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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2235 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ALERTA : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

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Annals of Health Research
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2476-8642 - ISSN (Online) 2536-6149
Published by Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Serum Ferritin and Blood Pressure modulation in first-time and regular
           blood donors

    • Authors: Oluseye Vincent Osunkalu, Alani Sulaimon Akanmu, Aderonke Shakirat Lawal -Folorunsho
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Background: The health benefits of blood donation are well known. However, the overall effect of long term regular blood donation on body iron store and blood pressure need to be evaluated among voluntary blood donors. Objective: To determine the effect of long term, regular blood donation on body iron store and blood pressure among regular voluntary non-remunerated blood donors in Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: Consenting adult blood donors (n = 320), ranging from the first time to regular blood donors were studied over six months. Supine blood pressure (BP) readings were taken twice at 30 minutes interval with a mercury sphygmomanometer. Venous whole blood was drawn into EDTA anti-coagulated and plain tubes for haematological parameters and serum ferritin estimation using Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) method. Results: The mean serum ferritin levels declined significantly from 95.5ng/mL among first time donors to 68.9ng/mL among Category III donors (p = 0.035). Male voluntary blood donors had increased risk of low serum ferritin level (OR = 5.02; 95%CI= 1.12-22.51; p = 0.035). Lower values of serum ferritin were recorded more frequently among donors within the 21-30 year age category (OR = 1.54; 95%CI = 1.0-2.71; p= 0.042). Long term regular voluntary blood donation was associated with significant reduction in mean systolic blood pressure (p = 0.01). Conclusion: Long term blood donation resulted in the reduction of blood pressure. Progressive increase in the duration of donation resulted in reduced iron stores even as haemoglobin concentration levels remained acceptable for blood donation.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-1-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • A Seven-Year retrospective review of stroke admissions in Benin-City,
           Southern Nigeria

    • Authors: Edith Kayode-Iyasere, Francis Ehidiamen Odiase
      Pages: 11 - 19
      Abstract: Background: Stroke is a significant cause of hospital admissions, disability and mortality, but there is a lack of information on stroke in parts of the southern region of Nigeria. Objective: To analyze the frequency of stroke admissions, clinical presentations, risk factors, stroke types and outcomes over seven years, in a secondary level hospital in southern Nigeria. Methods: This was a retrospective study. The hospital record of patients hospitalized between January 2006 and December 2012 at the Central Hospital, Benin-City with the diagnosis of stroke based on the World Health Organization (WHO)-clinical criteria, were studied. Results: Four hundred and nineteen patients with stroke were hospitalized during the study period; this accounted for 3.1% of all the medical admissions. The mean age was 62.4 ± 13.6 years. There were 222 (53%) males and 197(47.0%) females. Ischaemic stroke occurred among 71% of cases; others included intra-cerebral haemorrhage (26%) and subarachnoid haemorrhage (3.1%).  The main presenting features included hemiparesis (69%) and sudden loss of consciousness (27.2%). The risk factors included hypertension (84%) and diabetes mellitus (12.2%). The 7, 14 and 30 days case fatality rates were 21.2%, 25.5% and 30.8% respectively. A higher case fatality rate was recorded in haemorrhagic stroke compared to ischaemic stroke (68.8% vs 24%, p = 0.0001). Conclusion: Stroke was a significant cause of mortality amongst medical admissions and hypertension was the most common risk factor. Closer attention to the risk factors for stroke may likely help to reduce the burden of stroke. 
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-2-32
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • Neonatal macrosomia and associated morbidities in Sagamu, Nigeria

