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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8192 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2207 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ALERTA : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access  
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.042
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 17  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-9686 - ISSN (Online) 0090-6964
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2363 journals]
  • Mechanistic Understanding of High Flow Nasal Cannula Therapy and Pressure
           Support with an In Vitro Infant Model
    • Abstract: Despite the increased use of high flow nasal cannula therapy, little has been done to predict airway pressures for a full breath cycle. A 3-month-old infant in vitro model was developed, which included the entire upper airway and the first three bifurcations of the lungs. A breathing simulator was used to create a realistic breath pattern, and high flow was provided using a Vapotherm unit. Four cannulas of varying sizes were used to assess the effects of the inner diameter and nasal occlusion of the cannulas on airway pressures. At 8 L min−1, end expiratory pressures of 0.821–1.306 cm H2O and 0.828–1.133 cm H2O were produced in the nasopharynx and trachea, respectively. Correlations were developed to predict full breath cycle airway pressures, based on the gas flow rate delivered, cannula dimensions, as well as the breathing flow rate, for the nasopharynx and trachea. Pearson correlation coefficients for the nasopharynx and trachea correlations were 0.991 and 0.992, respectively. The developed correlations could be used to determine the flow rate necessary for a cannula to produce pressures similar to CPAP settings. The proposed correlations accurately predict the regional airway pressure up to and including 7 cm H2O of support for the entire breath cycle.
      PubDate: 2019-10-09
  • Methods for Gait Analysis During Obstacle Avoidance Task
    • Abstract: In this study, we present algorithms developed for gait analysis, but suitable for many other signal processing tasks. A novel general-purpose algorithm for extremum estimation of quasi-periodic noisy signals is proposed. This algorithm is both flexible and robust, and allows custom adjustments to detect a predetermined wave pattern while being immune to signal noise and variability. A method for signal segmentation was also developed for analyzing kinematic data recorded while performing on obstacle avoidance task. The segmentation allows detecting preparation and recovery phases related to obstacle avoidance. A simple kernel-based clustering method was used for classification of unsupervised data containing features of steps within the walking trial and discriminating abnormal from regular steps. Moreover, a novel algorithm for missing data approximation and adaptive signal filtering is also presented. This algorithm allows restoring faulty data with high accuracy based on the surrounding information. In addition, a predictive machine learning technique is proposed for supervised multiclass labeling with non-standard label structure.
      PubDate: 2019-10-09
  • Special Issue on the NCAA-DoD CARE Consortium Research
    • PubDate: 2019-10-07
  • Correction to: In Vivo Evaluation of Mg–5%Zn–2%Nd Alloy as an
           Innovative Biodegradable Implant Material
    • Abstract: The article In Vivo Evaluation of Mg–5%Zn–2%Nd Alloy as an Innovative Biodegradable Implant Materialwritten by Elkaiam et al. was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on September 17, 2019 with open access. With the author(s)’ decision to step back from Open Choice, the copyright of the article changed on October 3, 2019 to Biomedical Engineering Society 2019 and the article is forthwith distributed under the terms of copyright.
      PubDate: 2019-10-04
  • Quantifying Subresolution 3D Morphology of Bone with Clinical Computed
    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to quantify sub-resolution trabecular bone morphometrics, which are also related to osteoarthritis (OA), from clinical resolution cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Samples (n = 53) were harvested from human tibiae (N = 4) and femora (N = 7). Grey-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) texture and histogram-based parameters were calculated from CBCT imaged trabecular bone data, and compared with the morphometric parameters quantified from micro-computed tomography. As a reference for OA severity, histological sections were subjected to OARSI histopathological grading. GLCM and histogram parameters were correlated to bone morphometrics and OARSI individually. Furthermore, a statistical model of combined GLCM/histogram parameters was generated to estimate the bone morphometrics. Several individual histogram and GLCM parameters had strong associations with various bone morphometrics ( r  > 0.7). The most prominent correlation was observed between the histogram mean and bone volume fraction (r = 0.907). The statistical model combining GLCM and histogram-parameters resulted in even better association with bone volume fraction determined from CBCT data (adjusted R2 change = 0.047). Histopathology showed mainly moderate associations with bone morphometrics ( r  > 0.4). In conclusion, we demonstrated that GLCM- and histogram-based parameters from CBCT imaged trabecular bone (ex vivo) are associated with sub-resolution morphometrics. Our results suggest that sub-resolution morphometrics can be estimated from clinical CBCT images, associations becoming even stronger when combining histogram and GLCM-based parameters.
