Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8529 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2342 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AAS Open Research     Open Access  
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alerta : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the RussianAacademy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Reports     Open Access  
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Organ Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Renal Diseases and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.177
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 3  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-7209 - ISSN (Online) 0969-6970
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • New insights into the role of mitochondria in cardiac microvascular
           ischemia/reperfusion injury
    • Abstract: As reperfusion therapies have become more widely used in acute myocardial infarction patients, ischemia-induced myocardial damage has been markedly reduced, but reperfusion-induced cardiac injury has become increasingly evident. The features of cardiac ischemia–reperfusion (I/R) injury include microvascular perfusion defects, platelet activation and sequential cardiomyocyte death due to additional ischemic events at the reperfusion stage. Microvascular obstruction, defined as a no-reflow phenomenon, determines the infarct zone, myocardial function and peri-operative mortality. Cardiac microvascular endothelial cell injury may occur much earlier and with much greater severity than cardiomyocyte injury. Endothelial cells contain fewer mitochondria than other cardiac cells, and several of the pathological alterations during cardiac microvascular I/R injury involve mitochondria, such as increased mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mROS) levels and disturbed mitochondrial dynamics. Although mROS are necessary physiological second messengers, high mROS levels induce oxidative stress, endothelial senescence and apoptosis. Mitochondrial dynamics, including fission, fusion and mitophagy, determine the shape, distribution, size and function of mitochondria. These adaptive responses modify extracellular signals and orchestrate intracellular processes such as cell proliferation, migration, metabolism, angiogenesis, permeability transition, adhesive molecule expression, endothelial barrier function and anticoagulation. In this review, we discuss the involvement of mROS and mitochondrial morphofunction in cardiac microvascular I/R injury.
      PubDate: 2020-04-03
  • Angiostatic effects of ascorbic acid: current status and future
    • Abstract: Anti-angiogenesis effect of ascorbic acid (AA) is still controversial. However, most of the scientific evidence suggests that AA has anti-angiogenesis effects on a number of test systems, including laboratory animals, human beings, and their derived cell lines. The information provided in this paper suggests that AA may be a hopeful angiostatic agent for the treatment of cancer.
      PubDate: 2020-04-02
  • Lymphangiogenesis and accumulation of reparative macrophages contribute to
           liver repair after hepatic ischemia–reperfusion injury
    • Abstract: Hepatic tissue repair plays a critical role in determining the outcome of hepatic ischemia–reperfusion (I/R) injury. Hepatic lymphatics participate in the clearance of dead tissues and contribute to the reparative process after acute hepatic injury; however, it remains unknown whether lymphangiogenesis in response to hepatic inflammation is involved in liver repair. Herein, we determined if hepatic lymphangiogenesis improves liver repair after hepatic I/R injury. Using a mouse model of hepatic I/R injury, we investigated hepatic lymphatic structure, growth, and function in injured murine livers. Hepatic I/R injury enhanced lymphangiogenesis around the portal tract and this was associated with increased expression of pro-lymphangiogenic growth factors including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C and VEGF-D. Recombinant VEGF-D treatment facilitated liver repair in association with the expansion of lymphatic vessels and increased expression of genes related to the reparative macrophage phenotype. Treatment with a VEGF receptor 3 (VEGFR3) inhibitor suppressed liver repair, lymphangiogenesis, drainage function, and accumulation of VEGFR3-expressing reparative macrophages. VEGF-C and VEGF-D upregulated expression of genes related to lymphangiogenic factors and the reparative macrophage phenotype in cultured macrophages. These results suggest that activation of VEGFR3 signaling increases lymphangiogenesis and the number of reparative macrophages, both of which play roles in liver repair. Expanded lymphatics and induction of reparative macrophage accumulation may be therapeutic targets to enhance liver repair after hepatic injury.
