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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2415 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 201 - 400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
AUP Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine (AJUM)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Avicenna Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Medical Journal Khulna     Open Access  
Basal Ganglia     Hybrid Journal  
Basic Sciences of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batı Karadeniz Tıp Dergisi / Medical Journal of Western Black Sea     Open Access  
Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings     Hybrid Journal  
BBA Clinical     Open Access  
BC Medical Journal     Free  
Benha Medical Journal     Open Access  
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bijblijven     Hybrid Journal  
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectronic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Biologics in Therapy     Open Access  
Biology of Sex Differences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomarker Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomarkers in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BioMed Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biomédica     Open Access  
Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical Informatics Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Optics Express     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Photonics     Open Access  
Biomedical Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
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Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BioMedicine     Open Access  
Biomedicine Hub     Open Access  
Biomedicines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedika     Open Access  
Biomolecular and Health Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biophysics Reports     Open Access  
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biostatistics & Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BIRDEM Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birth Defects Research     Hybrid Journal  
Birth Defects Research Part A : Clinical and Molecular Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Birth Defects Research Part C : Embryo Today : Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
BJR|Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BJS Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Black Sea Journal of Health Science     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Blickpunkt Medizin     Hybrid Journal  
BMC Biomedical Engineering     Open Access  
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
BMC Medical Research Methodology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
BMC Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BMC Research Notes     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
BMH Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMI Journal : Bariátrica & Metabólica Iberoamericana     Open Access  
BMJ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1936)
BMJ Case Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BMJ Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BMJ Innovations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BMJ Leader     Hybrid Journal  
BMJ Open     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
BMJ Open Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMJ Surgery, Interventions, & Health Technologies     Open Access  
Bodine Journal     Open Access  
Boletín del Consejo Académico de Ética en Medicina     Open Access  
Boletín del ECEMC     Open Access  
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México     Open Access  
Bone     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Bone and Tissue Regeneration Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Reports     Open Access  
Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Bozok Tıp Dergisi / Bozok Medical Journal     Open Access  
Brachytherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Brain and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Brain Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Brain Connectivity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Brain Impairment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Pain (BrJP)     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Breastfeeding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Biomedical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
British Journal of Hospital Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Buddhachinaraj Medical Journal     Open Access  
Bulletin Amades     Open Access  
Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Legal Medicine     Open Access  
Bulletin of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the History of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Free  
Bulletin of the Scientific Centre for Expert Evaluation of Medicinal Products     Open Access  
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Burapha Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Burns     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cadernos de Naturologia e Terapias Complementares     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Calcified Tissue International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Medical Association Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Medical Education Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Prosthetics & Orthotics Journal     Open Access  
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports     Open Access  
Case Reports in Acute Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Clinical Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Study and Case Report     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cell & Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cell Adhesion & Migration     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cell and Molecular Response to Stress     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cell and Tissue Transplantation and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cell Cycle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cell Death and Differentiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cell Death Discovery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Health and Cytoskeleton     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cell Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cell Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cell Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CEN Case Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Central African Journal of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Cephalalgia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ceylon Journal of Medical Science     Open Access  

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Case Reports
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ISSN (Print) 2462-8522
Published by SciELO Homepage  [911 journals]
  • PUBLIC POLICY FOR CONTROLLING THE TAENIASIS/ CYSTICERCOSIS COMPLEX IN
           COLOMBIA

