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  Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 857 journals)
    - ASIAN STUDIES (156 journals)
    - CLASSICAL STUDIES (108 journals)
    - ETHNIC INTERESTS (151 journals)
    - GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY (7 journals)
    - HUMANITIES (267 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

HUMANITIES (267 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 71 of 71 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adeptus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aldébaran     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Altre Modernità     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Amaltea. Revista de mitocrítica     Open Access  
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anabases     Open Access  
Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Antik Tanulmányok     Full-text available via subscription  
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Arbutus Review     Open Access  
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Asia Europe Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Journal of Popular Culture, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cahiers de praxématique     Open Access  
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Child Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronicle of Philanthropy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Co-herencia     Open Access  
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Colloquia Humanistica     Open Access  
Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Congenital Anomalies     Hybrid Journal  
Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cornish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture, Theory and Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Daedalus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Dandelion : Postgraduate Arts Journal & Research Network     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Digital Humanities Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 52)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access  
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Études arméniennes contemporaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
European Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Expositions     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
German Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Germanic Review, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Globalizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Habitat International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Human Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Remains and Violence : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
humanidades     Open Access  
Humanitaire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Hungarian Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Hungarian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Heritage Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Humanities of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of the Classical Tradition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access  
Jangwa Pana     Open Access  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal des africanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Cultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal for General Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal for Learning Through the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Research into Freemasonry and Fraternalism     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aesthetics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of African American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of African Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Elections     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Arts & Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Franco-Irish Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Interactive Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Modern Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La lettre du Collège de France     Open Access  
La Revue pour l’histoire du CNRS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Law and Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Law, Culture and the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Legal Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Legon Journal of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access  
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Medical Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Mens : revue d'histoire intellectuelle et culturelle     Full-text available via subscription  
Messages, Sages and Ages     Open Access  
Mind and Matter     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Motivation Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Mouseion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nationalities Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Natures Sciences Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription  
Neophilologus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
New German Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
New West Indian Guide     Open Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Northeast African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal  
Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Palgrave Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Patrimônio e Memória     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

        1 2     

Journal Cover Journal for Semitics
  [5 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1013-8471
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [188 journals]
  • The significance of palaeodontology in revealing the palaeodemography of
           ancient Egypt
    • Authors: Casper Greeff
      Abstract: Palaeodemography, the means of amassing information from the teeth of the general population, is addressed in this study. Palaeodemography deals with the social characteristics of an ancient population and their development through time, in essence, the lifestyle of a population. The analysis and interpretation of dental data provided by the archaeologist's discovery of human remains, specifically dental remains, will throw light on settlement history, palaeodemography and kinship. The internal shifts and strains caused by population migration are vital for understanding the social lifestyle of ancient Egypt. To determine the age at death of individuals, dental wear is but one of the changes that occurs in the process of natural aging and provides one of the most accurate means to determine the age of an individual. The population's health and disease issues are measured by hypoplastic markings in teeth and even sex physiognomics are locked in teeth. Modern technology, in the form of x-rays, has invaluable prominence in the research of mummified and skeletal human dental remains. Non-invasive procedures in examination of bioarchaeological remains have become all important to preserve data for future research.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The concealed crime of the nad?tu priestess in §110 of the laws
           of Hammurabi
    • Authors: Susandra J. Van Wyk
      Abstract: LH 110 is part of the ancient Near Eastern scholarly debate regarding the function and role of the nadi?tu-priestess groups in Old Babylonian society. Seemingly, LH 110 forbids the uncloistered nad?tu from opening up or entering a business place associated with the s?b?tu; the penalty for such a crime is public execution by burning. Mainstream scholars view the nadi?tu through the lens of either (a) indulging in illicit behaviour or (b) that LH 110 reflects a prohibition for the nad?tu to compromise her chastity. In contrast, Martha Roth (1999) opines that LH 110 is an economic regulation of the nad?tu, prohibiting her from overshadowing the money-lending business of the s?b?tu. However, what poses a problem is the horrific penalty, which seems to suggest and be justification for a seemingly terrible crime committed in concealment. I propose that when this prohibition is transgressed, a horrific crime is committed - tax evasion - which is a furtive crime that endangers the continuous welfare of the king/state. LH 110 is a fiscal regulation protecting the state/king's revenues. The intention is to prevent a specific group of the nadi?tu â?? an uncloistered priestess - to enter or open an enterprise, which the OB state administration is unable to regulate. Consequently, the nad?tu could effortlessly conceal her yielded profits and thus evade paying tax to the king/state.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The Ashkelon dog cemetery conundrum
    • Authors: Anne Marie Smith
      Abstract: Between 1989 and 1992 about 1 200 dog remains were excavated at Ashkelon as part of the Leon Levy expedition. This find generated much interest and debate at the time. The leader of the excavations, Prof. Lawrence E. Stager of Harvard University, attributed the dog cemetery to the presence of a cultic healing centre to which the dogs were supposed to have belonged. As no such centre has been found up to the present, this article reassesses the available facts from the excavations, the subsequent research and analysis of the remains by Dr Paula Wapnish and Prof. Brian Hesse, as well as other opinions. A completely novel explanation will be formulated for the presence of so many dogs in Ashkelon during the Persian era and why they were buried in that particular place.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Ruth, a proselyte par excellence - exegetical and structural observations
    • Authors: Hans-Georg Wunch; Hans-Georg Wunch
      Abstract: The little book of Ruth is not only a literary jewel in the Old Testament, but can also, as the article argues, be understood as a model for proselytism. Ruth can be seen as "a proselyte par excellence". Jewish exegesis (Targum, Midrash and Talmud) interprets the book of Ruth in this way. But it can also be shown by exegetical insights as well as structural elements.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Constructing a living deity - framing the god of Israel in the stories of
           Daniel and Bel and the dragon
    • Authors: Joseph Jacobus De Bruyn
      Abstract: This article is the concluding part in a series of articles on "Bel and the dragon". These articles are an investigation into the Greek editor's/author's use of body, space, narrative and genre in creating a new reality regarding the Jewish deity. A spatial analysis is used. It suggests that the episodes of "Bel and the dragon", as well as each of the chapters of Greek Daniel, should be read in a reciprocal relationship with each other. First, such an analysis indicates that the smaller episodes and chapters are part of a larger clash of deities. Second, it shows that the editor/author utilises the different events in the chapters of Greek Daniel to create a new worldview. In this new worldview the God of Israel is an almighty deity while other deities that are revered are false, and not real, living gods. In his own way the editor/author contributes to the way in which Jews regarded their God within the reality of the diaspora.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • List of referees / Lys van keurders
