Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8695 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2420 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AAS Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Acta Bio Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alerta : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Androgens : Clinical Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Protocols     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the RussianAacademy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Organ Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Renal Diseases and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ASHA Leader     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Angiogenesis
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.177
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-7209 - ISSN (Online) 0969-6970
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Oral itraconazole for epistaxis in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia:
           a proof of concept study
    • Abstract: The inhibiting effects of itraconazole, an antifungal drug on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have recently been discovered. By inhibiting VEGF, itraconazole has shown potential in clinical trials as anti-cancer treatment. In hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) patients, VEGF levels are elevated and inhibition of VEGF can decrease bleeding. Itraconazole could potentially serve as anti-angiogenic therapy for HHT-related bleeding. We report a proof of concept study with HHT patients and severe epistaxis. Patients were treated with daily 200 mg orally administered itraconazole for sixteen weeks. Twenty-one HHT patients, 8 females (38%), 13 males (62%), median age of 59 years (interquartile range (IQR) 55–69) were enrolled. Of these patients, 13 (62%) were diagnosed with HHT type 1, seven (33%) with HHT type 2 and in one patient (5%), no pathognomonic HHT mutation was found. Four patients (19%) prematurely terminated the study (3 due to mild or moderate side-effects) resulting in 17 patients included in the analyses. The median epistaxis severity score significantly decreased during treatment from 6.0 (IQR 5.1–7.2) to 3.8 (IQR 3.1–5.2) (p = 0.006). The monthly epistaxis frequency decreased from 56 to 38 epistaxis episodes (p = 0.004) and the monthly duration from 407 to 278 minutes (p = 0.005). Hemoglobin levels did not significantly change. The quality of life showed a small but significant improvement. In conclusion, oral itraconazole significantly improved epistaxis in HHT patients. The potential benefit of itraconazole in HHT should be further investigated.
      PubDate: 2020-11-19
       
  • Endothelium-specific deletion of Nox4 delays retinal vascular development
           and mitigates pathological angiogenesis
    • Abstract: NADPH oxidase 4 (Nox4) is a major isoform of NADPH oxidases playing an important role in many biological processes. Previously we have shown that Nox4 is highly expressed in retinal blood vessels and is upregulated in oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). However, the exact role of endothelial Nox4 in retinal angiogenesis remains elusive. Herein, using endothelial cell (EC)-specific Nox4 knockout (Nox4EC−KO) mice, we investigated the impact of endothelial Nox4 deletion on retinal vascular development and pathological angiogenesis during OIR. Our results show that deletion of Nox4 in ECs led to retarded retinal vasculature development with fewer, blunted-end tip cells and sparser, dysmorphic filopodia at vascular front, and reduced density of vascular network in superficial, deep, and intermediate layers in postnatal day 7 (P7), P12, and P17 retinas, respectively. In OIR, loss of endothelial Nox4 had no effect on hyperoxia-induced retinal vaso-obliteration at P9 but significantly reduced aberrant retinal neovascularization at P17 and decreased the deep layer capillary density at P25. Ex vivo study confirmed that lack of Nox4 in ECs impaired vascular sprouting. Mechanistically, loss of Nox4 significantly reduced expression of VEGF, p-VEGFR2, integrin αV, angiopoietin-2, and p-ERK1/2, attenuating EC migration and proliferation. Taken together, our results indicate that endothelial Nox4 is important for retinal vascular development and contributes to pathological angiogenesis, likely through regulation of VEGF/VEGFR2 and angiopoietin-2/integrin αV/ERK pathways. In addition, our study suggests that endothelial Nox4 appears to be essential for intraretinal revascularization after hypoxia. These findings call for caution on targeting endothelial Nox4 in ischemic/hypoxic retinal diseases.
