Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1818 journals)
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MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)

Showing 1 - 16 of 16 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ada : A Journal of Gender, New Media, and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
AFRREV LALIGENS : An International Journal of Language, Literature and Gender Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Berkeley Journal of Gender, Law & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Feminist Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Gender Impact Assessment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Men's Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Partner Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Politics & Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Aging Male     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
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American Journal of Men's Health
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.595
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 9  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1557-9883 - ISSN (Online) 1557-9891
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1093 journals]
  • A Qualitative Community Assessment of Racial/Ethnic Sexual Gender Minority
           Young Adults: Principles for Strategies to Motivate Action(s) for
           Realistic Tasks (SMART Thinking) Addressing HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis,
           Mental Health, and Substance Abuse

    • Authors: Rohan Jeremiah, Brian Taylor, Amparo Castillo, Veronica Garcia
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      HIV/STI, substance use, and mental health issues disproportionately affect racial/ethnic sexual minority young adults. These health vulnerabilities intensify across the life course, most notably when young adults are independent college students. To identify the perspectives of racial/ethnic sexual gender minorities living on or near an urban university, we implemented an intersectionality-informed SWOT (strengths, weakness, opportunities, and threats) analysis, as a qualitative community assessment situated within in a campus-community setting. The community needs assessment was the first step in the strategic prevention framework (SPF) to co-locate substance abuse, mental health, viral hepatitis, and HIV prevention care services for Latinx and Black/African American sexual gender minority young adults at a minority-serving institution. The SWOT analysis identified principles for selecting, adapting, and implementing an evidence-based intervention. The significance of these principles demonstrates the value of intersectionality in evidence-based interventions to influence health education and behavior among racial/ethnic sexual gender minorities.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-10-21T12:27:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320966230
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Longitudinal Study of Dyadic Adjustment in a Sample of Spanish Fathers

    • Authors: Silvia Escribano, Antonio Oliver-Roig, Miguel Richart-Martínez
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      The objectives of this study were to examine the evolution of fathers’ long-term dyadic adjustment after the birth of a child and to analyze their evolution considering related factors. A total of 113 Spanish fathers with a mean age of 35.72 years (SD = 3.84 years) participated. In general, there was a decline in the dyadic adjustment of the fathers until 6–12 months after childbirth, after which their level of adjustment remained stable until 13–24 months. We observed different patterns when analyzing the evolution by subgroups formed based on these different variables, previous experience of paternity, and anxiety. The intrinsic differences between fathers should also be considered because these differences can influence the way in which men face the parental process as well as the evolution of the quality of their relationship with their partner.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-10-21T12:26:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320966166
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • The Effect of Multimorbidity Patterns and the Impact of Comorbid Anxiety
           and Depression on Primary Health Service Use: The Men Androgen
           Inflammation Lifestyle Environment and Stress (MAILES) Study

    • Authors: Shu-Kay Ng, Sean A. Martin, Robert J. Adams, Peter O’Loughlin, Gary A. Wittert
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      This study sought to determine patterns of multimorbidity and quantify their impact on use of primary health services in the presence and absence of anxiety and depression among a cohort of urban community-dwelling men in Australia. The analytic sample consisted of men (n = 2039; age 38–85) from the follow-up wave of a prospective cohort study of all participants of the Florey Adelaide Male Ageing Study (FAMAS; Stage 2 [2007–2010]) and age-matched men from the North-West Adelaide Health Study (NWAHS; Stage 3 [2008–2010]). Self-reported data and linkage with a national universal health coverage scheme (Medicare) provided information on the prevalence of eight chronic conditions and health service utilization information (including annual GP visits). Obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) were associated with the highest number of comorbid conditions. Two nonrandom multimorbidity “clusters” emerged: “CVD, Obesity, Diabetes” and “CVD, Obesity, Osteoarthritis.” Participants with conditions comorbid with CVD were more likely to have 10 or more annual GP visits, compared to multimorbidity involving other conditions. In comparison to participants without CVD, the presence of CVD increased the chance of having 10 or more annual GP visits (adjusted risk ratio: 3.7; 95% CI [2.8, 4.8]). When CVD was comorbid with anxiety and depression, having 10 or more annual GP visits was more common (adjusted risk ratio: 1.8; 95% CI [1.2, 2.5]). Multimorbidity patterns involving CVD, especially for multimorbidity that includes CVD with comorbid anxiety and depression, should be considered in developing clinical trials to better inform medical decision-making and care for patients with CVD and comorbid conditions.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-10-16T10:08:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320959993
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Health Literacy in Male-Dominated Occupations

