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  Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 889 journals)
    - ASIAN STUDIES (165 journals)
    - CLASSICAL STUDIES (119 journals)
    - DEMOGRAPHY AND POPULATION STUDIES (145 journals)
    - ETHNIC INTERESTS (157 journals)
    - GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY (7 journals)
    - HUMANITIES (268 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

HUMANITIES (268 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aldébaran     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access  
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anabases     Open Access  
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Anglo-Saxon England     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Arbutus Review     Open Access  
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access  
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Co-herencia     Open Access  
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal  
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cornish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Culturas     Open Access  
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 45)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access  
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access  
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access  
La Revue pour l’histoire du CNRS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access  
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Medical Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Mens : revue d'histoire intellectuelle et culturelle     Full-text available via subscription  
Messages, Sages and Ages     Open Access  
Mind and Matter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mouseion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nationalities Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Natures Sciences Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription  
Neophilologus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
New German Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
New West Indian Guide     Open Access  
nonsite.org     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Northeast African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal  
Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Palgrave Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Patrimônio e Memória     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2     

Journal Cover Journal for Semitics
  [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1013-8471
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [186 journals]
  • Journal for Semitics: Exploring the limits of ambiguity in biblical poetry
           : interpreting elliptical structures : Adrianus van Selms Memorial Lecture
           
    • Authors: Miller-Naude; Cynthia L.
      Abstract: The terse and compact language of biblical poetry often lends itself to structural ambiguity, instances in which more than one underlying structure can be assigned to a string of words. In this paper, I explore ambiguous structures in biblical poetry that involve ellipsis. By ellipsis I refer to cases in which words or phrases are missing from the surface structure but are understood in the deep structure. For example, in Job 30:20 the surface structure of the Hebrew can be translated as the NRSV does: "I cry to you and you do not answer me; I stand, and you merely look at me". However, some exegetes understand that the negative particle has been elided before the last verb and translate as the NJPS does: "I cry out to You, but You do not answer me; I wait, but You do not consider me". There are three possible ways to understand the Hebrew of this verse: (1) the negative cannot be elided and the last clause is unambiguously positive; (2) the negative particle must be understood as elided and the last clause is unambiguously negative; or (3) the structure is genuinely ambiguous and may be understood as either positive or negative. In this paper I provide an overview of what is known about ellipsis in Biblical Hebrew, drawing upon previous research (especially Miller 2003, 2005, 2007a, 2007b, 2007c, 2008). I will seek first to provide the principles of ellipsis, in general, and ellipsis of the negative particles לא and אל, in particular, so that it is possible to identify those cases of ellipsis that are truly ambiguous as opposed to those cases of ellipsis which must be interpreted as having only one structural interpretation.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:45:21Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The significance of form and sound in teaching and
           reading Hebrew narratives
    • Authors: Lubbe; J.C.
      Abstract: Language may be described as a system of communication of which form, sound and meaning are three fundamental features. However, Biblical Hebrew is apparently still taught in many centres (at least in South Africa) with a minimum use of sound and the sort of attention paid to morphological minutiae that does not do justice to Hebrew as a system of communication. In the practical arena of scholarship, objections have been levelled at the lack of attention to form and sound in Bible translation (Everett Fox) and to the lack of attention to form at sentence level (i.e., syntax) in understanding Hebrew narrative (Robert Longacre). In the light of this unsatisfactory situation, it seems necessary to change the approach to teaching Biblical Hebrew and to ensure the development of a linguistic sensitivity to these fundamentals. To demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed approach, Phyllis Trible's treatment of the story of Jephthah and his daughter is examined.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:45:20Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Gezer Calendar revisited : what does yrhw mean?
    • Authors: Van Rensburg; J.F.J.
      Abstract: The Gezer calendar, dated to the tenth century B.C.E., is one of the oldest known Canaanite inscriptions. Since its discovery in 1908 numerous articles have been published. Many questions regarding this renowned agricultural calendar, however, remain problematic. These include aspects such as its genre and function, as well as the translation of certain terms. Amongst these terms are the words yrh ("month ...") and yrhw which introduce the indication of each new agricultural period. The present article particularly focuses on the function and rendering of yrhw. Using the interpretations suggested by Josef Tropper in his article "Nominativ Dual *yarihau im Gezer-Kalender" (1993:228-231) as point of departure, each option is linguistically reconsidered, correlations between them indentified, and their possible translations in English, within context of the calendar, investigated. Finally, attention is given to the processes of reasoning by different scholars, as well as the factors that play a role in their deliberations.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:45:19Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The interpretation and translation of the Biblical
           Hebrew quantifier kol
    • Authors: Naude; Jacobus A.
      Abstract: Traditional accounts of the quantifier kol in Biblical Hebrew do not describe or explain its status, syntactic distribution or scope adequately. Current research within both formal and functional approaches to universal quantifiers is of interest to Biblical Hebrew grammar. Both approaches use formal representations to describe quantifiers. These representations exhibit some of the properties commonly associated with the representations of standard logical systems, namely, the fact that an operator is associated with (or operates across) a scope / domain / range. In this paper it is argued that kol similarly exhibits the properties of an operator. Definiteness and number mark the scope of kol. Depending on the scope of kol, it can be interpreted or translated as an all or each type quantifier in English. The aim of the paper is to describe where a certain interpretation of kol should be expected and how the various uses of kol should be translated into English and Afrikaans.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:45:18Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Significant versus symbolic universes : sorting out
           the terminology
    • Authors: Van Dyk; Peet J.