    • Abstract: List of referees / Lys van keurders
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Philosophical perspectives on theological why-questions in the Hebrew
    • Authors: Jaco Gericke
      Abstract: This article provides an introductory overview of a selection of philosophical perspectives on theological why-questions in the Hebrew Bible. Why-questions put to Yhwh in all the various sections of the canon are clarified philosophically via ancient views on causation, the Principle of Sufficient Reason, and the philosophy of language. Comparative philosophy of religion is also utilized to argue that while most theological why-questions in the Hebrew Bible are asked in the context of suffering, assumptions related to the deity differ from those of modern philosophical theologies.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Two iconographical examples of sun-disc connections to the development of
           Jewish beliefs in angels
    • Authors: Annette Evans
      Abstract: In Palestine ancient Egyptian motifs with solar connections such as uraei and falcons were virtually omnipresent by c. 925 B.C.E. Many seals testify to the fact that during the eighth century the state religion of northern Israel, i.e., "official" Yahwism, was affected by the prevalence of solar symbolism. The celestial-solar character of deities was often emphasized by the addition of solar discs. This article presents two examples of enduring polytheistic iconography relating to the theme of transcendent messenger activity in the Bible. The first example dating to about 900 B.C.E. is of an ostrich with a sun disk at the neck. The second example, a Gnostic gem dated to ca. 200-100 B.C.E., provides evidence of solar motifs from Egyptian religion which facilitated concepts concerning divine mediation from God to mankind. It is proposed that these motifs provided the foundation for the conceptual changes in Jewish angelology that transpired as Christianity.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Israel and the Assyrians. Deuteronomy, the Succession Treaty of
           Esarhaddon, and the nature of subversion, Carly L. Crouch : book review
    • Authors: Benjamin Kilchor; Benjamin Kilchor
      Abstract: In this book (which is also available as a free download at Carly L. Crouch, lecturer in Hebrew Bible at the University of Nottingham, challenges the widespread view that Deuteronomy is written to subvert Assyrian imperial power and ideology, and, especially, that the Succession Treaty of Esarhaddon (VTE) is subverted by Deut 28 and 13. The line of argument is very clear and straightforward.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Sennacherib's campaign in Judah : the conquest of Lachish
    • Authors: David Ussishkin
      Abstract: The conquest of Lachish in 701 B.C.E. by the army of Sennacherib, king of Assyria, forms a significant event in the history of the Near East, the history of the kingdom of Judah, and the history of the biblical world. Five different sources, which complement one another, combine to present us with a clear and vivid picture of the events at Lachish: (1) the detailed descriptions in the Old Testament of the Assyrian campaign in Judah; (2) the annals and other inscriptions of Sennacherib; (3) the city level attacked by the Assyrians which was studied in the excavations; (4) the remains of the battle uncovered in the excavations; and (5) the series of reliefs describing the siege of Lachish erected by Sennacherib in his royal palace at Nineveh. This is in fact a unique case in which a major battle of the biblical period can be studied and reconstructed to a significant degree. Much information was obtained in the intensive archaeological excavations which have taken place at Lachish since 1932. Groups of scholars and students from UNISA took part in the excavations of Tel Aviv University each season between 1976 and 1989. They were organised and led by Prof. Ian Eybers until his untimely death in 1981 (Fig. 1). Many of the South African participants were directly involved in uncovering significant remains associated with Sennacheib's attack on Lachish.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Bernard of Clairvaux's reading of the Song of Songs 2:4-5 : wounded by
           love - putting order in love
    • Authors: Paul Decock
      Abstract: Before focusing on the two important verses, this article first considers Bernard's monastic approach to the reading of the Song of Songs and the sources of this approach in Origen's commentary and sermons. Bernard like Origen presupposes that the main theme of the book is the transformation of the readers into deeper love. The image of "being wounded by love" and the theme of the "ordering of love" are taken from tradition and Bernard presents these in his own way in view of his primary audience, which are the monks of his monastery. This growth in love presupposes the self-knowledge of having been created in the image and likeness of God by which human perfection was seen as a sharing in God's way of seeing and relating: to oneself, to one's neighbours, and to the whole of created reality.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The Himyarite kingdom on the eve of and after the Ethiopian dominance in