      PubDate: 2019-10-03
  • Development, Validation and Pilot Field Deployment of a Custom Mouthpiece
           for Head Impact Measurement
    • Abstract: The objective of this study was to develop a mouthpiece sensor with improved head kinematic measurement for use in non-helmeted and helmeted sports through laboratory validation and pilot field deployment in female youth soccer. For laboratory validation, data from the mouthpiece sensor was compared to standard sensors mounted in a headform at the center of gravity as the headform was struck with a swinging pendulum. Linear regression between peak kinematics measured from the mouthpiece and headform showed strong correlation, with r2 values of 0.95 (slope = 1.02) for linear acceleration, 1.00 (slope = 1.00) for angular velocity, and 0.97 (slope = 0.96) for angular acceleration. In field deployment, mouthpiece data were collected from four female youth soccer players and time-synchronized with film. Film-verified events (n = 915) were observed over 9 practices and 5 games, and 632 were matched to a corresponding mouthpiece event. This resulted in an overall sensitivity of 69.2% and a positive predictive value of 80.3%. This validation and pilot field deployment data demonstrates that the mouthpiece provides highly accurate measurement of on-field head impact data that can be used to further study the effects of impact exposure in both helmeted and non-helmeted sports.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Drill-Specific Head Impacts in Collegiate Football Practice: Implications
           for Reducing “Friendly Fire” Exposure
    • Abstract: This study investigated drill-specific head impact biomechanics in a Division 1 collegiate football team using the Head Impact Telemetry System (HITS). A total of 32,083 impacts were recorded across 2 years of practices. Precise tracking of instrumented athletes, head impacts, and drill participation allowed quantification of hits sustained per person per minute (H/P/M) for each specific drill. We found significant H/P/M variability between 14 drills and player position, ranging from 0.02 to 0.41 H/P/M for Linemen and 0.01 to 0.15 H/P/M for Non-Linemen. Impact magnitude data are also reported for practice term (Spring, Training Camp, In-Season) and dress-type (Helmets Only, Spyders, Shells, Full Pads). Recommendations for shortening high-risk drills, based on H/P/M drill impact frequencies, suggest possible “friendly fire” reductions of 1000 impacts for Linemen and 300 impacts for Non-Linemen over their collegiate career. Over 80% of potentially avoidable head impacts were attributable to just three drills—“Team Run,” “Move the Field,” and “Team.” Recommending drill-specific modifications based on practical considerations (the drill’s impact frequency, dress-types when performing the drill, and duration) could improve acceptance from coaches and efficiently reduce head impact exposure without drastically altering overall practice structure.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Comparison of Head Impact Exposure Between Concussed Football Athletes and
           Matched Controls: Evidence for a Possible Second Mechanism of
           Sport-Related Concussion
    • Abstract: Studies of football athletes have implicated repetitive head impact exposure in the onset of cognitive and brain structural changes, even in the absence of diagnosed concussion. Those studies imply accumulating damage from successive head impacts reduces tolerance and increases risk for concussion. Support for this premise is that biomechanics of head impacts resulting in concussion are often not remarkable when compared to impacts sustained by athletes without diagnosed concussion. Accordingly, this analysis quantified repetitive head impact exposure in a cohort of 50 concussed NCAA Division I FBS college football athletes compared to controls that were matched for team and position group. The analysis quantified the number of head impacts and risk weighted exposure both on the day of injury and for the season to the date of injury. 43% of concussed athletes had the most severe head impact exposure on the day of injury compared to their matched control group and 46% of concussed athletes had the most severe head impact exposure for the season to the date of injury compared to their matched control group. When accounting for date of injury or season to date of injury, 72% of all concussed athletes had the most or second most severe head impact exposure compared to their matched control group. These trends associating cumulative head impact exposure with concussion onset were stronger for athletes that participated in a greater number of contact activities. For example, 77% of athletes that participated in ten or more days of contact activities had greater head impact exposure than their matched control group. This unique analysis provided further evidence for the role of repetitive head impact exposure as a predisposing factor for the onset of concussion. The clinical implication of these findings supports contemporary trends of limiting head impact exposure for college football athletes during practice activities in an effort to also reduce risk of concussive injury.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Factors Affecting Head Impact Exposure in College Football Practices: A
           Multi-Institutional Study