      Abstract: It is argued that scholars of religion and anthropology should prevent falling victim to what is termed "the fallacy of assumed cosmology" by rather using different terms to describe phenomena within a magico-mythical cosmology (significant universe) as opposed to terms in a modern scientific cosmology (symbolic universe). The author therefore suggests that the terms signs, idols, images, icons, rituals, spells / enchantments, curses, blessings, customs, taboos and the concept of sacredness are restricted to a magico-mythical cosmology. In contrast terms such as symbol, statue, picture, ceremony, formula, habit, convention and respect should be reserved for the modern scientific cosmology and be avoided when describing phenomena from magico-mythical contexts such as the Old Testament, ancient texts and pre-scientific cultures.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:45:17Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The Hebrew Bible in Nietzsche's philosophy of
           religion
    • Authors: Gericke J.
      Abstract: While many texts discuss Nietzsche's philosophy of religion and his relationship to Judaism there is little research exclusively devoted to his views, use of, and allusions to the Hebrew Bible. In this article concerned with reception history, the author seeks to provide an introduction to the topic by looking at Nietzsche's general assessment of the Hebrew Bible, his understanding of the history of Israelite religion and his allusions to a number of biblical texts. Based on these observations it is argued that though of relatively marginal concern overall, the Hebrew Bible played a definite albeit varied and complex role in Nietzsche's philosophy of religion.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:45:16Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The Patriarchs and their Pentateuchal references :
           outlines of a new understanding
    • Authors: Lombaard C.
      Abstract: The patriarchs of ancient Israel are often regarded as among the founding figures from whom the Yahwistic faith sprang. The Pentateuchal texts on Abram/Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob/Israel are not only extensive, but are also widely regarded as foundational to understanding the historical beginnings and the early faith impulses of later Israel-Judah. However, in this paper some outlines, based on the author's recently published research, are drawn which recast historically the patriarchs and the texts that refer to them. Maneuvering between the two by now conventional understandings of the patriarchal texts as either relatively ancient and hence reasonably reliable regarding the patriarchs or relatively young and hence unreliable with respect to the patriarchs, the present proposal takes a different view. It takes seriously the fact that the first extra-Pentateuchal occurrences of patriarchal references are comparatively late (Jacob: Hosea 12, slightly pre-725; Isaac: Amos 7, post-722; Abraham: Deutero-Isaiah, post-586). The Pentateuchal narratives on these three figures are not to be placed far apart from these occurrences in the corpus propheticum. The patriarchs and their Pentateuchal texts are thus not separated by centuries. Yet, the relationship between patriarch and text cannot for this reason be assumed to be simple. Quite the contrary: the historical-critical problems usually identified and then ascribed to the vagaries of the centuries have now to be sought at least as much in the figures these texts refer to. The textualised patriarchs are namely composite figures, reflecting historically separate, yet in some ways related antecedent personae.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:45:16Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: An Interpretation of
           כםות צינים
           כםות צינים
           in Genesis 20:16
    • Authors: Kotze Z.
      Abstract: Near the end of the story of Sarah's adventure in the house of Abimelech in Genesis 20, Abimelech is said to give Abraham a thousand pieces of silver. Addressing Sarah, Abimelech claims that the silver will be a "covering of eyes" (כםות צינים) for her and all that is with her. The majority of interpreters have chosen a theological paradigm for the interpretation of Abimelech's actions and words. The gift is seen as an expiatory offering, absolving Sarah from the guilt of having been taken in as a concubine while she was in fact married to Abraham. This article attempts an alternative interpretation of the metaphor against the background of the ancient Near Eastern belief in the evil eye and the prophylactic qualities of silver. It is suggested that Abimelech may have believed the silver to have protective value against the baleful look of others.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:45:15Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Maneuvering multi-dimensional language data : a code
           shuttle with XML and database-operation functions
    • Authors: Kroeze; J.H., Bothma, T.J.D., Matthee, M.C.
      Abstract: The article focuses on the conversion of linguistic data between an XML data cube and a three-dimensional array structure in Visual Basic 6 in order to eventually facilitate data access and manipulation. After a short consideration of the structures of the VB6 and XML databanks, conversion between the two is discussed ("round-tripping"), as well as essential database functions (create, read, update and delete) that may be performed on the linguistic data cube. The suggested software tool, therefore, acts as a "code shuttle" (a programme that moves data to and from two different storage structures) with added elementary database functionalities. Linguistic data from the Hebrew text of Genesis 1:1-2:3 is used to demonstrate the data operations.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:45:14Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The Mesopotamian gardens and the cuneiform sign
           bára/bara2 (barag)
    • Authors: Vermaak; P.S.
      Abstract: There seems to be a nexus between "gardens" and "bodies of water" in ancient Mesopotamia. The latest authoritative Sumerian dictionary (Sjöberg 1984:134-148) does not consider the possibility of bára/bara2 (barag) as having the meaning of a "body of water" or a demarcated "water pool" in the cuneiform literature. However, when the cuneiform sign"s contextual meaning in relevant Sumerian literary material and the probable original meaning of the cuneiform sign is reconsidered, this additional meaning of the cuneiform sign bára/bara2 (barag) becomes highly probable.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:45:13Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The rising of dawn - an investigation of the spatial
           and religious background of "dawn" in Psalm 139:7-12
    • Authors: Sutton L.