      PubDate: 2020-03-11
  • Retraction Note to: Semaphorin 4D cooperates with VEGF to promote
           angiogenesis and tumor progression
    • Abstract: The Editors-in-Chief have retracted this article [1] following an investigation by the University of Maryland. The institution found that in Figures 1B and 1D, the cell lines are different and all published histograms show SEMA4D mRNA level whereas Excel data have two histograms showing SEMA4D expression and two histograms showing VEGF expression. In Figure 2B, the metadata for one image shows different treatment conditions than those reported in the article. The published image labelled “VEGF + VEGFR-2 shRNA” has a metadata label of S4d-plexinB1 shRNA2”. In Figure 2E, statistical significance was shown in the published figure for four comparisons, but upon recalculation, one comparison noted as significant was not. In Figure 6A, the lower left image is labelled “VEGF shRNA” in the published figure, but the metadata label is “S4DshRNA-HN121-20X”. In Figure 6C, specifically, within columns 2-4, for each antibody used for immunocytochemistry, the three images have been swapped so that the original images do not match the shRNA labels in the figure (the labels for the two antibodies were correct). In Figure 7D, the first published image is labelled as “IgG” in the paper, but the metadata show a label of “Restore (V+S).tif”. The third published image has a label of “anti-VEGF IgG”, and the metadata show a label of “con sh.tif”. Due to these errors, the Editors-in-Chief have found that the results are no longer reliable.
      PubDate: 2020-03-10
  • d -Peptide analogues of Boc-Phe-Leu-Phe-Leu-Phe-COOH induce
           neovascularization via endothelial N -formyl peptide receptor 3
    • Abstract: N-formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) are G protein-coupled receptors involved in the recruitment and activation of immune cells in response to pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Three FPRs have been identified in humans (FPR1–FPR3), characterized by different ligand properties, biological function and cellular distribution. Recent findings from our laboratory have shown that the peptide BOC-FLFLF (l-BOC2), related to the FPR antagonist BOC2, acts as an angiogenesis inhibitor by binding to various angiogenic growth factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor-A165 (VEGF). Here we show that the all-d-enantiomer of l-BOC2 (d-BOC2) is devoid of any VEGF antagonist activity. At variance, d-BOC2, as well as the d-FLFLF and succinimidyl (Succ)-d-FLFLF (d-Succ-F3) d-peptide variants, is endowed with a pro-angiogenic potential. In particular, the d-peptide d-Succ-F3 exerts a pro-angiogenic activity in a variety of in vitro assays on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and in ex vivo and in vivo assays in chick and zebrafish embryos and adult mice. This activity is related to the capacity of d-Succ-F3 to bind FRP3 expressed by HUVECs. Indeed, the effects exerted by d-Succ-F3 on HUVECs are fully suppressed by the G protein-coupled receptor inhibitor pertussis toxin, the FPR2/FPR3 antagonist WRW4 and by an anti-FPR3 antibody. A similar inhibition was observed following WRW4-induced FPR3 desensitization in HUVECs. Finally, d-Succ-F3 prevented the binding of the anti-FPR3 antibody to the cell surface of HUVECs. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that the angiogenic activity of d-Succ-F3 is due to the engagement and activation of FPR3 expressed by endothelial cells, thus shedding a new light on the biological function of this chemoattractant receptor.
      PubDate: 2020-03-09
  • Free fatty acid receptor 4 activation protects against choroidal
           neovascularization in mice
    • Abstract: To examine whether free fatty acid receptor 4 (FFAR4) activation can protect against choroidal neovascularization (CNV), which is a common cause of blindness, and to elucidate the mechanism underlying the inhibition, we used the mouse model of laser-induced CNV to mimic angiogenic aspects of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Laser-induced CNV was compared between groups treated with an FFAR4 agonist or vehicle, and between FFAR4 wild-type (Ffar4+/+) and knock out (Ffar4−/−) mice on a C57BL/6J/6N background. The ex vivo choroid-sprouting assay, including primary retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroid, without retina was used to investigate whether FFAR4 affects choroidal angiogenesis. Western blotting for pNF-ĸB/NF-ĸB and qRT-PCR for Il-6, Il-1β, Tnf-α, Vegf, and Nf-ĸb were used to examine the influence of FFAR4 on inflammation, known to influence CNV. RPE isolated from Ffar4+/+ and Ffar4−/− mice were used to assess RPE contribution to inflammation. The FFAR4 agonist suppressed laser-induced CNV in C57BL/6J mice, and CNV increased in Ffar4−/− compared to Ffar4+/+ mice. We showed that the FFAR4 agonist acted through the FFAR4 receptor. The FFAR4 agonist suppressed mRNA expression of inflammation markers (Il-6, Il-1β) via the NF-ĸB pathway in the retina, choroid, RPE complex. The FFAR4 agonist suppressed neovascularization in the choroid-sprouting ex vivo assay and FFAR4 deficiency exacerbated sprouting. Inflammation markers were increased in primary RPE cells of Ffar4−/− mice compared with Ffar4+/+ RPE. In this mouse model, the FFAR4 agonist suppressed CNV, suggesting FFAR4 to be a new molecular target to reduce pathological angiogenesis in CNV.