      PubDate: 2020-11-17
       
  • Leopold Auerbach’s achievements in the field of vascular system
    • Abstract: The scientific activity of Leopold Auerbach (1828–1897) was associated with Wrocław (Brelsau) medical school, which was renowned for brilliant descriptors of cardiovascular system, whose world-famous achievements became eponymous in history of medicine. Such terms as plexus myentericus Auerbach and Friedreich-Auerbach disease are still used worldwide. Little is known about the fact that the vascular system was at least as important in his scientific impact as neuromuscular field. Actually, one could realize that ganglion cells, which were previously discovered in cardiac location, were identified by Auerbach at interface between circular and longitudinal layer of intestinal tunica muscularis proporia. Consequently, Auerbach focused closely on vessels after examination of neural and muscular components of selected parts of gastrointestinal tract. Namely, he noticed that tightly grouped cells that formed vessels in the process of vasculogenesis and angiogenesis to constitute the lining of capillaries, possessed nuclei.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Excess centrosomes disrupt vascular lumenization and endothelial cell
           adherens junctions
    • Abstract: Proper blood vessel formation requires coordinated changes in endothelial cell polarity and rearrangement of cell–cell junctions to form a functional lumen. One important regulator of cell polarity is the centrosome, which acts as a microtubule organizing center. Excess centrosomes perturb aspects of endothelial cell polarity linked to migration, but whether centrosome number influences apical–basal polarity and cell–cell junctions is unknown. Here, we show that excess centrosomes alter the apical–basal polarity of endothelial cells in angiogenic sprouts and disrupt endothelial cell–cell adherens junctions. Endothelial cells with excess centrosomes had narrower lumens in a 3D sprouting angiogenesis model, and zebrafish intersegmental vessels had reduced perfusion following centrosome overduplication. These results indicate that endothelial cell centrosome number regulates proper lumenization downstream of effects on apical–basal polarity and cell–cell junctions. Endothelial cells with excess centrosomes are prevalent in tumor vessels, suggesting how centrosomes may contribute to tumor vessel dysfunction.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Angiopoietin-2 as a marker of endothelial activation is a good predictor
           factor for intensive care unit admission of COVID-19 patients
    • Abstract: Background Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), a respiratory disease has been associated with ischemic complications, coagulation disorders, and an endotheliitis. Objectives To explore endothelial damage and activation-related biomarkers in COVID-19 patients with criteria of hospitalization for referral to intensive care unit (ICU) and/or respiratory worsening. Methods Analysis of endothelial and angiogenic soluble markers in plasma from patients at admission. Results Study enrolled 40 consecutive COVID-19 patients admitted to emergency department that fulfilled criteria for hospitalization. Half of them were admitted in conventional wards without any ICU transfer during hospitalization; whereas the 20 others were directly transferred to ICU. Patients transferred in ICU were more likely to have lymphopenia, decreased SpO2 and increased D-dimer, CRP and creatinine levels. In those patients, soluble E-selectin and angiopoietin-2 were significantly increased (p value at 0.009 and 0.003, respectively). Increase in SELE gene expression (gene coding for E-selectin protein) was confirmed in an independent cohort of 32 patients using a whole blood gene expression profile analysis. In plasma, we found a strong association between angiopoetin-2 and CRP, creatinine and D-dimers (with p value at 0.001, 0.001 and 0.003, respectively). ROC curve analysis identified an Angiopoietin-2 cut-off of 5000 pg/mL as the best predictor for ICU outcome (Se = 80.1%, Sp = 70%, PPV = 72.7%, NPV = 77%), further confirmed in multivariate analysis after adjustment for creatinine, CRP or D-dimers. Conclusion Angiopoietin-2 is a relevant predictive factor for ICU direct admission in COVID-19 patients. This result showing an endothelial activation reinforces the hypothesis of a COVID-19-associated microvascular dysfunction.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Tumor-derived exosomes promote angiogenesis via adenosine A 2B receptor
           signaling
    • Abstract: Rationale One hallmark of tumor-derived exosomes (TEX) is the promotion of cancer progression by stimulating angiogenesis. This study was performed to evaluate the role of adenosine receptors in TEX-induced angiogenesis. Methods TEX produced by UMSCC47 head and neck cancer cell line were isolated by mini size exclusion chromatography (mini-SEC). Enzymatic activity of ectonucleotidases CD39/CD73 carried by TEX was measured by HPLC. Adenosine content of TEX was measured by UPLC–MS/MS. Primary human macrophages were co-incubated with TEX or exosomes derived from the plasma of head and neck cancer patients and their marker expression profile was analyzed by flow cytometry. The macrophage secretome was analyzed by angiogenesis arrays. The in vitro angiogenic potential of TEX was evaluated in endothelial