      Abstract: This paper focuses on the meaning of shahar ( ) in Psalm 139:7-12. A comparison will be made between Psalm 139:7-12 in the Old Testament and mythological imagery in the ancient Near East to get a better understanding of the religious background of shahar in this text. The investigation of the religious background of "dawn" helps to understand how the negative feeling of the one praying in Psalm 139 is transformed into positive imagery. Like the flying deity Shahar, YHWH is not bound to one realm, emphasizing that one cannot hide from YHWH. The same image can be used for the one praying in Psalm 139. Using spatial orientation in Psalm 139:7-12, the idea is further illustrated by concluding that God is present in all the realms. Ancient Near Eastern vertical and horizontal orientation will be utilised to illustrate how the focus in the psalm falls upon YHWH's omnipresence.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:45:13Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: "At my mother's knee" : the Psalms, the production
           of cultural memory and the cross generational transfer of the canon
    • Authors: Du Toit; J.S.
      Abstract: In his 1998 SBL presidential address Patrick Miller reiterated the centrality of the emergence and maintenance of cultural memory achieved in Deuteronomy by means of the "regular rehearsal of the law in communal ritual and family life" and the "constant recollection of the story in its own preservation and rereading" as means of establishing identity for the religious collective in exile. Psalms, Miller argues, achieves the same by means of the anticipated regularity of the "spontaneous" recitation of songs. This article considers the integral status of Psalms as agency in the transfer of religious identity for modern religious collectives. It furthermore considers the central meaning of Psalms for the instruction of the religious collective in a family context, given its apparent absence in children's Bibles (the most common modern vehicles of instruction and representative of modern Bible interpretation in child acceptable format). In this context the configuration of story titles and the characterisation of the figure of David are foregrounded and contextualised by means of Miller's intimation of exilic ties between the function of Deuteronomy and Psalms within thetextual tradition.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:56Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: A practical approach to methodological
           considerations in interpreting the Bible for children
    • Authors: Evans A.
      Abstract: This article describes a practical approach to exploring a well-recognized pitfall in interpreting the Bible for young children in a post-modern context: the cognitive gap between interpreter and child. A real-life situation concerning a child with a congenital defect (which poses the question of theodicy) was used as an introduction to the pericope in John 9 in which Jesus heals a man born blind. In this pilot study, two multilingual booklets were designed, in English, Afrikaans and isiXhosa. These were individually read in isiXhosa by mothers who were literate in English or Afrikaans, to their own five-year old children selected from an isiXhosa-speaking crèche. After the reading, the children were asked three set questions designed to assess their understanding of the story. The mothers were specifically asked to allow the child to comment, but not to explain anything to the child during the reading or questioning. Afterwards, each mother explained to the researcher what she understood her child's response to be. The sessions, which lasted about ten minutes, were recorded by means of a digital audio recorder and a video camera. The trial was repeated in an Afrikaans-speaking context. Preliminary results and considerations of adjustment to the methodological approach, to the booklets, and to the Bible story, are presented.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:55Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Possible analogies for imagining folk-philosophies
           in ancient Israelite religion
    • Authors: Gericke; J.W.
      Abstract: In this paper, the author seeks to facilitate the process of imagining the presence of philosophical assumptions in the religious language of the Hebrew Bible. After a meta-philosophical deconstruction of the concept of "philosophy" to blur the lines with folk-philosophies, the article seeks to dispute the scholarly consensus alleging the complete absence of philosophical data in ancient Israelite religion. This is done by way of several possible analogies for conceiving of philosophy in Yahwism(s), e.g., historical approaches in Jewish Philosophy, Area Studies in ancient Near Eastern philosophy, the methodological debates in African Philosophy, recent research on philosophy in literature and a century of philosophical approaches to the study of myth.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:54Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The African queen : Queen of Sheba
    • Authors: Adam; D.T., Eghubare, E.F.
      Abstract: This article investigates the Queen of Sheba in the biblical, Islamic, Arabian and Yoruba traditions in order to ascertain who she was and what contribution she has made, particularly in the biblical record and what a difference she has made among women in the sphere of life. Unlike some Euro-American scholars who are trying to de-Africanize the biblical text, this paper tries to establish the African presence in the Old Testament. It maintains that the Africanness of the Queen of Sheba according to biblical, Ethiopian, Arabian and Yoruba (Nigerian) traditions should not be doubted.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:53Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Akhenaten : a woman, a eunuch, a victim of pathology
           or a religious representation?
    • Authors: Marston; J.E.
