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  Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 971 journals)
    - ASIAN STUDIES (167 journals)
    - CLASSICAL STUDIES (142 journals)
    - ETHNIC INTERESTS (166 journals)
    - GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY (9 journals)
    - HUMANITIES (299 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

HUMANITIES (299 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Afghanistan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Alterstice : Revue internationale de la recherche interculturelle     Open Access  
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anabases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analyse & Kritik. Zeitschrift für Sozialtheorie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Anglo-Saxon England     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Arbutus Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Artefact : Techniques, histoire et sciences humaines     Open Access  
Artes Humanae     Open Access  
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Belin Lecture Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cankiri Karatekin University Journal of Faculty of Letters     Open Access  
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Con Texte     Open Access  
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Culturas : Debates y Perspectivas de un Mundo en Cambio     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
Digital Studies / Le champ numerique     Open Access  
Digitális Bölcsészet / Digital Humanities     Open Access  
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi / Dokuz Eylül University Journal of Humanities     Open Access  
Dorsal : Revista de Estudios Foucaultianos     Open Access  
E+E : Estudios de Extensión en Humanidades     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enfoques     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fields: Journal of Huddersfield Student Research     Open Access  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Human Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Humanities Diliman : A Philippine Journal of Humanities     Open Access  
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insaniyat : Journal of Islam and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal Of Advances In Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Arts and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora : Journal of Humanities Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Marx-Engels Jahrbuch     Hybrid Journal  
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free  
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)

        1 2     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal for Semitics
Number of Followers: 8  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1013-8471
Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [190 journals]
  • What is your God? a classic philosophical perspective on לאּ -X
           theophory in the Hebrew Bible
    • Authors: Jaco Gericke
      Abstract: What, according to the Hebrew Bible, was a god assumed to be? In this article the author looks at data potentially relevant to any attempt at answering this question within a sub-type of לאּ theophory in the Hebrew Bible. These involve personal names that can be rendered into English as "My god is x", where x denotes a phenomenon the deity is prima facie wholly identified with. The approach adopted by the study is philosophical in general and descriptively metaphysical in particular. The objective is to provide an experimental clarification of this particular sub-type of proper names in Biblical Hebrew with the aid of technical conceptual distinctions found within mainstream interpretations of Aristotle's theory of predication.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Herodotus and the missing sphinx
    • Authors: Richard Evans
      Abstract: In this paper I address a problem in the text and narrative of Herodotus' Histories, namely, a possible reason why the historian makes no mention of the sphinx at Giza in Book 2, while he is concerned to note a minor edifice at the complex containing the three great pyramids. I suggest that, whereas Herodotus devotes detail to the supposed history of one of the three small pyramids that stands beside the pyramid of Mycerinus, a story that contains similar topical elements to the story of the murder of the Lydian king Candaules by Gyges in Book 1, the argument that a description of the Egyptian sphinx was omitted because it was not visible probably holds no substance. Moreover, sphinxes elsewhere were a constant topic of interest, especially in various dramatic versions produced at Athens during the fifth century, and, depending on the date of the composition of Herodotus' Book 2, any audience of his history would have been familiar with the sphinx which features in the story of Oedipus, mythical king of Thebes. It is therefore argued here that had Herodotus composed Book 2 of his Histories at a time when Sophocles' play Oedipus tyrannus was produced in Athens, between 428 B.C.E. and 425 B.C.E., the sphinx at Giza would almost certainly have received a mention. But if Herodotus wrote this part of his Histories as early as 440 B.C.E., as suggested here, when the Theban sphinx was not an object of curiosity, then the Egyptian sphinx was omitted from the text simply because of the historian's understandable lack of interest in this form of statuary at that particular time.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The standards on the Victory Stele of Naram-Sin
    • Authors: Renate Marian Van Dijk
      Abstract: The Victory Stele of Naram-Sin is one of the most well-known works of art from Mesopotamia, and has been much studied. However, little has been written on the standards depicted on the Victory Stele. The intention of this paper is to study these standards and thus further the academic dialogue on them by addressing questions such as how the standards function, what they look like, with whom or what they are associated, and who or what they represent. The iconographic evidence of the Victory Stele itself will be examined to place the standards within their context. Similar iconographic depictions, which can assist in identifying the appearance of the standards and may suggest their deeper meaning, will be considered. Textual evidence from contemporary inscriptions from the reign of Naram-Sin may further help in the identification of the standards.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • "A footstool of war, honour and shame?" perspectives induced by Psalm
    • Authors: Lodewyk Sutton
      Abstract: One of the key concepts and metaphors in Psalm 110:1 is the concept of "the enemy made a footstool". The war language is especially illustrated by the imagery of the footstool, where the warfare function or purpose can be expressed through the concepts of honour and shame. To gain a better perspective on the meaning and use of this imagery it is first indicated why the imagery of the footstool can be considered as part of war language and imagery (part of warfare). Secondly, the role of honour and shame as an expression of the function and purpose of the war language and imagery is made through a social-scientific analysis of the footstool. Thirdly, iconography of different ancient Near Eastern (and Mediterranean) contexts is used as an extratextual source to elucidate the concept of the footstool in its use of war language and imagery as further expressed through the concepts of honour and shame. Lastly, the use of footstool in Psalm 110:1 is examined and applied. This identifies the footstool in Psalm 110:1 as "a footstool of war, honour and shame".
