Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8690 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2415 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | Last

Showing 1201 - 1400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Foot and Ankle Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Forensic Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Gandaki Medical College-Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Generic Medicines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geographical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hand Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Head & Neck Physicians and Surgeons     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health & Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 62)
Journal of Health and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Economics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior     Open Access  
Journal of Health Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences / Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Health Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Heavy Metal Toxicity and Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbs Spices & Medicinal Plants     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of HIV for Clinical and Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hospital Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Human Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Human Rhythm     Open Access  
Journal of Human Transcriptome     Open Access  
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access  
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inflammation Research     Open Access  
Journal of Injury and Violence Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Insulin Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Interventional Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Investigative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Islamabad Medical & Dental College     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of King Abdulaziz University : Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Laryngology and Voice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Limb Lengthening & Reconstruction     Open Access  
Journal of Lumbini Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Marine Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Cases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Colleges of PLA     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Investigation and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Law and Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medical Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medicinal Botany     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 206)
Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine in the Tropics     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine Research and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Medicines Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Metabolomics & Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nanotheranostics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Neurocritical Care     Open Access  
Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Neurorestoratology     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Nobel Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Obesity and Bariatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Therapy Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Orofacial Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ovarian Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ozone Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Participatory Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Pathogens     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient Experience     Open Access  
Journal of Patient Safety and Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes     Open Access  
Journal of Periodontal Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physiobiochemical Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physiology-Paris     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Pregnancy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Prosthodontic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Prosthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Receptor, Ligand and Channel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Regenerative Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Scientific Innovation in Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Scientific Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Arthroplasty     Open Access  
Journal of Sleep Disorders : Treatment & Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of South American Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stem Cell Therapy and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stomal Therapy Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Journal of Substance Use     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Surgical Academia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Surgical and Clinical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Case Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report     Open Access  
Journal of Systemic Therapies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of The Academy of Clinical Microbiologists     Open Access  
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the American College of Certified Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Anus, Rectum and Colon     Open Access  
Journal of The Arab Society for Medical Research     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
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Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.406
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1672-0733 - ISSN (Online) 1993-1352
