Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8529 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2342 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | Last

Showing 1201 - 1400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences / Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Health Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Heavy Metal Toxicity and Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbs Spices & Medicinal Plants     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of HIV for Clinical and Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hospital Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Human Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Human Rhythm     Open Access  
Journal of Human Transcriptome     Open Access  
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access  
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inflammation Research     Open Access  
Journal of Injury and Violence Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Insulin Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Interventional Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Investigative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Islamabad Medical & Dental College     Open Access  
Journal of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of King Abdulaziz University : Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Laryngology and Voice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Limb Lengthening & Reconstruction     Open Access  
Journal of Lumbini Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Marine Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Cases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Colleges of PLA     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Investigation and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Law and Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Medical Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medicinal Botany     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 197)
Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine in the Tropics     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine Research and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Medicines Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Metabolomics & Systems Biology     Open Access  
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Neurocritical Care     Open Access  
Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Neurorestoratology     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Nobel Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Obesity and Bariatrics     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Therapy Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Orofacial Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ovarian Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ozone Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease     Open Access  
Journal of Participatory Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Pathogens     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient Experience     Open Access  
Journal of Patient Safety and Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes     Open Access  
Journal of Periodontal Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physiobiochemical Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physiology-Paris     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Pregnancy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Prosthodontic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Prosthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Receptor, Ligand and Channel Research     Open Access  
Journal of Regenerative Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Scientific Innovation in Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Scientific Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Arthroplasty     Open Access  
Journal of Sleep Disorders : Treatment & Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of South American Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stem Cell Therapy and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stomal Therapy Australia     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Journal of Substance Use     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Surgical Academia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Surgical and Clinical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Case Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report     Open Access  
Journal of Systemic Therapies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of The Academy of Clinical Microbiologists     Open Access  
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the American College of Certified Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Anus, Rectum and Colon     Open Access  
Journal of The Arab Society for Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Ceylon College of Physicians     Open Access  
Journal of the Chinese Medical Association     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the College of Community Physicians of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Journal of The Egyptian Public Health Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Grodno State Medical University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of the International Society for Telemedicine and eHealth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Learning Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of the Medical Library Association     Open Access   (Followers: 283)
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the National Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Postgraduate Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Ruhunu Clinical Society     Open Access  
Journal of the Scientific Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Siena Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound     Open Access  
Journal of Thyroid Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tissue Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Tissue Viability     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Topology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Kerbala Journal of Medicine
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1990-5483
Published by Kerbala University Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Correlation between H Pylori Infection and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver
           Disease in Karbala City

    • Abstract: background: NAFLD patients had higher anti IgG H pylori and might be a clue that H pylori infection had a strong link the pathogenesis of early stage NAFLD mostly had simple steatosis. H pylori infection had a role in pathogenesis of IR and NAFLD. H pylori is strong inducer of pro inflammatory cytokine (IL6, IL8, TNF- α).Serum triglyceride was higher in H pylori positive group and NASH. Recent study have investigated weather H pylori induce insulin resistance mediated through fetuin which decrease in patients with sero positive Hpylori IgG patients.Patient and method: Fifty six patients were collecting randomly as a case of fatty liver by ultrasound In Imam AL- Hussain Medical City in Karbala .Obese, DM, alcoholic patients, renal and hepatic diseases were exclude from this study. Fasting blood sample was taken and sent for IgG antibody H pylori, lipid profile, liver function test including ALT and AST.Result: The mean age of patients was 45+10 and majority (65%) was females.(67)% of patients who were fatty liver had Hpylori sero positive IgG (p value
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Acute ST Elevation
           Myocardial Infarction: A ...