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Rereading texts of music and dance in the Hebrew Bible : the spirituality
           of music and dance in Zimbabwe
    • Authors: Temba T. Rugwiji
      Abstract: The Hebrew Bible depicts that music and dance formed part of worship and reverence of Yahweh in which various musical instruments were played during ancient biblical times. In the modern post-biblical world, music and dance characterise every context of human existence either in moments of love, joy, celebration, victory, sorrow or reverence. In Zimbabwe, music - which is usually accompanied by dance - serves various purposes such as solidarity towards or remonstration against the land reform, despondency against corruption, celebration, giving hope to the sick, worship as in the church or appeasing the dead by those who are culturally-entrenched. Two fundamental questions need to be answered in this article: 1) What was the significance of music and dance in ancient Israel? 2) What is the significance of music and dance in Zimbabwe? In response to the above questions, this essay engages into dialogue the following three contestations. First, texts of music, musical instruments and dance in the Hebrew Bible are discussed in view of their spiritual significance in ancient Israel. Second, this study analyses music and dance from a faith perspective because it appears for the majority of Gospel musicians the biblical text plays a critical role in composing their songs. Third, this article examines music and dance in view of the spirituality which derives from various genres by Zimbabwean musicians in general. In its entirety, this article attempts to show that the Zimbabwean society draws some spirituality from music and dance when devastated by political, cultural or socio-economic crises.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Where was Korah killed and what difference does it make? a brief
           structural thematic analysis of numbers 16:1-40
    • Authors: Ernst Wendland
      Abstract: Careful readers often become confused when trying to follow the graphic account of Korah's rebellion against Moses recorded in Numbers 16:1-40. Bible commentators do not help very much because either they avoid discussing the apparent narrative inconsistencies, or they are divided on how to construe the Hebrew text. Furthermore, Korah is not the only rebel involved, and his dramatic downfall is just one of two uprisings that are reported, which subsequently spark an even greater insurrection that involves all the people (16:41-50). One also wonders: is this the main message of the chapter - namely, that the Lord will punish, most severely, all those who rise with impunity against his authority and the leaders whom he has chosen as well as the religious rules that he has instituted? This study reflects upon certain aspects of the elaborate structural organisation that characterises the book of Numbers as a whole in order to suggest a way of explaining the intricate arrangement that we find in the text of Chapter 16, one which serves to highlight important themes that constitute its main paraenetic message for the people of God. After an overview of some pertinent background information that provides a frame of reference for understanding this pivotal chapter, the pericope covering verses 1-40 is outlined and explained in sections, including several important intertextual references to Korah. Finally, the significance of this investigation for interpreting as well as formatting the biblical text is summarised and illustrated.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Job's wife
    • Authors: Aron Pinker
      Abstract: Internal textual evidence, as well as external evidence drawn from behavioural patterns in the ancient Near East, shows that the book of Job contains not only a theological conflict between man and God, but also one between man and the society to which he belongs. Job's physical affliction (עלךתשׂ ) made him into a social outcast because of fear of contagion. The role of Job's wife has to be understood within this context. In particular, this paper is focused on the speech of Job's wife in the Prologue (2:9), allusions to her in 19:17, 30:12-13, 17-18, 31:1, 10, and her absence from the Epilogue. These sources suggest an image of Job's wife that is at variance with the negative character usually ascribed to her.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • A comparative study of early and late Sassanian coinage
    • Authors: Stephanus Vollgraaff
      Abstract: Sassanian coinage is one the best sources for information on the individual kings from this Persian dynasty. This is because the coins are primary sources that are unaltered. The way in which the Sassanian coins changed is not a topic that has been dealt with extensively. A stylistic analysis and comparison of the coins from the different Sassanian ages will be done. In this study the coins from the Sassanian rulers of the early period (224-302 C.E.) and the late period (628-652 C.E.) will be analysed for stylistic characteristics that differentiated them from other Sassanian coins. Trends that were common to coins from each period will be identified as well so that the continuity and breaks in coin design from each period can be illustrated and compared. The factors behind some rulers following the standards set by predecessors and others reinventing it will be exposed by the study.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The progressive in Archaic Biblical Hebrew and the origin of the Hebrew
