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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 7268 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (198 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (104 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (306 journals)
    - CHIROPRACTIC, HOMEOPATHY, OSTEOPATHY (21 journals)
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    - EMERGENCY AND INTENSIVE CRITICAL CARE (107 journals)
    - ENDOCRINOLOGY (137 journals)
    - FORENSIC SCIENCES (33 journals)
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    - GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS (115 journals)
    - HEMATOLOGY (141 journals)
    - HYPNOSIS (4 journals)
    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (134 journals)
    - LABORATORY AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE (87 journals)
    - MEDICAL GENETICS (59 journals)
    - MEDICAL SCIENCES (1810 journals)
    - NURSES AND NURSING (294 journals)
    - OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (173 journals)
    - ONCOLOGY (351 journals)
    - OPHTHALMOLOGY AND OPTOMETRY (122 journals)
    - ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (146 journals)
    - OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (72 journals)
    - PATHOLOGY (97 journals)
    - PEDIATRICS (241 journals)
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    - PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY (734 journals)
    - RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE (180 journals)
    - RESPIRATORY DISEASES (90 journals)
    - RHEUMATOLOGY (63 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (68 journals)
    - SURGERY (353 journals)
    - UROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY AND ANDROLOGY (135 journals)

MEDICAL SCIENCES (1810 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access  
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Fundeni Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arak Medical University Journal     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  
Biology of Sex Differences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomarker Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Annals of Biomedical Engineering
  [SJR: 1.182]   [H-I: 94]   [18 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-9686 - ISSN (Online) 0090-6964
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Part I. The Emergence of Degree-Granting Biomedical Engineering Programs
           in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Authors: Brittany Ploss; William Reichert
      Pages: 2265 - 2268
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1897-2
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Influence of Cannulation Site on Carotid Perfusion During Extracorporeal
           Membrane Oxygenation in a Compliant Human Aortic Model
    • Authors: Andreas Geier; Andreas Kunert; Günter Albrecht; Andreas Liebold; Markus Hoenicka
      Pages: 2281 - 2297
      Abstract: Abstract Blood oxygenized by veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be returned to the aorta (central cannulation) or to peripheral arteries (axillar, femoral). Hemodynamic effects of these cannulation types were analyzed in a mock loop with an aortic model representative of normal anatomy and compliance under physiological pressures and flow rates. Pressures, flow rates, and contribution of ECMO flow to total flow as a measure of oxygen supply were monitored in the carotids. Steady or pulsatile ECMO flow, residual or no cardiac output, and intraaortic balloon pump counterpulsation were tested as independent factors. With residual heart function, central cannulation provided the best oxygenated flow and pressure to the carotid arteries (CA). Axillar cannulation preferentially perfused the right CA at the expense of the left CA. Femoral cannulation provided only lower amounts of oxygenated blood to both CA. Pulsation increased the surplus hemodynamic energy. Counterpulsation reduced flow with femoral cannulation but improved flow and pressure with axillar cannulation. Femoral cannulation failed to provide oxygenated blood to coronary and supraaortic arteries with residual heart function. Central cannulation provided the best hemodynamics and oxygen supply to the brain. With a resting heart but not with an ejecting heart, pulsatile ECMO flow enhanced CA hemodynamics.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1875-8
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Magnetohydrodynamic Voltage Recorder for Comparing Peripheral Blood Flow
    • Authors: Kevin J. Wu; T. Stan Gregory; Michael C. Lastinger; Jonathan R. Murrow; Zion Tsz Ho Tse
      Pages: 2298 - 2308
      Abstract: Abstract Blood flow is a clinical metric for monitoring of cardiovascular diseases but current measurements methods are costly or uncomfortable for patients. It was shown that the interaction of the magnetic field (B 0) during MRI and blood flow in the body, through the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effect, produce voltages (V MHD) observable through intra-MRI electrocardiography (ECG), which are correlated with regional blood flow. This study shows the reproducibility of V MHD outside the MRI and its application in a portable flow monitoring device. To recreate this interaction outside the MRI, a static neodymium magnet (0.4T) was placed in between two electrodes to induce the V MHD in a single lead ECG measurement. V MHD was extracted, and integrated over to obtain a stroke volume metric. A smartphone-enabled device utilizing this interaction was developed in order to create a more accessible method of obtaining blood flow measurements. The portable device displayed a <6% error compared to a commercial recorder, and was able to successfully record V MHD using the 0.4T magnet. Exercise stress testing showed a V MHD increase of 23% in healthy subjects, with an 81% increase in the athlete. The study demonstrates a new device utilizing MHD interactions with body circulation to obtain blood flow metrics.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1878-5