    •  
  • HUMAN TAENIASIS INFECTION (TAENIA SAGINATA): A COMPLEX PUBLIC
           HEALTH PROBLEM. CASE REPORT

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Introduction: Taeniasis is a zoonosis that can be found worldwide. It is relatively easy to diagnose and its treatment is currently effective. This paper describes the follow-up of a case with persistent refractory taeniasis. Case description: A 31-year-old female patient, street-food seller, was diagnosed with taeniasis when she was 21 years old. Since she was diagnosed, multiple treatments were administered, including albendazole, secnidazole, pirantel pamoato and several metronidazole schemes, which resulted in a partial improvement of the symptoms. In 2018, she expelled a parasite of ~1 meter in length, later described as Taenia saginata; praziquantel was prescribed, but it is not available in Colombia. The patient was referred to the Parasitology Service, and based on her medical history and a scientific review of literature, nitazoxanide (500mg, twice a day, for 3 days) and albendazole (400mg per day, for 3 days) were administered, eliminating the infection and improving the patient's quality of life. Discussion: This case exposes two important clinical aspects. The first is the difficulty of monitoring and treating taeniasis cases. The second is the presence of persistent refractory taeniasis cases. Conclusion: Secondary, tertiary and combination drugs are available for effective and safe treatment of taeniasis. However, there is a need to conduct further studies to achieve better diagnosis, prevention, education and control.RESUMEN Introducción. La teniasis es una zoonosis global con diagnóstico simple y tratamiento efectivo. A continuación se describe el seguimiento de un caso con teniasis refractaria persistente. Presentación del caso. Paciente femenina de 31 años de edad y vendedora de comida callejera, quien fue diagnosticada con teniasis cuando tenía 21 años. Desde su diagnóstico, recibió múltiples regímenes terapéuticos (albendazol, secnidazol, pirantel pamoato y varios esquemas de metro-nidazol) que permitieron una mejoría parcial de los síntomas. En 2018, la paciente expulsó un parásito de ~1m de longitud, después descrito como Taenia saginata, por lo que se indicó manejo con praziquantel, un medicamento no disponible en Colombia. La paciente fue referida al Servicio de Parasitología, y basados en su anamnesis y la revisión de literatura relevante, se indicó manejo con nitazoxanida (500mg, dos veces al día, por 3 días) y albendazol (400mg por día, por 3 días), con lo cual fue posible eliminar la infección. Discusión. Este caso muestra dos aspectos clínicos importantes: la dificultad en el seguimiento y tratamiento de los casos de teniasis, y la presencia de casos de teniasis refractaria persistente. Conclusión. Existen opciones de medicamentos secundarios, terciarios y la combinación de estos que son eficaces y seguros para tratar la teniasis. Sin embargo, es necesario hacer más estudios sobre su diagnóstico, prevención, educación y control.
       
  • DYSMORPHIC FEATURES IN A NEWBORN WITH NEUROLOGICAL, LIVER AND KIDNEY
           INVOLVEMENT BY DEFECTIVE PEROXISOMAL BIOGENESIS. CASE REPORT

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Introduction: Inborn errors of metabolism have significant morbidity and mortality rates in the neonatal period. One of these disorders is defective peroxisomal biogenesis, which causes complex and severe clinical pictures because peroxisomes are present in all nucleated cells of mammals. Case presentation: This is the case of a newborn with dysmorphic features who had seizures at birth and presented with neurological, liver, kidney and heart involvement during her 20 days of life. Necropsy confirmed liver and kidney involvement, which, together with family history of death of a sibling and a cousin, led to suspect a peroxisomal disease that was confirmed by the biochemical alterations observed. Discussion: Dysmorphism and seizures at birth may be an expression of a metabolic disease. The findings of the physical examination and the demonstration of liver, kidney and heart involvement are consistent with the initial description of Zellweger syndrome; the biochemical alterations are conclusive. Conclusions: It is necessary to define if dysmorphism is an isolated finding or if there is involvement of other organ(s) or system(s) to establish a suitable diagnosis of peroxisome biogenesis. Inborn errors of metabolism should be included in the diagnosis of dysmorphic newborns when several organs are involved, since their identification enables genetic counseling.RESUMEN Introducción. Los errores innatos del metabolismo pueden ocasionar altas tasa de morbimortalidad en el período neonatal. Dentro de estos trastornos se encuentran los desórdenes en la biogénesis del peroxisoma, que originan cuadros clínicos complejos y graves debido a que los peroxisomas están presentes en todas las células nucleadas de los mamíferos. Presentación del caso. Paciente dismórfica recién nacida quien presentó convulsiones al nacer y desarrolló compromiso neurológico, hepático, renal y cardíaco durante sus 20 días de vida; en la necropsia se confirmó compromiso hepático y renal, por lo que se sospechó de una enfermedad peroxisomal. Las alteraciones bioquímicas reportadas en el presente caso fueron compatibles con un trastorno en la biogénesis de los peroxisomas. Como antecedente se registró la muerte neonatal de un hermano y un primo. Discusión. La presencia de dismorfismo y convulsiones al nacer puede indicar la presencia de una enfermedad metabólica. En la paciente reportada, los hallazgos del examen físico y la demostración del compromiso hepático, renal y cardíaco se ajustan a la descripción inicial del síndrome de Zellweger; por su parte, las alteraciones bioquímicas son concluyentes de un trastorno en la biogénesis de los peroxisomas. Conclusiones. Es necesario definir si el dismorfismo es un hallazgo aislado y si existe afectación de otros órganos o sistemas para establecer un posible diagnóstico de biogénesis de los peroxisomas. Asimismo, los errores innatos del metabolismo deben incluirse en el diagnóstico de los recién nacidos dismórficos cuando hay compromiso de varios órganos, pues su identificación posibilita la asesoría genética.
       