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Age-related Changes in the Global DNA Methylation Profile of
           Oligodendrocyte Progenitor Cells Derived from Rat Spinal Cords
    • Abstract: Abstract Demyelination of axons plays an important role in the pathology of many spinal cord diseases and injuries. Remyelination in demyelinated lesions is primarily performed by oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs), which generate oligodendrocytes in the developing and mature central nervous system. The efficiency of remyelination decreases with age. Many reports suggest that this decline in remyelination results from impaired OPC recruitment and differentiation during aging. Of the various molecular mechanisms involved in aging, changes in epigenetic modifications have received particular attention. Global DNA methylation is a major epigenetic modification that plays important roles in cellular senescence and organismal aging. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the dynamic changes in the global DNA methylation profiles of OPCs derived from rat spinal cords during the aging process. We separated and cultured OPCs from the spinal cords of neonatal, 4-month-old, and 16-month-old rats and investigated the age-related alterations of genomic DNA methylation levels by using quantitative colorimetric analysis. To determine the potential cause of dynamic changes in global DNA methylation, we further analyzed the activity of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and the expression of DNMT1, DNMT3a, DNMT3b, TET1, TET2, TET3, MBD2, and MeCP2 in the OPCs from each group. Our results showed the genomic DNA methylation level and the activity of DNMTs from OPCs derived from rat spinal cords decreased gradually during aging, and OPCs from 16-month-old rats were characterized by global hypomethylation. During OPC aging, the mRNA and protein expression levels of DNMT3a, DNMT3b, and MeCP2 were significantly elevated; those of DNMT1 were significantly down-regulated; and no significant changes were observed in those for TET1, TET2, TET3, or MBD2. Our results indicated that global DNA hypomethylation in aged OPCs is correlated with DNMT1 downregulation. Together, these data provide important evidence for partly elucidating the mechanism of age-related impaired OPC recruitment and differentiation and assist in the development of new treatments for promoting efficient remyelination.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Effectively Alleviates Arrhythmias in
           Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Possible Relationship with
           Counteracting Oxidative Stress
    • Abstract: Abstract This work is aimed at exploring the clinical efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in treatment of patients with arrhythmias combined with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Through evaluating serum native thiol, malonaldehyde (MDA) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NADPH oxidase) in these patients and describing the effects on oxidative parameters of CPAP therapy for 3 months, we confirmed the impact of oxidative stress on arrhythmias. A total of 64 patients with OSA combined with arrhythmias were collected from April 2014 to April 2017 with full clinical information. Patients were divided into two groups (paired experiment design): 32 patients in group A (control group), who received unchanged anti-arrhythmia treatment and 32 patients in group B, who were subjected to unchanged pharmacological anti-arrhythmia therapy combined with CPAP. OSA related parameters were compared between the two groups after 3-month therapy. And the levels of parameters of oxidative stress in patients were measured before and after CPAP therapy. After 3 months of CPAP therapy, compared with the control group, the percentage of sage N3 (NREM 3) and stage R (REM) in total sleep time was significantly increased, while apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score were evidently decreased. Meanwhile, the lowest oxygen saturation (LSpO2) was also elevated after CPAP treatment for 3 months. The CPAP therapy significantly prevented the occurrence of arrhythmias (P<0.05). Both the MDA level and NADPH oxidase levels were significantly lower in the group B than in the group A (P<0.05). But serum native thiol was improved by CPAP treatment (P<0.05). In conclusion, proper use of CPAP therapy provides significant benefits for the treatment of arrhythmia in patients with OSA.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Efficacy and Safety of COX-2 Inhibitor Parecoxib for Rigid
           Cystoscopy-related Pain Management in Male Patients: A Prospective,
           Randomized and Controlled Study
    • Abstract: Abstract Using anesthetic gel may not sufficiently exclude pain perception during and after cystoscopy in male patients. To evaluate the analgesic efficacy and safety of intramuscular parecoxib (40 mg) for outpatient-based rigid cystoscopy, we performed a prospective, randomized and controlled study. Consecutive male patients requiring diagnostic cystoscopy in our hospital were divided into group A (1% tetracaine gel, n=50) and group B (parecoxib, n=51) at random. Patients received intramuscular injections of either 2 mL sterile saline in group A or 40 mg parecoxib in group B 30 min before the procedure. Tetracaine gel was injected into the urethra 3 min before the procedure in group A, with patients receiving plain lubricant gel in group B at the same time. Cystoscopy-associated pain levels were evaluated using the Visual Analog Score (VAS) during the procedure. Post-procedure urethral pain and complications were recorded and analyzed. The results showed that male patients experienced significantly less pain in group B than in group A (2.70±1.36 vs. 3.56±1.74, P=0.008). The percentage of patients with dysuria pain was not significantly different between the two groups. In addition, 24 h after cystoscopy, the patients with no previous experience of cystoscopy were more likely to declare urethral pain (59.2% vs. 33.3%, P=0.012, relative risk=1.78). No difference was observed in analgesic-related complications between the two groups. We conclude that intramuscular injection of 40 mg parecoxib may improve comfort for male patients undergoing rigid cystoscopy.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Kartogenin and Its Application in Regenerative Medicine