    • Authors: Allison Milner, Marissa Shields, Anna J. Scovelle, Georgina Sutherland, Tania L. King
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Low levels of health literacy are associated with poorer health outcomes. Both individual- and social-level factors have been identified as predictors of low health literacy, and men are known to have lower health literacy than women. Previous research has reported that men working in male-dominated occupations are at higher risk of accidents, injury, and suicide than other population groups, yet no study to date has examined the effect of gendered occupational contexts on men’s health literacy. The current article examined the association between occupational gender ratio and health literacy among Australian males. The Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health (Ten to Men) was used to examine associations between occupational gender ratio (measured in Wave 1) and health literacy (measured in Wave 2) across three subscales of the Health Literacy Questionnaire. Multivariable linear regression analyses were used and showed that the more male dominated an occupational group became, the lower the scores of health literacy were. Results for the different subscales of health literacy for the most male-dominated occupational group, compared to the non-male-dominated group were: ability to find good health information, (Coef. −0.80, 95% CI [−1.05, −0.54], p < .001); ability to actively engage with health-care providers, (Coef. −0.35, 95% CI [−0.62, −0.07], p = .013); and feeling understood and supported by health-care providers, (Coef. −0.48, 95% CI [−0.71, −0.26],p = < .001). The results suggest the need for workplace interventions to address occupation-level factors as an influence on health literacy among Australian men, particularly among the most male-dominated occupational groups.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-10-15T11:07:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320954022
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • “All My Problems Go Away for 90 Minutes”: How Football and
           Psychotherapy Improves Young Men’s Mental Health

    • Authors: Amy McGrane, Niamh Bird, Chelsea Arten, Katriona O’Sullivan
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      This qualitative research sought to establish the impact of an 8-week program combining football and one-to-one psychotherapy on young males’ mental health, determining the factors that predict help-seeking behaviors in this group of men. Pre- and post-participation focus groups were used as the method of data collection. Six males (19–35 years old; M = 25.5) completed both pre-intervention and follow-up focus groups. Help-seeking behaviors were influenced by the appeal of football and the perception of the counselor being accessible. Barriers included gender norms, socialization, financial difficulties, and challenging social landscapes. Post-participation focus groups revealed that positive social and counseling relationships facilitated improved mental health. Sport was deemed an acceptable medium to deliver a mental health intervention as it increased social connections and facilitated help-seeking. Findings support previous research indicating that combining sports and psychotherapy positively impacts young males’ mental health.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-10-15T11:06:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320959992
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Addressing Health-Care System Inequities in the Management of Erectile
           Dysfunction: A Call to Action

    • Authors: Arthur L. Burnett, Natalie C. Edwards, Tonya M. Barrett, Krista D. Nitschelm, Samir K. Bhattacharyya
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common, burdensome, and costly urologic condition strongly related to all aspects of general health, from physical to mental. ED has profound consequences as it may interfere physical well-being, quality of life (QoL), self-esteem, relationships, self-worth, and productivity. It is therefore important to ensure that all types of effective ED treatments are consistently accessible to patients. While federal and state mandates ensure access to treatment for women’s breast health, female-factor infertility, and gender affirmation to ensure that these individuals do not experience a diminished QoL, there are no comparable mandates for men’s sexual and reproductive health. The burden of ED necessitates a call to action to improve the accessibility of ED treatments. The call to action steps include: (a) coverage for pharmacological, surgical, and other ED treatments should be viewed in the same way as coverage for other health issues, whether male or female and regardless of the stages of treatment, physical dysfunction, or physical changes; (b) American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines for the management of ED should be followed, including implementation of templates in electronic medical records (EMRs) to support adherence to the guidelines; and (c) coverage criteria should explicitly state that the criteria are intended to support gender equity for sexual and reproductive health care and should not be used to prevent men from receiving medically necessary ED treatments. This call to action offers a pathway to support every man who seeks treatment for ED as a medically necessary intervention by removing systemic health-care barriers.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-10-13T06:28:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320965078
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Male Perpetration of Adolescent Dating Violence: A Scoping Review