  • NEURAL THERAPY APPROACH IN A HOSPITALIZED PATIENT WITH ACUTE STRESS
           DISORDER. CASE REPORT

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Introduction: Acute stress disorder is a picture of rapid onset that follows a traumatic event. It is characterized by dissociative, intrusive, avoidance and activation symptoms that affect the quality of life of the patient. To date, there is no evidence of a relationship between altered organ function and this disorder, and there is no literature on its treatment with neural therapy on an inpatient basis. Case presentation: 53-year-old woman, who developed symptoms compatible with acute stress disorder after the resection of an intra-abdominal mass diagnosed as lymphoma. The patient was assessed by the neural therapy department, which applied procaine into specific skin zones -determined by the clinical history and physical examination-, with improvement of dissociated symptoms. Discussion: The neural therapy approach allowed identifying the relationship between the dissociative symptoms of the patient and the associated alteration in organ function, as well as applying a therapy that led to the resolution of the symptoms. Conclusions: The neural therapy approach allows for a comprehensive perspective and treatment of the patient, taking into account the close functional relationship between mind-emotions-body. This type of treatment also offers therapeutic strategies to hospitals, which can accompany the treatment established by other health specialists.RESUMEN Introducción. El trastorno por estrés agudo es un cuadro de rápida instauración que se da luego de un evento traumático y se caracteriza por síntomas disociativos, intrusivos, de evitación y de activación que afectan la calidad de vida del paciente. A la fecha, no se ha evidenciado una relación causal orgánica de este trastorno y tampoco existe literatura sobre su intervención mediante terapia neural intrahospitalaria. Presentación del caso. Paciente femenino de 53 años quien desarrolló síntomas compatibles con un trastorno por estrés agudo posterior a la resección de una masa abdominal secundaria a un linfoma. La mujer fue valorada por el servicio de medicina neuralterapéutica, que intervino con procaína en sitios específicos de la piel -determinados por anamnesis y examen físico- con posterior mejoría de los síntomas disociativos. Discusión. El enfoque neuralterapeútico permitió, por un lado, identificar un vínculo entre los síntomas disociativos de la paciente y la alteración orgánica asociada, y, por el otro, hacer una intervención con la que se logró la resolución de tales síntomas. Conclusiones. La medicina neuralterapéutica ofrece estrategias de intervención a nivel hospitalario que pueden ir concomitantes al tratamiento instaurado por otras profesiones en el área de la salud ya que permite tener una perspectiva integral del paciente al considerar la estrecha relación funcional entre mente, emociones y cuerpo.
       
  • ENVENOMATION BY AN ARACHNID (LATRODECTUS OR STEATODA): CASE REPORT
           INVOLVING A WOMAN AND HER FEMALE DOG

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Introduction: Accidents involving spiders bites usually cause mild medical reactions that lead to local symptoms and, less commonly, systemic effects. The most medically significant spiders belong to the genera Latrodectus and Loxosceles. This paper presents a possible case of steatodism in a young woman and her pet. Case description: 26-year-old female patient, who reports a clinical history characterized by paresthesia, malaise, fever, diarrhea and a painful papule in the left cheek after being bitten by a spider. Immediately after being bit, the patient hit the spider with the back of her hand and it fell to the ground, where her dog swallowed it. The dog presented with vomiting and general discomfort after ingestion. Symptomatic therapy was given for comfort, and neither the patient nor the dog required antivenin therapy. Both evolved favorably. Discussion: The relevance of this case is the involvement of two mammals (a human and her dog) due to the accidental contact with a spider, possibly of the genus Latrodectus or Steatoda. Conclusion: Two possible cases of steatodism are described. Since spider bites are a relatively frequent reason for medical consultation in Colombia, it is important to diagnose and manage them properly.RESUMEN Introducción. Los accidentes producidos por arañas suelen ser eventos médicos poco severos. La mordedura provoca, por lo general, síntomas locales y, menos frecuente, efectos sistémicos. Las arañas más importantes desde el punto de vista médico pertenecen a los géneros Latrodectus y Loxosceles. Se reporta un posible caso de steatodismo en una mujer joven y su mascota. Presentación del caso. Paciente femenino de 26 años quien presenta cuadro clínico de 5 días de evolución caracterizado por parestesia, malestar general, fiebre, diarrea y una pápula dolorosa en la mejilla izquierda después de ser mordida por una araña. La joven golpea la araña inmediatamente con el dorso de la mano y esta cae al suelo, donde su perra la ingiere; esta última presenta vómito y malestar general después de la ingesta. Como tratamiento se administró terapia sintomática y ninguna de ellas requirió antiveneno. Ambas evolucionaron favorablemente. Discusión. Se presentan dos posibles casos de steatodismo, siendo el aspecto relevante del presente caso que tanto la paciente como su mascota presentaron síntomas debido al contacto accidental con una araña, posiblemente del género Latrodectus o Steatoda. Conclusión. Dado que los accidentes por mordedura de araña son relativamente frecuentes para la consulta médica en Colombia, es importante diagnosticarlos y manejarlos de forma adecuada.
       