    • Authors: Olusoga Ogunfowora, Tinuade Ogunlesi, Victor Ayeni, Tessie Shorunmu
      Pages: 20 - 28
      Abstract: Background: The incidence of neonatal macrosomia is on the increase in many parts of the world. The impact of the condition on baby and child health has not received adequate research attention. Objective: To determine the prevalence, baby and maternal characteristics, the pattern of neonatal morbidity and perinatal outcome of macrosomia. Methods: A retrospective study of all singleton deliveries with birth weight ≥ 4.0 kg was conducted at a tertiary facility in the south-western part of Nigeria between January 2013 and December 2014. Results: Eighty-eight newborn babies were macrosomic out of 1854 deliveries, resulting in a prevalence rate of 4.7%. The male-to-female ratio was 1: 0.54, while the mean (±SD) birth weight was 4.23 ± 0.29 kg. There was no significant difference in the mean birth weights of the male and female babies (t = 1.24, p = 0.218). The mean maternal age was 31.7 ± 5.1 years.  Multiparous mothers had the highest proportion of macrosomic babies, while a majority of mothers (77.3%) were either overweight or obese. One-minute Apgar score <7 was observed among 28 (31.8%) babies. Twenty-three (26.1%) babies were hospitalized for further management. Birth asphyxia, hypoglycaemia and hyperbilirubinaemia were the leading morbidities. The perinatal mortality rate for macrosomic babies was 102.2 per 1000 total births. Conclusion: The incidence of neonatal macrosomia is relatively low in our study population but falls within the range of prevalence rates reported from other parts of the country. Birth asphyxia, hypoglycaemia and hyperbilirubinemia are common morbidities among affected babies.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-3-33
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • Comparison of Post-Operative Symptom Severity (PoSSe) Scores in patients
           undergoing Mandibular Third Molar surgery in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

    • Authors: Olufemi Ogundipe, Azuka Ralph Njokanma
      Pages: 29 - 35
      Abstract: Background: The Post-Operative Symptom Severity (Posse) score is useful in the assessment of patients after third molar surgery. Objective: To evaluate patients' perceptions of quality of life after surgical extraction of an impacted mandibular third molar by comparing their Post-operative Symptom Severity (PoSSe) scores at Post-operative Weeks (POW) 1 and 4. Methods: Seventy patients (age 18 to 35 years) at the Out-Patient Department were enrolled in a prospective study prior to surgical removal of third molars. Each patient was given a PoSSe questionnaire to be completed at POW 1 and POW 4. The scale assessed recovery in seven key domains on patients’ subjective feeling about pain, eating, speech, sensation, appearance, sickness and interference with daily activities. Results: All but one patient returned completely filled questionnaires. The mean age of the study population was 25.7 ± 4.5 years. The mean PoSSe score at POW 1 and POW 4 were 35.0 ± 7.2 and 33.2 ± 6.9 respectively with statistically significant difference (p = 0.010). The PoSSe score was higher among males compared to females at POW 1 (37.2 ± 7.6 vs 33.5 ± 6.6) and also higher among males at POW 4 (33.8 ± 9.4 vs 32.7 ± 4.6). Conclusion: The severity of symptoms was perceived to be worse at POW 1 when compared to POW4 but the symptoms were still severe at POW4. There is a need for surgeons need to pay more attention to management of symptoms in the post-operative intermediate period.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-4-34
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • A rural-urban comparison of ownership and utilization of Long-Lasting
           Insecticide Treated Nets among pregnant women in Ogun State Nigeria

    • Authors: Temitope 'Wunmi Ladi-Akinyemi, Babatunde Oladipupo Ladi-Akinyemi, Adedoyin Oyeyimika Ogunyemi, Frances Ademola Oluwole
      Pages: 36 - 50
      Abstract: Background: The use of Long-Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) in Africa increased mean birth weight by 55g, reduced the incidence of low birth weight by 23% and decreased miscarriages/stillbirths by 33%. However, the benefit of the LLINs may be limited by the rate of ownership and utilization by pregnant women. Objective: To determine and compare the ownership and utilization of LLINs among pregnant women in urban and rural areas of Ogun State. Methods: A community-based comparative cross-sectional study on 72 and 74 pregnant women living in urban and rural areas, respectively of Ogun State was carried out. Using a multi-stage cluster sampling technique and a pretested semi-structured interviewer-administered questionnaire, information on LLINs ownership and use were obtained. Results: Ownership of LLINs was 81.1% in rural areas compared to 66.7% in urban areas. About 65% of participants in rural versus 44.4% in urban areas slept under LLINs. The predictor of ownership of LLIN was age group 15-24 years [AOR 0.10 (95%CI 0.01 - 0.56)]. The predictors of utilization of LLINs included urban residence [AOR 0.29 (95%CI 0.13 – 0.65)], age group 15-24 years [AOR 0.17 (95%CI 0.04 – 0.70)], registration of pregnancy for antenatal care [AOR 5.12 (95%CI 1.14 – 23.03)] and knowledge on prevention of malaria [AOR 4.94 (95%CI 1.51 – 16.17)]. Conclusion: Pregnant women should visit ANC clinics regularly, and health education on malaria should focus more on the prevention of malaria as well as encouraging the consistent use of the nets, particularly in the urban areas.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-5-35
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • Knowledge, Attitude, Practices and associated factors of HIV/AIDS among
           adolescents in Ora Community, Edo State