    • Abstract: background Early revascularization is critically important in the management of patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction.Aim To assess the benefit of early primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction.Methods This study include 51 patients with acute STEMI they were selected from those who were admitted to the coronary care unit of Karbala cardiac center in Karbala-Iraq during a period between January 2017 and February 2018. Detailed history and thorough physical examination was done. Investigations done for each patient in form of ECG, cardiac troponin, blood urea, serum creatinine, and complete blood picture.Results & discussion percutaneous coronary intervention only, using one stent, two stent, three stent, aspiration catheter, CABG & medical treatment, 7 (13.7%),25(49%), 8(15.6%), none , 4(7.8%), 4(7.8%), 4(7.8%), 3(5.8%) respectively).Infarct related artery, LAD, LCX, RCA & LMS (30(58.8%), 4(7.8%), 6(11.7%), 2(3,9%) respectively, and the number of diseased vessels , single vessel, two vessels, three vessels & LMS which was (20(39.2%), 13(25.4%), 14(27.4%) respectively.Inhospital outcome, which include the following:- favorable outcome, period of hospitalization, access site bleeding, contrast induced nephropathy, death, respectively. Which were (96%, ˂ 1day 38(74.5%), ˃1day 13(25.5), 3.9%, 5.8%, 3.9% respectively)Conclusion in case of ST elevation myocardial infarction, left anterior descending artery is most culprit vessel to be involved, one quarter of patient needs one stent & carry favorable out comes in form of less complications and also decrease the period of hospitalization.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Current Practice in Management of Acute Coronary Syndrome in Tertiary
           Iraqi Cardiac Centers

    • Abstract: background There is continued debate as to whether a routine, early invasive strategy is superior to a conservative strategy for the management of acute coronary syndromes.Aim of the study: To verify current practice in the setting of management of acute coronary syndromes in tertiary cardiac centers in Iraq.Patients and methods Four hundred (400) patients were included in this study from 1st of January 2012 to 1st of January 2013from two tertiary Iraqi cardiac centers. Three hundred (300) patients from Ibn Albitar hospital and One hundred (100) patients from Iraqi center for heart disease refered to them as group (A) and group (B) respectively.Results & discussion Mean age for all patients was54.6±9.9 year. In group A there was 208 male patients (69.3%), 92 female patients (30.6%), in group B there was 65 male patients (65%), 25 female patients (25%). Low score (using thrombolysis in myocardial infarction score) found in 166(41.6%), intermediate score in 221 (55.3%), high in 13 (3.3%), no patients with high score was found in group B, mean TIMI score in group A was 1.61±0.5, in group B was 1.60±0.5 (P value NS). In group A UA found in 249 (83%), STEMI in 23 (7.7%), NSTEMI in 28 (9.3%).In group B UA in 79 (79%), STEMI in16 (16%), NSTEMI in 5 (5%) (Pvalue0.02). Smoking is prevalent more in group A (186 patients (62%) versus 43 patients (34%) in group B), while diabetes mellitus and family history of premature coronary artery were more prevalent in group B (Pvalue0.03).All patients in group A with low score were treated medically while in group B with low score treated invasively. Invasive approach was more in group B compared with group A in intermerdiate risk score.Normal coronaries were found in (3.3%) in group A versus (6.8%) in group B. Percutaneous coronary intervention was applied in (66.6%) in group A versus (50%)in group B, surgery used in (23.3%)in group A versus (28.3%)in group B, medical treatment in (10%) in group A versus (21.6%) in group B.There were no statistical difference between both groups regarding duration of admission to hospital and mortality.Conclusion Management of acute coronary syndromes was the same between tertiary cardiac centers and it is progressing significantly in our country.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Prevalence of Intracerebral Hemorrhage and Its Risk Factors among Stroke
           Cases Admitted to ...

    • Abstract: background: Although hypertension remains the most common cause of non-traumatic Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), several other conditions and lifestyle factors have been associated with ICH such as age, gender, race differences, cigarette smoking, alcohol, drug abuse, anticoagulant treatment, dyslipidemia, and others .Aim: Our aims are to estimate a prevalence and incidence of ICH among stroke cases within Sulaimani’s people, in addition to investigate the main risk factors of patients with ICH among stroke cases admitted to General teaching hospital in Sulaimani city.Patients and method: In this study, 108 patients with either ischemic stroke or non-traumatic ICH were enrolled; these patients were recorded in Sulaimani General Teaching Hospital with a special form of demographic data. All patients were thoroughly examined and investigated with brain CT scan for all and brain MRI for some of them.Discussion: Out of 108 stroke patient admitted, 33 patients (30.6%) had ICH, while 75 patients (69.4%) had ischemic stroke, 19 cases (out of 33) (57.58%) of ICH patients were females, while 14 (42.42%) of them were males. Among the modifiable risk factors of ICH, hypertension remains the most common risk which was present in 25 patients out of 33 (75.8%), but dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus were other less common risk factors which might have predisposed to the occurrence of ICH.In conclusions: Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage, which is a common cause of mortality and morbidity, is relatively a common form of stroke in our locality which is more predominant in females. Hypertension is the main risk factor for spontaneous ICH
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Role of Prophylactic Postoperative Calcium Supplementation Following Total
           Thyroidectomy in ...