    • Abstract: Abstract Regenerative medicine refers to the possibility of replacing aged/damaged cells with genetically similar young and functional cells to restore or establish normal function. Kartogenin (KGN), a small heterocyclic, drug-like compound was discovered in 2012, which is strongly associated with regenerative medicine. KGN has been applied in many regenerative fields, including cartilage regeneration and protection, tendon-bone healing, wound healing, and limb development. KGN could facilitate cartilage repair, promote formation of cartilage-like transition zone in tendon-bone junctions, stimulate collagen synthesis for wound healing, and regulate limb development in a coordinated manner. Considering the related mechanism, filamin A/CBFβ/RUNX1, Ihh, and TGFβ/Smad pathways have been reported to involve KGN. Therefore, KGN is proven a promising agent in regenerative medicine; however, studies conducted on the effect of KGN are limited to date and not convictive for long-term use. Further studies are recommended to explore the long-term effect and potential molecular mechanisms of KGN. Our investigations may motivate researchers to expand its applications in different forms and fields.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • T2 Mapping and Fat Quantification of Thigh Muscles in Children with
           Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
    • Abstract: Abstract Quantitative magnetic resonance image (MRI) in individual muscles may be useful for monitoring disease progression in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The purpose of this study was to measure T2 relaxation time of thigh muscles in children with DMD and healthy boys, and to correlate the T2 relaxation time of muscles with the fat fraction (FF) at quantitative magnetic resonance and results of clinical assessment. Thirty-two boys with DMD and 18 healthy boys were evaluated with T2 mapping and three-point Dixon MRI. Age, body mass index (BMI), muscle strength assessment, timed functional tests (time to walk or run 10 metres, rise from the floor and ascend four stairs), and the North Star Ambulatory Assessment (NSAA) were evaluated. Spearman’s correlation was used to assess the relationships between FF and clinical assessments and T2 relaxation time. The mean T2 relaxation time of thigh muscles in DMD was significantly longer than that in the control group (P<0.05), except for the gracilis (P=0.952). The gracilis, sartorius and adductor longus were relatively spared by fatty infiltration in DMD patients. The T2 relaxation time was correlated significantly with the mean FF in all muscles. Age, BMI, total muscle strength score, timed functional tests and NSAA were significantly correlated with the overall mean T2 relaxation time. T2 mapping may prove clinically useful in monitoring muscle changes as a result of the disease process and in predicting the outcome of DMD patients.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Developmental Potential and Clinical Value of Embryos with Abnormal
           Cleavage Rate
    • Abstract: Abstract To investigate the developmental potential and clinical value of embryos with abnormal cleavage rate, a retrospective analysis was performed on 66 635 2-prokaryotic (2PN) and 1-pronuclear (1PN) embryos. The embryos were given conventionally in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment and continuously cultured on the day 3 (D3) at the Reproductive Medicine Center, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2016 to December 2017. The embryos were separated into the day-2 (D2) undivided group with 106 cases, the arrested development group with 3482 cases, the blastomere reduction group with 541 cases, and the control group with 62 506 cases, respectively. The blastocyst utilization rates of these three abnormal groups were 2.83%, 10.86% and 6.84%, respectively, which were significantly different from that in control group (39.46%). Furthermore, 2 cases of anabiosis and 1 case of live birth were found in D2 undivided group. In arrested development group, there were 55 cases of anabiosis, 11 cases of clinical pregnancy in single-embryo transplantation (including 6 cases of live birth), and 25 cases of clinical pregnancy in combination with one normal embryo transplantation (including 23 cases of live births and 15 cases of dizygotic twins under B-ultrasound). There were 13 case of anabiosis in blastomere reduction group: there was 1 case of single embryo transplantation and clinical pregnancy was obtained; there were also 6 cases of clinical pregnancy in combination with one single normal embryo transplantation (including 5 cases of live births and 2 cases of dizygotic twins under B-ultrasound). In conclusion, embryos with abnormal cleavage rate still have the potential to continue to develop, and have certain blastocyst utilization rate and live birth.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Berberine Ameliorates High-Fat Diet-Induced Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver
           Disease in Rats via Activation of SIRT3/AMPK/ACC Pathway