           participial predicate
    • Authors: Ulf Bergstrom
      Abstract: The article is a diachronic study of the Biblical Hebrew imperfect and active participle in predicate position in Archaic (ABH) and Standard Biblical Hebrew (SBH). On the premise that the two forms developed along a progressive-imperfective diachronic path, the article looks for evidence of semantic change occurring between ABH and SBH. It is claimed that there is no evidence that the imperfect is the normal form for progressive meaning in ABH. Further, it is found that established models of diachronic pathways cannot explain all the uses of the participle, and that participial predicates probably stem from different source constructions. Whereas the progressive use has developed from attributive participles, some hymnic and proverbial uses may be based on substantivised forms. The substantivised constructions do not belong to the progressive-imperfective path, and can be old. The hymnic participial predicates in the Song of Hannah belong to this group.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • From Steppe to veld : the landscape poems of the Yiddish poet David Fram
    • Authors: Hazel Frankel
      Abstract: This article offers detailed readings of specific poems that reflect, and reflect on, Fram's responses to the differing landscapes in which he found himself, focusing on his lyric mode and romantic inclinations. While those about Lithuania indicate his strong feelings of attachment to the icy steppes, the poems he wrote later in South Africa provide a contrast, as his changed imagery evokes the heat of the veld and the exotic luxuriance of its flora. Through their translation and transliteration, the poems provide a valuable space for the preservation of a particular literary and cultural heritage.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • From river weeds to regal fabulous : iconography and symbolism of a 12th
           dynasty Egyptian diadem
    • Authors: Stephanie J. Harris
      Abstract: Ancient Egyptian women's headdresses in the form of circlets, fillets and diadems are intriguing in their complexity. In response to the increased need to indicate social status in a poorly literate dynastic society, these items of personal adornment became a powerful form of non-verbal communication. Garlands, originally made from handfuls of river plants, gradually developed into innovative and imaginatively powerful visual symbols when fashioned from metal and a variety of semi-precious stones. Botanical motifs symbolic of the Nile River and the duality of a unified Sema Tawy (Two Lands) were incorporated into magical and superstitious symbolism that encompassed social, political, religious, mythological and amuletic contexts. The headdresses that were worn were not purely ornamental but, it was believed, also provided apotropaic protection for the head. Flower motifs, material and colour played an important role in their belief system. The iconography and symbolism incorporated into a delicately crafted gold wire diadem excavated from Princess Khnumet's 12th Dynasty (Middle Kingdom) tomb at Dashur (and currently housed in the Cairo Museum) will be systematically interpreted at primary and secondary levels in order to provide some insight into its owner. Given the relationship between form and function, a novel connection has been proposed between the iconography and symbolism, and the diadem's use during an annual Nile inundation cultic festival.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Word order variation of the verbal sentence in a Jerusalam-amarna letter,
           EA 290
    • Authors: J.P. Van der Westhuizen
      Abstract: The reason for the correspondence between the vassals of Syria-Palestine and their sovereign, the pharaoh of Egypt, is instigated by the external and internal turmoil in Syria-Palestine during the Late Bronze Age. These letters were written in the Western Peripheral Akkadian dialect (WPA) with some West Semitic (WS) trends, by the scribes of the vassals in Israel and the scribes of the pharaoh. One such trend is the word order, and variations from it, in the verbal sentences. This variation in word order was to effect some special emphasis or some nuance of the appropriate element in the specific sentence. The variation in word-order was brought about by certain (emphasising) words such as anuma, sanita, inuma and amurmi and/or constructions such as subject fronting or object fronting, parallel sentence arrangement and chiastic sentence arrangement. However, even this word order and the variation thereof shows no consistency. The investigation of the word order and its variation functioning in the verbal sentences of the Jerusalem-Amarna letters as in EA 285-290 to the pharaoh shows that these Amarna letters -even those with similar content as in the other letters to the pharaoh must have been written by the different scribes of the vassals. This leads to the conclusion that each scribe had his own version of an "interlanguage" that he used in his correspondence.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The survival fitness of memes in the inheritance divisions from Old
           Babylonia Sippar
    • Authors: Susandra J. Van Wyk