    • Authors: Noreen Malhi, John L. Oliffe, Vicky Bungay, Mary T. Kelly
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Male violence against females most often occurs within intimate relationships, and when that occurs during youth, it is termed adolescent dating violence (ADV). A scoping review focused on male perpetration of ADV was conducted to synthesize existing evidence and offer insights about what influences male adolescents to perpetrate ADV. The current scoping review explored the findings drawn from 16 research studies conducted in the United States, Spain, South Africa, and Italy, to distil modifiable factors related to male perpetration of ADV. Three themes were extrapolated from the 16 studies: (a) entitlement; (b) adverse childhood experiences (ACE); and (c) ineffective conflict management. Entitlement as a theme was characterized by attitudes and beliefs aligning to violence, hierarchical and marginalizing masculine norms, traditional gender roles, and male superiority, which in various configurations influenced the perpetration of ADV. ACE as a theme highlighted how male adolescents who had experienced, observed, and/or initiated abuse were at increased risk of perpetrating ADV. Male adolescents with ineffective conflict management (theme 3), including alcohol use and/or emotional dysregulation, were also at higher risk of perpetrating ADV. Tailored prevention efforts are often delinked from issues of male entitlement, ACE, and ineffective conflict management; therefore, we make suggestions for trauma-informed care to guide primary care providers (PCPs) in the assessment and management of ADV.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-10-13T06:27:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320963600
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Developing Adolescent Boys Toward Adaptation of Male Sexual and
           Reproductive Health in Communities With Embedded Cultural Manhood Values

    • Authors: Patience Primrose Khuzwayo, Mbuyiselo Douglas, Gugu Gladness Mchunu
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Manhood values are highly prioritized among most culturally orientated South African Black communities with an ideology that revolves around the concept of masculinity. The notion of manhood values is deeply rooted in male dominance, sexual drive, and traditional male circumcision. The goals of this study were to (a) explore the experiences of school health nurses in the provision of sexual and reproductive health among adolescent boys; and (b) recommend suggested action to develop adolescent boys to adapt a healthy behavioral lifestyle through a health-promoting school program. This study employed a qualitative approach utilizing a descriptive and exploratory research design. The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion was used to guide the study. Purposive sampling was used to select participants for individual interviews to collect data. A total of 21 school health nurses were selected to participate in face-to-face interviews. A thematic analysis was conducted using ATLAS ti (version 8) software. Five overarching themes were yielded and categorized as facilitators, barriers, and suggested action to improve sexual and reproductive health services as follows: (a) legislative frameworks and policies; (b) male medical circumcision, and prevention of HIV/AIDS and STIs; (c) lack of support from teachers and school-governing bodies; (d) risky sexual behaviors among the learners; and (e) empowerment and personal skills development. The study concludes with a discussion and recommendations that a comprehensive health-promoting school program should be developed for adolescent boys with guaranteed ownership and sustainability of male sexual and reproductive health.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-10-09T12:44:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320949342
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Sources of Information for Learning and Decision-Making in Men With
           Localized Prostate Cancer

    • Authors: Sumedha Chhatre, Marsha N. Wittink, Joseph J. Gallo, Ravishankar Jayadevappa
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Information seeking is essential for effective patient-centered decision-making. However, prostate cancer patients report a gap between information needed and information received. The importance of different information sources for treatment decision remains unclear. Thus, using the Comprehensive Model of Health Information (CMIS) framework, we assessed the antecedent factors, information carrier factors, and information-seeking activities in localized prostate cancer patients. Data were collected via semistructured one-on-one, interviews and structured survey. Men with localized prostate cancer were recruited from two urban health-care centers. Following the interview, participants completed a survey about sources that were helpful in learning about prostate cancer treatment and decision-making. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and subjected to a thematic analysis using NVivo 10. Fifty localized prostate cancer survivors completed the interviews and surveys. Important antecedent factors that were observed were age, marital status, uncertainty, anxiety, caregiver burden, and out-of-pocket expenses. We identified complexity, magnitude, and reliability as information carrier characteristics. Preferred sources for information were health providers, medical websites, and pamphlets from the doctor’s office. These sources were also perceived as most helpful for decision-making. Urologists, urological oncologists, and radiation/radiation oncologists were important sources of information and helpful in decision-making. Prostate cancer patients obtained information from multiple sources. Most prostate cancer patients make patient-centered choices by incorporating personal factors and medical information. By considering factors that influence patients’ treatment decisions, health-care providers can enhance the patient-centeredness of care. Multiple strategies and interventions are necessary for disseminating valid, reliable, and unbiased information to prostate cancer patients to facilitate informed decisions.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T10:42:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320945461
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • The Diagnostic Accuracy of Testicular Torsion by Doctors on Duty Using
           Sonographic Evaluation with Color Doppler