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aimed to verify the effects of berberine (BBR) on the fat metabolism proteins involved in the sirtuin 3 (SIRT3)/adenosine 5’-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) pathway in the liver tissues of rats with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into the normal control (NC) group, HFD group or BBR group, with 16 rats in each group. After 8 and 16 weeks of treatment, serum and liver samples were collected. Subsequently, body parameters, biochemical parameters and liver pathology were examined. The expression levels of proteins involved in the SIRT3/AMPK/ACC pathway in the liver were detected by Western blotting. After 8 and 16 weeks of a HFD, the successful establishment of rat models with different degrees of NAFLD was confirmed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Oil Red O staining. NAFLD rat models exhibited obesity and hyperlipidemia, and the protein expression levels of SIRT3, p-AMPK, p-ACC, and CPT-1A in the liver were significantly decreased compared to those in the NC group. The concurrent administration of BBR with the HFD effectively improved serum and liver lipid profiles and ameliorated liver injury. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of SIRT3, p-AMPK, p-ACC, and CPT-1A in the liver were significantly increased in the BBR group as compared with those in the HFD group. In conclusion, our data suggest that the mechanism by which BBR ameliorates HFD-induced hepatic steatosis may be related to the activation of the SIRT3/AMPK/ACC pathway in the liver.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Improvement of Mechanical Stability for Single Unit Recording Based on
           Skull Cap in Living Chinchilla
    • Abstract: Abstract Three-point head fixation was constructed to provide mechanical stability for single unit recording (SUR) on vestibular sensory system in living chinchilla previously. However, it is no more qualified to this work when the stimulation intensity becomes large because of frequent unit losing and neuron damage, which strongly implies that the mechanical stability has been broken during the stimulation. Here, we constructed a novel head fixation (skull cap assistant head fixation) provided by skull cap on the basis of three-point head fixation in order to improve the mechanical stability for SUR under the stimulation with large magnitude. The large area bone connection is the feature and advantage of this improved method, which directly fixes the tested local nervous tissue and microelectrode in an intact stable system through skull cap except two ear bars and a tube face mask. Our data exhibited that skull cap assistant head fixation could significantly improve the success rate of neural response activity recording in the population of semicircular canal neurons under the stimulation with large intensity (amplitude ≥100 deg/s). Based on the analysis of neural response activity and noise base-line during stimulation, our data further indicated that this method could significantly improve the mechanical stability for SUR during high-speed motion stimulation on vestibular system in living chinchilla. Skull cap assistant head fixation extends the application of SUR on vestibular neuron in linear response range and provides a solid foundation for electrophysiological research on vestibular sensory system in further studies.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Comparison of Efficacy between 3D Navigation-Assisted Percutaneous
           Iliosacral Screw and Minimally Invasive Reconstruction Plate in Treating
           Sacroiliac Complex Injury
    • Abstract: Abstract The clinical efficacy was compared between 3D navigation-assisted percutaneous iliosacral screw (3DPS) and minimally invasive reconstruction plate (MIRP) in treating sacroiliac complex injury and the surgical procedures of 3DPS were introduced. A retrospective analysis was performed on 49 patients with sacroiliac complex injury from March 2013 to May 2017. Twenty-one cases were treated by 3DPS, and 28 cases by MIRP. Intraoperative indexes as operative time, blood loss, incision length, length of hospital stay and postoperative complications were respectively documented. Quality of reduction was postoperatively evaluated by Matta radiological criteria, and clinical effect was assessed by Majeed scoring criteria at the last follow-up. Operative time and hospital stay were significantly shortened, and blood loss, and incision length were significantly reduced in 3DPS group as compared with those in MIRP group (P<0.05). No statistically significant difference was found between 3DPS group and MIRP group in the assessment of reduction and function (P>0.05). It was concluded that both 3DPS and MIRP can effectively treat the sacroiliac complex injury, and 3DPS can provide an accurate, safe and minimally invasive fixation with shorter operative time and hospital stay.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Decrease of GSK3β Ser-9 Phosphorylation Induced Osteoblast Apoptosis in
           Rat Osteoarthritis Model
    • Abstract: Abstract Nowadays, the cumulative intake of glucocorticoids has become the most common pathogenic factor for non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Apoptosis of osteoblasts is considered as the main reason of ONFH at the molecular level. Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) is an important regulator of cellular differentiation and apoptosis pathway, which can modulate the balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Several studies have reported about its function in osteoporosis, but little is known about it in osteonecrosis. In our study, lipopolysaccharide and methylprednisolone were utilized to establish a rat ONFH model. The phosphorylation of GSK3β Ser-9 was decreased in the model. Western blotting examination of β-catenin, Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3 revealed that the osteoblasts were apoptotic. In dexamethasone (Dex)-incubated primary osteoblasts, the expression profile of GSK3β phosphorylation and apoptotic factors were consistent with those in the rat ONFH model. To further investigate the regulation of osteonecrosis caused by GSK3β, the expression and function of GSK3β were inhibited in Dex-incubated primary osteoblasts. The knockdown of GSK3β by siRNA decreased the expression of Bax and cleaved caspase-3, but increased Bcl-2 and β-catenin. On the other hand, selective inhibition of GSK3β function by LiCl counteracted the activation of caspase-3 induced by Dex. Our work is the first study about the GSK3β phosphorylation in ONFH, and provides evidence for further therapeutic methods.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Application and Prospect of Mixed Reality Technology in Medical Field