      Abstract: Today, the clay tablets chiselled by Old Babylonian scribes from the city-state of Sippar are our only evidence of the legal conventions from oral agreements between family members in the division of their inheritance. But why would the Old Babylonians, a predominantly oral culture, go to the expense of hiring a scribe? On face value, it seems understandable that the recording of the division of the inheritance was for the sake of standardisation, legibility and simplification (Yoffee 1991). However, there is more to it. In this paper, I present Dawkins' meme theory (1976) and assert that the legal conventions of division agreements and scribal school practices in Old Babylonian Sippar are a "meme complex", a group of memes that co-adapt in order to ensure their own replication (Blackmore 1999, Dawkins 1976, Dennett 1991). The question still remains: why do these memes survive? I propose that the structures of the filters of such memes - driven by simplicity - are standardisation, certainty and legibility. They promote the memes in their evolutionary algorithm of variation, selection and retention. Thus, the recording of the oral division agreement is merely a record designed to protect and carry on the division agreement's scribal school practices and, to a lesser degree, its legal conventions.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Gardens as partners in contemplation : reading the stories of the first
           eden (Genesis 2-3) and a restored eden (Song of Songs) through the lens of
           attention restoration theory
    • Authors: Hendrik Viviers
      Abstract: It is well known that gardens have always been inspiring for great thinkers of the past, for instance Greek and Roman philosophers, Confucian thinkers, Desiderius Erasmus, Isaac Newton and Arnold Toynbee, to name but a few. Why is this so? Attention Restoration Theory, developed by environmental psychologists Stephen and Rachel Kaplan, explains how both wild (e.g., reserves) and cultivated nature (e.g., parks, gardens) can assist in replenishing our cognitive and emotional coping capacities, and uplift us. Nature is not only a setting but an active agent/"partner" in sustaining human well-being, inter alia when contemplating or reflecting on the meaning of life. In order to achieve this the human/nature relationship needs to meet the properties of "being away", "compatibility", "soft fascination" and "extent". Shining the light of these insights on two "Edens" in the Old Testament, the one lost (Gen 2-3) and the other revived (Song of Songs), nature's role in evoking contemplation especially, whether on human fate or human delight, will be highlighted.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Longing for belonging beyond belongings : the economics of Song of Songs
    • Authors: Pieter Van der Zwan
      Abstract: The intimate and "monogamous" eroticism in the Song of Songs can be considered as a critique of economic materialism where multiple women may be "bought" in some sense or another. It is the female lover, however, who regards the lovers as belonging to each other and visualises her beloved's body as made up of precious metals and gemstones which she then owns. It therefore appears that this protest is partially self-subversive in that it equates the celebrated body with the very currency it sets out to denounce. Added to that is the body with its boundaries imaged as a building blocking out unwanted intrusions and so as expression of private property. This conflict of class psychologies might therefore contain an element of envy and the question can be asked which party is actually compensating by over-investment for unmet needs.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Female humanimality : animal imagery in the Song of Songs and ancient
           Eastern iconography
    • Authors: Yvonne Sophie Thone
      Abstract: This article examines the interconnectedness of humans and animals in the biblical Song of Songs. After giving an overview about the Song's use of metaphor, the humanimal association of woman and animal is analysed. The image of the woman as a mare drawing the chariots of the Egyptian king (Song 1:9) evokes the impression of a strong and precious being but one simultaneously under male command. The metaphor of the woman as a dove in the clefts of the rock (Song 2:14) shows an independent person, who is hard to reach and is closely associated with the ancient love goddess in her temple.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Violence and the liberated woman : Brenda Fassie's song "Nakupenda" as a
           hermeneutical lens for reading the Song of Songs
    • Authors: V. Ndikhokele N. Mtshiselwa
      Abstract: Although it is widely argued that the Hebrew Bible contains texts which caricature violence against women, the present article shows that some biblical texts could also offer liberating possibilities to oppressed women in South Africa. The interest of this article lies in bringing Brenda Fassie's song "Nakupenda" (I love you) into conversation with the Song of Songs in order to produce an interaction between the biblical text and an African popular song. In the reading of both songs, the issue of violence against women as well as women's (sexual) independence in the context of patriarchy is highlighted. In conclusion, the author of this article draws liberating lessons for women in South Africa from the actions of the woman protagonist in the Shir ha-Shirim and of the female lover in Brenda Fassie's song "Nakupenda".