    • Authors: Akinori Nakayama, Hisamitsu Ide, Akiyoshi Osaka, Yasuyuki Inoue, Yukihito Shimomura, Toshiyuki Iwahata, Yoshitomo Kobori, Kazutaka Saito, Shigehiro Soh, Hiroshi Okada
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      As testicular torsion is a medical emergency, it requires quick diagnosis and treatment. Color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) is useful for the diagnosis of testicular torsion. An accurate diagnosis can be difficult when CDUS indicates the preservation of blood flow in the testis. We examined the accuracy of testicular torsion diagnosis in patients with acute scrotum made by doctors on duty using CDUS. The subjects included 26 patients who visited our department between January 2016 and June 2018 presenting with acute scrotal pain. Patients were placed into one of three groups based on testicular blood flow evaluated by CDUS. The first group had no testicular blood flow, the second had diminished blood flow, and the last group had normal or increased blood flow. Patients were also diagnosed through scrotal exploration. Finally, patients were further divided into two groups identified by CDUS frequency utilized during diagnosis (12 MHz groups and ≤8 MHz groups), and the diagnostic accuracy of the two groups was compared. Characterizing torsion by either the absence of or diminished, testicular blood flow in the CDUS evaluation, the sensitivity and specificity of the CDUS performed by doctors on duty accounted for 69.2% and 53.8%, respectively. No improvement in diagnostic accuracy was evident despite the usage of a 12-MHz ultrasonic transducer. In this study, the sensitivity of CDUS performed by doctors on duty was about 70%, suggesting that scrotal exploration should be performed promptly even if testicular blood flow is observed and testicular torsion is suspected from medical history and body findings.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-09-30T05:21:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320953003
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Polymorphism in the Androgen Biosynthesis Gene (CYP17), a Risk for
           Prostate Cancer: A Meta-Analysis

    • Authors: Clement Yaw Effah, Ling Wang, Clement Agboyibor, Emmanuel Kwateng Drokow, Songcheng Yu, Wei Wang, Yongjun Wu
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Gene polymorphism is one of the few factors that increases the risk of prostate cancer. T to C substitution in the 5’ promoter region of the CYP17 gene is hypothesized to increase the rate of gene transcription, increase androgen production, and thereby increase the risk of prostate cancer. Nevertheless, the inconsistencies originating from studies on CYP17 polymorphism and prostate cancer prompted this meta-analysis, to decipher the association between CYP17 polymorphism and prostate cancer. Most case-control studies addressing CYP17 polymorphism and prostate cancer were exhaustively searched from Web of Science, Google Scholar, and PubMed. The various genotype distributions as well as the minor allele distributions were retrieved. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% CI and estimates of the Hardy–Weinberg Equilibrium were calculated. Analyses were performed using the RevMan v.5.3 software and SPSS v.21. There was high-pooled heterogeneity (I2 = 87.0%, OR = .42, CI [.39, .45], and p < .001) among the A2 versus A1 allele. With the per-allele model (A2 versus A1), ethnicity was a major risk factor to prostate cancer, with Asians recording the highest risk (OR = 12.61, 95% CI [8.77, 18.12]). From the genotype models, A1/A1 versus A2/A2 (OR = 3.02, 95% CI [2.65, 3.44]) and A1/A2 versus A2/A2 (OR = 4.39, 95% CI [3.86, 5.00]) were all significantly associated with prostate cancer. Although some genotype models were associated with the risk of prostate cancer, we should be mindful when interpreting the results of this study because of the limited number of studies and the small sample size used.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-09-23T11:27:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320959984
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Total Antioxidant Capacity and Frailty in Older Men