    • Abstract: background:Hypocalcemia remains a major post-operative complication of total thyroidectomy causing potentially serious side effects and tension in influenced patients and expanding hospitalization time. Accurate prediction and appropriate management may help reduce morbidity and hospital stay. Aim of study: To evaluate the effect of Ca supplementation following thyroidectomy in preventing hypocalcemia.Patients and Methods: A randomized prospective study including 74 patients who underwent total thyroidectomyin the surgical unit, Department of Surgery, Al-Khidhir Hospital in Al-Muthanna provinceduring a period of two years and six months from Oct, 2015 – April, 2018. Group A - patients who didn’t receive any supplement (37 patients), group B - patients who received Ca therapy immediately after operation (37 patients). Laboratory tests for S.Ca were done preoperatively and postoperatively at day 0, day one, day two, day three, and then after 10 days and for patient who developed hypocalcaemia, another reading was done after 10 – 20 days and followed monthly.Results: No significant differences (P ≥ 0.05) between study groups regarding age, BMI and duration of goiter. At day zero and day one postoperatively, no significant association between prevalence of hypocalcemia and receiving Ca postoperatively (P≥0.05) while at day two and three, this association was significant and hypocalcemia occurred more prevalent in patient of group A. Patients of group B were discharged earlier than patients of group A (58.9% versus 41.1%). Conclusion: Routine Ca supplementation following total thyroidectomy is better than no supplement. Although they do not completely eliminate the occurrence of postoperative hypocalcemia.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Vitamin-D Status in Type 1 Diabetic Children and Teenagers in Karbala,
           Iraq

    • Abstract: background: Vitamin-D deficiency is a very important subject in clinical endocrinology. Low vitamin-D levels detected in many metabolic and immune disorders like Diabetes-Mellitus type 1 (T1DM). Aim: Evaluate vitamin-D status of children & teenagers with T1DM in Karbala, Iraq. Patients and Methods: (171) subjects were enrolled in a case-control study, consisted of two groups; diabetic patients (121) cases (48 male and 73 female), aged 5-16 years and the control non-diabetic (50) (26 female and 24 male) children with matched age and sex. 25 (OH) D3 measured for all subjects, glycosylated hemoglobin was measured for diabetic cases. Results: The level of vitamin-D was significantly lower for diabetic cases (p=.003). Further analysis of vitamin-D using 10ng/ml as cutoff level to assess vitamin-D severe deficiency between diabetic patients and controls shows that percent of severity of vitamin-D deficiency within diabetic cases (42%) was more than control (12%) which was highly significant (p=0.0001). Conclusion: diabetic children are more susceptible to deficiency of vitamin-D than non-diabetics are, with more prevalence of severe deficiency among them. We recommend Measuring of vitamin-D for all T1DM children
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Role of Intravenous Extra Fluid Therapy in Icteric Term Neonates Receiving
           Intensive Phototherapy

    • Abstract: background: Jaundice is a common neonatal problem. This may be due to the limited ability of a neonate to metabolize indirect bilirubin, which predisposes to the risk of encephalopathy and long-term sequelae if not managed promptly. Sufficient hydration and good urine output improve the efficacy of intensive phototherapyThe aim of this study: was to evaluate the role of intravenous extra fluid supplementation in accelerating the reduction of serum bilirubin levels in neonates and to find out whether intravenous fluid supplementation decrease the total duration of phototherapy and the need for exchange transfusionMethods: This is a prospective clinical trial study that was conducted at phototherapy ward at Karbala teaching hospital for children, Iraq from January 2017 to December 2017. Fifty-two term neonates with non-hemolytic hyperbilirubinemia [total serum bilirubin ≥18 mg/dl (308 μmol /L) and
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The Clinical and Pathological Characteristics of Colorectal Cancer in
           Young Age Group in ...