    • Authors: Otaniyenuwa Eloghosa Obarisiagbon, Antoinette Ngozi Ofili, Alphonsus Rukewe Isara, Stephanine Udi Ighedosa
      Pages: 51 - 64
      Abstract: Background: Adolescents constitute a significant proportion of the vulnerable group in the society and often engage in risky sexual behaviours which predispose to HIV/AIDS. Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude, preventive practices of HIV/AIDS and its associated factors among adolescents in Ora community, Edo State. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 440 secondary school students selected by stratified sampling technique. Data was obtained with pretested interviewer-administered questionnaires. Results: Two hundred and forty-two (242; 55.0%) of the respondents were aged 10 – 14 years. Two hundred and seventy-one 271 (61.6%) of the respondents had good knowledge of HIV/AIDS, while 291 (59.3%) had a positive attitude towards HIV/AIDS. Age 15 – 19 years (p = 0.001) male sex (p = 0.049) and respondents in SS2 class (p = 0.005) were significantly associated with knowledge. A negative attitude was recorded among 139 (51.3%) students who had good knowledge. The relationship between knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS was statistically significant (p = 0.01). Twenty-five (73.5%) of the sexually active respondents had poor preventive practice regarding HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: More than half of the students had good knowledge and positive attitude towards HIV/AIDS while a majority of them who were sexually active had poor preventive practices. Respondents aged 15 – 19 years, males and in SS2 class significantly had good knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Health education intervention programs targeted on the prevention of HIV/AIDS should be designed for Secondary School Students.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-6-36
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • A Seven-Year Review of Emergency Obstetric Hysterectomy in a Nigerian
           Tertiary Institution

    • Authors: Olusoji Edward Jagun, Gbenga Victor Nathaniel, Adeniyi Kazeem Akinseku
      Pages: 65 - 72
      Abstract: Background: Extirpative uterine surgeries for near-miss events are usually the last resort when other conservative measures fail. Emergency obstetric hysterectomy (EOH) may still have a significant role where there are limited options. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of EOH, the associated factors and the foeto-maternal outcome at the Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study covering seven years (January 2010 to December 2016). The case records of patients who had EOH during this period were retrieved for data extraction. Results: There were 5, 608 deliveries and 31 cases requiring EOH giving a prevalence rate of 31/5,608 (0.55%). The mean age of the patients was 30.3±4.2 years, while the mean gestational age at delivery was 36.3±5.1 weeks. Most of the patients 16/25 (64.0%) were of higher parity (>3), and 12/25 (48%) of the patients were within the age bracket of 25-34 years. Subtotal hysterectomy was the most common procedure (18; 72.0%), and ruptured uterus was the main indication for EOH (40.0%). The two most common interventions that were critical to survival included massive blood transfusion (24.0%) and Intensive Care Unit admission (20%). Two (8%) maternal deaths and 58.3% perinatal mortality were recorded. Conclusion: EOH is still relatively frequently performed at this centre due to the high incidence of a ruptured uterus. Efforts should be made to increase the proportion of deliveries attended by skilled personnel and improve the capacity of lower level hospitals for comprehensive emergency obstetric care.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-7-37
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • Comparison of operative ‘difficulty’ with post-operative sequelae in
           lower third molar surgery

