division of the Fiji islands. Purposive sampling was utilised to select the school and a total of fifty four teachers participated in the survey. Quantitative data was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) whilst qualitative data gathered during the ‘talanoa’ sessions was analysed using thematic approach. All data collected was synthesised according to the mixed methods conventions and findings are discussed according to the research questions and pertinent emerging themes. Results indicate that in general upper primary school teachers are predominantly males and are relatively equipped with the necessary pedagogies to impart the upper primary curriculum in Fiji. However there could always be room for improvement in certain areas in order to improve educational delivery especially in teaching mathematics in upper primary.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • Integration or Occupation: What Do Pro and Anti-Refugees Say About Current
           EU Refugee- Crisis?

    • Authors: Soheila Heidari, Alireza Khosravi
      Pages: 294 - 303
      Abstract: The concern of being occupied by refugees runs through the discourses of both anti and pro-refugee parties considering them as either a threat to be avoided or as an opportunity to be welcomed.  This paper by analyzing the reactions of opponents and supporters of welcoming current refugees in Europe, as the largest movement of people since the establishment of the European Union shows that they both consider European Values as the symbol and refugees as the occupiers of that symbol. Differentiating the occupation of land from occupation of mind, this paper illustrates that in the occupation of mind, a symbol that stands for the prevailing ideology is occupied to call the  governments to react to the needs of individuals that are gathered as a group. Also, by applying the critical term of “occupation” to read refugees themselves, it has been suggested that rather than the fix meaning of refugee, its floating meaning is addressed by politicians. It is concluded that by employing refugees as a threat, politicians intend to connote this message that the occupied will be another occupier. Keywords; Refugees, Occupation of Mind, Occupation of Land, Floating Signifier 
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
  • The Tailor’s Needle: Its Global Journey

    • Authors: Vivek Kumar Dwivedi
      Pages: 304 - 315
      Abstract:  Every literary work carries a history behind it. Some of them make important part of understanding the work itself. Their journey from first being conceptualised to being out in the market, gives a glimpse in the life of the author as well as the whole process of growth and development of that literary work. Some journeys are more interesting than others. The publication journey and response of the readers to The Tailor’s Needle is so intriguing that make it a subject of study and discussion.  This paper traces (a) the story of the publication of The Tailor’s Needle, (b) the strange fate and circumstances of the novel’s current status, (c) the responses to this novel, and how all these are related to the postcoloniality that the novel foregrounds. The masters and the men seem to be knit together by ties that are strong enough to continue to bind the two cultures together through a network that is scarcely noticed. This article indicates how the masters are still excited by the colonies they have left decades ago and sometimes, in spite of every effort outwardly made, still keep getting into the trap of the “we” and the “they”.
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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