Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8697 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2419 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AAS Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alerta : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Androgens : Clinical Research and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Protocols     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the RussianAacademy of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Organ Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Renal Diseases and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific Family Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Annals of the RussianAacademy of Medical Sciences
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0869-6047 - ISSN (Online) 2414-3545
Published by Paediatrician Publishers LLC Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Possibilities of application of regenerative technologies in gynecology

    • Authors: Julia V. Denisova, Ekaterina V. Mandra, Aleksey V. Lyundup, Yana Y. Sulina, Leonid S. Aleksandrov, Аnton А. Ischenko, Аnatoliy I. Ischenko, Valery V. Beregovykh
      Pages: 4 - 17
      Abstract: The article presents a review of publications devoted to the use of regenerative technologies in the treatment of gynecological pathologies. The authors describe possible ways to solve these problems by analyzing the experimental studies conducted in the world. Identified the main indications for tissue engineering: Asherman’s syndrome, primary ovarian failure, infertility caused by chemotherapy, a “niche” in the uterus, endometrial pathology (endometriosis, endometrial problems, etc.), cervical pathology, female genital tract abnormalities, pelvic organ prolapse. The results of clinical trials of cell therapy aimed at treating infertility caused by Asherman syndrome and primary ovarian failure, female genital tract abnormalities, as well as such rare pathology as a “niche” of the uterus. At the preclinical stage, in addition to the above, considered cellular therapy of cervical pathologies, endometrial diseases and pelvic organ prolapse. Eximined cell cultures and the level of their influence on the regeneration of the female reproductive system structures, presented the biological scaffolds that stimulate the growth of stem cells, their effectiveness and shortcomings are covered.
      PubDate: 2020-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Surgical correction of prolapse of anterior wall of the vagina and cervix
           using titanium mesh implants

    • Authors: Anatoly I. Ishchenko, Leonid S. Aleksandrov, Anton A. Ishchenko, Anton A. Kazantsev, Irina D. Khokhlova, Tea A. Dzhibladze, Oksana Yu. Gorbenko, Yuriy V. Chuschkov, Vladimir M. Zuev, Yuliya B. Manevskaya, Anastasiya D. Uschkova
      Pages: 18 - 26
      Abstract: Background: Regardless of a variety of surgical techniques and hi-tech materials for pelvic prolapse treatment, there is no decrease in the disease recurrences. Aims: Evaluation of the efficacy of the developed method of surgical correction of II–IV degree colpoptosis anterior combined with II–III degree “C”-prolapse with the use of titanium mesh implants in reproductive, pre- and postmenopausal female patients. Methods: Female patients (group I, n = 25) with colpoptosis anterior and cervical prolapse were examined and operated on according to the developed know-how technique with the use of titanium mesh implants. Evaluation of the efficacy of surgical correction of the disease was performed using questioning, pelvic exam with Valsalva manoeuvre, transvaginal and transperineal ultrasound, pelvis MRI. The findings were compared with the result of surgical treatment of 46 (group II) and 32 (group III) female patients operated on without the use of titanium implants. After surgical treatment according to the three-stage surgical program that provides for multifocal fixation of anatomical formations with the use of titanium implants, the case follow-up was performed in 3−21 months. Results: Questioning the patients in group I demonstrated their satisfaction with the surgical treatment results that positively affected the quality of life, mood, and contributed to an increase in sexual activity and community commitment. Check-up showed that the surgical correction of prolapse was completely preserved in the patients of group I during 18−21 months. Pelvic exam at rest and with Valsalva manoeuvre, transvaginal and transperineal ultrasound, pelvis MRI did not reveal any significant extrusion of the pelvic organs or titanium implants. No mesh-associated complications were observed during the follow-up. Recurrence of genital prolapse was diagnosed in 12 (26%) patients of group II, mesh-associated complications were detected in 6 (18.8%) women of group III. Conclusions: The preserving three-stage surgical program, developed by us, contributed to optimize the results of surgical treatment, decrease the rate of the disease recurrence, and reduce the risk of the development of mesh-associated complications.
      PubDate: 2020-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • The pathomorphosis of inflammatory bowel diseases