    • Authors: Adekunle Moses Adetayo, Modupe Olusola Adetayo, mayowa Solomon Somoye, Michael O Adeyemi
      Pages: 73 - 84
      Abstract: Background: The outcome of studies on the effect of patients’ factors, dental factors and operative factors on postoperative sequelae following surgical extraction of lower third molar have been unequivocal. Objective: To determine the effect of surgical difficulty (using Pederson’s scale), Body Mass Index (BMI) and operative time on the extent of post-operative pain, swelling and trismus following third molar surgery. Methods: The study was a prospective analytical study of the effect of surgical difficulty, BMI, age and operative time – Total Intervention Time (TIT) - on the extent of post-operative pain, swelling and trismus. Eighty-four subjects with surgical extraction of impacted lower third molar were studied. All the subjects had a standard Peri-apical radiograph through which the difficulty index was calculated for all third molars using the Pederson scale. Anthropometric vertical and horizontal facial measurements and pain measurement were taken pre-operatively and post-operatively on days 1, 3, 5 and 7. Results: Of the 84 subjects, 16 (19%) were males, while 68 (81%) were females in the ratio of 1:4.2. BMI showed a positive correlation with all the three variables and was significant for swelling on the post-operative days assessed while TIT showed a negative correlation with most of the variables and was significant for trismus. Conclusion: This study showed that age and operative time might have an inverse relationship with the common post-operative complications after lower third molar surgery and BMI might influence the extent of these complications.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-8-38
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • The spectrum of thyroid disorders at the Endocrine Clinic of Olabisi
           Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, South-west, Nigeria

    • Authors: Ayo Ale, Opeyemi Bamise Aloro, Ayanbola Adepoju, Olatunde Odusan
      Pages: 85 - 92
      Abstract: Background: Thyroid disorders constitute the second most common endocrine disorders worldwide, but they are less commonly researched in this environment due to low cost-effectiveness. Objective: To study the spectrum of thyroid disorders at the Endocrinology Clinic of a tertiary health facility in Sagamu, South-west, Nigeria, over two years. Method: This retrospective study was conducted on all new clinic attendees with thyroid disorders between January 2016 and December 2017. The data retrieved included clinical data, results of thyroid function tests and thyroid ultrasonographic scan. The patients were grouped clinically into euthyroid, hypothyroid and thyrotoxic states. Results: A total of 93 thyroid cases were seen, and this constituted 13.64% of all new endocrine consultations (682 patients). The mean age (±SD; range) of the patients was 37.6 (13.6; 15-78) years. Majority of the patients were females with a female-to-male ratio of 4.5:1. Out of these, 77.4% had Goitrous enlargement. Thyrotoxicosis was the most common form of thyroid dysfunction, (72; 77.40%), mainly due to hyperthyroidism from Graves’ disease (50; 69.44%), followed by toxic multinodular goitre (12; 16.67%), toxic solitary nodular goiter (5; 6.94%) and others (5; 6.95 %). Hypothyroidism constituted 10.75% while euthyroid goitre constituted 11.85% of all thyroid cases. Conclusion: Auto-immune thyroid disease remains the most common thyroid disorder among endocrine clinic attendees. There is a need for further studies to elucidate the likely aetiologies. 
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-9-39
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • Serum Vitamin D, Calcium and Phosphate among children with pneumonia