    • Abstract: Biomechanical data collected from head impacts in football have been used to characterize exposure and predict injury risk. This study sought to specifically quantify the factors that contribute towards player head impact exposure in college football practices. All players included in this study were outfitted with football helmets instrumented with accelerometer arrays (Head Impact Telemetry System). Head impact exposure was defined by the number of head impacts each player experienced in practice, the number of practice head impacts normalized by the number of practice sessions (practice head impact rate), and the 95th percentile linear and rotational resultant head impact accelerations. Practice head impact rate was observed to vary significantly with player position (p < 0.0001; η2 = 0.46), team (p = 0.0016; η2 = 0.03), and the number of game impacts (p < 0.0001; η2 = 0.03), which served as a correlate for player ability. Even after controlling for practice participation, player position, team, and ability, differences between individuals accounted for 48% of the variance in head impact exposure in practice. This work demonstrates the importance of considering head impact exposure on a subject-specific basis rather than estimating head impact exposure from aggregate data.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Impact of Factors that Affect Reading Skill Level on King–Devick
           Baseline Performance Time
    • Abstract: The King–Devick (K–D) test is often used as part of a multimodal assessment to screen for sport-related concussion. However, the test involves reading numbers, and little is known about variation in baseline performance on the K–D by reading skill level. We conducted a cross-sectional study analyzing data from the Concussion Assessment, Research and Education (CARE) Consortium to assess differences in baseline performance on the K–D associated with factors that impact reading skill level (learning disorder [LD] and primary home language other than English [PHLOTE]), while controlling for covariates (gender, type of sport, attentional issues, history of concussion and modality of administration). We had a sample of 2311 student-athletes (47% female), and multivariate regression indicated an average K–D performance time of 40.4 s. Presence of LD was associated with a 3.3 s slower K–D time (95% CI 1.9–4.7, p < 0.001), and PHLOTE was associated with a 2.6 s slower K–D time (95% CI 1.2–4.0, p < 0.001), after controlling for other covariates. These results suggest caution in the use of normative data with the K–D. Future studies should explore the impact of factors associated with reading skill level on sensitivity of the K–D in detecting concussion.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Repetitive Head Impact Exposure in College Football Following an NCAA Rule
           Change to Eliminate Two-A-Day Preseason Practices: A Study from the
           NCAA-DoD CARE Consortium
    • Abstract: Repetitive head impact exposure sustained by athletes of contact sports has been hypothesized to be a mechanism for concussion and a possible explanation for the high degree of variability in sport-related concussion biomechanics. In an attempt to limit repetitive head impact exposure during the football preseason, the NCAA eliminated two-a-day practices in 2017, while maintaining the total number of team practice sessions. The objective of this study was to quantify head impact exposure during the preseason and regular season in Division I college football athletes to determine whether the 2017 NCAA ruling decreased head impact exposure. 342 unique athletes from five NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) programs were consented and enrolled. Head impacts were recorded using the Head Impact Telemetry (HIT) System during the entire fall preseasons and regular seasons in 2016 and 2017. Despite the elimination of two-a-day practices, the number of preseason contact days increased in 2017, with an increase in average hourly impact exposure (i.e., contact intensity), resulting in a significant increase in total head impact burden (+ 26%) for the 2017 preseason. This finding would indicate that the 2017 NCAA ruling was not effective at reducing the head impact burden during the football preseason. Additionally, athletes sustained a significantly higher number of recorded head impacts per week (+ 40%) during the preseason than the regular season, implicating the preseason as a time of elevated repetitive head impact burden. With increased recognition of a possible association between repetitive head impact exposure and concussion, increased preseason exposure may predispose certain athletes to a higher risk of concussion during the preseason and regular season. Accordingly, efforts at reducing concussion incidence in contact sports should include a reduction in overall head impact exposure.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Level of Agreement Between Human-Rated and Instrumented Balance Error
           Scoring System Scores
    • Abstract: Clinicians have used the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) to quantify postural control for concussion management. However, the reliability of the human rated BESS has varied prompting the development of instrumented BESSs. A cross-sectional design was used to determine the level of agreement (LOA) between human rated and instrumented BESS scores. Sixty participants completed the BESS on video. An instrumented mat was used to quantify BESS errors while a live human rater simultaneously scored the BESS. A second human rated BESS performance via video. Bland-Altman LOA analyses evaluated agreement between scoring methods (Mat-Human, Mat-Video, Video-Live) for each stance. Mean biases between scores, for each stance, with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were calculated. Agreement between scoring methods was not assessed for the Firm-Double-Limb stance because very few errors were recorded. Agreement between both human raters and the mat was poor based on mean bias estimates > ± 1 and/or wide 95%CIs for all stances including BESS-Total. Agreement between the human raters was better, having displayed consistently smaller mean bias estimates and tighter 95%CIs for all stances and BESS Total. As a result, human rated and instrumented BESS scores may not be comparable. One method should be used to measure BESS errors for consistency.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Health-Related Quality of Life Following Concussion in Collegiate