  • ACUTE TUBULOINTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS DUE TO THE USE OF RIFAMPICIN. CASE
           REPORT

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Introduction: Rifampin is a cornerstone for the first phase of the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. This report presents the case of a patient with allergic tubulointerstitial nephritis (ATIN) due to rifampin, situation that has not been reported in Colombia. Case presentation: A male patient with a history of pulmonary tuberculosis treated with rifampin developed acute kidney injury. On admission, no evidence of abnormalities or history to explain the injury was found, but he did present tubular acidosis and associated Fanconi syndrome. The kidney injury was temporarily consistent with rifampicin use, and a kidney biopsy confirmed ATIN. The drug was suspended, resulting in improved kidney function. Discussion: ATIN as a side effect of rifampin is a scarcely reported disease. The risk of developing this condition should be considered when starting and restarting treatments with this medication. Conclusion: ATIN is one of the side effects of tuberculosis treatment. Albeit rare, it should be considered when starting tuberculosis medications.RESUMEN Introducción. La rifampicina es un medicamento fundamental en la primera fase del tratamiento en la tuberculosis pulmonar; sin embargo, esta puede causar nefritis tubulointersticial aguda (NTIA) en raras ocasiones. Presentación del caso. Paciente masculino con antecedentes de tuberculosis y en tratamiento con rifampicina, quien desarrolló lesión renal aguda. Al ingreso, el sujeto no registró anormalidades o antecedentes que explicaran lesión renal, pero sí presentaba acidosis tubular y síndrome de Fanconi asociado. La lesión renal concordó temporalmente con el uso de rifampicina y una biopsia de riñón confirmó NTIA. Se ordenó suspender el medicamento, con lo cual la función renal mejoró. Discusión. La NTIA como un efecto secundario de la rifampicina es una enfermedad poco reportada, por tanto, al iniciar y al reiniciar el manejo con este medicamento se debe tener en cuenta el riesgo de desarrollarla. Conclusión. La NTIA es uno de los efectos secundarios del tratamiento de la tuberculosis y, aunque es raro, debe tenerse en cuenta al iniciar el esquema de medicamentos para la tuberculosis.
       
  • COMPLEX REGIONAL PAIN SYNDROME SECONDARY TO SACROCOCCYGEAL DISLOCATION
           FOLLOWING TRAUMA TO THE LUMBOSACRAL REGION. CASE REPORT

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Introduction: The complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a rare condition characterized by inflammatory, vasomotor and central nervous system (CNS) involvement. Its clinical presentation can be subacute, acute or chronic, and may have severe effects on the patient's quality of life. Case description: 21-year-old female patient with trauma in the lumbosacral region associated with pain and functional limitation. Diagnostic imaging showed sacrococcygeal dislocation with subsequent inflammatory and acute and chronic autonomic symptoms that were treated medically and surgically. The patient responded to treatment with long-term improvement of the symptoms. Discussion: In this case, CRPS occurred after trauma and caused subacute symptoms that became even more acute until reaching a chronic presentation. Inflammation, vasomotor dysfunction and CNS involvement made this case a multidisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Conclusion: CRPS is a rare disease that is difficult to diagnose. However, diagnosis should be timely in order to initiate personalized treatment, since this disease considerably affects the patient's quality of life.RESUMEN Introducción. El síndrome doloroso regional complejo (SDRC) es una patología poco frecuente que se caracteriza por causar compromiso a nivel inflamatorio, vasomotor y del sistema nervioso central (SNC). Su presentación clínica puede ser subaguda, aguda o crónica y puede afectar considerablemente la calidad de vida del paciente. Presentación del caso. Paciente femenina de 21 años con trauma en región lumbosacra asociado a dolor y limitación funcional, a quien se le practicaron imágenes diagnosticas que evidenciaron luxofractura sacrococcígea con posterior presencia de síntomas inflamatorios y autonómicos (agudos y crónicos) que se trataron con medicamentos y cirugía. La paciente respondió al tratamiento con mejoría de la sintomatología a largo plazo. Discusión. El SDRC se presentó posterior a un traumatismo y ocasionó sintomatología subaguda que se agudizó hasta llegar a la presentación crónica de la enfermedad. La inflamación, la disfunción vasomotora y el compromiso del SNC hacen de este caso un reto diagnóstico y terapéutico multidisciplinario. Conclusión. El SDRC es una patología poco frecuente y de difícil diagnóstico; sin embrago, es necesario diagnosticarlo de forma oportuna para poder iniciar un tratamiento personalizado, ya que es una enfermedad que compromete considerablemente la calidad de vida del paciente.
       