    • Authors: Igor V. Maev, Yurii A. Shelygin, Maria I. Skalinskaya, Alexey V. Veselov, Ekaterina V. Skazyvaeva, Irina A. Rasmagina, Diana A. Komarova, Igor G. Bakulin
      Pages: 27 - 35
      Abstract: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are immune-mediated diseases and usually manifest at a young age. They are requires in a long-term treatment or surgery with a high probability of surgical intervention. IBDs are accompanied by a decrease in working capacity, impaired quality of life and social disadaptation. However, timely diagnosis with using modern diagnostic methods, the use of evidence-based immunosuppressive and biological therapy significantly changed the pathomorphosis of this disease. But despite the achievements of the pharmacotherapy, the incidence and prevalence of IBD are still increasing, a demand for surgery remains both for Crohn`s disease and ulcerative colitis throughout all the period of illness. At the same time there is a trend towards the variability of symptoms, mismatch of the clinical symptoms with the real severity of inflammation, increase of a number of patients with extraintestinal manifestations and resistance to induction and maintenance therapies. In addition to this, the observation of this group of patients is complicated due to the difficulty of the early diagnosis and differential analysis of IBD, the need of early induction treatment according to the guidelines and the lack of adherence to the therapy.
      PubDate: 2020-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Varicose veins: on the verge of discovering the cause'

    • Authors: Igor A. Zolotukhin, Olga Ya. Porembskaya, Mariya A. Smetanina, Aleksandr V. Sazhin, Maksim L. Filipenko, Aleksandr I. Kirienko
      Pages: 36 - 45
      Abstract: Varicose veins of the lower limbs are one of the most common and wide-spread pathology all around the world. What triggers the specific changes in a vein wall still remains unclear as well as what happens in the layers of the vein wall after the disease starts. The aim of the article is to analyze published data and results of researches on epidemiology, genetics, cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying varicose veins pathogenesis. It is now commonly accepted that vein wall changes in patients with varicose veins result from vein-specific inflammation. This process includes leukocytes adhesion to venous endothelium with their subsequent migration into the vein wall and surrounding tissues. Activated leukocytes express a number of molecules that lead to vein wall remodeling and dilation. Comprehensive assessment of the epidemiological data on the prevalence of varicose veins and risk factors, of the findings from genetic studies, of data on molecular-cell interactions as well as results of various surgical interventions in patients with varicose veins, shows that remodeling is a reversible process that can be stopped and reversed by different stimuli including some chemical substances. For the first time in the literature, the authors assume that varicose veins can be successfully cured pharmacologically with no surgical interventions needed.
      PubDate: 2020-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • What is better for a patient with stable coronary artery disease —
           bypass surgery or percutaneous coronary intervention'

    • Authors: Nalalya Yu. Sokolova, Elena Z. Golukhova
      Pages: 46 - 53
      Abstract: Background: The main methods of treating patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) are myocardial revascularization with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). These are two fundamentally different in technique and volume of surgical interventions; PCI is associated with rapid rehabilitation of the patient, and only CABG demonstrated effective in survival benefit. Aims: Comparison of the long-term results of myocardial revascularization with CABG and PCI in patients with stable CAD. Methods: The results of a prospective one-center cohort study of 369 patients with stable CAD are presented, the average age is 60.1 ± 5.4 years. Patients were randomized into 2 groups by the «Heart Team»: CABG (n = 196) and PCI (n = 173). In each group, subgroups were identified depending on the severity of the coronary lesion, and the CABG group was also separately studied in according to CABG technique ― beating-heart (off-pump) and with cardiopulmonary bypass (on-pump). The average follow-up was 54.3 ± 7 months. The main outcomes of the study were major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE): death from all causes, cardiac mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), nonfatal stroke and repeated coronary revascularization. Results: Over the 5-year follow-up period, no differences were found between the CABG and PCI groups with a low complexity of coronary artery lesions (SYNTAX Score 14.2 ± 4.8) in terms of survival, cardiac mortality, nonfatal MI and stroke, and the need for repeated myocardial revascularization. Patients with stenosis of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) and/or multivascular CA disease (SYNTAX Score 25.8 ± 5.0) in the long-term follow-up after CABG and PCI did not differ in MACCE, but the CABG group demonstrated a significant advantage in repeated myocardial revascularization. No significant differences were found in any study endpoint in patients after CABG on-pump versus off-pump. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates the advantage of CABG in patients with stable CAD with stenosis of the LMCA and/or multivascular CA disease, and which CABG technique should depends on the comorbidity of the patient, the experience of the surgeon and the surgical center.
      PubDate: 2020-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • A meta-analysis of prospective studies comparing the results of
           laminoplasty and laminectomy with instrumental fixation in the surgical
           treatment of patients with multilevel degenerative cervical spine diseases
           