      PubDate: 2020-03-05
  • Intranasal Efudix reduces epistaxis in hereditary hemorrhagic
    • Abstract: Background Local application of fluorouracil (Efudix, 5-FU) induces sclerosis in patients with sinonasal tumors and superficial basocellular skin carcinoma. As a ‘back against the wall’ treatment, we investigated the local effect of nasally applied 5-FU and whether this could decrease the burden of severe epistaxis in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Methods HHT patients with severe and frequent epistaxis, subsequent anemia and a necessity for blood and/or iron infusions were treated with a nasal tampon with 5-FU. This tampon was placed unilaterally in the nasal cavity on the side of the most severe epistaxis and replaced once weekly during 4 weeks. Outcome measures were safety and side effects, the aspect of the nasal mucosa measured with the mucosal HHT score, the epistaxis severity score (ESS), hemoglobin and ferritin plasma levels, and quality of life assessment pre-treatment, one and three months post-treatment. Results Six HHT patients participated. During treatment and follow-up, the nasal mucosa turned more pale and sclerotic and the number of telangiectases diminished. The mucosal HHT score improved and the ESS declined (p = 0.01). The decline of ESS persisted up to 3 months post-5-FU treatment. Moreover, mean hemoglobin levels increased from 6.0 pre-5-FU to 6.8 after one month post-5-FU. Conclusion Unilateral application of 5-FU on a nasal tampon diminished the severity and frequency of epistaxis in all HHT patients. This effect sustained up to three months post-treatment, despite the fact that the contralateral side remained untreated. Subsequently, hemoglobin levels increased. Intranasal 5-FU is a promising entity for further research on epistaxis treatment in HHT patients.
      PubDate: 2020-02-28
  • TMEM100 is a key factor for specification of lymphatic endothelial
    • Abstract: Background TMEM100 is identified as a downstream gene of bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) signaling via activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK1), which is known to participate in lymphangiogenesis as well as angiogenesis. TMEM100 has been shown to be important for blood vessel formation and maintenance, but its role in the development of lymphatic vasculature remains unknown. The objective is to investigate the role of TMEM100 in development of the lymphatic system. Methods and results Global Tmem100 gene deletion was induced by tamoxifen on 10.5 days post-coitus. Tmem100-inducible knockout (iKO) embryos in embryonic days (E)14.5–16.5 exhibited edema and blood-filled enlarged lymphatics with misconnections between veins and lymphatic vessels. For a reciprocal approach, we have generated a novel mouse line in which TMEM100 overexpression (OE) can be induced in endothelial cells by intercrossing with Tie2-Cre driver. TMEM100-OE embryos at E12.5–14.5 exhibited edema with small size and number of lymphatic vessels, the exact opposite phenotypes of Tmem100-iKOs. In Tmem100-iKO embryos, the number of progenitors of lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) in the cardinal vein was increased, while it was decreased in TMEM100-OE embryos. The activity of NOTCH signaling, which limits the number of progenitors of LECs in the cardinal vein, was decreased in Tmem100-iKO embryos, whereas it was increased in TMEM100-OE embryos. Conclusion TMEM100 plays an important role in the specification of LECs in the cardinal veins, at least in part, by regulating the NOTCH signaling.