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Organ Dynamics and Fluid Dynamics of the HH25 Chick Embryonic Cardiac
           Ventricle as Revealed by a Novel 4D High-Frequency Ultrasound Imaging
           Technique and Computational Flow Simulations
    • Authors: Sheldon Ho; Germaine Xin Yi Tan; Toon Jin Foo; Nhan Phan-Thien; Choon Hwai Yap
      Pages: 2309 - 2323
      Abstract: Abstract Past literature has provided evidence that a normal mechanical force environment of blood flow may guide normal development while an abnormal environment can lead to congenital malformations, thus warranting further studies on embryonic cardiovascular flow dynamics. In the current study, we developed a non-invasive 4D high-frequency ultrasound technique, and use it to analyze cardiovascular organ dynamics and flow dynamics. Three chick embryos at stage HH25 were scanned with high frequency ultrasound in cine-B-mode at multiple planes spaced at 0.05 mm. 4D images of the heart and nearby arteries were generated via temporal and spatial correlation coupled with quadratic mean ensemble averaging. Dynamic mesh CFD was performed to understand the flow dynamics in the ventricle of the 2 hearts. Our imaging technique has sufficiently high resolution to enable organ dynamics quantification and CFD. Fine structures such as the aortic arches and details such as the cyclic distension of the carotid arteries were captured. The outflow tract completely collapsed during ventricular diastole, possible serving the function of a valve to prevent regurgitation. CFD showed that ventricular wall shear stress (WSS) were in the range of 0.1–0.5 Pa, and that the left side of the common ventricle experienced lower WSS than the right side. The pressure gradient from the inlet to the outlet of the ventricle was positive over most of the cardiac cycle, and minimal regurgitation flow was observed, despite the absence of heart valves. We developed a new image-based CFD method to elucidate cardiac organ dynamics and flow dynamics of embryonic hearts. The embryonic heart appeared to be optimized to generate net forward flow despite the absence of valves, and the WSS environment appeared to be side-specific.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1882-9
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Modelling of Lesions Associated with Functional Mitral Regurgitation in an
           Ex Vivo Platform
    • Authors: Michal Jaworek; Federico Lucherini; Claudia Romagnoni; Guido Gelpi; Monica Contino; Paolo Romitelli; Carlo Antona; Gianfranco B. Fiore; Riccardo Vismara
      Pages: 2324 - 2334
      Abstract: Abstract Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is a complex pathology involving valvular and subvalvular structures reconfiguration, and its treatment is considered challenging. There is a lack of experimental models allowing for reliable preclinical FMR treatments’ evaluation in a realistic setting. A novel approach to simulate FMR was developed and incorporated into an ex vivo passive beating heart platform. FMR was obtained by dilating the mitral annulus (MA) mainly in the antero-posterior direction and displacing the papillary muscles (PMs) apically and laterally by ad hoc designed and 3D printed dilation and displacing devices. It caused hemodynamic and valve morphology alterations. Isolated MA dilation (MAD) led to significantly increased antero-posterior distance (A-P) and decreased coaptation height (CH), tenting area (TA) and systolic leaflets angulation, resembling clinically recognized type I of mitral regurgitation with normal leaflet motion. Whereas concomitant MAD with PM displacement caused an increase in A-P, TA, CH. This geometrical configuration replicated typical determinants of type IIIb lesion with restricted leaflet motion. The proposed methods provided a realistic and repeatable ex vivo FMR model featuring two lesions clinically associated with the pathology. It bears a promise to be successfully utilized in preclinical studies, clinical training and medical education.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1885-6
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • A Novel Method for Mouse Retinal Temperature Determination Based on ERG
           Photoresponses
    • Authors: Marja Pitkänen; Ossi Kaikkonen; Ari Koskelainen
      Pages: 2360 - 2372
      Abstract: Abstract This study introduces a novel retinal temperature determination method based on the temperature dependent properties of photoresponses recorded by electroretinography (ERG). The kinetics and amplitudes of ERG photoresponses depend on retinal temperature. Additionally, raising retinal temperature increases the probability of long-wavelength photon absorption, which manifests as temperature dependence of photoreceptor sensitivity. In this study we extract a number of features that represent these properties from the a- and b-waves of mouse ex vivo ERG flash responses and construct three multivariable regression models between temperature and the selected features. The performance of these models was evaluated against a separate test dataset and for two of the models, an RMS temperature determination error of less than 0.50 °C could be reached. Our results demonstrate that the method can be successfully used for reliable retinal temperature determination ex vivo. The method, reflecting the temperature of distal retina, can be applied also in the estimation of retinal pigment epithelium temperature.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1872-y
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: Numerical Modelling of Femur Fracture and Experimental
           Validation Using Bone Simulant
    • Authors: Miguel Marco; Eugenio Giner; Ricardo Larraínzar-Garijo; José Ramón Caeiro; María Henar Miguélez