      Abstract: The images of Akhenaten continue to incite debate largely because those from the Amarna period represent an extraordinary break from traditional royal portrayals. Contrary to established conventions, Akhenaten is depicted with an elongated skull, a prominent jaw, heavy lips and eyelids, a thin neck, slender waist, a distended stomach, large thighs and thin lower legs. Numerous theories have been advanced to explain this apparent schism, many of which are premised upon the images as portraits of the king. Early theories suggested Akhenaten was a woman, a eunuch or the result of generations of incestuous royal marriages. Later theorists proffered medical pathologies such as lipodystrophy, hydrocephaly, hyperpituitarism, eunuchoidism, Klinefelter's Syndrome, Froehlich's Syndrome, and most recently Marfan's Syndrome. The preferred view is that these images were not intended to be interpreted as portraits, but rather as artistic devices to reflect the new religious status of the king and queen, who were objects of worship in their own right.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:52Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: On שבית
           ,שרב and שבות in Psalm 85
           
    • Authors: Loader; James Alfred
      Abstract: This article considers a case of the appeal to etymology and the allied logic in Erich Zenger's commentary on the Psalms, often regarded as a flagship of present-day Psalms exegesis. The derivation of the words שבית ,שרב and שבות in Psalm 85:2 and the use to which this is put to achieve semantic results is examined with a view to the claim that the genre and meaning of the whole psalm are determined by this question. Issues of Ketiv and Qere and the semantics of the association of the two words are discussed in the light of other instances where the expression occurs. In the context of the author's rhetoric and inconsistencies between two almost simultaneous commentaries on the Psalms the question is posed as to the reason for pressing an argument in this way. After briefly comparing a small-scale but innovative reading of the psalm, it is respectfully submitted that even commentaries in the process of being canonised show fluctuations in methodological soundness.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:51Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The influence of the spirit world on African
           leadership : a contextual reading of 1 Samuel 28:1-25
    • Authors: Mavinga; J.N.
      Abstract: In the modern period, the spirit world has become a way for some Africans to be protected or successful in life. Utilising a contextual reading of 1 Samuel 28:1-25, the primary aim of this essay will be to point out how the spirits influence African leadership. This will be achieved in three related stages. First, a brief account of how African leadership relates to the spirit world will be presented. Second, a narrative description of 1 Samuel 28:1-25 will be discussed. Third, an appropriative reading of 1 Samuel 28:1-25 will be provided which will attempt to show how an African leadership can assume its civic responsibilities.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:50Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The so-called "Mesopotamian law codes".
           What's in a name?
    • Authors: Claassens; S.J.
      Abstract: It is a collective human endeavor, when studying something, to give the subject or object a name and therefore consciously and / or unconsciously attach a specific meaning to it. The generic classification of the so-called cuneiform collections of Mesopotamia as "law codes" encompasses a certain meaning, which may obscure and confuse the recent debate concerning whether these collections are an authentic source of Mesopotamian law traditions regarding which different theories had already developed. The cuneiform collections of ancient Mesopotamia are not a singular body of authoritative law but consist of different meanings extended over long periods with social, political, economic and ethnic differences. The majority of scholars persist in the idea, established by Scheil, of naming the cuneiform collections a codex or law code, and of interpreting these cuneiform collections as a codex or law code in today's context and meaning. Until new interpretations of cuneiform texts and artefacts regarding daily and legal activities have been completed, which can prove that these cuneiform collections are an authentic legal source and a codex in terms of today's meaning, the interpretation of the collections on the legal issues of ancient Mesopotamians must be applied with caution and studied together with the greater corpus of cuneiform texts and artefacts, and the branding of the cuneiform collections as a codex reconsidered.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:50Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Susanna : a story of dangerous spaces
    • Authors: Nolte; S.P., Jordaan, P.J.
      Abstract: Commentators on the Septuagint normally use what can be called ''mainline'' or ''traditional'' methods to interpret texts. This article follows a novel methodological approach that is based on recent developments in cognitive linguistics. More specifically, it utilises the theory and method underlying the concept ''embodied cognition'' or ''embodiment''. It is argued that people interpret their environment, their lives, and life's vicissitudes unconsciously by using their bodies as point of reference. The underlying worldview and power structures inherent in the Susanna narrative are explored from this theoretical viewpoint. This theoretical approach is combined with insights from other disciplines such as cultural anthropology and social scientific readings of texts to further enhance the exposition of the worldview underlying the narrative. It is shown that cognitive linguistics adds value to existing interpretations of the narrative.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:49Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The demarcation of the first periscope of Joel in
           Hebrew and Greek manuscripts : a comparison of ancient and modern scholars
           
    • Authors: Scharneck R.
      Abstract: The first pericope division of the book of Joel is problematic. There is a great deal of disagreement among scholars and Bible translators about where the text should be demarcated. Consequently, this article attempts to answer questions such as: What is the most acceptable division for the book of Joel? What are the implications of the different divisions on the understanding of the text? This article refers to the divisions of Joel made in various ancient manuscripts. This is done in an attempt to establish how the ancients interpreted the text. When that understanding is established, it is compared to the understanding of modern scholars. It is believed that this might lead to new insights regarding the interpretation of, especially, the first chapter of the book of Joel.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:48Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The manifestation of justice in ancient Egyptian
           law, with specific reference to The tale of the eloquent peasant
    • Authors: Van Blerk; N.J.
      Abstract: Justice (mα'αt) governed the lives of ancient Egyptians because they saw no difference between divine and human justice. In this article I focus on whether law and a functional legal system (hpw) existed in ancient Egypt. I explore the importance of law for the ancient Egyptian society, which had a high reputation for justice, and discuss what the ancient Egyptians understood by the terms hp/hpw. Law was essential for them and was not merely earthly hpw, but also the divine law, M3't. I indicate that there is abundant evidence of written law in Egypt and they must have had a functional legal system. I discuss terms used in the Tale of the eloquent peasant relating to justice and law and evaluate it as a source of information about ancient Egyptian law and the principles of law and justice in that era. This important work has a strong legal background and shows the interaction between law and justice.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:47Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The ethnic tensions between the Edomites and the
           Israelites in Obadiah
    • Authors: Farisani; E.B.