    • Authors: Vadim A. Byvaltsev, Andrey A. Kalinin, Marat A. Aliev, Valeriy V. Shepelev, Bobur R. Yusupov, Bakhyt M. Aglakov
      Pages: 54 - 68
      Abstract: Background: Dorsal decompressive-stabilizing techniques — laminotomy with laminoplasty (LP) and laminectomy with instrumental fixation (LF) are effective methods for surgical treatment of patients with multi-level degenerative diseases of the cervical spine. At the same time, there is currently no priority in determining the optimal method for posterior decompression and stabilization. Aim: conduct a comparative analysis of intraoperative parameters, clinical outcomes, radiological results and complications of LP and LF in the treatment of patients with multilevel degenerative diseases of the cervical spine. Methods: A meta-analysis of prospective cohort clinical trials was carried out, the primary sources were searched using the databases PubMed, CNKI, eLibrary and the Cochrane Library, published until March 2019, which compared the results of applying the LP and LF methods in the treatment of patients with multilevel degenerative diseases of the cervical spine. For dichotomous variables, the relative risk and the 95% confidence interval were calculated; in turn, for the continuous variables, the standardized difference of the mean values and their 95% confidence intervals were used, using random effect models and a fixed effect. Resuts: The meta-analysis included 6 prospective clinical trials, one of which was a randomized controlled trial. In total, the results of surgical treatment of 493 patients with multilevel degenerative diseases of the cervical spine were evaluated. In the group of drugs, statistically significantly smaller parameters of the duration of surgical intervention were verified (p < 0.00001). At the same time, comparable parameters of cervical lordosis after surgery, the level of pain in the cervical spine, functional status according to NDI and JOA after surgery, the frequency of perioperative complications (p = 0.17, p = 0.05, p = 0.94, p = 0.96, p = 0.24, respectively). Conclusions: A meta-analysis showed that the functional outcomes of LP and LF, as well as instrumental results in the treatment of multilevel degenerative diseases of the cervical spine, are not clinically significant. In this case, the LP technique can be performed in a shorter period of time compared with LF.
      PubDate: 2020-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Implementation of clinical decision support system for anticoagulant
           prescribing for patients with deep vein thrombosis

    • Authors: Anton A. Chernov, E. B. Kleymenova, Dmitry A. Sychev, Liubov P. Yashina, Maria D. Nigmatkulova, Vitaly A. Otdelenov, L. P. Yashina
      Pages: 69 - 76
      Abstract: Background: Physician’s adherence to recommendations for appropriate antithrombotic therapy of venous thromboembolism (VTE) can reduce the risk of recurrent VTE, pulmonary hypertension, bleeding and other adverse events. Clinical decision support systems (CDSS) are shown to increase physician’s adherence to clinical guidelines. Aims: To assess effectivenes and safety of CDSS for anticoagulant prescribing for inhospital patients with VTE. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in a Moscow general hospital from 06.30.2017 to 06.23.2018 to compare physician’s compliance with clinical guidelines for DVT anticoagulant therapy, the rate of drug errors and direct costs of anticoagulant therapy before and after CDSS implementation (55 patients in control group and 49 in experimental group). Results: The rate of anticoagulant prescribing for patients with DVT did not alter significantly after CDSS implementation (96% compared with 91% before CDSS), but physicians’ compliance with recommendations on anticoagulant dosage increased from 32.7% to 73.5% (p = 0.0003) with corresponding decrease in the rate of anticoagulant prescribing errors from 1.35 to 0.65 per 1 patient (p = 0.0005). The length of stay and hemorrhagic complication rate did not differ between control and experimental groups. LMWH replacement with new oral anticoagulants has reduced the cost of anticoagulant therapy for 1 patient from 11.800 rubles (IQR = 7000) to 5.430 rubles (IQR = 5700) (p < 0.005). Conclusions: СDSS can increase physician’s adherence to recommended anticoagulant therapy for patients with DVT: to prevent unreasonable under-/overdosing or prolongation of anticoagulant therapy. CDSS for DVT drug therapy can be economically feasible.
      PubDate: 2020-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Clinical and epidemiological features of papillomavirus infection
           manifestations on the example of cervical cancer and genital warts