    • Authors: Monica C. Tembo, Kara L. Holloway-Kew, Chiara C. Bortolasci, Sophia X Sui, Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, Lana J. Williams, Mark A. Kotowicz, Julie A. Pasco
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Frailty, a clinical syndrome characterized by multisystem dysregulation, has been associated with high levels of oxidative stress. We investigated the association between serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and frailty in older men. This cross-sectional study included 581 men (age 60–90 years) enrolled in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. Frailty comprised at least three of unintentional weight loss, exhaustion, low physical activity, slowness, and weakness. Serum TAC was measured by quantitative colorimetric determination and expressed as uric acid equivalents (mM). Relationships between TAC (in SD units) and frailty were explored using multivariable logistic regression models. Sociodemographic, anthropometric, and lifestyle variables were tested as potential confounders and effect modifiers. A sensitivity analysis excluded participants (n = 145) in the upper quartile of TAC, who were likely to have hyperuricemia. Fifty (8.6%) men were frail. There was evidence that higher TAC levels were associated with increased likelihood of frailty (OR 1.34, 95% confidence interval [CI; 0.99, 1.80]), and this was attenuated after adjustment for age and body mass index (BMI; OR 1.26, 95% CI [0.93,1.71]). No effect modifiers or other confounders were identified. The sensitivity analysis revealed a positive association between TAC and frailty, before and after accounting for age and BMI (adjusted OR 1.79, 95% CI [1.01, 3.17] p = .038). These results suggest a positive association between TAC levels and frailty, supporting the hypothesis that this biomarker could be useful in identifying individuals at risk of frailty. We speculate that a milieu of heightened oxidative stress in frailty may elevate the oxidative stress regulatory set point, raising antioxidant activity. This warrants further investigation.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-09-17T05:19:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320946592
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Gender Concept, Work Pressure, and Work–Family Conflict

    • Authors: H. M. Wang, A. L. Ma, T. T. Guo
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Based on the data of the 2015 China General Social Survey (CGSS), this article empirically analyzed the influence of gender concept, work pressure, and work flexibility on work–family conflict (work interfering family (WIF) and family interfering work (FIW)) from three perspectives (gender, age, and urban and rural areas in China) and tested its significance. The empirical results show that individuals holding the concept of gender inequality produced lower WIF and FIW, which only exists between sexual relations, older working people, and urban and rural areas. Multicultural exchange and integration only made it easier for working people under the age of 30 to accept the concept of gender equality, but it increased their WIF and FIW. Second, with the development of the economy and society of China, the work pressure of workers is the most important factor causing WIF and FIW. Lastly, in order to cope with the pressure of employment and the cost of living, it is difficult to ease the conflict between work and family.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-09-17T05:17:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320957522
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • The SHARED Project: A Novel Approach to Engaging African American Men to
           Address Lung Cancer Disparities

    • Authors: Karriem S. Watson, Leilah D. Siegel, Vida A. Henderson, Marcus Murray, I. Beverly Chukwudozie, David Odell, James Stinson, Ose Ituah, Josef Ben Levi, Marian L. Fitzgibbon, Sage Kim, Phoenix Matthews
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Black men are disproportionately impacted by lung cancer morbidity and mortality. Low-dose helical computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening has demonstrated benefits for reducing lung cancer deaths by identifying cancers at earlier, more treatable stages. Despite the known benefits, LDCT screening is underutilized in black men. Studies in racially heterogeneous populations have found correlations between screening behaviors and factors such as physician trust, physician referral, and a desire to reduce the uncertainty of not knowing if they had lung cancer; yet little is known about the factors that specifically contribute to screening behaviors in black men. Community engagement strategies are beneficial for understanding barriers to health-care engagement. One community engagement approach is the citizen scientist model. Citizen scientists are lay people who are trained in research methods; they have proven valuable in increasing communities’ knowledge of the importance of healthy behaviors such as screening, awareness of research, building trust in research, and improving study design and ethics. This paper proposes an intervention, grounded in community-based participatory research approaches and social network theory, to engage black men as citizen scientists in an effort to increase lung cancer screening in black men. This mixed-methods intervention will examine the attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs of black men related to uptake of evidence-based lung cancer screening.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-09-17T05:17:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320958934
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Contrasting the Perceived Severity of COVID-19 and HIV Infection in an
           Online Survey of Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex With Men During
           the U.S. COVID-19 Epidemic