      Abstract: This paper examines the ethnic tensions between the Edomites and the Israelites in the book of Obadiah. The paper has three related parts. The first discusses the authorship and date of the book of Obadiah. Secondly, the paper analyses the ethnic animosity between the Israelites and the Edomites. Lastly, the paper examines how theology in general, and the Obadiah text in particular, could assist or hinder us in addressing the ethnic problem in Africa.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:47Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: From Murex shells to purple cloth
    • Authors: Smith; A.M.
      Abstract: The Phoenicians produced, procured, transported and sold many different articles, but their most famous and most expensive product no doubt was purple dyed cloth, also called Tyrian or royal purple. In this article an overview will be given of the production methods of this precious commodity, various types of purple cloth, purple thread for embroidery and blue-purple cords in tassels on clothing as well as other uses for Murex shells. Also, attention will be given to the ecological impact of the use of Murex molluscs on the water quality of the Mediterranean Sea.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:46Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Al-Tawbah 9:24, Lexical comments by ten consecutive
           classical interpreters (tenth to sixteenth century)
    • Authors: Suna; M., Dockrat, M.A.E., van Rensburg, J.F.J.
      Abstract: An elucidation is given of selected lexical comments with regard to the Qur'anic verse al-Tawbah 9:24 in the exegetical contribution of al-Ṭabarī, al-Tha'labī, al-Wāḥidī, al-Baghawī, al-Zamakhsharī, Fakhr al-Dīn al- Razī, al-Qurṭubī, al-Baiḍawī, Ibn Kathīr and Abūu al-Su 'ūd. Attention is paid to the kind of information supplied, and possible motivations underlying lexical explanations. General tendencies are pointed out. Words or phrases that are focused upon are 'ashīratu-kum, iqtaraftumū-hā, tijārah, kasāda-hā, masākin and tardawna-hā.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:45Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The "guessing" qatal. The Biblical Hebrew suffix
           conjugation as a manifestation of the evidentiary trajectory
    • Authors: Andrason A.
      Abstract: This paper aims at demonstrating that the Biblical Hebrew (BH) qatal may provide inferential nuances compatible with the evidential semantic domain. First, the reader is familiarized with the general notions concerning resultative and evidential expressions viewed from the panchronic perspective: in particular, their grammatical and functional development (three prototypical evolutionary scenarios labeled ''anterior, simultaneous and evidential paths'') is discussed. Next, employing the panchronic methodology, the author hypothesizes that being recently defined as a prototypical resultative diachrony, the BH suffix conjugation should provide uses which - besides corresponding to the anterior and simultaneous paths - would also reflect the third evolutionary track commonly followed by resultative constructions, i.e., the evidential trajectory, and in particular, that it would offer inferential readings. Afterward, he verifies the hypothesis, analyzing various examples where the qatal seems to display evidential force. This analysis indicates that the formation may provide inferential value corresponding to the category of a guessing perfect: a previously performed action is not witnessed by the enunciator himself but is assumed to have happened because of the available physical or generally assumed evidence and because of the application of human deduction mechanisms. Finally, the author demonstrates that languages which possess more regular overt evidential categories (Turkish and Icelandic) frequently employ them in order to translate specific examples where the qatal has inferential force. All of this demonstrates that the semantic potential of the BH suffix conjugation is compatible with the evidential - in particular inferential - domain which in turn positively verifies the panchronically posited hypothesis.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:45Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The pronunciation of the hidden ﻦ - an
           evaluation of the Ilāhābādī and classical views
    • Authors: Patel; B.A.S., Dockrat, M.A.E.
      Abstract: This paper discusses the debates around the pronunciation of ikhfa - إﺨﻐاﻋ. To this end, the common assertion that the correct way of pronouncing the ikhfa is "in-between إﻈﻬار and إﺪﻏاﻣ" will be interrogated. How is the ﻣﺨﻔاﻩ ﻦ to be pronounced? Is the pronounced from its makhraj (placeof articulation) or not? Ibn al-Jazari (d. 833/1429) speaks of ݍ ﻋﻣﻞ ﻠﻠﺴان (no function of the tongue). What is meant by "no function of the tongue"? These are some of the questions that will be addressed here. The interpretation of ݍ ﻋﻣﻞ ﻠﻠﺴان has been a subject of debate in the Indo-Pak sub-continent and this study contributes to that debate.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:44Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Plumbing the depths : sidelights and strategies of
           the medieval Christian Arab translators
    • Authors: Monferrer-Sala; J.P.
