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  Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8279 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2235 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Acta Bio Medica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Científica Estudiantil     Open Access  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Nagasakiensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Médica Portuguesa     Open Access  
Acta Medica Saliniana     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acupuncture and Natural Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Lipobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Molecular Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Molecular Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access  
Advances in Phytomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access  
African Journal of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ALERTA : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alpha Omegan     Full-text available via subscription  
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Althea Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ankara Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clinical Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina (Manizales)     Open Access  
ArgoSpine News & Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASHA Leader     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention     Open Access  
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Atención Familiar     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Medicine and Surgery
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2543-1951 - ISSN (Online) 2543-196X
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [425 journals]
  • Is illegal migration on the rise among Nigerians? A wake-up call!

    • Authors: Istifanus A Joshua, Jerry G Makama
      Pages: 35 - 37
      Abstract: Istifanus A Joshua, Jerry G Makama
      Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):35-37

      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):35-37
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/archms.archms_12_18
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A comparative analysis of the awareness and practice of periodic health
           examination among workers of public and private establishments in Zaria,
           Northwestern Nigeria

    • Authors: Sunday Asuke, Jesubunmi Mary Babatunde, Muhammed Sani Ibrahim
      Pages: 38 - 42
      Abstract: Sunday Asuke, Jesubunmi Mary Babatunde, Muhammed Sani Ibrahim
      Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):38-42
      Introduction: Periodic health examination (PHE) serves as a medium through which the workpeople receive recommended interventions to help them remain in a state of fitness throughout their period of employment. This study comparatively analyzed the awareness and practice of PHE among workers in public and private establishments in Zaria, Kaduna State, Northwestern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out among 115 workers in private and 140 in public establishments in Zaria town, selected through a multi-stage sampling technique. Data were collected using a structured, self-administered questionnaire containing close-ended questions. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 17.0. Results: The mean age of the workers was 34.04 ± 9.65 years in private and 40.94 ± 8.99 years in public establishments. Majority of the workers in public 106 (93.0%) and private 125 (89.3%) were aware of PHE, but only 42.0% in private and 44.3% in public establishments had a good practice. Conclusion: The awareness of PHE among workers in both public and private establishments in Zaria was high; however, the practice was generally poor. There is the need for an intervention study among the establishments that will help translate such high awareness into practice for their benefit.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):38-42
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/archms.archms_50_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Intermaxillary fixation (IMF) Screws in minimally displaced mandibular
           fractures: A case control study

    • Authors: B Suresh Babu, Irfan Ali, S Ravi Raja Kumar, Mahaboob Shaik, Sagar A Naidu, Abdul Qahar Qureshi, Abhinav Kumar, Abhishek Singh Nayyar
      Pages: 43 - 47
      Abstract: B Suresh Babu, Irfan Ali, S Ravi Raja Kumar, Mahaboob Shaik, Sagar A Naidu, Abdul Qahar Qureshi, Abhinav Kumar, Abhishek Singh Nayyar
      Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):43-47
      Context: Numerous methods have been used for obtaining intermaxillary fixation (IMF) in the treatment of mandibular fractures. Conventional methods such as arch bars and eyelet wires have been the most common methods for achieving IMF, but they have their own disadvantages. During the last two decades, IMF using intraoral, self-tapping IMF screws have been introduced for the treatment of minimally displaced fractures of the mandible. The present case control study evaluated the efficacy and associated complications of self-tapping IMF screws in the treatment of minimally displaced mandibular fractures. Materials and Methods: A total of twenty patients of minimally displaced mandibular fractures were divided into two groups and were treated with open and closed reduction methods using self-tapping IMF screws to evaluate the efficacy of IMF screws and associated complications. Results: The most common complications encountered were pain and edema in almost all patients. In Group I treated with open reduction, damage to the roots of teeth occurred in two patients, which later became nonvital after 6 weeks, while in Group II treated with closed reduction, two patients were seen with tissue overgrowth and screw loosening. In one case, postoperative malocclusion was also observed in Group I. Conclusion: Use of self-tapping IMF screws for IMF is a valid alternative to conventional methods in the treatment of minimally displaced mandibular fractures. Iatrogenic injury to roots of the teeth is the most important complication of the IMF screws but that can be minimized and/or overcome by a careful evaluation and treatment planning of the cases.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):43-47
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/archms.archms_27_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Assessment of tetanus toxoid coverage among women of reproductive age in
           Kwarbai, Zaria