    • Abstract: Abstract Mixed reality (MR) technology is a new digital holographic image technology, which appears in the field of graphics after virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) technology, a new interdisciplinary frontier. As a new generation of technology, MR has attracted great attention of clinicians in recent years. The emergence of MR will bring about revolutionary changes in medical education training, medical research, medical communication, and clinical treatment. At present, MR technology has become the popular frontline information technology for medical applications. With the popularization of digital technology in the medical field, the development prospects of MR are inestimable. The purpose of this review article is to introduce the application of MR technology in the medical field and prospect its trend in the future.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Does Postoperative Rehabilitation for Radical Cystectomy Call for Enhanced
           Recovery after Surgery' A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this review was to systematically compare the outcomes of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) with standard care (SC) after radical cystectomy. We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library to identify studies published until September 2017 which involved a comparison of ERAS and SC. A meta-analysis was performed to assess the outcomes of ERAS versus SC. Sixteen studies including 8 prospective and 8 retrospective trials met the eligibility criteria. A total of 2100 participants were assigned to ERAS (1258 cases) or SC (842 cases). The time to first flatus passage {WMD=–0.95 days, 95% CI (–1.50,–0.41), P=0.0006}, time until return to a regular diet {WMD=–2.15 days, 95% CI (–2.86,–1.45), P<0.00001} and the length of hospital stay {WMD=–3.75 days, 95% CI (–5.13,–2.36), P<0.00001} were significantly shorter, and the incidence of postoperative complications {OR=0.60, 95% CI (0.44, 0.83), P=0.002}, especially postoperative paralytic ileus {OR=0.43, 95% CI (0.30, 0.62), P<0.00001} and cardiovascular complications {OR=0.28, 95% CI (0.09, 0.90), P=0.03} was significantly lower in the ERAS group than those in the SC group. This meta-analysis demonstrated that ERAS was associated with a shorter time to first flatus passage, return of bowel function, and the length of hospital stay than SC in patients undergoing radical cystectomy, as well as a lower rate of postoperative complications, especially paralytic ileus and cardiovascular complications.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Long Term Perinatal Deltamethrin Exposure Alters Electrophysiological
           Properties of Embryonic Ventricular Cardiomyocyte
    • Abstract: Abstract Increased use of pyrethroids and the exposure to pyrethroids for pregnant women and children have raised the concerns over the potential effect of pyrethroids on developmental cardiotoxicity and other abnormalities. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether long term perinatal deltamethrin exposure altered embryonic cardiac electrophysiology in mice. Pregnant mice were administered with 0 or 3 mg/kg of deltamethrin by gavage daily from gestational day (gd) 10.5 to gd 17. 5. Whole cell patch-clamp technique was used in electrophysiological study, and real time RT-PCR was applied to analyze the molecular changes for the electrophysiological properties. Deltamethrin exposure resulted in increased mortality of pregnant mice and decreased viability of embryos. Moreover, deltamethrin slowed the maximum depolarization velocity (Vmax), prolonged the action potential duration (APD) and depolarized the maximum diastolic potential (MDP) of embryonic cardiomyocytes. Additionally, perinatal deltamethrin exposure decreased the mRNA expression of Na+ channel regulatory subunit Navβ1, inward rectifier K+ channel subunit Kir2.1, and delayed rectifier K+ channel subunit MERG while the L-type Ca2+ channel subunit, Cav1.2 expression was increased. On the contrary, deltamethrin administration did not significantly alter the regulation of β-adrenergic or muscarinic receptor on embryonic cardiomyocytes. In conclusion, deltamethrin exposure at perinatal stage significantly alters mRNA expression of embryonic cardiac ion channels and therefore influences embryonic cardiac electrophysiological properties. This highlights the need to understand the persistent effects of pyrethroid exposure on cardiac function during embryonic development due to potential for cardiac arrhythmogenicity.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Diagnostic Value of 128-slice Spiral CT Combined with Virtual Colonoscopy
           for Colorectal Cancer
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of 128-slice spiral CT combined with virtual colonoscopy in diagnosis of colorectal cancer. We retrospectively analyzed 45 patients of colorectal diseases who underwent definition AS+128-slice spiral CT combined with virtual colonoscopy after bowel preparation and gas injection to evaluate the clinical diagnostic value of this technology. All the patients received electronic colonoscopy and were confirmed by pathology. In total, colorectal cancer was confirmed in 42 cases and inflammation in 3 cases. Diagnostic results shows: there were 17 cases of lump, 10 cases of infiltration, 6 cases of ulcer, 9 cases of mixed type, 4 cases of liver metastases, and 36 cases of lymph node metastasis. There was no significant difference between 128-slice spiral CT combined with virtual colonoscopy and electronic colonoscopy in detection, localization and characterization of colorectal tumors. CT virtual endoscopy has great advantages in observing the invasion around the lesion and the presence or absence of metastasis in distant organs and lymph node metastasis. It is also possible to understand the shape of the lesion in the intestinal lumen and the length of the lesion involving the lumen of the intestine.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Neuropsychiatric Symptoms and Cognitive Impairment in Chinese Patients