      Abstract: The inquiry of the present paper has a twofold purpose: firstly, our aim is to explore some aspects of the textual, exegetical and lexical interest of some Arabic translations done by Christian Arab authors. Secondly, the aim is to examine those translation techniques and strategies exhibited in the texts used in this study through an analysis based on the narrative fragment provided by Ex 2:11-22, and the various ways in which this material can be used by Old Testament textual criticism.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06T11:41:43Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Benefits of a principled analysis of Biblical Hebrew
           prepositions
    • Authors: Lyle; Kristopher
      Abstract: As Biblical Hebrew studies have become more attuned to the explanatory power accompanying modern linguistic theory, some theoretical pitfalls of standard lexicons have become more apparent. Specifically within the realm of lexicology, it has been demonstrated that current frameworks, such as cognitive semantics, can bring a great deal of theoretical muscle into semantic endeavours. This article applies a methodology based on such advances and shows the benefits of a principled analysis of BH prepositions, with עִם and אֵח as examples. In the end, a replicable investigation is rendered that carefully explores the semantic potential and network of each lexeme.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:23Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Rethinking Yoruba culture in the light of Yoruba
           origins
    • Authors: Agai; Jock Matthew
      Abstract: There are existing traditions which teach that the Yorubas and their culture originate independently or from Egypt or from Israel or from Mecca or even from Etruscan sources. Many scholars and contemporary Yorubas have accepted the Egyptian thesis for Yoruba origins as true because there are many aspects of the culture of the ancient Egyptians that are similar to Yoruba culture. The question arises: what are the cultural aspects that are similar or different between the Yorubas and the Egyptians, or the Israelites, or the Arabians, or the Etruscans? How can the study of these foreign cultures influence the study for the search for Yoruba origins? This research is a study of how certain foreign and ancient cultures are different or similar to Yoruba culture. The main purpose of this research is to explain how the search for the origins of Yoruba culture can contribute to challenging contemporary researchers to begin to look into West Africa and not Egypt or the ancient Near East in the search for Yoruba origin.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:22Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: An appraisal of source material for the study of
           Targum minor prophets
    • Authors: Lier; Gudrun, Van Zyl, Anna Fransina
      Abstract: The study of Aramaic Bible translations (Targumim) continues to be a valuable source of information, not only for uncovering the history of biblical interpretation but also for providing insights for the study of linguistics and translation techniques. In comparison with work done on the Pentateuchal Targumim and Targum Former Prophets, research on the individual books of Targum Minor Prophets has been scant. By providing an overview of selected source material this review seeks (i) to provide incentives for more focussed studies in the field of Targum Minor Prophets and (ii) to motivate new integrated research approaches which are now made possible with the assistance of highly developed software programmes.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:20Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Translation shifts and the improvement of Bible
           translations : the case of Ruth 4:13 in the Setswana versions
    • Authors: Berman; Sidney
      Abstract: This article proposes that the starting point for the improvement of Bible translations in sub-Saharan Africa is the identification and analysis of translation shifts. Shifts are differences between the corresponding portions of a translation and the source text. The concept of shifts is motivated by the observation that differences between a Bible translation and its source text are inevitable. This article demonstrates that the demarcation and examination of a shift can greatly enlighten the hypothesis of circumstances that caused the shift. Consequently, the translator or reviewer can be alert to the influence of similar circumstances contemporarily and find possible ways to eliminate or modify the shift. The article uses the text of Ruth 4:13 from Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. The three Setswana Bibles that are compared with Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia are the translations by Robert Moffat (1857), Alfred Wookey (1908) and Bible Society of South Africa (1970). After examination and comparison, the article hypothesizes on the circumstances that may have caused the shifts of Ruth 4:13. It ends with suggestions for translating the verse without causing shifts.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:20Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Joshua 24 : some literary and theological remarks
    • Authors: Wildenboer; Johan
      Abstract: The aim of this article is to discuss the role and function of Joshua 24 in the current Pentateuch/Hexateuch/Enneateuch debate. Although Joshua 24 presents several textual issues, the emphasis of the article is to augment the role of Joshua 24 as an inclusive text, with the aim of uniting Judeans and Samaritans in the Persian era by emphasising loyalty to the Torah. The article highlights several shared traditions between Judeans and Samaritans in Joshua 24. This approach leads to the conclusion that Joshua 24 was probably written to replace Joshua 23, a Deuteronomistic text with an exclusive stance towards the other nations.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:19Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Agsa, vrou van Otniël
    • Authors: Le Roux; Magdel
      Abstract: Die literêre uitbeelding van die verhale in die boek Rigters weerspieël 'n korporatiewe eenheid van stamme of sibbes waarin individue ook 'n prominente rol speel. Binne die stammeorganisasie kan verwag word dat dié individue tipiese "ideale liggame" - heel manlike Israeliete - sal wees. In teenstelling daarmee speel "nie-ideale liggame" soos vroue, "gestremdes" en "heidene" 'n toonaangewende rol in die boek. Die naasmekaarstelling van "ideale" en "nie-ideale liggame" in die boek skep beide spanning en ironie, veral wanneer die "nie-ideale vroulike liggaam" inisiatief neem terwyl die ideale manlike Israeliet dikwels 'n bedreiging skep wat op skade of skande uitloop (bv Rgt 14-16). Die rol wat Agsa in Rigters 1:11-15 speel is 'n illustrasie van 'n "teenkultuur-retoriek" as verskuilde polemiek (vgl ook 4-5; 9:50; 11:37-40; 13).