    • Authors: Rob Stephenson, Tanaka M. D. Chavanduka, Matthew T. Rosso, Stephen P. Sullivan, Renée A. Pitter, Alexis S. Hunter, Erin Rogers
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      While there is evidence of variations in the risk perceptions of COVID-19 and that they are linked to both engagement in health-protective behaviors and poor mental health outcomes, there has been a lack of attention to how individuals perceive the risk of COVID-19 relative to other infectious diseases. This paper examines the relative perceptions of the severity of COVID-19 and HIV among a sample of U.S. gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSMs). The “Love and Sex in the Time of COVID-19” survey was conducted online from April 2020 to May 2020. GBMSMs were recruited through paid banner advertisements featured on social networking platforms, resulting in a sample size of 696. The analysis considers differences in responses to two scales: the Perceived Severity of HIV Infection and the Perceived Severity of COVID-19 Infection. Participants perceived greater seriousness for HIV infection (mean 46.67, range 17–65) than for COVID-19 infection (mean 38.81, range 13–62). Some items reflecting more proximal impacts of infection (anxiety, loss of sleep, and impact on employment) were similar for HIV and COVID-19. Those aged over 25 and those who perceived higher prevalence of COVID-19 in the United States or their state were more likely to report COVID-19 as more severe than HIV. There is a need to develop nuanced public health messages for GBMSMs that convey the ongoing simultaneous health threats of both HIV and COVID-19.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-09-17T05:13:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320957545
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • First-Time Fathers’ Attitudes Towards, and Experiences With,
           Parenting Courses in Denmark

    • Authors: Kenneth Reinicke
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Several studies report that men, just like women, go through a complex emotional upheaval when they are about to become parents and that men need support to be able to tackle parenthood in the best way possible. This qualitative study addresses the extent to which parenting courses attended by both the mother and the father constitute an appealing institutional service for first-time fathers and whether they find them useful in tackling the challenges they face during the pregnancy and after the birth. The article explores difficulties with recruiting fathers to such courses and ensuring their continued attendance since men’s masculinity dilemmas can affect the extent to which they are willing to seek help and to complete such courses. The findings indicated that fathers’ sense of responsibility and awareness of their role as a father in their child’s life was strengthened, and overall, they were satisfied both with the topics addressed during the course and with the teaching. Strong networks were formed among some of the parents at the parenting course. Caution is called for when drawing general conclusions about the benefits of such courses for first-time parents, as they are seldom attended by parents with minority ethnic backgrounds or by vulnerable and underprivileged parents.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-09-17T05:13:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320957546
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Current Mental Distress Among Men With a History of Radical Prostatectomy
           and Related Adverse Correlates

    • Authors: Gabriela Ilie, Joshua White, Ross Mason, Ricardo Rendon, Greg Bailly, Joseph Lawen, David Bowes, Nikhilesh Patil, Derek Wilke, Cody MacDonald, Robert Rutledge, David Bell
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Recent reviews and observational studies have reported that patients with prostate cancer (PCa) are at increased risk of mental health issues, which in turn negatively affects oncological outcomes. Here, we examine possible explanatory variables of mental distress in a population-based cohort of men who have undergone radical prostatectomy (RP). Data were derived from a Maritimes-Canada online survey assessing patient-reported quality of life outcomes between 2017 and 2019 administered to 136 men (47–88 years old, currently in a relationship) who have undergone RP for their PCa diagnosis. The primary outcome was a validated assessment of mental distress, the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). Urinary function was assessed using the International Prostate Symptom Score, and relationship satisfaction was assessed using the Dyadic Assessment Scale. A multivariate logistic regression assessed the contribution of urinary function, relationship satisfaction, age, multimorbidity, additional treatments, medication for depression and/or anxiety, and survivorship time. A total of 16.2% men in this sample screened positive for mental distress. The severity of urinary problems was positively associated with increased mental distress (OR = 4.79, 95% CI [1.04, 22.03]), while increased age (OR = 0.87, 95% CI [0.78, 0.97]), relationship satisfaction (OR = 0.14, 95% CI [0.3, .077]), and current medication for anxiety, depression, or both (OR = 0.09, 95% CI [0.02, 0.62]) were protective factors. Survivorship time, the presence of additional comorbidities, or PCa treatments were not identified to be statistically significant contributions to the fitted model. Here, we report that RP survivors are prone to presenting with increased mental distress long after treatment. Screening for mental distress during RP survivorship is recommended.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-09-17T05:12:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320957535
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy Revealed by Hypochondriacal Delusion: A Case
           Report Involving a Male Patient