           with Parkinson’s Disease in Han and Hui Ethnicity
    • Abstract: Abstract Neuropsychiatric symptoms are common in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and they are likely to outweigh the motor symptoms and become a major factor affecting the quality of life of PD patients. However, the studies focusing on the non-motor symptoms in Chinese PD patients from different ethnicity are scarce. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate neuropsychiatric symptoms and cognitive impairment in Chinese PD patients from Han and Hui populations from central China. Seventy-two Han Chinese PD patients (Han PD group) and 71 age-and sex-matched Hui Chinese PD patients (Hui PD group) were enrolled from Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University between Sept. 2011 and Aug. 2014 in the study. The neuropsychiatric symptoms and cognitive impairment were assessed using Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). We found that the proportion of depression, anxiety, apathy, irritability, euphoria and night time behavior disturbances were higher in the Han PD group than in the Hui PD group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). But the proportion of delusion, hallucination, agitation, disinhibition, aberrant motor behavior and change in appetite were not significantly different between the Han PD group and the Hui PD group (P>0.05). The total mean scores of the MMSE from patients in the Han PD group were similar to those in the Hui PD group (P>0.05). However, the subscale scores of recall domain and language domain in the Han PD group were significantly different from those in the Hui PD group (P<0.05). No significant difference was noted in the orientation, memory and calculation domains between the two PD groups (P>0.05). This study first showed the recall domain and language domain were different between the Han PD patients and the Hui PD patients. Depression, anxiety, apathy, irritability, euphoria and night time behavior disturbances were less presented in the Hui PD patients. All these differences may be related to the different ethnicity, which would be helpful for clinical physicians to recognize the different non-motor symptoms in Chinese PD patients with different ethnicity.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Muscle Fiber Type Changes in Lumbrical Muscles at Early Stages of Chronic
           Nerve Compression
    • Abstract: Abstract Chronic nerve compression (CNC) neuropathy is a common disease in the clinic and provokes paraesthesia, or numbness at early stage. The changes in muscle fiber composition and motor nerve terminal morphology in distal muscles were studied in this study. A well-established CNC model was used to assess the changes in the muscles. Behaviors were measured by von Frey filament test. The myosin heavy chain isoforms and neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) were stained by immunofluorescence to show the muscle fiber types composition and motor nerve terminals morphologic changes in the flexor digitorum longus (FDL) and lumbrical muscle. The fiber cross-sectional areas of different muscle fiber types were measured. The small-fiber degeneration of cutaneous nerve fibers was examined by detecting the protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5) with immunofluorescence. At 2nd month after compression, the proportion of type I and type II B fibers was markedly decreased, and that of type II A fibers was increased in the lumbrical muscle. There was no significant change in composition of muscle fiber types in FDL and NMJ morphology of FDL and lumbrical muscles. Intra-epidermal nerve fibre density (IENFD) declined at 2nd month after the compression. Our study reveals the morphological changes of the FDL and lumbrical muscle at an early stage of CNC. These findings may be helpful to understand muscle damage and pathophysiological development of the nerve compression, and provide new evidence for early treatment of CNC.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Association between CYP2C19*2/*3 Polymorphisms and Coronary Heart Disease
    • Abstract: Abstract This study sought to explore the relationship between cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) *2/*3 polymorphisms and the development of coronary heart disease (CHD), and to evaluate the influence of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on the occurrence of adverse clinical events in CHD patients. A total of 231 consecutive patients candidate for percutaneous coronary intervention genotyped for CYP2C19*2 (681G>A) and *3 (636G>A) polymorphisms were enrolled. The adverse clinical events were recorded during a follow-up period of 14 months. The incidence of CHD, according to coronary angiography, was significantly higher (P=0.025) in CYP2C19*2 carriers group. Stepwise binary logistic regression analysis revealed that among factors that potentially influenced the presence of CHD (age>60 years, gender, BMI, etc.), CYP2C19*2 carriers (OR 1.94, 95% CI: 1.08–3.50, P=0.028) and male gender (OR 2.74, 95% CI: 1.58–4.76, P=0.001) were independent predictors, which were associated with the presence of CHD. The follow-up results showed that the incidence of adverse cardiovascular events within 14 months of discharge was significantly higher in the CYP2C19*2 carriers than in the non-carriers (21.6% vs. 6.3%, P=0.019). The results of the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model showed that CYP2C19*2 loss-of-function was the only independent factor which predicted the coronary events during the follow-up period of 14 months (OR=3.65, 95% CI 1.09–12.25, P=0.036). The adverse impact of CYP2C19*2 polymorphisms was found not only in the risk of the presence of CHD, but also in the adverse cardiovascular events in CHD patients during the follow-up period of 14 months. However the same influence was not found in CYP2C19*3 mutation in Chinese Han population.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Model of Healthcare-Associated Infection Control in Primary Health Care