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:17Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Hidden messages from teeth of the past revealed;
           palaeodontology in the Holy Land
    • Authors: Greeff; Casper
      Abstract: To scholars who are concerned with biblical archaeology, the Late Bronze Age (LBA)-Early Iron Age (EIA) transition in the Southern Levant indicates the emergence of a new ethnicity. This would suggest an invasion of foreigners (i.e., Israelites) into the land of Canaan, in particular their settlement in the highlands surrounding Jerusalem. The settlement of the foreigners has long since raised the question whether it can be proven that the settlers were indeed Israelites. Variation in population would be explained by the existence of population differences in phenetic relationships, gene flow and genetic drift between different sites that are known to belong to this period (Ullinger et al. 2005:466). Various research models have been employed to validate the differences, if any. The utilisation of dental non-metrical traits is suggested to secure a scientific answer to prove or controvert this theory. This paper will highlight the morphological traits and precursors that teeth possess. It will also evaluate certain unswerving and/or anomalous morphological characteristics (traits) and the odontometrics of permanent teeth. This will suggest methods that can measure phenetic relationships between different communities, ethnic groups, nationalities and even racial physiognomies, as well as migratory trends. And lastly, the age at death of an individual can be determined from the development and/or extent of wear of their teeth.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:16Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Schadenfreude in the Tanak
    • Authors: Pinker; Aron
      Abstract: There is no commandment in the Torah forbidding schadenfreude per se. The general impression seems to be that the Tanak views schadenfreude negatively. Actually, the attitude of the Tanak to schadenfreude is rather ambiguous. In personal interactions schadenfreude is censured, but in some significant many-to-many situations and salvific cases schadenfreude is tolerated and perhaps encouraged. This study attempts to delineate the parameters that characterise the position of the Tanak on schadenfreude.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:15Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Another look at the function of
           מַשָֺּׂא in prophetic literature
    • Authors: Lier; Gudrun, Muller, Lucas Cornelis
      Abstract: In this article some of the previous considerations on the meaning and function of מַשָֺּׂא in the prophetic literature of the Hebrew Bible are critically considered. The function of מַשָֺּׂא is then reviewed by systematically analysing its use in various textual contexts throughout the Hebrew Bible to identify how this term was applied in popular speech, literature, and translation. An attempt is made to categorise מַשָֺּׂא into specific semantic domains in order to determine how the various ways in which מַשָֺּׂא is used in prophetic literature compare with each other. It is suggested that the מַשָֺּׂא-label not only came to be used as an emphatic marker but also functioned as a literary device, more specifically a mnemonic bridge, to bind maśśā'-prophecies together intertextually to form a virtual corpus.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:13Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Susanna - framing the minds and views of people
    • Authors: De Bruyn; Joseph Jacobus
      Abstract: This article analyses the story of Susanna by combining features of editorial and narrative critique as well as new insights on body and space in the field of linguistics. Furthermore, it is postulated that the Susanna narrative must be read in a reciprocal relationship to the entire Greek Daniel. Accordingly, it is put forward that the narrative of Susanna is utilised as part of a larger narrative structure. With this larger Greek Daniel narrative, a new worldview is created that opposes the worldviews of the ancient Near Eastern people. According to the new worldview the God of Israel is not bound to religious or cultural perceptions. Different bodily and spatial features are exploited to construct this new worldview. The story of Susanna is utilised as technique to influence the reader in rethinking their worldviews.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:11Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The semantic relationship between
           יְרֻשָֺּׁה and
           נַחֲלָה in Jeremiah 32
           and Ruth 4
    • Authors: Van Aarde; Tim
      Abstract: In almost every case except late usage the word group יְרֻשָֺּׁה and its derivatives refer to taking possession of the object named. The word group נַחֲלָה and its derivatives refer to the inheritance of household property. In late usage יְרֻשָֺּׁה and נַחֲלָה share the semantic field of inheritance and have been considered to be synonymous. This interpretation is critically re-evaluated. The word group נַחֲלָה has the meaning of permanent possession of the inheritance of the family's wealth and יְרֻשָֺּׁה the possession of property involving acquisition without stipulating the mode of acquisition. The continued possession of the land, יְרֻשָֺּׁה, was dependent upon the covenant relationship with Yahweh and although the possession of the land could be lost the land was allotted as a permanent possession, נַחֲלָה, to the household clans and tribes of Israel and restoration made on the grounds of the rights of inheritance. Land was the centre of the social system of Israel and it was the abuse of the rights associated with land that reflected a breakdown in the covenant relationship with Yahweh. A comparison is made of Jeremiah 32 and Ruth 4 in terms of the relation of יְרֻשָֺּׁה and נַחֲלָה to kinsman-redemption which was central to Israel's social system.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:10Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Canonical narrative schema : a key to understanding
           the victory discourse in Judith : a Greimassian contribution
    • Authors: Hobyane; Risimati
      Abstract: A historical critical approach to narratives has contributed significantly to the analysis of ancient narratives. However, this approach has somehow unfairly ignored some other critical aspects of many ancient narratives. Judith is no exception to this claim. While appreciating the contribution of historical critical approaches to Judith (i.e., the questions on authorship, historical and geographical inconsistencies etc.), the aim of this article is to go beyond the historicity of Judith, and reveal some narrative techniques employed by the author in creating a woman protagonist who is destined to achieve the unthinkable in the minds of the men of her contemporary world. This article explores these narrative techniques by employing the narrative analysis, narrative syntax in particular, of the Greimassian approach to narrative texts. Subsequently, this article contributes to research of Judith by revealing the path that Judith followed on her quest to save the Jewish religion from extinction during the Second Temple period.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:08Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Leaders and times of crisis : Jeremiah 5:1-6 a case
           in point
    • Authors: Wessels; Wilhelm J.