    • Authors: Zainab Kwaru Muhammad-Idris, Adamu Usman Shehu, Fadila Maryam Isa
      Pages: 48 - 54
      Abstract: Zainab Kwaru Muhammad-Idris, Adamu Usman Shehu, Fadila Maryam Isa
      Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):48-54
      Context: The World Health Organization 2013 estimates revealed 49,000 newborns died from neonatal tetanus (NT), a 94% reduction from the late 1980s. Over 24 countries, including Nigeria, have still not reached maternal and NT elimination status. Aims: The aims of the study were to assess knowledge and determine the extent of tetanus toxoid (TT) coverage among women of reproductive age in Kwarbai, Zaria, challenged by effects of tetanus and inadequate vaccination. Settings and Design: Kwarbai is essentially an agrarian, trading, and blacksmithing Hausa Muslim-dominated community with rich culture exhibited in its creations, festivals, and local events that bring together people from all over to socialize and share information. Subjects and Methods: The cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted between December 2014 and January 2015. Semi-structured, interviewer and self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain data on reported findings. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software SPSS® version 20 was used. Descriptive statistic measures presented as tables and graphs. Chi-square was applied for the comparison of proportions and associations between categorical variables. Results: Respondents' median age was 27 years, Hausa/Fulani (99%), Muslims (100%), married (82%), have more than four children (25%), and half attained tertiary education (54%). Women, 20–34 years, received more than one dose with education as major determinant of immunization uptake. Although level of TT knowledge is high, very few received the recommended five doses. Misconceptions linked to perceived benefits of the vaccine, route of administration, being a contraceptive and religion were some of the factors that reported to hinder respondents' uptake of the TT vaccine. Unavailability/short supply (81.8%) identified as reason for not receiving vaccine at health facilities. Conclusions: Despite high knowledge, completion of recommended doses of TT vaccine was not guaranteed due to stock-outs coupled with detrimental cultural and religious beliefs.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):48-54
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/archms.archms_43_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Prevalence of hyperprolactinemia among infertile patients with menstrual
           abnormalities and/or galactorrhea at a University Teaching Hospital, North
           West Nigeria

    • Authors: Tajudeen Akande, Adebiyi Gbadebo Adesiyun, Sambo Aliyu, Abdullahi Randawa
      Pages: 55 - 59
      Abstract: Tajudeen Akande, Adebiyi Gbadebo Adesiyun, Sambo Aliyu, Abdullahi Randawa
      Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):55-59
      Objective: Hyperprolactinemia may be associated with galactorrhea, menstrual abnormalities, and infertility. When diagnosed and appropriate treatment instituted, there may be early relief of these symptoms and pregnancy rate may increase. This study determined the prevalence of hyperprolactinemia among infertile patients with menstrual abnormalities and/or galactorrhea. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study of women attending the infertility clinic who had galactorrhea and/or menstrual abnormalities. Menstrual abnormalities for this study refer to those with oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea. Results: Out of the 207 women studied, 75 of them have hyperprolactinemia, giving a prevalence of 36.2%. Galactorrhea has higher sensitivity (68%), a higher positive predictive value (39.5%), and a higher negative predictive value (69.3%) when compared with menstrual abnormalities which had sensitivity of 44%, positive predictive value of 29.7%, and negative predictive value of 56.3%, respectively. They, however, have the same specificity of 40.9%. Conclusion: The prevalence of hyperprolactinemia is high in this study. Galactorrhea is a better clinical indicator of hyperprolactinemia when compared with menstrual abnormalities.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):55-59
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/archms.archms_26_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Integrated nutritional intervention among mothers of under-five children
           in two rural communities of Kaduna State, Nigeria: Its effects on maternal
           practice of exclusive breast feeding and children's nutritional status
           