           Student-Athletes With and Without Concussion History
    • Abstract: The purpose of this study was to compare global and specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) throughout concussion recovery between those with and without concussion history. Student-athletes diagnosed with concussion completed global (Short Form-12v2; SF-12) and specific (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale: HADS) HRQOL assessments at baseline, 24–48 h, asymptomatic, return-to-play, and 6-months post-injury. Baseline scores were compared to post-injury time points for SF-12 subscores (physical and mental; PCS-12, MCS-12) and HADS subscores (depression and anxiety; HADS-D, HADS-A). We conducted a 2 × 5 mixed model ANOVA for group (with and without concussion history) and time (four post-injury assessments compared to baseline). We did not observe interaction or main effects for group, except those with concussion history had worse HADS-D subscores than those without concussion history. PCS-12 subscores were worse at 24–48 h, asymptomatic, and return-to-play compared to baseline, but returned to baseline 6-months post-injury. MCS-12 subscores did not differ at any time points. HADS-D subscores worsened 24–48 h post-injury, but improved for additional assessments compared to baseline. HADS-A improved post-injury compared to baseline at asymptomatic, return-to-play, and 6-month assessments, but was similar to baseline 24–48 h post-injury. HRQOL physical aspects slightly worsened post-injury and restored to baseline after returning to play.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Accounting for Variance in Concussion Tolerance Between Individuals:
           Comparing Head Accelerations Between Concussed and Physically Matched
           Control Subjects
    • Abstract: Researchers have been collecting head impact data from instrumented football players to characterize the biomechanics of concussion for the past 15 years, yet the link between biomechanical input and clinical outcome is still not well understood. We have previously shown that even though concussive biomechanics might be unremarkable in large datasets of head impacts, the impacts causing injury are of high magnitude for the concussed individuals relative to their impact history. This finding suggests a need to account for differences in tolerance at the individual level. In this study, we identified control subjects for our concussed subjects who demonstrated traits we believed were correlated to factors thought to affect injury tolerance, including height, mass, age, race, and concussion history. A total of 502 college football players were instrumented with helmet-mounted accelerometer arrays and provided complete baseline assessment data, 44 of which sustained a total of 49 concussion. Biomechanical measures quantifying impact frequency and acceleration magnitude were compared between groups. On average, we found that concussed subjects experienced 93.8 more head impacts (p = 0.0031), 10.2 more high magnitude impacts (p = 0.0157), and 1.9 × greater risk-weighted exposure (p = 0.0175) than their physically matched controls. This finding provides further evidence that head impact data need to be considered at the individual level and that cohort wide assessments may be of little value in the context of concussion.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Triple Contrast CT Method Enables Simultaneous Evaluation of Articular
           Cartilage Composition and Segmentation
    • Abstract: Early degenerative changes of articular cartilage are detected using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) with a cationic contrast agent (CA). However, cationic CA diffusion into degenerated cartilage decreases with proteoglycan depletion and increases with elevated water content, thus hampering tissue evaluation at early diffusion time points. Furthermore, the contrast at synovial fluid-cartilage interface diminishes as a function of diffusion time hindering accurate cartilage segmentation. For the first time, we employ quantitative dual-energy CT (QDECT) imaging utilizing a mixture of three CAs (cationic CA4+ and non-ionic gadoteridol which are sensitive to proteoglycan and water contents, respectively, and bismuth nanoparticles which highlight the cartilage surface) to simultaneously segment the articulating surfaces and determine of the cartilage condition. Intact healthy, proteoglycan-depleted, and mechanically injured bovine cartilage samples (n = 27) were halved and imaged with synchrotron microCT 2-h post immersion in triple CA or in dual CA (CA4+ and gadoteridol). CA4+ and gadoteridol partitions were determined using QDECT, and pairwise evaluation of these partitions was conducted for samples immersed in dual and triple CAs. In conclusion, the triple CA method is sensitive to proteoglycan depletion while maintaining sufficient contrast at the articular surface to enable detection of cartilage lesions caused by mechanical impact.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Human Lumbar Spine Responses from Vertical Loading: Ranking of Forces Via
           Brier Score Metrics and Injury Risk Curves