    • Authors: Nikolay I. Briko, Marina I. Sekacheva, Platon D. Lopukhov, Gleb S. Kobzev, Andrey D. Kaprin, Elena G. Novikova, Olga I. Trushina, Aleksey A. Khaldin, Viktor V. Maleev
      Pages: 77 - 82
      Abstract: Background: Cervical cancer and genital warts (GWs) are some of the most common manifestations of human papillomavirus infection (HPV). These lesions cause significant damage to the reproductive health of the population, which leads to increased attention to the prevention of HPV infection among various population groups. Aims: To determine the clinical and epidemiological features of the HPV manifestations by the example of cervical cancer and genital warts. Methods: A retrospective analysis of anamnestic information of 115 women with an established diagnosis of cervical cancer and 177 patients with an established diagnosis of GWs was performed. The clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients with diagnoses of GWs and cervical cancer were based on the development of outpatient admission cards and inpatient histories, as well as test data for HPV. Results: HPV 16 was the most common HPV type among patients with GWs and cervical cancer ― it was detected in 37.6% of cases. Also the most frequently encountered: HPV 6/18/11/31/51/52. In 43.2% cases of HPV detection, two or more types were detected at once, the most common combinations: HPV16 and HPV18, HPV6 and HPV16, HPV6 and HPV11. Analysis of the frequency of screening for cervical cancer and visits to the gynecologist for 5 years before establishing the diagnosis showed that among those who did not screen for cervical cancer, the risk of diagnosing stage II–IV was 5.2 times higher than among individuals who underwent cervical screening 2 years ago, or once a year for the last five years. Among patients with GWs who had 2 or more sexual partners for 1 year, 13.5% of patients regularly used barrier contraception methods (condoms) during sexual contact, not regularly ― 61.5%, did not use them at all ― 25.0%. Conclusions: Identifying the clinical and epidemiological features of HPV infection should contribute to the development of new and optimize existing prevention programs for a wide range of HPV-associated diseases.
      PubDate: 2020-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Obstetric and perinatal care units functioning during the COVID-19
           pandemic

    • Authors: Gian Carlo Di Renzo, Alexander D. Makatsariya, Valentina I. Tsibizova, Federica Capanna, Bartha Rasero, Eduard V. Komlichenko, Tatiana M. Pervunina, Jamilya Kh. Khizroeva, Victoria O. Bitsadze, Andrei S. Shkoda
      Pages: 83 - 92
      Abstract: The rapid spread of COVID-19 and the large number of cases put a significant burden on the health systems of any developed country. Specialists in natural disasters and military medicine should be involved in the provision of medical care and observance of anti-epidemic measures. In some countries, including Italy, they were involved only after the situation was dramatically worsening with many clinical units and hospitals overloaded by infected patients. To curb the spread of COVID-19, most countries declared a state of emergency, and unprecedented measures have been taken to strengthen quarantine in suspected or positive symptomatic subjects. Nevertheless, the crisis associated with the unexpectedly global scale and tragedy of the pandemic and the inconsistency of actions of both society and individuals and specialized medical services, lead to insufficient effectiveness of the measures taken in a number of regions. In the present day, it is vital for every person to change its mindset ― relying on personal responsibility to comply with all recommendations of quarantine and anti-epidemic measures, and to reorganize departments and resources of medical institutions at all levels in order to withstand the spread of infection and at the same time provide all those in need with the necessary and appropriate medical care. Particular attention should be paid to the obstetric care service, given that even in “normal” times, the obstetric hospital is an area of increased responsibility for the life and health of mother and child and future mankind. Fulfillment of existing orders, instructions of national and regional committees, international and national protocols and clinical protocols should undoubtedly lead to a positive result, but this requires additional training of medical personnel at all levels. The purpose of this review is to propose quick key strategies for reassessing the maternity and neonatal wards/ hospitals based on the experience of health systems and organizations which faced the spread of this new coronavirus; this advice may be applied along with binding tight instructions in obstetric hospitals in order to proactively respond to a likely wave of growth in COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2020-03-30
      Issue No: Vol. 75, No. 1 (2020)
       
 
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