    • Authors: Oluwakemi Tolu Adegoke, Jerome Boluwatife Elusiyan, Joshua Aderinsola Owa, Perpetua Okwuchi Obiajunwa, Tewogbade Adeoye Adedeji, Abimbola Samuel Phillips
      Pages: 93 - 101
      Abstract: Background: Vitamin D is partly responsible for maintaining calcium and phosphate homeostasis but has been shown to have immune modulatory functions. Objective: To measure serum levels of vitamin D, and plasma levels of calcium and phosphate in children with pneumonia and compare with those of apparently healthy controls. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving seventy-six children with pneumonia, matched with 76 apparently healthy controls. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in the mean serum vitamin D levels between the cases and the controls (t = 1.190, p = 0.236). The mean serum vitamin D level was significantly higher in children with non-severe pneumonia than in those with severe pneumonia (t = 3.299, p = .002). The mean serum vitamin D level was higher among the controls than those with severe pneumonia (t = 2.674, p = 0.009). The mean plasma calcium and phosphate levels in the controls were significantly higher than in the cases (t = 2.528, p = .013 and t = 4.594, p < .001 respectively). Plasma calcium and phosphate levels did not vary with the severity of pneumonia. Pneumonia was independently associated with the occurrence of hypocalcaemia and hypophosphataemia (OR = 4.366, 95% CI = 1.851-10.295, p = 0.001; OR = 7.355, 95% CI = 1.545-35.027, p = 0.01 respectively). Conclusion: Children with severe pneumonia had lower levels of vitamin D than those with the non-severe disease. Derangements in plasma levels of calcium and phosphate are common in children with pneumonia, and these abnormalities occur independently of low vitamin D levels.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-10-40
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • Clients and service providers’ assessment of Public and Non-Governmental
           Youth-Friendly Health Services in Lagos Nigeria: A mixed method approach

    • Authors: Toriola Femi-Adebayo, Olusola A Adejumo, Bisola Adebayo, Andrew Airauhi, Victor Adepoju
      Pages: 102 - 113
      Abstract: Background: The World Health Organization prescribed that Youth-Friendly health services must be accessible, acceptable, equitable, efficient, effective, comprehensive and appropriate to meet the health needs of young people. Objective: To compare the clients’ and service providers’ assessment of services offered at the public and Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Youth Friendly facilities (YFF) in Lagos Nigeria. Methods: A mixed method approach was used. Structured questionnaires were administered on youths (294 from public and 273 from NGO YFF) from ten (5 public and 5 NGO) YFF. Ten key informant interviews with service providers were also conducted between March 1st and December 31st 2014. SPSS version 22 was used to analyze quantitative data while thematic analysis of interviews with service providers was done. Results: Youths who utilized the public YFF had 60% chance (AOR 1.6, 95%CI 1.3 – 2.5, p= 0.005) of experiencing longer waiting times, 80% chance (AOR 1.8, 95%CI 1.2 – 2.8, p=0.004) of being counseled in a separate room and over two-fold chance (AOR 2.3, 95%CI 1.7 – 3.3, p <0.001) of having free services. Sexual and reproductive health was the major complaint area of the youths while funding was the major challenge of service providers at both the public and NGO YFF. Conclusion: To address the needs of the youths, there is a need to provide more funds and provide necessary logistics required by YFF.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-11-41
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • Prevalence, pattern and determinants of urine abnormalities among school
           pupils in a semi-urban community

    • Authors: Abiodun Kofoworola Alaje, Tamra Runsewe-Abiodun, Olatunbosun Oladipupo Olawale
      Pages: 114 - 125
      Abstract: Background: Dipstick urinalysis is a semi-quantitative examination of the urine, which can be utilized as a screening and diagnostic tool in children. It is rapid, sensitive, easy to perform and affordable for the resource-poor environment. Objectives: To describe the pattern of urinalysis findings using urinary dipsticks and the determinants of urine abnormality among pupils in primary schools in a semi-urban area. Methods: Apparently healthy 387 pupils were recruited from 10 public and 5 private primary schools in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria using multi-stage and proportionate sampling techniques. Data on demography, nutritional status and urinary examination were obtained using Interviewer-administered questionnaires, clinical examination and dipstick urinalysis respectively. Results: Dipstick urinalysis revealed the following; urine pH and specific gravity were normal in 98.2% and 100.0% of the pupils respectively. Protein, leukocyte esterase, nitrite, bilirubin, urobilinogen, blood and ketones were detected in 18.1%, 15.8%, 14.2%, 3.3%, 2.1%, 0.8%, and 0.5% respectively. Glucose and ascorbic acid were generally absent in the urine samples. Female gender significantly contributed to the pattern of urinalysis (leukocyte esterase and nitrites). Proteinuria was most frequent among the underweight (38/70; 54.3%). Urine abnormalities were more prevalent among pupils in public schools compared with private schools though not statistically significant, and not influenced by gender. Conclusion: Asymptomatic proteinuria and urinary tract infection are not uncommon among children. Female gender and socio-economic status play a role in the incidence of the conditions.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-12-42
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • Blood cellular markers of inflammation in Breast Cancer and response to
           Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