    • Abstract: This study was conducted to quantify the human tolerance from inferior to superior impacts to whole lumbar spinal columns excised from 43 post mortem human subjects. The specimens were fixed at the ends, aligned in a consistent seated posture, load cells were attached to the proximal and distal ends of the fixation, and the impact was applied using a custom accelerator device. Pretest X-rays and computed tomography (CT) scans, prepositioned X-rays, and posttest X-rays, CT scans and dissection data were used to identify injuries. Right, left, and interval censoring processes were used for the survival analysis, 16 were right censored, 24 were interval censored, and three were left censored observations. Force-based injury risk curves were developed, and the optimal metric describing the underlying response to injury was identified using the Brier score metric. Material, geometry (disc and body areas), and demographic covariates were included in the analysis. The distal force was found to be optimal metric. The bone mineral density was a significant covariate for distal and proximal forces. Both material and geometrical factors affected the transmitted force in this mode of loading. These quantified data serve as the first set of human lumbar spinal column injury risk curves.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Breast Reconstruction with a Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
           Approach (Systematic Review)
    • Abstract: Current techniques for breast reconstruction include an autologous-tissue flap or an implant-based procedure, although both can impose further morbidity. This systematic review aims to explore the existing literature on breast reconstruction using a tissue engineering approach; conducted with the databases Medline and Embase. A total of 28 articles were included, mainly comprising of level-5 evidence with in vitro and animal studies focusing on utilizing scaffolds to support the migration and growth of new tissue; scaffolds can be either biological or synthetic. Biological scaffolds were composed of collagen or a decellularized tissue matrix scaffold. Synthetic scaffolds were primarily composed of polymers with customisable designs, adjusting the internal morphology and pore size. Implanting cells, including adipose-derived stem cells, with combined use of basic fibroblast growth factor has been studied in an attempt to enhance tissue regeneration. Lately, a level-4 evidence human case series was reported; successfully regenerating 210 mL of tissue using an arterio-venous pedicled fat flap within a tissue engineering chamber implanted on the chest wall. Further research is required to evaluate whether the use of cells and other growth factors could adjust the composition of regenerated tissue and improve vascularity; the latter a major limiting factor for creating larger volumes of tissue.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Technological and Clinical Challenges in Lead Placement for Cardiac Rhythm
           Management Devices
    • Abstract: Cardiac disease is a leading cause of death worldwide. Disturbance in the conduction system of the heart may trigger or aggravate heart dysfunction, affecting the efficiency of the heart, and lead to heart failure or cardiac arrest. Patients may require implantable cardiac rhythm management devices (ICRMDs) to maintain or restore the heart rhythm. ICRMDs have undergone important improvements, yet limitations still exist, presenting important technological challenges. Most ICRMDs consist of a subcutaneous control unit and intracardiac electrodes. The leads, which connect the electrodes to the control unit, are usually placed transvenously through the subclavian veins. Various locations inside the heart are used for placement of electrodes, depending on the specific condition. Some of the limitations to effective pacemaker therapy are associated with placement and location of the leads. Various approaches have been developed to overcome these challenges, such as multi-site pacing and leadless solutions. This paper aims to review the state of the art for the selection of placement sites for pacemakers, implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and cardiac resynchronization therapy devices (CRT) devices and discuss potential technological advancements to improve the results of ICRMD-therapy including development av leadless technology.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Correction to: Clinical Applicability of an Existing Proportionality
           Scheme in Three-Segment Kinetic Foot Models
    • Abstract: This article was updated to correct Giovanni A. Matricali’s name.
      PubDate: 2019-09-27
  • Biomechanical Testing of Additive Manufactured Proximal Humerus Fracture
           Fixation Plates
    • Abstract: Achieving satisfactory fracture fixation in osteoporotic patients with unstable proximal humerus fractures remains a major clinical challenge. Varus collapse is one of the more prominent complications that may lead to screw cutout. This aim of this study was to compare the fixation provided by conventional locking plates with novel design concepts that are only feasible through additive manufacturing (AM) techniques. In addition to reversed engineered implants, two novel implant designs with integrated struts were included in the study to provide medial support to humeral head. The medial strut was either solid or included a porous lattice structure intended to promote bone ingrowth. Biomechanical tests were performed using low density synthetic bones with simulated 3-part comminuted fractures. Nondestructive torsion and compression were performed, followed by increasing cyclic loading. The relative displacements between the bone fragments were determined using a 3D motion capture system. The AM manufactured implants with medial strut showed significant reduction of varus displacement during the increasing cyclic loading when compared to conventional designs. AM reversed-engineered locking plates showed similar mechanical behavior to conventional plates with identical geometry. This study demonstrates the feasibility and potential of employing alternative design via AM for fixation of unstable comminuted proximal humerus fractures to reduce fragment displacement.
      PubDate: 2019-09-25
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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