           Institutions: A Structural Equation Modeling
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study was to construct the model of organization system, management, training and surveillance in healthcare-associated infection prevention and control (IC) of primary health care institutions and identify its effect on patient safety and decreasing economic burden by standardizing IC. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with questionnaires. Data were collected from 268 primary health care institutions in Hubei province, China. Hypotheses on the model of IC were analyzed by means of confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. The results showed that the fit indices of the hypothesized model of IC satisfied recommended levels: root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA)=0.071; comparative fit index (CFI)=0.965; tucker–lewis index (TLI)=0.956; weighted root mean square residual (WRMR)=1.014. The model showed that organization system had a direct effect on management (β=0.311, P<0.01), and training (β=0.365, P<0.01). Management and training played an intermediary role that partially promoted organization system impact on surveillance. Results also showed that institutional factors such as the number of physicians, the number of nurses, the designated capacity of beds, the actual number of open beds and surgery trips had positive impacts on management (β=0.050, P<0.01; β=0.181, P<0.01; β=0.111, P<0.01; β=0.064, P<0.01; β=0.084, P=0.04) and training (β=0.21, P=0.03; β=0.050, P=0.02; β=0.586, P=0.01; β=–0.995, P=0.02; β=–0.223, P=0.03). In conclusion, the model of organization system, management, training and surveillance in IC of primary health care institutions is valuable for guiding IC practice.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Effects of Early Weightbearing on Microfracture Treatment of Osteochondral
           Lesions of Talus with Subchondral Bone Defects
    • Abstract: Abstract When subchondral bone defects are present in osteochondral lesions of the talus (OCLT), it is inconclusive whether to allow early weightbearing after microfracture treatment because of the lack of effective support of the newly-formed fibrocartilage. After performing arthroscopic debridement and microfracture treatment on OCLT patients with subchondral bone defects, we allowed patients to have an early postoperative weightbearing exercise to observe their clinical outcome. Forty-two OCLT patients with subchondral bone defects were analyzed. Patients were randomly divided into two groups with 21 patients in each group. After arthroscopic debridement and microfracture treatment, group A was allowed to have early partial weightbearing while weightbearing was delayed in group B. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate joint pain before and after surgery. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score was used to evaluate joint function. Tegner activity scale was used to assess patient’s exercise level. The AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score in group A increased from 54.4 to 87.6, and that in group B increased from 54.9 to 87.3. The VAS score in group A decreased from 6.5 to 2.2, and that in group B decreased from 6.4 to 2.3. The Tegner activity scale increased from 2.6 to 4.4 in group A, and that in group B increased from 2.6 to 3.9. There was significant difference in the Tegner activity scale between group A and group B (P<0.05). It was suggested that when performing microfracture treatment on OCLT patients with subchondral bone defects, early postoperative weightbearing may achieve similar clinical outcomes as delayed weightbearing, and patients may be better able to return to sports.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
  • Application of Finite Element Analysis for Investigation of Intervertebral
           Disc Degeneration: from Laboratory to Clinic
    • Abstract: Abstract Due to the ethical concern and inability to detect inner stress distributions of intervertebral disc (IVD), traditional methods for investigation of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) have significant limitations. Many researchers have demonstrated that finite element analysis (FEA) is an effective tool for the research of IVDD. However, the specific application of FEA for investigation of IVDD has not been systematically elucidated before. In the present review, we summarize the current finite element models (FEM) used for the investigation of IVDD, including the poroelastic nonlinear FEM, diffusive-reactive theory model and cell-activity coupled mechano-electrochemical theory model. We further elaborate the use of FEA for the research of IVDD pathogenesis especially for nutrition and biomechanics associated etiology, and the biological, biomechanical and clinical influences of IVDD. In addition, the application of FEA for evaluation and exploration of various treatments for IVDD is also elucidated. We conclude that FEA is an excellent technique for research of IVDD, which could be used to explore the etiology, biology and biomechanics of IVDD. In the future, FEA may help us to achieve the goal of individualized precision therapy.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
       
 
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