      Pages: 2409 - 2409
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1880-y
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: Development of an Electromechanical Grade to Assess Human Knee
           Articular Cartilage Quality
    • Authors: Sotcheadt Sim; Insaf Hadjab; Martin Garon; Eric Quenneville; Patrick Lavigne; Michael D. Buschmann
      Pages: 2422 - 2422
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1887-4
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Quantification of Hand Motor Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease: A
           Proof-of-Principle Study Using Inertial and Force Sensors
    • Authors: Josien C. van den Noort; Rens Verhagen; Kees J. van Dijk; Peter H. Veltink; Michelle C. P. M. Vos; Rob M. A. de Bie; Lo J. Bour; Ciska T. Heida
      Pages: 2423 - 2436
      Abstract: Abstract This proof-of-principle study describes the methodology and explores and demonstrates the applicability of a system, existing of miniature inertial sensors on the hand and a separate force sensor, to objectively quantify hand motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) in a clinical setting (off- and on-medication condition). Four PD patients were measured in off- and on- dopaminergic medication condition. Finger tapping, rapid hand opening/closing, hand pro/supination, tremor during rest, mental task and kinetic task, and wrist rigidity movements were measured with the system (called the PowerGlove). To demonstrate applicability, various outcome parameters of measured hand motor symptoms of the patients in off- vs. on-medication condition are presented. The methodology described and results presented show applicability of the PowerGlove in a clinical research setting, to objectively quantify hand bradykinesia, tremor and rigidity in PD patients, using a single system. The PowerGlove measured a difference in off- vs. on-medication condition in all tasks in the presented patients with most of its outcome parameters. Further study into the validity and reliability of the outcome parameters is required in a larger cohort of patients, to arrive at an optimal set of parameters that can assist in clinical evaluation and decision-making.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1881-x
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Methodology to Produce Specimen-Specific Models of Vertebrae: Application
           to Different Species
    • Authors: Fernando Y. Zapata-Cornelio; Gavin A. Day; Ruth H. Coe; Sebastien N. F. Sikora; Vithanage N. Wijayathunga; Sami M. Tarsuslugil; Marlène Mengoni; Ruth K. Wilcox
      Pages: 2451 - 2460
      Abstract: Abstract Image-based continuum-level finite element models have been used for bones to evaluate fracture risk and the biomechanical effects of diseases and therapies, capturing both the geometry and tissue mechanical properties. Although models of vertebrae of various species have been developed, an inter-species comparison has not yet been investigated. The purpose of this study was to derive species-specific modelling methods and compare the accuracy of image-based finite element models of vertebrae across species. Vertebral specimens were harvested from porcine (N = 12), ovine (N = 13) and bovine (N = 14) spines. The specimens were experimentally loaded to failure and apparent stiffness values were derived. Image-based finite element models were generated reproducing the experimental protocol. A linear relationship between the element grayscale and elastic modulus was calibrated for each species matching in vitro and in silico stiffness values, and validated on independent sets of models. The accuracy of these relationships were compared across species. Experimental stiffness values were significantly different across species and specimen-specific models required species-specific linear relationship between image grayscale and elastic modulus. A good agreement between in vitro and in silico values was achieved for all species, reinforcing the generality of the developed methodology.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1883-8
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: An MR-Conditional High-Torque Pneumatic Stepper Motor for
           MRI-Guided and Robot-Assisted Intervention
    • Authors: Yue Chen; Ka-Wai Kwok; Zion Tsz Ho Tse
      Pages: 2487 - 2487
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1890-9
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • A Lower Limb-Pelvis Finite Element Model with 3D Active Muscles
    • Authors: Fuhao Mo; Fan Li; Michel Behr; Zhi Xiao; Guanjun Zhang; Xianping Du
      Abstract: Abstract A lower limb-pelvis finite element (FE) model with active three-dimensional (3D) muscles was developed in this study for biomechanical analysis of human body. The model geometry was mainly reconstructed from a male volunteer close to the anthropometry of a 50th percentile Chinese male. Tissue materials and structural features were established based on the literature and new implemented experimental tests. In particular, the muscle was modeled with a combination of truss and hexahedral elements to define its passive and active properties as well as to follow the detailed anatomy structure. Both passive and active properties of the model were validated against the experiments of Post-Mortem Human Surrogate (PMHS) and volunteers, respectively. The model was then used to simulate driver’s emergency braking during frontal crashes and investigate Knee-Thigh-Hip (KTH) injury mechanisms and tolerances of the human body. A significant force and bending moment variance was noted for the driver’s femur due to the effects of active muscle forces during emergency braking. In summary, the present lower limb-pelvis model can be applied in various research fields to support expensive and complex physical tests or corresponding device design.
      PubDate: 2017-10-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1942-1
       