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The garden as the place of the encounter of God and Israel and its place
           in (hi-)story and space : Song 4:16-5:1 in the reception of rabbinic
    • Authors: Johanna Erzberger
      Abstract: Song Rab. 4:16-5:1, Num. Rab. 13, Pesiq. Rab. 5, and Lev. Rab. 9, which offer interpretations of Song 4:16-5:1, are to a high degree made up of the same fixed text passages. They are, however, characterised by different selections, different versions, and different ways in which they organise the shared material by means of different models of Israel's remembered history, which serve as "hypertexts". Differing interpretations of Song 4:16-5:1, and especially the understanding of the significance of the garden in the Song, are linked with the midrashim's differing interpretations of Israel's remembered history. The way in which identical material is used by these different midrashim to make different statements makes them a good example of the handling of traditional material by haggadic rabbinic midrashim.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Scripture and law in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Jassen, A.P. : book review
    • Authors: Silvia Linington
      Abstract: Jassen's work on Scripture and law in the Dead Sea Scrolls is aimed at filling a gap in the research of the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) and their relationship to the legal literature of related legal texts in the Second Temple period as well as the later rabbinic literature by particularly focusing on the hermeneutical principles employed by these texts. According to the purpose statement in the introductory chapter, Jassen's goal in this book is "to engage the larger question of comparative history of law in ancient Judaism through analysis of the hermeneutic strategies and techniques" (p. 5) employed by the writers. Though he recognizes that one cannot speak of a fixed canon at the time of the Second Temple writings, including the DSS, it is nonetheless evident that the authors of the scrolls did have "authoritative texts" which they used to prove theological points. In fact, one of the questions Jassen tries to answer in this book is what exactly did constitute "authoritative texts" for the authors of the DSS, and what differences there were, if any, in their treatment of these "authoritative texts" as compared to other texts, and how the hermeneutics of the DSS writers differed from that of other Second Temple writings and those of the rabbinic period.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Pedagogy, prayer and praise : the wisdom of the Psalms and psalter,
           Petrany, C. : book review
    • Authors: Beat Weber
      Abstract: Bei der vorliegenden Studie handelt es sich um die überarbeitete Fassung einer unter dem Mentorat von Harry Nasuti gefertigte Dissertation, mit der Vfn. am Dept. of Theology an der Fordham Uni-versity (Bronx, New York) promoviert wurde. Sie enthĠlt vier Hauptkapitel, dazu Einleitung und Schlussfolgerungen. In der Sache geht es um die Frage des VerhĠltnisses von Weisheit und Psalmen bzw. Psalter: Wie ist die dadurch erzeugte Verbindung von Gebet und Lehre einzuschĠtzen?
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Accordance 11 and BibleWorks 10 - what makes them special? : review
    • Authors: H-G. Wunch
      Abstract: Accordance is a well-known Mac program, which now also runs on Windows. BibleWorks is a well-known Windows program, which now also runs on Mac. What are the particular strengths of each of these programs? And where are their limitations? This review sets the two programs side by side in a Windows 10 system in order to reveal their respective capabilities.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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