growth studies. Results were validated in vivo using basement membrane extract plug assays in A1R−/−, A2AR−/− and A2BR−/− rats. Vascularization was analyzed by hemoglobin quantification and immunohistology with vessel and macrophage markers. Results TEX carried enzymatically active CD39/CD73 and adenosine. TEX promoted A2BR-mediated polarization of macrophages toward an M2-like phenotype (p < 0.05) and enhanced their secretion of angiogenic factors. Growth of endothelial cells was stimulated directly by TEX and indirectly via macrophage-reprogramming dependent on A2BR signaling (p < 0.01). In vivo, TEX stimulated the formation of defined vascular structures and macrophage infiltration. This response was absent in A2BR−/− rats (p < 0.05). Conclusion This report provides the first evidence for adenosine production by TEX to promote angiogenesis via A2BR. A2BR antagonism emerges as a potential strategy to block TEX-induced angiogenesis.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Roxadustat (FG-4592) accelerates pulmonary growth, development, and
           function in a compensatory lung growth model
    • Abstract: Children with hypoplastic lung disease associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) continue to suffer significant morbidity and mortality secondary to progressive pulmonary disease. Current management of CDH is primarily supportive and mortality rates of the most severely affected children have remained unchanged in the last few decades. Previous work in our lab has demonstrated the importance of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated angiogenesis in accelerating compensatory lung growth. In this study, we evaluated the potential for Roxadustat (FG-4592), a prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor known to increase endogenous VEGF, in accelerating compensatory lung growth. Treatment with Roxadustat increased lung volume, total lung capacity, alveolarization, and exercise tolerance compared to controls following left pneumonectomy. However, this effect was likely modulated not only by increased VEGF, but rather also by decreased pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), an anti-angiogenic factor. Furthermore, this mechanism of action may be specific to Roxadustat. Vadadustat (AKB-6548), a structurally similar prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor, did not demonstrate accelerated compensatory lung growth or decreased PEDF expression following left pneumonectomy. Given that Roxadustat is already in Phase III clinical studies for the treatment of chronic kidney disease-associated anemia with minimal side effects, its use for the treatment of pulmonary hypoplasia could potentially proceed expeditiously.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Pleiotrophin selectively binds to vascular endothelial growth factor
           receptor 2 and inhibits or stimulates cell migration depending on α ν β
           3 integrin expression
    • Abstract: Pleiotrophin (PTN) has a moderate stimulatory effect on endothelial cell migration through ανβ3 integrin, while it decreases the stimulatory effect of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and inhibits cell migration in the absence of ανβ3 through unknown mechanism(s). In the present work, by using a multitude of experimental approaches, we show that PTN binds to VEGF receptor type 2 (VEGFR2) with a KD of 11.6 nM. Molecular dynamics approach suggests that PTN binds to the same VEGFR2 region with VEGFA through its N-terminal domain. PTN inhibits phosphorylation of VEGFR2 at Tyr1175 and still stimulates endothelial cell migration in the presence of a selective VEGFR2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor. VEGFR2 downregulation by siRNA or an anti-VEGFR2 antibody that binds to the ligand-binding VEGFR2 domain also induce endothelial cell migration, which is abolished by a function-blocking antibody against ανβ3 or the peptide PTN112−136 that binds ανβ3 and inhibits PTN binding. In cells that do not express ανβ3, PTN decreases both VEGFR2 Tyr1175 phosphorylation and cell migration in a VEGFR2-dependent manner. Collectively, our data identify VEGFR2 as a novel PTN receptor involved in the regulation of cell migration by PTN and contribute to the elucidation of the mechanism of activation of endothelial cell migration through the interplay between VEGFR2 and ανβ3.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1) attenuates platelet-derived growth
           factor-B (PDGF-B)-induced vascular remodeling for adipose tissue expansion
           in obesity
    • Abstract: Platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B) is a main factor to promote adipose tissue angiogenesis, which is responsible for the tissue expansion in obesity. In this process, PDGF-B induces the dissociation of pericytes from blood vessels; however, its regulatory mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we found that stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1) plays an essential role in this regulatory mechanism. SDF1 mRNA was increased in epididymal white adipose tissue (eWAT) of obese mice. Ex vivo pharmacological analyses using cultured adipose tissue demonstrated that physiological concentrations (1–100 pg/mL) of SDF1 inhibited the PDGF-B-induced pericyte dissociation from vessels via two cognate SDF1 receptors, CXCR4 and CXCR7. In contrast, higher concentrations (> 1 