    • Abstract: background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major health problem in Iraq. Aim: to identify the clinicopathological characteristics of colorectal cancer in young Iraqi patients in Karbala. Design of study: Retrospective study was conducted in a single center, Imam AL-Hussein general teaching hospital during the period from January 2009 to April 2017. Patients and Methods: A sample size of 96cases of Colorectal Carcinoma was diagnosed during the study period. The clinic-pathological parameters were reported. Results: The mean age of the patients was (51.68). There is a general increase in the incidence of colorectal cancer across the years with percentage of (41.7%) being younger than 45 years. There was slight male predominance. The predominant site of the tumor is colon in (75%) of cases followed by rectum (17.7%). The most common type was adenocarcinoma (82.1%) followed by mucinous type (27.3%), most patients presented with grade I (61.5%). In the majority of patients the malignancy reaching the pericolic fat (54.5%). About (43.6%) of patients presented with N1 and (50.9%) with stage III followed by stage II in (30.9%). For all cancer grades, the frequency of CRC was higher among patients > 45 years with the majority of patients with grade III being younger than 45 years and this make a significant difference between both categories, (P=0.043). With respect to the depth of invasion, those with advance disease (T3), 17 out of 30 cases were younger than 45 years, thus there was significant difference between 2 age groups. Conclusion: the incidence of colorectal cancer is upgrading in those younger than 45 years
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Correlation between Refractive Error and Corneal Thickness in a sample of
           Iraqi Population with ...

    • Abstract: background: The assessment of corneal thickness has gained importance in different fields of ophthalmology in recent years, and measurement of the central corneal thickness (CCT) has become an important part of a routine examination in refractive surgery.Aim: To determine the Correlation between Refractive Error and Central Corneal Thickness in A NAJAF Population with a Wide Range of Ametropia.Method: In a cross sectional observational study, Involved 399 eyes of 200 Patients for whom the cen-tral corneal thickness (CCT) was measured with Ultrasonic pachymetry (TOMEY PACHYME-TER SP-3000).The refractive error, including sphere, cylinder, and spherical equivalent (SE), were measured with Topcon (KR.8900) autorefractometer And Manual refraction.Examination of anterior segment using slit lamp and fundoscopy using volk + 90 D, were done to exclude any underlying pathology Results: The mean age of the study subjects was 30.71(range, 17 to 61) years. The mean spherical equiva-lent (SE) of the right eye was -3,2475 Diopter (range,-11.25 to 5.75 Diop-ters) while SE of the left eye was-3,2035 Diopter (range,-14.5 to 8.5 Diopters). The mean cen-tral corneal thick-ness(CCT) of the right eye 533,1600 Micron (range,407.00 to 635.00 Mi-cron) while CCT of the left eye was 532,7638 Micron (range,394.00 to 630.00 Micron). No significant correlation were found between spherical equivalent (SE) and central corneal thickness (CCT) of right and left eye among the studied group.Conclusion: No significant Relation found between Refractive errors and central corneal thickness (CCT).
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Assessment of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Risk Factors among Patients with
           Type 2 diabetes ...