  • Deep Arm/Ear-ECG Image Learning for Highly Wearable Biometric Human
           Identification
    • Authors: Qingxue Zhang; Dian Zhou
      Abstract: Abstract In this study, to advance smart health applications which have increasing security/privacy requirements, we propose a novel highly wearable ECG-based user identification system, empowered by both non-standard convenient ECG lead configurations and deep learning techniques. Specifically, to achieve a super wearability, we suggest situating all the ECG electrodes on the left upper-arm, or behind the ears, and successfully obtain weak but distinguishable ECG waveforms. Afterwards, to identify individuals from weak ECG, we further present a two-stage framework, including ECG imaging and deep feature learning/identification. In the former stage, the ECG heartbeats are projected to a 2D state space, to reveal heartbeats’ trajectory behaviors and produce 2D images by a split-then-hit method. In the second stage, a convolutional neural network is introduced to automatically learn the intricate patterns directly from the ECG image representations without heavy feature engineering, and then perform user identification. Experimental results on two acquired datasets using our wearable prototype, show a promising identification rate of 98.4% (single-arm-ECG) and 91.1% (ear-ECG), respectively. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first study on the feasibility of using single-arm-ECG/ear-ECG for user identification purpose, which is expected to contribute to pervasive ECG-based user identification in smart health applications.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1944-z
       