  • PNEUMOMEDIASTINUM AND PNEUMOPERICARDIUM IN AN ADOLESCENT WITH ASTHMA
           ATTACKS. CASE REPORT

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Introduction: Pneumomediastinum is defined as the presence of air in the mediastinal cavity. This is a rare disease caused by surgical procedures, trauma or spontaneous scape of air from the lungs; asthma is a frequently associated factor. It has extensive differential diagnoses due to its symptoms and clinical signs. Case presentation: A 17-year-old female patient presented with respiratory symptoms for 2 days, dyspnea, chest pain radiated to the neck and shoulders, right supraclavicular subcutaneous emphysema, wheezing in both lung fields, tachycardia and tachypnea. On admission, laboratory tests revealed leukocytosis and neutrophilia, and chest X-ray showed subcutaneous emphysema in the right supraclavicular region. Diagnosis of pneumomediastinum was confirmed through a CT scan of the chest. The patient was admitted for treatment with satisfactory evolution. Discussion: Pneumomediastinum occurs mainly in young patients with asthma, and is associated with its exacerbation. This condition can cause other complications such as pneumopericardium, as in this case. The course of the disease is usually benign and has a good prognosis. Conclusion: Because of its presentation, pneumomediastinum requires clinical suspicion to guide the diagnosis and treatment. In this context, imaging is fundamental.RESUMEN Introducción. El neumomediastino se define como la presencia de aire en la cavidad mediastinal; esta es una enfermedad poco frecuente que puede aparecer por procedimientos quirúrgicos, traumas o espontáneamente (siendo el asma es un factor frecuentemente asociado) y que tiene amplios diagnósticos diferenciales debido a su sintomatología y signos clínicos. Presentación del caso. Paciente femenina de 17 años de edad con síntomas respiratorios de 2 días de evolución que consistían en disnea, dolor torácico irradiado a cuello y hombros, enfisema subcutáneo supraclavicular derecho, sibilancias en ambos campos pulmonares, taquicardia y taquipnea. Al ingreso, los exámenes paraclínicos evidenciaron leucocitosis y neutrofilia, y la radiografía de tórax mostró enfisema subcutáneo en la región supraclavicular derecha. Se confirmó diagnóstico de neumomediastino con tomografía axial computarizada de tórax y se hospitalizó para manejo con evolución satisfactoria. Discusión. El neumomediastino se presenta principalmente en pacientes jóvenes con asma y está asociado a la exacerbación de esta, asimismo, puede generar otras complicaciones en sitios continuos, como el neumopericardio del presente caso. El curso de la enfermedad es usualmente benigno y de buen pronóstico. Conclusión. Por su presentación, el neumomediastino requiere una importante sospecha clínica para poder orientar su diagnóstico y tratamiento; por tanto, la imagenología es fundamental.
       
  • GIANT RIGHT CORONARY ARTERY ANEURYSM.