      Abstract: The book of Jeremiah reflects a particular period in the history of Judah, certain theological perspectives and a particular portrayal of the prophet Jeremiah. Covenant theology played a major role in Jeremiah's view of life and determined his expectations of leaders and ordinary people. He placed high value on justice and trustworthiness, and people who did not adhere to this would in his view bear the consequences of disobedience to Yahweh's moral demands and unfaithfulness. The prophet expected those in positions of leadership to adhere to certain ethical obligations as is clear from most of the nouns which appear in Jeremiah 5:1-6. This article argues that crisis situations in history affect leaders' communication, attitudes and responses. Leaders' worldviews and ideologies play a definitive role in their responses to crises. Jeremiah's religious views are reflected in his criticism and demands of people in his society. This is also true as seen from the way the people and leaders in Judah responded to the prophet's proclamation. Jeremiah 5:1-6 emphasises that knowledge and accountability are expected of leaders at all times, but in particular during unstable political times.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:05Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: The Himyarite kingdom on the eve of and after the
           Ethiopian dominance in the sixth century A.D. in the Martyrdom of St.
           Arethas and his companions and in the Acts of St. Gregentius
    • Authors: Christides V.
      Abstract: Based on two important hagiographical works written in Greek, the Martyrdom of St. Arethas and his companions and the Acts of St. Gregentius, the aim of this paper is to continue my preliminary study of the countries around the Red Sea in pre-Islamic times, especially in the sixth century A.D. The most valuable information in the Martyrdom concerns the hazardous voyage of the Ethiopian army from the main port of Adulis across the Red Sea to South Arabia (ca 525 A.D.). This work illuminates aspects of that expedition which do not appear in such detail in any other source. In addition, it describes the ports of the Red Sea in the sixth century, i.e., Klysma, Bereniki, Adulis, etc., corroborating the finds of archaeology and epigraphy. Concerning the controversial Acts of St. Gregentius, the present author has tried to discuss only some vital information reflecting the social structure of South Arabia during its Ethiopian occupation until the Persian conquest of it (ca 525 A.D. - ca 570 A.D.), and attempted to trace the origin of just one law (the treatment of animals) among those supposedly imposed on the Himyarites by the so-called archbishop Gregentius.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:02Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Bernard of Clairvaux's reading of the Song of Songs
           2:4-5 : wounded by love - putting order in love
    • Authors: Decock; Paul
      Abstract: Before focusing on the two important verses, this article first considers Bernard's monastic approach to the reading of the Song of Songs and the sources of this approach in Origen's commentary and sermons. Bernard like Origen presupposes that the main theme of the book is the transformation of the readers into deeper love. The image of "being wounded by love" and the theme of the "ordering of love" are taken from tradition and Bernard presents these in his own way in view of his primary audience, which are the monks of his monastery. This growth in love presupposes the self-knowledge of having been created in the image and likeness of God by which human perfection was seen as a sharing in God's way of seeing and relating: to oneself, to one's neighbours, and to the whole of created reality.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:45:00Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Sennacherib's campaign in Judah : the conquest of
           Lachish
    • Authors: Ussishkin; David
      Abstract: The conquest of Lachish in 701 B.C.E. by the army of Sennacherib, king of Assyria, forms a significant event in the history of the Near East, the history of the kingdom of Judah, and the history of the biblical world. Five different sources, which complement one another, combine to present us with a clear and vivid picture of the events at Lachish: (1) the detailed descriptions in the Old Testament of the Assyrian campaign in Judah; (2) the annals and other inscriptions of Sennacherib; (3) the city level attacked by the Assyrians which was studied in the excavations; (4) the remains of the battle uncovered in the excavations; and (5) the series of reliefs describing the siege of Lachish erected by Sennacherib in his royal palace at Nineveh. This is in fact a unique case in which a major battle of the biblical period can be studied and reconstructed to a significant degree. Much information was obtained in the intensive archaeological excavations which have taken place at Lachish since 1932. Groups of scholars and students from UNISA took part in the excavations of Tel Aviv University each season between 1976 and 1989. They were organised and led by Prof. Ian Eybers until his untimely death in 1981 (Fig. 1). Many of the South African participants were directly involved in uncovering significant remains associated with Sennacheib's attack on Lachish.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:44:59Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: List of referees / Lys van keurders
    • Abstract: List of referees / Lys van keurders
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:44:58Z
       
  • Journal for Semitics: Israel and the Assyrians. Deuteronomy, the
           Succession Treaty of Esarhaddon, and the nature of subversion, Carly L.
           Crouch : book review
    • Authors: Kilchor; Benjamin
      Abstract: In this book (which is also available as a free download at http://www.sbl-site.org/publications/Books_ANEmonographs.aspx) Carly L. Crouch, lecturer in Hebrew Bible at the University of Nottingham, challenges the widespread view that Deuteronomy is written to subvert Assyrian imperial power and ideology, and, especially, that the Succession Treaty of Esarhaddon (VTE) is subverted by Deut 28 and 13. The line of argument is very clear and straightforward.
      PubDate: 2016-02-26T08:44:58Z
       
 
 
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