    • Authors: MO Onoja-Alexander, SH Idris, AA Gobir, AD Onoja, C. J. C. Igboanusi, AA Olorukoba, AA Aliyu, CL Ejembi
      Pages: 60 - 66
      Abstract: MO Onoja-Alexander, SH Idris, AA Gobir, AD Onoja, C. J. C. Igboanusi, AA Olorukoba, AA Aliyu, CL Ejembi
      Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):60-66
      Introduction: The World Health Organization recommends that infants should be exclusively breastfed to achieve optimal growth, development, and health. Nonexclusive breastfeeding (EBF) causes infant malnutrition which is widespread in most developing countries and accounts for 11% of global disease burden. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of integrated nutritional intervention on maternal knowledge, practice of exclusive breastfeeding, and nutritional status of under-five children in two rural communities of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: The study employed a quasi-experimental design, carried out between November 2014 and June 2015 with baseline, intervention, and postintervention phases in two rural communities of Kaduna State, Nigeria (Dangaiya (Sabon Gari Local Government Area [LGA] and Kufena [Zaria LGA] communities). The intervention was conducted among 167 mother/child pairs independently selected from the study and control areas through a multistage sampling technique. Data were collected using interviewer-administered questionnaire at baseline and 6 months after intervention from both communities. Weights and heights/length of recruited children were measured. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistics software version 20.0. (IBM). Results: The result indicated that malnutrition exists among under-five children in the study area. Postintervention, mothers of the children in the study community had better knowledge of EBF (P = 0.001), duration of EBF (P = 0.001), and recommended total breastfeeding duration (P = 0.001). The change in the malnutrition status of the children was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Conclusion: In this study, nutritional education of mothers only had positive impact on their level of knowledge of EBF but not on their practice; therefore, there is a need for the Kaduna State Ministry of Health and Local Government Authorities to put in place prolonged (>4 weeks) integrated nutritional interventions with emphasis on correct exclusive breastfeeding practices to improve the level of malnutrition in the state.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):60-66
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/archms.archms_5_16
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Assessing strategies for distribution of misoprostol at community level
           and its uptake for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage in two semi-urban
           communities in Kaduna State, Northwestern Nigeria

    • Authors: Farouk Adiri, Clara Ladi Ejembi
      Pages: 67 - 77
      Abstract: Farouk Adiri, Clara Ladi Ejembi
      Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):67-77
      Introduction: This study assessed two strategies for distribution of misoprostol using identified and trained community persons (village heads) and distribution in a Primary Health Care (PHC) facility during antenatal visits and its uptake for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in two semi-urban communities in Sabon-Gari Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Northwest Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Using a quasi-experimental study design, two semi-urban communities, Hayin Dogo and Basawa, in Sabon-Gari LGA of Kaduna State were selected, and each was assigned either of the two misoprostol distribution methods using balloting. At baseline, 300 women who had delivered within 6 months of onset of the study were sampled in the two communities using multistage sampling technique. Using structured, interviewer-administered questionnaires, information was collected on their knowledge of PPH, misoprostol and its uptake after delivery. This was followed by communication interventions, mainly through community dialogues to raise awareness and create demand for misoprostol, identification, and training of traditional birth attendants (TBAs) and drug keepers in the two communities and positioning of the drug in the PHC center in Hayin Dogo and at community level in Basawa community. Subsequently, all the 320 deliveries in the two communities that occurred during the 6 months following intervention were identified at endline and the same questionnaire administered to the women. A monitoring phase was carried out for 6 months in between the pre- and postintervention where 284 deliveries in Hayin Dogo and Basawa communities were monitored whether they used or did not use misoprostol during home births. Results: Respondents knowledge significantly improved from 2.0% at baseline to 7.1% postintervention in Hayin Dogo (χ2 = 4.7; df = 1; P < 0.05) and from 2.7% to 7.3% in Basawa, (χ2 = 3.4; df = 1; P < 0.05). The uptake of misoprostol rose from 0% to 48.5% in Hayin Dogo and 37.7% in Basawa. There was no statistically significant difference in uptake of misoprostol in the two communities (z = −1.9; df = 318; P > 0.05). The educational level of the women had a greater influence on their use of misoprostol. Conclusion: There was an increase in knowledge of prevention and treatment of PPH. The intervention led to significant increase in the use of misoprostol, but the method of distribution did not significantly affect the uptake of the drug. Both strategies are feasible for distributing misoprostol for increasing its use at home deliveries.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):67-77
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/archms.archms_8_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Knowledge of occupational hazards and use of preventive measures among
           bakery workers in Kaduna North Local Government Area, Kaduna State,
           Nigeria