ng/mL) of SDF1 alone caused the dissociation of pericytes via CXCR4, and this effect disappeared in the cultured tissues from PDGF receptor β (PDGFRβ) knockout mice. To investigate the role of SDF1 in angiogenesis in vivo, the effects of anagliptin, an inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) that degrades SDF1, were examined in mice fed a high-fat diet. Anagliptin increased the SDF1 levels in the serum and eWAT. These changes were associated with a reduction of pericyte dissociation and fat accumulation in eWAT. AMD3100, a CXCR4 antagonist, cancelled these anagliptin effects. In flow-cytometry analysis, anagliptin increased and decreased the PDGF-B expression in endothelial cells and macrophages, respectively, whereas anagliptin reduced the PDGFRβ expression in pericytes of eWAT. These results suggest that SDF1 negatively regulates the adipose tissue angiogenesis in obesity by altering the reactivity of pericytes to PDGF-B.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma: importance of angiogenesis and antiangiogenic
           therapy
    • Abstract: Angiogenesis is critical for the initiation and progression of solid tumors, as well as hematological malignancies. While angiogenesis in solid tumors has been well characterized, a large body of investigation is devoted to clarify the impact of angiogenesis on lymphoma development. B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) is the most common lymphoid malignancy with a highly heterogeneity. The malignancy remains incurable despite that the addition of rituximab to conventional chemotherapies provides substantial improvements. Several angiogenesis-related parameters, such as proangiogenic factors, circulating endothelial cells, microvessel density, and tumor microenvironment, have been identified as prognostic indicators in different types of B-NHL. A better understanding of how these factors work together to facilitate lymphoma-specific angiogenesis will help to design better antiangiogenic strategies. So far, VEGF-A monoclonal antibodies, receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors targeting VEGF receptors, and immunomodulatory drugs with antiangiogenic activities are being tested in preclinical and clinical studies. This review summarizes recent advances in the understanding of the role of angiogenesis in B-NHL, and discusses the applications of antiangiogenic therapies.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Arterial endoglin does not protect against arteriovenous malformations
    • Abstract: Introduction Endoglin (ENG) forms a receptor complex with ALK1 in endothelial cells (ECs) to promote BMP9/10 signalling. Loss of function mutations in either ENG or ALK1 genes lead to the inherited vascular disorder hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), characterised by arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). However, the vessel-specific role of ENG and ALK1 proteins in protecting against AVMs is unclear. For example, AVMs have been described to initiate in arterioles, whereas ENG is predominantly expressed in venous ECs. To investigate whether ENG has any arterial involvement in protecting against AVM formation, we specifically depleted the Eng gene in venous and capillary endothelium whilst maintaining arterial expression, and investigated how this affected the incidence and location of AVMs in comparison with pan-endothelial Eng knockdown. Methods Using the mouse neonatal retinal model of angiogenesis, we first established the earliest time point at which Apj-Cre-ERT2 activity was present in venous and capillary ECs but absent from arterial ECs. We then compared the incidence of AVMs following pan-endothelial or venous/capillary-specific ENG knockout. Results Activation of Apj-Cre-ERT2 with tamoxifen from postnatal day (P) 5 ensured preservation of arterial ENG protein expression. Specific loss of ENG expression in ECs of veins and capillaries led to retinal AVMs at a similar frequency to pan-endothelial loss of ENG. AVMs occurred in the proximal as well as the distal part of the retina consistent with a defect in vascular remodelling during maturation of the vasculature. Conclusion Expression of ENG is not required in arterial ECs to protect against AVM formation.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Novel Murine Models of Cerebral Cavernous Malformations
    • Abstract: Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are ectatic capillary-venous malformations that develop in approximately 0.5% of the population. Patients with CCMs may develop headaches, focal neurologic deficits, seizures, and hemorrhages. While symptomatic CCMs, depending upon the anatomic location, can be surgically removed, there is currently no pharmaceutical therapy to treat CCMs. Several mouse models have been developed to better understand CCM pathogenesis and test therapeutics. The most common mouse models induce a large CCM burden that is anatomically restricted to the cerebellum and contributes to lethality in the early days of life. These inducible models thus have a relatively short period for drug administration. We developed an inducible CCM3 mouse model that develops CCMs after weaning and provides a longer period for potential therapeutic intervention. Using this new model, three recently proposed CCM therapies, fasudil, tempol, vitamin D3, and a combination of the three drugs, failed to substantially reduce CCM formation when treatment was administered for 5 weeks, from postnatal day 21 (P21) to P56. We next restricted Ccm3 deletion to the brain vasculature and provided greater time (121 days) for CCMs to develop chronic hemorrhage, recapitulating the human lesions. We also developed the first model of acute CCM hemorrhage by injecting mice harboring CCMs with lipopolysaccharide. These efficient models will enable future drug studies to more precisely target clinically relevant features of CCM disease: CCM formation, chronic hemorrhage, and acute hemorrhage.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Are antiangiogenics a good ‘partner’ for immunotherapy in