  • Implantable Systems for Stress Urinary Incontinence
    • Authors: Kenana M. Al Adem; Sarah S. Bawazir; Waleed A. Hassen; Ahsan H. Khandoker; Kinda Khalaf; Tim McGloughlin; Cesare Stefanini
      Abstract: Abstract Stress urinary incontinence (SUI), the involuntary urine leakage due to failure of the urethral closure mechanism, is a global health challenge with substantial human suffering and socioeconomic costs. Approximately 167 million male and female patients are predicted to suffer from SUI in 2018, worldwide. A wide range of surgical interventions are available for the treatment of SUI. Severe cases, however, usually require the implantation of artificial urinary sphincter devices. This review comparatively presents and analyzes the working principles, as well as the challenges, associated with the current implantable SUI systems in clinical use. These include slings, urethral bulking agents, artificial urinary sphincters, and adjustable continence devices. It further reports on recent research progress and state-of-the-art in the field of SUI implants, including an original approach proposed by the authors with a pressure feedback sensory mechanism. The new emerging field of artificial muscle devices, including electroactive polymers, provides a promising innovative solution for replacing the weakened urethral sphincter in SUI patients.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1939-9
       
  • Monitoring Bone Tissue Engineered (BTE) Constructs Based on the Shifting
           Metabolism of Differentiating Stem Cells
    • Authors: Aaron D. Simmons; Vassilios I. Sikavitsas
      Abstract: Abstract Ever-increasing demand for bone grafts necessitates the realization of clinical implementation of bone tissue engineered constructs. The predominant hurdle to implementation remains to be securing FDA approval, based on the lack of viable methods for the rigorous monitoring of said constructs. The study presented herein details a method for such monitoring based on the shifting metabolism of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as they differentiate into osteoblasts. To that end, rat MSCs seeded on 85% porous spunbonded poly(L-lactic acid) scaffolds were cultured in flow perfusion bioreactors with baseline or osteoinductive media, and levels of key physio-metabolic markers (oxygen, glucose, osteoprotegerin, and osteocalcin) were monitored throughout culture. Comparison of these non-destructively obtained values and current standard destructive analyses demonstrated key trends useful for the concurrent real-time monitoring of construct cellularity and maturation. Principle among these is the elucidation of the ratio of the rates of oxygen uptake to glucose consumption as a powerful quality marker. This ratio, supported on a physiological basis, has been shown herein to be reliable in the determination of both construct maturation (defined as osteoblastic differentiation and accompanying mineralization) and construct cellularity. Supplementary monitoring of OPG and OCN are shown to provide further validation of such metrics.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1937-y
       
  • Starting a Medical Technology Venture as a Young Academic Innovator or
           Student Entrepreneur
    • Authors: Amir Manbachi; Katlin Kreamer-Tonin; Philipp Walch; Nao J. Gamo; Parastoo Khoshakhlagh; Yu Shrike Zhang; Charles Montague; Soumyadipta Acharya; Elizabeth A. Logsdon; Robert H. Allen; Nicholas J. Durr; Mark G. Luciano; Nicholas Theodore; Henry Brem; Youseph Yazdi
      Abstract: Abstract Following the footprints of Bill Gates, Steve Jobs and Mark Zuckerberg, there has been a misconception that students are better off quitting their studies to bring to life their ideas, create jobs and monetize their inventions. Having historically transitioned from manpower to mind power, we live in one of the most rapidly changing times in human history. As a result, academic institutions that are supposed to be pioneers and educators of the next generations have started to realize that they need to adapt to a new system, and change their policies to be more flexible towards patent ownership and commercialization. There is an infrastructure being developed towards students starting their own businesses while continuing with their studies. This paper aims to provide an overview of the existing landscape, the exciting rewards as well as risks awaiting a student entrepreneur, the challenges of the present ecosystem, and questions to consider prior to embarking on such a journey. Various entities influencing the start-up environment are considered, specifically for the medical technology sector. These parties include but are not limited to: scientists, clinicians, investors, academic institutions and governments. A special focus will be set on the seemingly unbridgeable gap between founding a company and a scientific career.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1938-x
       
  • Characterization and Separation of Cancer Cells with a Wicking Fiber
           Device
    • Authors: Suzanne M. Tabbaa; Julia L. Sharp; Karen J. L. Burg
      Abstract: Abstract Current cancer diagnostic methods lack the ability to quickly, simply, efficiently, and inexpensively screen cancer cells from a mixed population of cancer and normal cells. Methods based on biomarkers are unreliable due to complexity of cancer cells, plasticity of markers, and lack of common tumorigenic markers. Diagnostics are time intensive, require multiple tests, and provide limited information. In this study, we developed a novel wicking fiber device that separates cancer and normal cell types. To the best of our knowledge, no previous work has used vertical wicking of cells through fibers to identify and isolate cancer cells. The device separated mouse mammary tumor cells from a cellular mixture containing normal mouse mammary cells. Further investigation showed the device separated and isolated human cancer cells from a heterogeneous mixture of normal and cancerous human cells. We report a simple, inexpensive, and rapid technique that has potential to identify and isolate cancer cells from large volumes of liquid samples that can be translated to on-site clinic diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2017-10-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1909-2
       