    • Abstract: background: Metabolic Syndrome (MS) has become prevalent medical problem globally and the main consequence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and Coronary Heart Diseases (CHD).Aim of Study: To determine the proportion of metabolic syndrome among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and its association with metabolic syndrome risk factors. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based cross sectional study design was carried out on (300) diabetic type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at diabetic outpatient clinic in Merjan Teaching Hospital. The study duration was from December 2011to December 2012. Categorical variables were presented as frequencies and percentages. Continuous variables were presented as means with their 95% confidence interval (CI) and standard deviation. The Pearson's chi-square test (x2) was used to determine the associations between categorical variables. Binary Logistic regression was done for multivariate analysis. A p-value of < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The results showed that, out of 300 diabetic patients, the proportion of metabolic syndrome was 226 (75.3%). The overall mean age of patients was 57.26± 7.07 years. (60.0%) patients were male and (45.7%) of the patients were from urban area. (60.0%) of patients had abdominal obesity and (61.0%) of patients adapt sedentary life style. (76.7%) of patients had high triglyceride, meanwhile, only (39.7%) had normal HDL. Hypertension was presented in (73.7%) of patients. Metabolic syndrome was statistically significant with male, urban area, abdominal obesity, sedentary lifestyle, high triglyceride and hypertension. Patients with high triglyceride were 71 times more likely to develop metabolic syndrome than patients with normal triglyceride. Conclusion: High proportion of metabolic syndrome among diabetic type 2 patients in this study. High triglyceride, urban area and sedentary lifestyle were the strongest predictors of metabolic syndrome.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Compliance of Hypertensive Patients to Medication in AL-Imam AL-Hussein
           medical City- Kerbala- 2018

    • Abstract: background: High blood pressure (BP) is estimated to cause 7.5 million deaths worldwide, around 12.8% of the whole deaths . It is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease and its complications, heart failure, renal insufficiency, stroke and blindness in diabetic patients.Aim: This study is designed to determine the compliance of hypertensive patients attending the consultation clinics of internal medicine in Al-Imam Al-Hussein medical city with treatment regimen and the causes of noncompliance.Method: A descriptive cross- sectional study conducted in the outpatient clinics of Al- Imam Al-Hussein medical city in Kerbala during the period from March till June 2018.Total study sample was 335 hypertensive patients ,their ages over 25 years were selected by convenience sampling procedure according to the inclusion criteria . They were interviewed and assessed using special questionnaire format based on sociodemographic data, Morisky 8- item medication adherence scale (MMAS-8) ,and measuring of blood pressure.Results: the mean age of the patients was 58.69 ± 11.87 years. Good compliance with treatment was present in only 28.36% of the sample, 25.67% with partial compliance and 45.97% had poor compliance. Good control of blood pressure was present only in 23.3% of the patients .The absence of symptoms was the first isolated cause of non-compliance to medication 21.9%, followed by forgetfulness 18.8%, the cost of medication 16.3%, then negligence and carelessness of patients 9.4%, while 23.1% of the patients had more than one specific reason to their poor compliance.Conclusions: the study revealed a low rate of medication compliance and low level of blood pressure control with strong association between them. Compliance increased with age, male gender, higher level of education and income, longer duration of the disease, presence of complications, using healthy diet and having positive believe about hypertension treatment and its consequences.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • A Misleading Presentation of Vogt – koyanaji – Harada Disease

    • Abstract: Purpose: To report an unusual clinical presentation of Vogt – koyanaji – Harada disease.Design and methods: A 36 years-old Iraqi woman presented to Neurology department with chronic headache and bilateral disc edema, neuro-imaging was normal, a provisional diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension was made, aspiration of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was done. The CSF pressure was normal and the patient did not respond to conventional treatment. After 3 weeks, the patient developed drop of vision in the right eye, the patient referred to the Ophthalmology department for evaluation of the visual problem. On examination, vision was counting finger 3 meters right eye and 5 meters left eye. There is bilateral granulomatous uveitis both eyes, bilateral disc edema, and multifocal exudative retinal detachment in both eyes. Optical coherence tomography (OCT), and posterior fundus photography document the presence of multifocal retinal detachment.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Case Report of Chondrodysplasia Punctata: A Rare Complication of
           Hyperemesis Gravidarum

    • Abstract: Chondrodysplasia punctata is a very rare congenital disorder characterized by abnormal calcification within growing cartilage at the ends of the long bones affecting their growth. It has seen in inherited and acquired disorders. Acquired cases may be seen in infants of mothers with deranged vitamin K metabolism during pregnancy as in severe hyperemesis gravidarum. We report 2.5 years girl with features of chondrodysplasia punctata in whom maternal prenatal pregnancy history was remarkable of hyperemesis gravidarum. According to my information, this is the first recorded case in holy Karbala governorate.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 20:30:00 +010
       
 
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