      PubDate: 2020-02-28
  • Retraction Note to: The Semaphorin 4D-Plexin-B1-RhoA signaling axis
           recruits pericytes and regulates vascular permeability through endothelial
           production of PDGF-B and ANGPTL4
    • Abstract: The Editors-in-Chief have retracted this article [1] following an investigation by the University of Maryland. The institution found that in Figure 1C, the graph showing PDGF-B does not match the original data for the 24-hour time point. The graph shows the value to be over 1000 pg/ml, but the original data have a value of 106.626. In Figure 1F, the data were entered manually to create the standard deviation bars. The data manually entered do not match the original data. When the standard deviations for the original data were calculated, the p values were no longer significant using a paired student t test. In Figure 2C, the original data do not match the published data. In Figure 4B, the images in the first lane and the fifth lane are from the same micrograph (i.e., the same set of conditions). However, the published figure claims that they are different conditions. The metadata in this figure also shows different cell lines than those noted in the article. The first and last images are labelled as “Du145 shAR3 anti AR3.jpg”. The second image is labelled as “Du145 shAR8 anti AR8.jpg”. The third image is labelled as “Cos1 mARs3 mS3-2 antibody-2.jpg.” The fourth image is labelled as “R1 3634 bleed.jpg”. Due to these errors, the Editors-in-Chief have found that the results are no longer reliable.
      PubDate: 2020-02-26
  • Correction to: Rho-mediated activation of PI(4)P5K and lipid second
           messengers is necessary for promotion of angiogenesis by Semaphorin 4D
    • Abstract: Figure 3c of this article originally contained standard deviation values which had not been calculated correctly. A single standard deviation value was used for all 5 time points for each condition.
      PubDate: 2020-02-25
  • Decylubiquinone suppresses breast cancer growth and metastasis by
           inhibiting angiogenesis via the ROS/p53/ BAI1 signaling pathway
    • Abstract: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide with a rising incidence, and is the leading cause of cancer-related death among females. Angiogenesis plays an important role in breast cancer growth and metastasis. In this study, we identify decylubiquinone (DUb), a coenzyme Q10 analog, as a promising anti-breast cancer agent through suppressing tumor-induced angiogenesis. We screened a library comprising FDA-approved drugs and found that DUb significantly inhibits blood vessel formation using in vivo chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) and yolk sac membrane (YSM) models. DUb was further identified to inhibit angiogenesis in the rat aortic ring and Matrigel plug assay. Moreover, DUb was found to suppress breast cancer growth and metastasis in the MMTV-PyMT transgenic mouse and human xenograft tumor models. To explore whether the anticancer efficacy of DUb was directly corrected with tumor-induced angiogenesis, the MDA-MB-231 breast cancer assay on the CAM was performed. Interestingly, DUb significantly inhibits the angiogenesis of breast cancer on the CAM. Brain angiogenesis inhibitor 1 (BAI1), a member of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) adhesion subfamily, has an important effect on the inhibition of angiogenesis. Further studies demonstrate that DUb suppresses the formation of tubular structures by regulating the reactive oxygen species (ROS)/p53/BAI1 signaling pathway. These results uncover a novel finding that DUb has the potential to be an effective agent for the treatment of breast cancer by inhibiting tumor-induced angiogenesis.