  • Physical and Chemical Enhancement of and Adaptive Resistance to
           Irreversible Electroporation of Pancreatic Cancer
    • Authors: Qi Shao; Feng Liu; Connie Chung; Kianna Elahi-Gedwillo; Paolo P. Provenzano; Bruce Forsyth; John C. Bischof
      Abstract: Abstract Irreversible electroporation (IRE) can be used to treat cancer by electrical pulses, with advantages over traditional thermal approaches. Here we assess for the first time the IRE response of pancreatic cancer, one of the deadliest forms of cancer, both in vitro and in vivo. We demonstrate that both established and primary cancer cell lines can be destroyed by IRE, but with differential susceptibility and thresholds. We further demonstrate in vitro that viability for a given IRE dose can vary with the local chemistry as outcomes were shown to depend on suspending medium and reduction of glucose in the media significantly improved IRE destruction. Data here also demonstrate that repeated IRE treatments can lead to adaptive resistance in pancreatic carcinoma cells thereby reducing subsequent treatment efficacy. In addition, we demonstrate that physical enhancement of IRE, by re-arranging the pulse sequences without increasing the electrical energy delivered, achieve reduced viability in vitro and decreased tumor growth in an in vivo xenograft model. Together, these results show that IRE can destroy pancreatic cancer in vitro and in vivo, that there are both chemical and physical enhancements that can improve tumor destruction, and that one should guard against adaptive resistance when performing repeated treatments.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1932-3
       
  • Simultaneous Measurement of Contraction and Calcium Transients in Stem
           Cell Derived Cardiomyocytes
    • Authors: A. Ahola; R.-P. Pölönen; K. Aalto-Setälä; J. Hyttinen
      Abstract: Abstract Induced pluripotent stem cell derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CM) provide a powerful platform for disease modeling and drug development in vitro. Traditionally, electrophysiological methods or fluorescent dyes (e.g. calcium) have been used in their functional characterization. Recently, video microscopy has enabled non-invasive analysis of CM contractile motion. Simultaneous assessments of motion and calcium transients have not been generally conducted, as motion detection methods are affected by changing pixel intensities in calcium imaging. Here, we present for the first time a protocol for simultaneous video-based measurement of contraction and calcium with fluorescent dye Fluo-4 videos without corrections, providing data on both ionic and mechanic activity. The method and its accuracy are assessed by measuring the effect of fluorescence and background light on transient widths and contraction velocity amplitudes. We demonstrate the method by showing the contraction-calcium relation and measuring the transient time intervals in catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia patient specific iPSC-CMs and healthy controls. Our validation shows that the simultaneous method provides comparable data to combined individual measurements, providing a new tool for measuring CM biomechanics and calcium simultaneously. Our results with calcium sensitive dyes suggest the method could be expanded to use with other fluorescent reporters as well.
      PubDate: 2017-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1933-2
       
  • Importance of Consistent Datasets in Musculoskeletal Modelling: A Study of
           the Hand and Wrist
    • Authors: Benjamin Goislard De Monsabert; Dafydd Edwards; Darshan Shah; Angela Kedgley
      Abstract: Abstract Hand musculoskeletal models provide a valuable insight into the loads withstood by the upper limb; however, their development remains challenging because there are few datasets describing both the musculoskeletal geometry and muscle morphology from the elbow to the finger tips. Clinical imaging, optical motion capture and microscopy were used to create a dataset from a single specimen. Subsequently, a musculoskeletal model of the wrist was developed based on these data to estimate muscle tensions and to demonstrate the potential of the provided parameters. Tendon excursions and moment arms predicted by this model were in agreement with previously reported experimental data. When simulating a flexion–extension motion, muscle forces reached 90 N among extensors and a co-contraction of flexors, amounting to 62.6 N, was estimated by the model. Two alternative musculoskeletal models were also created based on anatomical data available in the literature to illustrate the effect of combining incomplete datasets. Compared to the initial model, the intensities and load sharing of the muscles estimated by the two alternative models differed by up to 180% for a single muscle. This confirms the importance of using a single source of anatomical data when developing such models.
      PubDate: 2017-10-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1936-z
       
 
 
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