           the sixth century A.D. in the Martyrdom of St. Arethas and his companions
           and in the Acts of St. Gregentius
    • Authors: V. Christides
      Abstract: Based on two important hagiographical works written in Greek, the Martyrdom of St. Arethas and his companions and the Acts of St. Gregentius, the aim of this paper is to continue my preliminary study of the countries around the Red Sea in pre-Islamic times, especially in the sixth century A.D. The most valuable information in the Martyrdom concerns the hazardous voyage of the Ethiopian army from the main port of Adulis across the Red Sea to South Arabia (ca 525 A.D.). This work illuminates aspects of that expedition which do not appear in such detail in any other source. In addition, it describes the ports of the Red Sea in the sixth century, i.e., Klysma, Bereniki, Adulis, etc., corroborating the finds of archaeology and epigraphy. Concerning the controversial Acts of St. Gregentius, the present author has tried to discuss only some vital information reflecting the social structure of South Arabia during its Ethiopian occupation until the Persian conquest of it (ca 525 A.D. - ca 570 A.D.), and attempted to trace the origin of just one law (the treatment of animals) among those supposedly imposed on the Himyarites by the so-called archbishop Gregentius.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Leaders and times of crisis : Jeremiah 5:1-6 a case in point
    • Authors: Wilhelm J. Wessels
      Abstract: The book of Jeremiah reflects a particular period in the history of Judah, certain theological perspectives and a particular portrayal of the prophet Jeremiah. Covenant theology played a major role in Jeremiah's view of life and determined his expectations of leaders and ordinary people. He placed high value on justice and trustworthiness, and people who did not adhere to this would in his view bear the consequences of disobedience to Yahweh's moral demands and unfaithfulness. The prophet expected those in positions of leadership to adhere to certain ethical obligations as is clear from most of the nouns which appear in Jeremiah 5:1-6. This article argues that crisis situations in history affect leaders' communication, attitudes and responses. Leaders' worldviews and ideologies play a definitive role in their responses to crises. Jeremiah's religious views are reflected in his criticism and demands of people in his society. This is also true as seen from the way the people and leaders in Judah responded to the prophet's proclamation. Jeremiah 5:1-6 emphasises that knowledge and accountability are expected of leaders at all times, but in particular during unstable political times.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Canonical narrative schema : a key to understanding the victory discourse
           in Judith : a Greimassian contribution
    • Authors: Risimati Hobyane
      Abstract: A historical critical approach to narratives has contributed significantly to the analysis of ancient narratives. However, this approach has somehow unfairly ignored some other critical aspects of many ancient narratives. Judith is no exception to this claim. While appreciating the contribution of historical critical approaches to Judith (i.e., the questions on authorship, historical and geographical inconsistencies etc.), the aim of this article is to go beyond the historicity of Judith, and reveal some narrative techniques employed by the author in creating a woman protagonist who is destined to achieve the unthinkable in the minds of the men of her contemporary world. This article explores these narrative techniques by employing the narrative analysis, narrative syntax in particular, of the Greimassian approach to narrative texts. Subsequently, this article contributes to research of Judith by revealing the path that Judith followed on her quest to save the Jewish religion from extinction during the Second Temple period.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Susanna - framing the minds and views of people
    • Authors: Joseph Jacobus De Bruyn
      Abstract: This article analyses the story of Susanna by combining features of editorial and narrative critique as well as new insights on body and space in the field of linguistics. Furthermore, it is postulated that the Susanna narrative must be read in a reciprocal relationship to the entire Greek Daniel. Accordingly, it is put forward that the narrative of Susanna is utilised as part of a larger narrative structure. With this larger Greek Daniel narrative, a new worldview is created that opposes the worldviews of the ancient Near Eastern people. According to the new worldview the God of Israel is not bound to religious or cultural perceptions. Different bodily and spatial features are exploited to construct this new worldview. The story of Susanna is utilised as technique to influence the reader in rethinking their worldviews.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The semantic relationship between יְרֻשָֺּׁה and נַחֲלָה
           in Jeremiah 32 and Ruth 4
    • Authors: Tim Van Aarde