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Introduction: Coronary aneurysms are rare and are linked to drug abuse; symptomatology depends on the coronary anatomy. This is a case of acute coronary syndrome associated with a giant right coronary aneurysm. Case description: A 40-year-old male, with history of heroin and crack use since age 20, attended consultation due to dyspnea, stable angina and diaphoresis. An electrocardiogram showed ST segment overlay on the underside and troponin problems. A coronary catheterization was performed, which revealed apparent inconclusive aorta-to-right atrium fistula. Based on the findings, angiotomography and magnetic resonance imaging were performed, finding a giant right coronary aneurysm. The aneurysm was resected using extracorporeal circuit, femoral cannulation, moderate hypothermia, aortic cross-clamping and cardioplegia, and the right coronary artery was revascularized with the left internal saphenous vein. The patient had a satisfactory postoperative period and was discharged after 7 days. Conclusion: There is an important association between drug use and the development of coronary aneurysms. Aneurysm size makes diagnosis difficult, so complementary studies are necessary to establish a differential diagnosis. An appropriate surgical approach allows for a complete resection of the aneurysm and optimal coronary revascularization.RESUMEN Introducción. La presentación de aneurismas coronarios es rara, sin embargo se asocian al abuso de drogas; su sintomatología depende de la anatomía coronaria. Se presenta el caso de un síndrome coronario agudo asociado a un aneurisma gigante de la arteria coronaria derecha. Presentación del caso. Paciente masculino de 40 años con antecedente de consumo de heroína y crack desde los 20 años, quien consultó por disnea, angina estable y diaforesis. El electrocardiograma evidenció supradesnivel del segmento ST en cara inferior y elevación de troponinas, por lo que se realizó cateterismo coronario que reveló aparente fístula aorto-atrial derecha no concluyente. Dados los hallazgos, se decidió realizar angiotomografía y resonancia magnética que mostraron aneurisma gigante de arteria coronaria derecha. Se realizó resección de aneurisma con circulación extracorpórea, canulación femoral, hipotermia moderada, pinzamiento aórtico y cardioplejia, y se revascularizó la arteria coronaria derecha con vena safena interna izquierda. El paciente tuvo posoperatorio satisfactorio y se le dio de alta a los 7 días. Conclusiones. El tamaño del aneurisma puede dificultar su diagnóstico, por lo que estudios complementarios son útiles para establecer un diagnóstico diferencial. El abordaje quirúrgico adecuado permite realizar una resección completa del aneurisma y una revascularización coronaria óptima.
       
  • ASYSTOLE IN AN OLDER PATIENT WITH RECURRENT FALLS. CASE REPORT

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Introduction: Recurrent falls are a usual problem in older patients. It is therefore important to learn how to differentiate a pathological or syncopal episode from a simple stumbling fall, especially in patients who have limitations for communicating clearly and are poorly understood, in general terms, during the medical consultation. Implantable loop recorders (ILR) have been used as an investigation tool in selected cases of recurrent falls in older patients. Consequently, this case report aims to describe its usefulness in this type of patients. Case presentation: An 87-year-old female patient, hypertensive, with a history of recent stroke and frequent falls -referred to as stumbling-, received an implantable loop recorder due to atrial fibrillation. During one follow-up appointment, a 36-second pause related to a fall was documented, so a bicameral pacemaker was implanted. Conclusions: Evaluating repeated falls in older patients is complex; it must be done in detail to rule out syncopal episodes. Implantable devices to diagnose arrhythmic causes are useful and allow achieving accurate diagnoses and establish specific behaviors aimed at improving the quality of life of patients.RESUMEN Introducción. Las caídas frecuentes son un problema común en pacientes de la tercera y la cuarta edad, por tanto es importante saber diferenciar cuando se trata de un evento patológico o sincopal, y cuando es un simple tropiezo, sobre todo en pacientes que tienen limitaciones para comunicarse de forma clara y son poco entendidos en términos generales durante la consulta médica. Los monitores de eventos cardiacos pueden ser usados en casos seleccionados de caídas frecuentes en adultos mayores para determinar las posibles causas de estos eventos, por lo que el presente reporte de caso pretende mostrar cuál es su utilidad en un paciente con caídas no sincopales a repetición. Presentación del caso. Paciente femenina de 87 años, hipertensa, con evento cerebrovascular reciente e historia de caídas a repetición referidas como tropiezos, a quien se le implantó un dispositivo diagnóstico de fibrilación auricular. En uno de los controles se observó pausa de 36 segundos relacionada con episodio de caída, por lo que se implantó un marcapasos bicameral. Conclusiones. La evaluación de caídas a repetición en pacientes mayores es compleja y debe realizarse de forma detallada para descartar síncope. El uso de monitores de eventos cardiacos para la identificación de causas arrítmicas de estos eventos permite diagnósticos certeros, con lo que a su vez es posible establecer tratamientos específicos que mejoren la calidad de vida de los pacientes.
       
 
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