           ovarian cancer'
    • Abstract: Ovarian cancer (OC) is associated with poor survival because there are a limited number of effective therapies. Two processes key to OC progression, angiogenesis and immune evasion, act synergistically to promote tumor progression. Tumor-associated angiogenesis promotes immune evasion, and tumor-related immune responses in the peritoneal cavity and tumor microenvironment (TME) affect neovascular formation. Therefore, suppressing the angiogenic pathways could facilitate the arrival of immune effector cells and reduce the presence of myeloid cells involved in immune suppression. To date, clinical studies have shown significant benefits with antiangiogenic therapy as first-line therapy in OC, as well as in recurrent disease, and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor bevacizumab is now an established therapy. Clinical data with immunomodulators in OC are more limited, but suggest that they could benefit some patients with recurrent disease. The preliminary results of two phase III trials have shown that the addition of immunomodulators to chemotherapy does not improve progression-free survival. For this reason, it could be interesting to look for synergistic effects between immunomodulators and other active drugs in OC. Since bevacizumab is approved for use in OC, and is tolerable when used in combination with immunotherapy in other indications, a number of clinical studies are underway to investigate the use of bevacizumab in combination with immunotherapeutic agents in OC. This strategy seeks to normalize the TME via the anti-VEGF actions of bevacizumab, while simultaneously stimulating the immune response via the immunotherapy. Results of these studies are awaited with interest.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Heterogeneity and chimerism of endothelial cells revealed by single-cell
           transcriptome in orthotopic liver tumors
    • Abstract: The liver is a common host organ for cancer, either through lesions that arise in liver epithelial cells [e.g., hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)] or as a site of metastasis by tumors arising in other organs (e.g., colorectal cancer). However, the changes that occur in liver stromal cells in response to cancer have not been fully characterized, nor has it been determined whether the different sources of liver cancer induce distinct stromal changes. Here, we performed single-cell profiling of liver stromal cells from mouse models of induced spontaneous liver cancer or implanted colorectal liver metastases, with a focus on tumor endothelial cells (ECs). While ECs in liver tissue adjacent to cancerous lesions (so-called adjacent normal) corresponded to liver zonation phenotypes, their transcriptomes were also clearly altered by the presence of a tumor. In comparison, tumor EC transcriptomes show stronger similarities to venous than sinusoidal ECs. Further, tumor ECs, independent of tumor origin, formed distinct clusters displaying conserved “tip-like” or “stalk-like” characteristics, similar to ECs from subcutaneous tumors. However, they also carried liver-specific signatures found in normal liver ECs, suggesting an influence of the host organ on tumor ECs. Our results document gene expression signatures in ECs in liver cancer and show that the host organ, and not the site of tumor origin (liver versus colorectal), is a primary determinant of EC phenotype. In addition, primarily in tumors, we further defined a cluster of chimeric cells that expressed both myeloid and endothelial cell markers and might play a role in tumor angiogenesis.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Embryonic circulating endothelial progenitor cells
    • Abstract: The development of vascular system in vertebrates has been traditionally explained by early vasculogenic assembly of angioblasts followed by angiogenic outgrowth of pre-existing vessels. The discovery of adult endothelial progenitor cells (Asahara et al. in Science 275(5302):964–967, 1997) challenged this view, since postnatal vascular growth could be accomplished by recruitment of circulating cells with the ability to differentiate into endothelial cells. However, the existence of embryonic circulating endothelial progenitor cells and their actual contribution to vascular development is far less known. We review in this paper the literature concerning the features, origin and physiological functions of embryonic and foetal circulating endothelial progenitors. Our review includes the early (E7.5) progenitors isolated from yolk sac, the hematovascular progenitors identified in the foetal liver, the yolk sac-derived erythro-myeloid progenitors, circulating hematopoietic cells from the G2-GATA4 lineage and the endothelial colony-forming cells isolated from the placenta and umbilical cord blood. We highlight the need of further characterization of these populations and the relationships between them.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
       