    • Authors: Badii Amamou, Imen Ben Saida, Amjed Ben Haouala, Ahmed Mhalla, Ferid Zaafrane, Lotfi Gaha
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Hashimoto’s encephalopathy (HE) is a rare autoimmune disorder. It associates encephalopathy with autoimmune thyroiditis, presenting abnormal elevations of thyroid antibodies. It is more common in females. It can present with various symptoms, including seizures, myoclonus, psychosis, hallucinations, and mood disturbances. Hypochondriacal delusion is an unusual clinical presentation of this disorder. The authors report a case of HE in a male patient whose clinical presentation was dominated by hypochondriacal delusion. The absence of response to antipsychotics, high serum antithyroid peroxidase antibodiesof about 199 UI/ml, the normality of magnetic resonance imaging, and improvement with corticosteroids confirmed the diagnosis. This neuroendocrine disorder is often misdiagnosed and it represents a diagnostic challenge for clinicians. It should be considered in patients presenting a refractory or an atypical neuropsychiatric disorder and having a family history of autoimmune disease.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-09-17T05:11:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320955080
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Oxidative Stress is Associated with Reduced Sperm Motility in Normal Semen

    • Authors: Wiktoria Kurkowska, Agnieszka Bogacz, Marta Janiszewska, Ewa Gabryś, Michał Tiszler, Francesco Bellanti, Sławomir Kasperczyk, Anna Machoń-Grecka, Michał Dobrakowski, Aleksandra Kasperczyk
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Infertility is among the most serious medical problems worldwide. Male factors contribute to 40%–50% of all infertility cases, and approximately 7% of men worldwide are affected by infertility. Spermatozoa are extremely vulnerable to oxidative insult. Oxidative stress results in axonemal damage and increased midpiece sperm morphological defects, which lead to reduced sperm motility. The aim of the study is to evaluate the association between sperm motility and the levels of selected antioxidants, cytokines, and markers of oxidative damage in the seminal plasma.The study group included 107 healthy males, who were split into two subgroups based on the percentage of motile spermatozoa after 1 hr: low motility (LM, n = 51) and high motility (HM, n = 56).The glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity was 52% lower in the LM group compared to that in the HM group. The level of malondialdehyde (MDA) was 12% higher in the LM group compared to that in the HM group. Similarly, the median values of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-10, IL-12, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) were higher in the LM group than those in the HM group. Results of the present study revealed that the percentage of motile spermatozoa after 1 hr correlated positively with the levels of IL-1β, IL-10, IL-12, and TNFα.The lower motility of spermatozoa in healthy men is associated with a decreased activity of G6PD and increased levels of cytokines, which may be related to increased oxidative stress in seminal plasma that manifests as an increased level of MDA.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-09-17T05:11:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320939731
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Men and COVID-19: A Pathophysiologic Review

    • Authors: Martin S. Lipsky, Man Hung
      Abstract: American Journal of Men's Health, Volume 14, Issue 5, September-October 2020.
      Coronaviruses are single-stranded ribonucleic acid viruses that can cause illnesses in humans ranging from the common cold to severe respiratory disease and even death.In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) as the first pandemic. Compared to women, most countries with available data report that men with COVID-19 have greater disease severity and higher mortality. Lab and animal data indicate that men respond differently to the SARS-CoV-2 infection, offering possible explanations for the epidemiologic observations. The plausible theories underlying these observations include sex-related differences in angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptors, immune function, hormones, habits, and coinfection rates.In this review we examine these factors and explore the rationale as to how each may impact COVID-19. Understanding why men are more likely to experience severe disease can help in developing effective treatments, public health policies, and targeted strategies such as early recognition and aggressive testing in subgroups.
      Citation: American Journal of Men's Health
      PubDate: 2020-09-16T04:23:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1557988320954021
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 5 (2020)
       
 
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