      PubDate: 2020-02-04
  • Pathological features of vessel co-option versus sprouting angiogenesis
    • Abstract: Cancer cells can use existing blood vessels to acquire a vasculature. This process is termed ‘vessel co-option’. Vessel co-option is an alternative to the growth of new blood vessels, or angiogenesis, and is adopted by a wide range of human tumour types growing within numerous tissues. A complementary aspect of this process is extravascular migratory tumour spread using the co-opted blood vessels as a trail. Vessel co-opting tumours can be discriminated from angiogenic tumours by specific morphological features. These features give rise to distinct histopathological growth patterns that reflect the interaction of cancer cells with the microenvironment of the organ in which they thrive. We will discuss the histopathological growth patterns of vessel co-option in the brain, the liver and the lungs. The review will also highlight evidence for the potential clinical value of the histopathological growth patterns of cancer. Vessel co-option can affect patient outcomes and resistance to cancer treatment. Insight into the biological drivers of this process of tumour vascularization will yield novel therapeutic strategies.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Models and molecular mechanisms of blood vessel co-option by cancer cells
    • Abstract: Cancer cells have diverse mechanisms for utilizing the vasculature; they can initiate the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting ones (sprouting angiogenesis) or they can form cohesive interactions with the abluminal surface of preexisting vasculature in the absence of sprouting (co-option). The later process has received renewed attention due to the suggested role of blood vessel co-option in resistance to antiangiogenic therapies and the reported perivascular positioning and migratory patterns of cancer cells during tumor dormancy and invasion, respectively. However, only a few molecular mechanisms have been identified that contribute to the process of co-option and there has not been a formal survey of cell lines and laboratory models that can be used to study co-option in different organ microenvironments; thus, we have carried out a comprehensive literature review on this topic and have identified cell lines and described the laboratory models that are used to study blood vessel co-option in cancer. Put into practice, these models may help to shed new light on the molecular mechanisms that drive blood vessel co-option during tumor dormancy, invasion, and responses to different therapies.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01
  • Matrix deformations around angiogenic sprouts correlate to sprout dynamics
           and suggest pulling activity
    • Abstract: Angiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels from the pre-existing vasculature. It is essential for normal tissue growth and regeneration, and also plays a key role in many diseases [Carmeliet in Nat Med 9:653–660, 2003]. Cytoskeletal components have been shown to be important for angiogenic sprout initiation and maintenance [Kniazeva and Putnam in Am J Physiol 297:C179–C187, 2009] as well as endothelial cell shape control during invasion [Elliott et al. in Nat Cell Biol 17:137–147, 2015]. The exact nature of cytoskeleton-mediated forces for sprout initiation and progression, however, remains poorly understood. Questions on the importance of tip cell pulling versus stalk cell pushing are to a large extent unanswered, which among others has to do with the difficulty of quantifying and resolving those forces in time and space. We developed methods based on time-lapse confocal microscopy and image processing—further termed 4D displacement microscopy—to acquire detailed, spatially and temporally resolved extracellular matrix (ECM) deformations, indicative of cell-ECM mechanical interactions around invading sprouts. We demonstrate that matrix deformations dependent on actin-mediated force generation are spatio-temporally correlated with sprout morphological dynamics. Furthermore, sprout tips were found to exert radially pulling forces on the extracellular matrix, which were quantified by means of a computational model of collagen ECM mechanics. Protrusions from extending sprouts mostly increase their pulling forces, while retracting protrusions mainly reduce their pulling forces. Displacement microscopy analysis further unveiled a characteristic dipole-like deformation pattern along the sprout direction that was consistent among seemingly very different sprout shapes—with oppositely oriented displacements at sprout tip versus sprout base and a transition zone of negligible displacements in between. These results demonstrate that sprout-ECM interactions are dominated by pulling forces and underline the key role of tip cell pulling for sprouting angiogenesis.
      PubDate: 2020-01-29
  • Age-related structural alterations of skeletal muscles and associated
    • Abstract: Aging is associated with a progressive decline in muscle mass, strength, and quality. We have previously demonstrated the important role of the blood vasculature system in ultraviolet (UV) light-induced changes in skin and its molecular mechanisms. Whereas recent findings revealed structural alterations of the cutaneous vasculature in aged and photoaged human skin, structural changes of blood vessels in skeletal muscles with age have remained unclear. Although, facial skeletal muscles could be involved in skin-aging, here, we show—for the first time—that, in the lateral great muscle, the cross-sectional muscle fiber area and vessels size were decreased in older skin compared with that in younger skin. In the orbicularis oculi muscle, no significant interaction between age and the muscle fiber area was observed. However, a significantly decreased ratio of muscle area was indicated in older skin compared with that in younger skin. Interestingly, the pericyte-covered vessels ratio was decreased in older skin. Therefore, we found that the skeletal muscle capillary destabilizes with age. In summary, we revealed that the lateral great muscle and the orbicularis oculi muscle fibers become thinner with age due to the destabilization of skeletal muscle capillaries. Therapeutic targeting of muscle capillaries might affect the decline of skeletal muscles with age and could potentially regulate muscle/skin-aging.