    • Authors: Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Ibrahim Abubakar, Abdulrazaq Abubakar Gobir, Awawu Grace Nmadu, Chinedu John Camillus Igboanusi, Mary Ojoneme Onoja-Alexander, Farouk Adiri, Timothy Choji Bot, Wazi I-Joshua, Adamu U Shehu
      Pages: 78 - 83
      Abstract: Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Ibrahim Abubakar, Abdulrazaq Abubakar Gobir, Awawu Grace Nmadu, Chinedu John Camillus Igboanusi, Mary Ojoneme Onoja-Alexander, Farouk Adiri, Timothy Choji Bot, Wazi I-Joshua, Adamu U Shehu
      Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):78-83
      Background: Workers in bakeries face many hazards in their work environment, and these hazards have the potential to cause injury or illness. The study assessed the knowledge of occupational hazards and the use of preventive measures among bakery workers in Kaduna North Local Government Area of Kaduna State. Materials and Method: The cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in January 2017. The data collection tools were 258 pretested semi-structured interviewer-administered questionnaires and observational checklist. The collected data were manually cleaned, checked for completeness; entered into SPSS software version 20.0 and analyzed. The results were presented as tables and charts. Results: Majority (77%) were within the age bracket of 15–30 years with a mean age of 23 ± 2.1 years, 63% of males and 37% had secondary education with different job descriptions. The mean working experience was 5 years with only 14% and 2% of the workers having had training on prevention of workplace hazards and the use of fire extinguisher, respectively. The workers had poor awareness of occupational hazards such as tightness on the chest (30%), skin reactions/allergy (16%) and falls (17%) but with better awareness of burns (46%), cuts (37%) and hearing problems from excess noise (40.0%) among others. The most encountered symptoms/problems by workers were a muscular problem (72%), recurrent catarrh (65%), tightness on the chest (54%), recurrent cough (54%) and sneezing (52%) and symptoms of asthma among others. Apron, hand gloves and face masks were the commonly used protective devices by the workers and only 19% of the bakeries had functional first aid boxes. Burning was the most common method of solid waste disposal (52%). Conclusion: The workers had poor to average awareness of some occupational hazards with some encountering some problems as a result of their work. The use of personal protective devices such as apron, hand gloves and face masks were encouraging. However, the availability of functional first aid box and training on the use of fire extinguishers were major problems. There is a need for continuous training of the workers on prevention of workplace hazards, use of fire extinguisher and provision of basic functional first aid box among others in the workplace.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):78-83
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/archms.archms_39_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Aphakia: A 5-Year review at Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna,
           North-west Nigeria

    • Authors: Amos Bakut Silas
      Pages: 84 - 88
      Abstract: Amos Bakut Silas
      Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):84-88
      Aim: To describe the causes, visual potential and the proportion of aphakics that can be prevented from being blind in BDTH, Kaduna. Method: A retrospective review, the records of all aphakics that had refraction from January 2011 and December 2015 was retrieved from the refraction unit of our hospital. Patient's biodata, presenting visual acuity, corrected visual acuity, spherical correction and diagnosis were extracted and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Outcome Measures: Presenting visual acuity, corrected Visual acuity and spherical correction. Results: In 5 years, 56 eyes of 42 patients were refracted, with a mean age of 68.9years, 24 (54.8%) were males and 19 (42.2%) were females. Aphakia was caused by surgery in 29 (51.8%), couching in 23 (41.1%) and trauma in 4 (7.1%). Most eyes were corrected with +10D lens and aphakic spectacles could prevent 45 (83.4%) eyes from blindness. Visual outcome depended on the aetiologic cause of aphakia. Conclusion: There are still a few patients blind from aphakia mainly following cataract surgery. Adequate refraction and provision of spectacles can prevent blindness in a large proportion.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):84-88
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/archms.archms_29_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Commentary on aphakic correction in Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna,
           Nigeria

    • Authors: Michaeline A Isawumi
      Pages: 89 - 90
      Abstract: Michaeline A Isawumi
      Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):89-90

      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):89-90
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/archms.archms_48_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Cerebrovascular accident complicating severe preeclampsia: A rare case
           report

    • Authors: Caleb Mohammed, Joel A Adze, Stephen B Bature, Mohammed-Durosinlorun Amina, Taingson C Matthew, Abubakar Amina, Jonah Musa, Peter D Yakubu
      Pages: 91 - 93
      Abstract: Caleb Mohammed, Joel A Adze, Stephen B Bature, Mohammed-Durosinlorun Amina, Taingson C Matthew, Abubakar Amina, Jonah Musa, Peter D Yakubu
      Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):91-93
      Stroke is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality during pregnancy and puerperium. The most important risk factor of stroke in pregnancy is preeclampsia and eclampsia. The occurrence of cerebrovascular event in preeclampsia is often associated with a higher likelihood of mortality if not managed appropriately and in a timely fashion. A 32-year-old multiparous patient at 34 weeks 5 days of gestation presented to our hospital with 9 h history of headache, inability to speak, and inability to move the right side of her body. On examination, she was aphasic, had elevated blood pressure, right-sided hemiplegia, and significant proteinuria. A diagnosis of severe preeclampsia with cerebrovascular accident was made. She was jointly managed with the cardiologist and physiotherapist. She was commenced on antihypertensive and magnesium sulphate and was delivered of a live baby boy weighing 2.0kg through an emergency lower segment cesarean section. Pregnancy-related stroke is rare. There should be a high index of suspicion among caregivers, and multidisciplinary management is the key.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Surgery 2017 2(2):91-93
      PubDate: Mon,30 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/archms.archms_38_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
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