  • Talin-dependent integrin activation is required for endothelial
           proliferation and postnatal angiogenesis
    • Abstract: Integrin activation contributes to key blood cell functions including adhesion, proliferation and migration. An essential step in the cell signaling pathway that activates integrin requires the binding of talin to the β-integrin cytoplasmic tail. Whereas this pathway is understood in platelets in detail, considerably less is known regarding how integrin-mediated adhesion in endothelium contributes to postnatal angiogenesis. We utilized an inducible EC-specific talin1 knock-out mouse (Tln1 EC-KO) and talin1 L325R knock-in mutant (Tln1 L325R) mouse, in which talin selectively lacks the capacity to activate integrins, to assess the role of integrin activation during angiogenesis. Deletion of talin1 during postnatal days 1–3 (P1-P3) caused lethality by P8 with extensive defects in retinal angiogenesis and widespread hemorrhaging. Tln1 EC-KO mice displayed reduced retinal vascular area, impaired EC sprouting and proliferation relative to Tln1 CTRLs. In contrast, induction of talin1 L325R in neonatal mice resulted in modest defects in retinal angiogenesis and mice survived to adulthood. Interestingly, deletion of talin1 or expression of talin1 L325R in ECs increased MAPK/ERK signaling. Strikingly, B16-F0 tumors grown in Tln1 L325R adult mice were 55% smaller and significantly less vascularized than tumors grown in littermate controls. EC talin1 is indispensable for postnatal development angiogenesis. The role of EC integrin activation appears context-dependent as its inhibition is compatible with postnatal development with mild defects in retinal angiogenesis but results in marked defects in tumor growth and angiogenesis. Inhibiting EC pan-integrin activation may be an effective approach to selectively target tumor blood vessel growth.
      PubDate: 2020-10-28
       
  • Angiogenesis, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and COVID-19
    • Abstract: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare autosomal-dominant disease characterized by pathologic angiogenesis that provokes vascular overgrowth. The evidence about the influence of Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) in patients with rare diseases is scarce. We aimed to know the prevalence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in HHT patients. The HHT pathogenic angiogenesis and endothelial injury in COVID-19 are discussed using data from RiHHTa (Computerized Registry of Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia) registry. RiHHTa is an open, multicenter, prospective, observational registry including adult patients with HHT. A 27-item survey that captured clinical data of admitted HHT patients for COVID-19 was distributed to all RiHHTa investigators from June 8th to June 24th 2020. Only one out of 1177 HHT patients was admitted for COVID-19 pneumonia. She is a 74 years-old woman with a pathogenic variant in ACVRL1 gene. Her clinical course did not involve mechanical ventilation or worsening epistaxis, and she was successfully discharged after two weeks. The endothelial damage and the consequent angiogenic process in COVID-19 patients deserve further investigation.
      PubDate: 2020-10-14
       
  • Tubulin carboxypeptidase activity of vasohibin-1 inhibits angiogenesis by
           interfering with endocytosis and trafficking of pro-angiogenic factor
           receptors
    • Abstract: Receptor endocytosis is crucial for integrating extracellular stimuli of pro-angiogenic factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), into the cell via signal transduction. VEGF not only triggers various angiogenic events including endothelial cell (EC) migration, but also induces the expression of negative regulators of angiogenesis, including vasohibin-1 (VASH1). While we have previously reported that VASH1 inhibits angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo, its mode of action on EC behavior remains elusive. Recently VASH1 was shown to have tubulin carboxypeptidase (TCP) activity, mediating the post-translational modification of microtubules (MTs) by detyrosination of α-tubulin within cells. However, the role of VASH1 TCP activity in angiogenesis has not yet been clarified. Here, we showed that VASH1 detyrosinated α-tubulin in ECs and suppressed in vitro and in vivo angiogenesis. In cultured ECs, VASH1 impaired endocytosis and trafficking of VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2), which resulted in the decreased signal transduction and EC migration. These effects of VASH1 could be restored by tubulin tyrosine ligase (TTL) in ECs, suggesting that detyrosination of α-tubulin negatively regulates angiogenesis. Furthermore, we found that detyrosinated tubulin-rich MTs were not adequate as trafficking rails for VEGFR2 endocytosis. Consistent with these results, inhibition of TCP activity of VASH1 led to the inhibition of VASH1-mediated suppression of VEGF-induced signals, EC migration, and in vivo angiogenesis. Our results indicate a novel mechanism of VASH1-mediated inhibition of pro-angiogenic factor receptor trafficking via modification of MTs.