      PubDate: 2020-01-28
  • Vessel co-option and resistance to anti-angiogenic therapy
    • Abstract: Vessel co-option is a non-angiogenic mechanism of tumour vascularisation in which cancer cells utilise pre-existing blood vessels instead of inducing new blood vessel formation. Vessel co-option has been observed across a range of different tumour types, in both primary cancers and metastatic disease. Importantly, vessel co-option is now implicated as a major mechanism that mediates resistance to conventional anti-angiogenic drugs and this may help to explain the limited efficacy of this therapeutic approach in certain clinical settings. This includes the use of anti-angiogenic drugs to treat advanced-stage/metastatic disease, treatment in the adjuvant setting and the treatment of primary disease. In this article, we review the available evidence linking vessel co-option with resistance to anti-angiogenic therapy in numerous tumour types, including breast, colorectal, lung and pancreatic cancer, glioblastoma, melanoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and renal cell carcinoma. The finding that vessel co-option is a significant mechanism of resistance to anti-angiogenic therapy may have important implications for the future of anti-cancer therapy, including (a) predicting response to anti-angiogenic drugs, (b) the need to develop therapies that target both angiogenesis and vessel co-option in tumours, and (c) predicting the response to other therapeutic modalities, including immunotherapy.
      PubDate: 2019-12-21
  • Introduction to special issue: vascular co-option in cancer
    • PubDate: 2019-12-04
  • Angiotropism, pericytic mimicry and extravascular migratory metastasis: an
           embryogenesis-derived program of tumor spread
    • Abstract: Intravascular dissemination of tumor cells is the accepted mechanism of cancer metastasis. However, the phenomenon of angiotropism, pericyte mimicry (PM), and extravascular migratory metastasis (EVMM) has questioned the concept that tumor cells metastasize exclusively via circulation within vascular channels. This new paradigm of cancer spread and metastasis suggests that metastatic cells employ embryonic mechanisms for attachment to the abluminal surfaces of blood vessels (angiotropism) and spread via continuous migration, competing with and replacing pericytes, i.e., pericyte mimicry (PM). This is an entirely extravascular phenomenon (i.e., extravascular migratory metastasis or EVMM) without entry (intravasation) into vascular channels. PM and EVMM have mainly been studied in melanoma but also occur in other cancer types. PM and EVMM appear to be a reversion to an embryogenesis-derived program. There are many analogies between embryogenesis and cancer progression, including the important role of laminins, epithelial–mesenchymal transition, and the re-activation of embryonic signals by cancer cells. Furthermore, there is no circulation of blood during the first trimester of embryogenesis, despite the fact that there is extensive migration of cells to distant sites and formation of organs and tissues during this period. Embryonic migration therefore is a continuous extravascular migration as are PM and EVMM, supporting the concept that these embryonic migratory events appear to recur abnormally during the metastatic process. Finally, the perivascular location of tumor cells intrinsically links PM to vascular co-option. Taken together, these two new paradigms may greatly influence the development of new effective therapeutics for metastasis. In particular, targeting embryonic factors linked to migration that are detected during cancer metastasis may be particularly relevant to PM/EVMM.
      PubDate: 2019-11-12
  • Vascular co-option in brain metastasis
    • Abstract: Vascular co-option by brain metastasis-initiating cells has been demonstrated as a critical step in organ colonization. The physical interaction between the cancer cell and the endothelial cell is mediated by integrins and L1CAM and could be involved in aggressive growth but also latency and immune evasion. The key involvement of vascular co-option in brain metastasis has created an emerging field that aims to identify critical targets as well as effective inhibitors with the goal of preventing brain metastases.
      PubDate: 2019-11-07
  • Vessel co-option in glioblastoma: emerging insights and opportunities
    • Abstract: Vessel co-option is the movement of cancer cells towards and along the pre-existing vasculature and is an alternative to angiogenesis to gain access to nutrients. Vessel co-option has been shown as a strategy employed by some glioblastoma (GBM) cells to invade further into the brain, leading to one of the greatest challenges in treating GBM. In GBM, vessel co-option may be an intrinsic feature or an acquired mechanism of resistance to anti-angiogenic treatment. Here, we describe the histological features and the dynamics visualized through intravital microscopy of vessel co-option in GBM, as well as the molecular players discovered until now. We also highlight key unanswered questions, as answering these is critical to improve understanding of GBM progression and for developing more effective approaches for GBM treatment.
      PubDate: 2019-11-02
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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