      Abstract: In almost every case except late usage the word group יְרֻשָֺּׁה and its derivatives refer to taking possession of the object named. The word group נַחֲלָה and its derivatives refer to the inheritance of household property. In late usage יְרֻשָֺּׁה and נַחֲלָה share the semantic field of inheritance and have been considered to be synonymous. This interpretation is critically re-evaluated. The word group נַחֲלָה has the meaning of permanent possession of the inheritance of the family's wealth and יְרֻשָֺּׁה the possession of property involving acquisition without stipulating the mode of acquisition. The continued possession of the land, יְרֻשָֺּׁה, was dependent upon the covenant relationship with Yahweh and although the possession of the land could be lost the land was allotted as a permanent possession, נַחֲלָה, to the household clans and tribes of Israel and restoration made on the grounds of the rights of inheritance. Land was the centre of the social system of Israel and it was the abuse of the rights associated with land that reflected a breakdown in the covenant relationship with Yahweh. A comparison is made of Jeremiah 32 and Ruth 4 in terms of the relation of יְרֻשָֺּׁה and נַחֲלָה to kinsman-redemption which was central to Israel's social system.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Schadenfreude in the Tanak
    • Authors: Aron Pinker
      Abstract: There is no commandment in the Torah forbidding schadenfreude per se. The general impression seems to be that the Tanak views schadenfreude negatively. Actually, the attitude of the Tanak to schadenfreude is rather ambiguous. In personal interactions schadenfreude is censured, but in some significant many-to-many situations and salvific cases schadenfreude is tolerated and perhaps encouraged. This study attempts to delineate the parameters that characterise the position of the Tanak on schadenfreude.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Another look at the function of מַשָֺּׂא in prophetic literature
    • Authors: Gudrun Lier; Lucas Cornelis Muller
      Abstract: In this article some of the previous considerations on the meaning and function of מַשָֺּׂא in the prophetic literature of the Hebrew Bible are critically considered. The function of מַשָֺּׂא is then reviewed by systematically analysing its use in various textual contexts throughout the Hebrew Bible to identify how this term was applied in popular speech, literature, and translation. An attempt is made to categorise מַשָֺּׂא into specific semantic domains in order to determine how the various ways in which מַשָֺּׂא is used in prophetic literature compare with each other. It is suggested that the מַשָֺּׂא-label not only came to be used as an emphatic marker but also functioned as a literary device, more specifically a mnemonic bridge, to bind maśśā'-prophecies together intertextually to form a virtual corpus.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Hidden messages from teeth of the past revealed; palaeodontology in the
           Holy Land
    • Authors: Casper Greeff
      Abstract: To scholars who are concerned with biblical archaeology, the Late Bronze Age (LBA)-Early Iron Age (EIA) transition in the Southern Levant indicates the emergence of a new ethnicity. This would suggest an invasion of foreigners (i.e., Israelites) into the land of Canaan, in particular their settlement in the highlands surrounding Jerusalem. The settlement of the foreigners has long since raised the question whether it can be proven that the settlers were indeed Israelites. Variation in population would be explained by the existence of population differences in phenetic relationships, gene flow and genetic drift between different sites that are known to belong to this period (Ullinger et al. 2005:466). Various research models have been employed to validate the differences, if any. The utilisation of dental non-metrical traits is suggested to secure a scientific answer to prove or controvert this theory. This paper will highlight the morphological traits and precursors that teeth possess. It will also evaluate certain unswerving and/or anomalous morphological characteristics (traits) and the odontometrics of permanent teeth. This will suggest methods that can measure phenetic relationships between different communities, ethnic groups, nationalities and even racial physiognomies, as well as migratory trends. And lastly, the age at death of an individual can be determined from the development and/or extent of wear of their teeth.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Benefits of a principled analysis of Biblical Hebrew prepositions
    • Authors: Kristopher Lyle
      Abstract: As Biblical Hebrew studies have become more attuned to the explanatory power accompanying modern linguistic theory, some theoretical pitfalls of standard lexicons have become more apparent. Specifically within the realm of lexicology, it has been demonstrated that current frameworks, such as cognitive semantics, can bring a great deal of theoretical muscle into semantic endeavours. This article applies a methodology based on such advances and shows the benefits of a principled analysis of BH prepositions, with עִם and אֵח as examples. In the end, a replicable investigation is rendered that carefully explores the semantic potential and network of each lexeme.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Rethinking Yoruba culture in the light of Yoruba origins
    • Authors: Jock Matthew Agai