    • Authors: Babatunde Adeteru Ayoade, Babatunde Abayomi Salami, Kolawole Sunday Oritogun, Omotola Toyin Ojo, Henry Okuchukwu Ebili, Oluwabunmi Motunrayo Fatungase
      Pages: 126 - 134
      Abstract: Background: Breast cancer is the most common female malignancy in Nigeria. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is the first line treatment for locally advanced breast cancer. The advancement of many cancers is accompanied by inflammation, and inflammatory cells play an essential role in the progression. Objective: To determine if haematological parameters can predict the responsiveness of breast cancer to neoadjuvant chemotherapy regime. Method: A prospective cohort study of all breast cancer patients who had neoadjuvant chemotherapy between July 2017 and December 2018 was carried out. Haematological parameters of red cell count (RCC), white cell count(WCC), neutrophil count (NC), lymphocyte count (LC), platelet count (PC), red cell distribution width (RCDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were measured. Response to chemotherapy was assessed by measuring the longest diameter of the lump and largest lymph node and applying the UICC criteria. Results: Thirty-five females with breast cancer with the age range of 33-82 years and mean age of 48 ± 11 years were studied. The overall clinical response rate was 80% consisting of 40% complete clinical response, 40% partial clinical response, 8.6% stable disease and 11.4% progressive disease. Eleven (78.6%) with PLR values below average had good clinical response while 21.4% of those with PLR value above average had a good clinical response (χ2 = 8.4, p = 0.006) Conclusion:  The study showed that PLR is associated with complete clinical response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and should be used as part of routine assessment before chemotherapy.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-13-43
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • A suspected case of Progressive Familial Intra-hepatic Cholestasis in a
           Six-Year-Old Nigerian Child

    • Authors: Anthony Oyovwikigho Atimati, Paul Ikhurionan
      Pages: 135 - 140
      Abstract: Progressive Familial Intra-hepatic Cholestasis (PFIC) is a group of heterogeneous, autosomal recessive disorders characterized by cholestasis, jaundice and mutilating pruritus, mostly in infancy. The incidence of PFIC ranges from 1:50,000 to 1:100,000. There are three subtypes; Types 1 and 2 typically present in the neonatal period and early infancy while Type 3 can present in early infancy, childhood or adolescence. This report is about a 6-year old Nigerian girl who presented with jaundice and severe pruritus of one-month duration and abdominal pain of a week duration. The symptoms were preceded by ingestion of Atropine meant for ocular examination two days earlier. She was well-nourished, deeply icteric, had generalized healing scratch marks and hepatomegaly. The laboratory findings included conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia, moderately elevated liver transaminases and Gamma-Glutamyltransferase enzymes. She was managed for PFIC3 using oral ursodeoxycholic acid with complete resolution of the disease.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-14-44
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
  • Pick’s disease and subdural haematoma: A diagnostic red herring

    • Authors: Philip Adebayo, Funmilola Taiwo, Fatma Bakshi, Sunham Nur
      Pages: 141 - 145
      Abstract: Frontotemporal dementia (FTD), otherwise known as Pick’s disease, is a clinically heterogeneous group of sporadic and familial neurodegenerative diseases. These conditions are characterized by dementia, behavioural and language dysfunction and loss of executive skills resulting from the degeneration of the frontal and temporal lobes. Although reversible causes of dementia are always sought during the evaluation of patients with progressive cognitive decline, the occurrence of a reversible aetiology may distract from evaluating for neurodegenerative causes of dementia. This report is about a 66-year old man with features of FTD and superimposed chronic subdural haematoma.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.30442/ahr.0501-15-45
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2019)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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