      PubDate: 2020-10-14
       
  • Exacerbated inflammatory signaling underlies aberrant response to BMP9 in
           pulmonary arterial hypertension lung endothelial cells
    • Abstract: Imbalanced transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling are postulated to favor a pathological pulmonary endothelial cell (EC) phenotype in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). BMP9 is shown to reinstate BMP receptor type-II (BMPR2) levels and thereby mitigate hemodynamic and vascular abnormalities in several animal models of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Yet, responses of the pulmonary endothelium of PAH patients to BMP9 are unknown. Therefore, we treated primary PAH patient-derived and healthy pulmonary ECs with BMP9 and observed that stimulation induces transient transcriptional signaling associated with the process of endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT). However, solely PAH pulmonary ECs showed signs of a mesenchymal trans-differentiation characterized by a loss of VE-cadherin, induction of transgelin (SM22α), and reorganization of the cytoskeleton. In the PAH cells, a prolonged EndMT signaling was found accompanied by sustained elevation of pro-inflammatory, pro-hypoxic, and pro-apoptotic signaling. Herein we identified interleukin-6 (IL6)-dependent signaling to be the central mediator required for the BMP9-induced phenotypic change in PAH pulmonary ECs. Furthermore, we were able to target the BMP9-induced EndMT process by an IL6 capturing antibody that normalized autocrine IL6 levels, prevented mesenchymal transformation, and maintained a functional EC phenotype in PAH pulmonary ECs. In conclusion, our results show that the BMP9-induced aberrant EndMT in PAH pulmonary ECs is dependent on exacerbated pro-inflammatory signaling mediated through IL6.
      PubDate: 2020-08-19
       
  • IQGAP1 causes choroidal neovascularization by sustaining VEGFR2-mediated
           Rac1 activation
    • Abstract: Loss of visual acuity in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) occurs when factors activate choroidal endothelial cells (CECs) to transmigrate the retinal pigment epithelium into the sensory retina and develop into choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Active Rac1 (Rac1GTP) is required for CEC migration and is induced by different AMD-related stresses, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Besides its role in pathologic events, Rac1 also plays a role in physiologic functions. Therefore, we were interested in a method to inhibit pathologic activation of Rac1. We addressed the hypothesis that IQGAP1, a scaffold protein with a Rac1 binding domain, regulates pathologic Rac1GTP in CEC migration and CNV. Compared to littermate Iqgap1+/+, Iqgap1−/− mice had reduced volumes of laser-induced CNV and decreased Rac1GTP and phosphorylated VEGFR2 (p-VEGFR2) within lectin-stained CNV. Knockdown of IQGAP1 in CECs significantly reduced VEGF-induced Rac1GTP, mediated through p-VEGFR2, which was necessary for CEC migration. Moreover, sustained activation of Rac1GTP induced by VEGF was eliminated when CECs were transfected with an IQGAP1 construct that is unable to bind Rac1. IQGAP1-mediated Src activation was involved in initiating Rac1 activation, CEC migration, and tube formation. Our findings indicate that CEC IQGAP1 interacts with VEGFR2 to mediate Src activation and subsequent Rac1 activation and CEC migration. In addition, IQGAP1 binding to Rac1GTP results in sustained activation of Rac1, leading to CEC migration toward VEGF. Our study supports a role of IQGAP1 and the interaction between IQGAP1 and Rac1GTP to restore CECs quiescence and, therefore, prevent vision-threatening CNV in nAMD.
      PubDate: 2020-08-11
       
 
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