      Abstract: There are existing traditions which teach that the Yorubas and their culture originate independently or from Egypt or from Israel or from Mecca or even from Etruscan sources. Many scholars and contemporary Yorubas have accepted the Egyptian thesis for Yoruba origins as true because there are many aspects of the culture of the ancient Egyptians that are similar to Yoruba culture. The question arises: what are the cultural aspects that are similar or different between the Yorubas and the Egyptians, or the Israelites, or the Arabians, or the Etruscans? How can the study of these foreign cultures influence the study for the search for Yoruba origins? This research is a study of how certain foreign and ancient cultures are different or similar to Yoruba culture. The main purpose of this research is to explain how the search for the origins of Yoruba culture can contribute to challenging contemporary researchers to begin to look into West Africa and not Egypt or the ancient Near East in the search for Yoruba origin.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • An appraisal of source material for the study of Targum minor prophets
    • Authors: Gudrun Lier; Anna Fransina Van Zyl
      Abstract: The study of Aramaic Bible translations (Targumim) continues to be a valuable source of information, not only for uncovering the history of biblical interpretation but also for providing insights for the study of linguistics and translation techniques. In comparison with work done on the Pentateuchal Targumim and Targum Former Prophets, research on the individual books of Targum Minor Prophets has been scant. By providing an overview of selected source material this review seeks (i) to provide incentives for more focussed studies in the field of Targum Minor Prophets and (ii) to motivate new integrated research approaches which are now made possible with the assistance of highly developed software programmes.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Translation shifts and the improvement of Bible translations : the case of
           Ruth 4:13 in the Setswana versions
    • Authors: Sidney Berman
      Abstract: This article proposes that the starting point for the improvement of Bible translations in sub-Saharan Africa is the identification and analysis of translation shifts. Shifts are differences between the corresponding portions of a translation and the source text. The concept of shifts is motivated by the observation that differences between a Bible translation and its source text are inevitable. This article demonstrates that the demarcation and examination of a shift can greatly enlighten the hypothesis of circumstances that caused the shift. Consequently, the translator or reviewer can be alert to the influence of similar circumstances contemporarily and find possible ways to eliminate or modify the shift. The article uses the text of Ruth 4:13 from Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. The three Setswana Bibles that are compared with Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia are the translations by Robert Moffat (1857), Alfred Wookey (1908) and Bible Society of South Africa (1970). After examination and comparison, the article hypothesizes on the circumstances that may have caused the shifts of Ruth 4:13. It ends with suggestions for translating the verse without causing shifts.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Joshua 24 : some literary and theological remarks
    • Authors: Johan Wildenboer
      Abstract: The aim of this article is to discuss the role and function of Joshua 24 in the current Pentateuch/Hexateuch/Enneateuch debate. Although Joshua 24 presents several textual issues, the emphasis of the article is to augment the role of Joshua 24 as an inclusive text, with the aim of uniting Judeans and Samaritans in the Persian era by emphasising loyalty to the Torah. The article highlights several shared traditions between Judeans and Samaritans in Joshua 24. This approach leads to the conclusion that Joshua 24 was probably written to replace Joshua 23, a Deuteronomistic text with an exclusive stance towards the other nations.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Agsa, vrou van Otniël
    • Authors: Magdel Le Roux
      Abstract: Die literêre uitbeelding van die verhale in die boek Rigters weerspieël 'n korporatiewe eenheid van stamme of sibbes waarin individue ook 'n prominente rol speel. Binne die stammeorganisasie kan verwag word dat dié individue tipiese "ideale liggame" - heel manlike Israeliete - sal wees. In teenstelling daarmee speel "nie-ideale liggame" soos vroue, "gestremdes" en "heidene" 'n toonaangewende rol in die boek. Die naasmekaarstelling van "ideale" en "nie-ideale liggame" in die boek skep beide spanning en ironie, veral wanneer die "nie-ideale vroulike liggaam" inisiatief neem terwyl die ideale manlike Israeliet dikwels 'n bedreiging skep wat op skade of skande uitloop (bv Rgt 14-16). Die rol wat Agsa in Rigters 1:11-15 speel is 'n illustrasie van 'n "teenkultuur-retoriek" as verskuilde polemiek (vgl ook 4-5; 9:50; 11:37-40; 13).The literary depiction of this story in the book of Judges reflects a corporate unit of tribes or clans in which individuals played a prominent role. Within the tribal organisation these individuals could be expected to have typical "ideal bodies" - entirely masculine Israelites. "Non-ideal bodies", such as women, the handicapped and heathens, in contrast, play a leading role in the book. The juxtaposition of the "ideal" and the "non-ideal body" in Judges creates both tension and irony, especially when the "non-ideal female body" takes the initiative, while the ideal manly Israelite often creates a threat that results in harm or shame (e.g. Judges 14-16). The role Achsah plays in Judges 1:11-15 is an illustration of a counter-culture rhetoric as hidden polemic (cf also 4-5; 9:50; 11:37-40; 13).
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
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